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  Subjects -> HISTORY (Total: 1265 journals)
    - HISTORY (798 journals)
    - History (General) (51 journals)
    - HISTORY OF AFRICA (47 journals)
    - HISTORY OF ASIA (54 journals)
    - HISTORY OF AUSTRALASIA AREAS (7 journals)
    - HISTORY OF EUROPE (162 journals)
    - HISTORY OF THE AMERICAS (122 journals)
    - HISTORY OF THE NEAR EAST (24 journals)

HISTORY (798 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 452 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Aboriginal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Abstracta Iranica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Acadiensis : Journal of the History of the Atlantic Region / Acadiensis : revue d'histoire de la region Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Accounting History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Historiae Artium     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Orientalia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Actes d'Història de la Ciència i de la Tècnica     Open Access  
Advances in Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Software Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Africa Confidential     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Africa Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
African Diaspora     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Historical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
African Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Al-Masaq: Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Almagest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Altorientalische Forschungen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Archivist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Jewish History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
American Nineteenth Century History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Periodicals : A Journal of History, Criticism, and Bibliography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Review of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Amérique Latine Histoire et Mémoire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Amsterdamer Beitrage zur alteren Germanistik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Amsterdamer Beitrage zur neueren Germanistik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anais do Museu Paulista : História e Cultura Material     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analecta Bollandiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anales de Historia del Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anatolica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Ancient History : Resources for Teachers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anglican Historical Society Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annales historiques de la Révolution française     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Annales UMCS, Historia     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annali dell'Istituto e Museo di storia della scienza di Firenze     Hybrid Journal  
Annuaire de l'Ecole pratique des hautes etudes. Section des sciences historiques et philologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ANQ: A Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes, and Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Antike und Abendland     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Antiteses     Open Access  
Anuario de Estudios Atlánticos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Historia de la Iglesia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arabica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ARAM Periodical     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Araucaria. Revista Iberoamericana de Filosofía, Política y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ArcheoArte. Rivista Elettronica di Archeologia e Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Architectural Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Archive for History of Exact Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Area     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Arenal. Revista de historia de las mujeres     Open Access  
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 189)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aschkenas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Asia-Pacific Journal : Japan Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asian Philosophy: An International Journal of the Philosophical Traditions of the East     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Aspasia     Full-text available via subscription  
Astérion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ateliê de História UEPG     Open Access  
Aurora Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Australasian Journal of Irish Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 4)
Australian Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Australian Historical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Australian Journal of Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Australian Journal of Politics & History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Baltic-Pontic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
BIBLOS - Revista do Departamento de Biblioteconomia e História     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch für Antike und Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Body & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 112)
Boom : A Journal of California     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Britain and the World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
British Journal for Military History     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
British Journal of Canadian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
British Mycological Society Symposia Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bryn Mawr Classical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
BSHM Bulletin: Journal of the British Society for the History of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de la Sabix     Open Access  
Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin du centre d’études médiévales d’Auxerre     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin d’études Orientales     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Hispanic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of Latin American Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Spanish Studies: Hispanic Studies and Researches on Spain, Portugal and Latin America     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Byzantinische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cadernos de História     Open Access  
CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers d'histoire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers des études anciennes     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cahiers du Centre de recherches historiques     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers d’études africaines     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cahiers « Mondes anciens »     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Journal of Linguistics / La revue canadienne de linguistique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Review of American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian-American Slavic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Catholic Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central Asian Survey     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chaucer Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Childhood in the Past : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Studies in History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Chronica Nova. Revista de Historia Moderna de la Universidad de Granada     Open Access  
Chronique d'Egypte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Church History and Religious Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Church History: Studies in Christianity and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 72)
Civil War History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Cleveland Studies in the History of Art     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CLIO : Revista de Pesquisa Histórica     Open Access  
Clio y Asociados     Open Access  
Clio. Femmes, Genre, Histoire - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cliodynamics     Open Access  
Collections électroniques de l'INHA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Collingwood and British Idealism Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Colonial Latin American Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Comitatus : A Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Comparative Legal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Comptabilités     Open Access  
Concorso. Arti e lettere     Open Access  
Conservative Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Conserveries mémorielles     Open Access  
Contemporaneity : Historical Presence in Visual Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Arab Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary British History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary French and Francophone Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Convivium     Full-text available via subscription  
Crime, Histoire & Sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Historical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Critique: Journal of Socialist Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cromohs : Cyber Review of Modern Historiography     Open Access  
Crossing Borders : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Historia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Historia de la Salud Publica     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Historia del Derecho     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de Historia Moderna     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo     Open Access  
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cuicuilco     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultura Histórica & Patrimônio     Open Access  
Cultural and Social History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access  
Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultures & conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cultures et conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Czech-Polish Historical and Pedagogical Journal     Open Access  
Dapim : Studies on the Holocaust     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Das Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
De Arte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society
  [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal  (Not entitled to full-text)
   ISSN (Print) 0080-4606 - ISSN (Online) 1748-8494
   Published by Royal Society, The Homepage  [11 journals]
  • Editorial
    • Authors: Longair; M.
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Welcome to volume 62 of Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, the 2016 edition. It is a particular honour to take over as Editor-in-Chief of Biographical Memoirs since I have long valued the excellent biographies written by our colleagues to celebrate the lives of Fellows of the Society. I have had the experience of writing three memoirs and so fully appreciate the effort needed to create a lasting memorial to those commemorated.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0023
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Alan Carrington CBE. 6 January 1934 -- 31 August 2013
    • Authors: Buckingham, A. D; Saykally, R. J.
      Pages: 7 - 17
      Abstract: Alan Carrington was an outstanding physical chemist who made important contributions to molecular spectroscopy. During his distinguished career in the universities of Southampton, Cambridge and Oxford he was a pioneer in the fields of electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy of doped single crystals, solutions of organic radicals, and especially the high resolution spectroscopy of gaseous free-radicals and ions. He wrote three books and was an excellent teacher and lecturer. His honours included the Davy Medal, the Faraday Medal of the Royal Society of Chemistry, and election as a Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2015.0024
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Sir John Warcup Cornforth AC CBE. 7 September 1917 -- 8 December 2013
    • Authors: Battersby, S. A. R; Young, D. W.
      Pages: 19 - 57
      Abstract: Sir John Cornforth was a pioneer in discovering the detailed chemistry used by living systems to construct the organic substances they contain. From his teenage years, he was handicapped by profound deafness yet he overcame this to reach the highest pinnacles of scientific achievement. His work was carried out in several different research centres, both academic and medical, and he was a leading figure in all.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2015.0016
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Richard Henry Dalitz. 28 February 1925 -- 13 January 2006
    • Authors: Aitchison, I. J. R; Smith, S. C. L.
      Pages: 59 - 88
      Abstract: Richard (Dick) Henry Dalitz was a theoretical physicist whose principal contributions were intimately connected to some of the major breakthroughs of the twentieth century in particle and nuclear physics. His formulation of the ‘–’ puzzle led to the discovery that parity is not a symmetry of nature—the first of the assumed space-time symmetries to fail. He pioneered the theoretical study of hypernuclei, of strange baryon resonances, and of baryon spectroscopy in the quark model (at a time when many considered it ‘naive’), to all of which he made lasting contributions. The ‘Dalitz plot’ and ‘Dalitz pairs’ are part of the vocabulary of particle physics. Throughout his career he remained in close touch with many experimentalists, and he had an encyclopaedic knowledge of the data. Many of his papers were stimulated by experimental results and were concerned with their analysis and interpretation, work that often required the forging of new phenomenological tools; many also indicated what new experiments needed to be done. As a consequence, he was a theorist exceptionally valued by experimentalists. He created and ran a strong particle theory group at Oxford, which attracted many talented students and researchers, and which has continued to thrive.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0019
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Sir Howard Dalton. 8 February 1944 -- 12 January 2008
    • Authors: Anthony, C; Murrell, J. C.
      Pages: 89 - 107
      Abstract: Howard Dalton was an outstanding microbiologist who, after his remarkably productive DPhil work in the Nitrogen Fixation Laboratory at the University of Sussex, and a short period in the USA, spent his research career at the University of Warwick. He devoted himself to the elucidation of the process of methane oxidation by bacteria that use this relatively inert gas as their sole source of carbon and energy. He discovered two completely novel multicomponent monooxygenase enzymes responsible for the initial oxidation of methane to methanol. He then continued to elucidate their functions, mechanisms, regulation and structures. Their wide substrate specificity led to his interest in using these and related enzymes for biocatalysis, biological transformations and bioremediation. While remaining at Warwick University he also acted as a highly appreciated Chief Scientific Advisor to the UK Government at the Department for the Environment and Rural Affairs (Defra). Howard was a highly effective scientist, a down-to-earth, self-effacing man, outgoing and witty, an inspirational colleague who above all else made science fun.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0007
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Michael Elliott CBE. 30 September 1924 -- 17 October 2007
    • Authors: Pickett; J.
      Pages: 109 - 123
      Abstract: Michael Elliott was the leader of work at Rothamsted that invented and subsequently commercially developed the pyrethroids, a new class of insecticides. Michael made probably the greatest individual contribution to the control of insect pests that not only constrain global food production but also affect the health of ourselves and our livestock. In one of the first pioneering structure–activity relationship studies, Michael led the multidisciplinary team that invented the major pyrethroid insecticides bioresmethrin, permethrin, cypermethrin and deltamethrin. In the 1980s these represented two-thirds of the global pyrethroid market; at that time pyrethroids captured more than 25% of the total insecticide market and were used on 33 million hectares of crops (Wirtz et al. 2009). In 2002 deltamethrin was the world's largest-selling pyrethroid, with annual sales worth $208 million (information from Cropnosis Ltd). In terms of human health, in 2009 it was estimated that pyrethroid-treated bednets significantly decreased the number of deaths due to malaria among children under five years of age by about one-fifth as well as reducing all incidents of malaria, and in 2011 the World Health Organization recommended its vastly expanded use.ReferenceWirtz, K., Bala, S., Amann, A. & Elbert, A. 2009 A promise extended—future roles of pyrethroids in agriculture. Bayer CropSci. J. 62, 145–158.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0018
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Lloyd Thomas Evans AO FAA. 6 August 1927 -- 23 March 2015
    • Authors: King; R. W.
      Pages: 125 - 146
      Abstract: Lloyd Evans, a leading plant scientist, published extensively on the regulation of flowering and on crop production during a lifetime spent in research at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). His significant achievements included the identification of a gibberellin plant hormone as a flowering regulator in the grass Lolium temulentum, the discovery of a synthetic gibberellin growth retardant that blocked endogenous gibberellin synthesis, and the discovery of a novel biological flowering clock in Pharbitis with a 12 h (semidian) period. In crops he established the impact on yield of photosynthate production and transport to competing sinks. Two of his books, Crop evolution: adaptation and yield and Feeding the ten billion, have had a major influence on agricultural research and policy. His ability to define research options led to many years of international advisory work. He was an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) and a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science, subsequently becoming President of the latter.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0008
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Brian Eyre CBE FREng. 29 November 1933 -- 28 July 2014
    • Authors: Pooley, D; Smith, G, Windsor, C.
      Pages: 147 - 166
      Abstract: Brian Eyre was an outstanding metallurgist who played a leading role in the development of nuclear engineering materials. His experiments on irradiated metals enabled a theoretical understanding of the mechanisms of radiation damage, and in particular the formation of voids and void swelling in structural steels. His work on the fracture of metals advanced our understanding of intergranular embrittlement and helped define the specifications of the structural components in nuclear reactors. He rose from a humble upbringing in London's East End to become Chief Executive of the UK Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA). He was instrumental in transforming the UKAEA from a organization whose mission was to develop nuclear power generating systems into the privatized AEA Technology, which worked on a wide range of technologies on a customer–contractor basis.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0016
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Paul Fatt. 13 January 1924 -- 28 September 2014
    • Authors: Ashmore; J. F.
      Pages: 167 - 186
      Abstract: Paul Fatt made discoveries that are fundamental to our understanding of synaptic transmission in the nervous system. He grew up in the USA and saw service in World War II, but came to London in 1948 as a research student supported by the GI Bill. His seminal work with Bernard Katz at University College London (UCL), John Eccles in Canberra, and Bernard Ginsborg at UCL was carried out during an intense period between 1950 and 1960. His work with Katz demonstrated for the first time that neurotransmitter is released in small packets, or ‘quanta’. His work with Eccles (and Katz) provided an understanding of the mechanism underlying synaptic inhibition, and his work with Ginsborg identified voltage-gated calcium currents for the first time. Furthermore, in the early 1960s his electrical measurements of the muscle transverse tubule system contributed to the early models of excitation–contraction coupling in muscle. The final period of his research career was spent working on phototransduction in the visual system.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0005
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • George William Gray CBE MRIA FRSE. 4 September 1926 -- 12 May 2013
    • Authors: Goodby, J. W; Raynes, P.
      Pages: 187 - 211
      Abstract: George Gray was a renowned British materials chemist, internationally distinguished for his research into liquid crystals and their applications in flat-panel displays. His seminal invention of the liquid-crystalline cyanobiphenyls underpinned the creation of the modern electronic displays industry, which began with digital watches and has continued through to smart and three-dimensional televisions. There are now more liquid crystal displays in the world than people, and these devices have engendered societal changes through social networking on the Internet. His ability to design, synthesize and utilize self-organizing materials across the various disciplines of science showed that he was a supreme molecular engineer. For his contributions to soft-matter and related advanced technologies he was made a Commander of the British Empire, Kyoto Prize laureate, Fellow of the Royal Society, Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and Honorary Member of the Royal Irish Academy.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0001
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Sir John Harold Horlock FREng. 19 April 1928 -- 22 May 2015
    • Authors: Denton, J. D; Gostelow, J. P.
      Pages: 213 - 232
      Abstract: John Harold Horlock was one of the outstanding engineers of his generation. His expertise was in the thermodynamics and fluid mechanics of turbines and compressors, as used for jet engines and for power generation. He made major contributions to this field over 60 years. After graduating from Cambridge he worked for Rolls-Royce for two years before returning to Cambridge to study for his PhD, and was subsequently appointed a lecturer in engineering and a Fellow of St John's College. At the age of 30 he was elected to the Harrison Chair of Mechanical Engineering at Liverpool, where he remained for nine years, producing an impressive amount of individual research as well as transforming the department into one of the best in the country. Returning to a chair at Cambridge he reorganized the Mechanical Sciences Tripos and founded the Whittle Laboratory, which became one of the world's leading centres for turbomachinery research. He then became Vice-Chancellor of Salford University, remaining there for seven years before moving on to become Vice-Chancellor of the Open University. After retirement at the of age 62 he continued to be very active: as a consultant, as Treasurer and Vice President of the Royal Society, as a frequent visitor to the Whittle Laboratory and as the author of many papers and several books. Knighted in 1996, Sir John Horlock will be remembered not only for his intellectual abilities but also for his personal skills, which enabled him to interact freely with all levels of society, from cabinet ministers to graduate students.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0009
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • David Hunter Hubel. 27 February 1926 -- 22 September 2013
    • Authors: Wurtz; R. H.
      Pages: 233 - 246
      Abstract: David Hunter Hubel was one of the great neuroscientists of the twentieth century. His experiments revolutionized our understanding of the brain mechanisms underlying vision. His 25-year collaboration with Torsten N. Wiesel revealed the beautifully ordered activity of single neurons in the visual cortex, how innate and learned factors shape its development, and how these neurons might be assembled to ultimately produce vision. Their work ushered in the current era of analyses of neurons at multiple levels of the cerebral cortex that seek to parse out the functional brain circuits underlying behaviour. For these achievements, Hubel and Wiesel, along with Roger W. Sperry, shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1981.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0022
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Kenneth Langstreth Johnson. 19 March 1925 -- 21 September 2015
    • Authors: Smith; R. A.
      Pages: 247 - 265
      Abstract: Kenneth Johnson, born in Barrow in 1925, studied mechanical engineering at Manchester during World War II. After some years in industry and an early appointment back in Manchester, he spent most of his academic career teaching and researching at the Engineering Department of Cambridge University. He was also a long-serving Fellow of Jesus College. He was renowned for the insightful analysis of meticulous experiments in contact mechanics. He was widely acknowledged as the doyen of this area, particularly after the publication of his seminal work of the same name. His major publications included topics in friction and wear, rheology and lubrication, rolling contact and adhesion. Important applications of his insights included the prediction of corrugations and cracks in railway lines. He was gratified when, after many years of dormancy, his ideas in adhesion were used by others to explain the climbing behaviours of insects and other small animals with soft feet. He was a devoted family man, characterized by warm personal qualities that won him many friends around the world.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0012
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir. 16 May 1916 -- 30 May 2009
    • Authors: Arnon, R; Sela, M, Shindler, C.
      Pages: 267 - 275
      Abstract: Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir was a leading researcher in the development of polyamino acids, which allowed new insights into the reactions and behaviour of proteins. His work developed pathways into the exploration and investigation of antigenicity. He was a founder of the Israel Society for Biochemistry and a founding member of the European Molecular Biology Organization. He was also president of Israel between 1973 and 1978—an unusual distinction because this post was usually held by former politicians. As head of the Israeli Association of Science, he was prominent in promoting the cause of science both as president and outside his term of office. Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir passed away in May 2009.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0015
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Michael Franz Lappert. 31 December 1928 -- 28 March 2014
    • Authors: Leigh, G. J; Nixon, J. F.
      Pages: 277 - 298
      Abstract: Michael Lappert was one of the giants of twentieth-century organometallic chemistry. His research, carried out over six decades and leading to about 800 publications, had a profound and influential effect on the field, and his contributions covered almost every block of the Periodic Table. His early reputation was established by his extensive studies in boron chemistry exemplified by the reports of BCl4–, BN cyclobutadiene analogues, triborylamines, BCl3-catalysed ortho-Claisen rearrangements and evidence for restricted rotation about the B–N bond in aminoboranes. He had a lifelong interest in amides, including those of carbon, and especially electron-rich olefins, which remarkably were the ready source of numerous transition-metal carbene complexes. The last could also be obtained directly from the Vilsmeier reagent. He was the first to show that a carbene complex may act as an initiator of olefin metathesis. Later interests concerned the syntheses of new types of compound from all blocks of the Periodic Table driven by his imaginative use of new types of ligand (either sterically crowded or having no β-hydrogen atoms, often including SiMe3 or But substituents to confer lipophilicity). The use of CHnSiMe(3–n) (n = 0, 1 or 2) to stabilize transition-metal alkyl compounds was a major advance, because at the time stable homoleptic (a term he introduced) transition-metal alkyl compounds were unknown. He showed that the –CH(SiMe3)2 ligand could stabilize both low-coordinate transition metal and lanthanide compounds. Similarly, carbene analogues of the Main Group 14 elements germanium, tin and lead were obtained. Surprisingly in the solid state, these species were weakly dimerized (for example R2Sn=SnR2), and unexpectedly exhibited a pyramidalized geometry at the heavy element. The latter had very significant bonding implications, because it differed fundamentally from the well-known planar structure of the corresponding alkenes. The first persistent or stable paramagnetic heavier Main Group element species MR2 (M = P or As) and MR3 (M = Ge or Sn) were also obtained while parallel work using –N(SiMe3)2 resulted in the corresponding Main Group amido derivatives. Other lipophilic ligands, such as β-diketiminates, were also widely used, as were bulky aryloxo and thiolato ligands, to obtain stable low-coordinate Main Group species. The first examples of d- and f-block species containing bridging alkyl groups were described. Those who worked with him cited his vast knowledge and supportive low-key advisory style, which ensured a contented and productive laboratory atmosphere. In addition to his scientific work, he was deeply interested in opera, literature and the theatre, about which he could talk knowledgeably.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0014
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Jack Lewis, Baron Lewis of Newnham HonFRSC. 13 February 1928 -- 17 July
           2014
    • Authors: Clark, R. J. H; Raithby, P. R.
      Pages: 299 - 322
      Abstract: Jack Lewis was born and educated in Lancashire. He rose rapidly to become a highly renowned chemist who helped to pioneer the development of modern inorganic chemistry. He was one of the small group of scientists who led the expansion of inorganic chemistry from its renaissance, inspired by Professor Ron Nyholm in the mid 1950s, through the syntheses and study of new transition-metal and organometallic complexes. Their characterization was accomplished through the perceptive application of the newly available physical techniques of spectroscopy (electronic, vibrational and nuclear magnetic resonance), magnetism, mass spectrometry and X-ray diffraction. Jack completed his PhD at the University of Nottingham in 1952, and then held academic appointments in close succession at the University of Sheffield, Imperial College, London, and University College London (UCL) before being appointed Professor of Chemistry at the University of Manchester in early 1962. He returned to UCL as Professor of Chemistry for the period 1967–70 before being appointed the 1970 Professor of Chemistry at the University of Cambridge, a position that he held until 1995, when he was granted emeritus status. His dedication to the study and furtherance of inorganic chemistry was profound and his research achievements were made all the more remarkable when one considers his substantial additional high-profile responsibilities. In 1975 Jack became the first Warden of the newly established Robinson College in Cambridge, where he shaped and guided a progressive academic community until his retirement in 2001. Furthermore, his skill as a highly effective debater also took him, in 1989, to the House of Lords, where as a Life Peer he represented science with great enthusiasm and distinction until a few months before his death. He was a most effective chairman of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution from 1985 to 1992.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2015.0022
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Sir Alfred Charles Bernard Lovell OBE. 31 August 1913 -- 6 August 2012
    • Authors: Davies, R. D; Graham-Smith, S. F, Lyne, A. G.
      Pages: 323 - 344
      Abstract: Bernard Lovell is remembered for the iconic radio telescope at Jodrell Bank that bears his name, and for the research group at the University of Manchester that has become the Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics. His enthusiasm and warm personality inspired several generations of radio astronomers, many of whom now lead their own research groups. Lovell also played a key role in the development of airborne radar during World War II.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2015.0026
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • John Walter Guerrier Lund CBE. 27 November 1912 -- 21 March 2015
    • Authors: Talling, J. F; Heaney, S. I.
      Pages: 345 - 358
      Abstract: John Lund's life and career were rich in the unexpected. Although his early education was deficient in science, he ultimately altered the character and practice of his adopted subject, especially in Britain. Different traditions in systematic and physiological ecology were absorbed from successive contacts with two leading authorities, and combined to good effect in his main work on the ecology of freshwater planktonic algae. Insistence on factual specifics and accuracy, and avoidance of over-generalization, were encouraged by a long wartime occupation in forensic science with consequent legal evidence. He was forthright in his opinions; he benefited and inspired a succession of younger scientists and assistants. Cooperative work with senior scientists led to some ground-breaking innovations, including that with his wife, Hilda, involving the extension of her mycological work to epidemics of chytrid parasitism in planktonic population dynamics. In retirement he devoted much time to acquiring uncommon fluency in the Russian language, which was put to good effect in private and official matters.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2015.0025
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Sir (Basil) John Mason CB. 18 August 1923 -- 6 January 2015
    • Authors: Browning; K. A.
      Pages: 359 - 380
      Abstract: Sir John Mason will be remembered for establishing cloud microphysics as a coherent discipline and for building the Meteorological Office into a leading centre of excellence on the international stage. A charismatic man, he possessed scientific vision, enthusiasm and an inspiring style of lecturing and advocacy that enabled him to recruit good scientists and raise the funds needed to achieve these ends, although his manifest self-belief and forthright manner upset some. He was highly influential within international institutions such as the World Meteorological Organization and nationally as president of many scientific bodies and Senior Vice-President and Treasurer of the Royal Society from 1976 to 1986.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2015.0028
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • John Bryce McLeod. 23 December 1929 -- 20 August 2014
    • Authors: Hastings; S.
      Pages: 381 - 407
      Abstract: J. B. McLeod was a brilliant solver of problems in mathematical analysis, primarily differential equations. He received his FRS in 1992, and the citation reads in part: ‘Distinguished for many significant contributions to applied analysis, particularly to the theory of partial differential equations with applications to practical problems. ... By the exemplary precision and power of his publications and his lectures, he has become internationally recognized as the leading British authority on the useful applications of functional analysis.‘ In addition, in 2011 McLeod was awarded the Naylor Prize and Lectureship of the London Mathematical Society ‘in recognition of his important and versatile achievements in the analysis of nonlinear equations arising in applications to mechanics, physics, and biology.’ He collaborated widely, and was a resource for many applied mathematicians who wanted to have a more rigorous foundation for their work. He leaves a hole that will be hard to fill.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2015.0031
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Donald Metcalf AC. 26 February 1929 -- 15 December 2014
    • Authors: Nicola; N. A.
      Pages: 409 - 431
      Abstract: Donald Metcalf was one of Australia's most distinguished medical researchers and is acknowledged internationally as the father of the modern field of haemopoietic growth factors. He defined the hierarchy of haemopoietic progenitor cells, purified and cloned the major molecular regulators of their growth and maturation, determined their mechanisms of action and participated in their development for clinical use in cancer patients. He received numerous awards and distinctions during his career, but was most pleased by the fact that his life's work improved human health.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0013
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Leslie Sydney Dennis Morley FREng FRAeS. 23 May 1924 -- 16 June 2011
    • Authors: Morris; A. J.
      Pages: 433 - 445
      Abstract: Leslie Morley's research focused on modelling structural behaviour, with particular emphasis on plates and shells. He developed the Morley shell equation, which has been acknowledged as the simplest equation consistent with first-order shell theory. As the finite element method rose to prominence he developed elements for both plates and shells. He then worked on developing a set of new finite elements able to handle complex shell behaviour in both the linear and nonlinear regimes. He also observed that it was possible to augment the finite element solution by using singular solutions to calculate the stress intensity factor at a crack tip in a thin-walled metal structure and thereby to compute crack propagation rates. In undertaking his research Morley probed into the mathematical and physical depths of the problems he confronted, and produced some outstanding and significant results.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2015.0029
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Ronald Charles Newman FInstP. 10 December 1931 -- 30 July 2014
    • Authors: Joyce; B. A.
      Pages: 447 - 459
      Abstract: Ronald Charles (Ron) Newman was one of the most versatile semiconductor physicists of his generation and is distinguished for his work in several different areas, most notably epitaxial growth and the behaviour of impurities and dopants in a range of device-related materials, mainly silicon and gallium arsenide. His most significant contributions came from the application of local vibrational-mode spectroscopy to studies of the segregation and diffusion of oxygen and hydrogen in silicon. The results were of fundamental importance in the fabrication of integrated circuits.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0004
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Paul Emanuel Polani. 1 January 1914 -- 18 February 2006
    • Authors: Giannelli; F.
      Pages: 461 - 481
      Abstract: Paul Emanuel Polani: an indefatigable man of medium height and athletic constitution, with piercing brown eyes and warm, gentle manners; a sharp, deeply cultured intellect with an unquenchable desire to learn; a mind always seeking deeper understanding through study, observation and correlation; a person of deep controlled emotions, lasting affections, strong morals, and profound respect for his fellow human beings; a life affected by the troubled Italian politics of the 1920s and 1930s, and forced by war to delay dreams of genetic research and to show instead great medical and surgical prowess. In his late thirties Paul Polani began to fulfil his research dreams. He realized that, contrary to expectations, sex determination in humans did not follow the Drosophila-based model, because humans with an XO sex chromosome complement are female, while those with a Y chromosome are male even when they have two X chromosomes. He also discovered that Down syndrome is sometimes caused by chromosomal translocations that, if inherited from unaffected carriers, may cause familial clustering of the disease. This was the first stimulus to the development of prenatal chromosomal tests. Then in 1960 he established a multidisciplinary unit at Guy's Hospital, London, to investigate diseases of mainly genetic aetiology, and apply research findings to clinical care, while adhering to clear ethical principles. In doing so he demonstrated originality, breadth of vision, and inspiring leadership, and is rightly considered one of the most influential founders of modern medical genetics.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0003
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • John Raymond Postgate FIBiol. 24 June 1922 -- 22 October 2014
    • Authors: Robson, R; Smith, B, Dixon, R.
      Pages: 483 - 504
      Abstract: John Postgate was one of the foremost microbiologists of his generation. He is most famous for his lifelong research on sulfate-reducing bacteria and nitrogen fixation and for his seminal contributions to understanding the survival and death of bacteria. John Postgate is also known for his specialist and non-specialist books on science, most notably Microbes and man, first published in 1986 and now in several editions and translated into several languages. He played an important role in the development and dissemination of microbiology and in the leadership of science in the UK. John will also be remembered warmly as the supervisor and mentor of aspiring young microbiologists, several of whom have gone on to distinguished careers in microbiology. His other great love was jazz: he was an amateur cornet player of note, the leader of several jazz groups and a highly knowledgeable writer, reviewer and author of two books on the subject.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:45-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0006
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Benton Seymour Rabinovitch. 19 February 1919 -- 2 August 2014
    • Authors: Campbell, C. T; Rabinovitch, R. A.
      Pages: 505 - 524
      Abstract: Benton Seymour Rabinovitch was one of the pioneers of chemical dynamics. His brilliant experiments performed during his four decades as a Professor of Chemistry at the University of Washington in Seattle provided most of our early quantitative measurements of the efficiency with which energy is transferred between molecules in gas-phase molecule–molecule collisions and in collisions of molecules with solid surfaces. More importantly, his work provided quantitative estimates of the rates with which vibrational energy deposited locally within a molecule is redistributed among the many vibrational modes within that molecule, proving that the equilibration of this vibrational energy among these modes almost always occurs in approximately one picosecond. He further showed that this validates (in most cases) the assumptions of Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel–Marcus (RRKM) theory. He also developed several widely used mathematical shortcuts for using RRKM theory to make important predictions about physical chemistry. These shortcuts greatly increased both the applications and impact of RRKM theory, so that it has become one of the most important theories of physical chemistry. It continues to guide much of our fundamental understanding of chemical dynamics and reaction kinetics even today. In addition to being a great scientist, Seymour Rabinovitch was a devoted husband and father. He raised four accomplished children, and later in life became an expert in the art of silversmithing, a writer of children's books, and a philanthropist. His offspring are following beautifully in his footsteps in their kindness to fellow human beings, their excellence in scholarship, science and art, and in their energetic dedication to improving the world through teaching, research, service and philanthropy. The same can be said for his academic offspring as well.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:46-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2015.0021
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Raymond Edward Smallman CBE FREng. 4 August 1929 -- 25 February 2015
    • Authors: Goodhew; P. J.
      Pages: 525 - 539
      Abstract: Raymond Edward Smallman was one of Britain's leading physical metallurgists. His books influenced many generations of undergraduates, and his research group spawned more than a dozen professors of metallurgy and materials science, a university vice-chancellor and at least two directors of major metal companies. Smallman's range was immense and during an active research and teaching life of more than 60 years he made important contributions, often using electron microscopy, to our understanding of crystal defects and deformation behaviour in metals, alloys, intermetallic compounds and ceramics. His professional career was based at the University of Birmingham for more than 50 years and he contributed hugely to the success of one of the country's leading schools of metallurgy and materials.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:46-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2015.0030
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
  • Robert Joseph Paton Williams MBE. 25 February 1926 -- 21 March 2015
    • Authors: Hill, H. A. O; Thomson, A. J.
      Pages: 541 - 570
      Abstract: Robert J. P. Williams was a pioneer in advancing our understanding of the roles of chemical elements, especially the metals, in biology and in biological evolution. During the first half of his career of more than 60 years at Oxford University he studied the thermodynamic stabilities of transition-metal complexes with organic ligands, their redox properties, magnetism and colour, to understand their biological function. In parallel he collaborated with biologists and biophysicists, for example with Bert Vallee, studying zinc in proteins. Williams was the first to describe how proton gradients could be used to drive the formation of the universal biological fuel, ATP (adenosine triphosphate), a fundamental step in biological energetics. From the late 1960s he studied many proteins that use metal ions for catalysis, for electron transfer and cellular regulation. A leading figure in the establishment of the Oxford Enzyme Group, Williams developed high-field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to study the mobility and dynamics of many protein structures, leading to a deeper understanding of protein function. He held the Royal Society Napier Research Professorship from 1974 until his retirement in 1991. Subsequently he published several books setting out his understanding of the roles of metal ions in biology, and their wider significance in evolution. Bob Williams's deep insights across many disciplines made him a charismatic teacher. His lateral style of thinking never failed to inspire. His legacy lies in the successful careers of his many students and collaborators worldwide and the vigour of the new discipline of bioinorganic chemistry that he helped to establish.
      PubDate: 2016-10-05T00:05:46-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsbm.2016.0020
      Issue No: Vol. 62, No. 0 (2016)
       
 
 
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