Subjects -> FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (Total: 415 journals)
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    - FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (292 journals)

FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (292 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 62 of 62 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Alimentaria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Series E: Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 73)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Agrosearch     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alimentos e Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alimentos Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access  
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Animal Production     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Animal Production Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology of food     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Alimentação     Open Access  
Asian Food Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Journal of Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Plant Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Rice Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bioactive Compounds in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletim de Indústria Animal     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cerâmica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access  
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Cuizine: The Journal of Canadian Food Cultures / Cuizine : revue des cultures culinaires au Canada     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
CyTA - Journal of Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Food Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EFSA Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food     Hybrid Journal  
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Food Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Flavour     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Flavour and Fragrance Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food & Function     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B: Surveillance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food and Applied Bioscience Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food and Bioprocess Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Bioproducts Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Food and Environment Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Food Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Food Chemistry : X     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Hydrocolloids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food In     Open Access  
Food Manufacturing Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Food Modelling Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Food Packaging and Shelf Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Preference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Food Reviews International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 61)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Human Wellness     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Food Science and Quality Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food Science and Technology (Campinas)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Science and Technology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Food Structure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food Technology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Foodnews     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Foods     Open Access  
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Functional Foods in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Gastronomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Gıda Dergisi     Open Access  
Global Food History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Global Food Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Grain & Oil Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Grasas y Aceites     Open Access  
Habitat     Open Access  
Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Himalayan Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
Indonesian Food Science & Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
INNOTEC : Revista del Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay     Open Access  
Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Contamination     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Food Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Properties     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Food Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Latest Trends in Agriculture and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Meat Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal on Food System Dynamics     Open Access  
Investigación Pecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
itepa : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan     Open Access  
JKI Datenblätter : Obstsorten     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
JOT Journal für Oberflächentechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Acupuncture and Herbs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of AOAC International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Berry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Culinary Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Excipients and Food Chemicals     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food and Dairy Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis     Open Access  
Journal of Food Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Chemistry & Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Health and Bioenvironmental Science     Open Access  
Journal of Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Lipids     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Food Process Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Processing & Beverages     Open Access  
Journal of Food Processing & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Products Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Protection(R)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Food Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Current Botany
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2220-4822
Published by TathQeef Scientific Publishing Homepage  [22 journals]
  • GC-MS and FTIR analysis of methanolic leaf extract of Rhynchosia minima
           (L.) DC.

    • Authors: Vilas T. Patil, Varsha D. Jadhav
      Pages: 221 - 225
      Abstract: The current analysis was carried out to determine the chemical components in the leaves of R. minima (L.) DC. The GC-MS analysis of methanolic leaves extract of R. Minima indicated the presence of 19 compounds. The prevailing compounds of R. minima leaves were 1Pentadecene (14.31), alpha. Bisabolol (10.39%), 1Heptadecene (9.78%), Cyclohexene,4 (1,5dimethyl1,4hexadienyl (7.06%), 3Hexadecene (Z) (8.10%), Caryophyllene (6.58%), Neophytadiene (5.16%), Humulene (1.91%), Naphthalene,1,2,3,5,6,8 a-hexahydro-4,7-dimethyl (3.72%), Hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester (2.09%), Pentadecanone (3.13%), 8-Octadecanone (4.02%),1-Nonadecene (4.16%), Spiro[4.5]dec-6-en-8-one,1,7-dimethyl-4-(1-methylethyl (2.97%), Neophytadiene (2.24%),(E)-. beta.-Famesene (1.92%), Cyclohexene,4-[(1E)-1,5-dimethyl-1,4-hexadien (1.80%), Cyclohexane,octyl (1.45%), beta Bisabolene (9.21%). These compounds have antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, hemolytic, insecticidal, and lubricant activity. Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy (FTIR) leaf anlysis of R. minima shows lipid, protein, phosphate ion, carboxylic acid, hydroxy compound, aliphatic bromo compounds. The present study revealed that R. minima leaves represent various types of bioactive compounds. 1-Heptadecene with antibiotic activity, 8-Octadecanone shows antimicrobial activity and hexadecanoic acid, nematicide, antibiotic, antioxidant, hypocholesterolemic production of methyl ester.
      PubDate: 2021-01-05
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6415
       
  • A review on the unexplored and underutilized Arenga species in India

    • Authors: Arun R. Pillai, C.T. Riyas, K. K. Sabu
      Pages: 226 - 232
      Abstract: The Genus Arenga which includes some of the magnificent palms of the world, their multipurpose utility and diversity is been reviewed to shed light on the wide potentialities of the different species. Of the 24 species reported only few of them has been recognized as candidates for domestication from the wild. Four species namely Arenga pinnata, A. obtusifolia, A. micranta and A. wightii have been reported from India. Their ecological aspects, utilization and conservation strategies of the tribal communities have been discussed. Seed biology of few species has been reviewed along with the available data generated through scientific studies. Although most of the members in this Genus have the potential to be explored commercially, they still fall into the underutilized category. The review is mainly intended to highlight the untapped resources from different species in this Genus which will promote more scientific studies and result in proper conservation and sustainable utilization of these valuable palms. 
      PubDate: 2021-01-05
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6252
       
  • An efficient protocol for mass multiplication of Centella asiatica (L.)
           Urban and determination of its phenolic content

    • Authors: Shweta Kumari, Maheshwar Prasad Trivedi
      Pages: 233 - 239
      Abstract: The present study was focused on standardizing a protocol for callus induction as well as regeneration in Centella asiatica from leaf and stem as explants. Stem and leaf explants have been inoculated in B5 media supplemented with BAP (0.1-2.5 mg/l), kn (01-04 mg/l) and NAA (0.1-0.5 mg/l), 2, 4-D (0.2mg/l) for callus induction. The combination of BAP and NAA leads to the formation of green, brown, compact and friable calli while Kn and 2, 4-D induced brown calli. Highest shooting was obtained from BAP (1.5 mg/l) and NAA(0.5 mg/l).When the shoots were inoculated in half strength of B5 media fortified with 0.1 mg/l BAP and 0.5 mg/l NAA showed cent percent rooting with the highest number of roots per shoot (11.05 cm) and maximum root length (1.86 cm). Stem showed the best explants for callus induction as compared to leaf explants. A low concentration of plant growth regulators was unable to induced callus response in leaf and stem explants. Phenolic content analysis showed that calluses contain more amounts of phenol (0.81 mg/gmdw) as compared to both leaf (0.63 mg/gmdw) and stem (0.59 mg/gmdw) explants.
      PubDate: 2021-01-05
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6416
       
  • Phytochemical analysis of Gloriosa superba L. Using GC-MS from five
           different ecotypes of Tamil Nadu State, India

    • Authors: J.A. Paul Jasmine, T. Sundari, V. Balakrishnan
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Gloriosa superba L is an important medicinal plant and its seeds, tubers are used for medicine. To investigate the phyto-components of Gloriosa superba L collected from various habitats of Tamil Nadu state, India. In the present study, the phyto-components from the tubers of Gloriosa superba L cultivars from Sirumalai (GA1) Mulanoor (GA2), Thuraiyur (GA3), Konganapuram (GA4) and Vedaranyan (GA5) were extracted by ethanolic extract and the composition of chemicals and its concentration in the tubers were determined by Gas Chromatography – Mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis.Among the phyto-components GA1 shows 15 phyto-components, GA2 shows 13 phyto-components, GA3 shows that 8 phyto-components, GA4 shows 14 phyto-components and GA5 shows 13 phyto-components. GA1, GA2, GA4 and GA5 ecotypes possessed higher phyto-components. Colchichine is an important alkaloid of Gloriosa superba L was found in GA2, GA3, GA4 and GA5 accessions in good concentration. The results reveals that the geographical origin and climate condition of a accession causes polymorphisms in the accumulation of  phyto-components, its composition and morphological traits in Gloriosa Superba L  originating from different ecotypes of Tamil Nadu state.
      PubDate: 2020-02-08
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6048
       
  • Biofertilizer and chemical fertilizer induced changes in
           cyto-morphological and biochemical constituents of Foeniculum vulgare
           Mill.

    • Authors: Girjesh Kumar, Rajani Singh, Radha Mishra
      First page: 7
      Abstract: The agriculture sector requires a revolutionary alternative that makes crop production high and elicits less ill-effects on the environment. At present, agriculture area facade the challenge of low yield of many agronomic crops which lead to economic losses. Experimentally, it is proved that fertilizer use can boost yield two three times more in spite of other factors unchanged. But surplus and unbalanced usage of these soil supplements like fertilizers and irrigation causes serious problems to our soils like water logging and formation of saline soils and ultimately lead to denatured soil. This situation can be alleviated through the use of eco-friendly biofertilizer. So the present appraisal scrutinizes the effect of fertilizer Ammonium Phosphate Sulphate (APS) and biofertilizer (Agrozyme) on the cytology, morphology and pigment constituents of the Foeniculum vulgare Mill. and to trace out a safer crop enhancer among the two. The results revealed that fertilizer expelled to be more chromotoxic and mito-inhibitory at higher concentration in comparison to biofertilizer. Fertilizer negatively affects the plant’s mitotic index while biofertilizer enhances mitotic index parallel to the increasing concentration. Biofertilizer shows positive effect on the germination, survival and plant growth while fertilizer shows this elevation effect at lower concentration. The biochemical constituents (photosynthetic pigments) are greatly affected by higher concentration of both the treatments. The treated system shows various anomalies such as stickiness, precocious movement, loop formation at metaphasic stage and stickiness, laggard and bridge etc at anaphasic stage. Since, biofertilizers area much safer as compared to fertilizers and it also enhances the qualitative and quantitative traits, therefore it could be used in agro-system to obtain sustainable crop upgradation.
      PubDate: 2020-04-09
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.5984
       
  • Development of a profused In vitro shoot multiplication using leaf
           explants of Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell

    • Authors: Sape Subba Tata
      First page: 14
      Abstract: Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell is an important medicinal plant used for the preparation of medhyarasayan (rasayana). Leaf explants of field grown young plants of B. monnieri was used to establish an efficient regeneration protocol with cytokinin (BAP) and auxin (IAA). The highest multiplication, i.e. (220 shoots/leaf, a cumulative of 2200 shoots from 10 explants) were noticed after 45 days of culture in MS medium supplemented with BAP(1.5mg/L) and IAA(0.5mg/L). The optimum concentration of growth regulator for shoot elongation and rooting was recorded in MS+GA3(0.25mg/L) and MS+IBA(1.5mg/L) respectively. The rooted plantlets were successfully established in green house conditions.
      PubDate: 2020-04-07
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6030
       
  • Regulation of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants contributes to salt
           tolerance in hitherto unknown upland farmer rice varieties.

    • Authors: Lins Simon, Yusuf Akkara
      First page: 18
      Abstract: Salt tolerance potential of the three upland farmer varieties, koduvelliyan, mullankayama and marathondi was evaluated by comparing with the released salt-tolerant pokkali variety, vytilla-2. The salt tolerance exhibited by the upland varieties was identical with the salt tolerant variety. The superoxide (O2-) content in the upland varieties was lower; however, the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content increased with the salt concentration. The lesser malondialdehyde (MDA) content in the koduvelliyan variety was equivalent to the vytilla-2 and slight increase was observed in mullankayama and marathondi. The ascorbate (AsA) content in the upland varieties was comparable to vytilla-2 and upon exposure to increased concentration of NaCl, the AsA level reduced in all the treatments. Reduced glutathione (GSH) content was uniform in all the varieties up to a concentration of 100mM NaCl, however, in 125-150mM NaCl, mullankayama showed a pronounced increase in GSH content. Under salt stress, due to the formation of O2-, the oxidation of GSH was higher, maintaining a stable GSH/GSSG ratio. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activity of the upland varieties was higher than vytilla-2 up to 100mM NaCl, however, in 125-150mM NaCl the SOD activity increased slightly and the CAT activity decreased. Ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity increased in upland varieties up to 125mM NaCl, and in 150mM NaCl, maintained a steady level in all the varieties. Glutathione reductase (GR) activity increased proportionate with NaCl concentration; with highest activity in all the upland varieties. Monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR) activity was uniform in all the varieties up to 100mM NaCl, however, in 125 and 150mM NaCl, vytilla-2 showed higher MDHAR activity. Dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR) activity was lesser in upland varieties under salt stress compared to vytilla-2. The GSH/GSSG ratio decreased in marathondi and koduvelliyan varieties with the increase in NaCl concentration, however, in mullankayama and vytilla-2, the GSH/GSSG ratio was higher. The membrane stability index of all the varieties was uniform in all the concentrations of NaCl used, except marathondi. The Na+ content in all the varieties increased in relation to NaCl concentration and the K+ efflux was higher suggesting a higher Na+/K+ ratio, with increased NaCl concentration.
      PubDate: 2020-04-17
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6019
       
  • Molecular taxonomy of Indopiptadenia oudhensis (Brandis) Brenan
           (Leguminosae - Mimosoideae) - A threatened endemic monotypic genus

    • Authors: Ashok Kumar Dhakad, Vijay Vardhan Pandey, Rahul Kumar, Ajay Thakur, Anup Chandra, Santan Barthwal
      First page: 28
      Abstract: Indopiptadenia oudhensis (Brandis) Brenan is a threatened and an endemic legume forest tree genus of tropical moist deciduous forest of lower foothills of Himalaya. As population status of the species is declining at alarming rate, molecular characterization and germplasm conservation is urgently needed. This is the first attempt to draw its phylogeny based on molecular level and evolutionary closeness with other legumes. Among three barcode genes i.e rbcL, matK and ITS, only rbcLaF-rbcLaR gave satisfactory amplification and proved that rbcL is still working well than other barcode genes and justifies the evolutionary affinities with other legume species. Based on nucleotide homeology, the species is closely related to Prosopis cineraria and demonstrated nucleotide variation at only one site (552; A>G). Based on rbcL gene sequences and phylogeny, its evolutionary linkages found similar to the species placed in subfamilies Mimosaoideae and Caesalpiniodeae. However, researchers working on legume phylogeny clearly mentioned that Indopiptadenia is a part of clade mimosoid of Caesalpinioideae based on morphology. Hence, Indopiptadenia oudhensis may be the connecting species between subfamilies Mimosaoideae and Caesalpiniodeae.
      PubDate: 2020-04-18
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.5977
       
  • GC–MS analysis of ethanolic leaf extract of Capparis divaricata Lam.

    • Authors: M. Hemalatha, Saivenkatesh Korlam, N. Yasodamma
      First page: 34
      Abstract: Planet earth is rich in plant-based medicine. Unfortunately, most of the medicinal plants are not in lime light for their optimal utilisation by the mankind mostly, because of unknown medicinally important phytochemicals present in them. Capparis divaricata Lam. is one of the medicinally important plants widely distributed in Arthagiri Hills of Chittoor Dist., Andhra Pradesh. The plant is ethnobotanically used for different ailments especially cancer. In the present study, Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of leaf ethanolic extract of Capparis divaricate is reported. Octasilaxone, Hexadecamethyl; Acetoxymethyl – Trimethyl: Octamethyl were identified as the major compounds.  Further, these compounds may act as anti-cancerous agents by efficient pharmacological studies.
      PubDate: 2020-04-17
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6017
       
  • Tragia plukenetii Radcl.-Sm. (Euphorbiaceae): An Addition to Flora of
           Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh

    • Authors: Renu Singh, Satya Narain, Nahid Fatima; , Satya Narain, Nahid Fatima
      First page: 36
      Abstract: Tragia plukenetii Radcl.-Sm.  is reported  as a new addition to the Flora of Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh. A detailed description, up to date nomenclature and photographs are provided here to facilitate its easy and correct identification in the field.
      PubDate: 2020-04-23
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.5723
       
  • Evaluation of Genetic Variability between Yellow Vein Mosaic Disease
           Resistant Gamma-irradiated Okra Mutant and Parent

    • Authors: Sanoop Surendran, Punnakkal Sreedharan Udayan
      First page: 38
      Abstract: Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench is a member of the Malvaceae family. It has been cultivated as one of the most important fruit vegetables in various tropical countries. In okra, the Yellow Vein Mosaic Disease (YVMD) is caused by more than ten different viruses and the widespread incidence of disease transmitted by the vector Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) has highly affected the successful cultivation and production of the crop. Mutation breeding using radiations is one of the promising methods to get disease resistant elite cultivars of various crops. In this study, attempts were made to evaluate the genetic variability of gamma-ray irradiated mutant of okra. Four ISSR primers generated 26 amplified fragments. Of the 26 fragments, the lowest number of fragments (5) was produced by the primer ISSR12. Between the parent (P) and mutant (M4; mutant from fourth-generation) varieties of okra, primer ISSR07, primer ISSR16 and primer ISSR21 produced two monomorphic bands and three polymorphic bands (60% polymorphism) whereas primer ISSR12 produced one monomorphic band and three polymorphic bands (75% polymorphism). The mean percentage of polymorphism generated by four primers was 63.75%.  Although the level of polymorphism exhibited by different primers varied from intermediate (60%) to high (75%), all primers could distinguish parent and gamma-irradiated mutant varieties of okra.
      PubDate: 2020-05-12
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6114
       
  • Scavenging and metal chelating potential of Carthamus tinctorius L.
           extracts

    • Authors: Rashmi Dehariya, Jagriti Chandrakar, Satish Dubey, Kundan Ojha, Ashwini Kumar Dixit
      Pages: 43 - 50
      Abstract: Carthamus tinctorius leaves were extracted with methanol and distilled water. The extracts were evaluated for their potential free radical scavenging capacity using four different in vitro methods (DPPH, metal chelation, radical removal and hydrogen peroxide scavenging methods). The total phenolic content obtained for aqueous (112. 2±1.708 GAE mg/g) and for methanolic extract (89.66±2.00 GAE mg/g). In DPPH, IC50 values was found to be 176.66±2.08 and 278.33±1.52 and 310.33±1.52 for the ascorbic acid, aqueous and methanolic extract respectively. In superoxide radical scavenging IC50 values are 381.27±1.43, 544.42±2 and 606.78±3.02 µg/ml for the ascorbic acid, aqueous and methanolic extract respectively. In the metal chelating activity, IC50 values are 385.94±3.00, 337±1 and 487±0.984 µg/ml for the EDTA, aqueous extract and methanolic extract respectively. In hydrogen peroxide scavenging, IC50 values were 261±1, 278±3.52 and 370±1 µg/ml for the ascorbic acid, aqueous extract and methanolic leaf extract of Carthamus tinctorius respectively. The correlation suggests that phenolic compounds are responsible for the antioxidant activities of leaves.
      PubDate: 2020-05-19
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6009
       
  • Floristic diversity and vegetation analysis of the community forests of
           South-West Haryana, India

    • Authors: Harikesh Saharan, Himanshi Dhiman, Somveer Jakhar
      Pages: 51 - 59
      Abstract: Community forestry is an important form of forests and provides resources to over a half billion people in developing countries. They also play a significant part in mitigating the CO2 levels by sequestering a significant amount of carbon in the soil as well as biomass. The present paper assessed floristic diversity and vegetation structure in three different community forests of southwest Haryana which is a part of tropical dry deciduous forests. The vegetation sampling and data analysis were done following standard procedures. A total of 76 plant species belonging to 37 families in the form of 11 trees, 13 species of shrubs, 46 species of herbs, and 6 species of climbers are documented from all three sites. Poaceae was the most specious family in three sites. The highest tree diversity was recorded in Bhera forest followed by Daya and Dhanger. Regarding understory, the forest of Daya has a greater diversity than Bhera and Dhanger forests. Salavadora oleoides was the dominant tree species in Daya site and Dhanger site while in Bhera the dominant tree species was Ailanthus excelsa. The incidence of rampant livestock grazing and other anthropogenic disturbances were visible in all three sites which are primarily responsible for the degradation of these already fragmented village community forests.
      PubDate: 2020-05-23
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6032
       
  • Morphological variability and taxonomic affinity of cocoa (Theobroma cacao
           L.) clones from Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

    • Authors: Rarastyan Arum Widaysary, Ratna Susandarini
      Pages: 60 - 64
      Abstract: Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) is one of the most important export commodities of Indonesia, with Sulawesi becomes the largest cocoa production centers in Indonesia. Since the majority cocoa production comes from Sulawesi Island, there is high diversity of cocoa clones cultivated in this area. The objective of this study was to explore morphological variability and to assess taxonomic affinity of cocoa clones cultivated by smallholder farmers in four districts of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Nineteen cocoa clones from the districts of Sigibiromaru, Palolo, South Parigi and Sausu were used in this study. Fourteen morphological characters of leaves, fruits, and beans were examined. Cluster analysis were done to determine taxonomic affinity between the clones. Results of this study indicated that there was high morphological variability, mainly in fruit or pod characters. Cluster analysis on 14 morphological characters resulted in the grouping of the clones into two main clusters. The grouping of cocoa clones did not correspond to the geographical origin of samples. It is concluded that taxonomic affinity was determined by similarities of morphology, especially fruit and bean characters.
      PubDate: 2020-05-23
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.5986
       
  • Global health concern of cyanotoxins in surface water and its various
           detection methods

    • Authors: M. Ramya, A. Umamaheswari, S. Elumalai
      Pages: 65 - 74
      Abstract: Water is an absolutely required resource for life nourishment especially for the purpose of drinking, domestic and farming. People in various part of the world are under prodigious threat due to unenviable changes in the physical-chemical and biological properties of an ecosystem. Due to anthropogenic causes like industrialization, the use of fertilizers and urbanization leads to highly polluted water bodies that include fresh and brackish water. These changes influence the harmful growth of cyanobacteria that is blue green algae. cyanoHABs (Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms)  became a worldwide threat to drinking and recreational purpose due to its adopting nature according to the temperature fluctuations. In this study, a basic introduction to cyanotoxins as well as the entanglement of public health that includes route of exposure health effects and the pervasive impact of cyanotoxins and alleviation efforts in the waterbodies along with that the toxicosis. Cyanobacterial toxins such as hepatotoxicosis, neurotoxicosis, gastrointestinal disturbances respiratory and allergic reactions were reviewed. Their detection process and the treatment techniques with various physicochemical methods and bioassay methods were also reviewed.
      PubDate: 2020-06-06
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6059
       
  • Use of medicinal plants in traditional health care practices: A case study
           in Talwandi Sabo, Bathinda District, Punjab (India)

    • Authors: Kuljinder Kaur, Amandeep Kaur, Sweta Thakur
      Pages: 75 - 86
      Abstract: A comprehensive study was conducted to document the available medicinal plants and their traditional applications among the local people from July 2018 to June 2019 in Talwandi Sabo town of Bathinda District of Punjab. Purposive sampling method was used to select traditional medicinal practitioners of the study area. A semi-structured questionnaire was prepared and personal interviews were conducted to gather firsthand information about ethno-medicinal plants. Analysis of data revealed the use of 88 medicinal plant species belonging to 77 genera and 42 families for the treatment of about 60 ailments. The highest number of plants were used for gastrointestinal problems, skin problems followed by respiratory diseases, skeletomuscular diseases and dental problems. Traditional healers are still playing a great role in the primary health care system of Talwandi Sabo. Some practitioners were ensuring the 100% results of their formulations against many serious diseases. Further, the scientific validation of these formulations should be done for getting new alternative medicines against these diseases.
      PubDate: 2020-06-08
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6174
       
  • Betelvine (Piper betle L.): A potential source for oral care

    • Authors: U. Chowdhury, P.K. Baruah
      Pages: 87 - 92
      Abstract: Piper betle L. (betelvine) is a valuable crop that is widely used as masticatory and with a long past history of varied traditional uses. Betelvine possesses numerous phytochemicals with important pharmacological attributes.  Active molecules such as Fluoride, Eugenol, Hydroxylchavicol, Chlorogenic acid etc. present in betelvine with potent antibacterial, antifungal as well as anti-carcinogenic properties signify tremendous prospective of the plant for the formulation of natural product based drugs for maintaining hygiene and cure of diseases in the oral cavity.  
      PubDate: 2020-06-08
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6130
       
  • Screening of anti-nematode potential through inhibition of egg hatching in
           plant-parasitic nematode Meloidogyne javanica

    • Authors: Shilpy Shakya, Bindhya Chal Yadav
      Pages: 93 - 98
      Abstract: Plant-parasitic nematodes have emerged as nature’s most successful among all parasites known till today. These animals have been reported from all terrains of all ecosystems. Their capability to survive on a wide diversity of the host plants, circumvent host plant defence is a few of several of their secrets making them most successful of all known parasites. Among various groups of plant-parasitic nematodes, endo-parasitic nematodes are the most damaging one and also difficult to control. Meloidogyne sps. are commonly known as root-knot nematodes. Our inability to control them is primarily due to our poor understanding of the biology of these plant parasites. Due to the availability of the complete genome sequence of few Meloidogyne species, biotechnological interventions are used to unravel the secrets of their success. Chemical controls of these nematodes are extensively reported in the literature. Due to the environmental toxicity associated with these chemicals, and restrictions on the use of chemicals against nematodes led to screening and development of eco-friendly management strategies. The present study was conducted to screen nematotoxic properties of Neem (Azadirachta indica), Jatropha (Jatropha curcas), Kachnar (Bauhinia variegate), Bel (Aegle marmelos) and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globules) leaf extracts against root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica in vitro. The aqueous extracts were used against the hatching of the nematode eggs, movement of second stage juveniles (J2) and the viability of the J2 in increasing concentration of the bioactive compound. The eggs were treated with various concentrations of the selected extracts for different time periods ranging from 24h to 6 days. A significant inhibition of egg hatching and increase in the mortality of the nematode juvenile in few of the aqueous extracts were recorded. Reduced egg hatching and increased mortality of the nematode juveniles could be maybe the indicators of the presence of anti-nematode potential in the selected plant leaves. The results from the study can pave the way for the development of eco-friendly management strategies for plant-parasitic nematodes.
      PubDate: 2020-06-08
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6172
       
  • Stress breeding of neglected tetraploid primitive wheat (Triticum
           dicoccum, Triticum carthlicum and Triticum polonicum)

    • Authors: Maysoun M. Saleh
      Pages: 99 - 110
      Abstract: Ancient wheats are progressively more considered as valuable resources for genes of interest especially in organic and health food markets which could be introduced into cultivated varieties. Better evaluation of primitive wheats that symbolize a valuable genetic resource may provide breeders with important sources for biotic and abiotic stress tolerance. Emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccum) is one of the most ancient of cultivated cereals, makes good bread, higher in fiber than common wheat, emmer is used is for making pasta and bread, with no need at all to use pesticides during growing season, grow in severe environments and minor lands, resistance to Septroria leaf blotch and resistance to Russian wheat aphid and Green bug. Persian wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. carthlicum) described with many favorable characters, like being a good resistant species to stem rust and powdery mildew, plants have more tillers with good productivity, low temperature tolerant and pre-harvest budding and fairly resistant to fungus diseases. Polish wheat (Triticum turgidum subsp. polonicum) were used for bread making as many forms having grains with high protein content (27%), and it is a great source for high yielding wheat varieties characterized by plump grain, and could be used in genetic bio-fortification of durum wheat and common wheat. Lack of scientific researches and facilities to produce and marketing, in addition to concentrating on new varieties are considered as limitation factors of expanding these species. For better adaptation to climate change and for future food security, it is highly recommended to improve utilization and sustainable use of targeted species and cooperation between scientists and researcher on the national and international levels. This review is an attempt to highlight the value of targeted species with general information about classification, origin and distribution, importance domestication, characterization and conservation, traditional breeding and role of each of molecular biology, tissue culture and mutation in exploiting genetic variation in targeted species.
      PubDate: 2020-06-12
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6100
       
  • Lead induced changes in biomarkers and proteome map of Chicory (Cichorium
           intybus L.)

    • Authors: Bisma Malik, Tanveer Bilal Pirzadah
      Pages: 111 - 116
      Abstract: Lead (Pb) toxicity is a serious environmental problem as it affects the food production by interfering plant growth and development, thus declines the production yield. In the present research work, Cichorium intybus L. plants were subjected to different concentrations of Pb (0, 100, 200 and 300µM) upto 46days to determine the oxidative stress. The length of root and shoot, accumulation of biomass were estimated along with the changes in biomarkers (H2O2 and TBARS). Further proteomic analysis of chicory leaves (46days old) at 300µM Pb concentration was done to identify the proteins of interest. The root growth increased significantly in a concentration-dependent manner however; shoot growth, biomass accumulation declined significantly with Pb stress compared to control. Changes in biomarkers (H2O2 and TBARS) content elevated with the increment in the concentration of metal treatment but exhibited a gradual decline at 300µM Pb treatment.. Proteomics data of 46days old chicory plants under 300 µM Pb stress analyzed by PDQuest software detected approximately 168 protein spots on each gel and 81 spots were differentially expressed in which 16 were up-regulated and 13 were down-regulated. The present study suggested that chicory possess a strong antioxidative defense system to combat Pb stress and thus could be explored for cultivation in Pb contaminated soils.
      PubDate: 2020-06-13
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6182
       
  • Trichome diversity studies in selected species of Sida L.

    • Authors: G. Ashwathy, K. Krishnakumar
      First page: 117
      Abstract: Sida L. (Family: Malvaceae) belongs to the genus of flowering plants that possess high medicinal value and is used traditionally in almost all parts of the world.  There were about 18 species reported from the state of Kerala (India). Among these, some are with taxonomic controversies. Hence micro-morphological characters of leaves such as trichomes can be used as a taxonomic tool for the identification of plants. Their type, presence, absence and distribution are important diagnostic characters in plant identification and plant taxonomy. Plant samples were collected from different localities of Kerala. Foliar epidermal studies were carried out in order to identify the diversity and distribution of trichomes in the selected species of Sida L. viz., S. acuta, S. alnifolia, S. beddomei, S. cordata, S. cordifolia, S. fryxelli, S. ravii, S. rhombifolia and S. rhomboidea. Six types of trichomes were identified; they were stellate, conical, forked, capitate (short stalked), uniseriate multicellular and peltate. Stellate trichomes were observed in all the species. Conical trichomes were observed in S. beddomei, S cordata and S. fryxelli. Forked trichome was observed in S. acuta, S. cordata, S. cordifolia, S. ravii, S. rhombifolia and S. rhomboidea. Capitate (short stalked) trichomes were observed in S. acuta, S. alnifolia, S. rhombifolia and S. rhomboidea. Uniseriate multicellular trichomes were observed in S. cordifolia, S. fryxelli and S. ravii. Peltate trichomes are observed in all species except S. beddomei, S. cordifolia and S. fryxelli. However, these species could be easily distinguished by their conical trichomes. A bracketed dichotomous key was prepared for the identification of the species considered for the study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-11
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6141
       
  • Effect of trace elements Zn, B, Mg and Cu on the growth and sporulation of
           Pyricularia oryzae, the causal organism of blast disease of rice

    • Authors: Renubala Sharma, Sandeep Shukla
      Pages: 121 - 124
      Abstract: Blast is one of the most common disease of the Rice crop caused by Pyricularia oryzae. Blast of Rice is a recurrent problem of Rice producing countries declines productivity drastically. Mycelium growth and sporulation of P. oryzae is depend upon many factors i.e. humidity, temperature, availability of nutrients etc. Like other fungi P. oryzae also requires some nutrients in very minute quantity for their physiological and metabolic activities. Regulating these micronutrients or trace elements we can control the growth and spore production in P. oryzae. In this paper, we studied effect of four trace elements i.e. Zinc (Zn), Boron (B), Magnesium (Mg) and Copper (Cu) on growth and sporulation of P. oryzae. Zinc, Boron and Copper are most effective and promote growth and sporulation at 2 ppm (parts per million) concentration when we increased concentration of these elements in the medium, growth and sporulation decreased .On the other hand less growth and sporulation reported in the absence of Magnesium. Minute quantity of Magnesium is required for optimum growth i.e. 2 ppm. after this increasing concentration of Magnesium is not significant.
      PubDate: 2020-06-20
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6161
       
  • Studies on genetic variability of Capsicum frutescens var. Cakra Hijau
           induced by ethyl methane sulphonate (EMS) using SSR marker

    • Authors: Nur Rahmattullah, Ramya Khrisnamurty, Kalaiselvi Senthil, Estri Laras Arumingtyas
      Pages: 125 - 131
      Abstract: Genetic variability of wild type and EMS induced mutant cayenne peppers (Capsicum frutescens) var. Cakra Hijau is studied morphological traits and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. Phenotypic characters were investigated using standard pepper descriptors. The polymorphic SSR marker Ca19, Ca26, Ca52, Ca56, and Ca96were analyzed using unweighted pair group methods with arithmetic means (UPGMA) with Jaccard’s similarity index. The Polymorphic information content (PIC) value ranging from 0-0.228 with the highest index on Ca96. The Morphological traits showed of clusters (6 clades) with a lower cut-off value (0.2568) than SSR-based dendrogram did (4 clades; 0,5108). Therefore, genetic variability induced by EMS mutant were differentiated using morphological and SSR genotyping.
      PubDate: 2020-07-27
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6303
       
  • Parkia biglobosa (Nere)-A threatened useful tree species: Directory of
           sanitary constraints according to north-south climatic gradient in Mali

    • Authors: Bokary Allaye Kelly, Amadou Malé Kouyaté
      Pages: 132 - 137
      Abstract: Parkia biglobosa, a multi-purposes species offers food, medicine and income to rural populations. This species is facing several constraints mainly aged populations, weak natural regeneration, and reduction of tree densities. A study, was undertaken in three sites from three agro-climatic zones according to the north-south climatic gradient in southern Mali, to assess dendrometric characteristics of Parkia biglobosa trees. Permanent plots of 0.25 ha each were installed in fields and fallows with three replications in each stand within each site. Adult trees in the plots were monitored, measured and also assessed for sanitary constraints. Several sanitary constraints were encountered and classified into six categories (from attacks on trunks and gross branches to damages on fruits and general attacks, infestations and damages due to wood-boring insects, human beings and other abiotic factors). Damages like those with symptoms of dieback or staghead disease pose a serious threat for production, productivity and survival of the species. Concrete actions are necessary like sanitary diagnostic at the level of the distribution area of the species in Mali, followed by identifying real cause of damages and seeking for appropriate solutions, sensitizing and training farmers, implementing a national program of regeneration of the species by planting and/or by promoting Assisted Natural Regeneration (ANR) approach.
      PubDate: 2020-07-28
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6068
       
  • Usnea dasaea, a further new addition to the Lichen Flora of Tamil Nadu
           State, India

    • Authors: Murugan Mariraj, Rajendran Kalidoss, Kanivebagilu Shankaranarayana Vinayaka, Sanjeeva Nayaka, Ponmurugan Ponnusamy
      Pages: 138 - 141
      Abstract: The present study addresses the addition of one new fruticose lichen species for the first time to the state of Tamil Nadu in Western Ghats, India. Usnea dasaea Stirt. is a new occurrence in Tamil Nadu. Descriptions of identification keys and distributions of such new species in south India provide useful information for identification. The new species addition of such lichen was identified and deposited at lichen herbaria, National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India and Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India for further studies.
      PubDate: 2020-09-05
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6168
       
  • First report on phytoplankton communities of Barishal City, Bangladesh

    • Authors: Shaswati Chakraborty, Dipalok Karmaker, Subroto Kumar Das, Riyad Hossen
      Pages: 142 - 147
      Abstract: Phytoplanktons, also called microalgae, are microscopic photosynthetic living organisms that generally found in aquatic environments. Although they are considered as the most important primary producers and bioindicators of aquatic ecosystems, there was no previous report found for Barishal City about these tiny organisms. Consequently, the present study selected 10 freshwater reservoirs from the city to investigate phytoplankton communities and listed 110 taxa under 4 phyla, 7 classes, 18 orders, 24 families and 49 genera. The distribution of Chlorophytes was abundant relatively in terms of species number (45 taxa) followed by Euglenophytes, Chlorophytes and Cyanophytes in this area. Only Euglenaceae possessed one-third of the total species of this report. Among all stations, the highest number of taxa was recorded from station 2 and according to nine biodiversity indices, the station 2 and 9 showed comparatively good results. All of the recorded taxa were previously mentioned by different authors from Bangladesh.
      PubDate: 2020-09-05
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6296
       
  • Callus induction and axillary shoot formation in Asparagus racemosus
           Willd.

    • Authors: Neelofer Nabi, Seema Singh, Peer Saffeullah
      Pages: 148 - 151
      Abstract: An experiment was performed to establish a regeneration protocol for an important medicinal plant, Asparagus racemosus. In the present investigation, nodal and internodal explants were employed for callus induction and axillary shoot formation. Maximum callus induction frequency was found on MS medium fortified with 2,4-D (1.0 mg/L) along with NAA (1.0 mg/L) and BAP (0.5 mg/L). However, individual effects of 2,4-D or NAA with BAP showed least callus induction. The higher concentrations of 2,4-D and BAP decreased the response of explants. However, maximum axillary shoot formation was observed on MS medium adjuvanted with BAP (2.0 mg/L) and NAA (0.5 mg/L).
      PubDate: 2020-09-05
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6036
       
  • Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus, EDTA and sodium chloride on biomass and
           lipid accumulation of Chaetomorpha aerea

    • Authors: Gour Gopal Satpati, Ruma Pal
      Pages: 152 - 158
      Abstract: The increase of total lipid and fatty acids production was studied under different nutrient stress conditions using the macroalga Chaetomorpha aerea. The effects of nitrogen, phosphorus, ethylene diamine tetra-acetate and sodium chloride on the growth and lipid accumulation were systematically investigated in laboratory conditions. The biomass was harvested at different stages of cultivation and assessed. The maximum changes of growth and lipid accumulation were observed in the exponential phase at different cultural conditions. The two-fold increase of total lipid was found in the order of 28.27±0.04 % (at 0.1 g/L nitrogen) > 27.30±0.37 % (at 0.5 g/L of phosphorus) > 25.86±0.77 % (at 0.05 g/L of EDTA)> 24.37±0.04 % (at 0.05 g/L NaCl) on 8th day of cultivation. The fatty acids were identified and quantified by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The alga produces significantly high amount of monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and saturated fatty acids (SFA) than the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in different cultural conditions. The elevated levels of C16:1, C18:1 and C20:1 was identified under nitrate, phosphate and salt stress conditions, which are more suitable for biodiesel application. This study shows that the manipulation of cultural conditions affects the biosynthetic pathways to produce high levels of lipid that may be suitable for biodiesel application.
      PubDate: 2020-09-05
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6223
       
  • Comparison of phytoplankton community structure in two tropical estuaries
           of East Coast of India

    • Authors: Chumki Chowdhury
      Pages: 159 - 170
      Abstract: Phytoplankton community of two tropical river estuaries of the North-east coast of India was different due to dissolved nutrients concentration in those estuarine waters. The first study site was the Saptamukhi river estuary which is located in the Indian Sundarban (inside mangrove forest) and the second study site was Mahanadi estuary located in Orissa coast (adjacent to industrial and coastal fishing zone). The Saptamukhi estuary was mostly devoid of any anthropogenic influence and here the nutrient source was auto-generated. In Mahanadi estuarine water, the source of the major nutrients was industrial effluent and fishing waste. The Saptamukhi estuarine water had less dissolved phosphorus concentration but huge dissolved nitrogen available for phytoplankton uptake. A sufficient amount of dissolved silicate encouraged the diatom growth over other phytoplankton groups here. Due to the availability of the high amount of dissolved phosphorus and the low amount of dissolved nitrogen in the Mahanadi estuary the phytoplankton community was a mixed population of Bacillariophyceae, Cyanophyceae, Chlorophyceae and Dinophyceae and seasonal Chlorophycean bloom observed during the study period. In both the estuarine water primary productivity was high but the community respiration was higher and the estuaries were heterotrophic. Monsoonal runoff from land considerably changed the community in both estuarine water. Dissolved silicate concentration in both the estuarine water was sufficient for Diatom growth. Dissolve inorganic nitrogen and dissolved inorganic phosphate ratio played a major role for the community change of phytoplankton in two estuarine waters.
      PubDate: 2020-10-17
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6382
       
  • Cyathodium denticulatum Udar et Srivastava: A rare liverwort new to
           Chhattisgarh, Central India

    • Authors: Ashwini Kumar Dixit, Mery Aradhna Kerketta
      Pages: 171 - 174
      Abstract: This article reports the occurrence of the thalloid liverwort Cyathodium denticulatum Udar et Srivastava was collected first time from the Achanakmar – Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve (AABR) Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh. It is shown that Cyathodium denticulatum a narrow Himalayan endemic has been reported earlier from Darjeeling, India. There is no record of its occurrence from central India. Cyathodium denticulatum is a rare species known only from eastern Himalayan region. A key to related Indian taxa and taxonomic description is provided.
      PubDate: 2020-10-17
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.5882
       
  • IAA production and maize crop growth promoting potential of endophyte
           Aspergillus niger (AO11) under salt stress

    • Authors: Syed Muhammad Ziaullah, Syed Asim, Aneesa Nayab, Asma Zahid
      Pages: 175 - 181
      Abstract: Maize is cultivated under a broad range of soil conditions and environments. Maize is slightly vulnerable to salt stress and therefore it is seriously affected by soil salinity all over the world. Recognizing the responses of maize to salt stress and making a good strategy to overcome this problem could aid to develop solutions in saline areas to improve maize productivity. We investigated in this research the impacts, tolerance and salt stress management in corn. Many endophytic fungi can produce the Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is known for their role in plant growth and development both with and without salt stress conditions. The current study was focused on the production of IAA by endophytic fungi (Aspergillus niger) and maize seeds germination and promotion of seedling growth and vigor. In order to evaluate the defense response of maize plant, in relation to A. niger, an experiment was designed with three replications of treatments (control, salt stressed, salt stressed inoculated with A. niger, and only A. niger inoculated plants. It was determined that A. niger has the ability to produce the IAA in NaCl and KCl stress peaking 53 μg/ml and was not significantly by alternating the nitrogen and carbon sources in the nutrient broth but increasing the tryptophan concentration raised its production level. High concentration stress of sodium chloride and potassium chloride decrease maize plant seeds germination percentage, shoot and root length also affected the fresh and dry weight of maize. A. niger improves salt resistance in maize and also increased the germination percentage up to 30%, also improved the chlorophyll level and it was proved an effective approach for improving maize germination and growth under salt stress.
      PubDate: 2020-11-11
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.5751
       
  • Macro and microscopic characters of Maerua oblongifolia (Forssk.) A. Rich
           leaf

    • Authors: G. Prabhakar, K. Shailaja, P. Kamalakar
      Pages: 182 - 186
      Abstract: The paper deals with a detailed investigation on the leaves of Maerua oblongifolia (Forssk.) A. Rich. which includes it’s morphological, anatomical and powder analysis. It is a low woody bushy under-shrub belonging to the family Capparaceae. The leaves are used in treatment of as fever, ear ache, stomach ache, skin infections, urinary calculii, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy, rigidity in lower limbs, and abdominal colic. The leaf amphistomatic, with mostly anamocytic, few tetracytic stomata. In transverse section of leaf is ribbed on either sides at midvein, epidermis one layered. Mesophyll differentiated into palisade and spongy tissues. Ground tissue of midvein differentiated into palisade, collenchyma and parenchyma. The midvien consists of one large oval shaped vascular bundles arranged are at the centre. Petiole in transverse section is circular adaxially small, grooved at centre and epidermis is having one layered, a single circular vascular bundle present at the centre, vascular bundle is enclosed by endodermis. The powder microscopic and organoleptic characters are also presented in this study. This study would helps as an appropriate source for authentification of the present studied drug.  
      PubDate: 2020-11-23
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.5987
       
  • Sixteen new records for the flora of Lebanon

    • Authors: Khodr Addam, Mounir Bou-Hamdan, Nisreen Sabbagh
      Pages: 187 - 199
      Abstract: Significant new species that belong to diverse genera and families were recorded to exist in Lebanon during our continuous non-stop field survey all over the country. The authors gathered some exceptional taxa from distinctive locations and habitats of the country, which were not reported so far in the flora documentation with the exception of Quercus libani, that is regarded as a very atypical species (for Lebanon) discovered for the first time after Post in 1932. The current paper deals with the records Anchusa milleri Lam. ex Spreng, Bassia hyssopifolia (Pall.) Kuntze., Eminium heterophyllum (Blume) Schott., Euphorbia prostrata Aiton, Euphorbia serpens Kunth, Hypericum olivieri (Spach) Boiss., Kickxia cirrhosa (L.) Fritsch., Lamium macrodon Boiss. & A.Huet,  Onosma fruticosum Sm.lder, Plantago crypsoides Boiss., Platanthera holmboei H.Lindb.,  Potamogeton perfoliatus L.,  Quercus libani G.Olivier, Rhamnus kurdica Boiss. & Hohen., Tulipa biflora Pall. and Xanthium strumarium subsp. sibiricum (Patrin ex Widder) Greuter. The plants were photographed, collected, dried and herbarium specimens were prepared and deposited in K. Addam's Herbarium AUL University (Lebanon). Their taxonomical and ecological characters as well as their geographical distributions were exhibited. New Taxa (representing 14 genera in 12 families of flowering plants) were recognized with the reference of different floras and recent literature for their authentication. The present study also files them with updated nomenclature, descriptions, and notes on phenology and images for their easy identity.
      PubDate: 2020-11-23
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6392
       
  • Proximate composition and GC-MS analysis of ethanol extract of Solanum
           spirale Roxb.

    • Authors: Temin Payum
      Pages: 200 - 204
      Abstract: Solanum spirale Roxb. is abundantly grown in eastern Himalayan regions. The shoot is used as a vegetable as well as medicine to control high blood pressure. The present study was carried out to profile the phytochemical compositions, mineral contents and proximate composition of the Solanum spirale shoot. GC-MS was used for the identification of phytochemicals and methods described in standard protocols were used to study minerals and proximate composition. A total of 40 phytochemicals were recorded from the ethanol extract. Mineral contents of the sample 0.115 (Fe), 0.07 (Mn), 0.015 (Cu), 0.040 (Zn), 2.25 (Mg), 3.08 (Na) and 16.7 (K) mg/g  while proximate composition were  76.25± 0.093 % (moisture)3.82±0.26 % (Carbohydrate), 12.54±0.08% (Total ash), 0.39±0.98% (Crude protein), 6.12±1.07 % (Crude fibre), 0.37±0.07 % (Crude fat). (Z,Z)-6,9-Cis-3,4-epoxy-nonadecadiene occupied highest area percentage in TIC peak report with 24.55%, followed by Pentadecanoic acid with 18.81 percent, with Pentadecane with 9.99%, Hexadecanoicacid, Ethyl ester with 8.64%, (2E)(7R,11R)-3,7,11,15-Tetramethylhexadec-2-en-1-ol with 7.75%. Useful phytocompounds related to health problems including anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antitumor, cardioprotective, hypocholesterolemic, increase zinc bioavailability, inhibit uric acid formation, antibacterial, anti-inflamatory, antioxidant etc. are major components and such findings advocate Solanum spirale as a nutraceutical herb.
      PubDate: 2020-12-17
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6394
       
  • Chemical profiling of two aromatic weeds, Cyathocline purpurea and Blumea
           lacera

    • Authors: Digambar Nabhu Mokat, Sarika Daulatrao Torawane, Yogesh Chandrakant Suryawanshi
      Pages: 205 - 210
      Abstract: In the present investigation chemical constituents of Cyathocline purpurea (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Kuntze and Blumea lacera (Burm.f.) DC. (Family-Compositae) were studied by using gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS). These two weeds are small  herbs and well known for its potent medicinal properties. Total 17 and 27 compounds were identified from C. purpurea and B. lacera respectively. The major constituents in both the extracts were pentadecanoic acid, 14-methyl-, methyl ester (30.56 %), cis-phytol (21.26 %), α- cadinol (7.87 %), γ-cadinene (7.13 %), neophytadiene (3.81 %) and α-cubebene (1.82 %). GC/MS analysis revealed the presence of various bioactive compounds such as fatty acids, sesquiterpenoids, phenols, etc. in the acetone extracts of both the plants. The identified compounds have various biological activities.
      PubDate: 2020-12-17
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6259
       
  • Diversity and distribution of microfungi in foliage leaf, bark and leaf
           litter of Couroupita guianensis

    • Authors: G. Venkatesan, P. S. Sharavanan
      Pages: 211 - 215
      Abstract: The diversity and distribution of micro fungal assemblages in the foliage leaf, bark and leaf litter tissues of the Couroupita guianensis sacred plant. For the host, we recorded 1005 fungal species isolates from 900 tissue segments. A total of 62 fungal species were isolated from foliar endophytes, phellophytes and leaf litter. The colonization frequency of the fungi species has been recorded as 111.66% from the endophytes, phellophytes and leaf tissues. The fungi species recovered in various groups included ascomycetes, coelomycetes, hyphomycetes, zygomycetes and sterile fungi. The number of fungal species is increased for the plant tissues, it showed that the species diversity is increasing. A correspondence analysis also showed that the fungal species assemblages were different from each type of tissue.
      PubDate: 2020-12-18
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6292
       
  • Antifungal activity of Terminalia chebula fruit extracts

    • Authors: P. Venkatachalam, C.V. Chittibabu
      Pages: 216 - 220
      Abstract: The present study was aimed to investigate the anticandidal and antifungal potential of dried fruit extracts of Terminalia chebula against Candida albicans, C. tropicalis C. glabrata, C. krusei, C. parapsilosis, and Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, A. fumigatus, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, T. rubrum, Microsporum gypseum. Phytochemical analysis of methanol extracts of T. chebula dried fruits showed the presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, tannins, terpenoids and steroids. Among the tested four extracts, the methanol extracts of T. chebula dried fruits exhibited the highest antifungal activity and their inhibition zone was ranged between 7.5 to 19.5mm. MIC and MFC values were between 62.5-250μg/ml and 250-500μg/ml respectively. Zone of inhibition (19.5 mm), MIC (62.5µg/ml) and MFC (125µg/ml) values observed in methanolic extracts of T. chebula dried fruits against A. fumigates and T. mentagrophytes. Our findings proved that methanolic extracts of T. chebula dried fruits were possessed substantial anticandidal and antifungal properties.
      PubDate: 2020-12-20
      DOI: 10.25081/cb.2020.v11.6499
       
 
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