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PHYSICS (580 journals)            First | 1 2 3 | Last

Showing 201 - 400 of 741 Journals sorted alphabetically
International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Micro-Nano Scale Transport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Modeling, Simulation, and Scientific Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Modern Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Modern Physics B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Modern Physics C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Modern Physics D     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Modern Physics E     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Nanomanufacturing     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nanotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Physical Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Physics     Open Access  
International Journal of PIXE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Plasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Quantum Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Solids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Multiscale Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Theoretical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Thermal Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Materials Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Inverse Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ironmaking & Steelmaking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Izvestiya Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
JCP : BioChemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
JETP Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Advanced Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Mechanics and Technical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Journal of Applied Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Applied Spectroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Basic and Applied Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 230)
Journal of Computational Methods in Physics     Open Access  
Journal of Computational Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Journal of Contemporary Physics (Armenian Academy of Sciences)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Elasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Electronics Cooling and Thermal Control     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fire Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Geometry and Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Geophysical Research : Space Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Gravity     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of High Energy Astrophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of High Energy Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Hydrogels     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Hyperspectral Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Information Display     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Lightwave Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Luminescence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Ultrasonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Micro/Nanolithography MEMS and MOEMS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Modern Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Motor Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Multiscale Modeling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nanophotonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nepal Physical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nonlinear Dynamics     Open Access  
Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nuclear Physics, Material Sciences, Radiation and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical Chemistry B     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Physical Chemistry C     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Physical Oceanography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Physics A : Mathematical and Theoretical     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Physics D : Applied Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Physics: Conference Series     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Porous Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Research in Physics     Open Access  
Journal of Rheology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sandwich Structures and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Solid State Lighting     Open Access  
Journal of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism     Partially Free  
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Testing and Evaluation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the ICRU     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the Korean Physical Society     Partially Free  
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Tissue Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Vibration and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Journal of Visualization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A     Hybrid Journal  
Jurnal Fisika     Open Access  
Jurnal NEUTRINO     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Physics Education)     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Sains (JPS)     Open Access  
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lasers in Surgery and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences     Open Access  
Learning Technologies, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Les Houches Summer School Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Letters in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Light : Science & Applications     Open Access  
Living Reviews in Relativity     Open Access  
Living Reviews in Solar Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lubrication Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Machining Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Magnetics Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
MAPAN     Hybrid Journal  
Mass Spectrometry Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Matéria (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Materials & Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Materials at High Temperatures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Materials Chemistry and Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Materials Research Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Materials Research Innovations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Materials Science and Engineering: A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Materials Science and Engineering: B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Materials Science and Engineering: C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Materials Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Matériaux & Techniques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mathematical Physics, Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics and Mechanics of Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Matter and Radiation at Extremes     Open Access  
Meccanica     Hybrid Journal  
Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mechanics of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mechanics Research Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Metamaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Micro and Nano Systems Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Microfluidics and Nanofluidics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Modern Instrumentation     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Modern Physics Letters A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Modern Physics Letters B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Molecular Diversity     Hybrid Journal  
Moscow University Physics Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Multibody System Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
NANO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nano Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 57)
Nano Reviews & Experiments     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Nano-Micro Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
NanoBioImaging     Open Access  
Nanomechanics     Open Access  
Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nanoscale Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nanospectroscopy     Open Access  
Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Natural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Nature Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 104)

  First | 1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics
  [SJR: 0.681]   [H-I: 29]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-0959 - ISSN (Online) 0935-1175
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • An energy-based method to determine material constants in nonlinear
           rheology with applications
    • Authors: B. Emek Abali; Cheng-Chieh Wu; Wolfgang H. Müller
      Pages: 1221 - 1246
      Abstract: Abstract Many polymer-type materials show a rate-dependent and nonlinear rheological behavior. Such a response may be modeled by using a series of spring-dashpot systems. However, in order to cover different time scales the number of systems may become unreasonably large. A more appropriate treatment based on continuum mechanics will be presented herein. This approach uses representation theorems for deriving material equations and allows for a systematic increase in modeling complexity. Moreover, we propose an approach based on energy to determine thematerial parameters.This method results in a simple linear regression problemeven for highly nonlinearmaterial equations. Therefore, the inverse problem leads to a unique solution. The significance of the proposed method is that the stored and dissipated energies necessary for the procedure are measurable quantities. We apply the proposed method to a “semi-solid” material and measure its material parameters by using a simple-shear rheometer.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0472-z
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • The three-hinged arch as an example of piezomechanic passive controlled
    • Authors: Luisa Carlotta Pagnini; Giuseppe Piccardo
      Pages: 1247 - 1262
      Abstract: Abstract Although piezoelectric transducers are employed in a variety of fields, their application for vibration control of civil or industrial structures has not yet been fully developed, at the best of authors’ knowledge. Thanks to a new generation of ever more performing piezoceramic materials and to the recent development of scientific proposals based on a very simple technology, this paper presents a step forward to engineering applications for the control of structural systems. A three-hinged arch controlled by piezoelectric stack actuators and passive RL electrical circuits is chosen as a simple structural model that may represent the starting point for a generalization to the most common typologies of civil and industrial engineering structures. Based on the concept of electromechanical analogy, the evolution equations are obtained through a consistent Lagrangian approach. A multimodal vibration suppression is guaranteed by the spectral analogy between the mechanical and electrical components. Preliminary applications related to free oscillations, with one or more actuators on each member, seem to lead to excellent performance in terms of multimodal damping and dissipated energy.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0474-x
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Double porosity in fluid-saturated elastic media: deriving effective
           parameters by hierarchical homogenization of static problem
    • Authors: Eduard Rohan; Salah Naili; Thibault Lemaire
      Pages: 1263 - 1293
      Abstract: Abstract We propose a model of complex poroelastic media with periodic or locally periodic structures observed at microscopic and mesoscopic scales. Using a two-level homogenization procedure, we derive a model coherent with the Biot continuum, describing effective properties of such a hierarchically structured poroelastic medium. The effective material coefficients can be computed using characteristic responses of the micro- and mesostructures which are solutions of local problems imposed in representative volume elements describing the poroelastic medium at the two levels of heterogeneity. In the paper, we discus various combinations of the interface between the micro- and mesoscopic porosities, influence of the fluid compressibility, or solid incompressibility. Gradient of porosity is accounted for when dealing with locally periodic structures. Derived formulae for computing the poroelastic material coefficients characterize not only the steady-state responses with static fluid, but are relevant also for quasistatic problems. The model is applicable in geology, or in tissue biomechanics, in particular for modeling canalicular-lacunar porosity of bone which can be characterized at several levels.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0475-9
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Sub-shock formation in Grad 10-moment equations for a binary gas mixture
    • Authors: Marzia Bisi; Fiammetta Conforto; Giorgio Martalò
      Pages: 1295 - 1324
      Abstract: Abstract The shock structure problem for Grad 10-moment equations for an inert binary mixture is investigated: necessary conditions for the formation of sub-shocks in fields of only one gas or of both components are rigorously obtained, and a detailed comparison with the shock-wave structure of its principal sub-system (deduced assuming vanishing viscous stress tensors) and of the equilibrium Euler sub-system is performed. Some numerical simulations for a mixture of argon and helium are presented.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0476-8
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Microstructure-based modelling of multiphase materials and complex
    • Authors: Ewald Werner; Robert Wesenjak; Alexander Fillafer; Felix Meier; Christian Krempaszky
      Pages: 1325 - 1346
      Abstract: Abstract Micromechanical approaches are frequently employed to monitor local and global field quantities and their evolution under varying mechanical and/or thermal loading scenarios. In this contribution, an overview on important methods is given that are currently used to gain insight into the deformational and failure behaviour of multiphase materials and complex structures. First, techniques to represent material microstructures are reviewed. It is common to either digitise images of real microstructures or generate virtual 2D or 3D microstructures using automated procedures (e.g. Voronoï tessellation) for grain generation and colouring algorithms for phase assignment. While the former method allows to capture exactly all features of the microstructure at hand with respect to its morphological and topological features, the latter method opens up the possibility for parametric studies with respect to the influence of individual microstructure features on the local and global stress and strain response. Several applications of these approaches are presented, comprising low and high strain behaviour of multiphase steels, failure and fracture behaviour of multiphase materials and the evolution of surface roughening of the aluminium top metallisation of semiconductor devices.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0477-7
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • The weak compatibility equations of nonlinear elasticity and the
           insufficiency of the Hadamard jump condition for non-simply connected
    • Authors: Arzhang Angoshtari; Arash Yavari
      Pages: 1347 - 1359
      Abstract: Abstract We derive the compatibility equations of L 2 displacement gradients on non-simply connected bodies. These compatibility equations are useful for non-smooth strains such as those associated with deformations of multi-phase materials. As an application of these compatibility equations, we study some configurations of different phases around a hole and show that, in general, the classical Hadamard jump condition is not a sufficient compatibility condition.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0478-6
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Thermodynamic analysis of shark skin texture surfaces for microchannel
    • Authors: Hai-Yan Yu; Hao-Chun Zhang; Yang-Yu Guo; He-Ping Tan; Yao Li; Gong-Nan Xie
      Pages: 1361 - 1371
      Abstract: Abstract The studies of shark skin textured surfaces in flow drag reduction provide inspiration to researchers overcoming technical challenges from actual production application. In this paper, three kinds of infinite parallel plate flow models with microstructure inspired by shark skin were established, namely blade model, wedge model and the smooth model, according to cross-sectional shape of microstructure. Simulation was carried out by using FLUENT, which simplified the computation process associated with direct numeric simulations. To get the best performance from simulation results, shear-stress transport k-omega turbulence model was chosen during the simulation. Since drag reduction mechanism is generally discussed from kinetics point of view, which cannot interpret the cause of these losses directly, a drag reduction rate was established based on the second law of thermodynamics. Considering abrasion and fabrication precision in practical applications, three kinds of abraded geometry models were constructed and tested, and the ideal microstructure was found to achieve best performance suited to manufacturing production on the basis of drag reduction rate. It was also believed that bionic shark skin surfaces with mechanical abrasion may draw more attention from industrial designers and gain wide applications with drag-reducing characteristics.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0479-5
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Phonon cross-plane transport and thermal boundary resistance: effect of
           heat source size and thermal boundary resistance on phonon characteristics
    • Authors: H. Ali; B. S. Yilbas
      Pages: 1373 - 1393
      Abstract: Abstract Phonon cross-plane transport across silicon and diamond thin films pair is considered, and thermal boundary resistance across the films pair interface is examined incorporating the cut-off mismatch and diffusive mismatch models. In the cut-off mismatch model, phonon frequency mismatch for each acoustic branch is incorporated across the interface of the silicon and diamond films pair in line with the dispersion relations of both films. The frequency-dependent and transient solution of the Boltzmann transport equation is presented, and the equilibrium phonon intensity ratios at the silicon and diamond film edges are predicted across the interface for each phonon acoustic branch. Temperature disturbance across the edges of the films pair is incorporated to assess the phonon transport characteristics due to cut-off and diffusive mismatch models across the interface. The effect of heat source size, which is allocated at high-temperature (301 K) edge of the silicon film, on the phonon transport characteristics at the films pair interface is also investigated. It is found that cut-off mismatch model predicts higher values of the thermal boundary resistance across the films pair interface as compared to that of the diffusive mismatch model. The ratio of equilibrium phonon intensity due to the cut-off mismatch over the diffusive mismatch models remains >1 at the silicon edge, while it becomes <1 at the diamond edge for all acoustic branches.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0480-z
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Generalized form of boundary value problems method for material modeled as
           micro-polar media subjecting to the thermo-mechanical interaction
    • Authors: Xiaomin Zhang; Long Zhang; Zhongxiang Chu; Song Peng
      Pages: 1395 - 1409
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, the periodic structure material is modeled as the continuum homogeneous micro-polar media subjecting to thermo-mechanical interaction. Meanwhile, a series of equivalent quantities such as the equivalent stress, couple stress, displacement gradient and torsion tensor were defined by the integral forms of the boundary values of the external surface force, moment, displacement and the angular displacement, and were proved to satisfy the equivalence conditions of virtual work. Based on above works, the displacement boundary value problem was established to deduce the equivalent constitutive equation. Assume the representative volume element is composed of the spatial cross-framework, and applying the boundary value problem of displacement on frame structures, the equivalent elastic coefficients, temperature coefficients of equivalent stress and the temperature gradient coefficients of equivalent couple stress are deduced. In addition, themethod can also be extended to the stress boundary value problem to deduce the equivalent constitutive equation. The calculations indicate that the equivalent result can be obtained from the two kinds of boundary value problems.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0482-x
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • The Oberbeck–Boussinesq approximation as a constitutive limit
    • Authors: Yoshiyuki Kagei; Michael Růžička
      Pages: 1411 - 1419
      Abstract: Abstract We derive the usual Oberbeck–Boussinesq approximation as a constitutive limit of the full system describing the motion of an compressible linearly viscous fluid. To this end, the starting system is written, using the Gibbs free energy, in the variables v, θ and p. The Oberbeck–Boussinesq system is then obtained as the thermal expansion coefficient α and the isothermal compressibility coefficient β tend to zero.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0483-9
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Inelastic deformation of conductive bodies in electromagnetic fields
    • Authors: Holm Altenbach; Oleg Morachkovsky; Konstantin Naumenko; Denis Lavinsky
      Pages: 1421 - 1433
      Abstract: Abstract Inelastic deformation of conductive bodies under the action of electromagnetic fields is analyzed. Governing equations for non-stationary electromagnetic field propagation and elastic–plastic deformation are presented. The variational principle of minimum of the total energy is applied to formulate the numerical solution procedure by the finite element method. With the proposed method, distributions of vector characteristics of the electromagnetic field and tensor characteristics of the deformation process are illustrated for the inductor–workpiece system within a realistic electromagnetic forming process.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0484-8
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • The magnetic field of a permanent hollow cylindrical magnet
    • Authors: Felix A. Reich; Oliver Stahn; Wolfgang H. Müller
      Pages: 1435 - 1444
      Abstract: Abstract Based on the rational version of MAXWELL’s equations according to TRUESDELL and TOUPIN or KOVETZ, cf. (Kovetz in Electromagnetic theory, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2000; Truesdell and Toupin in Handbuch der Physik, Bd. III/1, Springer, Berlin, pp 226–793; appendix, pp 794–858, 2000), we present, for stationary processes, a closed-form solution for the magnetic flux density of a hollow cylindrical magnet. Its magnetization is constant in axial direction. We consider MAXWELL’s equations in regular and singular points that are obtained by rational electrodynamics, adapted to stationary processes. The magnetic flux density is calculated analytically by means of a vector potential. We obtain a solution in terms of complete elliptic integrals. Therefore, numerical evaluation can be performed in a computationally efficient manner. The solution is written in dimensionless form and can easily be applied to cylinders of arbitrary shape. The relation between the magnetic flux density and the magnetic field is linear, and an explicit relation for the field is presented. With a slight modification the result can be used to obtain the field of a solid cylindrical magnet. The mathematical structure of the solution and, in particular, singularities are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0485-7
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Constitutive model for flake graphite cast iron automotive brake discs:
           induced anisotropic damage model under complex loadings
    • Authors: L. Augustins; R. Billardon; F. Hild
      Pages: 1445 - 1460
      Abstract: Abstract The present paper details an elasto-viscoplastic constitutive model for automotive brake discs made of flake graphite cast iron. In a companion paper (Augustins et al. in Contin Mech Thermodyn, 2015), the authors proposed a one-dimensional setting appropriate for representing the complex behavior of the material (i.e., asymmetry between tensile and compressive loadings) under anisothermal conditions. The generalization of this 1D model to 3D cases on a volume element and the associated challenges are addressed. A direct transposition is not possible, and an alternative solution without unilateral conditions is first proposed. Induced anisotropic damage and associated constitutive laws are then introduced. The transition from the volume element to the real structure and the numerical implementation require a specific basis change. Brake disc simulations with this constitutive model show that unilateral conditions are needed for the friction bands. A damage deactivation procedure is therefore defined.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0487-5
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • The role of several heat transfer mechanisms on the enhancement of thermal
           conductivity in nanofluids
    • Authors: H. Machrafi; G. Lebon
      Pages: 1461 - 1475
      Abstract: Abstract A modelling of the thermal conductivity of nanofluids based on extended irreversible thermodynamics is proposed with emphasis on the role of several coupled heat transfer mechanisms: liquid interfacial layering between nanoparticles and base fluid, particles agglomeration and Brownian motion. The relative importance of each specific mechanism on the enhancement of the effective thermal conductivity is examined. It is shown that the size of the nanoparticles and the liquid boundary layer around the particles play a determining role. For nanoparticles close to molecular range, the Brownian effect is important. At nanoparticles of the order of 1–100 nm, both agglomeration and liquid layering are influent. Agglomeration becomes the most important mechanism at nanoparticle sizes of the order of 100 nm and higher. The theoretical considerations are illustrated by three case studies: suspensions of alumina rigid spherical nanoparticles in water, ethylene glycol and a 50/50w% water/ethylene glycol mixture, respectively, good agreement with experimental data is observed.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0488-4
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Relaxation in crystal plasticity with three active slip systems
    • Authors: Sergio Conti; Georg Dolzmann
      Pages: 1477 - 1494
      Abstract: Abstract We study a variational model for finite crystal plasticity in the limit of rigid elasticity. We focus on the case of three distinct slip systems whose slip directions lie in one plane and are rotated by 120° with respect to each other, with linear self-hardening and infinite latent hardening, in the sense that each material point has to deform in single slip. Under these conditions, plastic deformation is accompanied by the formation of fine-scale structures, in which activity along the different slip systems localizes in different areas. The quasiconvex envelope of the energy density, which describes the macroscopic material behavior, is determined in a regime from small up to intermediate strains, and upper and lower bounds are provided for large strains. Finally sufficient conditions are given under which the lamination convex envelope of an extended-valued energy density is an upper bound for its quasiconvex envelope.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0490-x
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Thermomechanical characterisation of cellular rubber
    • Authors: H. Seibert; T. Scheffer; S. Diebels
      Pages: 1495 - 1509
      Abstract: Abstract This contribution discusses an experimental possibility to characterise a cellular rubber in terms of the influence of multiaxiality, rate dependency under environmental temperature and its behaviour under hydrostatic pressure. In this context, a mixed open and closed cell rubber based on an ethylene propylene diene monomer is investigated exemplarily. The present article intends to give a general idea of the characterisation method and the considerable effects of this special type of material. The main focus lies on the experimental procedure and the used testing devices in combination with the analysis methods such as true three-dimensional digital image correlation. The structural compressibility is taken into account by an approach for a material model using the Theory of Porous Media with additional temperature dependence.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-015-0491-9
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Travelling waves of density for a fourth-gradient model of fluids
    • Authors: Henri Gouin; Giuseppe Saccomandi
      Pages: 1511 - 1523
      Abstract: Abstract In mean-field theory, the non-local state of fluid molecules can be taken into account using a statistical method. The molecular model combined with a density expansion in Taylor series of the fourth order yields an internal energy value relevant to the fourth-gradient model, and the equation of isothermal motions takes then density’s spatial derivatives into account for waves travelling in both liquid and vapour phases. At equilibrium, the equation of the density profile across interfaces is more precise than the Cahn and Hilliard equation, and near the fluid’s critical point, the density profile verifies an Extended Fisher–Kolmogorov equation, allowing kinks, which converges towards the Cahn–Hillard equation when approaching the critical point. Nonetheless, we also get pulse waves oscillating and generating critical opalescence.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-016-0492-3
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Neglected transport equations: extended Rankine–Hugoniot conditions and
           J -integrals for fracture
    • Authors: K. Davey; R. Darvizeh
      Pages: 1525 - 1552
      Abstract: Abstract Transport equations in integral form are well established for analysis in continuum fluid dynamics but less so for solid mechanics. Four classical continuum mechanics transport equations exist, which describe the transport of mass, momentum, energy and entropy and thus describe the behaviour of density, velocity, temperature and disorder, respectively. However, one transport equation absent from the list is particularly pertinent to solid mechanics and that is a transport equation for movement, from which displacement is described. This paper introduces the fifth transport equation along with a transport equation for mechanical energy and explores some of the corollaries resulting from the existence of these equations. The general applicability of transport equations to discontinuous physics is discussed with particular focus on fracture mechanics. It is well established that bulk properties can be determined from transport equations by application of a control volume methodology. A control volume can be selected to be moving, stationary, mass tracking, part of, or enclosing the whole system domain. The flexibility of transport equations arises from their ability to tolerate discontinuities. It is insightful thus to explore the benefits derived from the displacement and mechanical energy transport equations, which are shown to be beneficial for capturing the physics of fracture arising from a displacement discontinuity. Extended forms of the Rankine–Hugoniot conditions for fracture are established along with extended forms of J -integrals.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-016-0493-2
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Saturated porous continua in the frame of hybrid description
    • Authors: Olga V. Brazgina; Elena A. Ivanova; Elena N. Vilchevskaya
      Pages: 1553 - 1581
      Abstract: Abstract A method for modeling fluid–solid interactions in saturated porous media is proposed. The main challenge is the combination of the material and spatial descriptions. The deformation of the solid, which serves as a “container” to the fluid, is studied by following the motion of its material particles, i.e., in Lagrangian description. On the other hand, the motion of the fluid is described in spatial form, i.e., by using a Eulerian approach. However, the solid deforms and this implies a certain difference regarding the standard formulation used in spatial description of fluid mechanics where a fixed grid dissects space into elementary volumes. Here the grid is no longer fixed, and the elementary volumes will follow the deformation of the solid. Moreover, for the solid as well as for the fluid the balance equations are formulated in the current configuration, where interaction forces and couples are taken into account. By using Zhilin’s approach, entropy and temperature are incorporated in the system of equations. Constitutive equations are constructed for both elastic and inelastic components of force and couple stress tensors and interaction force and couple. The constitutive equations for elastic components are found on the basis of the energy balance equation; the constitutive equations for the inelastic components are proposed in accordance with the second law of thermodynamics. Particular emphasis is placed on the constitutive equations of the interaction force and couple, which result in a symmetric form only because of the “hybrid” approach combining the Lagrangian with the Eulerian description. Three possible examples of application of the theory have been presented. For each example, all required assumptions were first stated and discussed and then the complete set of the corresponding equations was presented.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-016-0495-0
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
  • Diffusive limits of nonlinear hyperbolic systems with variable
    • Authors: Hironari Miyoshi; Masayoshi Tsutsumi
      Pages: 1583 - 1599
      Abstract: Abstract We consider the initial-boundary value problem for a 2-speed system of first-order nonhomogeneous semilinear hyperbolic equations whose leading terms have a small positive parameter. Using energy estimates and a compactness lemma, we show that the diffusion limit of the sum of the solutions of the hyperbolic system, as the parameter tends to zero, verifies the nonlinear parabolic equation of the p-Laplacian type.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00161-016-0497-y
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 5 (2016)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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