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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1290 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (520 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (378 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (101 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (81 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (520 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 181)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access  
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Health & Place
  [SJR: 1.559]   [H-I: 71]   [15 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1353-8292
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3043 journals]
  • The effect of health on urban-settlement intention of rural-urban migrants
           in China
    • Authors: Shenghua Xie; Jinxian Wang; Juan Chen; Veli-Matti Ritakallio
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Shenghua Xie, Jinxian Wang, Juan Chen, Veli-Matti Ritakallio
      Previous studies have not paid enough attention to the effect of health on urban-settlement intention of rural-urban migrants in China. Using survey data from the Rural Urban Migration in China project, this article examines how self-rated physical and mental health influence rural-urban migrants’ intention to settle down in cities. First, the results show that both self-rated physical and mental health are significant factors influencing the migrants’ intention to permanently move to cities. Second, the effect of physical health on rural-urban migrants’ intentions to permanently reside in cities can be moderated by their length of urban residence. Third, the impact of health on rural-urban migrants’ urban-settlement intention shows no generational differences. According to the research findings, this paper discusses how urban-settlement intention of rural-urban migrants based on health selection might impair urbanization, exacerbate health disparity between the rural and urban areas, and aggravate the burden on healthcare system in rural areas of China in the long run.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T09:14:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.008
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
       
  • Cultivating our humanity: A systematic review of care farming &
           traumatic grief
    • Authors: Richard Gorman; Joanne Cacciatore
      Pages: 12 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Richard Gorman, Joanne Cacciatore
      Traumatic grief is a complex biopsychosocial experience, frequently (and contentiously) medicalized in the Western world. Care farming is an increasingly popular place-based intervention utilizing agricultural settings to care for vulnerable groups. We sought to establish the extent of care farming in relation to traumatic grief and query the potential of care farming as an intervention for this specific population. A systematic review highlights that whilst understudied, the success of care farming as an intervention for other populations experiencing psychological distress demonstrates the huge potential for care farming as a means to therapeutically engage with individuals experiencing traumatic grief.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T09:14:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.006
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
       
  • Smelling therapeutic landscapes: Embodied encounters within spaces of care
           farming
    • Authors: Richard Gorman
      Pages: 22 - 28
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Richard Gorman
      The conceptual framework of ‘therapeutic landscapes’ has been used as a means of considering the significance of specific environments, spaces, and places for aspects of health. Building on a growing attention to the sensory elements of spaces of health and wellbeing, this article mobilises empirical research on ‘care farming’ practices to discuss how smellscapes come to be crucial in fulfilling anticipations, imaginations, and expectations of a ‘therapeutic space’. This article highlights how embodied relationships with specific scents can constitute a therapeutic encounter with place, actively influencing practices and engagement with(in) place, and the ways by which place can have a meaningful affect on health.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T09:14:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.005
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
       
  • Ethnic density and risk of mental ill health – The case of religious
           sectarianism in Northern Ireland: A population data linkage study
    • Authors: Tania J. Bosqui; Aideen Maguire; Anne Kouvonen; David Wright; Michael Donnelly; Dermot O’Reilly
      Pages: 29 - 35
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Tania J. Bosqui, Aideen Maguire, Anne Kouvonen, David Wright, Michael Donnelly, Dermot O’Reilly
      An ethnic group that lives in a neighbourhood in which it is in the minority, termed ‘lower ethnic density,’ tends to report a higher incidence of mental ill-health. This population-based study investigated for the first time the existence of an own-group density effect among Catholic and Protestant communities in Northern Ireland. The entire Northern Ireland born Catholic and Protestant working age (n = 1, 004,060) enumerated population in the 2011 Census of Northern Ireland were included in the study via administrative data-linkage methodology. Catholics had a greater likelihood of reporting mental ill health in neighbourhoods with the largest proportion of Catholics (OR = 1.25, 95%CI 1.07–1.47), whereas mental health among Protestants was not associated with neighbourhood proportion of Protestants, after adjusting for socio-economic status and neighbourhood deprivation. The results indicate that a complex relationship exists between group identity, population composition of ethnic and religious groups and prevalence of community mental health.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T09:14:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.010
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
       
  • Associations between multiple green space measures and birth weight across
           two US cities
    • Authors: Leanne Cusack; Andrew Larkin; Susan E. Carozza; Perry Hystad
      Pages: 36 - 43
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Leanne Cusack, Andrew Larkin, Susan E. Carozza, Perry Hystad
      Introduction Several measures of green space exposure have been used in epidemiological research, but their relevance to health, and representation of exposure pathways, remains unclear. Here we examine the relationships between multiple urban green space metrics and associations with term birth weight across two diverse US cities. Methods We used Vital Statistics data to create a birth cohort from 2005 to 2009 in the cities of Portland, Oregon (n = 90,265) and Austin, Texas (n = 88,807). These cities have similar green space levels but very different population and contextual characteristics. Green space metrics derived from mother's full residential address using multiple buffer distances (50–1000m) included: Landsat Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), % tree cover, % green space, % street tree buffering, and access to parks (using US EPA EnviroAtlas Data). Correlation between green space metrics were assessed and mixed models were used to determine associations with term birth weight, controlling for a comprehensive set of individual and neighborhood factors. City-specific models were run to determine how contextual and population differences affected green space associations with birth weight. Results We observed moderate to high degrees of correlation between different green space metrics (except park access), with similar patterns between cities. Unadjusted associations demonstrated consistent protective effects of NDVI, % green space, % tree cover, and % street tree buffering for most buffer sizes on birth weight; however, in fully adjusted models most metrics were no longer statistically significant and no clear patterns remained. For example, in Austin the difference in birth weight for the highest versus lowest quartile of % green space within 50m was 38.3g (95% CI: 30.4, 46.1) in unadjusted and −1.5g (98% CI: −8.8, 6.3) in adjusted models compared to 55.7g (95%CI: 47.9, −63.6) and 12.9g (95% CI: 4.4, 21.4) in Portland. Maternal race, ethnicity and education had the largest impact on reducing green space and birth weight associations. However, consistent positive associations were observed for the high density areas of both cities using several green space metrics at small buffer distances. Conclusions This study highlights the importance of understanding the individual and contextual factors that may confound and/or modify green space and birth weight associations.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T09:57:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.07.002
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
       
  • Determinants of the magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality:
           A study of 17 European countries
    • Authors: Johan P. Mackenbach; Matthias Bopp; Patrick Deboosere; Katalin Kovacs; Mall Leinsalu; Pekka Martikainen; Gwenn Menvielle; Enrique Regidor; Rianne de Gelder
      Pages: 44 - 53
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Johan P. Mackenbach, Matthias Bopp, Patrick Deboosere, Katalin Kovacs, Mall Leinsalu, Pekka Martikainen, Gwenn Menvielle, Enrique Regidor, Rianne de Gelder
      The magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality differs importantly between countries, but these variations have not been satisfactorily explained. We explored the role of behavioral and structural determinants of these variations, by using a dataset covering 17 European countries in the period 1970–2010, and by conducting multilevel multivariate regression analyses. Our results suggest that between-country variations in inequalities in current mortality can partly be understood from variations in inequalities in smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and poverty. Also, countries with higher national income, higher quality of government, higher social transfers, higher health care expenditure and more self-expression values have smaller inequalities in mortality. Finally, trends in behavioral risk factors, particularly smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, appear to partly explain variations in inequalities in mortality trends. This study shows that analyses of variations in health inequalities between countries can help to identify entry-points for policy.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T09:57:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.07.005
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
       
  • Park availability and major depression in individuals with chronic
           conditions: Is there an association in urban India'
    • Authors: Debarati Mukherjee; S. Safraj; Mohammad Tayyab; Roopa Shivashankar; Shivani A. Patel; Gitanjali Narayanan; Vamadevan S. Ajay; Mohammed K. Ali; KM Venkat Narayan; Nikhil Tandon; Dorairaj Prabhakaran
      Pages: 54 - 62
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Debarati Mukherjee, S. Safraj, Mohammad Tayyab, Roopa Shivashankar, Shivani A. Patel, Gitanjali Narayanan, Vamadevan S. Ajay, Mohammed K. Ali, KM Venkat Narayan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
      Green space exposure has been positively correlated with better mental-health indicators in several high income countries, but has not been examined in low- and middle-income countries undergoing rapid urbanization. Building on a study of mental health in adults with a pre-existing chronic condition, we examined the association between park availability and major depression among 1208 adults surveyed in Delhi, India. Major depression was measured using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. The ArcGIS platform was used to quantify park availability indexed as (i) park distance from households, (ii) area of the nearest park; and within one km buffer area around households - the (iii) number and (iv) total area of all parks. Mixed-effects logistic regression models adjusted for socio-demographic characteristics indicated that relative to residents exposed to the largest nearest park areas (tertile 3), the odds [95% confidence interval] of major depression was 3.1 [1.4–7.0] times higher among residents exposed to the smallest nearest park areas (tertile 1) and 2.1 [0.9–4.8] times higher in residents with mid-level exposure (tertile 2). There was no statistically significant association between other park variables tested and major depression. We hypothesized that physical activity in the form of walking, perceived stress levels and satisfaction with the neighborhood environment may have mediating effects on the association between nearest park area and major depression. We found no significant mediation effects for any of our hypothesized variables. In conclusion, our results provide preliminary and novel evidence from India that availability of large parks in the immediate neighborhood positively impacts mental well-being of individuals with pre-existing chronic conditions, at the opportune time when India is embarking on the development of sustainable cities that aim to promote health through smart urban design – one of the key elements of which is the inclusion of urban green spaces.

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T10:05:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.07.004
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
       
  • Situating mental health work in place: Qualitative findings from
           interviews with Veterans in Southeastern Louisiana and Northern California
           
    • Authors: Traci H. Abraham; Christopher J. Koenig; Kara Zamora; Coleen Hill; Madeline Uddo; Adam P. Kelly; Michelle F. Hamilton; Geoffrey M. Curran; Jeffrey M. Pyne; Karen H. Seal
      Pages: 63 - 70
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Traci H. Abraham, Christopher J. Koenig, Kara Zamora, Coleen Hill, Madeline Uddo, Adam P. Kelly, Michelle F. Hamilton, Geoffrey M. Curran, Jeffrey M. Pyne, Karen H. Seal
      Most chronic illness management occurs outside clinics and hospitals, in the everyday lives of individuals. We use data from semi-structured interviews with 37 veterans from Southeastern Louisiana and Northern California to illustrate how “health work” for mental health concerns are shaped by place. Using health work as an orienting concept for analysis, we discerned variation between the two study sites in how Veterans used interacting with the natural environment, cultivating time alone, and religious practice to manage their mental health and well-being. Through these findings, we advocate for a situated notion of health work that is mindful of how health-related behaviors are shaped by place and the attributes that constitute place.

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T10:05:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.07.001
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
       
  • Lifting the lid on geographic complexity in the relationship between body
           mass index and education in China
    • Authors: Maigeng Zhou; Xiaoqi Feng; Jiang Yong; Yichong Li; Mei Zhang; Andrew Page; Thomas Astell-Burt; Wenhua Zhao
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Maigeng Zhou, Xiaoqi Feng, Jiang Yong, Yichong Li, Mei Zhang, Andrew Page, Thomas Astell-Burt, Wenhua Zhao
      In China, rising obesity has coincided with increasing affluence. Few studies have properly accounted for geographic variation, however, which may influence prior results. Using large data with biomarkers in China, we show body mass index (BMI) to be positively correlated with higher person-level education if estimated using ordinary least squares. In stark contrast, fitting the same data within a multilevel model gives the complete opposite result. We go on to show that the relationship between BMI and person-level education in China is dependent upon geography, underlining why multilevel modelling is crucial for revealing these types of people-place contingencies.

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T08:32:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.02.012
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • The embodied spaces of children with complex care needs: Effects on the
           social realities and power negotiations of families
    • Authors: Roberta L. Woodgate; Melanie Zurba; Marie Edwards; Jacquie D. Ripat; Gina Rempel
      Pages: 6 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Roberta L. Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Marie Edwards, Jacquie D. Ripat, Gina Rempel
      This paper presents research findings that advance knowledge around the power and agency families with children with complex care needs (CCN). Our conceptual framework uses concepts from geography towards situating the experiences and social realities of family carers within the ‘embodied space of care’. The data originate from a longitudinal qualitative study of Canadian families with children with CCN. Findings reveal that interactions and decision-making processes relating to health and everyday life were complex and socially interconnected, and emphasize the need for provisions for family-based decision-making and enhanced social inclusion of families and the importance of the renegotiation of power.

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T08:32:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Residential segregation, political representation, and preterm birth among
           U.S.- and foreign-born Black women in the U.S. 2008–2010
    • Authors: Claire Margerison-Zilko; Maria Perez-Patron; Catherine Cubbin
      Pages: 13 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Claire Margerison-Zilko, Maria Perez-Patron, Catherine Cubbin
      Although racial residential segregation is associated with preterm birth (PTB) among non-Hispanic black (NHB) women in the U.S., prior work suggests that increased black political power arising from segregation may be protective for infant health. We examined associations between residential segregation, black political representation, and preterm birth (PTB) among U.S- and foreign-born NHB women in major U.S. cities using birth certificate data from 2008 to 2010 (n=861,450). Each 10-unit increase in segregation was associated with 3–6% increases in odds of PTB for both U.S.- and foreign-born NHB women. Black political representation was not associated with PTB and did not moderate the association between residential segregation and PTB.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T08:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.005
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Green space and pregnancy outcomes: Evidence from Growing Up in New
           Zealand
    • Authors: Vikram Nichani; Kim Dirks; Bruce Burns; Amy Bird; Susan Morton; Cameron Grant
      Pages: 21 - 28
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Vikram Nichani, Kim Dirks, Bruce Burns, Amy Bird, Susan Morton, Cameron Grant
      Objectives To determine whether maternal exposure to green space during pregnancy is associated with birth weight and gestational age, and whether these associations are modified by demographic and residential factors. Methods Data describing 5091 mother-newborn pairs with residential address during pregnancy linked to data describing their green space exposure. Independent associations determined using linear mixed effects models. Results Maternal exposure to green space during pregnancy was not associated with birth weight and gestational age for the entire cohort. For pregnant women who have not acquired secondary school education, increased exposure to green space was associated with increased gestational age. Conclusion The provision of green space might prove to be beneficial in terms of increasing gestational age for pregnant women who have not acquired secondary school education qualifications.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T08:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.007
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Improving spatial microsimulation estimates of health outcomes by
           including geographic indicators of health behaviour: The example of
           problem gambling
    • Authors: Francis Markham; Martin Young; Bruce Doran
      Pages: 29 - 36
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Francis Markham, Martin Young, Bruce Doran
      Gambling is an important public health issue, with recent estimates ranking it as the third largest contributor of disability adjusted life years lost to ill-health. However, no studies to date have estimated the spatial distribution of gambling-related harm in small areas on the basis of surveys of problem gambling. This study extends spatial microsimulation approaches to include a spatially-referenced measure of health behaviour as a constraint variable in order to better estimate the spatial distribution of problem gambling. Specifically, this study allocates georeferenced electronic gaming machine expenditure data to small residential areas using a Huff model. This study demonstrates how the incorporation of auxiliary spatial data on health behaviours such as gambling expenditure can improve spatial microsimulation estimates of health outcomes like problem gambling.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T08:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.008
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Multilevel determinants of teenage childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa in
           the context of HIV/AIDS
    • Authors: Monica A. Magadi
      Pages: 37 - 48
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Monica A. Magadi
      This paper examined national variations and multilevel determinants of teenage childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in the context of HIV/AIDS using data from recent Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 29 countries of SSA. Results showed significant community and national variations in teenage childbearing, partly explained by socio-economic and HIV/AIDS context. At community level, lower HIV/AIDS stigma, higher wealth and female education were associated with lower teenage childbearing. However, national socio-economic status had an intricate relationship with teenage childbearing. Higher national GDP per-capita was generally associated with higher teenage childbearing, and this relationship was stronger in lower HIV prevalence countries.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T08:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.006
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Long-term neighborhood poverty trajectories and obesity in a sample of
           california mothers
    • Authors: Connor M. Sheehan; Phillip A. Cantu; Daniel A. Powers; Claire E. Margerison-Zilko; Catherine Cubbin
      Pages: 49 - 57
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Connor M. Sheehan, Phillip A. Cantu, Daniel A. Powers, Claire E. Margerison-Zilko, Catherine Cubbin
      Neighborhoods (and people) are not static, and are instead shaped by dynamic long-term processes of change (and mobility). Using the Geographic Research on Wellbeing survey, a population-based sample of 2339 Californian mothers, we characterize then investigate how long-term latent neighborhood poverty trajectories predict the likelihood of obesity, taking into account short-term individual residential mobility. We find that, net of individual and neighborhood-level controls, living in or moving to tracts that experienced long-term low poverty was associated with lower odds of being obese relative to living in tracts characterized by long-term high poverty.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T11:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.010
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Home as a place of caring and wellbeing? A qualitative study of informal
           carers and caring networks lived experiences of providing in-home
           end-of-life care
    • Authors: Debbie Horsfall; Rosemary Leonard; John P. Rosenberg; Kerrie Noonan
      Pages: 58 - 64
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Debbie Horsfall, Rosemary Leonard, John P. Rosenberg, Kerrie Noonan
      Although the burden of caring is well described, the value of home as a potential place of wellbeing and support for informal caring networks when providing end-of-life care is not well recognised. Interviews and focus groups with 127 primary carers and members of informal care networks revealed their collaborative stories about caring for a dying person at home. Four themes emerged from the data: home as a place of comfort and belonging; places of social connection and collaborative caring; places of connection to nature and the non-human; places of achievement and triumph. When support is available, nurturing carer wellbeing may be best achieved at home.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T11:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Do welfare regimes matter for oral health? A multilevel analysis of
           European countries
    • Authors: Carol C. Guarnizo-Herreño; Richard G. Watt; Mai Stafford; Aubrey Sheiham; Georgios Tsakos
      Pages: 65 - 72
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Carol C. Guarnizo-Herreño, Richard G. Watt, Mai Stafford, Aubrey Sheiham, Georgios Tsakos
      While the role of political factors on population health has recently received increasing attention, relatively little is known in that respect for oral health. We aimed to assess the influence of welfare state regimes on the variation in adult oral health between European countries, building on the existing literature by using a multilevel approach. Our analysis also explored how the oral health of people with different socioeconomic position was influenced by living in five different welfare state regimes. We analysed data from the Eurobarometer survey 2009. The main outcome was no functional dentition, defined as having fewer than 20 natural teeth. Age, gender, marital status, education and occupational social class were the individual-level explanatory variables, while welfare regimes, GDP per capita and GDP annual growth were the country-level variables. Multilevel logistic regression models were fitted with individuals nested within countries. Results revealed that country-level characteristics accounted for 8.1% of the variation in oral health. Adults in all welfare regimes were more likely to have poorer oral health than their counterparts in the Scandinavian regime, with those in Eastern countries being 6.94 (95% CI: 3.62–12.67) times as likely to lack a functional dentition as adults in Scandinavian countries. The variation at country-level reduced significantly when welfare regimes were introduced into the model (from 0.57 to 0.16; 72% reduction), indicating that welfare regime explained much of the variation in the outcome among European countries. Finally, adults with less education and lower occupational level were more likely to have no functional dentition, especially in the Eastern and Bismarckian welfare regimes.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T11:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.004
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • How do type and size of natural environments relate to physical activity
           behavior?
    • Authors: F.M. Jansen; D.F. Ettema; C.B.M. Kamphuis; F.H. Pierik; M.J. Dijst
      Pages: 73 - 81
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): F.M. Jansen, D.F. Ettema, C.B.M. Kamphuis, F.H. Pierik, M.J. Dijst
      Natural environments (NE) are promoted as places that support physical activity (PA), but evidence on PA distribution across various types and sizes of NE is lacking. Accelerometers and GPS-devices measured PA of Dutch general population adults aged 45–65 years (N=279). Five NE types were distinguished: ‘parks’, ‘recreational area’, ‘agricultural green’, ‘forest & moorland’, and ‘blue space’, and four categories of size: 0–3, 3–7, 7–27, and ≥27 ha. Modality (i.e. spatially concentrated PA, walking, jogging, and cycling) and intensity (i.e. sedentary behavior, LPA, and MVPA) of PA varied significantly between NE types. Compared to parks, less sedentary behavior and walking but more spatially concentrated PA was observed in recreational areas and green space. Cycling levels were found to be significantly lower in recreational areas and forest & moorland, but higher in blue space as compared to parks. Larger sized NE (≥7 ha) were associated with higher levels of MVPA, walking, jogging and cycling. Insight in which environments (according to type and size) facilitate PA, contributes to the development of tailored PA promoting interventions with ensuing implications for public health.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T11:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.005
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Examining ethnic inequalities in health and tenure in England: A repeated
           cross-sectional analysis
    • Authors: Frances Darlington-Pollock; Paul Norman
      Pages: 82 - 90
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Frances Darlington-Pollock, Paul Norman
      Ethnic minorities experience multiple inequalities across different domains including health and tenure. Notwithstanding extensive research demonstrating a clear connection between tenure and health, the relationship between health, tenure and ethnicity is under-explored. In this paper, we examine ethnic inequalities in health and tenure in England using cross-sectional census microdata for 1991, 2001 and 2011. We find that ethnic inequalities in health persist over time while the relationship between health and tenure varies between ethnic groups. These results suggest that traditional explanations linking health and tenure are not sufficient to adequately capture the myriad experiences of different ethnic groups.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T11:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.011
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • How community-level social and economic developments have changed the
           patterns of substance use in a transition economy?
    • Authors: Xiaozhao Y. Yang
      Pages: 91 - 100
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Xiaozhao Y. Yang
      Most social changes take place at the community level before indirectly affecting individuals. Although the contextual effect is far-reaching, few studies have investigated the important questions of: how do community-level developments affect drinking and smoking, and how do they change the existing gender and income patterns of drinking and smoking, particularly in transition economies? In this study, I used a Chinese panel dataset between 1991 and 2011 to reveal the moderating effects of community developments. Through multilevel growth curve modeling that controls for age, period, and cohort effects, as well as individual- and community-level covariates, I found that community-level economic development and social development are negatively associated with drinking and smoking. Moreover, economic and social developments also moderate the important influences of income and gender: women start to drink more in communities with higher economic development; the traditionally positive association between income and smoking/drinking is also reversed, i.e. the rich start to smoke and drink less in communities with higher social development. This study concludes that the rapid changes in communal social and economic structures have created new health disparities based on the gender and socioeconomic hierarchy.

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T11:35:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.009
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • What is the association between healthy weight in 4–5-year-old children
           and spatial access to purposefully constructed play areas?
    • Authors: Robin Poole; Graham Moon
      Pages: 101 - 106
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Robin Poole, Graham Moon
      Background Childhood obesity is a global issue. Understanding associated factors is essential in designing interventions to reduce its prevalence. There are knowledge gaps concerning the leptogenic potential of play areas for very young children and particularly whether there is an association between levels of childhood obesity and play area quality. Methods A cross-sectional observational study was conducted to investigate whether spatial access to play areas had an association with healthy weight status of 4–5-year-old children. Data from the English National Childhood Measurement Programme 2012/13 was used to measure healthy weight status and a geographic information system was used to calculate (a) the number of purposefully constructed play areas within 1km (density), and (b) the distance to nearest play area (proximity), from child's residential postcode. A play area quality score was included in predictive models. Multilevel modelling was used to adjust for the clustering of observations by school. Adjustment was also made for the effects of gender and deprivation. Results 77% of children had a healthy weight status (≥2nd and <85th centile). In a fully adjusted multilevel model there was no statistically significant association between healthy weight status and density or proximity measures, with or without inclusion of a play area quality score, or when accounting for the effects of gender and deprivation. Conclusions Among 4–5-year-old children attending school, there was no association between healthy weight status and spatial access to play areas. Reasons may include under-utilisation of play areas by reception age children, their minimal leptogenic influence or non-spatial influences affecting play area choice.

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T11:35:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.012
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Social and built-environment factors related to children's independent
           mobility: The importance of neighbourhood cohesion and connectedness
    • Authors: En-Yi Lin; Karen Witten; Melody Oliver; Penelope Carroll; Lanuola Asiasiga; Hannah Badland; Karl Parker
      Pages: 107 - 113
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): En-Yi Lin, Karen Witten, Melody Smith, Penelope Carroll, Lanuola Asiasiga, Hannah Badland, Karl Parker
      This study examines aspects of neighbourhood social environments (namely, neighbourhood safety, cohesion and connection) and child-specific built environment attributes in relation to children's independent mobility. The results suggest that children aged 8–13 years with parents who perceive their neighbourhood as more cohesive and more connected, and are located closer to school, engaged in higher levels of independently mobile trips. The qualitative component of this research revealed that for NZ European, Māori, Samoan and other Pacific parents, ‘people danger’ was the most common concern for letting their children go out alone, whereas for Asian and Indian parents, ‘traffic danger’ was the most common reason for their concern.

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T11:35:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.002
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Living in violence: Neighborhood domestic violence and small for
           gestational age births
    • Authors: Erica Felker-Kantor; Maeve Wallace; Katherine Theall
      Pages: 130 - 136
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Erica Felker-Kantor, Maeve Wallace, Katherine Theall
      Objectives To determine the association between neighborhood domestic violence and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth and to examine if there is a differential impact of neighborhood domestic violence on SGA births by race in a high crime community. Methods This analysis includes all birth records issued in New Orleans, Louisiana from 2011 to 2012 geocoded by census tract (N=177 census tracts, N=8322 women). Hierarchical modeling and ecologic spatial analysis were used to examine the area-effect of neighborhood domestic violence on SGA births, independent of individual-level predictors and accounting for the propensity to live in high domestic violence neighborhoods. Results Tests for spatial autocorrelation reveled area-level clustering and overlap of SGA and domestic violent rates. Pregnant women living in high domestic violence areas were more likely to give birth to an SGA infant compared to women in low-domestic violence areas (OR=1.04, 95%CI: 1.01, 1.08), net of the effects of individual-level factors and propensity scores. Conclusion Neighborhood-level attributes including rates of domestic violence may increase women's risk for SGA birth, highlighting a policy-relevant and potentially amenable exposure.

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T11:35:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.011
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • What role does adolescent neighborhood play for adult health? A
           cross-classified multilevel analysis of life course models in Northern
           Sweden
    • Authors: Per E. Gustafsson; Kayvan Bozorgmehr; Anne Hammarström; Miguel San Sebastian
      Pages: 137 - 144
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Per E. Gustafsson, Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Anne Hammarström, Miguel San Sebastian
      This study examined whether, and by which life course models, adolescent neighborhood environment relate to health in mid-adulthood. Data came from the Northern Swedish Cohort (n=1001), surveyed at age 16, 21, 30 and 42 years including functional somatic symptoms at age 42, and individual disadvantage neighborhood disadvantage at all four ages. Results from cross-classified multilevel models showed that 12.7% of age 42 health variance was explained by an interaction of age 16 and age 42 neighborhood of residence. Our study thus suggests that health variation by neighborhood in mid-adulthood may partly depend on neighborhood of residence in adolescence.

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T11:35:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.013
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • It is not all bad for the grey city – A crossover study on physiological
           and psychological restoration in a forest and an urban environment
    • Authors: Ulrika K. Stigsdotter; Sus Sola Corazon; Ulrik Sidenius; Jesper Kristiansen; Patrik Grahn
      Pages: 145 - 154
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Ulrika K. Stigsdotter, Sus Sola Corazon, Ulrik Sidenius, Jesper Kristiansen, Patrik Grahn
      Today, urbanization presents a challenge to urban planning with regard to creating healthy living environments. The aim of this research is to gain further knowledge of the restorativeness of a best case urban and natural environment: that is a historic down town urban environment and forest environment located in an arboretum. The study has a cross-over design where 51 (N) female university students are exposed to the two environments through both seated viewing and walking. A mixed method approach is used with both physiological measurements of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) and psychological measurements of mood change and perceived restorativeness. The HRV results show no significant differences between the two environments, and both environments are found to be more physiologically restorative than being at the office or on the minibus. The results of the psychological measures indicate that the forest walk has a positive effect on mood, while the walk in the urban environment has no effect. The forest environment is also rated more highly with regard to perceived restorativeness than the urban environment. The results support the current research that shows natural environments as more restorative than urban environments. The study also adds to the ongoing debate on healthy urban planning by indicating that architectural and historical qualities may be associated with the physiological well-being of citizens.

      PubDate: 2017-05-23T11:36:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.007
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Ethnic inequalities in psychological distress among urban residents in the
           Netherlands: A moderating role of neighborhood ethnic diversity?
    • Authors: Özcan Erdem; Alex Burdorf; Frank J. Van Lenthe
      Pages: 175 - 182
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Özcan Erdem, Alex Burdorf, Frank J. Van Lenthe
      The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether neighborhood ethnic diversity moderated the association between ethnicity and psychological distress in the four largest cities of Netherlands. Multilevel linear regression analysis was used to assess whether the association between ethnicity and psychological distress differed by levels of neighborhood ethnic diversity. Results showed that the Turkish and Moroccan residents reported significantly higher psychological distress than native Dutch and Surinamese residents. In high ethnic diverse neighborhoods Turkish residents reported significantly less psychological distress than in low ethnic diverse neighborhoods. Ethnic diversity amplifies the risk of depression for some but not all ethnic minorities.

      PubDate: 2017-05-23T11:36:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.014
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Associations of neighborhood social environment attributes and physical
           activity among 9–11 year old children from 12 countries
    • Authors: Samaah M. Sullivan; Stephanie T. Broyles; Tiago V. Barreira; Jean-Philippe Chaput; Mikael Fogelholm; Gang Hu; Rebecca Kuriyan; Anura Kurpad; Estelle V. Lambert; Carol Maher; Jose Maia; Victor Matsudo; Tim Olds; Vincent Onywera; Olga L. Sarmiento; Martyn Standage; Mark S. Tremblay; Catrine Tudor-Locke; Pei Zhao; Peter T. Katzmarzyk
      Pages: 183 - 191
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Samaah M. Sullivan, Stephanie T. Broyles, Tiago V. Barreira, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Tim Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S. Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Peter T. Katzmarzyk
      We investigated whether associations of neighborhood social environment attributes and physical activity differed among 12 countries and levels of economic development using World Bank classification (low/lower-middle-, upper-middle- and high- income countries) among 9–11 year old children (N=6161) from the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle, and the Environment (ISCOLE). Collective efficacy and perceived crime were obtained via parental/guardian report. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was assessed with waist-worn Actigraph accelerometers. Neighborhood environment by country interactions were tested using multi-level statistical models, adjusted for covariates. Effect estimates were reported by country and pooled estimates calculated across World Bank classifications for economic development using meta-analyses and forest plots. Associations between social environment attributes and MVPA varied among countries and levels of economic development. Associations were more consistent and in the hypothesized directions among countries with higher levels economic development, but less so among countries with lower levels of economic development.

      PubDate: 2017-05-23T11:36:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.013
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • “No place like home”: Aging in post-reform Beijing
    • Authors: Jie Yu; Mark W. Rosenberg
      Pages: 192 - 200
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Jie Yu, Mark W. Rosenberg
      This study shows the Western theorization and interpretation of aging, place and health are not well suited to a non-western case. The current generation of older Chinese has experienced the transition from a planned economy to a socialist market economy. Urban changes have taken place in various ways. This study explains the spatio-temporal processes of older people with their changing places by conducting in-depth interviews with 47 older people living at home in Beijing. Their generational consciousness and old place identities are deeply rooted in pre-reform Collectivism and shaped by socialist ideologies of the past. The representation of the old identity among older people is circumscribed by their living situations and selectively manifested. In most cases, there are limited mechanisms formed to recreate positive place meanings and reintegrate older people and place. The processes reflect the growing social inequality and changing cultural values in a society in transition. Growing social inequality and changing cultural values have a great impact on older people's health and well-being.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T11:37:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.015
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • A marginal structural modeling strategy investigating short and long-term
           
    • Authors: D. Phuong Do; Cheng Zheng
      Pages: 201 - 209
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): D. Phuong Do, Cheng Zheng
      We apply a marginal structural modeling (MSM) strategy to investigate the relationship between neighborhood poverty and BMI level among U.S. black and white adults. This strategy appropriately adjusts for factors that may be simultaneously mediators and confounders (e.g., income, health behavior), strengthening causal inference and providing the total (direct and indirect) neighborhood effect estimate. Short and long-term neighborhood poverty were positively associated with being overweight for both black and white women. No link was found for either black or white men. Socioeconomic and behavioral factors do not appear to be strong mediators. Sensitivity analyses suggest that the direction of point estimates is robust to unobserved confounding, though 95% confidence intervals sometimes included the null, particularly for white women. Compared to previous cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, MSM results provide stronger evidence for a causal link between neighborhood poverty and body weight among women.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T11:37:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.010
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • The ward as emotional ecology: Adolescent experiences of managing mental
           health and distress in psychiatric inpatient settings
    • Authors: Paula Reavey; Jason Poole; Richard Corrigall; Tony Zundel; Daniel Byford; Sarah Sarhane; Mandy Taylor; Eric Taylor; John Ivens; Dennis Ougrin
      Pages: 210 - 218
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Paula Reavey, Jason Poole, Richard Corrigall, Tony Zundel, Daniel Byford, Sarah Sarhane, Mandy Taylor, Eric Taylor, John Ivens, Dennis Ougrin
      Previous research on young people's satisfaction of inpatient services has often relied on the responses of carers and relevant practitioners. It is difficult to ascertain to what extent such reporting accurately represents the satisfaction levels of young people, with emerging research suggesting wide discrepancies. As part of a wider study evaluating the effectiveness of a Supported Discharge Service (SDS) operating within South London & Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, this paper examines how young people experience inpatient services, on a social and emotional level. Twenty young people, (10 SDS and 10 TAU) participated in a semi-structured visual-interview study to examine their experiences of admission, ward-life and treatment. A thematic decomposition analysis was conducted on the data and specific themes relevant to satisfaction and engagement with inpatient services was examined in-depth. These include a) Behavioural surveillance as care surrogate and b) Managing the delicate emotional ecology of the ward: openness, triggering, sterility and relational engagements. Finally, we explore some of the implications of these inpatient experiences for supported discharge services.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T11:37:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.008
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Landscape care of urban vacant properties and implications for health and
           safety: Lessons from photovoice
    • Authors: Natalie Sampson; Joan Nassauer; Amy Schulz; Kathleen Hurd; Cynthia Dorman; Khalil Ligon
      Pages: 219 - 228
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Natalie Sampson, Joan Nassauer, Amy Schulz, Kathleen Hurd, Cynthia Dorman, Khalil Ligon
      Care of vacant properties in urban environments is of particular interest to planners and residents alike. We report on a photovoice project completed by community leaders, researchers, and residents in two Detroit neighborhoods experiencing longtime systemic disinvestment. Participants photographed and discussed examples of care in a series of three focus groups in each neighborhood. Analyses highlight how acts of landscape care and visible cues to care contribute to changes in physical and social environments, and explore various links to health. We suggest theoretical and practical applications of residents’ perspectives on landscape care and identify implications for well-being and neighborhood stability.

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T11:38:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.017
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Association between distance to nearest supermarket and provision of
           fruits and vegetables in English nurseries
    • Authors: Thomas Burgoine; John A. Gallis; Tarra L. Penney; Pablo Monsivais; Sara E. Benjamin Neelon
      Pages: 229 - 233
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Thomas Burgoine, John A. Gallis, Tarra L. Penney, Pablo Monsivais, Sara E. Benjamin Neelon
      With 796,500 places available for children in England, pre-school nurseries could serve as an important setting for population-wide dietary intervention. It is critical to understand the determinants of healthy food provision in this setting, which may include access to food stores. This study examined the association between objective, GIS-derived supermarket proximity and fruit and vegetable serving frequency, using data from 623 English nurseries. Overall, 116 (18%) nurseries served fruits and vegetables infrequently (<2–3 times/week), but provision differed by supermarket proximity. In adjusted multivariable regression models, nurseries farthest from their nearest supermarket (Q5, 1.7–19.8km) had 2.38 (95% CI 1.01–5.63) greater odds of infrequent provision. Our results suggest that supermarket access may be important for nurseries in meeting fruit and vegetable provision guidelines. We advance a growing body of international literature, for the first time linking the food practices of institutions to their neighbourhood food retail context.

      PubDate: 2017-06-07T11:40:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.018
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Does opening a supermarket in a food desert change the food
           environment'
    • Authors: Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar; Gerald Hunter; Rebecca L. Collins; Shannon N. Zenk; Steven Cummins; Robin Beckman; Alvin K. Nugroho; Jennifer C. Sloan; La’Vette Wagner; Tamara Dubowitz
      Pages: 249 - 256
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Gerald Hunter, Rebecca L. Collins, Shannon N. Zenk, Steven Cummins, Robin Beckman, Alvin K. Nugroho, Jennifer C. Sloan, La’Vette Wagner, Tamara Dubowitz
      Improving access to healthy foods in low-income neighborhoods is a national priority. Our study evaluated the impact of opening a supermarket in a ‘food desert’ on healthy food access, availability and prices in the local food environment. We conducted 30 comprehensive in-store audits collecting information on healthy and unhealthy food availability, food prices and store environment, as well as 746 household surveys in two low-income neighborhoods before and after one of the two neighborhoods received a new supermarket. We found positive and negative changes in food availability, and an even greater influence on food prices in neighborhood stores. The supermarket opening in a ‘food desert’ caused little improvement in net availability of healthy foods, challenging the underpinnings of policies such as the Healthy Food Financing Initiative.

      PubDate: 2017-07-03T01:13:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.002
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • How do moving and other major life events impact mental health' A
           longitudinal analysis of UK children
    • Authors: Tim Morris; David Manley; Kate Northstone; Clive E. Sabel
      Pages: 257 - 266
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Tim Morris, David Manley, Kate Northstone, Clive E. Sabel
      Research has suggested that children who move home report poorer mental health than those who remain residentially stable. However, many previous studies have been based on cross sectional data and have failed to consider major life events as confounders. This study uses longitudinal data from ALSPAC, a UK population based birth cohort study, and employs within-between random effect models to decompose the association between moving in childhood and poor mental health. Results suggest that while unobserved between-individual differences between mobile and non-mobile children account for a large portion of this association, within-individual differences remain and indicate that moving may have a detrimental impact upon subsequent mental health. There is heterogeneity in children’s response to moving, suggesting that a dichotomy of movers vs stayers is overly simplistic.

      PubDate: 2017-07-03T01:13:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.004
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Do greener areas promote more equitable child health'
    • Authors: Xiaoqi Feng; Thomas Astell-Burt
      Pages: 267 - 273
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
      Several recent studies have suggested that people in socioeconomically disadvantaged circumstances may benefit more from local green space (‘equigenesis’). This study provides a test of this hypothesis in children aged 0–13 years old. Results from multilevel models suggest the odds of sub-optimal general health were 14% lower among children in areas containing >21.5% green space compared to those with <10%. Higher parent-reported quality green space was associated with 18% lower odds of sub-optimal child health. However, no effect modification of the association between child health and area disadvantage across strata of green space quantity or quality was observed.

      PubDate: 2017-07-03T01:13:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.006
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Children's exposure to alcohol marketing within supermarkets: An objective
           analysis using GPS technology and wearable cameras
    • Authors: T. Chambers; A.L. Pearson; J. Stanley; M. Smith; M. Barr; C. Ni Mhurchu; L. Signal
      Pages: 274 - 280
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): T. Chambers, A.L. Pearson, J. Stanley, M. Smith, M. Barr, C. Ni Mhurchu, L. Signal
      Background and aim Exposure to alcohol marketing within alcohol retailers has been associated with higher rates of childhood drinking, brand recognition, and marketing recall. This study aimed to objectively measure children's everyday exposure to alcohol marketing within supermarkets. Method Children aged 11–13 (n = 167) each wore a wearable camera and GPS device for four consecutive days. Micro-spatial analyses were used to examine exposures within supermarkets. Results In alcohol retailing supermarkets (n = 30), children encountered alcohol marketing on 85% of their visits (n = 78). Alcohol marketing was frequently near everyday goods (bread and milk) or entrance/exit. Conclusion Alcohol sales in supermarkets should be banned in order to protect children from alcohol marketing.

      PubDate: 2017-07-03T01:13:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.003
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • School poverty effects on trajectories of child behaviour: Do they depend
           on gender and ethnicity'
    • Authors: Emily Midouhas
      Pages: 281 - 292
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Emily Midouhas
      This study examined English school poverty effects on trajectories of child behaviour across ages 3, 5, 7 and 11, and the moderating roles of ethnicity and gender. School poverty predicted internalising and externalising problems concurrently, and internalising problems longitudinally. In poor schools, girls had a steeper incline in internalising problems, but made greater reductions in externalising problems. Ethnic differences were also found in the association between school poverty and child adjustment. Gender and ethnic background may influence how a child responds emotionally and behaviourally to the composition of peers at school.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T09:14:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.009
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Was Mackenbach right' Towards a practical political science of
           redistribution and health inequalities
    • Authors: Ted Schrecker
      Pages: 293 - 299
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Ted Schrecker
      In 2010, Mackenbach reflected on England's lack of success in reducing health inequalities between 1997 and 2010, asserting that “it is difficult to imagine a longer window of opportunity for tackling health inequalities”; asking “[i]f this did not work, what will'”; and concluding that reducing health inequalities was not politically feasible at least in that jurisdiction. Exploring the empirics of that observation offers a window into the politics of reducing health inequalities. For purposes of future comparative research, I outline three (not mutually exclusive) perspectives on political feasibility, identify their implications for a political science of health inequalities, and explore what they mean for advocacy in support of reducing those inequalities.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T09:14:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.007
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • The haptic pleasures of ground-feel: The role of textured terrain in
           motivating regular exercise
    • Authors: Katrina M. Brown
      Pages: 307 - 314
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Katrina M. Brown
      This paper explores the role that somatic or bodily touch-based experience of ground surface textures plays in securing a commitment to health-giving exercise practices, and argues that ground-feel is a neglected and underrated dimension of how environments co-constitute health. Past work has largely either overlooked ground-feel or positioned rough ground solely as a barrier to bodily movement. This research, however, informed by mobile and video ethnographies of walking and mountain biking in Scotland, elaborates a number of ways in which the experience of textured terrain can produce sensory and emotional experiences that motivate regular exercise. The possibility of positive tactile as well as visual experiences of landscapes, including uneven as well as smooth surfaces, ought then to be taken more seriously in designing everyday outdoor environments that encourage the energetic movement of bodies. A key challenge is to identify the optimal mix of textured and smooth ground surfaces to encourage increased energetic engagement for the widest range of users.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T09:57:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.08.012
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Swimming in a contained space: Understanding the experience of indoor lap
           swimmers
    • Authors: Miranda ward
      Pages: 315 - 321
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Miranda ward
      Drawing on ethnographic work, this paper explores the convergence of bodies, materialities and practices found at the indoor swimming pool – a space that has not often been the subject of geographical study, in spite of the fact that swimming is one of the most popular forms of exercise in countries such as the UK. The paper focuses on the “contained” nature of the indoor pool environment, examining the distinct experience this can create for lap swimmers. This focus is placed in the context of a broader politics of exercise, with an emphasis on the popularity and potential benefits of swimming, as well as less encouraging facts about participation and facility provision, suggesting that in order to encourage further uptake of swimming and preservation of swimming facilities the voices and experiences of regular swimmers should be considered.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T09:57:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.09.006
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Healthy competition: A qualitative study investigating persuasive
           technologies and the gamification of cycling
    • Authors: Paul Barratt
      Pages: 328 - 336
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Paul Barratt
      Changing socio-technical practices occurring within cycling are leading the pursuit, and its participants, to become ever more embedded into the networked digital world. GPS enabled mobile-technologies have introduced a new element of competition into recreational riding, whether on the road, competing over timed virtual segments, or online dissecting and comparing the data that has been logged and shared via dedicated ride-logging applications. In order to understand these technologies qualitative study using reflective diaries and semi-structured interviews has been conducted with experienced club cyclists who had fully experienced the effects of their arrival. These riders claim that the applications influence their route choice and motivate them to cycle more frequently, and at a greater intensity although the engagement changes over time. This paper explores how this increased motivation to exercise and compete is instigated, manifested and maintained in the everyday practices of cyclists, as well as the negative consequences of gamification.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T09:57:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.09.009
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • How ‘social’ is recreational running' Findings from a qualitative
           study in London and implications for public health promotion
    • Authors: Russell Hitchings; Alan Latham
      Pages: 337 - 343
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Russell Hitchings, Alan Latham
      Recreational running is increasingly widespread and could therefore be seen as the obvious target for those hoping to encourage greater public health through exercise. Existing qualitative research on this topic has, however, tended to focus on groups of highly committed runners. It is accordingly unclear whether their findings can be extrapolated to the much larger population of comparatively casual runners. This existing work has also tended to emphasise the social nature of the activity in particular ways. Whilst much recreational running happens alone, most commonly these studies have centred on the establishment of shared identities and group subcultures. Drawing on a study involving accompanied runs and interviews with recreational runners who do not belong to running clubs in London, this paper presents an alternative account. These respondents were relatively uninterested in the idea of proper running technique, ambivalent about the presence of others when running, and reticent about being pulled into a more committed collective practice. In view of how these more casual runners may be of particular interest to public health promoters, this finding suggests future campaigns might do well not to focus too greatly on the potential enjoyments of running community membership and start instead with a different set of social dynamics.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T09:57:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.10.003
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
       
  • Running, health and the disciplining of women's bodies: The influence of
           technology and nature
    • Authors: Little
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Jo Little
      This paper explores the relationship between health, the body and exercise through an examination of women's running practices. Drawing on a series of original interviews with women it shows how running reflects anxieties about health and the unruly body and how running practices are firmly linked to ideas about body size and shape and to the ‘ghosts’ of potential, future illness. The paper then explores the ways in which running practices are shaped by attitudes to technology and by the relationship between nature, environment and the body.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T09:57:54Z
       
  • What housing features should inform the development of housing solutions
           for adults with neurological disability': A systematic review of the
           literature
    • Authors: Courtney Wright; Heidi Zeeman Elizabeth Kendall Jennifer Whitty
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Courtney J. Wright, Heidi Zeeman, Elizabeth Kendall, Jennifer A. Whitty
      Despite the recent emphasis in Australian political, academic, and legislative narratives to more actively promote real housing choice for people with high healthcare and support needs, there is a lack of understanding regarding the specific housing features that might constitute better housing solutions for this population. Inclusive housing provision in Australia rightly emphasises safety and accessibility issues but often fails to incorporate factors related to broader psychosocial elements of housing such as dwelling location, neighbourhood quality, and overall design. While the importance of these broader elements appears obvious, it is not yet clear what specific housing features relate to these elements and how they might contribute to housing solutions for people with high healthcare and support needs. For individuals with complex neurological conditions such as brain injury or cerebral palsy, who require maximum support on a daily basis yet want to live independently and away from a primary care hospital or health facility, a more detailed understanding of the housing features that might influence design and development is needed. Thus, in order to clarify the broader factors related to housing solutions for this population, a systematic review was conducted to identify and synthesise the current research evidence (post-2003) and guide future housing design and development opportunities. From the included studies (n=26), 198 unique housing features were identified. From the 198 features, 142 related to housing design (i.e., internal or external characteristics of the dwelling and its land), 12 related to the dwelling's location (i.e., its proximity to available resources), and 54 related to the nature of the surrounding neighbourhood (i.e., the physical, social, and economic conditions of the area). The findings of this review contribute significantly to the literature by reporting a broader scope of relevant housing features for people with neurological disability, presenting preliminary guiding principles for housing design and development for this population, and identifying opportunities for future research.

      PubDate: 2017-06-22T00:58:31Z
       
  • Exercise and environment: New qualitative work to link popular practice
           and public health
    • Authors: Russell Hitchings; Alan Latham
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 May 2017
      Source:Health & Place
      Author(s): Russell Hitchings, Alan Latham
      The health benefits of physical activity are many and well known. Those hoping to promote public health are therefore understandably keen on encouraging physical exercise. This commentary considers the role of qualitative research in this undertaking, given a context in which medical researchers have more commonly taken a quantitative approach to the motivations that are thought to underpin exercise. Our core argument is that studies concerned with how particular environments are inhabited by particular groups of exercisers could play a more central part in public health promotion. In making this case, and by way of an introduction to this Health and Place special issue, we present a series of statements that we think could usefully guide the further development of this work. Specifically, we argue for further attention to: the ways in which different material settings play into the exercise experience; how many of the exercise practices that we may hope to understand sit rather uneasily with the idea of sport; the subtleties of how sociality features in contemporary exercise practices; the physical pleasures that come from exercise; and how exercise practices are both acquired by individuals and evolve as a whole. In so doing, the aim is to encourage relevant researchers to engage more directly in conversation with health promoters instead of either being indifferent to, or critical of, them.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T11:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.009
       
 
 
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