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  Subjects -> ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE (Total: 111 journals)
Showing 1 - 15 of 15 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acupuncture in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Advanced Herbal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alternative & Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Alternative and Complementary Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Alternative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Alternative Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Anales de Hidrología Médica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arabian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arteterapia. Papeles de arteterapia y educación artística para la inclusión social     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Plant Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Herbal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Music Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Boletín Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Botanics : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cadernos de Naturologia e Terapias Complementares     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Herbal Medicines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cognitive Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Complementary Therapies in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Current Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Deutsche Heilpraktiker-Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Akupunktur     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Erfahrungsheilkunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Medicinal Plants     Open Access  
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Global Journal of Integrated Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Traditional Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Herba Polonica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herbal Medicines Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Innovare Journal of Ayurvedic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Integrative Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of High Dilution Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ipnosi     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Acupuncture and Herbs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Applied Arts and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Asian Natural Products Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of AYUSH :- Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Dance Medicine & Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Fasting and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Herbal Drugs (An International Journal on Medicinal Herbs)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Herbal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Integrative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Integrative Medicine & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medicinal Plants for Economic Development     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinally Active Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Natural Remedies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Journal of the Australian Traditional-Medicine Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Lekovite Sirovine     Open Access  
Médecine Palliative : Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Éthique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Medical Acupuncture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Medicines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Lokman Hekim Tıp Tarihi ve Folklorik Tıp Dergisi     Open Access  
Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research     Open Access  
Natural solutions     Full-text available via subscription  
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
OA Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Research Journal of Medicinal Plant     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Internacional de Acupuntura     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Journal of Plant and Soil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Synfacts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Traditional & Kampo Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Traditional Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Yoga Mimamsa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Orthomolekulare Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.683
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 30  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1741-427X - ISSN (Online) 1741-4288
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [343 journals]
  • Ginsenoside Rb3 Alleviates the Toxic Effect of Cisplatin on the Kidney
           during Its Treatment to Oral Cancer via TGF-β-Mediated Mitochondrial

    • Abstract: Objective. The research aimed to confirm the role of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) in cisplatin- (CPT-) evoked kidney toxicity and elucidate the mechanism that ginsenoside Rb3 (Rb3) could alleviate the kidney toxicity by CPT during its treatment to oral cancer via TGF-β-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis. Methods. The model of xenograft nude mice bearing oral carcinoma cells ACC83 was established and treated with CPT and/or Rb3, respectively. Bodyweights of the treated mice were weighed, and the kidney tissues were collected; following, the histopathology and the expression of TGF-β were examined using H&E staining and immunohistochemistry. Afterward, the renal cells GP-293 were treated with CPT and/or Rb3. The expression and phosphoration of TGF-β, Smad2, Smad3, Bcl-2, and Bax in GP-293 cells were detected by Western blotting. The cellular apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential were analyzed using flow cytometry. Results. The xenograft nude mice exposure to CPT presented the bodyweight loss, necrotic areas, and the increased expression of TGF in kidney tissue, and Rb3 pretreatment relieved these changes evoked by CPT. In GP-293 cells, CPT administration induced the phosphorylation of Smad2 and Smad3, and Rb3 pretreatment suppressed the induced phosphorylation by CPT. Besides, flow cytometry analysis showed that Rb3 inhibited the CPT-evoked cellular apoptosis ratio and mitochondrial membrane depolarization. The Western blotting test indicated that Rb3 alleviated the cleavage of PARP, caspase 3, caspase 8, and caspase 9, the induction of Bax expression, and inhibition of Bcl-2 expression. Additionally, after treating with the TGF inhibitor of disitertide, Rb3 exhibited no alleviation effects on CPT-evoked cellular apoptosis ratio, inhibition of Bax expression, and induction of Bcl-2 expression in GP-293 cells. Conclusion. Rb3 could alleviate CPT-evoked toxic effects on kidney cells during its treatment to oral cancer via TGF-β-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Jan 2021 17:50:01 +000
  • The Effect of Momordica charantia in the Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus: A

    • Abstract: In recent years, many studies of Momordica charantia (MC) in the treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications have been reported. This article reviewed the effect and mechanism of MC against diabetes, including the results from in vitro and in vivo experiments and clinical trials. The common side effects of MC were also summarized. We hope that it might open up new ideas for further mechanism exploration and clinical application as well as provide a scientific theoretical basis for the development of drugs or foods derived from MC.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Jan 2021 17:35:00 +000
  • Mirabilite with Ice Pack after Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized
           Controlled Trial Study

    • Abstract: Background. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a well-established procedure for end-stage arthritis of the knee with complications such as swelling and pain. The aim of this study is to estimate the effect of mirabilite with ice pack versus ice pack in relieving pain, swelling, range of motion (ROM), and serum CRP level on patients after TKA. Methods. Eighty patients undergoing primary unilateral TKA were randomly assigned to two groups (MIP group and WIP group). We used VAS to measure knee pain at 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h after the surgery, respectively. Knee swelling degree was evaluated by measuring the girth of the leg at the center of the patella and 10 cm above and below it at the same frequency. The active ROM of the knee was measured by using a universal goniometer of plastic material at 72 h postoperatively. The serum CRP level was also measured at 72 h postoperatively. Results. The MIP group showed statistically significant lower knee girth at 48 h () and 72 h () postoperatively and VAS score at 72 h () postoperatively after TKA than the WIP group. The ROM of the MIP group was significantly wider than the WIP group (). The CRP level () and length of stay (LOS) () of the MIP group were significantly lower than the WIP group. Conclusion. Mirabilite with ice pack after TKA showed superiority in relieving pain, reducing swelling, and improving ROM than ice pack only.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Jan 2021 15:05:01 +000
  • Retracted: Modulation of Signal Proteins: A Plausible Mechanism to Explain
           How a Potentized Drug Secale Cor 30C Diluted beyond Avogadro’s Limit
           Combats Skin Papilloma in Mice

    • PubDate: Fri, 15 Jan 2021 18:05:01 +000
  • Danhong Injection and Trimetazidine Protect Cardiomyocytes and Enhance
           Calcium Handling after Myocardial Infarction

    • Abstract: Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. However, there is no effective treatment for MI. In this study, trimetazidine (TMZ) and Danhong injection (DHI), representing western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine for MI, were used as tools to identify vital processes in alleviating MI injury. Administration of DHI and TMZ obviously decreased myocardial infarct size, improved ultrasonic heart function, and reduced creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (AST) levels after MI. RNA-seq results indicated calcium ion handling and negative regulation of apoptotic process were vital processes and DHI and TMZ obviously reduced the expression of CaMK II and inhibited cleaved caspase-3 and Bax. Furthermore, DHI and TMZ increased p-S16-PLB, p-S16T17-PLB, CACNA1C, p-RyR2, and p-PKA expression but did not affect SERCA2a expression. In addition to the enhancement of cardiac myocyte shortening amplitude, maximum shortening velocity, and calcium transients, DHI and TMZ increased sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium content and enhanced SERCA2a calcium uptake capability by upregulating the phosphorylation of PLB but did not affect calcium exclusion by NCX. In conclusion, DHI and TMZ protect against MI through inhibiting apoptosis by downregulating CaMKII pathway and enhancing cardiac myocyte contractile functions possibly through the PKA signaling pathway.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jan 2021 13:50:00 +000
  • A Bibliographic Assessment Using the Degrees of Publication Method:
           Medicinal Plants from the Rural Greater Mpigi Region (Uganda)

    • Abstract: In ethnopharmacological research, many field assessment tools exist. Yet, these miss that critical point of how to really determine which species merit the costly lab studies, e.g., evaluation of traditional use via pharmacological assays and isolation of bioactive secondary metabolites. This gap can be filled with the introduction of a new tool for literature assessment: the Degrees of Publication (DoPs). In this study, its application is illustrated through an extensive bibliographic assessment of 16 medicinal plant species that were recently identified in the Greater Mpigi region of Uganda as being frequently used by local traditional healers in the treatment of medical disorders (namely, Albizia coriaria, Cassine buchananii, Combretum molle, Erythrina abyssinica, Ficus saussureana, Harungana madagascariensis, Leucas calostachys, Microgramma lycopodioides, Morella kandtiana, Plectranthus hadiensis, Securidaca longipedunculata, Sesamum calycinum subsp. angustifolium, Solanum aculeastrum, Toddalia asiatica, Warburgia ugandensis, and Zanthoxylum chalybeum). These species are suspected to be understudied, and a thorough bibliographic assessment has not been previously performed. Thus, the objectives of our study were to undertake a comparative assessment of the degree to which each of these plant species has been studied in the past, including evaluation of the quality of the journals where results were published in. The determination of the DoPs enabled successful assessment of the degrees to which each individual plant species has been studied so far, while also taking into account the methodological “research chain of ethnopharmacology” from ethnobotanical studies (“traditional use”) to pharmacological assays (“bioactivity”) and finally to pharmacognostic research (“structure elucidation”). The significance of a research paper was assessed by determining whether its journal and publishing house were members of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). In total, 634 peer-reviewed publications were reviewed covering the period of 1960–2019, 53.3% of which were published in journals and by publishing houses affiliated with COPE (338 publications). The literature assessment resulted in the identification of understudied plants among the selected species. The majority of plants reviewed have not been sufficiently studied; six species were classified as being highly understudied and three more as being understudied: C. buchananii, F. saussureana, L. calostachys, M. lycopodioides, M. kandtiana, and S. calycinum subsp. angustifolium and A. coriaria, P. hadiensis, and S. aculeastrum, respectively. The newly introduced DoPs are a useful tool for the selection of traditionally used species for future laboratory studies, especially for pharmacological bioassays, isolation procedures, and drug discovery strategies.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jan 2021 13:35:00 +000
  • The Reproductive Toxicity Associated with Dodonaea viscosa, a Folk
           Medicinal Plant in Saudi Arabia

    • Abstract: Dodonaea viscosa is a medicinal plant which is being used to treat various diseases in humans. The available safety data suggest that the plant does not produce any side effects, or toxicity, in tested adult experimental animals. However, the influence of D. viscosa on fetus or embryonic development is largely not known. This study was conducted in order to find out the reproductive toxicity of D. viscosa in experimental animals. Zebrafish embryos were used as the in vivo developmental toxicity animal model. Methanolic crude extract, hexane, chloroform, and butanol fractions were prepared from the leaves of D. viscosa. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to serial dilution of crude extract and other fractions. The crude extract and hexane fraction induced higher level of toxicity in zebrafish embryos as compared to chloroform and butanol fractions. The phenol and flavonoid estimation revealed that crude leaves extract and hexane fractions had lower content of phenol and flavonoid. Two major compounds, phytol and methyl ester, of hexadecanoic acid were identified by gas chromatography and mass spectrophotometry (GC-MS) analysis. More detailed studies are needed to check the toxicity of D. viscosa in pregnant experimental animals; however, the results from this study have shown that D. viscosa possesses reproductive toxicity and its use and doses must be carefully monitored in pregnant patients.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jan 2021 10:20:01 +000
  • Involvement of Muscarinic Receptors in Hypotensive and Diuretic Effects of
           Aqueous Soluble Fraction from Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav.

    • Abstract: Background. Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav. (Asphodelaceae) is widely used in Pakistan traditional medicine as a hypotensive and diuretic agent. Despite the cardioprotective effects described for A. tenuifolius, the mechanisms involved in its probable hypotensive and diuretic effects have never been evaluated. Firstly, different extracts from A. tenuifolius seeds were obtained, and their antioxidant profiles and chemical constituents by LC-DAD-were determined, including molecular networking by the GNPS platform. Then, to evaluate changes in blood pressure, different groups of anesthetized normotensive rats were intravenously treated with the crude extract (AT-Cr, 1–50 mg/kg), aqueous (AS-AT, 1–25 mg/kg), n-butanol (BS-AT, 1–50 mg/kg), and dichloromethane fraction (DS-AT, 1–80 mg/kg). The diuretic effects of AT-Cr, AS-AT, BS-AT, and DS-AT at 100, 200, and 300 mg/kg, p.o. doses, were also evaluated in comparison with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, 10 mg/kg, p.o). The urinary volume, sodium, potassium, and pH were estimated in the sample collected for 6 h from saline-loaded rats. Using pharmacological antagonists or inhibitors, we determine the involvement of acetylcholine, prostaglandins, and nitric oxide in A. tenuifolius-induced hypotensive and diuresis action. In addition, the activities of angiotensin-converting enzyme, erythrocyte carbonic anhydrase, and renal Na+/K+/ATPase were evaluated in vitro. Acute treatment with crude extract and fractions of A. tenuifolius exhibited significant hypotensive and diuretic potential in normotensive rats. However, AS-AT produced the most potent and significant dose-dependent hypotension and diuretic effects in normotensive rats. Previous treatment with atropine significantly reduced the hypotensive and diuretic action of AS-AT, but pretreatment with indomethacin or L-NAME did not affect these effects. Moreover, the 7-day treatment with AS-AT did not reduce activities of serum angiotensin-converting enzyme, erythrocyte carbonic anhydrase, and renal Na+/K+/ATPase. AS-AT showed four major compound node clusters, which included sugars, alkaloids, nucleoside, amino acid, and glycosylated flavonoids. This research supports and extends the traditional use of A. tenuifolius as a hypotensive and diuretic agent. The results showed that AS-AT from A. tenuifolius could present compounds responsible for hypotensive and diuretic activities through the activation of muscarinic receptors.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jan 2021 10:05:00 +000
  • Rutaecarpine Ameliorates Pressure Overload Cardiac Hypertrophy by
           Suppression of Calcineurin and Angiotensin II

    • Abstract: Cardiac hypertrophy is a major pathological process to result in heart failure and sudden death. Rutaecarpine, a pentacyclic indolopyridoquinazolinone alkaloid extracted from Evodia rutaecarpa with multiple pharmacological activities, yet the underlying protective effects and the mechanisms on cardiac hypertrophy remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the potential effects of rutaecarpine on pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy. Cardiac hypertrophy in rat was developed by abdominal aortic constriction (AAC) for 4 weeks, which was improved by rutaecarpine supplementation (20 or 40 mg/kg/day, i.g.) for another 4 weeks. The level of angiotensin II was increased; the mRNA expression and the activity of calcineurin in the left ventricular tissue were augmented following cardiac hypertrophy. Rutaecarpine administration decreased angiotensin II content and reduced calcineurin expression and activity. Noteworthily, in angiotensin II-induced cardiomyocytes, rutaecarpine ameliorated the hypertrophic effects in a dose-dependent manner and downregulated the increased mRNA expression and activity of calcineurin. In conclusion, rutaecarpine can improve cardiac hypertrophy in pressure overload rats, which may be related to the inhibition of angiotensin II-calcineurin signal pathway.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jan 2021 10:05:00 +000
  • Purification, Detoxification, and Incineration Methods of Minerals and
           Metals in Traditional Medicine Formulations of Sri Lanka

    • Abstract: Background. Herbo-mineral therapies are very popular in traditional medical systems and formulations consisting of specific minerals or metals or mixture of both and mixed with organic components derived from plants. Purification/detoxification or incineration procedures play an important role to detoxify these and metals and minerals. Objective. In the present review, an attempt was made to gather herbo-mineral formulations which are used commonly in traditional medicinal systems in Sri Lanka and recapitulate the purification/detoxification or incineration techniques. Method. Commonly used herbo-mineral formulations are collected from a text book of Vatikaaprakarana. However, the purification/detoxification and incineration techniques for all minerals/metals are not mentioned in Vatikaaprakarana, and these techniques were collected from journal articles published between 1st January 2000 and 1st June 2020 through searching PubMed (US National Library of Medicine, USA), Science Direct (RELX Group, Netherlands), and Semantic Scholar (Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence, USA). Results. Ten herbo-mineral formulations were selected, and purification/detoxification or incineration techniques were described in brief for copper sulphate, aluminum sulfate, borex powder, sulphur, sodium chloride, cinnabar, arsenicals, realgar, orpiment, ammonium chloride, magnesium silicate, zinc, and mercury. Conclusion. The review has demonstrated different types of purification/detoxification or incineration techniques of minerals used in herbo-mineral preparations. In addition, there is an urgent need for comprehensive survey or evaluation to check whether purification/detoxification or incineration techniques of metals/minerals are practiced properly in the country.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jan 2021 09:50:00 +000
  • The Protective Effects of Water Extracts of Compound Turmeric Recipe on
           Acute Alcoholism: An Experimental Research Using a Mouse Model

    • Abstract: Acute alcoholism (AAI) is a common emergency. Currently, there is a lack of preventive and therapeutic drugs with superior safety and efficacy. Curcuma longa, Panax ginseng, Pueraria lobata, Pueraria flower, and Hovenia dulcis Thunb., which are the components of compound turmeric recipe (CTR), are, respectively, used in China as adjuvant therapeutic agents for AAI and alcoholic liver injury, respectively. The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of traditional compound turmeric recipe in anti-inebriation treatment and to identify its underlying mechanisms. The mice were administered with CTR mixture, and ethanol was subsequently given to mice by gavage. The effects of CTR on the righting reflex, 24-hour survival, drunken behavior, blood ethanol concentration, and pathological changes of liver are depicted. The activities of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were detected. Besides, the activities of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8), alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), cytochrome P450 (P450), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the liver and the levels of β-endorphin (β-EP) and leucine enkephalin (LENK) in the brain were also measured. Our results demonstrated that CTR can increase the activities of ADH, ALDH, P450, and SOD and decrease the contents of TNF-α, IL-8, and MDA in the liver. In addition, it can decrease the activities of ALT, AST, and ALP in serum and β-EP and LENK activities in the brain. CTR showed effects on prevention of acute alcoholism, promoting wakefulness, and alleviating alcoholic liver injury, which were likely mediated by the above mechanisms.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2021 16:20:00 +000
  • Integrating Network Pharmacology and Experimental Models to Investigate
           the Mechanism of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction on Inflammatory Injury Induced
           by Cerebral Ischemia

    • Abstract: Unlike single-target Western medicines, traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) exhibit diverse curative effects against multiple diseases through their “multicomponent” and “multitarget” manifestations. However, the material basis of the major therapeutic diseases and TCM underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be challenged. In the current study, we applied, for the first time, an integrated strategy that combines network pharmacology and experimental evaluation and explored and demonstrated the underlying possible mechanisms of a classic TCM formula, Huanglian Jiedu Decoction (HLJD), in the treatment of cerebral ischemia. First, the herb compound, protein compound, and GO-BP and KEGG pathways were constructed to predict the material basis of HLJD in the treatment of cerebral ischemia and explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. Network pharmacology analysis showed that HLJD treats cerebral ischemia mainly through its anti-inflammatory effect. We used molecular docking to verify that HLJD components have good binding activities to the arachidonic acid pathway enzymes, cyclooxylipase-2 (COX-2) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX). Next, based on the prediction by the network pharmacology analysis, the rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was established to verify the efficacy of HLJD. The results showed that HLJD reduces the degree of brain injury in MCAO rats, probably by inhibiting the expression of the 5-LOX pathway and inflammatory response. In conclusion, our study demonstrates the effectiveness of integrating network pharmacology with an experimental study for material basis of the major therapeutic diseases and the underlying molecular mechanisms of TCM.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2021 16:05:01 +000
  • Pinus thunbergii Parl. Extracts Reduce Acute Inflammation by Targeting
           Oxidative Stress

    • Abstract: Pinus thunbergii Parl. (PTP) has traditionally been used for edible and medicinal purposes to treat several disorders, including diabetes and neuralgia. Therefore, this study sought to evaluate the inhibitory effects of PTP leaf ethanol extracts on acute inflammation. Moreover, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging activity, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) generation, and H2O2-induced lipid peroxidation capacity of PTP were assessed in vitro in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Our results suggest that PTP prevents cell damage caused by oxidative free radicals and downregulates the expression of LPS-induced inflammation-associated factors including inducible nitric oxidase synthetase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). PTP inhibited NO production by 53.5% () and iNOS expression by 71.5% () at 100 µg/mL. PTP at 100 µg/mL also inhibited ROS generation by 58.2% () and SOD activity by 29.3%, as well as COX-2 expression by 83.3% () and PGE2 expression by 98.6% (). The anti-inflammatory effects of PTP were confirmed in vivo using an arachidonic acid (AA)-induced ear edema mouse model. Ear thickness and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were evaluated as indicators of inflammation. PTP inhibited edema formation by 64.5% () at 1.0 mg/ear. A total of 16 metabolites were identified in PTP extracts and categorized into subgroups, including two phenolic acids (mainly quinic acid), seven flavonoids, five lignans, one sesquiterpenoid, and one long-chain fatty acid. Therefore, our results suggest that PTP possesses anti-inflammatory properties.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2021 15:50:00 +000
  • Efficacy and Safety of Guizhi Decoction AssociatedFormulas for Allergic
           Rhinitis: A Systematic Review

    • Abstract: In this study, we aim to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Guizhi Decoction associated formulas for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. A total of seven online databases were searched to collect studies published up to Feb 23rd, 2020. Study quality of each included article was evaluated by the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias tool. Systematic reviews were conducted based on the Cochrane systematic review method by using RevMan 5.3 Software. Among the included trials, Guizhi Decoction associated formulas alone (or plus Western medicine, or acupoint-based therapy) were main therapies in experimental groups. Interventions in control groups include Western medicine, Guizhi Decoction associated formulas alone, Chinese patent medicine, and placebo control. Primary outcomes in this study include recovery rate, accumulative marked effective rate, accumulative effective rate, and recurrence rate. Finally, 23 trials involving 2281 participants were included. Results of systematic reviews show that Guizhi Decoction and associated formulas alone, plus Western medicine or plus acupoint-based therapies, were significantly better compared with using Western medicine alone in terms of efficacy. In addition, the formulas plus nasal TCM fumigation therapy could improve effective rate for AR treatment compared to using the formulas alone. More types and cases of adverse events were reported in the control groups (Western medicine alone), but events of included trials were all mild and did not need specific medical intervention. More RCTs of high quality, and large sample size, with appropriate blinding methods or nonblinded pragmatic trials of Guizhi Decoction and associated formulas for AR are needed.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2021 15:50:00 +000
  • Transcriptome Profiling of Human Follicle Dermal Papilla Cells in response
           to Porphyra-334 Treatment by RNA-Seq

    • Abstract: Porphyra-334 is a kind of mycosporine-like amino acid absorbing ultraviolet-A. Here, we characterized porphyra-334 as a potential antiaging agent. An in vitro assay revealed that porphyra-334 dramatically promoted collagen synthesis in fibroblast cells. The effect of porphyra-334 on cell proliferation was dependent on the cell type, and the increase of cell viability by porphyra-334 was the highest in keratinocyte cells among the three tested cell types. An in vivo clinical test with 22 participants demonstrated the possible role of porphyra-334 in the improvement of periorbital wrinkles. RNA-sequencing using human follicle dermal papilla (HFDP) cells upon porphyra-334 treatment identified the upregulation of metallothionein- (MT-) associated genes, confirming the antioxidant role of porphyra-334 with MT. Moreover, the expression of genes involved in nuclear chromosome segregation and the encoding of components of kinetochores was upregulated by porphyra-334 treatment. Furthermore, we found that several genes associated with the hair follicle cycle, the hair follicle structure, the epidermal structure, and stem cells were upregulated by porphyra-334 treatment, suggesting the potential role of porphyra-334 in hair follicle growth and maintenance. In summary, we provided several new pieces of evidence of porphyra-334 as a potential antiaging cosmetic agent and elucidated the expression network in HFDP cells upon porphyra-334.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2021 15:50:00 +000
  • Discovering the Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Oncology
           Patients: A Systematic Literature Review

    • Abstract: Background. Patients with cancer pursue all possible opportunities of effective remedies. In Saudi Arabia, most patients have tried complementary medicine during their cancer treatment plan; however, some complementary medicines might pose a danger to health. In Arab countries, studies regarding the use of complementary medicines and the intentions behind using complementary medicines among cancer patients are inadequate and all but nonexistent. The aim of this review was to focus on demographic, prevalence, and reasons for complementary and alternative medicine use among patients with cancer. Methods. A rigorous literature search was conducted for articles published in the English language, using the search terms “complementary and alternative medicine,” “oncology,” “malignancy” AND “cancer patients” in five scientific databases, namely, Medical Literature On-Line (MEDLINE), PubMed, Web of Science, Psychology Information (PsycINFO), and Google Scholar, from 2010 to 2020. Results. Of the 13,160 studies returned from the search, only 12 were eligible and included in this review. The combined prevalence for using complementary and alternative medicines across all studies totaled 25%–80% of cancer patients for the treatment of their cancers. Natural products, including vitamins and minerals, herbal products, and relaxation, were the most common type of complementary and alternative medicines used. The reason for using complementary and alternative medicines was reported to be their helpfulness in recovering, healing, and improving health. Most of the studies mentioned that participants obtained their complementary and alternative medicines from multiple sources, including the media, family and friends, and physicians. Conclusion. The use of complementary and alternative medicines in cancer patients can be inferred as an attempt to investigate all possibilities, a manifestation of a coping style, or an illustration of unmet desires in the cancer management continuum. Anyhow, there should be adequate communication between healthcare providers and patients, which is crucial for establishing a trusting healthcare provider-patient relationship. Relevance to clinical practice. It is crucial that healthcare providers explore the use of complementary and alternative medicines with their cancer patients, as well as educating them about the possible usefulness of therapies based on the available evidence.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2021 13:20:00 +000
  • Analysis of the Anti-Inflammatory and Analgesic Mechanism of Shiyifang
           Vinum Based on Network Pharmacology

    • Abstract: Objective. The possible core active compounds and potential mechanism of action of Shiyifang Vinum were explored through network pharmacology and in vitro enzyme activity verification experiments. Methods. We screened the core active components and the action targets of Shiyifang Vinum through the TCMSP database and literature mining and drew a Venn map of the intersection with anti-inflammatory and analgesic-related gene targets. Go and KEGG analyses were enriched with the David database. The compound target pathway network was constructed using Cytoscape 3.6.1. The binding strength of core active compounds and target proteins was verified through molecular docking, and the direct effects of Shiyifang Vinum and four monomer compounds on COX-2 enzyme activity were detected through an in vitro enzyme activity test. Results. 14 active compounds and 11 targets were screened out from Shiyifang Vinum through TCMSP database and literature mining; 252 GO entries were obtained by GO analysis, and 114 signal pathways were screened by KEGG analysis. The results of the molecular docking showed that the core compounds and target proteins had strong binding activity. In vitro validation experiments showed that both the Shiyifang Vinum and the four monomer compounds could inhibit the activity of COX-2. Conclusion. This study preliminarily explored the potential active compounds and target proteins of the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of Shiyifang Vinum, which could provide a scientific basis for further study on the anti-inflammatory and analgesic mechanism and material basis of this recipe.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2021 04:20:01 +000
  • Acupoint Massage Therapy Alters the Composition of Gut Microbiome in
           Functional Constipation Patients

    • Abstract: Objective and Background. Constipation is under high incidence globally. Current drug treatment on constipation, especially chronic functional constipation (CFC), lacks of efficiency and has an adverse reaction. Acupoint Massage Therapy (AMT) is traditionally applied to CFC with a good success rate and without unfavorable reaction in China. The underline mechanism of AMT remains unclear. Recent studies revealed that gut microbiome is involved in constipation development and treatment. Our aim is to evaluate the composition of gut microbiome of CFC patients after AMT. Patients and Methods. 104 CFC patients were enrolled in the study, including 49 males and 55 females. We investigated the gut microbiome of CFC patients after AMT through 16SrDNA sequencing. Results. Results showed the overall structure of gut microbiome has no significant difference between experimental and control groups. In the genus level, the abundance of Pseudobutyrivibrio and Ruminiclostridium is higher in the experiment group than in the control, whereas that of Fusicatenibacter is less. The 16S KEGG function prediction suggested that Parkinson disease, retinol metabolism, and arachidonic acid metabolism could explain the biological function of different gut microbiome. Furthermore, cytokines in the serum showed a correlation with the abundance of Pseudobutyrivibrio in CFC. Conclusion. AMT could change the composition of gut microbiome which is associated with cytokines in CFC patients.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2021 16:05:01 +000
  • Hypoglycemic Effect of Calea urticifolia (Mill.) DC.

    • Abstract: The onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a consequence of the progressive loss of adequate β-cell insulin secretion, which frequently occurs under a background of insulin resistance. Currently, nearly 13 million Mexicans are living with diabetes. Moreover, due to poor socioeconomic conditions and the cultural idiosyncrasies of the Mexican population, the use of medicinal plants to treat T2D is a common practice in Mexico. In the Mexican state of Hidalgo, we found the traditional use of Calea urticifolia (CU) to treat this disease. To treat T2D, people drink an infusion made from the aerial part of the plant throughout the day. With the aim of investigating whether the infusion at a traditional dose produces a hypoglycemic effect in either the fasting or postprandial state, we measured the effect of the infusion in a hyperglycemic animal model (rats administered streptozotocin (STZ) and nicotinamide (NZ)) by conducting a glucose tolerance test and constructing a blood-glucose curve. We then analyzed whether the observed effect was related to the inhibition of glucose absorption in the gut or the inhibition of hepatic glucose output (HGO) in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, we confirmed our findings by identifying the potential targets of the infusion via a network pharmacology analysis. Through high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and thin layer chromatography (TLC), we detected a number of compounds in the extract and identified two of them. The plant extract produced a highly significant hypoglycemic effect under fasting conditions and a weak hypoglycemic effect following glucose or sucrose challenge. Although the plant extract blocked only 20% of the alpha-glucosidase enzyme activity in vitro, in the pyruvate tolerance test (which measures the liberation of hepatic glucose), it significantly reduced glucose levels. Furthermore, in vitro, the extract diminished the activity of the glucose-6-phosphatase complex by 90%. In addition, by conducting TLC, we detected the presence of chlorogenic acid and rutin, which have been reported to block HGO. The results presented here provide evidence of the hypoglycemic effect of the traditionally used C. urticifolia extract and demonstrate that this effect is associated with both a reduction in glucose synthesis via gluconeogenesis due to the phytochemical composition of the extract and a slight blockage of glucose absorption in the gut.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2021 15:35:01 +000
  • Patients with Parkinson Disease in a Traditional Korean Medicine Hospital:
           A Five-Year Audit

    • Abstract: Parkinson disease (PD) patients’ demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has thus been increasing. We investigated the characteristics of PD patients who visited the Korean Medicine Hospital, the official CAM clinic in Korea. The medical records of PD patients were reviewed retrospectively. The demographic and disease-related characteristics, motivation for visiting, and treatment modalities were collected and analyzed. Medical records from 618 patients were reviewed. Most patients (67.6%) had been already diagnosed with PD at the initial visit. The most frequent complaint was gait disturbance. Previously diagnosed patients visited most frequently for add-on CAM therapies. The most frequently used CAM therapy was acupuncture. The most frequently prescribed herbal medicine was modified Ukgansan. We found the main reason for seeking out CAM was to compensate for the effects of conventional therapies. Further prospective studies will be necessary to collect enough data and evaluate the effectiveness of CAM therapies.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2021 14:35:00 +000
  • Effect and Molecular Mechanisms of Jiedu Recipe on Hypoxia-Induced
           Angiogenesis after Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization in
           Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    • Abstract: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is one of the effective treatment methods for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in middle and late phases. However, TACE-induced hypoxia may promote the angiogenesis and section of some cytokines, such as IL-8, and, thereby, lead to tumor metastasis. Therefore, we investigated the effect of Jiedu Recipe (JR), which has been demonstrated as an effective Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) recipe on HCC, on TACE-induced cytokines upregulation and hypoxia-induced angiogenesis. A total of 88 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with TACE were enrolled and divided into a JR group or control group. TACE induced significant increases of neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR), IL-1β, IL-2R, IL-6, and IL-8. JR treatment significantly inhibited the elevation of IL-8 compared with control. In vitro, JR significantly inhibited the hypoxia-induced overexpression of IL-8, HIF-1α, and VEGF mRNA in Huh 7 cells. ELISA assay demonstrated the effect of JR on IL-8 expression. Both hypoxia and IL-8 may promote angiogenesis which was suppressed by JR. Western blot showed that IL-8 upregulated the expression of phosphorylation of AKT, ERK, NF-κB, and VEGFR, which were inhibited by JR. On the other hand, effects of IL-8 on the increase of p-AKT and p-ERK were also blocked by LY294002 and U0126, respectively. In conclusion, our results indicated that JR may inhibit hypoxia-induced angiogenesis through suppressing IL-8/HIF-1α/PI3K and MAPK/ERK pathways after TACE in HCC patients.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2021 13:35:00 +000
  • Use of Network Pharmacology to Investigate the Mechanism by Which Allicin
           Ameliorates Lipid Metabolism Disorder in HepG2 Cells

    • Abstract: Allicin has been well documented to exhibit a wide spectrum of biological activities, especially lipid-lowering activity, as a promising candidate for the management of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NALFD). However, the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of allicin require further investigation. It is tempting to think of combining network pharmacology and experimental validation to investigate the mechanism by which allicin ameliorates lipid metabolism disorder in HepG2 cells. We established a cell model of hepatic steatosis induced by PA to investigate the antisteatotic effects of allicin. The studies showed that allicin reduced PA-induced lipid accumulation using Nile red staining and TC and TG assays. Then, 219 potential targets of allicin were successfully predicted by PharmMapper. According to Reactome Pathway Analysis, 44 potential targets related to lipid metabolism were screened out. Molecular signaling cascades mediated by allicin included PPARA, PPARG, FABP4, and FABP6 by cytoHubba and qPCR analysis. Results revealed that allicin activated the gene expression of PPARA and FABP6 and suppressed the gene expression of FABP4 and PPARG. Thus, the present study united the methods of network pharmacology and experimental validation to investigate the protein targets of allicin on PA-induced lipid metabolism disorders to supply a reference for related application for the first time.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Jan 2021 07:35:00 +000
  • Secondary Metabolites, Antioxidant, and Antiproliferative Activities of
           Dioscorea bulbifera Leaf Collected from Endau Rompin, Johor, Malaysia

    • Abstract: Breast cancer is among the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer-related death among women globally. Malaysia is a country that is rich in medicinal plant species. Hence, this research aims to explore the secondary metabolites, antioxidant, and antiproliferative activities of Dioscorea bulbifera leaf collected from Endau Rompin, Johor, Malaysia. Antioxidant activity was assessed using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), and 2,2′-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) assays, while the cytotoxicity of D. bulbifera on MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines was tested using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cell cycle analysis and apoptosis were assessed using flow cytometry analysis. Phytochemical profiling was conducted using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Results showed that methanol extract had the highest antioxidant activity in DPPH, FRAP, and ABTS assays, followed by ethyl acetate and hexane extracts. D. bulbifera tested against MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cell lines showed a pronounced cytotoxic effect with IC50 values of 8.96 μg/mL, 6.88 μg/mL, and 3.27 μg/mL in MCF-7 and 14.29 μg/mL, 11.86 μg/mL, and 7.23 μg/mL in MDA-MB-231, respectively. Cell cycle analysis also indicated that D. bulbifera prompted apoptosis at various stages, and a significant decrease in viable cells was detected within 24 h and substantially improved after 48 h and 72 h of treatment. Phytochemical profiling of methanol extract revealed the presence of 39 metabolites such as acetic acid, n-hexadecanoic acid, acetin, hexadecanoate, 7-tetradecenal, phytol, octadecanoic acid, cholesterol, palmitic acid, and linolenate. Hence, these findings concluded that D. bulbifera extract has promising anticancer and natural antioxidant agents. However, further study is needed to isolate the bioactive compounds and validate the effectiveness of this extract in the In in vivo model.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Jan 2021 15:35:00 +000
  • The Impact of Tai Chi on Motor Function, Balance, and Quality of Life in
           Parkinson’s Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    • Abstract: Objective. Parkinson’s disease adversely affects function and quality of life, leading to increased mortality. The practice of Tai Chi has been associated with multifaceted improvements in health-related fitness. Considering the limited number of clinical studies included in previous reviews, inconsistent methodological quality, and inconclusive results, this meta-analysis aims to assess the effects of Tai Chi in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Method. Four English language databases and four Chinese databases were systematically searched for existing randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of Tai Chi in Parkinson’s disease from database inception through August 1, 2020. Methodological quality was appraised with the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool. A meta-analysis of comparative effects was performed using the Review Manager v.5.3 software. Results. Seventeen published RCTs totaling 951 subjects were included. Results showed that Tai Chi has a statistically significant effect on the outcomes of gait velocity, unified Parkinson’s disease rating scale (UPDRS) motor score, activities-specific balance confidence (ABC) score, and Berg Balance Scale (BBS). The effects on the Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT) and Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39) were not statistically significant. Conclusions. This systematic review and meta-analysis of Parkinson’s disease and Tai Chi suggests Tai Chi is a relatively safe activity that can result in gains in general motor function and improve bradykinesia and balance. It has no statistically significant advantage for quality of life and functional mobility. Further randomized trials with larger sample sizes and of higher methodological quality are needed to confirm these results and to assess the feasibility of Tai Chi intervention for potential different clinical applications.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Jan 2021 10:20:01 +000
  • The Quality of Methodological and Reporting in Network Meta-Analysis of
           Acupuncture and Moxibustion: A Cross-Sectional Survey

    • Abstract: Background. Acupuncture had long been a primary treatment in the healthcare system of China. In recent years, there were more and more network meta-analyses (NMAs) in the field of acupuncture and moxibustion, but the quality evaluation of NMAs was rare. Objectives. The goal of this study was to evaluate the methodological and reporting quality of NMAs and summarize the effects of different treatments of acupuncture and moxibustion. Methods. PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), WanFang Database (WF), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) were searched from inception to January 2020 without any language restriction. In addition, the unpublished studies and the references of initially included literature were also retrieved manually. We included all relevant NMAs treated with acupuncture and moxibustion; other therapies such as traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine may also be included, but at least three types fall under the category of acupuncture in each NMA. Outcome indicators were not limited. We selected AMSTAR2 and PRISMA-NMA to evaluate the methodological and reporting quality of eligible studies, respectively. Results. In total, 29 NMAs were included finally, including 12 Chinese references and 17 English references. All eligible studies were published from May 2013 to August 2019. The number of interventions was between 4 and 22. The number of clinical trials included ranged from 10 to 121, with a total of 1098 clinical trials. The NMAs were involved in up to 23 diseases, knee osteoarthritis and primary dysmenorrhea covered with 3 NMAs separately, others focusing on chronic functional constipation, lumbar disc herniation, chronic fatigue syndrome, and the like. The Jadad scale and RoB scale were used as the bias risk assessment tools. Among them, 7 articles adopted the Jadad scale, 22 articles adopted the RoB scale (1 article adopted both the Jadad scale and RoB scale), and only 1 article did not mention the risk assessment tool. The AMSTAR2 methodological evaluation showed that the highest score was 13.5 points and the lowest was 4, with an average of 8.64 and a median of 9.5. According to the quality criteria, only one of them was in high quality, twenty-four were in medium quality, and four were in low quality. The PRISMA-NMA reporting quality evaluation showed that the highest score was 29 points and the lowest was 13.5, with an average of 23.62 and a median of 24.5; severe flaws also existed in some items, especially in “Structured summary,” “Protocol and registration,” “Search,” “Data collection process,” “Data items,” “Additional analyses,” “Risk of bias across studies,” and “Results of additional analyses.” Conclusion. The number of NMAs in the field of acupuncture and moxibustion was still in the initial stage. Overall, their methodology and reports were of moderate quality. However, severe flaws also existed in some items. Because the eligible NMAs were limited, the conclusion needed further research to confirm its authenticity and reliability.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Jan 2021 08:05:00 +000
  • The Antitumour Effect of Prunella vulgaris Extract on Thyroid Cancer Cells
           In Vitro and In Vivo

    • Abstract: Prunella vulgaris, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been used to treat various benign and malignant tumours for centuries in China. In our previous studies, Prunella vulgaris extract (PVE) was shown to promote apoptosis in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) cells. However, whether other mechanisms are involved in the antitumour effect of PVE in thyroid cancer (TC) cells remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the antiproliferative and antimigratory effects of PVE on TC cell lines both in vitro and in vivo. First, the TPC-1 and SW579 human TC cell lines were screened by MTT assay for their high level of sensitivity to PVE. Then, the results of cell growth curve and colony formation assay and cell cycle analyses, wound healing, and migration assays demonstrated that PVE inhibited the proliferation and migration of TPC-1 and SW579 cells. Moreover, the antitumour effect of PVE was verified in a subcutaneous xenotransplanted tumour model. Next, MKI67, PCNA, CTNNB1, and CDH1 were screened by qRT-PCR for their significantly differential expression levels in xenograft tissue with and without PVE treatment, and expression of MKI67, PCNA, and CDH1 was verified by Western blot. Finally, an integrated bioinformatics analysis containing protein-protein interaction network, KEGG pathway, and GO analysis was conducted to explore more potential antitumour mechanisms of PVE. In summary, PVE could inhibit the proliferation and migration of TC cells both in vitro and in vivo, which may have been achieved by modulation of the expression of MKI67, PCNA, and CDH1. These data suggest that PVE has the potential to be developed into a new anticancer drug for the treatment of TC.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Jan 2021 06:05:00 +000
  • Effects of Nasturtium officinale Extract on Antioxidant and Biochemical
           Parameters in Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized Double-Blind Clinical

    • Abstract: Background. Increased oxidative stress play an important role in the risk of cardiovascular disease, mortality, and mortality patients undergoing dialysis. Nasturtium officinale (watercress) contains numerous phytochemical compounds that act as an antioxidant by preventing oxidative damage to biomolecules. Therefore, this research aimed to explore the effect of the ethanolic extract of Nasturtium officinale (EENO) on antioxidant and biochemical markers of hemodialysis patients. Methods. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 46 hemodialysis patients were randomly recruited to consume either 500 mg/day EENO (n = 23) or placebo capsule (n = 23) for 4 weeks, at Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Yasuj, Iran, in 2019. Biomarkers of oxidative stress including glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and total sulfhydryl protein (T-SH) and biochemical parameters such as BUN, Hb, WBC, PLT, Ca, Ph, K, ALB, TChol, TG, LDL, and HDL were evaluated on days 0 and 28. Results. The serum levels of MDA and BUN significantly decreased after taking EENO supplementation ; however, SOD activity increased during the same period . The serum levels of TAC remained constant in the intervention group, while it significantly declined in the placebo group . The extract also prevented elevation in the serum levels of LDL and TG compared to the placebo group, although it was not statistically significant. Conclusions. The data indicated that the consumption of EENO improved some of the antioxidant parameters and minimizes the change in TG and LDL in hemodialysis patients. Therefore, due to the role of these factors in mortality and morbidity of dialysis patients, EENO can improve the condition of dialysis patients. However, more studies with longer intervention times and different doses of EENO are recommended.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 15:35:00 +000
  • A Study on the Therapeutic Efficacy of San Zi Yang Qin Decoction for
           Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and the Underlying Mechanism Based on
           Network Pharmacology

    • Abstract: Objective. This study aims to explore the therapeutic efficacy of San Zi Yang Qin Decoction (SZ) and its potential mechanism in the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) based on network pharmacology and in vivo experiments. Methods. Effective chemicals and targets of SZ were searched in online databases, according to the drug-likeness of compounds and the binomial distribution of targets. A disease-target-chemical network was established using NAFLD-associated genes screened through GeneCards database, Gene Ontology (GO) terms, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. Furthermore, animal experiments were conducted to verify the efficacy and mechanism of SZ predicted by network pharmacology. The NAFLD mouse model was established with C57BL/6J mice fed with a high-fat diet for 22 weeks. The mice in the control group were fed with a chow diet. From the 23rd week, the NAFLD mice were treated with intragastric SZ or normal saline for 8 weeks. After the glucose tolerance was measured, the mice were sacrificed, followed by the collection of serum and liver tissues. Pathological changes in liver tissues were examined by H&E staining. Additionally, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), serum fast blood glucose, and insulin levels were detected. Expression levels of TNF-α of serum and liver tissues were determined by ELISA and qRT-PCR, respectively. Western blot was used to detect the activation of AKT in liver tissues. Results. A total of 27 effective compounds and 20 targets of SZ were screened. GO analysis uncovered a significant correlation between the targets of SZ and those of NAFLD. KEGG analysis presented the signaling pathways enriched in SZ and NAFLD, including NAFLD, TNF-α, and apoptosis pathways. The area under the curve of major GO and KEGG pathways indicated the potential role of SZ in improving NAFLD. In vivo experiments demonstrated that SZ significantly alleviated hepatosteatosis and inflammatory cell infiltration in liver tissues, reduced serum transaminases, and improved insulin resistance and glucose tolerance of NAFLD mice. The protein level of phospho-AKT was upregulated by SZ. Additionally, SZ treatment obviously impaired the TNF-α level in the serum and liver tissue of NAFLD mice. Conclusions. According to the network pharmacology analysis and in vivo experiments, SZ could have therapeutic efficacy for NALFD. The mechanism mainly involves pathways relative to insulin resistance, TNF-α, and apoptosis. Our results provide a scientific basis for SZ in the clinical treatment of NAFLD.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 15:20:01 +000
  • Aidi Injection as Adjuvant Drug Combined with Chemotherapy in Treatment of
           Breast Cancer: A Systematic Meta-Analysis

    • Abstract: Objective. To compare the efficacy and safety of combination of Aidi injection and chemotherapy and chemotherapy alone in treatment of breast cancer. Methods. The related control and randomized studies till August 1st, 2020, were retrieved in the database including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, Wang-Fang, and VIP. Primary outcomes were response rate (RR) and performance status (KPS) improvement rate; secondary outcomes were rate of adverse drug reactions (ADR) including myelosuppression, digestive tract reaction, liver dysfunction, and cardiac toxicity. Review Manager 5.3 was used in the present analysis. Results. In total, 20 studies (18 articles) were included in the present analysis. RR (OR 1.76 (1.32, 2.35); ) and KPS improvement rate (OR: 2.68 (1.34, 6.46); ) in Aidi injection plus chemotherapy group were significantly higher than those of chemotherapy alone group. Addition of Aidi injection significantly reduced the rate of myelosuppression, digestive tract reaction, leukocyte decrease, II-IV cardiac function abnormality, atrial dysrhythmia, ventricular arrhythmia, ST segment T wave inversion, and abnormal ECG (all ).Conclusion. Aidi injection could increase the efficacy of chemotherapy, could reduce myelosuppression, digestive tract reaction, and cardiac toxicity induced by chemotherapy, and did not lead to additional toxicity and side effect. Therefore, it is an anticancer drug with good efficacy and low toxicity, worth further popularization.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 14:50:00 +000
  • The Combination of Jiedu Xiaoluo Decoction with Autologous Peripheral
           Blood Stem Cell Transplantation (APBSCT) Accelerates Disease Remission of
           Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    • Abstract: Objective. This study aimed to explore the therapeutic effects of autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (APBSCT) with Jiedu Xiaoluo decoction (JDX) on non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Method. B lymphoma cells A20 were used to establish nude mice-transplanted tumor model. The peripheral blood of mice was analyzed by automatic blood cell counter. Inflammatory cytokines in tumor tissues were measured by ELISA, real-time qRT-PCR, and western blotting assays. Immunohistochemical staining was employed to evaluate tumor cell growth and apoptosis. CCK8 and Transwell assays were used to detect cell viability, migration, and invasion. Cell apoptosis in vitro was evaluated with flow cytometry. Result. In the in vitro co-culture system of A20 cells and hemopoietic stem cells (HSC), JDX notably inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion and promoted apoptosis of A20 cells compared to HSC treatment alone. In animal tumor xenografts of NHL, the combination of APBSCT with JDX significantly promoted hematopoietic reconstitution, inhibited tumorigenesis of A20 cell, promoted the inflammatory microenvironment remission, inhibited cell proliferation, and promoted apoptosis compared to APBSCT alone. Conclusion. The combination of APBSCT with JDX might be an effective strategy to treat NHL through inhibiting tumorigenesis and reconstructing hematopoietic and immune microenvironment. Our finding provided a novel insight into the clinical application of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) against NHL.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 14:35:00 +000
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