Crossing Borders : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship
[1 followers] Follow
Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2373-0978
Published by New Prairie Press [8 journals]
- Behind the Stars
Authors: Tiffani D. Lawrence
Abstract: From the perspective of the author, “Behind the Stars,” takes a meditative look at ancient Inca astronomy and the culture surrounding both the sky and the idea of darkness. A research-based, creative nonfiction essay in which the author explores the history of an Andean rainforest, the people that used to inhabit it, and the constellations above it. Two types of constellations are discussed from a vantage point near the equator – both light-based constellations and the dark constellations specific to the Inca and Quechua cultures. This essay examines the role of astronomy in the Incas’ everyday life and culture, while viewing the world with a 21st century writer’s awareness. Ancient Inca culture is compared with modern culture in this creative reflection on how people view the world around them, and the ideologies that different cultures embrace. This essay introduces big picture ideas through the frames of history, astronomy, and reflection.
PubDate: Thu, 09 Feb 2017 13:50:31 PST
- Cultivating Culture: Youth Food Movement in the Taos Pueblo Native
Authors: Jordan C. Thomas
Abstract: A large number of studies have emerged in recent years regarding the social effects of local food systems. They have been shown to bolster local economies, increase general health, and even decrease crime rates. This study analyzes the effect of local food systems in the Taos Pueblo community, and how and why they create positive farming ideologies. A proposed covert effect may correlate to developments of positive ideologies towards native heritage, which would imply that local food systems can help to preserve indigenous language and culture. To study these trends I moved to Taos, New Mexico with my research partner, where we immersed ourselves in a Tiwa Pueblo youth food movement. Throughout three months of intensive fieldwork, we gathered interview data and engaged with participant observation in the community in order to elicit localized perceptions of native culture and local food cultivation. We interviewed sixteen community members and accumulated over twenty hours of interview data. Combining the interview data with my participant observation experiences, I found mutually reciprocal relationships between positive community ethics of food cultivation and positive ethics of native identity and heritage, while also gaining insight into the primary manners in which the Pueblo youth create their traditional farming ideologies, and why. This study is arranged here in a narrative literary style meant to appeal to a broad audience, without losing its academic rigor. Ideally, the findings will shed light on yet another social effect of local food systems, which could be capitalized upon when dealing with future development issues. This study could also encourage more quantitative data gathering at Taos Pueblo.
PubDate: Thu, 09 Feb 2017 13:50:27 PST
- A Case Study in Tipping: An Economic Anomaly
Authors: Megan Nelson
Abstract: When dining in a restaurant or having a drink at a bar, do you tip? If yes, what do you base the tip amount on? Is it who you are with? Do men tip more than women? Do you tip less when your actions are masked by a larger group? The answers to these questions are something that economists have struggled to explain. The most difficult question being: Why do people pay an additional amount when they have absolutely no legal obligation to do so? This case study explores the variables that lead to higher or lower tip amounts in the service industry. Past research lacks actual data from real-time collection outside of the scrupulous eyes of a lab technician or survey administrator. It is this detail which sets the research outlined in this paper apart from the rest. The case study in tipping provided 3 dominate variables that effect tip amount, the economic concept of free-riding—which is defined as a person who chooses to receive the benefits of a public good or service or a positive externality without contributing to paying the cost of producing those benefits, gender differences and generational differences.
PubDate: Thu, 09 Feb 2017 13:50:23 PST
Abstract: An introduction to this volume of the journal.
PubDate: Thu, 09 Feb 2017 13:50:19 PST
- The Knights of the Front: Medieval History’s Influence on Great War
Authors: Haley E. Claxton
Abstract: Spanning a number of academic areas, “Knights of the Front: Medieval History’s Influence on Great War Propaganda” focuses on the emergence of medieval imagery in the First World War propaganda. Examining several specific uses of medieval symbolism in propaganda posters from both Central and Allied powers, the article provides insight into the narrative of war, both politically and culturally constructed. The paper begins with an overview of the psychology behind visual persuasion and the history behind Europe’s cultural affinity for “chivalry,” then continues into specific case studies of period propaganda posters that hold not only themes of military glory and prowess, but also themes of race, gender, and religion as well. Finally, the article makes the argument that the realities of the First World War shattered the chivalrous and romantic ideals of war so completely that the concepts and images were no longer appropriate for use as propaganda.
PubDate: Sun, 01 Mar 2015 13:20:11 PST
- The Journey to Death: Elemental Imagery in the Works of George MacDonald
Authors: Kaitlin M. Downing
Abstract: AbstractChild death is a common topic in Victorian literature, with many writers focusing on the pain that comes with the loss of a child. George MacDonald also includes child death in his writing, but in a very different way; MacDonald’s works tend to portray death in a much more positive manner, straying away from the sadness surrounding a death and instead focusing on journeys of purification for the characters, with death simply as a transition into the next stage of life. MacDonald combines his religious beliefs with his interest in chemistry and alchemy to create these purifying journeys, each of which involve one or more of the classical elements: water, earth, fire, and air. The essay explores how MacDonald uses each element as a vehicle for sharing his beliefs about life and death. The use of the element of water in “The Light Princess” and “The Golden Key” can relate to both the alchemical and Christian traditions of baths or baptism as symbolic of leaving behind old ways and becoming renewed. In The Princess and the Goblin, MacDonald uses the element of earth to represent burial and rebirth, and he uses fire to relate the alchemical concept of fire as a strong purifying agent with the Christian idea of baptism by fire. The element of air actually takes the form of a character in At the Back of the North Wind, which is reminiscent of the concept that the path to achieving the philosopher’s stone is representative of coming to Christ for purification. All of the purifying journeys clearly portray MacDonald’s belief that death is not an end, but a continuation of the journey of life.
PubDate: Sun, 01 Mar 2015 13:20:10 PST
- Consequences against Community Development from Political Unrest:
Evidenced by “La Guerra Sucia” in Lima, Perú
Authors: Eleanor G. Dickens
Abstract: La Guerra Sucia ( The Dirty War) was lead by a Marxist group called Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path) in Perú, beginning in 1980. The goal of Sendero was to invade rural communities, gain followers (whether by choice or by force), and eventually take over the government to restore the social order. The movement was extremely violent, but the government attempted to stem the movement by committing numerous atrocities and war crimes. This caused immense distrust and fear of both sides among the inhabitants of rural Perúvean communities. As a result, refugees fled to major cities such as Lima, where they built new lives for themselves wherever there was available space. This article discusses the war and migration of the populace from rural to urban spaces, and then examines the disparities in development between resulting communities and what factors caused them.
PubDate: Sun, 01 Mar 2015 13:20:09 PST
Abstract: Editorial board's introduction to the journal.
PubDate: Sun, 01 Mar 2015 13:20:08 PST