for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1296 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (526 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (526 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 202)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Healthy-Mu Journal     Open Access  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Family Relations
  [SJR: 0.679]   [H-I: 62]   [11 followers]  Follow
   Partially Free Journal Partially Free Journal
   ISSN (Print) 0197-6664 - ISSN (Online) 1741-3729
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1589 journals]
  • Factors Associated with Romantic Relationship Self-Efficacy Following
           Youth-Focused Relationship Education
    • Authors: Ted G. Futris; Tara E. Sutton, Jeneé C. Duncan
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo explore how youths' perceived relationship self-efficacy following relationship education may vary on the basis of program and youth characteristics.BackgroundYouth-focused relationship education has been shown to promote attitudes and behaviors that foster healthy romantic relationships. Yet little is known about the factors associated with variations in these program outcomes.MethodUsing data collected from a convenience sample of 1,076 youth who participated in the Love U2: Relationship Smarts Plus program, structural equation models and multiple group analysis using chi-square difference tests were examined to assess whether and how various program and youth characteristics are associated with relationship self-efficacy.ResultsYouths' romantic relationship self-efficacy was greater when programming was offered within a week or weekly versus monthly, after school rather than in-school, and whether participants were female and had previous dating experiences. Several demographic factors (e.g., race, sex) moderated the influence of programmatic and individual characteristics on self-efficacy.ConclusionVariability exists in how relationship and marriage education programs are implemented in uncontrolled real-world settings. Our findings suggest that program outcomes may also vary on the basis of certain youth and program characteristics.ImplicationsPractitioners should carefully consider how the tailoring of program content and delivery to meet the needs of diverse audiences maintains program fidelity and can potentially influence program outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-12-15T08:10:44.316868-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12288
  • From Education to Advocacy and Activism: Alternative Approaches for
           Translating Family Science to Policy
    • Authors: Bethany L. Letiecq; Elaine A. Anderson
      Abstract: Historically, translational family science frameworks focused on policy have delimited the roles family scientists can play and the approaches they can implement within the scientific realm. In this article, we call for an expanded translational research-to-policy framework that is inclusive of such roles as policy educator, scholar-advocate, and scholar-activist. We argue that, depending on the policy topic or context of one's research, different approaches and roles are needed to move family research to policy, especially when working with marginalized and disenfranchised families. We then present 3 approaches to family policy engagement, particularly at the local and state levels: family impact seminars, deliberative policy processes, and community-based participatory research. Each approach positions the family scientist to perform different roles—from policy educator to scholar-advocate to scholar-activist—in their translational work. We offer our reflections across roles and approaches and provide recommendations for future translational family science in the policy arena.
      PubDate: 2017-12-15T08:10:31.340203-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12274
  • Adapting the Ideas of Translational Science for Translational Family
    • Authors: Joseph G. Grzywacz; Jeffrey W. Allen
      Abstract: Family science has been doing translational science since before it came into vogue. Nevertheless, the field has been subjected to the same forces in the broader academy that have created a widening chasm between discovery and practice. Thus, the primary objective of this article is to translate the principles, concepts, and models of translational science to solidify an identity for family science and help the field move forward in broader academic, care delivery, and policy arenas. Alternative models of translational science, primarily from biomedicine but also from other disciplines, are reviewed and critically analyzed, and core concepts and principles are isolated, elaborated, and applied to family science. Family science's long-standing commitment to the doctrine of evidence-based practice, and its ongoing endorsement of the principles of scientific duality and multidisciplinary utility, places it in a preeminent position for using the zeitgeist of translational science to move forward. Nonetheless, the field has important epistemological, practical, professional, and curricular steps to complete to better position itself as a distinct and valued body of scientists. Ultimately, we argue that embracing the principles, concepts, and models of translational science should be leveraged by family science to help brand itself as a unique and essential social science field for enhancing the human condition.
      PubDate: 2017-12-15T08:10:29.332195-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12284
  • Family Science as Translational Science: A History of the Discipline
    • Authors: Raeann R. Hamon; Suzanne R. Smith
      Abstract: Family science has been a translational science since its inception. The history of family science began with an interdisciplinary group of scholars who came together to explore the complex nature of families during the discovery phase, paying particular attention to applying information to resolve family challenges. In the pioneering stage, family professionals struggled with naming the discipline and assembled professional groups that collected and applied information to benefit families. In the maturing stage, disciplinary leaders deemed that family science met the criteria of a bona fide discipline and the field's identity became more pronounced, with a great deal of translational work occurring. During the current stage, evaluation and innovation, family science professionals need to assess programs and practices to refine and better articulate and distinguish the field. This historical account accentuates the central importance of the translational nature of family science to the discipline's identity.
      PubDate: 2017-12-14T11:02:21.125661-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12273
  • Looking Backward, Around, and Forward: Family Science Has Always Been
           Translational Science
    • Authors: Joseph G. Grzywacz; Wendy Middlemiss
      PubDate: 2017-12-14T11:02:18.850592-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12280
  • Measuring Spousal Forgiveness: German Version of the Marital
           Offence-Specific Forgiveness Scale (MOFS-German)
    • Authors: Julia Haversath; Sören Kliem, Christoph Kröger
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo validate the German version of the Marital Offence—Specific Forgiveness Scale (MOFS-German).BackgroundForgiveness has positive effects on several relational variables. The MOFS (Paleari et al., 2009) is a useful instrument for measuring forgiveness in romantic relationships.MethodUsing a representative sample of individuals in the German population (N = 1,396), we conducted a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and analyzed internal consistency as well as associations with other measures. Then, using a sample of couples (N = 348), we analyzed dyadic data with hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) for convergent validity and subgroup differences.ResultsThe two-factor structure was replicated in the CFA. The dimensions Benevolence and Resentment/Avoidance showed acceptable internal consistency values, and their associations to other self-report measures supported convergent validity. Couples in counseling reported less Benevolence and more Resentment/Avoidance than couples not in counseling, and men reported more Benevolence and less Resentment/Avoidance than women.ConclusionsFindings support the MOFS-German's ability to assess spousal forgiveness, including differences between men and women as well as between couples in counseling and couples not in counseling.ImplicationsThe MOFS-German may now be used in the standardized assessment of marital forgiveness by clinicians and researchers.
      PubDate: 2017-12-13T10:31:16.611609-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12290
  • Translation That Transforms: Leadership and the Working Poor
    • Authors: Steven D. Mills
      Abstract: Translational science, at its core, is about knowledge making a positive difference in the well-being of others (Evans, 2012). This article explores how student attitudes, beliefs, and actions toward impoverished and working poor Americans were influenced by a data- and experience-driven understanding of this population. The context is an undergraduate course called ADE 4930: Leadership and the Working Poor, a 3-credit, service-learning course requiring students to become Internal Revenue Service–certified tax preparers and provide 40 hours of free tax preparation assistance to the working poor. Students translated empirical evidence and data offered by ADE4930 through three primary applications: (a) behavioral guidance related to tax preparation and the Earned Income Tax Credit, (b) attitudinal shifts about poverty related to structural disadvantages and the psychological impact of scarcity, and (c) social policy sophistication related to political compromise and the complexity of personal experience.
      PubDate: 2017-12-12T09:21:17.209959-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12275
  • Family Life Education: Translational Family Science in Action
    • Authors: Carol A. Darling; Dawn Cassidy, Marsha Rehm
      Abstract: Translational family science lies at the intersection of family research and the practice of family life education (FLE). Discussion of the foundational principles of FLE (education, prevention, strengths-based, and research and theory-based) and its key components (culture, context, content, and practice) provide a framework for considering the reciprocal relationship between family science and family life education in the context of translational family science. Further discussion is provided regarding possible barriers to progress and the need to better integrate discovery science and practice science.
      PubDate: 2017-12-12T09:21:12.471651-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12286
  • Legal Counseling and the Marriage Decision: The Impact of Same-Sex
           Marriage on Family Law Practice
    • Authors: Amanda K. Baumle
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo examine the role of family law attorneys in providing counsel regarding the legal rights, vulnerabilities, and implications of marriage for their lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) clients.BackgroundAlthough the acquisition of state and federal marital rights could result in a convergence of practice experiences for family lawyers representing LGBT and heterosexual clients, the contentious legal history surrounding LGBT individuals could continue to produce different client demands surrounding marriage.MethodThis study draws on in-depth interviews with 21 family law attorneys with LGBT clients.ResultsParticipants attributed the demand for legal counseling about the marriage decision to a lack of socialization into marriage and uncertainty and skepticism regarding the permanence of legal changes. They indicated requests for legal counseling varied by age cohort and by the legal and sociopolitical context in which clients were nested.ConclusionThe practice of family lawyers has been responsive to rapid legal and cultural shifts for LGBT individuals and their families, resulting in the emergence of new foci of legal counseling surrounding the marriage decision.ImplicationsFamily lawyers might consider a more concerted effort to offer legal counseling about the marriage decision, particularly for older LGBT clients, those living in negative sociopolitical environments, and different-sex couples.
      PubDate: 2017-12-11T06:20:22.257543-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12294
  • The Maternal Gatekeeping Scale: Constructing a Measure
    • Authors: Daniel J. Puhlman; Kay Pasley
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo develop and test a measure that comprehensively captures the concept of maternal gatekeeping.BackgroundMaternal gatekeeping encompasses the ways in which mothers restrict or support father involvement with children. We proposed a three-dimensional (Encouragement, Discouragement, and Control) model of gatekeeping to describe the nuances of the maternal gatekeeping, but no measures have yet been developed that provide scholars with a way to empirically test the theoretical model.MethodData were collected from 256 mothers and 204 fathers of children between 3 and 7 years of age. A panel of national experts and parents established face validity, and a 3-factor solution resulted in separate models for mothers and fathers.ResultsCorrelations between the subscales and 2 established measures of gatekeeping and coparenting were examined to establish construct validity; the new measures correlated in expected ways.ConclusionThe use of different items for mothers and fathers will allow scholars to account for differences depending on whether the reporter is engaged in gatekeeping or the recipient of gatekeeping behavior.ImplicationsThe new measure may be a useful tool for researchers attempting to measure maternal gatekeeping as a multidimensional construct.
      PubDate: 2017-12-11T05:47:31.973272-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12287
  • Predictors of Internalizing Behaviors in Ukrainian Children
    • Authors: Viktor Burlaka; Yi Jin Kim, Jandel M. Crutchfield, Teresa A. Lefmann, Emma S. Kay
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo (a) estimate the level of child internalizing problems in a sample of Ukrainian school-age children and (b) examine the relationships between child internalizing psychopathology and parenting practices, depression, alcohol use, and sociodemographics.BackgroundMost research on child internalizing behaviors has used samples from high-income countries, but there is a lack of information about children's behaviors and associated risk and protective factors from low- and middle-income countries such as Ukraine. An ecological–transactional model framework was used in this study to examine maternal and family-level factors associated with child internalizing behavior problems.MethodData were gathered from a community-based sample of Ukrainian mothers and children between 9 and 16 years of age (n = 251) using face-to-face interviews. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to examine the relationship among the independent variables (e.g., alcohol use, depression, and parenting behaviors) and children's internalizing behaviors.ResultsOlder children, especially boys, reported fewer internalizing problems. Increased internalizing symptomatology was associated with mothers' older age, higher level of depression, lower use of positive parenting, and poor child monitoring and supervision.ConclusionThese results raise awareness about the importance of child familial backgrounds while trying to address child mental health problems in Ukraine.ImplicationsFamily practitioners may want to help mothers learn and apply positive parenting and effective supervision and monitoring skills to help reduce their children's depression and anxiety symptoms. Additionally, helping to decrease maternal depression may have a positive trickle-down effect on their children's internalizing behaviors.
      PubDate: 2017-12-11T05:47:23.088753-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12289
  • Supporting Family Caregivers of Advanced Cancer Patients: A Focus Group
    • Authors: Rinat Nissim; Sarah Hales, Camilla Zimmermann, Amy Deckert, Beth Edwards, Gary Rodin
      Abstract: ObjectiveAs the first stage in developing an intervention for family caregivers of individuals with advanced cancer, we conducted a focus group study to understand their needs.BackgroundFamily caregivers play an important role in the care of advanced cancer patients. Despite substantial burden and distress experienced by family caregivers of individuals with advanced cancer, their needs are not addressed systematically.MethodThe study took place at a large urban cancer center in Canada. We conducted 2 focus groups: one with 7 current family caregivers, the other with 7 bereaved caregivers. Participants were asked about their support needs while providing care, how and when they preferred to receive support, and the perceived barriers and facilitators to addressing their support needs. Responses were analyzed using the conventional content analysis method.ResultsFamily caregivers wished for support in relation to 3 domains: decision-making in the face of uncertainty, information about death and dying, and current and anticipated emotional distress. They identified 3 barriers to receiving support: the organization of cancer care around the patient, rather than the family; the timing of information provision; and caregivers' tendency to dismiss their own needs. Caregivers expressed a strong need for caregiver-specific support.ConclusionThis study allowed us to identify caregiver-perceived intervention needs, barriers to access and continuity of intervention, and suggestions for intervention design.ImplicationsThis information is of value to inform the design of interventions for this population.
      PubDate: 2017-12-11T05:47:00.038177-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12291
  • Birth Family Contact Experiences Among Lesbian, Gay, and Heterosexual
           Adoptive Parents With School-Age Children
    • Authors: Rachel H. Farr; Yelena Ravvina, Harold D. Grotevant
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo examine how lesbian, gay, and heterosexual adoptive parents navigate openness dynamics with children's birth family across a 5-year period, when children are preschool- to school-age.BackgroundFew studies regarding birth family contact have included longitudinal data as well as a sample of adoptive parents of varying sexual orientations. Thus, this study used a multiprong theoretical approach grounded in emotional distance regulation, families of choice, and gender theory.MethodA mixed-methods approach with longitudinal quantitative survey and qualitative interview data from 106 lesbian, gay, and heterosexual adoptive parent families was employed to examine the type of contact, its frequency, who was involved, perceptions of this contact, and the extent to which formal agreements exist between adoptive and birth families regarding contact.ResultsFindings revealed variations in the status and perceptions of contact across adoptive families. We also discovered that many lesbian and gay adoptive parents reported that birth parents had intentionally selected a same-sex adoptive couple, and birth parents appeared to have distinct reasons for this choice.ConclusionAlthough some differences in birth family contact distinguished lesbian, gay, and heterosexual adoptive parent families, these families generally appeared more similar than different.ImplicationsImplications—particularly a need for demonstrated competencies in adoption openness—are discussed for adoption professionals in policy, practice, and legal realms.
      PubDate: 2017-12-11T05:46:52.498644-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12295
  • Family Resilience Amid Stigma and Discrimination: A Conceptual Model for
           Families Headed by Same-Sex Parents
    • Authors: Sarah Prendergast; David MacPhee
      Abstract: Despite policy advancements ensuring equality for lesbians and gay men, families headed by LG individuals still experience stigmatization and discrimination, both of which are chronic forms of adversity that can compromise healthy family functioning. Yet research demonstrates that many families headed by same-sex parents are functioning well. Research using deficit-comparison approaches has not contributed to a deeper understanding of variations in child rearing and child outcomes that may contribute to, or impede, healthy family functioning among the population of LG families. We describe a model of family resilience, grounded in minority stress theory, that may help inform the research agenda on families headed by same-sex parents. Our conceptual framework of family resilience can guide the next wave of research with LG families and may help programs to promote key family strengths.
      PubDate: 2017-12-11T05:46:23.8203-05:00
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12296
  • Sexual Identity and Relationship Quality in Australia and the United
    • Authors: Francisco Perales; Janeen Baxter
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo investigate the quality of intimate relationships of bisexual, gay, lesbian, and heterosexual individuals in Australia and the United Kingdom.BackgroundThere is a shortage of research on the relationship quality of nonheterosexual individuals, and the majority of the available evidence comes from the United States. We add to existing knowledge by considering bisexual individuals; examining mixed-orientation couples; and using recent, large, and nationally representative cross-national data.MethodData from 25,348 individuals in the United Kingdom (Understanding Society study) and 9,206 individuals in Australia (Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey) were used to estimate regression models predicting relationship quality while adjusting for confounds.ResultsRelationship quality in same-sex couples was as high as in heterosexual couples in the United Kingdom, and higher in Australia. The lowest relationship quality in both countries was reported by bisexual individuals.ConclusionOur results provide robust evidence to combat deep-rooted and erroneous social perceptions of same-sex relationships being conflictual, unhappy, and dysfunctional.ImplicationsOur findings support policies that seek to legalize same-sex marriage and parenting rights. They also highlight the need to give further attention to bisexual individuals as a distinct group because their outcomes are comparatively poor.
      PubDate: 2017-12-07T09:31:02.596181-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12293
  • Resident Fathers' Positive Engagement, Family Poverty, and Change in Child
           Behavior Problems
    • Authors: Jin-kyung Lee; Sarah J. Schoppe-Sullivan
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo investigate the role of fathers' positive engagement as a protective factor in the development of children's behavior problems and whether this buffering effect differs by family poverty status.BackgroundChildren who have behavior problems at early ages are more likely to show persistent behavior problems over time. Fathers' roles in the development and persistence of child behavior problems have been less investigated than mothers' roles.MethodLongitudinal survey data from 762 constant-resident-father families participating in the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study were used. Mothers reported on children's internalizing and externalizing behavior problems when the focal child was 5 and 9 years of age, and fathers reported on their frequency of positive engagement with children at child age 5. Data were analyzed using moderated moderation regression analyses.ResultsChildren living in greater family poverty at age 5 showed more internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 9, but greater positive engagement by fathers weakened the association between family poverty and children's later behavior problems. Moreover, fathers' positive engagement appeared to disrupt continuity in internalizing behavior problems from early to middle childhood for children in families living below the poverty level.ConclusionFathers' positive engagement may serve as a protective factor for children's social–emotional development.ImplicationsEmphasizing fathers' positive engagement in prevention and intervention programs designed to lower children's risk for behavior problems may have potential value.
      PubDate: 2017-12-05T08:15:26.591972-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12283
  • Resilience in Families in Transition: What Happens When a Parent Is
    • Authors: Myrte Dierckx; Dimitri Mortelmans, Joz Motmans, Guy T'Sjoen
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo understand the experiences of both children and parents in families where one of the parent is transgender.BackgroundA focus on the family environment can be found in research concerning transgender youth, but this focus is lacking in research on transgender adults. To our knowledge, research so far has not shed light on the experiences of minor children who have witnessed the transition of their parent.MethodUsing the family resilience framework, which is a useful theoretical framework for analyzing family transitions, we conducted in-depth qualitative interviews with 13 children and 15 parents (8 cisgender and 7 transgender) from 9 families.ResultsVarious protective family processes were distinguished in the achievement of adaptive functioning outcomes: family continuity, family communication, significant others' acceptance, and attributing meaning. Hence, the findings from this research clearly show that the gender transition of a parent in itself should not be problematized.ConclusionThrough good practices and protective processes within the family, the transition of a parent's gender can be accepted by children.ImplicationsThese findings have implications for families with a transgender parent as well as for anyone working with children and their transgender parents.
      PubDate: 2017-11-30T08:30:35.157356-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12282
  • Responding to Infertility: Lessons from a Growing Body of Research and
           Suggested Guidelines for Practice
    • Authors: Karina M. Shreffler; Arthur L. Greil, Julia McQuillan
      Abstract: Infertility is a common yet often misunderstood experience. Infertility is an important topic for family scientists because of its effects on families, its relevance to research in related areas such as fertility trends and reproductive health, and its implications for practitioners who work with individuals and couples experiencing infertility. In this review, we focus on common misperceptions in knowledge and treatment of infertility and highlight insights from recent research that includes men, couples, and people with infertility who are not in treatment. The meaning of parenthood, childlessness, awareness of a fertility problem, and access to resources are particularly relevant for treatment seeking and psychosocial outcomes. On the basis of insights from family science research, we provide specific guidelines for infertility practice within broader social contexts such as trends in health care, education, employment, and relationships. Guidelines are presented across three areas of application: infertility education for individuals, families, and practitioners; steps to support the emotional well-being of those affected by infertility; and understanding of treatment approaches and their implications for individuals and couples.
      PubDate: 2017-11-28T08:10:35.663302-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12281
  • Translational Family Science and Forgiveness: A Healthy Symbiotic
    • Authors: Frank D. Fincham
      Abstract: This article explores how translational family science might be instantiated by considering research on forgiveness in close relationships. Relevant historical context is provided to traverse ground in multiple disciplines in an attempt to avoid repetition of past errors. The translational science continuum (T1 to T4) is considered and specific examples of each type of translation are outlined. A set of explicitly stated implications are offered in the course of the analysis. These implications speak to lessons that can be learned for translational family science from the examination of forgiveness in a relationship context as well as mandates for forgiveness research that become apparent when research on this construct is viewed through the lens of translational family science. The potential for a healthy symbiotic relationship between translational family science and research on forgiveness in relationships is explored.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24T06:15:26.850835-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12277
  • Attitudes Toward Parental Disclosures to Children and Adolescents by
           Divorced and Married Parents
    • Authors: Youngjin Kang; Lawrence Ganong, Ashton Chapman, Marilyn Coleman, Kwangman Ko
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo examine individuals' attitudes about parental disclosures to children.BackgroundParents' disclosures can either help or hinder children's coping with family-related stressors. Knowing what is appropriate to disclose, however, is not always clear.MethodWe examined judgments about parental disclosures using a mixed-methods approach. In 18 factorial vignettes, information about a parent's marital status and gender and a child's age and gender were randomly varied; a convenience sample of 561 individuals evaluated the appropriateness of parental disclosures. An open-ended question asked respondents to explain their answers.ResultsQuantitative data indicated that children's ages and parents' gender affected attitudes about disclosures, but parents' marital status and children's gender did not. Qualitative responses indicated that participants were concerned about parental disclosures putting children in the middle of parents' problems. Disclosures about sexual issues were considered inappropriate for school-aged children but appropriate for adolescents.ConclusionThere is consensus on evaluations of the appropriateness of specific parental disclosures. Negative disclosures are perceived as potentially harmful to offspring regardless of parents' marital status. Some topics are seen as more acceptable to disclose to adolescents than to younger children, and evaluations of specific disclosures differ for fathers and mothers.ImplicationsA better understanding of how people evaluate parental disclosures may be useful to family therapists, parent educators, and others who work with families.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24T00:50:21.542173-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12278
  • Collaborative Translation of Knowledge to Protect Infants During Sleep: A
           Synergy of Discovery and Practice
    • Authors: Wendy Middlemiss; Stephanie Cowan, Cory Kildare, Kaylee Seddio
      Abstract: The impact of discoveries from scientific research is manifested in its timely application to real-world conditions, with a goal of improving life. This is the desired research-to-practice transition for new knowledge, yet it is not always achieved. Where knowledge is simply transferred in its discovered form, there can be unintended consequences and harmful delays in achieving desired changes if there is not also a cultural and contextual fit with targeted populations. This has been the case, for example, in the failure of the “don't bedshare” message in protecting African American infants, a message derived from the discovery of heightened risk of death for infants who sleep in the same bed as others. Knowledge transfer implies movement in one direction: from researchers to end-users. Family scientists, who work with families, understand that knowledge in its discovered form needs to be translated, and not just transferred, if it is to be useful to families and fit with their values, preferences, and circumstances. Unlike knowledge transfer, knowledge translation is bidirectional, with multiple informants, including but not limited to the new discoveries themselves. In this article, we examine the history of discovery and practice as it relates to preventing sudden infant death. Using safer infant sleep as an example, this review demonstrates the importance of collaborative translation between discovery and practice for developing health policies, interventions and messaging that are enabling for all families.
      PubDate: 2017-11-22T09:10:35.275568-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12279
  • Parent–Child Contact for Youth in Foster Care: Research to Inform
    • Authors: Lenore M. McWey; Ming Cui
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to document how often youth in foster care have contact with their legal parents, test factors associated with the amount of contact, and determine if contact was associated with relationships with caregivers and youth mental health symptoms.BackgroundBecause parental reunification is the case plan goal for most youth in foster care, it is important to maintain contact with parents. Federal policy emphasizes the importance of parent–child contact for youth in foster care; however, little is known about how often visitation actually occurs.MethodThis study involved a nationally representative study of youth aged 6 to 17 years in the child welfare system (N = 452). Youth reported their amount of contact with parents, and levels of emotional security and involvement with current caregivers. Caregivers completed the Child Behavior Checklist. Multinomial logistic regression and analyses of covariance were conducted to determine linkages associated with parental contact, relationships with caregivers, and youth mental health.ResultsMost youth had at least weekly contact with mothers; however, more than half reported never having contact with fathers. Youths' age, race, type of maltreatment, and placement were associated with how often contact occurred. Findings also revealed statistically lower internalizing, externalizing, and total behavior problems of youth who had daily contact with mothers compared with youth with no contact.ConclusionWhen parent–child contact is safely possible, more frequent contact with mothers is associated with beneficial youth outcomes.ImplicationsApplying a translational family science approach, implications for engaging mothers and fathers in visitation are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-22T09:10:29.330013-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12276
  • Training Translational Scholars within Family Science Programs
    • Authors: Ronald M. Sabatelli
      Abstract: This article addresses issues related to the training of translational scholars in family science (FS) graduate programs. The article advances the view that (a) FS students need more direct socialization on how to message about and market the brand of their programs and (b) the FS brand should be organized around the centrality of translational expertise as one of the core goals of the training mission of FS programs. The article goes on to suggest that the training of translational scholars in FS programs should be organized around two interrelated initiatives. The first involves introducing coursework that balances the focus on the production of scholarship with a focus on the translation of this scholarship into policy and practice. The second is for FS programs to build their capacity to train translational scholars by creating “learning laboratories” in partnership with other health and social service programs, with the explicit goal of advancing collaborative practice and promoting interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary, transdisciplinary, and translational scholarship.
      PubDate: 2017-11-10T05:02:12.493605-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12262
  • Family Instability and Children's Health
    • Authors: Chelsea Smith; Robert Crosnoe, Shannon E. Cavanagh
      Abstract: Research on family instability is fertile ground for translation into policy and practice. This article describes how basic science in this area can more effectively support work in later stages of the translational research process. To begin, the scope of family instability is outlined with trends, causes, and effects. Next, a conceptual model of the effects of family instability on children's health identifies focal aspects that could be leveraged for translational research: developmental domain, developmental time, mechanisms, and points of variation. The guidelines presented are meant to be general and applicable to a variety of topics and fields in which family scholars aim to improve basic research that can contribute to and move forward a translational family science.
      PubDate: 2017-11-10T05:02:10.657536-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12272
  • What Relationship Researchers and Relationship Practitioners Wished the
           Other Knew: Integrating Discovery and Practice in Couple Relationships
    • Authors: David G. Schramm; Adam M. Galovan, H. Wallace Goddard
      Abstract: As we consider what both family scientists and practitioners can learn from each other, we discuss important advances in relationship and marriage education (RME). We note best practices for research and review recent evaluative findings from randomized controlled trial studies that have important implications for RME. An almost singular RME focus on teaching communication and conflict resolution skills may not be as valuable as it was believed to be. We discuss recent shifts in RME, share results from recent research, and advocate for a balanced approach that incorporates both skill-based and principles-based approaches. Important insights can be gained from disciplines outside of family and relationship science, and we encourage both family scientists and practitioners to broaden the scope of models of healthy relationship functioning. Finally, we offer some direction for future progress and issue a call for more integrative and rigorous efforts in both the science of discovery and practice.
      PubDate: 2017-11-10T05:01:41.525277-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12270
  • Building Strong Family–School Partnerships: Transitioning from Basic
           Findings to Possible Practices
    • Authors: Susan M. Sheridan; Lorey A. Wheeler
      Abstract: In the present article, we describe the translational process undergirding a particular aspect of family science: families working in partnership with schools to achieve mutual goals for children's optimal functioning. In doing so, we illustrate a translational cycle that began with identifying problems of practice and led to the development of a family–school intervention (i.e., conjoint behavioral consultation) in a way that embraced families as partners in goal-setting and problem-solving. We discuss the evolution of the intervention from development to efficacy trials and practice guidelines. Key decision points borne out of practical relevance, empirical investigations, tests of mechanisms and conditions, and efforts pertaining to implementation and dissemination are illustrated. Finally, we highlight key research needed to advance the translation of the science related to conjoint behavioral consultation into widespread practice.
      PubDate: 2017-11-07T06:30:21.521033-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12271
  • Does Involved Fathering Produce a Larger Total Workload for Fathers Than
           for Mothers' Evidence from Norway
    • Authors: Ragni Hege Kitterød; Marit Rønsen
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo compare mothers' and fathers' total workloads within couples with different work-time arrangements in a social democratic welfare state (Norway) and explore possible changes in the 1990s and 2000s.BackgroundWomen's double workload in families with two full-time jobs has been well documented. However, some argue that fathers, too, may experience the double burden of market and domestic work as they become more involved in parenting.MethodThe data are from the Norwegian Time Use Surveys conducted in 1990, 2000, and 2010 among representative samples of the adult population. A subsample of coupled other-sex-parents with at least one child younger than age 20 years were used in the present study. Total workload is the sum of paid and unpaid work activities reported in a time diary. Standard multivariate ordinary least square regressions were used to explore gender differences.ResultsFull-time work for both parents entailed approximately equal total workloads for fathers and mothers. However, fathers' total workload exceeded mothers' in full-time and part-time couples with school-aged children.ConclusionDespite equal total workloads and reduced specialization, mothers still do less paid work and more family work than fathers in couples where both work full-time in Norway. This is partly related to the gender-segregated labor market. In full-time and part-time couples with school-aged children, fathers' longer working hours are not fully offset by more family work for mothers.ImplicationsWork–family reconciliation policies promoting mothers' employment and fathers' family work may have the potential to reduce gender imbalances in parent's total workloads and moderate gendered specialization patterns.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31T08:10:21.87966-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12264
  • How Does Couple and Relationship Education Affect Relationship Hope'
           An Intervention-Process Study with Lower Income Couples
    • Authors: Alan J. Hawkins; Sage E. Allen, Chongming Yang
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo explore whether changes in positive interaction skills as a result of participation in couple and relationship education (CRE) are associated with changes in relationship hope.BackgroundRecent CRE work has focused more on its effectiveness for disadvantaged couples, with the early evidence mixed. Increasing the effectiveness of CRE for disadvantaged couples will require more evidence of how it works, not just whether it works.MethodIn this study, 182 lower income couples participated in a 30-hour psychoeducational intervention, Family Expectations (FE), in Oklahoma City. Participants completed measures of positive interaction skills and relationship hope, a seldom-studied construct in CRE research, before and shortly after the program.ResultsAt pretest, there was significant variation in relationship hope among FE participants. Latent growth curve models revealed changes in positive interaction skills were associated with higher levels of partners' relationship hope at the end of the program, although the effect of men's skills changes on their partners' hope was 3 to 4 times stronger than for women's skills changes on their partners' hope. Additional latent growth curve models found that nearly 70% of participants reported positive changes in skills and that participants entering the program with the lowest levels of hope experienced the greatest changes in positive interaction skills.ConclusionWe conclude that relationship hope is a legitimate target outcome in CRE and is influenced by improvement in positive interaction skills, consistent with social learning theory. Also, those entering CRE with low levels of hope improve interaction skills most, and men's growth produces larger gains for the couple relationship than women's growth.ImplicationsDistressed individuals and couples should be particularly encouraged to attend CRE programs, and program developers should make sure that their curricula and pedagogic processes are well aligned with men's interests and learning styles.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31T05:10:21.223435-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12268
  • Actor–Partner Associations of Mindfulness and Marital Quality After
           Military Deployment
    • Authors: Osnat Zamir; Abigail H. Gewirtz, Na Zhang
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo explore dyadic associations between mindfulness and marital quality and gender differences in these associations—that is, the relation of each dyad member's mindfulness with his or her own marital quality and with his or her partner's marital quality.BackgroundRecent studies have demonstrated the benefits of mindfulness for marital quality. However, associations of mindfulness and marital quality within and between partners are still unclear. In addition, despite marital challenges associated with deployment to war, the benefits of mindfulness for marital quality in military couples is unknown.MethodA sample of 228 military couples after deployment of the male partner to recent conflicts in Iraq or Afghanistan completed an online survey measuring mindfulness and marital quality.ResultsActor–partner interdependence analysis showed that for both men and women, greater mindfulness was associated with one's own and one's partner's higher marital quality. There were no gender differences in this pattern.ConclusionMindfulness engenders intra- and interpersonal benefits for the marital system in men and in women after deployment to war.ImplicationsThe results emphasize the importance of a dyadic approach when examining the role of mindfulness in marital or family relations, and suggest that interventions designed to facilitate change in marital relationships in the context of deployment may benefit from integrating mindfulness-based training.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31T05:05:20.816165-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12266
  • Promoting Resilience with the ¡Unidos Se Puede! Program: An Example of
           Translational Research for Latino Families
    • Authors: Ronald B. Cox
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo illustrate the use of T3 translational research in the development of a culturally appropriate intervention targeting Latino immigrant youth and their families.BackgroundDemographers estimate that 88% of U.S. population growth over the next 50 years will be from immigrants and their offspring. Much of this growth will come from individuals of Latino heritage. One reason for the lag in developing effective interventions for this rapidly expanding population is the inherent complexity that accompanies working with immigrant populations. In T3 translational research, much of this complexity is managed by generating research closer to the actual setting of practice. Investigators adopt a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach that incorporates practitioners, community stakeholders, and members of the target population to explore ways of applying recommendations from research for use in real-world settings.MethodWe followed the development of the ¡Unidos Se Puede! (United We Can!) program to illustrate the process of T3 translational research with a Latino immigrant population.ResultsInitial program impact indicated a 29% increase in grade point average from Time 1 to Time 2, and absences and tardiness were reduced.ConclusionThe feasibility and acceptance of ¡Unidos Se Puede! implemented with Latino parents and youth offers evidence of usefulness of CBPR to address the complexity of translational research with immigrant populations.ImplicationsThere is an urgent need for T3 translational research that develops novel prevention approaches to help immigrant parents raise healthy and thriving children.
      PubDate: 2017-10-26T05:15:38.973526-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12265
  • Fathers' Parenting Stress After the Arrival of a New Child
    • Authors: Chris Knoester; Richard J. Petts
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo analyze the relationship between father identity characteristics and fathers' parenting stress over the first 5 years after a birth.BackgroundPrevious work has considered how father identities shape father involvement, but has not focused on parenting stress. Understanding parenting stress is important as it is linked to fathers' and children's well-being.MethodWe analyzed Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing (FFCW) data (N = 2,547) using ordinary-least-squares (OLS) and fixed-effects regression analyses. The FFCW follows the families of a cohort of new children who were born in large urban areas of the United States in the late 1990s.ResultsOLS results indicated that positive attitudes about fatherhood, wanting to provide direct care, and having higher levels of support from the birth mother predicted lower levels of fathers' parenting stress one year after a birth; father engagement, changes in birth mother's support, and inconsistent financial support were also statistically associated with parenting stress. Fixed effects results indicated that changes in father engagement were negatively associated with changes in fathers' parenting stress over Years 1–5; changes in fathers' inconsistent financial support were positively associated with parenting stress. Finally, we found evidence that father identity characteristics moderate predictors of parenting stress.ConclusionFather identities seem to play an important role in shaping fathering experiences and fathers' parenting stress.ImplicationsFathers should be encouraged and supported in developing more salient father identities and fathering commitments by significant others, family practitioners, and public policies.
      PubDate: 2017-10-25T05:10:27.895334-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12263
  • Benefits of and Barriers to Romantic Relationships Among Mothers in
    • Authors: Kristin Hadfield; Elizabeth Nixon
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo examine what mothers expect of their romantic relationships and what prevents them from forming and maintaining relationships.BackgroundAlthough there has been research on mothers' attitudes toward and expectations of marriage, there has been limited examination of their dating. It is critical to understand why parents form romantic relationships and what might cause them to cycle in and out of relationships to understand stepfamily formation.MethodOn the basis of semistructured interviews with a convenience sample of 33 single or repartnered Irish mothers, we conducted a thematic analysis guided by a social exchange framework.ResultsMothers believed that being in a relationship would enable them to enact their preferred relationship roles, give them extra support, and provide a different gender role model for their child(ren). They found forming long-term relationships difficult because of a lack of suitable partners, limited time and support, stepparents' possible negative influences on their child(ren), and their own personal characteristics. Unlike previous studies conducted in the United States, Irish mothers were not focused on the economic viability of partners or on economic benefits associated with repartnering.ConclusionsMothers believe that there are several rewards to forming and being in a relationship, but they face many impediments that may prevent them from forming long-term relationships.ImplicationsPractitioners may find it useful to focus on tempering mothers' expectations of relationship benefits and on reducing mothers' personal costs when forming and maintaining relationships.
      PubDate: 2017-10-20T08:06:09.555835-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12261
  • Prospective Parents' Knowledge About Parenting and Their Anticipated
           Child-Rearing Decisions
    • Authors: Darcey N. Powell; Katherine Karraker
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo examine whether the theory of planned behavior can be used to understand intentions for child-rearing practices.BackgroundParenting intentions are formed before becoming a parent, but it is less clear what nonparents' intentions are and how subjective norms, attitudes, and perceived control predict their intentions.MethodNonparent emerging adults (N = 353, Mage = 19.6 years, 72% female) were asked about their intentions to (a) breast-feed or support a partner in breastfeeding, (b) circumcise a male infant, (c) co-sleep, and (4) put their infant in nonparental daytime care. They were also asked what proportion of American parents they thought engaged in each and why they would or would not engage in each practice.ResultsMost intended to breast-feed and to circumcise their male infants, but not to co-sleep or to put their infant in nonparental daytime care. Participants' inaccurate knowledge about actual parents' behavior (i.e., subjective norms) and the factors that they thought might affect their own future behavior (i.e., attitudes toward and perceived control) were associated with their intentions for the child-rearing practices.ConclusionThis study replicated prior research on breast-feeding intentions and extended the viability of the theory of planned behavior to understand prospective parents' intentions for other child-rearing practices.ImplicationsPractitioners should consider discussing the norms surrounding child-rearing behaviors during health- and development-focused courses in secondary or postsecondary school and with expecting couples.
      PubDate: 2017-10-17T06:26:18.20598-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12259
  • Parental Pre- and Postpartum Mental Health Predicts Child Mental Health
           and Development
    • Authors: Mervi Vänskä; Raija-Leena Punamäki, Jallu Lindblom, Marjo Flykt, Asko Tolvanen, Leila Unkila-Kallio, Maija Tulppala, Aila Tiitinen
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo identify interplay of early maternal and paternal mental health symptoms for predicting child mental health and development.BackgroundResearch on family mental health has largely excluded fathers, although the well-being of both parents is likely to be important for child development. In this study, we analyzed (a) intrafamilial dynamics between mothers' and fathers' early mental health symptoms and (b) the importance of separate (mother and father) and joint (additive, hierarchical, and buffering) theoretical models of parental mental health for predicting child mental health and development.MethodFinnish mothers and fathers (N = 763), half of whom conceived through assisted reproductive treatments (ART), reported their symptoms of psychological distress and depression from the pregnancy to 2 months and 12 months postpartum. Later, when the child was 7–8 years of age, parents (N = 485) reported the child's internalizing and externalizing symptoms and social and cognitive developmental problems.ResultsWe identified both co-occurrence and compensation in intrafamilial early parental mental health. Further, mothers' symptoms alone (separate mother model) predicted child internalizing symptoms, whereas joint parental symptoms (additive model) predicted problems in executive function.ConclusionThe pre- and postnatal mental health of mothers and fathers is important for later child development.ImplicationsTo support healthy child development, both parents need to be screened for early mental health problems, and psychological help should be offered to families across the pre- and postpartum period.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13T05:12:00.85758-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12260
  • Moods, Stressors, and Severity of Marital Conflict: A Daily Diary Study of
           Low-Income Families
    • Authors: Meghan P. McCormick; JoAnn Hsueh, Christine Merrilees, Patricia Chou, E. Mark Cummings
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo examine links between negative moods, stressors, and daily marital conflict, and to test whether participation in a family-strengthening program moderates those associations.BackgroundSome family-strengthening interventions have shown positive effects on low-income married couples' relationships. Yet little is known about how these programs influence low-income families' daily functioning.MethodFamilies randomly assigned to the program participated in 10 weeks of relationship education. Control group families received no services. Thirty months later, participants reported on the severity of marital conflicts over a 15-day period, as well as their moods and stressors.ResultsDyadic models demonstrated that although moods like anger, anxiety, stress, and sadness were associated with more severe marital disagreements, associations were less strong for wives assigned to the program than to the control group. Although stress related to money was associated with more severe disagreements for husbands, associations were weaker for husbands assigned to the program than for those to the control group.ConclusionFamily-strengthening interventions may be able to reduce the tendency for negative moods and stressors to manifest in more severe marital conflict.ImplicationsPrograms may benefit from explicitly addressing the moods and stressors that individual husbands and wives report experiencing in their daily lives.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13T05:05:22.217366-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12258
  • Parent–Child Relationships and Adolescents' Life Satisfaction Across the
           First Decade of the New Millennium
    • Authors: Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias; Irene García-Moya, Carmen Moreno
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo examine whether changes occurred in parent–child relationships (maternal and paternal affection, ease of communication with the mother and father, maternal and paternal knowledge, and family activities) between 2002 and 2010 in boys and girls and to examine the contributions of these family dimensions to life satisfaction.BackgroundAlthough parent–child relationships may be affected by social change, there are few investigations of change in parent–child relationships over time.MethodThe sample consisted of 46,593 adolescents between 11 to 18 years of age who participated in the 2002, 2006, or 2010 editions of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Spain. Trend analysis including univariate analyses of variance (ANOVAs) and factorial ANOVAs were conducted separately for boys and girls, and effect size tests were calculated.ResultsCommunication with fathers and family activities statistically increased across HBSC editions and parent–child relationships were positively associated with life satisfaction across the examined period.ConclusionThere were small positive changes in some family dimensions, and some of them were increasingly important for adolescent life satisfaction over time.ImplicationsInterventions for strengthening parent–child relationships and promoting adolescent well-being should include mothers and fathers and emphasize affection, communication, and family activities.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T05:50:45.027934-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12249
  • Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment–Revised Scores in Adolescents: A
           Psychometric and Person-Oriented Study
    • Authors: James R. Andretta; Michael T. McKay, Séamus A. Harvey, John L. Perry
      Abstract: ObjectiveIdentify perceived parental security profiles and examine differences across profiles with regard to self-esteem and three domains of self-efficacy (i.e., social, emotional, and academic).BackgroundThe Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment–Revised (IPPA-R) is an index of the quality of communication, feelings of trust, and degree of alienation that adolescents and young adults perceive in their parental and peer relationships. However, the factor structure of IPPA-R scores has yet to be examined in adolescents, and no study to date has included a person-oriented analysis using the assessment tool.MethodConfirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) were planned to examine the structural validity of IPPA-R scores in a large sample of adolescents (N = 1,126; 61% male, 12–16 years of age). Model-based clustering was employed to enumerate perceived parental security profiles, and Cohen's d effect sizes were used to interpret profile differences in outcomes.ResultsCFA (root mean square error of approximation, RMSEA = .06, comparative fit index, CFI = .90) and ESEM (RMSEA = .04, CFI = .95) substantiated the proposed three-factor structure for IPPA-R parent (but not peer) scores. Model-based clustering led to the identification of five perceived parental security profiles: (a) high security, (b) moderately high security, (c) average security, (d) moderately low security, and (e) low security. Adolescents with high security and low security profiles, respectively, reported the highest and lowest levels of self-esteem and self-efficacy (0.48 ≤ Cohen's d ≤ 1.67).ConclusionIPPA-R parent, but not peer, scores appear to be a valid index of perceived parental security in adolescents. Perceived parental security profiles are strongly associated with self-concept.ImplicationsA student's self-confidence in his or her ability to manage emotions and cope with the academic demands of school is explained, in part, by perceived parental security. Therefore, interventions designed to develop feelings of trust and closeness with parents, as well as lines of communication, might result in improvements in how adolescents perceive their emotional and academic aptitude.
      PubDate: 2017-10-04T05:50:25.760788-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12252
  • The Experiences of Sexual Minority Mothers with Trans* Children
    • Authors: Katherine A. Kuvalanka; Samuel H. Allen, Cat Munroe, Abbie E. Goldberg, Judith L. Weiner
      Abstract: Eight nonheterosexual (i.e., bisexual, lesbian, bi/pansexual) mothers with trans* children between 6 and 11 years of age participated in semistructured interviews in which they discussed the intersections of their own sexual minority identities with their children's gender identities or expressions. Transfamily theory was utilized to understand how heteronormativity and cisnormativity operated in these families' lives. Initial lack of awareness among most of the mothers regarding trans* identities, as well as efforts by some to curb their children's gender expressions, paralleled previous reports on primarily heterosexual parents with trans* children. Having sexual minority identities and experience with LGBTQ communities was beneficial for some mothers but seemingly disadvantageous for others, in that some experienced blame for their children's trans* statuses, often due to the fact that these mothers identified as queer themselves. Findings reveal complexities in how participants were influenced by heteronormativity and cisnormativity and have implications for those looking to learn more about queer parents' experiences raising their trans* children.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10T10:49:51.119339-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12226
  • Teaching Undergraduates About LGBTQ Identities, Families, and
    • Authors: Abbie E. Goldberg; Katherine R. Allen
      Abstract: Teaching undergraduate students about LGBTQ identities and family issues presents several challenges, or “opportunities,” which we address within personal, ecological, and historical contexts. We begin by articulating our positionality as scholars and instructors, and the feminist intersectional and queer lens that guides our research and pedagogy. We organize our presentation of contemporary teaching opportunities around three primary and interrelated topics: (a) teaching about LGBTQ issues with attention to intersectionality as a conceptual framework, (b) teaching about sexual orientation diversity and fluidity, and (c) teaching about gender diversity and transgender identities. We incorporate suggestions for educational practice throughout and recommend that instructors continually revise their teaching practices to reflect the changing technological and social landscape, thus maximizing opportunities for student engagement and learning.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10T10:49:18.431501-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12224
  • Issue Information
    • Pages: 361 - 365
      PubDate: 2017-12-15T04:06:42.494125-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/fare.12210
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Your IP address:
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016