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  Subjects -> PHYSICS (Total: 797 journals)
    - ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM (10 journals)
    - MECHANICS (20 journals)
    - NUCLEAR PHYSICS (48 journals)
    - OPTICS (90 journals)
    - PHYSICS (576 journals)
    - SOUND (22 journals)
    - THERMODYNAMICS (31 journals)

PHYSICS (576 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 741 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Acustica united with Acustica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advanced Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Advanced Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 195)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
AIP Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
AIP Conference Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annalen der Physik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annales Henri PoincarĂ©     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annales UMCS, Physica     Open Access  
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Physics     Open Access  
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Materials Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
APL Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Physics Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Physics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Physics Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Radiation and Isotopes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Remote Sensing Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Applied Spectroscopy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Asia Pacific Physics Newsletter     Hybrid Journal  
ASTRA Proceedings     Open Access  
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Atoms     Open Access  
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Axioms     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bauphysik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Biophysical Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Biophysical Reviews and Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMC Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Boson Journal of Modern Physics     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin of Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de FĂ­sica     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cells     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CERN courier. International journal of high energy physics     Free   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Physics of Solid Surfaces     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Physics B     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Physics C     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Physics Letters     Full-text available via subscription  
Cogent Physics     Open Access  
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Colloid Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Computational Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Theoretical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access  
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 181)
Computational Astrophysics and Cosmology     Open Access  
Computational Condensed Matter     Open Access  
Computational Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Particle Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription  
Computer Physics Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Concepts of Condensed Matter Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Contemporary Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COSPAR Colloquia Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cryogenics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Current Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Diamond and Related Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamical Properties of Solids     Full-text available via subscription  
ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
EJNMMI Physics     Open Access  
Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Energy Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering Failure Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Engineering Fracture Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Environmental Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
EPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics     Open Access  
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access  
EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation     Full-text available via subscription  
EPJ Web of Conferences     Open Access  
European Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Physics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Physical Journal - Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
European Physical Journal C     Hybrid Journal  
Europhysics News     Open Access  
Experimental Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Experimental Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Exploration Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Few-Body Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Fire and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fluctuation and Noise Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Fortschritte der Physik/Progress of Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fusion Engineering and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geophysical Research Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Journal of Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Granular Matter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Graphs and Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Gravitation and Cosmology     Hybrid Journal  
Handbook of Geophysical Exploration: Seismic Exploration     Full-text available via subscription  
Handbook of Metal Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Handbook of Surface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry     Full-text available via subscription  
Haptics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Heat Transfer - Asian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
High Energy Density Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
High Pressure Research: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
IEEE Signal Processing Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
IET Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Il Colle di Galileo     Open Access  
Imaging Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics (IJBB)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics (IJPAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Indian Journal of Radio & Space Physics (IJRSP)     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Infinite Dimensional Analysis, Quantum Probability and Related Topics     Hybrid Journal  
InfraMatics     Open Access  
Infrared Physics & Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Intermetallics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Simulation and Multidisciplinary Design Optimization     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Abrasive Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Aeroacoustics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Computational Materials Science and Surface Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Damage Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Fatigue     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
International Journal of Fracture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Low Radiation     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Mass Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Material Forming     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Materials and Product Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Mechanical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Micro-Nano Scale Transport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Colloid Journal
  [SJR: 0.31]   [H-I: 19]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1608-3067 - ISSN (Online) 1061-933X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2281 journals]
  • A terahertz spectroscopic study of chitosan-based bionanocomposites
           containing clay nanoparticles
    • Abstract: Dielectric properties of bionanocomposites resulting from regulated self-organization of chitosan and nanoparticles of synthetic saponite clay have been investigated by terahertz pulsed spectroscopy. Spectral characteristics of the composites considered in correlation with their structural features, which have been characterized by atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, depend on the concentration ratio of the components. The study of the effect of temperature on terahertz absorption spectra has led to the conclusion that hydrogen bonding may be involved in the formation of the bionanocomposites.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Structural and electrosurface characteristics of titanium dioxide xerogel
           prepared by the sol–gel method
    • Abstract: Stable highly concentrated TiO2 sol has been synthesized using binary titanyl ammonium sulfate monohydrate, (NH4)2TiO(SO4)2 · H2O. Treatment of the sol with an ammonia solution has yielded a stable hydrogel, which, after being dried, is transformed into a TiO2 xerogel. Study of the structure-related sorption and crystalline-chemical properties of the synthesized xerogel has shown that it represents a semicrystalline micro/mesoporous material with a rather developed specific surface area (S sp = 120 m2/g). According to potentiometric titration data, the point of zero charge (PZC) of this material is located at pH 3.9. Measurements of the electrophoretic mobility (by microelectrophoresis) of TiO2 xerogel particles in solutions of HCl, NaOH, and salts of mono-, bi-, and trivalent cations have shown that (1) the isoelectric point (IEP) of the particles lies in the vicinity of pH 6.2, i.e., at a much higher pH than that for PZC; (2) the presence of increasing amounts of 1: 1 and 2: 1 electrolytes causes a gradual and a dramatic reduction in the ζ potential of the particles, respectively; and (3), in the presence of an electrolyte with a trivalent counterion, the surface charge is reversed. The behavior of TiO2 xerogel in an electric field is similar to that of lyophobic particles, with the difference that there is no maximum in the ζ potential versus 1: 1 electrolyte concentration dependence and the measured IEP of the xerogel is much higher than its PZC. Possible reasons for this discrepancy have been discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Simulation of electrical percolation in disperse systems at a small
           difference between specific conductivities of components
    • Abstract: The possibility of development of electrical percolation upon variations in the contents of components in a disperse system has been studied in terms of Bruggeman’s ideas of an effective medium and the continual model of the electrical conductivity of composite materials. The case of a small difference between the specific conductivities of a dispersed phase K m and a dispersion medium K d has been considered. It has been shown that the dependence of electrical conductivity K of a disperse system on volume fraction p of a wellconducting component may exhibit an inflection in the vicinity of the p* value, which depends on the K m/K d ratio. Different methods for determining the p* value have been described. At low ratios between the conductivities of a dispersed phase and a dispersion medium, the inflection is very weakly pronounced. However, the representation of the K(p) dependences in semilog coordinated substantially facilitates its identification.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • A study of the mechanism for ultrafiltration isolation of sodium
           lignosulfonate from aqueous solutions with track membranes
    • Abstract: Ultrafiltration of aqueous sodium lignosulfonate solutions through track membranes with 30-nm pores has been studied. Membrane selectivity has been investigated as depending on concentrations of sodium lignosulfonate (10, 20, 50, and 100 mg/dm3) and NaCl electrolyte (10–3, 10–2, and 10–1 M). Ultrafiltration of lignosulfonate solutions has been shown to be associated with the “charge-related” mechanism of membrane selective permeability. Membrane selectivity decreases with a rise in the concentrations of lignosulfonate and NaCl, as well as the degree of filtrate extraction.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • A study of the properties and composition of stearic acid monolayers on an
           aqueous subphase containing cadmium ions
    • Abstract: Compression isotherms and chemical compositions of stearic acid (HSt) monolayers applied onto an aqueous subphase containing cadmium ions have been studied in a wide pH range. The data obtained have been used to calculate the dependences of surface elasticity E 2.5, change ΔA 2.5 in the surface area per molecule at a constant two-dimensional pressure in the monolayer of 2.5 mN/m, and change Δ ζ in the absolute value of the ζ potential of particles formed from the material of a monolayer collapsed on the surfaces of aqueous solutions with the same compositions on the pH of the subphase. The obtained data are in good agreement with each other and unambiguously attest to the dependences of the surface (E 2.5, ΔA 2.5) and electrosurface (Δ ζ ) characteristics of the monolayers on their chemical composition. This leads us to make the reasonable suggestion that two alternative reactions may occur between cadmium ions and the HSt monolayer with the formation of two salts, CdSt2 and Cd(OH)St.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • A study of sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate adsorption on silica
           from silver and gold organosols
    • Abstract: Adsorption of sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (Aerosol OT) and silver and gold nanoparticles on SiO2 from heptane solutions has been investigated by spectophotometery and CHN analysis. The adsorption isotherm of Aerosol OT is described by the Langmuir equation. Sorption capacity (2.4 × 10–4 mol/g), sorption constant (9.0 m3/mol), and area per Aerosol OT molecule in an adsorption layer (0.83 nm2) have been determined. It has been shown that, at Aerosol OT concentrations lower than 6 × 10–4 M, gold and silver ((0.3–6) × 10–4 M) are simultaneously extracted by 98%; however, they have no effect on the adsorption and determination of the surfactant.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Synthesis of hollow magnetic and luminescent bifunctional composite
           nanoparticles
    • Abstract: Composite nanoparticles consisted of Au-coating Co superparamagnetic cores and CdSe shells have been synthesized. In-situ reduction and cation exchange methods have been applied in the synthetic process. The composite nanoparticles have been characterized by various methods. Experimental results showed that the oxidation of cobalt nanoparticles might be restrained by a gold shell. The as-prepared nanoconjugates exhibited magnetic and luminescent properties. The bifunctional nanoparticles can be used as detecting agent to analyze tumor cell in vitro and in vivo. We believe that the results could be used as a reference by researchers engaged in both fundamental and applied biomedicine.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • The effect of pulsed laser radiation on polyelectrolyte capsule shells
           modified with fluorescent dyes
    • Abstract: Polyelectrolyte capsules containing rhodamine 6G and fluorescein isothiocyanate in their shells are obtained by successive adsorption on spherical microscopic CaCO3 particles followed by the dissolution of the latter. Suspensions of the capsules are irradiated with a laser operating at a wavelength corresponding to the absorption bands of the dyes, and it is shown that shell modification with the selected dyes promotes photosensitized disruption of these structures. The mechanism proposed for this disruption is realized via energy transfer from photoexcited dye molecules to the polymer matrix. Therewith, the dye-modified capsules are disrupted due to their nonuniform local heating.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Water vapor clustering in the field of Na + cation inside a nanopore with
           hydrophilic walls. 2. Thermodynamic properties
    • Abstract: The bicanonical statistical ensemble method has been used to calculate at the molecular level the free energy, entropy, and work of hydration of single-charged sodium cation in a model planar nanopore with structureless hydrophilic walls. The calculations have been performed in terms of a detailed many-particle model of intermolecular interactions calibrated with respect to experimental data on the free energy and enthalpy of the initial reactions of attachment in water vapor. In contrast to chlorine anion, at initial stages of formation, the hydration shell of sodium cation has a loose chain structure, which is reflected in the character of the interaction with pore walls and the behavior of entropy. Under the conditions of weakly hydrophilic walls, the system loses its stability; however, the stability remains preserved in a pore with strongly hydrophilic walls. Hydrophilic walls stabilize the system and shift the onset of hydration toward lower vapor pressures by several orders of magnitude.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Microscopic collective dynamics of water
    • Abstract: Data obtained on microscopic collective excitations in water by molecular dynamics simulation within the framework of the coarse-grained mW-model of the intermolecular interaction potential for water are reported. The calculated spectra of the dynamic structure factor and spectral densities of time correlation functions of longitudinal and transverse currents reveal the existence of propagating collective excitations of longitudinal and transverse polarization in water for a wide range of wavenumbers. The dynamics of fluctuations in the particle number density is analyzed within the framework of a microscopic theory that takes into account only the structural features of a system. The theoretically calculated data on the spectra of dynamic structure factor in a wavenumber range of 0.13–0.48 Å–1 are in good agreement with the results of molecular dynamics simulation.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Water vapor clustering in the field of Na + cation inside a nanopore with
           hydrophilic walls. 1. Spatial organization
    • Abstract: Computer simulation has been employed to study the structure of a hydration shell of a Na+ ion under the conditions of a planar nanopore with structureless hydrophilic walls at 298 K. Intermolecular interactions have been described in terms of a detailed model calibrated with respect to experimental data on the free energy and enthalpy of the initial reactions of vapor molecule attachment to the ion. In the field of hydrophilic walls, the hydration shell is disrupted into an enveloping part and that spread over the surface of the walls. At the final stage of hydration, states with asymmetric distribution of molecules on opposite walls survive and the phenomenon of ion displacement out of its shell is stably reproduced. The orientational molecular order in the system strongly depends on the degree of wall hydrophilicity. The hydration shell of a sodium ion is less stable with respect to disturbances generated by the field of hydrophilic walls than the shell of a chlorine ion is.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Molecular dynamics simulation of pressure isotherms for nanofluids
    • Abstract: Pressure isotherms have been constructed by the molecular dynamics method for nanofluids based on argon and zinc, aluminum, and lithium nanoparticles. Nanoparticle volume concentration is varied from 1 to 10%. Nanoparticles have sizes of 1 or 2 nm. The equation of state has been shown to essentially depend on the volume concentration, size, and material of the particles. Depending on the density of a carrier fluid, the pressure of a nanofluid (at a preset density) may be either higher or lower than the pressure of the basic fluid. On the other hand, the partial pressure of a pseudogas of nanoparticles decreases rapidly with an increase in their sizes (inversely proportional to the cubed particle radius).
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Mechanochemical synthesis of colloidal sulfur particles in the Na 2 S 2 O
           3 –H 2 (C 4 H 4 O 4 )–Na 2 SO 3 system
    • Abstract: Elemental sulfur nanoparticles (nanosulfur, S n 0 ) have been obtained in a matrix consisting of sodium sulfite (diluent and a final reaction product) and succinic acid (catalyst) by mechanochemical syntheses via the reaction Na2S2O3 · 5H2O + H2(C4H4O4) + zNa2SO3 = (z + 1)Na2SO3 + H2(C4H4O4) + 5H2O+ S n 0 , at z = 19.6. It has been shown that free nanodispersed sulfur can be obtained by dissolving the matrix in water. The prepared samples have been characterized using a set of physical and physicochemical methods.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • The first example of silica nanoshell synthesis on vesicles of a cationic
           glycerolipid—potential antitumor drug
    • Abstract: It has, for the first time, been shown that silica nanoshells may be prepared on vesicles of rac-N-{4-2-ethoxy-3-octadecyloxyprop-1-yl)oxycarbonyl]butyl}-N’-methylimidazolium iodide, which is a cationic glycerolipid with a pronounced antitumor effect.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Determination of effective hydrodynamic diameters of biopolymer molecules
           in high-viscosity mixtures by photon-correlation spectroscopy
    • Abstract: Using model high-viscosity single-component and mixed systems based on biopolymers with different molecular sizes (poly(ethylene glycol), dextran, and polysucrose) as examples, it is shown by photon-correlation spectroscopy combined with monoand polymodal analysis that solvent viscosity should be used, when calculating the hydrodynamic diameter of molecules in single-component aqueous solutions and mixed solutions of dextran and polysucrose, which have close molecule sizes, by the Stokes–Einstein equation. For mixtures of dextran and polysucrose with polyethylene glycol, the viscosity of the medium, the role of which is played by the poly(ethylene glycol) solution, should be used.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Determination of maximum particle size in magnetic fluids
    • Abstract: Higher-order moments of particle size distribution functions are determined for magnetic fluids from analysis of initial segments of magnetization curves. It is shown that the higher-order moments calculated using approximation of real particle size distributions by the Γ distribution are strongly overestimated. Agreement between the measured and calculated moments can be radically improved by truncating maximum particle size X max. A relation between X max and the parameters of the Γ distribution is proposed taking into account the degree of polydispersity of a magnetic fluid. Namely, the ratio between the maximum and most probable particle diameters is equal to the ratio between the mean-square magnetic moment of a particle and its squared average magnetic moment.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Electrosurface properties of single-crystalline detonation nanodiamond
           particles obtained by air annealing of their agglomerates
    • Abstract: A complex study of electrosurface properties has been performed for single-crystalline detonation nanodiamond particles with sizes of 4–5 nm obtained by air annealing of their agglomerates. FTIR spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data indicate that the investigated properties result from the presence of two types of ionogenic functional groups on the particle surface, i.e., acidic carboxyl and amphoteric hydroxyl groups. Acid-base potentiometric titration, laser Doppler electrophoresis, and conductometry have been employed to measure the Γ H + (pH) and Γ OH - (pH) adsorption isotherms of potential-determining ions, as well as the pH dependences (in a pH range of 3.5–10.5) of the surface charge density, electrophoretic mobility, and specific surface conductivity of detonation nanodiamond particles in aqueous 0.0001–0.01 M KCl solutions.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Approximations of the nucleus size spectrum in nucleation kinetics under
           gradually varied external conditions
    • Abstract: Several simple approximations have been presented for describing evolution of a condensing system at the stage of nucleation under dynamic conditions. All of them have been compared with the exact numerical solution, and their errors have been determined. All relative errors have been shown to be rather small.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Mathematical simulation of atomic hydrogen diffusion transfer through a
           bimetallic membrane
    • Abstract: Mathematical simulation of atomic hydrogen diffusion transfer through a bimetallic membrane is performed under the approximation of an ideal lattice gas. Analytical expressions are derived for diffusion fluxes at different membrane orientations. The intensity of diffusion transfer of hydrogen atoms through a bimetallic membrane depends on the direction of transfer, provided that they have different solubilities in metal layers. It is shown that the effect of diffusion asymmetry must be taken into account when developing and using bimetallic membranes.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01
       
  • Calculation of isosteric heats of molecular gas and vapor adsorption on
           graphite using density functional theory
    • Abstract: Isosteric heats of hydrogen, nitrogen, and methane adsorption on graphite surface have been calculated and analyzed using the density functional theory. The heats of adsorption have been calculated within wide ranges of pressures and subcritical temperatures. The peaks in the temperature dependences of isosteric heat of adsorption have been found to correlate with the degrees of filling of monolayers during adsorption.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01
       
 
 
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