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  Subjects -> HISTORY (Total: 1286 journals)
    - HISTORY (807 journals)
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HISTORY (807 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 452 Journals sorted alphabetically
40 [degrees] South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Aboriginal History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Abstracta Iranica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Acadiensis : Journal of the History of the Atlantic Region / Acadiensis : revue d'histoire de la region Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Accounting History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Africa Confidential     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
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Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
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Al-Masaq: Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
albuquerque : revista de história     Open Access  
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American Archivist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168)
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Amérique Latine Histoire et Mémoire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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Annual Bulletin of Historical Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ANQ: A Quarterly Journal of Short Articles, Notes, and Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Antike und Abendland     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Antiteses     Open Access  
Anuario de Estudios Atlánticos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Area     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Arenal. Revista de historia de las mujeres     Open Access  
Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Art History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 215)
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Ateliê de História UEPG     Open Access  
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Australian Antarctic Magazine     Free   (Followers: 4)
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Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Baltic-Pontic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch für Antike und Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
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Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 122)
Boom : A Journal of California     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Britain and the World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
British Journal for Military History     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
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British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bryn Mawr Classical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
BSHM Bulletin: Journal of the British Society for the History of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin d'histoire politique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
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Bulletin du centre d’études médiévales d’Auxerre     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
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Bulletin of Hispanic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of Latin American Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Spanish Studies: Hispanic Studies and Researches on Spain, Portugal and Latin America     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bustan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Byzantinische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cabo     Full-text available via subscription  
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CADUS - Revista de Estudos de Política, História e Cultura     Open Access  
Cahiers d'histoire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
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Cahiers du Centre de recherches historiques     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers d’études africaines     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cahiers « Mondes anciens »     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Journal of Linguistics / La revue canadienne de linguistique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Review of American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
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Catholic Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central Asian Survey     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
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Chaucer Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Childhood in the Past : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Studies in History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Chronica Nova. Revista de Historia Moderna de la Universidad de Granada     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chronique d'Egypte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Church History and Religious Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
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Civil War History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Cleveland Studies in the History of Art     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CLIO : Revista de Pesquisa Histórica     Open Access  
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Collections électroniques de l'INHA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Collingwood and British Idealism Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
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Conservative Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
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Contemporary French and Francophone Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
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Critical Historical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Critique: Journal of Socialist Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
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Crossing Borders : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Culturas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultures & conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cultures et conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Czech-Polish Historical and Pedagogical Journal     Open Access  
Dapim : Studies on the Holocaust     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Das Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)

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Journal Cover Amsterdamer Beitrage zur alteren Germanistik
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0165-7305 - ISSN (Online) 1875-6719
   Published by Brill Academic Publishers Homepage  [220 journals]
  • Frisian Lexical Evidence for the Etymon in Time and Space: Erblautungen
           vs. Lehnlautungen (Die friesischen Wortformen des Etymons in Zeit und
           Raum: Erb- vs. Lehnlautungen)
    • Authors: Nils Århammar
      First page: 5
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 5 - 36In this study we classify and analyse the complete Frisian lexical evidence for the notion of ‘world’, based on the West Germanic compound *wer-aldō. This paper is also intended as a contribution to a Frisian supplement to Buck’s Dictionary of Selected Indo-European Synonyms, for which plans were made in the early 1970s; compare the parallel studies on the words for ‘lark’ and ‘wheel’ by the same author. Due to the lack of medieval sources from particular regions, we here have to resort to linguistic reconstruction. This brings with it a considerable degree of uncertainty when judging the lexical evidence of some of the dialects. In the summary of the article the more or less certain Erblautungen wrald and warld and the unambiguous borrowings werelt and welt are discussed synoptically. Included is a conclusion about the intrinsic liability of abstract notions such as ‘world’ to be borrowed. Finally, we consider the possibility of founding a working group for The Frisian C. D. Buck.Die vorliegende Studie inventarisiert und analysiert sprachhistorisch das gesamte friesische Wortmaterial des Begriffs ‘Weltʼ (‘Worldʼ), das auf dem westgerm. Kompositum *wer-aldō basiert. Es ist zugleich ein Beitrag zu dem Anfang der 70er Jahre propagierten friesischen Supplement zu C. D. Buckʼs Dictionary of Selected Indo-European Synonyms; vgl. die Parallelstudien über den ebenfalls univerbalen Vogelnamen ‘Lerche (Alauda)ʼ und ‘Radʼ (‘Wheelʼ) im Friesischen. Für das Saterländer, Harlinger, Wangerooger und Wurster Ostfriesisch sowie das gesamte Nordfriesisch sind wir mangels mittelalterlicher Überlieferung auf Rekonstruktion angewiesen, was für die Beurteilung der Wortformen dieser Dialekte einen nicht geringen Unsicherheitsfaktor darstellt. In der Zusammenfassung werden die exklusiv friesische Erblautung wrald und das zwieschlächtige (Erb- oder Lehnlautung?) warld sowie die eindeutigen Lehnlautungen werelt und welt abschließend behandelt. Zusätzlich wird der Versuch einer induktiven Schlussfolgerung hinsichtlich der potentiellen Prädisposition von abstrakten Wörtern wie Welt zu Entlehnung unternommen. In der Nachbetrachtung wird die Etablierung einer Arbeitsgemeinschaft The Frisian bzw. Der friesische C. D. Buck in Erwägung gezogen.This article is in German.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • The Narrative Structure of the Finnsburh Episode in
    • Authors: Michael Benskin
      First page: 37
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 37 - 64The Finnsburh Episode in Beowulf is a story within a story, the re-enactment of a lay sung by Hroðgar’s minstrel in Heorot. It concerns events seemingly of the mid-fifth century, beyond living memory for the imagined listeners. For them, the story could have been kept alive only as oral tradition, and must have been so for centuries by the time Beowulf was composed. Accordingly, scholars have been apt to treat the Episode as a report of a lay or lays, and in some respects archaic. The view that it is summary or otherwise defective has been encouraged by its textual difficulties, and until recently its internal structure has been little regarded by mainstream commentaries. The present analysis shows the Episode to be internally coherent, an intricately wrought composition in Biblical style; its form and implicit values are those of a culture which can reflect on Finnsburh and Heorot, but is not condemned to relive their experience. The Episode is the Beowulf-poet’s making throughout, and here (as not for the first time) it is held to be integral to the form and meaning of Beowulf.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • The Frisian Substrate beneath the Groningen Dialect
    • Authors: Cor van Bree
      First page: 65
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 65 - 87Historical linguists agree in assuming that the Low Saxon dialect of the Dutch province of Groningen is underlain by a Frisian substrate. The aim of this contribution is to scrutinise the linguistic arguments for this assumption. The most convincing arguments concern toponymy, but the formation of diminutives and words denoting small plants or animals, children’s games and agricultural or toponymic referents, including emotional adjectives or adverbs, also point in the direction of the supposed substrate. This does not hold for syntax, even though this is a rather stable domain. Many syntactic phenomena of the Groningen dialect have a wide geographical spread and encompass a large part of Germany.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • The Making of the Frisian Landscape 800–1600
    • Authors: Philippus H. Breuker
      First page: 88
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 88 - 116The Frisian Clay area consists of a northern part, the Bouwhoek (‘arable corner’), and a southern and older part, the Greidhoek (‘grassland corner’). In both areas, the terpen are the original areas of residence, containing the farms. The terpen formed hamlets which during the Middle Ages expanded to villages. In the Greidhoek, the corresponding land stretched in all directions, whereas in the Bouwhoek, it stretched in elongated parcels on either side. The land in the Greidhoek was bordered by natural streams, slenken, whereas the Bouwhoek land was delimited by dug maren, dating from the early Middle Ages. The Greidhoek also has dug waters, the leien, mainly dating to the early and high Middle Ages. The land of a hamlet was called hemrik: some of it was the fixed property of the farms (the staten), whereas the land further afield was used commonly. Later, hemrik changed its meaning and came to indicate only the common land. The word then coincided with meenschar and fell into disuse. From 1200 the meenscharren became ever smaller in size due to their continuous assignment to farms, until they had nearly all been divided up in the sixteenth century.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • Old Frisian : A ‘Servant’ or a ‘Rogue’?
    • Authors: Concetta Giliberto
      First page: 117
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 117 - 145The Old Frisian word scalc, scalch, schalc is usually used in the sense of ‘servant, slave’. However, the word evidences a pejoration in meaning, being also attested in the Frisian written tradition in the sense of ‘ill-mannered person, villain, a bad guy’. The investigation of the occurrences of skalk–along with a comparison of its Germanic cognates–will allow us to draw a picture of the semantic development of this word from medieval times to the Modern stage of the Frisian language. In the author’s opinion, the negative connotation of skalk as an offensive epithet is the final result of a range of different causes, whose origin should be searched both in Frisian-Scandinavian contacts during the Viking Age and in the influence exerted by neighbouring Middle Low German and Middle Dutch.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • Nwfries. ‘to Glean’, ‘to Reap’ and Their Variants: a (Historical)
           Drift in Frisian and German Translations of the Bible (Nwfries. ‘Ähren
           lesen’, ‘ernten’ und Wortfeldvarianten: eine (historische) Wanderung
           in friesischen und germanischen Bibelübersetzungen)
    • Authors: Luc de Grauwe
      First page: 146
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 146 - 170The first complete Bible translations in Westerlauwers Frisian only date from 1943 (“Wumkes”) and 1978 (“Nije Fryske Bibeloersetting”). Both of them employ specifically Frisian vocabulary, such as in the semantic field of gathering and harvesting crops. The Frisian incorporating verb iersiikje/iersykje corresponds to Dutch aren lezen and German Ähren lesen (literally ‘to gather ears’), whereas the notion of ‘harvesting’ is usually represented by rispje. The latter descends from an Old Germanic strong verb with initial hr- that meant ‘to tear’, which restricted its meaning to ‘reap’ and is continued in OE hrespan ‘to reap’ and Early OHG hrespen ‘to pluck, pinch’. The resulting MoWF weak verb rispje is at the same time the product of semantic widening. Its popularity is also shown by its usage in a number of formulae in which it competes with sichtsje (denominal to sichte ‘small scythe’), rarely with meane ‘to mow’. This must have been accompanied for semantic reasons by “paronymic attraction” between original hr- and r-forms. The latter are found in OE rípan/MoE reap, as well as in the weak verb OE rýpan ‘to pillage’ = Gothic raupjan and German (aus)raufen ‘to tear out’.Die ersten Vollbibel-Übersetzungen ins Westfriesische (Westerlauwersk Frysk) datieren erst von 1943 (“Wumkes”) und 1978 (“Nije Fryske Bibeloersetting”). Beiden ist gemeinsam, dass sie dem Friesischen ganz eigene Wörter verwenden, wie etwa im Wortfeld des Lesens und Erntens von Feldfrüchten. So entspricht dem ndl. aren lezen bzw. dem dt. Ähren lesen das Inkorporationskompositum iersiikje/iersykje, während der Begriff ‘ernten’ in der Regel von rispje vertreten wird. Letzteres erweist sich als Nachkomme eines noch in nordaltenglisch hrespan ‘ernten’ und frühahd. dito ‘(aus)rupfen’ vorliegenden, altwgm. starken, mit hr- anlautenden Verbs mit Grundbedeutung ‘reißen’, die sich zu ‘ernten’ verengt hat. Im Neuwestfriesischen ist das daraus resultierende schwache rispje auch Produkt einer Bedeutungsausweitung. Auf seine Beliebtheit weist auch seine Verwendung in manchen Formeln hin, in denen es konkurriert mit sichtsje (denominal zu sichte ‘kleine Sense’), nur selten mit meane ‘mähen’. Damit muss eine durch die semantische Nähe bedingte “paronymische Attraktion” zwischen ursprünglichen hr- und r-Formen einhergegangen sein. Letztere liegen vor in ae. rípan / ne. reap ‘ernten’, sowie im schwachen Verb ae. rýpan ‘plündern’ = gotisch raupjan und dt. (aus)raufen ‘ausreißen’.This article is in German.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • On the Origin and Development of an Embedded -Initial Construction in
           Frisian
    • Authors: Eric Hoekstra
      First page: 171
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 171 - 190Frisian features an embedded V-First construction, which is semantically equivalent to an infinitival clause. The construction comes in two varieties. The coordinated variety involves a clause functioning as a second clause of a coordination in the scope of a modal verb. It used to feature an infinitival verb until it started to appear in the 18th century with (unambiguously) imperative verbs. The subordinated variety involves a clause functioning as a verbal argument. It developed out of the coordinated variety in the 18th century. The grammatical properties of both varieties of this construction in present-day Frisian are presented and understood as a result of their origin and subsequent development out of a coordinate construction in Old Frisian. To the extent that the analysis is successful, it provides support for the notion ‘construction’ and for examining the origin and evolution of constructions, as is customary in construction grammar (Goldberg 2006, Givon 2009).
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • Reloaded: On the Dialectology of ‘Kissing’ in Frisian
    • Authors: Jarich Hoekstra
      First page: 191
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 191 - 209Elaborating on Theodor Siebs’ article “Zur vergleichenden Betrachtung volkstümlichen Brauches: der Kuss” (1903), this contribution investigates the dialectology and lexicology of the words for ‘kiss’ and ‘to kiss’ in Frisian, focusing on North Frisian. In the non-standardized Frisian dialects, affective words for ‘kissing’ competed with more neutral ones and eventually replaced them. Thus the common Germanic words for ‘kiss’ and ‘to kiss’ (Old Frisian kos—kessa) were lost in the modern dialects and a wide variety of alternative forms (among them words for ‘special’ kissing and child words) took their place. In North Frisian, one finds four basic form groups, exemplified by Fering-Öömrang kleeb—kleebe, Heligolandic Paik—paike, Bökingharde Frisian mak—make and Mittelgoesharde Frisian uup—uupi (with the diminutive variant Hallig Frisian ääpk—ääpke). The geographical distribution, historical development and etymology of these forms and related ones in East Frisian (Saterlandic) and West Frisian are discussed in some detail. The results of the investigation are presented in the form of an annotated dialect map of ‘kiss’ and ‘to kiss’ in North Frisian.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • : An Anglo-Frisian Parallel
    • Authors: Stephen Howe
      First page: 210
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 210 - 242The most widespread form for neutral “yes” in the Survey of English Dialects is not yea or yes, but aye. It is used not only in the North and Midlands, but also in areas of the South of England. It is a feature of Scottish English, and is familiar from government in many English-speaking countries. We also find the aye-like ayuh in Northeast America. “Aye” appears suddenly about 1575 and is “exceedingly common” around 1600; it is initially written I and its origin, like yes, is uncertain. Ay is also found in Old Frisian, as well as Sater Frisian today (öäi, a'äi etc.). This study reviews a number of proposed etymologies, examining which can account for the occurrence or development of ay(e) in both languages. Based on a wider study of change in forms of “yes” and “no” in English, the author argues that aye–ay is a parallel development of interjection + particle. The study also suggests functional and phonological overlap with the pronominal echo I in English, but not Frisian, with the vocalic form of the pronoun and diphthongisation in the “Great Vowel Shift”, accounting for the popularity and spelling I of “aye” around 1600.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • Early Changes of Dental Fricatives: English and Frisian Compared
    • Authors: Stephen Laker
      First page: 243
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 243 - 267Dental fricatives [θ ð] develop along similar lines in English and Frisian throughout most of the Middle Ages. The consonants were retained in about equal measure, but alterations occurred when next to other consonants. A way of explaining the changes in both languages is by invoking complexity of articulation, a notion that finds empirical support. The parallel developments of English and Frisian undermine the idea that Old English evolved differently from other Old Germanic languages during its earliest stages. However, from the late fourteenth century, Frisian took on a different trajectory of change due to new social circumstances connected with increased language contact and bilingualism, especially with Dutch and Low German.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • Words for Eternity: the Search for a Possible Place of Writing (Wörter
           für die Ewigkeit: die Suche nach einem möglichen Schreibort)
    • Authors: Erika Langbroek
      First page: 268
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 268 - 279This article discusses where the Old Frisian glosses on the snippets of parchment of Gent Ms 3 may have originated. The main problem here is the time of writing: most of the monasteries in the Frisian area were founded after the second half of the twelfth century, which is too late for a possible connection. One possible place of origin, however, is the Benedictine monastery of Egmond in the Dutch area of Westfriesland; it has been established that the ‘defrisianization’ of the Egmond scriptorium did not take place before 1150.Hier wird der Frage nachgegangen, wo die altfriesischen Glossen auf den Pergamentschnipseln mit der Signatur Gent Ms 3 geschrieben sein könnten. Das Problem in diesem Zusammenhang ist die Zeit der Niederschrift, weil die meisten Klöster im friesischen Gebiet nach der zweiten Hälfte des 12. Jahrhunderts gegründet wurden. Eine Möglichkeit wäre, dass dieser Ort das Benediktinerkloster Egmond im niederländischen Westfriesland ist; es ist festgestellt worden, dass die ‘Entfriesung’ des Egmonder Skriptoriums erst nach 1150 stattfand.This article is in German.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • Old Frisian : Setting Fire with a Coal Pan
    • Authors: Patrizia Lendinara
      First page: 280
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 280 - 302The Brokmerbref and the Emsigo Compensation Tariff concerning arson provide a number of occurrences of the word krocha, otherwise unrecorded in Old Frisian, in the meaning ‘coal pan’. Yet the Modern Frisian dialect words denote different sorts of cooking pots, either earthen or metal, and apparently do not support the specialized meaning of the Old Frisian. Coal pans were quite common in medieval times, however, and the legal provisions under examination provide both homely and lively descriptions of arson, possibly based on actual cases. Medieval iconography of the devil as an arsonist—portrayed with a coal pan in his hand—assists the interpretation of krocha, which goes back to Richthofen, and adds a further negative tinge to the crime of arson, harshly sanctioned by Old Frisian laws.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • The Manuscript Collection of the Frisian State Historian Simon Abbes
           Gabbema (1628–1688) from an Old Frisian Perspective
    • Authors: Han Nijdam; Jorieke Savelkouls
      First page: 303
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 303 - 332The Frisian state historian Simon Abbes Gabbema (1628–1688) actively collected manuscripts and has thus been of tremendous importance for the preservation of medieval Frisian sources. It turns out that he possessed all but one of the Old Frisian law manuscripts from present-day Friesland. Gabbema also borrowed important manuscripts from other scholars in his network and (partly) copied these. His contacts with Franciscus Junius were especially important. Junius copied the archaic Old Frisian law manuscript Codex Unia from Gabbema, which is now lost. In this article, the focus lies on Gabbema’s collection of Old Frisian manuscripts and the study he made of Old Frisian sources. An appendix with an overview of the manuscripts discussed in this article has been added.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • The (1074R): A Book from Oldersum Castle Library Retrieved
    • Authors: Anne Tjerk Popkema
      First page: 333
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 333 - 347Tresoar 1074R, which is a copy of the only Frisian incunabulum that is usually referred to as Freeska Landriucht, contains several handwritten notes from the 16th century. The notes, which are in Latin as well as in the vernacular, are written on a misprinted bifolium preceding the book’s main text. The notes make abundantly clear that in the 16th century the incunabulum was part of the library of the East Frisian castle at Oldersum; what is more, it is the sole recorded survivor of this large book collection, since the library seems to have been completely scattered and destroyed in the decades following the death, in early 1589, of the last male descendant of the Oldersum chieftain dynasty: Hero II von Oldersum. Caspar Möller, a legal officer in Oldersum, handed it out to Henricus Reiningius of Coevorden, a notary public, on 20 April 1589, which is the very day after a (surviving) inventory of the Oldersum book collection was made. Although the Freeska Landriucht is not mentioned specifically in the inventory, reference to it may still have been made by Johan van Westerwolt (who inventoried the library) with the words: Ein olt geschrieben Landrecht.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • Zu den Einwohnerbezeichnungen mit dem Suffix im Altniederländischen
    • Authors: Arend Quak
      First page: 348
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 348 - 367There are some compostive place-names which seem not to have a genitive element, like ODu. Godolfhem [802–7]. The question is, whether they were actual stem-compositions or lost their genitive element. Gysseling (1973) explained them as originally containing the suffix PGm. *-ja, which was lost in the course of time. In that case there must be remains of the suffix in some place-names. This article argues that remains are to be found in place-names with -e like Notleuenes [C12] and even -a and -o like Fengrimahuson [918–48] and *Baltremothorp [C9]. Most of them are derivations from personal names, but there are also derivations from place-names like Heslemaholt [918–48]. The majority of these names seem to occur in the coastal areas, although there are also instances in Germany. Weakening in unaccented syllables made the derivation unclear and led to the loss of vowels, or sometimes to replacement by clearer suffixes like -er.Bei Ortsnamen findet man ab und zu solche, die scheinbar kein genitivisches Element besitzen wie etwa anl. Godolfhem [802–17]. Die Frage ist dann, ob es sich hier um Stammkomposition handelt oder ob doch irgendwann eine Genitivendung vorhanden war. Gysseling (1973) hat versucht, sie dadurch zu erklären, dass sie mit einem Suffix pgm. *-ja gebildet wurden, das im Laufe der Zeit verschwunden ist. Wenn das stimmt, sollten sich eventuell noch Spuren nachweisen lassen. Es erweist sich, dass es tatsächlich Spuren gibt. So bestehen Formen mit -e wie Notluenes [12.Jh.] und mit -o und -a: Fengrimahuson [918–48] und *Baltremothorp [9. Jh.], gebildet zu Personennamen und Heslemaholt [918–48] zu einem Ortsnamen. Obwohl es auch in Deutschland beispiele gibt, stammen die meisten Namen eher aus den Küstengebieten. Da durch die Abschwächung der Vokale in unbetonten Silben diese Bildung undeutlich wurde, dürfte sie in späterer Zeit verschwunden oder durch deutlichere Bildungen wie die mit -er ersetzt sein.This article is in German.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • John Ray’s as a Source for J. H. Halbertsma’s
    • Authors: Jonathan Roper
      First page: 368
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 368 - 376J. H. Halbertsma’s Lexicon Frisicum is an extraordinary work which includes, amongst other things, a fair number of English proverbs and phrases. These are implicitly presented as parallels to the Frisian proverbs and phrases that the work features. Many of these are drawn from A Compleat Collection of English Proverbs by John Ray (1628–1705). This piece looks at some cases where Halbertsma draws on Ray, what he might be attempting to achieve by doing so, and how plausible, convincing and reliable his practice is.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • The Anglo-Frisian Relationship as Contact and Linkage
    • Authors: Joseph Salmons
      First page: 377
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 377 - 388This note places Rolf Bremmer’s views on a possible ‘Anglo-Frisian’ branch of West Germanic in the context of theoretical discussions about subgrouping, and in this way provides further underpinning for Bremmer’s position. The key test for subgrouping as defined since Leskien 1876 has been synapomorphy, namely shared innovations unlikely to have arisen independently, and many features presented as support for an Anglo-Frisian branch do not conform to that. Bremmer’s views on the role of longstanding contact between English and Frisian and related varieties now finds support in the notion of ‘linkages’. The author concludes, with Bremmer, that the similarities between English and Frisian reflect a mixture of inheritance plus complex and ongoing contacts, but does not necessarily reflect a sub- branch of West Germanic.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • Some Remarks on the Finnsburgh Fragment (Einige Bemerkungen zum Finnsburg
           Fragment)
    • Authors: Roland Schuhmann
      First page: 389
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 389 - 409The Finnburg Fragment has been subject to manifold emendations in scholarly literature compared to the version that was printed by Hickes. In this article two passages will be closely examined. The traditional interpunction in lines 13–17 is refuted and so is, as a result, the interpretation that Sigeferð and Eaha is an apposition to drihtlice cempan; they are rather seen as the subject of following hyra sword getugon. This solves the problem of the different prepositions to and æt in the text, as well as the question to whom him relates. In lines 18–20 it is shown that the text rendered by Hickes, which was subjected to multiple changes in the editions, can be defended as correct. As a consequence, gūþhere cannot be understood as a personal name but must be an appellative ‘army’ and he is another instance of the rare nominative plural form of the pronoun.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
  • The Comparative Method, Internal Reconstruction, Areal Norms and the West
           Germanic Third Person Pronoun
    • Authors: Patrick Stiles
      First page: 410
      Abstract: Source: Volume 77, Issue 1-2, pp 410 - 441The paradigms of the third person anaphoric pronoun in West Germanic show a split between Ingvæonic and non-Ingvæonic languages. The Ingvæonic dialects have numerous forms with initial h-, in contrast to non-Ingvæonic, where—corresponding to h-—vocalic or s-onsets are found. This divergence makes it difficult to envisage what the Proto-West Germanic set of forms looked like. The aim is to explore whether it is possible to reconstruct a common West Germanic paradigm from which both types developed. The answer turns out to be ‘yes’, thanks to the crucial evidence of Frisian. The article also rejects the view that Germanic attests the alleged Indo-European pronominal stem *syo-/*tyo-.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T00:00:00Z
       
 
 
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