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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 211 journals)
Showing 1 - 63 of 63 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Scientiae Veterinariae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Brasilica     Open Access  
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Animal Reproduction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências Veterinárias e Zoologia da UNIPAR     Open Access  
Ars Veterinaria     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Equine Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Avian Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Avian Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Veterinarian     Open Access  
BMC Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy     Open Access  
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Equine Veterinary Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Equine Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
FAVE Sección Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Folia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Frontiers in Veterinary Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
GISAP : Biology, Veterinary Medicine and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human & Veterinary Medicine - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ILAR Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
In Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Indonesia Medicus Veterinus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Irish Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research     Open Access  
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Small Animal Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kenya Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
kleintier konkret     Hybrid Journal  
Livestock     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Macedonian Veterinary Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Media Peternakan - Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Medical Mycology Case Reports     Open Access  
Medicina Veterinária (UFRPE)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Microbes and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
New Zealand Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
New Zealand Veterinary Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nigerian Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Open Access Animal Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira     Open Access  
pferde spiegel     Hybrid Journal  
Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pratique Médicale et Chirurgicale de l'Animal de Compagnie     Full-text available via subscription  
Preventive Veterinary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
REDVET. Revista Electrónica de Veterinaria     Open Access  
Reproduction in Domestic Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Research in Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Veterinária     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Reprodução Animal     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista Científica     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Complutense de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência em Animais de Laboratório     Open Access  
Revista de Ciência Veterinária e Saúde Pública     Open Access  
Revista de Educação Continuada em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Perú     Open Access  
Revista de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista MVZ Córdoba     Open Access  
Revista Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
Revue Vétérinaire Clinique     Full-text available via subscription  
SA Stud Breeder / SA Stoetteler     Full-text available via subscription  
Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde     Hybrid Journal  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Scientific Journal of Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Small Ruminant Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
South African Journal of Wildlife Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Tanzania Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
team.konkret     Open Access  
The Dairy Mail     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Theriogenology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tierärztliche Praxis Großtiere     Hybrid Journal  
Tierärztliche Praxis Kleintiere     Hybrid Journal  
Topics in Companion Animal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Tropical Animal Health and Production     Hybrid Journal  
Tropical Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Veterinaria     Open Access  
Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  
Veterinária em Foco     Open Access  
Veterinaria México     Open Access  
Veterinária Notícias     Open Access  
Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Veterinary and Comparative Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology (VCOT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Veterinary Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Veterinary Medicine and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Veterinary Medicine International     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Veterinary Medicine: Research and Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Veterinary Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Veterinary Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Veterinary Nursing Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Veterinary Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Veterinary Parasitology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Parasitology : Regional Studies and Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
Veterinary Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Veterinary Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 4)

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Journal Cover Journal of Small Animal Practice
  [SJR: 0.615]   [H-I: 51]   [16 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0022-4510 - ISSN (Online) 1748-5827
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1589 journals]
  • A study to evaluate the primary causes associated with Pseudomonas otitis
           in 60 dogs
    • Authors: S. Paterson; W. Matyskiewicz
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo evaluate the primary causes, age of onset and time from diagnosis of otitis to development of Pseudomonas otitis in each case.Materials and MethodsData from clinical records of 60 dogs were extracted to address the study objectives. Pseudomonas otitis was diagnosed by clinical signs and positive culture.ResultsIn total, 57 purebred dogs and three crossbreed dogs were included: 32 dogs had unilateral and 28 bilateral disease. Underlying primary causes of otitis were allergy (42), masses (8), endocrine disease (7) and autoimmune disease (3). The mean age of onset of otitis (and subsequent time to development of Pseudomonas otitis) in dogs with allergic otitis was 40 months (28 months), with endocrine disease was 56 months (19 months) and masses 99 months (10 months).Clinical SignificanceThe most common primary causes of otitis in dogs with Pseudomonas infections are, in decreasing frequency: allergies, masses, endocrine disease and autoimmune disease. Secondary infections with Pseudomonas developed more quickly if there was a mass or autoimmune disease, as compared with allergies and endocrinopathies.
      PubDate: 2018-01-11T04:10:22.061484-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12813
  • Histopathological frequency of feline hepatobiliary disease in the UK
    • Authors: W. A. Bayton; C. Westgarth, T. Scase, D. J. Price, N. H. Bexfield
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo determine the histopathological frequency of feline hepatobiliary diseases in the UK and to identify breed, age and gender predispositions to developing individual diseases.MethodsHistopathology results from 1452 feline liver biopsies were assessed. A control population of microchipped cats was used for breed comparison. Data were retrospectively categorised into hepatobiliary diseases according to World Small Animal Veterinary Association standards. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated to determine breed predispositions to the 10 most frequent diseases. Gender and age distributions were also evaluated.ResultsThe most frequent diseases based on histopathology were neutrophilic cholangitis (20·5%), reactive hepatitis (20·4%), reversible hepatocellular injury (8·4%), lymphocytic cholangitis (6·8%), biliary cysts (5·7%), acute hepatitis (5·6%), haematopoietic neoplasia (5·6%), hepatocellular neoplasia (4·9%), congenital portosystemic shunt (3·8%) and cholangiocellular neoplasia (3·1%). Some previously unreported breed and age predispositions were identified.Clinical significanceThis is the first study to document the histopathological frequency of hepatobiliary diseases in a large cohort of cats in the UK, as well as novel breed and age predispositions. These data may help increase the index of suspicion of a particular disease in the absence of a biopsy-confirmed diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10T05:34:22.534208-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12810
  • Evaluation of oscillometric blood pressure monitor BLT M9000 VET in
           anaesthetised healthy adult dogs
    • Authors: P. Zrimšek; J. Sredenšek, M. Vengušt, A. Seliškar
      Abstract: To examine agreement in anaesthetised dogs between invasive blood pressure measurements and measurements obtained with an oscillometric blood pressure monitor.Materials and MethodsPaired invasive and oscillometric measurements were taken in 24 dogs every 5 minutes during anaesthesia (9 to 37 measurements per dog). Agreement between measurement methods was explored using Bland–Altman plots. To determine the accuracy of the oscillometric measurements, the results were compared with the guidelines recommended by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine and the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation.ResultsIn total, 493 paired readings were obtained: 98·6% of oscillometric readings were successful. Biases (±standard deviation) for oscillometric readings of systolic arterial blood pressure and mean arterial blood pressure were 2·1 (±11·5) and −9·8 (±7·6) mm Hg, indicating slight over- and under-estimation, respectively, versus invasive measurements. More than 50% and 80% of systolic arterial and mean arterial pressure measurements were within 10 and 20 mmHg of invasively measured values, respectively. A large negative bias (−14·1 ±9·2 mmHg) against invasive measurements revealed that the oscillometric measures of diastolic arterial blood pressure measurements were under-estimated.Clinical SignificanceIn healthy adult anaesthetised dogs, this oscillometric monitor met the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine requirements for systolic arterial and mean arterial pressure measurement but failed to meet the requirements for the measurement of diastolic arterial pressure.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10T03:01:18.580773-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12811
  • A case of canine intestinal obstruction due to ingestion of a
           superabsorbent polymer bead
    • Authors: K. R. Barrand
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T11:10:42.025048-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12812
  • Salmonella serotypes isolated in geckos kept in seven collections in
           southern Italy
    • Authors: T. P. Russo; L. Varriale, L. Borrelli, A. Pace, M. Latronico, L. F. Menna, A. Fioretti, L. Dipineto
      Abstract: ObjectivesReptiles are considered an important reservoir of Salmonella species. This study evaluated the prevalence of Salmonella species in different species of gecko kept as pets in Italy.Materials and MethodsFaecal swab samples were collected from 70 clinically healthy geckos and examined for Salmonella species by culture that were then serotyped.ResultsSalmonella species were isolated from 24 of 70 (34·3%) samples. Eighteen isolates expressed resistance to ceftazidime and four isolates to ampicillin.Clinical SignificanceSalmonella spp. can be isolated from apparently healthy captive gecko which should be considered as a potential source of infection for humans and other companion animals.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T10:45:30.064939-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12808
  • White blood cell differentials in dogs with congestive heart failure (CHF)
           in comparison to those in dogs without cardiac disease
    • Authors: J. Hamilton-Elliott; E. Ambrose, R. Christley, J. Dukes-McEwan
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo determine if dogs with congestive heart failure have different white blood cell differential cell counts than dogs without cardiac disease.Materials and MethodsIn total, 72 dogs with congestive heart failure and 143 controls were included in this retrospective study. Signalment, white blood cell differential counts and echocardiography data were retrieved. Basic statistical analysis was performed on white blood cell differential counts, and principal component analysis was used to compare these counts between cases and controls, with age, gender and case/control status as supplementary variables. Cases and controls were compared with binary logistic regression for the principal components identified and individual white blood cell differential counts. Principal component analysis of cases alone was conducted with age, gender, weight and mitral E wave:isovolumic relaxation time as supplementary variables. Linear regression analysis was used to explore the association between mitral E wave:isovolumic relaxation time and the principal components, weight, gender, age and diagnosis (mitral valve disease or dilated cardiomyopathy).ResultsAmong cases and controls, the largest variance in data (component 1) was associated with neutrophils, band neutrophils, monocytes and case status (P
      PubDate: 2018-01-04T07:35:34.629945-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12809
  • Issue Information
    • Pages: 1 - 2
      PubDate: 2018-01-03T11:35:44.203633-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12735
  • British Small Animal Veterinary Association annual general meeting
    • Pages: 61 - 69
      PubDate: 2018-01-03T11:35:44.356398-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12805
  • Corrigenda
    • Pages: 70 - 70
      PubDate: 2018-01-03T11:35:46.426686-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12806
  • Officers Page
    • Pages: 71 - 71
      PubDate: 2018-01-03T11:35:46.506538-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12807
  • Doxycycline treatment efficacy in dogs with naturally occurring Anaplasma
           phagocytophilum infection
    • Authors: C. B. Yancey; P. P. V. P. Diniz, E. B. Breitschwerdt, B. C. Hegarty, C. Wiesen, B. A. Qurollo
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo evaluate doxycycline treatment efficacy and post-treatment pathogen persistence in dogs naturally infected with Anaplasma phagocytophilum in endemic regions of the USA.Materials and MethodsSymptomatic dogs in four US states (MN, WI, CT and CA) were evaluated before treatment with doxycycline and approximately 30 and 60 days post-treatment. Clinicopathological parameters, co-exposures and A. phagocytophilum DNA in whole blood and lymph node samples were compared between A. phagocytophilum infected and uninfected dogs.ResultsIn total, 42 dogs fulfilled the inclusion criteria, with 16 dogs (38%) blood PCR-positive and 26 dogs (62%) blood PCR-negative for A. phagocytophilum. At initial evaluation, the proportion of clinicopathological abnormalities was similar between A. phagocytophilum infected and uninfected dogs, although thrombocytopenia and lymphopenia were statistically more prevalent among A. phagocytophilum infected dogs. Treatment with doxycycline resulted in resolution of all clinical abnormalities in infected dogs; four dogs had persistent haematological abnormalities, including mild leukopenia, eosinopenia and lymphopenia. All 16 infected dogs became blood PCR-negative approximately 30 and 60 days after treatment onset. Additionally, 13/13 (100%) lymph node specimens tested post-treatment were PCR-negative. Select clinicopathological abnormalities persisted in uninfected dogs after treatment.Clinical SignificanceThe results of this study support the efficacy of doxycycline therapy for clinical treatment of dogs naturally infected with A. phagocytophilum in the USA. This study did not find clinical, haematological or microbiological indicators that supported the persistence of A. phagocytophilum infection in naturally infected dogs following treatment with doxycycline for 28 days.
      PubDate: 2017-12-27T07:39:43.097906-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12799
  • Urine sodium concentrations are predictive of hypoadrenocorticism in
           hyponatraemic dogs: a retrospective pilot study
    • Authors: E. M. Lennon; J. B. Hummel, S. L. Vaden
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo determine if a urine sodium concentration could be used to rule out hypoadrenocorticism in hyponatraemic dogs.Materials and MethodsMedical records were reviewed for hyponatraemic dogs (serum sodium
      PubDate: 2017-12-20T04:01:02.219958-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12792
  • Presumptive migrating gall bladder mucocoele in two dogs with gall bladder
    • Authors: R. K. Burchell; L. Thornton, C. K. Lim, M. Murakami, Y. Nakamura, A. Gal
      Abstract: A 10-year-old neutered female soft-coated wheaten terrier and a 10-year-old, entire female Pomeranian were presented for vomiting and anorexia. Using ultrasound, an oval structure with a stellate, kiwifruit-like appearance typical of a gall bladder mucocoele was observed in the caudal abdomen of the soft-coated wheaten terrier and adjacent to the liver in the Pomeranian. There was also a moderate volume of abdominal effusion in both dogs. Cytology of the peritoneal fluid indicated a sterile exudative process but varied between the two dogs, with an absence of bile pigment in the soft-coated wheaten terrier and marked bile peritonitis in the Pomeranian. An entire free-floating ectopic mucocoele was confirmed via exploratory laparotomy with concomitant gall bladder rupture and common bile duct obstruction. Both dogs recovered completely after surgery. This is the first report of cases of gall bladder rupture with entire free-floating gall bladder mucocoeles in dogs.
      PubDate: 2017-12-13T07:45:42.688666-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12804
  • Aural haematoma in Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus)
    • Authors: M. Di Giuseppe; M. Luparello, L. Faraci
      PubDate: 2017-12-13T07:26:22.457959-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12802
  • Metastatic adenocarcinoma with osseous metaplasia in the pelvic limb
           musculature of a cat
    • Authors: E. J. Ives; A. E. Vanhaesebrouck, K. Hughes
      PubDate: 2017-12-13T06:10:37.831378-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12800
  • Otitis media with effusion in the boxer: a report of seven cases
    • Authors: S. Paterson
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to describe otitis media with effusion in seven boxers. All dogs presented with a range of clinical signs, which included head shaking, neurological dysfunction, pain on opening of the mouth and reduction in hearing ability. Otitis media was confirmed under general anaesthesia in each case by video-otoscopic identification of a bulging pars tensa and subsequent myringotomy, which revealed a tenacious mucus plug within the middle ear. Brainstem auditory evoked response thresholds were elevated in all affected ears. In three cases, CT revealed soft tissue opacity in the affected bulla. All of the affected middle ears were flushed using warm sterile saline to remove the mucus. A combination of glucocorticoid and antibiotic in EDTA tris was instilled into the middle ears. After the initial middle ear flush under general anaesthesia, topical therapy was applied into the ear canals daily by the owners using the same combination of drugs. Dembrexine, a systemic mucolytic, was administered with food daily. Six out of seven dogs were also prescribed oral prednisolone. In each case, the middle ear effusion was sterile. All clinical signs resolved with treatment, with the exception of facial paralysis in two dogs. Otitis media with effusion should be considered a cause of otitis media in boxers.
      PubDate: 2017-12-12T07:50:50.298926-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12801
  • Tibial plateau levelling osteotomy locking-compression plates for
           stabilisation of canine and feline ilial body fractures
    • Authors: J. W. Guthrie; S. Kalff
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes following surgical stabilisation of ilial fractures in dogs and cats using a laterally applied Synthes TPLO locking compression plate.Materials and MethodsMedical records and radiographs of seven dogs and two cats which had undergone surgical repair of an ilial body fracture with a TPLO locking compression plate were reviewed. Long-term clinical follow-up was obtained from an owner or referring veterinarian questionnaire.ResultsFracture reduction was anatomic in six of nine ilia and near-anatomic in three of nine. All but one fracture achieved osseous union by 6 weeks after surgery. No screw loosening or implant-related complications occurred in any patient. There was pelvic canal narrowing in six of nine patients (median reduction in pelvic canal diameter was 4·9%). No intraoperative or postoperative complications were reported.Clinical SignificanceLateral plating of canine and feline ilial fractures with a Synthes TPLO locking compression plate was associated with a low complication rate and satisfactory radiographic and clinical outcomes in this small case series.
      PubDate: 2017-12-12T01:08:18.050074-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12803
  • Does thalidomide prolong survival in dogs with splenic
    • Authors: J. P. Bray; G. Orbell, N. Cave, J. S. Munday
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo investigate thalidomide as an adjuvant treatment for canine haemangiosarcoma.Materials and MethodsFifteen dogs with splenic haemangiosarcoma, initially treated by splenectomy, were included. Following recovery from surgery, all dogs received thalidomide continuously until their death. Tumour stage was established using CT scans of the chest and abdomen immediately before starting thalidomide treatment and again three months later. Cause of death was confirmed by post mortem examination.ResultsThe median survival time of dogs receiving thalidomide was 172 days (95% confidence interval: 93 to 250 days). Five dogs (33% of the population receiving thalidomide) survived more than 1 year (range 458 to 660 days) after surgery. Dogs with stage 2 disease that received thalidomide also had a longer survival time than dogs with stage 3 disease (median survival time 303 versus 40 days). Of 15 dogs, 13 died from metastatic haemangiosarcoma.Clinical SignificanceTreatment using thalidomide may improve survival of dogs with splenic haemangiosarcoma and should be considered a possible adjuvant therapy.
      PubDate: 2017-12-06T07:30:24.52562-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12796
  • Clinical relevance of radiographic linear branching mineral opacities in
           the canine liver
    • Authors: M.-A. Genain; A. Barbosa, M. Herrtage, P. Watson
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo assess the prevalence, clinical significance and breed distribution of linear branching mineralisation superimposed on the hepatic radiographic silhouette in dogs.Materials and MethodsRetrospective review of radiographs or ultrasound images of dogs showing branching mineralisation in the liver.ResultsOver the 30-year review period, 17 cases were identified and the mineralisation had a predominantly ventral distribution. Seven of the 17 were cavalier King Charles spaniels, and four of the total 17 dogs were diagnosed with hepatobiliary system disease. Five dogs had repeat radiographs, of which four showed no change in the pattern and one developed the pattern 6 years after being diagnosed with cholangiohepatitis. Serum calcium concentrations were normal in all patients. Liver enzymes were markedly elevated only in the dog diagnosed with cholangiohepatitis. Histology performed on three patients showed no convincing evidence of primary liver disease.Clinical SignificanceBranching mineralisation in the liver parenchyma is a rare finding in dogs with little or no clinical significance and cavalier King Charles spaniels may be predisposed. Biopsy of the liver of affected dogs with no clinical or clinicopathological evidence of liver disease is unlikely to be helpful in these cases.
      PubDate: 2017-12-06T02:15:47.812344-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12797
  • Subconjunctival Dirofilaria repens infection in a dog resident in the UK
    • Authors: D. Agapito; N.-A. A. Aziz, T. Wang, E. R. Morgan, I. Wright
      Abstract: Dirofilaria repens infection was diagnosed in a 5-year-old female German shepherd crossbreed, originally from Romania but brought into the UK in February 2014. The dog presented with conjunctivitis in March 2014 and then again 2 months later with additional ocular and nasal mucopurulent discharge. Bacterial cultures from the nasolacrimal duct were negative for bacterial growth. The case was referred in August 2014 for ophthalmic examination, which revealed abnormalities in both eyes, especially the left. They included mild palpebral conjunctival hyperaemia and marked follicular conjunctivitis, as well as a dorsonasal bulbar conjunctival mass. Serum biochemistry was unremarkable and a conjunctival biopsy taken from the dorsonasal bulbar conjunctival mass revealed eosinophilic/lymphoplasmacytic conjunctivitis. At re-examination, nematodes were found in the area of the previous biopsy site and in the ventral palpebral conjunctival fornix. Polymerase chain reaction and sequencing confirmed these to be D. repens. Treatment with 10% imidacloprid and 2·5% moxidectin (Advocate Spot-On) was successful, and clinical signs resolved over a 6-week period. This case report indicates that D. repens infection should be considered as a possible aetiological cause of ocular lesions in dogs in the UK, especially those with a history of foreign travel. Implications for establishment and spread of D. repens in the UK are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-12-04T02:12:09.031701-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12795
  • Laryngeal chondronecrosis after radiation therapy in a dog
    • Authors: J. Bertran; M. Martinez, M. Breit, M. A. McLoughlin, K. L. Ham, E. Warry, V. Wavreille
      Abstract: A 5-year-old pug presented with a soft tissue swelling on the ventral neck and moderate stridor with associated respiratory effort. This patient received hypofractionated radiotherapy for metastatic upper lip mast cell tumour and to the submandibular lymph nodes 6 months before presentation. Oral examination showed moderate elongation of the soft palate, stage III laryngeal collapse with only the right laryngeal saccule mildly everted and exuberant pale epiglottal and left pharyngeal mucosa. Staphylectomy, resection of the epiglottal mucosa and left arytenoid lateralisation were performed. One day after surgery, temporary tracheostomy was performed after respiratory distress due to the severe laryngeal and pharyngeal oedema. A third oral exam showed pale and redundant caudal pharyngeal mucosa obstructing the rima glottis, soft and collapsible arytenoid cartilage with pale mucosa and bilateral everted laryngeal saccules. Permanent tracheostomy was elected and laryngeal cartilage biopsies were taken. Histologic diagnosis showed cartilage necrosis and abundant tissue oedema. The patient was euthanased 1 week later.
      PubDate: 2017-11-30T06:46:03.117675-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12783
  • Endoscopic and surgical removal of oesophageal and gastric fishhook
           foreign bodies in 33 animals
    • Authors: M. Binvel; L. Poujol, C. Peyron, A. Dunie-Merigot, F. Bernardin
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo describe the location, retrieval, frequency of surgery and complications associated with fishhook foreign bodies.Materials and MethodsRetrospective evaluation of the medical records of cats and dogs admitted between 2010 and 2016 after fishhook ingestion.ResultsA total of 33 cases (2 cats and 31 dogs) were included. The most common locations were the proximal oesophagus [12/33 (36%)] and stomach [11/33 (33%)]. Endoscopic retrieval was successful in 27 of 33 cases (82%); oesophageal perforation was the only recorded complication, occurring in six of 33 (18%) cases. Surgery was performed in six cases (18%), and no early complications were recorded. The survival rate was 100%.Clinical SignificanceThe endoscopic removal of ingested fishhooks is highly successful. In the present study, survival to discharge was 100%, even in cases of oesophageal perforation or in cases requiring surgery.
      PubDate: 2017-11-30T06:45:26.934172-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12794
  • A preliminary investigation of the effect of sample collection technique
           on the cell and RNA content of fine-needle aspirates of five canine
    • Authors: K. L. Bowlt Blacklock; J. Ireland, J. Stewart, S. Murphy, L. Blackwood, M. Starkey
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo evaluate the effect of syringe size, needle size, number of needle passes and operator experience on cell yield from tumour fine-needle aspirates, and the quantity and quality of extractable RNA.Materials and MethodsFine-needle aspirates were collected from canine lymphoma, cutaneous mast cell tumour, anal gland adenocarcinoma, fibrosarcoma and oral malignant melanoma using nine different techniques.ResultsThere was a significant difference in cell yield between fine-needle aspirate techniques for melanoma, lymphoma and anal gland adenocarcinoma. The application of suction yielded the largest number of cells. Cell numbers in lymphoma and fibrosarcoma aspirates collected by different veterinary surgeons were not significantly different. Use of a smaller gauge needle and suction increased the quantity of RNA isolated from fibrosarcoma and anal gland adenocarcinoma aspirates, but did not influence RNA integrity.Clinical SignificanceSuction during fine-needle aspiration increases cell numbers obtained from five common canine tumours. Suction increases the quantity of RNA isolated from anal gland adenocarcinoma and fibrosarcoma aspirates without affecting RNA quality. Junior veterinary surgeons gain comparable cell numbers to senior staff.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29T08:41:21.294577-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12790
  • Surgical treatment of pulmonic stenosis in dogs under cardiopulmonary
           bypass: outcome in nine dogs
    • Authors: P. Bristow; J. Sargent, V. Luis Fuentes, D. Brockman
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo describe the outcome for nine dogs with pulmonic stenosis treated by open patch grafting using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene under cardiopulmonary bypass.Materials and MethodsData were collected from the hospital records of all dogs that had undergone right ventricular outflow tract grafting with an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene patch under cardiopulmonary bypass between 2006 and 2012 for the treatment of pulmonic stenosis. Echocardiographic images were reviewed and the pressure gradient across the right ventricular outflow tract re-measured. Owners of dogs still alive at the time of writing were invited to return to the hospital for reassessment.ResultsNine dogs met the inclusion criteria. Median pressure gradient preoperatively was 118 mmHg, (range 102 to 259 mmHg) reducing to a median of 20 mmHg (range 7 to 53 mmHg) at 48 hours postoperatively and 14 mmHg (range 10 to 70 mmHg), with a median percentage reduction of 89% (range 41 to 94%) at long-term follow-up. Eight of nine dogs survived surgery, with six of nine surviving to hospital discharge. Two dogs were still alive over 6 and 8 years postoperatively. No long-term deaths were believed to be attributable to pulmonic stenosis.Clinical SignificanceExpanded polytetrafluoroethylene patch grafting of the right ventricular outflow tract for treatment of severe pulmonic stenosis in dogs is feasible and can be an effective method to reduce the severity of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29T08:06:16.345961-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12793
  • Chlorhexidine
    • Authors: G. M. Strain
      PubDate: 2017-11-28T01:56:01.827434-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12789
  • Post-temporary ligation intraoperative mesenteric portovenography:
           comparison with CT angiography for investigation of portosystemic shunts
    • Authors: A. T. Parry; R. N. White
      Abstract: ObjectivesComparison of pre-operative CT angiography and post-temporary, full-ligation, intraoperative, mesenteric portovenography for the characterisation of intrahepatic portal vasculature in patients with single extrahepatic portosystemic shunts.MethodsDescriptive analysis of previously collected images from 14 dogs and five cats.ResultsWith the exception of shunts involving the right gastric vein, intrahepatic arborisation appeared similar on both modalities. Portovenography improved contrast enhancement and slightly enlarged the intrahepatic portal vasculature.Clinical SignificanceCT angiography cannot replace intraoperative mesenteric portovenography after temporary full ligation, which provides information on intrahepatic portal vascularity. It is a practical and dynamic procedure, providing results that are instantaneously available at the time of surgery. In addition, intraoperative post-temporary, full-ligation, mesenteric portography confirmed that the single shunting vessel had both been recognised and ligated.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24T08:26:26.087709-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12786
  • Granulocytic anaplasmosis in 63 dogs: clinical signs, laboratory results,
           therapy and course of disease
    • Authors: A. Chirek; C. Silaghi, K. Pfister, B. Kohn
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo describe the clinical signs, laboratory results, therapy and course of disease in dogs with canine granulocytic anaplasmosis in which co-infections had been excluded.MethodsMedical records of dogs naturally infected with Anaplasma phagocytophilum were retrospectively evaluated with regard to clinical signs and laboratory abnormalities at the time of presentation, therapy and course of disease.ResultsNine hundred and seventy-four dogs with clinical signs suspicious for canine granulocytic anaplasmosis were tested for A. phagocytophilum DNA by modified real-time PCR; 72 dogs had a positive result. Nine of the positive dogs were excluded from further evaluation due to other diseases or lack of data. The most common clinical signs in the 63 A. phagocytophilum-positive dogs included in the study were lethargy and reduced activity (83%), fever (67%) and inappetence (63%). Thrombocytopenia was the most common laboratory abnormality (86%), followed by increased liver enzyme activities and hyperbilirubinaemia (77%), anaemia (70%), hypoalbuminaemia (62%) and leucocytosis (27%). Of 36 thrombocytopenic dogs tested for platelet-bound antibodies, 44% were positive. Of the 63 infected dogs, 59 (97%) recovered, two dogs died (epileptic seizures and immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia) and two were lost to follow-up.Clinical SignificanceIn areas where it is endemic, canine granulocytic anaplasmosis should be considered as a potential cause of acute nonspecific clinical signs or immune-mediated disease if tick exposure cannot be excluded.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24T05:25:23.143803-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12787
  • 25-Hydroxy vitamin D3 serum concentration in dogs with acute
           polyradiculoneuritis compared to matched controls
    • Authors: E. J. Laws; A. Kathrani, T. R. Harcourt-Brown, N. Granger, J. H. Rose
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo determine if dogs with acute polyradiculoneuritis have lower serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 concentration compared to a control group of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy.Materials and MethodsRetrospective case–control study of 21 dogs with acute canine polyradiculoneuritis and 21 control dogs with idiopathic epilepsy matched for year and season of presentation from a referral hospital population in the UK. Serum concentration of 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 was compared between groups using Student's t-test.ResultsDogs with acute canine polyradiculoneuritis had significantly lower (P=0·033) serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 concentration (87·1 nmol/L ±55·4 nmol/L) compared to a control group with idiopathic epilepsy (113 nmol/L ±66·3 nmol/L).Clinical SignificanceThe cause and clinical significance of the altered vitamin D status in dogs with acute polyradiculoneuritis are not clear and require further investigation. Our findings pave the way for improved understanding of acute canine polyradiculoneuritis and, potentially, improved clinical management, if a causal role for 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 is defined.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24T00:45:28.372866-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12791
  • Intrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunts in dogs: short- and long-term
           outcome of suture attenuation
    • Authors: M. S. Tivers; V. J. Lipscomb, P. Bristow, D. J. Brockman
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo report the short- and long-term outcomes of one- or two-staged suture attenuation for complete closure of intrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunts in dogs.Materials and MethodsRetrospective cohort study of dogs surgically treated for intrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunts between February 2000 and March 2015. Long-term follow-up was conducted by telephone conversations with the referring veterinary surgeon, owner, or both.ResultsIn total, 55 dogs had suture attenuation of their intrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunt; 10 dogs (18·2%) tolerated complete attenuation, whilst 45 dogs (81·8%) tolerated partial attenuation. Postoperative complications occurred in 24 dogs (43·6%), and six dogs (10·9%) died. Repeat surgery was performed in 33 of 39 dogs (84·6%) that had previously undergone partial attenuation, and 27 of these (84·9%) ultimately achieved complete shunt attenuation. One dog (3·0%) died following second surgery, resulting in an overall postoperative mortality of seven of 55 (12·7%). Detailed follow-up was available for 22 dogs that were still alive at a median of 29 months after surgery (7·4 to 103·1) with a subjectively good quality of life. Of 17 dogs (82·4%), 14 with complete attenuation in one or two surgeries had an excellent outcome compared with one of five dogs (20%) with persistent shunting.Clinical SignificanceStaged suture ligation resulted in a high proportion of complete attenuation and reduced persistent shunting compared with a single surgery. Repeat surgery was associated with fewer complications than the first surgery. The proportion of dogs with an excellent outcome was greater for those that had complete attenuation in one or two surgeries compared with those with persistent shunting.
      PubDate: 2017-11-22T09:15:47.198847-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12788
  • Clinical application of biological variation data to facilitate
           interpretation of canine and feline laboratory results
    • Authors: C. Campora; K. P. Freeman, R. Baral
      Abstract: Interpretation of laboratory results is based on comparison of the patient’s own results against established decision thresholds or reference intervals in the context of the clinical presentation and history. Blood measurand analysis has pre-analytical, analytical and physiological sources of variation, which may complicate interpretation of results. Biological variation describes the physiological random fluctuation of blood measurands around a homeostatic set point, which varies within and between individuals. This article reviews the practical applications of biological variation in the everyday clinical setting. Examples are offered to highlight how biological variation can be used to: (1) assess the usefulness of subject-based reference intervals, (2) determine measurand homeostatic set points, (3) interpret single or serial results for diagnosis of disease and (4) evaluate changes in serial results during monitoring.
      PubDate: 2017-11-14T05:55:30.283036-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12781
  • Association between environmental factors including second-hand smoke and
           primary lung cancer in dogs
    • Authors: A. Zierenberg-Ripoll; R. E. Pollard, S. L. Stewart, S. D. Allstadt, L. E. Barrett, J. M. Gillem, K. A. Skorupski
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo estimate prevalence of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and other environmental toxins in dogs with primary lung tumours and to analyse association between exposure and lung tumour development.Materials and MethodsIn this case–control study, an owner survey was developed to collect data on patient characteristics, general health care and environmental exposures. Dogs diagnosed with primary lung carcinomas formed the Case group. Dogs diagnosed with mast cell tumours served as Control Group 1 and dogs diagnosed with neurologic disease served as Control Group 2. Associations between diagnosis of primary lung tumour and patient and environmental exposure variables were analysed using bivariate and multivariate statistical methods.ResultsA total of 1178 owner surveys were mailed and 470 surveys were returned and included in statistical analysis, including 135 Cases, 169 dogs in Control Group 1 and 166 dogs in Control Group 2. An association between exposure to second-hand smoke and prevalence of primary lung cancer was not identified in this study.Clinical SignificanceSecond-hand smoke is associated with primary lung cancer in people but a definitive association has not been found in dogs. The results of this study suggest that tobacco smoke exposure may not be associated with primary lung cancer development in dogs but study limitations may have precluded detection of an association.
      PubDate: 2017-11-14T01:16:24.581147-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12778
  • Reliability of CT measurement of induced radioulnar step in dogs using a
           circle superimposition technique
    • Authors: N. J. Burton; L. Meakin, A. Hosworth, K. J. Parsons
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo evaluate the reliability of CT measurement of canine elbow axial radioulnar congruence using a duplicated circle superimposition technique.Materials and MethodsCT of six cadaveric canine elbows was performed following either: (1) placement of an external fixator on the radius with ostectomy and radial shortening of 1 to 5 mm; (2) radial lengthening of 1 to 5 mm using a radial lengthening system; or, (3) no axial length adjustment. Four observers, on two occasions, blinded to the amount of radial adjustment, placed a circle of best fit of the ulnar trochlear notch on a sagittal image that was duplicated and transposed to the articular contour of the radial head; then the axial distance between circles relative to the dorsal radius was measured. Statistical analysis assessed differences between actual and observer-assessed radial length adjustment; inter−/intra-observer interclass correlation coefficients and sensitivity/specificity were calculated to evaluate measurement reliability.ResultsThere was not a significant difference between actual and observer measures of radioulnar congruence. Inter- (intraclass correlation coefficient=0.98) and intra-observer reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient=0.94 to 0.99) were almost perfect for measurement of radioulnar incongruence when compared to the actual radial adjustment. A Bland–Altman plot revealed a 95% confidence interval range of −1.31 to 1.16 mm. Sensitivity and specificity were high for correct identification of congruent elbows and elbows with 1 or 2 mm incongruency.Clinical SignificanceThe duplicated circle superimposition technique provides a simple and accurate means of assessing radioulnar axial incongruence.
      PubDate: 2017-11-14T01:16:17.908644-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12782
  • Surgical management of impalement injuries to the trunk of dogs: a
           multicentre retrospective study
    • Authors: M. Matiasovic; Z. J. Halfacree, A. Moores, P. Nelissen, S. Woods, B. Dean, G. Chanoit, D. C. Barnes
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo review a large series of dogs referred for treatment of traumatic impalement injuries to the thorax and/or abdomen and to report aetiologies, injury characteristics, management and long-term outcomes.Materials and MethodsPreviously collected data on dogs that were surgically treated for impalement injuries to the trunk at six veterinary specialist referral institutions in the UK over an 11-year period were reviewed. Data included patient signalment, physiological variables, injury-specific variables, diagnostic imaging reports, surgical procedures undertaken, duration of hospitalisation, antibiotic use, complications and outcomes. Data were reported with summary statistics.ResultsFifty-four dogs were included. Impalement occurred most frequently on wooden objects (n=34), and the thoracic cavity was most commonly penetrated (n=37). Computed tomography was sensitive and specific to identifying wooden material in 64% and 88% of cases (n=11), respectively. Thoracotomy was performed in 56%, coeliotomy in 20% and a foreign body or its fragments were retrieved during surgery in 37% of the cases. Complications occurred in 19 dogs (35%), and of these, 68% were minor and 32% major. The survival rate for thoracotomy cases was 93% (n=30). Overall long-term survival was 90%.Clinical SignificanceDespite the often dramatic presentation of impalement injuries, the majority of patients treated in the specialist referral setting can achieve excellent outcomes. These injuries require thorough diagnostic imaging and interpretation before adequate surgical exploration and management, augmented by anaesthesia and critical care during the peri- and postoperative periods; therefore stable patients should be referred to centres able to provide this type of care.
      PubDate: 2017-11-10T06:16:09.635111-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12767
  • Use of a light source to help identify the jugular vein in chelonians
    • Authors: Lucia V. Bel; P. Selleri
      PubDate: 2017-11-10T05:50:42.58215-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12784
  • Rapid assessment with physical examination in dyspnoeic cats: the RAPID
           CAT study
    • Authors: D. Dickson; C. J. L. Little, J. Harris, M. Rishniw
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo determine the underlying disease prevalence in acute feline dyspnoea and to examine whether historical and clinical examination findings can differentiate between acute cardiac and non-cardiac dyspnoea in cats in primary practice.Materials and MethodsWe prospectively enrolled cats presenting with dyspnoea for the first time to primary practice between June 1, 2011 and October 31, 2016. We collected signalment, historical and clinical data at presentation using a standard form. Cases were investigated by primary clinicians, and the final diagnosis was confirmed by the authors. Records lacking critical data were excluded. Relationships between historical or clinical variables and dyspnoea aetiology were examined. Diagnostic test performance analyses were used to find optimal cut-off values for select historical or clinical variables that could differentiate cardiac and non-cardiac dyspnoea.ResultsParticipants included 108 cats. A definitive diagnosis was reached in 92 cases; 60 were cardiac (65%), 15 respiratory (16%), 10 neoplastic (11%) and 7 traumatic (8%). Of cats with cardiac dyspnoea, 25% had a history of cough. A gallop sound, rectal temperature less than 37·5°C, heart rate of greater than 200 bpm and respiratory rate greater than 80 per minute were all useful to predict cardiac-associated dyspnoea. A triage algorithm using these findings in combination was designed to optimise the rapid diagnosis of probable cardiac dyspnoea.Clinical SignificanceDyspnoeic cats presenting in practice with hypothermia, tachycardia, gallop sounds or profound tachypnoea are likely to have a cardiac cause underlying their dyspnoea. Although diagnosis requires confirmation, clinicians may be able to stratify risk and prioritise further investigation based on these findings.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09T08:15:28.501262-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12732
  • Effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and aspirin, alone and
           combined, on canine platelet function
    • Authors: S. Westgarth; S. L. Blois, R. D. Wood, A. Verbrugghe, D. W. Ma
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo compare haemostatic function in healthy dogs after treatment with low-dose aspirin alone, fish oil alone or a combination of these two therapies.Materials and MethodsDouble-blinded randomised controlled clinical trial on 16 healthy client-owned dogs. Comprehensive haemostatic testing was performed at baseline and after 7 days of therapy with low-dose aspirin in all dogs. Following a 14-day washout, six dogs received fish oil, and nine dogs received combination therapy of aspirin plus fish oil; haemostatic testing was performed before and at 7 and 28 days after treatment initiation.ResultsAspirin was associated with significantly decreased platelet function as measured by a collagen-epinephrine cartridge and inhibited arachidonic acid-induced whole-blood platelet aggregometry. Fish oil alone did not significantly affect any haemostatic tests. The combination of aspirin plus fish oil therapy caused a significantly greater inhibition of adenosine diphosphate and collagen-induced whole blood aggregometry compared to aspirin alone.Clinical SignificanceFish oil added to aspirin therapy appears to augment inhibition of some measures of platelet function in healthy dogs.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09T05:56:12.042645-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12776
  • How useful is abdominal ultrasonography in dogs with diarrhoea'
    • Authors: E. K. Mapletoft; K. Allenspach, C. R. Lamb
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo assess the utility of abdominal ultrasonography in the diagnostic work-up of dogs with diarrhoea.MethodsRetrospective cross-sectional study based on a referral population of dogs with diarrhoea. Associations between the clinical signs, use of abdominal ultrasonography, results of abdominal ultrasonography and subsequent work-up were examined. The utility of abdominal ultrasonography was scored as high, moderate, none or counterproductive based on review of medical records.ResultsMedical records of 269 dogs were reviewed, of which 149 (55%) had abdominal ultrasonography. The most frequent result was no ultrasonographic abnormalities affecting the intestine in 65 (44%) dogs. Ultrasonography results were associated with subsequent work-up as follows: (1) no detected abnormalities and dietary trial; (2) focal thickening of the intestinal wall, loss of intestinal wall layers or enlarged abdominal lymph nodes and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspirates; (3) diffuse thickening of the intestinal wall or hyperechoic striations in the small intestinal mucosa and endoscopy; and (4) small intestinal foreign body and coeliotomy. Abdominal ultrasonography was considered to be diagnostic without further testing in only four (3%) dogs: two had a portosystemic shunt identified ultrasonographically, one had a linear foreign body and one had a perforated pyloric ulcer. Abdominal ultrasonography had moderate utility in 56 (38%) dogs and no utility in 79 (53%) dogs. Abdominal ultrasonography was considered counterproductive in 10 (7%) dogs because results were either falsely negative or falsely positive.Clinical SignificanceThese results should prompt clinicians to reconsider routine use of abdominal ultrasonography in dogs with diarrhoea.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03T10:15:20.356672-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12780
  • Minimally invasive technique for coxofemoral luxation stabilisation using
           transarticular toggle system: a cadaveric study
    • Authors: U. Segal; J. Shani, R. Joseph
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo present a novel, semi-closed, surgical technique for coxofemoral luxation stabilisation using a transarticular toggle rod.Study DesignCadaveric study.Materials and MethodsCraniodorsal luxation was generated by transecting the ligamentum teres in 12 coxofemoral joints and was then reduced using a closed technique. Anteversion and inclination angles were measured using fluoroscopic projections. An arthroscope was inserted through a bone tunnel drilled from the third trochanter through the femoral neck. Following retraction of the arthroscope, a hole was drilled through the acetabular fossa via the femoral bone tunnel. A standard Arthrex® TightRope toggle button was pushed through the femoral bone tunnel into the acetabular fossa hole and tied over the oval metallic button above the third trochanter site. The exit point of the drill hole over the femoral head and that in the acetabular fossa were evaluated by surgical exposure of the coxofemoral articular surfaces.ResultsThe TightRope entrance point into the acetabular fossa was accurate in all joints, with a mean distance from the acetabular fossa centre of 0·06 ±0·1 mm. The measured distance of the TightRope exit point from the femoral head to the fovea capitis was 2·04 ±1·7 mm. Femoral head cartilage damage was detected in nine of 12 joints.Conclusion and Clinical RelevanceClosed reduction and stabilisation of coxofemoral luxations can be achieved using this minimally invasive technique. Refinements to the technique may be needed for its application in clinical cases due to relative high incidence of femoral head cartilage damage.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03T09:46:49.50747-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12765
  • Type 1 immune-mediated polyarthritis in dogs and lack of a temporal
           relationship to vaccination
    • Authors: O. A. Idowu; K. L. Heading
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo investigate whether there is a temporal relationship between vaccination and the onset of type 1 immune-mediated polyarthritis in dogs.Materials and MethodsRetrospective case–control study: 39 dogs from a referral hospital with a diagnosis of type 1 immune-mediated polyarthritis were age-matched with 78 control dogs with other diagnoses. A temporal association between vaccination and polyarthritis was considered positive if recent vaccination had been performed within 28 days of the onset of clinical signs of immune-mediated polyarthritis. The odds ratio association of recent vaccination with immune-mediated polyarthritis was calculated using matched case–control methods.ResultsOf the 39 dogs in the type 1 immune-mediated polyarthritis group, four had been vaccinated within 28 days before onset of clinical signs compared to six dogs in the control group. The odds ratio for a dog developing type 1 immune-mediated polyarthritis if vaccinated within the last 28 days was estimated to be 1·44 (95% confidence interval 0·25 to 8·24, P = 0·88).Clinical SignificanceThere was no evidence of a temporal relationship between vaccination and type 1 immune-mediated polyarthritis, although the large confidence interval on the odds ratio suggests a need for larger studies to confirm this finding.
      PubDate: 2017-11-02T09:15:20.694197-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12774
  • Outcome of reconstruction of cutaneous limb defects in dogs using
           hygroscopic “self-inflating” tissue expanders
    • Authors: M. De Lorenzi; M. C. Swan, C. Easter, G. P. A. Chanoit
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo describe the placement of self-inflating tissue expanders and clinical outcomes in 12 consecutive cases of reconstruction of distal cutaneous limb defects in dogs.Materials and MethodsCases of distal cutaneous limb defect were divided into three groups based on the location of the placement of the self-inflating tissue expanders: Group A (n=4): on, or proximal to, the elbow and stifle; Group B (n=4): distal to the elbow or stifle and proximal to the carpus or tarsus; and Group C (n=4): distal to the carpus or tarsus. Owner satisfaction and clinical outcome were documented.ResultsThirteen cases were originally included, but one was excluded because of incomplete follow-up. In one case, the self-inflating tissue expanders were removed before expansion started. A mean of five expanders were implanted per dog (range 2 to 9). Devices were removed after a mean of 24 days (range 13 to 42 days). Primary closure was achieved in eight of 11 cases, including all cases from Group A and 75% and 33% of cases from Groups B and C, respectively. All incompletely reconstructed defects or areas of wound dehiscence healed by second intention. Eight of 12 owners were satisfied.Clinical SignificanceSelf-inflating tissue expanders can be used as an alternative for the reconstruction of limb defects in dogs in which direct primary closure would otherwise not be achievable. Defects below the carpus and tarsus are more challenging to treat with this method.
      PubDate: 2017-11-02T09:11:41.595394-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12766
  • Primary stabilisation for tail avulsion in 15 cats
    • Authors: J. Caraty; R. Hassoun, P. Meheust
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo evaluate the effects of a primary tail stabilisation technique in relieving pain and supporting nerve recovery in cats that have lost voluntary motor function and pain sensation in the tail without caudal nerve transection.Materials and MethodsRetrospective review of medical records and preoperative diagnostic tests, including clinical examination results and tail radiographs of cats suffering from tail avulsion with loss of pain perception in the tail between 2009 and 2015. Cats with open tail fracture, tail wounds that necessitated an amputation or caudal nerve roots transection were excluded. Tail reconstruction was performed, after surgical exploration, with two nylon sutures.ResultsFifteen cats were included, all of which had lost voluntary motor function in the tail and 8 of 15 were urinary incontinent. After surgery, 11 cats recovered of voluntary tail function and pain sensation within 14 to 90 days (mean 39 days). Five of the eight previously incontinent cats recovered urinary continence within a month of surgery.Clinical SignificanceThe reported method of primary tail stabilisation is associated with recovery of lost function in the majority of cats presenting with tail avulsions, loss of pain sensation in the tail but without caudal nerve root transection. A comparison study is required to determine whether these results are superior to conservative management.
      PubDate: 2017-11-02T02:22:10.338063-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12773
  • Congenital unilateral pulmonary artery anomaly resulting in pulmonary
           hypoplasia in a 3-year-old adult cat
    • Authors: P.-Y. Lo; H.-D. Wu, O. F. Hsieh, K.-C. Hu, C.-H. Lin
      PubDate: 2017-11-01T05:16:05.123553-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12777
  • Long-lived immunity to canine core vaccine antigens in UK dogs as assessed
           by an in-practice test kit
    • Authors: R. Killey; C. Mynors, R. Pearce, A. Nell, A. Prentis, M. J. Day
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo determine the utility of an in-practice test kit to detect protective serum antibody against canine distemper virus, canine adenovirus and canine parvovirus type 2 in a sample of the UK dog population.Materials and MethodsSerum samples from 486 dogs, last vaccinated between less than 1 month and 124 months previously, were tested with the VacciCheck™ test kit for protective antibodies against distemper, adenovirus and parvovirus type 2.ResultsA high proportion of the dogs tested (93·6%) had protective antibody against all three of the core vaccine antigens: 95·7% of the dogs were seropositive against canine distemper virus, 97·3% against canine adenovirus and 98·5% against canine parvovirus type 2. The small number of dogs that were seronegative for one or more of the antigens (n = 31) may have had waning of previous serum antibody or may have been rare genetic non-responders to that specific antigen.Clinical SignificanceUK veterinarians can be reassured that triennial revaccination of adult dogs with core vaccines provides long-lived protective immunity. In-practice serological test kits are a valuable tool for informing decision-making about canine core revaccination.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31T08:25:30.070582-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12775
  • Complications following laryngeal sacculectomy in brachycephalic dogs
    • Authors: J. R. Hughes; B. M. Kaye, A. R. Beswick, G. Ter Haar
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo evaluate the effect of sacculectomy on the immediate postoperative complication rate in dogs affected with brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome.Materials and MethodsRetrospective review of clinical records of brachycephalic dogs with everted saccules that underwent surgery for brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome between 2009 and 2014. Dogs were grouped as those having nares resection and staphylectomy only and those having nares resection, staphylectomy and laryngeal sacculectomy. Complications were scored as mild, moderate or severe.ResultsIn total, 37 dogs were included in the sacculectomy group and 44 in the comparator group. Dogs that had undergone sacculectomy were more likely to develop postoperative complications, with 18 of 37 developing complications, nine of which were moderate to severe. In the group without sacculectomy, nine of 44 dogs developed complications, of which one was severe. Different breed distribution between groups might also impact this outcome.Clinical SignificanceThe results suggest that sacculectomy might increase morbidity following brachycephalic airway surgery, but repeat studies are required to confirm this result. Further information is also required to determine whether the short-term risks of sacculectomy are outweighed by superior long-term functional outcome.
      PubDate: 2017-10-19T01:15:22.854907-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12763
  • Aquatic treadmill water level influence on pelvic limb kinematics in
           cranial cruciate ligament-deficient dogs with surgically stabilised
    • Authors: G. Bertocci; C. Smalley, N. Brown, K. Bialczak, D. Carroll
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo compare pelvic limb joint kinematics and temporal gait characteristics during land-based and aquatic-based treadmill walking in dogs that have undergone surgical stabilisation for cranial cruciate ligament deficiency.Materials and MethodsClient-owned dogs with surgically stabilised stifles following cranial cruciate ligament deficiency performed three walking trials consisting of three consecutive gait cycles on an aquatic treadmill under four water levels. Hip, stifle and hock range of motion; peak extension; and peak flexion were assessed for the affected limb at each water level. Gait cycle time and stance phase percentage were also determined.ResultsTen client-owned dogs of varying breeds were evaluated at a mean of 55·2 days postoperatively. Aquatic treadmill water level influenced pelvic limb kinematics and temporal gait outcomes. Increased stifle joint flexion was observed as treadmill water level increased, peaking when the water level was at the hip. Similarly, hip flexion increased at the hip water level. Stifle range of motion was greatest at stifle and hip water levels. Stance phase percentage was significantly decreased when water level was at the hip.Clinical SignificanceAquatic treadmill walking has become a common rehabilitation modality following surgical stabilisation of cranial cruciate ligament deficiency. However, evidence-based best practice guidelines to enhance stifle kinematics do not exist. Our findings suggest that rehabilitation utilising a water level at or above the stifle will achieve the best stifle kinematics following surgical stifle stabilisation.
      PubDate: 2017-10-17T04:00:36.300438-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12770
  • Chiari-like malformation in two cats
    • Authors: S. Minato; M. Baroni
      Abstract: Two male, neutered, domestic, shorthaired cats were evaluated for progressive paresis and ataxia. Neurological examinations suggested a spinal cord lesion in each case. Complete blood examination and cerebrospinal fluid analysis were unremarkable in both cats. MRI revealed malformation of the occipital bone with herniation of the cerebellar vermis through the foramen magnum but without syringomyelia. Chiari-like malformation was suspected in both patients. MRI repeated one year later in both cats because of progression of clinical signs yielded the same findings as the initial scans. Foramen magnum decompression in one cat was associated with resolution of clinical signs.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13T04:12:08.526472-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12768
  • Low-grade gastrointestinal lymphoma in dogs: 20 cases (2010 to 2016)
    • Authors: J. Lane; J. Price, A. Moore, J. R. S. Dandrieux, C. Clifford, K. Curran, K. Choy, C. Cannon
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo report the clinical presentation, treatment and prognosis of dogs with low-grade gastrointestinal lymphoma.Materials and MethodsCases were solicited from the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine Oncology Diplomate listserv. Medical records of dogs with low-grade gastrointestinal lymphoma diagnosed via a combination of histology and immunohistochemistry with or without analysis of polymerase chain reaction for antigen receptor rearrangement were included. Signalment, clinical signs, diagnostic test results, chemotherapy protocol, response to treatment, date of first progression, rescue therapies and date and cause of death or last follow-up visit were collected.ResultsTwenty cases were included. Males and small breed dogs were over-represented. Frequent clinical signs included weight loss, vomiting and diarrhoea. Most lymphomas were T-cell phenotype (95%), and epitheliotropism was commonly described (60%). Immunohistochemistry, polymerase chain reaction for antigen receptor rearrangement or both were frequently required for definitive diagnosis. Two dogs had resection of an intestinal mass, and all dogs were treated with chemotherapy; chlorambucil and prednisone were most commonly prescribed. Overall response rate was 70%, and median survival time was 424 days (95% confidence interval: 105 to 1206 days).Clinical SignificanceLow-grade gastrointestinal lymphoma appears to be a rare condition in dogs, and treatment with chemotherapy results in a high response rate and favourable survival times. Further study is needed to determine its prevalence in dogs with chronic enteropathies.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13T01:50:22.010025-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12769
  • Murmur intensity in adult dogs with pulmonic and subaortic stenosis
           reflects disease severity
    • Authors: D. Caivano; D. Dickson, M. Martin, M. Rishniw
      Abstract: ObjectivesThe aims of this study were to determine whether murmur intensity in adult dogs with pulmonic stenosis or subaortic stenosis reflects echocardiographic disease severity and to determine whether a six-level murmur grading scheme provides clinical advantages over a four-level scheme.Materials and MethodsIn this retrospective multi-investigator study on adult dogs with pulmonic stenosis or subaortic stenosis, murmur intensity was compared to echocardiographically determined pressure gradient across the affected valve. Disease severity, based on pressure gradients, was assessed between sequential murmur grades to identify redundancy in classification. A simplified four-level murmur intensity classification scheme (‘soft’, ‘moderate’, ‘loud’, ‘palpable’) was evaluated.ResultsIn total, 284 dogs (153 with pulmonic stenosis, 131 with subaortic stenosis) were included; 55 dogs had soft, 59 had moderate, 72 had loud and 98 had palpable murmurs. 95 dogs had mild stenosis, 46 had moderate stenosis, and 143 had severe stenosis. No dogs with soft murmurs of either pulmonic or subaortic stenosis had transvalvular pressure gradients greater than 50 mmHg. Dogs with loud or palpable murmurs mostly, but not always, had severe stenosis. Stenosis severity increased with increasing murmur intensity. The traditional six-level murmur grading scheme provided no additional clinical information than the four-level descriptive murmur grading scheme.Clinical SignificanceA simplified descriptive four-level murmur grading scheme differentiated stenosis severity without loss of clinical information, compared to the traditional six-level scheme. Soft murmurs in dogs with pulmonic or subaortic stenosis are strongly indicative of mild lesions. Loud or palpable murmurs are strongly suggestive of severe stenosis.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11T00:13:43.739244-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12760
  • Shortening of an existing generic online health-related quality of life
           instrument for dogs
    • Authors: J. Reid; L. Wiseman-Orr, M. Scott
      Abstract: ObjectiveDevelopment, initial validation and reliability testing of a shortened version of a web-based questionnaire instrument to measure generic health-related quality of life in companion dogs, to facilitate smartphone and online use.Materials and MethodsThe original 46 items were reduced using expert judgment and factor analysis. Items were removed on the basis of item loadings and communalities on factors identified through factor analysis of responses from owners of healthy and unwell dogs, intrafactor item correlations, readability of items in the UK, USA and Australia and ability of individual items to discriminate between healthy and unwell dogs. Validity was assessed through factor analysis and a field trial using a “known groups” approach. Test–retest reliability was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients.ResultsThe new instrument comprises 22 items, each of which was rated by dog owners using a 7-point Likert scale. Factor analysis revealed a structure with four health-related quality of life domains (energetic/enthusiastic, happy/content, active/comfortable, and calm/relaxed) accounting for 72% of the variability in the data compared with 64% for the original instrument. The field test involving 153 healthy and unwell dogs demonstrated good discriminative properties and high intraclass correlation coefficients.Clinical SignificanceThe 22-item shortened form is superior to the original instrument and can be accessed via a mobile phone app. This is likely to increase the acceptability to dog owners as a routine wellness measure in health care packages and as a therapeutic monitoring tool.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11T00:13:37.505848-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12772
  • Serum cardiac troponin I concentrations in dogs with generalised seizures
    • Authors: E. Dutton; N. Carmichael, U. Michal, P. J. Cripps, A. Boswood
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo determine if serum cardiac troponin I concentrations – measured with both a first-generation assay and a high-sensitivity assay – were greater in dogs with generalised seizures than in controls and to identify clinical variables associated with cardiac troponin I concentration.Materials and MethodsProspective study of 30 dogs with recent generalised seizures and 30 healthy controls. Serum cardiac troponin I concentration was measured using two commercially available assays, and the correlation of clinical factors with concentration was examined.ResultsSerum concentrations of cardiac troponin I were higher in dogs that had recent seizures compared to controls when measured by both assays. The predictors most clearly associated with cardiac troponin I concentration were number of seizures and age. Both predictors were positively associated with increasing concentrations of troponin I.Clinical SignificanceSerum cardiac troponin I concentration was significantly elevated in dogs that had recent generalised seizures when compared to controls, and concentrations were higher in dogs that experienced more seizures. This association may indicate that generalised seizures are associated with damage to the myocardium.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11T00:00:23.688463-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12771
  • Sonographic assessment of volaemia: development and validation of a new
           method in dogs
    • Authors: M. Cambournac; I. Goy-Thollot, A. Violé, C. Boisvineau, C. Pouzot-Nevoret, A. Barthélemy
      Abstract: ObjectivesThe aims of this study were to describe a method for the sonographic assessment of volaemia, to determinate inter- and intra-operator variability and to assess the ability to detect blood loss after blood donation in healthy dogs.Materials and MethodsThe left kidney was identified in a spleno-renal view, and transverse views of the caudal vena cava and aorta were obtained in 12 dogs. Vessel diameters were measured in B-mode, in duplicate by two operators, and the caudal vena cava:aorta ratio was calculated. Intra- and inter-operator variabilities were assessed using a Bland–Altman method by plotting the differences between the repeated measurements obtained from the same subject by the same operator and by the two operators against their means. Before and after blood donation measurements were compared using paired t-tests or one-sample t-tests, if appropriate.ResultsIntra- and inter-operator variability was within the limit of agreement for the vast majority of measurements. After a blood donation of 9·8 ±2·2 mL/kg, the mean aorta measurements were not significantly different from those obtained before blood donation (1·11 versus 1·10, P=0·28), whereas the mean caudal vena cava measurements and caudal vena cava:aorta ratios were significantly lower (1·28 versus 1·01, P
      PubDate: 2017-09-27T04:01:20.7067-05:00
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12759
  • Brainstem auditory evoked responses in 37 dogs with otitis media before
           and after topical therapy
    • Authors: S. Paterson
      Abstract: ObjectivesThe objective of this study was to determine whether intra-aural administration of aqueous solutions of marbofloxacin, gentamicin, tobramycin and ticarcillin (used off-licence) was associated with changes in hearing as measured by brainstem auditory evoked responses.Materials and MethodsDogs diagnosed with otitis media (n=37) underwent brainstem auditory evoked response testing and then were treated for their ear disease. First, the external ear canal and middle ear were flushed with sterile saline followed by EDTA tris with 0·15% chlorhexidine. Then, a combination of aqueous antibiotic mixed with an aqueous solution of EDTA tris was instilled into the middle ear. Follow-up examinations were undertaken for each dog, and treatment was continued until there were no detected infectious organisms or inflammatory infiltrate. Brainstem auditory evoked response testing was repeated after resolution of the infection and discontinuation of therapy.ResultsBrainstem auditory evoked responses in dogs treated with aqueous solutions of marbofloxacin or gentamicin remained unchanged or improved after therapy of otitis media but were impaired in dogs treated with ticarcillin or tobramycin.Clinical SignificanceIf off-licence use of topical antibiotics is deemed necessary in cases of otitis media, aqueous solutions of marbofloxacin and gentamicin appear to be less ototoxic than aqueous solutions of ticarcillin or tobramycin.
      PubDate: 2017-07-18T08:35:21.760405-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12711
  • Pseudolymphoma in a cat on phenobarbital treatment
    • Authors: J. Lieser; C. S. Schwedes
      Abstract: A two-year-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat was presented with apathy, inappetence and generalised lymphadenomegaly. Anamnestic data included a generalised seizure disorder and phenobarbital treatment started one month before presentation. Routine blood analysis revealed only mild abnormalities and FeLV and FIV tests were negative. Both popliteal lymph nodes were aspirated and cytology was consistent with reactive lymph node hyperplasia. PCR for antigen receptor rearrangement testing diagnosed a polyclonal cell population. In the absence of another cause, lymphadenomegaly was attributed to an adverse drug reaction and phenobarbital was discontinued. The cat's condition improved and lymph node size normalised over the next 10 days. The retrospective diagnosis was phenobarbital-induced pseudolymphoma.
      PubDate: 2017-06-29T02:50:35.399769-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12693
  • Computed tomographic features of urinary bladder torsion in two dogs
    • Authors: M. Ricciardi; A. Campanella, R. Martino
      Abstract: Urinary bladder torsion is rare in dogs. It is characterised by rotation of the organ along its longitudinal axis and is potentially life-threatening because of urinary flow obstruction with subsequent urine retention, hydroureter, hydronephrosis and azotaemia. This report describes the computed tomographic features of urinary bladder torsion in two dogs. In both cases, the hallmark indicative of torsion was the “whirl sign,” originating from the twisted pelvic urethra and urinary bladder neck encircling the ureters, blood vessels and bladder ligaments in a characteristic spiral pattern. The imaging features correlated well with surgical findings, demonstrating high sensitivity of computed tomography in the preoperative diagnosis of urinary bladder torsion.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T06:22:36.16622-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12694
  • Diagnostic imaging of oronasal fistulas in a dachshund
    • Authors: B. L. Mulherin; J. R. Ewing, K. Miles
      Abstract: Oronasal fistula development is described anecdotally as a common disease process in the dachshund but little is known about its imaging appearance. This case report describes the clinical presentation, computed tomography (CT) characterisation, dental radiograph confirmation and treatment of bilateral oronasal fistulas in a 14-year-old dachshund.
      PubDate: 2017-05-29T03:32:18.470634-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12692
  • Systemic Scedosporium prolificans infection in an 11-month-old Border
           collie with cobalamin deficiency secondary to selective cobalamin
           malabsorption (canine Imerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome)
    • Authors: K. Erles; A. Mugford, D. Barfield, T. Leeb, P. H. Kook
      Abstract: An 11-month-old Border collie presented collapsed and continued to deteriorate rapidly despite supportive treatment. The dog had a history of failure to thrive and recurring respiratory infection. Laboratory abnormalities included neutrophilic leucocytosis, Heinz body anaemia, hyperammonaemia, hyperbilirubinaemia, proteinuria and hypocobalaminaemia. Post-mortem examination revealed multi-focal necrosis within the heart, kidneys, pancreas, liver, meninges and cerebral cortex. Fungal hyphae in lesions were identified as Scedosporium prolificans following culture. Subsequent genotyping confirmed that the dog carried the CUBN:c.8392delC mutation in a homozygous state, verifying hereditary cobalamin deficiency (a.k.a. Imerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome). Cobalamin deficiency may have been a predisposing factor for the development of systemic fungal infection in this dog.
      PubDate: 2017-04-08T09:41:50.017466-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12678
  • Congenital duodenocolic fistula in a dog
    • Authors: A. Lecoindre; D. Saade, P. Barthez, J. L. Cadoré, P. Lecoindre
      Abstract: A one-year-old female cocker spaniel presented with a six-month history of persistent diarrhoea. Abdominal ultrasonographic examination revealed mild diffuse thickening of the intestinal wall coupled with mesenteric lymphadenopathy. A connection between the duodenum and the colon was observed during an endoscopic procedure and confirmed by computed tomography. Surgical resection of the communication allowed remission of the diarrhoea. Histology showed a normal duodenal epithelium and muscular layer. A duodenocolic fistula is an abnormal connection within the digestive tract, which in humans is usually considered a complication of a local pathological condition. Due to the absence of a predisposing cause and, in view of the dog's age and histological results, a congenital origin was suspected.
      PubDate: 2017-04-03T05:25:59.998871-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12677
  • Radiographic and computed tomographic appearance of tracheal collapse with
           axial rotation in four dogs
    • Authors: H. G. Heng; C. K. Lim, B. Gutierrez-Crespo, L. F. Guptill
      Abstract: Tracheal collapse with axial rotation was diagnosed in four dogs. Radiographs showed increased tracheal dorsoventral height at the caudal cervical and thoracic inlet with and apparent intraluminal soft tissue opacity, mimicking an intraluminal tracheal foreign body. Computed tomography confirmed dorsoventral tracheal collapse with axial rotation in all dogs. Short-term outcome with medical treatment of all dogs was excellent.
      PubDate: 2017-04-03T05:25:34.889271-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12679
  • Endoscopic photodynamic therapy using talaporfin sodium for recurrent
           intranasal carcinomas after radiotherapy in three dogs
    • Authors: K. Ishigaki; K. Nariai, M. Izumi, K. Teshima, M. Seki, K. Edamura, T. Takahashi, K. Asano
      Abstract: Radiation is the treatment of choice for canine nasal tumours but, in almost all cases, there is local recurrence associated with poor prognosis. This report describes the effect of endoscopic photodynamic therapy using talaporfin sodium for canine intranasal carcinoma recurring after radiation therapy. Rhinoscopic photodynamic therapy was administered after radiation therapy in three dogs with recurrent intranasal carcinoma. Two to 24 illuminations of a 665-nm diode laser were performed two hours after intravenous bolus injection of 5·0 mg/kg of talaporfin sodium. Photodynamic therapy induced almost complete remission and prolonged survival time in all cases suggesting that it might be a useful treatment for intranasal carcinomas that recur after radiation.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T09:15:29.386796-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12667
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