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  Subjects -> COMPUTER SCIENCE (Total: 2122 journals)
    - ANIMATION AND SIMULATION (31 journals)
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COMPUTER SCIENCE (1231 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 872 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACM Computing Surveys     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
ACM Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing (TACCESS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ACM Transactions on Architecture and Code Optimization (TACO)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems (TAAS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Computation Theory (TOCT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Computer Systems (TOCS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACM Transactions on Economics and Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems (TECS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TiiS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems (TRETS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks (TOSN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing (TSLP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Storage     Hybrid Journal  
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Informatica Malaysia     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Engineering Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Computer Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Computer Science : an International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Technology Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Information and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AI EDAM     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
AIS Transactions on Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Computational Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Sensor Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Animation Practice, Process & Production     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics and Computer Science     Open Access  
Annual Reviews in Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied and Computational Harmonic Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Artificial Intelligence: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Computer Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Informatics     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics and Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Soft Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied System Innovation     Open Access  
Architectural Theory Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 153)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
arq: Architectural Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Artifact     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Information Technology and Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Educational Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Control and Computer Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Automatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Automation in Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Balkan Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Big Data and Cognitive Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 327)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
British Journal of Educational Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
c't Magazin fuer Computertechnik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
CALCOLO     Hybrid Journal  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Capturing Intelligence     Full-text available via subscription  
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cell Communication and Signaling     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Computer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CERN IdeaSquare Journal of Experimental Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CIN Computers Informatics Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
CLEI Electronic Journal     Open Access  
Clin-Alert     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Clinical eHealth     Open Access  
Cluster Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combinatorics, Probability and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Communication Methods and Measures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Algebra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Communications in Computational Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Information Science and Management Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Communications of the ACM     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51)
Communications of the Association for Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex & Intelligent Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Complex Adaptive Systems Modeling     Open Access  
Complex Analysis and Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Computación y Sistemas     Open Access  
Computation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Computational and Mathematical Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Astrophysics and Cosmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Cognitive Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Condensed Matter     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Ecology and Software     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Computational Management Science     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Molecular Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Particle Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computational Science and Techniques     Open Access  
Computational Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Computational Statistics & Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Computer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 105)
Computer Aided Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.542
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 7  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1874-4621 - ISSN (Online) 1874-463X
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • An Open Source Geodemographic Classification of Small Areas in the
           Republic of Ireland
    • Authors: Christopher Brunsdon; Martin Charlton; Janette E. Rigby
      Pages: 183 - 204
      Abstract: Geodemographic classifications have progressed from manual classifications of areas through to complex, highly marketable products used in both the public and private sectors. As their production became commercialized, input variables moved beyond census variables to include other, often not publicly available datasets, and hence the resultant black-box approach increased in sophistication, but was less open to scrutiny. In the UK this was somewhat reversed with the production of the Output Area Classification (OAC) from the 2001 census. As an alternative approach, in this paper we demonstrate the production of a geodemographic classification for the Republic of Ireland, using a different approach to OAC, and extending the ethos of transparency and reproducibility.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9212-4
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2018)
  • Analyzing Spatiotemporal Patterns of Urbanization in Treasure Valley,
           Idaho, USA
    • Authors: Khila R. Dahal; Shawn Benner; Eric Lindquist
      Pages: 205 - 226
      Abstract: Knowledge of spatiotemporal patterns of urbanization in terms of overall urban growth, growth forms (or types) and land use types contributes to an understanding of the consequences of urban growth on human health, biodiversity and natural resources, thereby providing guidance for formulating effective land use policies. In this study, we delineated spatial extent of urban area in Treasure Valley of Idaho for five different years with a decadal interval beginning in 1974 based on remote sensing data. The newly urbanized area during each change period was categorized into three growth forms: edge-expansion, infill and outlying development, and into two built-intensity classes: high and low intensity development. We applied ten class-level landscape metrics to the urban class as a whole. Results show that edge-expansion dominated the growth with more than 60% of new development for each of the four study periods. Infill and outlying growth witnessed a temporal oscillation with an alternating dominance. Despite some regularities observed in spatiotemporal patterns of urban class and urban growth forms, we concluded that diffusion and coalescence are two concurrently occurring processes of urban growth rather than two dichotomous temporal phases. Our study documented that a combined study involving patch dynamics, gradient analysis, and time-series analysis of new development, growth forms and built intensity was effective in identifying different spatiotemporal patterns and associate them to underlying processes.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9215-1
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2018)
  • A Statistical Approach for Analyzing Residential Isolation and its
           Determinants for Immigrant Communities: an Application to the Montréal
           Metropolitan Region
    • Authors: Guillaume Marois; Sébastien Lord
      Pages: 227 - 255
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to measure the net propensity to live in isolation for Montréal’s main immigrant communities and to identify specific profiles that are particularly isolated. For that purpose, a statistical approach is used based on individual determinants to compute standardized isolation indexes that take into account the socioeconomic composition of the different groups. The models we developed also reveal how individuals’ characteristics, such as generational status, date of migration, education, language abilities or income, affect their residential isolation. Results reveal that many individual characteristics have strong impacts on residential isolation, and that those impacts are not always the same among immigrant communities. Also, the low propensity to live in isolation observed for all immigrant communities suggests that the place stratification model is probably not relevant to explain the residential dynamics of immigrant communities in Montréal. However, some vulnerable groups are much more likely to live in isolation: Haitian and South Asian with low education, low-income Maghrebis, and Filipinos who arrived via the Live-in Caregivers program. Some wealthy groups are also more isolated, such as Italians arrived before 1981. Therefore, considering this wide heterogeneity among immigrant communities, studies on their residential dynamic should not consider them as a whole.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9223-9
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2018)
  • Uncovering the Patterns of the US Geography of Immigration by an Analysis
           of Spatial Relatedness between Immigrant Groups
    • Authors: Jiří Hasman; Josef Novotný
      Pages: 257 - 286
      Abstract: The size of the foreign-born population in the USA is steadily increasing and in the last 25 years there have also been significant changes in its spatial distribution at both the national and the local level. Drawing on detailed data on the spatial distribution of 126 population groups in the USA, this paper applies the so called spatial relatedness approach to provide a comprehensive analysis of the aggregate patterns of the US geography of immigration. The first part confirms the central assumption behind this approach that the spatial relatedness between immigrant groups (determined on the basis of their joint concentrations in the same spatial units) significantly correlates with some other measurable aspects of their relatedness. The second part of the analysis then compares the patterns and determinants of the spatial relatedness at the whole US level and within key immigrant metropolitan areas (New York, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, and Atlanta) and uses the spatial relatedness measures to construct network visualisations that provide unique models of the population structure of these individual spatial systems.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9214-2
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2018)
  • New Spatial Mobility Patterns in Large Spanish Cities: from the Economic
           Boom to the Great Recession
    • Authors: Jordi Bayona-i-Carrasco; Fernando Gil-Alonso; Miguel Rubiales-Pérez; Isabel Pujadas-Rúbies
      Pages: 287 - 312
      Abstract: Until 2008—the beginning of the economic crisis—Spanish metropolitan areas were characterised by relatively high residential mobility, suburbanisation, and urban sprawl. Municipalities situated farthest away from the core cities were the areas that were expanding more rapidly, while urban cores were losing native population that was being replaced by foreign immigrants. All these features presumably changed when the Great Recession hit the Spanish economy and the housing bubble burst. Using two INE (Spanish National Statistical Institute) data sources, the Padrón, or local register, and the Estadística de Variaciones Residenciales, or residential moves statistics, this paper studies changing trends in residential mobility and migration between 1999 and 2012 in Spain, focusing on the country’s main urban areas: Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Seville. In particular, internal migration patterns during the economic expansion and crisis periods are compared. Despite the fact that high unemployment since 2008 has certainly affected pre-crisis trends, results show that residential mobility has decreased much less than expected. Nevertheless, territorial patterns have changed and are now much less polarised. Urban cores and inner-ring towns, which had previously been losing inhabitants because of people moving to outer-ring areas, are now losing less native population. By contrast, suburban municipalities, which had been the most attractive to internal migrants during the economic growth period, are now much less appealing, as corroborated by the fact that practically no new housing is being built in these areas and their housing market has plummeted.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9222-x
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2018)
  • Deprivation, Healthcare Accessibility and Satisfaction: Geographical
           Context and Scale Implications
    • Authors: Pablo Cabrera-Barona; Thomas Blaschke; Gabriel Gaona
      Pages: 313 - 332
      Abstract: Indices explaining health phenomena are important tools for identifying and investigating health inequalities and to support policy making. Some of these indices are expressed at area-level, and the investigation of the areal influences of these indices on individual health outcomes have scale and geographical contextual implications that need to be assessed. In this study we calculated two area-level indices: one deprivation index and one index of healthcare accessibility. Using multilevel modelling, we calculated the area-level influences of these indices on an individual-level index of healthcare satisfaction considering three kinds of areas or contexts: a context of deprivation, a context of healthcare accessibility and a context combining the two characteristics of healthcare accessibility and deprivation. We evaluated two kinds of geographical problems using the statistical results of these area-level influences: the modifiable areal unit problem (MAUP) and the uncertain geographic context problem (UGCoP). Regarding the MAUP we evaluated the scale effects at two scales: census blocks and census tracts. Regarding the UGCoP we evaluated the differences in areal influences between the three kinds of contexts for both scales. The case study area was the city of Quito, Ecuador. The results of the performed analyses showed no severe MAUP and UGCoP, and revealed important evidence of the area-level influence of deprivation and healthcare accessibility on healthcare satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9221-y
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2018)
  • The Suburbanisation of Homelessness in Sydney, Australia
    • Authors: James O’Donnell
      Pages: 333 - 354
      Abstract: Homelessness in recent decades has been seen as highly spatially concentrated in the inner areas of large cities. Recent research suggests that homelessness remains spatially concentrated, though with some evidence of dispersion and the development of multiple clusters. This study analyses the spatial patterns of different types of homelessness under a relatively broad definition in Sydney, Australia using data from the national Censuses of 2001, 2006 and 2011. Convergence analysis is used to assess whether homelessness rates in different regions of the city have been converging or diverging. Homelessness in private dwellings, particularly in severely crowded dwellings, have indeed created clusters in Sydney’s western suburbs, while homelessness on the streets, in shelters and boarding houses remains concentrated in inner city areas. Growth in severe crowding in these suburban clusters and an increased concentration of boarding houses in inner city areas appears to have increased the spatial concentration of homelessness in Sydney over time. These findings are argued to be important for understanding the relationships between point-in-time homelessness distributions, the dynamics and processes that lead to these distributions and the underlying structural causes of homelessness.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9216-0
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2018)
  • There’s No Place Like Home! Examining the Diffusion of Suicide Attacks
           Through Terrorist Group Locations
    • Authors: Yasutaka Tominaga
      Pages: 355 - 379
      Abstract: Suicide attacks have been widely used by many terrorist groups since the 1980s. It cannot be ignored that Al-Qaeda has played a role in diffusing this tactic, in particular among groups that have links with Al-Qaeda. However, the decision to adopt an innovative tactic is not without risk. Its implementation may inspire potential supporters, but may also cause a backlash from government and alienation from those whose support the group may be seeking. Thus, in their decision-making, it is crucial that terrorist groups learn the repercussions of their decision to adopt such tactics. In so doing, examination of the success or otherwise of other groups that adopt an innovation and its results can provide evidence for the predictability of their decision. This research argues that terrorist groups tend to learn and be influenced more by nearby groups due to the similarity of their environment of operation. The estimation is conducted through the logit model with the original terrorist group location dataset and the findings indicate that the influence of an Al-Qaeda link in adopting the tactics of suicide attack is larger when they are geographically close.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9219-x
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2018)
  • Towards a Healthy Ride: Locating Public Toilets in the Shanghai Metro
    • Authors: Kun Zhang; Xiang Chen; Songlin Zhang; Beth Wilson-Gray
      Pages: 381 - 395
      Abstract: Research on metro systems has been a multi-faceted field ranging from the accessibility of the networks to passengers’ utilities gained from their riding experience. In addition to issues of affordability, safety, and intermodal connectivity, a critical aspect to enhance metro riders’ experience is through non-travel related in-station facilities, such as food vendors, seating areas, elevators, handicap equipment, and public toilets. An understated area in the metro system planning is the placement of public toilets that provide passengers with sufficient sanitary services. To this end, the study identifies the shortage of public toilets in the Shanghai Metro and then proposes a network-based location model to improve the service coverage. The model has been applied to three planning scenarios under which construction efforts and transit stations are considered. By considering this unique location problem in a large metro system, this paper demonstrates a valuable example of developing transportation systems to fulfill the needs of not only accessibility but also public health. This effort is of great significance to inform city planners and stakeholders of necessitating sanitary services in sustainable mass transit development.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9213-3
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2018)
  • Market-Conscious Planning: A Planning Support Methodology for Estimating
           the Added Value of Sustainable Development in Fast Urbanizing China
    • Authors: Hong Hu; Stan Geertman; Pieter Hooimeijer
      Pages: 397 - 413
      Abstract: Planners need to adopt market-conscious planning to estimate how and where planning interventions create value for both investors and end-users. This article presents such kind of planning support methodology by incorporating difference-in-differences estimation into hedonic price models to examine the added value of sustainable development. It illustrates this methodology by using spatial panel data to compare market effects before and after the extension of the metro system in Nanjing, China. Results show that metro extension has positive effects in suburban areas, particularly in suburbs far away from metro stops before, while it has limited effects in central urban areas. Accessibility to financial and business services and open space also contributes to house prices after controlling for the effects of access to metros. Urban sustainable policies need to emphasize integration between land use and transportation planning in suburbs. This methodology provides planners with a means for determining market value of planning interventions, and contributes to more market-conscious planning.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9217-z
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2018)
  • Book Review: R. Lovelace and M. Dumont. Spatial Microsimulation with R .
           CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida USA, 2016, 260 Pages, £57.99, ISBN
    • Authors: Mark A. Green
      Pages: 415 - 416
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9218-y
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2018)
  • Measuring Relationships between Doctor Densities and Patient Visits: A
           Dog’s Breakfast of Small Area Health Geographies
    • Authors: Soumya Mazumdar; Nasser Bagheri; Paul Konings; Shanley Chong; Bin Jalaudin; Federico Girosi; Ian McRae
      Abstract: A number of small area geographies are used in Australia to investigate primary care relevant outcomes/behaviours and to manage the supply of Primary Care Providers (PCP) that influence these outcomes. However, very little research exists on the choice of a small area geography suitable for these purposes. We evaluated a large basket of Australian small area geographies to determine which geography is optimal for investigating relationships between PCP supply and the use of PCP services. We used linked data to evaluate the relationship between PCP supply and the likelihood of a patient visiting a PCP, after adjusting for individual level covariates. PCP supply was measured at different geographies including Local Government Areas (LGAs), Primary Health Networks (PHNs), Statistical Areas-1/2/3 and Remoteness Areas. Overall, the strongest relationships between PCP density and PCP use were found when LGAs were used to measure PCP density. Large geographies such as PHNs also detected strong relationships while custom built geographies such as Primary Care Service Areas were not significantly better than the rest. Existing geographies such as LGAs may be suitable for investigating the effect of PCP supply at state or national scales.
      PubDate: 2018-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-018-9261-y
  • Correction to: The Determinants of Local Employment Growth in Spain
    • Authors: Diana Gutiérrez Posada; Fernando Rubiera Morollón; Ana Viñuela
      Abstract: The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The maps on the right-hand side in Fig. 1 have the wrong titles. NUTS 2 regions should be Local Labour Markets.
      PubDate: 2018-05-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-018-9260-z
  • Path-Dependent Dynamics and Technological Spillovers in the Brazilian
    • Authors: Eduardo Gonçalves; Cirlene Maria de Matos; Inácio Fernandes de Araújo
      Abstract: This article investigates the influence of path dependence, of spatial spillovers and of production specialization on regional technological specialization. We use patent data and characteristics of industrial activity by Brazilian regions in the period of 2000–2011 to estimate a spatial dynamic panel using the Generalised Method of Moment (GMM) estimator, which deals with unobserved fixed effects and with the endogeneity problem. The results show that the regional production specialization influences technological specialization in Brazilian regions. Furthermore, this article finds that regional technological development is highly path-dependent and characterized by spatial spillovers. The former result means that regional technological development is influenced by its own technological specialization trajectory. The latter shows that the technological specialization of the neighborhood has proved to be a determining factor in local technological specialization. These results may help in the understanding of the development of technological clusters, suggesting that the strategies to reinforce the regional innovation processes should consider the specificities of the regional production pattern.
      PubDate: 2018-05-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-018-9259-5
  • Accessibility and Spatial Inequalities in Greece
    • Authors: George Panagiotopoulos; Dimitris Kaliampakos
      Abstract: Accessibility suggests a major issue in rural areas. Remoteness or inaccessibility is known to amplify rural deprivation and suspend sustainable regional development. Many rural areas in Greece suffer from remoteness mainly because of a varying and continuously alternating terrain. A diverse space is shaped by more than 70% mountain areas, hundreds of inhabited islands in an insular area almost the size of the mainland and intense variation in population distribution between the large urban agglomerations and the periphery. In this paper, a geographical remoteness index for Greece is presented that can capture the required scale of analysis and the distinct characteristics of Greek space. The index is localized and evaluated using empirical and theoretical methods and several demographic and network geostatistics. Finally, we examine the relationship of the index and critical socioeconomic variables in order to associate accessibility with spatial inequalities. Spatial regression models are used that uncover the impact of remoteness in certain key development aspects, namely economy, human capital and infrastructures. Potentially, accessibility may be used as an evaluation tool to redirect policies for spatial equity.
      PubDate: 2018-05-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-018-9256-8
  • Inequalities of Nuclear Risk Communication Within and Beyond the
           Evacuation Planning Zone
    • Authors: Xiang Chen; Clayton Frazier; Rejina Manandhar; Zhigang Han; Peng Jia
      Abstract: Nuclear power has become a common source of energy for communities around the world. Despite relatively few global incidents, the potential for nuclear disaster always exists. Effective risk communication plays a critical role in reducing the loss of life and property when a nuclear failure arises. An overlooked aspect of existing studies on nuclear risk communication is to evaluate the information sources within and beyond the emergency planning zone (EPZ). To this end, the study has evaluated the effectiveness of risk communication for Arkansas Nuclear One, the only nuclear power plant in Arkansas, US. A structured survey was distributed to 185 local residents, especially to those living within the 10-mile EPZ of the plant. The survey aimed to assess public risk perception, preparedness levels, and the channels through which the information was received. The de facto preparedness knowledge in terms of R-score was quantified, interpolated, and visualized. The results identify the inequalities of demographic, contextual, and spatial factors in dictating risk communication within and beyond the nuclear EPZ. They reveal that the spatial awareness of the EPZ may serve as a better indicator of residents' preparedness level than their residential proximity to the nuclear power plant. The study further suggests that the active acquisition and effective comprehension of locational knowledge in the at-risk communities have significantly improved the preparedness level. This finding sheds new lights on policy recommendations for emergency management departments to proactively distribute health information and alleviate public stresses about the nuclear industry.
      PubDate: 2018-05-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-018-9257-7
  • The Future of Urban Modelling
    • Authors: Alan Wilson
      Abstract: The future of urban modelling is viewed first against a background of its fifty-decade history. The effects of increased computing power and the availability of new data sources are explored, particularly through a wider range of scales and applications – illustrated by global scales and applications as wide-ranging as defence and security and history and archaeology. The challenges of making models fully dynamic are articulated along with a recent development which introduces uncertainty into dynamic urban models through a potential function. Finally, the potential for more effective deployment of models in city planning is shown with a system that combines data assembly, modelling and interactive planning.
      PubDate: 2018-05-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-018-9258-6
  • Does the Urban Population Pay More for Food' Implications in Terms of
    • Authors: Elena Lasarte Navamuel; Fernando Rubiera Morollón; Esteban Fernandez Vázquez
      Abstract: The relation between urban agglomeration and final food consumer prices is controversial. Pressure over the land in large cities results in higher prices in general and for feeding products in particular. On the other hand, large cities provide greater competition among firm, which might drop prices down. Previous literature studying this issue was mainly focused on developing countries, finding empirical evidence of higher food costs in large urban concentrations. Such evidence is missing, however, for developed countries. In this paper, we are interested in measuring the differences in the cost of food products among several city sizes for the case of Spain. A comparison that applies a standard price index would not be appropriate because it would ignore consumer substitution capacity. To make a proper comparison, a “true” food products costs index should be obtained. We have estimated a demand system for food products consumed by Spanish households to measure their costs in cities of different sizes across Spain and over the recent period 2008–2015. The data come from the Spanish Household Budget Survey (HBS). We found that the cost of attaining a given level of utility in food consumption is greater in the largest cities. Additionally, as an example of the political implications of this analysis, we analyze the effect over the quality of life by adjusting the poverty lines with our index and observe that the poverty rates of the largest urban areas in a developed country, such as Spain, might be substantially underestimated if differences in cost of living are not taken into account.
      PubDate: 2018-05-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-018-9254-x
  • International Migration and Fertility Variation in Spain during the
           Economic Recession: A Spatial Durbin Approach
    • Authors: Albert Sabater; Elspeth Graham
      Abstract: In this paper, we examine the effects of unemployment, immigration and emigration on fertility variation during the Great Recession in Spain, while taking account of trans-spatial relationships. Using a spatial Durbin approach and panel data with observations from 50 Spanish provinces, we investigate the impact of an increase in unemployment on fertility and ask whether, and to what extent, fertility has been affected by reduced immigration and increased emigration following the economic crisis of 2008. Our results suggest that unemployment has had a strong negative impact on fertility during the recession, and that the impact of the total unemployment rate was primarily confined to the province where the unemployment occured, although with significant spillover effects from female unemployment. Further, although female immigration was reduced during the recession, it nevertheless continued to have a positive impact on fertility, and its impact seems to matter both directly (own-province) and indirectly (spillover). Finally, our results show that increased emigration had a negative and indirect (spillover) impact on fertility. These findings contribute to the debate on the relationship between unemployment and fertility during the Great Recession, and demonstrate that both international immigration and emigration have affected province-level fertility and should therefore be given serious consideration in any analysis of fertility during the current long recessionary period.
      PubDate: 2018-04-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-018-9255-9
  • Book Review: Internal Migration in the Developed World. Are We Becoming
           Less Mobile' T. Champion, T. Cooke, and I. Shuttleworth (Eds.).
    • Authors: Frances Darlington-Pollock
      PubDate: 2018-03-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-018-9253-y
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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