Subjects -> FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (Total: 387 journals)
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    - FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (273 journals)

FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (273 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 62 of 62 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Alimentaria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Series E: Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Agrosearch     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alimentos e Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alimentos Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
American Journal of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access  
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animal Production     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Animal Production Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology of food     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Alimentação     Open Access  
Asian Food Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Journal of Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Plant Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Rice Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletim de Indústria Animal     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access  
Cerâmica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access  
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Cuizine: The Journal of Canadian Food Cultures / Cuizine : revue des cultures culinaires au Canada     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CyTA - Journal of Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Food Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EFSA Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food     Hybrid Journal  
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
European Food Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Flavour     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Flavour and Fragrance Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food & Function     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B: Surveillance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food and Applied Bioscience Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food and Bioprocess Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Bioproducts Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Food and Environment Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Food Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Food Chemistry : X     Open Access  
Food Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food In     Open Access  
Food Manufacturing Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Food Packaging and Shelf Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Preference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Reviews International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Science and Human Wellness     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Food Science and Quality Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food Science and Technology (Campinas)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Science and Technology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Food Structure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food Technology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Foodnews     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Foods     Open Access  
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access  
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastronomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Gıda Dergisi     Open Access  
Global Food History     Hybrid Journal  
Global Food Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Grasas y Aceites     Open Access  
Habitat     Open Access  
Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
Indonesian Food Science & Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
INNOTEC : Revista del Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay     Open Access  
Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Contamination     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Food Engineering Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Properties     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Food Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Latest Trends in Agriculture and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Meat Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal on Food System Dynamics     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
itepa : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan     Open Access  
JOT Journal für Oberflächentechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Acupuncture and Herbs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access  
Journal of AOAC International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Berry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Culinary Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Excipients and Food Chemicals     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food and Dairy Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Health and Bioenvironmental Science     Open Access  
Journal of Food Lipids     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Food Process Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Processing & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Products Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Protection(R)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Food Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Food Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Science and Technology Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Food Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Security and Agriculture     Open Access  
Journal of Food Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Technology, Siam University     Open Access  
Journal of Foodservice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Functional Foods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Gastronomy, Hospitality and Travel     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Amino Acids
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.135
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 7  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1438-2199 - ISSN (Online) 0939-4451
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2570 journals]
  • Synthesis, protonation constants and biological activity determination of
           amino acid–salicylaldehyde-derived Schiff bases
    • Abstract: Abstract Schiff bases represent a class of molecules widely studied for their importance in organic and coordination chemistry. Despite the large amount of studies on the chemical and biological properties of the Schiff bases, the different experimental conditions prevent a useful comparison to search for a correlation structure–activity. Moreover, literature is lacking in comprehensive data on the spectroscopic characterization of these compounds. For this reason, six Schiff bases, derived from salicylaldehyde and natural amino acids were fully characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopy, and their aqueous solution equilibria, antiproliferative activity and DNA-binding activity were examined. All experimental conditions were kept constants to achieve comparable information and useful insights about their structure–activity correlation. The synthesized compounds showed DNA binding constants in the 101–102 M−1 range, depending on the substituent present in the amino acid side-chain, and resulted devoid of significant cytotoxic activity against the different human tumor cell lines showing IC50 values higher than 100 µM.
      PubDate: 2020-01-13
       
  • Hypermethioninemia induces memory deficits and morphological changes in
           hippocampus of young rats: implications on pathogenesis
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the chronic administration of methionine (Met) and/or its metabolite, methionine sulfoxide (MetO), on the behavior and neurochemical parameters of young rats. Rats were treated with saline (control), Met (0.2–0.4 g/kg), MetO (0.05–0.1 g/kg), and/or a combination of Met + MetO, subcutaneously twice a day from postnatal day 6 (P6) to P28. The results showed that Met, MetO, and Met + MetO impaired short-term and spatial memories (P < 0.05), reduced rearing and grooming (P < 0.05), but did not alter locomotor activity (P > 0.05). Acetylcholinesterase activity was increased in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and striatum following Met and/or MetO (P < 0.05) treatment, while Na+, K+-ATPase activity was reduced in the hippocampus (P < 0.05). There was an increase in the level of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in the cerebral cortex in Met-, MetO-, and Met + MetO-treated rats (P < 0.05). Met and/or MetO treatment reduced superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase activity, total thiol content, and nitrite levels, and increased reactive oxygen species and TBARS levels in the hippocampus and striatum (P < 0.05). Hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor was reduced by MetO and Met + MetO compared with the control group. The number of NeuN-positive cells was decreased in the CA3 in Met + MetO group and in the dentate gyrus in the Met, MetO, and Met + MetO groups compared to control group (P < 0.05). Taken together, these findings further increase our understanding of changes in the brain in hypermethioninemia by elucidating behavioral alterations, biological mechanisms, and the vulnerability of brain function to high concentrations of Met and MetO.
      PubDate: 2020-01-04
       
  • Acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of a naturally occurring peptide
           isolated from Boana pulchella (Anura: Hylidae) and its analogs
    • Abstract: Abstract Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, is a growing problem worldwide, with 10 million incident cases registered every year. The complex etiology of AD has not been clarified yet and represents an active research topic. In this work, we studied the inhibitory properties of Hp-1935, a natural peptide extracted from the skin secretions of an Argentinian frog (Boana pulchella). It was initially isolated as an antimicrobial peptide by our group, but we later discovered its anti-AChE action. Since not many peptides with this activity have been reported, we focused on defining the basis of its inhibitory mechanism against acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and on finding the primary portion for the inhibitory activity in its sequence, through the combination of an experimental strategy of design and synthesis with molecular dynamics simulations. We also tested its cytotoxicity. We found that Hp-1935 is an interesting sequence for the development of new AChE inhibitors. This peptide is a peripheral anionic site inhibitor with an inhibitory activity that collocates it between the most potent natural amino acids peptides against AChE reported. We also demonstrate that its inhibitory activity is concentrated on the central part of the sequence.
      PubDate: 2020-01-04
       
  • Taurine inhibits neuron apoptosis in hippocampus of diabetic rats and high
           glucose exposed HT-22 cells via the NGF-Akt/Bad pathway
    • Abstract: Abstract Type 2 Diabetes causes learning and memory deficits that might be mediated by hippocampus neuron apoptosis. Studies found that taurine might improve cognitive deficits under diabetic condition because of its ability to prevent hippocampus neuron apoptosis. However, the effect and mechanism is not clear. In this study, we explore the effect and mechanism of taurine on inhibiting hippocampus neuron apoptosis. Sixty male Sprague–Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, T2D, taurine treatment (giving 0.5%, 1%, and 2% taurine in drinking water) groups. Streptozotocin was used to establish the diabetes model. HT-22 cell (hippocampus neurons line) was used for in vitro experiments. Morris Water Maze test was used to check the learning and memory ability, TUNEL assay was used to measure apoptosis and nerve growth factor (NGF); Akt/Bad pathway relevant protein was detected by western blot. Taurine improved learning and memory ability and significantly decreased apoptosis of the hippocampus neurons in T2D rats. Moreover, taurine supplement also inhibited high glucose-induced apoptosis in HT-22 cell in vitro. Mechanistically, taurine increased the expression of NGF, phosphorylation of Trka, Akt, and Bad, as well as reduced cytochrome c release from mitochondria to cytosol. However, beneficial effects of taurine were blocked in the presence of anti-NGF antibody or Akt inhibitor. Taurine could inhibit hippocampus neuron apoptosis via NGF-Akt/Bad pathway. These results provide some clues that taurine might be efficient and feasible candidate for improvement of learning and memory ability in T2D rats.
      PubDate: 2019-12-24
       
  • Design, synthesis and interaction of BRC4 analogous peptides with
           RAD51(241–260)
    • Abstract: Abstract Breast cancer susceptibility gene 2 (BRCA2) is an important tumor suppressor, which is participated in repair of damaged DNA by its highly conserved BRC repeat motifs regulating RAD51 protein homologous recombination and thereby preventing cell carcinogenesis. In this study, the BRCA2(1524–1548)–RAD51(241–260) complex structure was obtained based on PDB bank data 1N0W, which provided the basis for site-specific mutation of BRCA2(1524–1548). The BRC4 and BRC4 analogous peptides were synthesized, and the interaction between BRC peptide and RAD51(241–260) was studied by fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism spectroscopy and microscale thermophoresis (MST). The results of circular dichroism showed that the changes in secondary structures of RAD51(241–260) occurred after adding BRC4 analogous peptides, and the α-helix content increased significantly. Fluorescence spectral data demonstrated that the model of BRC peptide binding to RAD51(241–260) was static quenching, and the binding constants of BRC4, P1, P2, P4 with RAD51(241–260) were 1.647 × 10−4 L mol−1, 2.532 × 10−4 L mol−1, 3.161 × 10−4 L mol−1, 1.705 × 10−4 L mol−1, respectively. The results of MST indicated that P2 and RAD51(241–260) have better affinity for dissociation constant 44.286 μM. The strongest affinity between P2 and RAD51(241–260) indicated that the mutation of amino acid residue constituting BRC α-helix affects the structure and interaction of BRC peptide and RAD51(241–260).
      PubDate: 2019-12-24
       
  • Studies on the constituents of Helleborus purpurascens : use of
           derivatives from calix[6]arene, homooxacalix[3]arene and
           homoazacalix[3]arene as extractant agents for amino acids from the aqueous
           extract
    • Abstract: Abstract The task of this work was to investigate the extraction capacity of various calixarenes for free and esterified amino acids from aqueous acid phases. Furthermore, this method was applied to aqueous extracts of Helleborus purpurascens. Generally, it is known that calixarenes can be used as extractants for ammonium compounds due to π-cation and lone pair cation interactions. As first, tert-Butyl-calix[6]arene and derivatives thereof were used. They had already proven their worth in previous investigations. In addition, tert-Butyl-hexahomooxa-calix[3]arene was used also, which can also enter into lone pair cation interactions. In addition to these well-known calixarenes, new calixarenes were produced and tested. Based on the tert-Butyl-hexahomooxa-calix[3]arene, a phosphor(III)bridged derivative was prepared, combining the three aromatic hydroxyl groups to a phosphite. As a seldom-described class of calixarenes, tert-Butyl-hexahomoaza-calix[3]arene derivatives were used. The nitrogen analogues of tert-Butyl-hexahomooxa-calix[3]arene could be produced as N-benzyl derivatives. The structure of the esterified carboxymethylated derivative of N,N′,N″-Tribenzyl-tert-Butyl-hexahomoaza-calix[3]arene could be verified by X-ray structure analysis. It crystallized as a partial cone. The extraction capacity of the described calixarenes was investigated for amino acids from aqueous acidic solutions into an organic phase. For the testing were chosen asparagine, aspartic acid, tyrosine, tryptophane, phenylalanine and pipecolinic acid and their methyl esters. The amino acids and their methyl esters were dissolved in water at different pH values. The calixarenes were dissolved in dichloromethane (DCM) or chloroform. After this preparation, the aqueous acidic amino acid solutions were mixed with the solutions and shaken intensively. In addition, blank values were determined by extracting the aqueous stock solutions of the amino acids and their methyl esters with pure solvents. To determine the extraction rate, the phases were separated and each analysed using GC-FID, partially GC–MS(EI). The evaluation is performed in two ways. On the one hand the depletion in the aqueous phase and on the other hand the content in the organic phase was determined.
      PubDate: 2019-12-18
       
  • Muscle phenotype of AGAT- and GAMT-deficient mice after simvastatin
           exposure
    • Abstract: Abstract Statin-induced myopathy affects more than 10 million people worldwide. But discontinuation of statin treatment increases mortality and cardiovascular events. Recently, l-arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (AGAT) gene was associated with statin-induced myopathy in two populations, but the causal link is still unclear. AGAT is responsible for the synthesis of l-homoarginine (hArg) and guanidinoacetate (GAA). GAA is further methylated to creatine (Cr) by guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (GAMT). In cerebrovascular patients treated with statin, lower hArg and GAA plasma concentrations were found than in non-statin patients, indicating suppressed AGAT expression and/or activity (n = 272, P = 0.033 and P = 0.039, respectively). This observation suggests that statin-induced myopathy may be associated with AGAT expression and/or activity in muscle cells. To address this, we studied simvastatin-induced myopathy in AGAT- and GAMT-deficient mice. We found that simvastatin induced muscle damage and reduced AGAT expression in wildtype mice (myocyte diameter: 34.1 ± 1.3 µm vs 21.5 ± 1.3 µm, P = 0.026; AGAT expression: 1.0 ± 0.3 vs 0.48 ± 0.05, P = 0.017). Increasing AGAT expression levels of transgenic mouse models resulted in rising plasma levels of hArg and GAA (P < 0.01 and P < 0.001, respectively). Simvastatin-induced motor impairment was exacerbated in AGAT-deficient mice compared with AGAT-overexpressing GAMT−/− mice and therefore revealed an effect independent of Cr. But Cr supplementation itself improved muscle strength independent of AGAT expression (normalized grip strength: 55.8 ± 2.9% vs 72.5% ± 3.0%, P < 0.01). Homoarginine supplementation did not affect statin-induced myopathy in AGAT-deficient mice. Our results from clinical and animal studies suggest that AGAT expression/activity and its product Cr influence statin-induced myopathy independent of each other. The interplay between simvastatin treatment, AGAT expression and activity, and Cr seems to be complex. Further clinical pharmacological studies are needed to elucidate the underlying mechanism(s) and to evaluate whether supplementation with Cr, or possibly GAA, in patients under statin medication may reduce the risk of muscular side effects.
      PubDate: 2019-12-18
       
  • Asymmetric dimethylation and citrullination in the LEW.1AR1- iddm rat, an
           animal model of human type 1 diabetes, and effects of anti-TCR/anti-TNF-α
           antibody-based therapy
    • Abstract: Abstract The LEW.1AR1-iddm rat is an animal model of human type 1 diabetes (T1D). We determined by GC–MS the extent of asymmetric dimethylation (prADMA) and citrullination (prCit) of l-arginine residues in organ proteins (pr) of normoglycaemic control (ngCo, n = 6), acutely diabetic (acT1D, n = 6), chronically diabetic (chT1D, n = 4), and cured (cuT1D, n = 4) rats after anti-TCR/anti-TNF-α therapy. Pancreatic prCit and prADMA did not differ between the groups but were correlated (r = 0.728, P = 0.0003, n = 20). acT1D rats had lower prCit levels in spleen and kidney than ngCo rats. cuT1D rats had higher prADMA levels than chT1D rats only in the spleen. Combination therapy re-established normoglycaemia and increased prADMA in the spleen without altering pancreatic prADMA and prCit. Western blotting demonstrated the presence of different prADMA pattern, especially an ≈ 50-kDa prADMA in spleen and pancreas, and an ≈ 25-kDa prADMA in the pancreas only, with the kidney showing only a very faint and small prADMA. Besides the changes in the pancreas during different metabolic states, the spleen may play a stronger role for the recognition of metabolic changes in T1D than thought thus far.
      PubDate: 2019-12-12
       
  • Killing Streptococcus mutans in mature biofilm with a combination of
           antimicrobial and antibiofilm peptides
    • Abstract: Abstract Biofilm poses a serious challenge for the treatment of bacterial infections, as it endows bacteria a pronounced resistance to traditional antibiotics. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are considered potential substitutes for antibiotics. Combinational use of AMPs with other compounds to exert antibiofilm effects has been proved to be an effective means to reduce their toxicity and maximize their antimicrobial activity. However, the combination of various AMPs with different action mechanisms is rarely investigated. A newly designed lytic AMP ZXR-2.3 combined with antibiofilm peptide IDR-1018 or KT2 was tested for the antibiofilm effect on mature Streptococcus mutans biofilms. In general, the combination of ZXR-2.3 + IDR-1018 displayed synergistic effect on both biofilm eradication and bacterial killing, while ZXR-2.3 + KT2 showed no obvious synergism. The confocal images of preformed S. mutans biofilms confirmed the effective bactericidal activity of ZXR-2.3 + IDR-1018. A tube system was applied to investigate the biofilm infection under a flow of medium and SEM images indicated the biofilm disruption and bacterial killing effects of ZXR-2.3 + IDR-1018. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed that IDR-1018 induced dramatic changes in the mRNA expressions of the quorum sensing (QS) related genes comC, comD, vicR, and vicK of S. mutans in mature biofilms, whereas the other peptides and ciprofloxacin did not cause obvious changes in these genes. This might explain the better synergism of ZXR-2.3 and IDR-1018. The results of this study provide a potential application using the combination of different AMPs in the treatment of mature biofilm infection.
      PubDate: 2019-12-03
       
  • Design, synthesis and valued properties of surfactin oversimplified
           analogues
    • Abstract: Abstract Surfactins are important lipopeptides produced by Bacillus subtilis that present strong surface activity. These biosurfactants find applications in various fields, from environmental remediation to medicine. The use of surfactins in remediation is hampered by production costs; the medical applications are also reframed because of the hemolytic activity of the cyclic peptide. To reduce costs and working time, the present work focused on the design, chemical synthesis and characterization of simple linear variants of surfactins having only l-amino acids and lauric acid at the N-terminal. Carboxyl-free and amidated analogues with negative, null and positive net charges at physiological pH were successfully obtained. The synthetic isoforms of surfactins showed high surface activity and ability to inhibit both growth and adhesion of Streptococcus mutans cells. Therefore, these properties make these low-cost synthetic peptides relevant and promising new compounds for science, industry and, mainly, dental care.
      PubDate: 2019-11-28
       
  • Taurine attenuates Cr(VI)-induced cellular and DNA damage: an in vitro
           study using human erythrocytes and lymphocytes
    • Abstract: Abstract Hexavalent chromium [(Cr(VI)] is widely used in several industries, but human exposure results in multiple organ toxicity. Enhanced generation of free radicals and reactive species is thought to play a key role in Cr(VI)-induced toxicity. We have examined the effect of taurine, a simple sulphur-containing amino acid and an antioxidant, on potassium dichromate [K2Cr2O7, a Cr(VI) compound]-induced cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in human blood cells. Erythrocytes were treated with K2Cr2O7, either alone or after incubation with different concentrations of taurine. Treatment of erythrocytes with K2Cr2O7 alone led to marked increase in generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, lipid and protein oxidation. This was accompanied by decrease in total sulfhydryl and glutathione content and lowered antioxidant power of the cells. This suggests that Cr(VI) induces oxidative stress in the cells. Incubation of erythrocytes with taurine prior to addition of K2Cr2O7, resulted in a concentration-dependent decrease in the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, mitigation of oxidative stress and amelioration of antioxidant power of these cells. It also restored the activities of several metabolic, antioxidant and membrane-bound enzymes. Cr(VI)-induced damage to erythrocyte membrane and lymphocyte DNA was also significantly attenuated by prior administration of taurine. These results suggest that taurine can function as a chemoprotectant against Cr(VI)-induced oxidative injury and can be potentially used to mitigate the toxic effects of this transition metal ion.
      PubDate: 2019-11-28
       
  • On-resin multicomponent 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of
           cyclopentanone–proline enamines and sulfonylazides as an efficient tool
           for the synthesis of amidino depsipeptide mimics
    • Abstract: Abstract Depsipeptides are biologically active peptide derivatives that possess a high therapeutic interest. The development of depsipeptide mimics characterized by a chemical diversity could lead to compounds with enhanced features and activity. In this work, an on-resin multicomponent procedure for the synthesis of amidino depsipeptide mimics is described. This approach exploits a metal-free 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of cyclopentanone–proline enamines and sulfonylazides. In this reaction, the obtained primary cycloadduct undergoes a ring opening and molecular rearrangement giving access to a linear sulfonyl amidine functionalized with both a peptide chain and a diazoalkane. The so-obtained diazo function “one pot” reacts with the carboxylic group of N-Fmoc-protected amino acids leading to amidino depsipeptide mimics possessing a C4 aliphatic chain. An important advantage of this procedure is the possibility to easily obtain amidino-functionalized derivatives that are proteolytically stable peptide bond bioisosteres. Moreover, the conformational freedom given by the alkyl chain could promote the obtainment of cyclic depsipeptide with a stabilized secondary structure as demonstrated with both in silico calculations and experimental conformational studies. Finally, labeled depsipeptide mimics can be also synthesized using a fluorescent sulfonylazide in the multicomponent reaction.
      PubDate: 2019-11-28
       
  • Synthesis of homoagmatine and GC–MS analysis of tissue homoagmatine and
           agmatine: evidence that homoagmatine but not agmatine is a metabolite of
           pharmacological L-homoarginine in the anesthetized rat
    • Abstract: Abstract Low L-homoarginine (hArg) concentrations in human blood and urine are associated with renal and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, yet the underlying mechanisms and the biological activities of hArg are elusive. In humans and rats, hArg is metabolized to l-lysine. The aim of the present work was to study hArg metabolism to agmatine (Agm) and homoagmatine (hAgm) in the anesthetized rat. Using a newly developed and validated GC–MS method and a newly synthesized and structurally characterized hAgm we investigated the metabolism of i.p. administered hArg (0, 20, 220, 440 mg/kg) to hAgm and Agm in lung, kidney, liver and heart in anesthetized rats. Our study provides unequivocal evidence that hArg is metabolized to hAgm but not to Agm. Whether hAgm derived from hArg’s metabolism may contribute to the pathophysiological significance of endogenous hArg and for the favoured effects of pharmacological hArg remains to be demonstrated. The biology of hArg warrants further investigations.
      PubDate: 2019-11-27
       
  • Effects of histidine load on ammonia, amino acid, and adenine nucleotide
           concentrations in rats
    • Abstract: Abstract The unique capability of proton buffering is the rationale for using histidine (HIS) as a component of solutions for induction of cardiac arrest and myocardial protection in cardiac surgery. In humans, infusion of cardioplegic solution may increase blood plasma HIS from ~ 70 to ~ 21,000 µM. We examined the effects of a large intravenous dose of HIS on ammonia and amino acid concentrations and energy status of the body. Rats received 198 mM HIS intravenously (20 ml/kg) or vehicle. Samples of blood plasma, urine, liver, and soleus (SOL) and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles were analysed at 2 or 24 h after treatment. At 2 h after HIS load, we found higher HIS concentration in all examined tissues, higher urea and ammonia concentrations in blood and urine, lower ATP content and higher AMP/ATP ratio in the liver and muscles, higher concentrations of almost all examined amino acids in urine, and lower glycine concentration in blood plasma, liver, and muscles when compared with controls. Changes in other amino acids were tissue dependent, markedly increased alanine and glutamate in the blood and the liver. At 24 h, the main findings were lower ATP concentrations in muscles, lower concentrations of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA; valine, leucine, and isoleucine) in blood plasma and muscles, and higher carnosine content in SOL when compared with controls. It is concluded that a load of large HIS dose results in increased ammonia levels and marked alterations in amino acid and energy metabolism. Pathogenesis is discussed in the article.
      PubDate: 2019-11-11
       
  • Oral taurine improves critical power and severe-intensity exercise
           tolerance
    • Abstract: Abstract This study investigated the effects of acute oral taurine ingestion on: (1) the power–time relationship using the 3-min all-out test (3MAOT); (2) time to exhaustion (TTE) 5% > critical power (CP) and (3) the estimated time to complete (Tlim) a range of fixed target intensities. Twelve males completed a baseline 3MAOT test on a cycle ergometer. Following this, a double-blind, randomised cross-over design was followed, where participants were allocated to one of four conditions, separated by 72 h: TTE + taurine; TTE + placebo; 3MAOT + taurine; 3MAOT + placebo. Taurine was provided at 50 mg kg−1, whilst the placebo was 3 mg kg−1 maltodextrin. CP was higher (P < 0.05) in taurine (212 ± 36 W) than baseline (197 ± 40 W) and placebo (193 ± 35 W). Work end power was not affected by supplement (P > 0.05), yet TTE 5% > CP increased (P < 0.05) by 1.7 min after taurine (17.7 min) compared to placebo (16.0 min) and there were higher (P < 0.001) estimated Tlim across all work targets. Acute supplementation of 50 mg kg−1 of taurine improved CP and estimated performance at a range of severe work intensities. Oral taurine can be taken prior to exercise to enhance endurance performance.
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
       
  • Synthesis of α/β dipeptides containing linear or cyclic
           α-dehydro-β-amino acids as scaffolds for bioactive compounds
    • Abstract: Abstract The synthesis of α/β dipeptides containing linear or cyclic α-dehydro-β-amino acids has been performed starting from alkylidene acetacetamides, which were obtained from α-amino esters via Ir-catalyzed allylic amination. Differently hindered carbonates were synthesized via a protocol involving chemoselective Luche’s reduction, acylation, and allylic amination. Depending on the nature of the selected α-amino acid, we observed strong influence on the product regiochemistry due to the carbonate size and the amino-acid side chain. In particular, complete regioselectivity was observed in the aminic allylation of carbonates deriving from amino acids possessing a methylene unit in β-position. On the contrary, methyl carbonates deriving from β-branched amino acid afforded different results depending on the hindrance of the carbonate. Moreover, spontaneous cyclization was observed for carbamate-containing intermediates, allowing to obtain peptidomimetic polyfunctionalized dihydropyrimidine-2,4-dione. Finally, by inverting the order of reduction/acylation steps on the starting alkylidene acetoacetamides, the formation of polyfunctionalized 1,3-oxazinane-2,4-dione was obtained demonstrating the wide applications of these substrates for the preparation of bioactive peptidomimetics.
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
       
  • Correction to: Rapid acidolysis of benzyl group as a suitable approach for
           syntheses of peptides naturally produced by oxidative stress and
           containing 3-nitrotyrosine
    • Abstract: This errata is for paper “Rapid acidolysis of benzyl group as a suitable approach for syntheses
      PubDate: 2019-10-25
       
  • Preclinical evaluation of a 64 Cu-labeled disintegrin for PET imaging of
           prostate cancer
    • Abstract: Abstract A novel recombinant disintegrin, vicrostatin (VCN), displays high binding affinity to a broad range of human integrins in substantial competitive biological advantage over other integrin-based antagonists. In this study, we synthesized a new 64Cu-labeled VCN probe and evaluated its imaging properties for prostate cancer in PC-3 tumor-bearing mice. Macrocyclic chelating agent 1,8-diamino-3,6,10,13,16,19-hexaazabicyclo[6.6.6]-eicosine (DiAmSar) was conjugated with PEG unit and followed by coupling with VCN. The precursor was then radiolabeled with positron emitter 64Cu (t1/2 = 12.7 h) in ammonium acetate buffer to provide 64Cu-Sar-PEG-VCN, which was subsequently subjected to in vitro studies, small animal PET, and biodistribution studies. The PC-3 tumor-targeting efficacy of 64Cu-Sar-PEG-VCN was compared to a cyclic RGD peptide-based PET probe (64Cu-Sar-RGD). 64Cu labeling was achieved in 75% decay-corrected yield with radiochemical purity of  > 98%. The specific activity of 64Cu-Sar-PEG-VCN was estimated to be 37 MBq/nmol. MicroPET imaging results showed that 64Cu-Sar-PEG-VCN has preferential tumor uptake and good tumor retention in PC-3 tumor xenografts. As compared to 64Cu-Sar-RGD, 64Cu-Sar-PEG-VCN produces higher tumor-to-muscle (T/M) imaging contrast ratios at 2 h (4.66 ± 0.34 vs. 2.88 ± 0.46) and 24 h (4.98 ± 0.80 vs. 3.22 ± 0.30) post-injection (pi) and similar tumor-to-liver ratios at 2 h (0.43 ± 0.09 vs. 0.37 ± 0.04) and 24 h (0.57 ± 0.13 vs. 0.52 ± 0.07) pi. The biodistribution results were consistent with the quantitative analysis of microPET imaging, demonstrating good T/M ratio (2.73 ± 0.36) of 64Cu-Sar-PEG-VCN at 48 h pi in PC-3 tumor xenografts. For both microPET and biodistribution studies at 48 h pi, the PC-3 tumor uptake of 64Cu-Sar-PEG-VCN is lower than that of 64Cu-Sar-RGD. 64Cu-Sar-PEG-VCN has the potential for in vivo imaging of prostate cancer with PET, which may provide a unique non-invasive method to quantitatively localize and characterize prostate cancer.
      PubDate: 2019-10-16
       
  • Evaluation of polyamines as marker of melanoma cell proliferation and
           differentiation by an improved high-performance liquid chromatographic
           method
    • Abstract: Abstract The differentiation therapy is focused on the identification of new agents able to impair the proliferative and metastatic potential of cancer cells through the induction of differentiation. Although several markers of cell differentiation on tumor cells have been identified, their causal relationship with neoplastic competence has not been characterized in sufficient detail to propose their use as new pharmacological targets useful for the design of new differentiation agents. Polyamine level in cancer cells and in body fluids was proposed as potential marker of cell proliferation and differentiation. The main advantage of this marker is the possibility to evaluate the antineoplastic activity of new drugs able to induce cell differentiation and consequently to inhibit tumor growth and metastasis. The presented report shows a simply and highly reproducible reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the determination of ortho-phthalaldehyde (OPA) derivatives of polyamines: putrescine (PUT), cadaverine (CAD), spermidine (SPD) and spermine (SPM). The novelty of this method is the fluorescence response for OPA-derivate of SPM, generally low in other procedures, that has been significantly improved by the use of a fully endcapped packing material with minimal silanol interactions. The limits of detection for PUT, CAD, SPD and SPM were 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, and 0.4 pmol/mL, respectively. The analysis time was ≤ 20 min, and the relative recovery rate was of about 97%. To verify the usefulness of this method, it has been validated in a murine melanoma cell line (B16-F10) treated with two theophylline derivatives (namely 8-chlorotheophylline and 8-bromotheophylline). These two compounds increased the activity of tissue transglutaminase (TG2) and the synthesis of melanin, two recognized markers of melanoma cell differentiation, and significantly reduced the levels of intracellular polyamines.
      PubDate: 2019-10-15
       
  • Susceptibility of protein therapeutics to spontaneous chemical
           modifications by oxidation, cyclization, and elimination reactions
    • Abstract: Abstract Peptides and proteins are preponderantly emerging in the drug market, as shown by the increasing number of biopharmaceutics already approved or under development. Biomolecules like recombinant monoclonal antibodies have high therapeutic efficacy and offer a valuable alternative to small-molecule drugs. However, due to their complex three-dimensional structure and the presence of many functional groups, the occurrence of spontaneous conformational and chemical changes is much higher for peptides and proteins than for small molecules. The characterization of biotherapeutics with modern and sophisticated analytical methods has revealed the presence of contaminants that mainly arise from oxidation- and elimination-prone amino-acid side chains. This review focuses on protein chemical modifications that may take place during storage due to (1) oxidation (methionine, cysteine, histidine, tyrosine, tryptophan, and phenylalanine), (2) intra- and inter-residue cyclization (aspartic and glutamic acid, asparagine, glutamine, N-terminal dipeptidyl motifs), and (3) β-elimination (serine, threonine, cysteine, cystine) reactions. It also includes some examples of the impact of such modifications on protein structure and function.
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
       
 
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