Subjects -> FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (Total: 410 journals)
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    - FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (289 journals)

FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (289 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 62 of 62 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Alimentaria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Series E: Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 71)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Agrosearch     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alimentos e Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alimentos Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
American Journal of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access  
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animal Production     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Animal Production Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology of food     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Alimentação     Open Access  
Asian Food Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Journal of Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Plant Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Rice Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletim de Indústria Animal     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cerâmica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access  
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Cuizine: The Journal of Canadian Food Cultures / Cuizine : revue des cultures culinaires au Canada     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CyTA - Journal of Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Food Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EFSA Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food     Hybrid Journal  
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Food Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Flavour     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Flavour and Fragrance Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food & Function     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B: Surveillance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food and Applied Bioscience Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food and Bioprocess Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Bioproducts Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Food and Environment Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Food Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Food Chemistry : X     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food In     Open Access  
Food Manufacturing Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Food Modelling Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Food Packaging and Shelf Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Preference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Food Reviews International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Human Wellness     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Food Science and Quality Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food Science and Technology (Campinas)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Science and Technology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Food Structure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food Technology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Foodnews     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Foods     Open Access  
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access  
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastronomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Gıda Dergisi     Open Access  
Global Food History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Global Food Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Grain & Oil Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Grasas y Aceites     Open Access  
Habitat     Open Access  
Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Himalayan Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
Indonesian Food Science & Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
INNOTEC : Revista del Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay     Open Access  
Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Contamination     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Food Engineering Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Properties     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Food Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Latest Trends in Agriculture and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Meat Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal on Food System Dynamics     Open Access  
Investigación Pecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
itepa : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan     Open Access  
JKI Datenblätter : Obstsorten     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JOT Journal für Oberflächentechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Acupuncture and Herbs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access  
Journal of AOAC International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Berry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Culinary Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Excipients and Food Chemicals     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food and Dairy Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Chemistry & Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Health and Bioenvironmental Science     Open Access  
Journal of Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Lipids     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Food Process Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Processing & Beverages     Open Access  
Journal of Food Processing & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Products Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Protection(R)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Food Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Amino Acids
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.135
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 7  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1438-2199 - ISSN (Online) 0939-4451
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Efficient synthesis of amino acids capped gold nanoparticles from easily
           reducible aryldiazonium tetrachloroaurate(III) salts for cellular uptake
           study
    • Abstract: Abstract Biomimetic synthesis of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) is critical in biomedical applications. Gold bioconjugates were fabricated by capping the water-dispersible gold-carbon nanoparticles with tyrosine, tryptophan and cysteine amino acids. Incubation of the water-soluble and easily reducible aryldiazonium gold(III) salt [HOOC-4-C6H4N≡N]AuCl4 with amino acids at room temperature formed a purple color over a few minutes with tryptophan and tyrosine and over two hours with cysteine. Rarely that cysteine is capable of reducing gold(III) precursors; however, a cysteine capped gold bioconjugate was synthesized and characterized in this study. Capping GNPs with amino acids was confirmed by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and agarose gel electrophoresis. Depending on the amino acid, synthesized particles size was 27.2 ± 5.4 nm, 14.6 ± 7.7 nm and 8.6 ± 2.6 nm for tyrosine, tryptophan and cysteine, respectively. The amino acids capped GNPs showed negligible cytotoxicity to human dermal normal fibroblast cell lines. The highly water dispersible bioconjugates were studied for in vitro cellular uptake by HeLa cancer cells using confocal laser scan microscopy (CLSM) after being labelled with FITC (GNPs-COOH-FITC) and the nuclei were counter stained with DAPI fluorescent dyes. The biomimetic route for the synthesis of the amino acids reduced gold-carbon nanoparticles will benefit the applications in biomedical devices and biosensors.
      PubDate: 2020-06-30
       
  • Asymmetric dimethylarginine and l -homoarginine prospectively relate to
           carotid wall thickness in a South African cohort
    • Abstract: Background and aims The l-arginine derivatives asymmetric (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), as well as l-homoarginine may have opposing effects in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate (i) 5-year changes in arginine derivatives, and (ii) the association between baseline arginine derivatives and follow-up measures of carotid wall thickness in South Africans. Methods and results This study included men (n = 187) and women (n = 396) who took part in the 2010 and 2015 data collections of the South African arm of the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study. Arginine derivatives were determined in plasma with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and cross-sectional wall area (CSWA) were determined with B-mode ultrasonography. Results Mean values of arginine derivatives did not change over time. In the study group, follow-up cIMT (β = − 0.10 p = 0.018) and CSWA (β = − 0.12; p = 0.004) inversely associated with baseline l-homoarginine, and cIMT inversely associated with ADMA (β = − 0.09; p = 0.033). In women, CSWA inversely associated with both ADMA (β = − 0.11; p = 0.034) and l-homoarginine (β = − 0.11; p = 0.024). No such associations were found in men. Conclusion These results suggest that higher levels of l-homoarginine may play a protective role against vascular injury and delay progression of carotid wall thickening in this cohort. The role of ADMA in atherosclerosis deserves further investigation in this population.
      PubDate: 2020-06-29
       
  • Creatine, guanidinoacetate and homoarginine in statin-induced myopathy
    • Abstract: Abstract Our study evaluated the effect of creatine and homoarginine in AGAT- and GAMT-deficient mice after simvastatin exposure. Balestrino and Adriano suggest that guanidinoacetate might explain the difference between AGAT- and GAMT-deficient mice in simvastatin-induced myopathy. We agree with Balestrino and Adriano that our data shows that (1) creatine possesses a protective potential to ameliorate statin-induced myopathy in humans and mice and (2) homoarginine did not reveal a beneficial effect in statin-induced myopathy. Third, we agree that guanidinoacetate can be phosphorylated and partially compensate for phosphocreatine. In our study, simvastatin-induced damage showed a trend to be less pronounced in GAMT-deficient mice compared with wildtype mice. Therefore, (phospo) guanidinoacetate cannot completely explain the milder phenotype of GAMT-deficient mice, but we agree that it might contribute to ameliorate statin-induced myopathy in GAMT-deficient mice compared with AGAT-deficient mice. Finally, we agree with Balestino and Adriano that AGAT metabolites should further be evaluated as potential treatments in statin-induced myopathy.
      PubDate: 2020-06-27
       
  • Intramolecular distribution of 13 C/ 12 C isotopes in amino acids of
           diverse origins
    • Abstract: Abstract Carbon stable isotope analysis can provide information about the origin and synthetic pathways that produce organic molecules, with applications in chemical, medical and (bio)geochemical sciences. The 13C/12C isotope ratios of organics such as amino acids are most commonly obtained as whole molecule averages. In this study, we apply proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to conduct position-specific carbon isotope analyses of l-/d-alanine, l-threonine and l-histidine from different sources, in addition to molecule average stable isotope analyses obtained via mass spectrometry. Our results demonstrate that carbon isotope ratios can vary significantly between the individual carbon positions within an amino acid. For example, the β- and γ- carbons of l-threonine can differ in 13C/12C ratio by > 20 ‰. Comparisons of the position-specific and whole molecule average stable isotope abundances show that whole molecule analyses can mask the intramolecular isotope variation. These results provide the first experimentally measured position-specific isotope ratios for alpha and side chain carbons of alanine, threonine and histidine. Comparison with previous ab initio calculations of intramolecular equilibrium fractionation shows that the carbon isotope distributions are not at equilibrium, thus kinetic isotope effects play a significant role in amino acid synthesis. We hypothesize that position-specific 13C/12C isotope ratios provide an “isotopic fingerprint” that can give insight into the origin or synthesis pathway that formed an amino acid, and that this emerging analytical field will be a valuable addition to traditional stable isotope analysis.
      PubDate: 2020-06-27
       
  • Design of substrates and inhibitors of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2
           (GRK2) based on its phosphorylation reaction
    • Abstract: Abstract The G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) family consists of seven cytosolic serine/threonine (Ser/Thr) protein kinases, and among them, GRK2 is involved in the regulation of an enormous range of both G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and non-GPCR substrates that participate in or regulate many critical cellular processes. GRK2 dysfunction is associated with multiple diseases, including cancers, brain diseases, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, and therefore GRK2-specific substrates/inhibitors are needed not only for studies of GRK2-mediated cellular functions but also for GRK2-targeted drug development. Here, we first review the structure, regulation and functions of GRK2, and its synthetic substrates and inhibitors. We then highlight recent work on synthetic peptide substrates/inhibitors as promising tools for fundamental studies of the physiological functions of GRK2, and as candidates for applications in clinical diagnostics.
      PubDate: 2020-06-23
       
  • Molecular definition of the interaction between a tumor-specific
           tetrabranched peptide and LRP6 receptor
    • Abstract: Abstract The tumor-specific tetrabranched peptide NT4 binds membrane sulfate glycosaminoglycans and receptors belonging to the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) family, like LRP6, which are overexpressed in cancer. The binding occurs through a multimeric positively-charged motif of NT4 that interacts with negatively charged motives in both glycosaminoglycans and LRP receptors. LRP6 has an essential function in canonical Wnt signaling, acting together with receptors of the Frizzled family as coreceptor for Wnt ligands. The extracellular domain of LRP6 contains four YWTD β-propellers, which are fundamental for interactions with ligands, such as Wnt and Wnt inhibitors. To investigate the molecular interactions between the NT4 peptide and LRP6 receptor, we synthesized a library of epitope mapping peptides reproducing the YWTD β-propeller 3 and 4 of LRP6. The peptides that showed to bind NT4 represented the portion of LRP6 located on the top face of β-propeller 3 and contained negatively charged residues, including glutamic acid-708 which is known to be involved in Wnt3a interaction. The results pave the way for a possible development of peptide inhibitors of Wnt3a pathway to be used as drugs in oncology.
      PubDate: 2020-06-17
       
  • Effect of UVB solar irradiation on Laccase enzyme: evaluation of the
           photooxidation process and its impact over the enzymatic activity for
           pollutants bioremediation
    • Abstract: Abstract The multi-copper Laccase enzyme corresponds to one of the most investigated oxidoreductases for potential uses in xenobiotic bioremediation. In this work, we have investigated the photo-degradation process of Laccase from Trametesversicolor induced by UVB light and the influence on its activity over selected substrates. Laccase undergoes photo-degradation when irradiated with UVB light, and the process depends on the presence of oxygen in the medium. With the kinetic data obtained from stationary and time resolved measurements, a photo-degradation mechanism of auto-sensitization was proposed for the enzyme. Laccase generates singlet oxygen, by UVB light absorption, and this reactive oxygen species can trigger the photo-oxidation of susceptible amino acids residues present in the protein structure. The catalytic activity of Laccase was evaluated before and after UVB photolysis over hydroxy-aromatic compounds and substituted phenols which represent potential pollutants. The dye bromothymol blue, the antibiotic rifampicin and the model compound syringaldazine, were selected as substrates. The values of the kinetic parameters determined in our experiments indicate that the photo-oxidative process of Laccase has a very negative impact on its overall catalytic function. Despite this, we have not found evidence of structural damage by SDS-PAGE and circular dichroism experiments, which indicate that the enzyme retained its secondary structure. We believe that, given the importance of Laccase in environmental bioremediation, the information found about the stability of this kind of biomolecule exposed to UV solar irradiation may be relevant in the technological design and/or optimization of decontamination strategies.
      PubDate: 2020-06-17
       
  • The effects of taurine supplementation on glycemic control and serum lipid
           profile in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized, double-blind,
           placebo-controlled trial
    • Abstract: Abstract Previous studies have suggested that taurine has hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects on experimental diabetic models. Therefore, this clinical trial was designed to explore the impacts of taurine supplementation on glycemic control and lipid profile in the patients with T2DM. This study was conducted on 45 patients with T2DM in Tabriz Sheikhor-raees Polyclinic and Imam-Reza Hospital Endocrine Center. Subjects were randomly divided into taurine and placebo groups. Accordingly, the taurine group (n = 23) received taurine 3000 mg/daily and the placebo group (n = 22) took crystalline microcellulose/daily for the duration of 8 weeks. At baseline and after the trial completion, fasting blood samples were obtained from the patients to assess the glycemic indicators and lipid profile. Independent t test, paired t test, Pearson’s correlation, and analysis of covariance was used for analysis. At the end of the study, levels of FBS (p = 0.01), insulin (p = 0.01), HOMA-IR (p = 0.003), TC (p = 0.013), and LDL-C (p = 0.041) significantly decreased in the taurine group compared to the placebo group. In addition, there was no significant changes in HbA1c, triglyceride, HDL-C, anthropometric indicators or dietary intakes by passing 8 weeks from the intervention. In conclusion, the findings of the current study indicated that taurine supplementation (3000 mg/day) for 8 weeks could improve the glycemic indexes and lipid profiles including TC and LDL-C in the patients with T2DM.
      PubDate: 2020-05-29
       
  • Effect of point mutation on structure–function correlation of hemoglobin
           variants, HbE and HbD Punjab
    • Abstract: Abstract Hemoglobinopathies are examples of autosomal recessive disorders of human hemoglobin. Hemoglobin E (HbE) and Hemoglobin D Punjab (HbD Punjab) are two of the most common hemoglobin variants geographically spread across Asian continent. These two variants differ from normal human hemoglobin (HbA) at a single amino acid residue caused by the point mutation of β globin gene. The presence of the mutated amino acid residue causes perturbation in the function of both variants. However, the structure–function correlation of these variants has not been established yet. In the present study, we analyzed the conformational changes associated with oxygenation of hemoglobin variants using hydrogen/deuterium exchange-based mass spectrometry of backbone amide hydrogens of α and β globin chains in the tetrameric hemoglobin molecule. We also performed the functional assay of these variants using oxygen dissociation equilibrium curve. Compared to HbA, both variants showed reduced oxygen affinity, as reported earlier. The functional perturbations exhibited by these variants were correlated well with their structural alterations with respect to the reported changes in the residue level interactions upon oxygenation of normal hemoglobin, monitored through the hydrogen/deuterium exchange kinetics of several peptic peptides originated from the isotopically exchanged oxy and deoxy forms of HbE and HbD Punjab.
      PubDate: 2020-05-28
       
  • Epibrassinolide-induced autophagy occurs in an Atg5-independent manner due
           to endoplasmic stress induction in MEF cells
    • Abstract: Abstract Epibrassinolide (EBR), a polyhydroxysteroid belongs to plant growth regulator family, brassinosteroids and has been shown to have a similar chemical structure to mammalian steroid hormones. Our findings indicated that EBR could trigger apoptosis in cancer cells via induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, caused by protein folding disturbance in the ER. Normal cells exhibited a remarkable resistance to EBR treatment and avoid from apoptotic cell death. The unfolded protein response clears un/misfolded proteins and restore ER functions. When stress is chronic, cells tend to die due to improper cellular functions. To understand the effect of EBR in non-malign cells, mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells were investigated in detail for ER stress biomarkers, autophagy, and polyamine metabolism in this study. Evolutionary conserved autophagy mechanism is a crucial cellular process to clean damaged organelles and protein aggregates through lysosome under the control of autophagy-related genes (ATGs). Cells tend to activate autophagy to promote cell survival under stress conditions. Polyamines are polycationic molecules playing a role in the homeostasis of important cellular events such as cell survival, growth, and, proliferation. The administration of PAs has been markedly extended the lifespan of various organisms via inducing autophagy and inhibiting oxidative stress. Our data indicated that ER stress is induced following EBR treatment in MEF cells as well as MEF Atg5−/− cells. In addition, autophagy is activated following EBR treatment by targeting PI3K/Akt/mTOR in wildtype (wt) cells. However, EBR-induced autophagy targets ULK1 in MEF cells lacking Atg5 expression. Besides, EBR treatment depleted the PA pool in MEF cells through the alterations of metabolic enzymes. The administration of Spd with EBR further increased autophagic vacuole formation. In conclusion, EBR is an anticancer drug candidate with selective cytotoxicity for cancer cells, in addition the induction of autophagy and PA metabolism are critical for responses of normal cells against EBR.
      PubDate: 2020-05-24
       
  • Glycine metabolomic changes induced by anticancer agents in A549 cells
    • Abstract: Abstract Glycine plays a key role in rapidly proliferating cancer cells such as A549 cells. Targeting glycine metabolism is considered as a potential means for cancer treatment. However, the drug-induced alterations in glycine metabolism have not yet been investigated. Herein, a total of 34 glycine metabolites were examined in A549 cells with or without anticancer drug treatment. This work showed all tested anticancer agents could alter glycine metabolism in A549 cells including inhibition of pyruvate metabolism and down-regulation of betaine aldehyde and 5′-phosphoribosylglycinamide. Principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least-squares discrimination analysis exhibited the difference between control and each drug-treated group. In general, cisplatin, camptothecin, and SAHA could induce the significant down-regulation of more metabolites, compared with afatinib, gefitinib, and targretin. Both glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, and purine metabolism were significantly disturbed by the treatment with afatinib, gefitinib, and targretin. However, the treatment using cisplatin, camptothecin, and SAHA was considered to be highly responsible for the perturbation of glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, and cysteine and methionine metabolism. Finally, multivariate analysis for control and all drug-treated groups revealed 11 altered metabolites with a significant difference. It implies anti-cancer agents with different mechanisms of action might induce different comprehensive changes of glycine metabolomics. The current study provides fundamental insights into the acquisition of the role of anti-cancer agents in glycine metabolism while suppressing cancer cell proliferation, and may aid the development of cancer treatment targeting glycine metabolism.
      PubDate: 2020-05-19
       
  • Biological macromolecule binding and anticancer activity of synthetic
           alkyne-containing l -phenylalanine derivatives
    • Abstract: Abstract Herein, we described the synthesis of two l-phenylalanines α-derivatized with a terminal alkyne moiety whose structures differed by phenyl ring halogen substitution (two o-Cl in 1 vs. one p-Br in 2) and investigated their effect on biological macromolecules and living cells. We explored their interaction with quadruplex DNA (G4 DNA), using tel26 and c-myc as models, and bovine serum albumin (BSA). By CD spectroscopy, we found that 1 caused minor tel26 secondary structure changes, leading also to a slight thermal stabilization of this hybrid antiparallel/parallel G4 structure, while the c-myc parallel topology remained essentially unchanged upon 1 binding. Other CD evidences showed the ability of 1 to bind BSA, while molecular docking studies suggested that the same molecule could be housed into the hydrophobic cavity between sub-domains IIA, IIB, and IIIA of the protein. Furthermore, preliminary aggregation studies, based on concentration-dependent spectroscopic experiments, suggested the ability of 1 to aggregate forming noncovalent polymeric systems in aqueous solution. Differently from 1, the bromine-modified compound was able to bind Cu(II) ion, likely with the formation of a CuL2 complex, as found by UV spectroscopy. Finally, cell tests excluded any cytotoxic effect of both compounds toward normal cells, but showed slight antiproliferative effects of 2 on PC3 cancerous cells at 24 h, and of 1 on both T98G and MDA-MB-231 cancer cells at 48 h.
      PubDate: 2020-05-19
       
  • Design of BRC analogous peptides based on the complex BRC8–RAD51 and the
           preliminary study on the peptide structures
    • Abstract: Abstract BRCA2 is an important tumor suppressor gene that plays a critical role in preserving the stability of cellular genetic information, participating in DNA repair by engaging in binding interactions with RAD51 proteins. However, the lack of structural data on BRCA2 and RAD51 makes the study of their interaction mechanism still a great challenge. We characterize the structure of the BRC8–RAD51 complex using ZDOCK protein docking software and identify the potential non-conserved active site of BRC8 via virtual alanine scanning, utilizing the obtained results to synthesize BRC8, its six analogous peptides (BRC8-1 to BRC8-6), and critical peptide fragment of RAD51 (RAD51(231–260)) by Fmoc solid-phase synthesis. The analogous peptides are found to exhibit a secondary structure significantly different from that of BRC8 by circular dichroism spectroscopy, which indicates that mutation sites determined by computer-aided simulation correspond to key amino acid residues substantially affecting polypeptide structure. On the other hand, the secondary structure of RAD51(231–260) was also considerably influenced by its interaction with BRC8 and analogs, e.g., the fraction of the α-helical structure in RAD51(231–260) increased to 23.6, 15.1, and 13.5% upon interaction with BRC8-1, BRC8-3, and BRC8-6, respectively. The results show that the properties of C-terminal amino acid residues significantly influence peptide–peptide interactions, in agreement with the results of virtual alanine scanning. Therefore, computer-aided simulation was confirmed to be a technique that is useful for narrowing down the range of sites responsible for interactions between peptides or proteins, and provides new inspirations for the design of peptides with strong interactions.
      PubDate: 2020-05-16
       
  • Nutrition and metabolism of glutamate and glutamine in fish
    • Abstract: Abstract Glutamate (Glu) and glutamine (Gln) comprise a large proportion of total amino acids (AAs) in fish in the free and protein-bound forms. Both Glu and Gln are synthesized de novo from other α-amino acids and ammonia. Although these two AAs had long been considered as nutritionally non-essential AAs for an aquatic animal, they must be included adequately in its diet to support optimal health (particularly intestinal health) and maximal growth. In research on fish nutrition, Glu has been used frequently as an isonitrogenous control on the basis of the assumption that this AA has no nutritional or physiological function. In addition, purified diets used for feeding fish generally lack glutamine. As functional AAs, Glu and Gln are major metabolic fuels for tissues of fish (including the intestine, liver, kidneys, and skeletal muscle), and play important roles not only in protein synthesis but also in glutathione synthesis and anti-oxidative reactions. The universality of Glu and Gln as abundant intracellular AAs depends on their enormous versatility in metabolism. Dietary supplementation with Glu and Gln to farmed fish can improve their growth performance, intestinal development, innate and adaptive immune responses, skeletal muscle development and fillet quality, ammonia removal, and the endocrine status. Glu (mainly as monosodium glutamate), glutamine, or AminoGut (a mixture of Glu and Gln) is a promising feed additive to reduce the use of fishmeal, while gaining the profitability of global aquaculture production. Thus, the concept of dietary requirements of fish for Glu and Gln is a paradigm shift in the nutrition of aquatic animals (including fish).
      PubDate: 2020-05-13
       
  • The kinetics and mechanisms of reactions in the flow systems
           glycine–sodium trimetaphosphate–imidazoles: the crucial role of
           imidazoles in prebiotic peptide syntheses
    • Abstract: Abstract The kinetics of oligopeptides formation in the flow systems glycine–sodium trimetaphosphate–imidazole/N-methylimidazole at thermocyclic regime has been investigated by HPLC and 31P NMR methods in the ranges of temperature from 45 to 90 °C and pH from 8.5 to 11.5. Detailed reaction mechanisms have been proposed and justified by quantum chemical calculations using DFT method at the CAM-B3LYP/TZVP level with accounting solvent effect by the C-PCM model. A new imidazole catalysis mechanism by which imidazole reacts with cyclic N,O-phosphoryl glycine giving N-imidazolyl-O-glycyl phosphate as a key intermediate was proposed and validated. It is emphasized that while in the absence of imidazoles, prebiotic activation of amino acids occurs at the N-terminus, in the presence of imidazoles it shifts to the O-terminus. This means that in the peptide elongation N-imidazolyl-O-aminoacyl phosphates play in prebiotic systems the outstanding role similar to that of aminoacyl adenylates formed at the ATP and aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases presence in biosystems. The new crucial role of imidazoles in prebiotic evolution has been noticed. The systems used and modes of their conversion can be good models for prebiotic peptide syntheses in a flow thermocyclic regime.
      PubDate: 2020-05-05
       
  • Integrating RNA-sequencing and untargeted LC–MS metabolomics to evaluate
           the effect of lysine deficiency on hepatic functions in Holstein calves
    • Abstract: Abstract Lysine (Lys) is majorly metabolized in the liver. The liver functional consequences of a dietary Lys deficiency in young Holstein calves are unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Lys deficiency in Holstein calf livers using RNA-sequencing and untargeted LC–MS metabolomics. Calves (n = 36; initial body weight 101.2 ± 10.8 kg; 90-day-old) were fed restricted diets, for 90 days, containing 19.2% crude protein that varied in Lys content (PC group 1.21%; PC-Lys group 0.85%; dry matter basis) for 90 days. Body weight, average daily gain, gain/feed, and Lys intake were significantly decreased in response to Lys deficiency (P < 0.05). Dry matter intake was not altered (P > 0.05). Network and pathway analyses revealed that noradrenaline, adenosine 5′-monophosphate, acetyl-CoA, and coenzyme A were significantly decreased. Regulating of lipolysis in adipocytes pathway and fatty acid degradation pathway were downregulated. We also identified eight significantly differentially expressed genes (SDEGs), among which adrenoceptor beta 2 (ADRB2), WAP four-disulfide core domain 2 (WFDC2), and claudin-4 (CLDN4) were associated with inhibition of lipolysis, and carbon catabolite repression 4-like (CCRN4L), FOS like 2 (FOSL2), and arginase 2 (ARG2) were associated with inhibiting lipid synthesis. Correlation tests showed that coenzyme A was strongly correlated with SDEGs (0.82 ≤ r ≤ 0.96). Acetyl-CoA and adenosine 5′-monophosphate were strongly correlated with CCRN4L (0.90 ≤ r ≤ 0.92), indicating a strong correlation between the changes in SDEGs and these metabolites. In conclusion, Lys deficiency caused dysplasia and affected lipid metabolism in the liver by inhibiting lipolysis and lipid synthesis in calves.
      PubDate: 2020-05-05
       
  • Comparing activity, toxicity and model membrane interactions of Jelleine-I
           and Trp/Arg analogs: analysis of peptide aggregation
    • Abstract: Abstract Increasing resistance in antibiotic and chemotherapeutic treatments has been pushing studies of design and evaluation of bioactive peptides. Designing relies on different approaches from minimalist sequences and endogenous peptides modifications to computational libraries. Evaluation relies on microbiological tests. Aiming a deeper understanding, we chose the octapeptide Jelleine-I (JI) for its selective and low toxicity profile, designed small modifications combining the substitutions of Phe by Trp and Lys/His by Arg and tested the antimicrobial and anticancer activity on melanoma cells. Biophysical methods identified environment-dependent modulation of aggregation, but critical aggregation concentrations of JI and analogs in buffer show that peptides start membrane interactions as monomers. The presence of model membranes increases or reduces the partial aggregation of peptides. Compared to JI, analog JIF2WR shows the lowest tendency to aggregation on bacterial model membranes. JI and analogs are lytic to model membranes. Their composition-dependent performance indicates preference for the higher charged anionic bilayers in line with their superior performance toward Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae. JIF2WR presented the higher partitioning, higher lytic activity and lower aggregated contents. Despite these increased membranolytic activities, JIF2WR exhibited comparable antimicrobial activity in relation to JI at the expenses of some loss in selectivity. We found that the substitution Phe/Trp (JIF2W) tends to decrease antimicrobial but to increase anticancer activity and aggregation on model membranes and the toxicity toward human cells. However, the concomitant substitution Lys/His by Arg (JIF2WR) modulates some of these tendencies, increasing both the antimicrobial and the anticancer activity while decreasing the aggregation tendency.
      PubDate: 2020-05-04
       
  • RETRACTED ARTICLE: An insightful 20-year recollection since the birth of
           pseudo amino acid components
    • PubDate: 2020-05-01
       
  • Microwave-assisted cleavage of cysteine perfluoroaryl thioethers
    • Abstract: Abstract The cysteine- perfluoroarene SNAr reaction allows for the sequence-specific attachment of dyes and affinity tags to peptides and proteins. However, while many methods exist for the desulfuration of native and functionalized cysteine residues, there are no reports of their application to perfluoroarylated cysteines. Herein we report both the hydrogenolysis of a perfluoroarylated cysteine to alanine and elimination to dehydroalanine, reactions that are both accelerated by microwave irradiation.
      PubDate: 2020-04-29
       
  • Evidence that human and equine erythrocytes could have significant roles
           in the transport and delivery of amino acids to organs and tissues
    • Abstract: Abstract Erythrocytes have a well-defined role in the gaseous exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the mammalian body. The erythrocytes can contain more than half of the free amino acids present in whole blood. Based on measures showing that venous erythrocyte levels of amino acids are much less than arterial erythrocyte levels, it has previously been proposed that erythrocytes also play a role in the delivery of amino acids to tissues in the body. This role has been dismissed because it has been assumed that to act as an amino acid transport vehicle, the erythrocytes should release their entire amino acid content in the capillary beds at the target tissues with kinetic studies showing that this would take too long to achieve. This investigation set out to investigate whether the equine erythrocytes could rapidly take up and release smaller packages of amino acids when exposed to high or low external concentrations of amino acids, because it seemed very unlikely that cells would be able to release all of their amino acids without serious impacts on osmotic balance. Freshly prepared erythrocytes were placed in alternating solutions of high and low amino acid concentrations in PBS to assess the capacities of these cells to rapidly take up and release amino acids depending on the nature of the external environment. It was found that amino acids were rapidly taken up and released in small quantities in each cycle representing 15% of their total load in equine erythrocytes and 16% in human erythrocytes. The capacity for rapid uptake/release of amino acids by equine and human erythrocytes provided evidence to support the theory that mammalian erythrocytes have a significant role in transport of amino acids from the liver to tissues, muscles and organs.
      PubDate: 2020-04-21
       
 
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