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PHYSICS (581 journals)

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Journal Cover Russian Journal of Mathematical Physics
  [SJR: 0.858]   [H-I: 24]   [0 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1531-8621 - ISSN (Online) 1061-9208
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Double-deck structure of the boundary layer in the problem of flow in an
           axially symmetric pipe with small irregularities on the wall for large
           Reynolds numbers
    • Authors: V. G. Danilov; R. K. Gaydukov
      Pages: 1 - 18
      Abstract: Abstract The problem of flow of a viscous incompressible fluid in an axially symmetric pipe with small irregularities on the wall is considered. An asymptotic solution of the problem with the double-deck structure of the boundary layer and the unperturbed flow in the environment (the “core flow”) is obtained. The results of flow numerical simulation in the thin and “thick” boundary layers are given.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920817010010
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
  • Mathematical quantum Yang–Mills theory revisited
    • Authors: A. Dynin
      Pages: 19 - 36
      Abstract: Abstract A mathematically rigorous relativistic quantum Yang–Mills theory with an arbitrary semisimple compact gauge Lie group is set up in the Hamiltonian canonical formalism. The theory is nonperturbative, without cut-offs, and agrees with the causality and stability principles. This paper presents a fully revised, simplified, and corrected version of the corresponding material in the previous papers Dynin ([11] and [12]). The principal result is established anew: due to the quartic self-interaction term in the Yang–Mills Lagrangian along with the semisimplicity of the gauge group, the quantum Yang–Mills energy spectrum has a positive mass gap. Furthermore, the quantum Yang–Mills Hamiltonian has a countable orthogonal eigenbasis in a Fock space, so that the quantum Yang–Mills spectrum is point and countable. In addition, a fine structure of the spectrum is elucidated.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920817010022
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
  • Tsallis p , q -deformed Touchard polynomials and Stirling numbers
    • Authors: O. Herscovici; T. Mansour
      Pages: 37 - 50
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we develop and investigate a new two-parametrized deformation of the Touchard polynomials, based on the definition of the NEXT q-exponential function of Tsallis. We obtain new generalizations of the Stirling numbers of the second kind and of the binomial coefficients and represent two new statistics for the set partitions.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920817010034
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
  • Global transformations preserving Sturm–Liouville spectral data
    • Authors: H. Isozaki; E. L. Korotyaev
      Pages: 51 - 68
      Abstract: Abstract We show the existence of a real analytic isomorphism between the space of the impedance function ρ of the Sturm–Liouville problem −ρ −2(ρ 2 f′)′ +uf on (0, 1), where u is a function of ρ, ρ′, ρ″, and that of potential p of the Schrödinger equation −y″ +py on (0, 1), keeping their boundary conditions and spectral data. This mapping is associated with the classical Liouville transformation f → ρf, and yields a global isomorphism between solutions of inverse problems for the Sturm–Liouville equations of the impedance form and those of the Schrödinger equations.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920817010046
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
  • On λ-Bell polynomials associated with umbral calculus
    • Authors: T. Kim; D. S. Kim
      Pages: 69 - 78
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we introduce some new λ-Bell polynomials and Bell polynomials of the second kind and investigate properties of these polynomials. Using our investigation, we derive some new identities for the two kinds of λ-Bell polynomials arising from umbral calculus.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920817010058
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
  • From the N -body problem to Euler equations
    • Authors: A. A. Lykov; V. A. Malyshev
      Pages: 79 - 95
      Abstract: Abstract This paper contains a rigorous mathematical example of direct derivation of the system of Euler hydrodynamic equations from the Hamiltonian equations for an N point particle system as N → ∞. “Direct” means that the following standard tools are not used in the proof: stochastic dynamics, thermodynamics, Boltzmann kinetic equations, and the correlation functions approach due to Bogolyubov.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s106192081701006x
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
  • A generalized number theory problem applied to ideal liquids and to
           terminological lexis
    • Authors: V. P. Maslov; T. V. Maslova
      Pages: 96 - 110
      Abstract: Abstract We consider the notion of number of degrees of freedom in number theory and thermodynamics. This notion is applied to notions of terminology such as terms, slogans, themes, rules, and regulations. Prohibitions are interpreted as restrictions on the number of degrees of freedom. We present a theorem on the small number of degrees of freedom as a consequence of the generalized partitio numerorum problem. We analyze the relationship between thermodynamically ideal liquids with the lexical background that a term acquires in the process of communication. Examples showing how this background may be enhanced are considered. We discuss the question of the coagulation of drops in connection with the forecast of analogs of the gas-ideal liquid phase transition in social-political processes.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920817010071
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
  • Differential-geometric structures associated with Lagrangians
           corresponding to scalar physical fields
    • Authors: A. K. Rybnikov
      Pages: 111 - 121
      Abstract: Abstract The paper is devoted to the investigation, using the method of Cartan–Laptev, of the differential-geometric structure associated with a Lagrangian L, depending on a function z of the variables t, x 1,...,x n and its partial derivatives. Lagrangians of this kind are considered in theoretical physics (in field theory). Here t is interpreted as time, and x 1,...,x n as spatial variables. The state of the field is characterized by a function z(t, x 1,..., x n ) (a field function) satisfying the Euler equation, which corresponds to the variational problem for the action integral. In the present paper, the variables z(t, x 1,..., x n are regarded as adapted local coordinates of a bundle of general type M with n-dimensional fibers and 1-dimensional base (here the variable t is simultaneously a local coordinate on the base). If we agree to call t time, and a typical fiber an n-dimensional space, then M can be called the spatiotemporal bundle manifold. We consider the variables t, x 1,...,x n , z (i.e., the variables t, x 1,...,x n with the added variable z) as adapted local coordinates in the bundle H over the fibered base M. The Lagrangian L, which is a coefficient in the differential form of the variational action integral in the integrand, is a relative invariant given on the manifold J 1 H (the manifold of 1-jets of the bundle H). In the present paper, we construct a tensor with components Λ00, Λ0i , Λ ij (Λ ij = Λ ji ) which is generated by the fundamental object of the structure associated with the Lagrangian. This tensor is an invariant (with respect to admissible transformations the variables t, x 1,...,x n , z) analog of the energy-momentum tensor of the classical theory of physical fields. We construct an invariant I, a vector G i , and a bivalent tensor G jk generated by the Lagrangian. We also construct a relative invariant of E (in the paper, we call it the Euler relative invariant) such that the equation E = 0 is an invariant form of the Euler equation for the variational action integral. For this reason, a nonvariational interpretation of the Euler equation becomes possible. Moreover, we construct a connection in the principal bundle with base J 2 H (the variety of 2-jets of the bundle H) and with the structure group GL(n) generated by the structure associated with the Lagrangian.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920817010083
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
  • Norms in group algebras of finite groups under inducing
    • Authors: A. I. Shtern
      Pages: 122 - 123
      Abstract: Abstract We compare norms of an element of a group algebra of a normal subgroup of a finite group in a representation of the normal subgroup and the corresponding induced representation (under the natural embedding of the group algebra of the normal subgroup in the group algebra of the entire group).
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920817010095
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
  • A new class of Abelian theorems for the Mehler–Fock transforms
    • Authors: H. M. Srivastava; B. J. González; E. R. Negrín
      Pages: 124 - 126
      Abstract: Abstract The main object of this paper is to derive several new Abelian theorems for the Mehler–Fock transforms. The results presented here are compared with those given earlier by R. S. Pathak and R. N. Pandey [Math. Soc. 3 (1987), 91–95]. Some applications and particular cases are also considered.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920817010101
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
  • Propagation of a linear wave created by a spatially localized perturbation
           in a regular lattice and punctured Lagrangian manifolds
    • Authors: S. Yu. Dobrokhotov; V. E. Nazaikinskii
      Pages: 127 - 133
      Abstract: Abstract The following results are obtained for the Cauchy problem with localized initial data for the crystal lattice vibration equations with continuous and discrete time: (i) the asymptotics of the solution is determined by Lagrangian manifolds with singularities (“punctured” Lagrangian manifolds); (ii) Maslov’s canonical operator is defined on such manifolds as a modification of a new representation recently obtained for the canonical operator by the present authors together with A. I. Shafarevich (Dokl. Ross. Akad. Nauk 46 (6), 641–644 (2016)); (iii) the projection of the Lagrangian manifold onto the configuration plane specifies a bounded oscillation region, whose boundary (which is naturally referred to as the leading edge front) is determined by the Hamiltonians corresponding to the limit wave equations; (iv) the leading edge front is a special caustic, which possibly contains stronger focal points. These observations, together with earlier results, lead to efficient formulas for the wave field in a neighborhood of the leading edge front.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920817010113
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
  • On the biharmonic Steklov problem in weighted spaces
    • Authors: H. A. Matevossian
      Pages: 134 - 138
      Abstract: Abstract We study the unique solvability of the Steklov problem for the biharmonic equation in unbounded domains under the assumption that a generalized solution of this problem has a bounded Dirichlet integral with weight x a . Depending on the value of the parameter a, we prove uniqueness theorems or present exact formulas for the dimension of the solution space of the Steklov problem in the exterior of a compact set and in a half-space.
      PubDate: 2017-01-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920817010125
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2017)
  • Asymptotic support of localized solutions of the linearized system of
    • Authors: A. I. Allilueva; A. I. Shafarevich
      Pages: 425 - 430
      Abstract: Abstract The asymptotic behavior of solutions of the Cauchy problem for the linearized system of magnetohydrodynamic equations with initial conditions localized near a two-dimensional surface was obtained by the authors earlier. Here, this asymptotic behavior is refined.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920816040014
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2016)
  • Rigid body dynamics in non-Euclidean spaces
    • Authors: A. V. Borisov; I. S. Mamaev
      Pages: 431 - 454
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we focus on the study of two-dimensional plate dynamics on the Lobachevskii plane L 2. First of all, we consider the free motion of such a plate, which is a pseudospherical analog of dynamics of the Euler top, and also present an analog of the Euler–Poisson equations enabling us to study the motion of the body in potential force fields having rotational symmetry. We present a series of integrable cases, having analogs in Euclidean space, for different fields. Moreover, in the paper, a partial qualitative analysis of the dynamics of free motion of a plate under arbitrary initial conditions is made and a number of computer illustrations are presented which show a substantial difference of the motion from the case of Euclidean space. The study undertaken in the present paper leads to interesting physical consequences, which enable us to detect the influence of curvature on the body dynamics.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920816040026
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2016)
  • Generalized compatibility equations for tensors of high ranks in
           multidimensional continuum mechanics
    • Authors: D. V. Georgievskii
      Pages: 475 - 483
      Abstract: Abstract Compatibility equations are derived for the components of generalized strains of rank m associated with generalized displacements of rank m − 1 by analogs of Cauchy kinematic relations in n-dimensional space (multi-dimensional continuous medium) (m ≥ 1, n ≥ 2). These relations can be written in the form of equating to zero all components of the incompatibility tensor of rank m(n − 2) or its dual generalized Riemann–Christoffel tensor of rank 2m. The number of independent components of these tensors is found; this number coincides with that of compatibility equations in terms of generalized strains or stresses. The inequivalence of the full system of compatibility equations to any of its weakened subsystems is discussed, together with diverse formulations of boundary value problems in generalized stresses in which the number of equations in a domain can exceed the number of unknowns.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s106192081604004x
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2016)
  • Quantization due to breaking the commutativity of symmetries. Wobbling
           oscillator and anharmonic Penning trap
    • Authors: M. V. Karasev
      Pages: 484 - 490
      Abstract: Abstract We discuss two examples of classical mechanical systems which can become quantum either because of degeneracy of an integral of motion or because of tuning parameters at resonance. In both examples, the commutativity of the symmetry algebra is breaking, and noncommutative symmetries arise. Over the new noncommutative algebra, the system can reveal its quantum behavior including the tunneling effect. The important role is played by the creation-annihilation regime for the perturbation or anharmonism. Activation of this regime sometimes needs in an additional resonance deformation (Cartan subalgebra breaking).
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920816040051
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2016)
  • Asymptotic expansions of Feynman integrals of exponentials with polynomial
    • Authors: A. K. Kravtseva; O. G. Smolyanov; E. T. Shavgulidze
      Pages: 491 - 509
      Abstract: Abstract In the paper, an asymptotic expansion of path integrals of functionals having exponential form with polynomials in the exponent is constructed. The definition of the path integral in the sense of analytic continuation is considered.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920816040063
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2016)
  • Comparison of solutions of a problem of Cauchy–Poisson type under
           discontinuous and smooth initial values with the marigrams of Tsunami 2011
           obtained from DART stations
    • Authors: S. Ya. Sekerzh-Zen’kovich
      Pages: 529 - 535
      Abstract: Abstract The problem of Cauchy–Poisson type is considered in the framework of potential tsunami model with impulse cylindical compactly supported source discontinuous with respect to the radial horizontal coordinate under the assumption that the depth of the liquid is constant. An analytical solution of the problem for a special choice of values of the parameters of the source is given. The connection the solution thus obtained with nonstandard characteristics introduced by Maslov is discussed. The graphs of the time history of the free surface elevation are compared with the marigrams, received for the 2011 tsunami from the DART stations 21418, 21413, and 51407, and also with graphs calculated for the well-known model with a “simple” source.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920816040087
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2016)
  • Distribution of energy of solutions of the wave equation on singular
           spaces of constant curvature and on a homogeneous tree
    • Authors: A. V. Tsvetkova
      Pages: 536 - 550
      Abstract: Abstract In the paper, the Cauchy problem for the wave equation on singular spaces of constant curvature and on an infinite homogeneous tree is studied. Two singular spaces are considered: the first one consists of a three-dimensional Euclidean space to which a ray is glued, and the other is formed by two three-dimensional Euclidean spaces joined by a segment. The solution of the Cauchy problem for the wave equation on these objects is described and the behavior of the energy of a wave as time tends to infinity is studied. The Cauchy problem for the wave equation on an infinite homogeneous tree is also considered, where the matching conditions for the Laplace operator at the vertices are chosen in the form generalizing the Kirchhoff conditions. The spectrum of such an operator is found, and the solution of the Cauchy problem for the wave equation is described. The behavior of wave energy as time tends to infinity is also studied.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920816040099
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2016)
  • Description of locally bounded pseudocharacters on almost connected
           locally compact groups
    • Authors: A. I. Shtern
      Pages: 551 - 552
      Abstract: Abstract A description of locally bounded pseudocharacters on almost connected locally compact groups is given.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s1061920816040105
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 4 (2016)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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