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  Subjects -> ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE (Total: 72 journals)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acupuncture in Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines     Full-text available via subscription  
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Alternative and Complementary Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Alternative Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Anales de Hidrología Médica     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Ayurvedic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arteterapia. Papeles de arteterapia y educación artística para la inclusión social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Plant Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ASL- Musculoskeletal Diseases     Open Access  
Australian Journal of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Herbal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Music Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Boletín Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Botanics : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cognitive Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Complementary Therapies in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Deutsche Heilpraktiker-Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal  
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Akupunktur     Full-text available via subscription  
Erfahrungsheilkunde     Hybrid Journal  
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Fitoterapia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Forschende Komplementärmedizin / Research in Complementary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovare Journal of Ayurvedic Science     Open Access  
Integrative Medicine Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Applied Research in Natural Products     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Essential Oil Therapeutics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of High Dilution Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Palliative Care     Open Access  
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Ipnosi     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Applied Arts and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Asian Natural Products Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Dance Medicine & Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Fasting and Health     Open Access  
Journal of Herbal Drugs (An International Journal on Medicinal Herbs)     Open Access  
Journal of HerbMed Pharmacology     Open Access  
Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medicinally Active Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of the Australian Traditional-Medicine Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Médecine Palliative : Soins de Support - Accompagnement - Éthique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Medical Acupuncture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
OA Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Access Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Research Journal of Medicinal Plant     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Acupuntura     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Journal of Plant and Soil     Hybrid Journal  
Spirituality and Health International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Synfacts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Orthomolekulare Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda
   [8 followers]  Follow    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
     ISSN (Print) 0974-8520 - ISSN (Online) 0976-9382
     Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [178 journals]
  • Pharmacological expression of Rasayanakarma

    • Authors: K Nishteswar
      Pages: 337 - 338
      Abstract: K Nishteswar

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):337-338


      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):337-338
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127672
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Assessment of Lekhana Basti in the management of hyperlipidemia

    • Authors: Swapnil S Auti, Anup B Thakar, Vinay J Shukla, B Ravishankar
      Pages: 339 - 345
      Abstract: Swapnil S Auti, Anup B Thakar, Vinay J Shukla, B Ravishankar

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):339-345

      Hyperlipidemia is highly prevalent and is closely related to coronary heart disease which is the most common cause of death. Raised cholesterol is estimated to be responsible for 18% of cerebrovascular disease and 56% of ischemic heart disease. Overall, these diseases account for about 4.4 million deaths (7.9% of the total). Based upon the etiological factors and symptom complexes, hyperlipidemia can be considered as a part of Medoroga. Being a Tikshna formulation, the treatment modality of Lekhana Basti is aimed basically for Apatarpana (emaciation) of the body, as Basti is the fastest Apatarpana. In the present clinical trial, a total of 22 patients were registered of whom 19 patients completed the course of the therapy. Under randomization, the registered patients were divided into two groups of which group A was treated with Lekhana Basti and group B was administered standard control drug, i.e., Triphala Guggulu, for 21 days. The results of the study revealed that in patients treated with Lekhana Basti, there was a decrease of about 4.99% in S. cholesterol, 9.13% in S. low density lipoprotein (LDL), and 0.36% in S. apolipoprotein B. Lekhana Basti was found to have significant effect in reducing the symptoms of Medodushti and in reduction of objective parameters like weight, body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage, body circumferences such as chest, abdomen, hip, pelvis, mid-thigh circumference, etc., and skin fold thickness as biceps, triceps, mid-arm, and abdominal skinfold thickness.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):339-345
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127683
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Effect of Sameera Pannaga Rasa (arsenomercurial formulation) in the
           management of Tamaka Shwasa (bronchial asthma) - Randomized double blind
           clinical study

    • Authors: Mayur Mashru, R Galib, Vinay J Shukla, B Ravishankar, Pradeep Kumar Prajapati
      Pages: 346 - 351
      Abstract: Mayur Mashru, R Galib, Vinay J Shukla, B Ravishankar, Pradeep Kumar Prajapati

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):346-351

      Asthma represents a profound world-wide public health problem. The most effective anti-asthmatic drugs currently available include β2-agonists and glucocorticoids which can controls asthma in about 90-95% of patients. In Ayurveda, this miserable condition is comparable with Tamaka Shwasa type of Shwasa Roga. In the present study, 52 patients were treated with Sameera Pannaga Rasa at a dose of 30 mg twice a day for 4 weeks along with Nagavallidala (leaf of Piper betel Linn.) The results were assessed in terms of clinical recovery, symptomatic relief, pulmonary function improvement and on subjective and objective parameters. A significant improvement in subjective parameters, control on asthma, recurrence of asthma, increase in peak expiratory flow rate, considerable decrease in total and absolute, acute eosinophil count and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were observed. Overall marked improvement was found in 33.33%, moderate improvement in 44.44% and mild improvement in 20.00% was observed. The study reveals that Sameera Pannaga Rasa can be used as an effective drug in bronchial asthma.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):346-351
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127692
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Evaluation of diet and life style in the etiopathogenesis of Urdhwaga
           Amlapitta (non-ulcer dyspepsia)

    • Authors: Umapati C Baragi, Mahesh Kumar Vyas
      Pages: 352 - 355
      Abstract: Umapati C Baragi, Mahesh Kumar Vyas

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):352-355

      For a long time, infectious (communicable) diseases were the biggest killer diseases globally. But now, the trend is changing toward increased prevalence of chronic diseases with causative factors mostly related to diet and lifestyle. Among them, Urdhwaga Amlapitta (non-ulcer dyspepsia), a gastrointestinal tract (GIT) disorder, has acquired majority of the share with causative factors like improper diet and habits, stress, spicy irritant food, oily foods, bakery products, etc., A survey study was conducted on 138 patients, irrespective of sex, religion, etc., who had presented with the clinical symptoms of Urdhwaga Amlapitta and attended the OPD of Department of Basic Principles, at I.P.G.T. and R.A., Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, between February 2009 and June 2010. Information on demography, dietary intake, and lifestyle factors was collected by standard questionnaires. The data revealed that majority of the patients indulged in faulty dietary habits like excess Katu Ahara Sevana (99.3%), Amla Ahara (95.65%), Guru Ahara (90.57%), Snigdha Ahara (86.23%), Viruddha (81.88%), Abhishyandi Ahara (81.88%), Atiushna Ahara (73.9%), Vidahi (51.44%), Pistanna (47.10%), etc., and the data on lifestyle revealed that majority of the patients indulged in Diwasvapna (89.85%), Antarodaka Paanam (81.88%), Chinta (79.71%), etc., This survey study upholds the novel concept of diet and lifestyle of Ayurveda. The data reflects that dietary patterns, lifestyle choices, and physical activities play an important role in the etiopathogenesis of Urdhwaga Amlapitta, and it is important for patients to have access to diet and lifestyle modifications. Currently, research in this area is minimal.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):352-355
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127705
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Scientific study of Charakokta Anguli Pramana in reference to human height

    • Authors: Shashikant K Muley, Ajit A Surve, Swati D Bhingare
      Pages: 356 - 360
      Abstract: Shashikant K Muley, Ajit A Surve, Swati D Bhingare

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):356-360

      Ayurveda has dynamic and creative view on health and gives importance to the individual while managing his health and also during treating the diseases. Ayurveda is a system of health science which not only includes the knowledge of body and diseases but also includes the way of living healthy i.e., "Swastha0". The concept of Maana-Pramana is one of the significant contributions of Ayurveda. This study was undertaken to evaluate the Charakokta Sutra (verse) which implies that "Height (Aayama) of human being is 84 fingers (Anguli) and is equal to Arm Span (Vistaara)". In the present study, anthropometric measurements by finger were taken and exact site of particular finger in a manner to execute "Anguli Sthana Nishchiti" was determined. The data of Aayama and Vistaara of the 100 volunteers was recorded and statistically analysed. After comparing the Anguli Pramana (Measurement through finger) obtained at 78 different sites of both hands, it was established that measurement of Anguli Pramana at the site of medio-lateral proximal interphalangeal joint of middle finger of right and left hand, would be most accurate in estimating Anguli Pramana.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):356-360
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127709
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Endoscopic evaluation of therapeutic effects of "Anuloma-Viloma
           Pranayama" in Pratishyaya w.s.r. to mucociliary clearance mechanism
           and Bernoulli's principle

    • Authors: Atul Bhardwaj, Mahendra Kumar Sharma, Manoj Gupta
      Pages: 361 - 367
      Abstract: Atul Bhardwaj, Mahendra Kumar Sharma, Manoj Gupta

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):361-367

      The current endeavor intended to evaluate the effectiveness and mode of action of Anuloma-Viloma Pranayama (AVP), i.e., alternate nasal breathing exercise, in resolving clinical features of Pratishyaya, i.e., rhinosinusitis. The present study was directed to validate the use of classical "saccharin test" in measuring the nasal health by measuring mucociliary clearance time. This study also highlights the effects of AVP by application of Bernoulli principle in ventilation of paranasal sinuses and surface oxygenation of nasal and paranasal sinuses ciliary epithelium. Clinically, endoscopically and radiologically diagnosed patients of Pratishyaya, i.e., rhinosinusitis, satisfying the inclusion criteria were selected to perform AVP as a breathing exercise regularly for 30 min every day in order to evaluate the effectiveness of AVP in resolving features of rhinosinusitis. Saccharin test was performed before and after completion of 40 days trial to assess the nasal ciliary activity, which has been proved to be directly related to the health of ciliary epithelium and nasal health overall as well. AVP may be regarded as a catalyst to conspicuously enhance ventilation and oxygenation of the paranasal sinuses and the positively effect the nasal respiratory epithelium by increasing better surface availability of oxygen and negative pressure in the nasal cavity itself.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):361-367
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127714
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Clinical evaluation of Bilvadileha in the management of irritable bowel
           syndrome

    • Authors: Ramanand Tiwari, Darshana H Pandya, Madhav Singh Baghel
      Pages: 368 - 372
      Abstract: Ramanand Tiwari, Darshana H Pandya, Madhav Singh Baghel

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):368-372

      Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common conditions encountered in clinical practice but one of the least well understood. Symptoms of this disorder are chronic, sometimes severe and often respond poorly to treatment, resulting in reduced quality of life. There is no specific test for IBS, although diagnostic tests may be performed to rule out other problems. In present clinical trial 51 patients of IBS were registered out of which 46 patients completed the treatment. Bilvadileha was administered for the duration of 12 weeks. The therapy showed statistically significant improvement in all the clinical features of IBS as well as in the IBS severity score.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):368-372
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127717
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Effect of selected Samana and Vicitra Pratyayarabdha Dravya w.s.r. to
           Vipaka

    • Authors: Anuruchi Jadoun, Rambabu Dwivedi
      Pages: 373 - 378
      Abstract: Anuruchi Jadoun, Rambabu Dwivedi

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):373-378

      Concept of Arabdhata and Pratyayarabdhata is a unique concept of Ayurveda, which is related to the conjugation and configuration of Mahabhutas (penta elements). Every substance undergoes some changes during digestion and metabolism in terms of changes in its Panchabhautika composition. If substance retains its Panchabhautika composition throughout the digestion and metabolism, it is known as Samana Pratyayarabdhata and if Panchabhautika composition of substance becomes totally different after digestion and metabolism, it is known as Vicitra Pratyayarabdhata. The change in Panchabhautika composition of substance can be seen at the level of Vipaka (post-digestive effect) or Virya (potency), which are not found according to Rasa (taste) and hence the Karma (action) of substance becomes different from its Rasa. Therefore, four drugs were selected, two having Samana Pratyayarabdhata (Nimba and Vasa) and two having Vicitra Pratyayarabdhata (Bhumyamalaki and Shankhapushpi). Clinical study was carried out on 24 healthy volunteers having Madhyama Koshta, divided into four groups, one group for each drug. The effects of drugs were assessed according to their Vipaka on Koshta (Bowel habit) especially on stool and habit of defecation (Srishtavinmutrata or Baddhavinmutrata). All the drugs showed effect according to their Vipaka in few parameters, but most of the results were statistically insignificant which suggested that substances perform their action according to their Pratyayarabdhata.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):373-378
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127718
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Clinical study to evaluate the effect of Virechanakarma on serum
           electrolytes

    • Authors: Adil Rais, Santoshkumar Bhatted
      Pages: 379 - 382
      Abstract: Adil Rais, Santoshkumar Bhatted

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):379-382

      Panchakarma therapy aims at the elimination of excessive Doshas from the body to maintain the state of health for a longer duration, while the Shamana therapy is for suppression of vitiated Doshas within the body. Virechana is one of the Panchakarma therapies wherein purgation is induced by drugs and it specifically aims at the elimination of excessive Pitta Dosha from the body. Normally, after Virechanakarma, patient does not complain of having any untoward like those present after diarrhea due to dehydration. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Virechanakarma on serum electrolyte levels and to ascertain the safety of therapeutic purgation. This study involved estimation of serum electrolyte levels before and after Virechana in 15 patients and the results are suggestive of safe application of the Virechana therapy as the deviation in electrolyte levels were within the normal range.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):379-382
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127719
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Effects of Medhya Rasayana and Yogic practices in improvement of
           short-term memory among school-going children

    • Authors: Atul Shankar Sarokte, Mangalagowri V Rao
      Pages: 383 - 389
      Abstract: Atul Shankar Sarokte, Mangalagowri V Rao

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):383-389

      Excellent memory, extraordinary intelligence, great academic achievement, and successful career are the dreams of every individual in this era of competition and professionalism. A good memory power acts as a catalyst in all walks of life, be it academic success or maintenance of personal relationships. It is observed that an average man uses only 10% of his natural memory. Remaining 90% is left unused in a haphazard manner. As per the American psychologist Carl Emil Seashore, if one is alert and makes systematic attempts to awaken and use the natural memory properly, his/her natural memory would be activated creatively and would offer benefits of higher order. A comparative study was conducted comprising 90 subjects to know the efficacy of Medhya Rasayana and Yogic practices in short-term memory of school-going children. The study was conducted over a period of 3 months. It was an open, prospective, and randomized clinical study. The subjects of group A formed the control group and they were observed silently for 3 months without any intervention. The subjects in group B were administered with Choorna (powder) of four Medhya Rasayanas, Mandukaparni (Centella asiatica Linn.), Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn.), Guduchi [Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers ex Hook. f. and Thoms.], and Sankhapushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy), at a dose of 2 g twice daily with milk. Subjects belonging to group C were advocated regular Yogic practices of Asanas, Pranayama, and Dhyana. Further study revealed that among the three groups, group B treated with Medhya Rasayana showed highly significant and most effective changes with respect to objective parameters in the tests, i.e. (1) short-term memory test pictures and (2) serial recall effects test using memory scope. Among the three groups, group C treated with Yogic practices showed highly significant and most effective changes with respect to subjective and objective parameters in mini mental status scale i.e. test 3. The treatment is cost effective and devoid of side effects, which can be beneficial for the community. Mean increase after first follow-up in group B was higher as compared to group C. This shows that Medhya Rasayanas are quick in action and bring about improvement in memory faster when compared with Yogic practices. So, on the whole, group B can be considered to be the most efficient among the three groups.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):383-389
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127720
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • A clinical study on the role of Agnimanthadi compound and Vashpa Svedana
           in the management of Sthaulya (obesity)

    • Authors: Ravikant Goyal, Mandip Goyal, Hari Mohan Chandola
      Pages: 390 - 396
      Abstract: Ravikant Goyal, Mandip Goyal, Hari Mohan Chandola

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):390-396

      Currently more than 1 billion adults are overweight (Sthula) and at least 300 million of them are clinically obese. Obesity leads to adverse metabolic effects on blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, and insulin resistance. Present study was planned to assess the role of Agnimanthadi compound containing Agnimantha, Mustaka, Gomutra (cow's urine), and Eranda Patra Kshara and Vashpa Svedana (VS) (generalized steaming) in the management of obesity. 80 patients of Sthaulya (obesity) were selected out of which 67 completed the treatment and they were treated in two groups. Amongst these, 38 patients were treated with Agnimanthadi compound in the dose of 2 gram (four capsules of 500 mg) 3 times a day with lukewarm water before meal and remaining 29 patients were given VS only. The duration of treatment in both groups was 7 weeks with follow-up for 2 months after the completion of treatment. Analysis of the overall effects of both the groups showed that VS provided marked reduction in weight, body mass index, and other signs and symptoms in patients of Sthaulya in comparison to the Agnimanthadi treated group.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):390-396
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127721
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Effect of Basti (oil enema) therapy for the management of cough in
           pertussis

    • Authors: Rahul H Gujarathi, Vivek M Gokhale, Jayashree N Tongaonkar
      Pages: 397 - 400
      Abstract: Rahul H Gujarathi, Vivek M Gokhale, Jayashree N Tongaonkar

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):397-400

      Bordetella pertussis continues to circulate even in countries with good childhood vaccination coverage. Sporadic cases are still observed either due to no vaccination, incomplete vaccination or as a result of failure of vaccination. Though acute in nature it has a longer disease span with multiple life-threatening complications despite adequate management. This study was undertaken to study the effect of Sneha Basti (oil enema) in pertussis in relation to reduction in intensity of cough and complications of the disease when administered along with the conventional pharmacological therapy. Patients with the clinical picture mimicking pertussis were screened, investigated for pertussis and appropriate conventional pharmacological therapy of Erythromycin a preferred antimicrobial agent was started. Concurrently, Sneha Basti was administered to these two children. Both patients showed favourable results in terms of reduction of Kasa (cough) and the disease period with a faster recovery when compared to conventional therapy alone as has been observed routinely. No complications incurred during the complete disease span. It was concluded that if the pharmacological therapy is augmented with the complimentary systems of medicines, it can reduce the prolonged span and intensity of the disease and prevent other complications.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):397-400
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127722
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Comparative physico-chemical profiles of Tugaksheeree (Curcuma
           angustifolia Roxb. and Maranta arundinacea Linn.)

    • Authors: N Rajashekhara, Vinay J Shukla, B Ravishankar, Parameshwar P Sharma
      Pages: 401 - 405
      Abstract: N Rajashekhara, Vinay J Shukla, B Ravishankar, Parameshwar P Sharma

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):401-405

      Tugaksheeree is as an ingredient in many Ayurvedic formulations. The starch obtained from the rhizomes of two plants, is used as Tugaksheeree, Curcuma angustifolia (CA) Roxb. (Family: Zingiberaceae) and Maranta arundinacea (MA) Linn. (Family Marantaceae). In the present study, a comparative physico-analysis of both the drugs has been carried out. The results suggest that the starch from CA and MA has similar organoleptic characters. The percentage of starch content is higher in the rhizome of CA when compared with that of MA and the starch of MA is packed more densely than the starch in CA. The chemical constituents of both the starch and rhizomes are partially similar to each other. Hence, the therapeutic activities may be similar.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):401-405
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127723
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Comparative pharmacognostical and phytochemical study on Bergenia ligulata
           Wall. and Ammania buccifera Linn

    • Authors: Switu Jani, Vinay J Shukla, CR Harisha
      Pages: 406 - 410
      Abstract: Switu Jani, Vinay J Shukla, CR Harisha

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):406-410

      "Pashanbheda0" is a controversial plant. Pharmacopeia considers Bergenia ligulata as official source of Pashanbheda and official substitute is Avera lanta. Review of the literature reveals that 23 different plants are reported in name of "Pashanbheda". Ammania buccifera is an adulterant, which is used in Kerala under the name of Pashanbheda, found in moist places of India. The present study was undertaken to compare the roots of both the plants and to have a brief view point on similarities and dissimilarities between the plants. The pharmacognostical evaluation reveals that the rosette crystals of B. ligulata are bigger in size compared to that of A. buccifera and cork is present in B. ligulata, whereas it is absent in A. buccifera. HPTLC shows similar Rf values of both the drug, The quantitative estimation showed that total phenol content of both the drug was almost equal.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):406-410
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127724
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Comparative physico-chemical profile of Gunja (Abrus precatorius Linn.)
           seeds processed through water and Nimbu Swarasa (lemon juice)

    • Authors: Sudipta Roy, Rabinarayan Acharya, Vinay J Shukla
      Pages: 411 - 416
      Abstract: Sudipta Roy, Rabinarayan Acharya, Vinay J Shukla

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):411-416

      Gunja (Abrus precatorius Linn.), known as Indian liquorice, is reputed as one of the world's most deadly but most beautiful seed belonging to the family Fabaceae, characterised under the Upavisha (semi-poisonous drugs) and used extensively in various Ayurvedic formulations with great therapeutic significance. Ayurveda recommended the administration of Gunja only after proper Shodhana (purification procedures) in different media such as Godugdha (cow's milk), Kanji (sour gruel), etc., Apart from the classical methods, some traditional practitioners use Nimbu Swarasa for the Shodhana of Gunja seeds. In this study, an attempt has been made to carry out Shodhana of Gunja seeds using Nimbu Swarasa and water. This study revealed differences in physico-chemical parameters of purified samples, in comparison to raw drugs.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):411-416
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127725
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Hypoglycemic and anti-hyperglycemic activity of Guduchi Satva in
           experimental animals

    • Authors: Rohit Sharma, Vijay Kumar, BK Ashok, R Galib, Pradeep Kumar Prajapati, B Ravishankar
      Pages: 417 - 420
      Abstract: Rohit Sharma, Vijay Kumar, BK Ashok, R Galib, Pradeep Kumar Prajapati, B Ravishankar

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):417-420

      Over the centuries, herbs have served as a major source of medicines for prevention and treatment of diseases including diabetes mellitus. These herbs are getting more importance around the globe and many studies have provided safety and efficacy of such herbal drugs in different condition. Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia [Willd.] Miers) is reported as highly potent Pramehahara (anti-diabetic) herb in Ayurveda and Guduchi Satva (GS) is popularly used to treat Paittika type of Prameha. In the present study, GS prepared from the stem of T. cordifolia was evaluated for hypoglycemic and anti-hyperglycemic activity in 18 h fasted mice. GS was suspended in distilled water and administered to animals at the dose of 130 mg/kg that showed the marginal reduction in blood sugar level (BSL) at all the time intervals in normoglycemic mice. In anti-hyperglycemic activity, administration of GS prior to glucose over load failed to attenuate BSL at all-time interval in comparison to glucose control group. The study concludes that mild hypoglycemic insignificant anti-hyperglycemic activities of GS.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):417-420
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127726
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Effects of ethanolic extract of Fumaria indica L. on rat cognitive
           dysfunctions

    • Authors: Gireesh Kumar Singh, Geeta Rai, Shyam Sunder Chatterjee, Vikas Kumar
      Pages: 421 - 429
      Abstract: Gireesh Kumar Singh, Geeta Rai, Shyam Sunder Chatterjee, Vikas Kumar

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):421-429

      Fumaria indica L. in Ayurveda is known as Parpat and traditionally used to calm the brain. Due to lack of scientific validation, 50% ethanolic extract of F. indica L. (FI) was evaluated for putative cognitive function modulating effects. Suspension of FI in 0.3% carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) was orally administered to rats during the entire experimental period of 16 days at dose levels of 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg/day. Piracetam was used as standard nootropic. Behavioral models of learning and memory used were modified elevated plus-maze (M-EPM) and passive avoidance (PA) tests. Scopolamine (1 mg/kg, s.c.), sodium nitrite (25 mg/kg, i.p.), and electroconvulsive shock (150 mA, 0.2 sec) were used to induce amnesia . Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, muscarinic receptor density, oxidative status, and cytokine expressions [tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-10] were also assessed. Piracetam (500 mg/kg/day)-like memory-enhancing and anti-amnesic activity of the extract was observed. FI showed dose-dependent decrease in brain AChE activity and increase in muscarinic receptor density, and such was also the case for its observed beneficial effects on the brain antioxidative status. FI also inhibited the scopolamine-induced overexpression of the three tested cytokines observed in rat's brain. FI possesses nootropic-like beneficial effects on cognitive functions.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):421-429
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127727
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Evaluation of intestinal transit time of root and leaves of Ipomea
           sepiaria

    • Authors: Sayani Majumder, BK Ashok, K Nishteswar
      Pages: 430 - 432
      Abstract: Sayani Majumder, BK Ashok, K Nishteswar

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):430-432

      Ipomoea sepiaria Koenig Ex. Roxb is considered to be one of the source plants of the classical herb Lakshmana. In folklore, the herb is well known for its laxative activity. This plant belongs to Convolvulaceae family. It is observed that the plants of this family especially the species of Ipomoea are rich in purgative resins. The present experimental study was carried out to evaluate the effect of leaf and root of I. sepiaria on intestinal transit time on Swiss albino mice and the test drugs were administered in dose of 400 mg/kg. Evaluation of intestinal transit time was carried out by adopting Kaolin expulsion test and latency of onset of kaolin expulsion in fecal matter. The results shows that both root and leaf samples of I. sepiaria have marked intestinal motility enhancing property, among which leaf sample is found to be better. Hence, for the therapeutic purpose leaf can be preferred to get better activity profile and also to prevent destructive harvesting of the plant.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):430-432
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127729
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Antihyperglycemic and antioxidant activity of Clitorea ternatea Linn. on
           streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

    • Authors: Karuna A Talpate, Uma A Bhosale, Mandar R Zambare, Rahul Somani
      Pages: 433 - 439
      Abstract: Karuna A Talpate, Uma A Bhosale, Mandar R Zambare, Rahul Somani

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):433-439

      Ethanol extract of Clitorea ternatea Linn. (EECT) was evaluated for its antihyperglycemic and antioxidative activity in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Antihyperglycemic activity of EECT was studied in normal fasted and glucose fed hyperglycemic and epinephrine induced hyperglycemic rats by estimating fasting serum glucose (FSG) by glucose oxidisae or peroxidase enzymatic method. Antioxidant activity of EECT was studied by assaying lipid peroxide/Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), total nitric oxide, catalase (CAT) and glutathione levels in diabetic rats. The EECT (200 and 400 mg/kg) showed significant antihyperglycemic activity by decreasing FSG in all hyperglycemic models except epinephrine induced hyperglycemic rats; in which improvement in FSG was observed only with EECT in 400 mg/kg dose, whereas significant decrease in TBARS (P < 0.001), nitric oxide (P < 0.001) and significant increase in SOD (P < 0.001), CAT (P < 0.01) and reduced glutathione levels (P < 0.001) was observed in animals treated with EECT (200 and 400 mg/kg) compared to diabetic control group. The results indicated that EECT has remedial effects on hyperglycemia and oxidative stress in diabetic rats.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):433-439
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127730
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • Experimental study on effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Emblica
           officinalis fruits on glucose homeostasis and metabolic parameters

    • Authors: Snehal S Patel, Ramesh K Goyal, Rajendra S Shah, Pravin R Tirgar, Pinakin D Jadav
      Pages: 440 - 444
      Abstract: Snehal S Patel, Ramesh K Goyal, Rajendra S Shah, Pravin R Tirgar, Pinakin D Jadav

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):440-444

      Polyphenols from natural source are potential therapeutics that act alone or supplement anti-diabetic drugs in the prevention and treatment of diabetes. The present investigation was undertaken to study the effect of hydroalcoholic extract (HE) of fruits of Emblica officinalis on type 1 diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (STZ) (45 mg/kg i.v.). HE (100 mg/kg, p.o.) was administered for 4 weeks and at the end of treatment, blood samples were collected and analyzed for various biochemical parameters. STZ produced a diabetic state exhibiting all the cardinal symptoms such as loss of body weight, polydipsia, polyuria, glucosuria, polyphagia, hypoinsulinemia, and hyperglycemia associated with hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia. Treatment with HE prevented cardinal symptoms and caused significant decrease in fasting serum glucose, AUC glucose , cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and very LDL in diabetic rats. However, insulin, AUC insulin , and serum high-density lipoprotein level were not significantly altered by treatment. Treatment also reduced lipid peroxidation and increased anti-oxidant parameters in the liver homogenates of diabetic rats. Polyphenol enriched fraction of HE significantly improved disarranged carbohydrate and lipid metabolism of chemically induced diabetes in rats. The mechanism of its anti-diabetic activity appears to be either improvement in peripheral glucose utilization, increased insulin sensitivity, or anti-oxidant property.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):440-444
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127731
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
  • An in-vitro evaluation of the efficacy of garlic extract as an
           antimicrobial agent on periodontal pathogens: A microbiological study

    • Authors: Sunaina Shetty, Biju Thomas, Veena Shetty, Rahul Bhandary, Raghavendra M Shetty
      Pages: 445 - 451
      Abstract: Sunaina Shetty, Biju Thomas, Veena Shetty, Rahul Bhandary, Raghavendra M Shetty

      AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):445-451

      With the rise in bacterial resistance to antibiotics, there is considerable interest in the development of other classes of antimicrobials for the control of infection. Garlic (Allium sativum Linn.) has been used as medicine since ancient times and has long been known to have antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties. This study was undertaken to assess the inhibitory effect of garlic on Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, to assess the time-kill curve of P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans, and to determine the antiproteolytic activity of garlic on P. gingivalis. Ethanolic garlic extract (EGE) and aqueous garlic extract (AGE) were prepared and the inhibitory effects of these extracts for two periodontal pathogens (P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans) were tested. Antiproteolytic activity on protease of P. gingivalis was determined. 25 microliter (&#956;l), 50 &#956;l, and 75 &#956;l of AGE showed 16 mm, 20 mm, and 25 mm zone of inhibition, respectively, on P. gingivalis. The AGE showed greater bacteriostatic activity against the P. gingivalis with minimum inhibitory concentration determined at 16.6 &#956;l/ml. The time-kill assay of AGE and EGE were compared for P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans. AGE showed better antiproteolytic activity on total protease of P. gingivalis compared to the EGE. Thus, the study concludes the antimicrobial activity of garlic extract against periodontal pathogens, P. gingivalis, A. actinomycetemcomitans. Its action against P. gingivalis includes inhibition of total protease activity, and this raises the possibility that garlic may have therapeutic use for periodontitis and possibly other oral infections.
      Citation: AYU (An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda) 2013 34(4):445-451
      PubDate: Fri,21 Feb 2014
      DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.127732
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2014)
       
 
 
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