Subjects -> FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (Total: 410 journals)
    - BEVERAGES (17 journals)
    - FISH AND FISHERIES (104 journals)
    - FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (289 journals)

FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (289 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 62 of 62 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Alimentaria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Series E: Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Agrosearch     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alimentos e Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alimentos Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
American Journal of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access  
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animal Production     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Animal Production Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology of food     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Alimentação     Open Access  
Asian Food Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Journal of Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Plant Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Rice Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletim de Indústria Animal     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cerâmica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access  
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Cuizine: The Journal of Canadian Food Cultures / Cuizine : revue des cultures culinaires au Canada     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CyTA - Journal of Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Food Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EFSA Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food     Hybrid Journal  
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Food Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Flavour     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Flavour and Fragrance Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food & Function     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B: Surveillance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food and Applied Bioscience Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food and Bioprocess Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Bioproducts Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Food and Environment Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Food Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Food Chemistry : X     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food In     Open Access  
Food Manufacturing Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Food Modelling Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Food Packaging and Shelf Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Preference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Food Reviews International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 60)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Human Wellness     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Food Science and Quality Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food Science and Technology (Campinas)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Science and Technology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Food Structure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food Technology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Foodnews     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Foods     Open Access  
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access  
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastronomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Gıda Dergisi     Open Access  
Global Food History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Global Food Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Grain & Oil Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Grasas y Aceites     Open Access  
Habitat     Open Access  
Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Himalayan Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
Indonesian Food Science & Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
INNOTEC : Revista del Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay     Open Access  
Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Contamination     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Food Engineering Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Properties     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Food Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Latest Trends in Agriculture and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Meat Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal on Food System Dynamics     Open Access  
Investigación Pecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
itepa : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan     Open Access  
JKI Datenblätter : Obstsorten     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JOT Journal für Oberflächentechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Acupuncture and Herbs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access  
Journal of AOAC International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Berry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Culinary Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Excipients and Food Chemicals     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food and Dairy Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Chemistry & Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Health and Bioenvironmental Science     Open Access  
Journal of Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Lipids     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Food Process Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Processing & Beverages     Open Access  
Journal of Food Processing & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Products Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Protection(R)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Food Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Food Quality
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.447
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 8  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0146-9428 - ISSN (Online) 1745-4557
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [343 journals]
  • Controlling the Antioxidant Activity of Green Tea Extract through
           Encapsulation in Chitosan-Citrate Nanogel
    • Abstract: Applying bioactive ingredients in the formulation of foods instead of artificial preservatives is problematic because bioactive ingredients are unstable and sensitive to environmental conditions. The present study aimed to control the antioxidant activity of green tea extract (GT) through encapsulating in chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NP). The synthesized nanoparticles were analyzed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The encapsulation efficiency (EE), particle size, zeta potential, and polydispersity index (PDI) of GT-loaded CS-nanoparticles (CS-NP-GT) were assessed. Based on the results, the particle size and zeta potential related to the ratio of CS to GT of 1 : 0.5 were obtained as 135.43 ± 2.52 nm and 40.40 ± 0.2 mV, respectively. Furthermore, the results of FT-IR and XRD confirmed the validity of encapsulating GT in CS-NP. In addition, the antioxidant activity of GT increased after nanoencapsulation since the IC50 value of CS-NP-GT decreased to 6.13 ± 0.12 μg/ml. Finally, applying these particles for delivering GT polyphenols in foods is regarded as promising.
      PubDate: Fri, 03 Jul 2020 15:05:03 +000
       
  • Determination of Heavy Metals and Pesticides in Different Types of Fish
           
    • Abstract: Heavy metals and pollutants cause serious damage to the ecological environment and accumulate in marine species in the seas. These pollutants and heavy metals accumulating in living species are a serious source of danger for human health. For this purpose, in this study, heavy metal (lead, mercury, copper, zinc, arsenic, cadmium, silver, manganese, and nickel) and pesticide (p-p′-DDE, α-BHC, endosulfan, endosulfan sulfate, endrin, aldrin, heptachlor, heptachlor epoxide, methoxychlor, p-p′-DDD, p-p′-DDT, β-BHC, cypermethrin, and dieldrin) analyses of four different fish species (Pomatomus saltatrix, Dicentrarchus labrax, Mugil cephalus, and Sparus aurata) collected from the Aegean and Marmara seas were carried out by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy and using an inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer. We observed serious and remarkable arsenic, lead, and cadmium concentrations in the muscle meat of fish sample. p-p′-DDE and endosulfan were determined in every fish sample of each region. Heptachlor concentration was determined as 0.0598 μg/g in Dicentrarchus labrax sample from Marmara Sea, which is nearly nine thousand times more than the maximum allowable concentration of environmental quality standards biota of heptachlor listed in 2013/39/EU. The results show an indication of the significant health risks associated with the consumption of these contaminated fish in the Aegean and Marmara seas. In the Turkish food codex and in the 2013/39/EU directive, some heavy metals that do not have the maximum allowable concentration limits should be urgently indicated.
      PubDate: Fri, 03 Jul 2020 12:50:04 +000
       
  • The Effects of Edible Coatings on the Postharvest Quality of Citrus Fruits
           as Affected by Granulation
    • Abstract: The world population is growing day-by-day, while the available natural resources for agricultural production, i.e., soil and water, are rapidly decreasing. Moreover, consumer preferences are highly affected by some quality characteristics of food products, which can be classified as external, internal, and hidden attributes. Among the internal quality attributes, granulation is a significant factor damaging the inner quality of citrus fruits and reducing the consumer attraction. The main symptoms of granulation (also known as section drying, crystallization, or scarification) in citrus are shrivelling in juice sacs due to gel formation, hardening, white colour, and low extractable juice content. A well-known result of the granulation is the reduction in soluble solid concentration (SSC), total sugar, and titratable acidity (TA). Granulation is known to affect the citrus fruit quality all over the world. Since citrus is one of the world’s most popular fruit species, it is highly important to identify and manage this physiological problem to help sustainable production throughout the world. Consumer’s preferences have also been moving towards the use of eco- and environmental-friendly alternative methods in postharvest fruit storage, including edible coatings. Edible coatings act as a barrier for the air and water transitions through the surface of fruits which results in retarding the deterioration of fruits, preventing and/or controlling the microbial decay, improving the fruit quality, and hence extending the storage duration. The mechanism of citrus fruit granulation is highly associated with the oxidative stress, and edible coatings have been reported to significantly reduce granulation and improve the quality of the fruits. In line with this information, this review article aimed to summarize the reasons, results, and managements of granulation of citrus fruits.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 01:20:00 +000
       
  • Analysis of Apple Flavours: The Use of Volatile Organic Compounds to
           Address Cultivar Differences and the Correlation between Consumer
           Appreciation and Aroma Profiling
    • Abstract: In the selection of apple (Malus domestica Borkh) fruits, consumers predominantly use visual and organoleptic responses, such as aroma and texture, as quality/preference markers. Previous studies profiling the sensory properties and aroma profiles of apple varieties have provided a lexicon describing important attributes within the modalities of aroma, texture, and flavour. The range of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by four apple cultivars was assessed by thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TD-GC-MS). To facilitate automated dynamic headspace extraction of the VOCs from bulk samples, a small multichamber thermal extraction system was used. Forty compounds were detected and putatively identified by mass spectral comparison with NIST libraries. Eight compounds were not previously identified in apples. Permutational multivariate analysis of variance (PerMANOVA) and canonical analysis of principal coordinates (CAP) done on the whole volatile organic compound profiles show separation of the four cultivars. The use of random forest classification enabled the determination of a minimum set of fifteen potential VOC markers that successfully differentiate the cultivars under study. Trends across samples, VOCs, and sensory evaluation are revealed. The association between 4-hexen-1-ol acetate with texture/consistency, and crispiness, and correlation of 2-methylbut-2-en-1-yl acetate with juiciness and acidity is shown for the first time. These sensory correlations indicate that the compounds determined by this experiment could be used as objective markers for the consumer appreciation of fresh apples, enabling the optimum conditions for processing and storage of individual cultivars to be identified without recourse to expensive sensory panels in every case. Such tests could also be used as part of routine quality control by the producer and retailer, reducing costs and eliminating waste due to batches of inferior product.
      PubDate: Sat, 27 Jun 2020 13:35:03 +000
       
  • Evaluation of Nutritional and Antinutritional Properties of African Yam
           Bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa (Hochst ex. A. Rich.) Harms.) Seeds
    • Abstract: African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa (Hochst ex. A. Rich.) Harms) is an annual legume with the capacity to produce bean seeds in a pod and produce tubers with varying seed patterns and colors. It is suggested to have the potential to significantly boost food security in sub-Saharan Africa due to its considerable nutritional qualities but still yet underutilized. Many farmers show limited interest in its production owing to limited knowledge of its nutritional profile, income generation capacity for small-holder farmers’, processing, and other related utilization concerns. This study evaluated the proximate and antinutrient composition of processed and unprocessed seeds of African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa (Hochst ex. A. Rich.) Harms.). Seeds were harvested from the experimental research field consisting of 50 accessions at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria. They were divided into two portions; the first was processed by oven drying at 60°C for 24 hours and the second was left raw. There were significant differences () in the levels of proximate and antinutrient in the forms in which the samples were analyzed. TSs104 had the highest protein content of 25.08%, while the lowest was TSs68 (20.50%). However, in the unprocessed seed, protein content ranged between 24.93% (TSs38) and 19.13% (TSs11). Both processed and unprocessed seeds had high carbohydrate contents. In processed seeds, TSs9 (62.93%) had the highest percentage and TSs1 (29.64%) recorded the lowest. In unprocessed seed, the percentage ranged between 67.36% (TSs4) and 54.23% (TSs38). The observed variation may suggest possible suitability of seed for various end-use products and targeted breeding programs for crop improvements. In sub-Saharan Africa, this lesser-known legume could be adapted as a promising food crop in combating protein-energy malnutrition.
      PubDate: Sat, 27 Jun 2020 13:35:03 +000
       
  • Effects of Bitter Melon Saponin on the Glucose and Lipid Metabolism in
           HepG2 Cell and C. elegans
    • Abstract: This study tried to explore how saponins from bitter melon (BMS) affect the glucose and lipid metabolism in palmitic acid-treated HepG2 cell and glucose-treated Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). Results showed that BMS could effectively accelerate glucose consumption and elevate the levels of glycogen and ATP in palmitic acid-treated HepG2 cell, while significantly decreasing the triglyceride (TG) content. qRT-PCR data indicated that BMS might promote fatty acid β-oxidation by AMPK-ACC2-CPT1 pathway and glucose uptake by upregulating GLUT4 expression. In the model of glucose-treated C. elegans, we observed that BMS obviously inhibited fat accumulation, along with no toxicity towards some physical activities. The potential mechanism of BMS in the metabolism involved the suppression of synthesis of polyunsaturated fatty acids and enhancement of fatty acid β-oxidation. Taken together, BMS exhibited ability of regulating energy metabolism in HepG2 cell line and C. elegans.
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Jun 2020 11:50:02 +000
       
  • Co-Supplementation of Flos Sophorae Extract with Tremella fuciformis
           Polysaccharides Improves Physicochemical, Textural, Rheological, and
           Antioxidant Properties of Low-Fat Yogurts
    • Abstract: Flos Sophorae extract (FSE) with abundant rutin and Tremella fuciformis polysaccharides (TP) could act as novel natural improvers of low-fat yogurt due to their health benefits and properties of interacting with proteins. This study attempted to understand how FSE or its combination with TP influences physicochemical, textural, and antioxidant properties of low-fat yogurts. The results indicated that the low concentrations of FSE (1.2 or 2.4%) increased the antioxidant activity, prompted the S. thermophilus growth, water holding capacity (WHC), and textural and sensory properties, and shortened the fermentation time, but reduced the rheological properties of yogurts compared with the control. Co-supplementing appropriate TP with the optimum FSE concentration (2.4%) improved the rheological properties, and further enhanced the S. thermophilus growth, WHC, textural and antioxidant properties, and sensory scores of yogurts compared with the 2.4% FSE group, with the best effects at 0.4 mg/mL TP. Taken together, co-supplementation of polyphenols extract FSE with Tremella fuciformis polysaccharides may be an available strategy to optimize health-promoting properties and overcome defects of low-fat yogurts.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Jun 2020 13:50:05 +000
       
  • Aflatoxin M1 in Milk Worldwide from 1988 to 2020: A Systematic Review and
           Meta-Analysis
    • Abstract: Background. Aflatoxins are found in various types of food and animal feed. Food contamination with aflatoxin toxin is of particular importance today. Various studies have reported different prevalence of aflatoxin M1 in animal milk. Therefore, due to the importance of this toxin, its role in health, and lack of general statistics about it worldwide, the present study aimed to determine the prevalence of aflatoxin M1 in milk worldwide with a systematic review and meta-analysis study. Methods. In this review study, national and international databases were extracted from SID, MagIran, IranMedex, IranDoc, Embase, ScienceDirect, Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science (ISI) between January 1988 and February 2020. A random effects model was used for analysis, and heterogeneity of studies with an I2 index was investigated. Data were analyzed using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (version 2). Results. The prevalence of aflatoxin M1 in milk worldwide from January 1988 to February 2020 in 122 articles with a sample size of 18921 was 79.1% (95% CI: 75.5–82.3%). Regarding the heterogeneity based on metaregression, there was a significant difference between the effect of the year of study () and sample size () with the prevalence of aflatoxin M1 in animal milk. Conclusion. The results of this study show that the prevalence of aflatoxin M1 in milk is high worldwide. Therefore, considering the importance of the milk group and its products, special measures should be taken to protect the ration from aflatoxin molds and milk quality.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Jun 2020 11:05:03 +000
       
  • Application of Milk-Clotting Protease from Aspergillus oryzae DRDFS13
           MN726447 and Bacillus subtilis SMDFS 2B MN715837 for Danbo Cheese
           Production
    • Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the efficiency, biochemical composition, and sensory quality of Danbo cheese produced using proteases derived from the fungus and bacterium compared to the commercial product. A fungal enzyme from Aspergillus oryzae DRDFS13MN726447 and a bacterial enzyme from Bacillus subtilis SMDFS 2B MN715837 were produced by solid-state and submerged fermentation, respectively. The crude enzyme from A. oryzae DRDFS13 and B. subtilis SMDFS 2B was partially purified by dialysis and used for Danbo cheese production using commercial rennet (CHY-MAX® Powder Extract NB, Christian Hansen, 2235 IMCU/g) as a control. The Danbo cheese produced using dialyzed fungal enzyme (E1) (267 U/mL), dialyzed bacterial enzyme (E2) (522 U/mL), and commercial rennet (C) were analyzed for body property, organoleptic characteristics, and proximate and mineral composition when fresh and after 2 months of ripening. There was no significant difference in the cheese yield (C = 9 kg, E1 = 8.6 kg, and E2 = 8.9 kg) among the three treatments. The body properties of Danbo cheese produced with the fungal enzyme (E1) were firm and acceptable as the control (C), whereas the Danbo cheese produced by bacterial enzymes has shown a watery body. The overall organoleptic characteristics of Danbo cheese produced by the fungal enzyme (5.3) were similar to control cheese produced by commercial rennet (5.5). Both cheese types were significantly different in organoleptic properties from Danbo cheese produced by the bacterial enzyme (4.9). There was no significant difference () in the proximate composition between the ripened Danbo cheese produced by fungal enzyme and the control cheese except for crude protein content. However, the ripened cheese products showed a significant difference in their mineral composition except for sodium. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that the fungal enzyme from Aspergillus oryzae DRDFS 13 is more appropriate for Danbo cheese production than the bacterial enzyme from Bacillus subtilis SMDFS 2B. However, it requires further application of the enzymes for the production of other cheese varieties.
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Jun 2020 13:35:01 +000
       
  • The Impact of Polyphenol on General Nutrient Metabolism in the Monogastric
           Gastrointestinal Tract
    • Abstract: Polyphenols are bioactive compounds occurring in plant foods, which are considered significant owing to their contribution to human health and the prevention of chronic diseases. Phenolic compounds mainly depend on plant food structure and the interaction with other food constituents, mostly proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates. The interaction with the food matrices can obstruct or enhance nutrient accessibility and availability and even impair others. Food digestion is a complex process where ingested foods are converted to nutrients via mechanical and enzymatic alterations. The absorption of nutrients predominantly occurs in the small and large intestine, respectively. The metabolised product, however, is the main bioactive component due to their ability to enter the systemic circulation and reach the targeted organs. There is limited knowledge on the cellular uptake, phenolic metabolite, and polyphenolic effect in the gastrointestinal ecosystem. Therefore, improved understanding of the biological properties and stages of dietary phenols is essential for the effective utilization of their therapeutic potentials. This review will explore, summarise, and collate current information on how polyphenols influence nutrient metabolism, bioavailability, and the biotransformation stages.
      PubDate: Wed, 10 Jun 2020 04:05:01 +000
       
  • Iodine Content of Salt in Retail Shops and Retailers’ Knowledge on
           Iodized Salt in Wa East District, Upper West Region, Ghana
    • Abstract: Background. There are laws to enforce the universal iodization of salt to check the consequences of iodine deficiency in Ghana. These laws are to ensure that there are production and sales of iodized salt in the country. Yet, the availability of iodized salt in the county's households is still not encouraging, with data indicating that 93.8% of children have urine iodine
      PubDate: Fri, 05 Jun 2020 14:05:03 +000
       
  • Homogenate Extraction of Polysaccharides from Pine Nut Meal: Optimization
           and Comparison with Other Extraction Methods by Characterizing Their
           Extracts
    • Abstract: Homogenate extraction technology was applied to extract polysaccharides from pine nut (Pinus koraiensis) meal, a food waste from its oil processing. The first objective was to study the effects of liquid-solid ratio, homogenate extraction time, and temperature on the yield of pine nut meal polysaccharides (PNMP) using single-factor and Box–Behnken design. The optimal processing conditions were liquid-solid ratio of 43.23 mL/g at 35°C for 2 min 50 sec that produced PNMP yield of 11.7%. Extraction factors interacted with each other significantly (). The second objective was to compare the homogenate extract with those produced using other methods including ultrasonic, microwave, and hot water extraction. Polysaccharides were separated using HPLC based on molecular weight (MW) and characterized with the polysaccharide and protein contents of each fraction. The homogenate PNMP had the most of small size (
      PubDate: Wed, 03 Jun 2020 09:20:01 +000
       
  • Microbiological Quality, Physicochemical Properties, and Antioxidant
           Capacity of Honey Samples Commercialized in the Moroccan Errachidia Region
           
    • Abstract: An examination of possible effect of hot desert climate on microbiological safety and physicochemical and antioxidant properties of honey marketed in the province of Errachidia in Morocco was made. The assessment of microbiological properties showed no alarming sign of microbiological contamination or quality deterioration. This can be seen by the low moisture content in all analysed samples, which was below 20% (the maximum allowed in honey), and acid pH which was raging from 3.32 ± 0.05 to 4.37 ± 0.12. The ash content values ranged between 0.02 ± 0.01% and 0.23 ± 0.001%, and the electrical conductivity ranged between 87.4 ± 0.42 and 1148.06 ± 2.16 mS/cm. Considering the mineral content, the potassium was the most abundant species in all the analysed samples. The phenol content values varied from 17.35 ± 2.15 mg GAE/100 g in H7 to 219.026 ± 2.26 mg GAE/100 g in H9. Similarly, the same behavior was seen in the case of the other bioactive subfamilies of phenolic compound flavonoid content. Hence, the highest value of flavonoids, flavones, and flavanols was detected in H9, and the minimum value was observed in sample H7. A negative correlation was found between the bioactive fraction of honey samples and free radical scavenging activity assessed as IC50, the concentration of honey that scavenges 50% of the used free radicals. The bioactive fraction, the antioxidant assays, and their correlation values showed the same profile in comparison to the honey samples of other Moroccan regions.
      PubDate: Tue, 02 Jun 2020 14:05:01 +000
       
  • Bioavailability and Bioactivity of Alkylresorcinols from Different Cereal
           Products
    • Abstract: Cereal products are the most important dietary source for energy intake and several bioactive compounds with high concentrations in the bran and the germ. Different cereal products provide a rich source of bioactive phytochemicals, namely, phenolic acids, carotenoids, tocopherols, alkylresorcinols, benzoxazines, phytosterols, and lignans. The bioactive substance alkylresorcinols (ARs) present in the whole cereal can inhibit enzyme activity, prevent bacterial or fungal infection, reduce cholesterol absorption, prevent cancer, and resist oxidation. In this paper, we discussed the biological activity of ARs in whole cereal products. Understanding the effects of processing on cereal phytochemicals will help us to develop improved processes for processing cereal foods with higher retention rates of bioactive compounds.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 May 2020 11:20:04 +000
       
  • Application of Blockchain and Internet of Things to Ensure Tamper-Proof
           Data Availability for Food Safety
    • Abstract: Food supply chain plays a vital role in human health and food prices. Food supply chain inefficiencies in terms of unfair competition and lack of regulations directly affect the quality of human life and increase food safety risks. This work merges Hyperledger Fabric, an enterprise-ready blockchain platform with existing conventional infrastructure, to trace a food package from farm to fork using an identity unique for each food package while keeping it uncomplicated. It keeps the records of business transactions that are secured and accessible to stakeholders according to the agreed set of policies and rules without involving any centralized authority. This paper focuses on exploring and building an uncomplicated, low-cost solution to quickly link the existing food industry at different geographical locations in a chain to track and trace the food in the market.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 May 2020 08:05:05 +000
       
  • Optimization of Enzymatic Conditions of Sturgeon Muscles and Their
           Anti-Inflammatory Potential
    • Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of different enzymolysis conditions on the NO inhibition rate and DH (degree of hydrolysis) of sturgeon hydrolysates (SH) prepared by Alcalase. The NO inhibition rate of 60.23% was attained under the optimum enzymolysis conditions as follows: pH 9.0, enzymolysis time of 4.92 h, enzymolysis temperature of 55°C, solid/liquid ratio of 1 : 20, and enzyme additive amount of 7674.22 U/g protein, which was well matched with the predicted value 61.44% of the Box–Behnken design model. After the ultrafiltration of SH, SH-3 (SH 
      PubDate: Fri, 29 May 2020 09:05:01 +000
       
  • Effects of the Use of Staphylococcus carnosus in the Curing Process of
           Meat with a Reduced Amount of Sodium Nitrite on Colour, Residue Nitrite
           and Nitrate, Content of Nitrosyl Pigments, and Microbiological and the
           Sensory Quality of Cooked Meat Product
    • Abstract: The aim of the work was to apply the bacteria Staphylococcus carnosus ATCC 51365 in the meat curing process with the use of a reduced amount of sodium nitrite and to evaluate the effects of bacteria on residual nitrites and nitrates, the content of nitrosyl pigments, colour, pH, oxidation-reduction potential, microbiological, and the sensory quality of a cooked meat product. Three meat batters in cans were prepared: (C) a control batter cured with NaNO2—100 mg/kg, (L) a batter cured with NaNO2—15 mg/kg, and (LS) a batter cured with NaNO2—15 mg/kg and S. carnosus (107 CFU/g). The cans were stored at a temperature of 4°C for 24 h (curing time) and cooked. The analysis was carried out after production and after 4 and 8 weeks of storage. The use of denitrifying bacteria in the curing process with a reduced amount of sodium nitrite increased the availability of nitrite in the meat, by reducing nitrates formed as a result of a dismutation reaction. The reaction contributed to the formation of nitrosyl pigments in a larger quantity than in the treatment in which the denitrifying bacteria were not used. The LS treatment was characterized by the greatest redness. The colour of the LS treatment was stable during storage. No negative effect of S. carnosus on the sensory quality of the meat product was found. The use of S. carnosus had no influence on the microbiological quality of meat product during storage.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 May 2020 13:50:03 +000
       
  • Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Essential Oils of Amomum aromaticum Fruits in
           Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated RAW264.7 Cells
    • Abstract: Inflammation is a vital physiologic response of cellular injury, infection, or autoimmune activation. Overproduction of proinflammatory mediators may result in the chronic inflammation that leads to many diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, multiple sclerosis, and atherosclerosis. In this study, we assessed for the first time the anti-inflammatory effects of the essential oils of Amomum aromaticum fruits (AAE) in RAW264.7 murine macrophage model. As a result, AAE potently inhibited the production of nitric oxide in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells with the IC50 value of 0.45 ± 0.11 μg/ml. AAE also dose-dependently reduced the expression of two proinflammatory proteins iNOS and COX-2 in the stimulated cells. Phytochemical analysis revealed that major compositions of the volatile oils including 1,8 cineole (48.22%), geranial (9.24%), neral (6.72%), α-pinene (2.43%), and α-terpineol (2.28%) may contribute greatly to the inhibition effects due to their anti-inflammatory properties. The results suggest for the potential uses of AAE in chronic inflammation prevention.
      PubDate: Mon, 25 May 2020 16:05:01 +000
       
  • An Assessment of Food Safety Knowledge and Practices in the Ghanaian
           Hospitality Industry
    • Abstract: Food safety is critical for public health and economic development. The hospitality industry offers a variety of food services, led by food handlers with diverse background. The aim of this paper is to evaluate food safety knowledge and practices among food handlers in the Ghanaian hospitality sectors, with the purpose of informing public policy and improving food safety. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted between February and May 2019. Data were obtained from food handlers working in the Ghanaian hospitality industry (N = 306). The findings of the study indicate that most (52.9%) respondents who work in restaurants had knowledge about food safety principles. Lack of training and education was identified by 63.1% of the respondents as a major barrier to food safety. Interestingly, 75.8% of the respondents indicated that food safety practice is not the responsibility of the kitchen staff only. Diarrhea (35.95%), cholera (35.62%), and typhoid (27.42%) were identified as major diseases associated with improper handling of food. Only 65.69% of the respondents undergo annual medical screening at their workplaces. There is correlation between food safety practice and variables such as marital status, type of residence, age, and education level. Educational campaigns coupled with strict law enforcement should be put in place to ensure that food safety rules and guideline are effectively implemented in the hospitality food industry. Training programs should be organized for food vendors and other stakeholders in the food industry as well. Finally, there should be proactive supervision by local government officials to ensure that good sanitation and hygienic conditions are maintained within the food sectors.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 May 2020 12:50:01 +000
       
  • Chemical Composition of Pistacia lentiscus Seeds’ Oil from Moroccan
           High Atlas Mountain
    • Abstract: Pistacia lentiscus is an aromatic member of the Anacardiaceae family, endemic to the Mediterranean regions, which produces red and black oleaginous seeds in maturity. Our study focuses on the characterization of Pistacia lentiscus seed oils from three localities of High Atlas Mountain in the Azilal region of Morocco. Our results showed a very appreciable oil yield reaching more than 21% which clearly differs between the three sites studied (21.33 ± 0.17% in Boizoghrane, 15.22 ± 0.10% in Tighanimine, and 7.67 ± 0.29% in Tawjanizm locality); the analysis of the total fatty acids composition revealed a predominance of the unsaturated fatty acids represented essentially by the oleic and linoleic fatty acids, and also the triglyceride composition was dominated mainly by POO + SOL, POL + SLL + PoOP, and OOO. This potential of the chemical composition offers the possibility of producing nutraceutical oil, which represents a source of income capable of insisting vulnerable local populations to protect this species from deforestation, thus maintaining biodiversity, and to reduce by this interest the migratory flow from marginal areas.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 May 2020 08:05:02 +000
       
  • Molecular Characterization of Mycobiota and Aspergillus Species from
           Eupolyphaga sinensis Walker Based on High-Throughput Sequencing of ITS1
           and CaM
    • Abstract: Eupolyphaga sinensis Walker is a valuable traditional Chinese animal medicine first recorded in Shennong Bencao. Previous research has shown that E. sinensis is easily contaminated by aflatoxins (AFs), which are highly toxic mycotoxins, during harvest, storage, and transport, thereby posing a considerable threat to consumer health. Most often, these AFs are produced by Aspergillus species. In this study, we contrast the traditional culture-based dilution plating method to the high-throughput sequencing (HTS) technology for fungal identification in TCM E. sinensis. Both of the methods used internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) and calmodulin (CaM) sequencing for fungal molecular identification. The new CaM primer we designed in the study is suitable for MiSeq PE300 sequencing used for identification of Aspergillus species in community DNA samples. More fungal species were found in the E. sinensis samples based on HTS than those found using the culture-based dilution plating method. Overall, combining the sequencing power of ITS1 and CaM is an effective method for the detection and monitoring of potential toxigenic Aspergillus species in E. sinensis. In conclusion, HTS can be used to obtain a large amount of sequencing data about fungi contaminating animal medicine, allowing earlier detection of potential toxigenic fungi and ensuring the efficient production and safety of E. sinensis.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 May 2020 11:05:03 +000
       
  • Inhibitory Effect of Flavonoid Extract of Lotus Leaf on Alcohol-Induced
           Gastric Injury by Antioxidant Capacity in Mice
    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the antioxidant effects of flavonoid extract of lotus leaf (FELL) in vitro and in mice with gastric injury and elucidate the inhibitory effect of FELL on alcohol-induced gastric injury by antioxidant capacity. Gastric juice volume and acid value were measured in the established alcohol-induced acute gastric injury model in mice. Hematoxylin and eosin staining demonstrated the morphological changes in the gastric mucosa. FELL improved the alcohol-induced gastric lesions. Serological testing results showed that FELL significantly increased the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), and nitric oxide (NO) and significantly reduced the levels of MDA and MPO in mice with gastric injury. Besides, FELL significantly reduced the levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 12 (IL-12), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and interferon gamma (IFN-γ). The quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Western blot results proved that FELL upregulated the mRNA and protein expressions of SOD1, SOD2, CAT, epidermal growth factor (EGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and downregulated the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the gastric tissue of mice with gastric injury. Five compounds, including kaempferitrin, hyperoside, astragalin, phloridzin, and quercetin, were detected in FELL using high-performance liquid chromatography. Thus, FELL has an inhibitory effect on experimental alcohol-induced gastric injury because of the antioxidant capacity of the five compounds. Its effect increases as the FELL concentration increases, which is close to that of ranitidine. FELL, which is an active substance, provides a good gastroprotective effect.
      PubDate: Sat, 02 May 2020 07:20:01 +000
       
  • Combining a COI Mini-Barcode with Next-Generation Sequencing for Animal
           Origin Ingredients Identification in Processed Meat Product
    • Abstract: For revealing animal species in complex or adulterated processed meat product, we presented a method combining a novel cytochrome oxidase I (COI) mini-barcode with next-generation sequencing (NGS), which identifies various animal species (swine, bovine, Caprinae, and some of fish, shrimp, and poultry) accurately and efficiently in processed meat products. We designed a universal primer based on 140 sequences from 51 edible animal species. A mixture of 12 species raw meat samples were identified with the clone sequencing and also with a mini-barcode- (136 bp) combined NGS method, respectively. The mini-barcode of these 12 species was 100% identical to the target species sequence by Sanger sequencing. Compared to the clone sequencing method, the NGS method is superior in accuracy, sensitivity, and detection efficiency. Various edible animal species were identified in the species level both in the mixed samples and the 7 heavily processed food products. Moreover, some unlabeled species and dubious contamination were detected as well.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Apr 2020 15:20:03 +000
       
  • The Prospects for the Therapeutic Implications of Genetically Engineered
           Probiotics
    • Abstract: The interest in the therapeutic use of probiotic microorganisms has been increased during the last decade although the doubts have ascended about the probiotics mainly because their beneficial effects are not fully understood, and, in many cases, their usefulness has not been validated in clinical trials. Consequently, the notion got a considerable interest in those strains having proven probiotic potential to be engineered for improvement in their beneficial features. The process of genetic engineering can also be used for probiotic strains for the reversion of antimicrobial resistance and other modifications for their safer and effective human applications. The lactic acid bacilli are predominantly opposite as they already have gained attention owing to their health-promoting benefits and their safety for human consumption; therefore, their use, especially as a delivery agent of vaccines and drugs, is gaining attention. The tailoring of probiotic strains will not only improve the data regarding the probiotic potential of these strains but also clinch the doubts concerning these probiotics. This article focuses on the approaches of bioengineered probiotics and discusses the potential prospects for their therapeutic applications including immunomodulation, cognitive health, and anticancer therapeutics.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Apr 2020 08:05:03 +000
       
  • Improvement of Bread Quality by Adding Wheat Germ Fermented with
           Lactobacillus plantarum dy-1
    • Abstract: Fermentation has been considered as an effective way to improve the nutritional and sensory quality of food materials. In this paper, fermented wheat germ (FWG) was prepared by fermentation with Lactobacillus plantarum dy-1 and added as an ingredient in bread making for nutrition and quality improvement. The amounts ranged from 1 % to 6 % of FWG were added into ingredients for bread making, the similar amounts of raw wheat germ (RWG) were used as control, and the wheat flour without germ addition was used as blank. Then, bread quality was evaluated through nutrition, texture, and flavor analyses. The results showed that 4% of FWG addition had the ability to increase the specific volume, slow down the aging process, and improve the color and luster of bread. A significant increase in free amino acid content was observed in the FWG bread, which could be helpful to enrich the flavor substances in bread. The flavor analysis of bread showed that more volatile compounds mainly alcohols and aldehydes were present in FWG bread compared with RWG bread. In the fermentation process, the pH value was decreased and the total titratable acidity (TTA) was enhanced to inhibit the growth of microorganisms. Therefore, the addition of FWG could not only enhance its nutritional properties, but also improve the flavor, quality, and structural features of bread. Moreover, it exhibited a good availability to extend the shelf life of bread.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Apr 2020 06:20:02 +000
       
  • The Effects of 1-Methylcyclopropene in the Regulation of Antioxidative
           System and Softening of Mango Fruit during Storage
    • Abstract: The function of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) in the regulation of quality and antioxidative system of mango fruit was investigated during storage at ambient temperature. Changes in fruit quality, colour, ethylene production, respiration rate, fruit softening enzyme activities, and antioxidative enzyme activities were studied in this study. The results demonstrated that 1-MCP was beneficial for maintaining quality. 1-MCP treatment retarded the decline of firmness, weight, total soluble solid, and titratable acidity, which served as significant parameters for assessing fruit quality in the process of storage. Compared with the fruit of the control group, the treatment with 1-MCP dramatically delayed the colour change of both the pulp and peel and suppressed climacteric peaks of ethylene generation and respiration speed. The significant inducement of peroxidase, catalase, and superoxide dismutase activities were followed by 1-MCP treatment. The fruit treated with 1-MCP displayed significantly inhibited activation of enzymes on the cell wall, i.e., pectin esterase (PE), endo-1,4-β-d-glucanase (EGase), exopolygalacturonase (exo-PG), and endopolygalacturonase (endo-PG), during storage. The results suggested that 1-MCP imposed underlying impact on the maintenance of the softening and extension of postharvest life of mango fruit.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Apr 2020 02:50:02 +000
       
  • Phytochemical Analysis and Antimicrobial/Antioxidant Activity of Cynodon
           dactylon (L.) Pers. Rhizome Methanolic Extract
    • Abstract: A proper use of medicinal plants requires accurate scientific information and understanding of their chemical constituents. The therapeutic effects in the plants are due to the chemical compounds therein. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. of the family Poaceae is a perennial, pan-tropical species of grass which is a well-known traditional medicine and has a renowned position for treatment of many symptoms and diseases. The chemical composition, free radical scavenging activity, and antimicrobial properties of the methanolic extract of C. dactylon rhizomes against selected bacterial and fungal strains were investigated using disk-diffusion method. The results indicated that the major fatty acid structures of C. dactylon methanolic extract were palmitic acid (36.40%), oleic acid (28.26%), and linoleic acid (17.01%). Alpha-tocopherol (151.39 mg·kg−1) and sitosterol (3199.62 mg·kg−1) were the main tocopherols and sterols, respectively. According to the instrumental analysis, the total phenolic compounds of methanolic extract were equal to 917.08 mg·kg−1 and the main compound was hydroquinone (66.89%). Antioxidant activity of the methanolic extract at concentrations of 100–1000 ppm was 9.81–67.87%, which is significantly different from the 200 ppm synthetic antioxidant (BHT) with free radical scavenging activity equal to 48.93% (). The antimicrobial study revealed that the methanolic extract of C. dactylon rhizomes was effective against all of the bacterial pathogens and the antibacterial activity increased with an increase in the concentration of extract. Therefore, the largest zone of inhibition was observed against Bacillus cereus (18.3 ± 0.4 mm) and Escherichia coli (16.8 ± 0.5 mm) at 1000 ppm. The highest resistance was observed with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (inhibition zone of 12.8 ± 0.15 mm). Methanolic extract at 200 ppm had no effect against fungus Aspergillus niger. However, at 1000 ppm concentration, an inhibition zone with a diameter of 14.4 ± 0.45 mm was formed.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:50:03 +000
       
  • Impact of Gastrointestinal In Vitro Digestion and Deficit Irrigation on
           Antioxidant Activity and Phenolic Content Bioaccessibility of
           “Manzanilla” Table Olives
    • Abstract: This was the first study investigating the polyphenol content, antioxidant potential, and polyphenol bioaccessibility after in vitro digestion of table olives grown using regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) treatments to save irrigation water. Two experiments were carried out: (i) experiment A, where RDI was applied during the pit hardening stage and (ii) experiment B, where RDI was applied during the rehydration stage. Only slight differences among irrigation treatments were observed in two antioxidant assays (ABTS+• and DPPH•) and on TPC for the soluble fraction after in vitro digestion. An average of 1 g gallic acid equivalents kg−1 of table olives were found after digestion. Approximately, 12% of the polyphenols of table olives were bioaccessible for human absorption. Saving water techniques influence neither the final polyphenol content and antioxidant potential of table olives nor the bioaccessibility of polyphenols. The consumption of 40 g of table olives will provide 40 mg of bioaccessible polyphenols able to provide associated health benefits (∼7% of the daily polyphenols intake recommendation).
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:20:00 +000
       
  • Corrigendum to “Comparative Study on Aroma Volatiles, Organic Acids, and
           Sugars of Ambul Banana (Musa acuminata, AAB) Treated with Induced Ripening
           Agents”
    • PubDate: Tue, 31 Mar 2020 16:35:05 +000
       
  • Physical, Microbial, and Chemical Quality of Hot-Air-Dried Persimmon
           (Diospyros kaki) Chips during Storage
    • Abstract: Recent efforts have been made to develop hot-air-dried chips as a value-added product for persimmon fruit (Diospyros kaki). However, the long-term quality of this product and its dependence on processing conditions and packaging type have not yet been explored. Hence, in this work, chips were prepared from “Hachiya” persimmon fruit in 2 ways: 2 mm thickness fruit slices, hot-air-dried for 5 hours (Preparation 2–5), and 6 mm slices, dried for 10 hours (Preparation 6–10). The dried chips were then packaged into 2 bag types (plastic zip-top and metallized polyethylene terephthalate (Met-PET) with desiccant packets), stored under ambient conditions, and sampled for moisture-related, microbial, texture, and chemical quality traits throughout the 1-year storage study. It was found that–with the exception of a marked decrease in ascorbic acid (vitamin C)—all 4 Preparation/Packaging combinations yielded products that maintained acceptable color, microbial, nutritional, and textural quality throughout the entire study. Compared to Preparation 2–5 chips, Preparation 6–10 chips generally had lower contents of healthy nutrients—antioxidant compounds, ascorbic acid, and carotenoids. Evidence of invertase activity was found for Preparation 6–10 chips but not for Preparation 2–5 chips. For both preparations, the contents of ascorbic acid and carotenoids experienced time-dependent decreases. Plastic zip-top bags and Met-PET bags with desiccant packets performed equally well as packaging for most of the quality metrics tracked during this study. Overall, this work has demonstrated that hot-air-drying of persimmon slices is a promising approach to create a value-added product with at least one year of shelf-life.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Mar 2020 16:35:04 +000
       
 
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