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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 260 journals)
Showing 1 - 63 of 63 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abanico Veterinario     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiae Veterinariae     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Veterinaria Eurasia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Research in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Analecta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 246)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Animal Health Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi / Atatürk University Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Austral Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Equine Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Avian Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Avian Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Veterinarian     Open Access  
BMC Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CES Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chilean Journal of Agricultural & Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Compendio de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Equine Veterinary Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Equine Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi / Journal of The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Erciyes University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
FAVE Sección Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Folia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Frontiers in Veterinary Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Gaceta de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
GISAP : Biology, Veterinary Medicine and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human & Veterinary Medicine - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
ILAR Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
In Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Medicus Veterinus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
InVet     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Veterinary Surgery     Open Access  
Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Irish Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
İstanbul Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Small Animal Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Medik Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kenya Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
kleintier konkret     Hybrid Journal  
Kocatepe Veteriner Dergisi     Open Access  
Livestock     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Macedonian Veterinary Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences     Open Access  
Matrix Science Medica     Open Access  
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Medical Mycology Case Reports     Open Access  
Medicina Veterinária (UFRPE)     Open Access  
Microbes and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nepalese Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
New Zealand Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
New Zealand Veterinary Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Access Animal Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Veterinary Science     Open Access  
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira     Open Access  
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
pferde spiegel     Hybrid Journal  
Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Preventive Veterinary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Rassegna di Diritto, Legislazione e Medicina Legale Veterinaria     Open Access  
Reproduction in Domestic Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Revista Acadêmica : Ciência Animal     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Veterinária     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista Cientifica : Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Complutense de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciência Veterinária e Saúde Pública     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Revista de Educação Continuada em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Perú     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, UCV     Open Access  
Revista de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista MVZ Córdoba     Open Access  
Revista Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Vétérinaire Clinique     Full-text available via subscription  
SA Stud Breeder / SA Stoetteler     Full-text available via subscription  
Salud y Tecnología Veterinaria     Open Access  
Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde     Hybrid Journal  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scientific Journal of Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Small Ruminant Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
South African Journal of Wildlife Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Sri Lanka Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
SVU-International Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Tanzania Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
team.konkret     Open Access  
The Dairy Mail     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
The Professional Animal Scientist     Hybrid Journal  

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Iranian Journal of Veterinary Surgery
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2008-3033
Published by Iranian Veterinary Surgery Association Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Protective Effect of Crataegus Hydroalcoholic Extract on Intestinal
           Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury ...

    • Abstract: Objective- This study examined the effect of Crataegus hydroalcoholic extract (CHE) on intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in rats. Design- Experimental study Animals- 25 adult male Wistar rats Procedures- Rats weighing 200±25 g were randomly divided into five individual groups as follows: sham group without intestinal I/R, control group with intestinal I/R, and treatment groups with intestinal I/R and 10 days oral administration of CHE at doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg. Intestinal I/R was accomplished by occlusion of the cranial mesenteric artery for 30 min, followed by 60 min reperfusion. Then tissue sections of jejunum were prepared and stained with hematoxylin-eosin. Histopathological lesions including hyperemia, hemorrhage, necrohemorrhagic inflammation, and villi destruction were scored as mild, moderate and severe. Results- In histopathologic evaluation, sham and control group showed the minimum and maximum injury, respectively. The mean scores of necrohemorrhagic inflammation and villi destruction significantly decreased in 25 mg/kg CHE group compared to control. However, hyperemia and hemorrhage did not change in comparison to control (p>0.007). In the group of 50 mg/kg CHE, no pathologic lesions were observed and the results were similar to those in the sham group. The mean scores of hyperemia and necrohemorrhagic inflammation in the 100 mg/kg CHE group had no significant difference with the control group. However, the mean rank of hemorrhage and villi destruction was significantly lower than control and higher than the sham group (p<0.007). Conclusion and clinical relevance- The findings of this study indicate that CHE at the dose of 50 mg/kg has the most protective effect against intestinal I/R injury in a rat model. Therefore, Crataegus can be a promising compound against intestinal I/R injuries.
      PubDate: Sun, 25 Aug 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Ultrasonographic Assessment of Caudal Vena Cava to Aorta Ratio as a Novel
           Endpoint in ...

    • Abstract: Objective- The aim of this study was to assess ultrasonography-derived caudal vena cava to aorta ratio (CVC/Ao) as a novel endpoint in the resuscitation of experimental hemorrhagic shock in dogs. Design- Experimental study. Animals- Ten adult mongrel healthy dogs. Procedures- After induction of anesthesia (control assessments), hemorrhagic shock was induced by blood withdrawal to a mean arterial pressure of 40 to 50 mmHg within 30 minutes and then maintained in a hypovolemic situation for an additional 30 minutes (second and third stages of assessments). Afterward, the dogs were randomly assigned to two groups which received 20 ml/kg lactated Ringer's solution or 5 ml/kg Hydroxyethyl starch, in four consecutive 15 minutes intervals (fourth stage of assessments). One hour after the last resuscitation step, final ultrasonographic assessments were performed. Results- Hemorrhagic shock caused a significant decrease in the CVC and Ao diameters as well as the CVC/Ao (2.14 ± 0.28 cm, 0.85 ± 0.07 cm and 0.4 ± 0.06, respectively) (p<0.05). Following the fluid resuscitation, CVC/Ao increased and returned to pre-shock values in both groups. Conclusion and clinical relevance- Findings indicated that serial ultrasonographic assessment of the CVC/Ao can be a useful endpoint in the resuscitation of dogs with hemorrhagic shock.
      PubDate: Sun, 18 Aug 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Investigation of the Protective Effects of Amlodipine on the Structure and
           Function of ...

    • Abstract: Objective- Cryptorchidism, common birth defect of the male genital tract, is one of the causes of fertility problems. The elevation of tissue temperature following of cryptorchidism could induce oxidative stress which influences the cellular and tissue degeneration. Amlodipine is a third-generation of calcium channel blockers which has antioxidant activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effects of amlodipine on testicular tissue alterations in an animal model of cryptorchidism. Design- Experimental study Animals- Thirty adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200-220g Procedure- Experimental cryptorchidism was induced in adult rats. Amlodipine (10 mg/kg b.w.) was administrated orally for two and four consecutive weeks. The experimental groups consisted of non-treated cryptorchidism (n=10) and treated cryptorchidism (n=10) groups. Testicular tissue samples were collected on days 14 and 28 following of cryptorchidism form non-treated and treated groups. Histopathological and morphometrical studies with the evaluation of microscopic indices of spermatogenesis were prepared on tissue samples. Results- Tubular atrophy with germinal epithelium disarrangement was observed in cryptorchidism groups. These changes were reduced dose-dependently in treated animals. The mean of Sertoli cells was reduced significantly (p=0.025) in four weeks non-treated and the mean of germ cells lineage was reduced significantly (p<0.0001) in four weeks non-treated and two weeks treated cryptorchidism groups compared to the control group. Similarly, all microscopic indices of spermatogenesis were reduced following the induction of cryptorchidism. These alterations were reduced time-dependently in amlodipine treated groups. Conclusion and clinical relevance- The results of this study revealed that the administration of amlodipine as an antioxidant agent, time-dependently could be effective on the reduction of cellular and tissue damages of testicular tissue induced by cryptorchidism. It seems some parts of these protective effects may be done through its activity as calcium blocker which declines apoptotic processes by reduction of cytoplasmic calcium levels.
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Aug 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Histopathological and Serum Enzyme Changes of Propofol Combined with
           Pre-Anesthetic Agents in ...

    • Abstract: Objective- Because of the several differences between avian and mammalian physiology and anatomy, avian anesthesia requires to be more attentive. The aim of this study was to determine a safe injectable anesthetic agent that had more compatibility with the avian features. Design- Experimental study Animals- Twelve male pigeons Procedure- The pigeons weighing 302±35 g (mean±SD) were divided into two groups (n=6). In group 1, midazolam (6 mg/kg,-IM) and in group 2, metamizole (500 mg/kg,-IM) were administrated as the pre-anesthetic agents and thereafter, propofol (8 mg/kg,-IV) was injected as the main anesthetic drug in both groups. The serum enzymatic changes were analyzed before and 1 hour after the last injection. Histopathological examinations of the liver and kidneys were also evaluated in terms of possible damages to the tissue. Results- The results of blood biochemistry evaluation in group 1 showed significant changes in the levels of AST and LDH before and after the injections (p<0.05). Histopathology results revealed significant changes in liver parameters in both groups. However, these changes were seen more prominent in group 1 (p<0.05). Also, none of the drugs of both groups had a negative impact on the kidney tissue (p>0.05). Conclusion and clinical relevance- Based on the results, metamizole and propofol combination showed that is safer than midazolam and propofol in terms of blood biochemical and histopathological evaluations and is more compatible with pigeons.
      PubDate: Thu, 15 Aug 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Effects of Curcumin Nanoparticles on the Tissue Oxidative Stress Following
           Testicular Torsion ...

    • Abstract: Objective-The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of curcumin nanoparticles (CNP) on stress oxidative following experimental ischemia-reperfusion injury in the rat testes. Design-Experimental Study Animals- Seventy-seven healthy male Wistar rats Procedures-The animals weighing approximately 250 g were randomly assigned to four experimental groups (n = 18): Ischemia: torsion group (created by 720° rotation of testis on both sides for 2 h). Ischemia/Reperfusion (I/R): torsion for 2 h followed distortion, CNP 10: received 10 mg/kg IP administration of CNP 30 min before surgery then remaining testes were twisted and untwisted, CNP 20: received 20 mg/kg IP administration of CNP 30 min before surgery then remaining testicles were twisted and untwisted. Unilateral orchiectomy of left or right testicles was performed on days 0 and 12 with immediately sampling. Some twisted then untwisted testicles were remained and sampled 60 days after surgery. An additional group was considered (n=5) to be sampled without any operation as control group. The samples of testicular tissue homogenates were taken on Days 0, 12 and 60, and their liquid extracts were collected and assayed for Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Glutathione peroxidase (GPX). The effect of treatment and day of sampling on the variables was analyzed using Two-Way ANOVA. Results- The results of the study showed an ameliorated balance of GPX, SOD and MDA following testicular torsion in this study. The CNP treated animals (with both administered doses) showed significantly improved the balance of the enzymes compared to untreated animals (p<0.0001). Conclusion and clinical relevance- In conclusion, IP administration of CNP may be helpful in minimizing oxidative stress related enzymes following testicular ischemia-reperfusion in rat.
      PubDate: Wed, 14 Aug 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Study of the Ultrasonography Features of Renal Lymphosarcoma Tumor in Cats

    • Abstract: Objective- In this study, ultrasonographic characteristics of lymphosarcoma in cats and also the role of fine needle biopsy were evaluated.Design- Retrospective study.Animals- five cats with renal lymphosarcoma tumor.Procedures- After each of these cats was referred to the radiology department, ultrasound was performed by the radiologist from the abdominal cavity and renal symptoms was reported.Results-In the evaluation of ultrasonography, pelvis dilatation was observed in all cats. In 4 of these cats kidney cortex were not distinct from its central section, enlargement of the kidney in 4 cases, deformed kidneys in 3 cases, decreased echogenicity of the kidneys in 3 cases and kidney echogenic increased in 2 cats were observed. In 95% of cases, lesions were bilateral.Biopsy of the kidneys was performed by fine needle aspiration in 4 cats and in the initial evaluation, the diagnosis was given in 3 cases (86%).In two cats, the diagnosis of temporary cytology was given from round neoplasia cells; in one cat, lymphosarcoma was confirmed by second aspiration and in another cat was biopsied from the tissue center. In one case, the diagnosis was followed by a necropsy.Conclusion and Clinical Relevance-The findings indicate that the signs of ultrasound of the kidney lymphosarcoma in cats may not be highlighted, and in cases of high ultrasound characteristics, differential diagnoses should be considered. Also, biopsy for cytological tests by fine needle aspiration can be valuable in diagnosing this disease.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Aug 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • A Rare Urinary Bladder Fibrosarcoma with a Cystolith in a Dog

    • Abstract: Case description: This report describes the simultaneous occurrence of fibrosarcoma and a urolith in the urinary bladder of a 12-year-old female terrier dog that was confirmed by pathology after excisional surgery. Clinical findings: The dog had some clinical signs such as frequent urination, hematuria and dysuria with anorexia and urinary tenesmus. Radiography confirmed the presence of a cystolith that was removed by surgery. During surgery, a solitary, pedunculated and round mass that had grown from mucosal tissue to the bladder space was observed. The mass was removed by excisional surgery and its pathologic section was prepared and stained by Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) and Masson’s trichrome methods. Microscopic findings in the tissue of the mass such as spindle fibroblastic cells with mild to moderate cellular pleomorphism and nuclear hyperchromasia, presence of mild mitosis figures, and chronic inflammation revealed the nature of the mass as a low-grade fibrosarcoma.Treatment and outcome: The cystolith was removed during depletion of the bladder and fibrosarcoma was removed by surgery to prevent further enlargement of the tumor and occupy the bladder space. Moreover, antibiotic therapy to avoid secondary infection was performed. Post-operation monitoring of the patient showed that there was no evidence for recurrence of the tumor within 3 months after surgery. Clinical relevance: Given the findings of this report, an occurrence of bladder fibrosarcoma has non-specific clinical signs that may challenge its differential diagnosis from other urinary-tract lesions.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Aug 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Comparison of Transcorneal and Transpalpebral Ultrasonographic
           Measurements of the Eye in ...

    • Abstract: Objective-The aim of this research was to compare transcorneal and transpalpebral ultrasonography study of the dimensions (ecobiometry) and the ultrasonographic aspect of Iranian mix breed dogs.Design- Experimental studyAnimals- . Ten adult male dogsProcedure- Ten adult male dogs with the mean age 4±1.39 years and the mean weight of 16.7±3.6 kg were selected and distributed in two equal groups. Transcorneal and transpalpebral ultrasonographic scanning of left and right eyes of dogs were performed using with a 12 MHZ transducer. The transducer was placed in a longitudinal position (sagittal plane) until optimal B-scan images, were obtained.Results- Means and standard deviations of the intraocular structures of both transcorneal and transpalpebral were as, Anterior chamber depth (2.99±0.242, 2.78±0.285 mm), Lens thickness (6.62±0.364,7.02±0.612 mm), Vitreous chamber depth (8.81±0.354, 8.79±0.552 mm) and Axial globe length (19.60±0.452,19.50±0.592 mm) respectively. No significant differences were observed when comparing left and right eyes of dogs in both methods within the same group and comparing between two groups (p>0.05).Conclusion and Clinical Relevance- Results of this study can be used as a template in diagnosis of ocular disease and facilitates the use of transpalpebral ultrasonography in the evaluation of ocular structures in ocular disease specially painful conditions.
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Aug 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Effect of Systemic Administration of Curcumin on Ischemia-Reperfusion
           Injury in Ovaries: An ...

    • Abstract: Objective-Ovarian torsion must be diagnosed and treated as much early as possible. The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of interaperitoneal administration of curcumin on ischemia-reperfusion injury in ovaries. Design- Experimental Study Animals- Twent-four healthy female Wistar rats Procedures- Twent-four healthy female Wistar rats weighing approximately 260g were randomized into four experimental groups (n = 6): Group Sham: The rats underwent only laparotomy. Group I: A 3- hour ischemia only. Group I/R: A 3-hour ischemia and a 3-hour reperfusion. Group I/R/C: A 3-hour ischemia, a 3-hour reperfusion and 1 mg/kg interaperitoneal administration of curcumin 2.5 hours after induction of ischemia. Results-Curcumin treated animals showed significantly ameliorated development of ischemia and reperfusion tissue injury compared to those of other groups (P<0.05). The significant higher values of SOD, GPO and GST were observed in I/R/C animals compared to those of other groups (P<0.05). The damage indicators (MDA) was significantly lower in I/R/C animal compared to those of other groups (P<0.05). Conclusion and Clinical Relevance- Interaperitoneal administration of curcumin could be helpful in minimizing ischemia-reperfusion injury in ovarian tissue exposed to ischemia.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Mar 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Effect of Chitosan/Propolis Biodegradable Film on Full-Thickness Wound
           Healing in Rats

    • Abstract: Objective - The objective of the present study was to assess effect of Propolis in combination with chitosan biofilm on excisional wounds. Design- Experimental Study.Animals- Male healthy Wistar rats.Procedures- Sixty-four rats were randomized into four groups of 16 rats each. Group I: Animals with wounds treated with 0.9% saline solution. Group II: Animals with wounds were dressed with chitosan biofilm. Group III: Animals with wounds were treated topically with Propolis and Group IV: Animals with wounds were treated topically with Propolis and dressed with chitosan biofilm. Wound size was measured on 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 and 21days after surgery. Histological studies were performed on three time points of 7, 14 and 21 days post-wounding. Results- Planimetric studies and quantitative histological studies and mean rank of the qualitative studies demonstrated that there was significant difference (P < 0.05) between group IV and other groups. Conclusion and Clinical Relevance- It was concluded that the Propolis with chitosan biofilm had a reproducible wound healing potential in excisional wounds in rats.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Mar 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Determination of Radiographic Closure Time of Appendicular Skeleton Growth
           Plates in the ...

    • Abstract: Objective - The aims of this study were to determine the approximate radiographic closure time of the growth plates of the fore and hind limbs of Marghoz goat as a small breed of goat is distributed over the western and North-West of Iran near to the Turkey and Iraqi borders and to compare these closure times with those previously published.Design- Experimental studyAnimals- 20 healthy Marghoz goats.Procedures- In order to study the fore and hind limbs, The 20 goats, which have been determined to be healthy by clinical examination, were divided into two groups (10 males, 10 females). They were selected from 10 days after their birth until the growth plates of anterior, posterior and back bones were closed. For the purpose of this study, the growth plates were classified as fully open and fully closed, in order of advancing fusion of the growth plate.Results- The earliest closure time of the proximal growth plate of male was detected in the 12th month of the study. The closure time of all growth plates in the forelimbs in females was fond to be ended in the 13th month and in males in the 16th month were closed; closure time of growth plates for hind limbs in females was in the 15th month and in male was in the 18th month. The latest closure took place in the 26 month and the study was terminated. Conclusion and Clinical Relevance- Radiological imaging is an effective method in demonstrating ossification centers and determining the age of epiphyseal closure.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Mar 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Development of Risedronate-Loaded Nano Capsules for Calvaria Healing in

    • Abstract: Objective- Bone regeneration is a multifactorial phenomenon which contributed to several factors. It is reported that risedronate is effective for musculoskeletal diseases. The current study was to determine effectiveness of the risedronate-loaded nano capsules for calvaria healing in rabbit.Design- Experimental study.Procedures- 15 white adult male New Zealand rabbits were used. Four full-thickness skull defects were created in the calvarial bone. The first defect kept unfilled (control). The second was filled with nano risedronate capsules. The third hole was filled using an autogenous bone. The fourth hole was filled with nano risedronate capsules+ autogenous bone. At 4, 8 and 12 weeks after surgery, inflammation level, bone vitality grade, bone type and foreign body were determined.Results- According to the results, the most inflammation was found in control and the lowest in the nano autograft (p<0.05). Bone formation in the nano autograft group was significantly faster after 4 weeks (p<0.05). Typical bone type II was observed in all of the groups. After 8 weeks, the grade II inflammation was detected in the control group (p<0.05). After 8 weeks, The highest grade of inflammation rate were seen as I and 0 in autograft and nano risedronate + autograft groups, respectively (p<0.05). After 12 weeks, grade III bone viability was higher in nano risedronate + autograft group compared to the autograft group (p<0.05). After 12 weeks, the positive foreign body was detected in control and nano groups. No foreign body was seen in nano risedronate + autograft and autograft groups. Conclusion and clinical relevance- The achieved results suggested have risedronate-loaded nano capsules have positive effects on bone formation and viability in calvaria healing in rabbit which be diminishing osteoclast activity improves bone formation.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Mar 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Effect of Local Transplantation of Bone Marrow Derived Mast Cells (BMMCs)
           Combined with ...

    • Abstract: Objective: To determine the effects of bone marrow derived mast cells (BMMCs) on excisional and incisional wound healing in an animal model on lamb.Design- Experimental Study.Animals- Twelve healthy male lambsProcedures: Animals were randomized into four groups of three animals each. In CONTROL animals, the created wounds were left untreated receiving 100 μL PBS. In BMMC group, the created wounds were treated with 100 μL BMMCs (2× 106 cells/100 μL) aliquots, injected into margins of the wounds. In chitosan group the created wounds were dressed with chitosan biofilm. In BMMC/chitosan group the created wounds were treated with 100 μL BMMCs (2× 106 cells/100 μL) aliquots and dressed with chitosan biofilm. In excisional wound model, planimetric studies were carried out to determine wound area reduction. In incisional wound model, biomechanical studies were carried out to indirectly determine structural organization of the healing wound.Results: BMMC/chitosan group showed significantly earlier wound closure compared to other groups (p=0.001). The biomechanical findings indicated that the parameters were significantly improved in the BMMC/chitosan group compared to other experimental groups (p=0.001).Conclusion and Clinical Relevance: BMMCs local transplantation could be considered as a readily accessible source of cells that could improve wound healing.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Mar 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Investigating the Echocardiography and Heart Anatomy of Immature Beluga
           (Huso huso)

    • Abstract: Objective: The purpose of present study was to obtain a complete understanding about anatomical features and echocardiography of Beluga (Huso huso) species in order to provide standard approaches for performing echocardiography on this sturgeon species.Design - Experimental studyAnimals -10 immature (2.5 years old) Beluga (Huso huso)Procedures- To perform echocardiography, Sonosite-MicroMaxx ultrasonography Machin and Linear Probe with a frequency of 6-12 MHz of ventral approach between two pectoral fins were used.Results-Four main parts of the heart were identified in investigations and the way of locating and connections of these parts were examined. Sinus venosus had a thin wall and leaned toward left. The atrium wall was characterized by connective tissue and muscle. There was a valve structure between Sinus venosus and atrium. The ventricle had a thick muscular wall with a two-layer appearance. Conus arteriosus leaned toward right. This part had three rows of valves including one distal row and two proximal rows with a certain distance between the distal row and the two proximal rows.Conclusion and Clinical Relevance- Since there has not yet been a complete study on the heart of Beluga species in the terms of ultrasonography and anatomy, the present study can be utilized as a basis for investigating other sturgeon species. In the present study, a standard approach has been provided to perform echocardiography on Beluga species.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Mar 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Study of Diagnosis of Pregnancy and Fetal Development by 2D Ultrasound in
           Markhoz Goat

    • Abstract: Objective- The aim of this study was to obtain first time diagnosis of pregnancy and study of fetal development in different times of pregnancy period. Design- ِDescriptive study. Animals- 8 pregnant Markhoz goats. Procedure- 2D ultrasound was performed from day 25 to 130 of gestation, twice in week from day 25 to 70 and once in week from day 70 to 130 of gestation on eight goats. The ultrasonographic images were obtained Sonosite Titan (USA) 2D ultrasound machine.Results- On the 25th day of gestation, earliest diagnosis of pregnancy was done. On 37th day, clear pictures of conceptus, amniotic membrane, and umbilicus were seen. On 78th day of gestation, internal organs of fetus heart, kidney, liver, urinary bladder, and stomach was seen in image. The scrotum in the male fetus was identified on the 88th day of gestation. Between 115 and 130 days of gestation complete details of internal organs were seen in ultrasonographic images. Conclusions- The accuracy of ultrasound was 100% for detecting pregnant and non-pregnant cases. Conceptus changed its shape from 25 to 44 days of gestation, and full identifiable conceptus took its shape on day 44. Keywords- Markhoz goat, Pregnancy, Ultrasound.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Mar 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Topical Application of Lactobacillus plantarum on Burn Wound Healing in
           Diabetic Rats

    • Abstract: Objective- This study was designed to investigate the effect of Lactobacillus plantarum gel on cutaneous burn wound healing in diabetic rats.Design- Randomized experimental studyAnimals- Forty adult male ratsProcedures- Two circular 1 cm cutaneous wounds were created in the dorsum back of each rat. 48 h post-burning, debridement with a 1 cm biopsy punch was performed. The wounds were divided into the following four treatment groups (n= 10, each): 1. Untreated or negative control (NC), 2. silver sulfadiazine (positive control-SSD), 3. base gel (BG) 4. Lactobacillus plantarum Gel (LP gel). The wound surface area and epithelialization were monitored. The animals were euthanized at 10 (n = 5), and 20 (n = 5) days post-injury (DPI) and the skin samples were used for histopathological, biochemical, TGF-β gene expression and biomechanical investigations. Results- It was indicated that the L. plantarum and SSD treated lesions had the lowest percentage of wound size and collagen content and also the L. plantarum treated group showed shortest inflammatory period and highest amount of TGF-β at 10 days post injury. The L. plantarum gel treated lesions also demonstrated greater ultimate load compared to the untreated and based gel treated wounds.Conclusions and Clinical Relevance- In conclusion, L. plantarum gel therapy improved wound healing and resulted in better outcomes after severe burn injury in diabetic rats compared with the silver sulfadiazine treatment.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Mar 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • A Case of Gunshot Injury to the Spinal Cord in a Dog: Clinical, Surgical,
           and X-ray Features.

    • Abstract: Case description- A five-year-old female dog, weighing 35 kg, was presented as an emergency case after it suffered a gunshot injury.Clinical findings - Physical examination of the dog revealed paraplegia, the symptoms were normal. There was no bone fracture and dislocation in the lower extremity examination. A bullet (diameter, 4 mm) between the third and fourth lumbar was observed on radiographic examination.Treatment and outcome- The bullet was about 4 × 7 mm long, which stuck between the longitudinal spine and carefully removed. In the examination of the spinal cord, the rupture was observed relatively in some longitudinal strands, and no necrosis was present in the site. After the surgery, the dog was discharged with a good condition.Clinical relevance- As a consequence, a precise evaluation of the gunshot injury to the spinal cord could not be achieved by imaging, which made a prediction of the prognosis difficult prior to surgery. Therefore, if imaging tests provide evidence of a direct impact on the spinal cord, surgery should be considered a primary method to prevent irreversible harm necrosis of the spinal cord.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Mar 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Effective Medical Management and Physiotherapy Program of Femoral Head and
           Neck Ostectomy (FHO) ...

    • Abstract: Case Description- Twenty four cases of dogs and cats were presented for inability to move and/or getting up one of the legs while walking and leaning on the other.Clinical Findings-Physical and radiographic examinations revealed that the patients had coxofemoral luxation, hip dysplasia, comminuted acetabular fracture, avascular necrosis of femoral head and/or femur head fracture.Treatment and Outcome- The patients went under routine femoral head and neck ostectomy (FHO) surgery. A 3-4 weeks full postoperative management was applied. Serial follow up suggested that all patients were in excellent condition with no or insignificant and non-problematic lameness. Younger and small sized patients had better outcome. However immature patients are in risk of limb shortening due to excision of physis.Clinical Relevance- Although many studies have been published in FHO, anyone cannot found the applicable information and full postoperative management in an individual published paper. Hence, the purpose of this report was to provide applicable clinical information and offering a full medical and physiotherapy program. The authors’ offer, special aftercare table and seriously believe that this program will deliver a better outcome. The table includes antibiotic and analgesic therapy, physiotherapy program and other considerations.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Mar 2019 19:30:00 +010
  • Diagnostic Imaging Features of Haemangiopericytoma at Presumed Location of
           Vaccine-Site in a ...

    • Abstract: Case Description- A 13 years old neutered female spitz dog was presented to the Small Animal Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Tehran for appearance of a soft tissue mass in the interscapular region in about 9 months ago with a progressive increase in the size of the mass.Clinical Finding- The mass was solid, cold and non-painful in physical examination. Radiography, Computed tomography angiography and ultrasonography were performed for evaluation of the volume and angiogenesis of the mass.Treatment and Outcome- Treatment was consist of surgical excision of the mass. The patient was fine up to 6 months after surgery, then recurrence at the same site was observed, therefore the owner requested for euthanasia.Clinical Relevance- In this record, we presented diagnostic imaging characteristics of a mass presumed at the injection site in a dog. Few records have been published in veterinary literature about injection site tumors in dogs, however, there are plenty of those in relation with feline injection-site sarcoma (FISS).
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Mar 2019 19:30:00 +010
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