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  Subjects -> HISTORY (Total: 1289 journals)
    - HISTORY (808 journals)
    - History (General) (51 journals)
    - HISTORY OF AFRICA (49 journals)
    - HISTORY OF ASIA (54 journals)
    - HISTORY OF AUSTRALASIA AREAS (8 journals)
    - HISTORY OF EUROPE (169 journals)
    - HISTORY OF THE AMERICAS (126 journals)
    - HISTORY OF THE NEAR EAST (24 journals)

HISTORY (808 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 452 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Aboriginal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Abstracta Iranica     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Acadiensis : Journal of the History of the Atlantic Region / Acadiensis : revue d'histoire de la region Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Accounting History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Historiae Artium     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Orientalia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Actes d'Història de la Ciència i de la Tècnica     Open Access  
Advances in Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Africa Confidential     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
African Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Al-Masaq: Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
albuquerque : revista de história     Open Access  
Almagest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Altorientalische Forschungen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Archivist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 179)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Jewish History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
American Nineteenth Century History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Periodicals : A Journal of History, Criticism, and Bibliography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Amérique Latine Histoire et Mémoire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Amsterdamer Beitrage zur alteren Germanistik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Amsterdamer Beitrage zur neueren Germanistik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anais do Museu Paulista : História e Cultura Material     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analecta Bollandiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anales de Historia del Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anatolica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Ancient History : Resources for Teachers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anglican Historical Society Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales historiques de la Révolution française     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annales UMCS, Historia     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annali dell'Istituto e Museo di storia della scienza di Firenze     Hybrid Journal  
Annuaire de l'Ecole pratique des hautes etudes. Section des sciences historiques et philologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
ANQ: A Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes, and Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Antike und Abendland     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Antiteses     Open Access  
Anuario de Estudios Atlánticos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Historia de la Iglesia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arabica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
ARAM Periodical     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Araucaria. Revista Iberoamericana de Filosofía, Política y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archeion     Full-text available via subscription  
ArcheoArte. Rivista Elettronica di Archeologia e Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Architectural Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Area     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Arenal. Revista de historia de las mujeres     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 243)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aschkenas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asian Philosophy: An International Journal of the Philosophical Traditions of the East     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Review of World Histories     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Aspasia     Full-text available via subscription  
Astérion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ateliê de História UEPG     Open Access  
Aurora Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Australasian Journal of Irish Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 4)
Australian Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Australian Historical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Australian Journal of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Australian Journal of Politics & History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Baltic-Pontic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BIBLOS - Revista do Departamento de Biblioteconomia e História     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BibNum     Open Access  
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch für Antike und Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Body & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 130)
Boom : A Journal of California     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Britain and the World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
British Journal for Military History     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
British Mycological Society Symposia Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bryn Mawr Classical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
BSHM Bulletin: Journal of the British Society for the History of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de la Sabix     Open Access  
Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin du centre d’études médiévales d’Auxerre     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin d’études Orientales     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Hispanic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin of Latin American Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Spanish Studies: Hispanic Studies and Researches on Spain, Portugal and Latin America     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Byzantinische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cadernos de História     Open Access  
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers d'histoire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers des études anciennes     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cahiers du Centre de recherches historiques     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cahiers d’études africaines     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cahiers « Mondes anciens »     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Linguistics / La revue canadienne de linguistique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Review of American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian-American Slavic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Catholic Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central Asian Survey     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaucer Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Childhood in the Past : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Studies in History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Chronica Nova. Revista de Historia Moderna de la Universidad de Granada     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chronique d'Egypte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Church History and Religious Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Church History: Studies in Christianity and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 75)
Civil War History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Cleveland Studies in the History of Art     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clio y Asociados     Open Access  
Clio. Femmes, Genre, Histoire - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Clio. Women, Gender, History     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Collections électroniques de l'INHA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Collingwood and British Idealism Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Colonial Latin American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Comitatus : A Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Comparative Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Comptabilités     Open Access  
Concorso. Arti e lettere     Open Access  
Conservative Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Conserveries mémorielles     Open Access  
Contemporaneity : Historical Presence in Visual Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Arab Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary British History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Contemporary French and Francophone Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Convivium     Full-text available via subscription  
Crime, Histoire & Sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Critical Historical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Critique: Journal of Socialist Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cromohs : Cyber Review of Modern Historiography     Open Access  
Crossing Borders : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Historia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de Historia de la Salud Publica     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Historia del Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cuadernos de Historia Moderna     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo     Open Access  
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cuicuilco     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultura Histórica & Patrimônio     Open Access  
Cultural and Social History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultures & conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cultures et conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Czech-Polish Historical and Pedagogical Journal     Open Access  
Dapim : Studies on the Holocaust     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Das Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Journal Cover Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society
  [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0080-4606 - ISSN (Online) 1748-8494
   Published by Royal Society, The Homepage  [11 journals]
  • Editorial
    • Authors: Longair M.
      Pages: 1 - 6
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0030
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Anatole Abragam. 15 December 1914 -- 8 June 2011
    • Authors: Goldman M.
      Pages: 7 - 21
      Abstract: Anatole Abragam, a French physicist of Russian origin, made a profound and lasting impact on the field of magnetic resonance, both electronic and nuclear, through his discoveries, contributions and his eminent educational role. In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) especially, he brought to the field theoretical rigour and clarity. Many of the most distinguished scientists in the field consider themselves to be his students, and he is known by many as a ‘giant of magnetic resonance’. Among his main contributions are: theories of the spin Hamiltonian and of core polarization in electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR); the theory of perturbed angular correlations of radioactive emissions in condensed matter; a new theoretical formalism of spin relaxation; the invention of an Earth magnetometer; basic studies of spin temperature; dynamic nuclear polarization in solids and production of polarized targets; nuclear dipolar magnetic ordering studied both by NMR and by neutron diffraction; the discovery of nuclear pseudo-magnetism and its use for measuring the spin-dependent neutron–nucleus scattering amplitudes; and a new spectroscopic technique for muon spin rotation (μSR).
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0026
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Daniel Joseph Bradley. 18 January 1928 -- 7 February 2010
    • Authors: Taylor J. R.
      Pages: 23 - 54
      Abstract: Dan Bradley was a pioneer of laser physics and technology. He was internationally distinguished for his seminal work on broad-band, wavelength-tuneable lasers, the generation of ultra-short pulses, and the development of the technology that allowed the only direct temporal characterization of optical pulses with sub-picosecond resolution. He was responsible for the creation of two major UK university laser research centres and was a leading proponent for the formation of the UK Central Laser Facility, establishing the foundations of a vivacious living legacy in UK laser physics.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0012
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Geoffrey Ronald Burbidge. 24 September 1925 -- 26 January 2010
    • Authors: Longair, M; Rees, M.
      Pages: 55 - 78
      Abstract: Geoffrey (Geoff) Burbidge's career spanned the tumultuous years when astronomy was transformed from a purely optical science to a multi-wavelength discipline through the development of new types of astronomy—radio, X-ray, -ray, cosmic ray physics. These offered new astrophysical and cosmological challenges, which he grasped with relish. To all of these disciplines, Geoff, often in collaboration with his wife Margaret Burbidge (FRS 1964), made pioneering contributions, particularly in the areas of the synthesis of the chemical elements, the physics of extragalactic radio sources, the rotation curves of galaxies, the dark matter problem in clusters of galaxies, the physics of accretion discs and the origin of cosmic rays. He also espoused less popular causes such as the non-cosmological nature of the redshifts of quasars and was sceptical about the standard Big Bang picture of the origin of the large-scale structure and dynamics of the Universe. He was a flamboyant and outspoken astrophysicist who challenged his colleagues about their deeply held views on all aspects of astrophysics and cosmology. His service to the community included five years as director of the US Kitt Peak National Observatory, based in Tucson, Arizona, and as a most effective editor of Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics for over 30 years and the Astrophysical Journal.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0002
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Sir Paul Terence Callaghan FRS PCNZM. 19 August 1947 -- 24 March 2012
    • Authors: Kelly M. J.
      Pages: 79 - 98
      Abstract: Paul Callaghan will be remembered internationally for many seminal contributions to the foundations of magnetic resonance imaging as applied to the rheological analysis of a series of real world materials – paints, gels, polymer solutions – and at home in New Zealand as the leading physical scientist of his day, who became a familiar science communicator through popular books, a radio programme and the promotion of high technology as a part of the New Zealand economy. Apart from his time as a research student in Oxford (1970–75) and short stays abroad, Paul undertook all his research in New Zealand, and was a passionate and effective advocate for New Zealand science. His direct and continuing legacy for condensed matter science in New Zealand was his leadership in the foundation in 2002 of the multi-university MacDiarmid Institute devoted to research in advanced materials and nanotechnology, which he led through its first five years and into its second phase. In later life he was the founder of Magritek, a company manufacturing the specialist magnets needed for resonance imaging and spectroscopy.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0006
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • David Edgar Cartwright. 21 October 1926 -- 2 December 2015
    • Authors: Webb D. J.
      Pages: 99 - 115
      Abstract: David Cartwright was one of the world's leading authorities on the tides. However, when reflecting on his life, Cartwright made the point that his early scientific career was not a success. Indeed in 1953, at the age of 27, he had virtually despaired of any creative scientific future. At the time he was being pressurized to stop his work on the statistics of ship motions but his prospects rapidly changed when he was invited to apply for a post at the new National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) being set up by George Deacon.At NIO he soon made important contributions to the study of ocean waves, especially the calculation of directional spectrum and wave climate. His earlier involvement with ship motions also culminated in a successful joint study with Louis Rydill on the response of ships to the spectrum of waves. Following this, his use of computer methods for time-series analysis led to an invitation to the Scripps Institution of Oceanography where, with Walter Munk, he developed the response method of analysing tides making use of the very long tidal records collected from Hawaii and Newlyn. He was also made aware of the significant lack of good tidal data from the deep ocean.Returning to the UK, he continued these interests, studying the deep-ocean tides of the Atlantic and leading an international collaboration that measured deep-ocean tides. He also investigated the effect of tides on storm surges around the UK. He became assistant director in charge of the Institute of Oceanographic Sciences (IOS) Bidston laboratory, where he continued these activities and started research on estimating the tides using data from the Seasat radar altimeter.After retirement he successfully extended this work with Richard Ray at the Goddard Space Flight Center. Using Geosat altimeter data they generated accurate global maps of the tides in a set of papers that Cartwright considered to be his best work. He wrote a successful book titled ‘Tides: a scientific history’, and later published further work with Ray on the internal tides of the ocean.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0001
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Malcolm Harold Chisholm. 15 October 1945 -- 20 November 2015
    • Authors: Puddephatt R. J.
      Pages: 117 - 136
      Abstract: Malcolm Chisholm was one of the most creative and distinguished inorganic chemists of his generation. He was particularly renowned for his chemistry of compounds containing multiple metal–metal bonds and for showing how they could give insights into catalysis or be used in functional materials. Very early in his independent career he reported the remarkable compounds M2X6, with M = molybdenum or tungsten and X = alkoxide or dialkylamide, which contain metal–metal triple bonds, and his group showed how they could activate organic compounds in unusual ways, often with changes in the metal–metal bond order. He was a master of synthetic chemistry, but he also made notable discoveries in theory, spectroscopy and catalysis. Personally, he was outgoing, friendly and fun-loving. He was faithful and supportive of his family, students, colleagues and his many friends around the globe, and took great pleasure in their successes.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0025
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Roger Arthur Cowley. 24 February 1939 -- 27 January 2015
    • Authors: Birgeneau R. J.
      Pages: 137 - 157
      Abstract: Roger Cowley was one of the leading solid-state physicists of his generation. He was a highly versatile scientist who made important contributions to the understanding of the motion of atoms in solids and liquids, of the mechanisms of structural phase transitions, and of a range of magnetic phenomena, especially in systems with quenched disorder. Adept at both experiment and theory, he had the rare gift of being able to see through layers of complexity that often cloud real-world materials and capture the essence of their behaviour in simple models. His style was instinctively collaborative so he often worked together with some of the other leading people in his field, both nationally and internationally. His collaborative style also meant that he was frequently called on to serve in administrative roles. He was head of department at the University of Edinburgh for seven years and Chairman of Physics at Oxford for eight years. He played a large role in the administration of Oxford as a whole. Many of his graduate students went on to distinguished careers of their own, both within Britain and abroad.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0011
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Francis Harry Compton Crick OM. 8 June 1916 -- 28 July 2004
    • Authors: Bretscher, M. S; Mitchison, G.
      Pages: 159 - 196
      Abstract: The first half of the twentieth century saw a profound change in our understanding of the chemistry underlying biology. We came to learn in detail how the small molecules upon which life is based are interconverted by specific enzymes, a web which increased in complexity and became modern biochemistry. Intellectually, a quite separate development—molecular biology—arose from physicists and chemists studying the structure of proteins with X-rays, and biologists studying viruses that infect bacteria. Its intellectual thrust was to discover how information in genes is expressed and controlled. This led to a revolution in our understanding of biology, and no person was more influential in shaping and guiding this emerging field than Francis Crick.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0010
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Alan Davison. 24 March 1936 -- 14 November 2015
    • Authors: Green, M. L. H; Cummins, C. C, Kronauge, J. F.
      Pages: 197 - 213
      Abstract: In 1958 Professor Alan Davison started his research career at an exciting time for the field of organometallic chemistry. New developments in spectroscopy, instrumentation and techniques to manipulate materials in controlled environments to avoid reaction with water or oxygen were becoming widely available. Controlling exposure of an element with highly reactive oxygen facilitated the isolation, characterization and discovery of an abundance of unknown compounds. Alan was an insightful and talented synthetic chemist and made many new and interesting organometallic compounds. He used the earliest commercial nuclear magnetic resonance instruments to characterize the then poorly understood transition metal hydrides and also to identify the earliest fluxional organometallic molecules. In 1970 he entered a collaboration with Professor Alun G. Jones, a nuclear chemist at Harvard Medical School, to characterize and develop the chemistry of technetium. They made a major discovery of technetium molecules which had the ability to selectively locate in human heart muscle, thereby vastly expanding the practice of nuclear medicine to a global community. Professor Alan Davison was also widely known for his outstanding qualities as a teacher and mentor.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0004
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • John Hilton Edwards. 26 March 1928 -- 11 October 2007
    • Authors: Ferguson-Smith M. A.
      Pages: 215 - 242
      Abstract: John Edwards was a human geneticist who pioneered the development of clinical genetics in Birmingham. His name is known to all in the field for his discovery in 1960 of trisomy 18, the second trisomic condition to be described in humans after trisomy 21 in Down syndrome in 1959. He was an astute clinician and recognized that if other human chromosome aberrations were to occur, they would be associated with a similar pattern of multiple malformations and handicap. His observation of a nine-week-old child with the provisional diagnosis of Ullich–Turner syndrome suggested this possibility, which was confirmed in samples taken by Edwards at autopsy. His early interest in genetic aspects of disease is evident from his study of Peutz–Jegher syndrome published in 1957. These and similar experiences led him to a varied career in genetics, which at that time seemed to have little place in the practice of medicine. His clinical interests were complemented by his research in population genetics, statistics, genetic linkage, gene mapping and comparative genetics. He was appointed Lecturer in Social Medicine in Birmingham in 1956 and almost all of the next 23 years were spent there as Senior Lecturer, Reader and, from 1967, Professor of Human Genetics. In 1979 he moved to Oxford to become Professor of Genetics in the Biochemistry Department. He retired in 1995 and continued to work on comparative genomics in collaboration with colleagues in Australia and New Zealand. He died in 2007 and is remembered as a kind physician and an outstanding diagnostician. An exceptional scientist, he had a most original mind and a keen wit and was a critical commentator on developments in science.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0005
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Sir Sam Edwards. 1 February 1928 -- 7 July 2015
    • Authors: Warner M.
      Pages: 243 - 271
      Abstract: Sam Edwards was one of the leading physicists of the second half of the twentieth century. He was Cavendish Professor at the University of Cambridge, a Vice President of the Royal Society, a member of the Académie des Sciences and of the US National Academy, and a senior figure in the university and his college. He played a major role in public life, most notably as chairman of the Science Research Council (SRC), responsible for research funding in the UK. He was chairman of the British Association, chief government scientist to the Department of Energy, and chairman of the Defence Scientific Advisory Council. He was equally in demand to lead or to help set up bodies abroad, particularly the Max Planck Institute for Polymers in Mainz, Germany. Remarkably, Sam made some of his most celebrated scientific discoveries, for instance the theory of spin glasses and the rheology of high polymer melts, while serving as the full-time head of the SRC. Conversely, his scientific insights informed his leadership in advising the government. His later science was in highly applicable areas: he was an active advisor to Unilever, Dow, Lucas and many other companies that rely on research.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0028
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Frederick Gerard Friedlander. 25 December 1917 -- 20 May 2001
    • Authors: Edmunds, D. E; Fraenkel, L. E, Pemberton, M.
      Pages: 273 - 307
      Abstract: Gerard Friedlander was the son of Austrian communist intellectuals, who divorced when he was four. From the age of two he was raised by grandparents in Vienna, while his mother lived in Berlin as a communist organizer. Hitler came to power in 1933; Friedlander was sent to England, aged 16, in 1934; two years later, he won a scholarship to Trinity College, Cambridge. By 1940 he was a fully fledged applied mathematician who came to embrace both the European and British traditions of that subject. His work was marked by profound originality, by the importance of its applications and by the mathematical rigour of his treatment. The applications of his work changed over the years. The first papers (written between 1939 and 1941, but published only in 1946 for security reasons) were a contribution to Civil Defence: they presented entirely new and explicit results on the shielding effect of a wall from a distant bomb blast. The late papers were contributions to the general, more abstract theory of partial differential equations, but, characteristically, with concrete examples that illuminated obscure aspects of the general theory. Between these two, the middle years brought a flowering of results about the wave equation (including results for a curved space-time), of importance to both physicists and mathematicians.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:01-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0027
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Hugh Esmor Huxley MBE. 25 February 1924 -- 25 July 2013
    • Authors: Holmes, K. C; Weeds, A.
      Pages: 309 - 344
      Abstract: Hugh Esmor Huxley devoted his life to understanding how muscles contract. He was born in Birkenhead and entered Christ's College, Cambridge, in 1941 to study Physics. Joining the RAF in 1943 as an Acting Pilot Officer, he later moved to the Malvern Telecommunications Research Establishment where his pioneering work on developing H2S Mk IVA airborne radar over two years to 1947 led to his being elected a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 1948 while still an undergraduate. He started X-ray research on living muscle with Sir John Kendrew at the Medical Research Council Unit in the Cavendish Laboratory and showed that skeletal muscle is made of a hexagonal array of thick and thin filaments. In 1952 he moved to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to study muscle ultrastructure by electron microscopy, where he was joined by Jean Hanson, and in 1954 they published the sliding filament hypothesis (7). Back in London he produced ultra-thin sections of muscle barely 150 Å thick, which showed cross-bridges between the filaments, and in 1960 was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. His research at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology from 1962 led to his proposal of the swinging cross-bridge model. His ambition of studying cross-bridge movement in living muscle by X-ray diffraction in the millisecond time range required ever stronger X-ray sources and more sensitive detectors. The development in the 1970s of beam lines from synchrotron radiation opened a new perspective that fascinated him for the rest of his working life. From his last work at Argonne National Laboratory with Massimo Reconditi, Hugh finally convinced himself that he had incontrovertible evidence for the tilting lever-arm model.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:02-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0011
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Francois Jacob. 17 June 1920 -- 19 April 2013
    • Authors: Morange M.
      Pages: 345 - 361
      Abstract: Biological research was a late vocation for Francois Jacob, who entered the laboratory of André Lwoff at the Institut Pasteur in Paris at the age of 30. Ten years before, in 1940, he had abruptly left France, after the German troops entered Paris, and joined the Free French Forces organized by de Gaulle in London. He served as a medic in battles against the German troops in Africa, and was severely wounded in Normandy in August 1944. He could no longer be a surgeon as he had expected, and his return to a civilian life was difficult.Fifteen years after he entered the Institut Pasteur, in 1965, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, together with André Lwoff and Jacques Monod, for the discovery of the mechanisms controlling gene expression in bacteria, the operon model. The impact of this discovery was immense and triggered the conversion of molecular biologists to the study of higher organisms and their development. Jacob decided to work on mice, and his characterization of embryonal carcinoma cells and of their differentiation foreshadowed recent studies on embryonic stem cells. His comparison between evolution and the work of a tinkerer was also highly influential.Jacob wrote many books on the history and philosophy of the biological sciences. He was convinced that reflection on these issues was necessary for researchers to defend the value of scientific knowledge. He also continuously fought for an ethical use of scientific knowledge.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:02-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0021
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Lisa Jardine CBE. 12 April 1944 -- 25 October 2015
    • Authors: Hunter M.
      Pages: 363 - 375
      Abstract: After completing a PhD on Francis Bacon, which was published as a book in 1974, Lisa Jardine became a leading expert on Renaissance humanism and particularly on Desiderius Erasmus, her monograph on whom was published in 1993. Meanwhile, she had become the first woman Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge, later holding chairs at Queen Mary and at University College London. In the early 1990s she became a notable broadcaster and public intellectual, while her Worldly Goods: A New History of the Renaissance (1996) made her a best-selling author. In the following decade, she published various significant books, including biographies of Francis Bacon, Sir Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke, and Going Dutch, a perceptive study of Anglo-Dutch relations in the seventeenth century. She was also instrumental in founding the Centre for Editing Lives and Letters in 2002, while associated initiatives included the publication of the ‘Hooke Folio’ after its return to the Royal Society in 2006. In her later years, she took on a number of important public responsibilities, perhaps most notably her chairmanship of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority from 2008 to 2014. Lisa Jardine will be remembered as a lively and charismatic figure, who championed the causes that she adopted with vigour and who brought enthusiasm and panache to all the activities in which she engaged.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:02-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0015
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • David Stewart Jenkinson. 25 February 1928 -- 16 February 2011
    • Authors: Powlson, D; Brookes, P.
      Pages: 377 - 411
      Abstract: David Jenkinson was one of the most influential soil scientists of his generation, bringing new insights into the transformations of organic matter and nitrogen in soil. He spent the majority of his career at Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, UK. His studies were influential regarding the role of soil carbon stocks in the context of climate change and the role of nitrogen fertilizer in delivering adequate supplies of food for a growing world population. His research encompassed both fundamental studies on soil processes and immensely practical applications of this knowledge, often utilizing the Rothamsted long-term experiments that have run for over 170 years. He is particularly well known for his development of a method for determining the quantity of organic carbon held in the cells of living micro-organisms in soil, termed the ‘soil microbial biomass’. This breakthrough opened the way for a new wave of soil biological research. David developed one of the earliest computer models for the turnover of organic carbon in soil, known as the Rothamsted Carbon Model, RothC. This model, conceptually very simple, has proved highly successful in simulating and predicting changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) content under different management practices worldwide, being used by over 2600 people in 115 countries. His research using the stable isotope of nitrogen, 15N, in large-scale field experiments drew attention to the factors leading to inefficiencies in the use of nitrogen fertilizer but also demonstrated that it is possible to achieve high efficiency if good agricultural management practices are followed. It also demonstrated, more clearly than previously, the great importance of soil organic matter as a source of nitrogen for crops and the role of the soil microbial biomass both in immobilizing a proportion of applied fertilizer nitrogen and also in causing confusion in the interpretation of such experiments. By calculating nitrogen budgets for the Rothamsted long-term experiments he quantified the deposition of nitrogen compounds from atmosphere to land, laying foundations for later studies concerning the ecological and agricultural impacts of this significant input of nitrogen.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:02-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0007
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Sir Harold Walter Kroto. 7 October 1939 -- 30 April 2016
    • Authors: Legon A. C.
      Pages: 413 - 442
      Abstract: Harry Kroto received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1996 for his discovery of several new allotropes of carbon and in particular the now-famous C60, whose atoms are arranged in the spheroidal shape of the truncated icosahedron and which he named as buckminsterfullerene after the architect famous for his design of geodesic domes. Earlier in his career he made important discoveries concerned with the production of small, semi-stable molecules by pyrolysis methods and their characterization, mainly by means of microwave rotational spectroscopy. He was proud to have discovered by this means the compound CH2=PH because it contains the first known example of a carbon–phosphorus double bond. He later also made notable contributions to the field of materials chemistry, especially through his work on carbon nanotubes. Harry used his charismatic personality to very good effect in furthering the public understanding of science and was particularly good with children in this context. He also had strong views about science and religion which led him to become a campaigning atheist. He was a loyal and supportive friend and led a very happy family life with his wife Margaret and their two sons.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:02-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0003
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Sir David John Cameron MacKay FRS. 22 April 1967 -- 14 April 2016
    • Authors: Longair, M; Cates, M.
      Pages: 443 - 465
      Abstract: David MacKay was a true polymath who made pioneering contributions to information theory, inference and learning algorithms. He was a founder of the modern approach to information theory, combining Bayesian inference with artificial neural network algorithms to allow rational decision making by computer. His major achievements include reliable computation with unreliable hardware, in particular in approaching the Shannon limit using enhancements of Gallager codes. He developed communication systems for the disabled, including the Dasher code which he made freely available. He was the author of the influential book Sustainable Energy: Without the Hot Air. In 2009 he was appointed Chief Scientific Advisor to the Department of Energy and Climate Change. From 2003 he was Professor of Natural Philosophy in the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, and in 2013 he was appointed to the first Regius Professorship of Engineering in the Engineering Department of Cambridge University. He was appointed Knight Bachelor in the 2016 New Year's Honours List ‘for services to Scientific Advice in Government and Science Outreach’, but lost his battle with stomach cancer soon afterwards at the age of 48.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:02-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0013
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • John Norman Murrell. 2 March 1932 -- 25 January 2016
    • Authors: Clary, S. D. C; Stace, A. J, Tennyson, J.
      Pages: 467 - 486
      Abstract: John Murrell was a theoretical chemist who made important contributions to the understanding of the spectra of organic molecules, to the theory of intermolecular forces and to the construction of potential energy surfaces. He established the University of Sussex as a major centre for research and teaching in theoretical chemistry. He was also a successful writer of textbooks for undergraduate and graduate students on chemical bonding and related topics.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:02-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0026
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Klaus Friedrich Roth. 29 October 1925 -- 10 November 2015
    • Authors: Chen, W; Vaughan, R.
      Pages: 487 - 525
      Abstract: Klaus Friedrich Roth, who died in Inverness on 10 November 2015 aged 90, made fundamental contributions to different areas of number theory, including diophantine approximation, the large sieve, irregularities of distribution and what is nowadays known as arithmetic combinatorics. He was the first British winner of the Fields Medal, awarded in 1958 for his solution in 1955 of the famous Siegel conjecture concerning approximation of algebraic numbers by rationals. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1960, and received its Sylvester Medal in 1991. He was also awarded the De Morgan Medal of the London Mathematical Society in 1983, and elected Fellow of University College London in 1979, Honorary Fellow of Peterhouse in 1989, Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1993 and Fellow of Imperial College London in 1999.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:02-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0014
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Edward Charles Slater. 16 January 1917 -- 26 March 2016
    • Authors: Borst P.
      Pages: 527 - 551
      Abstract: With the death of Edward Charles Slater, Bill for insiders, biochemistry loses one of the key players in the field of bioenergetics in the second half of the twentieth century. Raised in Australia and trained as a chemist, he joined the lab of David Keilin FRS in Cambridge for his PhD where he discovered a new component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, an Fe-S protein, long known as the Slater factor. After a brief post-doc period in the lab of Severo Ochoa in New York, where Slater started studies on oxidative phosphorylation that would remain his major interest, he returned to Keilin's institute. In 1953 he formulated there his chemical hypothesis for the mechanism of oxidative phosphorylation that would dominate the field until displaced by the chemi-osmotic theory of Peter Mitchell FRS. In 1955 Slater moved to Amsterdam, The Netherlands, where he built up one of the largest and most successful biochemistry labs in Europe. He was not only an excellent biochemist, but also an outstanding mentor and a gifted administrator who turned Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) into the largest and one of the most influential biochemical journals of the 1960s and 1970s and who contributed to the governance of numerous organizations, such as the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB).
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:02-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0024
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Edwin Smith. 28 July 1931 -- 4 July 2010
    • Authors: Burdekin, F. M; Knott, J. F.
      Pages: 553 - 565
      Abstract: Ted Smith is best known for his contributions to the analysis of continuous dislocations in deformed crystals and the application of this to understanding the conditions leading to plastic flow and fracture in metals. He applied his knowledge to a range of practical problems, particularly ones concerned with the structural integrity of key components in the nuclear power generation industry. His career spanned both industry and academia, including 20 years as Professor of Metallurgy at the University of Manchester, during which time he helped oversee the joint operation of the Departments of Metallurgy at both the University and UMIST and served at senior levels in the University administration. His research was frequently motivated by interactions with industry in consultancy work. He published over 500 papers, the great majority of which were of his sole authorship.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:02-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0008
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
  • Dudley Howard Williams. 25 May 1937 -- 3 November 2010
    • Authors: Sanders, J. K. M; Robinson, D. C. V.
      Pages: 567 - 583
      Abstract: Dudley Williams was a pioneer in using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and mass spectrometry (MS) to solve important structural problems in Chemistry and Biology. His 35-year quest to understand the structure and mode of action of the vancomycin antibiotics led him to fundamental thinking about the nature and thermodynamics of molecular recognition, in particular the roles of solvation, flexibility, entropy, enthalpy and cooperativity. He was always keen that his expertise be used for practical benefit through his academic research and industrial consulting. His legacy also includes a set of textbooks that transformed the use of spectroscopic methods in organic chemistry, and a school of former PhD students and postdoctoral colleagues who have themselves made major contributions across a broad swathe of science.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T00:29:02-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0009
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 0 (2017)
       
 
 
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