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  Subjects -> FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (Total: 381 journals)
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    - FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (268 journals)

FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (268 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 62 of 62 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Alimentaria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Series E: Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Agrosearch     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alimentos e Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alimentos Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
American Journal of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access  
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animal Production     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Animal Production Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology of food     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Alimentação     Open Access  
Asian Food Science Journal     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Journal of Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Plant Research Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Rice Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletim de Indústria Animal     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access  
Cerâmica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access  
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Cuizine: The Journal of Canadian Food Cultures / Cuizine : revue des cultures culinaires au Canada     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CyTA - Journal of Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Food Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
EFSA Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food     Hybrid Journal  
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Food Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access  
Flavour     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Flavour and Fragrance Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food & Function     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B: Surveillance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food and Applied Bioscience Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food and Bioprocess Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Bioproducts Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Food and Environment Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Food Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Food Chemistry : X     Open Access  
Food Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food In     Open Access  
Food Manufacturing Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Food Packaging and Shelf Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Food Quality and Preference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Reviews International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Science and Human Wellness     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Food Science and Quality Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food Science and Technology (Campinas)     Open Access  
Food Science and Technology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Food Structure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food Technology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Foodnews     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Foods     Open Access  
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access  
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastronomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Gıda Dergisi     Open Access  
Global Food History     Hybrid Journal  
Global Food Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Grasas y Aceites     Open Access  
Habitat     Open Access  
Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
INNOTEC : Revista del Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay     Open Access  
Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Contamination     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Food Engineering Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Properties     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Food Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Latest Trends in Agriculture and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Meat Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal on Food System Dynamics     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
itepa : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan     Open Access  
JOT Journal für Oberflächentechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Acupuncture and Herbs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access  
Journal of AOAC International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Berry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Culinary Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Excipients and Food Chemicals     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food and Dairy Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Health and Bioenvironmental Science     Open Access  
Journal of Food Lipids     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Food Process Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Processing & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Products Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Protection(R)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Food Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Food Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Science and Technology Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Food Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Security and Agriculture     Open Access  
Journal of Food Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Technology, Siam University     Open Access  
Journal of Foodservice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Functional Foods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Gastronomy, Hospitality and Travel     Open Access  
Journal of Halal Product and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Hydrogels     Full-text available via subscription  

        1 2     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Global Food Security
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.809
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2211-9124
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3177 journals]
  • The effect of climate change across food systems: Implications for
           nutrition outcomes
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 18Author(s): Jessica Fanzo, Claire Davis, Rebecca McLaren, Jowel ChoufaniAbstractA better understanding of the pathways linking climate change and nutrition is critical for developing effective interventions to ensure the world's population has access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food. The paper uses a food systems approach to analyze the bidirectional relationships between climate change and food and nutrition along the entire food supply chain. It identifies adaptation and mitigation interventions for each step of the food supply chain to move toward a more climate-smart, nutrition-sensitive food system. There are many entry points for “double duty” actions that address climate adaptation and nutrition but they need to be implemented and scaled by governments.
       
  • Under-exploited wild Vigna species potentials in human and animal
           nutrition: A review
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 18Author(s): Difo Voukang Harouna, Pavithravani B. Venkataramana, Patrick A. Ndakidemi, Athanasia O. MatemuAbstractFood insecurity, protein-energy malnutrition, and food-feed competition have motivated the search for alternative food and feed sources for human and animal nutrition. According to the FAO, only four crop species provide half of the plant-based calories in the human diet. This review, with an inquisitive focus on investigating alternative potential food and feed sources, has revealed that the Vigna genus (an important group of legumes) possesses more than a 100 species from which only 10 have been domesticated and are being given better attention. Thus, more than 90 species are still under-exploited despite their probable huge potential to alleviate food insecurity either by adding food varieties (domestication) or by providing information for breeding purposes. The review further demonstrates that the utilization of the wild Vigna species for both human food and animal feed is still very limited because of the unawareness of their potentials over some improved varieties which are facing challenges. An increased scientific effort towards exploring the potentials of wild legumes is recommended in planning the future food strategies.
       
  • Integrated food safety and nutrition assessments in the dairy cattle value
           chain in Tanzania
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 June 2018Source: Global Food SecurityAuthor(s): Barbara Häsler, George Msalya, Maria Garza, Kimberly Fornace, Mahmoud Eltholth, Lusato Kurwijila, Jonathan Rushton, Delia GraceAbstractThe consumption of even small amounts of animal-source foods has the potential to improve nutrition, especially in vulnerable households. However, scaling up their production bears food safety risks that are often overlooked due to a disconnect between human nutrition and animal sciences. The aim of this scoping study in Tanzania was to identify opportunities for nutritional and food safety benefits from cow milk.Questionnaires were administered to 156 producers and 157 consumers in 10 villages in Lushoto and Mvomero districts. Farmers reported that veterinary medicines such as oxytetracyclines, penicillin and streptomycin were frequently given to cattle, and a majority did not discard milk during or after treatment. Less than half of the producers boiled milk, although sale of fermented milk, made by spontaneous fermentation of raw milk, was common. Cattle management was characterised by low levels of biosecurity, hygienic practices and disease control. A majority of consumers reported not to have enough food to meet their family needs. The Food Consumption Score was acceptable for all households, but significantly higher for households with dairy cattle. When making purchasing decisions, the appearance of milk and trust in the supplier were more important considerations than hygiene practices observed. A total of 26% of consumers reported to consume raw milk “usually” or “sometimes” and 54% of consumers reported to drink fermented milk “usually” or “sometimes”. Consumers had a positive attitude towards milk and concern for quality but most thought there was no risk of illness from milk consumption.The findings promote understanding of the complexity surrounding the local food environment and practices related to the production and consumption of dairy products and allow shaping recommendations for nutrition-sensitive livestock interventions.
       
  • Sub-Saharan African maize-based foods: Technological perspectives to
           increase the food and nutrition security impacts of maize breeding
           programmes
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Onu Ekpa, Natalia Palacios-Rojas, Gideon Kruseman, Vincenzo Fogliano, Anita R. LinnemannAbstractThe demand for maize in Sub-Saharan Africa will triple by 2050 due to rapid population growth, while challenges from climate change will threaten agricultural productivity. Most maize breeding programmes have focused on improving agronomic properties and have paid relatively little attention to postharvest qualities, thus missing important opportunities to increase the contribution to food and nutrition security. This paper considers current and potential food uses of maize in Africa and proposes six objectives to enhance the contribution of maize breeding programmes to food and nutrition security: (1) enhance nutrient density; (2) enhance suitability for use in bread and snacks; (3) improve characteristics for consumption as green maize; (4) improve characteristics that enhance the efficiency of local processing; (5) reduce waste by maximising useful product yield and minimising nutrient losses; (6) reduce the anti-nutrient content of grain.
       
  • Dietary change in Bangladesh from 1985 to 2010
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Jillian L. Waid, Masum Ali, Shakuntala H. Thilsted, Sabine GabryschAbstractIn many countries, dietary change is tracked using food supply data from the Food and Agriculture Organization's food balance sheets. It is difficult to draw conclusions on individual or sub-national food consumption from these data and impossible to study inequalities. We analyzed seven Household [Income and] Expenditure Surveys (H[I]ES) in Bangladesh from 1985 to 2010 to track changes in consumption patterns. There was a broad national trend of incorporating more non-starch foods into the diet, similar to what is seen in food supply data, but dietary diversification was limited among the poorest quintile. There were also several differences to estimates from food supply data, e.g. vegetable consumption was much higher. Further analyses of this kind will help to better understand dietary change.
       
  • A review of trends, constraints and opportunities of smallholder
           irrigation in East Africa
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Prossie Nakawuka, Simon Langan, Petra Schmitter, Jennie BarronAbstractSmallholder irrigation expansion would significantly increase agricultural production, and reduce food insecurity and poverty levels in East Africa. This paper reviews literature on trends, constraints and opportunities of smallholder irrigation in four East African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Irrigation development has been slow in these countries, and has been mainly through traditional schemes. Recently, individual irrigation technologies such as small motorized pumps, drip kits, treadle pumps, rope and washer pumps are being promoted. Adoption of these technologies and expansion of smallholder irrigation however face a number of challenges including land tenure issues; lack of access to appropriate irrigation technologies, improved agricultural inputs, reliable markets, finance and credit services, and research support; poor transport and communication infrastructures; poor irrigation water management; poor extension systems; and the over dependence on national governments, NGOs and donors for support. Despite these challenges, opportunities exist for smallholder irrigation expansion in East Africa. Such opportunities include: high untapped irrigation potential; rainwater harvesting to improve water availability; high commitment of national governments, NGOs and donors to smallholder irrigation expansion; low cost irrigation technologies adaptable to local conditions; traditional schemes rehabilitation; growing urbanization; and increased use of mobile phones that can be used to disseminate information.
       
  • Biofortification: A review of ex-ante models
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Keith Lividini, John L. Fiedler, Fabiana F. De Moura, Mourad Moursi, Manfred Zeller
       
  • Pathways from women's group-based programs to nutrition change in South
           Asia: A conceptual framework and literature review
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Neha Kumar, Samuel Scott, Purnima Menon, Samyuktha Kannan, Kenda Cunningham, Parul Tyagi, Gargi Wable, Kalyani Raghunathan, Agnes QuisumbingAbstractImproving the nutritional status of women and children in South Asia remains a high public health and development priority. Women's groups are emerging as platforms for delivering health- and nutrition-oriented programs and addressing gender and livelihoods challenges. We propose a framework outlining pathways through which women's group participation may facilitate improvements in nutrition. Evidence is summarized from 36 studies reporting on 24 nutritional indicators across infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices, intake/diet, and anthropometry. Our findings suggest that women's group-based programs explicitly triggering behavior change pathways are most successful in improving nutrition outcomes, with strongest evidence for IYCF practices. Future investigators should link process and impact evaluations to better understand the pathways from women's group participation to nutritional impact.
       
  • Horticultural exports and food security in Senegal
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Goedele Van den Broeck, Kaat Van Hoyweghen, Miet MaertensAbstractHorticultural exports from developing countries are expanding. While concerns are rising about the consequences of this growth for local food security, there is no empirical evidence that directly measures this impact. We provide such evidence for Senegal, one of the African countries with a sharp growth in horticultural exports. Using secondary data and panel survey data, we analyse the link between horticultural exports and the availability, access, utilization and stability components of food security. Results suggest that horticultural exports contribute to the capacity to import food, and do not jeopardize availability of food at the macro-economic level. At the micro-economic level, we find that female wage employment in the horticultural export sector reduces the probability of self-reported food insecurity, improves the quality of food consumption, and shortens the hunger season.
       
  • Food waste for livestock feeding: Feasibility, safety, and sustainability
           implications
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Zhengxia Dou, John D. Toth, Michael L. WestendorfAbstractFood waste is a matter intrinsically linked with the growing challenges of food security, resource and environmental sustainability, and climate change. In developed economies, the largest food waste stream occurs in the consumption stage at the end of the food chain. Current approaches for dealing with the wasted food have serious limitations. Historically, livestock animals had functioned as bio-processors, turning human-inedible or -undesirable food materials into meat, eggs, and milk. Contemporary treatment technologies can help convert the food waste into safe, nutritious, and value-added feed products. Recovering consumption-stage food waste for animal feeding is a viable solution that simultaneously addresses the issues of waste management, food security, resource conservation, and pollution and climate-change mitigation.
       
  • Culture and food security
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Elena Briones Alonso, Lara Cockx, Johan SwinnenAbstractThis paper reviews available cross-disciplinary evidence on how culture affects food security. We discuss the impact of culture on all four dimensions (availability, access and choice, utilization, and stability). There is large heterogeneity in the size and breadth of available evidence, with research often biased toward high-come countries. The dynamics as well as the magnitude and relative importance of cultural effects on food security are still poorly understood. Despite these gaps in the literature, it is clear that how and why we obtain, process, prepare, and eat food is influenced by culture in various ways. Gender, family, and decision-making power play a critical role in interacting with culture and its impact on food security. There remains ample scope for improving food security policy by taking culture better into account.
       
  • Public agricultural R&D in high-income countries: Old and new roles in a
           new funding environment
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Paul W. Heisey, Keith O. FuglieAbstractIn recent years, public agricultural R&D investment in high-income countries has grown considerably more slowly than public agricultural R&D in developing countries, private R&D for agricultural inputs, or private food R&D. Funding trends in these countries have resulted in part from structural changes in the economy, changes in general agricultural policy, and an expanded research agenda. Shifts in agricultural research policy have had a mixed record of success in meeting objectives and have had limited impact in expanding the real resources devoted to agricultural research. However, public agricultural R&D in these countries continues to produce high quality scientific output and measurable impacts on productivity. These research systems continue to be an integral part of the global agricultural research effort.
       
  • Is it time to take vertical indoor farming seriously'
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Per Pinstrup-Andersen
       
  • How much of the world's food do smallholders produce'
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Vincent Ricciardi, Navin Ramankutty, Zia Mehrabi, Larissa Jarvis, Brenton ChookolingoAbstractThe widely reported claim that smallholders produce 70–80% of the world’s food has been a linchpin of agricultural development policy despite limited empirical evidence. Recent empirical attempts to reinvestigate this number have lacked raw data on how much food smallholders produce, and have relied on model assumptions with unknown biases and with limited spatial and commodity coverage. We examine variations in crop production by farm size using a newly-compiled global sample of subnational level microdata and agricultural censuses covering more countries (n=55) and crop types (n=154) than assessed to date. We estimate that farms under 2ha globally produce 28–31% of total crop production and 30–34% of food supply on 24% of gross agricultural area. Farms under 2ha devote a greater proportion of their production to food, and account for greater crop diversity, while farms over 1000ha have the greatest proportion of post-harvest loss.
       
  • Global learnings to inform the local adaptation of conservation
           agriculture in Eastern and Southern Africa
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Brendan Brown, Rick Llewellyn, Ian NubergConservation Agriculture (CA) has been widely promoted as a part of the process of sustainable agricultural intensification in several major grain producing regions but in many developing countries, such as those in sub-Saharan Africa, its uptake has been low. Through a broader view of the uptake of CA beyond binary adoption, this review addresses two research questions: (1) how has CA been modified in various regions around the world?; and (2) what processes occurred to enable CA uptake? We compare global learnings with the context in Sub-Saharan Africa to reassess expectations for uptake and leverage points to address limited practice change in African smallholder systems. Our findings indicate that there is limited evidence to suggest that continued use of a ‘complete’ three component version of CA has been widely implemented in any region and so should not be expected to readily occur in the African situation. Likewise, we find that there are multiple processes and developments required beyond acute erosion issues to enable CA uptake, namely: (1) strong perceptions of individual benefit; (2) economic stimulus to enable and motivate investment in CA systems; (3) functional market exchange mechanisms to supply the required resources to implement CA; (4) development of farmer driven organisations to drive local adaptation of CA; and (5) collaboration of farmer organisations with other institutions to create an enabling environment for further CA adaptation. The situation in many countries across eastern and southern Africa is without these required developments to enable CA utilisation. With this in mind, we identify three key learnings from a review of CA in the global context and the implications for Africa: (1) financial stimulation of households will be required to enable African smallholder farmers to transition to market orientation through utilisation of CA components; (2) farmer organisations require further development to enable context specific adaptation of CA which will require strong collaboration with various stakeholders and institutions; and (3) expectations on both the type of, and period for, CA utilisation must be lowered, noting the substantial institutional change required.Graphical abstractfx1
       
  • Commercial farming within the urban built environment – Taking stock of
           an evolving field in northern countries
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Khadija Benis, Paulo FerrãoAbstractUrban horticulture has historically contributed to the supply of fresh produce to urban dwellers and has been gaining popularity over the last years in the Global North, with growing awareness of environmental and health concerns. Over the past few years, commercial farms have been emerging in major northern cities, promoting a trend of environmentally friendly food, grown in highly efficient installations on top of or in buildings. This paper presents a scoping study, including: (i) a review of the scientific literature addressing environmental, economic and social aspects of commercial farming in urban contexts; and (ii) a consultation exercise to inform and validate findings from the review, consisting of semi-structured interviews with a few practitioners in the Netherlands. The main findings are: (1) while the recent proliferation of commercial farms in major cities shows that these new modes of urban agricultural production are gaining momentum, establishing their viability as compared to conventional agricultural practices is a challenge when it comes to scalability, resource efficiency, and cost-effectiveness; (2) as it is still a relatively new field, very few studies have been conducted to quantitatively assess the impacts of commercial farming in urban areas; (3) given the complex environmental, economic and social dimensions of urban agriculture, holistic decision support tools could help integrating them in urban areas.
       
  • The global burden of chronic and hidden hunger: Trends and determinants
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Theda Gödecke, Alexander J. Stein, Matin QaimAbstractEradicating hunger in all its forms, including chronic and hidden hunger, requires good understanding of the problem's magnitude, trends, and determinants. Existing studies measure “hunger” through proxies that all have shortcomings. We use a more comprehensive metric, Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), to quantify the burden of hunger and show related trends. While the burden of chronic hunger more than halved since 1990, it remains larger than the burden of hidden hunger. Cross-country regressions show that economic growth was a major determinant of reducing the hunger burden. However, growth and other country-level determinants have larger effects on the burden of chronic hunger than on the burden of hidden hunger. Complementary micro-level interventions are required to end hunger in all its forms.
       
  • Priorities for wheat intensification in the Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Alex G. Park, Adam S. Davis, Andrew J. McDonaldAbstractRising wheat consumption and recurring climate extremes threaten food security in the Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plain. Closing wheat yield gaps in this region through agronomic practices currently available to farmers can contribute to a more secure future in this region. In Nepal and Bihar, India, a set of complementary management practice were associated with higher yields, namely: 1) early sowing with long maturing varieties, 2) higher rates of N, P and particularly K application, 3) transitions to zero-till for crop establishment, and 4) encouraging more frequent irrigation. Financial and policy support for infrastructure and agricultural inputs, extension, research and development of private service networks made a marked improvement in yield outcomes in Bihar.
       
  • Animal genetic resources diversity and ecosystem services
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Gregoire Leroy, Roswitha Baumung, Paul Boettcher, Badi Besbes, Tatiana From, Irene HoffmannAbstractAnimal Genetic Resources (AnGR) are a component of agricultural biodiversity making a large contribution to ecosystem services, resulting from their complex interaction with their respective environments. This review investigates how AnGR diversity, which includes more than 7000 distinct local and 1000 transboundary livestock breeds of around 40 species plus domesticated honeybees and other pollinators, influences, through livestock production systems and practices, the generation of a diversity of provisioning, regulating and maintenance, as well as cultural ecosystem services. The main use of domestic animals is for their provisional services of food production, with a large contribution from commercial breeds in industrial production systems in developed and emerging countries. However, in rural areas of developing countries, local livestock breeds often play a crucial role in food security, nutrition and health. Less intensive systems, located especially in harsh climate conditions, offer more diverse ecosystem services, including important regulating and maintenance services, with indirect use or non-use values, while permitting the use of land not suitable for crop production. Breeds used in such systems have often developed specific adaptive features for those environments. The identification and integration of traits relevant for ecosystem services within breeding programmes represent however a particular challenge, especially in low-input systems. The keepers of the livestock that offer these services are often marginalised and isolated from markets and excluded from decision making processes, however. It is therefore important to recognize the existence and value of these ecosystem services to better understand the trade-offs and synergies associated with their maintenance, and to account for them in policy and legal frameworks at national and international levels including providing appropriate incentives to the communities contributing to the generation of those services.
       
  • Exploiting ecosystem services in agriculture for increased food security
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Riccardo Bommarco, Giulia Vico, Sara HallinAbstractDespite contributing to economy and food security, Ecosystem Services (ES) are still not fully exploited in agriculture. Instead, external inputs have been used to boost yields, while exacting costs on public goods. Ecological intensification capitalizes on ecosystem services to enhance and stabilize production and reduce the need for external inputs, while sparing the environment. Of particular relevance are biodiversity-based ES connected to soil fertility, pest control and pollination. Ecological intensification is applicable in all regions, but for food security purposes, particular attention should be dedicated to implement it as ecological enhancement in regions with wide yield gaps, coinciding with poor food security. Diversified cropping system show promise to create win-win situations. Knowledge on ecology and socio-economy of ES will be needed, and agricultural research and innovation need to heed to resource use efficiency, production stability, minimal environmental impact, buffering of extreme events and adaptation to local conditions.
       
  • Complementarity and synergisms among ecosystem services supporting crop
           yield
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Lucas A. Garibaldi, Georg K.S. Andersson, Fabrice Requier, Thijs P.M. Fijen, Juliana Hipólito, David Kleijn, Néstor Pérez-Méndez, Orianne RollinAbstractUnderstanding how ecosystem services interact to support crop yield is essential for achieving food security. Here we evaluate the interactions among biotic pest regulation, pollination, and nutrient cycling. We found only 16 studies providing 20 analyses of two-way interactions. These studies show that multiple services limit crop yield simultaneously. Complementary effects (no interactions) between ecosystem services were the most common, followed by synergistic effects (positive interactions), while evidence for negative interactions was weak. Most studies evaluated two levels of service delivery, thus did not quantify the functional response of crop yield. Although this function is expected to be non-linear, most studies assume linear relations. We conclude that the lack of evidence for negative interactions has important implications for agricultural management.
       
  • Trade-offs in livestock development at farm level: Different actors with
           different objectives
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Gareth Salmon, Nils Teufel, Isabelle Baltenweck, Mark van Wijk, Lieven Claessens, Karen MarshallAbstractThe livestock sector in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) is evolving. In response to growing demand for livestock products, it is likely that smallholder production systems will experience varying forms of intensification. Associated decision making is made complex, not only with the intrinsic characteristics of livestock in LMICs (for instance as sources of income, assets, or social symbols), but also by diverse objectives of stakeholders and agricultural development paradigms. This paper discusses trade-offs that are likely to arise in the choice of livestock production systems; with a focus at household and farm level, economic gains, gender equity, environmental concerns, human nutrition and food safety are all considered. We begin by describing trajectories of livestock intensification in LMICs. Then potential trade-offs during such intensification are depicted; with examples concerning environmental, economic and social aspects. Recognising and understanding trade-offs is imperative; therefore we discuss decision making methods, the management of trade-offs and the balance between providing an average benefit for a population and the variation in benefit for individuals. Finally, a (partial) trade-off analysis is illustrated by use of a case study on household dairy cattle enterprises in Senegal. The discussion advocates for holistic approaches to agricultural development efforts, which include recognition of the multiple objectives and the associated trade-offs.
       
  • Assessing the chemical and microbiological quality of farmed tilapia in
           Egyptian fresh fish markets
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Mahmoud Eltholth, Kimberly Fornace, Delia Grace, Jonathan Rushton, Barbara HäslerAbstractFish make important contributions to food and nutrition security in low and middle income countries; however, they are also prone to contamination with a range of chemical and biological hazards. The presence of people's perception and health hazards has implications for consumer acceptability and hence the potential contribution of fish to nutrition and health. The aim of this study was to assess the chemical and microbiological quality of farmed tilapia in Egypt. We conducted a systematic literature review resulting in 38 papers meeting inclusion criteria. We also conducted a survey of seven hazardous chemicals in fish sampled from farms (300 samples from 100 farms) and of 5 biological hazards as well as total bacterial counts in fish sampled from retailers (300 samples from 100 retailers). The results showed that the level of contamination with heavy metals and pesticides was lower than the national and international permissible limits. On the other hand, level of contamination of a considerable proportion of samples with microbial pollutants was higher than the permissible limits. Results from the literature indicated that, the level of contamination of wild tilapia was higher than farmed tilapia, again in contradiction to common perceptions. Our results indicate that the risk of human exposure to heavy metals and pesticides via consumption of farmed tilapia is negligible compared to microbial hazards. These findings suggest that post-harvest contamination is the major health risk in the tilapia fish value chain and we make recommendations for addressing this.
       
  • Inside Front Cover - Editorial Board Page/Cover image legend if applicable
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s):
       
  • Is agricultural productivity slowing'
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018Source: Global Food Security, Volume 17Author(s): Keith O. FuglieAbstractDeclining rates of growth in crop yields, slowing investment in agricultural research, and rising commodity prices has raised concerns of a general slowdown in global agricultural productivity. However, there is no evidence of a general slowdown in the rate of growth in agricultural output. Thus, for productivity to slow, input use in agriculture would have to be expanding at an accelerated rate. Available data suggest that growth rates in agricultural land, labor and inputs in total have been steadily slowing over time, leading to accelerated growth rates in their average productivities. Increased cropping intensity has compensated for declining growth in average yield per harvest to keep land productivity growth from falling. Most of the acceleration in world agricultural productivity growth has taken place in developing countries; for industrialized countries, long-term trends show gradually declining agricultural productivity growth.
       
 
 
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