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  Subjects -> HISTORY (Total: 1443 journals)
    - HISTORY (871 journals)
    - History (General) (57 journals)
    - HISTORY OF AFRICA (55 journals)
    - HISTORY OF ASIA (59 journals)
    - HISTORY OF EUROPE (200 journals)
    - HISTORY OF THE AMERICAS (142 journals)
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HISTORY (871 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 452 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Aboriginal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Abstracta Iranica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Acadiensis : Journal of the History of the Atlantic Region / Acadiensis : revue d'histoire de la region Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Accounting History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Historiae Artium     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Orientalia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Actes d'Història de la Ciència i de la Tècnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Africa Confidential     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
African Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Al-Masaq: Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
albuquerque : revista de história     Open Access  
Almagest     Full-text available via subscription  
Altorientalische Forschungen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Archivist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 184)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Jewish History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Nineteenth Century History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Periodicals : A Journal of History, Criticism, and Bibliography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Amérique Latine Histoire et Mémoire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Amsterdamer Beitrage zur alteren Germanistik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anadolu Araştırmaları     Open Access  
Anais do Museu Paulista : História e Cultura Material     Open Access  
Analecta Bollandiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anales de Historia del Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anatolica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Ancient History : Resources for Teachers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ancient Mesoamerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Anglican Historical Society Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anglo-Saxon England     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Annales historiques de la Révolution française     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annali dell'Istituto e Museo di storia della scienza di Firenze     Hybrid Journal  
Annuaire de l'Ecole pratique des hautes etudes. Section des sciences historiques et philologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ANQ: A Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes, and Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Antike und Abendland     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Antiteses     Open Access  
Anuario de Estudios Atlánticos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Historia de la Iglesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anuario del Departamento de Historia y Teoría del Arte     Open Access  
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arabica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ARAM Periodical     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Araucaria. Revista Iberoamericana de Filosofía, Política y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archeion     Full-text available via subscription  
ArcheoArte. Rivista Elettronica di Archeologia e Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Architectural Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Area     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Arenal. Revista de historia de las mujeres     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 286)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aschkenas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asian Philosophy: An International Journal of the Philosophical Traditions of the East     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Review of World Histories     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Aspasia     Full-text available via subscription  
Astérion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aurora Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Australasian Journal of Irish Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 4)
Australian Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australian Historical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Australian Journal of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Australian Journal of Politics & History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Australian Slavonic and East European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Austrian History Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Baltic-Pontic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baroque     Open Access  
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BIBLOS - Revista do Departamento de Biblioteconomia e História     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BibNum     Open Access  
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch für Antike und Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Body & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim do Arquivo da Universidade de Coimbra     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 130)
Boom : A Journal of California     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Britain and the World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
British Catholic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
British Journal for Military History     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
British Journal for the History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
British Mycological Society Symposia Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bryn Mawr Classical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
BSHM Bulletin: Journal of the British Society for the History of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de la Sabix     Open Access  
Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin du centre d’études médiévales d’Auxerre     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin d’études Orientales     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin of Hispanic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of Latin American Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Bulletin of Spanish Studies: Hispanic Studies and Researches on Spain, Portugal and Latin America     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal  
Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Byzantinische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cadernos de História     Open Access  
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers d'histoire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers des études anciennes     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cahiers du Centre de recherches historiques     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cahiers d’études africaines     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cahiers « Mondes anciens »     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Camden Fifth Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Linguistics / La revue canadienne de linguistique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Review of American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian-American Slavic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Catholic Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Central Asian Survey     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Central European History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Chaucer Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Childhood in the Past : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Studies in History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Chronica Nova. Revista de Historia Moderna de la Universidad de Granada     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chronique d'Egypte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Church History and Religious Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Church History: Studies in Christianity and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 71)
Cihannuma : Journal of History and Geography Studies     Open Access  
Circe de clásicos y modernos     Open Access  
Civil War History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Cleveland Studies in the History of Art     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clio y Asociados     Open Access  
Clio. Femmes, Genre, Histoire - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Clio. Women, Gender, History     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cliodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Collections électroniques de l'INHA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Collingwood and British Idealism Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Colonial Latin American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Comitatus : A Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Comparative Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Comptabilités     Open Access  
Concorso. Arti e lettere     Open Access  
Conservative Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conserveries mémorielles     Open Access  
Contemporaneity : Historical Presence in Visual Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Arab Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary British History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Contemporary European History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Contemporary French and Francophone Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Convivium     Full-text available via subscription  
Creativity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Crime, Histoire & Sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Critical Historical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Critique: Journal of Socialist Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cromohs : Cyber Review of Modern Historiography     Open Access  
Crossing Borders : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Historia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Historia de la Salud Publica     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Journal Cover
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society
Number of Followers: 1  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0080-4606 - ISSN (Online) 1748-8494
Published by Royal Society, The Homepage  [11 journals]
  • Editorial
    • Authors: Longair M.
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2018.0002
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Vladimir Igorevich Arnold. 12 June 1937--3 June 2010
    • Authors: Khesin, B; Tabachnikov, S.
      Pages: 7 - 26
      Abstract: Vladimir Arnold was a pre-eminent mathematician of the second half of the twentieth and early twenty-first century. Kolmogorov–Arnold–Moser (KAM) theory, Arnold diffusion, Arnold tongues in bifurcation theory, Liouville–Arnold theorem in completely integrable systems, Arnold conjectures in symplectic topology—this is a very incomplete list of notions and results named after him. Arnold was a charismatic leader of a mathematical school, a prolific writer, a flamboyant speaker and a tremendously erudite person. Our biographical sketch describes his extraordinary personality and his major contributions to mathematics.
      Keywords: twentieth century science, biographical history
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0016
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Julian Ernst Besag. 26 March 1945--6 August 2010
    • Authors: Diggle, P. J; Green, P. J, Silverman, B. W.
      Pages: 27 - 50
      Abstract: Julian Besag was an outstanding statistical scientist, distinguished for his pioneering work on the statistical theory and analysis of spatial processes, especially conditional lattice systems. His work has been seminal in statistical developments over the last several decades ranging from image analysis to Markov chain Monte Carlo methods. He clarified the role of auto-logistic and auto-normal models as instances of Markov random fields and paved the way for their use in diverse applications. Later work included investigations into the efficacy of nearest-neighbour models to accommodate spatial dependence in the analysis of data from agricultural field trials, image restoration from noisy data, and texture generation using lattice models.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0039
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Peter Orlebar Bishop. 14 June 1917--3 June 2012
    • Authors: Pettigrew, J. D; Dreher, B.
      Pages: 51 - 68
      Abstract: Peter Orlebar Bishop was an Australian neurophysiologist renowned for his ingenious quantitative approach to the study of the mammalian visual system and his great ability to attract a large number of talented people to visual research. Peter’s research was based on specially designed, precise instrumentation and data quantification applied mainly to analysis of the response properties of single neurones in the principal dorsal thalamic visual relay nucleus, the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGNd) and the primary visual cortex. This quantitative bent was evident throughout Peter’s entire research career: starting with the design and construction of innovative DC amplifiers; to his quantitative analysis of optics, ‘schematic eye’ for the cat, which rivalled Gullstrand’s schematic eye for humans; to creating and demonstrating validity of the concept of ‘projection lines’ in the representation of contralateral visual field in different cellular layers of the LGNd of mammals with frontally positioned eyes and discovery of massive binocular input to single LGNd neurones. Peter’s engineering approach was probably at its heuristic peak when it revealed many details of binocular interactions at the level of single neurones in the primary visual cortex—the interactions which appear to underpin overall mechanisms underlying stereopsis, the high precision binocular depth sense.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0046
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Ian Butterworth CBE. 3 December 1930--29 November 2013
    • Authors: Dornan P.
      Pages: 69 - 87
      Abstract: Ian Butterworth was a major force in European particle physics from the start of the subject in the late fifties until leaving his post as the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) research director in 1986 to become principal of Queen Mary College. Following his PhD at Manchester, he moved to Imperial College, where later he was head of both the high energy group and the physics department. His early research was dominated by bubble chamber analyses searching for resonant hadronic states, crucial for the establishment of the quark model. Investigating these resonances, using mass spectra and partial wave analyses, was his speciality. He had vision. He was one of the first to recognize the value of IT advances, the importance of networking and the vast potential of the Web.In 1990, at the age of 60, he had a stroke but less than a year later he was again active. His main interests became the effective use of the Web for electronic publishing and the advancement of a coherent European network strategy for education and research. Much of this was under the auspices of the Academia Europaea, of which he was vice president from 1997 to 2003. In his later years he retained a deep interest in European culture and gastronomy and continued to enjoy travelling around Europe. Ian was a special person, warm-hearted, lively and excellent company.
      Keywords: biographical history
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0027
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • John Philip Cooper CBE. 16 December 1923--18 November 2011
    • Authors: Edwards K.
      Pages: 89 - 106
      Abstract: John Cooper's innovative research into the genetics of plant growth and development was established with the aim of identifying characters which would guide plant breeders in their selection programmes. Working with certain forage grasses (mainly ryegrass but also cocksfoot and fescue), he analysed growth and development into components, including flowering time, leaf development, photosynthetic efficiency, canopy structure in the crop and nutritional quality. He and his colleagues were able to show, by a combination of selection experiments and comparisons of variance between and within families, that considerable genetic variation existed within all varieties of these outbreeding crops. All the characters were polygenic, with no evidence of individual genes manifesting distinct Mendelian ratios. Cooper obtained information of great value for the plant breeders with whom he worked closely. His research stimulated others to build on his ideas when new molecular techniques became available.After two decades of creative research at the Welsh Plant Breeding Station, John Cooper became its Director in 1975. This coincided with a turbulent period in government-sponsored agricultural research that involved reductions in funding. Cooper disagreed with the underlying policy changes, but he worked hard to minimize the number of redundancies and the damage to the scientific work of the station. Overall, John Cooper had a distinguished scientific career. His personal achievements from his own research activities and that of his colleagues were unique and innovative. He led by example, by stimulation and by inspiration, and developed a wide international influence for his ideas.
      Keywords: twentieth century science, biographical history
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0020
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • David Parker Craig AO FAA. 23 December 1919--1 July 2015
    • Authors: Hush, N. S; Radom, L.
      Pages: 107 - 129
      Abstract: David Craig was an outstanding Australian theoretical chemist whose academic life oscillated between Australia (University of Sydney and Australian National University (ANU)) and the UK (University College London). The Craig Building of the Research School of Chemistry of the ANU was named in his honour in 1995. He was President of the Australian Academy of Science from 1990 to 1994, and the Academy's David Craig Medal, which recognizes outstanding contributions to chemistry research, was inaugurated in his honour. His best-known research is in the fields of quantum theory and spectroscopy of aromatic molecules, molecular crystals, quantum electrodynamics and chirality.
      Keywords: twentieth century science, biographical history
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0017
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Alexander Lamb Cullen OBE. 30 April 1920--27 December 2013
    • Authors: Davies J. B.
      Pages: 131 - 148
      Abstract: Alex Cullen combined the sharpest of scientific minds with a gentle personality and a great sense of humour. He was Professor and Head of the Department of Electrical Engineering at Sheffield from 1955 to 1967, and then Head of the Department of Electrical Engineering at University College London (UCL) until 1980. He continued his research there as a Science and Engineering Research Council Senior Fellow until 1985, and for some years as Research Fellow of UCL. His research concerned electromagnetic waves over a wide range of microwave devices and measurement techniques, the latter at a fundamental level. These contributions were of a highly innovative and ‘ground-breaking’ nature. He was appointed OBE in 1960, and elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1977. He was an accomplished jazz musician, playing drums and clarinet. He was a signatory of a letter to The Times in January 1986, calling on Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher to ‘Save British Science’. This led to the foundation of the Save British Science pressure group, now the Campaign for Science and Engineering (CaSE), which has built up an enviable reputation with politicians and the media in representing the concerns of scientists and engineers. When (now Sir) Eric Ash left UCL in 1985 to become Rector of Imperial College, he remarked that Alex was ‘the last gentleman in the business’.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0028
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Rodney Deane Davies CBE. 8 January 1930--8 November 2015
    • Authors: Graham-Smith, F; Lyne, A. G, Dickinson, C.
      Pages: 149 - 162
      Abstract: Following early life on a farm in South Australia and a degree in Physics at the University of Adelaide, Rod Davies began his research career at the Radiophysics Laboratory in Sydney in 1951, working on the development of radio interferometers for solar observations. In 1953, he moved to the University of Manchester, Jodrell Bank, working with Bernard Lovell, later becoming the Director of Jodrell Bank from 1988 to 1997 and the President of the Royal Astronomical Society from 1987 to 1989. He is best known for leading observations of the structure of the cosmic microwave background, first carried out at Jodrell Bank and then transferred to Tenerife during the 1980s and 90s. Later, he was instrumental in establishing the European Space Agency's Planck spacecraft mission and continued after retirement to be closely involved in the interpretation of the data from Planck. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1992 and awarded a CBE in 1995. During Rod's tenure as Director of Jodrell Bank, he was responsible for the start of a major project to upgrade the Lovell Telescope, recognizing that with increased capability it could play a leading role into the 21st century. He was also Director during a major upgrade to the MERLIN telescope array, completed around 1991, and making MERLIN a modern, useable, open-access instrument. It was transformed into a true national facility, funded by government, and widely used by the national and international radio astronomy community. Rod Davies was always a kind and generous colleague, and a great inspiration to several generations of radio astronomers.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0037
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Richard Langton Gregory. 24 July 1923--17 May 2010
    • Authors: Land, M. F; Heard, P.
      Pages: 163 - 182
      Abstract: Richard Gregory was a pioneer of cognitive psychology. Much of his scientific work involved the development and interpretation of visual illusions, which he used as a tool to work out the perceptual mechanisms involved in the way that the visual world is normally perceived. He was also an inventor, developing a technique for viewing microscopic objects in three dimensions, and a method for taking sharp telescope images through an unstable atmosphere. He was a man of great charm, enthusiasm and wit, who listed his hobbies as punning and pondering. He was to become an outstanding public communicator of scientific ideas. He gave the Royal Institution Christmas Lectures (‘The intelligent eye’) in 1967, was a founder member of the Experimental Psychology Society, set up his own journal, Perception, in 1972, and in 1978 founded the Exploratory, a hands-on science centre in Bristol. His work on illusions and his interest in painting led to a collaboration with the art historian Sir Ernst Gombrich, resulting in the book Illusion in nature and art (1973) and an exhibition at the Institute of Contemporary Art. Other books included Mind in science (1981) and The Oxford companion to the mind (1987), for which he was both editor and a major contributor. The book for which he is best known is the wonderfully accessible Eye and brain, whose five editions (1966–1997) and many translations have inspired students of all ages.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0034
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Rainer Walter Guillery. 28 August 1929--7 April 2017
    • Authors: Sherman S. M.
      Pages: 183 - 206
      Abstract: Rainer (Ray) Guillery was a remarkably productive neuroscientist and as such left an indelible mark on the field, both in terms of his direct contributions and also through his success at mentoring and nurturing young scholars who went on to successful careers of their own. Ray's work profoundly advanced our understanding of the related fields of development and thalamocortical functioning; his work was highly imaginative and insightful; and he was a cherished colleague and role model for his many former students and friends in the field. Ray's scholarly efforts were carried out on three continents. He trained initially in London and, after serving on the faculties at the Universities of Wisconsin and Chicago in the United States, he returned to England at the University of Oxford. After retiring from his Oxford post, he went back as a visiting scholar to the University of Wisconsin, and then moved to a post at the University of Marmara in Turkey, which is located in the Asian sector of Istanbul. He finally returned to Oxford in an emeritus capacity and remained there until his death.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0044
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Peter Gavin Hall. 20 November 1951--9 January 2016
    • Authors: Robinson, J; Welsh, A. H.
      Pages: 207 - 229
      Abstract: In the 40 years of his research career, Peter Hall produced work in both probability and statistics, the breadth and depth of which must be regarded as phenomenal. He displayed extraordinary technical skills together with remarkable intuition in developing and applying multifaceted mathematical approaches in the whole of his work. The impact of this wide-ranging use of powerful mathematical methods has had a profound effect on much of modern mathematical statistics. After completing his DPhil at Oxford, he remained in Australia for almost all of his career although he was renowned as one of the major international figures in probability and statistics. Peter was a mentor to a large group of postgraduate students and post-doctoral colleagues, giving encouragement and guidance, and he attracted many research visitors, contributing greatly to the whole of Australian statistical research. Remarkably, given his immense research output, he took a significant role both in editorial duties in major international journals and in advocacy for mathematics and statistics in Australia. Peter was a man of great charm whose modest demeanour belied his staggering abilities. His loss to mathematics and statistics is great, but is matched by the personal loss to us and to his many friends.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0035
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Anastasios Demetrios Hondros CMG FRS. 18 February 1930--13 September 2016
    • Authors: Seah, M. P; Lea, C.
      Pages: 231 - 248
      Abstract: Professor Ernest Hondros CMG FRS DSc Dr d'U FIM CEng was a renowned British metallurgist and materials scientist, an innovator, leader, inspirational encourager, raconteur and friend to many. At the National Physical Laboratory in south west London, Hondros pioneered the measurement of thermodynamic properties of interfaces in crystalline materials and established the importance of interfacial microchemistry in the mechanical strength of engineering materials. Following a period as Head of the Materials Applications Division at the National Physical Laboratory, Dr Hondros was appointed Director of the Petten Laboratory in the Netherlands, an establishment of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre, and later was appointed Director of the Commission's Institute for Advanced Materials.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0032
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Walter Kohn. 9 March 1923--19 April 2016
    • Authors: Hohenberg, P. C; Langer, J. S.
      Pages: 249 - 259
      Abstract: Walter Kohn, a giant of theoretical physics, died at his home in Santa Barbara, California, on 19 April 2016, at the age of 93. Walter's life epitomized both the hardships and the wondrous achievements of physicists in the twentieth century. He escaped from Nazi-occupied Austria on one of the last children's rescue trains (the Kindertransport) and during World War II spent 18 months confined in internment camps in England and Canada. He learned only after the War that both of his parents had perished in Auschwitz. After earning physics degrees at the University of Toronto and at Harvard University, he rapidly emerged as a leader in bringing quantum theory to bear on problems in the electron theory of solids. Walter's devotion to basic scientific principles led to the density functional theory of electrons in solids and in chemical molecules in the 1960s. Thirty years later, once the vast importance of this theory had become clear, he was awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry for this discovery. In his later years Walter turned much of his attention to institution building and public affairs. He was the founding director of the Institute for Theoretical Physics at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He was deeply committed to the control of nuclear weapons, the development of renewable clean energy and the free exchange of knowledge among scientists throughout the world.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0040
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Martin David Kruskal. 28 September 1925--26 December 2006
    • Authors: Gibbon, J. D; Cowley, S. C, Joshi, N, MacCallum, M. A. H.
      Pages: 261 - 284
      Abstract: Martin David Kruskal was one of the most versatile theoretical physicists of his generation and is distinguished for his enduring work in several different areas, most notably plasma physics, a memorable detour into relativity and his pioneering work in nonlinear waves. In the latter, together with Norman Zabusky, he invented the concept of the soliton and, with others, developed its application to classes of partial differential equations of physical significance.
      Keywords: twentieth century science, biographical history
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0022
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Anthony Ledwith CBE. 14 August 1933--5 January 2015
    • Authors: Feast W. J.
      Pages: 285 - 298
      Abstract: Tony Ledwith's early work at University of Liverpool is best known for the identification, characterization and use of free carbocations; in particular, demonstrating their advantages in allowing very high rates of vinyl addition and ring opening polymerizations. During a long career in academia and industry, his research predominantly focused on cationic and cation-radical mechanisms, but ranged across many aspects of polymerization mechanisms, properties and the applications of polymeric materials. His interests were always very wide, for example in surface characterization and modification. In his industrial career, his company was one of the very early adopters of scanning probe microscopies. He was an energetic enthusiast and became heavily involved in science politics, to the considerable benefit of the UK community, particularly chemists and polymer chemists.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0029
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Nicholas John Seymour Mackintosh. 9 July 1935--8 February 2015
    • Authors: Pearce J. M.
      Pages: 299 - 316
      Abstract: Nicholas Mackintosh was an experimental psychologist whose principal goal was to understand the basic mechanisms of learning and cognition, largely through research with animals. The two textbooks that he wrote on this topic synthesized a vast body of research and set it within a theoretical context of association formation that has remained dominant for over 40 years. He developed a formal theory of the relationship between attention and learning that had an immediate impact and can be expected to be the foremost theory of its kind for many years to come. He was also a prolific experimenter, whose ingenious experiments were remarkable for the theoretical insights they offered into the mechanisms of learning in a wide range of species. Towards the end of his career, he developed an interest in the measurement of human intelligence. The textbook that followed from this interest is one of the most authoritative ever written on the topic.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0024
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Ernest Armstrong McCulloch. 21 April 1926--20 January 2011
    • Authors: Mak T. W.
      Pages: 317 - 339
      Abstract: Ernest Armstrong McCulloch was half of the brilliant partnership that discovered haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and changed how we think about human tissue generation and regeneration. Based at the Ontario Cancer Institute (now the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre) in Toronto, the haematologist ‘Bun’ McCulloch, together with James E. Till, a physicist with a steel-trap mind, exercised their penchant for adventurous ‘big picture’ thinking in devising experiments to identify stem cells. This exceptional team was the first to demonstrate that HSCs have the dual capacity to self-renew and to differentiate into a vast array of mature haematopoietic cells. Their trainees, as well as investigators elsewhere, built on McCulloch and Till's findings not only to isolate and characterize HSCs and progenitors derived from them, but also to devise therapies for certain blood disorders. Later in his career, Ernest focused on characterizing the malignant cells of human leukaemias and determining the effects of various drugs on leukaemic cell growth. The implications of Till and McCulloch's work continue to be profound and underpin many significant breakthroughs in our knowledge of normal cellular physiology, pathophysiology, tumorigenesis and tissue transplantation. Indeed, regenerative medicine owes its very existence to the stem cell discoveries of McCulloch, Till and others. At times eccentric and demanding, but always well spoken, incisive and erudite, Ernest personified the outstanding research scientist cloaked in Canadian modesty. His legacy lives on in the bright therapeutic future emerging from the rigorous stem cell research being conducted in Canada and around the world.
      Keywords: twentieth century science, biographical history
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0019
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Michael J. D. Powell. 29 July 1936--19 April 2015
    • Authors: Buhmann, M. D; Fletcher, R, Iserles, A, Toint, P.
      Pages: 341 - 366
      Abstract: Michael James David Powell was a British numerical analyst who was among the pioneers of computational mathematics. During a long and distinguished career, first at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment (AERE) Harwell and subsequently as the John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Applied Numerical Analysis in Cambridge, he contributed decisively towards establishing optimization theory as an effective tool of scientific enquiry, replete with highly effective methods and mathematical sophistication. He also made crucial contributions to approximation theory, in particular to the theory of spline functions and of radial basis functions. In a subject that roughly divides into practical designers of algorithms and theoreticians who seek to underpin algorithms with solid mathematical foundations, Mike Powell refused to follow this dichotomy. His achievements span the entire range from difficult and intricate convergence proofs to the design of algorithms and production of software. He was among the leaders of a subject area that is at the nexus of mathematical enquiry and applications throughout science and engineering.
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0023
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • David Colin Sherrington. 5 March 1945--4 October 2014
    • Authors: Richards, R. W; Hodge, P.
      Pages: 367 - 385
      Abstract: David Colin Sherrington began life as a Liverpool docker's son and became an internationally recognized authority on reactive polymers and using polymer-supported reagents in novel applications. His research career began at University of Liverpool with his PhD work on the mechanisms of cationic polymerization. From 1972 until retirement in 2010, Strathclyde University was his chief research base. In the very early years he continued with mechanistic and kinetic studies of cationic polymerization, but soon moved to the field of polymer-supported reactions and reagents, to which he devoted the rest of his research career. An important contribution to the direction of his scientific activity was the secondment years he spent at Unilever, where he became involved in polymeric high internal phase emulsions (polyHIPEs). In the following years, he devoted much effort to accurate characterization of these and other porous polymer supports, frequently involving him in learning new techniques (e.g. neutron scattering). An important feature was the use of polymer supports to catalyse oxidation reactions, especially olefin epoxidation. He gained valuable insight into many aspects of his research from the many visiting professorships over his career. He was involved on the editorial board of Reactive Polymers continuously from 1982 until 2010 and he was awarded many honours. His free time was mainly devoted to fishing, particularly for salmon, an activity he shared with his wife and a group of friends for many years. His warmth, intellect and clear interest in the careers of his research students were key components in creating the polymer ‘family’ to which they belonged. His years of retirement were saddened by multiple system atrophy, a devastating illness throughout which he was cared for by Val, his wife.
      Keywords: twentieth century science, biographical history
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0021
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Harry Smith. 19 September 1935--9 February 2015
    • Authors: Grierson D.
      Pages: 387 - 399
      Abstract: Harry Smith was a botanist with a driving passion to understand how plant growth, development and responses to the environment are regulated. He was a true experimentalist with a restless mind, a determination to question and the commitment to follow through. Harry valued achievement over background, and his research combined biochemical, molecular and physiological approaches aimed at understanding the behaviour of plants in the real world. This led him to a series of classical experiments, begun at the University of Nottingham and continued at the University of Leicester, studying how plants detect proximity and shading by other plants. This work transformed our understanding of the role of the red/far-red light-absorbing phytochrome pigments in the perception of and response to vegetative shading. Harry defined the mechanism of the shade avoidance syndrome, and this work, taught to students worldwide, is of fundamental importance in understanding plant behaviour in the natural environment and agriculture. Harry was a truly inspirational teacher, research leader and head of department, and also a visionary founder and editor of successful journals such as Plant, Cell and Environment, Molecular Ecology and Global Change Biology, as well as being a veteran gardener, tree planter, artist and car lover.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0045
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
  • Ian William Murison Smith. 15 June 1937--8 November 2016
    • Authors: Hancock G.
      Pages: 401 - 419
      Abstract: Ian Smith was one of the world-wide leading researchers into reaction kinetics, energy transfer and molecular dynamics in gas phase systems. He was able to span all of these aspects of collisional behaviour, and to form connections and insights that allowed him to make advances in all of them, advances which have stood the tests of time. His graduate work at the University of Cambridge was followed by academic positions in Cambridge and in Birmingham. He provided new insights into molecular energy transfer by systematically measuring how vibrational frequencies and multipole moments influenced the magnitude of the energy transfer cross sections. In reaction kinetics his detailed work on the OH radical has led to an understanding of the importance of its reactions not only in applied areas such as atmospheric and combustion chemistry, but also in fundamental dynamical studies of radical recombination and the effect of reagent energies on reactive processes. Of particular significance has been his development of both cryogenic and nozzle expansion methods of studying collisional processes at temperatures down to 10 K, with the discovery that reactions without activation barriers can get faster as the temperature decreases. The impact of this work upon astrochemistry has been profound, and has stimulated theoretical explanations of the effect. He was one of the first pioneers in the UK of the use of laser techniques to study collisional processes, using laser-induced fluorescence as a sensitive detection tool, UV laser photolysis to form reactive species and laser pumping to create excited state populations in order to observe their effect upon reaction pathways and vibrational relaxation.Ian was devoted to his family—his wife Sue, their four children and 11 grandchildren. His research collaborators will always remember his scholarship, his unending suggestions of interesting problems to study, his deep integrity and humanity. His legacy lives on with his personal and academic families.
      Keywords: biographical history, twentieth century science
      PubDate: 2018-04-04T02:44:14-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2017.0033
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 0 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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