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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1424 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (641 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (379 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (103 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (112 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (81 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (641 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 245)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 7)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Equity     Open Access  
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Security     Hybrid Journal  
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare Technology Letters     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Health Psychology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.775
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 52  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0278-6133 - ISSN (Online) 1930-7810
Published by APA Homepage  [86 journals]
  • Multimorbidity in health psychology and behavioral medicine.
    • Abstract: This special issue highlights the unique potential that health psychology−behavioral medicine has to dramatically contribute to understanding, prevention, and control of the growing prevalence of multimorbidity (i.e., concurrent prevalence of more than 1 chronic health disease or condition in an individual). The 9 articles published here include 8 full, peer-reviewed articles and an invited commentary. Topics include relevance, measurement, mechanisms, and interventions for multimorbidity. Some articles survey relevant empirical literature, detail the representation of multimorbidity in behavioral intervention trials, or present new empirical data, whereas others present guidelines and system-level proposals to improve health care for patients with multiple health conditions. These articles offer proposals, challenges, and future directions for which health psychology−behavioral medicine is admirably suited to contribute to understanding multimorbidity and improving public health. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Aug 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Multimorbidity: Implications and directions for health psychology and
           behavioral medicine.
    • Abstract: The increasing prevalence of multimorbidity in the United States and the rest of the world poses problems for patients and for health care providers, care systems, and policy. After clarifying the difference between comorbidity and multimorbidity, this article describes the challenges that the prevalence of multimorbidity presents for well-being, prevention, and medical treatment. We submit that health psychology and behavioral medicine have an important role to play in meeting these challenges because of the holistic vision of health afforded by the foundational biopsychosocial model. Furthermore, opportunities abound for health psychology/behavioral medicine to study how biological, social and psychological factors influence multimorbidity. This article describes three major areas in which health psychologists can contribute to understanding and treatment of multimorbidity: (a) etiology; (b) prevention and self-management; and (c) clinical care. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Aug 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Inflammation in multimorbidity and disability: An integrative review.
    • Abstract: Objective: Multimorbidity is a robust predictor of disability in aging adults, but the mechanisms by which multimorbidity is disabling are not clear. Most existing research focuses on disease-specific phenomena, such as diminished lung capacity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which can result in functional limitations. This review takes a different approach by highlighting the potential role of a biological process—inflammation—that is common to many chronic medical conditions and thus, from a medical perspective, relatively disease nonspecific. Method: Beginning with a description of inflammation and its measurement, this paper will provide an overview of research on inflammation as a predictor of disease risk in healthy adults and of adverse outcomes (e.g., disability) in those with multimorbidity. Results: The discussion of inflammation is then situated in the context of biopsychosocial influences on health, as inflammation has been shown to be sensitive to a wide range of social and psychological processes that are thought to contribute to healthy aging, including successful adaptation to multimorbidity and reduced risk of disability. Conclusions: Finally, implications of this broader perspective for interventions to improve outcomes in aging adults with multimorbidity are briefly considered. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Aug 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Toward a health-promoting system for cancer survivors: Patient and
           provider multiple behavior change.
    • Abstract: Objective: This paper examines how and why to improve care systems for disease management and health promotion for the growing population of cancer survivors with cardiovascular multi-morbidities. Method: We reviewed research characterizing cancer survivors’ and their multiple providers’ common sense cognitive models of survivors’ main health threats, preventable causes of adverse health events, and optimal coping strategies. Results: Findings indicate that no entity in the health care system self-identifies as claiming primary responsibility to address longstanding unhealthy lifestyle behaviors that heighten survivors’ susceptibility to both cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and whose improvement could enhance quality of life. Conclusions: To address this gap, we propose systems-level changes that integrate health promotion into existing survivorship services by including behavioral risk factor vital signs in the electronic medical record, with default proactive referral to a health promotionist (a paraprofessional coach adept with mobile technologies and supervised by a professional expert in health behavior change). By using the patient’s digital tracking data to coach remotely and periodically report progress to providers, the health promotionist closes a gap, creating a connected care system that supports, reinforces, and maintains accountability for healthy lifestyle improvement. No comparable resource solely dedicated to treatment of chronic disease risk behaviors (smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, treatment nonadherence) exists in current models of integrated care. Integrating health promotionists into care delivery channels would remove burden from overtaxed PCPs and instantiate a comprehensive, actionable systems-level schema of health risks and coping strategies needed to have preventive impact with minimal interference to clinical work flow. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Aug 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Preventing and managing multimorbidity by integrating behavioral health
           and primary care.
    • Abstract: Increasing specialization, underinvestment in primary care and behavioral health, and the growing prevalence of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) across all age groups have led to a substantial mismatch between the way health care is currently organized and delivered and the needs of people with MCC. People with multimorbidity are especially challenged in navigating fragmented health systems designed to treat diseases rather than people. The harms associated with this fragmentation, such as adverse events resulting from conflicting treatments and increased costs, have been well documented. As a result, there have been renewed calls for more patient-centered care, with a particular emphasis on the importance of the integration of primary care and behavioral health as fundamental for achieving this goal. There is an enormous opportunity to improve individual and population health by developing, implementing, evaluating, scaling, and spreading effective interventions to prevent and manage multimorbidity. This will require integration of behavioral health and primary care and broader efforts to create healthy communities, including efforts to address the social determinants of health, as well as the alignment of clinical medicine, public health, and community services to support these efforts. Evidence is needed for the most effective strategies to manage multimorbidity as well as for models of health care delivery and population health to foster health and well-being for all. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Aug 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Depressive symptoms and the development and progression of physical
           multimorbidity in a national cohort of Australian women.
    • Abstract: Objective: Multiple chronic physical conditions (physical multimorbidity) are common in people with depression. This study investigated the association between elevated depressive symptoms and the development and progression of physical multimorbidity in middle-aged women. Methods: A total of 7,407 women aged 45–50 years were followed up from 1996 to 2016. These women were free from diagnosed depression or chronic physical conditions at baseline. Data on depressive symptoms and chronic physical conditions were updated every 3 years, with depressive symptoms assessed using the Center for Epidemiological Studies–Depression scale. A 1-to-1 matched cohort analysis was conducted to compare the cumulative incidence and odds of physical multimorbidity between women with (depressed cohort) and women without (nondepressed cohort) elevated depressive symptoms, adjusted for sociodemographic and health behavioral factors. Results: Over 20 years of follow-up, 3,199 women (43.2%) reported elevated depressive symptoms. Of these, 2,035 (63.6%) developed physical multimorbidity. After the onset of elevated depressive symptoms, women had a more than 4-fold increase in cumulative incidence of multimorbidity. Compared with the nondepressed cohort, the odds of the depressed cohort developing multimorbidity before the onset of depressive symptoms was 1.81 (95% confidence interval = 1.49, 2.20). After the onset of depressive symptoms, the odds ratio was 2.38 (95% confidence interval = 2.20, 2.57). Conclusions: Elevated depressive symptoms were common in women’s midlife. Women with elevated depressive symptoms had increased odds of physical multimorbidity both before and after the onset of depressive symptoms. These findings support the emerging integrated management and prevention of mental and physical multimorbidity. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 30 May 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Multimorbidity in randomized controlled trials of behavioral
           interventions: A systematic review.
    • Abstract: Objective: As the population with multiple chronic conditions (MCC) increases, it is essential that randomized controlled trials (RCTs) consider MCC. Behavioral interventions have the potential to positively impact MCC patient outcomes; however, a comprehensive review of consideration of MCC in these trials has not been conducted. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine the frequency with which participants with MCC are represented in behavioral intervention RCTs targeting chronic illness published 2000–2014. Method: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched from 2000 to 2014 to identify RCTs testing behavioral interventions among adults with chronic illness. A random sampling selection process was performed to identify 600 eligible studies representative of the literature. Two reviewers independently extracted information on consideration of MCC in eligibility criteria and evaluated the reporting and consideration of MCC in trial analyses. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias Tool. Results: In 600 behavioral intervention RCTs, targeting MCC was rare (4.3%). Exclusion of MCC was common (68.3%) and was done through general, specific, or vague exclusion criteria. 218 (36.3%) trials reported presence of MCCs through general or condition-specific measures. Comorbidities were only considered in 4.8% of all trial analyses. Conclusions: In this comprehensive systematic review of 600 studies published from 2000–2014, RCTs testing behavioral interventions rarely consider individuals with MCC, limiting generalizability. Given the public health relevance and limited evidence base, this work highlights the urgent need to improve the consideration of MCC in clinical trial research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 02 May 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • The measurement of multimorbidity.
    • Abstract: Overview: The presence of multiple concurrent medical conditions (also known as multimorbidity) is now a common phenomenon, hence the importance of its measurement. Objective: The purpose of this paper is to review the multimorbidity measures that have been published in the literature to date and that are available for use in future research studies. Method: Two main groups of measures of multimorbidity could be distinguished. The first group of measures is constituted by a simple count from various lists of chronic conditions. The second group of measures introduces a weighting for included chronic conditions thus creating a “weighted index” of multimorbidity. These groups are not mutually exclusive as the list of medical conditions in some weighted indices can be used as a list of conditions without weighting. This article includes a review of the multimorbidity literature to date that has reported these groups of measurements, showing the variety of existing measurements and highlighting their differences to provide an overview of the possibilities that are available to a researcher intending to measure multimorbidity. Conclusion: Finally, we outline some guidelines for the choice of a measurement of multimorbidity for research studies. We hope that this review of the existing literature will help inform the careful use of these tools by researchers moving forward. In addition to this review, it is advised that readers attempt to keep updated on the ever-increasing multimorbidity literature. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Apr 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Exercise in people with comorbidity or multimorbidity.
    • Abstract: Objective: Exercise is effective in producing a wide range of beneficial health outcomes. To ensure safe and effective exercise, guidance has been developed for seemingly healthy people and for people with a single disease. Unfortunately, similar guidance is not yet available for people with comorbidity in addition to the index disease or for people with multimorbidity. However, researchers have recently started to explore the application of exercise in people with comorbidity or multimorbidity, and these innovative applications of exercise have produced encouraging results: Exercise was shown to be safe and effective. The objective of the present article is to identify the underlying principles of exercise in people with comorbidity or multimorbidity. Method: We perform a narrative review of applications of exercise in people with comorbidity or multimorbidity. Results: Principles of exercise in people with comorbidity or multimorbidity appear to include (a) a rigorous assessment of health status, (b) the adaptation of exercise to comorbidity or multimorbidity, (c) the application and integration of behavior change techniques into the exercise plan, and (d) clinical reasoning to support the application of exercise by health professionals. Conclusions: We posit that these 4 principles provide a framework for the successful development of exercise guidance for people with comorbidity or multimorbidity. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Apr 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
  • Depression and multimorbidity: Considering temporal characteristics of the
           associations between depression and multiple chronic diseases.
    • Abstract: Objectives: Depression frequently co-occurs with multiple chronic diseases in complex, costly, and dangerous patterns of multimorbidity. The field of health psychology may benefit from evaluating the temporal characteristics of depression’s associations with common diseases, and from determining whether depression is a central connector in multimorbid disease clusters. The present review addresses these issues by focusing on 4 of the most prevalent diseases: hypertension, ischemic heart disease, arthritis, and diabetes. Method: Study 1 assessed how prior chronic disease diagnoses were associated with current depression in a large, cross-sectional, population-based study. It assessed depression’s centrality using network analysis accounting for disease prevalence. Study 2 presents a systematic scoping review evaluating the extent to which depression was prospectively associated with the onset of the 4 prevalent chronic diseases. Results: In Study 1 depression had the fourth highest betweenness centrality ranking of 26 network nodes and centrally connected many existing diseases and unhealthy behaviors. In Study 2 depression was associated with subsequent incidence of ischemic heart disease and diabetes across multiple meta-analyses. Insufficient information was available about depression’s prospective associations with incident hypertension and arthritis. Conclusions: Depression is central in patterns of multimorbidity and is associated with incident disease for several of the most common chronic diseases, justifying the focus on screening and treatment of depression in those at risk for developing chronic disease. Future research should investigate the mediating and moderating roles of health behaviors in the association between depression and the staggered emergence over time of clusters of multimorbid chronic diseases. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Apr 2019 04:00:00 GMT
       
 
 
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