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  Subjects -> COMPUTER SCIENCE (Total: 1991 journals)
    - ANIMATION AND SIMULATION (29 journals)
    - ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (98 journals)
    - AUTOMATION AND ROBOTICS (98 journals)
    - CLOUD COMPUTING AND NETWORKS (61 journals)
    - COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE (9 journals)
    - COMPUTER ENGINEERING (9 journals)
    - COMPUTER GAMES (16 journals)
    - COMPUTER PROGRAMMING (24 journals)
    - COMPUTER SCIENCE (1157 journals)
    - COMPUTER SECURITY (45 journals)
    - DATA BASE MANAGEMENT (13 journals)
    - DATA MINING (32 journals)
    - E-BUSINESS (22 journals)
    - E-LEARNING (29 journals)
    - ELECTRONIC DATA PROCESSING (21 journals)
    - IMAGE AND VIDEO PROCESSING (39 journals)
    - INFORMATION SYSTEMS (105 journals)
    - INTERNET (92 journals)
    - SOCIAL WEB (50 journals)
    - SOFTWARE (34 journals)
    - THEORY OF COMPUTING (8 journals)

COMPUTER SCIENCE (1157 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 872 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACM Computing Surveys     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
ACM Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing (TACCESS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACM Transactions on Architecture and Code Optimization (TACO)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems (TAAS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Computation Theory (TOCT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Computer Systems (TOCS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ACM Transactions on Economics and Computation     Hybrid Journal  
ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems (TECS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TiiS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems (TRETS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks (TOSN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing (TSLP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ACM Transactions on Storage     Hybrid Journal  
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advanced Engineering Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Computer Science : an International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Technology Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Information and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
AIS Transactions on Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Computational Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Sensor Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Animation Practice, Process & Production     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annual Reviews in Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied and Computational Harmonic Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Applied Artificial Intelligence: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Computer Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Informatics     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics and Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Soft Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Architectural Theory Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 132)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artifact     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Information Technology and Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Educational Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Control and Computer Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Automatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Automation in Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 306)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
British Journal of Educational Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
c't Magazin fuer Computertechnik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CALCOLO     Hybrid Journal  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Cell Communication and Signaling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Computer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CERN IdeaSquare Journal of Experimental Innovation     Open Access  
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CIN Computers Informatics Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CLEI Electronic Journal     Open Access  
Clin-Alert     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cluster Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communication Methods and Measures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Algebra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Communications in Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Communications of the ACM     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Communications of the Association for Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex & Intelligent Systems     Open Access  
Complex Adaptive Systems Modeling     Open Access  
Complex Analysis and Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Computación y Sistemas     Open Access  
Computation     Open Access  
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Astrophysics and Cosmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Cognitive Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Condensed Matter     Open Access  
Computational Ecology and Software     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Computational Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Computational Management Science     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Molecular Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Particle Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computational Science and Techniques     Open Access  
Computational Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Computational Statistics & Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Computer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 87)
Computer Aided Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computer Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computer Engineering and Applications Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Computer Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computer Methods in the Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computer Music Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Computer Physics Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science - Research and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Computer Science and Information Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Computer Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computer Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Computer Science Master Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Computer Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Cognitive Computation
  [SJR: 0.692]   [H-I: 19]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1866-9964 - ISSN (Online) 1866-9956
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Ensemble of Deep Neural Networks with Probability-Based Fusion for Facial
           Expression Recognition
    • Authors: Guihua Wen; Zhi Hou; Huihui Li; Danyang Li; Lijun Jiang; Eryang Xun
      Pages: 597 - 610
      Abstract: Convolutional neural network (CNN) is a very effective method to recognize facial emotions. However, the preprocessing and selection of parameters of these methods heavily depend on the human experience and require a large amount of trial-and-errors. This paper presents an ensemble of convolutional neural networks method with probability-based fusion for facial expression recognition, where the architecture of CNN was adapted by using the convolutional rectified linear layer as the first layer and multiple hidden maxout layers. It was constructed by randomly varying parameters and architecture around the optimal values for CNN, where each CNN as the base classifier was trained to output a probability for each class. These probabilities were then fused through the probability-based fusion method. The conducted experiments on benchmark data sets validated our method, which had better accuracy than the compared methods. The proposed method was novel and efficient for facial expression recognition.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9472-6
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Removal of Electrooculogram Artifacts from Electroencephalogram Using
           
    • Authors: Banghua Yang; Tao Zhang; Yunyuan Zhang; Wanquan Liu; Jianguo Wang; Kaiwen Duan
      Pages: 626 - 633
      Abstract: Electrooculogram (EOG) is one of the major artifacts in the design of electroencephalogram (EEG)-based brain computer interfaces (BCIs). That removing EOG artifacts automatically while retaining more neural data will benefit for further feature extraction and classification. In order to remove EOG artifacts automatically as well as reserve more useful information from raw EEG, this paper proposes a novel blind source separation method called CCA-EEMD (canonical correlation analysis, ensemble empirical mode decomposition). Technically, the major steps of CCA-EEMD are as follows: Firstly, the multiple-channel original EEG signals are separated into several uncorrelated components using CCA. Then, the EOG component can be identified automatically by its kurtosis value. Next, the identified EOG component is decomposed into several intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) by EEMD. The IMFs uncorrelated to the EOG component are recognized and retained, and a new component will be constructed by the retained IMFs. Finally, the clean EEG signals are reconstructed. Keep in mind that the novelty of this paper is that the identified EOG component is not removed directly but used to extract neural EEG data, which would keep more effective information. Our tests with the data of seven subjects demonstrate that the proposed method has distinct advantages over other two commonly used methods in terms of average root mean square error [37.71 ± 0.14 (CCA-EEMD), 44.72 ± 0.13 (CCA), 49.59 ± 0.16 (ICA)], signal-to-noise ratio [3.59 ± 0.24 (CCA-EEMD), −6.53 ± 0.18(CCA), −8.43 ± 0.26 (ICA)], and classification accuracy [0.88 ± 0.002 (CCA-EEMD), 0.79 ± 0.001 (CCA), 0.73 ± 0.002 (ICA)]. The proposed method can not only remove EOG artifacts automatically but also keep the integrity of EEG data to the maximum extent.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9478-0
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Lane Boundary Detection Algorithm Based on Vector Fuzzy Connectedness
    • Authors: Lingling Fang; Xianghai Wang
      Pages: 634 - 645
      Abstract: In most actual autonomous guided vehicles (AGV), path finding and navigational control systems are usually implemented using images captured by cameras mounted on the vehicles. This paper presents and discusses a lane boundary detection technique that is necessary for the task of autonomous driving. In this paper, a new method called vector fuzzy connectedness (VFC) is presented to detect and estimate road lane boundaries. First, a preprocessed technique is used to obtain a skeleton image. Based on the result, the curvatures of the left and right lane boundaries are estimated, and the control points are found by the VFC method. Finally, the non-uniform b-spline (NUBS) interpolation method is introduced to construct the road lane boundaries. The proposed VFC method integrates the vector concept and fuzzy connectedness into the lane boundary detection algorithm. As shown in the example results, the proposed method can extract various road lane shapes and types from real road frames even under complex road environments. For navigation tasks, it is necessary to determine the position of the vehicle relative to the road. These results prove that the proposed detection method can assist in a number of actual AGV assistant applications. In the future, some intelligent techniques will be applied to test the AGV system with obstacle avoidance conditions on real world roads.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9483-3
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Storages Are Not Forever
    • Authors: Erik Cambria; Anupam Chattopadhyay; Eike Linn; Bappaditya Mandal; Bebo White
      Pages: 646 - 658
      Abstract: Not unlike the concern over diminishing fossil fuel, information technology is bringing its own share of future worries. We chose to look closely into one concern in this paper, namely the limited amount of data storage. By a simple extrapolatory analysis, it is shown that we are on the way to exhaust our storage capacity in less than two centuries with current technology and no recycling. This can be taken as a note of caution to expand research initiative in several directions: firstly, bringing forth innovative data analysis techniques to represent, learn, and aggregate useful knowledge while filtering out noise from data; secondly, tap onto the interplay between storage and computing to minimize storage allocation; thirdly, explore ingenious solutions to expand storage capacity. Throughout this paper, we delve deeper into the state-of-the-art research and also put forth novel propositions in all of the abovementioned directions, including space- and time-efficient data representation, intelligent data aggregation, in-memory computing, extra-terrestrial storage, and data curation. The main aim of this paper is to raise awareness on the storage limitation we are about to face if current technology is adopted and the storage utilization growth rate persists. In the manuscript, we propose some storage solutions and a better utilization of storage capacity through a global DIKW hierarchy.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9482-4
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • FE-ELM: A New Friend Recommendation Model with Extreme Learning Machine
    • Authors: Zhen Zhang; Xiangguo Zhao; Guoren Wang
      Pages: 659 - 670
      Abstract: Friend recommendation is one of the most popular services in location-based social network (LBSN) platforms, which recommends interested or familiar people to users. Except for the original social property and textual property in social networks, LBSN specially owns the spatial-temporal property. However, none of the existing methods fully utilized all the three properties (i.e., just one or two), which may lead to the low recommendation accuracy. Moreover, these existing methods are usually inefficient. In this paper, we propose a new friend recommendation model to solve the above shortcomings of the existing methods, called feature extraction-extreme learning machine (FE-ELM), where friend recommendation is regarded as a binary classification problem. Classification is an important task in cognitive computation community. First, we use new strategies in our FE-ELM model to extract the spatial-temporal feature, social feature, and textual feature. These features make full use of all above properties of LBSN and ensure the recommendation accuracy. Second, our FE-ELM model also takes advantage of the extreme learning machine (ELM) classifier. ELM has fast learning speed and ensures the recommendation efficiency. Extensive experiments verify the accuracy and efficiency of FE-ELM model.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9484-2
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • An Efficient Corpus-Based Stemmer
    • Authors: Jasmeet Singh; Vishal Gupta
      Pages: 671 - 688
      Abstract: Word stemming is a linguistic process in which the various inflected word forms are matched to their base form. It is among the basic text pre-processing approaches used in Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval. Stemming is employed at the text pre-processing stage to solve the issue of vocabulary mismatch or to reduce the size of the word vocabulary, and consequently also the dimensionality of training data for statistical models. In this article, we present a fully unsupervised corpus-based text stemming method which clusters morphologically related words based on lexical knowledge. The proposed method performs cognitive-inspired computing to discover morphologically related words from the corpus without any human intervention or language-specific knowledge. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated in inflection removal (approximating lemmas) and Information Retrieval tasks. The retrieval experiments in four different languages using standard Text Retrieval Conference, Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, and Forum for Information Retrieval Evaluation collections show that the proposed stemming method performs significantly better than no stemming. In the case of highly inflectional languages, Marathi and Hungarian, the improvement in Mean Average Precision is nearly 50% as compared to unstemmed words. Moreover, the proposed unsupervised stemming method outperforms state-of-the-art strong language-independent and rule-based stemming methods in all the languages. Besides Information Retrieval, the proposed stemming method also performs significantly better in inflection removal experiments. The proposed unsupervised language-independent stemming method can be used as a multipurpose tool for various tasks such as the approximation of lemmas, improving retrieval performance or other Natural Language Processing applications.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9479-z
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • A Study on Text-Score Disagreement in Online Reviews
    • Authors: Michela Fazzolari; Vittoria Cozza; Marinella Petrocchi; Angelo Spognardi
      Pages: 689 - 701
      Abstract: In this paper, we focus on online reviews and employ artificial intelligence tools, taken from the cognitive computing field, to help understand the relationships between the textual part of the review and the assigned numerical score. We move from the intuitions that (1) a set of textual reviews expressing different sentiments may feature the same score (and vice-versa), and (2) detecting and analyzing the mismatches between the review content and the actual score may benefit both service providers and consumers, by highlighting specific factors of satisfaction (and dissatisfaction) in texts. To prove the intuitions, we adopt sentiment analysis techniques and we concentrate on hotel reviews, to find polarity mismatches therein. In particular, we first train a text classifier with a set of annotated hotel reviews, taken from the Booking website. Then, we analyze a large dataset, with around 160k hotel reviews collected from TripAdvisor, with the aim of detecting a polarity mismatch, indicating if the textual content of the review is in line, or not, with the associated score. Using well-established artificial intelligence techniques and analyzing in depth the reviews featuring a mismatch between the text polarity and the score, we find that—on a scale of five stars—those reviews ranked with middle scores include a mixture of positive and negative aspects. The approach proposed here, beside acting as a polarity detector, provides an effective selection of reviews—on an initial very large dataset—that may allow both consumers and providers to focus directly on the review subset featuring a text/score disagreement,which conveniently convey to the user a summary of positive and negative features of the review target.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9496-y
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • A Comparative Study of In-Air Trajectories at Short and Long Distances in
           Online Handwriting
    • Authors: Carlos Alonso-Martinez; Marcos Faundez-Zanuy; Jiri Mekyska
      Pages: 712 - 720
      Abstract: Existing literature about online handwriting analysis to support pathology diagnosis has taken advantage of in-air trajectories. A similar situation occurred in biometric security applications where the goal is to identify or verify an individual using his signature or handwriting. These studies do not consider the distance of the pen tip to the writing surface. This is due to the fact that current acquisition devices do not provide height formation. However, it is quite straightforward to differentiate movements at two different heights (a) short distance: height lower or equal to 1 cm above a surface of digitizer, the digitizer provides x and y coordinates; (b) long distance: height exceeding 1 cm, the only information available is a time stamp that indicates the time that a specific stroke has spent at long distance. Although short distance has been used in several papers, long distances have been ignored and will be investigated in this paper. In this paper, we will analyze a large set of databases (BIOSECUR-ID, EMOTHAW, PaHaW, OXYGEN-THERAPY, and SALT), which contain a total amount of 663 users and 17,951 files. We have specifically studied (a) the percentage of time spent on-surface, in-air at short distance, and in-air at long distance for different user profiles (pathological and healthy users) and different tasks; (b) the potential use of these signals to improve classification rates. Our experimental results reveal that long distance movements represent a very small portion of the total execution time (0.5% in the case of signatures and 10.4% for uppercase words of BIOSECUR-ID, which is the largest database). In addition, significant differences have been found in the comparison of pathological versus control group for letter “l” in PaHaW database (p = 0.0157) and crossed pentagons in SALT database (p = 0.0122).
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9501-5
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • The Impact of Sentiment Features on the Sentiment Polarity Classification
           in Persian Reviews
    • Authors: Ehsan Asgarian; Mohsen Kahani; Shahla Sharifi
      Abstract: Natural language processing (NLP) techniques can prove relevant to a variety of specialties in the field of cognitive science, including sentiment analysis. This paper investigates the impact of NLP tools, various sentiment features, and sentiment lexicon generation approaches to sentiment polarity classification of internet reviews written in Persian language. For this purpose, a comprehensive Persian WordNet (FerdowsNet), with high recall and proper precision (based on Princeton WordNet), was developed. Using FerdowsNet and a generated corpus of reviews, a Persian sentiment lexicon was developed using (i) mapping to the SentiWordNet and (ii) a semi-supervised learning method, after which the results of both methods were compared. In addition to sentiment words, a set of various features were extracted and applied to the sentiment classification. Then, by employing various well-known feature selection approaches and state-of-the art machine learning methods, a sentiment classification for Persian text reviews was carried out. The obtained results demonstrate the critical role of sentiment lexicon quality in improving the quality of sentiment classification in Persian language.
      PubDate: 2017-11-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9513-1
       
  • The Importance of Pen Motion Pattern Groups for Semi-Automatic
           Classification of Handwriting into Mental Workload Classes
    • Authors: Murad Badarna; Ilan Shimshoni; Gil Luria; Sara Rosenblum
      Abstract: In this paper, we introduce the pen motion pattern groups (PMPGs) and their contribution to the classification of handwriting into cognitive mental workload classes. We demonstrate the importance of PMPGs by providing an efficient semi-automatic machine learning-based classification framework that distinguishes between handwritten texts written by the same person under different mental workloads. Our evaluation framework is non-language-dependent since we used stroke features, which are not language-specific, and it takes into account the variability in behavioral biometrics between different writers. The handwritten text data was collected using the Computerized Penmanship Evaluation Tool. This digitizer provided accurate temporal measures throughout the writing. As a first stage, the participants were asked to write a given text in the Hebrew language. Then, as a second stage, the participants’ cognitive workload was manipulated by asking them to hold a number in their memory during the entire writing task. In our experiments, we show that incorporating the PMPGs into the classification process yielded an average cognitive load discrimination accuracy of 92.16%, which decreased to 72.90% when the PMPGs were not considered. The separation of handwritten strokes into PMPGs allows us to account for the fact that the strokes are affected differently under different cognitive mental workloads. This novel distinction between PMPGs is important since the handwriting process in each PMPG is different from a perceptual motor and brain-hand control point of view. Moreover, most of the features that are influenced by cognitive workload are those that cannot be discerned by an expert when looking at a handwritten text on paper, such as azimuth, tilt, velocity, acceleration, and pressure.
      PubDate: 2017-11-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9520-2
       
  • Detecting Multiple Coexisting Emotions in Microblogs with Convolutional
           Neural Networks
    • Authors: Shi Feng; Yaqi Wang; Kaisong Song; Daling Wang; Ge Yu
      Abstract: Analyzing human sentiments and emotions is a critical problem in cognitive computing. One fundamental task of sentiment analysis is to infer the sentiment polarity or emotion category of subjective text, such as microblogs. Most existing methods treat sentiment classification as a type of single-label supervised learning problem that classifies a microblog according to sentiment polarity or a single-labeled emotion. However, multiple fine-grained emotions may coexist in a single tweet or sentence of a microblog. We regard emotion detection in microblogs as a multi-label classification problem. First, we develop a graph-based algorithm to automatically build emotion lexicons, which are further utilized to construct distant-supervised corpora from massive microblog datasets. Then, a ranking-based multi-label convolutional neural network model (RM-CNN) that considers the order and relevance of labels is proposed to address emotion detection in microblogs. The RM-CNN model is pre-trained using the distant-supervised corpus and then fine-tuned using specific training data without the need for any manually designed features. Extensive experiments on two real-world datasets demonstrate substantial improvements of our proposed RM-CNN model over the state-of-the-art baseline methods in terms of multi-label classification metrics. We propose an effective RM-CNN model with a distant-supervised learning framework for detecting multiple coexisting emotions in the short text of microblogs.
      PubDate: 2017-11-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9521-1
       
  • Learning from Few Samples with Memory Network
    • Authors: Shufei Zhang; Kaizhu Huang; Rui Zhang; Amir Hussain
      Abstract: Neural networks (NN) have achieved great successes in pattern recognition and machine learning. However, the success of a NN usually relies on the provision of a sufficiently large number of data samples as training data. When fed with a limited data set, a NN’s performance may be degraded significantly. In this paper, a novel NN structure is proposed called a memory network. It is inspired by the cognitive mechanism of human beings, which can learn effectively, even from limited data. Taking advantage of the memory from previous samples, the new model achieves a remarkable improvement in performance when trained using limited data. The memory network is demonstrated here using the multi-layer perceptron (MLP) as a base model. However, it would be straightforward to extend the idea to other neural networks, e.g., convolutional neural networks (CNN). In this paper, the memory network structure is detailed, the training algorithm is presented, and a series of experiments are conducted to validate the proposed framework. Experimental results show that the proposed model outperforms traditional MLP-based models as well as other competitive algorithms in response to two real benchmark data sets.
      PubDate: 2017-10-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9507-z
       
  • A Machine Learning Approach to Detect Router Advertisement Flooding
           Attacks in Next-Generation IPv6 Networks
    • Authors: Mohammed Anbar; Rosni Abdullah; Bassam Naji Al-Tamimi; Amir Hussain
      Abstract: Router advertisement (RA) flooding attack aims to exhaust all node resources, such as CPU and memory, attached to routers on the same link. A biologically inspired machine learning-based approach is proposed in this study to detect RA flooding attacks. The proposed technique exploits information gain ratio (IGR) and principal component analysis (PCA) for feature selection and a support vector machine (SVM)-based predictor model, which can also detect input traffic anomaly. A real benchmark dataset obtained from National Advanced IPv6 Center of Excellence laboratory is used to evaluate the proposed technique. The evaluation process is conducted with two experiments. The first experiment investigates the effect of IGR and PCA feature selection methods to identify the most contributed features for the SVM training model. The second experiment evaluates the capability of SVM to detect RA flooding attacks. The results show that the proposed technique demonstrates excellent detection accuracy and is thus an effective choice for detecting RA flooding attacks. The main contribution of this study is identification of a set of new features that are related to RA flooding attack by utilizing IGR and PCA algorithms. The proposed technique in this paper can effectively detect the presence of RA flooding attack in IPv6 network.
      PubDate: 2017-10-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9519-8
       
  • An Online Sequential Learning Non-parametric Value-at-Risk Model for
           High-Dimensional Time Series
    • Authors: Heng-Guo Zhang; Libo Wu; Yan Song; Chi-Wei Su; Qingping Wang; Fei Su
      Abstract: Online Value-at-Risk (VaR) analysis in high-dimensional space remains a challenge in the era of big data. In this paper, we propose an online sequential learning non-parametric VaR model called OS-GELM which is an autonomous cognitive system. This model uses a Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity (GARCH) process and an online sequential extreme learning machine (OS-ELM) to cognitively calculate VaR, which can be used for online risk analysis. The proposed model not only learns the data one-by-one or chunk-by-chunk but also calculates VaR in real time by extending OS-ELM from machine learning to the non-parametric GARCH process. The GARCH process is also extended to one-by-one and chunk-by-chunk mode. In OS-GELM, the parameters of hidden nodes are randomly selected. The output weights are analytically determined based on the sequentially arriving data. In addition, the generalization performance of the OS-GELM model attains a small training error and generates the smallest norm of weights. Experimentally obtained VaRs are compared with those given by GARCH-type models and conventional OS-ELM. The computational results demonstrate that the OS-GELM model obtains more accurate results and is better at forecasting the online VaR. OS-GELM model is an autonomous cognitive system to dynamically calculate Value-at-Risk, which can be used for online financial risk assessment about human being’s behavior. The OS-GELM model can calculate VaR in real time, which can be used as a tool for online risk management. OS-GELM can handle any bounded, non-constant, piecewise-continuous membership function to realize real-time VaR monitoring.
      PubDate: 2017-10-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9516-y
       
  • Anatomical Pattern Analysis for Decoding Visual Stimuli in Human Brains
    • Authors: Muhammad Yousefnezhad; Daoqiang Zhang
      Abstract: A universal unanswered question in neuroscience and machine learning is whether computers can decode the patterns of the human brain. Multi-Voxel Pattern Analysis (MVPA) is a critical tool for addressing this question. However, there are two challenges in the previous MVPA methods, which include decreasing sparsity and noise in the extracted features and increasing the performance of prediction. In overcoming mentioned challenges, this paper proposes Anatomical Pattern Analysis (APA) for decoding visual stimuli in the human brain. This framework develops a novel anatomical feature extraction method and a new imbalance AdaBoost algorithm for binary classification. Further, it utilizes an Error-Correcting Output Codes (ECOC) method for multiclass prediction. APA can automatically detect active regions for each category of the visual stimuli. Moreover, it enables us to combine homogeneous datasets for applying advanced classification. Experimental studies on four visual categories (words, consonants, objects, and scrambled photos) demonstrate that the proposed approach achieves superior performance to state-of-the-art methods.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9518-9
       
  • End-to-End Lifelong Learning: a Framework to Achieve Plasticities of both
           the Feature and Classifier Constructions
    • Authors: Wangli Hao; Junsong Fan; Zhaoxiang Zhang; Guibo Zhu
      Abstract: Plasticity in our brain offers us promising ability to learn and know the world. Although great successes have been achieved in many fields, few bio-inspired machine learning methods have mimicked this ability. Consequently, when meeting large-scale or time-varying data, these bio-inspired methods are infeasible, due to the reasons that they lack plasticity and need all training data loaded into memory. Furthermore, even the popular deep convolutional neural network (CNN) models have relatively fixed structures and cannot process time varying data well. Through incremental methodologies, this paper aims at exploring an end-to-end lifelong learning framework to achieve plasticities of both the feature and classifier constructions. The proposed model mainly comprises of three parts: Gabor filters followed by max pooling layer offering shift and scale tolerance to input samples, incremental unsupervised feature extraction, and incremental SVM trying to achieve plasticities of both the feature learning and classifier construction. Different from CNN, plasticity in our model has no back propogation (BP) process and does not need huge parameters. Our incremental models, including IncPCANet and IncKmeansNet, have achieved better results than PCANet and KmeansNet on minist and Caltech101 datasets respectively. Meanwhile, IncPCANet and IncKmeansNet show promising plasticity of feature extraction and classifier construction when the distribution of data changes. Lots of experiments have validated the performance of our model and verified a physiological hypothesis that plasticity exists in high level layer better than that in low level layer.
      PubDate: 2017-10-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9514-0
       
  • Attentional Bias Pattern Recognition in Spiking Neural Networks from
           Spatio-Temporal EEG Data
    • Authors: Zohreh Gholami Doborjeh; Maryam G. Doborjeh; Nikola Kasabov
      Abstract: When facing with different marketing product features, consumers are unaware of the important role of external stimuli on their decision-making behaviour. Neuromarketing background suggested that consumers might be seduced by the attentional bias which can direct their decision. This study aims at modelling and visualisation of the brain activity patterns generated by marketing product features with respect to the spatio-temporal relationships between the continuous EEG data streams. This research utilises brain-like Spiking Neural Network (SNN) models for analysing spatio-temporal brain patterns generated by attentional bias. The model was applied to Electroencephalogram (EEG) data for investigating the effectiveness of attentional bias on consumer preference towards marketing stimuli. Our experimental results have shown that consumers were more likely to get distracted by product features that are related to their subconscious preferences. This paper proofs that consumers pay the highest attention to non-target stimuli when they were presented with attractive features. This study provided a proof of principle for the role of attentional bias on concern-related human preferences. It represents knowledge discovery in the prediction of consumer preferences in the field of neuromarketing. The SNN-based models performed superior not only in achieving a higher classification of EEG data related to different stimuli in comparison with traditional methods, but it most importantly enables a better interpretation and understanding of underpinning brain functions against marketing stimuli.
      PubDate: 2017-10-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9517-x
       
  • Reducing and Stretching Deep Convolutional Activation Features for
           Accurate Image Classification
    • Authors: Guoqiang Zhong; Shoujun Yan; Kaizhu Huang; Yajuan Cai; Junyu Dong
      Abstract: In order to extract effective representations of data using deep learning models, deep convolutional activation feature (DeCAF) is usually considered. However, since the deep models for learning DeCAF are generally pre-trained, the dimensionality of DeCAF is simply fixed to a constant number (e.g., 4096D). In this case, one may ask whether DeCAF is good enough for image classification and whether we can further improve its performance' In this paper, to answer these two challenging questions, we propose a new model called RS-DeCAF based on “reducing” and “stretching” the dimensionality of DeCAF. In the implementation of RS-DeCAF, we reduce the dimensionality of DeCAF using dimensionality reduction methods and increase its dimensionality by stretching the weight matrix between successive layers. To improve the performance of RS-DeCAF, we also present a modified version of RS-DeCAF by applying the fine-tuning operation. Extensive experiments on several image classification tasks show that RS-DeCAF not only improves DeCAF but also outperforms previous “stretching” approaches. More importantly, from the results, we find that RS-DeCAF can generally achieve the highest classification accuracy when its dimensionality is two to four times of that of DeCAF.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9515-z
       
  • A Primal Neural Network for Online Equality-Constrained Quadratic
           Programming
    • Authors: Ke Chen; Zhaoxiang Zhang
      Abstract: This paper aims at solving online equality-constrained quadratic programming problem, which is widely encountered in science and engineering, e.g., computer vision and pattern recognition, digital signal processing, and robotics. Recurrent neural networks such as conventional GradientNet and ZhangNet are considered as powerful solvers for such a problem in light of its high computational efficiency and capability of circuit realisation. In this paper, an improved primal recurrent neural network and its electronic implementation are proposed and analysed. Compared to the existing recurrent networks, i.e. GradientNet and ZhangNet, our network can theoretically guarantee superior global exponential convergence. Robustness performance of our such neural model is also analysed under a large model implementation error, with the upper bound of stead-state solution error estimated. Simulation results demonstrate theoretical analysis on the proposed model, which also verify the effectiveness of the proposed model for online equality-constrained quadratic programming.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9510-4
       
  • Clustering-Oriented Multiple Convolutional Neural Networks for Single
           Image Super-Resolution
    • Authors: Peng Ren; Wenjian Sun; Chunbo Luo; Amir Hussain
      Abstract: In contrast to the human visual system (HVS) that applies different processing schemes to visual information of different textural categories, most existing deep learning models for image super-resolution tend to exploit an indiscriminate scheme for processing one whole image. Inspired by the human cognitive mechanism, we propose a multiple convolutional neural network framework trained based on different textural clusters of image local patches. To this end, we commence by grouping patches into K clusters via K-means, which enables each cluster center to encode image priors of a certain texture category. We then train K convolutional neural networks for super-resolution based on the K clusters of patches separately, such that the multiple convolutional neural networks comprehensively capture the patch textural variability. Furthermore, each convolutional neural network characterizes one specific texture category and is used for restoring patches belonging to the cluster. In this way, the texture variation within a whole image is characterized by assigning local patches to their closest cluster centers, and the super-resolution of each local patch is conducted via the convolutional neural network trained by its cluster. Our proposed framework not only exploits the deep learning capability of convolutional neural networks but also adapts them to depict texture diversities for super-resolution. Experimental super-resolution evaluations on benchmark image datasets validate that our framework achieves state-of-the-art performance in terms of peak signal-to-noise ratio and structural similarity. Our multiple convolutional neural network framework provides an enhanced image super-resolution strategy over existing single-mode deep learning models.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9512-2
       
 
 
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