Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1473 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (676 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (384 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (676 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 260)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 7)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Equity     Open Access  
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.164
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 30  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0749-3797
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3161 journals]
  • The Potential Economic Value of a Zika Vaccine for a Woman of Childbearing
           Age
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Sarah M. Bartsch, Lindsey Asti, Owen J. Stokes-Cawley, So Yoon Sim, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Peter J. Hotez, Bruce Y. LeeIntroductionWith Zika vaccine candidates under development and women of childbearing age being the primary target population, now is the time to map the vaccine (e.g., efficacy and duration of protection) and vaccination (e.g., cost) characteristic thresholds at which vaccination becomes cost effective, highly cost effective, and cost saving.MethodsA Markov model was developed (to represent 2019 circumstances, US$ and INT$, Region of the Americas) to simulate a woman of childbearing age and the potential risk and clinical course of a Zika infection.ResultsCompared with no vaccination, vaccination was cost effective (incremental cost–effectiveness ratio: US$1,254–$82,900/disability-adjusted life years averted) when the risk of infection was ≥0.05%–0.08% (varying with country income), vaccine efficacy was ≥25%, and vaccination cost was US$1–$7,500 (INT$5–$10,000 depending on country income level). Vaccination was dominant (i.e., saved costs and provided beneficial health effects) when the infection risk was ≥0.1% for a vaccine efficacy ≥75% and when the infection risk was ≥0.5% for a vaccine efficacy ≥25%, for scenarios where vaccination conferred a 1-year duration of protection and cost ≤$200. In some cases, the vaccine was cost effective when the risk was as low as 0.015%, the cost was as high as $7,500 (INT$10,000), the efficacy was as low as 25%, and the duration of protection was 1 year.ConclusionsThe thresholds at which vaccination becomes cost effective and cost saving can provide targets for Zika vaccine development and implementation.
       
  • Potassium Intake in India: Opportunity for Mitigating Risks of High-Sodium
           Diets
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 2Author(s): Shuchi Anand, Roopa Shivashankar, Dimple Kondal, Vandana Garg, Shweta Khandelwal, Ruby Gupta, Anand Krishnan, Ritvik Amarchand, Neil Poulter, K. Srinath Reddy, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Sailesh MohanIntroductionMost Indians are vegetarian or eat very little meat, which could imply high potassium intake. Because a high-potassium diet could counterbalance the adverse health effects of high-sodium intake, this study aimed to describe potassium relative to sodium intake and investigate the relationship between blood pressure and potassium intake relative to sodium intake in rural and urban India.MethodsInvestigators collected 24-hour urines from 1,445 participants in a subset of 2 population-based surveys in North India in 2012–2013. Standardized questionnaires were used to collect information on demography, behaviors (tobacco, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and diet [food frequency and 24-hour recall]), and medical history. After evaluating expected versus measured creatinine excretion, the authors calculated median urine potassium excretion and sodium/potassium ratio, according to sex and urban or rural residence, and estimated least square means for the urine measures by participant demographics and comorbidities, after accounting for caloric intake. Two-year blood pressure follow-up data were available in the urban study, and ANCOVA regression was used to determine the association with urine measures. All the statistical analyses of the data were done in January 2019.ResultsAcceptable 24-hour urine collections were available in 1,397 participants (rural, n=730). Median urine potassium excretions were 1,492 (IQR=1,012−2,063) and 975 (615–1,497) mg/day; sodium/potassium ratios met the recommended target of
       
  • Health System–Community Partnerships: Implementation and Intensity
           Matter
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 58, Issue 2Author(s): David T. Liss, Stephen D. Persell
       
  • Breast Cancer Screening via Digital Mammography, Synthetic Mammography,
           and Tomosynthesis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Ethan O. Cohen, Olena O. Weaver, Hilda H. Tso, Karen E. Gerlach, Jessica W.T. Leung
       
  • Pregnancy, Birth, and Infant Outcomes Among Women Who Are Deaf or Hard of
           Hearing
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Monika Mitra, Michael M. McKee, Ilhom Akobirshoev, Anne Valentine, Grant Ritter, Jianying Zhang, Kimberly McKee, Lisa I. IezzoniIntroductionBeing deaf or hard of hearing can be marginalizing and associated with inequitable health outcomes. Until recently, there were no U.S. population-based studies of pregnancy outcomes among deaf or hard of hearing women. In light of inconsistent findings in the limited available literature, this study sought to conduct a more rigorous study using population-based, longitudinal linked data to compare pregnancy complications, birth characteristics, and neonatal outcomes between deaf or hard of hearing and non-deaf or hard of hearing women.MethodsResearchers conducted a retrospective cohort study in 2019 using the Massachusetts Pregnancy to Early Life Longitudinal data system. This system links all Massachusetts birth certificates, fetal death reports, and delivery- and nondelivery-related hospital discharge records for all infants and their mothers. The study included women with singleton deliveries who gave birth in Massachusetts between January 1998 and December 2013.ResultsThe deaf or hard of hearing women had an increased risk of chronic medical conditions and pregnancy complications including pre-existing diabetes, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, and placental abruption. Deliveries to deaf or hard of hearing women were significantly associated with adverse birth outcomes, including preterm birth, low birth weight or very low weight, and low 1-minute Apgar score or low 5-minute Apgar score. No significant differences were found in size for gestational age, fetal distress, or stillbirth among deaf or hard of hearing women.ConclusionsFindings from this 2019 study indicate that deaf or hard of hearing women are at a heightened risk for chronic conditions, pregnancy-related complications, and adverse birth outcomes and underscore the need for systematic investigation of the pregnancy- and neonatal-related risks, complications, costs, mechanisms, and outcomes of deaf or hard of hearing women.
       
  • Connections Between Opioids and Road Injury: Linkage of Prescription
           Monitoring and Crash Databases
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 December 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Rebecca B. Naumann, Kristin Shiue, Amin Mohamadi Hezaveh, Stephen W. Marshall, Christopher R. Cherry
       
  • Heterogeneous Impact of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Benefit
           Changes on Food Security by Local Prices
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 December 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Xinzhe H. Cheng, Young Jo, Jiyoon KimIntroductionThe Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefit amount is fixed across all 48 states (except Hawaii and Alaska), although food prices vary widely. Hence, the real value of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits can directly affect the purchasing power of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participants and subsequently their food insecurity. Using the 2 most recent changes to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefit formula in 2009 and 2013, this study examines whether the changes in benefit level affected food security of participants differentially depending on local food prices.MethodsData from the Current Population Survey-Food Security Supplement 2008–2009 and 2012–2013, merged with the Regional Price Parities from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, were used. Linear regression with a differences-in-differences strategy estimated the effects of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefit changes on the food security of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program households, separately by those in high- and low-cost areas. The analyses were completed in 2019.ResultsAfter the benefit increase, the prevalence of low food security among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program households living in high-cost areas declined by 11.2 percentage points (95% CI=1.6, 20.8). Following the benefit decrease, the prevalence of very low food security among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program households increased by 8.7 percentage points (95% CI=3.6, 13.8) in high-cost areas. In contrast, there was no statistically significant difference between Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and non-Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program households in low-cost areas in response to the benefit changes.ConclusionsGiven the heterogeneous effects of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefit changes on food security by local food prices, this study provides additional evidence for the ongoing policy debate regarding whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefit amounts should be adjusted to the cost of living.
       
  • The Sequelae of Premigration Hunger Among Venezuelan Immigrant Children in
           the U.S.
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Michael G. Vaughn, Mariana Cohen, Seth J. Schwartz
       
  • Five-Year U.S. Trends in the North American Cancer Survival Index,
           2005–2014
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Bożena M. Morawski, Hannah K. Weir, Christopher J. JohnsonIntroductionProgress in U.S. 5-year survival trends for all cancers combined was assessed using the North American Cancer Survival Index, a sum of age-, sex-, and cancer site–standardized relative survival ratios.MethodsIn January 2019, authors calculated 5-year cancer survival indices and 95% CIs by race and sex for 2005–2011, 2006–2012, 2007–2013, and 2008–2014 diagnosis cohorts with data from 42 cancer registries.ResultsOverall 5-year survival increased from 63.5% (95% CI=63.4, 63.5) in 2005–2011 to 64.1% (95% CI=64.1, 64.2) in 2008–2014. Survival increased 0.9 and 0.5 percentage points in female and male patients, respectively; the survival disparity among blacks versus whites decreased by 0.5%. In 2008–2014, the Cancer Survival Index was 7.7% higher for whites (64.6%; 95% CI=64.6, 64.7) than for blacks (56.9%; 95% CI=56.7, 57.1).ConclusionsCancer Survival Index survival estimates increased among all race and sex subpopulations during 2005–2014. A substantial but decreasing survival gap persisted between blacks and whites. The Cancer Survival Index can assist decision makers and others in comparing cancer survival among populations and over time and in monitoring progress toward national cancer surveillance objectives.
       
  • Sexual Orientation Disparities in Substance Use: Investigating Social
           Stress Mechanisms in a National Sample
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Evan A. Krueger, Jessica N. Fish, Dawn M. UpchurchIntroductionSexual minorities are disproportionately more likely than heterosexuals to suffer from substance use disorders, but relatively little is known about differences in substance use disorders across diverse sexual minority subgroups. There is also limited understanding of how different social stressors account for sexual orientation disparities in substance use disorders.MethodsUsing nationally representative data collected in 2012–2013 (n=34,597), differences in past-year DSM-5 alcohol, cannabis, and tobacco use disorders were assessed across 4 sexual orientation groups (heterosexuals and 3 sexual minority subgroups, lesbian/gay-, bisexual-, and heterosexual-identified sexual minorities). This study assessed whether stressful life events mediated substance use disorder disparities between heterosexuals and each sexual minority subgroup, and whether stressful life events and lesbian, gay, and bisexual discrimination events mediated these substance use disorder differences. Analyses were conducted in 2019.ResultsFor both men and women, substance use disorders and stress experiences varied by sexual identity. For example, compared with heterosexual men, larger proportions of gay and bisexual men had a past-year alcohol use disorder. Among women, all sexual minority subgroups had higher rates of each substance use disorder than heterosexuals. For each substance use disorder, stressful life events mediated disparities between heterosexuals and sexual minority subgroups, except for heterosexual-identified sexual minority men. Both stressful life events and lesbian, gay, and bisexual discrimination mediated substance use disorder differences between sexual minority subgroups, with stronger indirect effects through lesbian, gay, and bisexual discrimination for lesbians/gay men and stronger indirect effects through stressful life events for bisexual adults, generally.ConclusionsSexual minority subgroups have a greater prevalence of substance use disorders, mediated through both stressful life events and lesbian, gay, and bisexual discrimination. More research is needed to comprehensively assess the processes underlying sexual orientation substance use disparities.
       
  • The Association Between Gender Inequality and Sexual Violence in the U.S.
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Megan C. Kearns, Ashley Schappell D'Inverno, Dennis E. ReidyIntroductionFew societal-level factors are established as risk or protective factors for sexual violence. Traditional gender norms and gender inequality are linked to sexual violence, but much of this research was conducted internationally or is becoming outdated and may not reflect current norms in the U.S. This study expands on previously published research by examining gender inequality's association with state-level sexual violence.MethodsUsing state-level prevalence estimates published in the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey 2010–2012 State Report and the Gender Inequality Index, Pearson correlations were examined to investigate the relationship between state-level gender inequality and lifetime victimization for various types of sexual violence among U.S. female and male adults. The analysis was conducted in 2019.ResultsFindings indicate that states with a high degree of gender inequality also report higher prevalence estimates among women for rape using physical force. Gender inequality was also negatively correlated with noncontact unwanted sexual experiences among women and men. In addition, an exploratory analysis of the relationship between individual indicators of gender inequality and violence outcomes suggest that the adolescent birth rate, female government representation, and labor force participation demonstrate an association with certain state-level violence outcomes, although the patterns were inconsistent.ConclusionsAlthough this study relied on cross-sectional data, collectively, these findings suggest that gender inequality may represent an important societal-level factor associated with sexual violence among women and men. However, this relationship appears complex and requires further research. These findings have potential to inform population-level violence prevention approaches.
       
  • Social Influence in the Uptake and Use of Electronic Cigarettes: A
           Systematic Review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Samia Amin, Adam G. Dunn, Liliana LaranjoContextE-cigarettes were introduced to support smoking cessation, but their popularity has increased among nonsmokers, challenging current perspectives on their safety and effectiveness as a public health intervention. The objective of this systematic review was to identify and synthesize current evidence on the influence of social factors on e-cigarette intentions and use.Evidence acquisitionMEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Embase were searched for studies of the effects of social factors on e-cigarette intention or use in February 2019. Studies were included if they used experimental, longitudinal, qualitative, or mixed methods designs. Advertising, social interactions, and social norms were considered as social factors; social media was considered a conduit for other social factors. Two reviewers screened all studies; bias risk was evaluated for all RCTs using the Cochrane risk of bias tool.Evidence synthesisThis review included 43 studies: 9 experimental, 11 longitudinal, 22 qualitative, and 1 mixed method. All experimental studies examined advertising and consistently showed that exposure increased intentions to use e-cigarettes. Evidence of the influence of social interactions and social norms came from longitudinal and qualitative studies, suggesting that these factors could increase e-cigarette use. Most participants were nonsmokers (81%; 22,233 of 27,303). Studies rarely considered differences in the effects of social factors on smokers and nonsmokers.ConclusionsGiven the increased popularity among nonsmokers and the potential for advertising to increase e-cigarette use, closer public health monitoring of e-cigarette uptake by nonsmokers is warranted. Future primary research should be designed to measure how social factors affect smokers and nonsmokers differently.
       
  • Sugary Drink Consumption Among Children by Supplemental Nutrition
           Assistance Program Status
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): J. Wyatt Koma, Kelsey A. Vercammen, Marian P. Jarlenski, Johannah M. Frelier, Sara N. BleichIntroductionThe Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program is the largest U.S. federally funded nutrition assistance program, providing food assistance to more than 40 million low-income Americans, half of whom are children. This paper examines trends in sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among U.S. children and adolescents by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participation status.MethodsDietary data from 15,645 participants (aged 2–19 years) were obtained from the 2003–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination surveys. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participation was categorized as: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participant, income-eligible nonparticipant, lower income–ineligible nonparticipant, and higher income–ineligible nonparticipant. Survey-weighted logistic regressions estimated predicted probabilities of daily sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, and negative binomial regressions estimated predicted per capita daily consumption of sugar-sweetened beverage calories. Data were analyzed in 2019.ResultsFrom 2003 to 2014, there were significant declines across all Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participation categories for sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (participants: 84.2% to 75.6%, p=0.009; income-eligible nonparticipants: 85.8% to 67.5%, p=0.004; lower income–ineligible nonparticipants: 84.3% to 70.6%, p=0.026; higher income–ineligible nonparticipants: 82.2% to 67.7%, p=0.001) and per capita daily sugar-sweetened beverage calories (participants: 267 to 182 kilocalories, p
       
  • Drug Decriminalization: A Matter of Justice and Equity, Not Just Health
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Hakique N. Virani, Rebecca J. Haines-Saah
       
 
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