Subjects -> FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (Total: 410 journals)
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    - FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (289 journals)

FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (289 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 62 of 62 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Alimentaria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Series E: Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 71)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Agrosearch     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alimentos e Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alimentos Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
American Journal of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access  
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animal Production     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Animal Production Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology of food     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Alimentação     Open Access  
Asian Food Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asian Journal of Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Plant Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Rice Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletim de Indústria Animal     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cerâmica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access  
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Cuizine: The Journal of Canadian Food Cultures / Cuizine : revue des cultures culinaires au Canada     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CyTA - Journal of Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Food Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EFSA Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food     Hybrid Journal  
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Food Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Flavour     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Flavour and Fragrance Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food & Function     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B: Surveillance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food and Applied Bioscience Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food and Bioprocess Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Bioproducts Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Food and Environment Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Food Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Food Chemistry : X     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food In     Open Access  
Food Manufacturing Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Food Modelling Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Food Packaging and Shelf Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Preference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Food Reviews International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Human Wellness     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Food Science and Quality Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food Science and Technology (Campinas)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Science and Technology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Food Structure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Food Technology and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Foodnews     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Foods     Open Access  
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access  
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gastronomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Gıda Dergisi     Open Access  
Global Food History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Global Food Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Grain & Oil Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Grasas y Aceites     Open Access  
Habitat     Open Access  
Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Himalayan Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
Indonesian Food Science & Technology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
INNOTEC : Revista del Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay     Open Access  
Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Contamination     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Food Engineering Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Properties     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Food Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Latest Trends in Agriculture and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Meat Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal on Food System Dynamics     Open Access  
Investigación Pecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
itepa : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan     Open Access  
JKI Datenblätter : Obstsorten     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JOT Journal für Oberflächentechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Acupuncture and Herbs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access  
Journal of AOAC International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Berry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Culinary Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Excipients and Food Chemicals     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food and Dairy Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis     Open Access  
Journal of Food and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Chemistry & Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Health and Bioenvironmental Science     Open Access  
Journal of Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Lipids     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Food Process Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Processing & Beverages     Open Access  
Journal of Food Processing & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Products Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Protection(R)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Food Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)

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Ciência e Agrotecnologia
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ISSN (Print) 1413-7054
Published by SciELO Homepage  [911 journals]
  • In vitro callus induction and development of Vernonia condensata Baker
           with embryogenic potential

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Vernonia condensata Baker has been traditionally used in folk medicine for the treatment of several inflammatory and infectious processes. Overexploitation of this plant species has drastically reduced its population in its natural habitat (Cerrado). Therefore, tissue culture tools, such as somatic embryogenesis, can be used as an alternative method for rapid and large-scale plant regeneration. The objectives of this study were to induce callogenesis in Vernonia condensata from different types of explants and to evaluate the structural aspects of the development of pro-embryogenic masses of this species by means of histological analyses. The formation of calli was induced from leaf explants and internodal segments, which were inoculated in EME medium supplemented with 50 g L-1 sucrose, 0.5 g L-1 malt extract and 2.68 μM NAA, plus varying concentrations of BAP (0.00, 2.22, 4.44 or 8.88 μM). After 40 days, the following morphogenetic traits were evaluated: intensity of callus formation, intensity of oxidation, callus texture, and morphogenesis. The calli with embryogenic masses were analyzed by light and scanning electron microscopy. Both types of explants were responsive regarding callogenesis, with the BAP concentration of 4.44 μM promoting the formation of friable calli associated with a larger percentage of calli with embryogenic masses. Cells from leaf explants and internodal segments were able to dedifferentiate and change into embryonic structures.RESUMO Vernonia condensata Baker tem sido tradicionalmente usada na medicina popular para o tratamento de vários processos inflamatórios e infecciosos. A exploração excessiva dessa espécie de planta tem reduzido drasticamente a sua população em seu habitat natural (Cerrado). Portanto, ferramentas de cultura de tecidos, como a embriogênese somática, podem ser usadas como um método alternativo para a regeneração de plantas de forma rápida e em larga escala. O objetivo do estudo foi induzir a calogênese de Vernonia condensata a partir de diferentes tipos de explantes e avaliar os aspectos estruturais do desenvolvimento de massas pró-embriogênicas desta espécie, por meio de análises histológicas. A formação dos calos foi induzida a partir de segmentos foliares e internodais inoculados em meio EME acrescido de 50 g L-1 de sacarose, 0,5 g L-1 extrato de malte e 2,68 μM ANA, variando-se as concentrações de BAP (0,00; 2,22, 4,44 e 8,88 μM). Após 40 dias avaliou-se os seguintes caracteres morfogenéticos: intensidade de calo formado, intensidade de oxidação, textura do calo e morfogênese. Os calos com massas embriogênicas foram analisadas por microscopia de luz e eletrônica de varredura. Ambos os tipos de explantes são responsivos quanto à calogênese, sendo que a concentração de 4,44 μM BAP promove formação de calos friáveis associada à maior porcentagem de calos com massas embriogênicas. Células de explantes foliares e segmentos internodais foram capazes de desdiferenciarem e se transformar em estruturas embrionárias.
       
  • Thermodynamic properties of moisture desorption isotherms of ryegrass
           (Lolium multiflorum L.) seeds

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Studies about the thermodynamic properties of ryegrass seeds are necessary to improve post-harvest processes, relating the factors that affect product quality with the interaction between water and its chemical components. Given the importance of recognizing and understanding the intrinsic behavior of water in ryegrass seeds and providing data for the improvement of industrial drying equipment, this work aimed to calculate and evaluate the thermodynamic properties of moisture desorption of ryegrass seeds as a function of the equilibrium moisture content. Ryegrass seeds with initial moisture content of 10.4 (% d.b.) was used. The equilibrium moisture content of seeds was determined by static-gravimetric method at different temperatures (10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 °C) and water activity values (between 0.10 and 0.90), in three repetitions. The Chung Pfost model presented the best fit to the experimental data. It was observed that the integral isosteric desorption heat increased as the equilibrium moisture content decreased, ranged from 2499.95 to 4241.96 kJ kg-1 in the moisture content range 2.80 to 22.10 (% d.b.). Differential entropy also increased with decreasing equilibrium moisture content, as did Gibbs free energy, being positive for all temperature studied, indicating that ryegrass seeds desorption is a non-spontaneous process. The enthalpy-entropy compensation theory was satisfactorily applied to the sorption phenomenon, being controlled by enthalpy.RESUMO Estudos sobre as propriedades termodinâmicas de sementes de azevém são necessários para melhorar os processos pós-colheita, relacionando os fatores que afetam a qualidade do produto com a interação entre a água e seus componentes químicos. Dada a importância de reconhecer e entender o comportamento intrínseco da água em sementes de azevém e fornecer dados para a melhoria de equipamentos de secagem industriais, este trabalho teve como objetivo calcular e avaliar as propriedades termodinâmicas da dessorção de água de sementes de azevém em função do teor de água de equilíbrio. Utilizou-se sementes de azevém com teor de água inicial de 10,4 (% b.s.). O teor de água de equilíbrio das sementes foi determinado pelo método estático-gravimétrico, para diferentes valores de temperatura (10, 20, 30, 40 e 50 °C) e atividade de água (entre 0,10 e 0,90), em três repetições. O modelo Chung Pfost foi o que apresentou o melhor ajuste aos dados experimentais. Observou-se que o calor isostérico integral de dessorção aumentou à medida que o teor de água de equilíbrio diminuiu, variando de 2499,95 a 4241,96 kJ kg-1 na faixa de teor de água entre 2,80 a 22,10 (% b.s.). A entropia diferencial também aumentou com a diminuição do teor de água em equilíbrio, assim como a energia livre de Gibbs, sendo positiva para todas as temperaturas estudadas, indicando que a dessorção de sementes de azevém é um processo não espontâneo. A teoria da compensação entalpia-entropia foi satisfatoriamente aplicada ao fenômeno de sorção de água, sendo controlado pela entalpia.
       
  • Nutritional status and physiological parameters of maize cultivated with
           sewage sludge

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT The use of sewage sludge as a source of nutrients and organic matter for agricultural soils is a well-established practice. However, few reports highlight the effect of the nutrients and potentially toxic elements provided by organic wastes application on the plant physiological parameters, such as photosynthetic activity and stomatal conductivity. We performed a greenhouse experiment with maize exposed to a dystrophic red Latosol amended with mineral fertilizer and different rates of sewage sludge with the following objectives: i) assess the nutrients and metal uptake translocation and distribution in plants and ii) evaluate the relationship between plant physiological parameters and yield indicators under the study conditions. The application of sewage sludge increased the soil organic matter, pH, and the amounts of available Ca, S, and Mg, comparing to the mineral fertilizer treatment. The plants promote a higher translocation of macronutrients to the shoots in the sewage sludge treatments, which results in higher photosynthetic activity, stomatal conductivity, and maize yield parameters. Moreover, the trace elements, which can cause toxicity in small concentrations, were founded mainly in the roots, which indicates a plant defense mechanism.RESUMO O uso de lodo de esgoto como fonte de nutrientes e matéria orgânica para solos agrícolas é uma prática bem estabelecida. Entretanto, poucos estudos destacam o efeito dos nutrientes e elementos potencialmente tóxicos fornecidos pela aplicação de resíduos orgânicos nos parâmetros fisiológicos da planta, como atividade fotossintética e condutividade estomática. Neste estudo, foi realizado um experimento em casa de vegetação com milho cultivado em um Latossolo Vermelho distrófico com adubação mineral e aplicação de diferentes concentrações de lodo de esgoto, com os seguintes objetivos: i) avaliar a translocação e distribuição de nutrientes e captação de metais em plantas de milho e ii) avaliar a relação entre os parâmetros fisiológicos e indicadores de produção das plantas nas condições do estudo. A aplicação do lodo de esgoto aumentou a matéria orgânica do solo, o pH e as quantidades de Ca, S e Mg disponíveis, em comparação ao tratamento com fertilizantes minerais. As plantas promovem maior translocação de macronutrientes para a parte aérea nos tratamentos com aplicação de lodo de esgoto, o que resulta em maior atividade fotossintética, condutividade estomática e parâmetros de produção de milho. Além disso, os elementos traços, que podem causar toxicidade em pequenas concentrações, foram encontrados principalmente nas raízes, o que indica um mecanismo de defesa das plantas.
       
  • Lime and phosphate effects on atrazine sorption, leaching and runoff in
           soil

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Atrazine still is a widely used herbicide in tropical soils to control annual broad-leaved weeds and annual grasses mainly in maize and sorghum plantations. Sorption and desorption in such soils are important processes that affect transport, ending with soil and water contamination, not only in these soils, but in other soils around the world. Lime and phosphate are important amendments in tropical soils to mitigate low fertility. These treatments can affect interaction among soil particles and between soil and atrazine. The objectives here were to evaluate the effect of lime, phosphate, and lime + phosphate treatments on sorption and transport of atrazine in a Typic Hapludult, using soil-erosion-plots at field conditions in a 3%-slope landscape 20 m away from the floodplain. Water- and sediment-sampler devices were used to measure runoff during an entire rainy season. Soil, water and sediments were sampled and analyzed for atrazine. By increasing pH and changing soil organic matter interaction with mineral particles, lime and lime + phosphate decreased sorption in the upper 20-cm layer. This affected leaching and runoff of atrazine, showing that when lime and lime + phosphate were applied to soil, this herbicide had more potential to go deeper in the soil profile, towards the groundwater, or to runoff towards the lower part of the landscape. However, even with increasing leaching, the amount of rainfall, and water infiltration, were enough to dilute atrazine into levels below the maximum contaminant level (MCL) of atrazine in drinking water.RESUMO A atrazina é um herbicida ainda amplamente utilizado em solos tropicais para controlar plantas daninhas de folhas largas anuais e gramíneas anuais principalmente nas culturas de milho e sorgo. A sorção e dessorção nesses solos são processos importantes que afetam o transporte, terminando com a contaminação do lençol freático e de mananciais de água superficial. A calagem e a fosfatagem são importantes práticas em solos tropicais para mitigar problemas de fertilidade. Esses tratamentos podem afetar a interação das partículas do solo com a atrazina. Neste trabalho foi avaliado o efeito de tratamentos calagem, da fosfatagem e da calagem + fosfatagem na sorção e transporte de atrazina em um Argissolo Vermelho Amarelo distrófico, em condições de campo, em parcelas de perdas de solo por erosão, numa paisagem de 3% de declive montadas a distância de 20 m da várzea. Dispositivos de amostragem de água e sedimentos foram usados ​​para medir a erosão durante uma estação chuvosa de 2007-2008, comum para a região (outubro a abril). Solo, água e sedimentos foram amostrados para determinação de resíduos de atrazina. Os tratamentos com calagem e com calagem mais fosfatagem diminuíram a sorção da atrazina na camada superficial, por elevar o pH e afetar a interação entre a matéria orgânica do solo e suas partículas minerais, aumentando a lixiviação para as camadas inferiores do perfil do solo. Esse comportamento mostrou que a calagem e, principalmente, a calagem mais fosfatagem, facilitam a lixiviação do herbicida, evidenciando o potencial para contaminar a água do lençol freático. No entanto, a quantidade de chuva foi suficiente para aumentar a quantidade de água no lençol freático e diluir a quantidade de atrazina para níveis abaixo do limite aceitável para água potável.
       
  • Agronomic potential of BC1F2 dwarf round tomato
           populations

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT The use of dwarf lines to obtain mini-tomato hybrids has provided agronomic and economic benefits. In Brazil, round tomatoes predominate over other varieties. The benefits of using a dwarf parent in round tomato hybrids has yet to be explored, making it important to develop dwarf round tomato lines. Backcrossing is the most suitable method to develop these lines. Evaluation and selection of the dwarf populations can improve the development of such lines. Thus, the aim of this study was to select BC1F2 populations of dwarf round tomatoes with agronomic potential and high-quality fruit. The study was conducted at the Vegetable Experimental Station of the Federal University of Uberlândia (UFU). A randomized block design was used, with 15 treatments and three replicates. The genetic material analyzed consisted of 12 BC1F2 dwarf tomato populations, plus both parents (recurrent and donor) and a commercial hybrid. The characteristics assessed were: average fruit weight (g), total soluble solids (ºBrix), number of locules (locules per fruit-1), fruit shape, pulp thickness (cm), longitudinal (cm) and transverse fruit diameter (cm), internode length (cm) and plant height (cm). The data were submitted to mean testing, multivariate analyses and a selection index. In general, average fruit weight in the dwarf populations increased significantly after the first backcross, with some fruits exhibiting a similar shape to round tomatoes. Selection of the populations UFU-DTOM7, UFU-DTOM10, UFU-DTOM5, UFU-DTOM9, and UFU-DTOM3 resulted in an estimated 6% increase in the number of locules, transverse diameter, TD/LD ratio and average fruit weight. The BC1F2 dwarf populations UFU-DTOM7 and UFU-DTOM10 were the most promising for develop inbred lines with round fruits. Despite the considerable progress achieved in this study, we suggest a second backcross, in order to obtain lines and, posteriorly, hybrids with round fruits and compact plants.RESUMO Vantagens agronômicas e econômicas tem sido observadas com o uso de linhagens anãs para obtenção de híbridos em minitomate. No Brasil, predomina-se o cultivo de tomate do tipo salada. A exploração dos beneficios proporcionados pelo uso do parental anão em híbridos de tomateiro do tipo salada ainda não é uma realidade. A avaliação e seleção de populações de porte anão pode aumentar a eficiência do desenvolvimento de tais linhagens. Sendo assim, torna-se necessário o desenvolvimento de linhagens anãs do tipo salada. O retrocruzamento é o método mais adequado para se desenvolver tais linhagens. Portanto, o objetivo deste trabalho foi selecionar populações F2RC1 de tomateiro anão com potencial agronômico e qualidade de fruto.O experimento foi conduzido na Estação Experimental de Hortaliças da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU). Utilizou-se o delineamento de blocos casualizados com 15 tratamentos e três repetições. O material genético avaliado consistiu de 12 populações F2RC1 de tomateiro anão, mais ambos os genitores (recorrente e doador) e um híbrido comercial. As características avaliadas foram: massa média (g), teor de sólidos solúveis (ºBrix), número de lóculos (lóculos fruto-1), formato, espessura da polpa (cm), diâmetro longitudinal (cm) e transversal do fruto (cm); comprimento dos internódios (cm) e altura das plantas (cm). Os dados foram analisados por meio de teste de médias, análises multivariadas e índice de seleção. De maneira geral, a massa média dos frutos das populações anãs aumentou significativamente após o primeiro retrocruzamento e algumas destas apresentaram o formato de fruto próximo ao do segmento salada. Ao selecionaras populações UFU-DTOM7, UFU-DTOM10, UFU-DTOM5, UFU-DTOM9 e UFU-DTOM3 foi estimado um incremento de até 6% no número de lóculos, diâmetro transversal, relação DT/DL e peso médio do fruto. As populações anãs F2RC1 UFU-DTOM7 e UFU-DTOM10 se destacaram sendo promissoras para obtenção de linhagens. Apesar do avanço considerável obtido na presente pesquisa, sugere-se a realização do segundo retrocruzamento e posterior obtenção de linhagens para formar híbridos.
       
  • Nutrition, yield and nutrient export in common bean under zinc
           fertilization in no-till system

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Zinc (Zn) is one of the most deficient plant micronutrients in agricultural crops. The objective of this study was to evaluate plant nutrition, grain yield and nutrient export rate in response to soil and foliar Zn fertilization in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Two field experiments in no-till system were carried out using two common bean cultivars, BRS Esteio (black bean) and IPR Campos Gerais (Carioca bean). Treatments were composed of soil Zn application during sowing and foliar Zn spray at flowering stage. Soil Zn application had effect on leaf Zn concentration in IPR Campos Gerais and did not affect grain yield of both cultivars. Foliar Zn spray increased leaf Zn concentration by approximately two times in both cultivars, but negatively affected the grain yield in BRS Esteio. Leaf concentration of N, Ca and S were affected by soil Zn application and leaf concentration of Mn was affected by foliar Zn spray, while leaf concentration of P, K, Mg, Cu and Fe were not influenced by the soil and foliar Zn treatments. In treatments without Zn, the descending order of nutrient export rate from the experimental site was as follows: N > K > P > Ca ≈ S > Mg for macronutrients and Fe > Mn > Cu > Zn for micronutrients. Foliar Zn spray increased the export rate of Zn, P, Ca, Mg, S, Mn, Cu and Fe in IPR Campos Gerais, while soil Zn application resulted in higher export rate of P, K and Mn in BRS Esteio.RESUMO O zinco (Zn) é um dos micronutrientes mais deficientes em solos agrícolas no Brasil. Objetivou-se nesse estudo avaliar a nutrição, produção de grãos e exportação de nutrientes em função da fertilização de Zn em feijoeiro-comum (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivado sob sistema de plantio direto. Dois experimentos de campo foram conduzidos usando a cultivar IPR Campos Gerais (feijão carioca) e a cultivar BRS Esteio (feijão preto). Os tratamentos foram compostos pela aplicação de Zn no solo durante a semeadura e pela pulverização foliar de Zn no estádio fenológico de florescimento. A aplicação de Zn no solo teve efeito sobre o teor foliar de Zn da IPR Campos Gerais, mas não afetou a produtividade de grãos. Entretanto, a pulverização foliar de Zn elevou consideravelmente o teor foliar de Zn, resultando em aumento e redução na produtividade de grãos da IPR Campos Gerais e BRS Esteio, respectivamente. Os teores foliares de N, Ca, S e Mn foram afetados pela aplicação de Zn no solo e/ou foliar, enquanto que os teores foliares de P, K, Mg, Cu e Fe não foram influenciados pelos tratamentos. Considerando os tratamentos que não receberam Zn, as exportações de nutrientes obedeceram à ordem para os macronutrientes N > K > P > Ca ≈ S > Mg e à ordem para os micronutrientes Fe > Mn > Cu > Zn. A pulverização foliar de Zn elevou as exportações de Zn, P, Ca, Mg, S, Mn, Cu e Fe na IPR Campos Gerais, enquanto que a aplicação de Zn no solo resultou em maior exportação de P, K e Mn na BRS Esteio.
       
  • Rootstocks for the new seedless table grape ‘BRS Vitória’ under
           tropical semi-arid conditions of São Francisco Valley

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT ‘BRS Vitoria’ is the most important Brazilian table grape cultivar in the domestic and foreign markets, standing out for the seedleness, pleasant flavor, high yield and mildew resistance. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of the rootstock on the yield, production components, vigor, and physical and chemical characteristics of the ‘BRS Vitória’ grape under irrigation in the Brazilian semi-arid region. The experiment was conducted over eight consecutive production cycles in the period from 2015 to 2018 in a commercial area in the Senador Nilo Coelho project, Petrolina, PE. The treatments were represented by seven rootstocks: ‘IAC 572’, ‘IAC 766’, ‘IAC 313’, ‘Harmony’, ‘SO4’, ‘Paulsen 1103’, and ‘Freedom’, using a randomized block experimental design with four replications. The results were variable among production cycles, with significant effects of the rootstock in some cycles and/or in the overall mean of the cycles. The variables of pruning weight, sprouting, bud fertility, and titratable acidity were not affected by the rootstock in any of the production cycles evaluated in this study. ‘Harmony’ rootstock promoted greater berry mass and diameter but reduced the soluble solids content. Vines of ‘BRS Vitória’ showed moderate vigor, high bud fertility and yield, satisfactory characteristics of bunch and berry, sugars and acids content that meet the requirements of the most demanding markets in all the rootstocks evaluated in this study.RESUMO ‘BRS Vitória’ é a mais importante cultivar brasileira de uvas de mesa, destacando-se pela ausência de sementes, sabor agradável, elevada produtividade e resisência ao míldio. O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar o efeito do porta-enxerto no rendimento, componentes de produção, vigor, características físicas e físico químicas da uva ‘BRS Vitória’ sob irrigação no semi-árido brasileiro. O experimento foi realizado em oito ciclos consecutivos de produção, no período de 2015 a 2018, em uma área comercial no projeto Senador Nilo Coelho, Petrolina, PE. Os tratamentos foram representados por sete porta-enxertos: ‘IAC 572’, ‘IAC 766’, ‘IAC 313’, ‘Harmony’, ‘SO4’, ‘Paulsen 1103’ e ‘Freedom’, em delineamento experimental de blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições. Os resultados foram variáveis entre os ciclos de produção, com efeitos significativos do porta-enxerto em alguns ciclos, como também na média geral dos ciclos. As variáveis massa dos ramos após a poda, porcentagem de brotação, índice de fertilidade de gemas e acidez titulável não foram afetadas pelo porta-enxerto em nenhum dos ciclos de produção avaliados neste estudo. O porta-enxerto ‘Harmony’ promoveu maior massa e diâmetro da baga mas reduziu o teor de sólidos solúveis das uvas. A cultivar BRS Vitória apresentou vigor moderado, elevada fertilidade de gemas e produtividade, características de cachos e bagas e teor de acúcares e ácidos que atendem as exigências dos mercados mais exigentes em todos os porta enxertos avaliados neste estudo.
       
 
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