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PHYSICS (580 journals)            First | 1 2 3 | Last

Showing 201 - 400 of 741 Journals sorted alphabetically
International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Micro-Nano Scale Transport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Modeling, Simulation, and Scientific Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Modern Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Modern Physics B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Modern Physics C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Modern Physics D     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Modern Physics E     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Nanomanufacturing     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nanotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Physical Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of PIXE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Plasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Quantum Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Solids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Multiscale Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Theoretical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Thermal Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Materials Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Inverse Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Ironmaking & Steelmaking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Izvestiya Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
JCP : BioChemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
JETP Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Advanced Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Mechanics and Technical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Journal of Applied Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Applied Spectroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Basic and Applied Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Building Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 234)
Journal of Computational Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Contemporary Physics (Armenian Academy of Sciences)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Elasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Electronics Cooling and Thermal Control     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fire Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Geometry and Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Geophysical Research : Space Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Gravity     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of High Energy Astrophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of High Energy Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Hydrogels     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Hyperspectral Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Information Display     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Lightwave Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Luminescence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Ultrasonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Micro/Nanolithography MEMS and MOEMS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Modern Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Motor Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Multiscale Modeling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nanophotonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nepal Physical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Nonlinear Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nuclear Physics, Material Sciences, Radiation and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical Chemistry B     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Physical Chemistry C     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Physical Oceanography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Physics A : Mathematical and Theoretical     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Physics D : Applied Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Physics: Conference Series     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Porous Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Research in Physics     Open Access  
Journal of Rheology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sandwich Structures and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Solid State Lighting     Open Access  
Journal of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism     Partially Free  
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Testing and Evaluation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the ICRU     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the Korean Physical Society     Partially Free  
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tissue Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Vibration and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Visualization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A     Hybrid Journal  
Jurnal Fisika     Open Access  
Jurnal NEUTRINO     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Physics Education)     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Sains (JPS)     Open Access  
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lasers in Surgery and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences     Open Access  
Learning Technologies, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Les Houches Summer School Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Letters in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Light : Science & Applications     Open Access  
Living Reviews in Relativity     Open Access  
Living Reviews in Solar Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lubrication Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Machining Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Magnetics Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
MAPAN     Hybrid Journal  
Mass Spectrometry Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Matéria (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Materials & Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Materials at High Temperatures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Materials Chemistry and Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Materials Research Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Materials Research Innovations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Materials Science and Engineering: A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Materials Science and Engineering: B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Materials Science and Engineering: C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Materials Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Matériaux & Techniques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mathematical Physics, Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics and Mechanics of Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Matter and Radiation at Extremes     Open Access  
Meccanica     Hybrid Journal  
Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mechanics of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mechanics Research Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Metamaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Micro and Nano Systems Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Microfluidics and Nanofluidics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Modern Instrumentation     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Modern Physics Letters A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Modern Physics Letters B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Molecular Astrophysics     Full-text available via subscription  
Molecular Diversity     Hybrid Journal  
Moscow University Physics Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Multibody System Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
NANO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nano Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 57)
Nano Reviews & Experiments     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Nano-Micro Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
NanoBioImaging     Open Access  
Nanomechanics     Open Access  
Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nanoscale Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanospectroscopy     Open Access  
Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Natural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)

  First | 1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics
  [SJR: 0.665]   [H-I: 34]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-0959 - ISSN (Online) 0935-1175
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • About lamination upper and convexification lower bounds on the free energy
           of monoclinic shape memory alloys in the context of T 3 -configurations
           and R-phase formation
    • Authors: R. Fechte-Heinen; A. Schlömerkemper
      Pages: 1601 - 1621
      Abstract: Abstract This work is concerned with different estimates of the quasiconvexification of multi-well energy landscapes of NiTi shape memory alloys, which models the overall behavior of the material. Within the setting of the geometrically linear theory of elasticity, we consider a formula of the quasiconvexification which involves the so-called energy of mixing.We are interested in lower and upper bounds on the energy of mixing in order to get a better understanding of the quasiconvexification. The lower bound on the energy of mixing is obtained by convexification; it is also called Sachs or Reuß lower bound. The upper bound on the energy of mixing is based on second-order lamination. In particular, we are interested in the difference between the lower and upper bounds. Our numerical simulations show that the difference is in fact of the order of 1% and less in martensitic NiTi, even though both bounds on the energy of mixing were rather expected to differ more significantly. Hence, in various circumstances it may be justified to simply work with the convexification of the multi-well energy, which is relatively easy to deal with, or with the lamination upper bound, which always corresponds to a physically realistic microstructure, as an estimate of the quasiconvexification. In order to obtain a potentially large difference between upper and lower bound, we consider the bounds along paths in strain space which involve incompatible strains. In monoclinic shape memory alloys, three-tuples of pairwise incompatible strains play a special role since they form so-called T 3-configurations, originally discussed in a stress-free setting. In this work, we therefore consider in particular numerical simulations along paths in strain space which are related to these T 3-configurations. Interestingly, we observe that the second-order lamination upper bound along such paths is related to the geometry of the T 3-configurations. In addition to the purely martensitic regime, we also consider the influence of adding R-phase variants to the microstructure. Adding single variants of R-phase is shown to be energetically favorable in a compatible martensitic setting. However, the combination of several R-phase variants with compatible or incompatible martensite yields significant differences between the bounds considered.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-016-0494-1
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 6 (2016)
  • Analysis of surface asperity flattening based on two different methods
    • Authors: Hejie Li; Andreas Öchsner; Guowei Ni; Dongbin Wei; Zhengyi Jiang
      Pages: 1623 - 1634
      Abstract: Abstract The stress state is an important parameter in metal forming processes, which significantly influences the strain state and microstructure of products, affecting their surface qualities. In order to make the metal products have a good surface quality, the surface stress state must be optimised. In this study, two classical methods, the upper bound method and the crystal plasticity finite element method, were investigated. The differences between the two methods were discussed in regard to the model, the velocity field, and the strain field. Then the related surface roughness is deduced.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-016-0496-z
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 6 (2016)
  • Effect of constitutive equations on qualitative behavior of solutions in
           the vicinity of bi-material interfaces at large plastic strains
    • Authors: Sergei Alexandrov; Robert Goldstein
      Pages: 1635 - 1643
      Abstract: Abstract The main objective of the present paper is to compare, by means of a problem permitting a closed-form solution, qualitative behavior of solutions based on three models of strain hardening plasticity and two models of viscoplasticity. The elastic portion of the strain tensor is neglected. The study focuses on the solution behavior near frictional interfaces. The solution behavior essentially depends on the model chosen. Such features of the solutions as nonexistence and singularity are emphasized. The key constitutive parameter that divides all the models considered into two groups is the saturation stress. In particular, under certain conditions no solution satisfying the regime of sticking exists for the models that involve the saturation stress. Qualitative comparison with numerous experimental observations is made. It is concluded that models with a saturation stress, including the models considered in the present paper, may be capable of describing the generation of a narrow layer of severe plastic deformation in the vicinity of frictional interfaces.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0486-6
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 6 (2016)
  • For a statistical interpretation of Helmholtz’ thermal displacement
    • Authors: Paolo Podio-Guidugli
      Pages: 1705 - 1709
      Abstract: Abstract On moving from the classic papers by Einstein and Langevin on Brownian motion, two consistent statistical interpretations are given for the thermal displacement, a scalar field formally introduced by Helmholtz, whose time derivative is by definition the absolute temperature.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-016-0505-2
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 6 (2016)
  • Modeling and research of temperature distribution in surface layer of
           titanium alloy workpiece during AEDG and conventional grinding
    • Authors: M. Gołąbczak; A. Gołąbczak; A. Konstantynowicz; R. Święcik
      Pages: 1781 - 1789
      Abstract: Abstract Titanium and its alloys are widely recognized as the hardly machinable materials, especially due to their relatively high hardness, low thermal conductivity and possible subcritical superplasticity. Then, a thorough control of the machining process parameters shall be maintained. In this paper, we have concentrated on the grinding of the Ti6Al4V titanium alloy using cBN (boron nitride) grinding wheel combined with the AEDG (abrasive electrodischarge grinding) process. The mathematical model we have dealt with has been based mainly on Jaeger model of the heat taking over between sliding bodies with substantial upgrades related to: estimation of the frictional heat generating based on friction forces distribution, spatial, not only planar, shape of the contact area, generated heat partition between different parties of the grinding process, heat transfer in the multilayered environment. The experimental verification of the theoretical predictions has been carried out. Fundamental difficulty in such a research is placing temperature probes sufficiently close to the ground surface with possibly low space devoted for probes due to the temperature field deformation with relation to the real conditions of grinding. The temperature field in the machined workpiece has been investigated using electronic data logging and DSP methods. Obtained results exhibit clearly that distribution of heat generation in the contact zone could be of the relatively complicated shape due to the external cooling and the very specific heat transfer and accumulation in the titanium workpiece surface layer.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-016-0509-y
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 6 (2016)
  • A microstructure continuum approach to electromagneto-elastic conductors
    • Authors: Maurizio Romeo
      Pages: 1807 - 1820
      Abstract: Abstract A micromorphic continuum model of a deformable electromagnetic conductor is established introducing microdensities of bound and free charges. The conductive part of electric current consists of contributions due to free charges and microdeformation. Beside the conservation of charge, we derive suitable evolution equations for electric multipoles which are exploited to obtain the macroscopic form of Maxwell’s equations. A constitutive model for electromagneto-elastic conductors is considered which allows for a natural characterization of perfect conductors independently on the form of the constitutive equation for the conduction current. A generalized Ohm’s law is also derived for not ideal conductors which accounts for relaxation effects. The consequences of the linearized Ohm’s law on the classic magnetic transport equation are shown.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-016-0513-2
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 6 (2016)
  • Effects of prescribed heat flux and transpiration on MHD axisymmetric flow
           impinging on stretching cylinder
    • Authors: Fazle Mabood; Giulio Lorenzini; Nopparat Pochai; Sheikh Muhammad Ibrahim
      Pages: 1925 - 1932
      Abstract: Abstract A numerical treatment for axisymmetric flow and heat transfer due to a stretching cylinder under the influence of a uniform magnetic field and prescribed surface heat flux is presented. Numerical results are obtained for dimensionless velocity, temperature, skin friction coefficient and Nusselt number for several values of the suction/injection, magnetic and curvature parameters as well as the Prandtl number. The present study reveals that the controlling parameters have strong effects on the physical quantities of interest. It is seen that the magnetic field enhances the dimensionless temperature inside the thermal boundary layer, whereas it reduces the dimensionless velocity inside the hydrodynamic boundary layer. Heat transfer rate reduces, while the skin friction coefficient increases with magnetic field.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-016-0519-9
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 6 (2016)
  • Erratum to: Effects of prescribed heat flux and transpiration on MHD
           axisymmetric flow impinging on stretching cylinder
    • Authors: Fazle Mabood; Giulio Lorenzini; Nopparat Pochai; Sheikh Muhammad Ibrahim
      Pages: 1933 - 1933
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-016-0527-9
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 6 (2016)
  • An extended Coleman–Noll procedure for generalized continuum
    • Authors: Geralf Hütter
      Pages: 1935 - 1941
      Abstract: Abstract Within rational continuum mechanics, the Coleman–Noll procedure is established to derive requirements to constitutive equations. Aiming in particular at generalized continuum theories, the present contribution demonstrates how this procedure can be extended to yield additionally the underlying balance equations of stress-type quantities. This is demonstrated for micromorphic and strain gradient media as well as for the microforce theory. The relation between the extended Coleman–Noll procedure and the method of virtual powers is pointed out.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-016-0506-1
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 6 (2016)
  • A three-fluid approach in bipolar semiconductors with
           generation–recombination: constitutive laws and Onsager symmetry
    • Abstract: Abstract If electrons (e) and holes (h) in metals or semiconductors are heated to the temperatures \(T_{e}\) and \(T_{h}\) greater than the lattice temperature \(T_{p}\) , the electron–phonon interaction causes energy relaxation. In the nonuniform case, a momentum relaxation occurs as well. In view of such an application, a new model based on an asymptotic procedure for solving the kinetic equations of carriers and phonons is proposed, with generation–recombination of electrons and holes, which gives naturally the displaced Maxwellian at the leading order. After that, balance equations for the electron number, hole number, energy densities, and momentum densities are constructed, which constitute now a system of eight equations for the chemical potentials (carriers), the temperatures (carriers and phonons), and the drift velocities (carriers and phonons). In the drift-diffusion approximation the constitutive laws are derived and the Onsager relations recovered.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
  • Existence and stability results for thermoelastic dipolar bodies with
           double porosity
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper is concerned with the theory of thermoelastic dipolar bodies which have a double porosity structure. In contrast with previous papers dedicated to classical elastic bodies, in our context the double porosity structure of the body is influenced by the displacement field, which is consistent with real models. In this setting, we show instability of solution as the initial energy is negative while under an appropriated (and realistic) condition, we prove existence and uniqueness of solution using semi-group theory.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
  • Concurrent two-scale model for the viscoelastic behavior of elastomers
           filled with hard nanoparticles
    • Abstract: Abstract A dynamic two-scale model is developed for describing the mechanical behavior of elastomers filled with hard nanoparticles. Using nonequilibrium thermodynamics, a closed system of evolution equations is derived, coupling continuum mechanics with a fine-scale description on the level of filler particles. So doing, a constitutive stress–strain relation emerges that is applicable to transient situations. In addition to the number density of filler particles, the particle arrangement is captured by the distribution of the difference vector between two representative interacting particles, which makes this model efficient in comparison with many-particle models. The two-particle model presented here is analyzed numerically in oscillatory deformation, for two purposes. First, the nonlinearity of the model is studied in detail, in terms of the Payne effect, that compares favorably with the literature. And second, the two-particle model is compared with a corresponding many-particle model in the literature.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
  • Material degradation due to moisture and temperature. Part 1: mathematical
           model, analysis, and analytical solutions
    • Abstract: Abstract The mechanical response, serviceability, and load-bearing capacity of materials and structural components can be adversely affected due to external stimuli, which include exposure to a corrosive chemical species, high temperatures, temperature fluctuations (i.e., freezing–thawing), cyclic mechanical loading, just to name a few. It is, therefore, of paramount importance in several branches of engineering—ranging from aerospace engineering, civil engineering to biomedical engineering—to have a fundamental understanding of degradation of materials, as the materials in these applications are often subjected to adverse environments. As a result of recent advancements in material science, new materials such as fiber-reinforced polymers and multi-functional materials that exhibit high ductility have been developed and widely used, for example, as infrastructural materials or in medical devices (e.g., stents). The traditional small-strain approaches of modeling these materials will not be adequate. In this paper, we study degradation of materials due to an exposure to chemical species and temperature under large strain and large deformations. In the first part of our research work, we present a consistent mathematical model with firm thermodynamic underpinning. We then obtain semi-analytical solutions of several canonical problems to illustrate the nature of the quasi-static and unsteady behaviors of degrading hyperelastic solids.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
  • Analysis of a Griffith crack at the interface of two piezoelectric
           materials under anti-plane loading
    • Abstract: Abstract The main objective of this work is the contribution to the study of the piezoelectric structures which contain preexisting defect (crack). For that, we consider a Griffith crack located at the interface of two piezoelectric materials in a semi-infinite plane structure. The structure is subjected to an anti-plane shearing combined with an in-plane electric displacement. Using integral Fourier transforms, the equations of piezoelectricity are converted analytically to a system of singular integral equations. The singular integral equations are further reduced to a system of algebraic equations and solved numerically by using Chebyshev polynomials. The stress intensity factor and the electric displacement intensity factor are calculated and used for the determination of the energy release rate which will be taken as fracture criterion. At the end, numerical results are presented for various parameters of the problem; they are also presented for an infinite plane structure.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
  • Material combinations and parametric study of thermal and mechanical
           performance of pyramidal core sandwich panels used for hypersonic
    • Abstract: Abstract A novel kind of lightweight integrated thermal protection system, named pyramidal core sandwich panel, is proposed to be a good safeguard for hypersonic aircrafts in the current study. Such system is considered as not only an insulation structure but also a load-bearing structure. In the context of design for hypersonic aircrafts, an efficient optimization should be paid enough attention. This paper concerns with the homogenization of the proposed pyramidal sandwich core panel using two-dimensional model in subsequent research for material selection. According to the required insulation performance and thermal–mechanical properties, several suitable material combinations are chosen as candidates for the pyramidal core sandwich panel by adopting finite element analysis and approximate response surface. To obtain lightweight structure with an excellent capability of heat insulation and load-bearing, an investigation on some specific design variables, which are significant for thermal–mechanical properties of the structure, is performed. Finally, a good balance between the insulation performance, the capability of load-bearing and the lightweight has attained.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
  • Micropolar continuum in spatial description
    • Abstract: Abstract Within the spatial description, it is customary to refer thermodynamic state quantities to an elementary volume fixed in space containing an ensemble of particles. During its evolution, the elementary volume is occupied by different particles, each having its own mass, tensor of inertia, angular and linear velocities. The aim of the present paper is to answer the question of how to determine the inertial and kinematic characteristics of the elementary volume. In order to model structural transformations due to the consolidation or defragmentation of particles or anisotropic changes, one should consider the fact that the tensor of inertia of the elementary volume may change. This means that an additional constitutive equation must be formulated. The paper suggests kinetic equations for the tensor of inertia of the elementary volume. It also discusses the specificity of the inelastic polar continuum description within the framework of the spatial description.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
  • Nonextensive thermodynamic relations based on the assumption of
           temperature duality
    • Abstract: Abstract The nonextensive thermodynamic relations are expressed under the assumption of temperature duality, endowing the “physical temperature” and the “Lagrange temperature” in different physical senses. Based on this assumption, two sets of parallel Legendre transform structures are given. One is called “physical” set, and the other is called “Lagrange” set. In these two formalisms, the thermodynamic quantities and the thermodynamic relations are both liked through the Tsallis factor. Application of the two sets of the thermodynamic relations to the self-gravitating system shows that the heat capacity defined in the classical thermodynamics has no relevance to the stability of the system. Instead, the newly defined heat capacity can determine the stability of the system.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
  • Free energies for singleton minimal states
    • Abstract: Abstract It is assumed that any free energy function exhibits strict periodic behavior for histories that have been periodic for all past times. This is not the case for the work function, which, however, has the usual defining properties of a free energy. Forms given in fairly recent years for the minimum and related free energies of linear materials with memory have this property. Materials for which the minimal states are all singletons are those for which at least some of the singularities of the Fourier transform of the relaxation function are not isolated. For such materials, the maximum free energy is the work function, and free energies intermediate between the minimum free energy and the work function should be given by a linear relation involving these two quantities. All such functionals, except the minimum free energy, therefore do not have strict periodic behavior for periodic histories, which contradicts our assumption. A way out of the difficulty is explored which involves approximating the relaxation function by a form for which the minimal states are no longer singletons. A representation can then be given of an arbitrary free energy as a linear combination of the minimum, maximum and intermediate free energies derived in earlier work. This representation obeys our periodicity assumption. Numerical data are presented, supporting the consistency of this approach.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
  • Non-equilibrium thermodynamics and stochasticity: a phenomenological look
           on Jarzynski’s equality
    • Abstract: Abstract The theory of phenomenological non-equilibrium thermodynamics is extended by including stochastic processes in order to account for recently derived thermodynamical relations such as the Jarzynski’s equality. Four phenomenological axioms are postulated resulting in a phenomenological interpretation of Jarzynski’s equality. In particular, considering the class of Jarzynski processes Jarzynski’s equality follows from the axiom that the statistical average of the exponential work is protocol independent.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
  • Micromorphic continua: non-redundant formulations
    • Abstract: Abstract The kinematics of generalized continua is investigated and key points concerning the definition of overall tangent strain measure are put into evidence. It is shown that classical measures adopted in the literature for micromorphic continua do not obey a constraint qualification requirement, to be fulfilled for well-posedness in optimization theory, and are therefore termed redundant. Redundancy of continua with latent microstructure and of constrained Cosserat continua is also assessed. A simplest, non-redundant, kinematic model of micromorphic continua, is proposed by dropping the microcurvature field. The equilibrium conditions and the related variational linear elastostatic problem are formulated and briefly discussed. The simplest model involves a reduced number of state variables and of elastic constitutive coefficients, when compared with other models of micromorphic continua, being still capable of enriching the Cauchy continuum model in a significant way.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01
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