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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1296 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
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    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (526 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (526 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 202)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Healthy-Mu Journal     Open Access  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Health & Place
  [SJR: 1.559]   [H-I: 71]   [15 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1353-8292
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3089 journals]
  • Bring out your dead!: A study of income inequality and life expectancy in
           the United States, 2000–2010
    • Authors: Terrence D. Hill; Andrew Jorgenson
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 49
      Author(s): Terrence D. Hill, Andrew Jorgenson
      We test whether income inequality undermines female and male life expectancy in the United States. We employ data for all 50 states and the District of Columbia and two-way fixed effects to model state-level average life expectancy as a function of multiple income inequality measures and time-varying characteristics. We find that state-level income inequality is inversely associated with female and male life expectancy. We observe this general pattern across four measures of income inequality and under the rigorous conditions of state-specific and year-specific fixed effects. If income inequality undermines life expectancy, redistribution policies could actually improve the health of states.

      PubDate: 2017-11-16T21:57:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.11.001
      Issue No: Vol. 49 (2017)
  • The natural context of wellbeing: Ecological momentary assessment of the
           influence of nature and daylight on affect and stress for individuals with
           depression levels varying from none to clinical
    • Authors: Femke Beute; Yvonne A.W. de Kort
      Pages: 7 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 49
      Author(s): Femke Beute, Yvonne A.W. de Kort
      This paper explores how everyday encounters with two natural phenomena -natural elements and daylight- influence affect and stress levels for people differing in mental health. Nature and daylight exposure both have well-documented beneficial effects on mental health and affect but to what extent their exposure has beneficial effects in daily life is currently under investigated, as is the question whether lower mental health would make one more, or instead, less responsive. To this end, an ecological momentary assessment protocol was employed for a period of 6 days. Fifty-nine participants varying in level of depressive symptoms from none to clinical completed momentary assessments of affect, stress, and their physical environment. Results indicate beneficial effects of nature and daylight on affect and some effects on stress and stress-related outcomes. For nature exposure, but not for daylight exposure, effects were stronger for those in higher need of restoration, stressing the importance of our everyday environment for mental wellbeing.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T09:49:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.11.005
      Issue No: Vol. 49 (2017)
  • Patterns of food and physical activity environments related to children's
           food and activity behaviors: A latent class analysis
    • Authors: Robin S. DeWeese; Punam Ohri-Vachaspati; Marc A. Adams; Jonathan Kurka; Seung Yong Han; Michael Todd; Michael J. Yedidia
      Pages: 19 - 29
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 49
      Author(s): Robin S. DeWeese, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Marc A. Adams, Jonathan Kurka, Seung Yong Han, Michael Todd, Michael J. Yedidia
      Relationships between food and physical activity (PA) environments and children's related behaviors are complex. Latent class analyses derived patterns from proximity to healthy and unhealthy food outlets, PA facilities and parks, and counts of residential dwellings and intersections. Regression analyses examined whether derived classes were related to food consumption, PA, and overweight among 404 low-income children. Compared to children living in Low PA-Low Food environments, children in High Intersection&Parks-Moderate Density&Food, and High Density-Low Parks-High Food environments, had significantly greater sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (ps<0.01) and overweight/obesity (ps<0.001). Children in the High Density-Low Parks-High Food environments were more likely to walk to destinations (p = 0.01) Recognizing and leveraging beneficial aspects of neighborhood patterns may be more effective at positively influencing children's eating and PA behaviors compared to isolating individual aspects of the built environment.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T09:49:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.11.002
      Issue No: Vol. 49 (2017)
  • Comparing objective measures of the built environment in their
           associations with youth physical activity and sedentary behavior across
           heterogeneous geographies
    • Authors: Melissa N. Poulsen; Emily A. Knapp; Annemarie G. Hirsch; Lisa Bailey-Davis; Jonathan Pollak; Brian S. Schwartz
      Pages: 30 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 49
      Author(s): Melissa N. Poulsen, Emily A. Knapp, Annemarie G. Hirsch, Lisa Bailey-Davis, Jonathan Pollak, Brian S. Schwartz
      We compared two strategies for measuring built environment features in their associations with youth physical activity and sedentary behavior across heterogeneous geographies of Pennsylvania. Physical activity environments of communities representing a rural-to-urban gradient were characterized through direct observation and spatially referenced archival data subjected to confirmatory factor analysis. Stratified regression analyses assessed associations between environmental measures and behavioral outcomes by community type. Neither strategy was consistently associated with behavior across communities. Findings highlight the importance of differentiating community type in evaluating associations of the built environment, and the challenge of measuring meaningful differences that influence youth behavior across heterogeneous geographies.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T09:49:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.11.003
      Issue No: Vol. 49 (2017)
  • Comparing residence-based to actual path-based methods for defining
           adolescents’ environmental exposures using granular spatial data
    • Authors: Alison J. Culyba; Wensheng Guo; Charles C. Branas; Elizabeth Miller; Douglas J. Wiebe
      Pages: 39 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 49
      Author(s): Alison J. Culyba, Wensheng Guo, Charles C. Branas, Elizabeth Miller, Douglas J. Wiebe
      This paper uses data from a population-based case control study of daily activities and assault injury to examine residence-based versus actual path-based approaches to measuring environmental exposures that pose risks for violence among adolescents. Defining environmental exposures based on participant home address resulted in significant misclassification compared to gold standard daily travel path measures. Dividing participant daily travel paths into origin-destination segments, we explore a method for defining spatial counterfactuals by comparing actual trip path exposures to shortest potential trip path exposures. Spatial methods explored herein can be utilized in future research to more accurately quantify environmental exposures and associations with health outcomes.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T09:49:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.11.007
      Issue No: Vol. 49 (2017)
  • The development of a spatial palliative care index instrument for
           assessing population-level need for palliative care services
    • Authors: Nadine Schuurman; Michael Martin; Valorie A. Crooks; Ellen Randall
      Pages: 50 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 49
      Author(s): Nadine Schuurman, Michael Martin, Valorie A. Crooks, Ellen Randall
      We developed an index to measure potential need for palliative care services (PCIX). This is an instrument that enables spatial identification of potential population-level need for palliative care services and can be developed using census data. Four indicators of potential need for palliative care services —age, sex, living arrangement, socio-economic status (SES)—were used to produce composite potential need scores for DAs. Scores were graphically mapped, producing a spatial delineation of relative need for end-of-life services. To assess the benefit of combining multiple variables to define potential need, PCIX resolution was compared to general SES-based delineations of need. PCIX scores and maps were generated for all DAs, revealing spatial variability in potential need for palliative care services (PCS). Comparison of PCIX maps to those based on purely on SES indicated that use of variables specifically linked to palliative need resulted in more precise delineations of potential populations in need of PCS. Using composite scores – based on freely available census data - to spatially assess potential need for palliative care services can provide critical data for decision makers charged with rationalizing service locations and service capacity.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T09:49:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.11.004
      Issue No: Vol. 49 (2017)
  • Green pastures: Do US real estate prices respond to population health'
    • Authors: Claudia Nau; David Bishai
      Pages: 59 - 67
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 49
      Author(s): Claudia Nau, David Bishai
      We investigate whether communities with improving population health will subsequently experience rising real estate prices. Home price indices (HPIs) for 371 MSAs from 1990 to 2010 are regressed against life-expectancy five years prior. HPIs come from the Federal Housing Finance Agency. Life expectancy estimates come from the Institute of Health Metrics. Our analysis uses random and fixed effect models with a comprehensive set of controls. Life expectancy predicted increases in the HPI controlling for potential confounders. We found that, this effect varied spatially. Communities that invest their revenue from property taxes in public health infrastructure could benefit from a virtuous cycle of better health leading to higher property values. Communities that do not invest in health could enter vicious cycles and this could widen geospatial health and wealth disparities.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T09:49:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.11.008
      Issue No: Vol. 49 (2017)
  • Neighbourhood social and physical environment and general practitioner
           assessed morbidity
    • Authors: Peter P. Groenewegen; Jan-Paul Zock; Peter Spreeuwenberg; Marco Helbich; Gerard Hoek; Annemarie Ruijsbroek; Maciej Strak; Robert Verheij; Beate Volker; Geeke Waverijn; Martin Dijst
      Pages: 68 - 84
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 49
      Author(s): Peter P. Groenewegen, Jan-Paul Zock, Peter Spreeuwenberg, Marco Helbich, Gerard Hoek, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Maciej Strak, Robert Verheij, Beate Volker, Geeke Waverijn, Martin Dijst
      The aim of our study was to investigate the association between health enhancing and threatening, and social and physical aspects of the neighbourhood environment and general practitioner (GP) assessed morbidity of the people living there, in order to find out whether the effects of environmental characteristics add up or modify each other. We combined GP electronic health records with environmental data on neighbourhoods in the Netherlands. Cross-classified logistic multilevel models show the importance of taking into account several environmental characteristics and confounders, as social capital effects on the prevalence of morbidity disappear when other area characteristics are taken into account. Stratification by area socio-economic status, shows that the association between environmental characteristics and the prevalence of morbidity is stronger for people living in low SES areas. In low SES areas, green space seems to alleviate effects of air pollution on the prevalence of high blood pressure and diabetes, while the effects of green space and social capital reinforce each other.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T09:49:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.11.006
      Issue No: Vol. 49 (2017)
  • Traveling with blindness: A qualitative space-time approach to
           understanding visual impairment and urban mobility
    • Authors: Sandy Wong
      Pages: 85 - 92
      Abstract: Publication date: January 2018
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 49
      Author(s): Sandy Wong
      This paper draws from Hägerstrand’s space-time framework to generate new insights on the everyday mobilities of individuals with visual impairments in the San Francisco Bay Area. While existing research on visual impairment and mobility emphasizes individual physical limitations resulting from vision loss or inaccessible public spaces, this article highlights and bridges both the behavioral and social processes that influence individual mobility. A qualitative analysis of sit-down and mobile interview data reveals that the space-time constraints of people with visual impairments are closely linked to their access to transportation, assistive technologies, and mobile devices. The findings deepen our understandings of the relationship between health and mobility, and present intervention opportunities for improving the quality of life for people with visual impairment.

      PubDate: 2017-12-13T09:49:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.11.009
      Issue No: Vol. 49 (2017)
  • Health of newly arrived immigrants in Canada and the United States:
           Differential selection on health
    • Authors: Yao Lu; Neeraj Kaushal; Nicole Denier; Julia Shu-Huah Wang
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Yao Lu, Neeraj Kaushal, Nicole Denier, Julia Shu-Huah Wang
      Canada and the U.S. are two major immigrant-receiving countries characterized by different immigration policies and health care systems. The present study examines whether immigrant health selection, or the "healthy immigrant effect", differs by destination and what factors may account for differences in immigrant health selection. We use 12 years of U.S. National Health Interview Survey and Canadian Community Health Survey data to compare the risks of overweight/obesity and chronic health conditions among new immigrants in the two countries. Results suggest a more positive health selection of immigrants to Canada than the U.S. Specifically, newly arrived U.S. immigrants are more likely to be overweight or obese and have serious chronic health conditions than their Canadian counterparts. The difference in overweight/obesity was explained by differences in source regions and educational levels of immigrants across the two countries. But this is not the case for serious chronic conditions. These results suggest that immigration-related policies can potentially shape immigrant health selection.

      PubDate: 2017-09-08T02:16:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.011
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • Photovoicing the neighbourhood: Understanding the situated meaning of
           intangible places for ageing-in-place
    • Authors: Susan van Hees; Klasien Horstman; Maria Jansen; Dirk Ruwaard
      Pages: 11 - 19
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Susan van Hees, Klasien Horstman, Maria Jansen, Dirk Ruwaard
      Ageing-in-place is considered important for the health of older adults. In this paper, inspired by a constructivist approach to ageing-in-place, we unravel professionals’ and older adults’ constructions of ageing-in-place. Their perspectives are studied in relation to a policy that aims to develop so-called ‘lifecycle-robust neighbourhoods’ in the southern part of the Netherlands. We conducted a photovoice study in which 18 older adults (70–85 years) living independently and 14 professionals (social workers, housing consultants, neighbourhood managers and community workers) were asked to photograph and discuss the places they consider important for ageing-in-place. Based on a theoretically informed analysis of the data, we found that professionals primarily consider objective characteristics of neighbourhoods such as access to amenities, mobility and meeting places as important enablers for older adults to remain living independently. Analysis of older adults’ photographs and stories show that they associate ageing-in-place with specific lived experiences and attachments to specific, intangible and memory-laden public places. We conclude that exploring these experiences helps to increase current knowledge about place attachment in old age.

      PubDate: 2017-09-26T08:26:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.007
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • Urban social exclusion and mental health of China's rural-urban migrants
           – A review and call for research
    • Authors: Jie Li; Nikolas Rose
      Pages: 20 - 30
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Jie Li, Nikolas Rose
      China's internal rural-urban migrants experience social exclusion that may have significant mental health implications. This has historically been exacerbated by the hukou system. Echoing recent calls for interdisciplinary research on the interdependencies of urbanization and mental health, this review examines evidence of rural-urban migrants’ mental health status in comparison with nonmigrants and its association with various dimensions of social exclusion. We found conflicting evidence on the mental health status of migrants in comparison with nonmigrants, but strong evidence that social exclusion is negatively associated with migrants’ mental health: limited access to full labour rights and experience of social stigma, discrimination and inequity were the most significant factors. We discuss the limitations of current social epidemiological research and call for an attempt to use close-up, street-level ethnographic data on the daily experience of being a migrant in the mega-city, and describe our aim to produce a new sociological deep surveying instrument to understand migration, urban living, and mental health.

      PubDate: 2017-09-26T08:26:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.009
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • Comparisons of depression, anxiety, well-being, and perceptions of the
           built environment amongst adults seeking social, intermediate and
           market-rent accommodation in the former London Olympic Athletes’ Village
    • Authors: Bina Ram; Aparna Shankar; Claire M. Nightingale; Billie Giles-Corti; Anne Ellaway; Ashley R. Cooper; Angie Page; Steven Cummins; Daniel Lewis; Peter H. Whincup; Derek G. Cook; Alicja R. Rudnicka; Christopher G. Owen
      Pages: 31 - 39
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Bina Ram, Aparna Shankar, Claire M. Nightingale, Billie Giles-Corti, Anne Ellaway, Ashley R. Cooper, Angie Page, Steven Cummins, Daniel Lewis, Peter H. Whincup, Derek G. Cook, Alicja R. Rudnicka, Christopher G. Owen
      The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) study provides a unique opportunity to examine differences in mental health and well-being amongst adults seeking social, intermediate (affordable rent), and market-rent housing in a purpose built neighbourhood (East Village, the former London 2012 Olympic Athletes’ Village), specifically designed to encourage positive health behaviours. Multi-level logistic regression models examined baseline differences in levels of depression, anxiety and well-being across the housing groups. Compared with the intermediate group, those seeking social housing were more likely to be depressed, anxious and had poorer well-being after adjustment for demographic and health status variables. Further adjustments for neighbourhood perceptions suggest that compared with the intermediate group, perceived neighbourhood characteristics may be an important determinant of depression amongst those seeking social housing, and lower levels of happiness the previous day amongst those seeking market-rent housing. These findings add to the extensive literature on inequalities in health, and provide a strong basis for future longitudinal work that will examine change in depression, anxiety and well-being after moving into East Village, where those seeking social housing potentially have the most to gain.

      PubDate: 2017-09-26T08:26:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.09.001
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • Community social support as a protective factor against suicide: A
           gender-specific ecological study of 75 regions of 23 European countries
    • Authors: Nuša Zadravec Šedivy; Tina Podlogar; David C.R. Kerr; Diego De Leo
      Pages: 40 - 46
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Nuša Zadravec Šedivy, Tina Podlogar, David C.R. Kerr, Diego De Leo
      By studying differences in suicide rates among different geographical regions one may identify factors connected to suicidal behaviour on a regional level. Many studies have focused on risk factors, whereas less is known about protective factors, such as social support. Using suicide rates and data from the European Social Survey (ESS) we explore the association between regional level social support indicator and suicide rates in 23 European countries in 2012. Linear multiple regression analyses using region as the unit of analysis revealed inverse relationships between mean respondent valuing of social support and suicide rates for both genders, with some indication of a stronger relationship among men. Social support may have a protective effect against suicide on a regional level. Thus, increasing social support could be an effective focus of preventive activities, resulting in lowering suicide rates, with greater expected results among men.

      PubDate: 2017-09-26T08:26:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.09.004
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • Museum-based programs for socially isolated older adults: Understanding
           what works
    • Authors: Carolyn Todd; Paul M. Camic; Bridget Lockyer; Linda J.M. Thomson; Helen J. Chatterjee
      Pages: 47 - 55
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Carolyn Todd, Paul M. Camic, Bridget Lockyer, Linda J.M. Thomson, Helen J. Chatterjee
      This paper presents research findings that help to understand how museum programs created opportunities to enhance wellbeing and health, and changed experiences of social isolation in older adults. The research conceptualized how program elements enabled both individual experiences and relational processes to occur. These components operated within a context that was enriched by the museum as a place to support wellbeing and enhance social interaction. To meaningfully support socially isolated older people as part of local public health strategies, museums need to be accessible and engaging places that purposively support social interaction by involving people and objects, participating in multiple sessions over time, that are facilitated by skilled and knowledgeable staff.

      PubDate: 2017-09-26T08:26:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.005
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • Antibiotic optimisation in ‘the bush’: Local know-how and
           core-periphery relations
    • Authors: Alexander Broom; Jennifer Broom; Emma Kirby; Alexandra Gibson; Mark Davis
      Pages: 56 - 62
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Alexander Broom, Jennifer Broom, Emma Kirby, Alexandra Gibson, Mark Davis
      The growing global concern around antimicrobial mis-use and proliferating resistance has resulted in increasing interest in optimising antibiotics, particularly in hospitals. While the agenda to tighten antibiotic use has been critically explored in metropolitan settings, the dynamics of rural and remote settings have remained largely unexplored. Drawing on 30 interviews with doctors, nurses, and pharmacists in a remote Australian hospital, we focus on the pertinence of setting, and its importance for contextualising and potentially achieving antibiotic optimisation. Building on previous work on the dynamics of locale and core-periphery relations, here we consider how antimicrobial practice is deeply embedded in experiences of being on the geographical periphery, and crucially, at the periphery of (established) knowledge.

      PubDate: 2017-09-26T08:26:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.09.003
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • Public green spaces and positive mental health – investigating the
           relationship between access, quantity and types of parks and mental
    • Authors: Lisa Wood; Paula Hooper; Sarah Foster; Fiona Bull
      Pages: 63 - 71
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Lisa Wood, Paula Hooper, Sarah Foster, Fiona Bull
      Associations between parks and mental health have typically been investigated in relation to the presence or absence of mental illness. This study uses a validated measure of positive mental health and data from RESIDential Environments (RESIDE) Project to investigate the association between the presence, amount and attributes of public green space in new greenfield neighbourhood developments and the mental health of local residents (n = 492). Both the overall number and total area of public green spaces were significantly associated with greater mental wellbeing, and findings support a dose-response relationship. Positive mental health was not only associated with parks with a nature focus, but also with green spaces characterised by recreational and sporting activity. The study demonstrates that adequate provision of public green space in local neighbourhoods and within walking distance is important for positive mental health.

      PubDate: 2017-09-26T08:26:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.09.002
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • The effects of air pollution on individual psychological distress
    • Authors: Victoria Sass; Nicole Kravitz-Wirtz; Steven M. Karceski; Anjum Hajat; Kyle Crowder; David Takeuchi
      Pages: 72 - 79
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Victoria Sass, Nicole Kravitz-Wirtz, Steven M. Karceski, Anjum Hajat, Kyle Crowder, David Takeuchi
      This study is the first of its kind to utilize longitudinal, nationally representative panel data from the United States to assess the relationship between exposure to air pollution and reports of psychological distress. Using annual-average measures of air pollution in respondents' census blocks of residence we find that over the period 1999–2011 particulate matter 2.5 is significantly associated with increased psychological distress; this association remains even after controlling for a robust set of demographic, socioeconomic, and health-related covariates. This study suggests that public health efforts to reduce the personal and societal costs of mental illness should consider addressing not only individual characteristics and factors in the social environment, but also underexplored facets of the physical environment such as air pollution.

      PubDate: 2017-11-16T21:57:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.09.006
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • Walkability, complete streets, and gender: Who benefits most'
    • Authors: Wyatt A. Jensen; Tammy K. Stump; Barbara B. Brown; Carol M. Werner; Ken R. Smith
      Pages: 80 - 89
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Wyatt A. Jensen, Tammy K. Stump, Barbara B. Brown, Carol M. Werner, Ken R. Smith
      Does street walkability and a new complete street renovation relate to street use and gender composition' We audited two mixed-walkability complete streets ("complete less-urban" and "complete-urban"), one low-walkable street, and one high-walkable street at pre-renovation and twice post-renovation. Complete street users increased, especially for the complete-less urban street. Typically, the high-walkable street attracted the most and the low-walkable street attracted the fewest total people, males, and females; complete streets were in between. On blocks with people, females were only 29% of users; females were much less common on low- walkable streets. Street improvements might enhance gender equity.

      PubDate: 2017-11-16T21:57:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.09.007
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • Accessibility of fast food outlets is associated with fast food intake. A
           study in the Capital Region of Denmark
    • Authors: Kamille Almer Bernsdorf; Cathrine Juel Lau; Anne Helms Andreasen; Ulla Toft; Maja Lykke; Charlotte Glümer
      Pages: 102 - 110
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Kamille Almer Bernsdorf, Cathrine Juel Lau, Anne Helms Andreasen, Ulla Toft, Maja Lykke, Charlotte Glümer
      Literature suggests that people living in areas with a wealth of unhealthy fast food options may show higher levels of fast food intake. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were applied to examine the association between GIS-located fast food outlets (FFOs) and self-reported fast food intake among adults (+ 16 years) in the Capital Region of Denmark (N = 48,305). Accessibility of FFOs was measured both as proximity (distance to nearest FFO) and density (number of FFOs within a 1km network buffer around home). Odds of fast food intake ≥ 1/week increased significantly with increasing FFO density and decreased significantly with increasing distance to the nearest FFO for distances ≤ 4km. For long distances (>4km), odds increased with increasing distance, although this applied only for car owners. Results suggest that Danish health promotion strategies need to consider the contribution of the built environment to unhealthy eating.

      PubDate: 2017-10-18T16:53:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.10.003
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • Geographical inequalities in health in a time of austerity: Baseline
           findings from the Stockton-on-Tees cohort study
    • Authors: R. Bhandari; A. Kasim; J. Warren; N. Akhter; C. Bambra
      Pages: 111 - 122
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): R. Bhandari, A. Kasim, J. Warren, N. Akhter, C. Bambra
      Stockton-on-Tees has the highest geographical inequalities in health in England with the life expectancy at birth gap between the most and deprived neighbourhoods standing at over 17 years for men and 11 years for women. In this study, we provide the first detailed empirical examination of this geographical health divide by: estimating the gap in physical and general health (as measured by EQ. 5D, EQ. 5D-VAS and SF8PCS) between the most and least deprived areas; using a novel statistical technique to examining the causal role of compositional and contextual factors and their interaction; and doing so in a time of economic recession and austerity. Using a stratified random sampling technique, individual-level survey data was combined with secondary data sources and analysed using multi-level models with 95% confidence intervals obtained from nonparametric bootstrapping. The main findings indicate that there is a significant gap in health between the two areas, and that compositional level material factors, contextual factors and their interaction appear to be the major explanations of this gap. Contrary to the dominant policy discourse in this area, individual behavioural and psychosocial factors did not make a significant contribution towards explaining health inequalities in the study area. The findings are discussed in relation to geographical theories of health inequalities and the context of austerity.

      PubDate: 2017-10-18T16:53:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.10.002
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • Care farms as a space of wellbeing for people with a learning disability
           in the United Kingdom
    • Authors: Suzanne Rotheram; Sarah McGarrol; Francine Watkins
      Pages: 123 - 131
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Suzanne Rotheram, Sarah McGarrol, Francine Watkins
      People with a learning disability in the UK are increasingly choosing to spend their time on ‘care farms’ but there is limited research examining these spaces from their perspective. A qualitative research design was used to ask eighteen of these clients how care farms contributed to their health and wellbeing. For these participants care farms can be understood, using Fleuret and Atkinson's (2007) framework, as a ‘space of wellbeing’ and as a positive and life-enhancing space. Positive language was used by participants to describe the farms contrasting with ne gative language describing other spaces and activities. Farms were identified as contributing positively to mental and social wellbeing.

      PubDate: 2017-10-26T00:04:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.10.001
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • A far greater sense of community: The impact of volunteer behaviour on the
           wellness of rural older Australians
    • Authors: Jeni Warburton; Rachel Winterton
      Pages: 132 - 138
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Jeni Warburton, Rachel Winterton
      This paper builds on place-based research investigating the transformative potential of volunteering for service-deprived, ageing rural communities. Here, we critically explore the relationship between communities of place, voluntarism and wellness for rural older Australians. We draw on data from a large qualitative multi-site study, and utilise Ryan et al.’s (2005) systemic model of community attachment. Findings support the dual perspective of strong community sentiments through social embeddedness in rural communities; and personal interests, associated with rational choice theory, through healthy ageing practices. Both aspects have demonstrated positive impact on wellness, but also risks to wellness associated with over-expectations of volunteers.

      PubDate: 2017-11-09T21:21:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.10.005
      Issue No: Vol. 48 (2017)
  • The effect of health on urban-settlement intention of rural-urban migrants
           in China
    • Authors: Shenghua Xie; Jinxian Wang; Juan Chen; Veli-Matti Ritakallio
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Shenghua Xie, Jinxian Wang, Juan Chen, Veli-Matti Ritakallio
      Previous studies have not paid enough attention to the effect of health on urban-settlement intention of rural-urban migrants in China. Using survey data from the Rural Urban Migration in China project, this article examines how self-rated physical and mental health influence rural-urban migrants’ intention to settle down in cities. First, the results show that both self-rated physical and mental health are significant factors influencing the migrants’ intention to permanently move to cities. Second, the effect of physical health on rural-urban migrants’ intentions to permanently reside in cities can be moderated by their length of urban residence. Third, the impact of health on rural-urban migrants’ urban-settlement intention shows no generational differences. According to the research findings, this paper discusses how urban-settlement intention of rural-urban migrants based on health selection might impair urbanization, exacerbate health disparity between the rural and urban areas, and aggravate the burden on healthcare system in rural areas of China in the long run.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T09:14:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.008
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Cultivating our humanity: A systematic review of care farming &amp;
           traumatic grief
    • Authors: Richard Gorman; Joanne Cacciatore
      Pages: 12 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Richard Gorman, Joanne Cacciatore
      Traumatic grief is a complex biopsychosocial experience, frequently (and contentiously) medicalized in the Western world. Care farming is an increasingly popular place-based intervention utilizing agricultural settings to care for vulnerable groups. We sought to establish the extent of care farming in relation to traumatic grief and query the potential of care farming as an intervention for this specific population. A systematic review highlights that whilst understudied, the success of care farming as an intervention for other populations experiencing psychological distress demonstrates the huge potential for care farming as a means to therapeutically engage with individuals experiencing traumatic grief.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T09:14:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.006
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Smelling therapeutic landscapes: Embodied encounters within spaces of care
    • Authors: Richard Gorman
      Pages: 22 - 28
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Richard Gorman
      The conceptual framework of ‘therapeutic landscapes’ has been used as a means of considering the significance of specific environments, spaces, and places for aspects of health. Building on a growing attention to the sensory elements of spaces of health and wellbeing, this article mobilises empirical research on ‘care farming’ practices to discuss how smellscapes come to be crucial in fulfilling anticipations, imaginations, and expectations of a ‘therapeutic space’. This article highlights how embodied relationships with specific scents can constitute a therapeutic encounter with place, actively influencing practices and engagement with(in) place, and the ways by which place can have a meaningful affect on health.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T09:14:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.005
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Ethnic density and risk of mental ill health – The case of religious
           sectarianism in Northern Ireland: A population data linkage study
    • Authors: Tania J. Bosqui; Aideen Maguire; Anne Kouvonen; David Wright; Michael Donnelly; Dermot O’Reilly
      Pages: 29 - 35
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Tania J. Bosqui, Aideen Maguire, Anne Kouvonen, David Wright, Michael Donnelly, Dermot O’Reilly
      An ethnic group that lives in a neighbourhood in which it is in the minority, termed ‘lower ethnic density,’ tends to report a higher incidence of mental ill-health. This population-based study investigated for the first time the existence of an own-group density effect among Catholic and Protestant communities in Northern Ireland. The entire Northern Ireland born Catholic and Protestant working age (n = 1, 004,060) enumerated population in the 2011 Census of Northern Ireland were included in the study via administrative data-linkage methodology. Catholics had a greater likelihood of reporting mental ill health in neighbourhoods with the largest proportion of Catholics (OR = 1.25, 95%CI 1.07–1.47), whereas mental health among Protestants was not associated with neighbourhood proportion of Protestants, after adjusting for socio-economic status and neighbourhood deprivation. The results indicate that a complex relationship exists between group identity, population composition of ethnic and religious groups and prevalence of community mental health.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T09:14:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.010
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Associations between multiple green space measures and birth weight across
           two US cities
    • Authors: Leanne Cusack; Andrew Larkin; Susan E. Carozza; Perry Hystad
      Pages: 36 - 43
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Leanne Cusack, Andrew Larkin, Susan E. Carozza, Perry Hystad
      Introduction Several measures of green space exposure have been used in epidemiological research, but their relevance to health, and representation of exposure pathways, remains unclear. Here we examine the relationships between multiple urban green space metrics and associations with term birth weight across two diverse US cities. Methods We used Vital Statistics data to create a birth cohort from 2005 to 2009 in the cities of Portland, Oregon (n = 90,265) and Austin, Texas (n = 88,807). These cities have similar green space levels but very different population and contextual characteristics. Green space metrics derived from mother's full residential address using multiple buffer distances (50–1000m) included: Landsat Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), % tree cover, % green space, % street tree buffering, and access to parks (using US EPA EnviroAtlas Data). Correlation between green space metrics were assessed and mixed models were used to determine associations with term birth weight, controlling for a comprehensive set of individual and neighborhood factors. City-specific models were run to determine how contextual and population differences affected green space associations with birth weight. Results We observed moderate to high degrees of correlation between different green space metrics (except park access), with similar patterns between cities. Unadjusted associations demonstrated consistent protective effects of NDVI, % green space, % tree cover, and % street tree buffering for most buffer sizes on birth weight; however, in fully adjusted models most metrics were no longer statistically significant and no clear patterns remained. For example, in Austin the difference in birth weight for the highest versus lowest quartile of % green space within 50m was 38.3g (95% CI: 30.4, 46.1) in unadjusted and −1.5g (98% CI: −8.8, 6.3) in adjusted models compared to 55.7g (95%CI: 47.9, −63.6) and 12.9g (95% CI: 4.4, 21.4) in Portland. Maternal race, ethnicity and education had the largest impact on reducing green space and birth weight associations. However, consistent positive associations were observed for the high density areas of both cities using several green space metrics at small buffer distances. Conclusions This study highlights the importance of understanding the individual and contextual factors that may confound and/or modify green space and birth weight associations.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T09:57:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.07.002
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Determinants of the magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality:
           A study of 17 European countries
    • Authors: Johan P. Mackenbach; Matthias Bopp; Patrick Deboosere; Katalin Kovacs; Mall Leinsalu; Pekka Martikainen; Gwenn Menvielle; Enrique Regidor; Rianne de Gelder
      Pages: 44 - 53
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Johan P. Mackenbach, Matthias Bopp, Patrick Deboosere, Katalin Kovacs, Mall Leinsalu, Pekka Martikainen, Gwenn Menvielle, Enrique Regidor, Rianne de Gelder
      The magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality differs importantly between countries, but these variations have not been satisfactorily explained. We explored the role of behavioral and structural determinants of these variations, by using a dataset covering 17 European countries in the period 1970–2010, and by conducting multilevel multivariate regression analyses. Our results suggest that between-country variations in inequalities in current mortality can partly be understood from variations in inequalities in smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and poverty. Also, countries with higher national income, higher quality of government, higher social transfers, higher health care expenditure and more self-expression values have smaller inequalities in mortality. Finally, trends in behavioral risk factors, particularly smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, appear to partly explain variations in inequalities in mortality trends. This study shows that analyses of variations in health inequalities between countries can help to identify entry-points for policy.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T09:57:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.07.005
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Park availability and major depression in individuals with chronic
           conditions: Is there an association in urban India'
    • Authors: Debarati Mukherjee; S. Safraj; Mohammad Tayyab; Roopa Shivashankar; Shivani A. Patel; Gitanjali Narayanan; Vamadevan S. Ajay; Mohammed K. Ali; KM Venkat Narayan; Nikhil Tandon; Dorairaj Prabhakaran
      Pages: 54 - 62
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Debarati Mukherjee, S. Safraj, Mohammad Tayyab, Roopa Shivashankar, Shivani A. Patel, Gitanjali Narayanan, Vamadevan S. Ajay, Mohammed K. Ali, KM Venkat Narayan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
      Green space exposure has been positively correlated with better mental-health indicators in several high income countries, but has not been examined in low- and middle-income countries undergoing rapid urbanization. Building on a study of mental health in adults with a pre-existing chronic condition, we examined the association between park availability and major depression among 1208 adults surveyed in Delhi, India. Major depression was measured using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. The ArcGIS platform was used to quantify park availability indexed as (i) park distance from households, (ii) area of the nearest park; and within one km buffer area around households - the (iii) number and (iv) total area of all parks. Mixed-effects logistic regression models adjusted for socio-demographic characteristics indicated that relative to residents exposed to the largest nearest park areas (tertile 3), the odds [95% confidence interval] of major depression was 3.1 [1.4–7.0] times higher among residents exposed to the smallest nearest park areas (tertile 1) and 2.1 [0.9–4.8] times higher in residents with mid-level exposure (tertile 2). There was no statistically significant association between other park variables tested and major depression. We hypothesized that physical activity in the form of walking, perceived stress levels and satisfaction with the neighborhood environment may have mediating effects on the association between nearest park area and major depression. We found no significant mediation effects for any of our hypothesized variables. In conclusion, our results provide preliminary and novel evidence from India that availability of large parks in the immediate neighborhood positively impacts mental well-being of individuals with pre-existing chronic conditions, at the opportune time when India is embarking on the development of sustainable cities that aim to promote health through smart urban design – one of the key elements of which is the inclusion of urban green spaces.

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T10:05:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.07.004
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Situating mental health work in place: Qualitative findings from
           interviews with Veterans in Southeastern Louisiana and Northern California
    • Authors: Traci H. Abraham; Christopher J. Koenig; Kara Zamora; Coleen Hill; Madeline Uddo; Adam P. Kelly; Michelle F. Hamilton; Geoffrey M. Curran; Jeffrey M. Pyne; Karen H. Seal
      Pages: 63 - 70
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Traci H. Abraham, Christopher J. Koenig, Kara Zamora, Coleen Hill, Madeline Uddo, Adam P. Kelly, Michelle F. Hamilton, Geoffrey M. Curran, Jeffrey M. Pyne, Karen H. Seal
      Most chronic illness management occurs outside clinics and hospitals, in the everyday lives of individuals. We use data from semi-structured interviews with 37 veterans from Southeastern Louisiana and Northern California to illustrate how “health work” for mental health concerns are shaped by place. Using health work as an orienting concept for analysis, we discerned variation between the two study sites in how Veterans used interacting with the natural environment, cultivating time alone, and religious practice to manage their mental health and well-being. Through these findings, we advocate for a situated notion of health work that is mindful of how health-related behaviors are shaped by place and the attributes that constitute place.

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T10:05:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.07.001
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Healthy urban living: Residential environment and health of older adults
           in Shanghai
    • Authors: Yafei Liu; Martin Dijst; Jan Faber; Stan Geertman; Can Cui
      Pages: 80 - 89
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Yafei Liu, Martin Dijst, Jan Faber, Stan Geertman, Can Cui
      A healthy residential environment, especially for older adults, has emerged as an important issue on political and planning agenda in China. This paper aims to investigate the direct and indirect impact of residential environment on the health of older adults in Shanghai, taking into account health-related behaviours, subjective well-being and socio-demographic factors in one comprehensive conceptual model. Our results show that the residential environment is associated with older adults’ health directly, and also indirectly through a series of significant behavioural (physical and social activities) and perceptual (subjective well-being) factors. After combining the direct and indirect association, the results show that good housing and neighbourhood quality and a safe social environment contribute to better subjective, physical and mental health conditions of older adults. In addition, access to cultural facilities is positively related to older adults’ mental and physical health and subjective well-being, while a higher proportion of older adults in a neighbourhood appears to promote physical and social activities but not health.

      PubDate: 2017-09-14T08:05:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.07.007
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Not all built the same' A comparative study of electoral systems and
           population health
    • Authors: Andrew C. Patterson
      Pages: 90 - 99
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Andrew C. Patterson
      Much literature depicts a worldwide democratic advantage in population health. However, less research compares health outcomes in the different kinds of democracy or autocracy. In an examination of 179 countries as they existed between 1975 and 2012, advantages in life expectancy and infant health appear most reliably for democracies that include the principle of proportional representation in their electoral rules. Compared to closed autocracies, they had up to 12 or more years of life expectancy on average, 75% less infant mortality, and double the savings in overall mortality for most other age groups. Majoritarian democracies, in contrast, did not experience longitudinal improvements in health relative to closed autocracies. Instead their population health appeared to be on par with or even superseded by competitive autocracies in most models. Findings suggest that the principle of proportional representation may be good for health at the national level. Implications and limitations are discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T02:14:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.07.003
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Neighborhood heterogeneity in health and well-being among the elderly in
           India – Evidence from Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)
    • Authors: Arpita Ghosh; Christopher Millett; S.V. Subramanian; Santanu Pramanik
      Pages: 100 - 107
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Arpita Ghosh, Christopher Millett, S.V. Subramanian, Santanu Pramanik
      We establish a rationale for a multilevel approach in examining health among older adults. Using data on a nationally representative sample of 6560 Indian adults aged 50 years and older, we examine the extent of contextual variation between neighborhoods, after accounting for the compositional effect of individuals’ background characteristics, across multiple dimensions of elderly health. The variance apportioned to neighborhoods in null intercept-only models varied widely across different health outcomes examined in the elderly – while neighborhoods accounted for only 4% of the total variation in high blood pressure at exam, 23% of the total variation in self-rated poor quality of life could be attributed to neighborhood-level differences. In models that accounted for state, place of residence, and demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of individuals, the contribution of neighborhood to the total variation for most health outcomes was attenuated (2–11%) but persisted to exist. Our findings underscore the importance of neighborhoods in studying the health and well-being of the elderly in India.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T02:14:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.001
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Deep coal mining and meningococcal meningitis in England and Wales,
           1931–38: Ecological study, with implications for deep shaft mining
           activities worldwide
    • Authors: Matthew R. Smallman-Raynor; Andrew D. Cliff
      Pages: 115 - 125
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Matthew R. Smallman-Raynor, Andrew D. Cliff
      The hypothesized role of deep coal mining in the development of community-based outbreaks of meningococcal meningitis has gone largely unexplored. Taking the coalfields of Britain as a historical testbed, techniques of linear and binomial logistic regression were used to assess the association between meningococcal meningitis rates and male occupation rates for coal mining in England and Wales during the national epidemic of 1931–32 and in its aftermath. Adjusting for the epidemiological effects of age, residential density, recent changes in the number of families, housing stock and low social class, the analysis yielded evidence of a significant and positive association between coal mining occupation rates and notified levels of meningitis activity in the epidemic period. Communities in areas of the world that currently maintain substantial deep coal extraction industries may be at increased risk for the epidemic transmission of meningococcal meningitis.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T02:14:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.002
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • A flow-based statistical model integrating spatial and nonspatial
           dimensions to measure healthcare access
    • Authors: Jia-Hong Tang; Yen-Hui Chiu; Po-Huang Chiang; Ming-Daw Su; Ta-Chien Chan
      Pages: 126 - 138
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Jia-Hong Tang, Yen-Hui Chiu, Po-Huang Chiang, Ming-Daw Su, Ta-Chien Chan
      Assessing access to healthcare for an entire healthcare system involves accounting for demand, supply, and geographic variation. In order to capture the interaction between healthcare services and populations, various measures of healthcare access have been utilized, including the popular two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method. However, despite the many advantages of 2SFCA, the problems, such as inappropriate assumption of healthcare demand and failure to capture cascading effects across the system have not been satisfactorily addressed. In this paper, a statistical model for evaluating flows of individuals was added to the 2SFCA method (hereafter we refer to it as F2SFCA) in order to overcome limitations associated with its current restriction. The proposed F2SFCA model can incorporate both spatial and nonspatial dimensions and thus synthesizes them into one framework. Moreover, the proposed F2SFCA model can be easily adapted to measure access for different types of individuals, over different service provider types, or with capacity constraints in a healthcare system. We implemented the proposed model in a case study assessing access to healthcare for the elderly in Taipei City, Taiwan, and compared the weaknesses and strengths to the 2SFCA method and its variations.

      PubDate: 2017-09-08T02:16:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.006
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Pills in paradise: Exploring international lifestyle and retirement
           migrants’ perceptions of the pharmaceutical sector on Cozumel Island,
    • Authors: Leon Hoffman; Valorie A. Crooks; Jeremy Snyder
      Pages: 139 - 146
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Leon Hoffman, Valorie A. Crooks, Jeremy Snyder
      International lifestyle and retirement migration is a growing phenomenon, yet little is known about migrants’ experiences of health care in destination countries. This includes use of and access to pharmaceutical selling establishments. This article explores international lifestyle and retirement migrants’ experiences and perceptions of the local pharmaceutical sector on Cozumel Island, Mexico. Qualitative data, collected through semi-structured interviews (n = 26), finds that participants are concerned with accessibility, quality and communication within the island's pharmaceutical sector. Subsequent analysis suggests that these concerns arise through comparison with previous health care environments and that migrants attempt to remedy them by spatially reorganising their pharmacy engagements through practices which may contribute to adverse health outcomes.

      PubDate: 2017-09-08T02:16:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.004
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Place and recovery from alcohol dependence: A journey through photovoice
    • Authors: Niamk K. Shortt; Sarah J. Rhynas; Aisha Holloway
      Pages: 147 - 155
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Niamk K. Shortt, Sarah J. Rhynas, Aisha Holloway
      It has been suggested that place, and interaction with the environment, may play a role in recovery from alcohol dependence. In this paper we report findings from a project that used an adapted photovoice methodology to better understand individuals’ experience and perceptions of the role of place in recovery from alcohol dependence. Individuals attending a recovery café in central Scotland documented their environment and, in focus group settings, the individuals discussed and analysed their photographs. Here we report aspects of the environment, both therapeutic and risky, experienced by individuals negotiating the journey of dependence recovery. Elements of the natural environment were largely referred to as supportive and therapeutic, as were other more quotidian spaces, such as the home and café. The largest place-based risk faced by participants was the persistent availability and marketing of alcohol. The results demonstrate that the journey of recovery from alcohol dependence is contextually shaped, with place both supporting and hindering this journey.

      PubDate: 2017-09-08T02:16:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.008
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Spatial variations and determinants of infant and under-five mortality in
    • Authors: Oliver Gruebner; MMH Khan; Katrin Burkart; Sven Lautenbach; Tobia Lakes; Alexander Krämer; S.V. Subramanian; Sandro Galea
      Pages: 156 - 164
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 47
      Author(s): Oliver Gruebner, MMH Khan, Katrin Burkart, Sven Lautenbach, Tobia Lakes, Alexander Krämer, S.V. Subramanian, Sandro Galea
      Reducing child mortality is a Sustainable Development Goal yet to be achieved by many low-income countries. We applied a subnational and spatial approach based on publicly available datasets and identified permanent insolvency, urbanicity, and malaria endemicity as factors associated with child mortality. We further detected spatial clusters in the east of Bangladesh and noted Sylhet and Jamalpur as those districts that need immediate attention to reduce child mortality. Our approach is transferable to other regions in comparable settings worldwide and may guide future studies to identify subnational regions in need for public health attention. Our study adds to our understanding where we may intervene to more effectively improve health, particularly among disadvantaged populations.

      PubDate: 2017-09-14T08:05:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.012
      Issue No: Vol. 47 (2017)
  • Lifting the lid on geographic complexity in the relationship between body
           mass index and education in China
    • Authors: Maigeng Zhou; Xiaoqi Feng; Jiang Yong; Yichong Li; Mei Zhang; Andrew Page; Thomas Astell-Burt; Wenhua Zhao
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Maigeng Zhou, Xiaoqi Feng, Jiang Yong, Yichong Li, Mei Zhang, Andrew Page, Thomas Astell-Burt, Wenhua Zhao
      In China, rising obesity has coincided with increasing affluence. Few studies have properly accounted for geographic variation, however, which may influence prior results. Using large data with biomarkers in China, we show body mass index (BMI) to be positively correlated with higher person-level education if estimated using ordinary least squares. In stark contrast, fitting the same data within a multilevel model gives the complete opposite result. We go on to show that the relationship between BMI and person-level education in China is dependent upon geography, underlining why multilevel modelling is crucial for revealing these types of people-place contingencies.

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T08:32:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.02.012
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • The embodied spaces of children with complex care needs: Effects on the
           social realities and power negotiations of families
    • Authors: Roberta L. Woodgate; Melanie Zurba; Marie Edwards; Jacquie D. Ripat; Gina Rempel
      Pages: 6 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Roberta L. Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Marie Edwards, Jacquie D. Ripat, Gina Rempel
      This paper presents research findings that advance knowledge around the power and agency families with children with complex care needs (CCN). Our conceptual framework uses concepts from geography towards situating the experiences and social realities of family carers within the ‘embodied space of care’. The data originate from a longitudinal qualitative study of Canadian families with children with CCN. Findings reveal that interactions and decision-making processes relating to health and everyday life were complex and socially interconnected, and emphasize the need for provisions for family-based decision-making and enhanced social inclusion of families and the importance of the renegotiation of power.

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T08:32:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Residential segregation, political representation, and preterm birth among
           U.S.- and foreign-born Black women in the U.S. 2008–2010
    • Authors: Claire Margerison-Zilko; Maria Perez-Patron; Catherine Cubbin
      Pages: 13 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 46
      Author(s): Claire Margerison-Zilko, Maria Perez-Patron, Catherine Cubbin
      Although racial residential segregation is associated with preterm birth (PTB) among non-Hispanic black (NHB) women in the U.S., prior work suggests that increased black political power arising from segregation may be protective for infant health. We examined associations between residential segregation, black political representation, and preterm birth (PTB) among U.S- and foreign-born NHB women in major U.S. cities using birth certificate data from 2008 to 2010 (n=861,450). Each 10-unit increase in segregation was associated with 3–6% increases in odds of PTB for both U.S.- and foreign-born NHB women. Black political representation was not associated with PTB and did not moderate the association between residential segregation and PTB.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T08:33:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.005
      Issue No: Vol. 46 (2017)
  • Connecting qualitative research on exercise and environment to public
           health agendas requires an equity lens
    • Authors: Stephanie E. Coen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 November 2017
      Source:Health & Place
      Author(s): Stephanie E. Coen
      In this commentary, I respond to the special section in Health&Place (vol. 46) on “Exercise and environment: new qualitative work to link popular practice and public health” edited by Hitchings and Latham. I argue that if qualitative research is to effectively inform public health policy and practice it cannot ignore the fact that physical activity participation is inequitable. Without building in a critical equity lens, geographers risk perpetuating the “inequality paradox”—that is, the potential for population health interventions to inadvertently exacerbate health inequalities. Related to this, I challenge the editors’ assumption that geographers’ critiques of public health approaches to physical activity and our applied efforts to foster physical activity participation are mutually exclusive endeavours. Rather, I argue they are mutually necessary within a social justice agenda. Finally, I close this commentary by offering ways forward for qualitative research on exercise and environment to connect with public health agendas and inform interventions.

      PubDate: 2017-11-16T21:57:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.09.005
  • Relationship between the neighbourhood built environment and early child
    • Authors: Hayley Christian; Stephen Ball Stephen Zubrick Sally Brinkman Gavin Turrell
      Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Health & Place, Volume 48
      Author(s): Hayley Christian, Stephen J Ball, Stephen R Zubrick, Sally Brinkman, Gavin Turrell, Bryan Boruff, Sarah Foster
      The relationship between features of the neighbourhood built environment and early child development was investigated using area-level data from the Australian Early Development Census. Overall 9.0% of children were developmentally vulnerable on the Physical Health and Well-being domain, 8.1% on the Social Competence domain and 8.1% on the Emotional Maturity domain. After adjustment for socio-demographic factors, Local Communities with the highest quintile of home yard space had significantly lower odds of developmental vulnerability on the Emotional Maturity domain. Residing in a Local Community with fewer main roads was associated with a decrease in the proportion of children developmentally vulnerable on the Social Competence domain. Overall, sociodemographic factors were more important than aspects of the neighbourhood physical environment for explaining variation between Local Communities in the developmental vulnerability of children.

      PubDate: 2017-10-11T16:47:06Z
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