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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 182 journals)
Acta Scientiae Veterinariae     Open Access  
Acta Veterinaria     Open Access  
Acta Veterinaria Brno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 246)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Animal Health Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annales UMCS, Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Australian Equine Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Avian Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Diseases Digest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Avian Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access  
BMC Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy     Open Access  
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Equine Veterinary Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Equine Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human & Veterinary Medicine - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ILAR Journal     Hybrid Journal  
In Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Livestock Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
InVet     Open Access  
Irish Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ISRN Veterinary Science     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental and Applied Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access  
Journal of Small Animal Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Veterinary Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Kenya Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
kleintier konkret     Hybrid Journal  
Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Livestock     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Macedonian Veterinary Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
MEDIA PETERNAKAN - Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Medical Mycology Case Reports     Open Access  

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Journal Cover Journal of Small Animal Practice
   [10 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0022-4510 - ISSN (Online) 1748-5827
     Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1604 journals]   [SJR: 0.737]   [H-I: 39]
  • Serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity in acute pancreatitis of dogs
    • Authors: A. Tvarijonaviciute; J. D. García‐Martínez, M. Caldin, S. Martínez‐Subiela, F. Tecles, J. Pastor, J. J. Ceron
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES Serum paraoxonase 1 is considered a marker of inflammation and oxidative damage. The aims of this study were to evaluate changes in serum paraoxonase 1 activity in dogs with acute pancreatitis, to correlate serum paraoxonase 1 activity and other analytes known to be altered in dogs with pancreatitis and to assess the relationship between serum paraoxonase 1 activity and disease severity in dogs with acute pancreatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective analysis of dogs with acute pancreatitis and healthy dogs in which serum paraoxonase 1 activity was measured were compared. RESULTS Median serum paraoxonase 1 activity was significantly lower in dogs with pancreatitis (n = 19) compared to healthy ones (n = 19). Serum paraoxonase 1 activity was negatively correlated with serum lipase and amylase activities, and C‐reactive protein and haptoglobin concentrations and was positively correlated with total cholesterol and glucose concentration. Disease severity was negatively correlated with serum paraoxonase 1 activity and positively correlated with triglyceride and C‐reactive protein concentration. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Serum paraoxonase 1 activity is lower in dogs with acute pancreatitis and together with triglyceride and C‐reactive protein concentrations is a potential marker of disease severity.
      PubDate: 2014-11-14T05:58:57.956671-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12297
  • Vertical forces assessment according to radiographic hip grade in German
           shepherd dogs
    • Authors: A. N. A. Souza; A. C. B. C. F. Pinto, V. Marvulle, J. M. Matera
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To investigate the correlation between radiographic hip grade and kinetic parameters in German shepherd dogs. METHODS Dogs were distributed into five groups of eight dogs each according to hip grade (A, B, C, D or E). Dogs were submitted to clinical evaluation and kinetic analysis. Five valid passages were analysed using data collected from a pressure walkway. Peak vertical force, vertical impulse and stance phase duration were evaluated at velocity (1 · 2 to 1 · 4 m/s) ±0 · 1 m/s2 acceleration. Kinetic data between groups were compared. RESULTS In pelvic limbs, mean peak vertical force decreased progressively from grade C (mild) to grade E (severe) hip dysplasia. The vertical impulse was decreased in groups C and E compared to groups A, B and D; stance phase duration did not differ significantly between groups. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Mean peak vertical force was lower in dogs with severe hip dysplasia compared with mildly dysplastic dogs. These results suggest that hip dysplasia degree can affect lameness severity.
      PubDate: 2014-11-14T05:58:40.832207-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12294
  • Importance of fasting in preparing dogs for abdominal ultrasound
           examination of specific organs
    • Authors: D. A. A. Garcia; T. R. Froes
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To describe the effect of fasting on the technical success of abdominal ultrasonography specifically in respect of examination of the gall bladder, duodenum, pancreas, adrenal glands and portal vein in dogs. METHODS Randomised, prospective study of 150 dogs with a variety of physical characteristics. Animals were divided into two groups of 75 dogs each. Dogs in Group 1 were fasted for 8 to 12 hours before ultrasonographic evaluation and those in Group 2 were not but received food anytime between 10 minutes and 2 hours before the procedure. RESULTS Intraluminal gas can influence the visibility of organs, but intraluminal gas accumulation occurred independently of fasting status. The assessment of abdominal organs was not affected by whether or not an animal was fasted. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Routine fasting of dogs before abdominal ultrasonography is not essential.
      PubDate: 2014-11-07T03:40:21.210228-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12281
  • Surgical management of a traumatic dislocation of the sternum in an
           English bulldog
    • Authors: C. I. Serra; C. Soler, V. Moratalla, V. Sifre, J. I. Redondo
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A nine‐year‐old English bulldog presented with an acute history of dyspnoea, tachycardia and discomfort localising to the ventral thorax following a fall down the stairs that morning. After the dog was stabilised, thoracic radiographs revealed a luxation of the third and fourth sternebrae with dorsal displacement of the caudal segment. The sternum was reduced and stabilised with a contoured 12‐hole 3 · 5‐mm dynamic compression plate applied to the ventral surface of the sternum. The dog's initial recovery was rapid, cardiorespiratory parameters returning to normal in the first 24 hours. For 2 weeks postoperatively the dog exhibited difficulty in rising from a prone position. After this time there was a full recovery. Clinical examination at 8 months postoperatively did not reveal any abnormalities. Telephone follow‐up was performed at 18 months and no complications or cardiorespiratory compromise were reported. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first reported case of a traumatic dislocation of the sternum and its management in the dog.
      PubDate: 2014-11-06T02:35:29.643593-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12289
  • Evaluation of a joint distractor to facilitate arthroscopy of the hip
           joint in dogs
    • Authors: V. Devesa; G. L. Rovesti, P. G. Urrutia, F. San Roman, J. Rodriguez‐Quiros
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To evaluate the technical feasibility and efficacy of a hip joint distraction technique, any potential ligamentous damage linked to the procedure, and the effect of joint venting on the maximum distraction achieved. METHODS Twenty hip joints from 11 canine cadavers were evaluated radiographically by standard and stressed projections. Joint distraction was applied with loads from 40 up to 200 N, in 40 N increments, and fluoroscopic images were obtained at each load. At 200 N, a needle was inserted into the joint to achieve a venting effect, and the space was measured again. Standard and stressed radiographs were performed to evaluate potential laxity changes. RESULTS Distraction caused a significant increase in joint space at each load of distraction, although there were some variations. Joint venting produced a significant increase in joint space. A statistically significant difference in joint laxity evaluated radiographically before and after the procedure was recorded. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Use of the distraction apparatus resulted in an increase in joint space. This could be useful for clinical situations where a larger joint space is required such as for arthroscopic procedures. However, loads in excess of 200 N may induce significant increases in joint laxity.
      PubDate: 2014-11-05T05:00:13.620581-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12279
  • A retrospective survey of ocular abnormalities in pugs: 130 cases
    • Authors: M. Krecny; A. Tichy, J. Rushton, B. Nell
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To determine the types and frequency of ophthalmic findings in pugs. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective analysis of case records of pugs presented to an ophthalmology unit between 2001 and 2012. Ophthalmological findings were correlated with age, gender, presenting signs and time of onset of disease. RESULTS In total, 130 pugs (258 eyes) with a mean (±sd) age of 2 · 8 (±2 · 87) years were examined. Ocular abnormalities identified included keratoconjunctivitis sicca (n = 39 eyes), macroblepharon (n = 258 eyes), entropion (n = 258 eyes), distichiasis (n = 56 eyes), ectopic cilia (n = 8 eyes), conjunctivitis (n = 88 eyes), corneal pigmentation (n = 101 eyes), opacity (n = 63 eyes), ulceration (n = 46 eyes), vascularisation (n = 35 eyes), iris‐to‐iris persistent pupillary membranes (n = 21 eyes) and cataract (n = 18). Keratoconjunctivitis sicca was significantly associated with the presence of corneal pigmentation (P = 0 · 007 for left eyes; P = 0 · 043 for right eyes). However corneal pigmentation was also identified in pugs (n = 61) without keratoconjunctivitis sicca. There was a significant influence of ectopic cilia on corneal ulceration (P < 0 · 001). Younger dogs (mean age, 1 · 28 (±0 · 45) years) were significantly more affected by distichiasis. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE The high number of cases of corneal pigmentation without keratoconjunctivitis sicca suggests that there may be additional yet undetermined factors involved in the development of corneal pigmentation in pugs.
      PubDate: 2014-11-05T02:18:23.317719-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12291
  • The use of rigid endoscopy in the management of acute oropharyngeal stick
    • Authors: W. Robinson; C. Shales, R. N. White
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To evaluate the use of rigid endoscopy in the management of oropharyngeal stick injuries. METHODS Retrospective analysis of case records between 2011 and 2013 from a large referral hospital. Data regarding signalment, clinical presentation, treatment options and final outcomes were recorded. RESULTS Nine dogs were identified with acute oropharyngeal stick injuries. There were seven males and two females and the dogs were of various breeds, ages (1 · 5 to 9 years) and weights (11 · 9 to 38 · 4 kg). The time from injury to referral was between 1 and 3 days (median: 2 days). All dogs were anaesthetised and the tracts explored using a 30° forward‐oblique, 2 · 7‐mm‐diameter, 18‐cm‐length rigid endoscope with corresponding 14 · 5 Fr sheath. The endoscopy was performed under saline irrigation. Foreign material (>1 mm in size) was removed using grasping forceps fed through the sheath. Subsequently, the tracts were re‐inspected and flushed with further saline to confirm that all foreign material had been removed. All dogs recovered uneventfully and had excellent outcomes with no cases representing with chronic manifestations of oropharyngeal stick injuries. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Rigid endoscopy is an effective method for the diagnosis, assessment and, in certain cases, treatment of acute oropharyngeal stick injuries in dogs.
      PubDate: 2014-11-05T02:12:31.550759-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12282
  • Primary penile adenocarcinoma with concurrent hypercalcaemia of malignancy
           in a dog
    • Authors: A. R. R. Furtado; L. Parrinello, M. Merlo, A. Di Bella
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 13‐year‐old male neutered Siberian husky crossbreed dog was presented with a 3‐week history of haematuria and penile swelling. Clinical examination and computed tomography demonstrated a soft‐tissue mass located at the base of the penis without signs of other primary tumours or metastasis. Clinicopathological findings revealed paraneoplastic hypercalcaemia. Fine‐needle aspiration cytology of the mass suggested an epithelial tumour with several criteria of malignancy present. Following surgical excision of the mass, the hypercalcaemia resolved. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry revealed features consistent with an adenocarcinoma. Despite thorough examination, no perineal or anal sac tumour was found. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first reported case of a penile adenocarcinoma with hypercalcaemia of malignancy.
      PubDate: 2014-11-05T02:12:09.499498-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12285
  • A case of type B botulism in a pregnant bitch
    • Authors: A. Lamoureux; C. Pouzot‐Nevoret, C. Escriou
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A two‐year‐old pregnant Gordon setter presented with acute onset of flaccid tetraparesis and respiratory distress. Neurological examination revealed diffuse lower motor neuron dysfunction. Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin B was isolated from the dog's serum. The dog was hospitalised and received supportive care; respiratory function was monitored but positive‐pressure ventilation was not required. Recovery was complete within 1 month and parturition occurred without complication 49 days after admission. The puppies delivered lacked any obvious congenital defects and development during the first few months of life was normal. The source of contamination was suspected to be poorly conserved dry food. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of C. botulinum neurotoxin B isolation in a dog and the first report of botulism in a pregnant bitch.
      PubDate: 2014-11-03T06:05:30.820616-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12290
  • Lethal septic shock after dental scaling in a healthy dog due to
           Ochrobactrum anthropi‐contaminated propofol
    • Authors: P. Franci; G. Dotto, A. Cattai, D. Pasotto
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      PubDate: 2014-10-30T04:12:29.817052-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12284
  • Evaluation of facial expression in acute pain in cats
    • Authors: E. Holden; G. Calvo, M. Collins, A. Bell, J. Reid, E. M. Scott, A. M. Nolan
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To describe the development of a facial expression tool differentiating pain‐free cats from those in acute pain. METHODS Observers shown facial images from painful and pain‐free cats were asked to identify if they were in pain or not. From facial images, anatomical landmarks were identified and distances between these were mapped. Selected distances underwent statistical analysis to identify features discriminating pain‐free and painful cats. Additionally, thumbnail photographs were reviewed by two experts to identify discriminating facial features between the groups. RESULTS Observers (n = 68) had difficulty in identifying pain‐free from painful cats, with only 13% of observers being able to discriminate more than 80% of painful cats. Analysis of 78 facial landmarks and 80 distances identified six significant factors differentiating pain‐free and painful faces including ear position and areas around the mouth/muzzle. Standardised mouth and ear distances when combined showed excellent discrimination properties, correctly differentiating pain‐free and painful cats in 98% of cases. Expert review supported these findings and a cartoon‐type picture scale was developed from thumbnail images. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Initial investigation into facial features of painful and pain‐free cats suggests potentially good discrimination properties of facial images. Further testing is required for development of a clinical tool.
      PubDate: 2014-10-30T04:10:56.920435-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12283
  • Dystrophin‐deficient muscular dystrophy in a Norfolk terrier
    • Authors: E. Beltran; G. D. Shelton, L. T. Guo, R. Dennis, D. Sanchez‐Masian, D. Robinson, L. De Risio
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A six‐month‐old male entire Norfolk terrier was presented with a 3‐month history of poor development, reluctance to exercise and progressive and diffuse muscle atrophy. Serum creatine kinase concentration was markedly elevated. Magnetic resonance imaging of the epaxial muscles revealed asymmetrical streaky signal changes aligned within the muscle fibres (hyperintense on T2‐weighted images and short‐tau inversion recovery with moderate contrast enhancement on T1‐weighted images). Electromyography revealed pseudomyotonic discharges and fibrillation potentials localised at the level of the supraspinatus, epaxial muscles and tibial cranialis muscles. Muscle biopsy results were consistent with dystrophin‐deficient muscular dystrophy. The dog remained stable 7 months after diagnosis with coenzyme Q10 and l‐carnitine; however after that time, there was a marked deterioration and the owners elected euthanasia. This case report describes the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging, electrodiagnostic and histopathological findings with immunohistochemical analysis in a Norfolk terrier with confirmed dystrophin‐deficient muscular dystrophy, which has not been previously described in this breed.
      PubDate: 2014-10-29T07:58:28.656369-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12292
  • Necrotising fasciitis in a domestic shorthair cat – negative
           pressure wound therapy assisted debridement and reconstruction
    • Authors: M. C. Nolff; A. Meyer‐Lindenberg
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 10‐year‐old, domestic shorthair cat was presented for acute lameness of the left forelimb accompanied by severe pain, swelling, skin necrosis, malodorous discharge and pyrexia. Following a presumptive diagnosis of necrotising fasciitis aggressive surgical debridement of the affected soft tissues of the antebrachium and negative pressure wound treatment of the open defect were performed. Surgical findings supported the tentative diagnosis of necrotising fasciitis and Streptococcus canis was isolated from the wound. A free skin graft was performed 29 days after admission, and augmented by 3 days of negative pressure wound therapy to facilitate graft incorporation. Healing was achieved without complications and no functional or aesthetic abnormalities remained.
      PubDate: 2014-10-16T09:28:16.528924-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12275
  • Management of feline distal tibial fractures using a hybrid external
           skeletal fixator
    • Authors: P. G. Witte; M. A. Bush, H. W. Scott
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To document the results of management of feline distal tibial fractures with circular–linear hybrid external skeletal fixators. METHODS Retrospective examination of case records and radiographs of cats with distal tibial fractures managed with hybrid external skeletal fixators. Signalment, pre‐operative fracture conformation, post‐operative fracture reduction, implant complications, time to tibial and fibular fracture healing and time to hybrid external skeletal fixators removal were analysed. RESULTS Case records of eight cats were reviewed and included three closed fractures and five type 1 open fractures. Post‐operative fracture reduction was considered appropriate in all cases. Healing of five tibial fractures was complete and hybrid external skeletal fixators were removed within a mean of 13 weeks. Healing of the fibular fracture was complete within a mean of 12 · 1 weeks. Three tibial fractures demonstrated non‐union and were revised after a mean duration of 24 weeks. All three non‐union fractures were open on presentation. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Feline distal tibial fractures may be managed with hybrid external skeletal fixators, however, non‐union still occurs. In this study type I open feline distal tibial fractures appeared more likely to develop non‐union.
      PubDate: 2014-10-09T02:17:47.630702-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12277
  • Computed tomographic findings in 44 dogs and 10 cats with grass seed
           foreign bodies
    • Authors: D. P. Vansteenkiste; K. C. L. Lee, C. R. Lamb
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To supplement recent reports of computed tomographic (CT) findings in dogs and cats with grass seed foreign bodies. METHODS Retrospective review of cases that had CT scan and subsequent retrieval of a grass seed during the same period of hospitalisation from a site included in the scan. RESULTS Records of 44 dogs and 10 cats were reviewed. Most were presented in the months July to December. Median duration of clinical signs was 4 weeks (range 2 days to 2 years). The most frequent clinical signs were soft tissue swelling (30% cases), coughing (28%), sneezing (28%) and discharge (26%). Grass seeds were retrieved from the thorax (35% cases), nasal cavity (31%), ear (7%), other sites in the head and neck (22%), sublumbar muscles (2%) and pelvic limb (2%). The grass seed was visible in CT images in 10 (19%) cases. Secondary lesions were visible in CT images of 52 (96%) cases, including collection of exudate (37%), abscess (24%), enlarged lymph nodes (22%) and pulmonary consolidation (20%). CT images appeared normal in 4% animals. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Grass seeds within the respiratory tract are frequently visible in CT images, but in general CT appears to be more useful for localisation of secondary lesions than as a method of definite diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2014-10-07T07:13:17.79456-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12278
  • Recommendations on vaccination for Asian small animal practitioners: a
           report of the WSAVA Vaccination Guidelines Group
    • Authors: M. J. Day; U. Karkare, R. D. Schultz, R. Squires, H. Tsujimoto
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: In 2012 and 2013, the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) Vaccination Guidelines Group (VGG) undertook fact‐finding visits to several Asian countries, with a view to developing advice for small companion animal practitioners in Asia related to the administration of vaccines to dogs and cats. The VGG met with numerous first opinion practitioners, small animal association leaders, academic veterinarians, government regulators and industry representatives and gathered further information from a survey of almost 700 veterinarians in India, China, Japan and Thailand. Although there were substantial differences in the nature and magnitude of the challenges faced by veterinarians in each country, and also differences in the resources available to meet those challenges, overall, the VGG identified insufficient undergraduate and postgraduate training in small companion animal microbiology, immunology and vaccinology. In most of the countries, there has been little academic research into small animal infectious diseases. This, coupled with insufficient laboratory diagnostic support, has limited the growth of knowledge concerning the prevalence and circulating strains of key infectious agents in most of the countries visited. Asian practitioners continue to recognise clinical infections that are now considered uncommon or rare in western countries. In particular, canine rabies virus infection poses a continuing threat to animal and human health in this region. Both nationally manufactured and international dog and cat vaccines are variably available in the Asian countries, but the product ranges are small and dominated by multi‐component vaccines with a licensed duration of immunity (
      DOI ) of only 1 year, or no description of
      DOI . Asian practitioners are largely unaware of current global trends in small animal vaccinology or of the WSAVA vaccination guidelines. Consequently, most practitioners continue to deliver annual revaccination with both core and non‐core vaccines to adult animals, with little understanding that “herd immunity” is more important than frequent revaccination of individual animals within the population. In this paper, the VGG presents the findings of this project and makes key recommendations for the Asian countries. The VGG recommends that (1) Asian veterinary schools review and increase as needed the amount of instruction in small animal vaccinology within their undergraduate curriculum and increase the availability of pertinent postgraduate education for practitioners; (2) national small animal veterinary associations, industry veterinarians and academic experts work together to improve the scientific evidence base concerning small animal infectious diseases and vaccination in their countries; (3) national small animal veterinary associations take leadership in providing advice to practitioners based on improved local knowledge and global vaccination guidelines; (4) licensing authorities use this enhanced evidence base to inform and support the registration of improved vaccine product ranges for use in their countries, ideally with
      DOI for core vaccines similar or equal to those of equivalent products available in western countries (i.e. 3 or 4 years). The VGG also endorses the efforts made by Asian governments, non‐governmental organisations and veterinary practitioners in working towards the goal of global elimination of canine rabies virus infection. In this paper, the VGG offers both a current pragmatic and future aspirational approach to small animal vaccination in Asia. As part of this project, the VGG delivered continuing education to over 800 Asian practitioners at seven events in four countries. Accompanying this document is a list of 80 frequently asked questions (with answers) that arose during these discussions. The VGG believes that this information will be of particular value to Asian veterinarians as they move towards implementing global trends in small companion animal vaccinology.
      PubDate: 2014-10-07T07:10:57.628995-05:
  • Chest wall reconstruction with latissimus dorsi and an autologous
           thoracolumbar fascia graft in a dog
    • Authors: A. de Battisti; G. Polton, M. de Vries, E. Friend
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A new technique for autogenous chest wall reconstruction using a latissimus dorsi muscle flap and a free graft of thoracolumbar fascia was utilised in a two‐year‐old Dobermann after resection of a high‐grade osteosarcoma from the left thoracic wall. En bloc excision of the chest wall mass, including six ribs, was performed. The resulting chest wall defect was too large to be reconstructed with only a pedicled muscle flap and was reconstructed with a latissimus dorsi muscle flap cranially and a free graft of thoracolumbar fascia caudally. The graft was harvested easily, and there was no donor site morbidity or postoperative complications. A free graft of thoracolumbar fascia can be considered as an option to supplement autogenous reconstruction of the chest wall.
      PubDate: 2014-09-16T01:29:14.208807-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12270
  • Murmur intensity in small‐breed dogs with myxomatous mitral valve
           disease reflects disease severity
    • Authors: I. Ljungvall; M. Rishniw, F. Porciello, L. Ferasin, D. G. Ohad
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To determine whether murmur intensity in small‐breed dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease reflects clinical and echocardiographic disease severity. METHODS Retrospective multi‐investigator study. Records of adult dogs Ä20 kg with myxomatous mitral valve disease were examined. Murmur intensity and location were recorded and compared with echocardiographic variables and functional disease status. Murmur intensities in consecutive categories were compared for prevalences of congestive heart failure, pulmonary hypertension and cardiac remodelling. RESULTS 578 dogs [107 with “soft” (30 Grade I/VI and 77 II/VI), 161 with “moderate” (Grade III/VI), 160 with “loud” (Grade IV/VI) and 150 with “thrilling” (Grade V/VI or VI/VI) murmurs] were studied. No dogs with soft murmurs had congestive heart failure, and 90% had no remodelling. However, 56% of dogs with “moderate”, 29% of dogs with “loud” and 8% of dogs with “thrilling” murmurs and subclinical myxomatous mitral valve disease also had no remodelling. Probability of a dog having congestive heart failure or pulmonary hypertension increased with increasing murmur intensity. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE A 4‐level murmur grading scheme separated clinically meaningful outcomes in small‐breed dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease. Soft murmurs in small‐breed dogs are strongly indicative of subclinical heart disease. Thrilling murmurs are associated with more severe disease. Other murmurs are less informative on an individual basis.
      PubDate: 2014-09-12T00:59:24.57635-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12265
  • Use of silicone tracheal stoma stents for temporary tracheostomy in dogs
           with upper airway obstruction
    • Authors: T. Trinterud; P. Nelissen, R. A. S. White
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To report the use of silicone tracheal stoma stents for temporary tracheostomy in dogs with upper airway obstruction. METHODS Retrospective review of medical records for dogs in which silicone tracheal stoma stents were placed. RESULTS Eighteen dogs had a silicone tracheal stoma stent placed for maintenance of a tracheostomy stoma for periods ranging from three hours to eight months. No intra‐operative or immediate postoperative complications were recorded. In 11 dogs the stent was removed by simple traction after a period ranging from 36 hours to 6 weeks, and the tracheal stoma was left to heal by second intention. Five of the 18 dogs were determined as being tracheostomy dependent and underwent conversion to permanent tracheostomy after a period ranging from five days to eight months following stent placement. One dog was euthanased after three months, with the stent still in place, because of poor respiratory function, and one dog died of unrelated reasons. In 6 of 10 dogs (60%) where the stent was in place for five days or more, granulation tissue formation caused dislodgement of the stent. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Silicone tracheal stoma stents may be used as an alternative to conventional tracheostomy tubes in selected dogs with upper airway obstruction. Long‐term use of the stent beyond five days is not recommended because of granulation tissue formation. The long‐term consequences of partial tracheal ring resection are unknown.
      PubDate: 2014-09-11T05:59:07.804001-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12267
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal sacs in three dogs
    • Authors: S. Mellett; S. Verganti, S. Murphy, K. Bowlt
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Anal sac squamous cell carcinoma is rare in dogs. Five cases have been previously reported, treatment of which involved surgery alone. This report describes three further cases of canine anal sac squamous cell carcinoma which underwent medical (meloxicam) management alone, resulting in survival of up to seven months. No metastases were identified. Squamous cell carcinoma, although extremely uncommon, should be considered as a possible differential diagnosis when a dog is presented for investigation of an anal sac mass.
      PubDate: 2014-09-11T05:55:06.986043-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12264
  • A skeletal disorder in a dog resembling the Klippel–Feil Syndrome
           with Sprengel's Deformity in humans
    • Authors: G. Bertolini; M. Trotta, M. Caldin
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A five‐year‐old intact male golden retriever dog was evaluated for cervical pain and right hemiparesis. Clinical and computed tomography features suggested a caudal cervical instability and myelopathy due to a cervicoscapular malformation resembling the human Klippel–Feil Syndrome with Sprengel Deformity, a rare complex congenital disorder. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing of MEOX1, PAX1 and FGFR3 genes were performed in this dog to investigate a possible underlying genetic predisposition, but no mutations were detected in the coding regions of the three target genes evaluated. Other genes can be involved in this condition in dogs and require further investigation. This report describes a cervical vertebral fusion and complex scapular anomaly in a dog. The presence of an omovertebral bone should be considered in the setting of signs characteristic of myelopathy in dogs with or without obvious skeletal deformity.
      PubDate: 2014-09-05T01:18:04.723892-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12268
  • Management of an infected cementless cup with prosthetic retention and
           antibiotic therapy in a dog
    • Authors: B. J. Dan; S. E. Kim, A. Pozzi
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A two‐year‐old Rottweiler presented for acute onset of a right hindlimb lameness 20 weeks after a cementless total hip replacement (THR) and 16 weeks after open reduction to address luxation of the THR. Radiographs revealed periosteal proliferation of the medial acetabulum and a stable implant. Synovial fluid cytology was consistent with inflammatory joint fluid. Treatment consisted of surgical debridement and intravenous and oral antibiotics. THR implants were not removed. Culture of tissue removed from the THR site yielded growth of Pseudomonas and Staphylococcus species. Lameness resolved 2 months after surgery. Twenty months after surgery, the dog was exercising normally with no clinical lameness and pelvic radiographs revealed no evidence of implant loosening and markedly decreased periosteal reaction. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of an infected THR site successfully treated without prosthesis explantation in the dog.
      PubDate: 2014-08-11T06:33:24.855463-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12261
  • Hepatic fungal infection in a young beagle with unrecognised hereditary
           cobalamin deficiency (Imerslund‐Gräsbeck syndrome)
    • Authors: P. H. Kook; M. Drögemüller, T. Leeb, S. Hinden, M. Ruetten, J. Howard
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 12‐month‐old beagle presented for anorexia, pyrexia and vomiting. The dog had been treated intermittently with antibiotics and corticosteroids for inappetence and lethargy since five months of age. Previous laboratory abnormalities included macrocytosis and neutropenia. At presentation, the dog was lethargic, febrile and thin. Laboratory examination findings included anaemia, a left shift, thrombocytopenia, hypoglycaemia and hyperbilirubinaemia. Multiple, small, hypoechoic, round hepatic lesions were observed on abdominal ultrasound. Cytological examination of hepatic fine needle aspirates revealed a fungal infection and associated pyogranulomatous inflammation. The dog's general condition deteriorated despite supportive measures and treatment with fluconazole, and owners opted for euthanasia before hypocobalaminaemia was identified. Subsequent genomic analysis revealed a CUBN:c.786delC mutation in a homozygous state, confirming hereditary cobalamin malabsorption (Imerslund‐Gräsbeck syndrome). Similar to human infants, dogs with Imerslund‐Gräsbeck syndrome may rarely be presented for infectious diseases, distracting focus from the underlying primary disorder.
      PubDate: 2014-08-08T04:37:26.536647-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12251
  • Mesenteric‐reno‐caval shunt in an aged dog
    • Authors: Swan Specchi; Pascaline Pey, Romain Javard, Isabelle Caron, Giovanna Bertolini
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      PubDate: 2014-08-07T01:22:39.63107-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12255
  • Pancreatic surgical biopsy in 24 dogs and 19 cats: postoperative
           complications and clinical relevance of histological findings
    • Authors: K. M. Pratschke; J. Ryan, A. McAlinden, G. McLauchlan
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To assess the immediate postoperative complications associated with pancreatic biopsy in dogs and cats and review the clinical relevance of biopsy findings. METHODS Retrospective review of clinical records from two referral institutions for cases undergoing pancreatic biopsy between 2000 and 2013. RESULTS Twenty‐four dogs and 19 cats that had surgical pancreatic biopsy had sufficient detail in their clinical records and fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Postoperative complications were seen in 10 cases of which 5 were suggestive of post‐surgical pancreatitis. Two patients were euthanased within 10 days of surgery because of the underlying disease; neither suffered postoperative complications. Pancreatic pathology was found in 19 cases, 7 cases showed no change other than benign pancreatic nodular hyperplasia, and no abnormalities were seen in 18 cases. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Complications may be encountered following surgical pancreatic biopsy, although the risk should be minimal with good surgical technique. Pancreatic biopsy may provide a useful contribution to case management but it is not clear whether a negative pancreatic biopsy should be used to rule out pancreatic disease. Dogs were more likely to have no significant pathology found on pancreatic biopsy than cats, where chronic pancreatitis was the most common finding.
      PubDate: 2014-08-06T07:37:13.659883-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12262
  • Extended proximal trochleoplasty for the correction of bidirectional
           patellar luxation in seven Pomeranian dogs
    • Authors: C. Wangdee; H. A. W. Hazewinkel, J. Temwichitr, L. F. H. Theyse
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Seven Pomeranians with bidirectional patellar luxation (BPL) were prospectively studied regarding aetiology and results of a new surgical technique. Radiographic evaluation of the ratio between patellar ligament length and patellar bone length revealed no differences between Pomeranians with bidirectional patellar luxation and healthy stifle joints. Functional rather than anatomic patella alta might be associated with bidirectional patellar luxation in Pomeranians. The surgical outcome of extended proximal trochleoplasty was good‐to‐excellent in 87·5% of the stifles and all dogs achieved functional recovery. There was only minimal radiographic progression of osteophyte formation at 48 weeks after surgery. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report on bidirectional patellar luxation in small breed dogs and its successful surgical treatment.
      PubDate: 2014-07-10T00:36:24.751178-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12248
  • Inflammatory and oxidative biomarkers of disease severity in dogs with
           parvoviral enteritis
    • Authors: M. Kocaturk; A. Tvarijonaviciute, S. Martinez‐Subiela, F. Tecles, O. Eralp, Z. Yilmaz, J. J. Ceron
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To study changes in serum C‐reactive protein, haptoglobin, ceruloplasmin and albumin concentration, total anti‐oxidant capacity and paraoxonase‐1 and butyrylcholinesterase activity in dogs with parvoviral enteritis of different degrees of clinical severity. METHODS Prospective study of 9 healthy and 43 dogs with parvoviral enteritis that were classified into mildly, moderately and affected groups. RESULTS Dogs with parvoviral enteritis had a significant increase in C‐reactive protein compared with healthy dogs, with an increase of higher magnitude in animals with more severe clinical signs. All dogs with parvoviral enteritis had a significant increase in haptoglobin concentration compared with healthy dogs, but with no difference according to disease severity. There was a decrease in paraoxonase‐1 activity in parvoviral enteritis. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Major increases of C‐reactive protein concentrations in dogs with parvoviral enteritis are a marker of disease severity. In addition, higher values for anti‐oxidants in severe cases compared with mild and moderate cases suggest a possible compensatory anti‐oxidant mechanism.
      PubDate: 2014-07-10T00:35:20.627735-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12250
  • Advanced diagnostic imaging and surgical treatment of an odontogenic
           retromasseteric abscess in a guinea pig
    • Authors: V. Capello; A. Lennox
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A two‐year‐old guinea pig presented for difficulty chewing. Examination and diagnostic imaging, including computed tomography and magnetic resonance, revealed an odontogenic retromasseteric abscess associated with a mandibular cheek tooth. Treatment included removal of the abscess and marsupialisation of the surgical site for repeated debridement and healing by second intention. Unique features of this case included the use of advanced diagnostic imaging and utilisation of marsupialisation for surgical correction.
      PubDate: 2014-07-10T00:35:03.853415-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12249
  • Prepuce and partial penile amputation for treatment of preputial gland
           neoplasia in two ferrets
    • Authors: Y. R. A. van Zeeland; A. Lennox, J. F. Quinton, N. J. Schoemaker
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Preputial tumours in ferrets are frequently malignant and therefore warrant prompt investigation. As many cases do not respond favourably to surgery, even in combination with radiation therapy, wide surgical resection has been recommended. Such a procedure may necessitate partial or total penile resection but outcomes have thus far not been well described. The current case series describes two ferrets in which surgical resection, including penile amputation, was performed using 10 and 5 mm margins, respectively. In the first case, no recurrence of preputial gland adenocarcinoma was noted for 32 months postsurgery, whereas multiple attempts at surgery and radiation therapy were unsuccessful in the second. These cases suggest that margins of at least 1 cm may help achieve a better outcome. Penile amputation for the treatment of preputial tumours appears to be well tolerated by ferrets, as demonstrated by these cases.
      PubDate: 2014-06-24T10:18:56.512299-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12243
  • Reverse TPLO for asymmetrical -premature closure of the proximal tibial
           physis in a dog
    • Authors: R. M. Demianiuk; L. P. Guiot
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 4 · 5-month-old, 13 · 8 kg, female neutered mixed breed dog was presented for evaluation of acute non-weight bearing right pelvic limb lameness. Radiographs revealed a tibial tuberosity avulsion fracture for which open reduction/internal fixation was performed. Asymmetrical premature closure of the cranial aspect of the proximal tibial physis ensued with a tibial plateau angle of −12°. Abnormal stifle biomechanics resulted in lameness and caudal cruciate ligament fraying. Tibial plateau -levelling osteotomy was performed in standard fashion with the exception that the proximal tibial -fragment was rotated cranioproximally to increase the tibial plateau angle from −12° to +5° (reverse tibial -plateau levelling osteotomy). Normal healing and resolution of lameness followed and the dog remained -clinically healthy 2 years postoperatively. This case report demonstrates that any change in proximal tibial anatomy, whether traumatic, iatrogenic or with therapeutic intent, can cause altered stifle biomechanics and should not be underestimated. Surgical management through corrective -osteotomy can be used to restore adequate function.
      PubDate: 2014-06-24T08:34:53.146154-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12245
  • Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of canine uropathogens in
           Northern Belgium: a retrospective study (2010 to 2012)
    • Authors: Delphine Criel; Joachim Steenbergen, Michel Stalpaert
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      PubDate: 2014-04-07T02:26:05.089305-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12221
  • Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome: a growing problem
    • Authors: Terry Emmerson
      Pages: 543 - 544
      PubDate: 2014-10-29T00:33:14.550406-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12286
  • Linear versus non‐linear gastrointestinal foreign bodies in 499
           dogs: clinical presentation, management and short‐term outcome
    • Authors: M. M. Hobday; G. E. Pachtinger, K. J. Drobatz, R. S. Syring
      Pages: 560 - 565
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To compare clinical signs, clinicopathological abnormalities, imaging findings and outcome of dogs with linear and non‐linear foreign bodies in the gastrointestinal tract. METHODS Retrospective review of case records of dogs with a confirmed diagnosis of gastrointestinal foreign body. Signalment, history, clinical signs, clinicopathological data, diagnostic imaging studies, surgical and endoscopic procedures, hospital stay, costs and outcome were compared between groups. RESULTS A total of 176 dogs had linear and 323 had non‐linear foreign bodies. Dogs with a linear foreign body were more likely to have a history of vomiting, anorexia, lethargy and pain on abdominal palpation. They were also more likely to have the foreign body anchored in the stomach and continuing into the small intestine, experience intestinal necrosis, perforation and peritonitis, and require intestinal resection and anastamosis. The duration of hospitalisation was longer for dogs with linear foreign body (3 versus 2 days), and the cost of treatment was 10% higher. However, in both groups, 96% of dogs survived to hospital discharge. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Dogs with a linear foreign body had more severe clinical signs and gastrointestinal pathology, and an increased duration of hospitalisation and cost of care. However, overall survival rates were not different in dogs with linear and non‐linear foreign bodies.
      PubDate: 2014-10-29T00:33:11.537986-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12271
  • A 6‐month observational study of changes in objectively measured
           physical activity during weight loss in dogs
    • Authors: R. Morrison; J. J. Reilly, V. Penpraze, E. Pendlebury, P. S. Yam
      Pages: 566 - 570
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To evaluate long‐term changes in physical activity and sedentary behaviour during weight loss in dogs. METHODS Sixteen overweight and obese dogs undergoing a 6‐month calorie‐controlled weight‐loss programme wore Actigraph GT3X accelerometers (Actigraph, FL) for three consecutive days each month for the duration of the programme. Total volume of physical activity and time spent in sedentary behaviour, light‐moderate intensity physical activity and vigorous intensity physical activity were extracted from the accelerometer data and compared from baseline to month 6. RESULTS Valid accelerometry data were returned for 14 of 16 dogs. Mean percentage weight loss over 6 months was 15% of initial bodyweight. There was no marked increase in any of the physical activity outcomes or reduction in sedentary behaviour. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Substantial weight loss was not associated with a spontaneous increase in physical activity or reduction in sedentary behaviour. Although the dogs in this study lost a substantial amount of bodyweight without a measured increase in physical activity, dog owners should still be encouraged to facilitate increased physical activity in their dogs owing to the wide range of benefits associated with physical activity other than weight loss.
      PubDate: 2014-10-29T00:33:12.853038-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12273
  • Facial abscess in a rabbit secondary to sewing‐pin ingestion and
           cheek perforation
    • Authors: Sara Pagliarani; Valeria Del Duca, Paolo Selleri, Nicola Di Girolamo
      Pages: 597 - 597
      PubDate: 2014-10-29T00:33:12.357787-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12287
  • Oral infestation with leech Limnatis nilotica in two mixed‐breed
    • Authors: S. M. Rajaei; H. Khorram, M. Ansari Mood, S. Mashhadi Rafie, D. L. Williams
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Leeches are bloodsucking hermaphroditic parasites that attach to tissues using two muscular suckers, ingest large amounts of blood and may cause severe anaemia in the host. Two four‐month‐old mixed‐breed dogs (one bitch and one male) were referred with anorexia, retching, hypersalivation and bleeding from the oral cavity. On physical examination, two live leeches were detected on the ventral aspect of the tongue of the bitch and one in a similar position in the male. The leeches were gently detached and removed using Adson tissue forceps after applying vinegar over the area. Microcytic hypochromic anaemia was detected in the bitch and mild leukocytosis in the dog. One month after treatment both animals were re‐examined and a complete blood count was normal. Given that infestation with leeches as described here is associated with contaminated water, the use of clean and safe drinking water is recommended to avoid such diseases.
      PubDate: 2013-12-10T02:14:48.813786-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12166
  • Carbimazole‐associated hypersensitivity vasculitis in a cat
    • Authors: K. Bowlt; I. Cattin, J. Stewart
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Feline hyperthyroidism can be treated medically, surgically or with radioactive iodine. Carbimazole inhibits both triiodothyronine and thyroxine synthesis in the thyroid gland and reported side effects include mild eosinophilia, leucopenia and lymphocytosis, thrombocytopenia, elevated liver enzyme activities, gastrointestinal signs and skin abnormalities. This case report describes a cat with carbimazole‐associated apparent hypersensitivity vasculitis causing digital and tail necrosis, with multiple renal infarcts. Withdrawal of carbimazole resulted in stable disease.
      PubDate: 2013-11-21T01:40:22.666913-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12154
  • Potassium bromide‐associated panniculitis
    • Authors: N. A. Boynosky; L. B. Stokking
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Two cases of panniculitis associated with administration of potassium bromide in dogs are reported. Both dogs were treated with potassium bromide for idiopathic epilepsy for over 1 year. Dose increases in both cases were associated with panniculitis, characterised by painful subcutaneous nodules in a generalised distribution over the trunk. Nodule eruption waxed and waned in one dog and was persistent in the other. In both cases, panniculitis was accompanied by lethargy and pyrexia. Panniculitis, lethargy and pyrexia resolved and failed to recur after discontinuation of potassium bromide. No other cause of panniculitis could be determined for either dog. Panniculitis has been reported after administration of potassium bromide in humans and may be a form of drug‐induced erythema nodosum. To the authors’ knowledge, these are the first reports of potassium bromide‐associated panniculitis in dogs.
      PubDate: 2013-09-06T04:06:41.817477-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12129
  • Femoral fracture repair and sciatic and femoral nerve blocks in a guinea
    • Authors: J. Aguiar; G. Mogridge, J. Hall
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A four‐month‐old, entire male guinea pig was presented for surgical repair of a closed oblique femoral fracture. Analgesia was provided with 30 µg/kg buprenorphine intramuscularly (im) four times a day and 0 · 3 mg/kg meloxicam subcutaneously once a day. The following day, anaesthesia was induced and maintained with 100 µg/kg medetomidine im, 20 mg/kg ketamine im, 30 µg/kg buprenorphine im and isoflurane in oxygen. Femoral and sciatic nerve blocks were performed with bupivacaine. The fracture was reduced and aligned using an intramedullary 1 · 4 mm K‐wire and a 3 metric polydioxanone cerclage. Three weeks postoperatively remodelling and callus formation was documented, with no evidence of complications. Complete union was present 14 weeks postoperatively.
      PubDate: 2013-02-09T07:45:15.818435-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12033
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