Subjects -> RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (Total: 836 journals)
    - BUDDHIST (14 journals)
    - EASTERN ORTHODOX (1 journals)
    - HINDU (6 journals)
    - ISLAMIC (176 journals)
    - JUDAIC (23 journals)
    - OTHER DENOMINATIONS AND SECTS (4 journals)
    - PROTESTANT (21 journals)
    - RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (558 journals)
    - ROMAN CATHOLIC (33 journals)

RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (558 journals)                  1 2 3     

Showing 1 - 197 of 197 Journals sorted alphabetically
'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de las Religiones     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Acta Patristica et Byzantina     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Acta Universitatis Carolinae Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Addin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in the Study of Information and Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
AJS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Al-Adyan     Open Access  
al-Afkar : Journal For Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Al-Masaq: Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Albertus Magnus     Open Access  
Aleph Historical Studies in Science and Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Alue ja Ympäristö     Open Access  
Amasya Theology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Theology & Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analecta Bollandiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Andrews University Seminary Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Andrews University Seminary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annales Canonici     Open Access  
Annales Missiologici Posnanienses     Open Access  
Annali di Scienze Religiose     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the University of Bucharest : Philosophy Series     Open Access  
Annuaire de l'Ecole pratique des hautes etudes. Section des sciences religieuses     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antiquite Tardive     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Anuario de Historia de la Iglesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ANZTLA EJournal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Apocrypha     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Approaching Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arab Law Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Arabic Sciences and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archiv für Religionsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Aries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Artuklu Akademi     Open Access  
Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asbury Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Philosophy: An International Journal of the Philosophical Traditions of the East     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Augustinian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Augustinianum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Religion Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Baha'l Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bible Translator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biblica et Patristica Thoruniensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biblical Interpretation A Journal of Contemporary Approaches     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Bijdragen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bilimname     Open Access  
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Black Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bozok University Journal of Theology Faculty     Open Access  
Buddhist Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Buddhist-Christian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin d’études Orientales     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin for the Study of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Caderno Teológico da PUCPR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers d’études du religieux     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d’études du religieux. Recherches interdisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Caminhando     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Çanakkale Araştırmaları Türk Yıllığı     Open Access  
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Catholic Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chôra : Revue d’Études Anciennes et Médiévales - philosophie, théologie, sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Christian Perspectives in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Christian Spirituality and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Church History : Studies in Christianity and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Church History and Religious Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Church, Communication and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Religión/Ciências Sociais e Religião     Open Access  
Clotho     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Comparative Islamic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Conciencia     Open Access  
Conservative Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Islam     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Contemporary Islamic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Jewry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conversations In Religion & Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Covenant Quarterly     Open Access  
Critical Research on Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Crosscurrents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuestiones Teológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Çukurova University Journal of Faculty of Divinity     Open Access  
Çukurova University Journal of Turkology Research     Open Access  
Cultural Encounters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Culture and Religion: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi / Cumhuriyet Theology Journal     Open Access  
Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Currents in Biblical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Dansk Teologisk Tidsskrift     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dansk Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Darulfunun Ilahiyat     Open Access  
Dead Sea Discoveries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Der Islam     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diaconia : Journal for the Study of Christian Social Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diakrisis Yearbook of Theology and Philosophy     Open Access  
Dialog: a Journal of Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Dialogue - A Journal of Mormon Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Die Kerkblad     Full-text available via subscription  
Die Welt des Islams     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
DIN : Tidsskrift for religion og kultur     Open Access  
Dini Araştırmalar / Journal of Religious Studies     Open Access  
Dios y el Hombre     Open Access  
Doctor virtualis     Open Access  
Downside Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
e-Makalat Mezhep Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
e-Theologos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
EarthSong Journal: Perspectives in Ecology, Spirituality and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ecclesia : Studia z Dziejów Wielkopolski     Open Access  
Ecclesial Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ecclesiastical Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ecclesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
El-Hikmah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eleutheria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Entangled Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Epistemology & Philosophy of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Erasmus Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Estudios Eclesiásticos. Revista teológica de investigación e información     Open Access  
Estudos de Religião     Open Access  
Estudos Teológicos     Open Access  
ET-Studies : Journal of the European Society for Catholic Theology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Études d’histoire religieuse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Journal for Church and State Research - Revue européenne des relations Églises-État     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
European Journal for the Study of Thomas Aquinas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Evangelische Theologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Exchange     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expository Times     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Faith and Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fieldwork in Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Filosofia Theoretica : Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Firaset Dergisi     Open Access  
Forum Exegese und Hochschuldidaktik: Verstehen von Anfang an     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Forum Philosophicum     Full-text available via subscription  
Franciscan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Franciscanum. Revista de las ciencias del espíritu     Open Access  
Fronteiras : Revista de Teologia da Unicap     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geschichte in Köln     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Global Forum on Arts and Christian Faith     Open Access  
Göttinger Predigtmeditationen     Hybrid Journal  
Harvard Theological Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 79)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Hiphil     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hispania Sacra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Religions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Hitit Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi / Journal of Divinity Faculty of Hitit University     Open Access  
Holy Land Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Homiletische Monatshefte     Hybrid Journal  
Horizons     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Horizons in Biblical Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Horizonte : Revista de Estudos de Teologia e Ciências da Religião     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
HTS Theological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
IBDA' : Jurnal Kebudayaan Islam     Open Access  
IKON     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Illumine : Journal of the Centre for Studies in Religion and Society Graduate Students Association     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IMAGES     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Implicit Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
In die Skriflig / In Luce Verbi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indo-Iranian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Inferensi : Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan     Open Access  
Innes Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intermountain West Journal of Religious Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Bulletin of Mission Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
International Journal for Religious Freedom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for the Psychology of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Christianity & Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Latin American Religions     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
International Journal of Philosophy and Theology     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Practical Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Public Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Systematic Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
International Review of Mission     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Studies in Catholic Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Interpretation : A Journal of Bible and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Intiqad : Jurnal Agama dan Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Irish Theological Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Islamic Law and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Ius Canonicum     Full-text available via subscription  

        1 2 3     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Middle East Studies
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.434
Number of Followers: 75  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0020-7438 - ISSN (Online) 1471-6380
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [395 journals]
  • MES volume 52 issue 4 Cover and Front matter
    • PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000860
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • MES volume 52 issue 4 Cover and Back matter
    • PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820001117
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Palestinian Refugees between the City and the Camp
    • Authors: Faedah M. Totah
      Pages: 607 - 621
      Abstract: The camp and the city are both important for understanding the relationship between space and identity in the refugee experience of exile. In the Palestinian example, the camp has emerged as a potent symbol in the narrative of exile although only a third of refugees registered with UNRWA live in camps. Moreover, the city and urban refugees remain missing in most of the scholarship on the Palestinian experience with space, exile, and identity. Furthermore, there is little attention to how refugees understand the concept of the city and camp in their daily life. This article examines how Palestinian urban refugees in the Old City of Damascus conceptualized the relationship between the camp and the city. It illustrates how the concept of the camp remained necessary for the construction of their collective national identity while in Syria. However, the city was essential in the articulation of individual desires and establishing social distinction from other refugees. Thus, during a protracted exile it is in the interstice between the city and the camp, where most urban refugees in the Old City situated themselves, that informed their national belonging and personal aspirations.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000768
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • The Idea of Islamic Media: The Qur'an and the Decolonization of Mass
           Communication
    • Authors: Yasmin Moll
      Pages: 623 - 642
      Abstract: The emergence of Islamic television in the Arab Middle East is usually explained as part of a Saudi media empire fueled by neoliberal petro-dollars. This article, by contrast, takes seriously the role ideas played alongside changing political economies in the origins of the world’s first Islamic television channel, Iqraa. Focusing on the intellectual and institutional career of “Islamic media” (al-i’lām al-Islāmī) as a category from the late sixties onwards in Egypt, I argue that Islamic television is part of a broader decolonization struggle involving the modern discipline of mass communication. Pioneering Arab communication scholars mounted a quest for epistemic emancipation in which the question of how to mediate Islam became inextricable from the question of what made media Islamic. Drawing on historical and ethnographic research, I show how the idea of Islamic media involved a radical reconceptualization of the Qur'an as mass communication from God and of Islam as a mediatic religion. This positing of an intimate affinity between Islam and media provoked secular skepticism and religious criticism that continue to this day. I conclude by reflecting on how the intellectual history of Islamic media challenges dominant framings of epistemological decolonization as a question of interrogating oppressive universalisms in favor of liberatory pluralisms.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000781
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • The Multifarious Lives of the Sixth ‘Abbasid Caliph Muhammad al-Amin:
           Collective Memory Construction, Queer Spaces, and Historical Television
           Drama in Egypt and Syria
    • Authors: Rebecca Joubin
      Pages: 643 - 663
      Abstract: A vast array of narratives found in medieval historical chronicles and literary sources have referenced the particular ways in which the culture associated with the ‘Abbasid caliphate diverged from a binary model of gender. Despite debate about the historical accuracy of these early chronicles, the repeated references to the sixth ‘Abbasid caliph Muhammad al-Amin's non-heteronormativity indicate at least a kernel of truth. This article examines the collective memory construction of al-Amin in the Egyptian series Harun al-Rashid (1997) and two Syrian series, Abna’ al-Rashid: al-Amin wa-l-Ma'mun (The Sons of al-Rashid: al-Amin and al-Ma'mun, 2006) and Harun al-Rashid (2018). These contemporary portrayals of the life of al-Amin simultaneously illustrate the process by which history is altered by authorial perspective and the erasure of nonheteronormative space within the ‘Abbasid caliphate. My own authorial perspective inclines toward an interpretation of al-Amin as queer; through this lens, an inspection of wide-ranging accounts of al-Amin's life reveals the historical biases of his time and our current moment, too, as historians then and now variably recognize al-Amin's queerness in constructing collective memory. Some have argued that anti–al-Amin chroniclers may have engaged in historical revisionism and referred to al-Amin as queer to discredit the caliph, but ultimately, whether or not this is true, the current application of those early references by contemporary screenwriters is the most revealing historiographical decision, as his many representations serve as a mirror for our contemporary subjectivities, interests, and agendas. At a time when queer lives and experiences are notably absent from traditional historical narratives, this article proposes that regardless of the accuracy of the original sources, the absence itself in contemporary portrayals is significant, as patterns of exclusion yield tangible meaning. In this particular case, the ready elimination of queerness from contemporary narratives shows the ways in which queerness is vulnerable to erasure in favor of other, more politically expedient identity characteristics and values.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000793
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Ḥisba+from+Tradition+to+Modernity&rft.title=International+Journal+of+Middle+East+Studies&rft.issn=0020-7438&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=52&rft.spage=665&rft.epage=684&rft.aulast=Ezzat&rft.aufirst=Ahmed&rft.au=Ahmed+Ezzat&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S002074382000080X">Law and Moral Regulation in Modern Egypt: Ḥisba from Tradition to
           Modernity
    • Authors: Ahmed Ezzat
      Pages: 665 - 684
      Abstract: This article examines the historical roots of juridical moral regulation in modern Egypt, assessing the relationship between modern law and shariʿa through the lens of the influence of the Islamic practice of ḥisba on courts and legislators. The article engages critically with scholarship on Islamic law and postcolonial theory regarding the impact of Western colonialism on law in Muslim societies and problematizes the understanding that shariʿa was secularized in the Egyptian legal culture through the translation of Western legal concepts. Instead, a different narrative is offered, one that recognizes the agency of local actors in the process of secularization and considers the influence of shariʿa in the legal development of contemporary Egypt.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S002074382000080X
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Reconsidering Local versus Central: Empire, Notables, and Employment in
           Ottoman Albania and Kurdistan, 1835–1878
    • Authors: Uğur Bayraktar
      Pages: 685 - 701
      Abstract: The present article is a study of provincial administration in the nineteenth-century Ottoman Albania and Kurdistan. It examines the transformation of provincial administration in Dibra and Hazro after two towns’ hereditary rulers were exiled. Focusing on the employment patterns of the notables in exile as well as the ones who occupied the posts in the absence of the former, this study challenges the binary framework mostly employed in conceptualizing the making of the modern Ottoman state. Particularly, the employment of the notables exiled to the distant parts of the empire necessitates a revision in the presumptions about the origins of appointed Ottoman officials. By focusing on the partnership operating by means of employment, this study argues that the making of Ottoman state follows a trajectory of flexible centralization based on the partnership between the government and notables, terms of which were constantly negotiated.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000835
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Smugglers, Migrants, and Refugees: The Iran–Iraq Border,
           1925–1975
    • Authors: Shaherzad Ahmadi
      Pages: 703 - 718
      Abstract: Due to the illegal movement of goods and people, the Khuzistan-Basra frontier, like many other borderlands in the region, represented a liminal space for border dwellers and the Iranian state. Although scholars have written about the migration that was endemic to the early nation-building period, the consequences of this movement in the latter half of the 20th century require further exploration. Well into the 1970s, Iranian migrants and border dwellers complicated citizenship, evinced by the Pahlavi monarchy's failure or refusal to offer them their rights. The Iranian archives prove that, decades into the nation-building project, local dynamics continued to exert tremendous influence on Iranians and even superseded national policies.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000380
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Citizenship and Belonging in the Arabian Peninsula
    • Authors: Gwenn Okruhlik
      Pages: 719 - 720
      Abstract: This roundtable is an effort to challenge prevailing assumptions that have long dominated the general discourse about citizenship and belonging. We use the Arabian Peninsula as the site for our discussion. Our scope and purpose involve both theoretical innovation and empirical diversity. Participants are multidisciplinary and put forth ideas that move conversation on the politics of citizenship and belonging beyond the usual suspects: oil and arms, the rentier framework, social contracts that exchange welfare for loyalty, a simple state-centric lens, the primacy of tribal identities, the binary of local or foreign worker, and the binary of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) or Yemen.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820001087
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Time and its Miscounting: Methodological Challenges in the Study of
           Citizenship Boundaries
    • Authors: Noora Lori
      Pages: 721 - 725
      Abstract: One would think that, after years of fieldwork and writing, I would be able to answer a pretty simple and straightforward question about who exactly I interviewed for my study of citizenship boundaries in the UAE: “Do you have any notion of the proportions [of interlocuters] of the different ethnic or descent lines that you spoke to'” This essay is about why it is so difficult to answer this question and the insights into citizenship that unfolded as I searched for an empirical answer. Spoiler alert: Answers to questions about “national” or “ethnic” origin are entirely dependent upon how we count—and miscount—time.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820001002
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Bidūn+in+Kuwait&rft.title=International+Journal+of+Middle+East+Studies&rft.issn=0020-7438&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=52&rft.spage=726&rft.epage=732&rft.aulast=Beaugrand&rft.aufirst=Claire&rft.au=Claire+Beaugrand&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0020743820001014">The Absurd Injunction to Not Belong and the        class="italic">Bidūn in Kuwait
    • Authors: Claire Beaugrand
      Pages: 726 - 732
      Abstract: In a tweet posted on 29 March 2018, a bidūn activist—who was later jailed from July 2019 to January 2020 for peacefully protesting against the inhumane conditions under which the bidūn are living—shared a video. The brief video zooms in closely on an ID card, recognizable as one of those issued to the bidūn, or long-term residents of Kuwait who are in contention with the state regarding their legal status. More precisely, the mobile phone camera focuses on the back of the ID card, on one line with a special mention added by the Central System (al-jihāz al-markazī), the administration in charge of bidūn affairs. Other magnetic strip cards hide the personal data written above and below it. A male voice can be heard saying that he will read this additional remark, but before even doing so he bursts into laughter. The faceless voice goes on to read out the label in an unrestrained laugh: “ladayh qarīb … ladayh qarīna … dālla ʿalā al-jinsiyya al-ʿIrāqiyya” (he has a relative … who has presumptive evidence … suggesting an Iraqi nationality). The video shakes as the result of a contagious laugh that grows in intensity. In the Kuwaiti dialect, the voice continues commenting: “Uqsim bil-Allāh, gaʿadt sāʿa ufakkir shinū maʿanāt hal-ḥatchī” (I swear by God, it took me an hour to figure out the meaning of this nonsense), before reading the sentence again, stopping and guffawing, and asking if he should “repeat it a third time,” expressing amazement at its absurdity. The tweet, addressed to the head of the Central System (mentioned in the hashtag #faḍīḥat Sāliḥ al-Faḍāla, or #scandal Salih al-Fadala), reads: In lam tastaḥī fa-'ktub mā shaʾt (Don't bother, write what you want).
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820001014
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Contestations of Imperial Citizenship: Student Protest and Organizing in
           Qatar's Education City
    • Authors: Danya Al-Saleh; Neha Vora
      Pages: 733 - 739
      Abstract: Texas A&M, a public land grant university in College Station, Texas, has a long history of engagement with the Bush family. These ties highlight the university's entanglement with US imperial enterprises, which extend into the Persian Gulf. George H. W. Bush's own explanation of why he decided to place his presidential library at the campus despite not attending Texas A&M focused on these connections: “Over the years, Aggies have provided great service to the Armed Forces of our country. Patriotism abounds at A&M.” Meanwhile, Qatar hosts the largest concentration of US troops abroad. The US military's Central Command is at Al Udeid Air Base, not far from the Education City complex that hosts TAMUQ and several branch campuses of American and other foreign universities. The students at these institutions are Qatari citizens, South Asian and Arab immigrants, and international students, primarily from Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820001026
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Digital De-Citizenship: The Rise of the Digital Denizen in Bahrain
    • Authors: Marc Owen Jones
      Pages: 740 - 747
      Abstract: Revolutions seldom involve more than one percent of the population. However, in Bahrain, a small island nation with a population of around 570,000, twenty percent of the population took to the streets in February 2011 to demand greater democratic reform, making it “proportionally one of the greatest shows of ‘people power’ in modern history.” The regime's response was disproportionally brutal. Saudi-dominated troops from the Gulf Cooperation Council Peninsula Shield Force were “invited to” or “invaded” Bahrain, depending on who is telling the story. Under cover of the Saudi military, Bahrain's security forces killed dozens of civilians, torturing, maiming, and raping many others. The arsenal of repressive techniques was exhaustive. Belonging also was used as a tool of repression, with many being stripped of their Bahraini citizenship on spurious, terror-related charges.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820001038
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • The Limits of Belonging in Saudi Arabia
    • Authors: Rosie Bsheer
      Pages: 748 - 753
      Abstract: On 25 October 2017, the Saudi Arabian regime granted citizenship to Sophia, a humanoid robot developed in Hong Kong. Sophia became the world's first robot citizen. Some of the globe's wealthiest investors, foreign dignitaries, and foremost economists, journalists, and public relations experts celebrated the conferral firsthand. They were guests of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in Riyadh, where they attended the inaugural Future Investment Initiative. Sponsored by Saudi Arabia's sovereign wealth fund, the forum heralded the regime's renewed commitment to diversify the country's petro-economy, develop its human capital, and increase its global investment competitiveness. The national reform plan, dubbed Vision 2030, dominated the event's discussions. Vision 2030 was an ambitious blueprint that had as its goal nothing short of overhauling everyday life in Saudi Arabia. It entailed revamping bureaucratic capacity, building global gigacities, and opening the country to visitors and investors alike. Developing the tourism and entertainment sectors were key. Through these lucrative socio-technical experiments, the regime hoped to tackle the dire economic, financial, and social challenges it faced. To appeal to the global investor, it framed the reforms in the language of high-tech modernization, sustainable development, and socioreligious tolerance. Sophia, and all the trappings of modernization that “she” embodied, epitomized the ruling class's entrepreneurial vision for a new Saudi Arabia, and in turn, a new global citizen: the naturalized elite as well as the new Saudi Arabian citizen-subject (Fig. 1).
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S002074382000104X
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Effective Citizenship, Civil Action, and Prospects for Post-Conflict
           Justice in Yemen
    • Authors: Stacey Philbrick Yadav
      Pages: 754 - 758
      Abstract: A woman takes on work repairing cell phones in a small town in the southern governorate of Lahj. In Aden, an ‘aqīla (neighborhood representative) refuses to authorize the marriage of an underage girl. In a rural village outside of Sana'a, women petition the shaykh for permission to build a community center in which they can market home crafts to other women. Young women and men in Ibb and in Hadramawt work as volunteer teachers and coordinate with very different municipal authorities to ensure children can learn. And in the divided city of Taiz, a youth organization trains internally displaced Yemenis in the maintenance of the solar technologies that are keeping the city running.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820001051
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Citizenship without Belonging' Contesting Economic Space in Oman
    • Authors: Crystal A. Ennis
      Pages: 759 - 764
      Abstract: How do perceptions of not belonging inform economic life' For many young Omanis, the labor market is a site of contestation and a space of struggle. In this essay, I explore a neglected dimension of belonging in the Gulf—citizen labor—by looking at Omani millennials in the labor market. Despite holding legal citizenship, a sense of belonging remains elusive in much of the private sector. Many Omani young people perceive a tenuous economic citizenship, complicating narratives around belonging or not belonging in the Arabian Peninsula. I draw from lessons learned while researching my current book and exploring social relations and regulation of labor markets, and reflect on how the knowledge and theories produced concerning Gulf labor markets rarely engage with the citizens in them.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820001063
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • The Vagaries of the In-Between: Labor Citizenship in the Persian Gulf
    • Authors: Zahra R. Babar
      Pages: 765 - 770
      Abstract: There is no precise English equivalent to this Hindustani proverb. A rolling stone gathers no moss, between the devil and the deep blue sea, between a rock and a hard place, torn between two masters—none of these really fit. The dhobi ka kuta is the dog who figuratively and literally runs every day between two places, two obligations, and two choices. Does he stay behind to guard the master's house or does he guard his master as he washes clothes by the river' There will be a trade-off either way. The phrase does not conjure up vagabond restlessness or nomadic liberation. It evokes the anxiety of rootlessness, and the lack of certainty about choice and loyalty. It is about the doubt cast your way for not picking one thing over the other. It is about being stuck in the vagaries of the in-between.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820001075
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Concepts of Space
    • Authors: Elizabeth Bishop
      Pages: 771 - 779
      Abstract: Space, in the dictionary, is “a continuous area or expanse which is free, available, or unoccupied” and “the dimensions of height, depth, and width within which all things exist and move.” Those of us who are social scientists may recognize Henri Lefebvre's unitary theory of space in the dictionary definition, which seeks to capture physical, mental, and social “fields” constituting space: spatial practices, representations of space, and representational space (such as the opening and closing of airports, requiring that people queue for temperature scans, constructing stadiums and choosing names for them). If anything, the spread of coronavirus disease at the present moment draws the significance of space and tensions between different concepts of space to our immediate attention.
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820001099
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Palestinian+Women+and+Muslim+Family+Law+in+the+Mandate+Period.+Elizabeth+Brownson+(Syracuse,+NY:+Syracuse+University+Press,+2019).+Pp.+214.+$60.00+cloth.+ISBN:+9780815636281&rft.title=International+Journal+of+Middle+East+Studies&rft.issn=0020-7438&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=52&rft.spage=781&rft.epage=782&rft.aulast=Stockdale&rft.aufirst=Nancy&rft.au=Nancy+L.+Stockdale&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0020743820000896">Palestinian Women and Muslim Family Law in the Mandate Period. Elizabeth
           Brownson (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2019). Pp. 214. $60.00
           cloth. ISBN: 9780815636281
    • Authors: Nancy L. Stockdale
      Pages: 781 - 782
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000896
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Reforming+Family+Law:+Social+and+Political+Change+in+Jordan+and+Morocco.+Dörthe+Engelcke,+(Cambridge,+UK:+Cambridge+University+Press,+2019).+Pp.+284.+$99.99+cloth.+ISBN:+9781108496612&rft.title=International+Journal+of+Middle+East+Studies&rft.issn=0020-7438&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=52&rft.spage=782&rft.epage=784&rft.aulast=Pepi&rft.aufirst=Eda&rft.au=Eda+Pepi&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0020743820000872">Reforming Family Law: Social and Political Change in Jordan and Morocco.
           Dörthe Engelcke, (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2019). Pp.
           284. $99.99 cloth. ISBN: 9781108496612
    • Authors: Eda Pepi
      Pages: 782 - 784
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000872
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Banking+on+the+State:+The+Financial+Foundations+of+Lebanon.+Hicham+Safieddine+(Stanford,+CA:+Stanford+University+Press,+2019).+Pp.+272.+$30.00+paper.+ISBN:+9781503609679&rft.title=International+Journal+of+Middle+East+Studies&rft.issn=0020-7438&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=52&rft.spage=784&rft.epage=786&rft.aulast=Abu-Rish&rft.aufirst=Ziad&rft.au=Ziad+Abu-Rish&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0020743820000914">Banking on the State: The Financial Foundations of Lebanon. Hicham
           Safieddine (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2019). Pp. 272.
           $30.00 paper. ISBN: 9781503609679
    • Authors: Ziad Abu-Rish
      Pages: 784 - 786
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000914
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • State+of+Repression:+Iraq+Under+Saddam+Hussein.+Lisa+Blaydes+(Princeton+NJ:+Princeton+University+Press,+2018).+Pp.+376.+$35.00+cloth.+ISBN:+9780691180274&rft.title=International+Journal+of+Middle+East+Studies&rft.issn=0020-7438&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=52&rft.spage=786&rft.epage=788&rft.aulast=Brooke&rft.aufirst=Steven&rft.au=Steven+Brooke&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0020743820000938">State of Repression: Iraq Under Saddam Hussein. Lisa Blaydes (Princeton
           NJ: Princeton University Press, 2018). Pp. 376. $35.00 cloth. ISBN:
           9780691180274
    • Authors: Steven Brooke
      Pages: 786 - 788
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000938
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • America's+Arab+Refugees:+Vulnerability+and+Health+on+the+Margins.+Marcia+C.+Inhorn+(Stanford,+CA:+Stanford+University+Press,+2018).+Pp.+232.+$24.95+paper.+ISBN:+9781503603875&rft.title=International+Journal+of+Middle+East+Studies&rft.issn=0020-7438&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=52&rft.spage=788&rft.epage=789&rft.aulast=Elbousty&rft.aufirst=Jonas&rft.au=Jonas+Elbousty&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0020743820000926">America's Arab Refugees: Vulnerability and Health on the Margins. Marcia
           C. Inhorn (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2018). Pp. 232. $24.95
           paper. ISBN: 9781503603875
    • Authors: Jonas Elbousty
      Pages: 788 - 789
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000926
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • How+Information+Warfare+Shaped+the+Arab+Spring:+The+Politics+of+Narrative+in+Egypt+and+Tunisia.+Nathaniel+Greenberg+(Edinburgh:+Edinburgh+University+Press,+2019).+Pp.+276.+$39.95+paper.+ISBN:+9781474453967&rft.title=International+Journal+of+Middle+East+Studies&rft.issn=0020-7438&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=52&rft.spage=789&rft.epage=791&rft.aulast=Simon&rft.aufirst=Andrew&rft.au=Andrew+Simon&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0020743820000902">How Information Warfare Shaped the Arab Spring: The Politics of Narrative
           in Egypt and Tunisia. Nathaniel Greenberg (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University
           Press, 2019). Pp. 276. $39.95 paper. ISBN: 9781474453967
    • Authors: Andrew Simon
      Pages: 789 - 791
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000902
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Conspiracy+in+Modern+Egyptian+Literature.+Benjamin+Koerber+(Edinburgh:+Edinburgh+University+Press,+2018).+Pp.+247.+$29.95+paper.+ISBN:+9781474455831&rft.title=International+Journal+of+Middle+East+Studies&rft.issn=0020-7438&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=52&rft.spage=791&rft.epage=793&rft.aulast=Junge&rft.aufirst=Christian&rft.au=Christian+Junge&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0020743820000951">Conspiracy in Modern Egyptian Literature. Benjamin Koerber (Edinburgh:
           Edinburgh University Press, 2018). Pp. 247. $29.95 paper. ISBN:
           9781474455831
    • Authors: Christian Junge
      Pages: 791 - 793
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000951
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Queens,+Eunuchs+and+Concubines+in+Islamic+History,+661–1257.+Taef+el-Azhari+(Edinburgh:+Edinburgh+University+Press,+2019).+Pp.+449.+$112.00+cloth.+ISBN:+9781474423182&rft.title=International+Journal+of+Middle+East+Studies&rft.issn=0020-7438&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=52&rft.spage=793&rft.epage=795&rft.aulast=Myrne&rft.aufirst=Pernilla&rft.au=Pernilla+Myrne&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0020743820000884">Queens, Eunuchs and Concubines in Islamic History, 661–1257. Taef
           el-Azhari (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2019). Pp. 449. $112.00
           cloth. ISBN: 9781474423182
    • Authors: Pernilla Myrne
      Pages: 793 - 795
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000884
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Sex,+France+and+Arab+Men,+1962–1979.+Todd+Shepard+(Chicago:+The+University+of+Chicago+Press,+2018).+Pp.+317.+$50.00+cloth.+ISBN:+9780226493275&rft.title=International+Journal+of+Middle+East+Studies&rft.issn=0020-7438&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=52&rft.spage=795&rft.epage=797&rft.aulast=Silverstein&rft.aufirst=Paul&rft.au=Paul+A.+Silverstein&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S0020743820000963">Sex, France and Arab Men, 1962–1979. Todd Shepard (Chicago: The
           University of Chicago Press, 2018). Pp. 317. $50.00 cloth. ISBN:
           9780226493275
    • Authors: Paul A. Silverstein
      Pages: 795 - 797
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S0020743820000963
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • Gender,+Governance+and+Islam.+Deniz+Kandiyoti,+Nadje+Al-Ali,+&+Kathryn+Spellman+Poots+(Edinburgh:+Edinburgh+University+Press,+2019).+Pp.+240.+$110.00+cloth.+ISBN:+9781474455428&rft.title=International+Journal+of+Middle+East+Studies&rft.issn=0020-7438&rft.date=2020&rft.volume=52&rft.spage=797&rft.epage=799&rft.aulast=Saleh&rft.aufirst=Zainab&rft.au=Zainab+Saleh&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S002074382000094X">Gender, Governance and Islam. Deniz Kandiyoti, Nadje Al-Ali, & Kathryn
           Spellman Poots (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2019). Pp. 240.
           $110.00 cloth. ISBN: 9781474455428
    • Authors: Zainab Saleh
      Pages: 797 - 799
      PubDate: 2020-11-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S002074382000094X
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 4 (2020)
       
 
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