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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1424 journals)
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    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (626 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (626 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 241)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 7)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Equity     Open Access  
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Security     Hybrid Journal  
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Healthcare Technology Letters     Open Access  
Healthy Aging Research     Open Access  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Health & Place
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.506
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 15  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1353-8292
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3184 journals]
  • Built environment correlates of physical activity and sedentary behaviour
           in older adults: A comparative review between high and low-middle income
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Claire Cleland, Rodrigo Siqueira Reis, Adriano Akira Ferreira Hino, Ruth Hunter, Rogério César Fermino, Hermes Koller de Paiva, Bruno Czestschuk, Geraint Ellis
  • Does transportation vulnerability explain the relationship between changes
           in exposure to segregation and youth cardiovascular health'
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Emily M. D'Agostino, Hersila H. Patel, Eric Hansen, M. Sunil Mathew, Maria I. Nardi, Sarah E. Messiah Transportation vulnerability (lack of community/personal access to transportation that in turn increases the risk for health or financial consequences in the event of hardship/disease/disasters) may be an important mechanistic factor linking residential segregation to youth cardiovascular health inequities. This natural experiment examined the impact of transportation vulnerability on the association between changes in exposure to residential segregation and cardiovascular health among minority youth (n = 2,129, mean age 9.1 years, 54% male; 52% Hispanic, 48% non-Hispanic black [NHB]; 49% high area poverty) over two years. Two-level generalized linear mixed models with random intercepts were fit to test the effects of transportation vulnerability on the association between changes in segregation and cardiovascular health (body mass index percentile (BMIP), sum of skinfold thicknesses, 400 m run time, systolic and diastolic blood pressure percentiles (SBPP and DBPP, respectively) over two school years and across gender. After adjusting for potential confounders (individual-level race/ethnicity, age, time, and park-area poverty), improvements in cardiovascular health were greatest for girls exposed to reduced segregation with high compared with low transportation vulnerability for all outcomes. Specifically, BMIP and SBPP decreased 29% (IRR 95% CI: 0.69, 0.73) and 13% (IRR 95% CI: 0.85, 0.90) vs. 10% (IRR 95% CI: 0.84, 0.96) and no significant change (IRR 95% CI: 0.88, 1.00), for high and low transportation vulnerability, respectively. Adjusted models showed the greatest improvements in cardiovascular health for boys exposed to reduced segregation and low compared with high transportation vulnerability for BMIP and skinfold thicknesses. Specifically, BMIP and skinfold thicknesses decreased 33% (IRR 95% CI: 0.73, 0.81) and 21% (IRR 95% CI: 0.74, 0.84) vs. increased 8% (IRR 95% CI: 1.05, 1.11) and no significant change (IRR 95% CI: 0.96, 1.03), for low and high transportation vulnerability, respectively. Policy interventions that promote transportation equity should be further studied as a means to reduce youth cardiovascular health disparities, particularly for girls living in areas with high racial/ethnic segregation.
  • Processes of local alcohol policy-making in England: Does the theory of
           policy transfer provide useful insights into public health
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Lucy Gavens, John Holmes, Penny Buykx, Frank de Vocht, Matt Egan, Daniel Grace, Karen Lock, John D. Mooney, Alan Brennan Background and aimsRecent years have seen a rise in new and innovative policies to reduce alcohol consumption and related harm in England, which can be implemented by local, as opposed to national, policy-makers. The aim of this paper is to explore the processes that underpin the adoption of these alcohol policies within local authorities. In particular, it aims to assess whether the concept of policy transfer (i.e. a process through which knowledge about policies in one place is used in the development of policies in another time or place) provides a useful model for understanding local alcohol policy-making.MethodsQualitative data generated through in-depth interviews and focus groups from five case study sites across England were used to explore stakeholder experiences of alcohol policy transfer between local authorities. The purposive sample of policy actors included representatives from the police, trading standards, public health, licensing, and commissioning. Thematic analysis was used inductively to identify key features in the data.ResultsThemes from the policy transfer literature identified in the data were: policy copying, emulating, hybridization, and inspiration. Participants described a multitude of ways in which learning was shared between places, ranging from formal academic evaluation to opportunistic conversations in informal settings. Participants also described facilitators and constraints to policy transfer, such as the historical policy context and the local cultural, economic, and bureaucratic context, which influenced whether or not a policy that was perceived to work in one place might be transferred successfully to another context.ConclusionsTheories of policy transfer provide a promising framework for characterising processes of local alcohol policy-making in England, extending beyond debates regarding evidence-informed policy to account for a much wider range of considerations. Applying a policy transfer lens enables us to move beyond simple (but still important) questions of what is supported by ‘robust’ research evidence by paying greater attention to how policy making is carried out in practice and the multiple methods by which policies diffuse across jurisdictions.
  • Land use proportion and walking: Application of isometric substitution
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Takemi Sugiyama, Jerome N. Rachele, Lucy D. Gunn, Nicola W. Burton, Wendy J. Brown, Gavin Turrell Entropy measures of land use mix are a commonly used component of walkability. However, they present methodological challenges, and studies on their associations with walking have produced mixed findings. This study examined associations of the proportion of discrete land uses with walking, using isometric substitution models that take the complementary nature of land use proportions into account. Analysis of data collected from middle-aged adults living in Brisbane, Australia (n = 10,794) found that replacing residential or other land with commercial land was associated with higher levels of walking. The isometric substitution approach may explain the potential impact of land use changes on residents’ walking.
  • Muddying the waters: A political ecology of mosquito-borne disease in
           coastal Ecuador
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Miranda L. Harris, Eric D. Carter The mosquito-borne arboviral diseases dengue, chikungunya, and Zika are major public health burdens in Latin America. To analyze the socio-environmental dynamics of these diseases, we apply a political ecology of health and disease framework that is attentive to local etiological frameworks, structural sociopolitical conditions, processes of identity construction, and the contested, politicized nature of public health work. We use multiple qualitative methods to analyze perceptions and interactions with the local environment in relation to mosquito-borne disease across three small communities in Manabí Province, Ecuador. We find that participants' perceptions and practices are complex and multilayered: subjects possess a mixed theory of causation, where these diseases are caused not only by mosquitoes, but also by people's interactions with a changing environment; most environmental management to control vector mosquitoes is carried out informally by women as part of domestic routines; and contrary to public health messaging that stresses the importance of individual agency, participants prefer some of the most invasive techniques for mosquito control (i.e. fumigation with insecticides). However, individual agency in disease control is constrained by poor water infrastructure and lack of public health coordination. Our approach advocates for recognition of local knowledges and sociopolitical constraints in the development of public health messages and interventions.
  • Higher levels of greenness and biodiversity associate with greater
           subjective wellbeing in adults living in Melbourne, Australia
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Suzanne Mavoa, Melanie Davern, Martin Breed, Amy Hahs Natural environments may be important for subjective wellbeing, yet evidence is sparse and measures of nature are unspecific. We used linear regression models to investigate the relationship between greenness, biodiversity and blue space and subjective wellbeing in 4,912 adults living in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Greenness (overall, private and public) and biodiversity associated with subjective wellbeing. In particular, we highlight the importance of the private greenness-subjective wellbeing association. Our work has implications for urban policy and planning in the context of increased urban densification.
  • The natural environment and birth outcomes: Comparting 3D exposure metrics
           derived from LiDAR to 2D metrics based on the normalized difference
           vegetation index
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Geoffrey H. Donovan, Demetrios Gatziolis, Kristen Jakstis, Saskia Comess
  • “The drug issue really isn't the main problem”— A photovoice study
           on community perceptions of place, health, and substance abuse
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Karen A. D'Angelo, Wonbin Her Substance abuse is a complex and challenging public health problem. In order to better address substance abuse, it is vital to understand the perspectives of people whose communities are disproportionately impacted by it. This photovoice study aimed to understand how community members perceive the relationship between place, health, and substance abuse in Hartford, Connecticut, one city grappling with substance abuse and its related challenges. Findings revealed three themes: perceived place-based environmental risk factors for substance abuse; coping strategies to maintain sobriety in this challenging environmental context; and participants' recommendations for addressing substance abuse. Implications are discussed.
  • Precariously placed: Home, housing and wellbeing for older renters
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Laura Bates, Janine Wiles, Robin Kearns, Tara Coleman Older renters may encounter a wide range of challenges and constraints in their experiences of ageing, housing and community life that influence their wellbeing. We employ a two-part conceptualisation of precarity and resilience to investigate how housing-related precarities may impact upon experiences of ageing and home during later life. We draw on narratives collected through in-depth interviews with 13 older renters living in a particularly high-pressure housing market within the greater Auckland area. We ground our analysis in ideas of precarity and resilience evident in participants' experiences of being ‘at home’ at the scale of both the dwelling and wider community. Results show that experiences of renting and ageing can be complicated and compromised in diverse ways by interrelated aspects of precarity and resilience related to housing, community, health, financial and personal circumstances. Distance or isolation from services and healthcare, tourism-related infrastructural pressures, and community changes can intensify precarious experiences of home, and can have implications for older people's wellbeing, as well as their ongoing opportunities to age well in place. In addition to these potential precarities, older renters appear to draw strength from their familiarity with, attachment to, and enjoyment of, place and community. These responses demonstrate older renters' capacity for resilience to challenge and adversity when ageing in rented places.
  • The role of the physical environment in adolescent mental health
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Marie A.E. Mueller, Eirini Flouri, Theodora Kokosi The existing literature suggests an association between the physical environment and mental health but also complex relationships between the social and the physical environment as well as between objective and subjective measures of the environment. In this study, we attempted to explore the role of the residential neighbourhood's physical environment in adolescent mental health, taking this complexity into account. Using data on 3683 ten- to 15-year-olds from England and Wales who participated in Understanding Society, we investigated the role of neighbourhood greenspace and air pollution in adolescent mental health (measured with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) while controlling for measures of neighbourhood and family socio-economic disadvantage as well as subjective perceptions of social cohesion, crime, safety, and noise in the neighbourhood. In linear regression models, greenspace and air pollution could not predict mental health. However, fear of being a victim of crime was a consistent predictor of mental health and behaviour, indicating the essential role of young people's subjective experience of their neighbourhoods for their mental health and well-being.
  • Hukou system, mechanisms, and health stratification across the life course
           in rural and urban China
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Qian Song, James P. Smith The literature on rural-urban health disparities have mostly focused on de facto rural/urban differences, and its intersections with de jure rural-urban divide are less understood. This research provides a comprehensive investigation of how the intersection of rural\urban residence and rural\urban household registration (hukou) status is associated with a range of health outcomes in later life. We investigate major mechanisms in accounting for these health disparities across the life span. Results show that rural hukouers in rural areas were exposed to highest level of hardships and adversities throughout life and are disadvantaged in a variety of health measures. In urban areas, those who have obtained urban hukou are better off than rural hukouers in psychological well-being but have higher risks of diabetes. These differences are mainly explained by disparities in socioeconomic status between the two groups. We discuss these results in a life course perspective and in the context of China's unique social, economic, and political settings.
  • Neighborhood social and economic change and diabetes incidence: The
           HeartHealthyHoods study
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Usama Bilal, Thomas A. Glass, Isabel del Cura-Gonzalez, Luis Sanchez-Perruca, David D. Celentano, Manuel Franco We studied the association between neighborhood social and economic change and type 2 diabetes incidence in the city of Madrid (Spain). We followed 199,621 individuals living in 393 census tracts for diabetes incidence for 6 years using electronic health records, starting in 2009. We measured neighborhood social and economic change from 2005 to 2009 using a finite mixture model with 16 indicators that resulted in four types of neighborhood change. Adjusted results showed an association between neighborhood change and diabetes incidence: compared to those living in Aging/Stable areas, people living in Declining SES, New Housing and Improving SES areas have an 8% (HR = 0.92, 95% CI 0.87 to 0.99), 9% (HR = 0.91, 95% CI 0.81 to 1.01) and 11% (HR = 0.89, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.98) decrease in diabetes incidence. This evidence can help guide policies for diabetes prevention by focusing efforts on specific urban areas.
  • Creating a dementia-friendly environment through the use of outdoor
           natural landscape design intervention in long-term care facilities: A
           narrative review
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Parinaz Motealleh, Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Karine Dupre There is an increasing volume of literature on the positive effects of outdoor natural landscapes on health and well-being. However, to date, there is a paucity of research on the effect of outdoor natural landscapes designed for people with dementia living in long-term care (LTC) facilities, in particular, those which have incorporated the characteristics of a dementia-friendly environment (DFE). This narrative literature review synthesizes current knowledge on the effect of outdoor natural landscape design, which is aligned with the characteristics of a DFE, to improve agitation, apathy and engagement of people with dementia living in LTC facilities. The reviewed studies predominantly support the positive effects of outdoor natural landscapes on agitation, apathy and engagement of people with dementia. However, there are concerns about the methodological approaches, principles incorporated in the applied outdoor natural landscapes' designs, and the environmental assessment. Further rigorous research is required to understand the impact of the outdoor natural landscapes, with the application of DFE characteristics in the design, on agitation, apathy and engagement of people with dementia living in LTC facilities.
  • Using decision trees to understand the influence of individual- and
           neighborhood-level factors on urban diabetes and asthma
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Hillary A. Cuesta, Donna L. Coffman, Charles Branas, Heather M. Murphy ObjectiveTo determine the influence of individual and neighborhood factors that combined are associated with asthma and diabetes in a sample of urban Philadelphians using data mining, a novel technique in public health research.MethodsWe obtained secondary data collected between May 2011 and November 2014 on individual's health and perception of neighborhood characteristics (N = 450) and Philadelphia LandCare Program data that provided relevant environmental data for the analysis (N = 676). RapidMiner open access data mining software was used to perform decision tree analyses.ResultsIndividual- and neighborhood-level environmental factors were intricately related in the decision tree models, having varying influence on the outcomes of asthma and diabetes. The decision trees had high specificity (95–100) and classified factors that were associated with an absence of disease (diabetes/asthma).ConclusionImproved neighborhood-level conditions related to social and physical disorder were consistently found to be associated with an absence of both asthma and diabetes in this urban population.Policy implicationsThis study illustrates the potential utility of applying data mining techniques for understanding complex public health issues.
  • “Don't smoke in public, you look like trash”: An exploratory study
           about women's experiences of smoking-related stigmatisation and the
           connection to neighbourhood-level deprivation
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Geneviève McCready, Nicole M. Glenn, Katherine L. Frohlich In this exploratory qualitative study we used Goffman's theory of stigmatisation to examine how women experience smoking-related stigma in relation to neighbourhood-level deprivation. From an existing cohort, we recruited fifteen women who smoked. We found differences in the women's experiences and abilities to negotiate and avoid a stigmatised smoking identity based on neighbourhood-level deprivation. Women in high-deprivation neighbourhoods described limited access to such places and this restricted their abilities to ‘pass’ as non- or not-quite-smokers and avoid smoking-related stigmatisation. We discuss the implications of the findings in relation to social-spatial inequalities in health and public health policy.
  • The influence of alcohol outlet density and advertising on youth drinking
           in urban Tanzania
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Mobolaji Ibitoye, Sylvia Kaaya, Richard Parker, Samuel Likindikoki, Leonida Ngongi, Marni Sommer Despite the detrimental effects of alcohol on adolescent health, high rates of alcohol use are reported among Tanzanian youth. We conducted systematic community mapping and participatory group activities with 177 adolescents in Dar es Salaam to explore how alcohol outlet density and advertising may contribute to adolescent drinking in urban Tanzania. Findings revealed a high density of alcohol-selling outlets and outdoor advertisements. The abundance of alcohol-related cues, including their close proximity to places where youth congregate, may facilitate and increase adolescent alcohol use in Tanzania. Participants recommended several changes to the alcohol environment to reduce adolescent drinking. Structural interventions that reduce adolescents' access and exposure to alcohol are needed in Tanzania.
  • A simple multilevel approach for analysing geographical inequalities in
           public health reports: The case of municipality differences in obesity
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Juan Merlo, Philippe Wagner, George Leckie The epidemiological analysis of geographical inequalities in individual outcomes is a fundamental theme in public health research. However, many traditional studies focus on analysing area differences in averages outcomes, disregarding individual variation around such averages. In doing so, these studies may produce misleading information and lead researchers to draw incorrect conclusions. Analysing individual and municipality differences in body mass index (BMI) and overweight/obesity status, we apply an analytical approach based on the multilevel analysis of individual heterogeneity and discriminatory accuracy (MAIHDA). This analytical approach may be viewed as a reorganization of existing multilevel modelling concepts in order to provide a systematic approach to simultaneously considering both differences between area averages and individual heterogeneity around those averages. In doing so, MAIHDA provides an improved approach to the quantification and understanding of geographical inequalities as compared with traditional approaches.
  • Neighbourhood built environment and physical function among mid-to-older
           aged adults: A systematic review
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Jerome N. Rachele, Takemi Sugiyama, Sasha Davies, Venurs H.Y. Loh, Gavin Turrell, Alison Carver, Ester Cerin This systematic review included 23 quantitative studies that estimated associations between aspects of the neighbourhood built environment and physical function among adults aged ≥45 years. Findings were analysed according to nine aspects of the neighbourhood built environment: walkability, residential density, street connectivity, land use mix, public transport, pedestrian infrastructure, aesthetics, safety and traffic. Evidence was found for a positive association of pedestrian infrastructure and aesthetics with physical function, while weaker evidence was found for land use mix, and safety from crime and traffic. There was an insufficient number of studies for walkability, residential density, street connectivity and access to public transport.
  • Relative deprivation of assets defined at multiple geographic scales,
           perceived stress and self-rated health in China
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Yosuke Inoue, Annie Green Howard, Aki Yazawa, Naoki Kondo, Penny Gordon-Larsen Relative deprivation (RD) may increase psychosocial stress, which could result in poor health. We examined the associations between asset-based RD indicators, defined at multiple geographic scales (i.e., within community; within area (urban/rural) of a province; within province; and across country), and self-rated health in China. A generalized structural equation model was used to estimate both the direct association between RD and self-related health and the indirect association through psychological stress measures. Results showed that higher RD was associated with the higher odds of reporting poor or very poor health, both directly and indirectly through psychological stress. This association was observed irrespective of the geographic scale at which reference groups were defined.
  • Neighborhood environment and cognitive function in older adults: A
           multilevel analysis in Hong Kong
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Yingqi Guo, Chee Hon Chan, Qingsong Chang, Tianyin Liu, Paul S.F. Yip In considering the influence of the neighborhood environment on cognitive function, little research has looked beyond the individual factors. Here, we conducted a study on 21,008 older adults aged 65 years and above in Hong Kong to examine the cross-sectional associations of neighborhood economic disadvantage, recreational resources, walkability, library accessibility and physical activities on cognitive function and dementia. Both smaller and larger census tracts were adopted as proxies for neighborhoods. Using multilevel regression, neighborhood economic disadvantage was found to be associated with cognitive decline, net of individual features. This association was not explained by neighborhood built environment. Recreational environment was not a significant factor for older adults' cognitive function while library accessibility was. Neighborhood walkability was only related to dementia but not the cognitive function score. Physical activity can partly explain the relationship between neighborhood environment and cognitive function. No significant interaction effect was identified except on the educational level and neighborhood library accessibility. To conclude, late life residential environments are important contexts for aging. Aging-in-place interventions in Hong Kong should thus address neighborhood poverty, improve accessibility of libraries and walkability to reduce future risks of cognitive decline.
  • Where I live: A qualitative analysis of renters living in poor housing
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Erika Marquez, Carolee Dodge Francis, Shawn Gerstenberger This article examines the lived experiences of 17 renters residing in Clark County, Nevada. Using a phenomenological study design, we used semistructured interviews to investigate how renters navigate living in substandard housing. The qualitative analysis revealed four main themes: (a) housing serves as a mediator with one's sense of well-being and good health, (b) housing insecurity and displacement occur through various pathways, (c) housing quality can lead to a sense of powerlessness over where one lives, and (d) social networks are key in low-opportunity neighborhoods. The findings support numerous studies that connect housing quality and insecurity to health and well-being, but the findings also highlight the mediating factors to limited housing choices such as the landlord and tenant relationship. Studies of this nature are essential in identifying the various pathways by which housing inequities and disparities can occur, particularly among low-income communities.
  • “To me, policy is government”: Creating a locally driven healthy food
           environment in the Canadian Arctic
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Bonnie Fournier, Kaysi Eastlick Kushner, Kim Raine
  • Smoking in the temple of the holy spirit' Geographic location matters
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 58Author(s): Fanhao Nie, Xiaozhao Yousef Yang Smoking at a young age poses significant risks to one's health and is linked with a wide range of deviant conducts. While prior research has looked into the ways in which individual religious characteristics may influence smoking, much less is known about how the overall religious context in which individuals are embedded may affect smoking during adolescence and early adulthood. In this study, multilevel regression analyses were used on nationally representative panel data to explore this understudied area. The results suggest that when a county has higher population share of conservative Protestants, youth living there are more likely to smoke. A similar robust relationship is also found for county-level mainline Protestant population share and smoking. By simultaneously examining both the individual and contextual religious effects on smoking, this study contributes to a renewed, more comprehensive understanding of an important public health and youth deviance issue.
  • Is moving to a greener or less green area followed by changes in physical
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Åsa Persson, Jette Möller, Karin Engström, Mare Lõhmus Sundström, Carla F.J. Nooijen Green areas might provide an inviting setting and thereby promote physical activity. The objective of this study was to determine whether moving to different green area surroundings was followed by changes of physical activity. Data from a large population-based cohort of adults in Stockholm County responding to surveys in 2010 and 2014 were analysed (n = 42611). Information about walking/cycling and exercise were self-reported and living area greenness data were satellite-derived (NDVI, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index). Multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed separately for changes in levels of walking/cycling and exercise (decrease, stable, increase). Greenness was defined as a change in NDVI quartile to less green, same, or greener. Odds ratio's (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were presented adjusted for gender, age, education and area-based income. Contrary to what we hypothesized, those moving to a greener area were more likely to decrease their levels of walking/cycling (OR = 1.42, CI = 1.28–1.58), whereas those moving to a less green area were more likely to increase their walking/cycling (OR = 1.26, CI = 1.13–1.41). Exercise behaviour showed another pattern, with people being more likely to decrease exercise both when moving to a greener (OR = 1.25, CI = 1.22–1.38) and to a less green area (OR = 1.22, CI = 1.09–1.36). Studying subpopulations based on sociodemographic characteristics did not aid to clarify our results. This cohort study with repeated measurements did not support the currently available cross-sectional studies showing a strong positive relation between greenness and physical activity. Nevertheless, our findings have shown spatial patterns related to green areas and physical activity which imply a need for place-specific health policies.
  • Neighbourhood identification buffers the effects of (de-)gentrification
           and personal socioeconomic position on mental health
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Polly Fong, Tegan Cruwys, Catherine Haslam, S. Alexander Haslam Previous studies have suggested that the effects of gentrification on long-term residents' mental health depends upon individual socioeconomic position. However, the role of social psychological moderators of these effects remains unexplored. Drawing on the social identity approach to health, we examine whether social identification with the neighbourhood can be protective of mental health for residents in the context of (de-)gentrification. Using multi-level modelling in a longitudinal Australian sample (N = 8376), we show that neighbourhood identification protects the mental health of residents who live in neighbourhoods that undergo positive or negative neighbourhood socioeconomic status change.
  • Assessing the potential utility of commercial ‘big data’ for health
           research: Enhancing small-area deprivation measures with Experian™
           Mosaic groups
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Welcome M. Wami, Ruth Dundas, Oarabile R. Molaodi, Mette Tranter, Alastair H. Leyland, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi In contrast to area-based deprivation measures, commercial datasets remain infrequently used in health research and policy. Experian collates numerous commercial and administrative data sources to produce Mosaic groups which stratify households into 15 groups for marketing purposes. We assessed the potential utility of Mosaic groups for health research purposes by investigating their relationships with Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) for the British population. Mosaic groups showed significant associations with IMD quintiles. Correspondence Analysis revealed variations in patterns of association, with Mosaic groups either showing increasing, decreasing, or some mixed trends with deprivation quintiles. These results suggest that Experian's Mosaics additionally measure other aspects of socioeconomic circumstances to those captured by deprivation measures. These commercial data may provide new insights into the social determinants of health at a small area level.
  • Early exposure to neighborhood crime and child internalizing and
           externalizing behaviors
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): David M. Ramey, Nicole Harrington This paper examines the relationship between exposure to neighborhood crime and child mental health. We merge restricted contextual data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study with the National Neighborhood Crime Study, a nationally representative neighborhood sample containing tract-level Uniform Crime Report data for large U.S. cities and clustered OLS regression models to examine how objective measures of robbery or burglary rates at or around birth influence the health and behavior of 566 girls and 646 boys in urban neighborhoods. Findings demonstrate that living in a high crime neighborhood is associated with higher levels of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems for preschool-aged boys and girls. However, these patterns differ for boys and girls and across measures of violent (robbery) and property crime (burglary).
  • Intergenerational understandings of personal, social and community assets
           for health
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Justen P. O’Connor, Laura Alfrey, Clare Hall, Geraldine Burke Connecting local citizens of different ages in productive social activity is considered a pathway towards greater health. This research explores how older adults and young people interpret and access assets from their geographical community in relation to their well-being and the extent to which a process of intergenerational bridging contributes to the creation of additional assets for health. Data is presented from a process of place-mapping, interviews, observations and arts-based approaches to: a) understand how personal, social and community assets supported perceived health and wellbeing for the young children and older adults who participated; and b) explore the impact of intergenerational connection on enhancing social capital. The research utilised bonding, bridging and linking forms of social capital, across several interactions amongst 41 individuals who reside in the same geographical community (Victoria, Australia). Assets for health, common across generations and located within the same geographical community were identified. Social connections were strengthened through conversations, reflections and an integration of ideas facilitated through an arts-based approach. Findings suggest that through intergenerational connection and sharing of resources to support health, including the sharing of community assets, progress can be made towards community strengthening with implications for health and wellbeing.
  • The evolution of local food environments within established neighbourhoods
           and new developments in Perth, Western Australia
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Alexia Bivoltsis, Gina Trapp, Matthew Knuiman, Paula Hooper, Gina Leslie Ambrosini Temporal changes in the location of food outlets can result in disparities in the availability and access of food across geographic areas, contributing to health inequalities. This study used mixed linear models to investigate how the location of food outlets around the home evolved over time with respect to area-level socio-economic status (SES) and urban design within established neighbourhoods and new residential developments. Food outlet data (supermarket/greengrocers, convenience stores, café restaurants and takeaway/fast food) were sourced from commercial database listings (SENSIS Pty. Ltd.) in 2004, 2006, 2007, and 2011. Using 2468 addresses from the RESIDential Environments Project (RESIDE), in Perth, Western Australia (WA), a count of each food outlet type and percentage of healthy food outlets within a 1.6 km road network buffer around the home, along with the road network distance to nearest food outlet were generated relative to each address at each time point. Proximity to and count of all food outlets increased over time in both new developments and established neighbourhoods. However, unhealthy food outlets were always in greater numbers and proximity to the home. The percentage of healthy food outlets was significantly greater in established neighbourhoods compared to new developments at all four time points. There were significantly more food outlets, and within closer proximity to the home, in established neighbourhoods compared to new developments at each time point. In established neighbourhoods, there were more convenience stores, takeaway/fast food and café restaurants, a lower percentage of healthy food outlets, and closer proximity to convenience stores in lower compared to high SES areas. In new developments there were significantly less supermarket/greengrocers, a lower percentage of healthy food outlets and greater proximity to takeaway/fast food and café restaurants in low compared to high SES areas. New developments designed according to the WA government's “Liveable Neighbourhoods Community Design Guidelines” policy had significantly more of all food outlets compared to other new developments. As such, people living in new developments, and low SES areas of Perth, may be disadvantaged with poorer access to healthy food outlets and greater exposure to unhealthy food outlets. Future urban planning and policy should focus on providing incentives that support the early development of supermarkets and healthy food outlets within new developments and low SES areas of Perth.
  • Neighbourhood greenness and birth outcomes in a Swedish birth cohort
           – A short communication
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Charlotta Eriksson, Tomas Lind, Sandra Ekström, Olena Gruzieva, Antonios Georgelis, Anna Bergström, Mare Lõhmus The present study investigated whether associations between greenness and birth outcomes can be detected in children belonging to a Swedish birth cohort (BAMSE). Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) within a 500 m buffer zone around maternal address was used as estimate of greenness. Ordinary least squares and quantile regression models were performed to investigate associations between neighbourhood NDVI and birthweight (n = 2619), birth length (n = 2490) and head circumference (n = 2243). Logistic regression analyses were used to detect the association between NDVI and odds of being born as “small-” or “large-for-gestational-age”. There were no clear associations between NDVI and birth weight in the total sample. However, in a suburban sub-sample, increased NDVI levels were significantly associated with elevated birthweight of small new-borns (β2nd percentile = 276 g, 95% CI 61 to 492, p = 0.012), and significantly reduced the odds ratio (OR) for children being born as small-for-gestational-age (OR = 0.31 95% CI 0.1 to 1, p = 0.049). No significant associations were found between NDVI and birth length or head circumference. In conclusion, neighbourhood greenness appears not to be associated with birthweight as such, but rather decrease the odds of being born underweight, in particular in suburban areas.
  • A systematic review employing the GeoFERN framework to examine methods,
           reporting quality and associations between the retail food environment and
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Emma Wilkins, Duncan Radley, Michelle Morris, Matthew Hobbs, Alex Christensen, Windi Lameck Marwa, Adele Morrin, Claire Griffiths This systematic review quantifies methods used to measure the ‘retail food environment’ (RFE), appraises the quality of methodological reporting, and examines associations with obesity, accounting for differences in methods. Only spatial measures of the RFE, such as food outlet proximity were included. Across the 113 included studies, methods for measuring the RFE were extremely diverse, yet reporting of methods was poor (average reporting quality score: 58.6%). Null associations dominated across all measurement methods, comprising 76.0% of 1937 associations in total. Outcomes varied across measurement methods (e.g. narrow definitions of ‘supermarket’: 20.7% negative associations vs 1.7% positive; broad definitions of ‘supermarket’: 9.0% negative associations vs 10.4% positive). Researchers should report methods more clearly, and should articulate findings in the context of the measurement methods employed.
  • Clinic and park partnerships for childhood resilience: A prospective study
           of park prescriptions
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Nooshin Razani, Kian Niknam, Nancy M. Wells, Doug Thompson, Nancy K. Hills, Gail Kennedy, Rachel Gilgoff, George W. Rutherford IntroductionPediatricians need community resources for childhood stress. We examined the association of weekly park visits and resilience amongst children receiving a park prescription at a clinic for low-income families.Materials and methodsA prospective longitudinal clinical trial was conducted amongst children ages 7–17 at a safety-net primary care clinic with measures at zero, one and three months out. Parents reported their child's park visits per week, baseline ACE score, their own stress (PSS10) and coping; children reported resilience (Brief Resiliency Scale) and stress (PSQ8-11 scale).ResultsEnrolled children (N = 54; mean (sd) age 10.3 (2.4) years), had a median (IQR) ACE score of 2 (1, 4). Child resilience improved with each one-day increase in weekly park visits (0.04 points, 95% CI 0.01, 0.08) at every level of ACEs. Child stress partially mediated this relationship.ConclusionParks are a community resource for pediatric resilience; park prescriptions may be a way to deal with pediatric stress.
  • How does local government use the planning system to regulate hot food
           takeaway outlets' A census of current practice in England using
           document review
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Matthew Keeble, Thomas Burgoine, Martin White, Carolyn Summerbell, Steven Cummins, Jean Adams Takeaway food outlets typically sell hot food, ordered and paid for at the till, for consumption off the premises due to limited seating provision. Growing numbers of these outlets has raised concerns about their impact on diet and weight gain. This has led to proposals to regulate their proliferation through urban planning. We conducted a census of local government areas in England with planning power (n = 325) to identify planning policies specifically addressing takeaway food outlets, with a ‘health’, and ‘non-health’ focus. We reviewed planning policies using content analysis, and developed a typology. One hundred and sixty-four (50.5%) local government areas had a policy specifically targeting takeaway food outlets; of these, 56 (34.1%) focused on health. Our typology revealed two main foci: ‘Place’ with five targeted locations and ‘Strategy’ with four categories of approach. The most common health-focused approach was describing exclusion zones around places for children and families (n = 33). Non-health focused approaches primarily involved minimising negative impacts associated with takeaway food outlets within a local government area boundary (n = 146). To our knowledge, this is the first census of planning policies explicitly focused on takeaway food outlets in England. Further work is required to determine why different approaches are adopted in different places and their acceptability and impact.
  • Young people's perspectives of e-cigarette use in the home
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Andrew Kirkcaldy, Hannah Fairbrother, Kate Weiner, Penny Curtis There is concern that the emergence of e-cigarettes could result in an increase in young people's intake of, and exposure to, nicotine. This UK study used friendship group interviews to elicit the perspectives of young people from socioeconomically contrasting backgrounds regarding e-cigarettes. Young people from both advantaged and disadvantaged backgrounds described similar e-cigarette practices in the home environment, and, for both health and sensory reasons, viewed these as preferable to tobacco smoking. Space-related practices of adult e-cigarette use in the home were revealed to be more malleable than those of tobacco use. Results also highlighted that e-cigarettes offered young people new opportunities for nicotine consumption in the home. Methods of storing e-cigarettes in domestic spaces posed safety risks to younger children and easy access to e-cigarettes for others.
  • Are there sensitive neighbourhood effect periods during the life course on
           midlife health and wellbeing'
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Stephen Jivraj, Paul Norman, Owen Nicholas, Emily T. Murray Since the turn of the century there has been an explosion in the number of epidemiological studies that have analysed neighbourhood effects on health and wellbeing. The vast majority of these studies are cross-sectional in nature and assume that a contemporaneous place of residence captures a meaningful neighbourhood effect. Over the same time frame, social epidemiology has focussed increasingly on life course effects. This paper aims to bring these two areas of study together and tests whether there a certain ages during the life course when neighbourhoods are more important for our health and wellbeing than others. We use two British birth cohort studies (1958 National Child Development Study and British Cohort Study 1970) each comprising approximately 6,000 sample members at midlife linked to historic census measures used to derived Townsend neighbourhood deprivation scores over the life course. We find little evidence to support our hypothesis that adolescence is a key period of neighbourhood effect, rather we find late-early-adulthood neighbourhood deprivation and midlife neighbourhood deprivation are more strongly related to mid-life health and wellbeing. We are not able to conclude whether these effects are causal and encourage further investigation of selection mechanisms into neighbourhoods and mediation throughout the life course using our newly created dataset.
  • Food play: A novel research methodology for visceral geographers and
           health researchers
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): D.L. Burges Watson, S. Lewis, M. Campbell, V. Bryant, S.T. Storey, V. Deary This paper reinforces the value of visceral geographic approaches to health research as a method ‘beyond talking’. The paper establishes and sets out an integrative embodied multi-sensory research methodology - food play. Researchers across the social sciences and sciences are exploring the limits of logo and researcher centric research methods and exploring peoples sensory experience of themselves and the wider world using participatory, patient-centred, multi-sensory, visceral and biosocial geographic approaches. With reference to the growing interest in visceral approaches to research in geography, and sensory research in neurology, anthropology and embodied cognition in psychology, we argue that the presence and pungency of food uniquely animates research, and for our research, provided highly individualised insight into the lived experience of living long term with eating difficulties, allowing visceral difference to emerge and be expressed. We illustrate our approach with reference to a six-year research project, Resources for Living, co-produced with survivors of head and neck cancer and underpinned by a series of food play workshops to address post-treatment and chronic difficulties with food and eating.
  • Neighborhood disadvantage across the transition from adolescence to
           adulthood and risk of metabolic syndrome
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Chantel L. Martin, Jennifer B. Kane, Gandarvaka L. Miles, Allison E. Aiello, Kathleen Mullan Harris This study investigates the association between neighborhood disadvantage from adolescence to young adulthood and metabolic syndrome using a life course epidemiology framework. Data from the United States-based National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 9500) and a structural equation modeling approach were used to test neighborhood disadvantage across adolescence, emerging adulthood, and young adulthood in relation to metabolic syndrome. Adolescent neighborhood disadvantage was directly associated with metabolic syndrome in young adulthood. Evidence supporting an indirect association between adolescent neighborhood disadvantage and adult metabolic syndrome was not supported. Efforts to improve cardiometabolic health may benefit from strategies earlier in life.
  • Coming ‘Home’: Place bonding for parents accessing or
           considering hospice based respite
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Helena Dunbar, Bernie Carter, Jayne Brown Little literature examines the cognitive journey taken by parents considering/receiving hospice care for their child. A constructivist grounded theory study explored 38 parents' views of considering/using a children's hospice. Data analysed from focus groups and interviews identified three main concepts. The focus of this paper is identified as Coming ‘Home’. This concept depicts the desire and the sense of searching that parents experienced in trying to find a place, other than their actual home, where their child could access a caring environment and their parents received some respite from caregiving. Despite there being a paradox associated with hospice-based respite, once they had crossed the threshold the parents bonded with the place and experienced rootedness and familiarity. The hospice became a place of living and belonging; a place where they could ‘come home’.
  • Disability and food access and insecurity: A scoping review of the
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Naomi Schwartz, Ron Buliung, Kathi Wilson A scoping review was conducted, using a social ecological model approach, of 106 articles examining the effect of disability on food access and (in)security. Results of the review show a consistently increased risk of food insecurity among people with disabilities with a higher risk for mental health disabilities, and among disabled younger adults. Mediators of this relationship were underexplored. Disability was mainly conceptualized as a problematic category preventing food access while ignoring disabling social and environmental barriers. A social model of disability can inform future research by acknowledging the role of socio-environmental influences on the production and experience(s) of disability.
  • Micro-geographic targeting for precision public policy: Analysis of child
           sex ratio across 587,043 census villages in India, 2011
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Rockli Kim, Praveen Kumar Pathak, Yun Xu, William Joe, Alok Kumar, R. Venkataramanan, S.V. Subramanian Child sex ratio (CSR) is a marker of disproportionate sex ratio at birth and discriminatory practices that lead to differential survival in early childhood by sex. We used the 2011 Census on rural India to present the first local analysis of CSR across 587,043 villages. In our multilevel analysis considering villages, tehsils, districts, and states/union territories, we found 96% of the total variation in CSR to be attributed to villages. About 39% of the villages were ‘boy’ areas (CSR≤88 girls per 100 boys) and another 12% had deficits in girls (88 
  • Mental wellbeing, air pollution and the ecological state
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Paola E. Signoretta, Veerle Buffel, Piet Bracke The ecological State puts environmental considerations at the centre of its actions. To explores its role in the association between air pollution and mental wellbeing, this work employs a hierarchical three-level analysis on the third wave (2011–2012) of the European Quality of Life Survey (Ncitizens = 25007, Nregions = 216, Ncountries = 20). It uses a classification of Environmental Governance Regimes, subjective and objective indicators of air pollution, and the WHO-5 index of mental wellbeing. The findings show that the perception of major air pollution problems and worse mental wellbeing go hand in hand only in partial and established environmental States.
  • Population density is beneficially associated with 12-year diabetes risk
           marker change among residents of lower socio-economic neighborhoods
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Jelle Van Cauwenberg, David Dunstan, Ester Cerin, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen We examined associations of neighborhood population density with 12-year changes in diabetes risk (post-challenge plasma glucose), and potential moderation by neighborhood socio-economic status (SES) among 4,816 Australians. In lower SES neighborhoods, post-challenge plasma glucose increased by 6% in low-density, remained stable in medium-density and decreased by 3% in high-density neighborhoods. In medium SES neighborhoods, glucose remained stable in high-density, but increased by 2% and 3% in medium- and low-density neighborhoods, respectively. In higher SES neighborhoods, no significant interaction effect between time and density was observed. Densification may make protective contributions for diabetes risk in lower and medium SES neighborhoods.
  • The role of the natural environment in disaster recovery: “We live here
           because we love the bush”
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Karen Block, Robyn Molyneaux, Lisa Gibbs, Nathan Alkemade, Elyse Baker, Colin MacDougall, Greg Ireton, David Forbes This mixed-methods study explored the role of connection to the natural environment in recovery from the ‘Black Saturday’ bushfires that blazed across Victoria, Australia, in February 2009. Qualitative findings demonstrated that many participants had a strong connection to the natural environment, experienced considerable grief as a result of its devastation in the fires and drew solace from seeing it regenerate over the following months and years. Quantitative analyses indicated that a strong attachment to the environment was associated with reduced psychological distress, fewer symptoms of major depression and fire-related PTSD, and higher levels of resilience, post-traumatic growth and life satisfaction. While social connections are increasingly recognized as supportive of disaster recovery, the influence of landscapes also needs to be recognized in terms of the impact of their destruction as well as their therapeutic potential.
  • “I try and make my cell a positive place”: Tactics for mitigating
           risks to health and wellbeing in a young offender institution
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Anita Mehay, Rosie Meek, Jane Ogden Prisons provide an important public health opportunity to improve the health of a hard-to-reach population. However, the prison as a place for health promotion requires greater attention. Using De Certeau's concept of tactics, semi-structured interviews with 35 young men who had screened as low on an anxiety and depression scale, illustrate how they stitch together discrete tactics to navigate the prison system and mitigate the risks to their health and wellbeing. These involve a process of being vigilant to the cracks in the system whilst appropriating objects and seeking out spaces of comfort. Understanding imprisonment in this nuanced approach provides greater insights into the interplay of health and place with the potential to inform context-relevant practice and policy.
  • Studies regarding supported housing and the built environment for people
           with mental health problems: A mixed-methods literature review
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Jan Georg Friesinger, Alain Topor, Tore Dag Bøe, Inger Beate Larsen Places where people live are important for their personal and social lives. This is also the case for people with mental health problems living in supported housing. To summarise the existing knowledge, we conducted a systematic review of 13 studies with different methodologies regarding the built environment in supported housing and examined their findings in a thematic analysis.The built environment of supported housing involves three important and interrelated themes: well-being, social identity and privacy. If overregulated by professionals or located in problematic neighbourhoods or buildings, the settings could be an obstacle to recovery. If understood as meaningful places with scope for control by the tenants or with amenities nearby, the settings could aid recovery.
  • The making of new care spaces. How micropublic places mediate inclusion
           and exclusion in a Dutch city
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Mare Knibbe, Klasien Horstman This paper provides insight into strategies used by social care initiatives to create caring environments for people with a variety of abilities and disabilities. The analysis is guided by the concept of ‘micropublic places’ and builds on research about changing spaces of care and three types of spatial, symbolic and public-private boundary logics. Using ethnographic methods, we map three hybridization strategies that challenged spatial separations of functions, professional diagnostic labels, and public-private distinctions While these hybridization strategies have been analyzed separately in literature about specific vulnerable groups like psychiatric patients, this analysis shows how they combined to form new spaces of care.
  • Back to nature' Attention restoration theory and the restorative
           effects of nature contact in prison
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Dominique Moran This paper considers the potential for elements of custodial environments to have a restorative effect on those who are incarcerated within them. Considering the applicability and practicality of using Attention Restoration Theory (ART) to frame experience in a custodial context, it interprets results of a survey of prisoners at a large medium-security prison for men in the United Kingdom. It reflects on prisoners' experiences in relation to elements of the environment in which they reside; specifically, outdoor green spaces and green views in the form of whole-wall photographic images of the natural environment. In an otherwise stressful context, such elements were self-reported to enable restorative effects, and to increase feelings of calm, and the ability to reflect. It finds that the potential benefits differed between environmental elements, and that compatibility with prisoners' own needs was a key issue. It concludes with suggestions about the potential utility of ART-informed design of custodial landscapes. The paper also reflects on the methodological challenges of using ART to understand the experience of prisoners.
  • The geographic harmonisation of Scotland's small area census data, 1981 to
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Daniel J. Exeter, Zhiqiang Feng, Jinfeng Zhao, Alana Cavadino, Paul Norman Previous research in Scotland used a merging approach to combine census boundary data for geographies specific to 1981, 1991 and 2001 to create Consistent Areas Through Time (CATTs) for the analysis of health and social data for small areas. In this paper, we adopt the same methodology to integrate the 2011 Scottish Output Areas to the CATTs. First, we overlaid the 2001 Output Areas upon the 2011 Output Areas to create SUPER OAs, which were then combined with SUPER EDs, which represented a consistent small area geography for 1981 and 1991. This resulted in 8,548 CATTs providing a consistent geography for the 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011 Censuses in Scotland. We demonstrate the utility of the CATTs by exploring the correlations between deprivation, the proportion of the population who were permanently sick and those with degree qualifications, across the 4 censuses, a research angle impossible without consistent geographies. We have provided a resource that enables users to deepen their understanding of small area social changes in Scotland between the 1981 and 2011 Censuses.
  • The acute stroke unit as a meaningful space: The lived experience of
           healthcare practitioners
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Kitty Maria Suddick, Vinette Cross, Pirjo Vuoskoski, Graham Stew, Kathleen T. Galvin This hermeneutic phenomenological study was undertaken in response to the recent re-organization of stroke unit provision in the United Kingdom. Through the analysis of four acute stroke unit practitioners' subjective accounts, the acute stroke unit emerged as a dynamic, meaningful space, where they experienced authenticity and belonging. The findings showed how these practitioners navigated their way through the space, thriving, and/or surviving its' associated vulnerabilities. They offer a different gaze on which to attend to the complexity and challenge that is interwoven with health professionals’ flourishing, the spatiality of healthcare practice, and perhaps other demanding places of work.
  • Determining the health benefits of green space: Does gentrification
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2019Source: Health & Place, Volume 57Author(s): Helen V.S. Cole, Margarita Triguero-Mas, James J.T. Connolly, Isabelle Anguelovski Urban green space is demonstrated to benefit human health. We evaluated whether neighborhood gentrification status matters when considering the health benefits of green space, and whether the benefits are received equitably across racial and socioeconomic groups. Greater exposure to active green space was significantly associated with lower odds of reporting fair or poor health, but only for those living in gentrifying neighborhoods. In gentrifying neighborhoods, only those with high education or high incomes benefited from neighborhood active green space. Structural interventions, such as new green space, should be planned and evaluated within the context of urban social inequity and change.
  • Natural movement: A space syntax theory linking urban form and function
           with walking for transport
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 January 2019Source: Health & PlaceAuthor(s): Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Koichiro Oka, Neville Owen, Takemi Sugiyama Walking to get to and from local destinations including shops, services, and transit stops is a major source of adults’ health-related physical activity. Research has been using space syntax measures in examining how urban form is related to such routine walking for transport. This paper proposes to apply a theory of space syntax, natural movement, which posits street layout as a primary factor influencing pedestrian movement. Discussing how this theory can link urban form (street layout) and function (land use) with walking for transport, we propose a research agenda to produce new insights and advance methods in active living research.
  • Assessing exposure to food and beverage advertisements surrounding schools
           in Vancouver, BC
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 January 2019Source: Health & PlaceAuthor(s): Cayley E. Velazquez, Madeleine I.G. Daepp, Jennifer L. Black Recent policy initiatives call for restricting food marketing to children, yet little is known about children's current exposure to outdoor advertisements. This paper describes the prevalence and characteristics of food- or beverage-related advertisements surrounding 25 public elementary and secondary schools in Vancouver, Canada and assesses whether the informational food environment differs by neighbourhood or school characteristics. All but four schools had at least one food- or beverage-related advertisement within 400 m (median: 18, range: 0–96) and approximately 90% of food or beverage advertisements were for items not recommended for frequent consumption by provincial school food guidelines. After controlling for commercial density, secondary schools were associated with more outdoor food and beverage advertisements overall in comparison with elementary schools. The presence of an additional limited-service food outlet within 400 m was associated with a 7% increase in the number of overall advertisements (p 
  • Tobacco use in the sexual borderlands: The smoking contexts and practices
           of bisexual young adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 January 2019Source: Health & PlaceAuthor(s): Julia McQuoid, Johannes Thrul, Emily Ozer, Danielle Ramo, Pamela M. Ling Little is known about why bisexual people use tobacco at higher rates than any other sexual identity group. Non-binary sexualities, such as bisexuality, exist within the socially constructed borderland between homosexuality and heterosexuality. Exploration of the everyday smoking contexts and practices of bisexual individuals may reveal unique mechanisms driving tobacco use. We employed a novel mixed method, integrating real-time, smartphone-administered surveys of (non)smoking situations, location tracking, spatial visualization of participant data, and subsequent map-led interviews. Participants (n = 17; ages 18–26, California) identified as bisexual, pansexual, and/or queer. Most were cisgender women. Survey smoking patterns and situational predictors were similar to other young adults’. However, interviews revealed unique roles of tobacco use in participants’ navigation of differently sexualized spaces in everyday life: 1) stepping away from uncomfortable situations related to bisexual identity; 2) facilitating belonging to LGBTQ+ community; and 3) recovering from bisexual identity perception management. Similar studies can examine the place-embedded practices and spatio-temporal patterns of other substance use and other stigmatized identity experiences.
  • Impacts of migration on health and well-being in later life in China:
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 January 2019Source: Health & PlaceAuthor(s): Bo Hou, James Nazroo, James Banks, Alan Marshall Unprecedented internal migration to urban areas has happened in China over the last few decades. While, we know that migration has a bidirectional relationship with health, this relationship has only been studied to a limited extent in China. In particular, the exiting literature has neglected the effects of migration on health and well-being in later life, instead focusing on the relationship between these outcomes over the short term, and also have only focused on temporary rural-to-urban migrants with a rural hukou rather than the broader range of internal migration flows. The hukou system, also known as the Chinese household system, an institutional feature with the power to restrict population mobility and access to local welfare resources.Using an inter-disciplinary approach, drawing on literature from economics, epidemiology and sociology, this paper conceptualises and examines the association between different forms of internal migration and their relationship with later-life health and well-being in China. It then attempts to draw conclusions on likely mechanisms through which migration affects health and well-being, including taking account of the selective nature of migration. To do this, we use the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), a nationally representative and multi-disciplinary dataset that examines the circumstances of the Chinese population aged over 45 years old.The results show that there are strong associations between migration status and later life health and well-being in China, with migrants to or within urban areas report the greatest health. Even after controlling for the selective nature of migration and other post-migration factors, there is still an unexplained, positive and statistically significant association between temporary rural-to-urban migration and depression scores. In addition, there are no differences between rural-to-rural migrants and rural non-migrants across all models. In terms of relevant mechanisms, selection of migrants seems to be particularly important in explaining the health and mental health differences between non-migrants and migrants to or within urban areas. Current socioeconomic circumstances and post-migration adaptation also explain some health differences between migrant groups and non-migrants.
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Heriot-Watt University
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