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  Subjects -> ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE (Total: 111 journals)
Showing 1 - 15 of 15 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acupuncture and Related Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acupuncture in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Advanced Herbal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Akupunktur & Aurikulomedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alternative & Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Alternative and Complementary Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Alternative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Alternative Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Anales de Hidrología Médica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arabian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arteterapia. Papeles de arteterapia y educación artística para la inclusión social     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Plant Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Herbal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Music Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Boletín Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Botanics : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cadernos de Naturologia e Terapias Complementares     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Herbal Medicines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cognitive Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Complementary Therapies in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Current Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Deutsche Heilpraktiker-Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Akupunktur     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Erfahrungsheilkunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Medicinal Plants     Open Access  
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Global Journal of Integrated Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Traditional Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Herba Polonica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herbal Medicines Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Innovare Journal of Ayurvedic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Integrative Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of High Dilution Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ipnosi     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Acupuncture and Herbs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Applied Arts and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Asian Natural Products Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of AYUSH :- Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Dance Medicine & Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Fasting and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ginseng Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Herbal Drugs (An International Journal on Medicinal Herbs)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Herbal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Integrative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Integrative Medicine & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medicinal Plants for Economic Development     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinally Active Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Natural Remedies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Journal of the Australian Traditional-Medicine Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Lekovite Sirovine     Open Access  
Médecine Palliative : Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Éthique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Medical Acupuncture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Medicines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Lokman Hekim Tıp Tarihi ve Folklorik Tıp Dergisi     Open Access  
Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research     Open Access  
Natural solutions     Full-text available via subscription  
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
OA Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Research Journal of Medicinal Plant     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Internacional de Acupuntura     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Journal of Plant and Soil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Synfacts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Traditional & Kampo Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Traditional Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
World Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Yoga Mimamsa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Orthomolekulare Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

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World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.102
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1003-5257
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3203 journals]
  • Effects of fuzhengbutu acupuncture-moxibustion therapy on walking function
           in the patients with post-stroke hemiplegia
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 April 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Bin SHAO, Dong-mei ZHANG, Jian-bin WANG, Jie CHENABSTRACTObjectiveTo observe the effects of fuzhengbutu (strengthening antipathogenic qi and tonifying the earth) acupuncture-moxibustion therapy on walking function in the patients with post-stroke hemiplegia.MethodsA total of 57 patients with hemiplegia after ischemic stroke treated in our hospital from January 2018 through to October 2018 were collected as the study objects. According to random number table, they were divided into a treatment group (29 cases) and a control group (28 cases). In the treatment group, the fuzhengbutu acupuncture-moxibustion therapy combined with rehabilitation treatment was adopted. In the control group, the rehabilitation treatment was given. The persistent walking time and pause time in PIERENSTEP gait measurable training and test system as well as the score of Berg balance scale (BBS) were compared between the two groups.ResultsIn the treatment group, the persistent walking time after treatment(1.47 ± 0.28) s was shorter obviously versus before treatment (2.12 ± 0.38) s, indicating the significant difference (P < 0.05). The pause time after treatment was not different obviously versus before treatment (P> 0.05). In the control group, the persistent walking time after treatment (1.88±0.22) s was shorter obviously versus before treatment (2.18 ± 0.30) s, indicating the significant difference (P < 0.05). The pause time after treatment was not different obviously versus before treatment (P> 0.05). Before treatment, the differences were not significant in the persistent walking time and pause duration in the patients of either group (P> 0.05). After treatment, the persistent walking time in the treatment group was shorter obviously than the control group (P < 0.05) and the difference in pause time was not significant between the two groups (P> 0.05). Before treatment, there was no difference in BBS score between the two groups (P> 0.05). In the treatment group, BBS score (42.79±2.78) after treatment was higher than (35.86 ± 2.64) before treatment, indicating the significant difference (P < 0.05). In the control group, BBS score (39.07 ± 2.67) after treatment was higher than (35.86 ± 2.64) before treatment, indicating the significant difference (P < 0.05). In comparison of BBS score after treatment between the two groups, the score in the treatment group was higher than the control group, indicating the significant difference (P < 0.05).ConclusionBased on rehabilitation treatment, Fuzhengbutu acupuncture-moxibustion therapy effectively improves the walking function of the patients with hemiplegia after ischemic stroke.
       
  • Traditional Indian Medicine and History of Acupuncture in India
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 April 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Sheikh Faruque ELAHEE, Huijuan MAO, Xueyong SHENAbstractAcupuncture, a component of Traditional Chinese Medicine, is well known to have been originated in ancient China and propagated to neighboring countries including India and now throughout the world. India having an ancient civilization had a rich traditional medicine called Ayurveda which consisted of herbal medicine, surgery, yoga and ‘Suchi veda’ treatment. Ayurveda gained popularity throughout the ancient India and was also disseminated into the neighbors. Suchi veda was like a pricking therapy but there is no record of its consistent practice afterwards throughout the Christian era and Middle Ages. There is record of dissemination of Chinese acupuncture in India in the 6th century but its use was not persistent afterwards, till it was re-introduced in the mid-twentieth century, by a Chinese trained Indian physician in 1959. Currently practice of acupuncture is fast developing throughout India, some state governments already officially recognized it and recently the central government of India declared state recognition to acupuncture as an independent system of therapeutics in the health care system of the country.
       
  • Relieving throat and opening orifice acupuncture therapy for the
           post-stroke dysphagia
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 April 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Wen-bao WU, Dao-feng FAN, Chong ZHENG, Bin-fu QUE, Qing-qing LIAN, Rui QIU, Yan-gui CHEN, Li-ying PAN, Yun ZHANGABSTRACTObjectivesTo observe the effectiveness of acupuncture therapy for relieving throat and opening orifice on dysphagia due to different brain infarct sites.MethodsAccording to the random number table, 128 patients with post-stroke dysphagia were divided into group A (63 cases, intervention with deglutition training and acupuncture) and group B (65 cases, intervention with simple deglutition training). The conventional treatment and deglutition rehabilitation training in neurology department were used in the two groups. In group B, according to patient's condition, the rehabilitation trainings, such as respiration and neck movement range were used selectively. In group A, on the base of deglutition training, acupuncture therapy for relieving throat and opening orifice was supplemented. The acupoints included Sìshéncōng(四神聪EX-HN 1), Băihuì (百会GV 20), Tàiyang (太阳EX-HN5) bilateral, Fēngchí (风池GB 20) bilateral and Shésānzhēn (舌三针). Electrostimulator was attached on EX-HN 1, bilateral GB 20 and Shésānzhēn (舌三针). Needles were retained for 30 min in each treatment. The treatment was given once a day, 5 treatments a week and the treatment for 3 weeks as 1 course. After 6 weeks of treatment, the deglutition ability scale developed by Fujishima Ichiro was adopted to determine the therapeutic effects and observe the score increase for dysphagia related to brain infarct sites before and after treatment.ResultsIn assessment after 6-week treatment, the improvements of deglutition ability were different corresponding to different brain infarct sites in group A. Specially, the improvements in the patients with dysphagia related to cerebral hemisphere infarction in group A were better than group B (8.68 ± 1.12 vs 7.32 ± 0.91, P < 0.05), followed by the improvements in the patients with dysphagia related to internal capsule/basal ganglia/diencephalon infarction (6.53 ± 0.65 vs 6.36 ± 0.84, P> 0.05). Regarding the therapeutic effects in comparison of the two groups, the total effective rates in dysphagia related to cerebral hemisphere infarction were different between the two groups significantly (96.67% vs 82.75%, P < 0.05), as well as in the patients related to internal capsule/basal ganglia/diencephalon infarction (88.89 % vs 66.67 %, P < 0.05). The therapeutic effects were not different in the patients related to cerebral stem and cerebella infarction between the two groups (P>0.05).ConclusionThe acupuncture therapy for relieving throat and opening orifice combined with deglutition training achieves the satisfactory therapeutic effects on dysphagia induced by cortical infarction in stroke. However, a large sample and multicentral clinical trial with this therapy is needed for a further argument so that this therapy is likely promoted in clinical practice in future.
       
  • Hidden correlation of the effect mechanism on chronic gastritis treated
           with ginger-isolated moxibustion at different single acupoints
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 April 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Jun-wei GU, Xu-ming YANG, Qi LI, Mu-en GU, Meng-die WU, Shu-fei CAO, Jing LIABSTRACTObjectiveTo observe the differences in the effects and mechanisms on chronic gastritis treated by ginger-isolated moxibustion at Zúsānlĭ (足三里ST 36) and Nèiguān (内关PC 6).MethodsA total of 60 eligible patients of chronic gastritis were randomized into two groups, a ST 36 group (ginger-isolated moxibustion at ST 36, 30 cases) and a PC 6 group (ginger-isolated moxibustion at PC 6, 30 cases). Before and after 6 treatments, the total variability of heart rate (TV) and the scores in Scale for gastrointestinal diseases of traditional Chinese medicine were determined and recorded. Using correlation analysis, the hidden correlation condition that affects the therapeutic outcomes was excavated from the data. With least square method, the gradient curve (K value) of TV in treatment was estimated and the correlation between the effect mechanism and autonomic nerve regulation was excavated.Results① In ST 36 group, the duration of sickness, severity of disease and the activity of autonomic nerve before treatment presented the underlying correlation with the therapeutic effects. In contrast, the hidden correlation in PC 6 group was not clear. ② In ST 36 group, the higher K value of TV in treatment was, the more significant the therapeutic effects were, but in PC group, K value was reversely related to the therapeutic effects.ConclusionThe therapeutic effects of ginger-isolated moxibustion at single acupoint are correlated with the duration and severity of sickness. The therapeutic effects in ST 36 group were improved by the modulation of autonomic nerve activity and the effects in PC 6 group were negatively correlated with autonomic nerve activity. It is deduced that the effect mechanisms are different on single acupoint for chronic gastritis between the two points.
       
  • Two proved cases of treating herpes zoster pain by needling wei
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 April 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Xi-yan GAO, Jin XIE, Ling-yan MENGAbstractTwo cases of herpes zoster neuralgia treated by shallow needling combined with electroacupuncture were introduced. The literature basis and possible mechanisms were discussed.
       
  • Effect of moxibustion on long-term memory in the rats with vascular
           dementia
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 April 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Yue LI, Jun YANG, Li GUI, Yin-qiu FANABSTRACTObjectiveTo observe the effects on spatial long-term memory in the rats with vascular dementia (VD) treated with moxibustion for resolving stasis and promoting meridian circulation.MethodsThe modified 2-vascular occlusion (2-VO) method was used to prepare VD animal model. The rats were randomized into a sham-operation group, a model group, a moxibustion group and a western medication group, 15 rats in each one. In the moxibustion group, mild warm moxibustion was applied to “Băihuì (百会GV 20)” “Dàzhuī (大椎GV 14)” and “Shéntíng (神庭GV 24)”, 20 min at each point, once a day, for 3 weeks consecutively. In the western medicaion group, mouse nerve growth factor (NGF) was injected intraperitoneally, 0.18 mL/kg, once a day, for 3 weeks consecutively. Morris water maze test was used, the time of the first passing platform, the frequency of passing-platform and swimming speed in 120 s were determined of the rats in each group. Western blot were used to test the protein expressions of hippocampal Nestin and DCX.ResultsAt the end of three courses of treatment, compared with sham-operation group, the difference was not significant statistically in swimming speed in the model group, the moxibustion group and the western medication group separately (all P> 0.05). Three days after modeling, the mean of escape latency was prolonged obviously in the modeled rats compared with the rats in the sham-operation group (88.84 ± 19.94 vs 18.15 ± 9.41, P < 0.01). At the end of three courses of treatment, compared with the sham-operation group(22.01 ± 10.07), the mean of escape latency was different statistically in the model group(89.18 ± 19.70), the moxibustion group(37.21 ± 13.31) and the western medication group separately(51.50 ± 16.15) , all P < 0.01. Compared with the model group, the mean of escape latency was shortened in the moxibustion group and western medication group respectively (37.21 ± 13.31 vs 89.18 ± 19.70, 51.50 ± 16.15 vs 89.18 ± 19.70, both P < 0.01). Compared with the western medication group, there was no statistical significant difference in the mean of escape latency in the moxibustion group (37.21 ± 13.31 vs 51.50 ± 16.15, P> 0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, the frequency of passing-platform was decreased in the model group (0.73±0.96 vs 2.60±1.45, P 0.05), the expression was increased in the moxibustion group and the western medication group respectively (0.98 ± 0.25 vs 0.51 ± 0.26, P 0.05).ConclusionMoxibustion apparently improves the long-term memory in VD rats.
       
  • Cutaneous region bleeding drainage for 35 swollen boil patients
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 April 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Wei-hua Chen, Dan-dan HeAbstractObjectiveTo observe the clinical efficacy of swollen boil treated by cutaneous region drainage.Methods35 swollen boil patients were selected and treated with cutaneous region bleeding drainage by applying bloodletting first and then cupping on the head of boil part. A course of treatment included 3 times, and the efficacy was assessed after 2 courses.ResultsAfter treatment, 30 clinical cases were cured, 4 improved, and 1 unhealed. The total effective rate was 97.1%.ConclusionsSignificant therapeutic effect of the cutaneous region drainage was found in curing swollen boil.
       
  • Preliminary optimization of acupuncture regimen at Nèiguān(PC 6) for
           gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 April 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Ji ZHANGABSTRACTObjectiveTo optimize preliminarily acupuncture regimen for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).MethodsA total of 80 patients of GERD were taken as the subjects in observation. The reflux disease questionnaire (RDQ) was adopted to assess the relevant indicators. The orthogonal design method was used to observe the effects on GERD in acupuncture regimen with difference combinations among 5 factors and 2 levels at Nèiguān (内关 PC 6), including reinforcing-reducing technique by rotating needle (A), time of rotating needle (B), supplementary acupoint (C), time of needle retention (D) and treatment interval (E). The primary and secondary functions among 5 factors (variance analysis), advantages and disadvantages between 2 levels (multiplicity comparison) and superiority combination of 5 factors and 2 levels were determined preliminarily.ResultsThe reinforcing-reducing technique by rotating needle and the supplementary acupoint are the primary factors of therapeutic effects. The time of rotating needle, treatment interval and time of needle retention were the secondary factors.ConclusionIn the observation of five factors and two levels, the optimal regimen of acupuncture for GERD includes reducing technique by rotating needle at PC 6, the time of rotating needle for 60 s, Zúsānlĭ (足三里 ST 36) and Tàichōng (太冲 LR 3) as the supplementary acupoints, needle retention for 30 min and treatment interval of 24 h.
       
  • Professor Ji-ping ZHAO's experiences in the differentiation and treatment
           of peripheral facial paralysis with acupuncture
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 March 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Yuan-yuan ZHENG, Peng WANG, Ji-ping ZHAOABSTRACTProfessor Ji-ping ZHAO has unique thoughts on the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral facial paralysis. She pays the great attention to clinical differentiation in treatment with acupuncture, especially meridian differentiation. She believes that the differentiation of lesion is core and the early judgment is critical for the better therapeutic effects on intractable facial paralysis. The local acupoints are selected in the guide of the theory of meridian sinew and stimulated on the base of three-needling theory. The distal acupoints are decided in light of the syndrome differentiation, of which, Hégŭ (合谷LI 4), Zúsānlĭ (足三里ST 36) and Tàichōng (太冲LR 3) are the basic acupoints. Additionally, Professor ZHAO lays the emphasis on the 5th branch of facial nerve (cervical branch) in diagnosis and treatment.
       
  • Globus hystericus co-treated with acupuncture and five-element music
           therapy
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 March 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Lin-xia QIAN, Fa-cai LINAbstractIn order to mutually regulate mental and physical conditions, the authors adopted acupuncture in combination with five-element music therapy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for 1 case of globus hystericus. Băihuì (百会GV 20), Hégŭ (合谷LI 4), Zhōngwăn (中脘CV 12), Qìhăi (气海CV 6) et,al were needled once every other day and music of Zhi tone was played for the patient. A further study is needed for the application of this therapeutic method.
       
  • Does not acupuncture at nerve trunk belong to acupuncture of traditional
           Chinese medicine'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 March 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Jing XU, Chun-sheng JIAAbstractWith the reason that its therapeutic effect is related to neurotomy, acupuncture at nerve trunk is taken as an independent therapy from acupuncture of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in aspect of its origination and development. Through acupuncture literature study, the authors consulted many acupuncture therapies that is related to nerve trunk from ancient time to present. In association with current progress of mechanism study of acupuncture, it is believed that acupuncture at nerve trunk has been the therapy in the scope of acupuncture from the ancient time, rather than an independent acupuncture therapy out of the scope of acupuncture in TCM.
       
  • Acupuncture for migraine: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Feng-jiao SHEN, Jia XU, Yi-jun ZHAN, Qin-hui FU, Jian PEIAbstractObjectiveThe goal of this study is to systematically assess the effectiveness of acupuncture compared with medication for migraine.MethodsThe Cochrane Library, PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), Sinomed, the Chongqing VIP full-text periodical database (VIP) and Wanfang were searched by computer to identify the randomized controlled trails comparing acupuncture with medication for migraine from the beginning of these databases to August 2018, supplementing with literature retrospective and manual searches. Review Manager 5.2 was used for statistical analysis.ResultsA total of 13 trails including 1218 participants met the selection criteria. (1) The meta-analysis of 3 articles showed that acupuncture was more effective in reducing the frequency of migraine attacks(MD=๣2.03; 95% CI: ๣2.77 to๣1.30; P
       
  • The Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Acupuncture and its Significance in
           Analgesia
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 March 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): JIN Bonnie Xia, JIN Louis Lei, JIN Guan-YuanAbstractIn the mechanisms of acupuncture analgesia, an important aspect often overlooked is the anti-inflammatory effect of acupuncture, which is mainly attained through the self-limiting inflammatory response-inflammatory reflex and its regulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal(HPA) axis and autonomic nerve system (the vagus nerve and the sympathetic postganglionic fiber). The significance of anti-inflammatory effect of acupuncture in analgesia is manifested twofold: The first, inflammatory nociceptive pain is a major type of chronic pain. The second, neurogenic inflammation is the mechanism by which certain acupoints or acu-reflex points (ARPs) are formed at the body surface and have short-cut connections to the pathological focus. Selecting ARPs and applying appropriate sensory stimulation or local microtrauma (affected by different needling means or stimulation parameters), combined with low-frequency electrical stimulation or the vagus stimulation in the concha region, are helpful to strengthen the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of acupuncture.
       
  • Effects of Electroacupuncture on Cochlear Morphology and Expression of
           Aquaporins in Rats with AVP-Induced Endolymphatic Hydrops
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 March 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Li-yuan Jiang, Xi-xi Chen, Jiao-jun He, Hua-de ChenAbstractObjectiveThe objective of this study was to investigate the effects of EA on EH and the regulation of AQP2 and AQP7 protein expression in rats.MethodsTwenty-four rats were allocated randomly to four groups of blank group, EH group, EH + tolvaptan group and EH + EA group (n = 6 per group). EH rat model was established by intraperitoneally injection of arginine vasopressin (AVP). EA was administered at acupoints “Baihui (百会GV 20) ”and “Tinggong (听宫SI 19) ”. Rats in the EH + tolvaptan group and EH + EA group were treated with tolvaptan and EA, respectively, after EH establishment. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to measure the cochlear hydrops degree, and then the ratio of scala media (SM) area to SM + scala vestibuli (SV) area (R value) was calculated. Immunohistochemical method was used to observe AQP2/AQP7 protein expression in the rat cochlear lateral wall after treatment.Results①There was no endolymphatic hydrops in the blank group. Reissner’ s membrane was extended markedly and bulged into SV in cochleae of the EH group and endolymphatic hydrops was noted༎Statistical analysis revealed that R value in the EH group showed a significant increase compared with that in the blank group (0.42 ± 0.02 vs 0.31 ± 0.05, P=0.000). The distension of Reissner's membrane was less obvious in the EH + tolvaptan group and EH + EA group when compared with the EH group༎R value in the EH + tolvaptan group and the EH + EA group was significantly less than that in EH group (0.32 ±0.04 vs 0.42 ± 0.02, P=0.001;0.35 ± 0.05 vs 0.42 ± 0.02, P=0.012)༎The degree of the hydrops in the EH + EA group was not different from that in the EH + tolvaptan group (0.35 ± 0.05 vs 0.32 ±0.04, P=1.000)༎②The AQP2 protein expression in the rat cochlear lateral wall of EH group was significantly increased when compared with the blank group (12.74 ± 5.18 vs 5.92 ± 1.52, P=0.014)༎The AQP2 protein expression in the rat cochlear lateral wall of EH + tolvaptan group and EH + EA group were all lower than that of the EH group (6.52 ± 2.73 vs 12.74 ± 5.18, P=0.029;6.95 ± 3.10 vs 12.74 ± 5.18, P=0.047)༎The AQP2 protein expression in the rat cochlear lateral wall of EH + EA group was not different from that in the EH + tolvaptan group (6.95 ± 3.10 vs 6.52 ± 2.73, P=1.000)༎③The AQP7 protein expression in the rat cochlear lateral wall of EH group was significantly increased when compared with the blank group (30.32 ± 6.39 vs 16.64 ± 3.21, P=0.000)༎The AQP7 protein expression in the rat cochlear lateral wall of EH + tolvaptan group and EH + EA group were all lower than that of the EH group (18.32 ± 2.45 vs 30.32 ± 6.39, P=0.001;19.54 ± 4.61 vs 30.32 ± 6.39, P=0.003)༎The AQP7 protein expression in the rat cochlear lateral wall of EH + EA group was not different from that in the EH + tolvaptan group (19.54 ± 4.61 vs 18.32 ± 2.45, P=1.000)༎ConclusionsThese results indicate that repeated EA stimulation exerted the same effects as tolvaptan application on AQPs levels and subsequent aquaretic effects. And dehydrating effect of EA on the inner ear might be associated with its down-regulation of both AQP2 and AQP7 protein expression, thereby provide a potential molecular mechanism involved in the treatment of Meniere's disease by EA.
       
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome with drop shoulder
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 March 2019Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Ming-xue Dong, Su-mei Guan, Ying-ning Sun, Xiao-xu Liu, Jing-hua Chang, Dian-hui YangAbstractAcupuncture combined with triangular bandage aid on the affected limb and the motor function exercise of shoulder abduction was adopted to treat one case of weakness of the left upper arm and drop shoulder induced by thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) after childbirth. The therapeutic effects were definite and the prognosis was satisfactory.
       
  • Participation of local exosomes of acupoints in the initiation of
           acupuncture analgesic effect
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Bo CHEN, Mu-yang LI, Li-ying XING, Xue-mao ZHUO, Ze-lin CHEN, Yi GUO, Ming-yue LIAbstractObjectiveTo investigate the local initiation role of local exosomes of acupoints in acupuncture analgesic effect.MethodsThirty-two rats with adjuvant arthritis were randomly divided into model group (Group CFA), model + electroacupuncture group (Group EA), model + antagonist + electroacupuncture group (Group GW4869 + EA), and model + dimethyl sulfoxide + electroacupuncture group (Group DMSO + EA), with 8 rats in each group. The model rat s of adjuvant arthritis were prepared by intradermal injection of 0.1 mL of Freund's adjuvant complete into the metatarsal of the right posterior foot to induce inflammation. No intervention was given in Group CFA, while electroacupuncture was performed in the other three groups at “Zúsānlĭ (足三里 ST 36, bilaterally)” and “Huántiào (环跳 GB 30, bilaterally)” of the rats with the following electroacupuncture parameters: dilatational wave with a frequency of 2/10 Hz, an intensity of 5/10/15 (0.76/1.53/2.3 mA), a duration of 30 min, and an intensity increasing every 10 min. In Group DMSO + EA, DMSO (with a concentration of 0.2%, 50µL/acupoint) was injected at bilateral “ST 36” of the model rats one hour before electroacupuncture, while GW4869 (with a concentration of 3 mg/mL, 50µL/acupoint) was injected at bilateral ST 36 of the model rats one hour before electroacupuncture in Group GW4869 + EA. The paw withdrawal latency (PWL) was used as the therapeutic effect index.ResultsThe PWL of rats in each group at Hour 24 after modeling was significantly lower than that before modeling, indicating that the models were successfully established. After the electroacupuncture treatment, the PWL of rats showed an increasing trend in all groups. The PWL of Group GW4869 + EA (6.74 ± 1.09)s was lower than that of Group EA (7.72 ± 1.54)s on Day 1 after injection, but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The PWL values of Group GW4869 + EA (7.72 ± 0.70)s, (7.87 ± 0.58)s were significantly lower than those of Group EA (9.96 ± 0.94)s, (9.66 ± 0.96)s (both P 
       
  • A study on the differences of effect on mast cells and serum 5-HT in the
           acupoint area of “CV 4” of rats by acupuncture stimulus and thermal
           stimulus
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Qiong LIU, Wei ZHU, Mailan LIU, Xia LIU, Jianan CAO, Shuning HU, Xiaorong CHANG, Xianghong JINGAbstractObjectiveTo observe the influence of acupuncture stimulus and thermal stimulus on the expression of mast cells (MCs) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in local acupoint area of Guānyuan (关元 CV 4) and serum 5-HT in rats.MethodsThirty-nine male C57BL/6 rats were randomly divided into blank control group, acupuncture stimulus group and thermal stimulus group, with 13 rats in each group. The rats were stimulated by manual acupuncture at CV 4 for 5 min in acupuncture stimulus group, while those in thermal stimulus group were stimulated by adopting a thermal moxibustion apparatus on CV 4 for 30 min. The expression of MC and 5-HT in the skin in the acupoint area of CV 4 before and after acupuncture stimulus and thermal stimulus was observed and analyzed via adopting toluidine blue staining method and immunofluorescence histochemical method (5 rats were selected from each group), and the 5-HT content in serum before and after stimulus was determined through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (8 rats were selected from each group). The influence of acupuncture stimulus and thermal stimulus on the contents of MC and 5-HT in the skin and serum 5-HT in rats was analyzed and compared.Results① After acupuncture stimulus or thermal stimulus on CV 4 of C57BL/6 rats, the number of MC in the acupoint area significantly increased when compared with that in blank group (the acupuncture stimulus group 12.40 ± 2.07 vs. the blank group 3.00 ± 5.96; thermal stimulus group 26.20 ± 10.85 vs. the blank group 12.40 ± 2.07, both P 
       
  • Rheumatoid arthritis treated with the triple strong-stimulation technique
           of acupuncture and moxibustion at specific acupoints: A randomized
           controlled trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Wen-zhong CAO, Wei-xian ZHAO, Hui-ming GUO, Xue-mei ZHANG, Min-fang ZHANG, Xing-lei ZHANG, Li-na WEIAbstractObjectiveTo explore the clinical therapeutic effects and the mechanism on rheumatic arthritis (RA) treated with the combination of the instruments and techniques of acupuncture and moxibusiton.MethodsA total of 60 RA patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. In the control group, diclofenac sodium sustained release tablets were prescribed for oral administration, 0.3 g each time, twice a day, methotrexate tablets (MTX) for oral administration, 10 mg each time, once a week and folic acid tablets for oral administration, 5 mg each time, once a week. In the observation group, besides the treatment with western medicines, simultaneously, the specific acupoints were selected and stimulated with the triple strong-stimulation therapy, in which, the strong bloodletting technique, the strong cupping technique and the strong moxibustion technique were combined together, with different instruments of acupuncture and moxibustion adopted. The treatment was given once every 3 days, consecutively for 10 times. In 30 days of treatment, the therapeutic effects were observed in the two groups. Separately, before and after treatment, the rheumatoid factors (RF), hypersensitive-C reactive protein (hs-CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), the scores of joint symptoms and physical signs as well as the disease activity score (DAS-28) were observed in the two groups.ResultsRegarding RF, there were statistical significant differences before and after treatment in the observation group and the control group (the observation group 248.01 ± 79.81 vs 31.17 ± 29.01, the control group 254.11 ± 72.16 vs 66.42 ± 37.07, both P 
       
  • A randomized controlled trail on the treatment of knee osteoarthritis with
           acupotomy therapy based on the meridian sinew theory
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Pei WANG, Cai-rong ZHANG, De-chun CHEN, Ke-qing ZHUANG, Zhi-lan HUANG, Can DONG, Han-qing HONG, Zhi-zhong RUANAbstractObjectiveTo compare the clinical efficacy differences of acupotomy therapy guided by the meridian sinew theory and acupotomy therapy guided by the anatomy theory of western medicine in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.MethodsSixty-three patients were randomly divided into the acupotomy group of the meridian sinew theory (Group A, n = 32) and the acupotomy group of the anatomy theory (Group B, n = 31). For Group A, with positive reaction points such as the tenderness points of three yang meridians and three yin meridians of the foot, and funicular nodules as the points of needle insertion, the needle-knife, after disinfection and anesthesia, gives priority to longitudinal dissection after insertion, and then carries out subcutaneous sweeping maniplation. For Group B, with 8 points for needle insertion, including the origins and terminations of the medial and lateral collateral ligaments, the origins and terminations of the patellar ligament, the terminations of the quadriceps femoris tendon, and pes anserinus bursa point, the treatment was performed in strict accordance with the four-step procedures of acupotomy (positioning, orientating, pressurizing to separate, and puncturing) after disinfection and anesthesia. The treatment was conducted once a week and three times in total. Statistical analysis was conducted with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for overall pain before treatment and at week 2 and 4 during treatment, and the adverse reactions of patients were observed and recorded to evaluate the curative effect.ResultsDuring the treatment period, the overall response rates (ORRs, that is markedly effective + effective) were compared between the two groups. The ORR of Group A was 90.63% and that of Group B was 87.09%. There was no statistical significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). After treatment, the WOMAC function score of Group A was significantly lower than that before treatment (17.28 ± 10.22 vs 32.75 ± 14.88, P 
       
  • Nocturnal polyuria after lumbar disc herniation surgery
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Qiong-qiong ZHANG, Jin-lei ZHAO, Ping LIU, Yuan-xiang LIUAbstractA male patient with seventy-six years old, frequent urination at night, lassitude, aversion to cold, feeling tired easily on exertion, soreness and weakness in the lumbar region, dark and purplish tongue with white coating, deep, thread and rapid pulse. Diagnosis: nocturnal polyuria. Syndrome differentiation in traditional Chinese medicine: kidney yang deficiency. In treatment, the Du-moxibustion (moxibustion along the Governor vessel) was adopted in the lumbosacral region. A number of cross marks were marked along Zhōngshū (中枢 GV 7) to Yāoshù (腰俞 GV 2). Herbal powder for the Du-moxibustion was put evenly and straightly from GV 7 to GV 2 along the cross marks. The mulberry bark paper was put flatly over the treating region with the folded midline of the paper matching the powder line and the ginger paste was placed on the paper and flatted with the tongue depressor as a trapezium. A groove was pressed on the ginger paste, And moxa was put inside. The upper, middle and lower sites of the moxa were ignited for moxibustion,when the moxa was burnt out then new moxa was replaced. Totally, the moxa was changed 3 times in one treatment. The treatment was given once a week, and 4 treatments as one course. After 2-course Du-moxibustion, the frequency of nocturnal urination was 0–1 time, 0–350 mL a night. The patient had lassitude and fatigue occasionally and had no aversion to cold. The treatment was given once every two weeks on the lumbosacral region until the urine frequency was normal at night. The Du-moxibustion improves in kidney yang deficiency, kidney qi deficiency, post-operative body weakness and the deficiency cold of the lower Jiao. This therapy warms the meridian, promotes qi and blood circulation, shortens the recovery time of the normal circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid and nourishes cauda equina as well as alleviates the pressure to cauda equina due to edema. This therapy effectively treats nocturnal polyuria of kidney yang deficiency after lumbar disc herniation surgery.
       
  • Acupuncture on back-shu points of five zang for chronic fatigue syndrome:
           A randomized control trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): San-san CHEN, Ran LIU, Bin WU, Sheng CHEN, Fang GUO, Xiao-lin XUE, Jun WANGAbstractObjectiveTo observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture on back-shu points of five zang in treating chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).MethodsSixty patients were randomized into treatment group and control group. In treatment group, the back-shu points of five zang organs were adopted for acupuncture. Shènshū (肾俞 BL23) was perpendicularly needled 15–30 mm in depth. The rest of the selected points were inserted obliquely 15–30 mm in the direction of the spine with even method of lifting-thrusting and twisting-twirling, 10 s for each acupoint. In control group, the acupoints were approximately 1.5–2 cm away outward from the back-shu points of five zang organs (about on the middle of the two sidelines of the bladder meridian of foot-taiyang) and the points from the bladder meridian of foot-taiyang were excluded. Acupoints were needled 6–9 mm in depth, and deqi was not required, without any manipulation. The treatments were carried out twice a week for twenty minutes each time, a total of eight treatments were given. The clinical efficacy of acupuncture treatment for CFS was evaluated through the Fatigue Scale-14 (FS-14) and the Symptom Check-List 90 (SCL-90) after treatment.ResultsThe total effective rate was 86.67% in the treatment group and 53.33% in the control group (P 
       
  • The effect of electroacupuncture preconditioning on cognitive impairments
           following knee replacement among elderly: A randomized controlled trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Fei-yi ZHAO, Zhe-yuan ZHANG, Ying-xia ZHAO, Hai-xia YAN, Yu-fang HONG, Xiao-jie XIA, Hong XUAbstractObjectiveTo investigate if electroacupuncture (EA) preconditioning can mitigate cognitive impairments and reduce the incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) following knee replacement and its safety among elderly.MethodsTotally 60 participants met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial a ratio of 1:1, with 30 cases allocated to the treatment group and 30 cases allocated to the control group, respectively. The participants in the treatment group were provided with real-EA therapy whereas participants in control group were provided with placebo-EA therapy (Streitberger Placebo-needle). In both groups, Tou sanshen (头三神) acupoints, including Sìshéncōng (四神聪EX-HN1), Shéntíng (神庭 GV24), and bilateral Běnshén (本神GB13) were adopted as the main acupoints, while Bǎihuì (百会GV20), bilateral Hégǔ (合谷LI4), and bilateral Tàichōng (太冲LR3) were adopted as matching acupoints. Interventions were offered 5 days prior to the surgery, once daily, and continued for total 5 days. The global scores of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and levels of serum inflammatory cytokines including interleukin 1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and S100-β protein were observed at 24 h prior to the surgery, and postoperative 24 and 72 h respectively for assessing the incidence of POCD and the severity of cognitive impairments among patients. Meanwhile, adverse effects were monitored and recorded.Results(1) Compared with baseline, MMSE global scores in both treatment and control groups markedly decreased at postoperative 24 h. MMSE global scores in treatment group decreased from 29.43 ± 0.97 to 27.10 ± 1.95 while that in control group decreased from 29.27 ± 1.01 to 26.83 ± 2.25 (all 'P 
       
  • Hiccup after chemotherapy for lung cancer
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Xian-bing HOU (候献兵), Lei PAN (潘磊), Qi-cai WANG (王启才)AbstractA 54 years old male patient, 5 months ago, cough and expectoration were induced by lung cancer and hiccups were triggered and lasted for 1 day after radiochemotherapy. Firstly, the sensitized points were detected in the region of BL 17. The disposable subcutaneous trocar acupuncture needle was inserted transversely. Afterward, the Zúsānlĭ (足三里 ST 36) was injected by metoclopramide injection, one mL each point, then catgut embedding was carried at ST36. Comprehensive therapy was used, satisfactory effects can be achieved in the treatment of Hiccup after chemotherapy.
       
  • Alacrimia after child traumatic brain injury
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Jun WANG, Xiao-Juan SHI, Dan-dan LUO, Bing-pei SHIAbstractObjectiveTo report the clinical effects of acupuncture on alacrimia after child traumatic brain injury.MethodsOne child with the alacrimia on the right eye after traumatic injury, aged 2 years and 3 months, was treated with acupuncture. The acupoint selection: Yángbái (阳白 GB 14), Cuánzhú(攒竹 BL 2), Tóngzĭliáo (瞳子髎 GB 1), Sìbái (四白 ST 2), Yíngxiāng (迎香 LI 20), Yìfēng (翳风 TE 17) and Fēngchí(风池 GB 20) on the right side, as well as bilateral Hégŭ (合谷 LI 4) and Tàichōng (太冲 LR 3). The quick needling technique was applied to GB 20, LI 4 and LR 3 and the needles were retained for 20 min in the rest acupoints. In the embedding needle therapy, one group of acupoints was selected in each treatment, [Group No.1: BL 2, Sīzhúkōng (丝竹空 TE 23), ST 2 and Shàngyíngxiāng (上迎香 EX-HN 8); Group No. 2: Tàiyáng (太阳 EX-HN 5), TE 17, LI 20 and GB 14]. The embedding needle therapy was provided after the routine acupuncture treatment and the thumb-tack needles were embedded subcutaneously for 48 hours. The treatment with acupuncture was given once every other day, three times a week.ResultsAfter 5 treatments, a full of tears was visible on the right eye when crying. After 10 treatments, there was a large amount of tears on the eyes and nasal discharge when crying. After 15 treatments, the lacrimal secretion and nasal secretion were normal when crying, without differences from the condition before traumatic brain injury.ConclusionAcupuncture achieves the significant therapeutic effects on alacrimia after the child traumatic brain injury.
       
  • Adhesive ileus in pregnant women
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Li-na CUI, Zhong-tai LIAbstractA female patient was of the pregnancy for less than 24 weeks and suffered from adhesive ileus. The conservative treatment with acupuncture was selected to keep the fetus alive. A single-used filiform needle, 0.30 mm × 40 mm was used. Zúsānlĭ (足三里 ST 36), Shàngjùxū (上巨虚 ST 37), Tàichōng (太冲 LR 3) and Zhīgōu (支沟 TE 6) were selected bilaterally. At each acupoint, the needle was inserted rapidly and manipulated with the twisting, lifting and thrusting techniques to induce mild stimulation. Additionally, the electric stimulation was added at ST 36 and ST 37, with the continuous wave, 60 times per minute in frequency. The needles were retained for 25 min in each treatment. During the hospital stay, the treatment was given once every day and the condition of the disorder was observed carefully. The patient was discharged from the hospital in her 30 weeks of pregnancy. Afterward, acupuncture treatment was given once every one or two days in clinic till the weeks 34 of pregnancy. After acupuncture treatment, the conditions of abdominal distention, enteric flatus and defecation were relieved sustainably through to the cesarean section in weeks 34 of pregnancy. Both the patient and her infant were healthy when discharged. It was proved that acupuncture therapy was applicable and effective in the pregnant patient with ileus.
       
  • 52 cases of entrapment syndrome of superficial radial nerve treated with
           short thrust needling at Shànglián (上廉LI 9)
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Gang FENGAbstractObjectiveTo observe the clinical therapeutic effects on entrapment syndrome of superficial radial nerve treated with the short thrust needling at Shànglián (上廉LI 9).MethodsA total of 52 patients of entrapment syndrome of superficial radial nerve were treated with the short thrust needling at LI 9. Firstly, the needle was inserted gradually and deeply until the needle tip touched the radial periosterum. Secondly, the needle body was tilted to form an angle about 30° with the skin surface. Thirdly, the needle handle was lifted and trusted shortly and swiftly to induce the gentle rubbing of the needle tip on the periosterum. The stimulation intensity of this needling technique was determined by the obvious soreness and distention in the local area or the needling sensation radiated to the radial sides of the thumb, the index figure and the middle figure of the affected limb. Afterward, the needle was retained for 20 min. The treatment was given once a day, five treatments made one course and a total of 2 courses of treatment were required.ResultsOf 52 cases, 50 cases were cured, accounting for 96.2% and 2 cases remarkably effective, accounting for 3.8%. The mean conduction velocity of the superficial radial nerve was (49.38 ± 2.97) m/s after treatment, faster than (29.31 ± 5.94) m/s before treatment, indicating the significant difference (P 
       
  • Twenty cases of temporomandibular disorders with warming-needle
           moxibustion on ginger at Xiàguān (下关ST 7)
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Juan LIU, Zhong-shu ZHUAbstractObjectiveTo observe the clinical efficacy of treatment for temporomandibular disorders with warming-needle moxibustion on ginger at Xiàguān (下关ST 7).MethodsTwenty patients with temporomandibular disorders were given acupuncture at ST 7 of the affected side, and then the self-prepared round cake-shaped ginger with moxa was set on the needle closing to skin surface, Ignited moxa, burn out as one cone, three cones were given for once. The treatment was performed once a day, 7 times was 1 course, and the curative effect was evaluated after 1 course of treatment.ResultsAmong 20 patients, 12 were cured, improvement was observed in 7 patients, and 1 case had no response to treatment. The effective rate was up to 95.0%; improvement was observed in 14 patients after treatment for 3 times. According to follow-up visit 1 month after treatment, 1 patient relapsed due to excessive mouth opening, but the symptom was mild and relieved after rubbing.ConclusionThe clinical efficacy of treatment for temporomandibular disorders with warming-needle moxibustion on ginger at ST 7 was ideal.
       
  • Ninety cases of simple obesity treated with the combined therapy of
           
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Juan WANG, Yan LI, Xuan ZHANG, Mei-na WANG, Long CAO, Na NU, Yuan LI, Gui-lan LIAbstractObjectiveTo observe the clinical effects on simple obesity treated with the combined therapy of penetration needling, flash-fire cupping method and auricular acupuncture.MethodsIn 90 patients of simple obesity, the Bo's abdominal acupuncture therapy was adopted. Taking Shénquè (神阙 CV 8), the points 2 cun directly below CV 8 and 2 cun directly above CV 8 as the landmarks, 3 cun bilateral to each of the above three points, and penetrated through to the conception vessel. Then the electroacupuncture apparatus was connected, with the disperse-dense wave for 30 min. After acupuncture, the glass cup of the middle size was used to stimulate the selected points with the flash-fire cupping method. The cupping stimulation stopped when the skin turned to be slightly red. One treatment was given each day and every other day after 5 days. The 10 treatments made one course. In the auricular acupuncture therapy, Jīdiăn (饥点), Shénmén (神门TF4), Nèifēnmì (内分泌CO18) and Sānjiāo (三焦 CO17) were selected. The auricular acupuncture therapy was given once every two days and 10 treatments made one course. After 3 courses of treatment, the waist circumference, hip circumference, body weight and body mass index (BMI) were observed.ResultsCompared to before treatment, after 3 courses of treatment, the waist circumference of patients was (92.3 ± 2.4 vs 80.4 ± 2.3) cm, hip circumference (110.6 ± 2.3 vs 99.2 ± 2.5) cm, body weight (74.2 ± 3.1 vs 68.2 ± 2.4) kg and BMI (29.8 ± 3.1 vs 25.2 ± 2.1), they were all reduced obviously, indicating the significant differences (all P 
       
  • The observation on different effectiveness between the embedding needle
           therapy and medication in the preventative treatment of chronic migraine
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 4Author(s): Zheng ZHAO, Jia-hong SE, Guang SHI, Ning LIAbstractObjectiveTo evaluate the therapeutic effects of the embedding needle therapy in the preventative treatment of chronic migraine.MethodsA total of 36 patients with chronic migraine were divided into an embedding needle therapy group and a flunarizine group according to random number table, 18 cases in each group. In the embedding needle therapy group, the thumb-tack needles were used at Sīzhúkōng (丝竹空TE 23), Hànyàn (颔厌GB 4), Wángŭ (完骨GB 12) and Cuánzhú (攒竹BL 2) and the needles were embedded for 24 h. The embedding needle therapy was given three times a week. In the flunarizine group, flunarizine was prescribed, 10 mg a day. Separately, at the end of the 4-week treatment and in 4 weeks of the follow-up, the number of days of headache attack per month (days/month) and the headache duration (hours/month) in the cases with moderate to severe headache were observed in the two groups.ResultsThe number of days of headache attack in the cases with moderate to severe headache was reduced after treatment as compared with the number before treatment in the two groups. The headache duration was reduced obviously after treatment in the cases of moderate to severe headache in the two groups. In the 4-week follow-up, all the indexes were still reduced as compared with the indexes before treatment, indicating the significant differences in the two groups (both P 
       
  • Protective effect of electroacupuncture preconditioning at zúsānlĭ
           (足三里 ST36) on mitochondria in the intestinal ischemia/reperfusion
           injury
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Zheng HUANG, Yong-ming HAN, Xiao-ping HONG, Yan-jun DUAN, Tao CHEN, Jiao-rong CHENAbstractObjectiveThe study explored the effect of applying electroacupuncture (EA) preconditioning at ST 36 on mitochondria in rats with intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury.MethodsForty SD rats were divided into four sets: sham operation group (sham group); intestinal ischemia/reperfusion group (I/R group); EA preconditioning at ST 36 followed by intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury (ST 36 + I/R group); EA preconditioning at the lateral site away from ST36 0.5 cm followed by intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury (N + I/R group). For the sham group, the rats were opened abdominal cavity for 3 h and 20 min and their abdominal cavities were covered with wet gauze avoiding drying and kept on the thermostat at 37 °C. For the ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) group, rats were anaesthetised and their abdominal cavities were opened to expose jejunum segments. The segment's collateral blood supply was restricted by bilateral ligation of the intestine. Next, one of the branches of a mesenteric artery was occluded with a thread for 20 min and then the thread was released after such ischemia conditions, keeping reperfusion for 3 h. For the ST36 + I/R group, the electroacupuncture at ST36 was first performed, then the intestinal ischemia/reperfusion model was constructed. For the N + I/R group, electroacupuncture at non ST36 acupoint, which is away from ST36 about 0.5 cm, and then the intestinal ischemia/reperfusion model was performed. Measurements of the levels of inflammatory markers tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), cytochrome c (CYCS), and the mitochondrial membrane pro-apoptotic protein (BAX), anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 were performed.ResultsCompared to I/R group, the intensity of cytoplasmic CYCS in intestinal tissues was significantly decreased in the ST 36 + I/R group (1.65 vs. 0.18, p 
       
  • Influence of electroacupuncture therapy of tonifying the kidney and
           regulating governor vessel on Aβ related degradation enzymes in the
           hippocampus of a rat model of Alzheimer's disease induced by Aβ1-42
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Yan-jun DU, Shuang-hong TANG, Jia-huan XIAO, Yun WANG, Qing TIAN, Guo-jie SUNAbstractObjectiveTo explore influence of electroacupuncture (EA) therapy of tonifying the kidney and regulating governor vessel on amyloid beta (Aβ) related degradation enzymes in the hippocampus of a rat model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) induced by Aβ1-42.MethodsForty Wistar male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: a normal group, a sham operation group, a model group and an EA group, 10 rats in each one. The rats in normal group were normally fed. The rats in sham operation group were bilaterally injected in the hippocampus with 5 µL of saline and they were normally fed after the injection. The rats in the model group and the EA group were bilaterally injected in the hippocampus with 5 µL of Aβ1-42 on each side. Rats in the EA group received EA of 5 Hz continuous wave at the “Băihuì (百会 GV20)” and bilateral “Shènshū (肾俞 BL23)” for a duration of 15 min per time every day and continuously for 15 days. After 15 days, the hippocampal expression levels of insulin degrading enzyme (IDE), lipoprotein (LPL), transthyretin (TTR), apolipoprotein E (APoE), α2 macroglobulin (α2M) and Aβ1-42 of the 4 groups were tested by Western blot.ResultsCompared with the sham operation group, the expression levels of IDE, LPL, TTR, APoE and α2M in the hippocampus were significantly lower (P 
       
  • Acupotomy combined with fire needle for sacral nerve dysfunction
           syndrome:A randomized, single-blind clinical trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Wei ZHANG, Min YANG, Xue-ping ZHENG, Zhi-zhong RUAN, Cai-rong ZHANGAbstractObjective: To provide the clinical evidence to evaluate the feasibility and refine the protocol for acupotomy combined with fire needle and pudendal nerve block therapy in treatment of sacral nerve dysfunction syndrome(SNDS). Methods: Seventy-five patients with SNDS were randomized into the treatment group (acupotomy and fire needle and pudendal nerve block therapy) and the control group (pudendal nerve block therapy). After a course of treatment, Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) of anorectal pain, defecation disorders, anal incontinence, VAS of lumbar pain or soreness, VAS of abdominal distension and pain were compared before and after the treatment. Result: Scores of defecation disorders, including defecation interval time index, defecation time index, fecal property index and defecation difficulty index, of patients with SNDS in the two groups were statistically different before and after the treatment in the same group (all P < 0.05), but the differences of those indexes between two groups were not statistically significant (all P> 0.05) after the treatment,. Scores of anal incontinence, VAS scores of lumbar pain or soreness, VAS scores of abdominal pain and distension in the two groups were statistically different before and after the treatment (all P < 0.05). However, after treatment, the differences between two groups were not statistically significant (all P> 0.05). VAS scores of anorectal pain in the two groups were statistically different before and after the treatment (both P < 0.05), and that of the treatment group was statistically lower than control group after the treatment (1.61 ± 0.95 vs. 3.04 ± 1.81, P < 0.01), the total effective rate of the treatment group was higher than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (94.74% vs. 81.08%, P < 0.01), there was no difference in self-evaluation between the two groups (P> 0.05). Conclusion: In treating SNDS, acupotomy combined with fire needle and pudendal nerve block therapy can more effectively alleviate anorectal pain and improve the total effective rate.
       
  • Electroacupuncture at jiājĭ (夹脊 EX-B2) for lumbar intervertebral
           disc herniation: A randomized controlled trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Ping SHAO, Zhen DU, Zhiping XIN, Xiao ZHENG, Minlei QIU, Zheng ZHU, Xuming YANGAbstractObjectiveTo compare the effect differences of electroacupuncture (EA) at Jiājĭ (夹脊 EX-B2) and conventional acupoints for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH) and the factors influenced the effect during the way of data mining.MethodsA total of 160 patients of LIDH were randomly assigned into the EX-B2 group and the conventional acupoints group, 80 cases in each one. The patients in the EX-B2 group received EA at the symmetrical 2 acupoints of the bilateral EX-B2 on the lesion part. The patients in the conventional acupoints group received EA at the tender point of the lesion part, Zhìbiān( 秩边BL54), Huántiào(环跳 GB30), Weǐzhōng(委中BL40), Chéngshān(承山BL57) and Fúyáng (跗阳BL59) on the affected side. The retain time of the needles is both 45 min. The treatment of the two groups is 3 times a week and for a connective 20 times. The modified Assessment Criteria for Low Lumbar Pain of Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were evaluated before and after the treatment and at the 6-month follow up.Results(1) Effective outcomes. JOA score: The JOA score of the patients in the EX-B2 group after treatment was (20.89 ± 3.43), and was (19.35 ± 4.02) on the follow-up. Compared with the JOA score (12.35 ± 4.42) in the same group before the treatment, there were statistical significant higher (both P
       
  • Acupuncture for insomnia attention deficit and the influence of nerve
           electrophysiology
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Ze-qin REN, Xu YUAN, Rong ZHAO, Jin-long XU, Ze-guan YANG, Jian AI, Zhi-xiong ZUO, Ding-jun CAIAbstractObjectiveTo test the neural electrophysiological basis of acupuncture treatment on attention deficit of insomnia patients.MethodsThirty insomnia attention deficit patients were enrolled as the patient group in this study, and 30 normal people were collected as the normal group as the compare. In patient group, acupuncture was adopted and the acupoints were Bǎihuì (百会 GV20), Shéntíng (神庭 GV24), Sìshéncōng (四神聪 EX-HN1), Shénmén(神门 HT7) and Sānyīnjiāo(三阴交 SP6), even reinforcing and reducing method, once a day, 10 times as a course and totally 2 courses. There was no intervention for the normal group. Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) for assessing the sleep quality, Schulte grid scale and the event-related potential (ERP) for assessing the attention deficit were evaluated before the treatment, 10 days after the treatment and after the treatment. The normal group were taken evaluation at the same time point.Results1. PSQI. The PSQI score in the patient group before the treatment was (16.20 ± 2.02) and was (4.20 ± 1.64) after the treatment. The difference was statistically significant (P  0.05). 2. Schulte grid scale. The Schulte grid scale rating score was decrease from (32.87 ± 6.71) s before the treatment to (12.82 ± 3.40) s after the treatment, and the difference was statistically significant (P  0.05). 3. ERP. (1) P300: in the patient group, the latency of P3a decreased from (316.60 ± 18.42) ms before the treatment to (300.10 ± 12.03) ms after the treatment; the latency of P3b decreased from(328.32 ± 16.32) ms before the treatment to (304.63 ± 13.248) ms after the treatment; the amplitude of P3a increased from (5.501.16) μV before the treatment to (15.20 ± 2.12) μV after the treatment; the amplitude of P3b increased from(5.76 ± 1.87) μV before the treatment to (16.76 ± 2.37) μV after the treatment, and the differences were statistically significant (all P 
       
  • Scalp acupuncture for sleep disorder induced by pre-examination anxiety in
           undergraduates
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Guo-juan DONG, Di CAO, Yue DONG, Jing ZHANG, Fu-chun WANGAbstractObjectiveTo explore the therapeutic effects of scalp acupuncture on sleep disorder induced by pre-examination anxiety in the undergraduates.MethodsA total of 60 undergraduates with sleep disorder induced by the final examination anxiety were randomized into three groups, named a control group (20 cases), a traditional acupuncture group (20 cases) and a scalp acupuncture group (20 cases). In the control group, no any treatment was given. In the traditional acupuncture group, acupuncture was given at Sìshéncōng (四神聪EX-HN1), bilateral Shénmén (神门HT 7) and bilateral Sānyīnjiāo (三阴交SP 6). The needles were manipulated with the even-needling technique and retained for 30 min. In the scalp acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to upper-middle line of occiput (枕上正中线MS 12), middle line of vertex (顶中线MS 5) and middle line of forehead (额中线MS 1). The needles were manipulated with the even-needling technique and retained for 30 min. The treatment was given once a day and 5 treatments made one course. There were 2 days at interval among the courses. The therapeutic effects were analyzed statistically after 4 courses of treatment. Before and after treatment, the Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) were adopted to evaluate the conditions of pre-examination anxiety and sleep in the patients.ResultsIn comparison of PSQI score, compared with those before treatment, the score in the scalp acupuncture group (12.95 ± 1.76 vs 15.95 ± 1.82) and in the traditional acupuncture group (13.75 ± 1.62 vs 15.75 ± 1.86) after 1-week of treatment were reduced (both P 
       
  • Chemotherapy-induced hand-foot syndrome in rectal cancer treated with
           acupuncture
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Fang-fei LI, Hong CHEN, Guo-sen LIAbstractObjectiveTo observe the clinical therapeutic effects of acupuncture on chemotherapy-induced hand-foot syndrome (HFS).MethodsA total of 60 patients treated with chemotherapy of capecitabine and suffering from the chemotherapy-induced HFS were divided into an acupuncture group and a Vitamin B6 group according to the random number table, 30 cases in each one. In the acupuncture group, after chemotherapy, acupuncture was given at Băihuì (百会 GV 20), Hégŭ (合谷 LI 4), Wàiguān (外关 TE 5), Zúsānlĭ (足三里 ST 36) and Ashi points. The needles were retained for 30 min in each treatment, once a day, totally for 2 weeks. In the Vitamin B6 group, after chemotherapy, Vitamin B6 was taken orally, 300 mg a day, totally for 2 weeks. Separately, on the day of enrollment and after 2 weeks of treatment, the scores of Karnofsky performance scale (KPS) and the quality of life (QLQ-C30) were evaluated in the acupuncture group and the Vitamin B6 group. After 2 weeks of treatment, the therapeutic effects were evaluated.ResultsThe effective rate of chemotherapy-induced HFS was 70.0% in the acupuncture group and was 36.7% in the Vitamin B6 group. The result in the acupuncture group was higher than the Vitamin B6 group, indicating the significant difference (P 
       
  • Prof. Gui-rong DONG's experience in treatment of prurigo nodularis with
           acupuncture
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Dong-yao JIANG, Hong-sheng DONG, Gui-rong DONGAbstractThe patient with prurigo nodularis were treated by needling at Băihuì (百会 GV 20), Fēngchí (风池 GB 20), Fēngfŭ (风府 GV 16), Dàzhuī (大椎 GV 14), Fēngmén (风门 BL 12), Xīnshù (心俞 BL 15), Gānshù (肝俞 BL 18), Qìhăi (气海 CV 6), Guānyuán (关元 CV 4), Zhōngwăn (中脘 CV12), Xuèhăi (血海 SP 10), Zúsānlĭ (足三里 ST 36), Sānyīnjiāo (三阴交 SP 6), Nèiting (内庭 ST 44), Qūchí (曲池 LI 11), Wàiguān (外关 TE 5) and Hégŭ (合谷 LI 4). The treatment was given 4 times a week. After 2 weeks of treatment, the subjective pruritus was alleviated and tolerable. The patients could fall into sleep. After 2 months of treatment, no new skin rashes appear and pruritus disappeared basically, the old rashes started fading. The red color was getting pale and the bumpy rashes were absorbed. After 5 months of treatment, the itching symptoms were gone and skin rashes disappeared basically. The lesion skin was pigmented in dark grey. After 6 months of treatment, the dark grey pigmentation disappeared and skin was normal in color. The disease was not recurred in 1 year of follow-up.
       
  • Acupuncture at Tàichōng (太冲 LR 3) for dysmenorrhea
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): ABDURACHMAN, Krisnawan Andy PRADANA, HAMZAH, Hendy HENDARTOAbstractThe patient with dysmenorrhea was treated by needling at Tàichōng (太冲 LR 3), 4 times of treatment was given and the nausea, migraine and pain scale of the patient were alleviated and finally disappeared. Until the next two menstrual period, patient did not have similar complaints. The author recommended for other acupuncturists to utilize LR 3 as complementary therapy for relieving pain at primary dysmenorrhea.
       
  • Effect of 43 cases of temporomandibular joint dysfunction treated with
           thumb-tack needle based on the meridian cutaneous region theory
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Jun WANG, Sheng CHEN, Zi-Chen WANG, Jia-jia ZHANG, Cheng TANAbstractObjectiveTo observe the clinical efficacy of thumb-tack needle on temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD).MethodsA total of 43 outpatients of TMD were treated with thumb-tack needle. After the skin routine sterilization, the intradermal needles, 0.2 mm × 1.5 mm (the SEIRIN-thumb-tack needle) were embedded subcutaneously at Zúlínqì (足临泣GB 41), Zhōngzhŭ (中渚 TE 3) and Xiàguān (下关 ST 7) on the affected side. The acupoints were pressed and kneaded gently to induce mild soreness and distention. When pressing and kneading GB 41 and TE 3, the patients were required to open and close the mouth in small amplitude to achieve the effects of kinetic acupuncture. The treatment was given twice a week. The needles were retained for 24 h. A total of 6 treatments were required.ResultsA total of 22 cases were cured, accounting for 51.16%, 15 cases effective remarkably, accounting for 34.88% and 6 cases failed, accounting for 13.95%. The total effective rate was 86.05%.ConclusionThe thumb-tack needle is significantly effective on TMD.
       
  • He–Ne laser acupuncture for 30 cases of unilateral nervous tinnitus
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Wei LI, Luo TAN, Hong TAOAbstractObjectiveTo observe the clinical effects of the unilateral nervous tinnitus treated by He–Ne laser acupuncture.MethodsA total of 30 patients of unilateral nervous tinnitus were treated with He–Ne laser acupuncture. The disposable filiform needles of 0.40 mm × 25 mm were used. Ĕrmén (耳门 TE 21), Tīnggōng (听宫 SI 19), Tīnghuì (听会 GB 2), Yìfēng (翳风 TE 17), Shuàigŭ (率谷 GB 8) and Zhōngzhŭ (中渚 TE 3) were adopted on the affected side. The input and output ends of the fiber-optic catheter of the laser instrument were connected at a pair of acupoints (TE 21 connect to SI 19, GB 2 connect to TE 17, GB 8 connect to TE 3). Each pair of acupoints was stimulated with He–Ne laser irradiation for 10 min, 8–10  mW in the output power and 6328 Å in the wavelength. The needles were retained for 30 min totally. The treatment was given once a day, 5 times a week, continuously for 2 weeks.ResultsOf 30 cases, 19 cases were cured clinically, accounting for 63.3% (19/30); 7 cases effective remarkably, accounting for 23.3% (7/30) and 4 cases failed, accounting for 13.3% (4/30).ConclusionHe–Ne laser acupuncture achieves the satisfactory effects on treating nervous tinnitus and it is easily accepted by the patients. Hence, this therapy deserves to be promoted in clinical application.
       
  • Long-term effectiveness of moxibustion on herbs for moderate-severe
           persistent allergic rhinitis population: A study protocol for a randomized
           controlled trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Yi-fan JIA, Ji-ping ZHAO, Sheng-nan GUO, Qi XIE, Yi XIAO, Sheng CHENAbstractBackgroundAllergic rhinitis (AR) is defined as an immunoglobulin led atopic disorder that affects the nasal mucosa. Moxibustion on herbs, a common complementary and alternative medicine approach, is frequently used for treating AR in clinical practice. Western medicine is good at quick symptomatic relief, while offer little or no sustainable and steady long-term effect. Little established evidence is available to support the long-term effectiveness of moxibustion on herbs for AR.ObjectiveThis study is a randomized controlled trial to assess the long-term effectiveness of moxibustion on herbs in moderate-severe persistent AR population.MethodsThe study sample size is 56 patients. Eligible patients with moderate-severe persistent AR will be randomized into a moxibustion on herbs combined with conventional treatment group (MOHCT group) and a conventional treatment group (CT group) in a 1:1 ratio. Patients in the MOHCT group will receive a 30-min moxibustion on herbs treatment on Zhìyáng (至阳 GV 9), Dàzhuī (大椎 GV 14) and bilateral Shènshū (肾俞 BL 23), Fèishū (肺俞 BL 13) for a total of 12 times on the basis of conventional treatment, while those in the CT group will receive conventional treatment alone. The primary outcome measure is VAS score for total nasal symptoms, which will be obtained via a self-recorded AR diary. The secondary outcome measures include the average occurrence of symptoms per week, use of medication and Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ).DiscussionThe objectives of this study include (1) to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of moxibustion on herbs for treating AR; (2) to evaluate whether moxibustion on herbs can reduce the frequency of AR symptoms in patients with moderate-severe persistent allergic rhinitis. The finding of this study will provide evidence on the long-term effectiveness of moxibustion on herbs for moderate-severe persistent AR.
       
  • Analysis of the pain threshold at the acupoints on the medial crus in
           pelvic inflammatory disease
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Jiang-yun WU, Yi-ni SUN, Qing-chen ZHOU, Lei WANG, Zhi-hong WEN, Xue-si HOU, Shu-han QU, Yi-fan JIA, Ji-ping ZHAOAbstractObjectiveTo explore the tenderness response at the acupoints on the medial crus in the patients of pelvic inflammatory disease.MethodsA total of 30 patients of pelvic inflammation and 30 healthy people were included. WAGNER FDX body mechanics algometer was used to determine the score of the visual analogue scale (VAS) and tenderness threshold value at Yīnlíngquán (阴陵泉 SP 9), Sānyīnjiāo (三阴交SP 6) and Lígōu (蠡沟 LR 5). The changes in the tenderness on the body surface at the relevant acupoints were compared and analyzed in the patients of pelvic inflammation.ResultsThe occurrence rate of tenderness at LR 5 at the pelvic inflammation group was higher significantly than the health group (86% Vs 42%, P
       
  • Study on ``liver-soothing and mind-regulating'' acupuncture manipulation
           in regulating the blood-oxygen concentration in cerebral cortex of PTSD
           rats
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion, Volume 28, Issue 3Author(s): Yan-feng ZHANG, Ya-di HAN, Zhong-ting ZHAO, Xing-ke YANAbstractObjectiveTo explore the brain function mechanism of "liver-soothing and mind-regulating" acupuncture manipulation in intervening post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).MethodsAccording to random number table method, 60 SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, grabbing group, paroxetine group and acupuncture group. Except for the blank group, all the rats were established into PTSD models through electric shock and incarceration, with model replication for 7 days in total. The rats were given gavage, acupuncture intervention and grabbing fixation 1 h before modeling, with 6 days as 1 course of treatment. Grabbing treatment was performed for 2 courses, with 12 days in total. After modeling, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) system was adopted to collect and record the changes of concentration of Oxy-Hb, Deoxy-Hb and Total-Hb during 3 min in related brain regions of rats in each group after treatment for 5 consecutive days, and the brain function was evaluated.ResultsAccording to the comparison of the time series of blood-oxygen concentration, there were significant differences between model group and blank group as well as grabbing group and blank group (P 
       
  • Clinical Effectiveness of Acupuncture at Liv3 as Complementary Therapy for
           Relieving Pain at Dysmenorrhea
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 August 2018Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Abdurachman Latief, Krisnawan Andy Pradana, Hamzah, Hendy HendartoAbstractObjectiveTo report clinical effectiveness of acupuncture at Tai Chong (Liv3) as complementary therapy for relieving pain at dysmenorrhea.MethodA single case of a 34-years-old female with dysmenorrhea. Single point selected was Liv3.ResultsAfter three times treatments; pain (cramp), nausea, migraine gradually disappear. Conclusion: Acupuncture therapy in Liv3 effectively helps to relieve pain at dysmenorrhea.
       
 
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