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PHYSICS (602 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 741 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Acustica united with Acustica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Advanced Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 288)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Studies in Theoretical Physics     Open Access  
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Exploration Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Physics : X     Open Access  
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
AIP Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
AIP Conference Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Anales (Asociación Física Argentina)     Open Access  
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annalen der Physik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Physica     Open Access  
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Annual Review of Materials Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
APL Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Physics Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Physics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Radiation and Isotopes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Applied Spectroscopy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Asia Pacific Physics Newsletter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASTRA Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Astrophysical Journal Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Atoms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Axioms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bauphysik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Berkala Fisika Indonesia     Open Access  
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biophysical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biophysical Reviews and Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BMC Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Boson Journal of Modern Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Brazilian Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin of Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 43)
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de Física     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cells     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CERN courier. International journal of high energy physics     Free   (Followers: 7)
Chemical Physics of Solid Surfaces     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Physics B     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Physics C     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Physics Letters     Full-text available via subscription  
Cogent Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Colloid Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Computational Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Theoretical Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Communications Physics     Open Access  
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 213)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 248)
Computational Astrophysics and Cosmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Condensed Matter     Open Access  
Computational Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Computational Particle Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Physics Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Condensed Matter     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Concepts of Condensed Matter Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Contemporary Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COSPAR Colloquia Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cryogenics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Current Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Current Science     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging     Full-text available via subscription  
Diamond and Related Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamical Properties of Solids     Full-text available via subscription  
East European Journal of Physics     Open Access  
ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
EJNMMI Physics     Open Access  
Electrospinning     Open Access  
Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Energy Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering Failure Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Engineering Fracture Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Environmental Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
EPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics     Open Access  
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access  
EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation     Full-text available via subscription  
EPJ Web of Conferences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
European Physical Journal - Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
European Physical Journal C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Europhysics News     Open Access  
Experimental Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Experimental Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Exploration Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Few-Body Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Fire and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fluctuation and Noise Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Fortschritte der Physik/Progress of Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Fusion Engineering and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Geografiska Annaler, Series A : Physical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geophysical Research Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 139)
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 182)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Granular Matter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Graphs and Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Gravitation and Cosmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Handbook of Geophysical Exploration: Seismic Exploration     Full-text available via subscription  
Handbook of Metal Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Handbook of Surface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Haptics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Heat Transfer - Asian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
High Energy Density Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Pressure Research: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
IEEE Signal Processing Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77)
IET Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Il Colle di Galileo     Open Access  
Image Analysis & Stereology     Open Access  
Imaging Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics (IJBB)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics (IJPAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Indian Journal of Radio & Space Physics (IJRSP)     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Infinite Dimensional Analysis, Quantum Probability and Related Topics     Hybrid Journal  
InfraMatics     Open Access  
Infrared Physics & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Intermetallics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Simulation and Multidisciplinary Design Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Abrasive Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Aeroacoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Computational Materials Science and Surface Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Damage Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Fatigue     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
International Journal of Fracture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.315
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 10  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-8108 - ISSN (Online) 1687-8124
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [330 journals]
  • Electrically Tunable Diffraction Grating Based on Liquid Crystals

    • Abstract: A periodic electric field is generated in the grating-like electrodes cell by an applied voltage and results in the reorientation of liquid crystals. The linearly polarized probe beam experienced periodic distribution of refractive index and formed a phase grating. He-Ne laser was used as the probe beam to detect the zeroth-order (o) and first-order (+1) diffraction intensities. The experimental results showed that the diffraction grating can be switched on by applying a small voltage. The optimal first-order diffraction efficiency is about 12%. The dependence of the first-order diffraction efficiency on the polarization of the probed beam is also discussed herein.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Jun 2018 07:10:59 +000
  • Experimental Demonstration of Special-Shaped 32-Quadrature Amplitude
           Modulation Constellations for Visible Light Communications

    • Abstract: With the rapid development of light-emitting diode, visible light communication (VLC) has become a candidate technology for the next generation of high-speed indoor wireless communication. In this paper, we investigate the performance of the 32-quadrature amplitude modulation (32-QAM) constellation shaping schemes for the first time, where two special circular constellations, named Circular (4, 11, 17) and Circular (1, 5, 11, 15), and a triangular constellation are proposed based on the Shannon’s criterion. Theoretical analysis indicates that the triangular constellation scheme has the largest minimum Euclidian distance while the Circular (4, 11, 17) scheme achieves the lowest peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR). Experimental results show that the bit error rate performance is finally decided by the value of PAPR in the VLC system due to the serious nonlinearity of the LED, where the Circular (4, 11, 17) scheme always performs best under the 7% preforward error correction threshold of 3.8 × 10−3 with 62.5Mb/s transmission data rate and 1-meter transmission distance.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Single File Flow of Biomimetic Beads for Continuous SERS Recording in a
           Microfluidic Device

    • Abstract: A major challenge in cancer treatment is the quantification of biomarkers associated with a specific cancer type. Important biomarkers are the circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detached from the main cancer and circulating in the blood. CTCs are very rare and their identification is still an issue. Although CTCs quantification can be estimated by using fluorescent markers, all the fluorescence techniques are strongly limited by the number of emissions (therefore markers) that can be discriminated with one exciting line, by their bleaching characteristics, and by the intrinsic autofluorescence of biological samples. An emerging technique that can overcome these limitations is Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS). Signals of vibrational origin with intensity similar to those of fluorescence, but narrower bandwidths, can be easily discriminated even by exciting with a single laser line. We recently showed the benefit of this method with cells fixed on a surface. However, this approach is too demanding to be applied in clinical routine. To effectively increase the throughput of the SERS analysis, microfluidics represents a promising tool. We report two different hydrodynamic strategies, based on device geometry and liquids viscosity, to successfully combine a microfluidic design with SERS.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Voltage-Controllable Guided Propagation in Nematic Liquid Crystals

    • Abstract: Voltage-controllable guided channels are formed in a planar nematic liquid crystals cell. The director of liquid crystals can be aligned by applying external voltage, which results in a difference of the refractive index between two adjacent channels; therefore, the incidence beam can be coupled from one channel to another. First, we discussed the propagation of the beam and the self-focusing in a single channel; then we discussed the propagation of the beam and the coupling effect in the two channels. The results showed that the propagation of the beam can be selected in each channel by applying voltages in the two individual electrode channels.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Jun 2018 08:44:37 +000
  • MBE Growth and Optical Properties of GaN, InN, and A3 B5 Nanowires on
           SiC/Si(111) Hybrid Substrate

    • Abstract: The possibility of GaN, InN, and A3B5 nanowires MBE growth on a silicon substrate with a nanoscale SiC buffer layer has been demonstrated. Optical studies indicated a higher structural quality GaN NWs compared with the best structures of GaN NWs without silicon carbide buffer layer. The diameter of A3B5 NWs is smaller than diameter of similar NWs which were grown on a silicon substrate, because of higher lattice mismatch. In particular, InAs NWs diameter was evaluated as little as 10 nm, one of the smallest ever demonstrated for this NWs system.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Jun 2018 08:25:20 +000
  • Acoustic Signatures of the Phases and Phase Transitions in the Blume Capel
           Model with Random Crystal Field

    • Abstract: Sound propagation in the Blume Capel model with quenched diluted single-ion anisotropy is investigated. The sound dispersion relation and an expression for the ultrasonic attenuation are derived with the aid of the method of thermodynamics of irreversible processes. A frequency-dependent dispersion minimum that is shifted to lower temperatures with rising frequency is observed in the ordered region. The thermal and sound frequency () dependencies of the sound attenuation and effect of the Onsager rate coefficient are studied in low- and high-frequency regimes. The results showed that and are the conditions that describe low- and high-frequency regimes, where is the single relaxation time diverging in the vicinity of the critical temperature. In addition, assuming a linear coupling of sound wave with the order parameter fluctuations in the system and as the temperature distance from the critical point, we found that the sound attenuation follows the power laws and in the low- and high-frequency regions, while . Finally, a comparison of the findings of this study with previous theoretical and experimental studies is presented and it is shown that a good agreement is found with our results.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Jun 2018 07:51:40 +000
  • Micro/Nanofiber with Hollow Silica Nanoparticles Thin-Film for Airborne
           Molecular Contaminants Real-Time Sensing

    • Abstract: A novel chemical sensing approach detecting airborne molecular contaminants (AMCs) or compounds is demonstrated by using single-mode optical microfibre (OMF) coated with hollow silica nanoparticles (HSNs). The concentration of AMCs, which were volatilized on the surface of the tapered microfibre coated with HSNs, influences the transmission loss of the microfibre. Tapered OMF was fabricated using a high-precision electrically controlled setup, and coatings of HSNs were prepared by meniscus coating method. The transmission loss of three OMFs with different diameters and the same thick coating were tested to determine the relationship between AMC concentrations and transmission loss of coated OMFs. Experimental results showed that the transmission loss increases with increasing concentration of AMCs. The sensitivity for volatile simethicone was 0.0263 dB/mg/m3 obtained by the coated OMF with diameter of 2.5 μm, and the sensitivity values of coated OMF with diameters of 5 μm and 6 μm were 0.0024 and 0.0018 dB/mg/m3, respectively. Thus the proposed coated OMF can be used in enclosed space for AMCs sensing.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Optical and Electrical Properties of TiO2/Co/TiO2 Multilayer Films Grown
           by DC Magnetron Sputtering

    • Abstract: Transparent oxide multilayer films of TiO2/Co/TiO2 were grown on glass substrate by DC magnetron sputtering technique. The optical and electrical properties of these films were analyzed with the aim of substituting ITO substrate in optoelectronic devices. The samples were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM). The effect of Co interlayer thickness (4, 8, and 12 nm) on the transmittance spectra yielded an optical absorption edge shift. The work function of these films was determined by KPFM technique allowing us to predict the Fermi level shift by extending the model for pure materials to our multilayer system. The Fermi level and optical absorption edge seem to be correlated and shifted toward lower energies when Co interlayer thickness is increased.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Jun 2018 08:36:05 +000
  • Synthesis and Characterization of a Multifunctional Conjugated Polymer

    • Abstract: This work reports the synthesis and characterization of a conjugated polymer based on fluorene and terpyridine, namely, poly[(9,9-bis(3-((S)-2-methylbutylpropanoate))fluorene-alt-6,6′-(2,2′:6′,2′′-terpyridin-6-yl)] (LaPPS71). The structure was characterized by 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The molar mass was measured by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). As thermal characterization, the glass transition temperature (Tg) was measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The polymer structure contains two sites capable of complexation with metallic ions, affording the possibility of obtainment of independent or electronically coupled properties, depending on the complexation site. The photophysical properties were fully explored in solution and solid state, presenting ideal results for the preparation of various metallopolymers, in addition to potential application as a metamaterial, due to the presence of the chiral center in the side chains of the polymer.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Jun 2018 07:27:44 +000
  • An Analytical Theory of Piezoresistive Effects in Hall Plates with Large

    • Abstract: Four-terminal transducers can be used to measure the magnetic field via the Hall effect or the mechanical stress via the piezoresistance effect. Both effects are described by an anisotropic conductivity tensor with small offdiagonal elements. This has led other authors to the conclusion that there is some kind of analogy. In both cases the output voltage depends on the geometry of the device and the size of the contacts. For Hall plates this influence is accounted for by the Hall-geometry factor. The alleged analogy proposes that the Hall-geometry factor also applies to four-terminal stress transducers. This paper shows that the analogy holds only for a limited class of devices. Moreover, it is shown that devices of different geometries may have identical magnetic field sensitivity but different mechanical stress sensitivities. Thus, shape optimization makes sense for mechanical stress sensors. In extreme cases the output voltages of vertical Hall-effect devices may have notable magnetic field sensitivity but zero mechanical stress sensitivity. As byproduct, exact analytical formulae for the equivalent resistor circuit of rectangular and circular devices with two perpendicular mirror symmetries are given. They allow for an accurate description of how mechanical stress and deformation affect the output offset voltage and the magnetic sensitivity of Hall-effect devices.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Highly Efficient Broadband Light Absorber Based on Nonuniform Hyperbolic
           Metamaterial Film

    • Abstract: We develop a concept of highly efficient broadband light absorber based on nonuniform hyperbolic metamaterial. We suggest a gradual bending of the anisotropy axis inside the metamaterial that results in spatial shift of the area of resonant absorption depending on the incidence angle. In this resonant region the wavevector of light is parallel to the generatrix of resonant cone and the radiation losses are maximal because of extremely high value of refraction index. Changing the radiation frequency also shifts the spatial position of the resonant region so that high level of absorption may be achieved in wide frequency range. Using the model of nanowire medium (silver wires in silica host) we predict that 200 nm film of this hyperbolic metamaterial allows reaching almost total absorption of radiation throughout the visible band.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Absence of the Rashba Splitting of Au(111) Surface Bands

    • Abstract: The electronic structure of Au(111) films is studied by means of relativistic DFT calculations. It is found that the twinning of the surface bands, observed in photoemission experiment, does not necessarily correspond to the spin-splitting of the surface states caused by the break of the inversion symmetry at the surface. The twinning of the bands of clean Au(111) films can be obtained within nonrelativistic or scalar-relativistic approximation, so that it is not a result of spin-orbit coupling. However, the spin-orbit coupling does not lead to the spin-splitting of the surface bands. This result is explained by Kramers’ degeneracy, which means that the existence of a surface itself does not destroy the inversion symmetry of the system. The inversion symmetry of the Au(111) film can be broken, for example, by means of adsorption, and a hydrogen monolayer deposited on one face of the film indeed leads to the appearance of the spin-splitting of the bands.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • RNA Detection Based on Graphene Field-Effect Transistor Biosensor

    • Abstract: Graphene has attracted much attention in biosensing applications due to its unique properties. In this paper, the monolayer graphene was grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. Using the graphene as the electric channel, we have fabricated a graphene field-effect transistor (G-FET) biosensor that can be used for label-free detection of RNA. Compared with conventional method, the G-FET RNA biosensor can be run in low cost, be time-saving, and be miniaturized for RNA measurement. The sensors show high performance and achieve the RNA detection sensitivity as low as 0.1 fM, which is two orders of magnitude lower than the previously reports. Moreover, the G-FET biosensor can readily distinguish target RNA from noncomplementary RNA, showing high selectivity for RNA detection. The developed G-FET RNA biosensor with high sensitivity, fast analysis speed, and simple operation may provide a new feasible direction for RNA research and biosensing.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Light Leakage of Multidomain Vertical Alignment LCDs Using a Colorimetric
           Model in the Dark State

    • Abstract: Light leakage from liquid crystal displays in the dark state is relatively larger and leads to a degraded contrast ratio and color shift. This work describes a novel colorimetric model based on the Muller matrix that includes depolarization of light propagating through liquid crystal molecules, polarizers, and color filters. In this proposed model, the chromaticity can be estimated in the bump and no-bump regions of an LCD. We indicate that the difference between simulation and measurement of chromaticity is about 0.01. Light leakage in the bump region is three times that in no-bump region in the dark state.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Photonics and Optoelectronics of Low-Dimensional Materials

    • PubDate: Sun, 03 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Self-Assembled and Artificial Surfaces/Interfaces: From Soft Matter to

    • PubDate: Tue, 29 May 2018 10:19:18 +000
  • The Dependencies of X-Ray Conductivity and X-Ray Luminescence of ZnSe
           Crystals on the Excitation Intensity

    • Abstract: This work studies the conductivity and luminescence of ZnSe single crystals under X-ray irradiation. The experimentally derived lux-ampere characteristics of the X-ray conductivity for ZnSe crystals have a sublinear behavior within the temperature range from 8 to 420 K. The theoretical analysis of the conductivity kinetics at X-ray excitation showed that the value of maximum accumulated lightsum at deep traps does not depend on radiation intensity. However, regarding shallow and phosphorescent traps, the strength of accumulated lightsum depends on the intensity of exciting irradiation. Specifically, these shallow traps and phosphorescent traps cause the sublinear behavior of lux-ampere characteristics in the semiconductor material.
      PubDate: Tue, 29 May 2018 08:49:31 +000
  • Digital Simulation of Superconductive Memory System Based on Hardware
           Description Language Modeling

    • Abstract: We have modeled a memory system using Josephson Junction to attain low power consumption using low input voltage compared to conventional Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor-Static Random Access Memory (CMOS-SRAM). We attained the low power by connecting a shared/common bit line and using a 1-bit memory cell. Through our design we may attain 2.5–3.5 microwatts of power using lower input voltage of 0.6 millivolts. Comparative study has been made to find which memory system will attain low power consumption. Conventional SRAM techniques consume power in the range of milliwatts with the supply input in the range of 0-10 volts. Using HDL language, we made a memory logic design of RAM cells using Josephson Junction in FreeHDL software which is dedicated only for Josephson Junction based design. With use of XILINX, we have calculated the power consumption and equivalent Register Transfer Level (RTL) schematic is drawn.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 May 2018 07:29:42 +000
  • Two-Dimensional Modeling of Silicon Nanowires Radial Core-Shell Solar

    • Abstract: Silicon nanowires radial core-shell solar cells have recently attracted significant attention as promising candidates for low cost photovoltaic application, benefit from its strong light trapping, and short radial carrier collection distances. In order to establish optics and electricity improvement, a two-dimensional model based on Shockley-Read-Hall recombination modes has been carried out for radial core-shell junction nanowires solar cell combined with guided resonance modes of light absorption. The impact of SiNWs diameter and absorption layer thickness on device electrical performance based on a fixed nanowires height and diameter-over-periodicity were investigated under illumination. The variation in quantum efficiency indicated that the performance is limited by the mismatch between light absorption and carriers’ collection length.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 May 2018 08:30:28 +000
  • The TDDB Characteristics of Ultra-Thin Gate Oxide MOS Capacitors under
           Constant Voltage Stress and Substrate Hot-Carrier Injection

    • Abstract: The breakdown characteristics of ultra-thin gate oxide MOS capacitors fabricated in 65 nm CMOS technology under constant voltage stress and substrate hot-carrier injection are investigated. Compared to normal thick gate oxide, the degradation mechanism of time-dependent dielectric breakdown (TDDB) of ultra-thin gate oxide is found to be different. It is found that the gate current () of ultra-thin gate oxide MOS capacitor is more likely to be induced not only by Fowler-Nordheim (F-N) tunneling electrons, but also by electrons surmounting barrier and penetrating electrons in the condition of constant voltage stress. Moreover it is shown that the time to breakdown () under substrate hot-carrier injection is far less than that under constant voltage stress when the failure criterion is defined as a hard breakdown according to the experimental results. The TDDB mechanism of ultra-thin gate oxide will be detailed. The differences in TDDB characteristics of MOS capacitors induced by constant voltage stress and substrate hot-carrier injection will be also discussed.
      PubDate: Sun, 20 May 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Progress on Waveguide-Integrated Graphene Optoelectronics

    • Abstract: Graphene, a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in the form of hexagonal lattice, has many intriguing optical and electrical properties. However, due to the atomic layer thickness, light-matter interactions in the monolayer graphene are naturally weak when the light is normally incident to the material. To overcome this challenge, waveguide-integrated graphene optoelectronic devices have been proposed and demonstrated. In such coplanar configurations, the propagating light in the waveguide can significantly interact with the graphene layer integrated on the surface of the waveguide. The combination of photonic integrated circuits and graphene also enables the development of graphene devices by using silicon photonic technology, which greatly extends the scope of graphene’s application. Moreover, the waveguide-integrated graphene devices are fully CMOS-compatible, which makes it possible to achieve low-cost and high-density integration in the future. As a result, the area has been attracting more and more attention in recent years. In this paper, we introduce basic principles and research advances of waveguide-integrated graphene optoelectronics.
      PubDate: Sun, 20 May 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • DC Performance Variations of SOI FinFETs with Different Silicide Thickness

    • Abstract: DC performance and the variability of -type silicon-on-insulator dopant-segregated FinFETs with different silicide thickness () are analyzed. DC parameters including threshold voltage, low-field-mobility-related coefficient, and parasitic resistance are extracted from -function method for the comparison of DC performance and variability, and the correlation analysis. All the devices show similar subthreshold characteristics, but the devices with thicker have greater threshold voltages. The devices with thicker suffer from the DC performance degradation and its greater variations because the Schottky barrier height at the NiSi/Si interface increases and fluctuates greatly. This effect is validated by greater threshold voltages, larger parasitic resistances, and high correlations among all the DC parameters for the thicker . The devices with thicker also have higher low-frequency noise because of larger parasitic resistances and their correlated mobility degradations. Therefore, the device with relatively thin is expected to have better DC performance and variability concerns.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 May 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Liquid Crystals as Phase Change Materials for Thermal Stabilization

    • Abstract: Thermal stabilization exploiting phase change materials (PCMs) is studied theoretically and numerically. Using the heat source approach in numerical simulations, we focus on phase change temperature as a key factor in improving thermal stabilization. Our focus is to analyze possible mechanisms to tune the phase change temperature. We use thermotropic liquid crystals (LCs) as PCMs in a demonstrative system. Using the Landau-de Gennes mesoscopic approach, we show that an external electric field or appropriate nanoparticles (NPs) dispersed in LCs can be exploited to manipulate the phase change temperature.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 May 2018 06:43:03 +000
  • Ion Migration Polarization in the Yttria Stabilized Zirconia Based
           Metal-Oxide-Metal and Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Stacks for Resistive

    • Abstract: We report the investigations of the ion migration polarization in the yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) thin films in the Metal-Oxide-Metal (MOM) and Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (MOS) stacks due to the drift of the oxygen vacancies under the external bias voltage applied between the electrodes. The parameters characterizing the drift of the oxygen vacancies in YSZ such as the ion drift activation energy, mobile ion concentration, and the drift mobility have been determined in the temperature range 300–500 K. These data are important for deeper understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of the electroforming and resistive switching in the YSZ-based MOM and MOS stacks, which are promising for the Resistive Random Access Memory (RRAM) and other memristor device applications.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 May 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Threading Dislocations Piercing the Free Surface of an Anisotropic
           Hexagonal Crystal: Review of Theoretical Approaches

    • Abstract: Inclined threading dislocations (TDs) piercing the oriented free surface of a crystal are currently observed after growth of oriented thin films on substrates. Up to date the unique way to treat their anisotropic elastic properties nearby the free surface region is to use the integral formalism, which assumes no dislocation core size and needs numerical double integrations. In a first stage of the work, a new and alternative approach to the integral formalism is developed using double Fourier series and the concept of a finite core size, which is often observed in high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. In a second stage, the integral formalism and the Fourier series approaches are applied to the important case of a TD piercing the basal free surface of a hexagonal crystal. For this particular geometry, easy-to-use expressions are derived and compared to a third approach previously known for a plate-like crystal. Finally, the numerical interest and the convergence of these approaches are tested using the basal free surface of the GaN compound, in particular for TDs with Burgers vectors c and (a + c).
      PubDate: Thu, 10 May 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Effect of Substrate Temperature on the Microstructural, Morphological, and
           Optical Properties of Electrosprayed ZnO Thin Films

    • Abstract: Polycrystalline ZnO thin films were prepared on silicon substrates using electrospray method with vertical setup. Water and ethanol were used as solvents for zinc acetate dehydrate and no postdeposition annealing was required for formation of ZnO. The influence of substrate temperature in the range of 150–250°C on surface morphology and roughness was studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), and optical profilometry. An improvement of surface quality and smoothing of the films with temperature were obtained. X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that, at all investigated substrate temperatures, the films were polycrystalline with crystallites’ sizes decreasing with temperature. Besides, the preferred crystal orientation varies with the substrate temperature. The analysis of surface chemical composition and oxidation state was performed with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). It was shown that, at substrate temperature of 200°C, the deposited ZnO films were closest to the stoichiometric ones. In general, the films at 150°C were oxygen-deficient, while at other studied temperatures, the films had excess of oxygen more pronouncedly at 200°C. Spectral ellipsometric measurements confirmed that the structural disorder is the highest at 150°C and improves with temperature. Refractive indexes for films at 200°C and 250°C are almost the same, 1.97 and 1.93, respectively, at wavelength of 600 nm, while for the sample deposited at 150°C, the refractive index is substantially lower, 1.67. The optical band gap is slightly influenced by the substrate temperature: 3.27 eV at 150°C and 3.32 eV at 200°C.
      PubDate: Tue, 08 May 2018 07:32:57 +000
  • Enhanced Coffee-Ring Effect via Substrate Roughness in Evaporation of
           Colloidal Droplets

    • Abstract: The analysis of dried drop patterns has various applications in research fields like archeology, medical practice, printing, and so on. In this paper, we studied the evaporation and pattern formation of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) colloid droplets on smooth substrate and rough substrates with different roughness. We found that the evaporation of droplets shows remarkable coffee-ring effect on smooth substrate and that the cross-section of the ring is wedge-shaped with its thickness decreasing from the edge to the center. However, with increasing roughness, the effect strengthened, with the section of the coffee-ring changing from wedge- to hill-shaped. The contact angle decreased with increasing roughness, leading to an increase in evaporation rate. Moreover, wicking led to additional evaporation, which also enhanced capillary flow, moving more particles to the edge. In addition, the rough structure of the substrate inhibited the back-flow of the capillary flow, preventing the particles’ move to the center. The formation of radial wrinkles on the edge also led to particle retention, preventing them from moving to the center. All these factors contribute to the decreased width and increased height of the coffee-ring pattern after evaporation on rough surfaces. It is an effective method to regulate the deposition pattern of evaporating droplet by changing the substrate roughness.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 May 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Research on a Micro-Nano Si/SiGe/Si Double Heterojunction Electro-Optic
           Modulation Structure

    • Abstract: The electro-optic modulator is a very important device in silicon photonics, which is responsible for the conversion of optical signals and electrical signals. For the electro-optic modulator, the carrier density of waveguide region is one of the key parameters. The traditional method of increasing carrier density is to increase the external modulation voltage, but this way will increase the modulation loss and also is not conducive to photonics integration. This paper presents a micro-nano Si/SiGe/Si double heterojunction electro-optic modulation structure. Based on the band theory of single heterojunction, the barrier heights are quantitatively calculated, and the carrier concentrations of heterojunction barrier are analyzed. The band and carrier injection characteristics of the double heterostructure structure are simulated, respectively, and the correctness of the theoretical analysis is demonstrated. The micro-nano Si/SiGe/Si double heterojunction electro-optic modulation is designed and tested, and comparison of testing results between the micro-nano Si/SiGe/Si double heterojunction micro-ring electro-optic modulation and the micro-nano Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) micro-ring electro-optic modulation, Free Spectrum Range, 3 dB Bandwidth, value, extinction ratio, and other parameters of the micro-nano Si/SiGe/Si double heterojunction micro-ring electro-optic modulation are better than others, and the modulation voltage and the modulation loss are lower.
      PubDate: Wed, 02 May 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Effects of Deposition Temperature on Structural, Optical Properties and
           Laser Damage of LaTiO3 Thin Films

    • Abstract: LaTiO3 films were prepared under various deposition temperatures using electron beam evaporation on Si and fused quartz substrates. The relationship between the deposition temperature and structure and properties of optics was investigated by XPS, XRD, and various optical testing. The results showed that the LaTiO3 film is amorphous when the deposition temperature is below 200°C. The refractive index of LaTiO3 films increases from 1.8302 to 1.9112 at 1064 nm with the rise of deposition temperature. The extinction coefficient of LaTiO3 films is less than 10−6 in the range of 350 to 1700 nm. The laser damage threshold increases at first and then decreases with the increase of deposition temperature. The maximum of the laser damage threshold was 18.18 J/cm2 when the deposition temperature was 150°C. Compared with TiO2 film, the chemical structure and the laser damage threshold of LaTiO3 film are more stable by preparation of electron beam evaporation.
      PubDate: Wed, 02 May 2018 00:00:00 +000
  • Dual-Focuses Metalens for Copolarized and Cross-Polarized Transmission

    • Abstract: Metasurfaces can reshape the wavefront in the desired manner by manipulating the phase profile and amplitude of the incident wave. In this paper, we demonstrate an ultrathin terahertz metalens based on our designed resonator structure, where the polarization state can be converted to the orthogonal direction and the parabolic phase profile is designed covering a 2π phase region. Many functional metalenses are also engineered to meet the demand of focusing, dual-polarization confocal, and dual focuses for orthogonal polarization in the frequency range from 0.65 to 0.8 THz. The presented metalenses can provide potential applications in terahertz communications and imaging systems.
      PubDate: Wed, 02 May 2018 00:00:00 +000
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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