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  Subjects -> COMPUTER SCIENCE (Total: 1977 journals)
    - ANIMATION AND SIMULATION (29 journals)
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    - COMPUTER SCIENCE (1150 journals)
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    - INFORMATION SYSTEMS (101 journals)
    - INTERNET (91 journals)
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    - THEORY OF COMPUTING (8 journals)

COMPUTER SCIENCE (1150 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 872 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Academy of Information and Management Sciences Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67)
ACM Computing Surveys     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ACM Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing (TACCESS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACM Transactions on Architecture and Code Optimization (TACO)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems (TAAS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Computation Theory (TOCT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Computer Systems (TOCS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ACM Transactions on Economics and Computation     Hybrid Journal  
ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems (TECS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TiiS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems (TRETS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks (TOSN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing (TSLP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ACM Transactions on Storage     Hybrid Journal  
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advanced Engineering Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Artificial Neural Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Computer Science : an International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Technology Innovation     Open Access  
AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Information and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AIS Transactions on Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Computational Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Sensor Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Animation Practice, Process & Production     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annual Reviews in Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied and Computational Harmonic Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Applied Artificial Intelligence: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Computer Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Informatics     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics and Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Soft Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Architectural Theory Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 123)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artifact     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Information Technology and Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Educational Computing     Open Access  
Automatic Control and Computer Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Automatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Automation in Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 236)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
British Journal of Educational Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 122)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
c't Magazin fuer Computertechnik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
CALCOLO     Hybrid Journal  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Cell Communication and Signaling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Computer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CIN Computers Informatics Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CLEI Electronic Journal     Open Access  
Clin-Alert     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cluster Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communication Methods and Measures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Algebra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Communications in Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Communications of the ACM     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51)
Communications of the Association for Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex & Intelligent Systems     Open Access  
Complex Adaptive Systems Modeling     Open Access  
Complex Analysis and Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Computación y Sistemas     Open Access  
Computation     Open Access  
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Astrophysics and Cosmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Cognitive Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Condensed Matter     Open Access  
Computational Ecology and Software     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Computational Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Computational Management Science     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Molecular Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Particle Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computational Science and Techniques     Open Access  
Computational Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Computational Statistics & Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Computer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Computer Aided Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computer Engineering and Applications Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Computer Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computer Methods in the Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computer Music Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Computer Physics Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science - Research and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Computer Science and Information Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Computer Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computer Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Computer Science Master Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Advances in Data Analysis and Classification
  [SJR: 1.113]   [H-I: 14]   [53 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1862-5355 - ISSN (Online) 1862-5347
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2345 journals]
  • Exploratory data analysis for interval compositional data
    • Authors: Karel Hron; Paula Brito; Peter Filzmoser
      Pages: 223 - 241
      Abstract: Compositional data are considered as data where relative contributions of parts on a whole, conveyed by (log-)ratios between them, are essential for the analysis. In Symbolic Data Analysis (SDA), we are in the framework of interval data when elements are characterized by variables whose values are intervals on \(\mathbb {R}\) representing inherent variability. In this paper, we address the special problem of the analysis of interval compositions, i.e., when the interval data are obtained by the aggregation of compositions. It is assumed that the interval information is represented by the respective midpoints and ranges, and both sources of information are considered as compositions. In this context, we introduce the representation of interval data as three-way data. In the framework of the log-ratio approach from compositional data analysis, it is outlined how interval compositions can be treated in an exploratory context. The goal of the analysis is to represent the compositions by coordinates which are interpretable in terms of the original compositional parts. This is achieved by summarizing all relative information (logratios) about each part into one coordinate from the coordinate system. Based on an example from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), several possibilities for an exploratory data analysis approach for interval compositions are outlined and investigated.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-016-0245-y
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Model-based regression clustering for high-dimensional data: application
           to functional data
    • Authors: Emilie Devijver
      Pages: 243 - 279
      Abstract: Finite mixture regression models are useful for modeling the relationship between response and predictors arising from different subpopulations. In this article, we study high-dimensional predictors and high-dimensional response and propose two procedures to cluster observations according to the link between predictors and the response. To reduce the dimension, we propose to use the Lasso estimator, which takes into account the sparsity and a maximum likelihood estimator penalized by the rank, to take into account the matrix structure. To choose the number of components and the sparsity level, we construct a collection of models, varying those two parameters and we select a model among this collection with a non-asymptotic criterion. We extend these procedures to functional data, where predictors and responses are functions. For this purpose, we use a wavelet-based approach. For each situation, we provide algorithms and apply and evaluate our methods both on simulated and real datasets, to understand how they work in practice.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-016-0242-1
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Mixture models for ordinal responses to account for uncertainty of choice
    • Authors: Gerhard Tutz; Micha Schneider; Maria Iannario; Domenico Piccolo
      Pages: 281 - 305
      Abstract: In CUB models the uncertainty of choice is explicitly modelled as a Combination of discrete Uniform and shifted Binomial random variables. The basic concept to model the response as a mixture of a deliberate choice of a response category and an uncertainty component that is represented by a uniform distribution on the response categories is extended to a much wider class of models. The deliberate choice can in particular be determined by classical ordinal response models as the cumulative and adjacent categories model. Then one obtains the traditional and flexible models as special cases when the uncertainty component is irrelevant. It is shown that the effect of explanatory variables is underestimated if the uncertainty component is neglected in a cumulative type mixture model. Visualization tools for the effects of variables are proposed and the modelling strategies are evaluated by use of real data sets. It is demonstrated that the extended class of models frequently yields better fit than classical ordinal response models without an uncertainty component.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-016-0247-9
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Logistic biplot for nominal data
    • Authors: Julio César Hernández-Sánchez; José Luis Vicente-Villardón
      Pages: 307 - 326
      Abstract: Classical biplot methods allow for the simultaneous representation of individuals (rows) and variables (columns) of a data matrix. For binary data, logistic biplots have been recently developed. When data are nominal, both classical and binary logistic biplots are not adequate and techniques such as multiple correspondence analysis (MCA), latent trait analysis (LTA) or item response theory (IRT) for nominal items should be used instead. In this paper we extend the binary logistic biplot to nominal data. The resulting method is termed “nominal logistic biplot”(NLB), although the variables are represented as convex prediction regions rather than vectors. Using the methods from computational geometry, the set of prediction regions is converted to a set of points in such a way that the prediction for each individual is established by its closest “category point”. Then interpretation is based on distances rather than on projections. We study the geometry of such a representation and construct computational algorithms for the estimation of parameters and the calculation of prediction regions. Nominal logistic biplots extend both MCA and LTA in the sense that they give a graphical representation for LTA similar to the one obtained in MCA.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-016-0249-7
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Principal component analysis for histogram-valued data
    • Authors: J. Le-Rademacher; L. Billard
      Pages: 327 - 351
      Abstract: This paper introduces a principal component methodology for analysing histogram-valued data under the symbolic data domain. Currently, no comparable method exists for this type of data. The proposed method uses a symbolic covariance matrix to determine the principal component space. The resulting observations on principal component space are presented as polytopes for visualization. Numerical representation of the resulting polytopes via histogram-valued output is also presented. The necessary algorithms are included. The technique is illustrated on a weather data set.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-016-0255-9
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • T3C: improving a decision tree classification algorithm’s interval
           splits on continuous attributes
    • Authors: Panagiotis Tzirakis; Christos Tjortjis
      Pages: 353 - 370
      Abstract: This paper proposes, describes and evaluates T3C, a classification algorithm that builds decision trees of depth at most three, and results in high accuracy whilst keeping the size of the tree reasonably small. T3C is an improvement over algorithm T3 in the way it performs splits on continuous attributes. When run against publicly available data sets, T3C achieved lower generalisation error than T3 and the popular C4.5, and competitive results compared to Random Forest and Rotation Forest.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-016-0246-x
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • ADCLUS and INDCLUS: analysis, experimentation, and meta-heuristic
           algorithm extensions
    • Authors: Stephen L. France; Wen Chen; Yumin Deng
      Pages: 371 - 393
      Abstract: The ADCLUS and INDCLUS models, along with associated fitting techniques, can be used to extract an overlapping clustering structure from similarity data. In this paper, we examine the scalability of these models. We test the SINDLCUS algorithm and an adapted version of the SYMPRES algorithm on medium size datasets and try to infer their scalability and the degree of the local optima problem as the problem size increases. We describe several meta-heuristic approaches to minimizing the INDCLUS and ADCLUS loss functions.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-016-0244-z
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A sequential distance-based approach for imputing missing data: Forward
           Imputation
    • Authors: Nadia Solaro; Alessandro Barbiero; Giancarlo Manzi; Pier Alda Ferrari
      Pages: 395 - 414
      Abstract: Missing data recurrently affect datasets in almost every field of quantitative research. The subject is vast and complex and has originated a literature rich in very different approaches to the problem. Within an exploratory framework, distance-based methods such as nearest-neighbour imputation (NNI), or procedures involving multivariate data analysis (MVDA) techniques seem to treat the problem properly. In NNI, the metric and the number of donors can be chosen at will. MVDA-based procedures expressly account for variable associations. The new approach proposed here, called Forward Imputation, ideally meets these features. It is designed as a sequential procedure that imputes missing data in a step-by-step process involving subsets of units according to their “completeness rate”. Two methods within this context are developed for the imputation of quantitative data. One applies NNI with the Mahalanobis distance, the other combines NNI and principal component analysis. Statistical properties of the two methods are discussed, and their performance is assessed, also in comparison with alternative imputation methods. To this purpose, a simulation study in the presence of different data patterns along with an application to real data are carried out, and practical hints for users are also provided.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-016-0243-0
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Backtransformation: a new representation of data processing chains with a
           scalar decision function
    • Authors: Mario Michael Krell; Sirko Straube
      Pages: 415 - 439
      Abstract: Data processing often transforms a complex signal using a set of different preprocessing algorithms to a single value as the outcome of a final decision function. Still, it is challenging to understand and visualize the interplay between the algorithms performing this transformation. Especially when dimensionality reduction is used, the original data structure (e.g., spatio-temporal information) is hidden from subsequent algorithms. To tackle this problem, we introduce the backtransformation concept suggesting to look at the combination of algorithms as one transformation which maps the original input signal to a single value. Therefore, it takes the derivative of the final decision function and transforms it back through the previous processing steps via backward iteration and the chain rule. The resulting derivative of the composed decision function in the sample of interest represents the complete decision process. Using it for visualizations might improve the understanding of the process. Often, it is possible to construct a feasible processing chain with affine mappings which simplifies the calculation for the backtransformation and the interpretation of the result a lot. In this case, the affine backtransformation provides the complete parameterization of the processing chain. This article introduces the theory, provides implementation guidelines, and presents three application examples.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-015-0229-3
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • On visual distances for spectrum-type functional data
    • Authors: A. Cholaquidis; A. Cuevas; R. Fraiman
      Pages: 5 - 24
      Abstract: A functional distance \({\mathbb H}\) , based on the Hausdorff metric between the function hypographs, is proposed for the space \({\mathcal E}\) of non-negative real upper semicontinuous functions on a compact interval. The main goal of the paper is to show that the space \(({\mathcal E},{\mathbb H})\) is particularly suitable in some statistical problems with functional data which involve functions with very wiggly graphs and narrow, sharp peaks. A typical example is given by spectrograms, either obtained by magnetic resonance or by mass spectrometry. On the theoretical side, we show that \(({\mathcal E},{\mathbb H})\) is a complete, separable locally compact space and that the \({\mathbb H}\) -convergence of a sequence of functions implies the convergence of the respective maximum values of these functions. The probabilistic and statistical implications of these results are discussed, in particular regarding the consistency of k-NN classifiers for supervised classification problems with functional data in \({\mathbb H}\) . On the practical side, we provide the results of a small simulation study and check also the performance of our method in two real data problems of supervised classification involving mass spectra.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-015-0217-7
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A generalized maximum entropy estimator to simple linear measurement error
           model with a composite indicator
    • Authors: Maurizio Carpita; Enrico Ciavolino
      Pages: 139 - 158
      Abstract: We extend the simple linear measurement error model through the inclusion of a composite indicator by using the generalized maximum entropy estimator. A Monte Carlo simulation study is proposed for comparing the performances of the proposed estimator to his counterpart the ordinary least squares “Adjusted for attenuation”. The two estimators are compared in term of correlation with the true latent variable, standard error and root mean of squared error. Two illustrative case studies are reported in order to discuss the results obtained on the real data set, and relate them to the conclusions drawn via simulation study.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-016-0237-y
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of the evolution of relationships between topics over time
    • Authors: Wolfgang Gaul; Dominique Vincent
      Pages: 159 - 178
      Abstract: Topics that attract public attention can originate from current events or developments, might be influenced by situations in the past, and often continue to be of interest in the future. When respective information is made available textually, one possibility of detecting such topics of public importance consists in scrutinizing, e.g., appropriate press articles using—given the continual growth of information—text processing techniques enriched by computer routines which examine present-day textual material, check historical publications, find newly emerging topics, and are able to track topic trends over time. Information clustering based on content-(dis)similarity of the underlying textual material and graph-theoretical considerations to deal with the network of relationships between content-similar topics are described and combined in a new approach. Explanatory examples of topic detection and tracking in online news articles illustrate the usefulness of the approach in different situations.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-016-0241-2
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Minimum distance method for directional data and outlier detection
    • Authors: Mercedes Fernandez Sau; Daniela Rodriguez
      Abstract: In this paper, we propose estimators based on the minimum distance for the unknown parameters of a parametric density on the unit sphere. We show that these estimators are consistent and asymptotically normally distributed. Also, we apply our proposal to develop a method that allows us to detect potential atypical values. The behavior under small samples of the proposed estimators is studied using Monte Carlo simulations. Two applications of our procedure are illustrated with real data sets.
      PubDate: 2017-06-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-017-0287-9
       
  • Editorial for issue 2/2017
    • PubDate: 2017-05-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-017-0288-8
       
  • Local generalized quadratic distance metrics: application to the k
           -nearest neighbors classifier
    • Authors: Karim Abou-Moustafa; Frank P. Ferrie
      Abstract: Finding the set of nearest neighbors for a query point of interest appears in a variety of algorithms for machine learning and pattern recognition. Examples include k nearest neighbor classification, information retrieval, case-based reasoning, manifold learning, and nonlinear dimensionality reduction. In this work, we propose a new approach for determining a distance metric from the data for finding such neighboring points. For a query point of interest, our approach learns a generalized quadratic distance (GQD) metric based on the statistical properties in a “small” neighborhood for the point of interest. The locally learned GQD metric captures information such as the density, curvature, and the intrinsic dimensionality for the points falling in this particular neighborhood. Unfortunately, learning the GQD parameters under such a local learning mechanism is a challenging problem with a high computational overhead. To address these challenges, we estimate the GQD parameters using the minimum volume covering ellipsoid (MVCE) for a set of points. The advantage of the MVCE is two-fold. First, the MVCE together with the local learning approach approximate the functionality of a well known robust estimator for covariance matrices. Second, computing the MVCE is a convex optimization problem which, in addition to having a unique global solution, can be efficiently solved using a first order optimization algorithm. We validate our metric learning approach on a large variety of datasets and show that the proposed metric has promising results when compared with five algorithms from the literature for supervised metric learning.
      PubDate: 2017-04-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-017-0286-x
       
  • Ensemble feature selection for high dimensional data: a new method and a
           comparative study
    • Authors: Afef Ben Brahim; Mohamed Limam
      Abstract: The curse of dimensionality is based on the fact that high dimensional data is often difficult to work with. A large number of features can increase the noise of the data and thus the error of a learning algorithm. Feature selection is a solution for such problems where there is a need to reduce the data dimensionality. Different feature selection algorithms may yield feature subsets that can be considered local optima in the space of feature subsets. Ensemble feature selection combines independent feature subsets and might give a better approximation to the optimal subset of features. We propose an ensemble feature selection approach based on feature selectors’ reliability assessment. It aims at providing a unique and stable feature selection without ignoring the predictive accuracy aspect. A classification algorithm is used as an evaluator to assign a confidence to features selected by ensemble members based on their associated classification performance. We compare our proposed approach to several existing techniques and to individual feature selection algorithms. Results show that our approach often improves classification performance and feature selection stability for high dimensional data sets.
      PubDate: 2017-04-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-017-0285-y
       
  • Sparsest factor analysis for clustering variables: a matrix decomposition
           approach
    • Authors: Kohei Adachi; Nickolay T. Trendafilov
      Abstract: We propose a new procedure for sparse factor analysis (FA) such that each variable loads only one common factor. Thus, the loading matrix has a single nonzero element in each row and zeros elsewhere. Such a loading matrix is the sparsest possible for certain number of variables and common factors. For this reason, the proposed method is named sparsest FA (SSFA). It may also be called FA-based variable clustering, since the variables loading the same common factor can be classified into a cluster. In SSFA, all model parts of FA (common factors, their correlations, loadings, unique factors, and unique variances) are treated as fixed unknown parameter matrices and their least squares function is minimized through specific data matrix decomposition. A useful feature of the algorithm is that the matrix of common factor scores is re-parameterized using QR decomposition in order to efficiently estimate factor correlations. A simulation study shows that the proposed procedure can exactly identify the true sparsest models. Real data examples demonstrate the usefulness of the variable clustering performed by SSFA.
      PubDate: 2017-04-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-017-0284-z
       
  • Unsupervised classification of children’s bodies using currents
    • Authors: Sonia Barahona; Ximo Gual-Arnau; Maria Victoria Ibáñez; Amelia Simó
      Abstract: Object classification according to their shape and size is of key importance in many scientific fields. This work focuses on the case where the size and shape of an object is characterized by a current. A current is a mathematical object which has been proved relevant to the modeling of geometrical data, like submanifolds, through integration of vector fields along them. As a consequence of the choice of a vector-valued reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS) as a test space for integrating manifolds, it is possible to consider that shapes are embedded in this Hilbert Space. A vector-valued RKHS is a Hilbert space of vector fields; therefore, it is possible to compute a mean of shapes, or to calculate a distance between two manifolds. This embedding enables us to consider size-and-shape clustering algorithms. These algorithms are applied to a 3D database obtained from an anthropometric survey of the Spanish child population with a potential application to online sales of children’s wear.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-017-0283-0
       
  • Relating brand confusion to ad similarities and brand strengths through
           image data analysis and classification
    • Authors: Daniel Baier; Sarah Frost
      Abstract: Brand confusion occurs when a consumer is exposed to an advertisement (ad) for brand A but believes that it is for brand B. If more consumers are confused in this direction than in the other one (assuming that an ad for B is for A), this asymmetry is a disadvantage for A. Consequently, the confusion potential and structure of ads has to be checked: A sample of consumers is exposed to a sample of ads. For each ad the consumers have to specify their guess about the advertised brand. Then, the collected data are aggregated and analyzed using, e.g., MDS or two-mode clustering. In this paper we compare this approach to a new one where image data analysis and classification is applied: The confusion potential and structure of ads is related to featurewise distances between ads and—to model asymmetric effects—to the strengths of the advertised brands. A sample application for the German beer market is presented, the results are encouraging.
      PubDate: 2017-03-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-017-0282-1
       
  • Editorial for issue 1/2017
    • PubDate: 2017-02-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s11634-017-0281-2
       
 
 
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