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  Subjects -> PHYSICS (Total: 798 journals)
    - ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM (9 journals)
    - MECHANICS (20 journals)
    - NUCLEAR PHYSICS (49 journals)
    - OPTICS (88 journals)
    - PHYSICS (579 journals)
    - SOUND (22 journals)
    - THERMODYNAMICS (31 journals)

PHYSICS (579 journals)            First | 1 2 3 | Last

Showing 201 - 400 of 741 Journals sorted alphabetically
International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Modeling, Simulation, and Scientific Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Modern Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Modern Physics B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Modern Physics C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Modern Physics D     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Modern Physics E     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Nanomanufacturing     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nanotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Physical Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Physics     Open Access  
International Journal of PIXE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Plasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Quantum Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Solids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Multiscale Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Theoretical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Thermal Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Materials Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Inverse Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ironmaking & Steelmaking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Izvestiya Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
JCP : BioChemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
JETP Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Advanced Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Advances in Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Mechanics and Technical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Journal of Applied Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Applied Spectroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Basic and Applied Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 202)
Journal of Computational Methods in Physics     Open Access  
Journal of Computational Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Contemporary Physics (Armenian Academy of Sciences)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Elasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electronics Cooling and Thermal Control     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Fire Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Geometry and Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Geophysical Research : Space Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Gravity     Open Access  
Journal of High Energy Astrophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of High Energy Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Hydrogels     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Hyperspectral Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Information Display     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Lightwave Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Luminescence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Ultrasonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Micro/Nanolithography MEMS and MOEMS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Modern Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Motor Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Multiscale Modeling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nanophotonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nepal Physical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Nonlinear Dynamics     Open Access  
Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nuclear Physics, Material Sciences, Radiation and Applications     Open Access  
Journal of Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical Chemistry B     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Physical Chemistry C     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Physical Oceanography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Physics A : Mathematical and Theoretical     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Physics D : Applied Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Physics: Conference Series     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Porous Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Research in Physics     Open Access  
Journal of Rheology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Romance Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sandwich Structures and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Solid State Lighting     Open Access  
Journal of Solid State Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism     Partially Free  
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Testing and Evaluation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the ICRU     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the Korean Physical Society     Partially Free  
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tissue Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Vibration and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Visualization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A     Hybrid Journal  
Jurnal Fisika     Open Access  
Jurnal NEUTRINO     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Physics Education)     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Fisika dan Aplikasinya     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Sains (JPS)     Open Access  
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Language Learning Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Lasers in Surgery and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences     Open Access  
Learning Technologies, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Les Houches Summer School Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Letters in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Light : Science & Applications     Open Access  
Living Reviews in Relativity     Open Access  
Living Reviews in Solar Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lubrication Science     Hybrid Journal  
Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Machining Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Magnetics Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
MAPAN     Hybrid Journal  
Mass Spectrometry Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Matéria (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Materials & Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Materials at High Temperatures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Materials Chemistry and Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Materials Research Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Materials Research Innovations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Materials Science and Engineering: A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Materials Science and Engineering: B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Materials Science and Engineering: C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Materials Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Matériaux & Techniques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mathematical Physics, Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics and Mechanics of Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Matter and Radiation at Extremes     Full-text available via subscription  
Meccanica     Hybrid Journal  
Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mechanics of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mechanics Research Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Metamaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Micro and Nano Systems Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Microfluidics and Nanofluidics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Modern Instrumentation     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Modern Physics Letters A     Hybrid Journal  
Modern Physics Letters B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Molecular Diversity     Hybrid Journal  
Moscow University Physics Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Multibody System Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
NANO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nano Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55)
Nano Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Nano-Micro Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
NanoBioImaging     Open Access  
Nanomechanics     Open Access  
Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nanoscale Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

  First | 1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics
  [SJR: 0.681]   [H-I: 29]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-0959 - ISSN (Online) 0935-1175
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2281 journals]
  • Concurrent two-scale model for the viscoelastic behavior of elastomers
           filled with hard nanoparticles
    • Abstract: A dynamic two-scale model is developed for describing the mechanical behavior of elastomers filled with hard nanoparticles. Using nonequilibrium thermodynamics, a closed system of evolution equations is derived, coupling continuum mechanics with a fine-scale description on the level of filler particles. So doing, a constitutive stress–strain relation emerges that is applicable to transient situations. In addition to the number density of filler particles, the particle arrangement is captured by the distribution of the difference vector between two representative interacting particles, which makes this model efficient in comparison with many-particle models. The two-particle model presented here is analyzed numerically in oscillatory deformation, for two purposes. First, the nonlinearity of the model is studied in detail, in terms of the Payne effect, that compares favorably with the literature. And second, the two-particle model is compared with a corresponding many-particle model in the literature.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06
       
  • An extended Coleman–Noll procedure for generalized continuum
           theories
    • Abstract: Within rational continuum mechanics, the Coleman–Noll procedure is established to derive requirements to constitutive equations. Aiming in particular at generalized continuum theories, the present contribution demonstrates how this procedure can be extended to yield additionally the underlying balance equations of stress-type quantities. This is demonstrated for micromorphic and strain gradient media as well as for the microforce theory. The relation between the extended Coleman–Noll procedure and the method of virtual powers is pointed out.
      PubDate: 2016-05-05
       
  • For a statistical interpretation of Helmholtz’ thermal displacement
    • Abstract: On moving from the classic papers by Einstein and Langevin on Brownian motion, two consistent statistical interpretations are given for the thermal displacement, a scalar field formally introduced by Helmholtz, whose time derivative is by definition the absolute temperature.
      PubDate: 2016-05-02
       
  • A model of layered prismatic shells
    • Abstract: The present paper is devoted to a model for elastic layered prismatic shells which is constructed by means of a suggested in the paper approach which essentially differs from the known approaches for constructing models of laminated structures. Using Vekua’s dimension reduction method after appropriate modifications, hierarchical models for elastic layered prismatic shells are constructed. We get coupled governing systems for the whole structure in the projection of the structure. The advantage of this model consists in the fact that we solve boundary value problems separately for each ply. In addition, beginning with the second ply, we use a solution of a boundary value problem of the preceding ply. We indicate ways of investigating boundary value problems for the governing systems. For the sake of simplicity, we consider the case of two plies, in the zeroth approximation. However, we also make remarks concerning the cases when either the number of plies is more than two or higher-order approximations (hierarchical models) should be applied. As an example, we consider a special case of deformation and solve the corresponding boundary value problem in the explicit form.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Rayleigh–Taylor instability of immiscible fluids in porous media
    • Abstract: The time development of an interface separating two immiscible fluids of different densities in heterogeneous two-dimensional porous media is studied. The governing equations are simplified with the help of approximate Green’s functions which allow computation of the shape of the interface directly without resolving the fluid flow in the entire domain. The new formulation is amenable to numerical approximation, and the reduction in dimension leads to a significant gain in efficiency in the numerical simulation of the interfacial dynamics. Several test cases are investigated, and the numerical solutions are compared to known exact solutions and experimental data.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Erratum to: A poroplastic model of structural reorganisation in porous
           media of biomechanical interest
    • PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • D. Y. Gao: Analytical solutions to general anti-plane shear problems in
           finite elasticity
    • PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Dynamic analysis: a new point of view
    • Abstract: In this article, an alternative to the classical dynamic equation formulation is presented. To achieve this goal, we need to derive the reciprocal theorem in rates and the principle of virtual work in rates, in a small deformation regime, with which we will be able to obtain an expression for damping force. In this new formulation, some terms that are not commonly considered in the classical formulation appear, e.g., the term that is function of jerk (the rate of change of acceleration). Moreover, in this formulation the term that characterizes material nonlinearity, in dynamic analysis, appears naturally.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • On the modeling of equilibrium twin interfaces in a single-crystalline
           magnetic shape-memory alloy sample—III: Magneto-mechanical behaviors
           
    • Abstract: This is the concluding part III of a series of papers. The aim of the current paper is to simulate and analyze the procedure of variant reorientation in a magnetic shape-memory alloy (MSMA) sample and to predict the response of the sample subject to various loading conditions. The sample to be considered in this paper has a 3D cuboid shape and is subject to typical magneto-mechanical loading conditions. Variant reorientation in the sample is realized through twin interface movements. To investigate the key features of twin interface movements, the properties of configurational forces on the twin interfaces are analyzed. For both the stress-assisted MFIS tests and the field-assisted quasi-elasticity tests, the magneto-mechanical behavior of the MSMA sample during the whole loading procedure is simulated by using the finite element method. The influence of the initial variant distribution in the sample on its global response is discussed. The obtained numerical results are compared with the experimental results. It can be seen that the model predictions can fit the experimental results both at a qualitative as well as at a quantitative level.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Nonconventional thermodynamics, indeterminate couple stress elasticity and
           heat conduction
    • Abstract: We present a phenomenological thermodynamic framework for continuum systems exhibiting responses which may be nonlocal in space and for which short time scales may be important. Nonlocality in space is engendered by state variables of gradient type, while nonlocalities over time can be modelled, e.g. by assuming the rate of the heat flux vector to enter into the heat conduction law. The central idea is to restate the energy budget of the system by postulating further balance laws of energy, besides the classical one. This allows for the proposed theory to deal with nonequilibrium state variables, which are excluded by the second law in conventional thermodynamics. The main features of our approach are explained by discussing micropolar indeterminate couple stress elasticity and heat conduction theories.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Finite gradient elasticity and plasticity: a constitutive thermodynamical
           framework
    • Abstract: In Bertram (Continuum Mech Thermodyn. doi:10.1007/s00161-014-0387-0, 2015), a mechanical framework for finite gradient elasticity and plasticity has been given. In the present paper, this is extended to thermodynamics. The mechanical theory is only briefly repeated here. A format for a rather general constitutive theory including all thermodynamic fields is given in a Euclidian invariant setting. The plasticity theory is rate-independent and unconstrained. The Clausius–Duhem inequality is exploited to find necessary and sufficient conditions for thermodynamic consistency. The residual dissipation inequality restricts the flow and hardening rules in combination with the yield criterion.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • CFD modelling of most probable bubble nucleation rate from binary mixture
           with estimation of components’ mole fraction in critical cluster
    • Abstract: The employment of different mathematical models to address specifically for the bubble nucleation rates of water vapour and dissolved air molecules is essential as the physics for them to form bubble nuclei is different. The available methods to calculate bubble nucleation rate in binary mixture such as density functional theory are complicated to be coupled along with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach. In addition, effect of dissolved gas concentration was neglected in most study for the prediction of bubble nucleation rates. The most probable bubble nucleation rate for the water vapour and dissolved air mixture in a 2D quasi-stable flow across a cavitating nozzle in current work was estimated via the statistical mean of all possible bubble nucleation rates of the mixture (different mole fractions of water vapour and dissolved air) and the corresponding number of molecules in critical cluster. Theoretically, the bubble nucleation rate is greatly dependent on components’ mole fraction in a critical cluster. Hence, the dissolved gas concentration effect was included in current work. Besides, the possible bubble nucleation rates were predicted based on the calculated number of molecules required to form a critical cluster. The estimation of components’ mole fraction in critical cluster for water vapour and dissolved air mixture was obtained by coupling the enhanced classical nucleation theory and CFD approach. In addition, the distribution of bubble nuclei of water vapour and dissolved air mixture could be predicted via the utilisation of population balance model.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • A thermodynamic approach to model the caloric properties of
           semicrystalline polymers
    • Abstract: It is well known that the crystallisation and melting behaviour of semicrystalline polymers depends in a pronounced manner on the temperature history. If the polymer is in the liquid state above the melting point, and the temperature is reduced to a level below the glass transition, the final degree of crystallinity, the amount of the rigid amorphous phase and the configurational state of the mobile amorphous phase strongly depend on the cooling rate. If the temperature is increased afterwards, the extents of cold crystallisation and melting are functions of the heating rate. Since crystalline and amorphous phases exhibit different densities, the specific volume depends also on the temperature history. In this article, a thermodynamically based phenomenological approach is developed which allows for the constitutive representation of these phenomena in the time domain. The degree of crystallinity and the configuration of the amorphous phase are represented by two internal state variables whose evolution equations are formulated under consideration of the second law of thermodynamics. The model for the specific Gibbs free energy takes the chemical potentials of the different phases and the mixture entropy into account. For simplification, it is assumed that the amount of the rigid amorphous phase is proportional to the degree of crystallinity. An essential outcome of the model is an equation in closed form for the equilibrium degree of crystallinity in dependence on pressure and temperature. Numerical simulations demonstrate that the process dependences of crystallisation and melting under consideration of the glass transition are represented.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • A Bhatnagar–Gross–Krook kinetic model with velocity-dependent
           collision frequency and corrected relaxation of moments
    • Abstract: We propose a Bhatnagar–Gross–Krook (BGK) kinetic model in which the collision frequency is a linear combination of polynomials in the velocity variable. The coefficients of the linear combination are determined so as to enforce proper relaxation rates for a selected group of moments. The relaxation rates are obtained by a direct numerical evaluation of the full Boltzmann collision operator. The model is conservative by construction. Simulations of the problem of spatially homogeneous relaxation of hard spheres gas show improvement in accuracy of controlled moments as compared to solutions obtained by the classical BGK, ellipsoidal-statistical BGK and the Shakhov models in cases of strong deviations from continuum.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Some new extensions to multi-mechanism models for plastic and viscoplastic
           material behavior under small strains
    • Abstract: Multi-mechanism models (MM models) have become an important tool for modeling complex material behavior. In particular, two-mechanism models are used. They are applied to model ratcheting in metal plasticity as well as steel behavior during phase transformations. We consider a small-deformation setting. The characteristic trait of multi-mechanism models is the additive decomposition of the inelastic (e.g., plastic or viscoplastic) strain into several parts. These parts are sometimes called mechanisms. In comparison with rheological models, the mechanisms can interact with each other. This leads to new properties and allows to describe important observable effects. Up to now, each mechanism has one kinematic internal variable. As a new feature, we develop multi-mechanism models (in series) with several kinematic variables for each mechanism as well as with several isotropic variables for each flow criterion. We describe this complex situation by three structural matrices which express the mutual relations between mechanisms, flow criteria, kinematic, and isotropic variables. The well-known Chaboche model with a unique inelastic strain and several kinematic variables represents a special case of these general multi-mechanism models. In this work, we also present a matrix-based approach for these new complex MM models. The presented models can form the basis for developing numerical algorithms for simulation and parameter identification.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • A note on the thermal effects upon a Gurson-type material model
    • Abstract: Gurson-type material models are based on concepts of porous materials and have been largely used to describe mechanical degradation under inelastic deformation. In addition to mechanical damage, temperature evolution is also relevant to this class of problems owing to thermal softening effects. This work addresses a finite strain thermo-elastic-plastic formulation fully coupled to the energy conservation equation and investigates the sensitivity of the mechanical response with respect to the temperature evolution based on tensile tests for small to moderate temperatures. The results indicate that the initial temperature, sensitivity of the yield stress to temperature and the heat transfer coefficient at the specimen surface play an important role on the evolution of the void fraction, stress distribution and, ultimately, the load-bearing capacity.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • On the modeling of equilibrium twin interfaces in a single-crystalline
           magnetic shape memory alloy sample. II: numerical algorithm
    • Abstract: This is part II of this series of papers. The aim of the current paper was to solve the governing PDE system derived in part I numerically, such that the procedure of variant reorientation in a magnetic shape memory alloy (MSMA) sample can be simulated. The sample to be considered in this paper has a 3D cuboid shape and is subject to typical magnetic and mechanical loading conditions. To investigate the demagnetization effect on the sample’s response, the surrounding space of the sample is taken into account. By considering the different properties of the independent variables, an iterative numerical algorithm is proposed to solve the governing system. The related mathematical formulas and some techniques facilitating the numerical calculations are introduced. Based on the results of numerical simulations, the distributions of some important physical quantities (e.g., magnetization, demagnetization field, and mechanical stress) in the sample can be determined. Furthermore, the properties of configurational force on the twin interfaces are investigated. By virtue of the twin interface movement criteria derived in part I, the whole procedure of magnetic field- or stress-induced variant reorientations in the MSMA sample can be properly simulated.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Structural control design and defective systems
    • Abstract: The intersection between the two concepts of structural control and defectiveness is discussed. Two simple oscillators differently connected by serial spring-dashpot arrangement are used to simply simulate technically relevant cases: dissipatively coupled adjacent free-standing structures, structures equipped by TMD and base-isolated structures. Eigensolution loci of the two classes of systems are tracked against one or more significant parameters to determine the potential benefits realized by different combinations of stiffness and viscosity. In both studied cases, codimension-two manifolds in the four-parameter space corresponding to coalescing eigenvalues are determined by analytical expressions. Conditions to discern semi-simple eigenvalues from defective ones confirm that the latter is the generic case laying in a two-parameter space while the former span a one-parameter subspace. The knowledge of the location of the defective systems in the parameter space permits to determine regions with specific dynamical properties useful for control design purpose.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Erratum to: Discrete structures equivalent to nonlinear Dirichlet and wave
           equations
    • PubDate: 2016-04-16
       
  • Closed set of the uniqueness conditions and bifurcation criteria in
           generalized coupled thermoplasticity for small deformations
    • Abstract: This paper reports the results of a study into global and local conditions of uniqueness and the criteria excluding the possibility of bifurcation of the equilibrium state for small strains. The conditions and criteria are derived on the basis of an analysis of the problem of uniqueness of a solution involving the basic incremental boundary problem of coupled generalized thermo-elasto-plasticity. This work forms a follow-up of previous research (Śloderbach in Bifurcations criteria for equilibrium states in generalized thermoplasticity, IFTR Reports, 1980, Arch Mech 3(35):337–349, 351–367, 1983), but contains a new derivation of global and local criteria excluding a possibility of bifurcation of an equilibrium state regarding a comparison body dependent on the admissible fields of stress rate. The thermal elasto-plastic coupling effects, non-associated laws of plastic flow and influence of plastic strains on thermoplastic properties of a body were taken into account in this work. Thus, the mathematical problem considered here is not a self-conjugated problem.
      PubDate: 2016-04-05
       
 
 
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