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  Subjects -> PHYSICS (Total: 793 journals)
    - ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM (10 journals)
    - MECHANICS (20 journals)
    - NUCLEAR PHYSICS (48 journals)
    - OPTICS (90 journals)
    - PHYSICS (572 journals)
    - SOUND (22 journals)
    - THERMODYNAMICS (31 journals)

PHYSICS (572 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Natural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Nature Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 88)
Nature Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Nature Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
NDT & E International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Neutron News     Hybrid Journal  
New Journal of Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Niels Bohr Collected Works     Full-text available via subscription  
Noise & Vibration Worldwide     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Noise Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Nonlinear Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nuclear Engineering and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Nuclear Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Microphysics     Open Access  
Open Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE/OSA Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Optofluidics, Microfluidics and Nanofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Organic Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Organic Photonics and Photovoltaics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
PAJ: A Journal of Performance and Art     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Papers in Physics     Open Access  
Particle Physics Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Particuology     Hybrid Journal  
Pattern Recognition in Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pergamon Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription  
Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Philosophical Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Philosophy and Foundations of Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Physica B: Condensed Matter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
physica status solidi (a)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
physica status solidi (b)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
physica status solidi (c)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physica Status Solidi - Rapid Research Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physical Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Physical Review C     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Physical Review Special Topics - Physics Education Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Physical Review X     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Physical Sciences Data     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Physics - spotlighting exceptional research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Physics and Chemistry of Glasses - European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Physics and Chemistry of Liquids: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Physics and Materials Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Physics Essays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Physics in Medicine & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Physics in Perspective     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physics International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Physics Letters A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Physics Letters B     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Physics of Fluids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Physics of Life Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physics of Plasmas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Physics of the Dark Universe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Physics of the Solid State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Physics of Wave Phenomena     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physics Procedia     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Physics Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Physics Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Physics Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Physics World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Physics-Uspekhi     Full-text available via subscription  
Physik in unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physik Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Plasma Physics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Pramana     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Preview     Hybrid Journal  
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 472)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Progress in Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Progress in Planning     Hybrid Journal  
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics     Open Access  
Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Quantum Measurements and Quantum Metrology     Open Access  
Quantum Studies : Mathematics and Foundations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Radiation Measurements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Radiation Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Radiation Protection Dosimetry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Radiation Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Radio Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Radiological Physics and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Reflets de la physique     Full-text available via subscription  
Reports on Mathematical Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Reports on Progress in Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Research in Drama Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Research Journal of Physics     Open Access  
Results in Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Reviews in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Reviews of Accelerator Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Reviews of Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Reviews of Modern Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Nature Communications
  [SJR: 5.682]   [H-I: 56]   [88 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2041-1723
   Published by Nature Publishing Group Homepage  [112 journals]
  • Pure-quartic solitons

    • Authors: Andrea Blanco-Redondo, de Sterke C. Martijn, J.E. Sipe, Thomas F. Krauss, Benjamin J. Eggleton, Chad Husko
      Abstract: Optical solitons are pulses that propagate undistorted. Here, the authors demonstrate a class of soliton arising from the interaction of self-phase modulation with quartic dispersion, rather than with quadratic dispersion as occurs in conventional solitons.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10427
       
  • Scrutinizing the double superconducting gaps and strong coupling pairing
           in (Li1−xFex)OHFeSe

    • Authors: Zengyi Du, Xiong Yang, Hai Lin, Delong Fang, Guan Du, Jie Xing, Huan Yang, Xiyu Zhu, Hai-Hu Wen
      Abstract: Whilst superconductivity is understood to emerge when electronic pairing allows for conduction without resistance, the mechanism at work in Fe-based superconductors is unclear. Here, the authors address the details of Fermi surfaces and associated gaps as well as the pairing mechanism of (Li 1−x Fe x )OHFeSe via scanning tunnelling methods.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10565
       
  • Reduction of aberrant NF-κB signalling ameliorates Rett syndrome
           phenotypes in Mecp2-null mice

    • Authors: Noriyuki Kishi, Jessica L. MacDonald, Julia Ye, Bradley J. Molyneaux, Eiman Azim, Jeffrey D. Macklis
      Abstract: Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in Mecp2 . Here the authors show that Mecp2 loss-of-function leads to upregulation of the NF-κB pathway, and that reducing NF-κB signalling ameliorates phenotypes of Mecp2 -null mice, thus offering a potential therapeutic strategy.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10520
       
  • DNA methylation outliers in normal breast tissue identify field defects
           that are enriched in cancer

    • Authors: Andrew E Teschendorff, Yang Gao, Allison Jones, Matthias Ruebner, Matthias W. Beckmann, David L. Wachter, Peter A. Fasching, Martin Widschwendter
      Abstract: Altered epigenetics is a feature of cancer but whether these changes occur early in tumour development is unclear. Here, the authors analyse methylation events in breast cancer and adjacent normal pairs, and show that methylation changes in the normal tissue are also found in the tumour, suggesting that some of these events occur early in cancer.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10478
       
  • Climate change not to blame for late Quaternary megafauna extinctions in
           Australia

    • Abstract: Global megafaunal extinctions took place in the late Quaternary, yet the relative impact of climate and humans in the faunal collapse is unclear. Here, the authors show that megafaunal extinctions in Australia were independent of climate variability and took place approximately 13,500 years after human arrival.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10511
       
  • E2F function in muscle growth is necessary and sufficient for viability in
           Drosophila

    • Authors: Maria Paula Zappia, Maxim V. Frolov
      Abstract: The transcriptional regulators E2F/Dp play a critical role in cell-cycle regulation, but it is unclear why E2F-deficient flies die. Here, the authors show this is linked to the function of E2F in adult Drosophila skeletal muscle, with the contribution of E2f1 being most important in post-fusion muscle.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10509
       
  • Defective DNA single-strand break repair is responsible for senescence and
           neoplastic escape of epithelial cells

    • Abstract: It is recognized that cellular senescence is triggered by DNA damage as a protective mechanism against tumorigenesis. Here the authors show that DNA single-strand breaks of oxidative origin can induce a transient senescent state followed by the emergence of clonal transformed cells.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10399
       
  • Emergence of core–peripheries in networks

    • Abstract: Many transport networks exhibit a core–periphery structure, where few nodes are highly interconnected and the rest form a tree-shaped structure. Here, the authors demonstrate how to generate such a structure through a pruning process based on removal of underutilized links and redistribution of loads.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10441
       
  • The Hippo signalling pathway maintains quiescence in Drosophila neural
           stem cells

    • Authors: Rouven Ding, Kevin Weynans, Torsten Bossing, Claudia S. Barros, Christian Berger
      Abstract: Drosophila neural stem cells (NSCs) are quiescent at early larval stages but how this is regulated is unclear. Here, Ding et al . show that quiescence of NSCs is mediated by cell-contact inhibition via the Hippo pathway transmembrane proteins Crumbs and Echinoid, which in turn are regulated by nutrient levels.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10510
       
  • Live-cell protein labelling with nanometre precision by cell squeezing

    • Abstract: The direct observation of intracellular processes through microscopy can provide key insight into biological pathways. Here the authors demonstrate the combination of microfluidic cell squeezing and fluorescent label delivery to native proteins for high throughput live cell super-resolution imaging.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10372
       
  • Human predation contributed to the extinction of the Australian megafaunal
           bird Genyornis newtoni ∼47 ka

    • Authors: Gifford Miller, John Magee, Mike Smith, Nigel Spooner, Alexander Baynes, Scott Lehman, Marilyn Fogel, Harvey Johnston, Doug Williams, Peter Clark, Christopher Florian, Richard Holst, Stephen DeVogel
      Abstract: The impact of humans on megafaunal extinction is Australia is unclear. Here, the authors show burn patterns on eggshells of the extinct megafaunal bird, Genyornis newtoni , created by humans across Australia, suggesting that human predation contributed to the extinction of this bird around 47 thousand years ago.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10496
       
  • Inactivation of nuclear GSK3β by Ser389 phosphorylation promotes
           lymphocyte fitness during DNA double-strand break response

    • Abstract: Double stranded DNA breaks are generated during rearrangements of lymphocyte antigen receptors. Here the authors show that the DNA breaks induce phosphorylation of nuclear GSK3β at Ser 389 /Thr 390 , protecting the activated lymphocytes from necroptosis-mediated cell death.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10553
       
  • Genome-wide association study and targeted metabolomics identifies
           sex-specific association of CPS1 with coronary artery disease

    • Authors: Jaana A. Hartiala, W. H. Wilson Tang, Zeneng Wang, Amanda L. Crow, Alexandre F. R. Stewart, Robert Roberts, Ruth McPherson, Jeanette Erdmann, Christina Willenborg, Stanley L. Hazen, Hooman Allayee
      Abstract: Dietary choline metabolites, such as trimethylamine N-oxide and betaine, have been associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). Here, Hartiala et al . identify two genetic loci for betaine levels on chromosomes 2q34 and 5q14.1 and find that the 2q34 locus was also associated with other pathway intermediates, and decreased risk of CAD in women.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10558
       
  • A Phytophthora infestans RXLR effector targets plant PP1c isoforms that
           promote late blight disease

    • Authors: Petra C. Boevink, Xiaodan Wang, Hazel McLellan, Qin He, Shaista Naqvi, Miles R. Armstrong, Wei Zhang, Ingo Hein, Eleanor M. Gilroy, Zhendong Tian, Paul R. J. Birch
      Abstract: Phytophtora infestans is the causative agent of late blight disease in plants. Here Boevink et al . provide evidence that host protein phosphatases are targeted by a P. infestans effector protein and are required for disease development.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10311
       
  • Non-random walk diffusion enhances the sink strength of semicoherent
           interfaces

    • Abstract: Materials resistant to radiation damage could improve the safety, efficiency and sustainability of nuclear energy. Here, the authors suggest that some materials and interfaces may be effective sinks for defects caused by this damage and propose that elastic interactions enhance sink strength.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10424
       
  • Melanoma-specific MHC-II expression represents a tumour-autonomous
           phenotype and predicts response to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy

    • Authors: Douglas B. Johnson, Monica V. Estrada, Roberto Salgado, Violeta Sanchez, Deon B. Doxie, Susan R. Opalenik, Anna E. Vilgelm, Emily Feld, Adam S. Johnson, Allison R. Greenplate, Melinda E. Sanders, Christine M. Lovly, Dennie T. Frederick, Mark C. Kelley, Ann Richmond, Jonathan M. Irish, Yu Shyr, Ryan J. Sullivan, Igor Puzanov, Jeffrey A. Sosman, Justin M. Balko
      Abstract: Immunotherapy is used to treat melanoma, however patient responses vary widely highlighting the need for factors that can predict therapeutic success. Here, the authors show that MHC-II molecules expressed by tumour cells are positively correlated with a good response to therapy and overall patient survival.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10582
       
  • Theory of antiskyrmions in magnets

    • Authors: Wataru Koshibae, Naoto Nagaosa
      Abstract: Skyrmions are swirling topological magnetic textures that behave as if they were particles. Here, the authors present numerical simulations that describe the creation and destruction of these spin vortices in both chiral and dipolar magnets, and show what happens when skyrmions and antiskyrmions collide.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10542
       
  • Non-CG DNA methylation is a biomarker for assessing endodermal
           differentiation capacity in pluripotent stem cells

    • Abstract: The methylation of non-CpG residues is a poorly understood marker of pluripotent cells, gradually lost as cells differentiate. Here the authors show non-CG methylation can be used as a marker of differentiation potential.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10458
       
  • Nucleophilic arylation with tetraarylphosphonium salts

    • Authors: Zuyong Deng, Jin-Hong Lin, Ji-Chang Xiao
      Abstract: Carbon based nucleophiles often are synthetically limited by the high basicity/reactivity of the starting materials. Here, the authors show that tetraarylphosphonium salts can be induced to act as C-aryl nucleophiles for the addition to carbonyls and imines.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10337
       
  • Arrhythmogenesis in Timothy Syndrome is associated with defects in
           Ca2+-dependent inactivation

    • Authors: Ivy E. Dick, Rosy Joshi-Mukherjee, Wanjun Yang, David T. Yue
      Abstract: Timothy Syndrome (TS) is a multisystem disorder caused by two mutations leading to dysfunction of the Ca V 1.2 channel. Here, Dick et al . uncover a major and mechanistically divergent effect of both mutations on Ca 2+ /calmodulin-dependent inactivation of Ca V 1.2 channels, suggesting genetic variant-tailored therapy for TS treatment.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-29|2016-01-29
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10370
       
  • Corrigendum: High-performance n-type black phosphorus transistors with
           type control via thickness and contact-metal engineering

    • Authors: David J. Perello, Sang Hoon Chae, Seunghyun Song, Young Hee Lee
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10428
       
  • Magnetic ground state of an individual Fe2+ ion in strained semiconductor
           nanostructure

    • Abstract: Iron Fe 2+ ions embedded in semiconductor matrix usually have zero magnetic moment in the ground state. Here, the authors show theoretically and experimentally that a nearly doubly degenerate magnetic ground state is produced when iron ions are subjected to strain in epitaxial quantum dots, suggesting they could be used in spintronics and solotronics.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10484
       
  • Follicular regulatory T cells can be specific for the immunizing antigen
           and derive from naive T cells

    • Abstract: T follicular regulatory cells control the magnitude of the germinal centre response. Here the authors show that these cells display specificity to self as well as foreign antigens, and can arise from Foxp3-negative precursors at early stages of immunization in a PD-L1 dependent manner.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10579
       
  • Spontaneous liquid crystal and ferromagnetic ordering of colloidal
           magnetic nanoplates

    • Abstract: Ferromagnetism has been known as a material property of solids since the time of the ancient Greeks. Here, Shuai et al . report that magnetic nanoplates suspended in a simple solvent can spontaneously align to form a ferromagnetic liquid, capable of both producing and sensing magnetic fields.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10394
       
  • Excitation of coherent propagating spin waves by pure spin currents

    • Authors: Vladislav E. Demidov, Sergei Urazhdin, Ronghua Liu, Boris Divinskiy, Andrey Telegin, Sergej O. Demokritov
      Abstract: Dynamical effects driven by pure spin currents in magnetic nanostructures have so far been limited to spatially confined excitations, limiting potential magnonic applications. Here, the authors demonstrate the generation of coherent propagating spin waves in NiFe films induced by pure spin currents.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10446
       
  • The occurrence of intracranial rhabdoid tumours in mice depends on
           temporal control of Smarcb1 inactivation

    • Abstract: SMARCB1 inactivation is prevalent in human atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumours but a mouse model that accurately phenocopies the human disease is lacking. Here, the authors show that inactivation of SMARCB1 between E6 and E10 in mice results in tumours that better recapitulate the human phenotype, compared to previously reported models.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10421
       
  • Microbial diversity drives multifunctionality in terrestrial ecosystems

    • Authors: Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo, Fernando T. Maestre, Peter B. Reich, Thomas C. Jeffries, Juan J. Gaitan, Daniel Encinar, Miguel Berdugo, Colin D. Campbell, Brajesh K. Singh
      Abstract: The role of microbial diversity in ecosystems is less well understood than, for example, that of plant diversity. Analysing two independent data sets at a global and regional scale, Delgado-Baquerizo et al . show positive effects of soil diversity on multiple terrestrial ecosystem functions.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10541
       
  • Cytotoxicity of crystals involves RIPK3-MLKL-mediated necroptosis

    • Abstract: Kidney stone disease is caused by accumulation of oxalate crystals, which trigger tissue injury, inflammation and cell death. Mulay et al . show that crystals induce cell death in the kidney through necroptosis, and propose that this pathway may be a target for the treatment of crystal-induced disease.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10274
       
  • Toughness and strength of nanocrystalline graphene

    • Authors: Ashivni Shekhawat, Robert O. Ritchie
      Abstract: Graphene is known to be a remarkably strong material, but it can often contain defects. Here, the authors use large-scale simulations and continuum modelling to show that the statistical variation in toughness and strength of polycrystalline graphene can be understood with 'weakest-link' statistics.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10546
       
  • SCFCyclin F-dependent degradation of CDC6 suppresses DNA re-replication

    • Abstract: To ensure genome stability, cells need to restrict DNA replication to once per cell cycle. Here the authors show that Cyclin F interacts with and targets the licensing factor CDC6 for degradation, preventing re-firing of replication origins.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10530
       
  • Amplification and generation of ultra-intense twisted laser pulses via
           stimulated Raman scattering

    • Abstract: High intensity light with a non-zero orbital angular momentum could aid the development of laser-wakefield particle accelerators. Here, the authors theoretically show that stimulated Raman backscattering in plasmas can generate and amplify orbital angular momentum lasers to petawatt intensities.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10371
       
  • Evidence and implications of direct charge excitation as the dominant
           mechanism in plasmon-mediated photocatalysis

    • Authors: Calvin Boerigter, Robert Campana, Matthew Morabito, Suljo Linic
      Abstract: The excitation of metal nanoparticles with light can lead to localized surface plasmon resonances, capable of driving chemical reactions in bound species. Here, the authors elucidate this mechanism and suggest that future plasmonic catalysts may be able to selectively activate specific chemical bonds.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10545
       
  • Genome-wide association studies in the Japanese population identify seven
           novel loci for type 2 diabetes

    • Abstract: Here, Imamura et al . conduct meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies to identify novel susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes (T2D) in the Japanese population. By doing so, this study shows that both ethnicity-specific and ethnically-shared genetic loci can contribute to T2D risk.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10531
       
  • RS-1 enhances CRISPR/Cas9- and TALEN-mediated knock-in efficiency

    • Authors: Jun Song, Dongshan Yang, Jie Xu, Tianqing Zhu, Y. Eugene Chen, Jifeng Zhang
      Abstract: CRISPR/Cas9 and transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN) are becoming major tools for genome editing. Here, Song et al . show that RS-1, a small-molecule enhancer for homology directed repair, increases the CRISPR/Cas9 and TALEN mediated knock-in efficiency both in vitro and in vivo with rabbit.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10548
       
  • MatP regulates the coordinated action of topoisomerase IV and MukBEF in
           chromosome segregation

    • Abstract: MukBEF, the bacterial structural maintenance of chromosomes complex, is known to associate with origins of replication and topoisomerase IV. Here the authors show an association of MukBEF with MatP and replication termination regions, important for proper sister chromatid decatenation and segregation.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10466
       
  • A mouse model for a partially inactive obesity-associated human MC3R
           variant

    • Authors: Bonggi Lee, Jashin Koo, Joo Yun Jun, Oksana Gavrilova, Yongjun Lee, Arnold Y. Seo, Dezmond C. Taylor-Douglas, Diane C. Adler-Wailes, Faye Chen, Ryan Gardner, Dimitri Koutzoumis, Roya Sherafat Kazemzadeh, Robin B. Roberson, Jack A. Yanovski
      Abstract: The melanocortin receptor, MC3R, regulates organismal energy homeostasis. Here, Lee et al . create knock-in mice with the a mutated version of the human MC3R receptor found in obese children, and show these mice have more fat and smaller bone, yet are by and large metabolically healthy.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10522
       
  • Volta phase plate cryo-EM of the small protein complex Prx3

    • Abstract: Although the resolution achievable with cryo-EM can now rival crystallography, its application to small protein assemblies remains challenging. Here the authors demonstrate the use of the Volta phase plate for single particle analysis and its potential for the study of small specimens.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10534
       
  • Serotonin neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus encode reward signals

    • Authors: Yi Li, Weixin Zhong, Daqing Wang, Qiru Feng, Zhixiang Liu, Jingfeng Zhou, Chunying Jia, Fei Hu, Jiawei Zeng, Qingchun Guo, Ling Fu, Minmin Luo
      Abstract: How neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) respond to reward related behaviours is not known. Here, Li and colleagues report that DRN serotoninergic neurons are phasically activated by rewards such as sex, food and sucrose, and tonically activated during reward anticipation, while GABAergic neurons respond to punishment.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10503
       
  • Structure sensitivity in the nonscalable regime explored via catalysed
           ethylene hydrogenation on supported platinum nanoclusters

    • Abstract: Ethylene hydrogenation often serves as an example of a structure insensitive reaction. Here, the authors study the reaction, catalyzed by a range of size-selected platinum nanocatalysts, and demonstrate that in the sub-nanometer regime particle size can be used to tune hydrogenation activity and selectivity.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-28|2016-01-28
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10389
       
  • Generation of coherent spin-wave modes in yttrium iron garnet microdiscs
           by spin–orbit torque

    • Abstract: Spin-orbit interactions allow for pure spin current to be injected into a ferromagnetic insulator from a current-carrying heavy metal, generating torque on the magnetization. Here, the authors evidence magnetic auto-oscillations driven by spin-orbit torque in thin film microdiscs of yttrium iron garnet.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10377
       
  • Wavelength-tunable sources of entangled photons interfaced with atomic
           vapours

    • Abstract: Quantum dots can produce entangled photons, but careful control over photon wavelength is required for real-life applications. Here, the authors use three-directional strain engineering to overcome this problem and to interface entangled photons from quantum dots with a cloud of natural atoms.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10375
       
  • Restricting mutualistic partners to enforce trade reliance

    • Authors: Gregory A. K. Wyatt, E. Toby Kiers, Andy Gardner, Stuart A. West
      Abstract: Mutualistic interactions involve trading benefits between cooperative species. Here, the authors show that restricting the resource acquisition of a mutualistic partner can increase mutualism by promoting resource trade, which suggests that conflict may lead to increased cooperation.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10322
       
  • Bone marrow-derived monocytes give rise to self-renewing and fully
           differentiated Kupffer cells

    • Abstract: Tissue-resident macrophages are mostly derived from embryonic progenitors. Scott et al . develop a mouse model to specifically deplete Kupffer cells (KC) in vivo and show that monocyte-derived cells can repopulate KC niche and behave similar to their embryonically-derived counterparts.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10321
       
  • Misorientation-angle-dependent electrical transport across molybdenum
           disulfide grain boundaries

    • Authors: Thuc Hue Ly, David J. Perello, Jiong Zhao, Qingming Deng, Hyun Kim, Gang Hee Han, Sang Hoon Chae, Hye Yun Jeong, Young Hee Lee
      Abstract: Grain boundaries can degrade the performance of electronic devices made from single atomic layers of transition metal dichalcogenides. Here, the authors combine transport measurements and transmission electron microscopy to find a correlation between field-effect mobility and grain misorientation angle.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10426
       
  • Gyre-driven decay of the Earth’s magnetic dipole

    • Authors: Christopher C. Finlay, Julien Aubert, Nicolas Gillet
      Abstract: The magnitude of the Earth’s magnetic dipole has decreased by 9% over the past 175 years. Here, the authors suggest that the rate of dipole decay is controlled by a huge gyre in the liquid metal outer core acting on a field asymmetry, and that decay is set to continue for the next few decades.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10422
       
  • Wavelength-tunable entangled photons from silicon-integrated III–V
           quantum dots

    • Authors: Yan Chen, Jiaxiang Zhang, Michael Zopf, Kyubong Jung, Yang Zhang, Robert Keil, Fei Ding, Oliver G. Schmidt
      Abstract: Deterministic sources of entangled photons are important for photonic quantum networks, but many applications are only possible when their wavelengths are tunable. Here, the authors use on-chip strain engineering to demonstrate such a source with silicon-integrated InAs/GaAs quantum dots.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10387
       
  • Polaronic metal state at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface

    • Abstract: Polarons are quasiparticles formed when an electron strongly couples to the lattice vibrations, or phonons, in a crystalline material. Here, the authors use soft-X-ray angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy to identify signatures of metal polarons at the interface between two oxide materials.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10386
       
  • Probing QED and fundamental constants through laser spectroscopy of
           vibrational transitions in HD+

    • Authors: J. Biesheuvel, J.-Ph. Karr, L. Hilico, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, J. C. J. Koelemeij
      Abstract: Molecular hydrogen ions, the simplest molecules in nature, constitute a benchmark system for tests of quantum electrodynamics in complex forms of matter. Here, the authors report on a laser spectroscopic frequency measurement of a transition in HD + in agreement with theory within 0.6 (1.1) part-per-billion.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10385
       
  • Nanoelectronic primary thermometry below 4 mK

    • Abstract: When cooled to the millikelvin scale, nanoelectronic structures can become thermally detached from their environment, limiting nanoscale electronic thermometry. Here, the authors demonstrate the robust cooling of optimally-designed Coulomb blockade thermometer devices down to the millikelvin scale.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10455
       
  • Harnessing spin precession with dissipation

    • Authors: A. D. Crisan, S. Datta, J. J. Viennot, M. R. Delbecq, A. Cottet, T. Kontos
      Abstract: Control over the orientation of electronic spins forms the basis for spintronic devices in both classical and quantum systems. Here, the authors observe electrically-tunable dissipation-controlled spin precession in a carbon nanotube quantum dot bridging two non-collinearly magnetized electrodes.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10451
       
  • Pd(II)-catalysed meta-C–H functionalizations of benzoic acid
           derivatives

    • Authors: Shangda Li, Lei Cai, Huafang Ji, Long Yang, Gang Li
      Abstract: While directed ortho-metalation is a well-established protocol, meta-functionalisation of aromatic groups is more challenging. Here, the authors report a directed meta-C-H functionalisation of benzoic acid derivatives, using a nitrile-based sulfonamide directing group.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10443
       
  • Demonstration of a near-IR line-referenced electro-optical laser frequency
           comb for precision radial velocity measurements in astronomy

    • Authors: X. Yi, K. Vahala, J. Li, S. Diddams, G. Ycas, P. Plavchan, S. Leifer, J. Sandhu, G. Vasisht, P. Chen, P. Gao, J. Gagne, E. Furlan, M. Bottom, E. C. Martin, M. P. Fitzgerald, G. Doppmann, C. Beichman
      Abstract: Laser frequency combs emit a spectrum of equally spaced peaks that can provide precise frequency references useful for astronomy. Here, the authors demonstrate a frequency comb using electro-optical modulation, which has a line spacing that is resolvable using grating spectrographs unlike the mode-locking approach.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10436
       
  • Graphene–ferroelectric metadevices for nonvolatile memory and
           reconfigurable logic-gate operations

    • Authors: Woo Young Kim, Hyeon-Don Kim, Teun-Teun Kim, Hyun-Sung Park, Kanghee Lee, Hyun Joo Choi, Seung Hoon Lee, Jaehyeon Son, Namkyoo Park, Bumki Min
      Abstract: Metamaterial memory devices often require a large stimulus to switch states or suffer from poor thermal stability. Here, the authors fabricate a terahertz metadevice driven by ferroelectric and graphene layers, and obtain multiple level memory devices stable at room temperature.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10429
       
  • Direct growth of single-crystalline III–V semiconductors on
           amorphous substrates

    • Authors: Kevin Chen, Rehan Kapadia, Audrey Harker, Sujay Desai, Jeong Seuk Kang, Steven Chuang, Mahmut Tosun, Carolin M. Sutter-Fella, Michael Tsang, Yuping Zeng, Daisuke Kiriya, Jubin Hazra, Surabhi Rao Madhvapathy, Mark Hettick, Yu-Ze Chen, James Mastandrea, Matin Amani, Stefano Cabrini, Yu-Lun Chueh, Joel W. Ager III, Daryl C. Chrzan, Ali Javey
      Abstract: Growth of high-quality III–V semiconductors for electronics and optoelectronics usually requires an atomic-lattice matched substrate. Here, the authors use templated liquid-phase crystal growth to create single-crystalline III–V material up to ten micrometres across on an amorphous substrate.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10502
       
  • Systematic identification of genes with a cancer-testis expression pattern
           in 19 cancer types

    • Authors: Cheng Wang, Yayun Gu, Kai Zhang, Kaipeng Xie, Meng Zhu, Ningbin Dai, Yue Jiang, Xuejiang Guo, Mingxi Liu, Juncheng Dai, Linxiang Wu, Guangfu Jin, Hongxia Ma, Tao Jiang, Rong Yin, Yankai Xia, Li Liu, Shouyu Wang, Bin Shen, Ran Huo, Qianghu Wang, Lin Xu, Liuqing Yang, Xingxu Huang, Hongbing Shen, Jiahao Sha, Zhibin Hu
      Abstract: Genes normally expressed in the testis but aberrantly expressed in cancer are termed cancer testis antigens. In this study, the authors catalogue the expression of these genes in 19 different cancer types and correlate expression with some somatically mutated oncogenes.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10499
       
  • Towards do-it-yourself planar optical components using plasmon-assisted
           etching

    • Authors: Hao Chen, Abdul M. Bhuiya, Qing Ding, Harley T. Johnson, Kimani C. Toussaint Jr
      Abstract: Recently, there has been a growing interest in do-it-yourself components to accelerate development of inexpensive fabrication approaches. Here, Chen et al. present a plasmon-assisted etching technique to fabricate planar optical components using arrays of gold pillar-supported bowtie nanoantennas as a template.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10468
       
  • Global metagenomic survey reveals a new bacterial candidate phylum in
           geothermal springs

    • Authors: Emiley A. Eloe-Fadrosh, David Paez-Espino, Jessica Jarett, Peter F. Dunfield, Brian P. Hedlund, Anne E. Dekas, Stephen E. Grasby, Allyson L. Brady, Hailiang Dong, Brandon R. Briggs, Wen-Jun Li, Danielle Goudeau, Rex Malmstrom, Amrita Pati, Jennifer Pett-Ridge, Edward M. Rubin, Tanja Woyke, Nikos C. Kyrpides, Natalia N. Ivanova
      Abstract: The analysis of existing metagenomic data can lead to discovery of new microorganisms. Here, Eloe-Fadrosh et al . perform a large-scale analysis of global metagenomic data, followed by genome reconstruction and single-cell genomics, to describe a new bacterial phylum that inhabits geothermal springs.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10476
       
  • High-contrast and fast electrochromic switching enabled by plasmonics

    • Authors: Ting Xu, Erich C. Walter, Amit Agrawal, Christopher Bohn, Jeyavel Velmurugan, Wenqi Zhu, Henri J. Lezec, A. Alec Talin
      Abstract: Slow switching speeds in device configurations have severely limited the applications of electrochromic materials. Here, Xu et al . use plasmonic nanoslit arrays and demonstrate fast, high-contrast, monochromatic and full-colour electrochromic switching using two different electrochromic polymers.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10479
       
  • F-actin-rich contractile endothelial pores prevent vascular leakage during
           leukocyte diapedesis through local RhoA signalling

    • Authors: Niels Heemskerk, Lilian Schimmel, Chantal Oort, Jos van Rijssel, Taofei Yin, Bin Ma, Jakobus van Unen, Bettina Pitter, Stephan Huveneers, Joachim Goedhart, Yi Wu, Eloi Montanez, Abigail Woodfin, Jaap D. van Buul
      Abstract: Endothelial cells can support leukocyte extravasation without causing vascular leakage, but the exact mechanism underlying this process has not been fully elucidated. Here the authors show that it is regulated through actomyosin-based endothelial pore confinement, which requires local endothelial RhoA activation.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10493
       
  • Electrochemical camera chip for simultaneous imaging of multiple
           metabolites in biofilms

    • Authors: Daniel L. Bellin, Hassan Sakhtah, Yihan Zhang, Alexa Price-Whelan, Lars E. P. Dietrich, Kenneth L. Shepard
      Abstract: Much remains to be understood about the biochemical basis of microbial community behaviour in biofilms. Here the authors describe a novel electrochemical camera chip that allows simultaneous spatial imaging of multiple metabolites that are crucial to community behaviour within whole microbial biofilms.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10535
       
  • Rapid endothelial cytoskeletal reorganization enables early
           blood–brain barrier disruption and long-term ischaemic reperfusion
           brain injury

    • Authors: Yejie Shi, Lili Zhang, Hongjian Pu, Leilei Mao, Xiaoming Hu, Xiaoyan Jiang, Na Xu, R. Anne Stetler, Feng Zhang, Xiangrong Liu, Rehana K. Leak, Richard F. Keep, Xunming Ji, Jun Chen
      Abstract: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) released from infiltrating immune cells are a major contributor to blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown following stroke. Here, the authors identify an early, MMP-independent BBB breakdown mechanism caused by rapid cytoskeletal rearrangements in endothelial cells, which could be inhibited by ADF.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10523
       
  • ADAR-mediated RNA editing suppresses sleep by acting as a brake on
           glutamatergic synaptic plasticity

    • Authors: J. E. Robinson, J. Paluch, D. K. Dickman, W. J. Joiner
      Abstract: Sleep is postulated to offset buildup in net synaptic strength that occurs during waking experience. Here, the authors identify a role for the RNA editing gene Adar in regulating glutamatergic synaptic plasticity and show that disruption in Adar expression impairs normal waking in flies.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-27|2016-01-27
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10512
       
  • Intestinal microbiome is related to lifetime antibiotic use in Finnish
           pre-school children

    • Authors: Katri Korpela, Anne Salonen, Lauri J. Virta, Riina A. Kekkonen, Kristoffer Forslund, Peer Bork, Willem M. de Vos
      Abstract: The impact of antibiotics on the microbiome and health of children is poorly understood. Here, Korpela et al . study the gut microbiome of 142 children and show that the use of macrolides, but not penicillins, is associated with long-lasting shifts in microbiota composition and increased risk of asthma and overweight.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-26|2016-01-26
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10410
       
  • Modelling the Tox21 10 K chemical profiles for in vivo toxicity
           prediction and mechanism characterization

    • Authors: Ruili Huang, Menghang Xia, Srilatha Sakamuru, Jinghua Zhao, Sampada A. Shahane, Matias Attene-Ramos, Tongan Zhao, Christopher P. Austin, Anton Simeonov
      Abstract: Large-scale in vitro assays may reduce the number of toxicological tests carried out in animals. Here, Huang et al . report a large dataset containing results of in vitro tests of approximately 10,000 chemicals, and use these data to create models that can potentially predict toxicity in humans.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-26|2016-01-26
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10425
       
  • Single-ion adsorption and switching in carbon nanotubes

    • Authors: Adam W. Bushmaker, Vanessa Oklejas, Don Walker, Alan R. Hopkins, Jihan Chen, Stephen B. Cronin
      Abstract: Single ion detection is typically performed with large devices rather than microelectronic devices. Here, the authors report the electrical detection of gaseous ions on single isolated carbon nanotubes, with a mechanism proposed based on ion-induced charge depletion in the nanostructures.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10475
       
  • Ultralow-power switching via defect engineering in germanium telluride
           phase-change memory devices

    • Authors: Pavan Nukala, Chia-Chun Lin, Russell Composto, Ritesh Agarwal
      Abstract: Phase change memories involve crystalline-to-amorphous transformations which require high current densities. Here, the authors introduce extended defects in GeTe crystals, reduce the current densities necessary for amorphization and obtain low-power, scalable memories with multiple resistance states.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10482
       
  • The architecture of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe CCR4-NOT complex

    • Authors: Marta Ukleja, Jorge Cuellar, Aleksandra Siwaszek, Joanna M. Kasprzak, Mariusz Czarnocki-Cieciura, Janusz M. Bujnicki, Andrzej Dziembowski, Jose M. Valpuesta
      Abstract: CCR4-NOT is a protein complex involved in a variety of important genetic processes. Here, the authors report the mid-resolution structure of this complex, and model the positions and contacts between the subunits, providing structural support for the previously reported functions of the complex.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10433
       
  • Membrane potential shapes regulation of dopamine transporter trafficking
           at the plasma membrane

    • Authors: Ben D. Richardson, Kaustuv Saha, Danielle Krout, Elizabeth Cabrera, Bruce Felts, L. Keith Henry, Jarod Swant, Mu-Fa Zou, Amy Hauck Newman, Habibeh Khoshbouei
      Abstract: The dopaminergic system has important roles in a number of cognitive process. Here, the authors use detailed analysis of dopamine transporter trafficking to show its levels at the cell surface are sensitive to changes in membrane potential.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10423
       
  • Electropolymerization on wireless electrodes towards conducting polymer
           microfibre networks

    • Authors: Yuki Koizumi, Naoki Shida, Masato Ohira, Hiroki Nishiyama, Ikuyoshi Tomita, Shinsuke Inagi
      Abstract: Electropolymerization of aromatic monomers on bipolar electrodes is emerging as promising route to the surface modification of conductive objects. Here, the authors discover that some conducting polymers propagate as fibres, opening up the possibility of growing conductive polymer networks via a wireless process.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10404
       
  • Mapping multidimensional electronic structure and ultrafast dynamics with
           single-element detection and compressive sensing

    • Authors: Austin P. Spencer, Boris Spokoyny, Supratim Ray, Fahad Sarvari, Elad Harel
      Abstract: Many spectral regions lack the sensitive pixel array detectors needed for multidimensional spectroscopy. Here, the authors report a method for rapidly collecting multidimensional optical spectra without an array detector, instead utilizing spatial encoding and a single-element detector.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10434
       
  • Social and novel contexts modify hippocampal CA2 representations of space

    • Authors: Georgia M. Alexander, Shannon Farris, Jason R. Pirone, Chenguang Zheng, Laura L. Colgin, Serena M. Dudek
      Abstract: Recent work has implicated hippocampal subfield CA2 in encoding social and contextual memory yet the neural mechanisms are not known. Here, Alexander and colleagues demonstrate that, compared to CA1 neurons, CA2 neurons modify their place fields when presented with social or novel stimuli.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10300
       
  • Understanding of multimetallic cluster growth

    • Authors: Stefan Mitzinger, Lies Broeckaert, Werner Massa, Florian Weigend, Stefanie Dehnen
      Abstract: Elucidation of formation mechanisms of inorganic cluster compounds is challenging due to the high coordination flexibility of the atoms involved. Here, the authors combine crystallographic and quantum-chemical studies to probe the energy hypersurface of a series of multimetallic clusters.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10480
       
  • Shugoshin forms a specialized chromatin domain at subtelomeres that
           regulates transcription and replication timing

    • Authors: Sanki Tashiro, Tetsuya Handa, Atsushi Matsuda, Takuto Ban, Toru Takigawa, Kazumi Miyasato, Kojiro Ishii, Kazuto Kugou, Kunihiro Ohta, Yasushi Hiraoka, Hisao Masukata, Junko Kanoh
      Abstract: A chromosome is composed of structurally and functionally distinct domains. Here, Tashiro et al . report that the conserved centromeric protein Sgo2 localizes at the subtelomeres preferentially during G 2 phase and is essential for the formation of a highly condensed subtelomeric chromatin body “knob”.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10393
       
  • Quantum algorithms for topological and geometric analysis of data

    • Authors: Seth Lloyd, Silvano Garnerone, Paolo Zanardi
      Abstract: Persistent homology allows identification of topological features in data sets, allowing the efficient extraction of useful information. Here, the authors propose a quantum machine learning algorithm that provides an exponential speed up over known algorithms for topological data analysis.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10138
       
  • Functional annotation of rare gene aberration drivers of pancreatic cancer

    • Authors: Yiu Huen Tsang, Turgut Dogruluk, Philip M. Tedeschi, Joanna Wardwell-Ozgo, Hengyu Lu, Maribel Espitia, Nikitha Nair, Rosalba Minelli, Zechen Chong, Fengju Chen, Qing Edward Chang, Jennifer B. Dennison, Armel Dogruluk, Min Li, Haoqiang Ying, Joseph R. Bertino, Marie-Claude Gingras, Michael Ittmann, John Kerrigan, Ken Chen, Chad J. Creighton, Karina Eterovic, Gordon B. Mills, Kenneth L. Scott
      Abstract: Next generation sequencing allows the identification of oncogenic driver genes in pancreatic cancer. Here, in an effort to identify additional causal genes, the authors develop a high throughput in vivo screen and identify genes that whilst infrequently mutated in pancreatic cancer contribute to tumour formation.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10500
       
  • A novel mechanism for the biogenesis of outer membrane vesicles in
           Gram-negative bacteria

    • Abstract: Bacteria release outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) that play important roles in pathogenesis and intercellular interactions. Here, Roier et al . provide evidence supporting that phospholipid accumulation in the outer leaflet of the outer membrane participates in OMV formation in Gram-negative bacteria.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10515
       
  • Structures of the E. coli translating ribosome with SRP and its receptor
           and with the translocon

    • Authors: Ahmad Jomaa, Daniel Boehringer, Marc Leibundgut, Nenad Ban
      Abstract: The co-translational insertion of proteins into membranes requires interaction between a ribosome-bound signal recognition particle (SRP) and a membrane-bound translocon. Here the authors use cryo-EM and single particle reconstructions to obtain a comprehensive view of the co-translational protein targeting process.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10471
       
  • Intracellular repair of oxidation-damaged α-synuclein fails to target
           C-terminal modification sites

    • Authors: Andres Binolfi, Antonio Limatola, Silvia Verzini, Jonas Kosten, Francois-Xavier Theillet, Honor May Rose, Beata Bekei, Marchel Stuiver, Marleen van Rossum, Philipp Selenko
      Abstract: α-synuclein is a protein linked to the occurrence of Parkinson's disease. Here, the authors use time-resolved in-cell NMR spectroscopy to study the repair of methionine-oxidized α-synuclein by endogenous cellular enzymes.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10251
       
  • Evolutionary signals of selection on cognition from the great tit genome
           and methylome

    • Abstract: The great tit ( Parus major ) is known for its complex social-cognitive behaviour. Here, the authors sequence genomes of the great tit and show genes related to learning and cognition in regions under positive selection, as well as neuronal non-CpG methylation patterns similar to those observed in mammals.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10474
       
  • Confinement-deconfinement transition due to spontaneous symmetry breaking
           in quantum Hall bilayers

    • Authors: D. I. Pikulin, P. G. Silvestrov, T. Hyart
      Abstract: Electronic systems with inverted band structures can support exotic topological insulator and exciton condensate states. Here, the authors demonstrate the formation of a helical exciton condensate in quantum Hall bilayers, and a quark-like quasiparticle confinement-deconfinement transition.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10462
       
  • Persistent order due to transiently enhanced nesting in an electronically
           excited charge density wave

    • Abstract: Whilst excited electronic states may exhibit unique non-equilibrium behavior, order is inhibited by fluctuations. Here, the authors use femtosecond photoemission spectroscopy to demonstrate transient stabilization of charge density wave order in rare earth tritellurides after near-infrared excitation.
      Citation: Nature Communications
      PubDate: 2016-01-25|2016-01-25
      DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10459
       
 
 
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