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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 184 journals)
Acta Scientiae Veterinariae     Open Access  
Acta Veterinaria     Open Access  
Acta Veterinaria Brno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 263)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Animal Health Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annales UMCS, Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Australian Equine Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Avian Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Diseases Digest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Avian Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access  
BMC Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy     Open Access  
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access  
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Equine Veterinary Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Equine Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human & Veterinary Medicine - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ILAR Journal     Hybrid Journal  
In Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Livestock Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
InVet     Open Access  
Irish Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ISRN Veterinary Science     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental and Applied Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access  
Journal of Small Animal Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Veterinary Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Kenya Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
kleintier konkret     Hybrid Journal  
Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Livestock     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Macedonian Veterinary Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
MEDIA PETERNAKAN - Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover Journal of Small Animal Practice
   [10 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0022-4510 - ISSN (Online) 1748-5827
     Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1604 journals]   [SJR: 0.737]   [H-I: 39]
  • Vaginal prolapse in a pregnant Maine coon cat: a case report
    • Authors: K. A. McKelvey; T. M. Beachler, K. K. Ferris, M. Diaw, J. M. Vasgaard, C. S. Bailey
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Vaginal prolapse is a condition characterised by excessive accumulation of mucosal oedema and protrusion of hyperplastic tissue through the vulva. It has been reported in ruminants and canines, but has not been characterised in felines. This report describes the history, clinical signs and treatment of a pregnant Maine coon cat with a Type III vaginal prolapse diagnosed approximately 54 days after the first day of mating. Prior to queening, the prolapse was reduced and retained using a vulvar cruciate suture. Due to the risk of dystocia and recurrence, a caesarean section with ovariohysterectomy was performed. Postoperatively, a stay suture was maintained in the vulva for 2 weeks, resulting in permanent reduction of the vaginal prolapse. To the authors’ knowledge, this case represents the first report of the successful management of vaginal prolapse in a pregnant cat.
      PubDate: 2014-12-16T06:54:19.395882-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12310
       
  • Retrospective evaluation of moderate‐to‐severe pulmonary
           hypertension in dogs naturally infected with Angiostrongylus vasorum
    • Authors: K. Borgeat; S. Sudunagunta, B. Kaye, J. Stern, V. Luis Fuentes, D. J. Connolly
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES The outcome in dogs with pulmonary hypertension associated with natural Angiostrongylus vasorum infection is unclear. This study aimed to report long‐term outcome of dogs with A. vasorum and pulmonary hypertension, and to evaluate factors associated with pulmonary hypertension development. It was hypothesised that dogs with pulmonary hypertension had a shorter survival time than dogs without pulmonary hypertension. METHODS Retrospective review of clinical records of dogs diagnosed with A. vasorum. Dogs were classified as having or not having pulmonary hypertension based on clinical signs and imaging findings. Signalment, signs and outcome were recorded. DNA obtained from banked samples was genotyped for the PDE5a:E90K polymorphism, a possible factor in development of pulmonary hypertension. RESULTS The proportion of dogs with moderate‐to‐severe pulmonary hypertension and A. vasorum infection in the study population was 14 · 6%. No difference in the population characteristics or PDE5a genotype was detected between dogs with and without pulmonary hypertension. Dogs with pulmonary hypertension had a significantly shorter survival time (P = 0 · 006) and a greater risk of death within 6 months of diagnosis (odds ratio 12 · 5, 95% confidence interval 2 · 1 to 74 · 9; P = 0 · 0053). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE A. vasorum‐associated pulmonary hypertension is an important problem in naturally infected dogs and has a negative effect upon survival.
      PubDate: 2014-12-08T00:59:16.46313-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12309
       
  • Faecal shedding of antimicrobial‐resistant Clostridium difficile
           strains by dogs
    • Authors: S. Álvarez‐Pérez; J. L. Blanco, T. Peláez, M. P. Lanzarot, C. Harmanus, E. Kuijper, M. E. García
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To longitudinally assess the shedding of antimicrobial resistant Clostridium difficile strains by clinically healthy dogs raised at breeding facilities. METHODS 18 puppies from three different litters (#1, 2 and 3) were sampled weekly from parturition to day 20–55 postpartum. Faecal samples from the mothers of litters #2 and 3 were also available for analysis. Bacterial isolates were ribotyped, tested for in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility and further characterised. RESULTS C. difficile was recovered from all sampled animals of litters #1 and 2, and a third of puppies from litter #3, but marked differences in C. difficile recovery were detected in different age groups (0–100%). Recovered PCR ribotypes included 056 (22 isolates), 010 (6 isolates), 078 and 213 (2 isolates each), and 009 and 020 (1 isolate each). Different ribotypes were shed by four individual animals. Regardless of their origin and ribotype, all isolates demonstrated full resistance to levofloxacin. Additionally, all but one isolate (belonging to ribotype 078) were resistant to ertapenem, and all ribotype 010 isolates displayed high‐level resistance to clindamycin, clarithromycin and erythromycin. A single ribotype 078 isolate showed metronidazole heteroresistance. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Healthy dogs can shed antimicrobial‐resistant C. difficile strains.
      PubDate: 2014-12-05T08:07:46.882996-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12311
       
  • Muscular dystrophy due to a sarcoglycan deficiency in a female Dobermann
           dog
    • Authors: J. S. Munday; G. D. Shelton, S. Willox, D. D. Kingsbury
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A four‐month‐old female Dobermann presented with myalgia, dysphagia, progressive weakness and loss of body condition. Diagnostic evaluation at nine months of age revealed markedly elevated serum creatine kinase activity, electromyographic abnormalities and histological evidence of chronic‐active muscle necrosis. Imaging confirmed dysphagia and aspiration pneumonia. Muscular dystrophy was suspected and immunohistochemical staining of muscle cryosections demonstrated reduced sarcoglycans. Treatment consisted of gastrostomy, and over the next 5 months the dog gained weight, despite continued loss of muscle mass. The dog died at 14 months of age after developing clinical signs of aspiration pneumonia. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of muscular dystrophy in a Dobermann and only the second detailed report of a canine sarcoglycanopathy. Supportive care resulted in an acceptable quality of life for 10 months after clinical signs were first observed.
      PubDate: 2014-12-05T08:06:55.562289-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12306
       
  • Acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography of the spleen in
           healthy adult cats – a preliminary study
    • Authors: M. A. R. Feliciano; M. C. Maronezi, L. Z. Crivellenti, S. B. Crivellenti, A. P. R. Simões, M. B. S. Brito, P. H. S. Garcia, W. R. R. Vicente
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To evaluate the splenic stiffness of healthy adult cats using acoustic radiation force impulse elastography to determine the quality (greyscale images and tissue deformity) and quantity (shear velocity) standards. METHODS Fifteen healthy, adult shorthair cats were selected. The echotexture, echogenicity, size and edges of the spleen were assessed via mode‐B ultrasound. Using qualitative elastography, specific portions of the spleen were evaluated according to homogeneity, presence of deformities and white and dark regions. The shear velocities in different portions of the spleen were quantitatively evaluated. RESULTS The echotexture, echogenicity, size and edges of the spleen were normal on B‐mode ultrasound in all cats. On qualitative elastography, the evaluated splenic portions were not deformable, and the images presented as homogeneous dark areas. On quantitative elastography, the mean shear velocity values were 1 · 98 m/s for the head portion, 1 · 77 m/s for the body portion and 2 · 03 m/s for the tail portion. These were not significantly different. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Quantitative and qualitative acoustic radiation force impulse elastography of the spleen in healthy adult cats was easily implemented and this study may provide baseline data for this organ to allow the future use of this technique in evaluating cats with splenic disease.
      PubDate: 2014-12-05T08:06:30.590783-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12307
       
  • Characteristics of the bacterial flora in the conjunctival sac of cats
           from Poland
    • Authors: Z. Kiełbowicz; K. Płoneczka‐Janeczko, J. Bania, K. Bierowiec, M. Kiełbowicz
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To assess the bacterial flora of the conjunctival sac in clinically healthy cats and cats with signs of conjunctivitis. METHODS A total of 324 conjunctival swabs were examined between 2011 and 2012 taken from 60 animals, 30 of which were clinically healthy and 30 with signs of chronic conjunctivitis. The samples were taken three times at 4‐week intervals from the clinically healthy cats. The samples from the cats with conjunctivitis were taken before and 4 weeks after cessation of successful therapy. Swabs from both the right and left eye of each cat were subjected to microbiological examination and polymerase chain reaction for the presence of DNA of Chlamydophila felis and Mycoplasma felis. RESULTS There was no qualitative difference in the eye microflora between the clinically healthy animals and those with signs of conjunctivitis. Staphylococcus epidermidis (21 · 9%) was the most common microorganism isolated and it was more commonly detected in swabs from cats with conjunctivitis (P 
      PubDate: 2014-12-05T08:05:12.302567-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12304
       
  • The diagnostic utility of lymph node cytology samples in dogs and cats
    • Authors: I. Amores‐Fuster; P. Cripps, P. Graham, A. M. Marrington, L. Blackwood
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine common reasons for lymph node fine needle aspirates, cytological diagnoses reported and the frequency and reasons for non‐diagnostic samples from dogs and cats. METHODS Retrospective study of computerised records of fine needle aspirate samples submitted to NationWide Laboratories (UK) between April 2009 and May 2011 to identify lymph node samples. Reason for sampling, sample quality, diagnosis achieved and reason for non‐diagnostic samples were assessed. RESULTS A total of 1473 records were available for review. Of 1274 canine samples, 928 (72 · 8%) were diagnostic and 346 (27 · 2%) were non‐diagnostic. Of 199 feline samples, 171 (85 · 9%) samples were diagnostic and 28 (14 · 1%) were non‐diagnostic. The most common reasons for sample submission in both species were investigation of lymphadenopathy (alone or in combination with other clinical signs) or tumour staging. In dogs, the most common diagnosis was lymphoma (351, 27 · 5%), and in cats, reactive hyperplasia (63, 31 · 6%). Absence of cells, cell disruption and low yield were the most common causes of non‐diagnostic samples. Submission of the history did not affect the probability of reaching a cytological diagnosis. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Lymph node cytology is a useful diagnostic procedure but educating veterinarians to improve sampling and smearing may increase diagnostic yield.
      PubDate: 2014-12-05T08:04:39.524913-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12303
       
  • Pro‐coagulant thromboelastographic features in the bulldog
    • Authors: G. Hoareau; M. Mellema
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To determine if bulldogs develop a hypercoagulable state comparable to that observed in human patients with sleep apnoea hypopnoea syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thromboelastography was performed in 15 clinically healthy bulldogs and 24 healthy control dogs of other breeds or mixed breed lineage. RESULTS Bulldogs had significantly shorter R and K times relative to control dogs. The alpha angle, maximum amplitude and overall clot strength was significantly greater in bulldogs than in controls. The largest differences between the groups were found in the maximal amplitude and overall clot strength parameters. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE These findings support the concept that brachycephalic syndrome promotes a hypercoagulable phenotype similar to that observed with sleep apnoea hypopnoea syndrome in humans. The large increases in maximal amplitude observed suggest platelet hyperreactivity may play an important role.
      PubDate: 2014-12-05T08:04:15.716201-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12299
       
  • Acquired cervical spinal arachnoid diverticulum in a cat
    • Authors: R. J. Adams; L. Garosi, K. Matiasek, M. Lowrie
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A one‐year‐old, female entire, domestic, shorthair cat presented with acute onset non‐ambulatory tetraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging was consistent with a C3‐C4 acute non‐compressive nucleus pulposus extrusion and the cat was treated conservatively. The cat was able to walk after 10 days and was normal 2 months after presentation. The cat was referred five and a half years later for investigation of an insidious onset 3‐month history of ataxia and tetraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine was repeated, demonstrating a spinal arachnoid diverticulum at C3 causing marked focal compression of the spinal cord. This was treated surgically with hemilaminectomy and durectomy. The cat improved uneventfully and was discharged 12 days later.
      PubDate: 2014-12-05T08:02:10.256045-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12288
       
  • Prevalence of physiological heart murmurs in a population of 95 healthy
           young adult dogs
    • Authors: A. Drut; T. Ribas, F. Floch, S. Franchequin, L. Freyburger, B. Rannou, J. L. Cadoré, I. Bublot
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of physiological heart murmurs in healthy young adult dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS Healthy dogs aged between 1 and 5 years were enrolled prospectively. All participating dogs underwent physical examination, urinalysis, blood testing and blood pressure measurement. Cardiac auscultations were performed by three independent examiners. Dogs with heart murmurs underwent echocardiography, to exclude cardiovascular abnormalities. RESULTS Of 109 dogs evaluated, 95 completed the study. Heart murmurs were detected in 22 dogs. Interobserver agreement for murmur detection was moderate to fair (weighted kappa 0 · 29–0 · 56). On the basis of two different sets of echocardiographic criteria, physiological heart murmurs were diagnosed in 6 and 11 dogs, respectively, giving a prevalence of 6–12%. All physiological heart murmurs were systolic and low‐grade (I–III/VI). Most were louder towards the left heart base and some radiated up to the thoracic inlet. The epidemiological features of dogs with physiological heart murmurs did not differ significantly from those of dogs without murmurs (P > 0 · 10). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE This study shows that physiological heart murmurs may not be limited to growing dogs or specific breeds, as they were commonly encountered in this population of healthy young adult dogs.
      PubDate: 2014-12-02T04:56:59.972847-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12300
       
  • Serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity in acute pancreatitis of dogs
    • Authors: A. Tvarijonaviciute; J. D. García‐Martínez, M. Caldin, S. Martínez‐Subiela, F. Tecles, J. Pastor, J. J. Ceron
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES Serum paraoxonase 1 is considered a marker of inflammation and oxidative damage. The aims of this study were to evaluate changes in serum paraoxonase 1 activity in dogs with acute pancreatitis, to correlate serum paraoxonase 1 activity and other analytes known to be altered in dogs with pancreatitis and to assess the relationship between serum paraoxonase 1 activity and disease severity in dogs with acute pancreatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective analysis of dogs with acute pancreatitis and healthy dogs in which serum paraoxonase 1 activity was measured were compared. RESULTS Median serum paraoxonase 1 activity was significantly lower in dogs with pancreatitis (n = 19) compared to healthy ones (n = 19). Serum paraoxonase 1 activity was negatively correlated with serum lipase and amylase activities, and C‐reactive protein and haptoglobin concentrations and was positively correlated with total cholesterol and glucose concentration. Disease severity was negatively correlated with serum paraoxonase 1 activity and positively correlated with triglyceride and C‐reactive protein concentration. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Serum paraoxonase 1 activity is lower in dogs with acute pancreatitis and together with triglyceride and C‐reactive protein concentrations is a potential marker of disease severity.
      PubDate: 2014-11-14T05:58:57.956671-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12297
       
  • Vertical forces assessment according to radiographic hip grade in German
           shepherd dogs
    • Authors: A. N. A. Souza; A. C. B. C. F. Pinto, V. Marvulle, J. M. Matera
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To investigate the correlation between radiographic hip grade and kinetic parameters in German shepherd dogs. METHODS Dogs were distributed into five groups of eight dogs each according to hip grade (A, B, C, D or E). Dogs were submitted to clinical evaluation and kinetic analysis. Five valid passages were analysed using data collected from a pressure walkway. Peak vertical force, vertical impulse and stance phase duration were evaluated at velocity (1 · 2 to 1 · 4 m/s) ±0 · 1 m/s2 acceleration. Kinetic data between groups were compared. RESULTS In pelvic limbs, mean peak vertical force decreased progressively from grade C (mild) to grade E (severe) hip dysplasia. The vertical impulse was decreased in groups C and E compared to groups A, B and D; stance phase duration did not differ significantly between groups. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Mean peak vertical force was lower in dogs with severe hip dysplasia compared with mildly dysplastic dogs. These results suggest that hip dysplasia degree can affect lameness severity.
      PubDate: 2014-11-14T05:58:40.832207-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12294
       
  • Importance of fasting in preparing dogs for abdominal ultrasound
           examination of specific organs
    • Authors: D. A. A. Garcia; T. R. Froes
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To describe the effect of fasting on the technical success of abdominal ultrasonography specifically in respect of examination of the gall bladder, duodenum, pancreas, adrenal glands and portal vein in dogs. METHODS Randomised, prospective study of 150 dogs with a variety of physical characteristics. Animals were divided into two groups of 75 dogs each. Dogs in Group 1 were fasted for 8 to 12 hours before ultrasonographic evaluation and those in Group 2 were not but received food anytime between 10 minutes and 2 hours before the procedure. RESULTS Intraluminal gas can influence the visibility of organs, but intraluminal gas accumulation occurred independently of fasting status. The assessment of abdominal organs was not affected by whether or not an animal was fasted. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Routine fasting of dogs before abdominal ultrasonography is not essential.
      PubDate: 2014-11-07T03:40:21.210228-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12281
       
  • Surgical management of a traumatic dislocation of the sternum in an
           English bulldog
    • Authors: C. I. Serra; C. Soler, V. Moratalla, V. Sifre, J. I. Redondo
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A nine‐year‐old English bulldog presented with an acute history of dyspnoea, tachycardia and discomfort localising to the ventral thorax following a fall down the stairs that morning. After the dog was stabilised, thoracic radiographs revealed a luxation of the third and fourth sternebrae with dorsal displacement of the caudal segment. The sternum was reduced and stabilised with a contoured 12‐hole 3 · 5‐mm dynamic compression plate applied to the ventral surface of the sternum. The dog's initial recovery was rapid, cardiorespiratory parameters returning to normal in the first 24 hours. For 2 weeks postoperatively the dog exhibited difficulty in rising from a prone position. After this time there was a full recovery. Clinical examination at 8 months postoperatively did not reveal any abnormalities. Telephone follow‐up was performed at 18 months and no complications or cardiorespiratory compromise were reported. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first reported case of a traumatic dislocation of the sternum and its management in the dog.
      PubDate: 2014-11-06T02:35:29.643593-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12289
       
  • Evaluation of a joint distractor to facilitate arthroscopy of the hip
           joint in dogs
    • Authors: V. Devesa; G. L. Rovesti, P. G. Urrutia, F. San Roman, J. Rodriguez‐Quiros
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To evaluate the technical feasibility and efficacy of a hip joint distraction technique, any potential ligamentous damage linked to the procedure, and the effect of joint venting on the maximum distraction achieved. METHODS Twenty hip joints from 11 canine cadavers were evaluated radiographically by standard and stressed projections. Joint distraction was applied with loads from 40 up to 200 N, in 40 N increments, and fluoroscopic images were obtained at each load. At 200 N, a needle was inserted into the joint to achieve a venting effect, and the space was measured again. Standard and stressed radiographs were performed to evaluate potential laxity changes. RESULTS Distraction caused a significant increase in joint space at each load of distraction, although there were some variations. Joint venting produced a significant increase in joint space. A statistically significant difference in joint laxity evaluated radiographically before and after the procedure was recorded. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Use of the distraction apparatus resulted in an increase in joint space. This could be useful for clinical situations where a larger joint space is required such as for arthroscopic procedures. However, loads in excess of 200 N may induce significant increases in joint laxity.
      PubDate: 2014-11-05T05:00:13.620581-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12279
       
  • A retrospective survey of ocular abnormalities in pugs: 130 cases
    • Authors: M. Krecny; A. Tichy, J. Rushton, B. Nell
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To determine the types and frequency of ophthalmic findings in pugs. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective analysis of case records of pugs presented to an ophthalmology unit between 2001 and 2012. Ophthalmological findings were correlated with age, gender, presenting signs and time of onset of disease. RESULTS In total, 130 pugs (258 eyes) with a mean (±sd) age of 2 · 8 (±2 · 87) years were examined. Ocular abnormalities identified included keratoconjunctivitis sicca (n = 39 eyes), macroblepharon (n = 258 eyes), entropion (n = 258 eyes), distichiasis (n = 56 eyes), ectopic cilia (n = 8 eyes), conjunctivitis (n = 88 eyes), corneal pigmentation (n = 101 eyes), opacity (n = 63 eyes), ulceration (n = 46 eyes), vascularisation (n = 35 eyes), iris‐to‐iris persistent pupillary membranes (n = 21 eyes) and cataract (n = 18). Keratoconjunctivitis sicca was significantly associated with the presence of corneal pigmentation (P = 0 · 007 for left eyes; P = 0 · 043 for right eyes). However corneal pigmentation was also identified in pugs (n = 61) without keratoconjunctivitis sicca. There was a significant influence of ectopic cilia on corneal ulceration (P < 0 · 001). Younger dogs (mean age, 1 · 28 (±0 · 45) years) were significantly more affected by distichiasis. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE The high number of cases of corneal pigmentation without keratoconjunctivitis sicca suggests that there may be additional yet undetermined factors involved in the development of corneal pigmentation in pugs.
      PubDate: 2014-11-05T02:18:23.317719-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12291
       
  • The use of rigid endoscopy in the management of acute oropharyngeal stick
           injuries
    • Authors: W. Robinson; C. Shales, R. N. White
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To evaluate the use of rigid endoscopy in the management of oropharyngeal stick injuries. METHODS Retrospective analysis of case records between 2011 and 2013 from a large referral hospital. Data regarding signalment, clinical presentation, treatment options and final outcomes were recorded. RESULTS Nine dogs were identified with acute oropharyngeal stick injuries. There were seven males and two females and the dogs were of various breeds, ages (1 · 5 to 9 years) and weights (11 · 9 to 38 · 4 kg). The time from injury to referral was between 1 and 3 days (median: 2 days). All dogs were anaesthetised and the tracts explored using a 30° forward‐oblique, 2 · 7‐mm‐diameter, 18‐cm‐length rigid endoscope with corresponding 14 · 5 Fr sheath. The endoscopy was performed under saline irrigation. Foreign material (>1 mm in size) was removed using grasping forceps fed through the sheath. Subsequently, the tracts were re‐inspected and flushed with further saline to confirm that all foreign material had been removed. All dogs recovered uneventfully and had excellent outcomes with no cases representing with chronic manifestations of oropharyngeal stick injuries. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Rigid endoscopy is an effective method for the diagnosis, assessment and, in certain cases, treatment of acute oropharyngeal stick injuries in dogs.
      PubDate: 2014-11-05T02:12:31.550759-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12282
       
  • Primary penile adenocarcinoma with concurrent hypercalcaemia of malignancy
           in a dog
    • Authors: A. R. R. Furtado; L. Parrinello, M. Merlo, A. Di Bella
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 13‐year‐old male neutered Siberian husky crossbreed dog was presented with a 3‐week history of haematuria and penile swelling. Clinical examination and computed tomography demonstrated a soft‐tissue mass located at the base of the penis without signs of other primary tumours or metastasis. Clinicopathological findings revealed paraneoplastic hypercalcaemia. Fine‐needle aspiration cytology of the mass suggested an epithelial tumour with several criteria of malignancy present. Following surgical excision of the mass, the hypercalcaemia resolved. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry revealed features consistent with an adenocarcinoma. Despite thorough examination, no perineal or anal sac tumour was found. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first reported case of a penile adenocarcinoma with hypercalcaemia of malignancy.
      PubDate: 2014-11-05T02:12:09.499498-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12285
       
  • A case of type B botulism in a pregnant bitch
    • Authors: A. Lamoureux; C. Pouzot‐Nevoret, C. Escriou
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A two‐year‐old pregnant Gordon setter presented with acute onset of flaccid tetraparesis and respiratory distress. Neurological examination revealed diffuse lower motor neuron dysfunction. Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin B was isolated from the dog's serum. The dog was hospitalised and received supportive care; respiratory function was monitored but positive‐pressure ventilation was not required. Recovery was complete within 1 month and parturition occurred without complication 49 days after admission. The puppies delivered lacked any obvious congenital defects and development during the first few months of life was normal. The source of contamination was suspected to be poorly conserved dry food. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of C. botulinum neurotoxin B isolation in a dog and the first report of botulism in a pregnant bitch.
      PubDate: 2014-11-03T06:05:30.820616-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12290
       
  • Lethal septic shock after dental scaling in a healthy dog due to
           Ochrobactrum anthropi‐contaminated propofol
    • Authors: P. Franci; G. Dotto, A. Cattai, D. Pasotto
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      PubDate: 2014-10-30T04:12:29.817052-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12284
       
  • Evaluation of facial expression in acute pain in cats
    • Authors: E. Holden; G. Calvo, M. Collins, A. Bell, J. Reid, E. M. Scott, A. M. Nolan
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To describe the development of a facial expression tool differentiating pain‐free cats from those in acute pain. METHODS Observers shown facial images from painful and pain‐free cats were asked to identify if they were in pain or not. From facial images, anatomical landmarks were identified and distances between these were mapped. Selected distances underwent statistical analysis to identify features discriminating pain‐free and painful cats. Additionally, thumbnail photographs were reviewed by two experts to identify discriminating facial features between the groups. RESULTS Observers (n = 68) had difficulty in identifying pain‐free from painful cats, with only 13% of observers being able to discriminate more than 80% of painful cats. Analysis of 78 facial landmarks and 80 distances identified six significant factors differentiating pain‐free and painful faces including ear position and areas around the mouth/muzzle. Standardised mouth and ear distances when combined showed excellent discrimination properties, correctly differentiating pain‐free and painful cats in 98% of cases. Expert review supported these findings and a cartoon‐type picture scale was developed from thumbnail images. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Initial investigation into facial features of painful and pain‐free cats suggests potentially good discrimination properties of facial images. Further testing is required for development of a clinical tool.
      PubDate: 2014-10-30T04:10:56.920435-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12283
       
  • Dystrophin‐deficient muscular dystrophy in a Norfolk terrier
    • Authors: E. Beltran; G. D. Shelton, L. T. Guo, R. Dennis, D. Sanchez‐Masian, D. Robinson, L. De Risio
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A six‐month‐old male entire Norfolk terrier was presented with a 3‐month history of poor development, reluctance to exercise and progressive and diffuse muscle atrophy. Serum creatine kinase concentration was markedly elevated. Magnetic resonance imaging of the epaxial muscles revealed asymmetrical streaky signal changes aligned within the muscle fibres (hyperintense on T2‐weighted images and short‐tau inversion recovery with moderate contrast enhancement on T1‐weighted images). Electromyography revealed pseudomyotonic discharges and fibrillation potentials localised at the level of the supraspinatus, epaxial muscles and tibial cranialis muscles. Muscle biopsy results were consistent with dystrophin‐deficient muscular dystrophy. The dog remained stable 7 months after diagnosis with coenzyme Q10 and l‐carnitine; however after that time, there was a marked deterioration and the owners elected euthanasia. This case report describes the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging, electrodiagnostic and histopathological findings with immunohistochemical analysis in a Norfolk terrier with confirmed dystrophin‐deficient muscular dystrophy, which has not been previously described in this breed.
      PubDate: 2014-10-29T07:58:28.656369-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12292
       
  • Necrotising fasciitis in a domestic shorthair cat – negative
           pressure wound therapy assisted debridement and reconstruction
    • Authors: M. C. Nolff; A. Meyer‐Lindenberg
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 10‐year‐old, domestic shorthair cat was presented for acute lameness of the left forelimb accompanied by severe pain, swelling, skin necrosis, malodorous discharge and pyrexia. Following a presumptive diagnosis of necrotising fasciitis aggressive surgical debridement of the affected soft tissues of the antebrachium and negative pressure wound treatment of the open defect were performed. Surgical findings supported the tentative diagnosis of necrotising fasciitis and Streptococcus canis was isolated from the wound. A free skin graft was performed 29 days after admission, and augmented by 3 days of negative pressure wound therapy to facilitate graft incorporation. Healing was achieved without complications and no functional or aesthetic abnormalities remained.
      PubDate: 2014-10-16T09:28:16.528924-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12275
       
  • Recommendations on vaccination for Asian small animal practitioners: a
           report of the WSAVA Vaccination Guidelines Group
    • Authors: M. J. Day; U. Karkare, R. D. Schultz, R. Squires, H. Tsujimoto
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: In 2012 and 2013, the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) Vaccination Guidelines Group (VGG) undertook fact‐finding visits to several Asian countries, with a view to developing advice for small companion animal practitioners in Asia related to the administration of vaccines to dogs and cats. The VGG met with numerous first opinion practitioners, small animal association leaders, academic veterinarians, government regulators and industry representatives and gathered further information from a survey of almost 700 veterinarians in India, China, Japan and Thailand. Although there were substantial differences in the nature and magnitude of the challenges faced by veterinarians in each country, and also differences in the resources available to meet those challenges, overall, the VGG identified insufficient undergraduate and postgraduate training in small companion animal microbiology, immunology and vaccinology. In most of the countries, there has been little academic research into small animal infectious diseases. This, coupled with insufficient laboratory diagnostic support, has limited the growth of knowledge concerning the prevalence and circulating strains of key infectious agents in most of the countries visited. Asian practitioners continue to recognise clinical infections that are now considered uncommon or rare in western countries. In particular, canine rabies virus infection poses a continuing threat to animal and human health in this region. Both nationally manufactured and international dog and cat vaccines are variably available in the Asian countries, but the product ranges are small and dominated by multi‐component vaccines with a licensed duration of immunity (
      DOI ) of only 1 year, or no description of
      DOI . Asian practitioners are largely unaware of current global trends in small animal vaccinology or of the WSAVA vaccination guidelines. Consequently, most practitioners continue to deliver annual revaccination with both core and non‐core vaccines to adult animals, with little understanding that “herd immunity” is more important than frequent revaccination of individual animals within the population. In this paper, the VGG presents the findings of this project and makes key recommendations for the Asian countries. The VGG recommends that (1) Asian veterinary schools review and increase as needed the amount of instruction in small animal vaccinology within their undergraduate curriculum and increase the availability of pertinent postgraduate education for practitioners; (2) national small animal veterinary associations, industry veterinarians and academic experts work together to improve the scientific evidence base concerning small animal infectious diseases and vaccination in their countries; (3) national small animal veterinary associations take leadership in providing advice to practitioners based on improved local knowledge and global vaccination guidelines; (4) licensing authorities use this enhanced evidence base to inform and support the registration of improved vaccine product ranges for use in their countries, ideally with
      DOI for core vaccines similar or equal to those of equivalent products available in western countries (i.e. 3 or 4 years). The VGG also endorses the efforts made by Asian governments, non‐governmental organisations and veterinary practitioners in working towards the goal of global elimination of canine rabies virus infection. In this paper, the VGG offers both a current pragmatic and future aspirational approach to small animal vaccination in Asia. As part of this project, the VGG delivered continuing education to over 800 Asian practitioners at seven events in four countries. Accompanying this document is a list of 80 frequently asked questions (with answers) that arose during these discussions. The VGG believes that this information will be of particular value to Asian veterinarians as they move towards implementing global trends in small companion animal vaccinology.
      PubDate: 2014-10-07T07:10:57.628995-05:
       
  • Chest wall reconstruction with latissimus dorsi and an autologous
           thoracolumbar fascia graft in a dog
    • Authors: A. de Battisti; G. Polton, M. de Vries, E. Friend
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A new technique for autogenous chest wall reconstruction using a latissimus dorsi muscle flap and a free graft of thoracolumbar fascia was utilised in a two‐year‐old Dobermann after resection of a high‐grade osteosarcoma from the left thoracic wall. En bloc excision of the chest wall mass, including six ribs, was performed. The resulting chest wall defect was too large to be reconstructed with only a pedicled muscle flap and was reconstructed with a latissimus dorsi muscle flap cranially and a free graft of thoracolumbar fascia caudally. The graft was harvested easily, and there was no donor site morbidity or postoperative complications. A free graft of thoracolumbar fascia can be considered as an option to supplement autogenous reconstruction of the chest wall.
      PubDate: 2014-09-16T01:29:14.208807-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12270
       
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal sacs in three dogs
    • Authors: S. Mellett; S. Verganti, S. Murphy, K. Bowlt
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Anal sac squamous cell carcinoma is rare in dogs. Five cases have been previously reported, treatment of which involved surgery alone. This report describes three further cases of canine anal sac squamous cell carcinoma which underwent medical (meloxicam) management alone, resulting in survival of up to seven months. No metastases were identified. Squamous cell carcinoma, although extremely uncommon, should be considered as a possible differential diagnosis when a dog is presented for investigation of an anal sac mass.
      PubDate: 2014-09-11T05:55:06.986043-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12264
       
  • A skeletal disorder in a dog resembling the Klippel–Feil Syndrome
           with Sprengel's Deformity in humans
    • Authors: G. Bertolini; M. Trotta, M. Caldin
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A five‐year‐old intact male golden retriever dog was evaluated for cervical pain and right hemiparesis. Clinical and computed tomography features suggested a caudal cervical instability and myelopathy due to a cervicoscapular malformation resembling the human Klippel–Feil Syndrome with Sprengel Deformity, a rare complex congenital disorder. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing of MEOX1, PAX1 and FGFR3 genes were performed in this dog to investigate a possible underlying genetic predisposition, but no mutations were detected in the coding regions of the three target genes evaluated. Other genes can be involved in this condition in dogs and require further investigation. This report describes a cervical vertebral fusion and complex scapular anomaly in a dog. The presence of an omovertebral bone should be considered in the setting of signs characteristic of myelopathy in dogs with or without obvious skeletal deformity.
      PubDate: 2014-09-05T01:18:04.723892-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12268
       
  • Hepatic fungal infection in a young beagle with unrecognised hereditary
           cobalamin deficiency (Imerslund‐Gräsbeck syndrome)
    • Authors: P. H. Kook; M. Drögemüller, T. Leeb, S. Hinden, M. Ruetten, J. Howard
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 12‐month‐old beagle presented for anorexia, pyrexia and vomiting. The dog had been treated intermittently with antibiotics and corticosteroids for inappetence and lethargy since five months of age. Previous laboratory abnormalities included macrocytosis and neutropenia. At presentation, the dog was lethargic, febrile and thin. Laboratory examination findings included anaemia, a left shift, thrombocytopenia, hypoglycaemia and hyperbilirubinaemia. Multiple, small, hypoechoic, round hepatic lesions were observed on abdominal ultrasound. Cytological examination of hepatic fine needle aspirates revealed a fungal infection and associated pyogranulomatous inflammation. The dog's general condition deteriorated despite supportive measures and treatment with fluconazole, and owners opted for euthanasia before hypocobalaminaemia was identified. Subsequent genomic analysis revealed a CUBN:c.786delC mutation in a homozygous state, confirming hereditary cobalamin malabsorption (Imerslund‐Gräsbeck syndrome). Similar to human infants, dogs with Imerslund‐Gräsbeck syndrome may rarely be presented for infectious diseases, distracting focus from the underlying primary disorder.
      PubDate: 2014-08-08T04:37:26.536647-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12251
       
  • Mesenteric‐reno‐caval shunt in an aged dog
    • Authors: Swan Specchi; Pascaline Pey, Romain Javard, Isabelle Caron, Giovanna Bertolini
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      PubDate: 2014-08-07T01:22:39.63107-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12255
       
  • Pancreatic surgical biopsy in 24 dogs and 19 cats: postoperative
           complications and clinical relevance of histological findings
    • Authors: K. M. Pratschke; J. Ryan, A. McAlinden, G. McLauchlan
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To assess the immediate postoperative complications associated with pancreatic biopsy in dogs and cats and review the clinical relevance of biopsy findings. METHODS Retrospective review of clinical records from two referral institutions for cases undergoing pancreatic biopsy between 2000 and 2013. RESULTS Twenty‐four dogs and 19 cats that had surgical pancreatic biopsy had sufficient detail in their clinical records and fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Postoperative complications were seen in 10 cases of which 5 were suggestive of post‐surgical pancreatitis. Two patients were euthanased within 10 days of surgery because of the underlying disease; neither suffered postoperative complications. Pancreatic pathology was found in 19 cases, 7 cases showed no change other than benign pancreatic nodular hyperplasia, and no abnormalities were seen in 18 cases. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Complications may be encountered following surgical pancreatic biopsy, although the risk should be minimal with good surgical technique. Pancreatic biopsy may provide a useful contribution to case management but it is not clear whether a negative pancreatic biopsy should be used to rule out pancreatic disease. Dogs were more likely to have no significant pathology found on pancreatic biopsy than cats, where chronic pancreatitis was the most common finding.
      PubDate: 2014-08-06T07:37:13.659883-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12262
       
  • Extended proximal trochleoplasty for the correction of bidirectional
           patellar luxation in seven Pomeranian dogs
    • Authors: C. Wangdee; H. A. W. Hazewinkel, J. Temwichitr, L. F. H. Theyse
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Seven Pomeranians with bidirectional patellar luxation (BPL) were prospectively studied regarding aetiology and results of a new surgical technique. Radiographic evaluation of the ratio between patellar ligament length and patellar bone length revealed no differences between Pomeranians with bidirectional patellar luxation and healthy stifle joints. Functional rather than anatomic patella alta might be associated with bidirectional patellar luxation in Pomeranians. The surgical outcome of extended proximal trochleoplasty was good‐to‐excellent in 87·5% of the stifles and all dogs achieved functional recovery. There was only minimal radiographic progression of osteophyte formation at 48 weeks after surgery. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report on bidirectional patellar luxation in small breed dogs and its successful surgical treatment.
      PubDate: 2014-07-10T00:36:24.751178-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12248
       
  • Inflammatory and oxidative biomarkers of disease severity in dogs with
           parvoviral enteritis
    • Authors: M. Kocaturk; A. Tvarijonaviciute, S. Martinez‐Subiela, F. Tecles, O. Eralp, Z. Yilmaz, J. J. Ceron
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To study changes in serum C‐reactive protein, haptoglobin, ceruloplasmin and albumin concentration, total anti‐oxidant capacity and paraoxonase‐1 and butyrylcholinesterase activity in dogs with parvoviral enteritis of different degrees of clinical severity. METHODS Prospective study of 9 healthy and 43 dogs with parvoviral enteritis that were classified into mildly, moderately and affected groups. RESULTS Dogs with parvoviral enteritis had a significant increase in C‐reactive protein compared with healthy dogs, with an increase of higher magnitude in animals with more severe clinical signs. All dogs with parvoviral enteritis had a significant increase in haptoglobin concentration compared with healthy dogs, but with no difference according to disease severity. There was a decrease in paraoxonase‐1 activity in parvoviral enteritis. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Major increases of C‐reactive protein concentrations in dogs with parvoviral enteritis are a marker of disease severity. In addition, higher values for anti‐oxidants in severe cases compared with mild and moderate cases suggest a possible compensatory anti‐oxidant mechanism.
      PubDate: 2014-07-10T00:35:20.627735-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12250
       
  • Advanced diagnostic imaging and surgical treatment of an odontogenic
           retromasseteric abscess in a guinea pig
    • Authors: V. Capello; A. Lennox
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A two‐year‐old guinea pig presented for difficulty chewing. Examination and diagnostic imaging, including computed tomography and magnetic resonance, revealed an odontogenic retromasseteric abscess associated with a mandibular cheek tooth. Treatment included removal of the abscess and marsupialisation of the surgical site for repeated debridement and healing by second intention. Unique features of this case included the use of advanced diagnostic imaging and utilisation of marsupialisation for surgical correction.
      PubDate: 2014-07-10T00:35:03.853415-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12249
       
  • Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of canine uropathogens in
           Northern Belgium: a retrospective study (2010 to 2012)
    • Authors: Delphine Criel; Joachim Steenbergen, Michel Stalpaert
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      PubDate: 2014-04-07T02:26:05.089305-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12221
       
  • Understanding cats
    • Authors: Gabrielle Musk
      Pages: 601 - 602
      PubDate: 2014-12-03T01:07:20.950678-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12298
       
  • Development of a behaviour‐based measurement tool with defined
           intervention level for assessing acute pain in cats
    • Authors: G. Calvo; E. Holden, J. Reid, E. M. Scott, A. Firth, A. Bell, S. Robertson, A. M. Nolan
      Pages: 622 - 629
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To develop a composite measure pain scale tool to assess acute pain in cats and derive an intervention score. METHODS To develop the prototype composite measure pain scale‐feline, words describing painful cats were collected, grouped into behavioural categories and ranked. To assess prototype validity two observers independently assigned composite measure pain scale‐feline and numerical rating scale scores to 25 hospitalised cats before and after analgesic treatment. Following interim analysis the prototype was revised (revised composite measure pain scale‐feline). To determine intervention score, two observers independently assigned revised composite measure pain scale‐feline and numerical rating scale scores to 116 cats. A further observer, a veterinarian, stated whether analgesia was necessary. RESULTS Mean ± sd decrease in revised composite measure pain scale‐feline and numerical rating scale scores following analgesia were 2 · 4 ± 2 · 87 and 1 · 9 ± 2 · 34, respectively (95% confidence interval for mean change in revised composite measure pain scale‐feline between 1 · 21 and 3 · 6). Changes in revised composite measure pain scale‐feline and numerical rating scale were significantly correlated (r = 0 · 8) (P < 0001). Intervention level score of ≥4/16 was derived for revised composite measure pain scale‐feline (26 · 7% misclassification) and ≥3/10 for numerical rating scale (14 · 5% misclassification). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE A valid instrument with a recommended analgesic intervention level has been developed to assess acute clinical pain in cats that should be readily applicable in practice.
      PubDate: 2014-12-03T01:07:19.818047-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12280
       
  • Efficacy and safety of cimicoxib in the control of perioperative pain in
           dogs: a critique
    • Authors: Josephine Kropf; Rachel C. Bennett, Georgina Self, Paolo Monticelli, Vilhelmiina Huuskonen
      Pages: 652 - 653
      PubDate: 2014-12-03T01:07:19.232774-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12302_1
       
  • Reply to Letter
    • Authors: Erik Grandemange; Sandrine Fournel, Frederique Woehrle
      Pages: 653 - 654
      PubDate: 2014-12-03T01:07:20.234857-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12302_2
       
  • Oral infestation with leech Limnatis nilotica in two mixed‐breed
           dogs
    • Authors: S. M. Rajaei; H. Khorram, M. Ansari Mood, S. Mashhadi Rafie, D. L. Williams
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Leeches are bloodsucking hermaphroditic parasites that attach to tissues using two muscular suckers, ingest large amounts of blood and may cause severe anaemia in the host. Two four‐month‐old mixed‐breed dogs (one bitch and one male) were referred with anorexia, retching, hypersalivation and bleeding from the oral cavity. On physical examination, two live leeches were detected on the ventral aspect of the tongue of the bitch and one in a similar position in the male. The leeches were gently detached and removed using Adson tissue forceps after applying vinegar over the area. Microcytic hypochromic anaemia was detected in the bitch and mild leukocytosis in the dog. One month after treatment both animals were re‐examined and a complete blood count was normal. Given that infestation with leeches as described here is associated with contaminated water, the use of clean and safe drinking water is recommended to avoid such diseases.
      PubDate: 2013-12-10T02:14:48.813786-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12166
       
  • Carbimazole‐associated hypersensitivity vasculitis in a cat
    • Authors: K. Bowlt; I. Cattin, J. Stewart
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Feline hyperthyroidism can be treated medically, surgically or with radioactive iodine. Carbimazole inhibits both triiodothyronine and thyroxine synthesis in the thyroid gland and reported side effects include mild eosinophilia, leucopenia and lymphocytosis, thrombocytopenia, elevated liver enzyme activities, gastrointestinal signs and skin abnormalities. This case report describes a cat with carbimazole‐associated apparent hypersensitivity vasculitis causing digital and tail necrosis, with multiple renal infarcts. Withdrawal of carbimazole resulted in stable disease.
      PubDate: 2013-11-21T01:40:22.666913-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12154
       
  • Potassium bromide‐associated panniculitis
    • Authors: N. A. Boynosky; L. B. Stokking
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Two cases of panniculitis associated with administration of potassium bromide in dogs are reported. Both dogs were treated with potassium bromide for idiopathic epilepsy for over 1 year. Dose increases in both cases were associated with panniculitis, characterised by painful subcutaneous nodules in a generalised distribution over the trunk. Nodule eruption waxed and waned in one dog and was persistent in the other. In both cases, panniculitis was accompanied by lethargy and pyrexia. Panniculitis, lethargy and pyrexia resolved and failed to recur after discontinuation of potassium bromide. No other cause of panniculitis could be determined for either dog. Panniculitis has been reported after administration of potassium bromide in humans and may be a form of drug‐induced erythema nodosum. To the authors’ knowledge, these are the first reports of potassium bromide‐associated panniculitis in dogs.
      PubDate: 2013-09-06T04:06:41.817477-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12129
       
  • Femoral fracture repair and sciatic and femoral nerve blocks in a guinea
           pig
    • Authors: J. Aguiar; G. Mogridge, J. Hall
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A four‐month‐old, entire male guinea pig was presented for surgical repair of a closed oblique femoral fracture. Analgesia was provided with 30 µg/kg buprenorphine intramuscularly (im) four times a day and 0 · 3 mg/kg meloxicam subcutaneously once a day. The following day, anaesthesia was induced and maintained with 100 µg/kg medetomidine im, 20 mg/kg ketamine im, 30 µg/kg buprenorphine im and isoflurane in oxygen. Femoral and sciatic nerve blocks were performed with bupivacaine. The fracture was reduced and aligned using an intramedullary 1 · 4 mm K‐wire and a 3 metric polydioxanone cerclage. Three weeks postoperatively remodelling and callus formation was documented, with no evidence of complications. Complete union was present 14 weeks postoperatively.
      PubDate: 2013-02-09T07:45:15.818435-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12033
       
 
 
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