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COMPUTER SCIENCE (1154 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 872 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Academy of Information and Management Sciences Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
ACM Computing Surveys     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
ACM Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing (TACCESS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACM Transactions on Architecture and Code Optimization (TACO)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems (TAAS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Computation Theory (TOCT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Computer Systems (TOCS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ACM Transactions on Economics and Computation     Hybrid Journal  
ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems (TECS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TiiS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems (TRETS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks (TOSN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing (TSLP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ACM Transactions on Storage     Hybrid Journal  
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Engineering Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Artificial Neural Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Computer Science : an International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Technology Innovation     Open Access  
AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Information and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AIS Transactions on Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Computational Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Sensor Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Animation Practice, Process & Production     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annual Reviews in Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied and Computational Harmonic Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Applied Artificial Intelligence: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Applied Computer Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Informatics     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics and Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Applied Numerical Analysis & Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Soft Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Architectural Theory Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artifact     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Information Technology and Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Educational Computing     Open Access  
Automatic Control and Computer Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Automatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Automation in Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 212)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
British Journal of Educational Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 110)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
CALCOLO     Hybrid Journal  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Cell Communication and Signaling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central European Journal of Computer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CIN Computers Informatics Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CLEI Electronic Journal     Open Access  
Clin-Alert     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cluster Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communication Methods and Measures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Algebra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications of the ACM     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Communications of the Association for Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Adaptive Systems Modeling     Open Access  
Complex Analysis and Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Computación y Sistemas     Open Access  
Computation     Open Access  
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Astrophysics and Cosmology     Open Access  
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Cognitive Science     Open Access  
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Condensed Matter     Open Access  
Computational Ecology and Software     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Computational Management Science     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Molecular Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Particle Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computational Science and Techniques     Open Access  
Computational Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Computational Statistics & Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Computer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77)
Computer Aided Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computer Engineering and Applications Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Computer Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computer Methods in the Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computer Music Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Computer Physics Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science - Research and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Computer Science and Information Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Computer Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computer Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Computer Science Master Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Computer Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computer Standards & Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Assembly Automation
  [SJR: 0.657]   [H-I: 26]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0144-5154
   Published by Emerald Homepage  [335 journals]
  • A Dynamic Simulator for the Ergonomics Evaluation of Powered Torque Tools
           for Human Assembly
    • First page: 1
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 37, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose A testing device was designed and developed to simulate interaction between human hand-arm dynamics, right-angle computer-controlled power torque tools, and joint tightening task-related variables. Design/methodology/approach The testing rig can simulate a variety of tool, task, and operator conditions. The device includes custom data acquisition electronics and graphical user interface-based software. Human hand-arm dynamics’ simulation is based on the rig’s four-bar mechanism-based design and mechanical components that provide adjustable stiffness (via pneumatic cylinder) and mass (via plates) and non-adjustable damping. The stiffness and mass values used are based on an experimentally validated hand-arm model that includes a database of model parameters. This database is with respect to gender and working posture corresponding to experienced tool operators from a prior study. Findings The rig measures tool handle force and displacement responses simultaneously. Peak force and displacement coefficients of determination (R2) between rig estimations and human testing measurements were 0.98 and 0.85, respectively, for the same set of tool, task, and operator conditions. The rig also provides predicted tool operator acceptability ratings, using a data set from a prior study of discomfort in experienced operators during torque tool use. Research limitations/implications Deviations from linearity may influence handle force and displacement measurements. Stiction (coulomb friction) in the overall rig, as well as in the air cylinder piston, is neglected. The rig’s mechanical damping is not adjustable, despite the fact that human hand-arm damping varies with respect to gender and working posture. Deviations from these assumptions may affect the correlation of handle force and displacement measurements to those of human testing for the same tool, task, and operator conditions. Practical implications This test rig will allow the rapid assessment of the ergonomic performance of DC torque tools, saving considerable time in lineside applications and reducing the risk of worker injury. DC torque tools are an extremely effective way of increasing production rate and improving torque accuracy. Being a complex dynamic system, however, the performance of DC torque tools varies in each application. Changes in worker mass, damping, and stiffness as well as joint stiffness and tool program make each application unique. This test rig models all of these factors and allows quick assessment. Originality/value The rig provides a novel means for quantitative, repeatable dynamic evaluation of right-angle powered torque tools and objective selection of tightening programs. Compared to current static tool assessment methods, dynamic testing provides a more realistic tool assessment relative to the tool operator’s experience. This may lead to improvements in tool or controller design and reduction in associated musculoskeletal discomfort in operators.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2017-01-05T12:42:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-12-2015-126
  • Investigations for improving the surface finish of FDM based ABS replicas
           by chemical vapor smoothing process: A case study
    • First page: 13
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 37, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose In this research work an effort has been made to investigate the affect of fused deposition modelling (FDM) process parameters on the surface finish of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) replicas (as pre-processing stage), followed by chemical vapor smoothing (CVS) process (as post processing stage) as a case study. Design/methodology/approach The Taguchi L18 orthogonal array has been used for optimizing process parameters of FDM and CVS process. Findings This study highlights that orientation and part density and the interaction between these two have significant effect on the surface finish at pre-processing stage of FDM. However, after post processing with CVS there is hardly any influence of pre-processing FDM parameters. Originality/value The study highlights that for improving the productivity of FDM process, the parametric optimization of process may be made on basis of production cost and time in place of surface finish of ABS replicas. The results obtained have been verified by performing the confirmation experiments.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2017-01-05T12:42:37Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-12-2015-127
  • Control system designing for correcting wing-fuselage assembly deformation
           of a large aircraft
    • First page: 22
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 37, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose In aircraft wing-fuselage assembly, distributed multi-point support layout of positioners causes fuselage deform under gravity load, leading to assembly difficulty and assembly stress. This paper proposes a hybrid force position control method to balance aerodynamic shape accuracy and deformation of assembly area, thereby correcting assembly deformation and reducing assembly stress. Design/methodology/approach Force and position control axes of positioners are selected based on screw theory and ellipsoid method. The position-control axes follow the posture trajectory to align the fuselage posture. To exert force on the fuselage and correct the deformations, the force-control axes follow the contact force derived by using orthogonal experiments and partial least squares regression (PLSR). Finite element simulation and one-dimension deformation correction experiment are conducted to verify the validity of this method. Findings Simulation results indicate that hybrid force position control method can correct assembly deformation and improve the wing-fuselage assembly quality significantly. Experiment on specimen verifies the effect of this method indirectly. Originality/value The proposed method gives a solution to solve the deformation problem during aircraft wing-fuselage assembly, thereby reducing assembly stress and improving assembly quality.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2017-01-05T12:42:36Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-01-2016-006
  • Mixed-model multi-manned assembly line balancing problem: a mathematical
           model and a simulated annealing approach
    • First page: 34
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 37, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This paper studies a generalized type of mixed-model assembly line with multi-manned workstations where multiple workers simultaneously perform different tasks on the same product. This special kind of assembly line is usually utilized to assemble different models of large products, such as buses and trucks, on the same production line. Design/methodology/approach To solve the mixed-model multi-manned assembly line balancing problem optimally, a new mixed-integer-programming (MIP) model is presented. The proposed MIP model is NP-hard, and as a result, a simulated annealing (SA) algorithm is developed in order to find the optimal or near optimal solution in a small amounts of computation time. Findings The performance of the proposed algorithm is examined for several test problems in terms of solution quality and running time. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm has a satisfactory performance from computational time efficiency and solution accuracy. Originality/value This research is the very first study that minimizes the number of workers and workstations simultaneously, with a higher priority set for the number of workers, for a mixed model multi-manned assembly line using a novel MIP formulation and SA algorithm.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2017-01-05T12:42:39Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-02-2016-016
  • Scheduling the in-house logistics distribution for automotive assembly
           lines with just-in-time principles
    • First page: 51
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 37, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This paper aims to investigate the just-in-time(JIT) in-house logistics problem for automotive assembly lines. A point to point(P2P) JIT distribution model has been formulated to specify the destination station and parts quantity of each delivery for minimizing line-side inventory levels. Design/methodology/approach An exact backtracking procedure integrating with dominance properties is presented to cope with small scale instances. As for real-world instances, this study develops a modified discrete artificial bee colony(MDABC) metaheuristic. The neighbor search of MDABC is redefined by a novel differential evolution loop and a breadth-first search. Findings The backtracking method has efficaciously cut unpromising branches and solved small scale instances to optimality. Meanwhile, the modifications have enhanced exploitation abilities of the original metaheuristic and good approximate solutions are obtained for real-world instances. Furthermore, inventory peaks are avoided according to the simulation results which validates the effectiveness of this mathematical model to facilitate an efficient JIT parts supply. Research limitations/implications This study is applicable only if the breakdown of transport devices is not considered. The current work has effectively facilitated the P2P JIT logistics scheduling in automotive assembly lines, and it could be modified to tackle similar distribution problems featuring time-varying demands. Originality/value Both limited vehicle capacities and no stock-outs constraints are considered, and the combined routing and loading problem is solved satisfactorily for an efficient JIT supply of material in automotive assembly lines.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2017-01-05T12:42:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-04-2016-028
  • A new method for automatic shaft-hole assembly of aircraft components
    • First page: 64
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 37, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose The purpose of this paper is to design a new method to realize automatic assembly of aircraft components with large shafts such as canard and vertical tail. The assembly structure of component with large shaft and fuselage is a mating assembly structure, and it is a challenge to satisfy the precision and assembly requirement. Design/methodology/approach According to the assembly structure features and process requirements of an aircraft component with large shaft, the operating principle of precise assembly system for shaft-hole mating is analyzed in this paper. The model of compliant assembly for shaft-hole mating is constructed, and force condition analysis of the compliant assembly is performed. An automatic precise shaft-hole assembly method for aircraft assembly using 5 degrees of freedom spatial mechanism, compliance technology and servo feeding system is put forward based on the analysis. A 5 degrees of freedom passive compliant experimental equipment has been developed. Findings Application test results of the 5 degrees of freedom passive compliant experimental equipment show that the simulated canard can be mated automatically and accurately through this method with high efficiency and high quality as long as the tip of shaft enters into the range of hole’s chamfer. Practical implications This method has been used in an aircraft assembly project. The practical results show that the aircraft components with large shafts can be mated automatically and accurately through this method with high efficiency and high quality. Originality/value This paper presents a new method and designs a new assembly system to realize the assembly of the aircraft components with large shafts. The research will promote the automation of fuselage assembly.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2017-01-05T12:42:40Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-04-2016-032
  • Space claim analysis for addressing maintenance of key components in
           complex products
    • First page: 71
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 37, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose The aim of this paper is to provide a new approach involving guidelines and supporting techniques that guarantees all needed space for appropriate product maintenance. Design/methodology/approach The approach is based on two major areas: i/ field survey to understand how maintainability parameter is applied; ii/ converge theory and practice into a systematic space claim method using Computer-Aided Design (CAD) systems to assure proper maintenance procedures at design stages. Findings Case studies from a truck industry conducted following the proposed approach contrast the savings that can be achieved by utilizing a proper space claim for Aftermarket needs against an unsuitable level of participation by maintenance personnel during the design development. Research limitations/implications This approach is highly dependent on maintenance experts with suitable skills on CAD systems. Practical implications Products developed according to the approach envisaged can result in following aspects: i/ lower repair time; ii/ better maintenance procedures on key components; iii/ easier preventive maintenance; iv/ less need for special tools; v/ more ergonomic design; vi/ better communication between design and service engineers; vii/ simplicity; and viii/ less complex training. Originality/value A new process is presented, considering the protection of needed spaces for maintenance procedures throughout the PDP, diverging to other studies that only propose analysis addressing maintainability at singular point in time during the product development. In just one case study presented, savings of USD$ 1.3M were achieved by applying this space claim approach.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2017-01-05T12:42:40Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-04-2016-038
  • Design methodology for a hybrid part feeding system in lean-based assembly
    • First page: 84
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 37, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose The aim of the paper is proposing a combined methodology to help decision makers in evaluating and selecting the most effective part feeding system. Design/methodology/approach As a first step of the methodology, a hierarchical clustering analysis is applied to design a kitting or hybrid feeding system. Secondly, Activity Based Costing (ABC) methodology is applied to determine which system is better according to their costs. Besides, sensitivity analysis is implemented to observe the behavior of the system in case of the takt time changes. Findings Using kitting systems purely can lead to problems because of the big and expensive parts in the mixed-model assembly systems. Therefore, the hybrid feeding policy can provide better solutions for such systems. Research limitations/implications A case study is conducted in a company and the most produced product of the company is considered to design of the part feeding system. Results indicated that transportation cost has a large proportion on the total cost and the hybrid feeding policy may be a good solution to reduce this cost. Practical implications The paper includes implications for the design of hybrid feeding systems in lean-based assembly lines. The proposed methodology may be practical tool for decision makers to design and decision on the part feeding policy. Originality/value Kitting design has not been studied yet to the best of author’s knowledge. Besides, there is no certain decision methodology indicating which system is better. In this study, different methods are combined as a new methodology with the purpose of industrial decision making.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2017-01-05T12:42:38Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-09-2016-114
  • Field Oriented Predictive Control Strategy for Induction Machine Drives
    • First page: 103
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 37, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose In order to drive the induction machine system with low switching frequency Design/methodology/approach An unconventional inverter control strategy—field oriented predictive control (FOPC), is presented. The strategy limits current distortion by setting a boundary circle. The voltage vector, which could keep current trajectories in boundary, is selected to obtain low switching frequency. Findings A dual simulation step technique is developed to investigate the influence of sampling frequency on current distortion control and switching frequency.Current control distortion can be improved reduced by increasing sampling frequency; however, switching frequency will also rise. Such law is discovered by dual simulation step technique and finally verified by experiments. Originality/value A new predictive control method, Field Oriented Predictive Control (FOPC), is derived from the rotor filed coordinate machine model and presented in this paper. FOPC circumvents derivative calculations, and thus avoids high frequency noise amplification.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2017-01-05T12:42:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-10-2016-132
  • A Convergence-guaranteed Particle Swarm Optimization Method for Mobile
           Robot Global Path Planning
    • First page: 114
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 37, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose Aiming at obtaining a high-quality global path for a mobile robot which works in complex environments, a modified particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm, named random-disturbance self-adaptive PSO (RDSAPSO), is proposed in this paper. Design/methodology/approach A perturbed global updating mechanism is introduced to the global best position to avoid stagnation in RDSAPSO. Moreover, a new self-adaptive strategy is proposed to fine-tune the three control parameters in RDSAPSO to dynamically adjust the exploration and exploitation capabilities of RDSAPSO. Since the convergence of PSO is paramount and influences the quality of the generated path, this paper also analytically investigates the convergence of RDSAPSO and provides a convergence-guaranteed parameter selection principle for RDSAPSO. Finally, a RDSAPSO-based global path planning method is developed, in which the feasibility-based rule is applied to handle the constraint of the problem. Findings In an attempt to validate the proposed method, it is compared against six state-of-the-art evolutionary methods under three different numerical simulations. The simulation results confirm that the proposed method is highly competitive in terms of the path optimality. Moreover, the computation time of the proposed method is comparable with those of the other compared methods. Originality/value Therefore, the proposed method can be considered as a vital alternative in the field of global path planning.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2017-01-05T12:42:34Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-03-2016-024
  • Mathematical Model of Robotic Assembly by means of Adaptation and
           Low-frequency Vibration
    • First page: 130
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 37, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose A model enables us to determine the reaction at the contact points of parts and time based contact conditions changes. Therefore, the conditions of jamming parts can be defined in the process of conjugation. Design/methodology/approach A mathematical model describing the trajectory of the part mass center in robotic assembly is created. An experimental equipment is also presented in the article. Convergence of theoretical and experimental results that characterize the reliability of processes is estimated. Findings The mathematical model of the connection process dynamics in the form of Lagrange's equations of the second kind. Originality/value Applying low-frequency vibration and the adaptive gripper are proposed to extend technological capabilities of robotic assembly.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2017-01-05T12:42:41Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-04-2016-036
  • Assembly line design considering line balancing and part feeding
    • First page: 135
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 37, Issue 1, February 2017.
      Purpose This paper aims to optimize the configuration of assembly lines (ALs) considering the two long-term decision problems within the line balancing and part feeding (PF) contexts, when the supermarket concept is applied in PF. Design/methodology/approach To this purpose a bi-level mathematical model is proposed to deal with the assembly line balancing problem (ALBP) and supermarket location problem (SLP) during the strategic decision making phase of ALs configuration. The proposed model is applied on the known test problems taken from the ALBP literature to verify its performance. Findings The computational results verify that when the proposed structure is applied the resulting AL configurations are optimized from both ALBP and SLP considerations in terms of number of stations and line efficiency as well as supermarket transportation and installation costs. Originality/value No study has yet dealt with the long-term decision problem of configuring ALs considering both ALBP and SLP. Also this study validates the effect of the ALBP on the SLP solutions as two long-term interrelated decision problems.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2017-01-05T12:42:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-09-2016-122
  • Glove-based virtual hand grasping for virtual mechanical assembly
    • Pages: 349 - 361
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 349-361, September 2016.
      Purpose Hand gesture-based interaction can provide far more intuitive, natural and immersive feelings for users to manipulate 3D objects for virtual assembly (VA). A mechanical assembly consists of mostly general-purpose machine elements or mechanical parts that can be defined into four types based on their geometric features and functionalities. For different types of machine elements, engineers formulate corresponding grasping gestures based on their domain knowledge or customs for ease of assembly. Therefore, this paper aims to support a virtual hand to assemble mechanical parts. Design/methodology/approach It proposes a novel glove-based virtual hand grasping approach for virtual mechanical assembly. The kinematic model of virtual hand is set up first by analyzing the hand structure and possible movements, and then four types of grasping gestures are defined with joint angles of fingers for connectors and three types of parts, respectively. The recognition of virtual hand grasping is developed based on collision detection and gesture matching. Moreover, stable grasping conditions are discussed. Findings A prototype system is designed and developed to implement the proposed approach. The case study on VA of a two-stage gear reducer demonstrates the functionality of the system. From the users’ feedback, it is found that more natural and stable hand grasping interaction for VA of mechanical parts can be achieved. Originality/value It proposes a novel glove-based virtual hand grasping approach for virtual mechanical assembly.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2016-09-22T10:40:46Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-01-2016-002
  • Automatic multi-stereo-vision reconstruction method of complicated tubes
           for industrial assembly
    • Pages: 362 - 375
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 362-375, September 2016.
      Purpose Complicated tubes extensively exist in the industrial equipment. The manufacturing precision of the tubes is difficult to be ensured with bending machine. Therefore, the tubes’ 3D geometric error should be fixed according to measurement results. However, there are no convenient methods to accomplish the measurement accurately and effectively. Thus, this paper aims to propose a new tube measurement method to achieve tube's automatic measurement. The accurate measurement results can be used to fix the geometric error of the tube to achieve stress-free assembly. Design/methodology/approach Tubes’ shape can be determined by control points. First, the point clouds of the centre line by multi-stereo-vision technology are reconstructed. Then, the point clouds to the spine of the tube are thinned by moving least-squares and segmented into lines and arcs. Finally, the control points are calculated and the model is reconstructed. The authors can get the tube’s geometric dimensions from the model. Findings The experiment results indicate that the multi-stereo-vision technology can solve the occlusion problem and measure the complicated tubes efficiently and accurately. Originality/value The paper proposed a tube measurement method. The repeatability measuring precision was 0.12 mm, and the absolute measuring precision was within 0.78 mm. The tube spectra assessed in this paper are in the range of angles between two adjacent line segments of 3-177° and the shortest length of the line segment is greater than 5 mm, confirming that the proposed algorithm can measure various complicated tubes effectively and accurately.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2016-09-22T10:40:35Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-10-2015-078
  • Evaluation of residual clearance after pre-joining and pre-joining scheme
           optimization in aircraft panel assembly
    • Pages: 376 - 387
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 376-387, September 2016.
      Purpose For the automatic drilling and riveting in panel assembly, gaps between the skin and strangers are inevitable and undesirable. At present, the determination of pre-joining schemes relies on workers’ experience, introducing excessive number and inappropriate locations of pre-joining. This paper aims to present a new method for the evaluation of residual clearances after pre-joining and the pre-joining scheme optimization, providing operation guidance for the workers in panel assembly workshop. Design/methodology/approach In this paper, an equivalent gap assembly model for pre-joining is proposed on the basis of the mechanism of variation. This model retains the essential elastic behavior of the key features during the pre-joining operation and calculates the residual clearances in the view of the potential energy. Subsequently, this method is embedded into a Pareto optimality-based genetic algorithm, and the optimal pre-joining schemes are achieved with the consideration of the total residual clearances and the permissive tolerances. Findings The equivalent gap assembly model has the capability to predict an acceptable degree of accuracy of the residual clearances and achieve the optimized pre-joining schemes with less number of pre-joining at the same level of residual clearances. Practical implications The optimized pre-joining schemes are given in the form of Pareto optimality set, and workers can select suitable results according to their inclination to the quality and efficiency. Originality/value The paper is the first to propose the equivalent gap assembly model for the pre-joining operation, which provides for the simplification of the calculation of residual clearances based on the constrained variation principles.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2016-09-22T10:40:57Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-12-2015-129
  • A study on the control of an automatic picking system (APS) in a warehouse
    • Pages: 388 - 397
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 388-397, September 2016.
      Purpose This paper aims to explore methods of defining ejecting zones (EZs) used in automatic picking systems (APSs), particularly in A-frame APSs. An A-frame APS automatically ejects products onto a conveyor, which then brings the products to their destination. EZs are moving zones on a conveyor, and each EZ corresponds to one picking order. Products are ejected as a zone passes channels in which the products are stored. Design/methodology/approach First, three EZ types are defined, and their operations are explained. Second, picking orders are analyzed and categorized by considering the structure and the picking mechanism of an A-frame APS. In addition, picking-order instances reflecting actual data are randomly generated according to each category. Finally, the performance of the EZs is evaluated using the picking-order instances and computer simulations. Findings The results from the computer simulations suggest the EZ types suitable for use with various picking order types considering order fulfilment speed and energy usage. Research limitations/implications In this paper, the authors only adopt a triangular distribution which is considered most practical distribution in the industry. Practical implications It is believed that these results can provide managers and operators with useful guides to facilitate the effective operation of an A-frame APS. The provided ideas have been implemented at the pharmaceutical warehouse of the largest logistics company in Korea. Social implications The result shows that the proposed idea could save energy consumption and the APS have potential to save labor involvement in picking. Originality/value It is essential to define the EZs when operating an A-frame APS efficiently, but there is almost no research in this area. This paper focuses on defining EZs, as well as methods to utilize these zones.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2016-09-22T10:41:15Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-02-2016-018
  • Design of a novel bionic prosthetic knee joint
    • Pages: 398 - 404
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 398-404, September 2016.
      Purpose This paper aims to find a new method that could be applied to the high and mid-grade prosthesis knee joint. Design/methodology/approach Based on analysis, calculation, modeling, simulation and experimental study of the motion law of knee joint, this paper not only determines the structure and parameters of the knee joint and calculates the instantaneous center but also analyzes the stance stability and completes the optimization. With the help of experimental tests (fatigue test and gait curve test), the quality and performance of the designed knee joint is verified. Findings The experimental results show that the gait curve of the designed knee joint is much closer to health people. The designed prosthesis knee joint, with adjustable swing speed and gait curve which are close to health limb, has a better performance when compared to the ordinary knee joint with four-bar linkage structure. Originality/value This paper developed a prosthesis knee joint based on a novel design method that could be applied to the “high and mid” grade prosthesis knee joint and verified its function on an amputee performed the lower amputation, which could provide theoretical support for researches and designs related to prosthesis knee joint in future.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2016-09-22T10:40:43Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-08-2015-066
  • Force and position deviations estimation for ultra-thin tube assembly
    • Pages: 405 - 411
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 405-411, September 2016.
      Purpose Micro ultra-thin tubes have important implications in aerospace, nuclear energy and other fields. In microassembly process, these parts are characterized by following reasons: the small size can easily lead to damage when gripping, even for low intensity and the parts are mainly affected by the instability of light source, for vision-based systems, the visual information about ultra-thin tubes is difficult to gather and the contact state is hard to monitor. Design/methodology/approach The paper presents a new method to adjust the position deviations based on contact forces during microassembly processes. Specific research is such that the assembly model was established based both on mechanic calculation and numerical simulation; the assembly task was carried out on an in-house microassembly system with coaxial alignment function (MSCA), the contact statements were controlled based on force sensor feedback signals and the model of the relationship between contact force and assembly deviations was established. Through a comparative study, the results of experiment and simulation differ by less than 11 per cent, validating the accuracy and feasibility of the method. Findings The model of assembly force and position deviations of micro ultra-thin tubes based on MSCA has been built. Besides, the assembly force threshold, and the assembly process parameters have been obtained. Originality/value The assembly process parameters obtained from experiments can be applied in the precision assembly and provide theoretical guidance and technical support to the precision assembly of the multi-scale parts.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2016-09-22T10:41:18Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-11-2015-109
  • Layout validation and re-configuration in Plug&Produce systems
    • Pages: 412 - 428
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 412-428, September 2016.
      Purpose This paper aims to provide a method and decision support tool to enhance swift reconfiguration of Plug&Produce (P&P) systems in the presence of continuously changing production orders. Design/methodology/approach The paper reviews different production scenarios and system design and configuration methods and more particularly specifies the need of decision support tools for P&P systems that integrate configuration and planning activities. This problem is then addressed by proposing a method that helps reduce the solution space of the reconfiguration problem and allows the timely selection of the most promising reconfiguration alternative. Findings The proposed method was found to be helpful in reducing the reconfiguration alternatives that need to be considered and in selecting the most promising one for different orders. The advantages and limitations of this method are identified, and an illustrative test case of the approach is presented, corroborating the method applicability in the absence of large queues in the system. Originality/value This paper addresses a less explored domain within the P&P systems research field, which is the system reconfiguration. It proposed a method to support system validation and reconfiguration jointly with an illustrative test case. This represents an original contribution to the P&P research field, and it can have impact in improving agility and decreasing the complexity of reconfiguration activities to cope with constantly changing production orders.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2016-09-22T10:40:24Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-12-2015-119
  • An automated assembly technology for large mobile radar antenna
    • Pages: 429 - 438
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 429-438, September 2016.
      Purpose Large-scale mobile radars are still erected manually by using lifting equipment, which often fails to meet the requirements on precision, quality and efficiency in the erecting process. This paper aims to introduce techniques for automatic assembly of large mobile radar antenna. Design/methodology/approach A large-scale metrology system for accurate identification of the positions and orientation of the radar antenna components is presented. A novel three-degree-of-freedom parallel mechanism is designed to realize orientation adjustment of three axes synchronous, and, thus guarantees the efficiency and accuracy of positioning process. Findings The system described in this paper is practicable in outdoor environment and provides a holistic solution that gives full consideration of the operation conditions and the environmental influences. In performance evaluation tests, the measured absolute accuracy is less than ±1 mm and repeatability is less than ±0.5 mm in the positioning task for 10 × 3 m large antenna. Originality/value This paper presents a new concept of an automatic assembly technology for the large radar antenna application.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2016-09-22T10:41:03Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-12-2015-125
  • An optimization methodology for multi model walking-worker assembly
           systems: an application from busbar energy distribution systems
    • Pages: 439 - 459
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 439-459, September 2016.
      Purpose Walking-worker assembly lines can be regarded as an effective method to achieve the above-mentioned characteristics. In such systems, workers, following each other, travel workstations in sequence by performing all of the required tasks of their own product. As the eventual stage of assembly line design, efforts should be made for capacity adjustments to meet the demand in terms of allocating tasks to workers via assembly line balancing. In this context, the purpose of this study is to address the balancing problem for multi-model walking-worker assembly systems, with the aim of improving planning capability for such systems by means of developing an optimization methodology. Design/methodology/approach Two linear integer programming models are proposed to balance a multi-model walking-worker assembly line optimally in a sequential manner. The first mathematical programming model attempts to determine number of workers in each segment (i.e. rabbit chase loop) for each model. The second model generates stations in each segment to smooth workflow. What is more, heuristic algorithms are provided due to computational burden of mathematical programming models. Two segment generation heuristic algorithms and a station generation heuristic algorithm are provided for the addressed problem. Findings The application of the mathematical programming approach improved the performance of a tap-off box assembly line in terms of number of workers (9.1 per cent) and non-value-added time ratio (between 27.9 and 26.1 per cent for different models) when compared to a classical assembly system design. In addition, the proposed approach (i.e. segmented walking-worker assembly line) provided a more convenient working environment (28.1 and 40.8 per cent shorter walking distance for different models) in contrast with the overall walking-worker assembly line. Meanwhile, segment generation heuristics yielded reduction in labour requirement for a considerable number (43.7 and 49.1 per cent) of test problems. Finally, gaps between the objective values and the lower bounds have been observed as 8.3 per cent (Segment Generation Heuristic 1) and 6.1 (Segment Generation Heuristic 2). Practical implications The proposed study presents a decision support for walking-worker line balancing with high level of solution quality and computational performance for even large-sized assembly systems. That being the case, it contributes to the management of real-life assembly systems in terms of labour planning and ergonomics. Owing to the fact that the methodology has the potential of reducing labour requirement, it will present the opportunity of utilizing freed-up capacity for new lines in the start-up period or other bottleneck processes. In addition, this study offers a working environment where skill of the workers can be improved within reasonable walking distances. Originality/value To the best knowledge of the author, workload balancing on multi-model walking-worker assembly lines with rabbit chase loop(s) has not yet been handled. Addressing this research gap, this paper presents a methodology including mathematical programming models and heuristic algorithms to solve the multi-model walking-worker assembly line balancing problem for the first time.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2016-09-22T10:41:07Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-09-2015-072
  • Optimal control method on assembly precision for a remanufactured car
           engine based on state space model
    • Pages: 460 - 472
      Abstract: Assembly Automation, Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 460-472, September 2016.
      Purpose The optimal control on reassembly (remanufacturing assembly) error is one of the key technologies to guarantee the assembly precision of remanufactured product. However, because of the uncertainty existing in remanufactured parts, it is difficult to control assembly error during reassembly process. Based on the state space model, this paper aims to propose the optimal control method on reassembly precision to solve this problem. Design/methodology/approach Initially, to ensure the assembly precision of a remanufactured car engine, this paper puts forward an optimal control method on assembly precision for a remanufactured car engine based on the state space model. This method takes assembly workstation operation and remanufactured part attribute as the input vector reassembly status as the state vector and assembly precision as the output vector. Then, the compensation function of reassembly workstation operation input vector is calculated to direct the optimization of the reassembly process. Finally, a case study of a certain remanufactured car engine crankshaft is constructed to verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the method proposed. Findings The optimal control method on reassembly precision is an effective technology in improving the quality of the remanufactured crankshaft. The average qualified rate of the remanufactured crankshaft increased from 83.05 to 90.97 per cent as shown in the case study. Originality/value The optimal control method on the reassembly precision based on the state space model is available to control the assembly precision, thus enhancing the core competitiveness of the remanufacturing enterprises.
      Citation: Assembly Automation
      PubDate: 2016-09-22T10:40:52Z
      DOI: 10.1108/AA-07-2015-062
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