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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 260 journals)
Showing 1 - 63 of 63 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abanico Veterinario     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiae Veterinariae     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Veterinaria Eurasia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Research in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Analecta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 242)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Animal Health Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi / Atatürk University Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Austral Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Equine Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Avian Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Avian Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Veterinarian     Open Access  
BMC Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CES Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chilean Journal of Agricultural & Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Compendio de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Equine Veterinary Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Equine Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Erciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi / Journal of The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Erciyes University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
FAVE Sección Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Folia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Frontiers in Veterinary Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Gaceta de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
GISAP : Biology, Veterinary Medicine and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human & Veterinary Medicine - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
ILAR Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
In Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Medicus Veterinus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
InVet     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Veterinary Surgery     Open Access  
Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Irish Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
İstanbul Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Small Animal Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Medik Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kenya Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
kleintier konkret     Hybrid Journal  
Kocatepe Veteriner Dergisi     Open Access  
Livestock     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Macedonian Veterinary Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Manas Journal of Agriculture Veterinary and Life Sciences     Open Access  
Matrix Science Medica     Open Access  
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Medical Mycology Case Reports     Open Access  
Medicina Veterinária (UFRPE)     Open Access  
Microbes and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nepalese Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
New Zealand Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
New Zealand Veterinary Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Access Animal Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Veterinary Science     Open Access  
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira     Open Access  
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
pferde spiegel     Hybrid Journal  
Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Preventive Veterinary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Rassegna di Diritto, Legislazione e Medicina Legale Veterinaria     Open Access  
Reproduction in Domestic Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Revista Acadêmica : Ciência Animal     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Veterinária     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista Cientifica : Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Complutense de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciência Veterinária e Saúde Pública     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Revista de Educação Continuada em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Perú     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, UCV     Open Access  
Revista de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista MVZ Córdoba     Open Access  
Revista Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Vétérinaire Clinique     Full-text available via subscription  
SA Stud Breeder / SA Stoetteler     Full-text available via subscription  
Salud y Tecnología Veterinaria     Open Access  
Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde     Hybrid Journal  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scientific Journal of Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Small Ruminant Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
South African Journal of Wildlife Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Sri Lanka Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
SVU-International Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Tanzania Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
team.konkret     Open Access  
The Dairy Mail     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
The Professional Animal Scientist     Hybrid Journal  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Scientific Journal of Animal Science
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2322-1704
Published by Sjournals Homepage  [11 journals]
  • Factors influencing post-weaning growth and mortality in rabbits

    • Authors: Never Assan
      Abstract: Several random and nonrandom factors influence post-weaning growth and mortality in rabbits. The rabbit productivity is greatly influenced by post-weaning kits growth potential and the number that survives up to market. There is a definite important association between litter size and post-weaning growth, which can be manipulated to enhance rabbit production and profitability. In this respect maintaining an economically optimum average litter size which promote post-weaning growth is critical. It is generally pronounced that genetic improvement will improve litter size, however aided by provision of adequate nutrition and management translate to optimal degree of maximal profitability of rabbit enterprise. Post-weaning mortality has been associated with below average pre-weaning weights that are likely to adversely depress feed consumption, poor growth and compromised immune system. Reduced mortality and enhanced growth rates calls for improved nutrition and other management practices, in addition to the exploitation of crossbred livability and viability in rabbit production. Both selection and crossbreeding have played major roles in improving post-weaning growth in rabbits.  Growth traits are moderately to highly heritable as a result selection of heavier kits on post-weaning growth could result in improving the character. The purpose of this review is to discuss the factors that affect post-weaning growth and mortality in rabbits.
      PubDate: 2018-03-17
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2018)
  • Effect of Graded Levels of Urea Treatment on Nutrient Composition and In-
           Vitro Digestibility of Calliandra calothyrsus(Meissner).

    • Authors: Jenias Barnabas Ndava
      Abstract: Calliandra calothyrsus(Meissner) is a multipurpose forage tree that can improve the nutrition of  livestock due to its high  crude protein content. However, the shrub has low digestibility. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of graded levels of urea treatment on nutrient composition and in-vitro digestibility of C. calothyrsus leaves. Mature leaves of C. calothyrsus were  hand harvested in the first week of August 2016, after the flowering stage.They were air dried under the shed for five days in order to maintain the green colour of the leaves.They were then treated   with 0% (control), 3%, 5% and 7% urea solutions for four weeks under anaerobic conditions. Some of the air dried samples  were ground and analysed for nutrient composition-;crude protein(CP),acid detergent fibre(ADF),neutral detergent fibre(NDF),dry matter(DM) and ash. There was an increase in CP following increase in the level of urea treatment from 210 to 320g/kg DM. A decrease was noted in fibre content with increasing level of urea treatment. Digestibility trial was conducted using the Tilley and Terry two stage method. In-vitro-dry matter digestibility increased significantly at (p<0.05) with increase in urea treatment noted from 439.7-530.7g/kg DM. The results show the effectiveness of urea treatment in increasing the crude protein  and in-vitro digestibility of C. calothyrsus.
      PubDate: 2018-02-15
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2018)
  • Factors influencing does milk production and their implication for kit
           performance in rabbits.

    • Authors: Never Assan
      Abstract: Rabbit milk yield and chemical composition is determined by various factors. Growth rate and body weight gain are good indicators of kits doe’s maternal behavior, especially in milk production. Generally, it is pronounced that growth and survival of kits towards weaning is the most important stage related to does milking potential. However, it is important to note that lactation curves vary with breed, notwithstanding milk production being influenced by various factors. Clearly, it has been observed that apart from genotype being a dominant factor in influencing milk production in rabbits, there are other factors such as nutrition, parity, stage of lactation, litter size etc. which have also been implicated. In this aspect, appropriate knowledge on factors that influence does milking capacity is essential for improved performance in rabbits. Provision of adequate nutritional requirements of nursed kits through dam’s milk is essential for maximum growth, development and survival. In the early stage of growth until weaning, does milk is the exclusive source of nutrients to support the pertinent needs for maintenance and growth in rabbits. The accelerated growth preceding weaning can be ascribed to the doe’s energy rich milk that is significant in both fat and protein and low lactose. An increase in milk intake, can improve kits growth traits and may also transcribe to heavier final market weight and financial gains. It is reasonable to suggest that to enhance kits nutritional intake, the mother should produce adequate milk. On the other hand, milk production increases with increased litter size, while high total milk yield is registered in winter followed by autumn. Milk production increase firmly during the seven parity and decline from that time forward. Crossbreeding promote favorable and positive heterotic influence on milk yield and composition. There is a predictable positive correlation of does milking capacity and productive traits. The purpose of this review is to discuss the factors that influence milk production in does and their implication for rabbit performance.
      PubDate: 2018-02-15
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2018)
  • Carcass traits and meat quality properties as affected by nutritional
           programs and feeding patterns in a rabbit enterprise

    • Authors: Never Assan
      Abstract: This review looks at the effects of nutrition on carcass traits and meat quality properties in rabbits. Nutrition is a dominant integral part of a rabbit production enterprise that if appropriately modified will impart acceptable carcass and meat quality attributes sort in new demand market. This implies that feeding an appropriate diet to rabbits is the single most critical component in improving carcass traits and meat quality properties in a rabbit enterprise. Rabbits are instinctively unique in the sense that they have exhibited a relatively pronounced universal taste for common local feedstuffs composed to a greater extent of roughage and agricultural by-products. The utilization of dietary nutrient sources by rabbits is reliant on a variety of complementary determinants that include not only specific energy and protein sources but also intake and digestibility. The high pro health nutritional value and acceptable sensory attributes of rabbit meat have advanced its consumption in several countries and its gaining popularity. Today, when consumer demand for meat are inclined towards consumption of low fat, low calorie and positive healthy meats, new meat sources such as rabbits are increasing their share in the meat markets. Carcass traits and meat quality have shown to positively respond to different dietary nutritional levels and sources in rabbit production. Suitable nutrition regime would improve slaughter weight, hot and cold carcass weight, dressing percentage and the proportion of valuable giblets. Rabbit fed local unconventional feedstuffs can produce meat with similar or greater amounts of claimable polyunsaturated acids than feeding systems based on feedlot pellets alone. Dietary fats inclusion levels and their sources are important in expressing demanded carcass and meat quality properties, especially on influencing the type of fatty acid composition in meat. Feeding strategies through manipulation of dietary factors should endeavor at increasing the scope of unsaturated fatty acids, while decreasing the portion of objectionable saturated fatty acids promoting pro health value. Future rabbit nutritional research should shift from focusing on promoting quantity to enhancement of quality in response to the new demand market for healthy food in addition to promoting nutritional value and acceptable sensory properties. Heterogeneity in alternative energy and protein sources and their potential replacement value of alternative feedstuff in rabbits’ diets should be the targeted outcome from the nutritional research in rabbit meat production.
      PubDate: 2018-01-17
      Issue No: Vol. 7 (2018)
  • Assessment of Commercial Beef Cattle Fattening Practices and performance
           in East Shoa Zone

    • Authors: Genet Dadi Haiyu, Mengistu Urge, Tsegay Teklebrhan
      Abstract: The study was conducted in Adama, Lome and Adami-Tulu districts of East Shoa Zone of Oromia Regional State to assess commercial fattening practices, and to evaluate performance of commercial fattening. Multi stage sampling procedure was employed for the survey study. The questionnaire based formal survey was conducted using semi structured  questioners by interviewing a total of 45feedlot operators purposively selected from the three districts and both quantitative and qualitative data on beef cattle fattening systems were obtained. For the monitoring work nine farms among those used for interview were selected for the purpose of monitoring animals’ performance during fattening period. Eight Animals from each farm were randomly selected from the farms based on age, initial body weight and body condition. The study revealed that the major criteria for selecting animals to purchase for feedlot fattening includes breed type, physical appearance and/or frame size, age, health and initial price body condition, coat color, horn size were the top priority and major breeds used was Boran breeds with an age between 3-6 years old. The feed resources used by commercial cattle fattening include crop residues and agro-industrial by products feeds. The average total weight gain and average daily weight gain of animals recorded in 90 days of fattening was significantly higher (P<0.05) for large (97.7±1.16;1.09±0.01) and medium (97.58±1.16; 1.09±0.01) as compared to small scale (91.04±1.169 kg;1.01±0.01kg) commercial fattening. It is concluded that the dependence on only Borana breed may affect the efficiency of the fattening industry by creating supply shortage and also it depletes the breed population. Moreover, the Limited feed availability, high price of supplementary feed, market fluctuation of fattened cattle, disease out breaks, and water shortage are the most challenges faced by the sectors and needs to be addressed in the study area.
      PubDate: 2017-10-25
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Evaluation of high energy diets and fattening regimes on performance,
           carcass characteristics and fat production of Yankasa rams for use as
           alternative thermal storage medium

    • Authors: Nasiru Muhammad, Mahmoud Muhammad Garba, Ibrahim Muhammad Danmallam, Ismail Isah Rikoto, Bello Usman Bagudo
      Abstract: An experiment was conducted to evaluate high energy diets and fattening regimes on performance, fat production and carcass characteristics of Yankasa rams. Fifteen intact Yankasa rams with an average live weight of 42Kg and condition score three (3) were randomly allocated into three treatments in a completely randomized experimental design (CRD) replicated five times. The animals were divided into three treatment groups according to the length of the fattening period. The treatments were designated as teatments 1, 2 and 3 respectively for three, two and one month fattening period. Results indicated significant diffrence (P<0.05) in the final live weight (kg), weight gain (kg), slaughter and carcass weight. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in feed intake, water intake, average daly gain (ADG), feed conversion ratio (FCR), dressing weight, dressing %, subcutaneous, abdominal and total fat production. It was concluded that fattening regime has no significant effect on the performance of Yankasa rams fed high energy diets.
      PubDate: 2017-09-10
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Growth, morphostructural and haematological performances of West African
           Dwarf male sheep fed garlic powder additive diets

    • Authors: Maria Kikelomo Adegun, Oluwatoyin Folake Alamuoye, Pius Amoka Aye
      Abstract: An experiment was carried out to investigate the additive effect of garlic powder on growth, morphostructural and haematology of West African Dwarf (WAD) rams fed Panicum maximum basal diet supplemented with concentrate. Forty Yearling WAD rams with average initial live weight of 12.41kg were randomly allotted to five dietary treatments of garlic powder additive (GPA) at 0%, 0.2%, 0.4%, 0.6% and 0.8% (0 mg/kg, 2000 mg/kg, 4000 mg/ kg, 6000mg/kg and 8000mg/kg respectively) of the supplements for 12 weeks. Results revealed that inclusion of 4000 mg/kg garlic powder additive in experimental diets showed better weight gain and feed conversion ratio for WAD rams than the control (0% GPA) and the other treatments (P<0.05). The morphometric measurements gains correlate with the pattern of body weight gain reported in the treatment groups. Haematological findings showed better packed cell volume in animals fed GPA compared with the control (P<0.05). However, all investigated haematological parameters had values within normal limits for healthy sheep. Addition of garlic powder to sheep diet improved body weight gain up to 4000mg/kg of supplemental diet while also enhancing the health status of the animals.
      PubDate: 2017-07-18
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Milk and milk products consumption pattern, preference and purchase
           behaviour in communal areas of the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa

    • Authors: Tinashe Kaguru, John Fisher Mupangwa, Jean Rust, Voster Muchenje, Mabutho Mkhungela, Never Assan
      Abstract: A study was carried out between June 2014 and May 2015 using a pre-tested structured questionnaire and face to face interviews to characterize the consumption pattern, preference and purchase behaviour of milk and milk products in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. A multi-stage area probability sampling was used to select five hundred households from five districts within the Eastern Cape Province (100 from each district). The data was analysed using the IBM, Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22. The communal average family size in the province was between 5-10 members with a monthly income of ZAR1340 per household. The monthly mean of raw milk consumption pattern was (2.196± 1.423) 2-5 litres of cattle milk, (4.780±0.785) 2-5 litres of goat milk and (4.980±0.692) 2-5 litres of sheep milk per household. Pasteurised milk was found to be the most regularly consumed and preferred milk product with an average consumption of 4.78±0.84 litres per household per month. Monthly cattle milk product consumption were 0.5 kg-1 kg of powdered milk and 2-5 litres of sour milk. Household composition and consumer preference were (P<0.05) significantly the primary reasons for the consumption of milk and milk products. The standard price for milk and milk products ranged from R8.50-R9.50 per litre of fresh milk, R7.50-R8.50 per litre of sour milk, R33.00-R35 kg of powdered milk and R11.50-R12.50 litre of pasteurised milk. The study concluded that socio-demographic characteristics such as household size, household composition, gender of the household head and marital status   greatly affected consumption patterns of milk and milk products in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.
      PubDate: 2017-05-15
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Assessment of honeybee enemies (Pests & Predators) in Bale zone,
           Southeastern Ethiopia

    • Authors: Bekele Tesfaye Dubale, Genet Dadi Hailu, Temaro Gelgelu Desha
      Abstract: ABSTRACT Among all constraints of beekeeping, natural bee enemies are known to cause great damage on the life and the product of honeybees through causing absconding and migration. A study was conducted in Bale from July, 2010- June, 2012 in six districts with the objective of assessing the effect of natural bee enemies on the life of honeybees and their products. From each districts 3 Rural Kebeles (RK’s) and 10 beekeepers from each RK’s were purposively selected and a total of 180 Beekeeper were participated. The selected beekeepers were interviewed using pre-tested structured questioners and single- visit – multiple formal survey method to collect the data. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS version20 software and descriptive analysis method. The majority (96.86%) of the respondents in the study area were followed traditional production system  but only few beekeepers were started transitional (0.88) and modern (2.26) beekeeping production system. In the study area honeybees’ enemies, agro-chemicals, lack of knowledge to manage bees and bee products, lack of bee colonies and bees poisoning from plants identified as major beekeeping constraints.Respondents were asked to identify major honeybee pests and predators. Based on the result of this study, the existence of pests andpredators were a major challenge to the honeybees and beekeepers in the study area.In all surveyed area the beekeepers were reported that the presence of Honey badger, spider, bee-eating birds, bee lice, Beetles, wasps, Death Head hawks moth Mice and lizards in order of their decreasing importance. Traditionally, the beekeepers were used their own control mechanisms of protecting these pests and predators like  application of ash under the stand of the hive, hanging hives by rope on long trees, cleaning around the apiary site,  using dog for large predators like honey badger, fencing their apiary site and mechanical like killing of the predators & pests etc. About 72.6% of the respondents reported that honey production trend in the area were decreasing and 25.1%and 2.2 was said increasing and unchanged trend of production system respectively. Despite the challenges of beekeeping, it is realized that there is potential of beekeeping in Bale, though the production system is traditional and there is an opportunity of improving the situation since there is plenty of beekeeping resources.
      PubDate: 2017-03-26
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Development and promotion of village chickens subgroups to counteract the
           adverse effects of climate change in Sub Saharan Africa

    • Authors: Never Assan, Mgcini Moyo, Tinashe Kaguru
      Abstract: Smallholder agriculture sector which harbors different village chickens ecotypes/varieties/strains is one of the most susceptible to the adverse effects of climate change due to its low adaptive potentiality. As of now, the sector is facing scores of challenges due to unpredictable environmental consequences of climate change which have impinged on village/indigenous/local/native chicken production systems. The adverse effects associated with climate change which can impact negatively on village chicken production systems being diminished water resources, changes in the rainfall form and abundance, elevated temperature regime, unpredictable seasonal distortion, dwindling of feed resources and prevalence of  uncommon diseases and parasites. Therefore, it is assumed that the development and promotion of certain village chicken outstanding subgroups such as the necked necks become critical in sustaining  productivity. Village chickens are excellent for their adaptability and tolerant to local diseases and harsh environmental conditions. Structural, functional and feeding behavior of some village chicken strains will play a critical role in enhancing production, reproduction and survival  in these adverse conditions. As a result, it is appropriate to develop and promote village chicken subgroups through within population selection. Adaptive management and anticipatory learning approach in village chicken development and promotion is suggested. The preceding review attempt to explore the likely effect of animal species selection, such as promoting village chickens genetic resources in smallholder rural farming sector in tackling climate change challenges. Strategic development and promotion of village chickens, which target both productivity and adaptability traits will greatly help in improving the welfare of the rural folk through substantiating their resilience.
      PubDate: 2017-03-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Physiological groups of heterotrophic community bacteria present at River
           Actopan, Chachalacas barrier, Veracruz

    • Authors: Torres Calderón Daniela Melissa, Olvera Vázquez Maricarmen, Vieyra Mexicano Cinthya, García Santos Luz Valeria, Orocio Alcántara Nahúm Elías, Monroy Dosta María del Carmen
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine physiological groups of heterotrophic community bacteria in River Actopan mouth, Chachalacas, Veracruz, Mexico. Water samples were collected in sterile jars in three zones of river: zone A (ÚrsuloGalván bridge), zone B (La Loma de San Rafael) and zone C (La Bocana). The water samples were analyzed through specific culture mediums for heterotrophic bacteria groups that degrade collagen, cellulose, chitin, starch and hydrocarbons. Species were identified by conventional biochemical tests, identification strips API 20E and 20NE and for the case of bacteria that degrade hydrocarbons it was used the sequencing of RNA gen 16S. The results indicate that in zone A, bacteria that use collagen and starch as source of carbon were most abundant (105.6 cfumL-1 and 100 cfumL-1 respectively), in zone B, collagen and chitin bacteria obtained 71.6 cfumL-1 and 60 cfumL-1, respectively. While in zone C, higher values were shown in gelatinases and cellulose degradative bacteria with 109 cfumL-1 and 106 cfumL-1 respectively, although it was also observed that this zone has more abundance in oil degrading bacteria with respect to zone A and B.
      PubDate: 2017-01-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
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