Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1508 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (704 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (385 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (123 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (704 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access  
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 263)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access  
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Equity     Open Access  
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.164
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 29  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0749-3797
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3203 journals]
  • Obesity and Incident Prescription Opioid Use in the U.S., 2000–2015
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Andrew Stokes, Dielle J. Lundberg, Katherine Hempstead, Kaitlyn M. Berry, Joshua F. Baker, Samuel H. Preston
       
  • Inside the Adverse Childhood Experience Score: Strengths, Limitations, and
           Misapplications
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Robert F. Anda, Laura E. Porter, David W. Brown
       
  • Trends in the Nutrition Profile of Menu Items at Large Burger Chain
           Restaurants
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Julia A. Wolfson, Cindy W. Leung, Ashley N. Gearhardt
       
  • E-Cigarette and Cigarette Use Among U.S. Adolescents: Longitudinal
           Associations With Marijuana Use and Perceptions
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Rebecca J. Evans-Polce, Philip T. Veliz, Carol J. Boyd, Sean Esteban McCabe
       
  • Trends in Fatal and Nonfatal Injuries Among Older Americans,
           2004–2017
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Julia A. Rivera Drew, Dongjuan Xu
       
  • Prevalence of Social Determinants of Health Among Sexual Minority Women
           and Men in 2017
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Janelle M. Downing, Ellena Rosenthal
       
  • Adolescent Smoking Susceptibility: Gender-Stratified Racial and Ethnic
           Differences, 1999–2018
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Kristyn Kamke, Melanie Sabado-Liwag, Erik J. Rodriquez, Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable, Sherine El-Toukhy
       
  • Acknowledgments for AJPM Volumes 56 and 57
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s):
       
  • Impact of the Affordable Care Act on Colorectal Cancer Outcomes: A
           Systematic Review
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Michelle R. Xu, Amanda M.B. Kelly, Lawrence H. Kushi, Mary E. Reed, Howard K. Koh, Donna Spiegelman
       
  • A Comparison of Smoking History in the Electronic Health Record With
           Self-Report
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Nikhil Patel, David P. Miller, Anna C. Snavely, Christina Bellinger, Kristie L. Foley, Doug Case, Malcolm L. McDonald, Youssef R. Masmoudi, Ajay Dharod
       
  • Suicide in Older Adults With and Without Known Mental Illness: Results
           From the National Violent Death Reporting System, 2003–2016
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Timothy J. Schmutte, Samuel T. Wilkinson
       
  • Physical Activity and Use of Cigarettes and E-Cigarettes Among Young
           Adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Pallav Pokhrel, Simone Schmid, Ian Pagano
       
  • Patterns of Healthcare Discrimination Among Transgender Help-Seekers
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Meghan Romanelli, Michael A. Lindsey
       
  • Sexual Violence Victimization of Youth and Health Risk Behaviors
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Kathleen C. Basile, Heather B. Clayton, Whitney L. Rostad, Ruth W. Leemis
       
  • Availability of Safety-net Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinical Services
           in the U.S., 2018
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Jami S. Leichliter, Kari O'Donnell, Kat Kelley, Kendra M. Cuffe, Gretchen Weiss, Thomas L. Gift
       
  • Sedentary Time and Physical Activity Associations Between Child Care
           Educators and Children
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Valerie Carson, Kristi B. Adamo, Nancy Ogden, Gary S. Goldfield, Anthony D. Okely, Nicholas Kuzik, Mitchell Crozier, Stephen Hunter, Madison Predy
       
  • Social Risks Among Primary Care Patients in a Large Urban Health System
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Caroline G. Heller, Amanda S. Parsons, Earle C. Chambers, Kevin P. Fiori, Colin D. Rehm
       
  • Intersecting Experiences of Healthcare Denials Among Transgender and
           Nonbinary Patients
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Shanna K. Kattari, Matthew Bakko, Hillary K. Hecht, M. Killian Kinney
       
  • Measuring the Incidence of Child Maltreatment Using Linked Data: A
           Two-State Comparison
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Jared W. Parrish, Julia M. Fleckman, John J. Prindle, Andrea L. Eastman, Lindsey E.G. Weil
       
  • Pneumococcal Vaccination in Adults Aged ≥65 Years: Cost-Effectiveness
           and Health Impact in U.S. Populations
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Angela R. Wateska, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Chyongchiou J. Lin, Lee H. Harrison, William Schaffner, Richard K. Zimmerman, Kenneth J. Smith
       
  • Overprescribing of Opioids to Adults by Dentists in the U.S.,
           2011–2015
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Katie J. Suda, Jifang Zhou, Susan A. Rowan, Jessina C. McGregor, Rosanne I. Perez, Charlesnika T. Evans, Walid F. Gellad, Gregory S. Calip
       
  • Review of Published Curriculum on Sex Trafficking for Undergraduate
           Medical Trainees
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 4Author(s): Jennifer M.V. Talbott, Jordan S. Dutcher, Charlotte A. Pougnier, Samantha L. Calvin, Dominique Roe-Sepowitz, Juliana M. Kling
       
  • Alcohol Policies and Motor Vehicle Crash Deaths Involving Blood Alcohol
           Concentrations Below 0.08%
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Marlene C. Lira, Vishnudas Sarda, Timothy C. Heeren, Matthew Miller, Timothy S. Naimi
       
  • Changes in Beverage Marketing at Stores Following the Oakland
           Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Shannon N. Zenk, Julien Leider, Oksana Pugach, Andrea A. Pipito, Lisa M. Powell
       
  • Analyses of Employer Medical Claims Data to Assess Receipt of
           High-Priority Preventive Health Services
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Andrew G. Rundle, Nicholas E. Torsiello, Brian M. Davis, Brian Griffin, Alfred I. Neugut, David L. Levy
       
  • Neighborhood Crime and Psychotropic Medications: A Longitudinal Data
           Linkage Study of 130,000 Scottish Adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Gergő Baranyi, Mark Cherrie, Sarah Curtis, Chris Dibben, Jamie R. Pearce
       
  • Incorporation of Information-Seeking Behavior Into Food Insecurity
           Research
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Nasser Sharareh, Rachel Hess, Neng Wan, Cathleen D. Zick, Andrea S. Wallace
       
  • Trends in the Prevalence of Current, Daily, and Nondaily Cigarette Smoking
           and Quit Ratios by Depression Status in the U.S.: 2005–2017
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Andrea H. Weinberger, Michael O. Chaiton, Jiaqi Zhu, Melanie M. Wall, Deborah S. Hasin, Renee D. Goodwin
       
  • Disparities in Suicidality by Gender Identity Among Medicare Beneficiaries
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Ana M. Progovac, Brian O. Mullin, Emilia Dunham, Sari L. Reisner, Alex McDowell, Maria Jose Sanchez Roman, Mason Dunn, Cynthia J. Telingator, Frederick Q. Lu, Aaron Samuel Breslow, Marshall Forstein, Benjamin Lê Cook
       
  • Potential Impact of Autonomous Vehicles on Movement Behavior: A Scoping
           Review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): John C. Spence, Yeong-Bae Kim, Carminda G. Lamboglia, Cliff Lindeman, Amie J. Mangan, Ashley P. McCurdy, Jodie A. Stearns, Brendan Wohlers, Allison Sivak, Marianne I. Clark
       
  • E-Cigarette Use and Regular Cigarette Smoking Among Youth: Population
           Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study (2013–2016)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Olatokunbo Osibogun, Zoran Bursac, Wasim Maziak
       
  • Barriers to Firearm Injury Research
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Katie A. Donnelly, Dariush Kafashzadeh, Monika K. Goyal, Gia M. Badolato, Shilpa J. Patel, Priti Bhansali, Kathleen M. Roche, Joanna S. Cohen
       
  • Violence Victimization, Substance Use Disparities, and
           Gender-Nonconforming Youth
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Richard Lowry, Michelle M. Johns, Leah E. Robin
       
  • Resilience and Adverse Childhood Experiences: Associations With Poor
           Mental Health Among Homeless Adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Michael Liu, Cilia Mejia-Lancheros, James Lachaud, Rosane Nisenbaum, Vicky Stergiopoulos, Stephen W. Hwang
       
  • Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Subsequent Academic Performance Among U.S.
           Youth
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Kelvin Choi, Julia Cen Chen-Sankey, Ashley L. Merianos, Carol McGruder, Valerie Yerger
       
  • Association Between Social and Economic Needs With Future Healthcare
           Utilization
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): David M. Mosen, Matthew P. Banegas, Jose G. Benuzillo, Weiming R. Hu, Neon B. Brooks, Briar L. Ertz-Berger
       
  • Risk of Stroke With E-Cigarette and Combustible Cigarette Use in Young
           Adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Tarang Parekh, Sahithi Pemmasani, Rupak Desai
       
  • The Association Between State Physical Education Laws and Student Physical
           Activity
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Wanting Lin, Julien Leider, Ce Shang, Erin Hennessy, Frank M. Perna, Jamie F. Chriqui
       
  • Early Weight Loss and Treatment Response: Data From a Lifestyle Change
           Program in Clinical Practice
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Robert J. Romanelli, Sylvia Sudat, Qiwen Huang, Alice R. Pressman, Kristen Azar
       
  • Disparities in Sugary Drink Advertising on New York City Streets
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Erin A. Dowling, Calpurnyia Roberts, Tamar Adjoian, Shannon M. Farley, Rachel Dannefer
       
  • Health Risk Assessments in Michigan's Medicaid Expansion: Early
           Experiences in Primary Care
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Eunice Zhang, Renuka Tipirneni, Erin R. Beathard, Sunghee Lee, Matthias A. Kirch, Cengiz Salman, Erica Solway, Sarah J. Clark, Adrianne N. Haggins, Edith C. Kieffer, John Z. Ayanian, Susan D. Goold
       
  • The Impact of Team-Based Primary Care on Guideline-Recommended Disease
           Screening
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Julie Fiset-Laniel, Mamadou Diop, Sylvie Provost, Erin C. Strumpf
       
  • Male Adolescents’ Gender Attitudes and Violence: Implications for
           Youth Violence Prevention
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Elizabeth Miller, Alison J. Culyba, Taylor Paglisotti, Michael Massof, Qi Gao, Katie A. Ports, Jane Kato-Wallace, Julie Pulerwitz, Dorothy L. Espelage, Kaleab Z. Abebe, Kelley A. Jones
       
  • Lifecourse Drinking Patterns, Hypertension, and Heart Problems Among U.S.
           Adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Camillia K. Lui, William C. Kerr, Libo Li, Nina Mulia, Yu Ye, Edwina Williams, Thomas K. Greenfield, E. Anne Lown
       
  • Inequity in California's Smokefree Workplace Laws: A Legal Epidemiologic
           Analysis of Loophole Closures
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Judith J. Prochaska, Maya Hazarika Watts, Leslie Zellers, Darlene Huang, Eric Jay Daza, Joseph Rigdon, Melissa J. Peters, Lisa Henriksen
       
  • Longitudinal Trends and Risk Factors for Obesity Among Immigrants in
           Massachusetts
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Wudeneh M. Mulugeta
       
  • Health for Hearts United Longitudinal Trial: Improving Dietary Behaviors
           in Older African Americans
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Penny A. Ralston, Kandauda (K.A.S.) Wickrama, Catherine C. Coccia, Jennifer L. Lemacks, Iris M. Young-Clark, Jasminka Z. Ilich
       
  • U.S. Military Veterans’ Health and Well-Being in the First Year
           After Service
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Dawne S. Vogt, Fanita A. Tyrell, Emily A. Bramande, Yael I. Nillni, Emily C. Taverna, Erin P. Finley, Daniel F. Perkins, Laurel A. Copeland
       
  • Alcohol Advertising and Violence
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Pamela J. Trangenstein, Naomi Greene, Raimee H. Eck, Adam J. Milam, C. Debra Furr-Holden, David H. Jernigan
       
  • Association Between E-Cigarette Use and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary
           Disease by Smoking Status: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2016
           and 2017
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Albert D. Osei, Mohammadhassan Mirbolouk, Olusola A. Orimoloye, Omar Dzaye, S.M. Iftekhar Uddin, Emelia J. Benjamin, Michael E. Hall, Andrew P. DeFilippis, Aruni Bhatnagar, Shyam S. Biswal, Michael J. Blaha
       
  • Emergency Department Visits Attributed to Adverse Events Involving
           Benzodiazepines, 2016–2017
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Ruth N. Moro, Andrew I. Geller, Nina J. Weidle, Jennifer N. Lind, Maribeth C. Lovegrove, Kathleen O. Rose, Sandra K. Goring, Jana K. McAninch, Deborah Dowell, Daniel S. Budnitz
       
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections and Contraceptive Use in Adolescents
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Karen J. Derefinko, Sydney Ashby, Tristan Hayes, Cameron Kaplan, Zoran Bursac, Francisco I. Salgado García, Amy Madjlesi, Leah Tonkin, Michelle Bowden, Filoteia Popescu, Teresa Waters
       
  • Cardiovascular Disease Guideline Adherence: An RCT Using Practice
           Facilitation
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Donna R. Shelley, Thomas Gepts, Nina Siman, Ann M. Nguyen, Charles Cleland, Allison M. Cuthel, Erin S. Rogers, Olugbenga Ogedegbe, Hang Pham-Singer, Winfred Wu, Carolyn A. Berry
       
  • Effect of an Intervention for Obesity and Depression on Patient-Centered
           Outcomes: An RCT
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Lisa G. Rosas, Kristen M.J. Azar, Nan Lv, Lan Xiao, Jeremy D. Goldhaber-Fiebert, Mark B. Snowden, Elizabeth M. Venditti, Megan M. Lewis, Andrea N. Goldstein-Piekarski, Jun Ma
       
  • Tuberculosis Infection Among People With Diabetes: United States
           Population Differences by Race/Ethnicity
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Maryam B. Haddad, Timothy L. Lash, Kenneth G. Castro, Andrew N. Hill, Thomas R. Navin, Neel R. Gandhi, Matthew J. Magee
       
  • Perception of Safety and Its Association With Physical Activity in
           Adolescents in Mexico
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Maria E. Hermosillo-Gallardo, Simon J. Sebire, Russell Jago
       
  • Change and Stability in the Characteristics of the Population Without
           Health Insurance
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Edward R. Berchick
       
  • Prenatal Drinking in the Northern Plains: Differences Between American
           Indian and Caucasian Mothers
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Ping Ye, Jyoti Angal, Deborah A. Tobacco, Amy R. Willman, Christa A. Friedrich, Morgan E. Nelson, Larry Burd, Amy J. Elliott
       
  • Hypertension in Adults With Intellectual Disability: Prevalence and Risk
           Factors
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Elizabeth C. Schroeder, Lindsay DuBois, Molly Sadowsky, Thessa I.M. Hilgenkamp
       
  • Development and Validation of the Trans-Inclusive Provider Scale
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Shanna K. Kattari, Katherine M. Curley, Matthew Bakko, Brayden A. Misiolek
       
  • Implications of Cannabis Legalization on Juvenile Justice Outcomes and
           Racial Disparities
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Caislin L. Firth, Anjum Hajat, Julia A. Dilley, Margaret Braun, Julie E. Maher
       
  • Reducing Health Disparities Through Prevention: Role of the U.S.
           Preventive Services Task Force
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Matthew J. O'Brien, Kate A. Kirley, Ronald T. Ackermann
       
  • REPRINT OF: Current Methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: A
           Review of the Process
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Russell P. Harris, Mark Helfand, Steven H. Woolf, Kathleen N. Lohr, Cynthia D. Mulrow, Steven M. Teutsch, David Atkins, for the Methods Work Group, Third U.S. Preventive Services Task ForceEditor's Note: This article is a reprint of a previously published article. For citation purposes, please use the original publication details: Harris RP, Helfand M, Woolf SH, et al. Current methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: a review of the process. Am J Prev Med. 2001;20(3S):21-35.The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF/Task Force) represents one of several efforts to take a more evidence-based approach to the development of clinical practice guidelines. As methods have matured for assembling and reviewing evidence and for translating evidence into guidelines, so too have the methods of the USPSTF. This paper summarizes the current methods of the third USPSTF, supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and two of the AHRQ Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPCs). The Task Force limits the topics it reviews to those conditions that cause a large burden of suffering to society and that also have available a potentially effective preventive service. It focuses its reviews on the questions and evidence most critical to making a recommendation. It uses analytic frameworks to specify the linkages and key questions connecting the preventive service with health outcomes. These linkages, together with explicit inclusion criteria, guide the literature searches for admissible evidence. Once assembled, admissible evidence is reviewed at three strata: (1) the individual study, (2) the body of evidence concerning a single linkage in the analytic framework, and (3) the body of evidence concerning the entire preventive service. For each stratum, the Task Force uses explicit criteria as general guidelines to assign one of three grades of evidence: good, fair, or poor. Good or fair quality evidence for the entire preventive service must include studies of sufficient design and quality to provide an unbroken chain of evidence-supported linkages, generalizable to the general primary care population, that connect the preventive service with health outcomes. Poor evidence contains a formidable break in the evidence chain such that the connection between the preventive service and health outcomes is uncertain. For services supported by overall good or fair evidence, the Task Force uses outcomes tables to help categorize the magnitude of benefits, harms, and net benefit from implementation of the preventive service into one of four categories: substantial, moderate, small, or zero/negative. The Task Force uses its assessment of the evidence and magnitude of net benefit to make a recommendation, coded as a letter: from A (strongly recommended) to D (recommend against). It gives an I recommendation in situations in which the evidence is insufficient to determine net benefit. The third Task Force and the EPCs will continue to examine a variety of methodologic issues and document work group progress in future communications.
       
  • Breast Cancer Screening via Digital Mammography, Synthetic Mammography,
           and Tomosynthesis
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Ethan O. Cohen, Olena O. Weaver, Hilda H. Tso, Karen E. Gerlach, Jessica W.T. Leung
       
  • Five-Year U.S. Trends in the North American Cancer Survival Index,
           2005–2014
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Bożena M. Morawski, Hannah K. Weir, Christopher J. JohnsonIntroductionProgress in U.S. 5-year survival trends for all cancers combined was assessed using the North American Cancer Survival Index, a sum of age-, sex-, and cancer site–standardized relative survival ratios.MethodsIn January 2019, authors calculated 5-year cancer survival indices and 95% CIs by race and sex for 2005–2011, 2006–2012, 2007–2013, and 2008–2014 diagnosis cohorts with data from 42 cancer registries.ResultsOverall 5-year survival increased from 63.5% (95% CI=63.4, 63.5) in 2005–2011 to 64.1% (95% CI=64.1, 64.2) in 2008–2014. Survival increased 0.9 and 0.5 percentage points in female and male patients, respectively; the survival disparity among blacks versus whites decreased by 0.5%. In 2008–2014, the Cancer Survival Index was 7.7% higher for whites (64.6%; 95% CI=64.6, 64.7) than for blacks (56.9%; 95% CI=56.7, 57.1).ConclusionsCancer Survival Index survival estimates increased among all race and sex subpopulations during 2005–2014. A substantial but decreasing survival gap persisted between blacks and whites. The Cancer Survival Index can assist decision makers and others in comparing cancer survival among populations and over time and in monitoring progress toward national cancer surveillance objectives.
       
  • Heterogeneous Impact of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Benefit
           Changes on Food Security by Local Prices
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Xinzhe H. Cheng, Young Jo, Jiyoon KimIntroductionThe Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefit amount is fixed across all 48 states (except Hawaii and Alaska), although food prices vary widely. Hence, the real value of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits can directly affect the purchasing power of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participants and subsequently their food insecurity. Using the 2 most recent changes to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefit formula in 2009 and 2013, this study examines whether the changes in benefit level affected food security of participants differentially depending on local food prices.MethodsData from the Current Population Survey-Food Security Supplement 2008–2009 and 2012–2013, merged with the Regional Price Parities from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, were used. Linear regression with a differences-in-differences strategy estimated the effects of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefit changes on the food security of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program households, separately by those in high- and low-cost areas. The analyses were completed in 2019.ResultsAfter the benefit increase, the prevalence of low food security among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program households living in high-cost areas declined by 11.2 percentage points (95% CI=1.6, 20.8). Following the benefit decrease, the prevalence of very low food security among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program households increased by 8.7 percentage points (95% CI=3.6, 13.8) in high-cost areas. In contrast, there was no statistically significant difference between Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and non-Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program households in low-cost areas in response to the benefit changes.ConclusionsGiven the heterogeneous effects of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefit changes on food security by local food prices, this study provides additional evidence for the ongoing policy debate regarding whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefit amounts should be adjusted to the cost of living.
       
  • Pregnancy, Birth, and Infant Outcomes Among Women Who Are Deaf or Hard of
           Hearing
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Monika Mitra, Michael M. McKee, Ilhom Akobirshoev, Anne Valentine, Grant Ritter, Jianying Zhang, Kimberly McKee, Lisa I. IezzoniIntroductionBeing deaf or hard of hearing can be marginalizing and associated with inequitable health outcomes. Until recently, there were no U.S. population-based studies of pregnancy outcomes among deaf or hard of hearing women. In light of inconsistent findings in the limited available literature, this study sought to conduct a more rigorous study using population-based, longitudinal linked data to compare pregnancy complications, birth characteristics, and neonatal outcomes between deaf or hard of hearing and non-deaf or hard of hearing women.MethodsResearchers conducted a retrospective cohort study in 2019 using the Massachusetts Pregnancy to Early Life Longitudinal data system. This system links all Massachusetts birth certificates, fetal death reports, and delivery- and nondelivery-related hospital discharge records for all infants and their mothers. The study included women with singleton deliveries who gave birth in Massachusetts between January 1998 and December 2013.ResultsThe deaf or hard of hearing women had an increased risk of chronic medical conditions and pregnancy complications including pre-existing diabetes, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, and placental abruption. Deliveries to deaf or hard of hearing women were significantly associated with adverse birth outcomes, including preterm birth, low birth weight or very low weight, and low 1-minute Apgar score or low 5-minute Apgar score. No significant differences were found in size for gestational age, fetal distress, or stillbirth among deaf or hard of hearing women.ConclusionsFindings from this 2019 study indicate that deaf or hard of hearing women are at a heightened risk for chronic conditions, pregnancy-related complications, and adverse birth outcomes and underscore the need for systematic investigation of the pregnancy- and neonatal-related risks, complications, costs, mechanisms, and outcomes of deaf or hard of hearing women.
       
  • The Potential Economic Value of a Zika Vaccine for a Woman of Childbearing
           Age
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Sarah M. Bartsch, Lindsey Asti, Owen J. Stokes-Cawley, So Yoon Sim, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Peter J. Hotez, Bruce Y. LeeIntroductionWith Zika vaccine candidates under development and women of childbearing age being the primary target population, now is the time to map the vaccine (e.g., efficacy and duration of protection) and vaccination (e.g., cost) characteristic thresholds at which vaccination becomes cost effective, highly cost effective, and cost saving.MethodsA Markov model was developed (to represent 2019 circumstances, US$ and INT$, Region of the Americas) to simulate a woman of childbearing age and the potential risk and clinical course of a Zika infection.ResultsCompared with no vaccination, vaccination was cost effective (incremental cost–effectiveness ratio: US$1,254–$82,900/disability-adjusted life years averted) when the risk of infection was ≥0.05%–0.08% (varying with country income), vaccine efficacy was ≥25%, and vaccination cost was US$1–$7,500 (INT$5–$10,000 depending on country income level). Vaccination was dominant (i.e., saved costs and provided beneficial health effects) when the infection risk was ≥0.1% for a vaccine efficacy ≥75% and when the infection risk was ≥0.5% for a vaccine efficacy ≥25%, for scenarios where vaccination conferred a 1-year duration of protection and cost ≤$200. In some cases, the vaccine was cost effective when the risk was as low as 0.015%, the cost was as high as $7,500 (INT$10,000), the efficacy was as low as 25%, and the duration of protection was 1 year.ConclusionsThe thresholds at which vaccination becomes cost effective and cost saving can provide targets for Zika vaccine development and implementation.
       
  • Evolution of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force's Methods
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Alex H. Krist, Michael J. Barry, Tracy A. Wolff, Douglas K. Owens, Tina M. Fan, Karina W. Davidson
       
  • Connections Between Opioids and Road Injury: Linkage of Prescription
           Monitoring and Crash Databases
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Rebecca B. Naumann, Kristin Shiue, Amin Mohamadi Hezaveh, Stephen W. Marshall, Christopher R. Cherry
       
  • Two Decades Later: The Methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Robert B. Wallace
       
  • The Sequelae of Premigration Hunger Among Venezuelan Immigrant Children in
           the U.S.
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 3Author(s): Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Michael G. Vaughn, Mariana Cohen, Seth J. Schwartz
       
  • Older Adults’ Physical Activity and Healthcare Costs,
           2003–2014
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Mikihiro Sato, James Du, Yuhei Inoue, Daniel C. Funk, France WeaverIntroductionResearch has documented the health benefits of physical activity among older adults, but the relationship between physical activity and healthcare costs remains unexplored at the population level. Using data from 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia, this study investigates the extent to which physical activity prevalence is associated with healthcare costs among older adults.MethodsTwelve-year state-level data (2003–2014) were obtained from 5 secondary sources (n=611). Healthcare costs were captured by Medicare Parts A and B spending. Fixed-effect models were estimated in 2019 to assess the relationship between the state-level physical activity prevalence and Medicare costs. The potential lagged associations were captured by lagged variables of physical activity prevalence (i.e., t−1, t−2, and t−3).ResultsPhysical activity prevalence was not associated with Medicare costs occurring in the concurrent and subsequent year (p>0.05); however, the 2-year lagged variable (p=0.03) and the 3-year lagged variable (p=0.01) for physical activity prevalence were negatively associated with Medicare costs, indicating a time-lagged relationship. It was estimated that a 10 percentage point increase in physical activity prevalence in each state is associated with reduced Medicare Parts A and B costs of 0.4% after 2 years and 1.0% after 3 years.ConclusionsResults revealed a time lag effect highlighted by a delayed inverse relationship between state-level physical activity prevalence and healthcare costs among older adults. This evidence offers governments and communities new insights to guide policymaking on long-term public investment in physical activity intervention programs.
       
  • Secondhand Smoking and Depressive Symptoms Among In-School Adolescents
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Louis Jacob, Lee Smith, Sarah E. Jackson, Josep Maria Haro, Jae Il Shin, Ai KoyanagiIntroductionSmoking has been linked with depressive symptoms in adolescents, but data on secondhand smoking and depressive symptoms in low- and middle-income countries are scarce. Thus, this study analyzes the association between secondhand smoking and depressive symptoms among in-school adolescents from 22 low- and middle-income countries.MethodsData from the 2003–2008 Global School-Based Student Health Survey were analyzed in June 2019. Data on past-week exposure to secondhand smoke and past-year depressive symptoms were collected. The association between secondhand smoke and depressive symptoms was studied using multivariable logistic regressions and meta-analyses.ResultsThe sample consisted of 37,505 adolescents aged 12–15 years who never smoked. The prevalence of depressive symptoms increased from 23.0% in adolescents with no secondhand smoking to 28.9% in those with secondhand smoking every day in the past week. After adjusting for sex, age, food insecurity, and country, there was a dose–response relationship between secondhand smoking and depressive symptoms in the overall sample (0 days: reference; 1–2 days: OR=1.06, 95% CI=0.95, 1.18; 3–6 days: OR=1.38, 95% CI=1.20, 1.58; 7 days: OR=1.63, 95% CI=1.44, 1.86). The country-wise analysis showed that secondhand smoking on at least 3 days (versus
       
  • Poor Health and Violent Crime Hot Spots: Mitigating the Undesirable
           Co-Occurrence Through Focused Place-Based Interventions
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Beidi Dong, Clair M. White, David L. WeisburdIntroductionThe geographic overlap of violence and poor health is a major public health concern. To understand whether and how place-based interventions targeting micro-geographic places can reduce this undesirable co-occurrence, the study addresses 2 important questions. First, to what extent are deteriorated health conditions associated with living at violent crime hot spots' Second, through what mechanisms can focused place-based interventions break the association between living with violence and deteriorated health'MethodsThis study used survey data from 2,724 respondents living on 328 street segments that were categorized as violent crime hot spots (181 segments with 1,532 respondents) versus non–hot spots (147 segments with 1,192 respondents) in 2013–2014 in Baltimore, Maryland. Propensity score analysis assessed whether individuals living at violent crime hot spots had lower general health perceptions than people living at non–hot spots. Marginal structural models estimated the proportion of total effects mediated by 3 theoretically informed intervening mechanisms. Analyses were conducted in 2019.ResultsRespondents living at violent crime hot spots had a lower level of self-rated general health (b= −0.096, 95% CI= −0.176, −0.015) and higher levels of health limitations (b=0.068, 95% CI=0.027, 0.109) and problems (OR=2.026, 95% CI=1.225, 3.349) than those living at non–hot spots. Enhanced perceptions of safety, collective efficacy, and police legitimacy may break the association between living in places with extremely high levels of violence and deteriorated health.ConclusionsIndicated or selective strategies are urgently needed to target micro-geographic locations with known increased risks, supplementing universal strategies applied to a broader community.
       
  • Sex Differences in Military Sexual Trauma and Severe Self-Directed
           Violence
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Georgina M. Gross, Silvia Ronzitti, Joan L. Combellick, Suzanne E. Decker, Kristin M. Mattocks, Rani A. Hoff, Sally G. Haskell, Cynthia A. Brandt, Joseph L. GouletIntroductionPrevious research has demonstrated an association between military sexual trauma and risk for suicide; however, risk for self-directed violence such as suicide attempt or nonsuicidal self-injury following military sexual trauma is understudied. This study examines the relationship between military sexual trauma and serious self-directed violence resulting in hospitalization, as well as whether this relationship differs by sex.MethodsParticipants were 750,176 Operations Enduring Freedom/Iraqi Freedom/New Dawn veterans who were enrolled in Veterans Health Administration care during the period of October 1, 2001–September 30, 2014 and who were screened for military sexual trauma. Data were analyzed in 2019. Bivariate analyses and Cox proportional hazards regression models were employed.ResultsWomen veterans were more likely to screen positive for military sexual trauma (21.33% vs 1.63%), and women and men were equally likely to experience serious self-directed violence (1.19% women vs 1.18% men). Controlling for demographic variables and psychiatric morbidity, military sexual trauma predicted serious self-directed violence for both men and women. Further, men with military sexual trauma were 15% less likely to experience self-directed violence compared with women with military sexual trauma (hazard ratio=0.85, 95% CI=0.74, 0.98).ConclusionsMilitary sexual trauma is associated with risk for serious self-directed violence for both men and women veterans, and the relationship may be pronounced among women. Results underscore the importance of incorporating military sexual trauma into treatment and preventative efforts for self-directed violence.
       
 
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