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  Subjects -> PHYSICS (Total: 736 journals)
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PHYSICS (623 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Meccanica     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Mechanics of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (11 followers)
Mechanics of Solids     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Mechanics Research Communications     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Metal Science and Heat Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (8 followers)
Metamaterials     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Micro and Nano Systems Letters     Open Access   (1 follower)
Microfluidics and Nanofluidics     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Modern Instrumentation     Open Access   (2 followers)
Modern Physics Letters A     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Modern Physics Letters B     Hybrid Journal  
Molecular Diversity     Hybrid Journal  
Moscow University Mechanics Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Moscow University Physics Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Multibody System Dynamics     Hybrid Journal  
NANO     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Nano Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (37 followers)
Nano Reviews     Open Access   (15 followers)
Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Nanoscale Research Letters     Open Access   (4 followers)
Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (12 followers)
Natural Science     Open Access   (9 followers)
Nature Communications     Hybrid Journal   (35 followers)
Nature Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (33 followers)
Nature Photonics     Full-text available via subscription   (13 followers)
Nature Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (22 followers)
NDT & E International     Hybrid Journal   (10 followers)
NEUTRINO     Open Access  
Neutron News     Hybrid Journal  
New Journal of Physics     Open Access   (7 followers)
Niels Bohr Collected Works     Full-text available via subscription  
Noise & Vibration Worldwide     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
Noise Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Nonlinear Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Nuclear Engineering and Design     Hybrid Journal   (11 followers)
Nuclear Fusion     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Nuclear Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Nuclear Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Nuclear Physics B     Open Access   (1 follower)
Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Nuclear Physics News     Hybrid Journal  
Nuclear Receptor     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Open Journal of Biophysics     Open Access   (1 follower)
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics     Open Access   (3 followers)
Open Journal of Microphysics     Open Access  
Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE/OSA Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Optical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (6 followers)
Optics and Photonics Letters     Open Access   (3 followers)
Optics Express     Open Access   (12 followers)
Optics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Optoelectronics Letters     Hybrid Journal  
Organic Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
PAJ: A Journal of Performance and Art     Hybrid Journal   (10 followers)
Particle Physics Insights     Open Access   (1 follower)
Particuology     Hybrid Journal  
Pattern Recognition in Physics     Open Access   (1 follower)
Pergamon Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription  
Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Philosophical Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Philosophy and Foundations of Physics     Full-text available via subscription  
Photonics and Optoelectronics     Open Access   (1 follower)
Photonics Journal, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
Photonics Letters of Poland     Open Access  
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Physica B: Condensed Matter     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
physica status solidi (a)     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
physica status solidi (b)     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
physica status solidi (c)     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Physica Status Solidi - Rapid Research Letters     Hybrid Journal  
Physical Acoustics     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Physical Communication     Hybrid Journal  
Physical Mesomechanics     Hybrid Journal  
Physical Review C     Full-text available via subscription   (15 followers)
Physical Review Special Topics - Physics Education Research     Open Access   (5 followers)
Physical Review X     Open Access   (5 followers)
Physical Sciences Data     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Physics - spotlighting exceptional research     Full-text available via subscription  
Physics and Chemistry of Glasses - European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Physics and Chemistry of Liquids: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Physics in Medicine & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Physics in Perspective     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Physics International     Open Access   (2 followers)
Physics Letters A     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
Physics Letters B     Open Access   (2 followers)
Physics of Atomic Nuclei     Hybrid Journal  
Physics of Fluids     Hybrid Journal   (18 followers)
Physics of Life Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Physics of Particles and Nuclei     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Physics of Particles and Nuclei Letters     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Physics of Plasmas     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Physics of the Dark Universe     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Optical Engineering    [8 followers]  Follow    
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
     ISSN (Print) 0091-3286 - ISSN (Online) 1560-2303
     Published by SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering Homepage  [7 journals]
  • Who pays more “tributes” to the government' sectoral
           corruption of China’s private enterprises
    • Abstract: Abstract Which industry sectors bribe the government and, in turn, are exploited by the government the most in China' Or, as commonly satirized by the people, which sectors pay the most “tributes” (shanggong) to government officials' This article attempts to answer these questions by proposing a meso-level approach, which examines corruption in China at the sectoral level. We use a firm-level survey from 1997 to 2006 in China and treat two types of payments by private enterprises—public relations–building fees (yingchou) and forced apportionment of funds (tanpai)—as indicators of potential corruption in a sector. We find that the most corrupt sectors are those that rely on scarce and less mobile resources controlled by the government. Thus, further reform in the factor markets is necessary to reduce corruption caused by government intervention in the allocation of important resources.
      PubDate: 2013-12-17
  • Book review. Genocide by attrition: The Nuba mountains of Sudan, by Samuel
    • PubDate: 2013-12-17
  • Protesters as terrorists'
    • Abstract: Abstract The attack on the World Trade Center in September 2001 in New York has led to a worldwide increase in anti-terrorism legislation and much debate about the proper (legitimate, proportional and effective) response to the perceived threat of mass casualty attacks. In practice, however, anti-terrorism legislation is frequently applied in criminal cases that are unrelated to such mass casualty attacks. Instead, terrorism charges are leveled against conduct that was previously not categorized as terrorism and which is not always easy to distinguish from ordinary crimes, civil disobedience or legitimate protest activities, such as aggressive leafleting, sabotage of machinery, arson and offensive speech. This article explores the political process behind the categorization of such conduct as “terrorism” and the expanded scope of anti-terrorism legislation in the United States, Spain and Chile. Based on ethnographic fieldwork and the analysis of cases in which conduct is newly charged as terrorism, the author shows that these charges are the result of a deliberate campaign by groups in society that feel neglected by the government and appeal to the terrorism label in their demand for better protection.
      PubDate: 2013-12-05
  • The electoral consequences of corruption scandals in Spain
    • Abstract: Abstract Previous studies of the electoral consequences of corruption in Spanish local elections (Jiménez Revista de Investigaciones Políticas y Sociológicas, 6(2):43–76, 2007; Fernández-Vázquez and Rivero 2011, Consecuencias electorales de la corrupción, 2003–2007. Estudios de Progreso, Fundación Alternativas; Costas et al. European Journal of Political Economy: 28(4):469-484, 2012) have found that voters do not necessarily punish corrupt mayors. As has been pointed out in the comparative literature, the average loss of electoral support by corrupt incumbents is small and does not prevent their reelection most of the times (Jiménez and Caínzos 2006, How far and why do corruption scandals cost votes' In Garrard, J. and Newell, J. (eds.) Scandals in past and contemporary politics. Manchester: Manchester University Press). What remains unsolved, however, is the remarkable variability in this pattern. This article explores some of the micro-level variables that may mediate the effect of corruption scandal on the votes. We focus on three factors: ideological closeness to the incumbent party, political sophistication, and employment status. Our results provide only partial support for our hypotheses, suggesting that the effects of corruption are much more complex than what may seem at first sight.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
  • Why voters do not throw the rascals out'— A conceptual framework
           for analysing electoral punishment of corruption
    • Abstract: Abstract One of the intriguing phenomena in democracy is the fact that politicians involved in, accused of or condemned for corruption in a court of law get re-elected by their constituents. In some cases, corruption does not seem to negatively affect the development of political careers. In this introductory article, we try to develop a multidimensional framework for analysing electoral punishment of corruption. First, we will look into various studies on electoral punishment and highlight their advancements and shortcomings. Then, we will propose a more dynamic account of electoral punishment of corruption that takes into account individual as well as macro level explanations. Finally, we will disaggregate these two analytical dimensions into various explanatory factors.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
  • “It’s the politics, stupid!”. The politicization of
           anti-corruption in Italy
    • Abstract: Abstract This article aims to analyze the relationship between judicial activism against political corruption and electoral accountability. The judiciary plays a pivotal role in enforcing anti-corruption legislation, and, in many countries, courts have moved closer and closer towards that kind of working. In the article, we analyze the conditions under which a judicial prosecution of corrupt practices can also lead to electoral punishment of political misconducts by voters, or to a failure of accountability mechanisms. The latter outcome is more likely to occur if judicial activism is politicized. The ‘politicization’ of anti-corruption initiatives is here defined as an increase in the polarization of opinions, interests, or values about judicial investigations and the extent to which this polarization is strategically advanced towards the political debate by parties, political leaders, and media. By crystallizing a new dimension of political conflict, political actors can negatively affect electoral accountability, diminishing the risk of electoral punishment. We study this phenomenon by analyzing the case of Italy, a country which has experienced high levels of politicization of anti-corruption. However, whether and to what extent anti-corruption policies can be politicized is a question open for many other countries that can take a similar path.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
  • Sources of tolerance towards corrupted politicians in Greece: the role of
           trade offs and individual benefits
    • Abstract: Abstract Reelection of corrupted politicians points to a problem of democratic accountability. Voters do have the chance to ‘throw the rascals out’, but they do not take it. Employing a survey experiment, we test two popular explanations of why Greek voters fail to effectively sanction corrupt politicians. One is related to the distorting effects of psychological attachment to parties and the second to tradeoffs that seem to come into play when voters weigh the prevalence of corruption against other tangible benefits that they receive from governments and parties, such as lower taxes or clientelistic exchanges. Our findings suggest that collective benefits, such as cutting taxes, outweigh the costs of tolerating political corruption. On the contrary, exclusive provision of goods to specific voters, such as in the case of clientelistic exchanges, seems to be negatively related to support for a corrupt politician and therefore should rather not be regarded as a source of tolerance to corruption, at least not in present time Greece.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
  • Throwing the rascals out' The electoral effects of corruption
           allegations and corruption scandals in Europe 1981–2011
    • Abstract: Abstract Corrupt politicians have to a surprisingly great extent been found to go unpunished by the electorate. These findings are, however, drawn from case studies on a limited number of countries. This study, on the contrary, is based on a unique dataset from 215 parliamentary election campaigns in 32 European countries between 1981 and 2011, from which the electoral effects of corruption allegations and corruption scandals are analyzed. Information about the extent to which corruption allegations and scandals have occurred is gathered from election reports in several political science journals, and the electoral effects are measured in terms of the electoral performances—the difference in the share of votes between two elections—of all parties in government, as well as the main incumbent party, and the extent to which the governments survive the election. The control variables are GDP growth and unemployment rate the year preceding the election, the effective number of parliamentary and electoral parties, and the level of corruption. The results show that both corruption allegation and corruption scandals are significantly correlated with governmental performances on a bivariate basis; however, not with governmental change. When controlling for other factors, only corruption allegation has an independent effect on government performances. The study thus concludes—in line with previous research—that voters actually punish corrupt politicians, but to a quite limited extent.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
  • How do I vote the scoundrels out' Why voters might not punish corrupt
           politicians at the polls
    • Abstract: Abstract While we frequently hope electoral democracy can serve as an important constraint on corruption, there are good reasons to think that such might not be the case. This paper analyzes two closely-related questions: should we expect voters to punish corrupt politicians or parties at the polls, and should we expect such influences to check corruption generally' While there have been clear-cut cases in which such punishments have been massive and decisive, they are much the exception. Indeed, a variety of factors having to do with corruption as a concept and as a political issue, the nature of competitive electoral politics, and more recent economic and political trends reshaping important aspects of liberal democracy, all point toward a pessimistic assessment. Ideas for changing that state of affairs are few, because the difficulties reside less at the level of fixable “problems” and more with the inherent workings of liberal political and economic systems. Efforts to improve the quality of news coverage and civic education, however, and any prospects for strengthening and deepening civil society, may hold out some hope for the longer term.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
  • Corruption and turnout in Portugal—a municipal level study
    • Abstract: Abstract This article ventures to be one of the first studies that examines the relationship between corruption and electoral turnout on the sub-national level. Taking Portugal, a southern European country with nationally relatively high levels of corruption and relatively low levels of turnout, as a case, we examine the relationship between the two concepts across Portugal’s 304 out of 308 municipalities for the legislative elections in 2005 and 2009. Controlling for municipal level GDP per capita, unemployment, the percentage of senior citizens, and population density, as well as the closeness of the election and the district magnitude, we find corruption to be a rather strong mobilizing agent. Compared to “clean” municipalities, our results indicate that turnout is several percentage points higher in “very corrupt” municipalities.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
  • Review of Jeffrey D. Simon’s “Lone wolf terrorism:
           understanding the growing threat”. New York: Prometheus books
    • PubDate: 2013-11-29
  • Cycles of poverty and crime in America’s inner cities by Lewis D.
    • PubDate: 2013-11-27
  • Strategies of police cooperation: comparing the Southern Chinese seaboard
           with the European Union
    • Abstract: Abstract A number of police cooperation strategies have developed around the Southern Chinese seaboard, which encompasses the coastal provinces of Mainland China, Taiwan, and the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau. Cooperation mechanisms in the region encompass intelligence sharing strategies and establishment of the Electronic Communal Information Sharing Platform (ECISP), common investigations, regular meetings, practitioner exchanges, and training. Although conducted on a regular basis, these cooperation strategies mostly lack a formally binding legal basis, relying purely on informal practitioner efforts at best supported by Memoranda of Understanding. Due to their historical independence all police forces involved in cooperation at the Southern Chinese seaboard have had to establish strategies to overcome legal, organisational and cultural differences. This region could therefore be compared to cooperation networks between sovereign nation-states in other regions. The historical development of Greater China’s highly informal, practitioner driven approach to cooperation is reminiscent of early forms of cooperation between the police agencies of states that are now members of the European Union (EU). This paper explores the development of both informal and formal strategies established among police agencies around the Southern Chinese seaboard and compares them with the EU to enhance the historical, political and legal understanding of the two regions.
      PubDate: 2013-11-27
  • Almond, Paul: Corporate manslaughter and regulatory reform
    • PubDate: 2013-11-26
  • From the hyper-local to the supra-global: review of the globalization of
           supermax prisons
    • PubDate: 2013-11-24
  • Authoritarian policing with Chinese characteristics: A case study of
           motorcycle bans in the Pearl River Delta
    • Abstract: Abstract Despite unprecedented economic and social changes over the past three decades, China remains an authoritarian regime. However, the current authoritarian regime differs in many ways from that under Mao. Since the nature of a police force reflects the character of the political regime within which it operates, this paper explores current police practices in China. It argues that policing in China is neither completely authoritarian nor democratic, but best understood as soft-authoritarian. The case study examines policing of a motorcycle ban that was implemented to prevent motorcycle snatch theft in the Pearl River Delta. The police remained authoritarian and used many coercive strategies to push for the motorcycle ban. However, their hard-line strategies were matched by some soft-line persuasive tactics. I argue that changing state-society relations are leading to resistance to hard-authoritarian policing and contributing to soft-authoritarian policing in China.
      PubDate: 2013-11-20
  • Transformation of Macau policing: from a Portuguese colony to
           China’s SAR
    • Abstract: Abstract This study examines policing in Macau and identifies major forces that have shaped its transformation over past decades. Prior to 1999, Macau was a Portuguese colony. Its criminal justice system inherited key features of the Continental system, including two independent law enforcement agencies: the Judiciary Police and the Public Security Police. In the colonial era, expatriate commanders drawn from the military or legal professions headed both departments, while the rank-and-file was composed mainly of local Chinese. This policing mechanism, together with the ‘laissez-faire’ policing philosophy adopted by colonial leaders, created segregation between policing agencies and the community. Citizens preferred minimal interaction with police, since they were skeptical about their professionalism, capability, and reliability. Macau became part of the Peoples’ Republic of China in 1999. The de-monopolization of the gaming industries in 2002 brought huge GDP growth, but generated internal social conflict. Growing public demand for accountable governance motivated a series of governmental reforms, some of which have extended to policing. These reforms have improved the transparency of policing, but it remains to be seen if they will ultimately succeed in generating public trust in the police forces.
      PubDate: 2013-11-17
  • Book review: Maria João Guia, Maartje van der Woude, and Joanne van
           der Leun: Social Control and Justice: Crimmigration in the age of fear
    • PubDate: 2013-11-01
  • Michael Blain: Power, Discourse and Victimage Ritual in the War on Terror
    • PubDate: 2013-11-01
  • Rolf Loeber and Brandon C. Welsh (eds).        class="a-plus-plus">The future of criminology
    • PubDate: 2013-11-01
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