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 Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics   [5 followers]  Follow         Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)    ISSN (Print) 1934-8371 - ISSN (Online) 0005-1055    Published by Springer-Verlag  [2350 journals]
• The Metascientific and Philosophical Bases of Information Ethics
• Authors: V. A. Kanke
Pages: 1 - 6
Abstract: The development of axiological theories posed an acute problem of their enrichment with an ethical component. A method for transferring ethics to the scientific field is shown, which consists of including the concept of maximizing the well-being of all people affected by any situation in all axiological theories. As a formal science, informatics does not contain the ethical concept of maximizing well-being itself; however, due to its engagement in cross-disciplinary relationships with all axiological sciences, it possesses an exclusively relevant ethical relativity. Determining the metascientific bases of the ethical relativity of informatics provides opportunities for its multifaceted study from the viewpoint of science instead of poorly understood metaphysics.
PubDate: 2018-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105518010041
Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 1 (2018)

• Studying the Functionality and Webometric Indicators of Specialized
Science-Related Websites
• Authors: Yu. M. Brumshteyn; E. Yu. Vas’kovskii
Pages: 7 - 23
Abstract: A review is provided of the purposes, functionality, and webometric indicators (WMIs) for the websites of the leading international organizations that aggregate specialized scientific information, including citation and scientometric systems; websites designed to support national publications; etc. The WMIs of foreign websites are compared with those of the functionally similar Russian online resources. An overview is given of the structure of foreign and Russian websites that publish information related to dissertations, their extended abstracts, and their full-text versions. The terms of user access to these materials are described. The WMIs of these websites are compared. An analysis is conducted of the functionality and WMIs of the following online resources: the leading foreign and Russian websites that provide access to autonomous information–analytical and information systems for scientific journals; websites of individual journals related to scientometric studies and information management (services) in science.
PubDate: 2018-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105518010028
Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 1 (2018)

• TextJSM: Text Sentiment Analysis Method
• Authors: E. V. Kotelnikov
Pages: 24 - 34
Abstract: The TextJSM method of text sentiment analysis is proposed, based on JSM method of automated hypothesis generation. Two versions of the TextJSM method are presented, that is, for solving predictive and descriptive problems. Parallel implementation of the main stages of both versions is considered. Experimental studies based on the ROMIP 2011–2012 seminar text corpora show the superiority of the developed method over other data mining methods.
PubDate: 2018-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105518010089
Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 1 (2018)

• The Rate of Convergence to the Limit of the Probability of Encountering an
Accidental Similarity in the Presence of Counter Examples
• Authors: D. V. Vinogradov
Pages: 35 - 37
Abstract: This paper refines the main result of [1], where the limit $$- {e^{ - a}} - a{e^{ - a}}\left[ {1 - {e^{ - c\sqrt a }}} \right]$$ was proved for the probability of encountering an accidental similarity between two parent examples without $$m = c\sqrt n$$ counter examples if each parent example and counter example is described by a series of $$\sqrt n$$ independent Bernoulli trials with success probability $$p = \sqrt {a/n}$$ . In this paper, we prove that the rate of convergence to the limit is proportional to $${n^{\frac{1}{2}}}$$ .
PubDate: 2018-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105518010090
Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 1 (2018)

• The Concept of Information in Big Data Processing
• Authors: P. V. Golubtsov
Pages: 38 - 43
Abstract: The need to transform existing algorithms in Big Data Systems is considered. The transformation must allow independent and parallel processing of separate fragments of data. The characteristic aspects of a well-organized intermediate compact form of information and its natural algebraic properties are studied and an illustrative example is provided.
PubDate: 2018-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s000510551801003x
Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 1 (2018)

• Analysis of Spaces of Similarity Generated by a Fact Base in JSM Problems
• Authors: S. M. Gusakova
Pages: 44 - 50
Abstract: In this paper, we investigate spaces of similarity generated by fact bases of intelligent JSM systems and present a classification for the set of potential hypotheses. Conditions on similarity spaces are imposed to reduce the number of classes in this classification. The results obtained in this work make it possible to estimate the set of hypotheses (including minimal ones) found by inductive reasoning and can be used to solve the problems of opinion analysis and formation of a social structure.
PubDate: 2018-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105518010065
Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 1 (2018)

• The Phonetic Alphabet of the Chechen Language as a Basis of a
Speech-Synthesis System
• Authors: E. S. Izrailova
Pages: 51 - 55
Abstract: This paper describes the principles for developing the AZBAT phonetic alphabet, which was created by analogy with the DARPAbet phonetic alphabet of the English language and is oriented to creating the speech corpus and system for synthesis of Chechen speech. The experience of developers of other phonetic alphabets and databases was used; account was also taken of the features of pronunciation and graphics, rules of compatibility, and variability of phonemes, which had been described in the works of well-known Chechen philologists. The classification of vowels and consonant phonemes is given, according to which each phoneme has the attributes that are necessary to implement the program code. The designed system for synthesis of Chechen speech is assigned a basic set of acoustic phonetic elements that consists of diphones and allophones. This set will be complied with to build an acoustic phonetic database that is the basis of a system for automatic synthesis of Chechen speech.
PubDate: 2018-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105518010077
Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 1 (2018)

• Blockchain Technology: Universal Structure and Requirements
• Authors: M. R. Biktimirov; A. V. Domashev; P. A. Cherkashin; A. Yu. Shcherbakov
Pages: 235 - 238
Abstract: The project elaboration of the configuration and mathematical model of distributed blockchain data storage, blockchain applications for implementing various information technologies, and blockchain requirements that stem from its analytical and structural features are considered.
PubDate: 2017-11-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517060036
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 6 (2017)

• Constructing an Attribute-Based Search Subsystem for Identity Management
Systems when Implementing Integration Solutions
• Authors: A. V. Belov; M. I. Nezhurina; A. D. Shestova
Pages: 239 - 243
Abstract: This paper addresses the problem of designing an attribute-based search subsystem when integrating an identity management (IDM) system with modern complex systems (e.g., enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems) that have granular access control. When implementing integration solutions with a large number of roles and users, the context search preset in IDM systems proves to be inadequate. We propose and implement a solution to this problem that consists in changing the approach to the organization of a role search and description and present an approach to determining the optimal number of attributes required for an efficient search.
PubDate: 2017-11-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517060024
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 6 (2017)

• Scientometric Methods for Identifying Scientific Leaders: New Mathematical
Models
• Authors: G. N. Kuzmin; K. S. Fursov
Pages: 244 - 249
Abstract: A new approach to the multidimensional assessment of research organizations is introduced. Based on the use of quantitative data, various types of research and development results are considered in the approach.
PubDate: 2017-11-01
DOI: 10.3103/s000510551706005x
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 6 (2017)

• Analysis of the Webometric Indicators of the Main Websites that Aggregate
Multithematic Scientific Information
• Authors: Yu. M. Brumshteyn; E. Yu. Vas’kovskii
Pages: 250 - 265
Abstract: A rationale is provided for the importance of assessing the availability, volumes, and relevance of scientific and technical information (STI) on content-aggregator websites. It is suggested that STI be classified into two groups: scientific information and engineering/technical information. Based on certain categorization principles described in this article, content-aggregator websites are divided into 33 categories. A discussion is given of the possibilities and drawbacks of the webometrics methodology that is used in Russia to evaluate websites with scientific content. A new methodology is proposed for evaluating the volumes and relevance of information on aggregator websites of scientific content. The proposed methodology has been tested on the websites of several leading foreign and Russian organizations aggregating multithematic scientific information. A discussion is given about the place of these websites in the global and Russian scientific infospace, the composition and sources of the scientific information aggregated on the websites, the terms of access to this information, and whether and how these websites use systems for calculating scientometric indicators. The webometric indicators are presented and discussed for all the websites included in the study.
PubDate: 2017-11-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517060048
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 6 (2017)

• On JSM Reasoning Applicable to Unions of Factbase Subsets: Part 2
• Authors: V. K. Finn; O. P. Shesternikova
Pages: 266 - 288
Abstract: In the first part of this paper (STI, Ser. 2, 2017, No. 11, pp. 11–25), we considered four types of strategies in JSM reasoning that contain predicates M ag σ (V,X,Y) to generate hypotheses with a ternary causality relations. This paper investigates quasi-axiomatic theories (QAT), whose logical means is JSM reasoning with different types of strategies and considers the semantic bases of QAT.
PubDate: 2017-11-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517060073
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 6 (2017)

• On Computerization of Social Sciences
• Authors: M. A. Mikheyenkova
Pages: 289 - 292
Abstract: Computer-aided sociological data-analysis tools that form the basis of modern empirical sociological surveys are considered. The tools include methods of statistical analysis and tools for computer-aided support of scientific studies and intelligent data analysis.
PubDate: 2017-11-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517060085
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 6 (2017)

• The intensive use of digital data in modern natural science
• Authors: A. O. Erkimbaev; V. Yu. Zitserman; G. A. Kobzev
Pages: 201 - 213
Abstract: Common approaches and technologies applied to digital data storage and processing in various disciplines are analyzed. It is shown that regardless of a specific subject area, working with large data set obtained as a result of experimenting or modeling requires similar methodological support, involving data curation, metadata support, and data genesis and quality annotation. The interdisciplinary field called “The properties of materials and substances” is analyzed as an example of a discipline that actively applies digital data. New approaches to the integration of data with heterogeneous properties that take into account structural data variations by the class of substances, the state of sample, experimental conditions, and other factors are investigated.
PubDate: 2017-09-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517050028
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 5 (2017)

• A method for estimating the time intervals between transactions in
speech-compression algorithms
• Authors: E. V. Larkin; A. V. Bogomolov; A. N. Privalov
Pages: 214 - 219
Abstract: A method is described for estimating the time intervals between transactions in speech-compression algorithms based on a complex Markov process, each state of which is a 2-parallel Markov process that describes the “competition” between the source of the signal that fills the buffer and the receiver of the signal that empties the buffer. The complex Markov process is transformed into an ordinary process, whose states simulate the number of buffer cells that are filled at the current time. This makes it possible to obtain a dependence connecting the probability of failure, the amount of buffer memory, and the mathematical expectations of the times of filling and emptying the buffer.
PubDate: 2017-09-01
DOI: 10.3103/s000510551705003x
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 5 (2017)

• On JSM reasoning applicable to unions of factbase subsets: Part 1
• Authors: V. K. Finn; O. P. Shesternikova
Pages: 220 - 234
Abstract: In this paper, we consider the strengthening of the JSM method for automated support of scientific research (ASSR JSM method) by introducing a ternary relationship of causality such that positive facts can contain negative causes and negative facts can contain positive causes. In this connection, we consider unions of factbase subsets that correspond to combinations of pairs of similarity predicates that, in turn, represent binary and ternary relationships of causality, respectively, for formalization of JSM reasoning rules.
PubDate: 2017-09-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517050053
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 5 (2017)

• Patterns for constructing scientific citation index
• Authors: P. A. Kalachikhin
Pages: 171 - 179
Abstract: This paper presents the structural patterns for the basic types of science citation indexes, including alternative citation indexes of the newest generation. The patterns make allowance for the subtle characteristics of citation indexes. The patterns of citation indexes are universal enough to be used as templates for automatically generating new citation indexes with specified properties when creating intelligent modules of scientometric information systems.
PubDate: 2017-07-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517040021
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 4 (2017)

• Methods of indicator-based assessment of knowledge transfer from science
to technology
• Authors: V. A. Minin; I. M. Zatsman; V. A. Khavanskov; S. K. Shubnikov
Pages: 180 - 190
Abstract: Indicator-based assessment of information links between science and technology is considered. Link indicators are defined as a number or matrix of numerical values that characterize the intensity and various aspects of the knowledge transfer from different research areas to the technological area. A description of primary information resources used to determine these indicator values, including full-text patent specifications, is given. A description of secondary information resources generated in the process of full-text specification, including reference links on scientific publications cited in the specifications, is represented. Initial and secondary resources are used to create and test an indicator-based information model for the assessment of science and technology links, on whose basis the integral and subject indicator values of the scientific knowledge rate of transfer to the information technology are determined.
PubDate: 2017-07-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517040069
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 4 (2017)

• The reliability of analogy-based prediction
• Authors: D. V. Vinogradov
Pages: 191 - 195
Abstract: This paper is focused on choosing a sufficient number of runs of a coupling Markov chain that makes it possible to generate, with a high confidence level, hypotheses such that at least one of them is inserted into any test example with high probability of positive prediction. The proposed technique is based on the Vapnik–Chervonenkis resampling method.
PubDate: 2017-07-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517040033
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 4 (2017)

• Practical use of bibliometric patterns in scientific studies
• Authors: V. N. Komaritsa; A. A. Soshchenko
Pages: 196 - 200
Abstract: The results of a study based Lotka’s law are presented that show the quantitative distribution of publications among groups of authors affiliated to one scientific organization. The relationship between publications and authors of articles is analyzed by building discrete mathematical structures known as graphs on the basis of multilevel citation data. This analysis makes it possible to determine the importance of an article and track its relationships and impact on adjacent areas of scientific research. The analysis is conducted by statistical processing of scientometric information. The practical results show the high convergence of empirical and analytical data. The relationships between research teams and lines of research are established.
PubDate: 2017-07-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517040057
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 4 (2017)

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