Subjects -> FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (Total: 399 journals)
    - BEVERAGES (15 journals)
    - FISH AND FISHERIES (102 journals)
    - FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (282 journals)

FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (282 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 62 of 62 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Alimentaria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Series E: Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Agrosearch     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alimentos e Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alimentos Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 57)
American Journal of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access  
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animal Production     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Animal Production Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology of food     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Alimentação     Open Access  
Asian Food Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Journal of Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Plant Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Rice Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletim de Indústria Animal     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access  
Cerâmica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access  
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Cuizine: The Journal of Canadian Food Cultures / Cuizine : revue des cultures culinaires au Canada     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CyTA - Journal of Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Food Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EFSA Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food     Hybrid Journal  
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Food Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Flavour     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Flavour and Fragrance Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food & Function     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B: Surveillance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food and Applied Bioscience Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food and Bioprocess Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Bioproducts Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Food and Environment Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Food Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Food Chemistry : X     Open Access  
Food Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food In     Open Access  
Food Manufacturing Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Food Packaging and Shelf Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Preference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Reviews International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Science and Human Wellness     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Food Science and Quality Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food Science and Technology (Campinas)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Science and Technology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Food Structure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food Technology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Foodnews     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Foods     Open Access  
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access  
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastronomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Gıda Dergisi     Open Access  
Global Food History     Hybrid Journal  
Global Food Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Grain & Oil Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Grasas y Aceites     Open Access  
Habitat     Open Access  
Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Himalayan Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
Indonesian Food Science & Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
INNOTEC : Revista del Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay     Open Access  
Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Contamination     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Food Engineering Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Properties     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Food Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Latest Trends in Agriculture and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Meat Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal on Food System Dynamics     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
itepa : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan     Open Access  
JOT Journal für Oberflächentechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Acupuncture and Herbs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access  
Journal of AOAC International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Berry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Culinary Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Excipients and Food Chemicals     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food and Dairy Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Health and Bioenvironmental Science     Open Access  
Journal of Food Lipids     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Food Process Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Processing & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Products Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Protection(R)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Food Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Science and Technology Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Food Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

        1 2     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Nutrition
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.196
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 58  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2161-8313 - ISSN (Online) 2156-5376
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [411 journals]
  • Combining Population-Specific Dietary Patterns in Meta-analyses: True or
           False'
    • Authors: Salari-Moghaddam A; Larijani B, Esmaillzadeh A.
      Pages: 463 - 463
      Abstract: Dear Editor:
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz071
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Reply to Y Gao et al.
    • Authors: Cavero-Redondo I; Álvarez-Bueno C, Martinez-Vizcaino V.
      Pages: 464 - 465
      Abstract: Dear Editor:
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz109
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • The Quality of Overviews on Milk and Dairy Product Consumption and
           Cardiovascular Diseases and Milk and Dairy Product Consumption and Risk of
           Mortality Can be Improved
    • Authors: Gao Y; Sun Y, Chen J, et al.
      Pages: 464 - 464
      Abstract: Dear Editor:
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz088
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Meta-analysis of Whole-Grain Consumption and Biomarkers of Systemic
           Inflammation: Methodologic Limitations
    • Authors: Haghighatdoost F.
      Pages: 465 - 466
      Abstract: Dear Editor:
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz101
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Reply to F Haghighatdoost
    • Authors: Sadeghian M; Sadeghi O, Rahmani S, et al.
      Pages: 466 - 467
      Abstract: Dear Editor:
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz102
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Corrigendum for Ruiz-Ojeda et al. Effects of Sweeteners on the Gut
           Microbiota: A Review of Experimental Studies and Clinical Trials. Advances
           in Nutrition, Volume 10, Issue suppl_1, January 2019, Pages S31–S48
    • Pages: 468 - 468
      Abstract: Corrigendum for Ruiz-Ojeda et al. Effects of Sweeteners on the Gut Microbiota: A Review of Experimental Studies and Clinical Trials. Advances in Nutrition, Volume 10, Issue suppl_1, January 2019, Pages S31–S48. The term “isomaltose” is misused. The authors refer to “Isomalt” (European safety number E 953; International number INS 953) also termed as “isomaltitol”, which is hydrogenated isomaltose. Structurally it is formed by the linkage of glucommanitol and glucosorbitol. In the last paragraph, on page S38, the sentence should read “Isomaltitol or isomalt (E-953) is a polyol used worldwide as a sugar replacement with technological properties comparable to those of sucrose.”
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz112
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Corrigendum for Sadeghi et al. Whole-Grain Consumption Does Not Affect
           Obesity Measures: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of
           Randomized Clinical Trials. Advances in Nutrition, nmz076,
           https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz076
    • Pages: 468 - 468
      Abstract: Corrigendum for Sadeghi et al. Whole-Grain Consumption Does Not Affect Obesity Measures: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials. Advances in Nutrition, nmz076, https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz076
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz130
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Erratum to Maruvada et al. Perspective: Dietary Biomarkers of Intake and
           Exposure—Exploration with Omics Approaches. Adv Nutr doi:
           https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz075
    • Pages: 468 - 468
      Abstract: Erratum to Maruvada et al. Perspective: Dietary Biomarkers of Intake and Exposure—Exploration with Omics Approaches. Adv Nutr doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz075
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Mar 2020 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz099
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Perspective: Integration to Implementation (I-to-I) and the Micronutrient
           Forum—Addressing the Safety and Effectiveness of Vitamin A
           Supplementation
    • Authors: Raiten D; Darnton-Hill I, Tanumihardjo S, et al.
      Pages: 185 - 199
      Abstract: ABSTRACTAn ongoing challenge to our ability to address the role of food and nutrition in health promotion and disease prevention is how to design and implement context-specific interventions and guidance that are safe, efficacious, and avoid unintended consequences. The integration to effective implementation (I-to-I) concept is intended to address the complexities of the global health context through engagement of the continuum of stakeholders involved in the generation, translation, and implementation of evidence to public health guidance/programs. The I-to-I approach was developed under the auspices of the Micronutrient Forum and has been previously applied to the question of safety and effectiveness of interventions to prevent and treat nutritional iron deficiency. The present article applies the I-to-I approach to questions regarding the safety and utility of large-dose vitamin A supplementation programs, and presents the authors’ perspective on key aspects of the topic, including coverage of the basic and applied biology of vitamin A nutrition and assessment, clinical implications, and an overview of the extant data with regard to both the justification for and utility of available intervention strategies. The article includes some practical considerations based on specific country experiences regarding the challenges of implementing vitamin A–related programs. This is followed by an overview of some challenges associated with engagement of the enabling communities that play a critical role in the implementation of these types of public health interventions. The article concludes with suggestions for potential approaches to move this important agenda forward.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz100
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Perspective: Dietary Biomarkers of Intake and Exposure—Exploration
           with Omics Approaches
    • Authors: Maruvada P; Lampe J, Wishart D, et al.
      Pages: 200 - 215
      Abstract: ABSTRACTWhile conventional nutrition research has yielded biomarkers such as doubly labeled water for energy metabolism and 24-h urinary nitrogen for protein intake, a critical need exists for additional, equally robust biomarkers that allow for objective assessment of specific food intake and dietary exposure. Recent advances in high-throughput MS combined with improved metabolomics techniques and bioinformatic tools provide new opportunities for dietary biomarker development. In September 2018, the NIH organized a 2-d workshop to engage nutrition and omics researchers and explore the potential of multiomics approaches in nutritional biomarker research. The current Perspective summarizes key gaps and challenges identified, as well as the recommendations from the workshop that could serve as a guide for scientists interested in dietary biomarkers research. Topics addressed included study designs for biomarker development, analytical and bioinformatic considerations, and integration of dietary biomarkers with other omics techniques. Several clear needs were identified, including larger controlled feeding studies, testing a variety of foods and dietary patterns across diverse populations, improved reporting standards to support study replication, more chemical standards covering a broader range of food constituents and human metabolites, standardized approaches for biomarker validation, comprehensive and accessible food composition databases, a common ontology for dietary biomarker literature, and methodologic work on statistical procedures for intake biomarker discovery. Multidisciplinary research teams with appropriate expertise are critical to moving forward the field of dietary biomarkers and producing robust, reproducible biomarkers that can be used in public health and clinical research.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz075
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Perspective: Creating the Evidence Base for Nutritional Support in
           Childhood Cancer in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Priorities for Body
           Composition Research
    • Authors: Murphy-Alford A; Prasad M, Slone J, et al.
      Pages: 216 - 223
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThere is a striking disparity in survival rates for children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) compared with high-income countries (HICs). Many of the contributing factors are preventable, including the comorbidity of malnutrition. There are emerging data that malnutrition, as reflected in body composition changes, impacts survival of cancer. However, not enough priority is given to nutrition management of children with cancer, particularly in LMICs. The primary purpose of this article is to review the current knowledge on childhood cancer and body composition in LMICs and identify priorities for future research into the interlinking associations between cancer, body composition, and clinical outcomes for childhood cancer patients. Evidence will ensure feasible and effective nutrition management is prioritized in childhood cancer centers in LMICs and contribute to improving outcomes for children with cancer.
      PubDate: Sat, 14 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz095
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Recent Research on the Health Benefits of Blueberries and Their
           Anthocyanins
    • Authors: Kalt W; Cassidy A, Howard L, et al.
      Pages: 224 - 236
      Abstract: ABSTRACTAwareness of the human health benefits of blueberries is underpinned by a growing body of positive scientific evidence from human observational and clinical research, plus mechanistic research using animal and in vitro models. Blueberries contain a large number of phytochemicals, including abundant anthocyanin pigments. Of their various phytochemicals, anthocyanins probably make the greatest impact on blueberry health functionality. Epidemiological studies associate regular, moderate intake of blueberries and/or anthocyanins with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, death, and type 2 diabetes, and with improved weight maintenance and neuroprotection. These findings are supported by biomarker-based evidence from human clinical studies. Among the more important healthful aspects of blueberries are their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant actions and their beneficial effects on vascular and glucoregulatory function. Blueberry phytochemicals may affect gastrointestinal microflora and contribute to host health. These aspects have implications in degenerative diseases and conditions as well as the aging process. More evidence, and particularly human clinical evidence, is needed to better understand the potential for anthocyanin-rich blueberries to benefit public health. However, it is widely agreed that the regular consumption of tasty, ripe blueberries can be unconditionally recommended.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Jul 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz065
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Dried Fruit Intake and Cancer: A Systematic Review of Observational
           Studies
    • Authors: Mossine V; Mawhinney T, Giovannucci E.
      Pages: 237 - 250
      Abstract: ABSTRACTInsufficient intake of total fruits and vegetables is linked to an increased cancer risk, but the relation is not understood for dried fruits. Dried fruits are generally perceived, by both consumers and researchers, as a less attractive but shelf-stable equivalent to fresh fruits and constitute a small but significant proportion of modern diets. Chemical compositions of raw and dried fruits, however, may differ substantially. Several clinical and laboratory intervention studies have reported the protective effects of dehydrated fruits against the progression of some cancers and the modulating effects of dried fruits on common cancer risk factors. In this systematic review, we identified, summarized, and critically evaluated 9 prospective cohort and 7 case-control studies that examined the relations between traditional dried fruit (raisins, prunes, dates) consumption and cancer risk in humans. Prospective cohort studies determined that significant reductions in relative risk of precancerous colorectal polyps, incidence of prostate cancer, or mortality from pancreatic cancer, by, respectively, 24%, 49%, and 65%, were associated with 3–5 or more servings of dried fruits per week. Selected case-control studies revealed inverse associations between dried fruit intake and risk of cancer as well. The reported associations were comparable to or stronger than those observed for total or raw fruits. Although the small number and high heterogeneity impede meta-analysis of these studies, we conclude that currently available data provide some initial evidence that consumption of dried fruits may be associated with a lower cancer incidence or mortality in populations. The data suggest that higher intake of raisins and other dried fruits may be important in the prevention of cancers of the digestive system. Because only a limited number of health outcome and dried fruit intake relations have been evaluated in prospective studies to date, reanalyzing existing high-quality epidemiological data may expand the knowledge base.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz085
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Fermented Milk Products and Bone Health in Postmenopausal Women: A
           Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials, Prospective Cohorts,
           and Case-Control Studies
    • Authors: Ong A; Kang K, Weiler H, et al.
      Pages: 251 - 265
      Abstract: ABSTRACTMilk and milk product consumption is positively associated with bone mineral density (BMD). Emerging evidence suggests that fermented milk products (FMPs) may have specific beneficial effects on skeletal health. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the effect of FMPs on bone health indicators in postmenopausal women given their increased risk for osteoporosis and fragility fractures. Electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective cohort and case-control studies that examined the relation between FMPs and bone health outcomes (fracture incidence, BMD, BMD T-score, and percentage change in bone turnover markers) in postmenopausal women. Two reviewers independently conducted abstract and full-text screenings and data extractions. Risk of bias was assessed using the RoB 2.0 tool and the Newcastle–Ottawa scale for interventional and observational studies. Pooled RRs were obtained using a random-effects model by the DerSimonian–Laird method. Three RCTs, 3 prospective cohorts, and 3 case-control studies met the inclusion criteria. Results of the meta-analysis of 3 cohort studies (n = 102,819) suggest that higher yogurt consumption was associated with reduced hip fracture risk (pooled RR: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.63, 0.92, I2 = 29%), but no difference in hip fracture risk was found between higher and lower cheese consumption (pooled RR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.73, 1.10, I2 = 0%). Case-control studies revealed that cheese intake had either a null or a protective effect against osteoporosis (BMD T-score ≤−2.5). Daily yogurt or cheese intervention (<2 mo) decreased bone resorption marker concentrations, but had no effect on bone formation markers. In postmenopausal women, of the FMPs studied, only greater yogurt consumption was associated with a reduced risk of hip fracture compared with low or no intake. Daily cheese intake may be associated with higher BMD T-scores, but evidence was limited. Additional and longer-term trials examining these relations are warranted.
      PubDate: Fri, 11 Oct 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz108
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Dairy Foods and Dairy Fats: New Perspectives on Pathways Implicated in
           Cardiometabolic Health
    • Authors: Hirahatake K; Bruno R, Bolling B, et al.
      Pages: 266 - 279
      Abstract: ABSTRACTLow-fat and nonfat dairy products have been promoted as part of a healthy dietary pattern by both US dietary guidelines and professional organizations for several decades. The basis for this recommendation stems in part from the putative negative cardiometabolic effects associated with saturated fat consumption. However, as nutrition research has shifted from a single nutrient to a whole-food/dietary pattern approach, the role of dairy foods and dairy fat in the diet–disease relationship is being reexamined. Most observational and experimental evidence does not support a detrimental relationship between full-fat dairy intake and cardiometabolic health, including risks of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Indeed, an expanded understanding of the dairy food matrix and the bioactive properties of dairy fats and other constituents suggests a neutral or potentially beneficial role in cardiometabolic health. To consider how consuming dairy foods, including full-fat dairy, is associated with cardiometabolic health, this review provides an innovative perspective on mechanisms that link dairy consumption to 3 main biological systems at the core of metabolic health, the gastrointestinal, hepatic, and vascular systems.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz105
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Whole-Grain Consumption Does Not Affect Obesity Measures: An Updated
           Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials
    • Authors: Sadeghi O; Sadeghian M, Rahmani S, et al.
      Pages: 280 - 292
      Abstract: ABSTRACTSince the release of a previous meta-analysis on the effect of whole-grain intake on obesity measures, several clinical trials have been published. Therefore, we aimed to update the previous meta-analysis on the effect of whole-grain intake on obesity measures by including recently published studies, as well as considering the main limitations in that analysis. We searched the online databases of PubMed, Scopus, Clarivate Web of Science, EmBase, and Google Scholar for relevant studies published up to February 2019, using relevant keywords. Randomized clinical trials investigating the effect of whole-grain products or diets high in whole-grain foods, compared with a control diet, on anthropometric measures [including body weight, BMI, waist circumference, and fat mass (FM)] were included. In total, 21 studies with a total sample of 1798 participants, aged ≥18 years, were considered. Based on 22 effect sizes from 19 studies on body weight, with a total sample of 1698 adults, we found no significant effect of whole-grain consumption on body weight. The same findings were obtained for BMIs, such that using 10 effect sizes from 10 clinical trials with a total sample of 769 individuals we did not find any significant effect. With regards to body fat percentage [weighted mean difference (WMD): 0.27; 95% CI: −0.05 to 0.58%; P = 0.09], FM (WMD: 0.45; 95% CI: −0.12 to 1.02 kg; P = 0.12), fat-free mass (WMD: 0.31; 95% CI: −0.67 to 0.06 kg; P = 0.10), and waist circumference (WMD: 0.06; 95% CI: −0.50 to 0.63 cm; P = 0.82), we failed to find any significant effect of whole-grain consumption. In conclusion, our findings did not support current recommendations of whole-grain intake in attempts to control obesity measures. Given the beneficial effects of whole-grain intake on other measures of human health, additional well-designed studies are required to further investigate the effect on obesity. The protocol has been registered with PROSPERO (registration number CRD42019125320).
      PubDate: Wed, 07 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz076
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Reproducibility and Validity of A Posteriori Dietary Patterns: A
           Systematic Review
    • Authors: Edefonti V; De Vito R, Dalmartello M, et al.
      Pages: 293 - 326
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThe effective use of dietary patterns (DPs) remains limited. There is a need to assess their consistency over multiple administrations of the same dietary source, different dietary sources, or across different studies. Similarly, their generalizability should be based on a previous assessment of DP construct validity. However, to date, no systematic reviews of reproducibility and validity of a posteriori DPs have been carried out. In addition, several methodological questions related to their identification are still open and prevent a fair comparison of epidemiological results on DPs and disease. A systematic review of the literature on the PubMed database was conducted. We identified 218 articles, 64 of which met the inclusion criteria. Of these, the 38 articles dealing with reproducibility and relative and construct validity of DPs were included. These articles (published in 1999–2017, 53% from 2010 onwards) were based on observational studies conducted worldwide. The 14 articles that assessed DP reproducibility across different statistical solutions examined different research questions. Included were: the number of food groups or subjects; input variable format (as well as adjustment for energy intake); algorithms and the number of DPs to retain in cluster analysis; rotation method; and score calculation in factor analysis. However, we identified at most 3 articles per research question on DP reproducibility across statistical solutions. From another 15 articles, reproducibility of DPs over shorter (≤1 y) time periods was generally good and higher than DP relative validity (as measured across different dietary sources). Confirmatory factor analysis was used in 15 of the included articles. It provided reassuring results in identifying valid dietary constructs characterizing the populations under consideration. Based on the available evidence, only suggestive conclusions can be derived on reproducibility across different statistical solutions. Nevertheless, most identified DPs showed good reproducibility, fair relative validity, and good construct validity.
      PubDate: Thu, 03 Oct 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz097
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Food Insecurity among College Students in the United States: A Scoping
           Review
    • Authors: Nikolaus C; An R, Ellison B, et al.
      Pages: 327 - 348
      Abstract: ABSTRACTReports of college students experiencing food insecurity (FI), defined as inadequate access, availability, adequacy, and stability of food, have sparked national calls for alleviation and prevention policies. However, there are a wide variety of FI rates reported across studies and even among recent literature reviews. The current scoping review aimed to develop a weighted estimated prevalence of FI among US students using a comprehensive search approach. In addition, study characteristics that may be related to the high variability in reported FI prevalence were explored. To address these aims, the peer-reviewed and gray literature on US college student FI was systematically searched to identify 12,044 nonduplicated records. A total of 51 study samples, across 62 records, met inclusion criteria and were included in the current review. The quality of the included studies was moderate, with an average rate of 6.4 on a scale of 0–10. Convenience (45%) and census (30%) sampling approaches were common; only 4 study samples were based on representative sampling strategies. FI estimates ranged from 10% to 75%. It was common for very low security to be as prevalent as, or more prevalent than, low food security. The surveying protocols used in the studies were related to the FI estimates. The USDA Short Form Food Security Survey Module (FSSM; 50%) and the USDA Adult FSSM (40%) prevalence estimates were larger than for the full USDA Household FSSM (13%). When these surveys referenced a 12-mo period, FI estimates were 31%. This was a lower FI estimate than surveys using reference periods of 9 mo or shorter (47%). The results indicate that FI is a pressing issue among college students, but the variation in prevalence produced by differing surveys suggests that students may be misclassified with current surveying methods. Psychometric testing of these surveys when used with college students is warranted.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Oct 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz111
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Internet Use in Relation to Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review
           and Meta-Analysis of Cross-Sectional Studies
    • Authors: Aghasi M; Matinfar A, Golzarand M, et al.
      Pages: 349 - 356
      Abstract: ABSTRACTAlthough several studies have investigated the association between Internet use and odds of overweight and obesity, results are inconsistent. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to summarize evidence on the association between Internet use and odds of overweight and obesity. A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar up to February 2019 to identify relevant publications. Finally, 9 cross-sectional studies were considered in this systematic review and meta-analysis. Combining 11 effect sizes from 9 studies, we found a significant, positive association between the highest Internet use, compared to the lowest (ranged from ≥5 h/d to no use among studies), and odds of overweight and obesity (OR: 1.47; 95% CI: 1.21–1.78; I2, 69.6%; P < 0.001), such that Internet users had 47% greater odds of being overweight or obese. We also observed a significant, positive association between the highest Internet use, compared to the lowest (ranged from ≥5 h/d to no use among studies), and overweight/obesity (OR: 1.15; 95% CI: 1.06–1.25; I2, 0.0%; P = 0.426), obesity (OR: 2.58; 95% CI: 1.88–3.54; I2, 0.0%; P = 0.637), and overweight (OR: 1.38; 95% CI: 1.16–1.64; I2, 13.1%; P = 0.330). A linear dose-response meta-analysis revealed that each additional 1 h/d of Internet use was associated with 8% increased odds of overweight and obesity (OR: 1.08; 95% CI: 1.05–1.11; I2, 3.8%; P = 0.403). Findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis indicated that Internet use was positively associated with increased odds of being overweight and obese.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz073
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Farm to School Activities and Student Outcomes: A Systematic Review
    • Authors: Prescott M; Cleary R, Bonanno A, et al.
      Pages: 357 - 374
      Abstract: ABSTRACTFarm to school programs (F2SPs) operate in 42% of school districts and are supported in part through federal and state policies as well as philanthropic funding. Although research evaluating the effects of farm to school–related activities on student outcomes is growing, a systematic review of the results and thus a synthesis of implications for future programming have not occurred. The primary objective of this systematic literature review is to summarize and evaluate studies on student outcomes associated with farm to school–related activities up to 1 September, 2017. Four databases spanning 4 research disciplines were used to identify full-text, English-language studies. Twenty-one studies were reviewed: 7 explicitly investigated F2SPs, and 14 evaluated the impact of school-based interventions that were relevant to activities reported in the 2013 and/or 2015 Farm to School Census. All of the F2SP studies (n = 7) and 85.7% of farm to school–related activity studies (n = 12) were multicomponent, and there was a wide variety of implemented intervention components across the reviewed studies. Results from F2SP and farm to school–related activity studies consistently show positive impacts on food and nutrition-related knowledge; most studies also suggest a positive relation between farm to school–related activities and healthy food selection during school meals, nutrition self-efficacy, and willingness to try fruits and vegetables. The impact of farm to school activities on fruit and vegetable consumption and preferences is unclear. The most common F2SP study limitations were study designs that preclude causal inference, outcome measurement with no reported or limited psychometric testing, lack of long-term outcome evaluation, and challenges related to quantifying intervention implementation. These findings underscore the need for more conclusive evidence on the relation between farm to school–related activities and changes in fruit and vegetable consumption.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz094
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • The Water Footprint of Diets: A Global Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    • Authors: Harris F; Moss C, Joy E, et al.
      Pages: 375 - 386
      Abstract: ABSTRACTAgricultural water requirements differ between foods. Population-level dietary preferences are therefore a major determinant of agricultural water use. The “water footprint” (WF) represents the volume of water consumed in the production of food items, separated by water source; blue WF represents ground and surface water use, and green WF represents rain water use. We systematically searched for published studies using the WF to assess the water use of diets. We used the available evidence to quantify the WF of diets in different countries, and grouped diets in patterns according to study definition. “Average” patterns equated to those currently consumed, whereas “healthy” patterns included those recommended in national dietary guidelines. We searched 7 online databases and identified 41 eligible studies that reported the dietary green WF, blue WF, or total WF (green plus blue) (1964 estimates for 176 countries). The available evidence suggests that, on average, European (170 estimates) and Oceanian (18 estimates) dietary patterns have the highest green WFs (median per capita: 2999 L/d and 2924 L/d, respectively), whereas Asian dietary patterns (98 estimates) have the highest blue WFs (median: 382 L/d per capita). Foods of animal origin are major contributors to the green WFs of diets, whereas cereals, fruits, nuts, and oils are major contributors to the blue WF of diets. “Healthy” dietary patterns (425 estimates) had green WFs that were 5.9% (95% CI: −7.7, −4.0) lower than those of “average” dietary patterns, but they did not differ in their blue WFs. Our review suggests that changes toward healthier diets could reduce total water use of agriculture, but would not affect blue water use. Rapid dietary change and increasing water security concerns underscore the need for a better understanding of the amount and type of water used in food production to make informed policy decisions.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz091
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Food Environment Research in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A
           Systematic Scoping Review
    • Authors: Turner C; Kalamatianou S, Drewnowski A, et al.
      Pages: 387 - 397
      Abstract: ABSTRACTFood environment research is increasingly gaining prominence in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, in the absence of a systematic review of the literature, little is known about the emerging body of evidence from these settings. This systematic scoping review aims to address this gap. A systematic search of 6 databases was conducted in December 2017 and retrieved 920 records. In total, 70 peer-reviewed articles met the eligibility criteria and were included. Collectively, articles spanned 22 LMICs, including upper-middle-income countries (n = 49, 70%) and lower-middle-income countries (n = 18, 26%). No articles included low-income countries. Articles featured quantitative (n = 45, 64%), qualitative (n = 17, 24%), and mixed-method designs (n = 11, 8%). Studies analyzed the food environment at national, community, school, and household scales. Twenty-three articles (55%) assessed associations between food environment exposures and outcomes of interest, including diets (n = 14), nutrition status (n = 13), and health (n = 1). Food availability was associated with dietary outcomes at the community and school scales across multiple LMICs, although associations varied by vendor type. Evidence regarding associations between the food environment and nutrition and health outcomes was inconclusive. The paucity of evidence from high-quality studies is a severe limitation, highlighting the critical need for improved study designs and standardized methods and metrics. Future food environment research must address low-income and lower-middle-income countries, and include the full spectrum of dietary, nutrition, and health outcomes. Improving the quality of food environment research will be critical to the design of feasible, appropriate, and effective interventions to improve public health nutrition in LMICs.
      PubDate: Sat, 11 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz031
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Zinc Supplementation and Body Weight: A Systematic Review and
           Dose–Response Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
    • Authors: Abdollahi S; Toupchian O, Jayedi A, et al.
      Pages: 398 - 411
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to determine the effect of zinc supplementation on anthropometric measures. In this systematic review and dose–response meta-analysis, we searched PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library from database inception to August 2018 for relevant randomized controlled trials. Mean differences and SDs for each outcome were pooled using a random-effects model. Furthermore, a dose–response analysis for zinc dosage was performed using a fractional polynomial model. Quality of evidence was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology. Twenty-seven trials (n = 1438 participants) were included in the meta-analysis. There were no significant changes in anthropometric measures after zinc supplementation in the overall analysis. However, subgroup analyses revealed that zinc supplementation increased body weight in individuals undergoing hemodialysis (HD) [3 trials, n = 154 participants; weighted mean difference (WMD) = 1.02 kg; 95% CI: 0.38, 1.65 kg; P = 0.002; I2 = 11.4%] and decreased body weight in subjects who are overweight/obese but otherwise healthy (5 trials, n = 245 participants; WMD = −0.55 kg; 95% CI: −1.06, −0.04 kg; P = 0.03; I2 = 31.5%). Dose–response analyses revealed a significant nonlinear effect of supplementation dosage on BMI (P = 0.001). Our data suggest that zinc supplementation increases body weight in patients undergoing HD and decreases body weight in individuals who are overweight/obese but otherwise healthy, although after normalization for study duration, the association observed in subjects who are overweight/obese disappeared. Although more high-quality studies are needed to reach a definitive conclusion, our study supports the view that zinc may be associated with body weight.
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz084
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Utility of Ketone Supplementation to Enhance Physical Performance: A
           Systematic Review
    • Authors: Margolis L; O'Fallon K.
      Pages: 412 - 419
      Abstract: ABSTRACTIngesting exogenous ketone bodies has been touted as producing ergogenic effects by altering substrate metabolism; however, research findings from recent studies appear inconsistent. This systematic review aimed to aggregate data from the current literature to examine the impact of consuming ketone supplements on enhancing physical performance. A systematic search was performed for randomized controlled trials that measured physical performance outcomes in response to ingesting exogenous ketone supplements compared with a control (nutritive or non-nutritive) in humans. A total of 161 articles were screened. Data were extracted from 10 eligible studies (112 participants; 109 men, 3 women ) containing 16 performance outcomes [lower-body power (n = 8) and endurance performance (n = 8)]. Ketone supplements were grouped as ketone esters (n = 8) or ketone salts/precursors (n = 8). Of the 16 performance outcomes identified by the systematic review, 3 reported positive, 10 reported null, and 3 reported negative effects of ketone supplementation on physical performance compared with controls. Heterogeneity was detected for lower-body power ( Q = 40, I2 = 83%, P < 0.01) and endurance performance (Q = 95, I2 = 93%, P < 0.01) between studies. Similarly high levels of heterogeneity were detected in studies providing ketone esters (Q = 111, I2 = 93%, P < 0.01), and to a lesser extent studies with ketone salts/precursors (Q = 25, I2 = 72%, P < 0.01). Heterogeneity across studies makes it difficult to conclude any benefit or detriment to consuming ketone supplements on physical performance. This systematic review discusses factors within individual studies that may contribute to discordant outcomes across investigations to elucidate if there is sufficient evidence to warrant recommendation of consuming exogenous ketone supplements to enhance physical performance.
      PubDate: Sat, 05 Oct 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz104
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • The Effect of Isolated and Synthetic Dietary Fibers on Markers of
           Metabolic Diseases in Human Intervention Studies: A Systematic Review
    • Authors: Armet A; Deehan E, Thöne J, et al.
      Pages: 420 - 438
      Abstract: ABSTRACTObservational studies provide strong evidence for the health benefits of dietary fiber (DF) intake; however, human intervention studies that supplement isolated and synthetic DFs have shown inconsistent results. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review to summarize the effects of DF supplementation on immunometabolic disease markers in intervention studies in healthy adults, and considered the role of DF dose, DF physicochemical properties, intervention duration, and the placebo used. Five databases were searched for studies published from 1990 to 2018 that assessed the effect of DF on immunometabolic markers. Eligible studies were those that supplemented isolated or synthetic DFs for ≥2 wk and reported baseline data to assess the effect of the placebo. In total, 77 publications were included. DF supplementation reduced total cholesterol (TC), LDL cholesterol, HOMA-IR, and insulin AUC in 36–49% of interventions. In contrast, <20% of the interventions reduced C-reactive protein (CRP), IL-6, glucose, glucose AUC, insulin, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. A higher proportion of interventions showed an effect if they used higher DF doses for CRP, TC, and LDL cholesterol (40–63%), viscous and mixed plant cell wall DFs for TC and LDL cholesterol (>50%), and longer intervention durations for CRP and glucose (50%). Half of the placebo-controlled studies used digestible carbohydrates as the placebo, which confounded findings for IL-6, glucose AUC, and insulin AUC. In conclusion, interventions with isolated and synthetic DFs resulted mainly in improved cholesterol concentrations and an attenuation of insulin resistance, whereas markers of dysglycemia and inflammation were largely unaffected. Although more research is needed to make reliable recommendations, a more targeted supplementation of DF with specific physicochemical properties at higher doses and for longer durations shows promise in enhancing several of its health effects.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Jul 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz074
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Dietary Management of the Glycogen Storage Diseases: Evolution of
           Treatment and Ongoing Controversies
    • Authors: Ross K; Ferrecchia I, Dahlberg K, et al.
      Pages: 439 - 446
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThe hepatic glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) are a group of disorders where abnormal storage or release of glycogen leads to potentially life-threatening hypoglycemia and metabolic disturbances. Dietary interventions have markedly improved the outcome for these disorders, from a previously fatal condition to one where people can do well with proper care. This article chronicles the evolution of dietary management and treatment of the hepatic GSDs (types 0, I, III, VI, IX, and XI). We examine historic and current approaches for preventing hypoglycemia associated with GSDs. There is a lack of consensus on the optimal dietary management of GSDs despite decades of research, and the ongoing controversies are discussed.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz092
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Elucidating the Regulatory Role of Melatonin in Brown, White, and Beige
           Adipocytes
    • Authors: Xu Z; You W, Liu J, et al.
      Pages: 447 - 460
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThe high prevalence of obesity and its associated metabolic diseases has heightened the importance of understanding control of adipose tissue development and energy metabolism. In mammals, 3 types of adipocytes with different characteristics and origins have been identified: white, brown, and beige. Beige and brown adipocytes contain numerous mitochondria and have the capability to burn energy and counteract obesity, while white adipocytes store energy and are closely associated with metabolic disorders and obesity. Thus, regulation of the development and function of different adipocytes is important for controlling energy balance and combating obesity and related metabolic disorders. Melatonin is a neurohormone, which plays multiple roles in regulating inflammation, blood pressure, insulin actions, and energy metabolism. This article summarizes and discusses the role of melatonin in white, beige, and brown adipocytes, especially in affecting adipogenesis, inducing beige formation or white adipose tissue browning, enhancing brown adipose tissue mass and activities, improving anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects, regulating adipokine secretion, and preventing body weight gain. Based on the current findings, melatonin is a potential therapeutic agent to control energy metabolism, adipogenesis, fat deposition, adiposity, and related metabolic diseases.
      PubDate: Mon, 29 Jul 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz070
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Boron
    • Authors: Nielsen F; Eckhert C.
      Pages: 461 - 462
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Oct 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmz110
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019)
       
 
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