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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1342 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (555 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 201)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health, Safety and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Healthcare Technology Letters     Open Access  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Infodir : Revista de Información científica para la Dirección en Salud     Open Access  
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover
Health & Place
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.506
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 15  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1353-8292
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3163 journals]
  • Re-thinking the health benefits of outstations in remote Indigenous
    • Authors: Kate Senior; Richard Chenhall; Julie Hall; Daphne Daniels
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Kate Senior, Richard Chenhall, Julie Hall, Daphne Daniels
      The small, decentralised communities, known as outstations which satellite larger Indigenous Australian remote communities have often been conceptualised as places that are beneficial to health and well-being. This paper provides an exploration of the meaning of their outstation for one family and the benefits that this connection brings to them, which are expressed in a deep connection to the land, continuing relationships with ancestors and a safe refuge from the stresses of the larger community. We argue that the outstation provides a place for people to be in control of their lives and form hopes and plans for the future. These benefits are position in a context where the future liveability and sustainability of the outstation is both fragile and vulnerable.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.04.007
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
  • An exploratory analysis of spatial variations in organ donation
           registration rates in Wales prior to the implementation of the Human
           Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013
    • Authors: Nicholas Page; Gary Higgs; Mitchel Langford
      Pages: 18 - 24
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Nicholas Page, Gary Higgs, Mitchel Langford
      Spatial variations in rates of registered organ donors have not been studied in the UK at detailed spatial scales despite some evidence of national and regional differences. By drawing on the findings from the existing literature, this study examines associations between small-area variations in rates of new registrants to the UK organ donor register (ODR) within Wales and key demographic factors. Using map-based visualisations and statistical regression methods, spatial patterns in new registrants to the ODR are identified within Wales, a country which moved to an opt-out system of consent for organ donation following the Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013. By identifying the underlying factors associated with trends in rates of new ODR sign-up, this study aims to highlight the types of approaches that could be used to help to inform future targeted interventions aimed at improving registration rates.

      PubDate: 2018-06-01T00:32:10Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.05.002
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
  • Stressed out' An investigation of whether allostatic load mediates
           associations between neighbourhood deprivation and health
    • Authors: Lucy Prior; David Manley; Kelvyn Jones
      Pages: 25 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Lucy Prior, David Manley, Kelvyn Jones
      Deprived neighbourhoods have long been associated with poorer health outcomes. However, many quantitative studies have not evidenced the mechanisms through which place ‘gets under the skin’ to influence health. The increasing prevalence of biosocial data provides new opportunities to explore these mechanisms and incorporate them into models of contextual effects. The stress pathway is a key biosocial mechanism; however, few studies have explicitly tested it in neighbourhood associations. This paper addresses this gap by investigating whether allostatic load, a biological response to chronic stress, mediates relationships of neighbourhood deprivation to physical and mental health. Data from UK Understanding Society is used to undertaken a multilevel mediation analysis. Allostatic load is found to mediate the association between neighbourhood deprivation and health, substantiating the biological mechanism of the stress pathway. More deprived areas are associated with higher allostatic load, and in turn worse allostatic load relates to poorer physical and mental health. Allostatic load is a stronger mediator of physical health than mental health, suggesting the stress pathway is more pertinent to explaining physical health gradients. Heterogeneity in the results between physical and mental health suggests more research is needed to disentangle the biosocial processes that could be important to health and place relationships.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.05.003
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
  • Trends in the contribution of major causes of death to the black-white
           life expectancy gap by US state
    • Authors: Corinne A. Riddell; Kathryn T. Morrison; Jay S. Kaufman; Sam Harper
      Pages: 85 - 100
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Corinne A. Riddell, Kathryn T. Morrison, Jay S. Kaufman, Sam Harper
      Life expectancy has increased in the United States over many decades. The difference in life expectancy between black and white Americans has also decreased, but some states have made much more progress towards racial equality than others. This paper describes the pattern of contributions of six major causes of death to the black-white life expectancy gap within US states and the District of Columbia between 1969 and 2013, and identifies states diverging from the overall pattern. Across multiple causes, the District of Columbia, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan had the highest contributions to black-white inequality, while New York, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island had the lowest contributions and have either achieved or are the closest to achieving black-white equality in life expectancy.

      PubDate: 2018-06-03T13:00:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
  • Associations between cumulative neighborhood deprivation, long-term
           mobility trajectories, and gestational weight gain
    • Authors: Irene Headen; Mahasin Mujahid; Julianna Deardorff; David H. Rehkopf; Barbara Abrams
      Pages: 101 - 109
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Irene Headen, Mahasin Mujahid, Julianna Deardorff, David H. Rehkopf, Barbara Abrams
      Existing research on neighborhood environment and gestational weight gain (GWG) focuses on point-in-time measures of neighborhood context. This precludes understanding how long-term exposure to adverse neighborhood environments influences GWG. We estimated associations between average exposure to and trajectories of long-term neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and risk of inadequate or excessive GWG. Using data from 5690 full-term, singleton pregnancies in the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, we estimated associations between cumulative deprivation and GWG, overall and by race/ethnicity, controlling for individual and residential covariates. A one standard deviation unit (8-point) increase in neighborhood deprivation increased risk of inadequate GWG (Relative Risk (RR): 1.08; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1.00–1.16) for all women and excessive GWG (RR: 1.11; 95% CI 1.02–1.21) for white women. Persistent low deprivation (RR: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.64–0.94) and upward mobility (RR: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.61–0.96), compared to persistent high deprivation, reduced risk of inadequate GWG. Persistent low deprivation also reduced risk of excessive GWG (RR: 0.84; 95% CI: 0.71–0.98). Long-term neighborhood deprivation contributes to patterns of GWG over women's life course.

      PubDate: 2018-06-07T03:30:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.05.007
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
  • Does an uneven sample size distribution across settings matter in
           cross-classified multilevel modeling' Results of a simulation study
    • Authors: Carly E. Milliren; Clare R. Evans; Tracy K. Richmond; Erin C. Dunn
      Pages: 121 - 126
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Carly E. Milliren, Clare R. Evans, Tracy K. Richmond, Erin C. Dunn
      Background Recent advances in multilevel modeling allow for modeling non-hierarchical levels (e.g., youth in non-nested schools and neighborhoods) using cross-classified multilevel models (CCMM). Current practice is to cluster samples from one context (e.g., schools) and utilize the observations however they are distributed from the second context (e.g., neighborhoods). However, it is unknown whether an uneven distribution of sample size across these contexts leads to incorrect estimates of random effects in CCMMs. Methods Using the school and neighborhood data structure in Add Health, we examined the effect of neighborhood sample size imbalance on the estimation of variance parameters in models predicting BMI. We differentially assigned students from a given school to neighborhoods within that school's catchment area using three scenarios of (im)balance. 1000 random datasets were simulated for each of five combinations of school- and neighborhood-level variance and imbalance scenarios, for a total of 15,000 simulated data sets. For each simulation, we calculated 95% CIs for the variance parameters to determine whether the true simulated variance fell within the interval. Results Across all simulations, the “true” school and neighborhood variance parameters were estimated 93–96% of the time. Only 5% of models failed to capture neighborhood variance; 6% failed to capture school variance. Conclusions These results suggest that there is no systematic bias in the ability of CCMM to capture the true variance parameters regardless of the distribution of students across neighborhoods. Ongoing efforts to use CCMM are warranted and can proceed without concern for the sample imbalance across contexts.

      PubDate: 2018-06-10T03:32:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.05.009
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
  • How extractive industries affect health: Political economy underpinnings
           and pathways
    • Authors: Ted Schrecker; Anne-Emanuelle Birn; Mariajosé Aguilera
      Pages: 135 - 147
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Ted Schrecker, Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Mariajosé Aguilera
      A systematic and theoretically informed analysis of how extractive industries affect health outcomes and health inequities is overdue. Informed by the work of Saskia Sassen on “logics of extraction,” we adopt an expansive definition of extractive industries to include (for example) large-scale foreign acquisitions of agricultural land for export production. To ground our analysis in concrete place-based evidence, we begin with a brief review of four case examples of major extractive activities. We then analyze the political economy of extractivism, focusing on the societal structures, processes, and relationships of power that drive and enable extraction. Next, we examine how this global order shapes and interacts with politics, institutions, and policies at the state/national level contextualizing extractive activity. Having provided necessary context, we posit a set of pathways that link the global political economy and national politics and institutional practices surrounding extraction to health outcomes and their distribution. These pathways involve both direct health effects, such as toxic work and environmental exposures and assassination of activists, and indirect effects, including sustained impoverishment, water insecurity, and stress-related ailments. We conclude with some reflections on the need for future research on the health and health equity implications of the global extractive order.

      PubDate: 2018-06-10T03:32:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.05.005
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
  • Displacement: Critical insights from flood-affected children
    • Authors: Maggie Mort; Marion Walker; Alison Lloyd Williams; Amanda Bingley
      Pages: 148 - 154
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Maggie Mort, Marion Walker, Alison Lloyd Williams, Amanda Bingley
      Little is known about how children and young people are affected by evacuation following flooding. Participatory research using creative methods allowed us to elicit flood stories and recovery pathways over time. We found that children's relationships with space and place were severely challenged following evacuation from home. They suffered losses, including loss of agency, friendship networks and familiar space. They experienced distress, anxiety and disillusionment with societal responses. Sustained attention by flood risk and recovery agencies is required to address children's ongoing needs following evacuation. From policymakers recognition is overdue that young people are citizens who already contribute to community flood response and so need to be more explicitly consulted and included in the development of flood risk management.

      PubDate: 2018-06-10T03:32:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.05.006
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
  • The interplay of contextual layers: A multilevel analysis of income
           distribution, neighborhood infrastructure, socioeconomic position and
           self-rated health in Brazil
    • Authors: Natalia Vincens; Maria Emmelin; Martin Stafström
      Pages: 155 - 162
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Natalia Vincens, Maria Emmelin, Martin Stafström
      Our hypothesis is that neighborhood infrastructure modifies the association between state-level income distribution and self-rated health. In our findings neighborhood infrastructure amplifies the association between income equality and self-rated health, yet with a differential impact on health according to sex, race and education level favoring individuals at higher socioeconomic positions. Most of the individual health variation attributed to context happens at neighborhood level, based on random effects analyses. Our findings contribute to a further understanding of health inequalities in Brazil. The demonstrated synergism between state, neighborhood and individual level determinants of health supports inter-sectoral policies and interventions in a clearly multileveled way.

      PubDate: 2018-06-10T03:32:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.05.012
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
  • Why neighborhood park proximity is not associated with total physical
    • Authors: Orion T. Stewart; Anne Vernez Moudon; Alyson J. Littman; Edmund Seto; Brian E. Saelens
      Pages: 163 - 169
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Orion T. Stewart, Anne Vernez Moudon, Alyson J. Littman, Edmund Seto, Brian E. Saelens
      This study explored how parks within the home neighborhood contribute to total physical activity (PA) by isolating park-related PA. Seattle-area adults (n = 634) were observed using time-matched accelerometer, Global Positioning System (GPS), and travel diary instruments. Of the average 42.3 min of daily total PA, only 11% was related to parks. Both home neighborhood park count and area were associated with park-based PA, but not with PA that occurred elsewhere, which comprised 89% of total PA. This study demonstrates clear benefits of neighborhood parks for contributing to park-based PA while helping explain why proximity to parks is rarely associated with overall PA.

      PubDate: 2018-06-10T03:32:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.05.011
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2018)
  • The health impacts of women's low control in their living environment: A
           theory-based systematic review of observational studies in societies with
           profound gender discrimination
    • Authors: Andy Pennington; Lois Orton; Shilpa Nayak; Adele Ring; Mark Petticrew; Amanda Sowden; Martin White; Margaret Whitehead
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Andy Pennington, Lois Orton, Shilpa Nayak, Adele Ring, Mark Petticrew, Amanda Sowden, Martin White, Margaret Whitehead
      We conducted a systematic review of observational evidence on the health impacts of women's low control/autonomy in the living environment in societies with profound gender discrimination and gender bias. Thirty observational studies of varying methodological quality were included. Overall, the evidence suggests that women's lower control or autonomy (for example lack of freedom of movement outside the home, lack of authority to access healthcare for sick children) was associated with poorer mental and physical health for women and higher morbidity and mortality for their children, after adjusting for their socioeconomic circumstances. Further studies are needed to disentangle and understand the pathways between low control and health outcomes in contexts of profound gender discrimination. This systematic review has highlighted the general low quality of the evidence base on this research question. It identifies the pressing need for high quality, longitudinal studies in the future.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T19:55:00Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Identity and home: Understanding the experience of people with advanced
    • Authors: Jesper Larsen Maersk; Malcolm P. Cutchin; Karen la Cour
      Pages: 11 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Jesper Larsen Maersk, Malcolm P. Cutchin, Karen la Cour
      The purpose of this study was to explore how the identity of people with advanced cancer is influenced by their experiences of living at home. A total of 28 in-depth interviews were conducted with 22 people with advanced cancer and four spouses. Grounded theory guided the collection and analysis of data. Home tours and associated field notes augmented the interview data. The analysis revealed that support of participants’ identity was reflected in their abilities to live and occupy the home during daily activities, and in the ways the home and objects functioned as referents to themselves and their past. Threats to their identity ensued as the home environment became unmanageable during daily activities and as homecare professionals and assistive devices entered the home. By supporting people with advanced cancer in maintaining daily activities in the home and reducing changes in the home caused by homecare it is possible to reduce loss of identity.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.003
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Individual and regional factors affecting stress and problem alcohol use:
           A representative nationwide study of China
    • Authors: Tingzhong Yang; Ross Barnett; Sihui Peng; Lingwei Yu; Chichen Zhang; Weifang Zhang
      Pages: 19 - 27
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Tingzhong Yang, Ross Barnett, Sihui Peng, Lingwei Yu, Chichen Zhang, Weifang Zhang
      Objectives The objective of this study was to examine the association between individual and environmental stressors and problem alcohol use among Chinese university students. Methods Participants were 11,942 students, who were identified through a multistage survey sampling process that included 50 universities. Individual information, including feelings of stress and perceptions of problem alcohol use, was obtained by self report. Urban and regional variables were retrieved from the National Bureau of Statistics database. Both unadjusted and adjusted methods were considered in the analyses. Results Almost one third (32.6%) of the students suffered from some form of severe stress while problem alcohol use prevalence was 7.3%, (95% CI: 4.1–10.4%). The multilevel logistic regression model found that uncertainty stress, gender, father's occupation and monthly expenses were associated with problem alcohol use. Of the contextual factors home region and the university city GDP and unemployment rate were important. When interactions were considered, the relationship between monthly expenses and financial uncertainty and problem drinking was most evident in high level universities. By contrast, the effects of uncertainty stress on problem drinking were most evident in middle and low level universities. Conclusions The findings underscore that efforts to control problem alcohol use among students in China should pay greater attention to environmental determinants of stress and particularly to improvements in stress management in university settings.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.008
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Perceived neighborhood walkability and physical exercise: An examination
           of casual communication in a social process
    • Authors: Masahiro Yamamoto; Hyerim Jo
      Pages: 28 - 35
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Masahiro Yamamoto, Hyerim Jo
      Despite the accumulated evidence for the environmental correlates of physical activity, social processes underlying this association are not entirely clear. This study positions communication characterized by weak ties as a social mechanism linking neighborhood walkability with physical exercise. Data from a survey of Chicago residents show that perceived neighborhood walkability is positively related to frequency of weak-tie communication. Frequency of weak-tie communication is related positively to perceived social cohesion and negatively to anonymity, both of which are significantly related to frequency of physical exercise in the neighborhood. Data also show a sequential indirect relationship involving perceived neighborhood walkability, weak-tie communication, anonymity, and physical exercise. Implications are discussed in terms of the role of communication in promoting locality-based physical exercise.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.006
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Neighborhood conditions and trajectories of alcohol use and misuse across
           the early life course
    • Authors: Peter B. Barr
      Pages: 36 - 44
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Peter B. Barr
      While neighborhood conditions have been linked to alcohol misuse, less is known about the long-term consequences of exposure to adverse neighborhood conditions early in the life course. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health, we examined how trajectories of alcohol behaviors from ages 12 to 32 varied according to neighborhood disorder, disadvantage, and advantage. Early exposure to adverse neighborhood conditions placed individuals at greater risk of being a current drinker and alcohol misuse, though these individuals never reached the same levels as those in more stable, advantaged neighborhoods. Early exposure appears to place individuals at risk for alcohol misuse across the early life course.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.007
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • The experience of social determinants of health within a Southern European
           Maltese culture
    • Authors: Bernadine Satariano; Sarah E. Curtis
      Pages: 45 - 51
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Bernadine Satariano, Sarah E. Curtis
      This study contributes to international research on geographies of health and wellbeing in Mediterranean cultures. The paper draws upon evidence from qualitative research in three localities in Malta, a country where previous research on this topic is quite limited. Through in-depth interviews with people from some of the most disadvantaged and socially marginalised groups in Maltese society, this research illustrates how psychosocial health and wellbeing of the inhabitants within this Mediterranean region are strongly influenced by wider social determinants, particularly the powerful dynamics of social norms involving roles of extended family, traditional attitudes towards marriage as an institution, family honour, gender roles and religious beliefs and practices. This research explores how these social determinants of health within a Maltese context are complex and contingent on personal and local socio-geographical conditions, so that while for some individuals they are beneficial for health and wellbeing, for others the effects are detrimental. The discussion considers how to interpret the ‘Mediterranean model’ of social determinants of health in light of the experiences of this group of inhabitants.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.011
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • How many days of global positioning system (GPS) monitoring do you need to
           measure activity space environments in health research'
    • Authors: Shannon N. Zenk; Stephen A. Matthews; Amber N. Kraft; Kelly K. Jones
      Pages: 52 - 60
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Shannon N. Zenk, Stephen A. Matthews, Amber N. Kraft, Kelly K. Jones
      This study examined the number of days of global positioning system (GPS) monitoring needed to measure attributes of an individual's routine activity space. Multiple alternative activity space representations (cumulative, mean daily), measures (kernel density, route buffer, convex hull), and attributes (area size, supermarkets, fast food restaurants, parks) were examined. Results suggested wide variability in required GPS days to obtain valid estimates of activity space attributes (1–23 days). In general, fewer days were needed for mean daily activity space representations, kernel density measures, and densities of environmental exposures (vs. counts). While kernel density measures reliably estimated between-person differences in attributes after just a few days, most variability in environmental attributes for convex hull and route buffer measures was within-person. Based on these results, a minimum of 14 days of valid GPS data is recommended to measure activity spaces.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.004
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Predictors of firearm violence in urban communities: A machine-learning
    • Authors: Dana E. Goin; Kara E. Rudolph; Jennifer Ahern
      Pages: 61 - 67
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Dana E. Goin, Kara E. Rudolph, Jennifer Ahern
      Interpersonal firearm violence is a leading cause of death and injuries in the United States. Identifying community characteristics associated with firearm violence is important to improve confounder selection and control in health research, to better understand community-level factors that are associated with firearm violence, and to enhance community surveillance and control of firearm violence. The objective of this research was to use machine learning to identify an optimal set of predictors for urban interpersonal firearm violence rates using a broad set of community characteristics. The final list of 18 predictive covariates explain 77.8% of the variance in firearm violence rates, and are publicly available, facilitating their inclusion in analyses relating violence and health. This list includes the black isolation and segregation indices, rates of educational attainment, marital status, indicators of wealth and poverty, longitude, latitude, and temperature.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.013
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Assessing the spatial heterogeneity in overall health across the United
           States using spatial regression methods: The contribution of health
           factors and county-level demographics
    • Authors: Loni Philip Tabb; Leslie A. McClure; Harrison Quick; Jonathan Purtle; Ana V. Diez Roux
      Pages: 68 - 77
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Loni Philip Tabb, Leslie A. McClure, Harrison Quick, Jonathan Purtle, Ana V. Diez Roux

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.012
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Deforestation and child diet diversity: A geospatial analysis of 15
           Sub-Saharan African countries
    • Authors: Lindsay P. Galway; Yubraj Acharya; Andrew D. Jones
      Pages: 78 - 88
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Lindsay P. Galway, Yubraj Acharya, Andrew D. Jones
      Deforestation worldwide could have important consequences for diet quality and human nutrition given the numerous ecosystem services that are provided by forests and biodiverse landscapes. Yet, empirical research assessing the links between deforestation and diets is lacking. In this study, we examined the association between deforestation and diet diversity among children using geolocated Demographic and Health Survey data for 33,777 children across 15 countries of sub-Saharan Africa coupled with remotely-sensed data on forest cover loss. Deforestation was negatively associated with diet diversity (regression coefficient (95% CI): − 0.47 (− 0.76, − 0.18)), as well as recent consumption of legumes and nuts, flesh foods, and fruits and vegetables among children aged 6 months to 24 months. Regionally, these trends were statistically significant only in the West Africa region. This hypothesis-generating research adds to the growing body of evidence that forests and forest-based ecosystems are associated with diet quality and nutrition and provides support for future studies that examine mechanisms linking forest loss and human nutrition.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Social cohesion and self-rated health among adults in South Africa: The
           moderating role of race
    • Authors: Emmanuel O. Olamijuwon; Clifford O. Odimegwu; Nicole De Wet
      Pages: 89 - 96
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Emmanuel O. Olamijuwon, Clifford O. Odimegwu, Nicole De Wet
      In African countries including South Africa, the nexus between social cohesion and health remains under-researched. Using data from the 2012 South African social attitudes survey with a sample of 1988 adults in South Africa aged 18 years or older, we used the collective efficacy theory by Sampson and colleagues to examine the relationship between social cohesion and self-rated health in an African sample. We also examined how this relationship differed by race. Results from the multivariate analysis after adjusting for covariates suggested that adults in the highest tertile of social cohesion were more likely to report moderate or good health compared to those in the lowest tertile. Sub-group analysis provided no evidence that the relationship was moderated by race. These findings corroborate prior evidence that social cohesion is important for improving the health of adults.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.010
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • The associations between interpersonal violence and psychological distress
           among rural and urban young women in South Africa
    • Authors: M. Manyema; S.A. Norris; R. Said-Mohamed; S.T. Tollman; R. Twine; K. Kahn; L.M. Richter
      Pages: 97 - 106
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): M. Manyema, S.A. Norris, R. Said-Mohamed, S.T. Tollman, R. Twine, K. Kahn, L.M. Richter
      Background Approximately 25% of the world's population consists of young people. The experience of violence peaks during adolescence and the early adult years. A link between personal experience of violence and mental health among young people has been demonstrated but rural-urban differences in these associations are less well known in low to middle income countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between interpersonal violence and psychological distress among rural and urban young women. Methods Data on experiences of violence and psychological distress were collected from a total of 926 non-pregnant young women aged between 18 and 22 years of age in rural and urban sites in South Africa. The General Health Questionnaire-28 was used to assess psychological distress as an indicator of mental health. Generalised structural equation models were employed to assess potential pathways of association between interpersonal violence and psychological distress. Results Thirty-four percent of the urban young women (n = 161) reported psychological distress compared to 18% of rural young women (n = 81). In unadjusted analysis, exposure to interpersonal violence doubled the odds of psychological distress in the urban adolescents and increased the odds 1.6 times in the rural adolescents. In adjusted models, the relationship remained significant in the urban area only (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.13–3.00). Rural residence seemed protective against psychological distress (OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.24–0.69). Structural equation modelling did not reveal any direct association between exposure to interpersonal violence and psychological distress among rural young women. Stressful household events were indirectly associated with psychological distress, mediated by violence among young women in the urban area. Conclusion The relationship between violence and psychological distress differs between urban and rural-residing young women in South Africa, and is influenced by individual, household and community (contextual) factors.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.03.003
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Understanding temporal change of spatial accessibility to healthcare: An
           analytic framework for local factor impacts
    • Authors: Jue Yang; Liang Mao
      Pages: 118 - 124
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Jue Yang, Liang Mao
      Population demand, health service supply, and the linkages between them (e.g., transport infrastructure) are important factors that determine spatial accessibility to healthcare at a place. These three factors vary differently over time and location, leading to temporal changes and spatial disparities in access to healthcare. Few analytic methods have been developed to measure local impacts of these factors on healthcare accessibility over time, which are essential to alleviating health disparities and evaluating intervention programs. We propose a spatially explicit analytic framework to measure local factor impacts over time by adopting a chain substitution method from economics. The analysis is illustrated by a case study of spatial accessibility to physicians in Florida, USA, from 1990 to 2010. For each census block group, the results show the impact of local population change, physician relocation, and road-network expansion on the loss and gain of healthcare accessibility over time. The leading impact factor are identified for each census block group through comparison, and spatial clusters of factor impacts are discovered. To the literature of healthcare accessibility, this article presents a promising start of factor impact analysis and offers new perspectives in exploring spatial processes underlying people's access to healthcare.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.03.005
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • “What the mind does not know, the eyes do not see”. Placing food
           allergy risk in sub-Saharan Africa
    • Authors: George A. Atiim; Susan J. Elliott; Ann E. Clarke; Craig Janes
      Pages: 125 - 135
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): George A. Atiim, Susan J. Elliott, Ann E. Clarke, Craig Janes
      Policy makers and health geographers are increasingly intrigued by the global rise of chronic disease. While current engagement coalesce around cardiovascular disease, cancers, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes, very little attention has been given to other important chronic conditions: e.g., allergic disease. Concerns about how health is shaped by context and experienced in place can provide important insights to understand the trajectory of allergic disease and inform policy especially in developing countries experiencing an epidemiologic transition. Using Ghana as a case study. this paper draw on theories of political ecology of health to enhance our understanding of how individual (e.g. care seeking behaviours), sociocultural (e.g. lack of education and awareness), health system (e.g. absence of logistics) and policy environments (e.g. absence of policy) influence the ways in which food allergy is perceived, diagnosed and managed. These findings highlight the need for decision makers to target structural factors that impede access to and utilization of healthcare, diagnostic practices, as well as food allergy coping and management strategies. Moreover, the findings highlight the need for a global health agenda that pays critical attention to place-based factors in the construction of emerging health risks.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.02.005
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Does spending time outdoors reduce stress' A review of real-time
           stress response to outdoor environments
    • Authors: Michelle C. Kondo; Sara F. Jacoby; Eugenia C. South
      Pages: 136 - 150
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Michelle C. Kondo, Sara F. Jacoby, Eugenia C. South
      Everyday environmental conditions impact human health. One mechanism underlying this relationship is the experience of stress. Through systematic review of published literature, we explore how stress has been measured in real-time non-laboratory studies of stress responses to deliberate exposure to outdoor environments. The types of exposures evaluated in this review include: nature viewing, outdoor walks, outdoor exercise and gardening. We characterize study design, modalities of stress measurements, and statistical estimates of effect and significance. Heart rate, blood pressure, and self-report measures provide the most convincing evidence that spending time in outdoor environments, particularly those with green space, may reduce the experience of stress, and ultimately improve health. More work is needed to understand effects of in situ modifications to outdoor environments on residents’ stress response.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • The role of travel distance and price promotions in tobacco product
           purchase quantity
    • Authors: Nathan J. Doogan; Sarah Cooper; Amanda J. Quisenberry; Theodore M. Brasky; Christopher R. Browning; Elizabeth G. Klein; Alice Hinton; Haikady N. Nagaraja; Wenna Xi; Mary Ellen Wewers
      Pages: 151 - 157
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Nathan J. Doogan, Sarah Cooper, Amanda J. Quisenberry, Theodore M. Brasky, Christopher R. Browning, Elizabeth G. Klein, Alice Hinton, Haikady N. Nagaraja, Wenna Xi, Mary Ellen Wewers
      Introduction Rural Americans are particularly vulnerable to tobacco price reducing promotions are known to be directed to and used by vulnerable populations. Tobacco purchasing decisions, such as unit quantity purchased, may vary by rurality, by price promotion use, and possibly by the interaction between the two. Purchase decisions are likely to affect tobacco use behavior. Therefore, explanation of variation in tobacco purchase quantity by factors associated with rural vulnerability and factors that fall under the regulatory scope of the Tobacco Control Act (TCA) of 2009 could be of value to regulatory proposals intended to equitably benefit public health. Methods Our sample included 54 combustible tobacco users (298 purchase events) and 27 smokeless tobacco users (112 purchase events), who were asked to report all tobacco purchases on a smartphone application. We used an ecological momentary assessment methodology to collect data about tobacco users’ purchasing patterns, including products, quantity purchased, and use of price promotions. A parent cohort study provided relevant data for home-outlet distance calculation and covariates. Our analysis examined associations between our outcome—purchase quantity per purchase event—and distance from participant's home to the nearest outlet, whether a price reducing promotion was used, and the interaction of these two factors. Results Combustible users showed an increased cigarette pack purchase quantity if they lived further from an outlet and used a price promotion (i.e., an interaction effect; RR = 1.70, 95% CI [1.11, 2.62]). Smokeless users purchased more units of snuff when they used price promotions (RR = 1.81, 95% CI [1.02, 3.20]). Conclusions Regulatory action that imposes restrictions on the availability or use of price promotions could alter the purchasing behavior of rural Americans in such a way that makes it easier to reduce tobacco use or quit. Such action would also restrict flexibility in the price of tobacco products, which is known as a powerful tobacco control lever.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.03.009
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Public open space characteristics influencing adolescents’ use and
           physical activity: A systematic literature review of qualitative and
           quantitative studies
    • Authors: Linde Van Hecke; Ariane Ghekiere; Jenny Veitch; Delfien Van Dyck; Jelle Van Cauwenberg; Peter Clarys; Benedicte Deforche
      Pages: 158 - 173
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Linde Van Hecke, Ariane Ghekiere, Jenny Veitch, Delfien Van Dyck, Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Peter Clarys, Benedicte Deforche
      The objective of this systematic review was to provide insight into the specific characteristics of public open spaces (POS) associated with adolescents’ POS visitation and physical activity (PA). Qualitative research suggests many characteristics to be associated with POS visitation and PA. Quantitative evidence confirmed a positive association between presence of trails, playgrounds and specific types of sports fields (e.g. basketball) with POS visitation and PA, whereas safety and aesthetics seemed subordinate. Suggestions for future research, as well as some methodological recommendations are provided.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.03.008
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Surviving the housing crisis: Social violence and the production of
           evictions among women who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada
    • Authors: Alexandra B. Collins; Jade Boyd; Will Damon; Sandra Czechaczek; Andrea Krüsi; Hannah Cooper; Ryan McNeil
      Pages: 174 - 181
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Alexandra B. Collins, Jade Boyd, Will Damon, Sandra Czechaczek, Andrea Krüsi, Hannah Cooper, Ryan McNeil
      Single room accommodation (SRA) housing is among the only forms of accessible housing to marginalized women who use illicit drugs in many urban settings. However, SRA housing environments may create specific health and drug risks for women. Little research has examined the gendered mechanisms contributing to housing vulnerability for women who use drugs and the subsequent ways they aim to mitigate harm. This study examines the gendered vulnerabilities to, and harms stemming from, evictions from SRAs in Vancouver, Canada. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 56 people who use drugs who were recently evicted (past 60 days) from SRAs in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside neighbourhood, 19 of whom identified as women which informed this analysis. Participants were recruited by Peer Researcher Assistants for baseline and follow-up interviews three to six months later. Interview transcripts were analyzed thematically and interpreted by drawing on concepts of social violence. Findings underscore how gendered violence and forms of social control operationalized within SRAs normalized violence against women and restricted their agency. Surveillance mechanisms increased women's experiences of violence as they sought to evade such interventions. Post-eviction, women faced pronounced vulnerability to harm which reinforced their social and spatial marginality within a drug scene. Collectively, women's experiences within SRAs highlight how the hybrid forms of disciplinary mechanisms used within these housing environments significantly impacted women's experiences of harm. Greater attention to the impacts of housing and building policies on women who use drugs is needed to better address the morbidity and mortality of this population.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • The whole lupus: Articulating biosocial interplay in systemic lupus
           erythematosus epidemiology and population disparities
    • Authors: Dirk Kinsey; Carolyn P. Paul; Denina Taylor; Roberto Caricchio; Rob J. Kulathinal; Allison Hayes-Conroy
      Pages: 182 - 188
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Dirk Kinsey, Carolyn P. Paul, Denina Taylor, Roberto Caricchio, Rob J. Kulathinal, Allison Hayes-Conroy
      Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), commonly known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks healthy tissue and organs. Characteristic of the disease is a disproportionate effect on women and communities of color, both in terms of prevalence and severity of symptoms. Lupus is also both genetically driven and subject to external environmental conditions, many with place based corollaries. Thus, lupus presents a series of complex and intersecting biosocial questions regarding its origin and treatment, questions which transdisciplinary approaches are uniquely suited to address. In this paper, we propose a framework, incorporating critical approaches to the production of embodied formations of race and gender as well as new understandings of the impact of environmental conditions and lived experience at the genetic level, that can direct future research into lupus that is both more inclusive of a range of influences and more precise in its ability to treat and diagnose the disease.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T17:40:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.03.007
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Ethnic variations in mental health among 10–15-year-olds living in
           England and Wales: The impact of neighbourhood characteristics and
           parental behaviour
    • Authors: Kenisha Russell Jonsson; Irina Vartanova; Marita Södergren
      Pages: 189 - 199
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Kenisha Russell Jonsson, Irina Vartanova, Marita Södergren
      Several studies indicate that young people from certain ethnic minority groups in Britain have significant mental health advantages over their White majority counterparts, but the reasons for these differences have not been adequately explored. This work analyses the impact of neighbourhood characteristics, measured by socioeconomic deprivation; crime; living conditions; ethnic density and parenting behaviour on the mental health of young people. To determine the impact of these factors on mental health among young people, geocoded data from waves 1, 3 and 5 of the UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS) are merged with small area statistics from the 2011 census, and multilevel linear regression models are fitted to the sample of 5513 (7302 observations) 10–15-year-olds of varying ethnicity residing in England and Wales. We find that mental health is generally poorer for White British youths, even after accounting for individual/family-level predictors, neighbourhood characteristics and parental behaviour than it is for minority youths. In keeping with results from studies of adult populations, neighbourhoods with high levels of deprivation are associated with poorer mental health. However, some aspects of parenting behaviour appear to have a more significant impact on the mental health of young people from ethnic minority backgrounds than on White British youths. Further research into factors that influence inter-ethnic disparities in mental health among young people is warranted, given that clear differences remain after the models in this study are fully adjusted.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.03.010
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Racial residential segregation and racial disparities in stillbirth in the
           United States
    • Authors: Andrew D. Williams; Maeve Wallace; Carrie Nobles; Pauline Mendola
      Pages: 208 - 216
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Andrew D. Williams, Maeve Wallace, Carrie Nobles, Pauline Mendola
      We examined whether current and/or persistent racial residential segregation is associated with black-white stillbirth disparities among 49,969 black and 71,785 white births from the Consortium on Safe Labor (2002–2008). Black-white segregation was measured using the dissimilarity index and the isolation index, categorized into population-based tertiles. Using hierarchical logistic models, we found low and decreasing levels of segregation were associated with decreased odds of stillbirth, with blacks benefitting more than whites. Decreasing segregation may prevent approximately 900 stillbirths annually among U.S. blacks. Reducing structural racism, segregation in particular, could help reduce black-white stillbirth disparities.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.04.005
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Men's re-placement: Social practices in a Men's Shed
    • Authors: David Anstiss; Darrin Hodgetts; Ottilie Stolte
      Pages: 217 - 223
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): David Anstiss, Darrin Hodgetts, Ottilie Stolte
      Transitions into retirement can be difficult at the best of times. Many men find themselves having to reflect on who they are and what their lives are about. Their access to social supports and material resources are often disrupted. Men's Sheds offer a space where retired men can actively pursue wellbeing, and respond to disruption and loneliness through emplaced community practices. This paper draws on ethnographic research in a Men's Shed in Auckland, New Zealand in order to explore the social practices through which men create a shared space for themselves in which they can engage in meaningful relationships with each other. We document how participants work in concert to create a space in which they can be together through collective labour. Their emplacement in the shed affords opportunities for supported transitions into retirement and for engaging healthy lives beyond paid employment.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.04.009
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Do ‘environmental bads’ such as alcohol, fast food, tobacco, and
           gambling outlets cluster and co-locate in more deprived areas in Glasgow
           City, Scotland'
    • Authors: Laura Macdonald; Jonathan R. Olsen; Niamh K. Shortt; Anne Ellaway
      Pages: 224 - 231
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 51
      Author(s): Laura Macdonald, Jonathan R. Olsen, Niamh K. Shortt, Anne Ellaway
      This study utilised an innovative application of spatial cluster analysis to examine the socio-spatial patterning of outlets selling potentially health-damaging goods/services, such as alcohol, fast food, tobacco and gambling, within Glasgow City, Scotland. For all categories of outlets combined, numbers of clusters increased linearly from the least to the most income deprived areas (i.e. one cluster within the least deprived quintile to ten within the most deprived quintile). Co-location of individual types of outlets (alcohol, fast food, tobacco and gambling) within similar geographical areas was also evident. This type of research could influence interventions to tackle the co-occurrence of unhealthy behaviours and contribute to policies tackling higher numbers of ‘environmental bads’ within deprived areas.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.04.008
      Issue No: Vol. 51 (2018)
  • Causal nature of neighborhood deprivation on individual risk of coronary
           heart disease or ischemic stroke: A prospective national Swedish
           co-relative control study in men and women
    • Authors: Per-Ola Forsberg; Henrik Ohlsson; Kristina Sundquist
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 50
      Author(s): Per-Ola Forsberg, Henrik Ohlsson, Kristina Sundquist
      We studied the association between neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) or ischemic stroke in the total population and in full- and half-siblings to determine whether these associations are causal or a result from familial confounding. Data were retrieved from nationwide Swedish registers containing individual clinical data linked to neighborhood of residence. After adjustment for individual SES, the association between neighborhood SES and CHD showed no decrease with increasing genetic resemblance, particularly in women. This indicates that the association between neighborhood SES and CHD incidence is partially causal among women, which represents a novel finding.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T12:18:57Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.12.006
      Issue No: Vol. 50 (2018)
  • The meaning of community in diverse neighborhoods: Stratification of
           influence and mental health
    • Authors: Emily Walton
      Pages: 6 - 15
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 50
      Author(s): Emily Walton
      As the United States diversifies, individuals are increasingly encountering and managing racial and ethnic difference in their neighboring relationships, thus challenging the “cultural” basis for consensus on the local meaning of community. This mixed-methods study considers the ways in which sense of community relates to mental health in two longstanding racially- and socioeconomically-diverse neighborhoods. I ask how social resources are distributed within diverse neighborhoods, integrating survey (N = 243) and interview (N = 60) data to make observations about both the existence and nature of relationships among the unique dimensions of sense of community and mental health. Findings indicate that the influence dimension of sense of community is particularly vital for mental health, and that whites and homeowners perceive and utilize influence more than other residents. I use residents’ narratives about their experiences to interpret how influence may relate to mental health and elaborate the ways in which people of color, renters, and individuals with long tenure comprehend their lack of influence in diverse neighborhoods.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T12:18:57Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.01.001
      Issue No: Vol. 50 (2018)
  • Are neighbourhood inequalities in adult health explained by socio-economic
           and psychosocial determinants in adolescence and the subsequent life
           course in northern Sweden' A decomposition analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Frida Jonsson, Miguel San Sebastian, Anne Hammarström, Per E. Gustafsson
      This study explains neighbourhood deprivation inequalities in adult health for a northern Swedish cohort by examining the contribution of socio-economic and psychosocial determinants from adolescence (age 16), young adulthood (age 21) and midlife (age 42) to the disparity. Self-reported information from 873 participants was drawn from questionnaires, with complementary neighbourhood register data. The concentration index was used to estimate the inequality while decomposition analyses were run to attribute the disparity to its underlying determinants. The results suggest that socio-economic and psychosocial factors in midlife explain a substantial part, but also that the inequality can originate from conditions in adolescence and young adulthood.

      PubDate: 2018-06-18T16:40:46Z
  • The landscape of dementia inclusivity
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Pauline Marsh, Helen Courtney-Pratt, Marina Campbell
      A supported community gardening program became appealing and therapeutically beneficial to people living with the impacts of dementia and their carers, despite not targeting either cohort specifically. This paper discusses how this program provides insights into the landscape of dementia inclusivity. The gardens involved were spaces that allowed positive risk-taking opportunities, respectful intersubjectivity and active citizenship. Our research findings indicate that a meaningful response to the rising incidence of dementia may be to build upon social and geographical attributes of community gardens. Understanding the multifaceted nature of a dementia inclusive landscape will enable authentic engagement and rights-based support for people living with the impacts of dementia.

      PubDate: 2018-06-18T16:40:46Z
  • Associations between proposed local government liquor store size
           classifications and alcohol consumption in young adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Matthew Knuiman, Leanne Lester, Georgina Trapp
      The prevalence of warehouse-style liquor stores has prompted alarm from local communities and public health advocates. To increase local government control over liquor stores, one proposed planning response is to distinguish between ‘small’ (i.e., ≤ 300 m2) and ‘large’ (i.e., > 300 m2) liquor stores. We mapped the size and location of liquor stores in Perth, Western Australia, and tested associations between liquor store exposure and alcohol consumption (grams ethanol/day) in young adults (n = 990). The count of liquor stores of any size within 1600 m and 1601–5000 m of home were significantly associated with increased alcohol intake, whereas larger stores (i.e., > 300 m2 and > 600 m2) were not associated with alcohol intake. Young adults’ alcohol consumption appears to be impacted by liquor store density and convenience, rather than outlet size. However, the presence of multiple stores close to home increases market competition, driving alcohol prices down, and plausibly results in alcohol prices similar to those at liquor superstores.

      PubDate: 2018-06-18T16:40:46Z
  • Place for being, doing, becoming and belonging: A meta-synthesis exploring
           the role of place in mental health recovery
    • Authors: Nastaran Doroud; Ellie Fossey Tracy Fortune
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Nastaran Doroud, Ellie Fossey, Tracy Fortune
      Background and aim The role of place in mental health recovery was investigated by synthesizing qualitative research on this topic. Methods Using a meta-ethnographic approach, twelve research papers were selected, their data extracted, coded and synthesized. Findings Place for doing, being, becoming and belonging emerged as central mechanisms through which place impacts recovery. Several material, social, natural and temporal characteristics appear to enable or constrain the potential of places to support recovery. Conclusions The impact of place on recovery is multi-faceted. The multidimensional interactions between people, place and recovery can inform recovery-oriented practice. Further research is required to uncover the role of place in offering opportunities for active engagement, social connection and community participation.

      PubDate: 2018-06-07T03:30:31Z
  • Community social capital and inequality in depressive symptoms among older
           Japanese adults: A multilevel study
    • Authors: Maho Haseda; Naoki Kondo Daisuke Takagi Katsunori Kondo
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Maho Haseda, Naoki Kondo, Daisuke Takagi, Katsunori Kondo
      Although studies have suggested that community social capital contributes to narrow income-based inequality in depression, the impacts may depend on its components. Our multilevel cross-sectional analysis of data from 42,208 men and 45,448 women aged 65 years or older living in 565 school districts in Japan found that higher community-level civic participation (i.e., average levels of group participation in the community) was positively associated with the prevalence of depressive symptoms among the low-income groups, independent of individual levels of group participation. Two other social capital components (cohesion and reciprocity) did not significantly alter the association between income and depressive symptoms.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
  • Exploration of the effect of violent crime on recreational and
           transportation walking by path and structural equation models
    • Authors: Devajyoti Deka; Charles Brown James Sinclair
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Devajyoti Deka, Charles T. Brown, James Sinclair
      To examine how violent crime affects people's recreational and transportation walking duration in daytime and after dark on a typical day, this study undertakes associative and causal analyses with geo-referenced crime data, street-audit data, and data collected through an intercept survey in a three-municipality region of New Jersey that is predominantly inhabited by low-income and minority populations. Survey data was collected from 1173 respondents at 87 intersections selected by stratified random sampling. Similar to many past studies using associative methods, correlation analysis and ordered logit models showed mostly counterintuitive results. However, sequential or causal models, including path and structural equation (SE) models, showed that recorded crime increases fear of crime and chances of victimization, which in turn decrease walking duration for both recreation and transportation. The study concludes that even if people walk more in high-crime areas because of nearby destinations and lack of alternatives, crime may still have an adverse effect on walking, meaning that people in those neighborhoods would have walked even more if not for high crime.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
  • Creating “therapeutic landscapes” at home: The experiences of families
           of children with autism
    • Authors: Wasan Nagib; Allison Williams
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Wasan Nagib, Allison Williams
      This study explores the challenges faced within the home environment by North American families of children with autism. The study also examines the diversity and extent of physical modifications introduced by the families to alleviate these challenges. The concept of therapeutic landscapes is employed as a framework to examine how physical modifications transform the home environment into a place of healing for both the children with autism and their family members. Finally, the study offers a general design framework that can ultimately guide home designers and policymakers in developing friendly home environments for children with autism and their families.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
  • The buffering role of the family in the relationship between job loss and
           self-perceived health: Longitudinal results from Europe, 2004–2011
    • Authors: Giulia Tattarini; Raffaele Grotti Stefani Scherer
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Giulia Tattarini, Raffaele Grotti, Stefani Scherer
      Unemployment has numerous negative consequences for health, but the family and the welfare state can mitigate these consequences. How the family supports its members and whether and to what extent this interacts with the broader context is still an open question. Our evidence show that job loss is causally linked to significant declines in health for men, but not for women. Yet, the increased risk of poor health is lower for coupled men, especially if the partner is employed. This suggests that both emotional and economic support play a role. Moreover, the family's mitigating role widely varies across different welfare regimes in Europe and it is particularly strong in Southern and Eastern regimes, characterized by “rudimentary” welfare systems and a more traditional family model.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
  • A qualitative study of disengagement in disadvantaged areas of the UK:
           ‘You come through your door and you lock that door’
    • Authors: Romeo-Velilla Ellis; Hurst Grogan Gidlow
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): M. Romeo-Velilla, N. Ellis, G. Hurst, S. Grogan, C. Gidlow
      Health inequalities are a major concern in the UK. Power imbalances are associated with health inequalities and should be challenged through health promotion and empowering strategies, enabling individuals who feel powerless to take control over their own life and act on the determinants of health (Green and Tones, 2010). This study aimed to explore resident expectations of a community engagement programme that intended to empower communities to take action on pre-identified priorities. The programme targeted communities in deprived areas of a mid-sized city in the UK. A qualitative design was implemented. In-depth semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 28 adult residents at the start of the programme. Transcripts were analysed using an inductive approach to thematic analysis. Resident expectations were explored from a constructivist epistemological perspective. The qualitative inductive approach allowed a second research question to develop which led this paper to focus on exploring how disempowerment was experienced by individuals before taking part in a community engagement programme. Analysis of interviews revealed a ‘process of deterioration’ that provided insight into how communities might become (more) disadvantaged through disempowerment. Five master themes were identified: external abandonment at the institutional-level (master theme 1); a resulting loss of sense of community (master theme 2); this negatively affected psychological wellbeing of residents (master theme 3); who adopted coping strategies (e.g., disengagement) to aid living in such challenging areas; (master theme 4); disengagement further perpetuated the deterioration of the area (master theme 5). Distrust was identified as a major barrier to participation in community engagement programmes. Overall, our data suggested that community engagement approaches must prioritise restoration of trust and be accompanied by supportive policies to mitigate feelings of abandonment in communities.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
  • Ethnic heterogeneity, social capital and psychological distress in Sweden
    • Authors: Charisse Johnson-Singh; Mikael Rostila Antonio Ponce Leon Yvonne Forsell Karin
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 52
      Author(s): Charisse M. Johnson-Singh, Mikael Rostila, Antonio Ponce de Leon, Yvonne Forsell, Karin Engström
      Introduction Ethnic heterogeneity has been linked to both protective and detrimental effects on mental health. Few studies have investigated the role of social capital in this relationship and none have found that it has an explanatory role. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between two measures of ethnic heterogeneity and psychological distress in Stockholm County, as well as the explanatory role of social capital for individuals with Swedish-background, foreign-background and those who are foreign-born. Methods This study used data collected from respondents aged 18–64 to the 2002, 2006, 2010 baseline questionnaires of the Stockholm Public Health Cohort and was linked with individual and area-level register information. Ethnic heterogeneity was the main exposure, measured by: 1) ethnic density, defined as the proportion of first and second generation immigrants with 2 foreign-born parents; and 2) ethnic diversity, using the fragmentation index. Social capital measures of individual and contextual-level social support and horizontal trust were the main explanatory factors of interest. The outcome, psychological distress, was assessed using the General Health Questionnaire-12 with a 2/3 cut-off. Prevalence ratios with 95% confidence intervals were estimated using multi-level poisson regression with robust variances. Results Age and sex adjusted analyses for the whole study population demonstrated that a 10% increase in ethnic density or diversity was associated with a 1.06 (1.05–1.07) times higher prevalence of psychological distress. In the stratified analyses, both foreign-born respondents and those with Swedish-background showed increasing prevalence of psychological distress with increasing ethnic heterogeneity. However, this trend was entirely explained by socioeconomic factors in the Swedish-background respondents and by additional adjustments for individual and contextual social support and horizontal trust for the foreign-born. Further adjustment for contextual horizontal trust showed ethnic heterogeneity to be protective for respondents Swedish-background. There was no clear trend between ethnic heterogeneity and psychological distress for respondents with foreign-background. Conclusion The association between ethnic heterogeneity and psychological distress differs by ethnic background. There was no difference in this association based on the measure of ethnic heterogeneity used, nor in the explanatory role of social capital between ethnic heterogeneity measures. Socioeconomic indicators and some elements of individual and contextual social capital are important explanatory factors of the excess risk of psychological distress with regards to ethnic heterogeneity.

      PubDate: 2018-05-29T00:30:47Z
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