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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 189 journals)
Acta Scientiae Veterinariae     Open Access  
Acta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Brno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 312)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Animal Health Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Australian Equine Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Avian Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Diseases Digest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Avian Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Veterinarian     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy     Open Access  
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access  
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Equine Veterinary Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Equine Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Veterinary Science     Open Access  
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human & Veterinary Medicine - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ILAR Journal     Hybrid Journal  
In Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Livestock Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
InVet     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access  
Irish Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ISRN Veterinary Science     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental and Applied Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access  
Journal of Small Animal Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Veterinary Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Kenya Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover   Journal of Small Animal Practice
  [SJR: 0.71]   [H-I: 44]   [10 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0022-4510 - ISSN (Online) 1748-5827
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1611 journals]
  • Impact of diet on incisor growth and attrition and the development of
           dental disease in pet rabbits
    • Authors: A. L. Meredith; J. L. Prebble, D. J. Shaw
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To assess the impact of four rabbit diets (hay only; extruded diet with hay; muesli with hay; muesli only) on length and curvature of cheek teeth and eruption and attrition rates of incisors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty‐two Dutch rabbits, randomly divided into four diet groups, had length and saggital plane curvature of the first cheek teeth measured radiographically at 1, 9 and 17 months. Eruption/attrition of the left upper incisor was directly measured at weeks 30, 32 and 35. RESULTS Eruption rates matched attrition rates in all groups, but were higher in the hay only group than in both groups fed muesli. By month 9, a greater degree of tooth curvature was present in rabbits fed muesli only than in those fed hay only and extruded diet with hay. After 17 months, rabbits fed muesli only and muesli with hay had longer lower first cheek teeth and larger interdental spaces between the first two molars than rabbits fed extruded diet and hay and hay only. Three rabbits fed muesli only developed evidence of dental disease. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Presence of increased tooth length, curvature and interdental spaces indicated early dental pathology in rabbits fed muesli. Muesli diets cannot be recommended for pet rabbits.
      PubDate: 2015-03-19T01:48:52.431389-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12346
  • A retrospective study of the use of active suction wound drains in dogs
           and cats
    • Authors: P. C. Bristow; Z. J. Halfacree, S. J. Baines
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Objectives To report indications for use and complications associated with commonly used closed active suction wound drains in a large number of clinical cases. Methods Retrospective review of medical case records (from 2004 to 2010) for dogs and cats that had a closed active suction drain placed into a wound. Only the four most common drain types were included: Mini Redovac®, Redovac®, Jackson Pratt® and Wound Evac®. Results Two hundred and fifty‐three drains were placed in 33 cats and 195 dogs. Mini Redovac drains were used most frequently in cats (76 · 5%) and Redovac drains in dogs (54 · 3%). The infection rate for clean surgeries in dogs was 15 · 6% (unattainable in cats). Major complications occurred in four dogs; minor complications occurred in 12 drains in cats (35 · 3%), and in 74 drains in dogs (33 · 8%). There was no statistically significant association between the type of drain and complication rate for either species. Clinical Significance Although closed active suction drains can be used with low risk of major complications, they lead to a high rate of infection in clean surgeries in dogs. It is recommended that such drains are kept in place for the shortest time possible and that strict asepsis is adhered to both during placement and management.
      PubDate: 2015-03-17T05:38:30.090743-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12339
  • Modified semitendinosus muscle transposition to repair ventral perineal
           hernia in 14 dogs
    • Authors: E. Morello; M. Martano, S. Zabarino, L. A. Piras, S. Nicoli, R. Bussadori, P. Buracco
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To describe a modified technique of semitendinosus muscle transposition for the repair of ventral perineal hernia. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective review of case records of dogs with ventral perineal hernia that were treated by transposing the medial half of the longitudinally split semitendinosus muscle of one limb. The transposition of the internal obturator muscle was used when uni‐ or bilateral rectal sacculation was also present in addition to ventral perineal hernia; colopexy and vas deferens pexy were also performed. RESULTS Fourteen dogs were included. In addition to ventral perineal hernia, unilateral and bilateral perineal hernia was also present in five and six of the dogs, respectively. The mean follow‐up time was 890 days. Ventral perineal hernia was successfully managed by the modified semitendinosus muscle transposition with minor complications in all the dogs included in the study. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Despite the small number of dogs included, the unilateral transposition of the medial half of the longitudinally split semitendinosus muscle consistently supported the ventral rectal enlargement in perineal hernia without obvious adverse effects.
      PubDate: 2015-03-03T07:31:38.95325-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12342
  • Plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy in a cat with non‐restrictive
           ventricular septal defect and chronic pulmonary hypertension
    • Authors: D. S. Russell; B. A. Scansen, L. Himmel
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 10‐week‐old, male, domestic long‐hair cat was medically managed for congenital heart disease over a period of 8 years. Regular clinical examinations, including sequential echocardiography, documented a non‐restrictive paramembranous ventricular septal defect, secundum‐type atrial septal defect and aortic dextroposition. Pulmonary arterial hypertension was diagnosed by the presence of high‐velocity tricuspid regurgitation, bidirectional low velocity flow across the ventricular septal defect, pulmonary arterial dilation and severe right ventricular hypertrophy without evidence of pulmonary outflow tract obstruction. The cat remained clinically stable until it died suddenly at 8 years of age. Histopathology of the lungs found evidence of plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy. Despite severe pulmonary vascular lesions, other post‐mortem evidence of right heart failure was lacking and death was attributed to a fatal cardiac arrhythmia. In this case report of a cat with chronic pulmonary hypertension over 8 years, plexogenic lesions were found on histopathology. The microscopic findings resemble those previously reported in dogs.
      PubDate: 2015-02-28T00:33:27.010579-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12341
  • Antimicrobial efficacy of an innovative emulsion of medium chain
           triglycerides against canine and feline periodontopathogens
    • Authors: G. Laverty; B. F. Gilmore, D. S. Jones, L. Coyle, M. Folan, R. Breathnach
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To test the in vitro antimicrobial efficacy of a non‐toxic emulsion of free fatty acids against clinically relevant canine and feline periodontopathogens METHODS Antimicrobial kill kinetics were established utilising an alamarBlue® viability assay against 10 species of canine and feline periodontopathogens in the biofilm mode of growth at a concentration of 0·125% v/v medium chain triglyceride (ML:8) emulsion. The results were compared with 0·12% v/v chlorhexidine digluconate and a xylitol‐containing dental formulation. Mammalian cellular cytotoxicity was also investigated for both the ML:8 emulsion and chlorhexidine digluconate (0·25 to 0·0625% v/v) using in vitro tissue culture techniques. RESULTS No statistically significant difference was observed in the antimicrobial activity of the ML:8 emulsion and chlorhexidine digluconate; a high percentage kill rate (>70%) was achieved within 5 minutes of exposure and was maintained at subsequent time points. A statistically significant improvement in antibiofilm activity was observed with the ML:8 emulsion compared with the xylitol‐containing formulation. The ML:8 emulsion possessed a significantly lower (P < 0·001) toxicity profile compared with the chlorhexidine digluconate in mammalian cellular cytotoxicity assays. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE The ML:8 emulsion exhibited significant potential as a putative effective antimicrobial alternative to chlorhexidine‐ and xylitol‐ based products for the reduction of canine and feline periodontopathogens.
      PubDate: 2015-02-28T00:33:08.748891-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12344
  • Comparison between Ki‐67 index and mitotic index for predicting
           outcome in canine mast cell tumours
    • Authors: S. van Lelyveld; J. Warland, R. Miller, H. Maw, R. Foale, M. Goodfellow, J. Dobson
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To assess correlation between Ki67 index and mitotic index and determine which more accurately predicts survival in canine mast cell tumours. METHODS Retrospective analysis of cases from three UK referral hospitals. Correlation between Ki67 index and mitotic index was assessed and survival analysis performed. RESULTS A total of 162 dogs were included: 57 dogs died with 37 due to mast cell tumour. Correlation between Ki67 index and mitotic index was moderate, while the agreement was poor. A high Ki67 index was considered sensitive (86 · 5%) at predicting mast cell tumour‐related death, but poorly specific (57 · 9%). Mitotic index(>5) was poorly sensitive (32 · 4%), but highly specific (96%). A mitotic index of ê2 had a 75 · 7% sensitivity and an 80 · 0% specificity. Ki67 index showed a statistically significant survival difference within the mitotic index
      PubDate: 2015-02-27T05:37:03.567037-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12320
  • Common questions in veterinary toxicology
    • Authors: N. Bates; P. Rawson‐Harris, N. Edwards
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Toxicology is a vast subject. Animals are exposed to numerous drugs, household products, plants, chemicals, pesticides and venomous animals. In addition to the individual toxicity of the various potential poisons, there is also the question of individual response and, more importantly, of species differences in toxicity. This review serves to address some of the common questions asked when dealing with animals with possible poisoning, providing evidence where available. The role of emetics, activated charcoal and lipid infusion in the management of poisoning in animals, the toxic dose of chocolate, grapes and dried fruit in dogs, the use of antidotes in paracetamol poisoning, timing of antidotal therapy in ethylene glycol toxicosis and whether lilies are toxic to dogs are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-02-27T05:36:45.425219-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12343
  • Immunotherapy for canine cancer – Is it time to go back to the
    • Authors: D. R. Killick; A. J. Stell, B. Catchpole
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Over the last 50 years, the significance of the immune system in the development and control of cancer has been much debated. However, recent discoveries provide evidence for a role of immunological mechanisms in the detection and destruction of cancer cells. Forty years ago veterinary oncologists were already investigating the feasibility of treating neoplasia by enhancing anticancer immunity. Unfortunately, this research was hindered by lack of a detailed understanding of cancer immunology, this limited the specificity and success of these early approaches. The great forward strides made in our understanding of onco‐immunology in recent years have provided the impetus for a resurgence of interest in anticancer immunotherapy for canine patients. In this article both these initial trials and the exciting novel immunotherapeutics currently in development are reviewed.
      PubDate: 2015-02-23T01:38:36.024702-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12336
  • Neurological signs and pre‐ and post‐traction low‐field
           MRI findings in Dobermanns with disc‐associated cervical
    • Authors: F. Stabile; M. Bernardini, G. Bevilacqua, A. B. Ekiri, A. de Stefani, L. De Risio
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the presence of neurological signs and magnetic resonance imaging findings could predict the presence of a traction‐responsive lesion in Dobermanns affected by disc‐associated cervical spondylomyelopathy. METHODS Retrospective review of neurological signs and low‐field pre‐ and post‐traction magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities of the cervical spine (abnormal vertebral body shape and vertebral tipping, intervertebral disc degeneration, protrusion and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy) in Dobermanns with disc‐associated cervical spondylomyelopathy. The main outcome of interest was response to linear traction (dynamic versus static) at C6‐C7 intervertebral disc space. The association between investigated variables and response to linear traction was assessed. RESULTS The study included 25 dogs. No association was identified between neurological status grading and the presence of a static or traction‐responsive lesion. Of the investigated magnetic resonance findings, C7‐T1 intervertebral disc degeneration was significantly (P = 0 · 03) associated with the presence of a traction‐responsive lesion at C6‐C7 intervertebral disc space. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE The presence of C7‐T1 intervertebral disc degeneration might help in predicting the presence of traction‐responsive C6‐C7 intervertebral disc lesions.
      PubDate: 2015-02-23T01:38:13.367377-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12326
  • Short‐term wound complications and predictive variables for
           complication after limb amputation in dogs and cats
    • Authors: M. Raske; J. K. McClaran, A. Mariano
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To identify short‐term wound complications and associated predictive factors following amputation in dogs and cats. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective review of case records of dogs and cats undergoing thoracic or pelvic limb amputation. Preoperative data on signalment, body weight, limb amputated, reason for amputation and laboratory parameters were collected. Details regarding surgical procedures and use of anaesthesia such as total surgical and anaesthesia times, incidences of intraoperative hypotension or hypothermia, method of muscle excision and type of skin closure utilized were recorded. Postoperative data on duration of hospital stay, use of postoperative antibiotics, use of a wound soaker catheter, wound complications noted both during hospitalization and at recheck and treatments if applicable were collected. RESULTS In total, 67 records were identified including 39 dogs and 28 cats. Wound infection/inflammation complications occurred in 20.9% of cases and wound infection complications in 9%; 12.8% in dogs and 3.6% in cats. One (1.5%) complication was classified as major, which occurred immediately postoperatively. Nine (13.4%) minor complications occurred immediately after surgery and four (6.0%) were identified at recheck. Age was the only significant predictor of postoperative infection/inflammation following pelvic or thoracic limb amputation. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Short‐term wound complications following pelvic or thoracic limb amputation in cats and dogs were typically minor and resolved after treatment.
      PubDate: 2015-02-19T05:16:17.167442-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12330
  • Spontaneaous linear gastric tears in a cat
    • Authors: M. Gualtieri; D. Olivero, C. Costa Devoti
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: An 11‐year‐old female cat presented for chronic vomiting. Endoscopy revealed an altered gastric mucosa and spontaneous formation of linear gastric tears during normal organ insufflations. The histopathological diagnosis was atrophic gastritis with Helicobacter pylori infection. Medical treatment permitted a complete resolution of clinical signs. The linear tears observed resembled gastric lesions rarely reported in humans, called “Mallory‐Weiss syndrome”. To the authors’ knowledge this is the first report of spontaneous linear gastric tears in animals.
      PubDate: 2015-02-19T05:15:59.997121-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12335
  • Magnetic resonance imaging of the lentiform nuclei in dogs with
           portosystemic shunts
    • Authors: V. Mortera‐Balsa; J. Penderis, A. Wessmann, R. Gonçalves, M. Lowrie, R. Gutierrez‐Quintana
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To develop and evaluate a method to quantify the T1‐weighted magnetic resonance imaging signal intensity of the lentiform nuclei in dogs, and to determine if there is any significant difference in this signal intensity between dogs with portosystemic shunts and a control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective blinded study was performed to investigate the reliability and use of a quantitative method for assessing the T1‐weighted magnetic resonance imaging signal intensity of the lentiform nuclei in dogs with and without portosystemic shunts. The lentiform nuclei index (mean lentiform nucleus signal intensity/mean white matter signal intensity) was calculated for nine dogs with portosystemic shunts and a control group of 14 dogs. RESULTS The intra‐ and inter‐observer intraclass correlation coefficients were considered excellent (>0 · 75), suggesting that the lentiform nuclei index is a reliable method. The dogs with portosystemic shunts had a higher lentiform nuclei index than the control group (P = 0 · 0127). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE This method of quantifying the T1‐weighted magnetic resonance imaging signal intensity of the lentiform nuclei was reliable and showed that dogs with portosystemic shunts tend to have increased signal intensity. Further prospective studies are necessary to investigate the clinical significance and applications of these findings.
      PubDate: 2015-02-12T00:38:25.538669-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12337
  • Feeding obese dogs during weight loss is on average cost‐neutral
    • Authors: A. J. German; J. Luxmore, S. L. Holden, P. J. Morris, V. Biourge
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES The cost of feeding a purpose‐formulated weight loss diet may deter owners of obese dogs from proceeding with a weight loss programme. The current study aimed to compare average food costs during weight loss with those before weight loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS Average daily food costs, for before and during weight loss, were calculated in 22 obese dogs that had successfully completed weight management. RESULTS The median food cost before weight loss was £0 · 52/day (£0 · 24–3 · 31/day), for main meal only, and £0 · 64/day (£0 · 26–3 · 31/day) for main meal and additional food (table scraps and treats). The median food cost during weight loss was £0 · 90/day (£0 · 26–1 · 36/day), and no additional food was given. The average daily feeding costs during weight loss did not differ from pre‐weight‐loss costs, either with (P = 0 · 425) or without (P = 0 · 222) the additional food included. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Knowledge that average diet costs do not significantly differ from food costs prior to weight loss may help veterinarians to persuade owners to enrol obese dogs in a weight management programme.
      PubDate: 2015-02-12T00:38:06.472015-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12338
  • Polycystic kidney disease in four British shorthair cats with successful
           treatment of bacterial cyst infection
    • Authors: R. Nivy; L. A. Lyons, I. Aroch, G. Segev
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Polycystic kidney disease is the most common inherited disorder in cats. Renal cysts progressively increase in size and number, resulting in a gradual decrease in kidney function. An autosomal dominant mutation in exon 29 of the polycystin‐1 gene has been identified, mostly in Persian and Persian‐related breeds. This case study describes polycystic kidney disease in four British shorthair cats, of which two had the same genetic mutation reported in Persian and Persian‐related cats. This likely reflects introduction of this mutation into the British shorthair breeding line because of previous outcrossing with Persian cats. An infected renal cyst was diagnosed and successfully treated in one of the cats. This is a commonly reported complication in human polycystic kidney disease, and to the authors’ knowledge has not previously been reported in cats with polycystic kidney disease.
      PubDate: 2015-02-12T00:34:49.486233-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12327
  • Adenosquamous carcinoma of the oesophagus in a dog
    • Authors: H. Okanishi; H. Shibuya, T. Miyasaka, K. Asano, T. Sato, T. Watari
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A six‐year‐old mixed‐breed male dog weighing 7.0 kg was presented with chronic vomiting and regurgitation. Endoscopic examination revealed prominent oesophageal dilation in the thoracic region, multiple small greyish‐white nodules over the oesophageal lumen and cauliflower‐like masses in the caudal oesophagus. Histopathological studies revealed a characteristic pattern of coexisting elements of infiltrating adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining with anti‐cytokeratin AE1 + AE3 was positive in both types of neoplastic cells. Neoplastic glandular cells stained positively for cytokeratin 8 while neoplastic squamous cells stained positively for cytokeratin 5/6. On the basis of these findings, the dog was diagnosed with oesophageal adenosquamous carcinoma. The case history and findings suggest that the malignancy might have developed from Barrett's oesophagus following irritation of the oesophageal mucosa due to chronic vomiting and regurgitation.
      PubDate: 2015-01-27T02:19:30.170919-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12333
  • Circulating concentrations of a marker of type I collagen metabolism are
           associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy mutation status in ragdoll
    • Authors: K. Borgeat; J. Dudhia, V. Luis Fuentes, D. J. Connolly
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES Human carriers of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy associated sarcomeric mutations have abnormal collagen metabolism before overt left ventricular hypertrophy is detectable. This study investigated whether differences in collagen biomarkers were present in blood samples of ragdoll cats positive for the MYBPC3:R820W mutation compared with negative controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cats were recruited for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy screening using echocardiography and genotyping. Circulating markers of collagen turnover (C‐terminal telopeptide of type I collagen [CITP; type I collagen degradation] and N‐terminal propeptide of type III procollagen [type III collagen synthesis]) and cardiac biomarkers (N‐terminal B‐type natriuretic peptide and cardiac troponin I) were measured. Correlation between concentrations of collagen biomarkers and echocardiographic variables was analysed, and collagen biomarker concentrations were compared between MYBPC3 mutation positive and negative cats, without left ventricular hypertrophy. RESULTS Linear regression analyses showed that genotype was independently associated with CITP concentration. CITP was higher in mutation carriers (25 · 4 µg/L, interquartile range 16 · 0–29 · 2 µg/L) than non‐carriers (14 · 6 µg/L, interquartile range 9 · 38–19 · 2 µg/L; P = 0 · 024). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Circulating CITP was higher in MYBPC3‐positive ragdoll cats than negative controls and may indicate altered collagen metabolism. Further studies are necessary to determine whether alterations in circulating collagen biomarker concentration relate to an early stage of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
      PubDate: 2015-01-27T02:18:49.819651-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12332
  • Dystrophin‐deficient muscular dystrophy in two lurcher siblings
    • Authors: C. Giannasi; S.W. Tappin, L.T. Guo, G.D. Shelton, V. Palus
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Two cases of dystrophin‐deficient muscular dystrophy in 16‐week‐old male lurcher siblings are reported. The myopathies were characterised by regurgitation, progressive weakness and muscle wastage. The dogs had generalised weakness in all four limbs, with more pronounced weakness in the pelvic limbs. Reduced withdrawal in all limbs, muscle contracture and lingual hypertrophy were noted. Serum creatine kinase activities were markedly elevated. Electromyographic abnormalities included fibrillation potentials. Histopathological and immunohistochemical staining were consistent with dystrophin‐deficient muscular dystrophy. Clinical improvement was noted in one of the cases with l‐carnitine supplementation and supportive therapy. Genetic transmission of the disease was postulated as the dogs were siblings.
      PubDate: 2015-01-27T02:18:17.929564-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12331
  • Comparison of endoscopy and sonography findings in dogs and cats with
           histologically confirmed gastric neoplasia
    • Authors: A. J. Marolf; A. M. Bachand, J. Sharber, D. C. Twedt
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To compare sonographic and endoscopic findings in a group of dogs and cats with histologically confirmed gastric neoplasia. METHODS Retrospective analysis of cases with concurrent abdominal ultrasound and endoscopy to evaluate the presence of gastric wall abnormalities, location and tumour appearance between the two examinations. Sonographic findings of the small intestines, liver, spleen and lymph nodes were recorded. Comparison of the findings from each test and assessment of predictive characteristics for neoplasia was evaluated. RESULTS In total 17 dogs and 5 cats were included, Sonography identified 50% and endoscopy identified 95% of all gastric neoplasms. Lymphoma was the most commonly missed tumour by sonography. There was sonographic and endoscopic tumour location agreement in 36% of cases (Cohen's kappa = 0 · 25). Animals with sonographically normal small intestines had a statistically greater probability of gastric neoplasia (P = 0 · 035). All cats had lymphoma (P 
      PubDate: 2015-01-27T02:16:40.166857-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12324
  • Spinal cord injury secondary to electrocution in a dog
    • Authors: C. Ros; C. de la Fuente, M. Pumarola, S. Añor
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 13‐year‐old, female spayed, crossbreed dog of 32 kg was presented for evaluation of peracute onset of non‐ambulatory tetraparesis after chewing an electrical wire. Neurological examination was consistent with a C1‐C5 myelopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a focal intramedullary lesion over the C2‐C3 vertebral bodies, which was confirmed to be an acute focal necrotising poliomyelopathy with subarachnoid and subdural haemorrhages on postmortem examination. This report describes the clinical, imaging and histopathological findings of this unusual type of spinal cord injury, and the effects of electrocution in the central nervous system of dogs.
      PubDate: 2015-01-23T05:40:16.252936-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12325
  • Acoustic radiation force impulse elastography of prostate and testes
           of healthy dogs: preliminary results
    • Authors: M. A. R. Feliciano; M. C. Maronezi, A. P. R. Simões, R. R. Uscategui, G. S. Maciel, C. F. Carvalho, J. C. Canola, W. R. R. Vicente
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To describe the use of acoustic radiation force impulse elastography to evaluate the prostate and testes in healthy dogs and establish reference values for these organs. METHODS Thirty dogs were divided into three groups according to their age: juvenile, adult and senior. Echotexture, size, contours and margins of prostate and testes were assessed via ultrasound. The presence of deformities and tissue stiffness (greyscale and homogeneous or heterogeneous) were evaluated by qualitative acoustic radiation force impulse. The shear velocity was evaluated quantitatively. RESULTS The B mode findings were normal. The qualitative elastography demonstrated that the testes and prostate tissues were hard, homogeneous and not pliable. The shear velocity values were: left testes – juveniles: 1·28 m/s, adults: 1·23 m/s and seniors: 1·23 m/s; right testes – juveniles: 1·28 m/s, adults: 1·28 m/s and seniors: 1·28 m/s; left prostatic lobe – juveniles: 1·74 m/s, adults: 2·03 m/s and seniors: 1·82 m/s; right prostatic lobe – juvenile: 1·62 m/s, adults: 1·87 m/s and seniors: 1·90 m/s with no significant differences between groups. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Acoustic radiation force impulse elastography of the testes and prostate in dogs was easily implemented. This study provides baseline data for these organs.
      PubDate: 2015-01-23T05:39:56.57359-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12323
  • Clinical characteristics of Scottie Cramp in 31 cases
    • Authors: G. Urkasemsin; N. J. Olby
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE To report the clinical features, with response to therapy and long‐term outcome of Scottie Cramp as described by owners. METHODS Owners of affected dogs provided a description of clinical signs, age of onset and disease progression. Medical records, pedigrees and videotapes of cramp episodes were evaluated. RESULTS Thirty‐one dogs were recruited; 19 showed generalised spasticity and 12 exhibited only hind limb spasticity and skipping. Episodes were noted in the first year of life in 76% of dogs and were triggered by excitement, stress and exercise. Episode frequency and severity decreased over time with behaviour modification and decreased exposure to triggers playing a role in their development. One dog was euthanased because of severe refractory signs. Fluoxetine reduced the frequency and duration of episodes in seven dogs, but not in one severely affected dog. Female dogs were over‐represented with only eight affected males in the study cohort, and the presence of dogs with cerebellar degeneration in the same pedigrees may suggest a more complex mode of inheritance than previously reported. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE The disorder recognised as Scottie Cramp by dog owners includes dogs with hind limb spasticity in addition to generalised cramping. Signs usually improve over time without specific treatment.
      PubDate: 2015-01-20T01:35:59.353368-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12317
  • Fentanyl‐induced asystole in two dogs
    • Authors: M. Jang; W.‐G. Son, I. Lee
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Fentanyl is used in small animals for perioperative analgesia during anaesthesia. Severe bradycardia and asystole were observed on bolus administration of a 3 µg/kg loading dose of fentanyl in two dogs under isoflurane anaesthesia. Premedication with 10 µg/kg glycopyrrolate did not prevent asystole in the first case; and although bradycardia was treated with 5 µg/kg glycopyrrolate administered intravenously in the second case, the heart rate continuously decreased and asystole subsequently developed. Asystole in both cases was quickly corrected by intravenous administration of 0 · 04 mg/kg atropine and closed chest compressions. This case report describes asystole induced by fentanyl administration in isoflurane anaesthetised dogs. Atropine was more effective than glycopyrrolate in the treatment of fentanyl‐induced asystole.
      PubDate: 2015-01-20T01:34:53.400701-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12312
  • Magnetic resonance imaging of suspected idiopathic bilateral C2
           hypertrophic ganglioneuritis in dogs
    • Authors: S. Joslyn; C. Driver, F. McConnell, J. Penderis, A. Wessmann
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To report the magnetic resonance imaging and clinical features of suspected idiopathic bilaterally symmetric hypertrophic ganglioneuritis affecting the C2 nerve roots. METHODS Retrospective analysis of case records of dogs with imaging findings suggestive of idiopathic bilateral C2 neuritis. Data analysed included signalment, history, clinical signs, clinical pathology results and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Nerve root enlargement and spinal cord changes were classified as clinically significant or incidental, and further graded as mild, moderate or severe based on the degree of spinal cord distortion/compression. Imaging features were also correlated with severity of neurological deficits. RESULTS Twelve dogs, including nine Staffordshire bull terriers showed magnetic resonance imaging features suggestive of idiopathic hypertrophic neuritis of C2 nerve roots. Findings were considered incidental (4/12) or clinically significant (8/12) based on prior neurological examination. Changes were best visualised on transverse images at the level of the C1‐2 intervertebral foramina. The degree of associated spinal cord compression subjectively correlated with the severity of the neurological deficits. All cases with clinically significant lesions that were treated with corticosteroids responded favourably. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Bilaterally symmetric C2 neuritis likely represents idiopathic hypertrophic ganglioneuritis. Staffordshire bull terriers appear over represented. Immunosuppressive doses of corticosteroids should be considered for clinically significant lesions.
      PubDate: 2015-01-20T01:28:08.086712-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12305
  • Ease of intravenous catheterisation in dogs and cats: a comparative study
           of two peripheral catheters
    • Authors: A. Chebroux; E. A. Leece, J. C. Brearley
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To evaluate animal comfort and ease of placement of a veterinary‐specific intravenous catheter compared with a catheter manufactured for human use. METHODS Fifty‐nine veterinary undergraduates were recruited to perform intravenous catheterisations with two brands of over‐the‐needle catheter [Smiths Medical Jelco® (human use) and Abbott Animal Health catheter® (veterinary use)] in 69 healthy cats (n = 28) and dogs (n = 41) requiring general anaesthesia. After a standardised pre‐anaesthetic medication, each animal was randomly allocated to have one of the two brands of catheter placed. Each student was allowed a maximum of three attempts to achieve cephalic vein catheterisation. The student and a single experienced observer evaluated each attempt. Observations related to ease of placement and to the animal's reaction were recorded. RESULTS Human use catheters were placed in 34 and veterinary use in 35 animals. There was no difference in weight, sex or sedation score between the two groups. The number of failed attempts was similar between the two groups. There was no difference between groups for the number of animals reacting to catheter insertion. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE The two types of catheters evaluated are equally suitable for intravenous catheterisation of sedated animals by veterinary undergraduate students.
      PubDate: 2015-01-13T01:22:33.804886-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12318
  • Consequences of crown shortening canine teeth in Greenland sled dogs
    • Authors: H. E. Kortegaard; T. Anthony Knudsen, S. Dahl, J. F. G. Agger, T. Eriksen
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To evaluate the consequences of crown shortening, focusing on the prevalence of pulp exposure and periapical pathology in Greenland sled dogs that had had their canine crowns shortened at an early age. METHODS Five cadaver heads and 54 sled dogs underwent an oral examination for dental fractures and pulp exposure of canines. All canines were radiographed and evaluated for periapical pathology. RESULTS The prevalence of canine pulp exposure in 12 (5 heads and 7 dogs) crown shortened dogs was 91 · 7%, and 21 · 3% in 47 not‐crown shortened dogs. A significant (P 
      PubDate: 2015-01-13T01:19:45.783585-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12314
  • Successful closed suction drain management of a canine elbow hygroma
    • Authors: M. M. Pavletic; D. E. Brum
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 1‐year‐old castrated male St. Bernard dog presented to Angell Animal Medical Center with bilateral elbow hygromas which had been present for several weeks. The largest hygroma involving the left elbow was managed with a closed suction (active) drain system to continuously collapse the hygroma pocket over a 3‐week period. Soft bedding was used to protect the elbows from further impact trauma to the olecranon areas. Following drain removal, there was no evidence of hygroma recurrence based on periodic examinations over an 18‐month period. The smaller non‐operated right elbow hygroma had slightly enlarged during this period. Closed suction drain management of the hygroma proved to be a simple and economical method of collapsing the left elbow hygroma. This closed drainage system eliminated the need for the postoperative bandage care required with the use of the Penrose (passive) drain method of managing elbow hygromas. The external drain tube should be adequately secured in order to minimise the risk of its inadvertent displacement.
      PubDate: 2015-01-13T01:19:27.283649-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12315
  • Nebulised adrenaline to manage a life‐threatening complication in a
           pug with trismus
    • Authors: E. Leece; G. Cherubini
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 13‐month‐old pug with severe trismus because of suspected masticatory muscle myositis underwent anaesthesia for magnetic resonance imaging. When regurgitation occurred, the tongue was pulled from the mouth to enable suctioning but could not be repositioned into the oral cavity as it was not possible to open the mouth. Swelling due to venous congestion and a bite wound were treated using nebulised adrenaline and resolved within 2 hours allowing retraction of the tongue. The use of nebulised adrenaline offers a non‐invasive method of managing this potentially life‐threatening complication.
      PubDate: 2015-01-13T01:12:01.036863-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12308
  • The beginning of the end
    • Authors: Carmel T Mooney
      Pages: 157 - 158
      PubDate: 2015-03-06T00:22:43.677268-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12345
  • European consensus statement on leptospirosis in dogs and cats
    • Authors: S. Schuller; T. Francey, K. Hartmann, M. Hugonnard, B. Kohn, J. E. Nally, J. Sykes
      Pages: 159 - 179
      Abstract: Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease with a worldwide distribution affecting most mammalian species. Clinical leptospirosis is common in dogs but appears to be rare in cats. Both dogs and cats, however, can shed leptospires in the urine. This is problematic as it can lead to exposure of humans. The control of leptospirosis, therefore, is important not only from an animal but also from a public health perspective. The aim of this consensus statement is to raise awareness of leptospirosis and to outline the current knowledge on the epidemiology, clinical features, diagnostic tools, prevention and treatment measures relevant to canine and feline leptospirosis in Europe.
      PubDate: 2015-03-06T00:22:42.085713-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12328
  • Bodyweight and body condition score in rabbits on four different feeding
    • Authors: J. L. Prebble; D. J. Shaw, A. L. Meredith
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the effects of four diet regimes (extruded diet with ad lib hay, muesli with ad lib hay, ad lib hay only, ad lib muesli only) on bodyweight and body condition score in rabbits. METHODS Thirty‐two Dutch rabbits were studied over 9 months. Bodyweight and body condition score were recorded weekly. RESULTS All groups gained weight with age, but relative to the ad lib hay only group (mean, 1 · 77 ± 0 · 13 kg), after 9 months rabbits in the ad lib muesli only group were 146% heavier (2 · 59 ± 0 · 32 kg); extruded diet with ad lib hay group 125% heavier (2 · 21 ± 0 · 10 kg); and muesli with ad lib hay group 123% heavier (2 · 18 ± 0 · 13 kg). Median body condition score of the ad lib muesli only group was obese (4 · 5) and was higher than that in both the extruded diet with ad lib hay and muesli with ad lib hay (median = 3 · 5) groups (P 
      PubDate: 2014-12-21T23:22:33.050782-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12301
  • Vaginal prolapse in a pregnant Maine coon cat: a case report
    • Authors: K. A. McKelvey; T. M. Beachler, K. K. Ferris, M. Diaw, J. M. Vasgaard, C. S. Bailey
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Vaginal prolapse is a condition characterised by excessive accumulation of mucosal oedema and protrusion of hyperplastic tissue through the vulva. It has been reported in ruminants and canines, but has not been characterised in felines. This report describes the history, clinical signs and treatment of a pregnant Maine coon cat with a Type III vaginal prolapse diagnosed approximately 54 days after the first day of mating. Prior to queening, the prolapse was reduced and retained using a vulvar cruciate suture. Due to the risk of dystocia and recurrence, a caesarean section with ovariohysterectomy was performed. Postoperatively, a stay suture was maintained in the vulva for 2 weeks, resulting in permanent reduction of the vaginal prolapse. To the authors’ knowledge, this case represents the first report of the successful management of vaginal prolapse in a pregnant cat.
      PubDate: 2014-12-16T06:54:19.395882-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12310
  • Retrospective evaluation of moderate‐to‐severe pulmonary
           hypertension in dogs naturally infected with Angiostrongylus vasorum
    • Authors: K. Borgeat; S. Sudunagunta, B. Kaye, J. Stern, V. Luis Fuentes, D. J. Connolly
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES The outcome in dogs with pulmonary hypertension associated with natural Angiostrongylus vasorum infection is unclear. This study aimed to report long‐term outcome of dogs with A. vasorum and pulmonary hypertension, and to evaluate factors associated with pulmonary hypertension development. It was hypothesised that dogs with pulmonary hypertension had a shorter survival time than dogs without pulmonary hypertension. METHODS Retrospective review of clinical records of dogs diagnosed with A. vasorum. Dogs were classified as having or not having pulmonary hypertension based on clinical signs and imaging findings. Signalment, signs and outcome were recorded. DNA obtained from banked samples was genotyped for the PDE5a:E90K polymorphism, a possible factor in development of pulmonary hypertension. RESULTS The proportion of dogs with moderate‐to‐severe pulmonary hypertension and A. vasorum infection in the study population was 14 · 6%. No difference in the population characteristics or PDE5a genotype was detected between dogs with and without pulmonary hypertension. Dogs with pulmonary hypertension had a significantly shorter survival time (P = 0 · 006) and a greater risk of death within 6 months of diagnosis (odds ratio 12 · 5, 95% confidence interval 2 · 1 to 74 · 9; P = 0 · 0053). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE A. vasorum‐associated pulmonary hypertension is an important problem in naturally infected dogs and has a negative effect upon survival.
      PubDate: 2014-12-08T00:59:16.46313-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12309
  • Faecal shedding of antimicrobial‐resistant Clostridium difficile
           strains by dogs
    • Authors: S. Álvarez‐Pérez; J. L. Blanco, T. Peláez, M. P. Lanzarot, C. Harmanus, E. Kuijper, M. E. García
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To longitudinally assess the shedding of antimicrobial resistant Clostridium difficile strains by clinically healthy dogs raised at breeding facilities. METHODS 18 puppies from three different litters (#1, 2 and 3) were sampled weekly from parturition to day 20–55 postpartum. Faecal samples from the mothers of litters #2 and 3 were also available for analysis. Bacterial isolates were ribotyped, tested for in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility and further characterised. RESULTS C. difficile was recovered from all sampled animals of litters #1 and 2, and a third of puppies from litter #3, but marked differences in C. difficile recovery were detected in different age groups (0–100%). Recovered PCR ribotypes included 056 (22 isolates), 010 (6 isolates), 078 and 213 (2 isolates each), and 009 and 020 (1 isolate each). Different ribotypes were shed by four individual animals. Regardless of their origin and ribotype, all isolates demonstrated full resistance to levofloxacin. Additionally, all but one isolate (belonging to ribotype 078) were resistant to ertapenem, and all ribotype 010 isolates displayed high‐level resistance to clindamycin, clarithromycin and erythromycin. A single ribotype 078 isolate showed metronidazole heteroresistance. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Healthy dogs can shed antimicrobial‐resistant C. difficile strains.
      PubDate: 2014-12-05T08:07:46.882996-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12311
  • Muscular dystrophy due to a sarcoglycan deficiency in a female Dobermann
    • Authors: J. S. Munday; G. D. Shelton, S. Willox, D. D. Kingsbury
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A four‐month‐old female Dobermann presented with myalgia, dysphagia, progressive weakness and loss of body condition. Diagnostic evaluation at nine months of age revealed markedly elevated serum creatine kinase activity, electromyographic abnormalities and histological evidence of chronic‐active muscle necrosis. Imaging confirmed dysphagia and aspiration pneumonia. Muscular dystrophy was suspected and immunohistochemical staining of muscle cryosections demonstrated reduced sarcoglycans. Treatment consisted of gastrostomy, and over the next 5 months the dog gained weight, despite continued loss of muscle mass. The dog died at 14 months of age after developing clinical signs of aspiration pneumonia. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of muscular dystrophy in a Dobermann and only the second detailed report of a canine sarcoglycanopathy. Supportive care resulted in an acceptable quality of life for 10 months after clinical signs were first observed.
      PubDate: 2014-12-05T08:06:55.562289-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12306
  • Acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography of the spleen in
           healthy adult cats – a preliminary study
    • Authors: M. A. R. Feliciano; M. C. Maronezi, L. Z. Crivellenti, S. B. Crivellenti, A. P. R. Simões, M. B. S. Brito, P. H. S. Garcia, W. R. R. Vicente
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To evaluate the splenic stiffness of healthy adult cats using acoustic radiation force impulse elastography to determine the quality (greyscale images and tissue deformity) and quantity (shear velocity) standards. METHODS Fifteen healthy, adult shorthair cats were selected. The echotexture, echogenicity, size and edges of the spleen were assessed via mode‐B ultrasound. Using qualitative elastography, specific portions of the spleen were evaluated according to homogeneity, presence of deformities and white and dark regions. The shear velocities in different portions of the spleen were quantitatively evaluated. RESULTS The echotexture, echogenicity, size and edges of the spleen were normal on B‐mode ultrasound in all cats. On qualitative elastography, the evaluated splenic portions were not deformable, and the images presented as homogeneous dark areas. On quantitative elastography, the mean shear velocity values were 1 · 98 m/s for the head portion, 1 · 77 m/s for the body portion and 2 · 03 m/s for the tail portion. These were not significantly different. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE Quantitative and qualitative acoustic radiation force impulse elastography of the spleen in healthy adult cats was easily implemented and this study may provide baseline data for this organ to allow the future use of this technique in evaluating cats with splenic disease.
      PubDate: 2014-12-05T08:06:30.590783-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12307
  • Characteristics of the bacterial flora in the conjunctival sac of cats
           from Poland
    • Authors: Z. Kiełbowicz; K. Płoneczka‐Janeczko, J. Bania, K. Bierowiec, M. Kiełbowicz
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: OBJECTIVES To assess the bacterial flora of the conjunctival sac in clinically healthy cats and cats with signs of conjunctivitis. METHODS A total of 324 conjunctival swabs were examined between 2011 and 2012 taken from 60 animals, 30 of which were clinically healthy and 30 with signs of chronic conjunctivitis. The samples were taken three times at 4‐week intervals from the clinically healthy cats. The samples from the cats with conjunctivitis were taken before and 4 weeks after cessation of successful therapy. Swabs from both the right and left eye of each cat were subjected to microbiological examination and polymerase chain reaction for the presence of DNA of Chlamydophila felis and Mycoplasma felis. RESULTS There was no qualitative difference in the eye microflora between the clinically healthy animals and those with signs of conjunctivitis. Staphylococcus epidermidis (21 · 9%) was the most common microorganism isolated and it was more commonly detected in swabs from cats with conjunctivitis (P 
      PubDate: 2014-12-05T08:05:12.302567-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12304
  • Acquired cervical spinal arachnoid diverticulum in a cat
    • Authors: R. J. Adams; L. Garosi, K. Matiasek, M. Lowrie
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A one‐year‐old, female entire, domestic, shorthair cat presented with acute onset non‐ambulatory tetraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging was consistent with a C3‐C4 acute non‐compressive nucleus pulposus extrusion and the cat was treated conservatively. The cat was able to walk after 10 days and was normal 2 months after presentation. The cat was referred five and a half years later for investigation of an insidious onset 3‐month history of ataxia and tetraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine was repeated, demonstrating a spinal arachnoid diverticulum at C3 causing marked focal compression of the spinal cord. This was treated surgically with hemilaminectomy and durectomy. The cat improved uneventfully and was discharged 12 days later.
      PubDate: 2014-12-05T08:02:10.256045-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12288
  • Surgical management of a traumatic dislocation of the sternum in an
           English bulldog
    • Authors: C. I. Serra; C. Soler, V. Moratalla, V. Sifre, J. I. Redondo
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A nine‐year‐old English bulldog presented with an acute history of dyspnoea, tachycardia and discomfort localising to the ventral thorax following a fall down the stairs that morning. After the dog was stabilised, thoracic radiographs revealed a luxation of the third and fourth sternebrae with dorsal displacement of the caudal segment. The sternum was reduced and stabilised with a contoured 12‐hole 3 · 5‐mm dynamic compression plate applied to the ventral surface of the sternum. The dog's initial recovery was rapid, cardiorespiratory parameters returning to normal in the first 24 hours. For 2 weeks postoperatively the dog exhibited difficulty in rising from a prone position. After this time there was a full recovery. Clinical examination at 8 months postoperatively did not reveal any abnormalities. Telephone follow‐up was performed at 18 months and no complications or cardiorespiratory compromise were reported. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first reported case of a traumatic dislocation of the sternum and its management in the dog.
      PubDate: 2014-11-06T02:35:29.643593-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12289
  • Primary penile adenocarcinoma with concurrent hypercalcaemia of malignancy
           in a dog
    • Authors: A. R. R. Furtado; L. Parrinello, M. Merlo, A. Di Bella
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 13‐year‐old male neutered Siberian husky crossbreed dog was presented with a 3‐week history of haematuria and penile swelling. Clinical examination and computed tomography demonstrated a soft‐tissue mass located at the base of the penis without signs of other primary tumours or metastasis. Clinicopathological findings revealed paraneoplastic hypercalcaemia. Fine‐needle aspiration cytology of the mass suggested an epithelial tumour with several criteria of malignancy present. Following surgical excision of the mass, the hypercalcaemia resolved. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry revealed features consistent with an adenocarcinoma. Despite thorough examination, no perineal or anal sac tumour was found. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first reported case of a penile adenocarcinoma with hypercalcaemia of malignancy.
      PubDate: 2014-11-05T02:12:09.499498-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12285
  • A case of type B botulism in a pregnant bitch
    • Authors: A. Lamoureux; C. Pouzot‐Nevoret, C. Escriou
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A two‐year‐old pregnant Gordon setter presented with acute onset of flaccid tetraparesis and respiratory distress. Neurological examination revealed diffuse lower motor neuron dysfunction. Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin B was isolated from the dog's serum. The dog was hospitalised and received supportive care; respiratory function was monitored but positive‐pressure ventilation was not required. Recovery was complete within 1 month and parturition occurred without complication 49 days after admission. The puppies delivered lacked any obvious congenital defects and development during the first few months of life was normal. The source of contamination was suspected to be poorly conserved dry food. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of C. botulinum neurotoxin B isolation in a dog and the first report of botulism in a pregnant bitch.
      PubDate: 2014-11-03T06:05:30.820616-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12290
  • Lethal septic shock after dental scaling in a healthy dog due to
           Ochrobactrum anthropi‐contaminated propofol
    • Authors: P. Franci; G. Dotto, A. Cattai, D. Pasotto
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      PubDate: 2014-10-30T04:12:29.817052-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12284
  • Dystrophin‐deficient muscular dystrophy in a Norfolk terrier
    • Authors: E. Beltran; G. D. Shelton, L. T. Guo, R. Dennis, D. Sanchez‐Masian, D. Robinson, L. De Risio
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A six‐month‐old male entire Norfolk terrier was presented with a 3‐month history of poor development, reluctance to exercise and progressive and diffuse muscle atrophy. Serum creatine kinase concentration was markedly elevated. Magnetic resonance imaging of the epaxial muscles revealed asymmetrical streaky signal changes aligned within the muscle fibres (hyperintense on T2‐weighted images and short‐tau inversion recovery with moderate contrast enhancement on T1‐weighted images). Electromyography revealed pseudomyotonic discharges and fibrillation potentials localised at the level of the supraspinatus, epaxial muscles and tibial cranialis muscles. Muscle biopsy results were consistent with dystrophin‐deficient muscular dystrophy. The dog remained stable 7 months after diagnosis with coenzyme Q10 and l‐carnitine; however after that time, there was a marked deterioration and the owners elected euthanasia. This case report describes the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging, electrodiagnostic and histopathological findings with immunohistochemical analysis in a Norfolk terrier with confirmed dystrophin‐deficient muscular dystrophy, which has not been previously described in this breed.
      PubDate: 2014-10-29T07:58:28.656369-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12292
  • Necrotising fasciitis in a domestic shorthair cat – negative
           pressure wound therapy assisted debridement and reconstruction
    • Authors: M. C. Nolff; A. Meyer‐Lindenberg
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A 10‐year‐old, domestic shorthair cat was presented for acute lameness of the left forelimb accompanied by severe pain, swelling, skin necrosis, malodorous discharge and pyrexia. Following a presumptive diagnosis of necrotising fasciitis aggressive surgical debridement of the affected soft tissues of the antebrachium and negative pressure wound treatment of the open defect were performed. Surgical findings supported the tentative diagnosis of necrotising fasciitis and Streptococcus canis was isolated from the wound. A free skin graft was performed 29 days after admission, and augmented by 3 days of negative pressure wound therapy to facilitate graft incorporation. Healing was achieved without complications and no functional or aesthetic abnormalities remained.
      PubDate: 2014-10-16T09:28:16.528924-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12275
  • Chest wall reconstruction with latissimus dorsi and an autologous
           thoracolumbar fascia graft in a dog
    • Authors: A. de Battisti; G. Polton, M. de Vries, E. Friend
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A new technique for autogenous chest wall reconstruction using a latissimus dorsi muscle flap and a free graft of thoracolumbar fascia was utilised in a two‐year‐old Dobermann after resection of a high‐grade osteosarcoma from the left thoracic wall. En bloc excision of the chest wall mass, including six ribs, was performed. The resulting chest wall defect was too large to be reconstructed with only a pedicled muscle flap and was reconstructed with a latissimus dorsi muscle flap cranially and a free graft of thoracolumbar fascia caudally. The graft was harvested easily, and there was no donor site morbidity or postoperative complications. A free graft of thoracolumbar fascia can be considered as an option to supplement autogenous reconstruction of the chest wall.
      PubDate: 2014-09-16T01:29:14.208807-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12270
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal sacs in three dogs
    • Authors: S. Mellett; S. Verganti, S. Murphy, K. Bowlt
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: Anal sac squamous cell carcinoma is rare in dogs. Five cases have been previously reported, treatment of which involved surgery alone. This report describes three further cases of canine anal sac squamous cell carcinoma which underwent medical (meloxicam) management alone, resulting in survival of up to seven months. No metastases were identified. Squamous cell carcinoma, although extremely uncommon, should be considered as a possible differential diagnosis when a dog is presented for investigation of an anal sac mass.
      PubDate: 2014-09-11T05:55:06.986043-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12264
  • A skeletal disorder in a dog resembling the Klippel–Feil Syndrome
           with Sprengel's Deformity in humans
    • Authors: G. Bertolini; M. Trotta, M. Caldin
      Pages: n/a - n/a
      Abstract: A five‐year‐old intact male golden retriever dog was evaluated for cervical pain and right hemiparesis. Clinical and computed tomography features suggested a caudal cervical instability and myelopathy due to a cervicoscapular malformation resembling the human Klippel–Feil Syndrome with Sprengel Deformity, a rare complex congenital disorder. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing of MEOX1, PAX1 and FGFR3 genes were performed in this dog to investigate a possible underlying genetic predisposition, but no mutations were detected in the coding regions of the three target genes evaluated. Other genes can be involved in this condition in dogs and require further investigation. This report describes a cervical vertebral fusion and complex scapular anomaly in a dog. The presence of an omovertebral bone should be considered in the setting of signs characteristic of myelopathy in dogs with or without obvious skeletal deformity.
      PubDate: 2014-09-05T01:18:04.723892-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12268
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