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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 212 journals)
Showing 1 - 64 of 64 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Portuguesa de Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Eating Disorders : Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Alimentos e Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 220)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 56)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access  
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Appetite     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise     Open Access  
Arbor Clinical Nutrition Updates     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archive of Food and Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Better Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biomedicine & Preventive Nutrition     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
BMC Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
British Journal Of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Childhood Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89)
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Clinical Nutrition Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Nutrition Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Clinical Nutrition Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Current Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Nutrition Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
DEMETRA : Alimentação, Nutrição & Saúde     Open Access  
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Ecology of Food and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología y Nutrición     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología y Nutrición (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ernährung & Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
European Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Flavour     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Food and Environmental Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Foodways: Explorations in the History and Culture of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Food, Culture and Society: An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Genes & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Eating Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Nutrology     Open Access  
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Intrinsically Disordered Proteins     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Acupuncture and Herbs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access  
Journal of Dietary Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Food and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medicinal Herbs and Ethnomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of Muscle Foods     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Nutritional Ecology and Food Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nutritional Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Probiotics & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops     Open Access  
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia / The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan     Open Access  
La Ciencia al Servicio de la Salud y Nutrición     Open Access  
Lifestyle Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lifestyle Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Maternal & Child Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Médecine & Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription  
Media Gizi Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Metabolism and Nutrition in Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
NFS Journal     Open Access  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Nutrafoods     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrición Hospitalaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutridate     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nutrients     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Nutrire     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Nutrition & Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Nutrition : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nutrition Action Health Letter     Free   (Followers: 2)
Nutrition and Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Nutrition and Metabolic Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Nutrition Bytes     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nutrition in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Nutrition Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Nutritional Neuroscience : An International Journal on Nutrition, Diet and Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Obésité     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Obesity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Open Food Science Journal     Open Access  
Open Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Obesity Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pediatric Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Plant Production Science     Open Access  
Procedia Food Science     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBONE - Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento     Open Access  
Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Chilena de Nutricion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Nutrição     Open Access  
Revista Española de Enfermedades Metabólicas Óseas     Full-text available via subscription  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.249
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 27  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1279-7707 - ISSN (Online) 1760-4788
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Geriatric Medicine in Italy in the Time of Covid-19
    • PubDate: 2020-04-03
       
  • The New Challenge of Geriatrics: Saving Frail Older People from the
           SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic Infection
    • PubDate: 2020-04-03
       
  • COVID-19 and Older Adult
    • PubDate: 2020-03-30
       
  • Impact of Tongue Pressure and Peak Expiratory Flow Rate on Nutritional
           Status Of Older Residents of Nursing Homes in Japan: A Cross-Sectional
           Study
    • Abstract: Objectives Swallowing function is critical for continuing oral feeding to prevent frailty in older adults. In this study, we investigated the impact of tongue pressure and pulmonary function on the nutritional status of older adults. Design, Setting, Participants This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kitakyushu, Japan from August 2017 to November 2018. Fifty-two residents aged >65 years of age from three nursing care insurance facilities in Kitakyushu City, Japan were recruited. Measurements Oral health status, swallowing function, nutritional status using a mini nutritional assessment short form (MNA-SF), cognitive function, activities of daily living, peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) for pulmonary function, and tongue pressure were assessed. The associations between nutritional status and the above factors were analysed using a logistic regression model. Results Participants were divided into two groups: well-nourished group (MNA-SF ≤12) and undernutrition group (MNA-SF <12). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the correlations of PEFR [odds ratio (OR) = 0.23, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.23.0.89 p=0.033) and tongue pressure (OR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.88.0.99, p=0.029) remained significant even after adjustment with possible confounders. Conclusion Maximum tongue pressure and PEFR in older adults were significantly associated with their nutritional status. These findings suggest that maintaining oral and pulmonary function may be a preventive factor against a decrease in the nutritional status of older frail adults.
      PubDate: 2020-03-30
       
  • Reliability Testing of the Team Member Mealtime Experience Questionnaire
    • Abstract: Team members influence the mealtime experience of residents. Their perspectives on their ability to provide resident- and relationship-centred care during mealtimes is limited. The aim of this study was to describe the development and determine the factor structure and internal and test-retest reliability of the Team member Mealtime Experience Questionnaire (TMEQ). A 23-item questionnaire was developed through several steps. A Likert scale of strongly disagree (score= 1) to strongly agree (score= 5) was used. A total of 137 team members from five diverse homes participated. Time and task-focused items had lower scores (indicating more negative perceptions), whereas knowledge and capability of how to provide resident- and relationship-centred mealtime care had higher scores. Exploratory factor analysis identified three factors; four items were eliminated based on this analysis. Test-retest reliability was completed with 103 participants. Intraclass correlation (ICC) for the total score and three subscales ranged from 0.72–0.85 while Chronbach’s alpha ranged from 0.81–0.92. The 19-item TMEQ is considered reliable for use in research and practice.
      PubDate: 2020-03-30
       
  • Sexuality, Aging, and Dementia
    • PubDate: 2020-03-25
       
  • Association Between Number of Teeth, Denture Use and Frailty: Findings
           from the West China Health and Aging Trend Study
    • Abstract: Objective Frailty and poor oral health are both common age-related conditions. However, the association between oral health and frailty has not been explored thoroughly among older Chinese adults. We aimed to investigate the associations between number of teeth, denture use, and frailty among older adults in western China. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Community-based. Participants Participants were 4037 community-dwelling individuals aged 60 and older from the West China Health and Aging Trend (WCHAT) study. Measurements Frailty was assessed using the physical frailty phenotype (PFP) and categorized as non-frail, prefrail and frail. In addition, number of teeth and denture use were examined by calibrated dentists. Multinomial logistic regression models were performed to examine the association between number of teeth, denture use, and frailty. Results The overall prevalence of frailty was 6.7% among 4037 participants aged 60 and older in western China. Participants with no more than 20 teeth were associated with higher odds of being prefrail or frail whether wearing dentures or not. Denture using could not help lower the odds of being prefrail or frail for older adults with fewer teeth. Conclusions This study suggested that frailty was associated with having fewer teeth (≤20 teeth) among older Chinese adults. Future research involving targeted interventions addressing number of teeth may help provide information to establish effective strategies for frailty prevention in older adults.
      PubDate: 2020-03-25
       
  • Associations of Preoperative Irisin Levels of Paired Cerebrospinal Fluid
           and Plasma with Physical Dysfunction and Muscle Wasting Severity in
           Residents of Surgery Wards
    • Abstract: Background Myokine Irisin has been proposed to regulate metabolic homeostasis, which is related to chronic diseases or physical activity. However, whether irisin levels in paired cerebrospinal fruid (CSF), plasma and their ratio of inpatients, could use as biomarkers, and be independently related to the varying physical dysfunction, muscle wasting severity and chronic diseases with varying severe degrees, remain largely elusive. Methods We conducted an observational study to assess the independent associations between irisin levels in paired cerebrospinal fruid (CSF), plasma and their ratio, and the independence in activities of daily life (ADLs), muscle wasting severity and chronic diseases with varying severe degrees among elderly Chinese in-patient subjects. Results Among 217 inpatients in surgery wards with a mean age of 68.07 years (±15.94years), 31.3% of women and 68.7% of men were included in the study. Bivariate correlation analysis showed that Log transformed CSF and plasma irisin levels and their ratio were potential associated with age, fat%, muscle wasting time, ADLs, number of multimorbidity, the severity of bone mass loss and anemia. Regression models analysis indicated that CSF and plasma irisin levels and their ratio in inpatient individuals were independently associated with the independence in ADLs. Plasma irisin levels were independently related to the change of muscle wasting use. Conclusions Collectively, the evaluation of paired plasma and CSF irisin levels, and their ratio in in-patient individuals is intriguing candidates for the susceptibility of the independence in ADLs. Plasma irisin levels were positively associated with indepedence in ADLs, negatively related to muscle wasting severity, and could use as biomarkers for muscle wasting severity.
      PubDate: 2020-03-13
       
  • Increased Consumption of Plant Foods is Associated with Increased Bone
           Mineral Density
    • Abstract: Objectives To determine the relationship between plant food consumption and bone mineral density (BMD) in a healthy population when age, gender, BMI and physical activity are accounted for. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Participants were recruited from the Sydney Adventist hospital and the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. Participants 33 males and 40 females (total n=73) participated in this study. The mean age was 56.1 ± 8.5 years. All participants were non-diabetic and in general good health. Measurements A principle component analysis (PCA) was performed on 12 month self-report food intake data, gathered using the Cancer Council Victoria Dietary Questionnaire for Epidemiological Studies Version 2. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure total BMD. Fasting plasma total protein, calcium and 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D levels were analysed by the Sydney Adventist Hospital pathology laboratory. Anthropometric measures were obtained using a standardized protocol. Self-reported physical activity levels were assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Results The PCA revealed three principle components. These were termed ‘Meat Based’, ‘Junk Food’ and ‘Plant Based.’ After controlling for age, gender, physical activity and BMI, the Plant Based component correlated positively with BMD (p=0.054, R2=0.439) and T-score (p=0.053, R2=0.221). Using a similar model no association between the Meat Based component and BMD or T-score was found. However, when the Plant Based component was included the Meat Based component correlated positively with BMD (p=0.046, R2=0.474) and T-score (p=0.046, R2=0.279). There was no significant association between the Junk Food component and BMD or T-score. People in the third Plant (927 ± 339 vs 751 ± 255 g/day, p=0.025) and Meat Based (921 ± 270 vs 676 ± 241 g/day, p=0.002) tertile had higher calcium intakes than those in the first. People in the second Plant Based tertile had higher plasma Vitamin D levels than those in the first (63.5 ± 16.8 vs. 52.3 ± 22.1 nmol/L, p=0.053) while those in the third Junk Food tertile had lower levels than those in the first (52.4 ± 18.5 vs. 65.4 ± 19.8 nmol/L, p=0.027). No association between Plant Based tertiles and protein intake was observed, however those in the third Meat Based (99.7 ± 25.1 vs. 50.9 ± 13.8 g/day, p=0.000) and Junk Food (87.4 ± 30.7 vs. 56.6 ± 22.2 g/day, p=0.000) tertile had higher protein intake compared to those in the first tertile. Conclusion In a healthy middle aged population with normal BMD, an increase in plant food consumption, either alone or in combination with a diet containing meat, is associated with improved bone mineralisation markers. This positive relationship is most likely due to the extensive range of micronutrients and phytochemicals packaged within plants.
      PubDate: 2020-03-13
       
  • Cohort Profile: The Precipitating Events Project (PEP Study)
    • Abstract: The Precipitating Events Project (PEP Study) is an ongoing longitudinal study of 754 nondisabled community-living persons age 70 years or older who were members of a large health plan in greater New Haven, Connecticut, USA. The study was established to rigorously evaluate the epidemiology of disability in older persons and to elucidate the role of intervening illnesses and injuries on the disabling process. Of the eligible members, 75.2% agreed to participate and were enrolled between March 1998 and October 1999. Participants have completed comprehensive home-based assessments at 18-month intervals and have been interviewed monthly over the phone with a completion rate of 99%. Detailed participant-level data on health care utilization are obtained annually through linkages with Medicare claims. Through June 2019, 702 (93.1%) participants have died after a median of 109 months, while 43 (5.7%) have dropped out of the study after a median of 27 months. Death certificates are available for all decedents. To date, 117 original reports have been published using data from the PEP Study, including many focusing on other high priority areas such as end of life, frailty, depressive symptoms, aging stereotypes, pain, sleep, and methodologic research. The PEP Study welcomes proposals to access data for meritorious analyses from qualified investigators.
      PubDate: 2020-03-13
       
  • Are Health Behaviors and Self-Rated Health Related to Cardiovascular
           Health and Functional Performance' Results from the Lookup 7+
           Cross-Sectional Survey Among Persons Aged 65+
    • Abstract: Objectives Cardiovascular health (CVH) and physical performance (PP) are key factors of successful ageing. This study investigated whether self-reported CVH behaviours and self-rated health (SRH) are related to ideal CVH and PP. Design Cross-sectional survey. Setting Public places in Italy (e.g. exhibitions, malls, health promotion campaigns), outside of conventional healthcare settings. Participants 1415 community-living persons aged 65+ years (mean age 72.2 ± 5.4; 58.4% female). Measurements Three ideal CVH behaviors [regular physical activity (PA), healthy diet, no smoking] and SRH (1 excellent — 4 poor) were assessed through a brief questionnaire. Four ideal CVH factors [iBMI ≤ 25 kg/m2, untreated random total blood cholesterol ≤200 mg/dl, absence of diabetes (untreated random blood glucose ≤200 mg/dl), untreated blood pressure (iBP) <140/90mmHg] and two ideal PP factors [grip strength (iGrip), 5-repetition chair-stand test <10 seconds (iStand)] were measured. Results Adjusted for age and gender, regular PA was positively related to CVH factor score (β = 0.1; p = <.001), iBMI (OR = 1.8; 95% CI = 1.5-2.3), iBP (OR = 1.3; 95% CI = 1.1-1.6) and iStand (OR = 1.6; 95% CI = 1.3-2.1). Healthy diet was positively related to CVH factor score (β = 0.1; p = <.05) and iGrip (OR = 1.4; 95% CI = 1.1-1.8). Participants rating SRH as “good” (OR = 2.0; 95% CI = 1.1-3.9) and “not so good” (OR = 2.3; 95% CI = 1.2-4.5) met iDiabetes more often than those with poor SRH. Moreover, iStand (OR = 3.2; 95% CI = 1.6-6.6) and iGrip (OR = 4.2; 95% = CI 2.0-8.8) were more prevalent among participants with excellent SRH compared with those with poor SRH. Conclusions Physical activity, diet and self-rated health may provide quick and easy-to-assess metrics to identify persons aged 65+ years at risk of cardiovascular events and functional impairment, who could particularly benefit from engaging in health promotion programs.
      PubDate: 2020-03-13
       
  • Relationships of Lipids Profile with Health-Related Quality of Life in
           Chinese Centenarians
    • Abstract: Objectives With the acceleration of the process of aging population, to enjoy a higher health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is the goal of the elderly population and public health. Studies on relationship between HRQoL and lipid profile through a large sample of representative elderly population are scare. Objective This study was conducted to firstly explore the relationships of lipid profile with HRQoL in Chinese centenarian population. Participants A complete sample of 1002 participants aged over 100 years from Hainan province were recruited in the current study. Main measure Questionnaire investigation, physical examination and blood specimen collection were carried out by family survey. The EuroQol-5 Dimensions(EQ-5D, and EQ-VAS were used to assess HRQoL. Results In multivariate linear regression analyses, a significant association was found between EQ-5D and lipid profile, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and similar association was also existed between EQ-VAS and TC, LDL-C HDL-C, after adjustment. The score of EQ-5D and EQ-VAS in male centenarian was higher than that of the female centenarian. Conclusion Lipid profile was positively associated with the HRQoL in Chinese centenarians.
      PubDate: 2020-03-13
       
  • Investigation of the Diet-Gut-Muscle Axis in the Osteoporotic Fractures in
           Men Study
    • Abstract: Objectives To investigate the association between dietary fiber density (grams of fiber consumed per 100 kcal) with the gut-muscle axis in older adult men. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) cohort participants at Visit 4 (2014–16). Participants Older adult men (average age, 85y) from the MrOS study. Measurements Men who were in the highest tertiles for dietary fiber density and the percentage of whole body lean mass were defined as T3T3 (n=42), whereas men who were in the lowest and intermediate tertiles for these variables were defined as T1T1 (n=32), T1T3 (n=24), and T3T1 (n=13), respectively. Additionally, measures of physical function, including the short physical performance battery (SPPB) score and grip strength were higher in T3T3 when compared with T1T1. Gut bacterial abundance was quantified with use of 16S v4 rRNA sequencing, and the bacterial functional potential was derived from the 16S data with PICRUSt. Chao1, ACE, Shannon, Simpson, and Fisher indices were used as measures of α-diversity. Weighted and unweighted Unifrac, and Bray-Curtis were used as measures of β-diversity. Age, physical activity score, smoking, and number of medications-adjusted DESeq2 models were used to identify bacteria and functions that were different when comparing T3T3 with T1T1, but that were not also different when comparing T3T3 with T1T3 or T3T1. Results α-diversity was not different, but significant differences for β-diversity (unweighted UniFrac, Bray-Curtis) were identified when comparing T3T3 with T1T1. Known butyrate-producing bacteria, including Ruminococcus, Lachnospira, and Clostridia, and gene counts for butyrate production (KEGG IDs: K01034, K01035) were higher in T3T3, when compared with T1T1. Conclusion These data suggest that a high-fiber diet may positively impact butyrate-producing genera and gene counts, which collectively may be involved in mechanisms related to the percentage of whole body lean mass and physical functioning in older adult men. Future studies aimed at testing the causative role of this hypothesis are of interest.
      PubDate: 2020-03-12
       
  • Loneliness in Old Age: An Unaddressed Health Problem
    • PubDate: 2020-03-01
       
  • Phase Angle Reflects Loss of Functionality in Older Women
    • Abstract: Objective This study verified if the phase angle (PA) formed by the resistance (R) and reactance (Xc) obtained from bioimpedance (BIA) might be a useful tool to identify functionality. Design and Participants It was conducted a cross-sectional study with 152 women ≥ 65 years old from the community. Measurements Weight, height, body mass index (BMI), calf circumference (CC), hand grip strength (HGS), gait speed (GS), fat free mass (FFM), body fat (BF), PA with R and Xc from the BIA were measured. Spearman’s and Pearson’s correlations and the odds ratio (OR) were performed using the IBM SPSS software version 22.0. Results Sixty-four percent (n=98) women are with PA below the reference. Negative moderate significant correlation was found between PA and age (r =−0.440*; p<0.001). Moderate significant correlation was observed between PA and GS (r = 0.484**; p<0.001). Weak significant correlation was found between PA and HGS (r = 0.177*; p = 0.029). Odds ratio (OR) demonstrated that individuals with PA above the mean value have 4.77 times more chances of having increased GS (confidence interval 2.40–9.48; 95%). Women aged below the mean value have 4.02 times more chances of having higher PA (confidence interval 2.02–7.99; 95%). Younger aged women showed 4.02 times more chances of having higher PA (confidence interval 2.02–7.99; 95%). Conclusions Phase angle can be associated with functional tests, such as gait speed and hand grip strength, in older women.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
       
  • A Multicenter Study of Multimorbidity in Older Adult Inpatients in China
    • Abstract: Objectives Multimorbidity is common in older hospitalized adults. To date, however, few studies have addressed multimorbidity in the older population of Chinese inpatients. We aimed to investigate the multimorbidity rate and associated risk factors in older adult inpatients in China. Design, Setting, Participants This study was conducted in the medical wards of a tertiary-care hospital from. The patients were recruited aged between 60 to 101 (74.14±8.46) years. Measurements Data were obtained from the China Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Study, conducted in 2011–2012 in China. A total of 4,633 inpatients older than 60 years was recruited from 12 hospitals in 7 cities throughout China. The prevalence of comorbidity, distribution of common chronic diseases, and the associated risk factors were studied. Results A total of 4,348 people aged 60 to 101 (74.14±8.46) years completed questionnaires. The average frequency of multimorbidity was 69.3% (95% CI, 67.9% to 70.6%). The prevalence of multimorbidity increased with age and was higher in men (71.6%; 95% CI, 69.9% to 73.3%) than in women (65.3%, 95% CI 63.0% to 67.6%), and higher in the northern region (71.7%, 95% CI 69.9% to 73.5%) than in the southern region (66.0%; 95% CI, 63.8% to 68.1%). The most frequent chronic diseases were hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes, cataract, and stroke. Area (OR=0.556; 95% CI, 0.465 to 0.666), region (OR=0.834; 95% CI, 0.723 to 0.962), body mass index (BMI) (OR=1.124; 95% CI, 1.017 to 1.242), and impairment of activities of daily living (OR=0.911; 95% CI, 0.855 to 0.970) were independent factors associated with multimorbidity. Conclusions Multimorbidity is common in older Chinese inpatients with a national prevalence of 69.3% that increases in line with age. Age, region, area, BMI, and daily activities were independent factors significantly associated with multimorbidity in older inpatients. Clinicians should therefore focus more attention on multimorbidity.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
       
  • Health-Related Quality of Life and Associated Factors Among Oldest-Old in
           China
    • Abstract: Objectives The oldest old population has become the fastest growing segment with excess need of care and social support, it is crucial to improve the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of these populations. This study seeks to evaluate the health status and to investigate modifiable factors associated with health-related quality of life for oldest old adults in China. Design A cross-sectional population-based study. Setting Hainan Province in the south of China. Participants 1,278 adults aged 80 years or older. Methods HRQoL was assessed by three-level EuroQol-5D scale (EQ-5D-3L) and a visual analogue scale (VAS). Demographic and health-related variables were analysed by estimating mean values and standard deviations for continuous variables, percentages and standard deviations for categorical variables. Tobit regressions, ordinary least Squared (OLS) regressions and ordered probit regressions were adopted to determine the associated factors for overall HRQoL and for each health dimension. Results Anxiety/depression was the least reported problem while mobility was the most frequently reported with problem. Female respondents had lower EQ-5D score (0.76 vs. 0.86) and VAS score (66.55 vs. 69.84) than male respondents. Better health-related quality of life was significantly associated with higher BMI, no drinking habit, more leisure activities, living with family members, good sleeping quality, closer social and family connections, fewer numbers of drugs consumed per day, without having hearing or visual impairment, and fewer chronic conditions, after controlling for potential confounders. Conclusion Findings from this study suggested that quality of life was not only associated with age-related diseases, but also correlated with a range of health-related lifestyles, and factors indicating social and family support.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
       
  • Creatinine to Cystatin C Ratio as a Marker of Bone Property in Older
           Adults: The J-Shipp Study
    • Abstract: Objectives To clarify whether serum creatinine to cystatin C ratio (CCR), a marker of muscle mass and muscle function may be used as a simple marker of bone property. Design A cross-sectional analysis. Setting A general population-based observation study. Participants: 1,606 middle-aged to elderly (≥50 years, mean age: 66.9 ± 7.5 years old) men (n = 642) and post-menopausal women (n = 964). Measurement Speed of sound (SOS) at the calcaneal bone was used as a surrogate marker of bone mineral density. The cross-sectional area of the muscle at the mid-thigh was measured using computed tomography. Results There was significant linear correlation between the quartiles of CCR and SOS (Q1: 1,495 ± 25, Q2: 1,499 ± 24, Q3: 1,507 ± 26, Q4: 1,511 ± 25 m/sec; P < 0.001) even in a sex-separated analysis. This association was independent of major covariates (Q1: β = −0.126, P < 0.001; Q2: β = −0.096, P = 0.001; Q3: β = −0.022; P = 0.412, Q4: reference) and the mid-thigh muscle mass, while creatinine alone or eGFR did not show clear association with SOS. Conclusion The CCR may be used as a simple marker of bone property independently of muscle mass in a general population with preserved renal function.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
       
  • Associations of TNF-Α −308 G>A and TNF-Β 252 A>G with Physical
           Function and BNP—Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study
    • Abstract: Objectives To explore the associations of TNF-α −308 G>A (rs1800629) and TNF-β 252 A>G (rs909253) with physical function and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). Methods Data of 1747 community-dwelling elders from the ageing arm of the Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study was used. Physical function was measured by handgrip strength, Timed Up and Go (TUG) test and 5-meter walking test (5MWT). Results AA genotype of the TNF-α −308 G>A was associated with higher mean time of TUG test and 5MWT (multivariable adjusted β=5.75 and 5.70, respectively, p<0.05), compared with GG genotype. For the TNF-β 252 A>G polymorphism, GG genotype was associated with higher mean time of TUG test and 5MWT (multivariable adjusted β=1.55 and 0.83, respectively, p<0.05) and lower handgrip strength (multivariable adjusted β=−0.69, p<0.05), compared with AA genotype. Further, GG was associated with greater odds of low handgrip strength (OR=1.47, 95% CI=1.06–2.04), low speed of TUG test (OR=1.87, 95% CI=1.20–2.01) and elevated BNP (OR=1.30, 95% CI=1.08–1.84). GG also interacted with elevated BNP to be associated with greater odds of low handgrip strength and 5MWT. Conclusions TNF-β 252 A>G was associated with physical function measurements, plasma BNP level, and odds of elevated BNP in an elderly population. TNF-β 252 A>G also interacted with elevated BNP to be associated with greater odds of physical function measurements.
      PubDate: 2020-02-12
       
  • Economic Impact of Implementing Malnutrition Screening and Nutritional
           Management in Older Adults in General Practice
    • Abstract: Objectives Malnutrition is a common and significant public health problem, especially for older adults, as the consequences are costly. National guidelines (NICE CG32/QS24) highlight the need to identify and manage malnutrition, the implementation of which was deemed “high impact to produce cost savings”. The ‘Malnutrition Pathway’, endorsed by NICE and other professional bodies, is a practical evidence-based guide to help community healthcare professionals (HCP) to implement guidance on malnutrition management. Published evaluations of its use are needed. Design This service evaluation in older adults assessed the impact of implementing the ‘Malnutrition Pathway’ on health care use and costs, as well as the acceptability of the management strategies and effect on malnutrition risk. Setting 5 GP surgeries in Gloucestershire. Participants 163 older adults (80±9 years) with a range of primary diagnoses, living in their own home, were screened using the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (‘MUST’) (n50 low risk (LR); n41 medium risk (MR); n72 high risk (HR)). All patients were managed according to risk (LR: no further management; MR: dietary advice (DA); and HR: DA plus two oral nutritional supplements (ONS) (1 serve 300kcal, 18g protein; 125ml). Measurements At each review (6weeks, 3 and 6 months), ‘MUST’ score, compliance and satisfaction to their management plan were recorded. Healthcare use was collected from GP records 6 months before and after implementation of the pathway. A simple cost analysis was completed. Results Implementing appropriate management of malnutrition led to significant reductions in hospital admissions (p=0.028), length of hospital stay (p=0.05), GP visits (p=0.007) and antibiotic prescriptions (p=0.05). Over 6 months, the costs to manage malnutrition (HCP time, ONS) were more than offset by the savings associated with these reductions in health care use (per patient savings of −£395.64 MR+HR; −£997.02 HR). The proportion of individuals at risk of malnutrition reduced over time, and patients reported being satisfied with the DA (97%) and ONS (96%), consuming 90% of their ONS prescription. Conclusion Managing malnutrition significantly reduces healthcare use, with a positive budget impact, in older malnourished patients in primary care. This represents an opportunity to improve patient care with benefit on health care spend.
      PubDate: 2020-02-07
       
 
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