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PHYSICS (583 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 741 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Acustica united with Acustica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access  
Advanced Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Advanced Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 202)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
AIP Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
AIP Conference Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annalen der Physik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annales Henri PoincarĂ©     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Physica     Open Access  
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Physics     Open Access  
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Materials Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
APL Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Physics Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Physics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Physics Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Radiation and Isotopes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Remote Sensing Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Applied Spectroscopy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Asia Pacific Physics Newsletter     Hybrid Journal  
ASTRA Proceedings     Open Access  
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Atoms     Open Access  
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bauphysik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Biophysical Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Biophysical Reviews and Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMC Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Boson Journal of Modern Physics     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de FĂ­sica     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cells     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CERN courier. International journal of high energy physics     Free   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Physics of Solid Surfaces     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Physics B     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Physics C     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Physics Letters     Full-text available via subscription  
Cogent Physics     Open Access  
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Colloid Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Computational Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Theoretical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 152)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 185)
Computational Astrophysics and Cosmology     Open Access  
Computational Condensed Matter     Open Access  
Computational Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Particle Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computer Physics Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Concepts of Condensed Matter Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Contemporary Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COSPAR Colloquia Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cryogenics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Current Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Current Science     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Diamond and Related Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamical Properties of Solids     Full-text available via subscription  
ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
EJNMMI Physics     Open Access  
Electrospinning     Open Access  
Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Energy Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering Failure Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Engineering Fracture Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Environmental Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
EPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics     Open Access  
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access  
EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation     Full-text available via subscription  
EPJ Web of Conferences     Open Access  
European Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Physics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Physical Journal - Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
European Physical Journal C     Hybrid Journal  
Europhysics News     Open Access  
Experimental Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Experimental Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Exploration Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Few-Body Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Fire and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fluctuation and Noise Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Fortschritte der Physik/Progress of Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fusion Engineering and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geophysical Research Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Journal of Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Granular Matter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Graphs and Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Gravitation and Cosmology     Hybrid Journal  
Handbook of Geophysical Exploration: Seismic Exploration     Full-text available via subscription  
Handbook of Metal Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Handbook of Surface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry     Full-text available via subscription  
Haptics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Heat Transfer - Asian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
High Energy Density Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
High Pressure Research: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IEEE Signal Processing Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
IET Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Il Colle di Galileo     Open Access  
Imaging Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics (IJBB)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics (IJPAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Indian Journal of Radio & Space Physics (IJRSP)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Infinite Dimensional Analysis, Quantum Probability and Related Topics     Hybrid Journal  
InfraMatics     Open Access  
Infrared Physics & Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Intermetallics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Simulation and Multidisciplinary Design Optimization     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Abrasive Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Aeroacoustics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Computational Materials Science and Surface Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Damage Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Fatigue     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
International Journal of Fracture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Low Radiation     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Mass Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Material Forming     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Materials and Product Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Mechanical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Colloid Journal
  [SJR: 0.31]   [H-I: 19]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1608-3067 - ISSN (Online) 1061-933X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • The influence of surface phenomena on molecular mobility in glassy
    • Abstract: Abstract Literature data on molecular mobility in glassy polymers have been analyzed. It has been shown that, in the temperature range corresponding to the glassy state of a polymer, a large-scale (segmental) molecular motion is possible, with this motion being responsible for the physical (thermal) aging of the polymer. Heating of an aged polymer restores its initial state, and the aging process begins again (effect of “rejuvenation”). At the same time, aging processes may be initiated by a mechanical action on a glassy polymer. It is sufficient to subject an aged polymer to a mechanical action to transfer it to a state characteristic of a polymer heated above the glass-transition temperature. It should be noted that deformation of a glassy polymer is nonuniform over its volume and occurs in local zones (shear bands and/or crazes). It is of importance that these zones contain an oriented fibrillized polymer with fibril diameters of a few to tens of nanometers, thereby giving rise to the formation of a developed interfacial surface in the polymer. The analysis of the published data leads to a conclusion that the aging of a mechanically “rejuvenated” polymer is, as a matter of fact, the coalescence of nanosized structural elements (fibrils), which fill the shear bands and/or crazes and have a glasstransition temperature decreased by tens of degrees.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Equations for the evolution of a growing or evaporating free microdroplet
           under nonstationary conditions of diffusion and heat transfer in a
           multicomponent vapor–gas medium
    • Abstract: Abstract A set of equations has been derived for the nonstationary composition, size, and temperature of a growing or evaporating multicomponent microdroplet of a nonideal solution under arbitrary initial conditions. Equations for local nonstationary diffusion molecular and heat fluxes in a mixture of a multicomponent vapor with a noncondensable carrier gas have been obtained within the framework of nonequilibrium thermodynamics with allowance for hydrodynamic flow of the medium. The derived closed set of equations takes into account the nonstationarity of the diffusion and heat transfer, effect of thermodiffusion and other cross effects in the multicomponent vapor–gas medium, the Stefan flow, and droplet boundary motion, as well as the nonideality of the solution in the droplet. The general approach has been illustrated by the consideration of the multicomponent medium at low concentrations of vapors taking into account its thermal expansion due to the Stefan flow in the case of a nonstationary diffusion regime of the nonisothermal condensation growth of a one-component droplet.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • The structure and conductivity of thin composite films formed from
           nanodispersions of silver particles by the moving meniscus method
    • Abstract: Abstract The formation processes, structure, geometric parameters, and conductivity are studied for thin composite films prepared from nanodispersions of silver particles with diameters smaller than 10 nm by the moving meniscus method. The thickness and conductivity of the films are determined as functions of the mass concentration of a precursor (AgNO3) and the concentration (size) of silver nanoparticles. Some of these functions are nonmonotonic. The dependences of the conductivity on these parameters are found to have the character of a percolation transition. Heterogeneous crystallization of soluble components of the colloidal solutions on silver nanoparticles plays an essential role in the formation of the films.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • On the size dependence of the surface energy of metal nanoclusters
    • Abstract: Abstract The many-particle tight-binding potential has been employed to calculate the specific surface energy of icosahedral nanoclusters of transition metals. The equimolecular surface has been considered as the dividing surface. The surface energy has been shown to linearly increase with particle size at nanocluster radii smaller than five radii of the first coordination sphere. As the nanocluster radius is further enlarged, the surface energy passes through a maximum and approaches an asymptotic macroscopic value. The coefficients of proportionality between the specific surface energy and nanocluster radius have been found and compared with the data available from the literature.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Nonstationary evolution of the size, composition, and temperature of
           microdroplets of nonideal two- and three-component aqueous solutions
    • Abstract: Abstract Results of numerical solution have been presented for a set of equations describing the nonstationary and nonisothermal growth or evaporation of microdroplets consisting of ethanol and water, sulfuric acid and water, and sulfuric and nitric acids and water. Time dependences of droplet size, temperature, and composition have been determined at low concentrations of a condensable vapor, as compared with the concentration of a carrier gas in an ambient vapor–gas mixture. The calculations have been performed using different initial conditions and approximations for the dependences of saturation vapor pressures, activity coefficients, and partial heats of condensation of the components, as well as average volumes per molecule on droplet composition and temperature. By the examples of ethanol–water and sulfuric acid–water droplets, it has been shown that nonmonotonic variations in the droplet radius are possible. Regimes of nonmonotonic variations in the temperature of a droplet that precede the onset of its stationary growth or evaporation have been revealed for all systems under consideration.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Preparation and flocculating properties of highly substituted cationic
           starches of different vegetable origins
    • Abstract: Abstract Kinetic regularities of flocculation of model kaolin suspensions by highly substituted cationic flocculants synthesized from different starches (corn, waxy corn, potato, and tapioca starches) have been studied as depending on the doses and vegetable origins of the flocculants. The rate of kaolin suspension flocculation has been found to increase with the dose of the cationic starches of all types. It has been shown that, irrespective of the dose, the highest rate of kaolin sedimentation in the model systems is observed in the presence of cationic potato starch. It has been demonstrated that cationic potato starch flocculates kaolin suspensions with concentrations of 0.1, 0.5, and 1.0% with the same efficiency. In this case, the suspensions are almost completely clarified within 2–5 min. Moreover, the dependence of the flocculating efficiency for a 0.1% model suspension on the dose of cationic starch has been found to pass through a maximum at a starch content of 1.0–5.0 mg/g of kaolin depending on the type of starch.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Regimes of water droplet evaporation on copper substrates
    • Abstract: Abstract Distilled water droplet evaporation has been studied on copper substrate surfaces with different degrees of roughness. Data on variations in the contact diameter have been employed to distinguish between the regimes of distilled water droplet spreading over the copper surfaces that proceed after the viscous regime. For each isolated regime, the duration has been determined as a fraction of the total evaporation time and the main physical processes have been described. Variations in contact angles have been analyzed as depending on copper surface temperature. It has been established that, as the substrate temperature is elevated, wetting becomes better, while the adhesion work remains almost unchanged, thereby indicating the absence of chemical and structural transformations at the liquid–substrate interface.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Refining of nonionic surfactant micellization theory based on the law of
           mass action
    • Abstract: Abstract Two approaches to determining critical micelle concentration (CMC) are assessed, i.e., from the inflection point in the curve for the concentration dependence of the degree of micellization and as K 1/(1–n), where K is the constant of the law of mass action and n is the aggregation number. The latter approach makes the theory simpler, while the former explicitly expresses the critical degree of micellization via the aggregation number. The concentrations of monomers and micelles are analyzed as functions of the overall concentration of a surfactant in a micellar solution. These functions look much simpler in the graphical form as compared with their complex exact analytical representation. This has resulted in derivation of simple analytical approximations for these functions, with these approximations being useful for calculations. The concentration dependence of the surfactant diffusion coefficient has been considered based on these approximations. It turned out that this dependence not only provides the known method for determining the diffusion coefficient of micelles, but also gives the possibility in principle to determine the aggregation number from the slope of the dependence of the diffusion coefficient on the inverse concentration (counted from the CMC in the CMC units). This new method for determining the aggregation number has been tested using the literature data on the diffusion coefficient of penta(ethylene glycol)-1-hexyl ether in an aqueous solution.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Effect of Li + stabilization on smectite intercalate properties
    • Abstract: Abstract Smectites are widely used minerals whose structure and properties can be modified and controlled. The aim of this study was to improve the sorption capacity and accessibility of interlayer (interpacket) spaces by reducing the pillar density in Chmielnik smectite. The micropore volume increases by increasing one of their dimensions, which is determined as the distance between pillars. This aim was achieved by lowering the resultant packet charge. Changes in intercalate structure and microporosity were studied using X-ray diffractometry and Ar sorption at–196°C. The Li/Na smectite ratio is crucial for modifying the smectite properties, particularly those associated with mineral microporosity. The behavior of the samples with the same interlayer cation composition exhibited two distinct trends. The first one is a decrease in the specific surface value (volume of micropores) accompanied by an increase in the amount of Li in the ion interlayer composition. The second one is a decline in the specific surface (volume of micropores) when the calcination temperature rises.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Calculation of parameters of an electrical double layer at the
           magnetite/solution interface from potentiometric titration data on
           magnetite suspension
    • Abstract: Abstract A three-layer model of an electrical double layer at magnetite/aqueous 0.001–1 mol/L KCl solution interfaces has been considered in a pH range of 3.5–9.5. A procedure has been proposed for determining the constants of equilibrium reactions and the parameters of electrical double layers from the acid–base potentiometric titration data of magnetite suspensions in the solutions taking into account the generation of a surface charge. The determination of these constants and the parameters of the electrical double layer is based on the use of the point of zero charge. Software has been developed and used for calculating the main parameters of the electrical double layer within the framework of the three-layer model and the Graham–Parsons concepts.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Thermogravimetric determination of specific surface area for soil colloids
    • Abstract: Abstract A simple and easy method based on differential drying of samples at different temperatures has been proposed for quantitative determination of the specific surface areas of colloidal disperse systems. The following fundamental dependence of moisture thermodynamic potential [ψ] on absolute drying temperature T is used in the method: ψ = Q–aT, where Q is the specific heat of evaporation and a is a parameter related to the initial temperature and relative air humidity in an external thermodynamic reservoir (laboratory apartment). Gravimetric data on moisture mass fraction W and the value of ψ have been used to plot Polanyi potential curves W(ψ) for the studied samples. The curves have been employed to calculate the isotherms of moisture sorption. The capacity of a monolayer and the effective specific surface area have been determined from these isotherms in terms of the BET theory. The surface area estimated from the published results of classical experiments is about 1000 m2/g. The problem of the “absolute zero of humidity,” which is of great importance for determining the properties of colloidal disperse bodies normalized with respect to the solid phase mass, has been discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Adsorbent layer efficiency upon methane elution through Cu 3 (BTC) 2
           metal-organic material
    • Abstract: Abstract Methane elution from helium flowing through a sample of Cu3(BTC)2 metal-organic framework material has been studied by gas chromatography. The efficiency of a short adsorbent layer has been calculated in terms of a version of the moments method assuming that there are additive contributions to the variance and retention from both the input pulse (or the extracolumn effects) and the processes of substance movement in the flow of the mobile phase through the permeable porous adsorbent. It has been found that the efficiency or the relative length of the layer of the studied metal-organic material sample, as calculated by the moments method, is considerably lower than the values observed for microporous activated carbon.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Asymmetry of current–voltage characteristics: a bilayer model of a
           modified ion-exchange membrane
    • Abstract: Abstract The asymmetry of the current–voltage characteristics of ion-exchange membranes is explained in terms of the model of a bilayer fine porous membrane with constant charge distributions over the thickness of layers. This model has previously been proposed for determining diffusion permeability of membranes. In the case of one uncharged (neutral) layer, a set of two implicit algebraic equations is derived for determining the total current–voltage characteristics (CVC) of a membrane. For the first time, implicit algebraic equations are obtained for calculating the limiting currents at different orientations of an anisotropic membrane in an electrodialysis cell and explicit expressions are derived for determining specific conductivity of the membrane from the slope of the ohmic region of a CVC under the approximation of “excluded coions.” The model may be successfully used for describing the CVCs of perfluorinated MF-4SC sulfonic cation-exchange membranes, the surface layers of which are modified with polyaniline or halloysite.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Dusty-gas model. Allowance for surface forces
    • Abstract: Abstract The dusty-gas model has been extended to the case of nanoporous media, in which the action of surface forces must be taken into account. A basic set of transport equations underlying the model has been derived proceeding from a set of kinetic equations for an ordinary gas and dust particles. In the kinetic equations, the interaction between the gas and dust particles is represented as a sum of a long-range (analog of surface forces) and short-range components. The contribution of the long-range component has been taken into account in the self-consistent approximation, while the short-range component has been considered in the standard manner. Allowance for the surface forces has been shown to result in a substantial modification of the equation for gas transport through porous bodies, with this modification being most pronounced at nonuniform temperatures.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Synthesis temperature as an instrument for tuning the plasmon resonance of
           gold nanorods
    • Abstract: Abstract The one-stage unseeded method of the synthesis of gold nanorods has been employed to systematically study the influence of process temperature on nanorods sizes and plasmon resonance properties. It has been shown for the first time that even slight variations in the temperature have a very strong effect on these characteristics. Analysis of the obtained results has indicated that the observed effect is caused by the influence of temperature on the nucleation rate of the nanoparticles.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Protolytic properties of DL -alanyl- DL -methionine and its complexation
           in aqueous solutions and micellar solutions
    • Abstract: Abstract Dissociation constants of DL-alanyl-DL-methionine have been determined in water and micellar solutions of surfactants (anionic sodium n-dodecyl sulfate, cationic cetylpyridinium chloride, and nonionic Brij 35). It has been established that CuA+ and CuH–1A complexes are formed in water and micellar solutions of sodium n-dodecyl sulfate, while CuA+, CuH–1A, and Cu–2A– complexes are formed in micellar solutions of cetylpyridinium chloride and Brij 35. Stability of the complexes depends on micelle surface charge and degrees of binding of individual chemical forms by a micellar pseudophase.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Dual-seeded dispersion polymerization: Effect of different polymerization
           conditions on the shape of the produced particles
    • Abstract: Abstract Dual-seeded dispersion polymerization (DSDP) of 2-ethylhexyl methacrylate with polystyrene (PS) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) seed beads in the presence of saturated hydrocarbon droplets followed by evaporation of the hydrocarbon was studied. The effect of various polymerization conditions including initiator type and content, stabilizer type and concentration, and different hydrocarbon’s content on the shape of the obtained particles was investigated. The increase of concentration of 2,2'-azobis(isobutyronitrile) (AIBN) had no effect on the shape of the produced almond-shell-like PS particles, although it contributes in the formation of associated composite particles along with larger poly(2-ethylhexyl methacrylate) (PEHMA) beads produced by secondary nucleation. The experimental results showed that other initiators led to the formation of stable golf-ball-like PMMA particles as well as PS ones with symmetric shape. The type of stabilizer did not affect the shape of the particles. This observation suggests that unique almond-shelllike PS particles can be produced through a stabilizer-free DSDP process. The lowering of the concentration of hydrocarbons with long alkyl chains yielded stable disc-like PMMA particles. The formation of functional almond-shell-like particles by using light hydrocarbons was another interesting finding of this research.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
  • Simulation of electrical percolation in disperse systems at a small
           difference between specific conductivities of components
    • Abstract: Abstract The possibility of development of electrical percolation upon variations in the contents of components in a disperse system has been studied in terms of Bruggeman’s ideas of an effective medium and the continual model of the electrical conductivity of composite materials. The case of a small difference between the specific conductivities of a dispersed phase K m and a dispersion medium K d has been considered. It has been shown that the dependence of electrical conductivity K of a disperse system on volume fraction p of a wellconducting component may exhibit an inflection in the vicinity of the p* value, which depends on the K m/K d ratio. Different methods for determining the p* value have been described. At low ratios between the conductivities of a dispersed phase and a dispersion medium, the inflection is very weakly pronounced. However, the representation of the K(p) dependences in semilog coordinated substantially facilitates its identification.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
  • Determination of maximum particle size in magnetic fluids
    • Abstract: Abstract Higher-order moments of particle size distribution functions are determined for magnetic fluids from analysis of initial segments of magnetization curves. It is shown that the higher-order moments calculated using approximation of real particle size distributions by the Γ distribution are strongly overestimated. Agreement between the measured and calculated moments can be radically improved by truncating maximum particle size X max. A relation between X max and the parameters of the Γ distribution is proposed taking into account the degree of polydispersity of a magnetic fluid. Namely, the ratio between the maximum and most probable particle diameters is equal to the ratio between the mean-square magnetic moment of a particle and its squared average magnetic moment.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
  • Electrosurface properties of single-crystalline detonation nanodiamond
           particles obtained by air annealing of their agglomerates
    • Abstract: Abstract A complex study of electrosurface properties has been performed for single-crystalline detonation nanodiamond particles with sizes of 4–5 nm obtained by air annealing of their agglomerates. FTIR spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data indicate that the investigated properties result from the presence of two types of ionogenic functional groups on the particle surface, i.e., acidic carboxyl and amphoteric hydroxyl groups. Acid-base potentiometric titration, laser Doppler electrophoresis, and conductometry have been employed to measure the Γ H + (pH) and Γ OH - (pH) adsorption isotherms of potential-determining ions, as well as the pH dependences (in a pH range of 3.5–10.5) of the surface charge density, electrophoretic mobility, and specific surface conductivity of detonation nanodiamond particles in aqueous 0.0001–0.01 M KCl solutions.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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