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  Subjects -> HISTORY (Total: 1486 journals)
    - HISTORY (895 journals)
    - History (General) (58 journals)
    - HISTORY OF AFRICA (59 journals)
    - HISTORY OF ASIA (60 journals)
    - HISTORY OF AUSTRALASIA AREAS (9 journals)
    - HISTORY OF EUROPE (201 journals)
    - HISTORY OF THE AMERICAS (153 journals)
    - HISTORY OF THE NEAR EAST (51 journals)

HISTORY (895 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 452 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Aboriginal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Abstracta Iranica     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Acadiensis : Journal of the History of the Atlantic Region / Acadiensis : revue d'histoire de la region Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Accounting History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Historiae Artium     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae ? Historia litterarum     Open Access  
Acta Orientalia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Actes d'Història de la Ciència i de la Tècnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Africa Confidential     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
African Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Al-Masaq: Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
albuquerque : revista de história     Open Access  
Almagest     Full-text available via subscription  
Altorientalische Forschungen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Archivist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 188)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Jewish History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Nineteenth Century History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Periodicals : A Journal of History, Criticism, and Bibliography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Amérique Latine Histoire et Mémoire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Amsterdamer Beitrage zur alteren Germanistik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anadolu Araştırmaları     Open Access  
Anais do Museu Paulista : História e Cultura Material     Open Access  
Analecta Bollandiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anales de Historia del Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anatolica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Ancient History : Resources for Teachers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ancient Mesoamerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Anglican Historical Society Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anglo-Saxon England     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Annales historiques de la Révolution française     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annali dell'Istituto e Museo di storia della scienza di Firenze     Hybrid Journal  
Annuaire de l'Ecole pratique des hautes etudes. Section des sciences historiques et philologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ANQ: A Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes, and Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Antike und Abendland     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Antiteses     Open Access  
Anuario de Estudios Atlánticos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Historia de la Iglesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anuario de la Escuela de Historia     Open Access  
Anuario del Departamento de Historia y Teoría del Arte     Open Access  
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arabica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ARAM Periodical     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Araucaria. Revista Iberoamericana de Filosofía, Política y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archeion     Full-text available via subscription  
ArcheoArte. Rivista Elettronica di Archeologia e Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Architectural Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Area     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Arenal. Revista de historia de las mujeres     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Armstrong Undergraduate Journal of History     Open Access  
Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 290)
Art History & Criticism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aschkenas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asian Philosophy: An International Journal of the Philosophical Traditions of the East     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Review of World Histories     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Aspasia     Full-text available via subscription  
Astérion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aurora Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Australasian Journal of Irish Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 4)
Australian Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australian Historical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Australian Journal of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Australian Journal of Politics & History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Australian Slavonic and East European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Austrian History Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Baltic-Pontic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baroque     Open Access  
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BIBLOS - Revista do Departamento de Biblioteconomia e História     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BibNum     Open Access  
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch für Antike und Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Body & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim do Arquivo da Universidade de Coimbra     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 135)
Boom : A Journal of California     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Britain and the World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
British Catholic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
British Journal for Military History     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
British Journal for the History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
British Mycological Society Symposia Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bryn Mawr Classical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
BSHM Bulletin: Journal of the British Society for the History of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de la Sabix     Open Access  
Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin du centre d’études médiévales d’Auxerre     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin d’études Orientales     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin of Hispanic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of Latin American Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Bulletin of Spanish Studies: Hispanic Studies and Researches on Spain, Portugal and Latin America     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Byzantinische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cadernos de História     Open Access  
Cadernos de História UFPE     Open Access  
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers d'histoire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers des études anciennes     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cahiers du Centre de recherches historiques     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cahiers d’études africaines     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cahiers « Mondes anciens »     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Camden Fifth Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Journal of History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Linguistics / La revue canadienne de linguistique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Review of American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian-American Slavic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Catholic Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Central Asian Survey     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Central European History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Chaucer Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Childhood in the Past : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Studies in History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Chronica Nova. Revista de Historia Moderna de la Universidad de Granada     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chronique d'Egypte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Church History and Religious Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Church History: Studies in Christianity and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 71)
Cihannuma : Journal of History and Geography Studies     Open Access  
Circe de clásicos y modernos     Open Access  
Civil War History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Cleveland Studies in the History of Art     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CLIO : Revista de Pesquisa Histórica     Open Access  
Clio y Asociados     Open Access  
Clio. Femmes, Genre, Histoire - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Clio. Women, Gender, History     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cliodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Collections électroniques de l'INHA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Collingwood and British Idealism Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Colonial Latin American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Comitatus : A Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Comparative Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Comptabilités     Open Access  
Concorso. Arti e lettere     Open Access  
Conservative Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conserveries mémorielles     Open Access  
Contemporaneity : Historical Presence in Visual Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Arab Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary British History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Contemporary European History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Contemporary French and Francophone Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Convivium     Full-text available via subscription  
Creativity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Crime, Histoire & Sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Critical Historical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Journal Cover
Ancient Mesoamerica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.478
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 10  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0956-5361 - ISSN (Online) 1469-1787
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [372 journals]
  • ATM volume 29 issue 2 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0956536118000445
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • ATM volume 29 issue 2 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0956536118000457
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • SPECIAL ISSUE INTRODUCTION: RECENT RESEARCH ON IZAPA ARCHAEOLOGY AND
           ICONOGRAPHY
    • Authors: William R. Fowler
      Pages: 251 - 253
      PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0956536118000512
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • INTRODUCING IZAPA
    • Authors: Robert M. Rosenswig; Julia Guernsey
      Pages: 255 - 264
      Abstract: This paper introduces the articles that comprise this Special Issue on Izapa. First, we review early reporting and assessments of Izapa's monuments as well as archaeological investigations undertaken at the site during the twentieth century. Next, we describe more recent developments in interpretation and new archeological excavations and survey data collected during the past two decades. The papers in this Special Issue present new information that contribute to our evolving understanding of Izapa during the millennium that stretches from the Middle Formative period through the Middle Classic period (700 b.c.–a.d. 600). They serve as a status report on our understanding of the still largely enigmatic ancient kingdom, its regional structure, and connections to contemporaneous Isthmian sites.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0956536118000494
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A TOUCH OF TEOTIHUACAN AT IZAPA: THE CONTENTS OF TWO BURIALS FROM GROUP F
    • Authors: John E. Clark; Thomas A. Lee
      Pages: 265 - 288
      Abstract: Two burials excavated at Izapa in 1963 have special green obsidian artifacts made at Teotihuacan. We describe the contexts and contents of these burials and consider the significance of their contents in light of Spence's (1996) model of Teotihuacan exchange of obsidian objects. We interpret the Izapa artifacts as gifted objects indicative of the political independence of Izapa in Middle Classic times.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0956536118000147
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PRECLASSIC AND PROTOCLASSIC BURIAL PRACTICES AT
           IZAPA AND IN SOUTHEASTERN MESOAMERICA
    • Authors: Rosemary Lieske
      Pages: 289 - 307
      Abstract: Extensive investigation at the archaeological site of Izapa in southern Chiapas, Mexico, by the New World Archaeological Foundation yielded few burials at the site's core ceremonial precinct. Those found were located on the acropolis that supports Mound 30a and defines the north side of Izapa Group B. The majority of caches found in this zone date to the Protoclassic Hato and Itstapa phases (100 b.c.–a.d. 250). The shift in mortuary practices ca. 100 b.c. was accompanied by several changes to the site's occupation and architectural patterns. Study of these mortuary traditions provides important insights regarding the reconfiguration of Izapa's political organization at the turn of the millennium. Comparisons of mortuary practices at Izapa with those of neighboring civic-ceremonial centers El Ujuxte, Takalik Abaj, and Kaminaljuyu during the Preclassic and Protoclassic transitions contextualizes the practices found at Izapa at a regional level.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0956536118000226
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • THE FORMATIVE TO CLASSIC PERIOD TRANSITION AT IZAPA: UPDATES FROM THE
           IZAPA HOUSEHOLD ARCHAEOLOGY PROJECT
    • Authors: Rebecca R. Mendelsohn
      Pages: 309 - 331
      Abstract: In southern Mesoamerica, the period between 100 b.c. and a.d. 400 saw both the apogee and fall of several powerful Formative-period cities. Previous reports have suggested that conquest from the southeast may have prompted a unique decline at Izapa around 100 b.c., when many neighboring cities were prospering. Over the last five years, new archaeological data has emerged for the Formative to Classic period transition at Izapa. The present work summarizes these updates and highlights recent deposits excavated during the Izapa Household Archaeology Project. These updates raise questions about the Hato-phase intrusion hypothesis proposed by Lowe and colleagues (1982). I close with an alternative proposal that, beginning around 100 b.c., increased network participation and a change in the institution of kingship produced some of the dramatic changes in ceramics and burial patterns observed at the site.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0956536118000111
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • CAPTIVE REPRESENTATIONS AND SOCIAL DISCOURSE AT IZAPA AND IN LATE
           FORMATIVE SOUTHEASTERN MESOAMERICA
    • Authors: Julia Guernsey
      Pages: 333 - 346
      Abstract: This paper takes Izapa Stela 21, with its vivid portrayal of captive sacrifice, as the point of departure for an analysis of the ways in which acts of aggression were portrayed in Late Formative monuments from a region that includes the Pacific slope and adjacent highlands of Mexico and Guatemala. It considers the social significance of themes of captive sacrifice and violence, and their role within a larger iconographic system designed to accommodate the mutually reinforcing ideas of ideology and coercive power. While clearly laden with implications of political control, subjugation, deference, and fealty, the imagery also alludes to agricultural fertility, the arrival of rain, and broader notions of social order.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0956536118000093
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • NEGOTIATING NARRATIVE DOMAINS: IZAPA'S PLACE IN THE DISCOURSE ON EARLY
           HIEROGLYPHIC WRITING
    • Authors: Stephanie M. Strauss
      Pages: 347 - 359
      Abstract: This paper aims to situate the Late Formative urban center of Izapa, Chiapas, Mexico into the greater discussion of early Mesoamerican writing systems. The elites of Izapa produced elaborate carved stone monuments in an era that bore witness to the fluorescence of three great hieroglyphic programs—the Zapotec, the Epi-Olmec, and the Maya—and, yet, only a handful of glyphs appear in Izapa's monumental corpus. In a discussion that includes Izapan iconoglyphs, possible nominal phrases, and the calendrical inscriptions on Izapa Stela 27, Stela 9, and Miscellaneous Monument 60, this study juxtaposes Izapan visual culture with representational systems to the east and west, and ultimately explores the narrative domains of greatest salience to Izapa's elite: image and cyclical time.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S095653611800024X
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • LATE FORMATIVE FLOODING OF IZAPA AFTER AN ERUPTION OF TACANÁ VOLCANO
    • Authors: José Luis Macías; José Luis Arce, Lucia Capra, Ricardo Saucedo, Juan Manuel Sánchez-Núñez
      Pages: 361 - 371
      Abstract: Between the years of 30 b.c. to a.d. 80, during the Late Formative period, the site of Izapa was flooded by lahars associated with an explosive eruption of the San Antonio volcano (part of the Tacaná Volcanic Complex). Computer simulations suggest that hot pyroclastic flows did not impact Izapa directly, but did impact the region considerably, filling and clogging the Cahuacan and Mixcun rivers with hot debris. The material was quickly saturated by heavy rains and, as the water from the rivers overtopped the obstruction, remobilized in the form of a hot mixture of mud and water known as a lahar (or flood of volcanic origin), which flowed down through the piedmont zone along the Cahuacan, Mixcun-Suchiate, and Izapa rivers. At Izapa, the flood took the form of a 6-m catastrophic wave of mud and water that likely destroyed crops and caused many causalities, surrounding the architectural mounds at Izapa with a muddy landscape. The floods also dramatically affected the rivers downstream, undoubtedly wreaking serious damage to the transport and trade of goods along the coast.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S095653611800010X
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • THE EARLY IZAPA KINGDOM: RECENT EXCAVATIONS, NEW DATING AND MIDDLE
           FORMATIVE CERAMIC ANALYSES
    • Authors: Robert M. Rosenswig; Brendan J. Culleton, Douglas J. Kennett, Rosemary Lieske, Rebecca R. Mendelsohn, Yahaira Núñez-Cortés
      Pages: 373 - 393
      Abstract: Izapa is famous for its monumental architecture and extensive corpus of carved stelae dated to the Late Formative Guillén phase (300–100 cal b.c.). The site was first established, however, as the capital of a kingdom during the second half of the Middle Formative period (750–300 cal b.c.). Little is known of the first centuries of the site's occupation or how this early kingdom coalesced with Izapa as its capital. In 2012, the Izapa Regional Settlement Project (IRSP) excavated 21 test units and ran 10 radiocarbon accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) dates in order to begin correcting this lacuna. These excavations were the first at the site to screen soil matrices and recover artifact samples that can be quantitatively analyzed.We undertook excavations in areas north and south of Group B, the original center of Izapa. This work dates the northern expansion of the site's main platform (under Mound 30a) to the Terminal Formative Itstapa phase (cal a.d. 100–300) that resulted in a doubling of the platform's size. Further, we documented that there were three distinct construction episodes in the Terminal Formative expansion and that a central staircase and ramp were built of stone during the second episode. Buried below the Terminal Formative platform expansion was a white clay surface built during the Escalón phase (750–500 cal b.c.) and used through to Guillén times. At the long, linear Mound 62 that defines the eastern edge of Izapa's site core, we documented two episodes of Guillén-phase monumental construction. Buried below this construction fill at Mound 62, a hearth feature and stone alignment are dated to the late Middle Formative based on radiocarbon assays and the results of ceramic analysis. Excavations at Mound 72 and 73 documented that Izapa's E-Group (newly recognized with lidar [light detection and ranging] data) was established in the late Middle Formative period and then significantly augmented during the Guillén phase. The architectural program at Izapa saw its apogee during the Late Formative period, but was first established during the preceding centuries of the Middle Formative. Ten new AMS dates confirm the dating of the Escalón, Frontera, and Guillén phases to 750–100 cal b.c.Ceramic analysis allowed us to differentiate quantitatively between midden deposits and construction fill through the site's occupation and to recognize domestic versus public spaces during the first centuries of the Izapa kingdom's coalescence. We identify late Middle Formative period middens based on the high density of ceramics in addition to good surface preservation of sherds and a lack of temporal mixing of types. The designation of high-artifact density middens contrasts with the contents of Late and Terminal Formative construction fill with lower ceramic sherd densities and mixing of temporally diagnostic types. Off-mound contexts (where construction fill was mined) had even lower ceramic densities than construction fill and the sherds were very eroded. Analysis of ceramic remains from late Middle Formative period midden deposits also allowed us to infer differences in public and domestic areas of the site during the first centuries of its occupation. Formal and metric variables from these ceramic assemblages identify dish-to-jar ratios that differentiate domestic contexts (with an assortment of vessel forms) from more publically oriented areas of the site (with more serving dishes). The differential distribution of rim diameters of fancy and plain dishes allows us to identify areas of Izapa where domestic activities predominate and indicate that more publically oriented feasting practices occurred at the site center near the main pyramid (Mound 30a) during the late Middle Formative period.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0956536118000135
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • IZAPA'S INDUSTRIAL HINTERLAND: THE EASTERN SOCONUSCO MANGROVE ZONE DURING
           ARCHAIC AND FORMATIVE TIMES
    • Authors: Hector Neff; Paul H. Burger, Brendan J. Culleton, Douglas J. Kennett, John G. Jones
      Pages: 395 - 411
      Abstract: Archaeological survey and excavations in the mangrove-estuary zone south of Izapa have generated an understanding of how the environment and human exploitation patterns changed during the Archaic and Formative periods. Archaic-period archaeological remains are not present, but the sedimentary record shows that Archaic people were clearing the coastal-plain forest for agricultural purposes. This activity augmented delivery of sediments to the littoral zone, which expanded the mangrove forest and created a productive environment that could be colonized by Early Formative villagers by around 1600 cal b.c. Population growth during the Early Formative created conditions that favored emergence of specialized pyro-industries, especially salt production, by around 1000 cal b.c. Production intensity increased thereafter, especially during the Late Formative period, coincident with the apogee of Izapa. Salt production became more episodic during the Terminal Formative period, when interior populations were declining to a nadir after cal a.d. 250.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0956536118000299
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • TRANSISTHMIAN TIES: EPI-OLMEC AND IZAPAN INTERACTION
    • Authors: Christopher A. Pool; Michael L. Loughlin, Ponciano Ortiz Ceballos
      Pages: 413 - 437
      Abstract: In 1943, Matthew Stirling (1943:72) once opined, “Izapa appears to be much more closely related to the earth-mound sites of southern Veracruz … than it does with sites in the Maya area.” Since then, scholars have postulated ties of varying strength between Late Formative polities on either side of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Ceramic similarities have been noted between southern Chiapas and the Gulf Coast, but discussion of Late Formative transisthmian interaction has focused primarily on sculptural similarities between Izapa and sites of the lower Papaloapan basin, including Tres Zapotes, El Mesón, and Alvarado. Indeed, Michael Coe (1965b:773) suggested that the Izapan art style may have originated on the Gulf Coast rather than on the Pacific slope. In this article, we reexamine Late Formative interaction between Izapa and Epi-Olmec polities with an expanded data set based on recent iconographic studies and archaeological investigations in and around Tres Zapotes.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0956536118000123
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
 
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