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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1292 journals)
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    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (521 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (521 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 180)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access  
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Health & Place
  [SJR: 1.559]   [H-I: 71]   [14 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1353-8292
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3042 journals]
  • Lifting the lid on geographic complexity in the relationship between body
           mass index and education in China
    • Authors: Maigeng Zhou; Xiaoqi Feng; Jiang Yong; Yichong Li; Mei Zhang; Andrew Page; Thomas Astell-Burt; Wenhua Zhao
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Maigeng Zhou, Xiaoqi Feng, Jiang Yong, Yichong Li, Mei Zhang, Andrew Page, Thomas Astell-Burt, Wenhua Zhao
      In China, rising obesity has coincided with increasing affluence. Few studies have properly accounted for geographic variation, however, which may influence prior results. Using large data with biomarkers in China, we show body mass index (BMI) to be positively correlated with higher person-level education if estimated using ordinary least squares. In stark contrast, fitting the same data within a multilevel model gives the complete opposite result. We go on to show that the relationship between BMI and person-level education in China is dependent upon geography, underlining why multilevel modelling is crucial for revealing these types of people-place contingencies.

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T08:32:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.02.012
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • The embodied spaces of children with complex care needs: Effects on the
           social realities and power negotiations of families
    • Authors: Roberta L. Woodgate; Melanie Zurba; Marie Edwards; Jacquie D. Ripat; Gina Rempel
      Pages: 6 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Roberta L. Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Marie Edwards, Jacquie D. Ripat, Gina Rempel
      This paper presents research findings that advance knowledge around the power and agency families with children with complex care needs (CCN). Our conceptual framework uses concepts from geography towards situating the experiences and social realities of family carers within the ‘embodied space of care’. The data originate from a longitudinal qualitative study of Canadian families with children with CCN. Findings reveal that interactions and decision-making processes relating to health and everyday life were complex and socially interconnected, and emphasize the need for provisions for family-based decision-making and enhanced social inclusion of families and the importance of the renegotiation of power.

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T08:32:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Residential segregation, political representation, and preterm birth among
           U.S.- and foreign-born Black women in the U.S. 2008–2010
    • Authors: Claire Margerison-Zilko; Maria Perez-Patron; Catherine Cubbin
      Pages: 13 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Claire Margerison-Zilko, Maria Perez-Patron, Catherine Cubbin
      Although racial residential segregation is associated with preterm birth (PTB) among non-Hispanic black (NHB) women in the U.S., prior work suggests that increased black political power arising from segregation may be protective for infant health. We examined associations between residential segregation, black political representation, and preterm birth (PTB) among U.S- and foreign-born NHB women in major U.S. cities using birth certificate data from 2008 to 2010 (n=861,450). Each 10-unit increase in segregation was associated with 3–6% increases in odds of PTB for both U.S.- and foreign-born NHB women. Black political representation was not associated with PTB and did not moderate the association between residential segregation and PTB.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T08:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.005
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Green space and pregnancy outcomes: Evidence from Growing Up in New
    • Authors: Vikram Nichani; Kim Dirks; Bruce Burns; Amy Bird; Susan Morton; Cameron Grant
      Pages: 21 - 28
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Vikram Nichani, Kim Dirks, Bruce Burns, Amy Bird, Susan Morton, Cameron Grant
      Objectives To determine whether maternal exposure to green space during pregnancy is associated with birth weight and gestational age, and whether these associations are modified by demographic and residential factors. Methods Data describing 5091 mother-newborn pairs with residential address during pregnancy linked to data describing their green space exposure. Independent associations determined using linear mixed effects models. Results Maternal exposure to green space during pregnancy was not associated with birth weight and gestational age for the entire cohort. For pregnant women who have not acquired secondary school education, increased exposure to green space was associated with increased gestational age. Conclusion The provision of green space might prove to be beneficial in terms of increasing gestational age for pregnant women who have not acquired secondary school education qualifications.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T08:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.007
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Improving spatial microsimulation estimates of health outcomes by
           including geographic indicators of health behaviour: The example of
           problem gambling
    • Authors: Francis Markham; Martin Young; Bruce Doran
      Pages: 29 - 36
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Francis Markham, Martin Young, Bruce Doran
      Gambling is an important public health issue, with recent estimates ranking it as the third largest contributor of disability adjusted life years lost to ill-health. However, no studies to date have estimated the spatial distribution of gambling-related harm in small areas on the basis of surveys of problem gambling. This study extends spatial microsimulation approaches to include a spatially-referenced measure of health behaviour as a constraint variable in order to better estimate the spatial distribution of problem gambling. Specifically, this study allocates georeferenced electronic gaming machine expenditure data to small residential areas using a Huff model. This study demonstrates how the incorporation of auxiliary spatial data on health behaviours such as gambling expenditure can improve spatial microsimulation estimates of health outcomes like problem gambling.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T08:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.008
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Multilevel determinants of teenage childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa in
           the context of HIV/AIDS
    • Authors: Monica A. Magadi
      Pages: 37 - 48
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Monica A. Magadi
      This paper examined national variations and multilevel determinants of teenage childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in the context of HIV/AIDS using data from recent Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 29 countries of SSA. Results showed significant community and national variations in teenage childbearing, partly explained by socio-economic and HIV/AIDS context. At community level, lower HIV/AIDS stigma, higher wealth and female education were associated with lower teenage childbearing. However, national socio-economic status had an intricate relationship with teenage childbearing. Higher national GDP per-capita was generally associated with higher teenage childbearing, and this relationship was stronger in lower HIV prevalence countries.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T08:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.006
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Long-term neighborhood poverty trajectories and obesity in a sample of
           california mothers
    • Authors: Connor M. Sheehan; Phillip A. Cantu; Daniel A. Powers; Claire E. Margerison-Zilko; Catherine Cubbin
      Pages: 49 - 57
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Connor M. Sheehan, Phillip A. Cantu, Daniel A. Powers, Claire E. Margerison-Zilko, Catherine Cubbin
      Neighborhoods (and people) are not static, and are instead shaped by dynamic long-term processes of change (and mobility). Using the Geographic Research on Wellbeing survey, a population-based sample of 2339 Californian mothers, we characterize then investigate how long-term latent neighborhood poverty trajectories predict the likelihood of obesity, taking into account short-term individual residential mobility. We find that, net of individual and neighborhood-level controls, living in or moving to tracts that experienced long-term low poverty was associated with lower odds of being obese relative to living in tracts characterized by long-term high poverty.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T11:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.010
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Home as a place of caring and wellbeing? A qualitative study of informal
           carers and caring networks lived experiences of providing in-home
           end-of-life care
    • Authors: Debbie Horsfall; Rosemary Leonard; John P. Rosenberg; Kerrie Noonan
      Pages: 58 - 64
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Debbie Horsfall, Rosemary Leonard, John P. Rosenberg, Kerrie Noonan
      Although the burden of caring is well described, the value of home as a potential place of wellbeing and support for informal caring networks when providing end-of-life care is not well recognised. Interviews and focus groups with 127 primary carers and members of informal care networks revealed their collaborative stories about caring for a dying person at home. Four themes emerged from the data: home as a place of comfort and belonging; places of social connection and collaborative caring; places of connection to nature and the non-human; places of achievement and triumph. When support is available, nurturing carer wellbeing may be best achieved at home.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T11:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Do welfare regimes matter for oral health? A multilevel analysis of
           European countries
    • Authors: Carol C. Guarnizo-Herreño; Richard G. Watt; Mai Stafford; Aubrey Sheiham; Georgios Tsakos
      Pages: 65 - 72
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Carol C. Guarnizo-Herreño, Richard G. Watt, Mai Stafford, Aubrey Sheiham, Georgios Tsakos
      While the role of political factors on population health has recently received increasing attention, relatively little is known in that respect for oral health. We aimed to assess the influence of welfare state regimes on the variation in adult oral health between European countries, building on the existing literature by using a multilevel approach. Our analysis also explored how the oral health of people with different socioeconomic position was influenced by living in five different welfare state regimes. We analysed data from the Eurobarometer survey 2009. The main outcome was no functional dentition, defined as having fewer than 20 natural teeth. Age, gender, marital status, education and occupational social class were the individual-level explanatory variables, while welfare regimes, GDP per capita and GDP annual growth were the country-level variables. Multilevel logistic regression models were fitted with individuals nested within countries. Results revealed that country-level characteristics accounted for 8.1% of the variation in oral health. Adults in all welfare regimes were more likely to have poorer oral health than their counterparts in the Scandinavian regime, with those in Eastern countries being 6.94 (95% CI: 3.62–12.67) times as likely to lack a functional dentition as adults in Scandinavian countries. The variation at country-level reduced significantly when welfare regimes were introduced into the model (from 0.57 to 0.16; 72% reduction), indicating that welfare regime explained much of the variation in the outcome among European countries. Finally, adults with less education and lower occupational level were more likely to have no functional dentition, especially in the Eastern and Bismarckian welfare regimes.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T11:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.004
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • How do type and size of natural environments relate to physical activity
    • Authors: F.M. Jansen; D.F. Ettema; C.B.M. Kamphuis; F.H. Pierik; M.J. Dijst
      Pages: 73 - 81
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): F.M. Jansen, D.F. Ettema, C.B.M. Kamphuis, F.H. Pierik, M.J. Dijst
      Natural environments (NE) are promoted as places that support physical activity (PA), but evidence on PA distribution across various types and sizes of NE is lacking. Accelerometers and GPS-devices measured PA of Dutch general population adults aged 45–65 years (N=279). Five NE types were distinguished: ‘parks’, ‘recreational area’, ‘agricultural green’, ‘forest & moorland’, and ‘blue space’, and four categories of size: 0–3, 3–7, 7–27, and ≥27 ha. Modality (i.e. spatially concentrated PA, walking, jogging, and cycling) and intensity (i.e. sedentary behavior, LPA, and MVPA) of PA varied significantly between NE types. Compared to parks, less sedentary behavior and walking but more spatially concentrated PA was observed in recreational areas and green space. Cycling levels were found to be significantly lower in recreational areas and forest & moorland, but higher in blue space as compared to parks. Larger sized NE (≥7 ha) were associated with higher levels of MVPA, walking, jogging and cycling. Insight in which environments (according to type and size) facilitate PA, contributes to the development of tailored PA promoting interventions with ensuing implications for public health.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T11:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.005
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Examining ethnic inequalities in health and tenure in England: A repeated
           cross-sectional analysis
    • Authors: Frances Darlington-Pollock; Paul Norman
      Pages: 82 - 90
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Frances Darlington-Pollock, Paul Norman
      Ethnic minorities experience multiple inequalities across different domains including health and tenure. Notwithstanding extensive research demonstrating a clear connection between tenure and health, the relationship between health, tenure and ethnicity is under-explored. In this paper, we examine ethnic inequalities in health and tenure in England using cross-sectional census microdata for 1991, 2001 and 2011. We find that ethnic inequalities in health persist over time while the relationship between health and tenure varies between ethnic groups. These results suggest that traditional explanations linking health and tenure are not sufficient to adequately capture the myriad experiences of different ethnic groups.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T11:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.011
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • How community-level social and economic developments have changed the
           patterns of substance use in a transition economy?
    • Authors: Xiaozhao Y. Yang
      Pages: 91 - 100
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Xiaozhao Y. Yang
      Most social changes take place at the community level before indirectly affecting individuals. Although the contextual effect is far-reaching, few studies have investigated the important questions of: how do community-level developments affect drinking and smoking, and how do they change the existing gender and income patterns of drinking and smoking, particularly in transition economies? In this study, I used a Chinese panel dataset between 1991 and 2011 to reveal the moderating effects of community developments. Through multilevel growth curve modeling that controls for age, period, and cohort effects, as well as individual- and community-level covariates, I found that community-level economic development and social development are negatively associated with drinking and smoking. Moreover, economic and social developments also moderate the important influences of income and gender: women start to drink more in communities with higher economic development; the traditionally positive association between income and smoking/drinking is also reversed, i.e. the rich start to smoke and drink less in communities with higher social development. This study concludes that the rapid changes in communal social and economic structures have created new health disparities based on the gender and socioeconomic hierarchy.

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T11:35:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.009
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • What is the association between healthy weight in 4–5-year-old children
           and spatial access to purposefully constructed play areas?
    • Authors: Robin Poole; Graham Moon
      Pages: 101 - 106
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Robin Poole, Graham Moon
      Background Childhood obesity is a global issue. Understanding associated factors is essential in designing interventions to reduce its prevalence. There are knowledge gaps concerning the leptogenic potential of play areas for very young children and particularly whether there is an association between levels of childhood obesity and play area quality. Methods A cross-sectional observational study was conducted to investigate whether spatial access to play areas had an association with healthy weight status of 4–5-year-old children. Data from the English National Childhood Measurement Programme 2012/13 was used to measure healthy weight status and a geographic information system was used to calculate (a) the number of purposefully constructed play areas within 1km (density), and (b) the distance to nearest play area (proximity), from child's residential postcode. A play area quality score was included in predictive models. Multilevel modelling was used to adjust for the clustering of observations by school. Adjustment was also made for the effects of gender and deprivation. Results 77% of children had a healthy weight status (≥2nd and <85th centile). In a fully adjusted multilevel model there was no statistically significant association between healthy weight status and density or proximity measures, with or without inclusion of a play area quality score, or when accounting for the effects of gender and deprivation. Conclusions Among 4–5-year-old children attending school, there was no association between healthy weight status and spatial access to play areas. Reasons may include under-utilisation of play areas by reception age children, their minimal leptogenic influence or non-spatial influences affecting play area choice.

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T11:35:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.012
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Social and built-environment factors related to children's independent
           mobility: The importance of neighbourhood cohesion and connectedness
    • Authors: En-Yi Lin; Karen Witten; Melody Oliver; Penelope Carroll; Lanuola Asiasiga; Hannah Badland; Karl Parker
      Pages: 107 - 113
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): En-Yi Lin, Karen Witten, Melody Smith, Penelope Carroll, Lanuola Asiasiga, Hannah Badland, Karl Parker
      This study examines aspects of neighbourhood social environments (namely, neighbourhood safety, cohesion and connection) and child-specific built environment attributes in relation to children's independent mobility. The results suggest that children aged 8–13 years with parents who perceive their neighbourhood as more cohesive and more connected, and are located closer to school, engaged in higher levels of independently mobile trips. The qualitative component of this research revealed that for NZ European, Māori, Samoan and other Pacific parents, ‘people danger’ was the most common concern for letting their children go out alone, whereas for Asian and Indian parents, ‘traffic danger’ was the most common reason for their concern.

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T11:35:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.002
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Living in violence: Neighborhood domestic violence and small for
           gestational age births
    • Authors: Erica Felker-Kantor; Maeve Wallace; Katherine Theall
      Pages: 130 - 136
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Erica Felker-Kantor, Maeve Wallace, Katherine Theall
      Objectives To determine the association between neighborhood domestic violence and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth and to examine if there is a differential impact of neighborhood domestic violence on SGA births by race in a high crime community. Methods This analysis includes all birth records issued in New Orleans, Louisiana from 2011 to 2012 geocoded by census tract (N=177 census tracts, N=8322 women). Hierarchical modeling and ecologic spatial analysis were used to examine the area-effect of neighborhood domestic violence on SGA births, independent of individual-level predictors and accounting for the propensity to live in high domestic violence neighborhoods. Results Tests for spatial autocorrelation reveled area-level clustering and overlap of SGA and domestic violent rates. Pregnant women living in high domestic violence areas were more likely to give birth to an SGA infant compared to women in low-domestic violence areas (OR=1.04, 95%CI: 1.01, 1.08), net of the effects of individual-level factors and propensity scores. Conclusion Neighborhood-level attributes including rates of domestic violence may increase women's risk for SGA birth, highlighting a policy-relevant and potentially amenable exposure.

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T11:35:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.011
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • What role does adolescent neighborhood play for adult health? A
           cross-classified multilevel analysis of life course models in Northern
    • Authors: Per E. Gustafsson; Kayvan Bozorgmehr; Anne Hammarström; Miguel San Sebastian
      Pages: 137 - 144
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Per E. Gustafsson, Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Anne Hammarström, Miguel San Sebastian
      This study examined whether, and by which life course models, adolescent neighborhood environment relate to health in mid-adulthood. Data came from the Northern Swedish Cohort (n=1001), surveyed at age 16, 21, 30 and 42 years including functional somatic symptoms at age 42, and individual disadvantage neighborhood disadvantage at all four ages. Results from cross-classified multilevel models showed that 12.7% of age 42 health variance was explained by an interaction of age 16 and age 42 neighborhood of residence. Our study thus suggests that health variation by neighborhood in mid-adulthood may partly depend on neighborhood of residence in adolescence.

      PubDate: 2017-05-18T11:35:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.013
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • It is not all bad for the grey city – A crossover study on physiological
           and psychological restoration in a forest and an urban environment
    • Authors: Ulrika K. Stigsdotter; Sus Sola Corazon; Ulrik Sidenius; Jesper Kristiansen; Patrik Grahn
      Pages: 145 - 154
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Ulrika K. Stigsdotter, Sus Sola Corazon, Ulrik Sidenius, Jesper Kristiansen, Patrik Grahn
      Today, urbanization presents a challenge to urban planning with regard to creating healthy living environments. The aim of this research is to gain further knowledge of the restorativeness of a best case urban and natural environment: that is a historic down town urban environment and forest environment located in an arboretum. The study has a cross-over design where 51 (N) female university students are exposed to the two environments through both seated viewing and walking. A mixed method approach is used with both physiological measurements of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) and psychological measurements of mood change and perceived restorativeness. The HRV results show no significant differences between the two environments, and both environments are found to be more physiologically restorative than being at the office or on the minibus. The results of the psychological measures indicate that the forest walk has a positive effect on mood, while the walk in the urban environment has no effect. The forest environment is also rated more highly with regard to perceived restorativeness than the urban environment. The results support the current research that shows natural environments as more restorative than urban environments. The study also adds to the ongoing debate on healthy urban planning by indicating that architectural and historical qualities may be associated with the physiological well-being of citizens.

      PubDate: 2017-05-23T11:36:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.007
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Ethnic inequalities in psychological distress among urban residents in the
           Netherlands: A moderating role of neighborhood ethnic diversity?
    • Authors: Özcan Erdem; Alex Burdorf; Frank J. Van Lenthe
      Pages: 175 - 182
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Özcan Erdem, Alex Burdorf, Frank J. Van Lenthe
      The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether neighborhood ethnic diversity moderated the association between ethnicity and psychological distress in the four largest cities of Netherlands. Multilevel linear regression analysis was used to assess whether the association between ethnicity and psychological distress differed by levels of neighborhood ethnic diversity. Results showed that the Turkish and Moroccan residents reported significantly higher psychological distress than native Dutch and Surinamese residents. In high ethnic diverse neighborhoods Turkish residents reported significantly less psychological distress than in low ethnic diverse neighborhoods. Ethnic diversity amplifies the risk of depression for some but not all ethnic minorities.

      PubDate: 2017-05-23T11:36:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.014
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Associations of neighborhood social environment attributes and physical
           activity among 9–11 year old children from 12 countries
    • Authors: Samaah M. Sullivan; Stephanie T. Broyles; Tiago V. Barreira; Jean-Philippe Chaput; Mikael Fogelholm; Gang Hu; Rebecca Kuriyan; Anura Kurpad; Estelle V. Lambert; Carol Maher; Jose Maia; Victor Matsudo; Tim Olds; Vincent Onywera; Olga L. Sarmiento; Martyn Standage; Mark S. Tremblay; Catrine Tudor-Locke; Pei Zhao; Peter T. Katzmarzyk
      Pages: 183 - 191
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Samaah M. Sullivan, Stephanie T. Broyles, Tiago V. Barreira, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Tim Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S. Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Peter T. Katzmarzyk
      We investigated whether associations of neighborhood social environment attributes and physical activity differed among 12 countries and levels of economic development using World Bank classification (low/lower-middle-, upper-middle- and high- income countries) among 9–11 year old children (N=6161) from the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle, and the Environment (ISCOLE). Collective efficacy and perceived crime were obtained via parental/guardian report. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was assessed with waist-worn Actigraph accelerometers. Neighborhood environment by country interactions were tested using multi-level statistical models, adjusted for covariates. Effect estimates were reported by country and pooled estimates calculated across World Bank classifications for economic development using meta-analyses and forest plots. Associations between social environment attributes and MVPA varied among countries and levels of economic development. Associations were more consistent and in the hypothesized directions among countries with higher levels economic development, but less so among countries with lower levels of economic development.

      PubDate: 2017-05-23T11:36:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.013
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • “No place like home”: Aging in post-reform Beijing
    • Authors: Jie Yu; Mark W. Rosenberg
      Pages: 192 - 200
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Jie Yu, Mark W. Rosenberg
      This study shows the Western theorization and interpretation of aging, place and health are not well suited to a non-western case. The current generation of older Chinese has experienced the transition from a planned economy to a socialist market economy. Urban changes have taken place in various ways. This study explains the spatio-temporal processes of older people with their changing places by conducting in-depth interviews with 47 older people living at home in Beijing. Their generational consciousness and old place identities are deeply rooted in pre-reform Collectivism and shaped by socialist ideologies of the past. The representation of the old identity among older people is circumscribed by their living situations and selectively manifested. In most cases, there are limited mechanisms formed to recreate positive place meanings and reintegrate older people and place. The processes reflect the growing social inequality and changing cultural values in a society in transition. Growing social inequality and changing cultural values have a great impact on older people's health and well-being.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T11:37:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.015
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • A marginal structural modeling strategy investigating short and long-term
    • Authors: D. Phuong Do; Cheng Zheng
      Pages: 201 - 209
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): D. Phuong Do, Cheng Zheng
      We apply a marginal structural modeling (MSM) strategy to investigate the relationship between neighborhood poverty and BMI level among U.S. black and white adults. This strategy appropriately adjusts for factors that may be simultaneously mediators and confounders (e.g., income, health behavior), strengthening causal inference and providing the total (direct and indirect) neighborhood effect estimate. Short and long-term neighborhood poverty were positively associated with being overweight for both black and white women. No link was found for either black or white men. Socioeconomic and behavioral factors do not appear to be strong mediators. Sensitivity analyses suggest that the direction of point estimates is robust to unobserved confounding, though 95% confidence intervals sometimes included the null, particularly for white women. Compared to previous cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, MSM results provide stronger evidence for a causal link between neighborhood poverty and body weight among women.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T11:37:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.010
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • The ward as emotional ecology: Adolescent experiences of managing mental
           health and distress in psychiatric inpatient settings
    • Authors: Paula Reavey; Jason Poole; Richard Corrigall; Tony Zundel; Daniel Byford; Sarah Sarhane; Mandy Taylor; Eric Taylor; John Ivens; Dennis Ougrin
      Pages: 210 - 218
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Paula Reavey, Jason Poole, Richard Corrigall, Tony Zundel, Daniel Byford, Sarah Sarhane, Mandy Taylor, Eric Taylor, John Ivens, Dennis Ougrin
      Previous research on young people's satisfaction of inpatient services has often relied on the responses of carers and relevant practitioners. It is difficult to ascertain to what extent such reporting accurately represents the satisfaction levels of young people, with emerging research suggesting wide discrepancies. As part of a wider study evaluating the effectiveness of a Supported Discharge Service (SDS) operating within South London & Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, this paper examines how young people experience inpatient services, on a social and emotional level. Twenty young people, (10 SDS and 10 TAU) participated in a semi-structured visual-interview study to examine their experiences of admission, ward-life and treatment. A thematic decomposition analysis was conducted on the data and specific themes relevant to satisfaction and engagement with inpatient services was examined in-depth. These include a) Behavioural surveillance as care surrogate and b) Managing the delicate emotional ecology of the ward: openness, triggering, sterility and relational engagements. Finally, we explore some of the implications of these inpatient experiences for supported discharge services.

      PubDate: 2017-05-28T11:37:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.008
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Landscape care of urban vacant properties and implications for health and
           safety: Lessons from photovoice
    • Authors: Natalie Sampson; Joan Nassauer; Amy Schulz; Kathleen Hurd; Cynthia Dorman; Khalil Ligon
      Pages: 219 - 228
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Natalie Sampson, Joan Nassauer, Amy Schulz, Kathleen Hurd, Cynthia Dorman, Khalil Ligon
      Care of vacant properties in urban environments is of particular interest to planners and residents alike. We report on a photovoice project completed by community leaders, researchers, and residents in two Detroit neighborhoods experiencing longtime systemic disinvestment. Participants photographed and discussed examples of care in a series of three focus groups in each neighborhood. Analyses highlight how acts of landscape care and visible cues to care contribute to changes in physical and social environments, and explore various links to health. We suggest theoretical and practical applications of residents’ perspectives on landscape care and identify implications for well-being and neighborhood stability.

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T11:38:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.017
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Association between distance to nearest supermarket and provision of
           fruits and vegetables in English nurseries
    • Authors: Thomas Burgoine; John A. Gallis; Tarra L. Penney; Pablo Monsivais; Sara E. Benjamin Neelon
      Pages: 229 - 233
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Thomas Burgoine, John A. Gallis, Tarra L. Penney, Pablo Monsivais, Sara E. Benjamin Neelon
      With 796,500 places available for children in England, pre-school nurseries could serve as an important setting for population-wide dietary intervention. It is critical to understand the determinants of healthy food provision in this setting, which may include access to food stores. This study examined the association between objective, GIS-derived supermarket proximity and fruit and vegetable serving frequency, using data from 623 English nurseries. Overall, 116 (18%) nurseries served fruits and vegetables infrequently (<2–3 times/week), but provision differed by supermarket proximity. In adjusted multivariable regression models, nurseries farthest from their nearest supermarket (Q5, 1.7–19.8km) had 2.38 (95% CI 1.01–5.63) greater odds of infrequent provision. Our results suggest that supermarket access may be important for nurseries in meeting fruit and vegetable provision guidelines. We advance a growing body of international literature, for the first time linking the food practices of institutions to their neighbourhood food retail context.

      PubDate: 2017-06-07T11:40:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.018
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Geographic regions for assessing built environmental correlates with
           walking trips: A comparison using different metrics and model designs
    • Authors: Calvin P. Tribby; Harvey J. Miller; Barbara B. Brown; Ken R. Smith; Carol M. Werner
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Calvin P. Tribby, Harvey J. Miller, Barbara B. Brown, Ken R. Smith, Carol M. Werner
      There is growing international evidence that supportive built environments encourage active travel such as walking. An unsettled question is the role of geographic regions for analyzing the relationship between the built environment and active travel. This paper examines the geographic region question by assessing walking trip models that use two different regions: walking activity spaces and self-defined neighborhoods. We also use two types of built environment metrics, perceived and audit data, and two types of study design, cross-sectional and longitudinal, to assess these regions. We find that the built environment associations with walking are dependent on the type of metric and the type of model. Audit measures summarized within walking activity spaces better explain walking trips compared to audit measures within self-defined neighborhoods. Perceived measures summarized within self-defined neighborhoods have mixed results. Finally, results differ based on study design. This suggests that results may not be comparable among different regions, metrics and designs; researchers need to consider carefully these choices when assessing active travel correlates.

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T09:16:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.02.004
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • Income inequality widens the existing income-related disparity in
           depression risk in post-apartheid South Africa: Evidence from a nationally
           representative panel study
    • Authors: Jonathan K. Burns; Andrew Tomita; Crick Lund
      Pages: 10 - 16
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Jonathan K. Burns, Andrew Tomita, Crick Lund
      Aim Income inequality (II) and poverty are major challenges in South Africa (SA) yet little is known about their interaction on population mental health. We explored relationships between district II, household income (HHI) and depressive symptoms in national panel data. Method We used 3 waves (2008, 2010, 2012) of the SA National Income Dynamics Study (n=25936) in adjusted mixed effects logistic regression to assess if the relationship between HHI and depressive symptoms is dependent on level of II. Depressive symptoms were assessed with Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, and District inequality ratios (P10P90) derived from HHI distributions in 53 districts. Results Lower HHI and increasing II were associated with depressive symptoms. The interaction term between HHI and II on depressive symptoms was significant (β=0.01, 95% CI: <0.01-0.01); with increasing II and decreasing HHI, depression risk increased. Conclusion II widens income-related disparities in depression risk in SA, with policy implications for understanding socioeconomic determinants of mental health and informing global efforts to reduce disparities in high poverty and inequality contexts.

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T09:16:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.02.005
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • Liquor landscapes: Does access to alcohol outlets influence alcohol
           consumption in young adults?
    • Authors: Sarah Foster; Georgina Trapp; Paula Hooper; Wendy H. Oddy; Lisa Wood; Matthew Knuiman
      Pages: 17 - 23
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Sarah Foster, Georgina Trapp, Paula Hooper, Wendy H. Oddy, Lisa Wood, Matthew Knuiman
      Few longitudinal studies have examined the impact of liquor licences on alcohol consumption, and none in young adults, the life stage when alcohol intake is at its highest. We examined associations between liquor licences (i.e., general licences, on-premise licences, liquor stores, and club licences) and alcohol consumption at 20-years (n=988) and 22-years (n=893), and whether changes in the licences between time-points influenced alcohol consumption (n=665). Only general licences were associated with alcohol consumption at 20-years (p=0.037), but by 22-years, all licences types were positively associated with alcohol consumption (p<0.05). Longitudinal analyses showed that for each increase in liquor stores over time, alcohol consumption increased by 1.22g/day or 8% (p=0.030), and for each additional club licence, consumption increased by 0.90g/day or 6% (p=0.007). Limiting liquor licences could contribute to a reduction in young adults’ alcohol intake.

      PubDate: 2017-03-04T10:03:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.02.008
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • The role of personal social networks on health inequalities across
           European regions
    • Authors: Daniela Craveiro
      Pages: 24 - 31
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Daniela Craveiro
      The role of personal social networks on health inequalities is little understood. Theoretically, the characteristics of social network features can contribute to, both, increase and attenuate health inequalities. Few empirical studies that focus on the interaction between socioeconomic position and social networks provide little insight on the topic. Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, this study analyses the moderation role of personal social networks on health inequalities in later life among northern, central, and southern European regions. Social advantages of higher socioeconomic individuals are re-enforced by the quality of social connections and the provision of social support. In turn, health inequality is attenuated by marital partnership and participation on social activities that benefits more the health of people at lower socioeconomic positions. Furthermore, results suggest that the influence of social network features on health inequalities is shaped by regions’ different policy commitments to familiarization/defamilialization pressures.

      PubDate: 2017-03-04T10:03:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.02.007
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • Does equality legislation reduce intergroup differences? Religious
           affiliation, socio-economic status and mortality in Scotland and Northern
           Ireland: A cohort study of 400,000 people
    • Authors: David M. Wright; Michael Rosato; Gillian Raab; Chris Dibben; Paul Boyle; Dermot O’Reilly
      Pages: 32 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): David M. Wright, Michael Rosato, Gillian Raab, Chris Dibben, Paul Boyle, Dermot O’Reilly
      Religion frequently indicates membership of socio-ethnic groups with distinct health behaviours and mortality risk. Determining the extent to which interactions between groups contribute to variation in mortality is often challenging. We compared socio-economic status (SES) and mortality rates of Protestants and Catholics in Scotland and Northern Ireland, regions in which interactions between groups are profoundly different. Crucially, strong equality legislation has been in place for much longer and Catholics form a larger minority in Northern Ireland. Drawing linked Census returns and mortality records of 404,703 people from the Scottish and Northern Ireland Longitudinal Studies, we used Poisson regression to compare religious groups, estimating mortality rates and incidence rate ratios. We fitted age-adjusted and fully adjusted (for education, housing tenure, car access and social class) models. Catholics had lower SES than Protestants in both countries; the differential was larger in Scotland for education, housing tenure and car access but not social class. In Scotland, Catholics had increased age-adjusted mortality risk relative to Protestants but variation among groups was attenuated following adjustment for SES. Those reporting no religious affiliation were at similar mortality risk to Protestants. In Northern Ireland, there was no mortality differential between Catholics and Protestants either before or after adjustment. Men reporting no religious affiliation were at increased mortality risk but this differential was not evident among women. In Scotland, Catholics remained at greater socio-economic disadvantage relative to Protestants than in Northern Ireland and were also at a mortality disadvantage. This may be due to a lack of explicit equality legislation that has decreased inequality by religion in Northern Ireland during recent decades.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T10:16:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.02.009
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • Examination of neighborhood disadvantage and sleep in a multi-ethnic
           cohort of adolescents
    • Authors: Wendy M. Troxel; Regina A. Shih; Brett Ewing; Joan S. Tucker; Alvin Nugroho; Elizabeth J. D’Amico
      Pages: 39 - 45
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Wendy M. Troxel, Regina A. Shih, Brett Ewing, Joan S. Tucker, Alvin Nugroho, Elizabeth J. D’Amico
      Purpose Neighborhood-level socioeconomic disadvantage and lower individual-level socioeconomic status are associated with poorer sleep health in adults. However, few studies have examined the association between neighborhood-level disadvantage and sleep in adolescents, a population at high-risk for sleep disturbances. Methods The current study is the first to examine how objective (i.e. via census tract-level data) and subjective measures of neighborhood disadvantage are associated with sleep in a racially/ ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 2493 youth [Non-Hispanic White (20%), Hispanic (46%), Asian (21%), and Multiracial/ Other (13%)]. Results Findings indicated that greater perceived neighborhood-level social cohesion and lower neighborhood-level poverty were associated with better sleep outcomes in adolescents. However, there was some evidence that the magnitude of the associations differed according to family-level socioeconomic status and race/ ethnicity. Conclusions Findings suggest that subjective and objective neighborhood characteristics may affect the sleep health of older adolescents, with certain demographic subgroups being particularly vulnerable.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T10:16:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • Global health from the outside: The promise of place-based research
    • Authors: Abigail H. Neely; Alex M. Nading
      Pages: 55 - 63
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Abigail H. Neely, Alex M. Nading

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T10:16:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • Associations of street layout with walking and sedentary behaviors in an
           urban and a rural area of Japan
    • Authors: Mohammad Javad Koohsari; Takemi Sugiyama; Ai Shibata; Kaori Ishii; Yung Liao; Tomoya Hanibuchi; Neville Owen; Koichiro Oka
      Pages: 64 - 69
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Takemi Sugiyama, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Yung Liao, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Neville Owen, Koichiro Oka
      We examined whether street layout —a key urban design element— is associated with walking and sedentary behaviors in the context of a non-Western country; and, whether such associations differ between an urban and a rural area. In 2011, 1076 middle-to-older aged adults living in an urban and a rural area of Japan reported their walking and sedentary (sitting) behaviors. Two objective measures of street layout (intersection density and street integration) were calculated. Participants exposed to more-connected street layouts were more likely to walk for commuting and for errands, to meet physical activity recommendations through walking for commuting, and less likely to drive. These relationships differed between the urban and the rural area. This shows that previous findings from Western countries on associations of street connectivity with travel behaviors may also be applicable to Japan.

      PubDate: 2017-03-17T10:22:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.003
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • The effect of context in rural mental health care: Understanding
           integrated services in a small town
    • Authors: Scott J. Fitzpatrick; David Perkins; Teresa Luland; Dale Brown; Eamonn Corvan
      Pages: 70 - 76
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Scott J. Fitzpatrick, David Perkins, Teresa Luland, Dale Brown, Eamonn Corvan
      Unequal health care outcomes for those with mental illness mean that access to integrated models is critical to supporting good physical and mental health care. This is especially so in rural areas where geographic and structural issues constrain the provision of health services. Guided by a conceptual framework about rural and remote health, this study draws on interviews with health providers and other staff and examines the dynamics of integrated primary and community-based specialist care for people with severe and persistent mental illnesses living in rural Australia. Findings show that the facilitation of sustainable linkages between general practice and community mental health requires the skilful exercise of power, knowledge, and resources by partners in order to address the social and structural factors that influence local health situations. These findings suggest that incremental processes of integration that are responsive to patients’ and stakeholders’ needs and that build on success and increased trust may be more effective than those imposed from the ‘top down’ that pay insufficient attention to local contexts.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T10:16:37Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • Natural environments and subjective wellbeing: Different types of exposure
           are associated with different aspects of wellbeing
    • Authors: Mathew P. White; Sabine Pahl; Benedict W. Wheeler; Michael H. Depledge; Lora E. Fleming
      Pages: 77 - 84
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Mathew P. White, Sabine Pahl, Benedict W. Wheeler, Michael H. Depledge, Lora E. Fleming
      Despite growing interest in the relationships between natural environments and subjective wellbeing (SWB), previous studies have various methodological and theoretical limitations. Focusing on urban/peri-urban residents (n=7272) from a nationally representative survey of the English population, we explored the relationships between three types of exposure: i) ‘neighbourhood exposure’, ii) ‘visit frequency’, and iii) ‘specific visit’; and four components of SWB: i) evaluative, ii) eudaimonic, iii) positive experiential and iv) negative experiential. Controlling for area and individual level socio-demographics and other aspects of SWB, visit frequency was associated with eudaimonic wellbeing and a specific visit with positive experiential wellbeing. People who visited nature regularly felt their lives were more worthwhile, and those who visited nature yesterday were happier. The magnitude of the association between weekly nature visits and eudaimonic wellbeing was similar to that between eudaimonic wellbeing and life circumstances such as marital status. Findings are relevant for policies to protect and promote public access to natural environments.

      PubDate: 2017-03-22T04:40:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.008
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • Identifying adverse effects of area-based health policy: An ethnographic
           study of a deprived neighbourhood in England
    • Authors: Oli Williams
      Pages: 85 - 91
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Oli Williams
      Health interventions commonly have adverse effects. Addressing these could significantly improve health outcomes. This paper addresses an adverse effect common in the promotion of health behaviours: exacerbation of health inequalities between low- and high-socioeconomic groups. Health behaviours – particularly, physical activity - are positioned within the context of social inequality and the inequitable spatial distribution of resources. Area-based health policy that targets deprived areas is assessed for its capacity to promote health behaviours without exacerbating inequality. Data are derived from a 16-month ethnography in a deprived English neighbourhood that was the target of area-based intervention that prioritised the promotion of physical activity. Findings provide evidence of adverse intervention effects that further disadvantaged the low-socioeconomic population. Analysis demonstrates how this was ultimately the outcome of localised policy drifting away from initial commitments to equitable service access. These findings increase understanding of the processes through which adverse intervention effects arise and how they can be mitigated.

      PubDate: 2017-03-22T04:40:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.02.011
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • “They treat us like we’re not there”: Queer bodies and the social
           production of healthcare spaces
    • Authors: Talia Meer; Alex Müller
      Pages: 92 - 98
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Talia Meer, Alex Müller

      PubDate: 2017-03-22T04:40:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.010
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • Individual mental health, life course events and dynamic neighbourhood
           change during the transition to adulthood
    • Authors: Noli Brazil; William A.V. Clark
      Pages: 99 - 109
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Noli Brazil, William A.V. Clark
      Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study examines the relationship between significant changes in neighbourhood poverty during the transition to adulthood and shifts in depressive symptoms. We found that associations between changes in neighbourhood poverty and mental health disappeared after controlling for contemporaneous life course events, specifically transitions associated with intimate relationship building and human capital formation. The exception is a decrease in depressive symptoms for females moving into lower poverty neighbourhoods across the entire transition to adulthood period. We conclude that the impact of moving into significantly higher or lower poverty neighbourhoods during the transition to adulthood is conditioned on age, period and gender and complicated by the occurrence of other significant life course transitions.

      PubDate: 2017-03-22T04:40:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.007
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • End-of-Life care in a community garden: Findings from a Participatory
           Action Research project in regional Australia
    • Authors: Pauline Marsh; Gabrielle Gartrell; Gwen Egg; Andrew Nolan; Merylin Cross
      Pages: 110 - 116
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Pauline Marsh, Gabrielle Gartrell, Gwen Egg, Andrew Nolan, Merylin Cross
      This article presents findings from research that explored how a community garden might function as a place of end-of-life and bereavement support. Adopting Participatory Action Research (PAR) methods, and informed by Third Place theory and notions of therapeutic landscape, creative consultations were held in the Garden and people's homes. The findings provide insights into the nature of informal care as it is played out in the liminal garden space, between home and institution. The results illuminate the therapeutic landscape of community gardens, and contribute new understandings to the fields of PAR, health geography and end-of-life care.

      PubDate: 2017-03-29T05:19:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.006
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • How Neighborhoods Influence Health: Lessons to be learned from the
           application of political ecology
    • Authors: Tendai Chitewere; Janet K. Shim; Judith C. Barker; Irene H. Yen
      Pages: 117 - 123
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Tendai Chitewere, Janet K. Shim, Judith C. Barker, Irene H. Yen
      AIM This paper articulates how political ecology can be a useful tool for asking fundamental questions and applying relevant methods to investigate structures that impact relationship between neighborhood and health. Through a narrative analysis, we identify how political ecology can develop our future agendas for neighborhood-health research as it relates to social, political, environmental, and economic structures. Political ecology makes clear the connection between political economy and neighborhood by highlighting the historical and structural processes that produce and maintain social inequality, which affect health and well-being. These concepts encourage researchers to examine how people construct neighborhood and health in different ways that, in turn, can influence different health outcomes and, thus, efforts to address solutions.

      PubDate: 2017-03-29T05:19:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.009
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • Perception of safety is a prerequisite for the association between
           neighbourhood green qualities and physical activity: Results from a
           cross-sectional study in Sweden
    • Authors: Hanna Weimann; Lars Rylander; Matilda Annerstedt van den Bosch; Maria Albin; Erik Skärbäck; Patrik Grahn; Jonas Björk
      Pages: 124 - 130
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): Hanna Weimann, Lars Rylander, Matilda Annerstedt van den Bosch, Maria Albin, Erik Skärbäck, Patrik Grahn, Jonas Björk
      In this study, we assess how the Scania Green Score (SGS5), and the five distinct perceived neighbourhood green dimensions within this area-aggregated index (1km2 squares), is associated with self-reported physical activity and general health, and if perceived safety and social coherence has a moderating effect. Two independent surveys, both conducted in Scania, Sweden, was used for data on SGS5 and health outcomes (N=28 198 and N=23 693), respectively. SGS5 was more clearly associated with physical activity (OR 1.06; 95% CI 1.02–1.10) than with general health (OR 1.02; 95% CI 1.00–1.04). This association was moderated by safety (p for interaction <0.001); SGS5 was positively associated with physical activity only among individuals who perceived high safety in their neighbourhood (OR 1.07; 95% CI 1.02–1.11). No moderating effect was seen for social coherence. Among specific dimensions, cultural history was positively associated with both physical activity and general health. Our results suggest that perception of safety is a prerequisite for the positive effects of neighbourhood green qualities.

      PubDate: 2017-03-29T05:19:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.011
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • Worries, ‘weirdos’, neighborhoods and knowing people: a qualitative
    • Authors: S.B. Crawford; S.K. Bennetts; N.J. Hackworth; J. Green; H. Graesser; A.R. Cooklin; J. Matthews; L. Strazdins; S.R. Zubrick; F. D’Esposito; J.M. Nicholson
      Pages: 131 - 139
      Abstract: Publication date: May 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 45
      Author(s): S.B. Crawford, S.K. Bennetts, N.J. Hackworth, J. Green, H. Graesser, A.R. Cooklin, J. Matthews, L. Strazdins, S.R. Zubrick, F. D’Esposito, J.M. Nicholson
      This qualitative study involved focus groups with 132 children and 12 parents in primary and secondary schools in metropolitan and regional areas of Victoria, Australia, to explore experiences and perceptions of children's independent mobility. The study highlights the impact of family routines, neighborhood characteristics, social norms and reference points for decision making. Children reported a wider range of safety concerns than parents, including harm from strangers or traffic, bullying, or getting lost. Children expressed great delight in being independent, often seeking to actively influence parents’ decision making. Children's independent mobility is a developmental process, requiring graduated steps and skill building.

      PubDate: 2017-03-29T05:19:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.005
      Issue No: Vol. 45 (2017)
  • What housing features should inform the development of housing solutions
           for adults with neurological disability': A systematic review of the
    • Authors: Courtney Wright; Heidi Zeeman Elizabeth Kendall Jennifer Whitty
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Courtney J. Wright, Heidi Zeeman, Elizabeth Kendall, Jennifer A. Whitty
      Despite the recent emphasis in Australian political, academic, and legislative narratives to more actively promote real housing choice for people with high healthcare and support needs, there is a lack of understanding regarding the specific housing features that might constitute better housing solutions for this population. Inclusive housing provision in Australia rightly emphasises safety and accessibility issues but often fails to incorporate factors related to broader psychosocial elements of housing such as dwelling location, neighbourhood quality, and overall design. While the importance of these broader elements appears obvious, it is not yet clear what specific housing features relate to these elements and how they might contribute to housing solutions for people with high healthcare and support needs. For individuals with complex neurological conditions such as brain injury or cerebral palsy, who require maximum support on a daily basis yet want to live independently and away from a primary care hospital or health facility, a more detailed understanding of the housing features that might influence design and development is needed. Thus, in order to clarify the broader factors related to housing solutions for this population, a systematic review was conducted to identify and synthesise the current research evidence (post-2003) and guide future housing design and development opportunities. From the included studies (n=26), 198 unique housing features were identified. From the 198 features, 142 related to housing design (i.e., internal or external characteristics of the dwelling and its land), 12 related to the dwelling's location (i.e., its proximity to available resources), and 54 related to the nature of the surrounding neighbourhood (i.e., the physical, social, and economic conditions of the area). The findings of this review contribute significantly to the literature by reporting a broader scope of relevant housing features for people with neurological disability, presenting preliminary guiding principles for housing design and development for this population, and identifying opportunities for future research.

      PubDate: 2017-06-22T00:58:31Z
  • Processes of local alcohol policy-making in England: Does the theory of
           policy transfer provide useful insights into public health
    • Authors: Lucy Gavens; John Holmes; Penny Buykx; Frank de Vocht; Matt Egan; Daniel Grace; Karen Lock; John D. Mooney; Alan Brennan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 June 2017
      Source:Health & Place
      Author(s): Lucy Gavens, John Holmes, Penny Buykx, Frank de Vocht, Matt Egan, Daniel Grace, Karen Lock, John D. Mooney, Alan Brennan
      Background and aims Recent years have seen a rise in new and innovative policies to reduce alcohol consumption and related harm in England, which can be implemented by local, as opposed to national, policy-makers. The aim of this paper is to explore the processes that underpin the adoption of these alcohol policies within local authorities. In particular, it aims to assess whether the concept of policy transfer (i.e. a process through which knowledge about policies in one place is used in the development of policies in another time or place) provides a useful model for understanding local alcohol policy-making. Methods Qualitative data generated through in-depth interviews and focus groups from five case study sites across England were used to explore stakeholder experiences of alcohol policy transfer between local authorities. The purposive sample of policy actors included representatives from the police, trading standards, public health, licensing, and commissioning. Thematic analysis was used inductively to identify key features in the data. Results Themes from the policy transfer literature identified in the data were: policy copying, emulating, hybridization, and inspiration. Participants described a multitude of ways in which learning was shared between places, ranging from formal academic evaluation to opportunistic conversations in informal settings. Participants also described facilitators and constraints to policy transfer, such as the historical policy context and the local cultural, economic, and bureaucratic context, which influenced whether or not a policy that was perceived to work in one place might be transferred successfully to another context. Conclusions Theories of policy transfer provide a promising framework for characterising processes of local alcohol policy-making in England, extending beyond debates regarding evidence-informed policy to account for a much wider range of considerations. Applying a policy transfer lens enables us to move beyond simple (but still important) questions of what is supported by ‘robust’ research evidence by paying greater attention to how policy making is carried out in practice and the multiple methods by which policies diffuse across jurisdictions.

      PubDate: 2017-06-16T12:08:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.016
  • Exercise and environment: New qualitative work to link popular practice
           and public health
    • Authors: Russell Hitchings; Alan Latham
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 May 2017
      Source:Health & Place
      Author(s): Russell Hitchings, Alan Latham
      The health benefits of physical activity are many and well known. Those hoping to promote public health are therefore understandably keen on encouraging physical exercise. This commentary considers the role of qualitative research in this undertaking, given a context in which medical researchers have more commonly taken a quantitative approach to the motivations that are thought to underpin exercise. Our core argument is that studies concerned with how particular environments are inhabited by particular groups of exercisers could play a more central part in public health promotion. In making this case, and by way of an introduction to this Health and Place special issue, we present a series of statements that we think could usefully guide the further development of this work. Specifically, we argue for further attention to: the ways in which different material settings play into the exercise experience; how many of the exercise practices that we may hope to understand sit rather uneasily with the idea of sport; the subtleties of how sociality features in contemporary exercise practices; the physical pleasures that come from exercise; and how exercise practices are both acquired by individuals and evolve as a whole. In so doing, the aim is to encourage relevant researchers to engage more directly in conversation with health promoters instead of either being indifferent to, or critical of, them.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T11:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.009
  • Corrigendum to “The effects of built environment attributes on physical
           activity-related health and health care costs outcomes in Australia”
           [Health Place 42 (2016) 19–29]
    • Authors: Belen Zapata-Diomedi; Ana Maria Mantilla Herrera; J. Lennert Veerman
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 May 2017
      Source:Health & Place
      Author(s): Belen Zapata-Diomedi, Ana Maria Mantilla Herrera, J. Lennert Veerman

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T08:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.004
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