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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 213 journals)
Acta Scientiae Veterinariae     Open Access  
Acta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Brasilica     Open Access  
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 131)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Animal Health Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Animal Reproduction     Open Access  
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências Veterinárias e Zoologia da UNIPAR     Open Access  
Ars Veterinaria     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Australian Equine Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Avian Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Avian Diseases Digest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Avian Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Veterinarian     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy     Open Access  
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access  
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Equine Veterinary Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Equine Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Veterinary Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Human & Veterinary Medicine - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ILAR Journal     Hybrid Journal  
In Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indonesia Medicus Veterinus     Open Access  
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Livestock Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
InVet     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access  
Irish Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
İstanbul Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Experimental and Applied Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Small Animal Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society     Open Access  
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)

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Journal Cover Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
  [SJR: 0.677]   [H-I: 53]   [9 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1040-6387 - ISSN (Online) 1943-4936
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [835 journals]
  • E. P. Pope Memorial Award to Dr. Jeremiah T. Saliki
    • Authors: Saliki; J.
      Pages: 4 - 4
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:31-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715626408
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Development and validation of a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent
           assay for the measurement of total plasma immunoglobulins in healthy
           loggerhead sea (Caretta caretta) and green turtles (Chelonia mydas)
    • Authors: Kaplan, A. J; Stacy, N. I, Jacobson, E, Le-Bert, C. R, Nollens, H. H, Origgi, F. C, Green, L. G, Bootorabi, S, Bolten, A, Hernandez, J. A.
      Pages: 5 - 11
      Abstract: The quantification of circulating plasma immunoglobulins represents a valuable diagnostic tool in human and veterinary immunology, although its application is very limited in reptile medicine to date. The objectives of our study were the development and standardization of a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) for the measurement of total plasma immunoglobulins (Igs; both IgM and IgY) in loggerhead sea turtles (LST; Caretta caretta; n = 254) and green turtles (GT; Chelonia mydas; n = 111), the establishment of reference intervals for Ig for both species, and the examination of associations between Ig and total protein (TP), condition index, and water temperature. The cELISA for Ig was successfully developed and optimized. Reference intervals for Ig were 0.38–0.94 g/dL in LST (median: 0.59 g/dL; range: 0.16–2.15 g/dL) and 0.40–0.85 g/dL in GT (median: 0.58 g/dL; range: 0.18–1.80 g/dL). In LST, there were positive linear relationships of Ig with TP, and TP with Ig and condition index, and a negative relationship of Ig with condition index. The positive linear relationships of Ig with TP, and TP with Ig were also identified in GT. These positive associations of Ig and TP were expected, as Ig represents fractions of TP, and TP reportedly increases with straight carapace length and weight. The negative association of Ig with condition index may indicate potential biological variations. The cELISA and reference intervals for total Ig of LST and GT presented herein have the potential to be useful as a diagnostic and research tool for sea turtle immunology.
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:31-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715617804
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Examining factors that may influence accurate measurement of testosterone
           in sea turtles
    • Authors: Graham, K. M; Mylniczenko, N. D, Burns, C. M, Bettinger, T. L, Wheaton, C. J.
      Pages: 12 - 19
      Abstract: Differences in reported testosterone concentrations in male sea turtle blood samples are common in the veterinary literature, but may be accounted for by differences in sample handling and processing prior to assay. Therefore, our study was performed to determine best practices for testosterone analysis in male sea turtles (Caretta caretta and Chelonia mydas). Blood samples were collected into 5 collection tube types, and assay validation and measured testosterone concentrations were compared across different sample storage (fresh, refrigerated 1 week, or frozen), extraction (unextracted or ether-extracted), and processing treatment (untreated, homogenized, or dissociation reagent) conditions. Ether-extracted and dissociation reagent–treated samples validated in all conditions tested and are recommended for use, as unextracted samples validated only if assayed fresh. Dissociation reagent treatment was simpler to perform than ether extraction and resulted in total testosterone concentrations ~2.7–3.5 times greater than free testosterone measured in ether-extracted samples. Sample homogenization did not affect measured testosterone concentrations, and could be used to increase volume in gelled samples. An annual seasonal testosterone increase was observed in both species when ether extraction or dissociation reagent treatment was used. Annual deslorelin implant treatments in a Chelonia mydas male resulted in suppression of seasonal testosterone following the fourth treatment. Seasonal testosterone patterns resumed following discontinuation of deslorelin. Comparison of in-house and commercially available enzyme immunoassay kits revealed similar patterns of seasonal testosterone increases and deslorelin-induced suppression. Our study highlights the importance of methodological validation and provides laboratorians with best practices for testosterone enzyme immunoassay in sea turtles.
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:31-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715618989
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Evaluation of two real-time polymerase chain reaction assays for Porcine
           epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) to assess PEDV transmission in growing pigs
           
    • Authors: Miller, L. C; Crawford, K. K, Lager, K. M, Kellner, S. G, Brockmeier, S. L.
      Pages: 20 - 29
      Abstract: In April 2013, a Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) epidemic began in the United States. As part of the response, real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays to detect PEDV were developed by several veterinary diagnostic laboratories. Our study evaluated RT-PCR PEDV assays that detect the N gene (gN) and S gene (gS) for their ability to detect PEDV infection and the transmission potential of pigs experimentally exposed to PEDV. Detection limits and quantification cycle (Cq) values of real-time RT-PCR were assayed for PEDV samples and positive controls for both gN and gS. The limit of detection for the gN assay was 10–6 (mean Cq: 39.82 ± 0.30) and 10–5 (mean Cq: 39.39 ± 0.72) for the gS assay with PEDV strain USA/Colorado/2013. Following recommended guidelines, rectal swabs (n = 1,064) were tested; 354 samples were positive by gN assay and 349 samples were positive by gS assay (Cq ≤ 34.99), 710 samples were negative by gN assay and 715 were negative by gS assay (Cq > 34.99) of which 355 and 344 were "undetermined" (i.e., undetected within a threshold of 40 RT-PCR cycles, by gN and gS assays, respectively). The coefficient of variation (intra-assay variation) ranged from 0.00% to 2.65% and interassay variation had an average of 2.75%. PEDV could be detected in rectal swabs from all pigs for ~2 weeks postinfection at which time the prevalence began to decrease until all pigs were RT-PCR negative by 5 weeks postinfection. Our study demonstrated that RT-PCR assays functioned well to detect PEDV and that the gN assay was slightly better.
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:31-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715621949
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Quantification of bovine immunoglobulin G using transmission and
           attenuated total reflectance infrared spectroscopy
    • Authors: Elsohaby, I; McClure, J. T, Riley, C. B, Shaw, R. A, Keefe, G. P.
      Pages: 30 - 37
      Abstract: In this study, we evaluated and compared the performance of transmission and attenuated total reflectance (ATR) infrared (IR) spectroscopic methods (in combination with quantification algorithms previously developed using partial least squares regression) for the rapid measurement of bovine serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration, and detection of failure of transfer of passive immunity (FTPI) in dairy calves. Serum samples (n = 200) were collected from Holstein calves 1–11 days of age. Serum IgG concentrations were measured by the reference method of radial immunodiffusion (RID) assay, transmission IR (TIR) and ATR-IR spectroscopy-based assays. The mean IgG concentration measured by RID was 17.22 g/L (SD ±9.60). The mean IgG concentrations predicted by TIR and ATR-IR spectroscopy methods were 15.60 g/L (SD ±8.15) and 15.94 g/L (SD ±8.66), respectively. RID IgG concentrations were positively correlated with IgG levels predicted by TIR (r = 0.94) and ATR-IR (r = 0.92). The correlation between 2 IR spectroscopic methods was 0.94. Using an IgG concentration
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:31-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715613101
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Evaluation of an in-practice wet-chemistry analyzer using canine and
           feline serum samples
    • Authors: Irvine, K. L; Burt, K, Papasouliotis, K.
      Pages: 38 - 45
      Abstract: A wet-chemistry biochemical analyzer was assessed for in-practice veterinary use. Its small size may mean a cost-effective method for low-throughput in-house biochemical analyses for first-opinion practice. The objectives of our study were to determine imprecision, total observed error, and acceptability of the analyzer for measurement of common canine and feline serum analytes, and to compare clinical sample results to those from a commercial reference analyzer. Imprecision was determined by within- and between-run repeatability for canine and feline pooled samples, and manufacturer-supplied quality control material (QCM). Total observed error (TEobs) was determined for pooled samples and QCM. Performance was assessed for canine and feline pooled samples by sigma metric determination. Agreement and errors between the in-practice and reference analyzers were determined for canine and feline clinical samples by Bland–Altman and Deming regression analyses. Within- and between-run precision was high for most analytes, and TEobs(%) was mostly lower than total allowable error. Performance based on sigma metrics was good ( > 4) for many analytes and marginal ( > 3) for most of the remainder. Correlation between the analyzers was very high for most canine analytes and high for most feline analytes. Between-analyzer bias was generally attributed to high constant error. The in-practice analyzer showed good overall performance, with only calcium and phosphate analyses identified as significantly problematic. Agreement for most analytes was insufficient for transposition of reference intervals, and we recommend that in-practice–specific reference intervals be established in the laboratory.
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:31-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715618990
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Characterization of field strains of infectious laryngotracheitis virus in
           China by restriction fragment length polymorphism and sequence analysis
    • Authors: Yan, Z; Li, S, Xie, Q, Chen, F, Bi, Y.
      Pages: 46 - 49
      Abstract: Nineteen strains of infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV; Gallid herpesvirus 1) were isolated from dead or diseased birds in chicken flocks from different areas of China between 2010 and 2014 and used to investigate ILTV epidemiology. These strains were characterized using polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) patterns and sequence analysis of the thymidine kinase (TK) gene. PCR-RFLP analysis showed that the TK gene generated 2 patterns when digested with restriction endonuclease enzymes. Pattern A corresponded to 2 virulent field strains, while pattern B was characteristic of 2 virulent field strains, 15 low pathogenicity field strains, and all vaccine strains. Sequence analysis of the TK gene indicated that the messenger RNA polyadenylation signals could be identified in some isolates where amino acid 252 was threonine, and in those with methionine at that position. The present study has demonstrated that most of the outbreaks of ILT in China were caused either by low virulence strains or by vaccine-related strains, and also emphasizes the importance of reinforcing ILTV surveillance in both vaccinated and nonvaccinated flocks.
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:31-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715618230
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • The diagnostic performance of an antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent
           assay using serum and colostrum to determine the disease status of a
           Jersey dairy herd infected with Mycobacterium avium subspecies
           paratuberculosis
    • Authors: Jenvey, C. J; Reichel, M. P, Cockcroft, P. D.
      Pages: 50 - 53
      Abstract: Colostrum may have the ability to improve the diagnostic accuracy of some tests when compared to serum for important livestock diseases because of the high concentrations of immunoglobulins present within this sample type. The ELISA for Johne’s disease is one such test, as it suffers from low sensitivity when testing serum samples collected during the subclinical stage of infection. Blood and colostrum samples were collected from 34 Jersey dairy cows and tested for antibodies against Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) by ELISA. Fecal samples were also collected and tested by a high-throughput Johne’s polymerase chain reaction (HT-J PCR) assay and fecal culture (FC), with the latter being used as the reference test. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed, and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. The HT-J PCR and FC results were also compared. Of the 34 cows in this study, 4 had FC results consistent with MAP infection. The HT-J PCR did not identify any FC-positive cows. Using a 1:20 dilution and sample-to-positive (S/P) ratio cutoff threshold of 0.15, the relative sensitivity values of both serum (AUC 0. 56) and colostrum (AUC 0.63) were 0%. With lower sample dilutions, the relative sensitivity values of serum were 0% (1:2, AUC 0.62; 1:5, AUC 0.55); however, the relative sensitivity value of colostrum was 75% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 19–99%) at a dilution of 1:5, S/P ratio cutoff threshold of 0.15, and AUC of 0.73 (95% CI: 0.55–0.87). The testing of colostrum samples for MAP-specific antibodies by ELISA may provide improved identification of animals in the early stages of infection with MAP when compared with serum samples.
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:32-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715612873
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Neurologic amebiasis caused by Balamuthia mandrillaris in an Indian flying
           fox (Pteropus giganteus)
    • Authors: Crossland, N. A; Ali, I, Higbie, C, Jackson, J, Pirie, G, Bauer, R.
      Pages: 54 - 58
      Abstract: A 4–5-month-old intact male Indian flying fox (Pteropus giganteus) was presented to the Baton Rouge Zoo’s veterinary hospital with an acute onset of obtundation that was diagnosed with amebic encephalitis. Histologic examination revealed numerous amebic trophozoites within necrotic foci, affecting the occipital cerebrum and surrounding the mesencephalic aqueduct. The etiologic agent, Balamuthia mandrillaris, was determined by multiplex quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, and indirect fluorescent antibody test. The current report documented a case of amebic encephalitis within the order Chiroptera.
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:32-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715614346
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Evidence of zoonotic Poxviridae coinfections in clinically diagnosed
           papillomas using a newly developed mini-array test
    • Authors: Scagliarini, A; Casa, G, Trentin, B, Gallina, L, Savini, F, Morent, M, Lavazza, A, Puleio, R, Buttaci, C, Cannella, V, Purpari, G, Di Marco, P, Piquemal, D, Guercio, A.
      Pages: 59 - 64
      Abstract: Our study describes a newly developed mini-array test for the rapid detection of poxviruses in animals and humans. The method is based on detection that combines target nucleic acid amplification by polymerase chain reaction and specific hybridization, using enzyme-linked antibodies, allowing identification of zoonotic orthopoxviruses and parapoxviruses in animal and human biological samples. With 100% specificity, the test rules out the possibility of cross-reactions with viral agents causing look-alike diseases. The assay was employed in the field to investigate the causes of several outbreaks of a malignant proliferative skin disease that affected domestic ruminants in Sicily during 2011–2014. Due to specific aspects of the lesions, the animals were clinically diagnosed with papillomatosis. The mini-array test allowed the identification of coinfections caused by more than 1 viral species belonging to the Parapoxvirus and Orthopoxvirus genera, either in goats or in cattle. Our study suggests that the so-called "papillomatosis" can be the result of multiple infections with epitheliotropic viruses, including zoonotic poxviruses that cannot be properly identified with classical diagnostic techniques.
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:32-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715614604
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Enteric listeriosis in grazing steers supplemented with spoiled silage
    • Authors: Garcia, J. A; Micheloud, J. F, Campero, C. M, Morrell, E. L, Odriozola, E. R, Moreira, A. R.
      Pages: 65 - 69
      Abstract: An outbreak of enteric listeriosis in steers that were fed spoiled silage is reported. The outbreak started 2 days after ~200 animals in a single paddock were given a supplement of spoiled silage. Forty animals (20%) were affected, and 13 (6.5%) died over a period of 10 days. Affected animals were recumbent, depressed, and had diarrhea with mucus and fibrin. Gross and microscopic findings in 3 animals that were subjected to autopsy included excess peritoneal fluid, congestion and edema of abomasum, suppurative enteritis and colitis, and suppurative mesenteric lymphadenitis. Two strains of Listeria monocytogenes were isolated, one of serotype 1/2c from the gallbladder and one of serotype 1/2b from the spoiled silage. Listeria monocytogenes was detected in the mesenteric lymph nodes and intestinal wall of 1 animal by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Clinical history and signs, gross and microscopic findings, bacterial isolation, and IHC results confirmed a diagnosis of enteric listeriosis. The source of infection was likely the spoiled silage.
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:32-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715616658
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • An investigation of selected chemical contaminants in commercial pet foods
           in Egypt
    • Authors: Abd-Elhakim, Y. M; El Sharkawy, N. I, Moustafa, G. G.
      Pages: 70 - 75
      Abstract: Our study aimed to identify the levels of various contaminants in both wet and dry commercial pet foods in Egypt. A total of 20 local and imported pet food products (3 samples each) were screened for heavy metals by atomic absorption spectroscopy, for mycotoxins by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and for nitrate and nitrite levels by nitrate–nitrite spectrophotometry. Cat food, on average, had greater concentrations of the metals cadmium, chromium, lead, and tin than dog food. Of the investigated metals, only tin concentration exceeded the safe level compared with the standards of the National Research Council and the European Commission for the dog and cat. According to the guidelines of the Association of American Feed Control Officials for canned pet foods, the nitrate and nitrite contents of examined foods greatly exceeded the recommended level. No total aflatoxins were detected in the surveyed samples. None of the samples analyzed had levels above international limits established by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations for ochratoxin, and only 1 sample exceeded the level for aflatoxin B1. Of the 20 samples analyzed for zearalenone, 4 samples had higher levels than the FAO maximum tolerable levels. These results indicate that pet foods marketed in Egypt, especially cat foods, occasionally contain contaminants that could result in adverse effects in pets.
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:32-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715624733
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Herpes simplex encephalitis in a captive black howler monkey (Alouatta
           caraya)
    • Authors: Barnes, K. J; Garner, M. M, Wise, A. G, Persiani, M, Maes, R. K, Kiupel, M.
      Pages: 76 - 78
      Abstract: An 18-month-old captive black howler monkey (Alouatta caraya) died after a 3-day history of neurologic signs. Gross findings at autopsy were limited to bloody, yellow, and foul-smelling intestinal contents. Histologically, there was extensive necrotizing meningoencephalitis predominantly in both cerebral hemispheres, and lymphohistiocytic, neutrophilic infiltrate expanded the subarachnoid and Virchow–Robbin space. In the most severely affected regions, neurons contained eosinophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies surrounded by a clear halo and margination of the chromatin. Electron microscopy of the affected cells revealed numerous intranuclear viral particles characteristic of herpesvirus. Immunohistochemically, neurons and glial cells in the affected regions were labeled with a monoclonal antibody against Human herpesvirus 1, and was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction.
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:32-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/1040638715613379
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
  • Corrigendum
    • Pages: 79 - 79
      Abstract: Schulz C, van der Poel WHM, Ponsart C, Brigitte Cay A, Steinbach F, Zientara S, Beer M, Hoffmann B. European interlaboratory comparison of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) real-time RT-PCR detection in experimental and field samples: The method of extraction is critical for SBV RNA detection in semen. J Vet Diagn Invest 2015;27:422–430. (Original
      DOI : 10.1177/1040638715593798) Change the affiliation list in the article from: Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany (Schulz, Beer, Hoffmann); Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen University and Research Centre, Department of Virology, Lelystad, The Netherlands (Van der Poel); Virology Unit, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Maisons-Alfort, France (Ponsart, Zientara); Enzootic and (re)emerging Diseases Unit, Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre, Brussel, Belgium (Cay); and Virology Department, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency–Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, United Kingdom (Steinbach). to: Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany (Schulz, Beer, Hoffmann); Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen University and Research Centre, Department of Virology, Lelystad, The Netherlands (Van der Poel); Virology Unit, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Maisons-Alfort, France (Zientara); Laboratoire National de Contrôle des Reproducteurs, Maisons-Alfort, France (Ponsart); Enzootic and (re)emerging Diseases Unit, Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre, Brussel, Belgium (Cay); and Virology Department, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency–Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, United Kingdom (Steinbach).
      PubDate: 2016-01-27T16:27:32-08:00
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 1 (2016)
       
 
 
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