Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1495 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (693 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (385 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (121 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (693 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 201 - 203 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Health Systems & Reform     Hybrid Journal  
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health, Safety and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare Technology Letters     Open Access  
Healthy Aging Research     Open Access  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
Histoire, médecine et santé     Open Access  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Horizonte Medico     Open Access  
Horizonte Sanitario     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 5)
Hua Hin Sook Jai Klai Kangwon Journal     Open Access  
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IISE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors     Hybrid Journal  
IJS Global Health     Open Access  
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research KLEU     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Infodir : Revista de Información científica para la Dirección en Salud     Open Access  
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
International Journal of Allied Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Child Development and Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Growth and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health Economics and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Healthcare Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Healthcare Policy     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Indigenous Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Integrated Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Kinesiology in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of MCH and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Mens Social and Community Health     Open Access  
International Journal of Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Obesity Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Prevention and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Public Health Research and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Public Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Spa and Wellness     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Telerehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Perspectives on Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Research in Children's Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Internationale Revue Fur Soziale Sicherheit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
InterScientia     Open Access  
Investigaciones Andina     Open Access  
Iproceedings     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences     Open Access  
Israel Journal of Health Policy Research     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
İzmir Katip Çelebi Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Jeugd en Co     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
JGZ Tijdschrift voor jeugdgezondheidszorg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
JMIR Human Factors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JMIR Public Health and Surveillance     Open Access  
JMIR Serious Games     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Jornal Brasileiro de TeleSSaúde     Open Access  
Journal Health NPEPS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advances in Environmental Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal Of Allied Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Behavioral Addictions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Charoenkrung Pracharak Hospital     Open Access  
Journal of Chemical Health Risks     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Child Sexual Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Journal of Communication in Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Creativity in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Developing Areas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Development Effectiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Education and Community Health     Open Access  
Journal of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Environmental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ergonomics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Family & Consumer Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Family Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Family Strengths     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Fasting and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health & Biomedical Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Health and Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Health Design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Economics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Education     Open Access  
Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Promotion     Open Access  
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior     Open Access  
Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Journal of Health Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Health Science and Alternative Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Community Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Science Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Services and Education     Open Access  
Journal of Health Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Health Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Healthcare Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of HIV and Human Reproduction     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Human Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Human Trafficking     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access  
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Industrial Safety Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Infection and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Law and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Local and Global Health Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Local and Global Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mental Health Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Muslim Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality & Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Health Science and Medical Research
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2586-9981 - ISSN (Online) 2630-0559
Published by Prince of Songkla University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Evidence-Based Neonatal Care

    • Authors: Anucha Thatrimontrichai
      Pages: 163 - 169
      Abstract: Aging societies are developing around the world while the number of newborns is decreasing. The best neonatal care is a crucial issue since prematurity is surging along with high mortality and morbidity in developing countries. However, the basic areas of evidence-based practice in neonatal care still have limited information because both the shortand long-term outcomes of this fragile population need to be considered. Sophisticated neonatal care is a new topic for improvement of survival and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. Randomized controlled trials and metaanalyses in neonatal care were reviewed and the local epidemiology was integrated to implement evidence-based neonatal care.
      PubDate: 2019-05-13
       
  • Comparative Effect of a Balance Training Program and Core Stabilization
           Program on Factors Related to the Prevention of Falling in Healthy
           Middle-Aged Individuals: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Clinical
           Trial

    • Authors: Chatwalai Sonthikul, Wanida Kaewmunee, Porraporn Sriwannawit, Jirapinya Kasipan, Natthanan Khuatjit, Duangkamol Kimakhom, Pattaraporn Rueangsuk
      Pages: 171 - 181
      Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this study to compare the effectiveness of the balance training program (BTP), and the core stabilization program (CSP), on dynamic balance in healthy middle-aged individuals.
      Material and Methods: This study was a single-blind randomized controlled trial design. Forty-two healthy middle-aged participants were randomly assigned to the BTP group (n=21), or the CSP group (n=21). Participants in both groups received an intervention program (balance training or core stabilization) 3 times a week, for 60 minutes, over 6 weeks. The primary outcome was the dynamic balance measured by the timed up and go test. The other outcomes were: core muscle endurance, muscle strength of the lower extremities, the flexibility of the lower back and hamstring muscles, and gait variables. The measurements included: the prone bridge endurance test, 5 times sit to stand test, sit and reach test and a wireless movement monitoring inertial sensor system, respectively. All outcomes were measured at baseline, and then after 6 weeks. The data were analyzed by the Independent Sample t-test between groups, and the paired t-test within either group.
      Results: After 6 weeks, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups in either dynamic balance, or other variables, however, a statistically significant difference was found in core muscle endurance (p-value=0.003). In so saying, the BTP group, statistically significant improvements were found only in core muscle endurance, the flexibility of the lower back and hamstring muscles, and gait variables from pre- to post-test. Moreover, in the CSP group, there was a statistically significant difference from pre- to post-test in all measured outcomes.
      Conclusion: The Core stabilization program is not superior to a balance training program, for the improvement ofdynamic balance. Although, after 6 weeks of training, the study found that the Core stabilization program was effective for improving dynamic balance. This finding may point out that the Core stabilization program helps improve balance in a middle-aged person
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
       
  • Feasibility and Reliability of a Developed and Validated Forensic
           Recording Form for Firearm Injury

    • Authors: Kittisak Sripong, Wirachai Samai, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul
      Pages: 183 - 195
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a forensic recording form for firearm injuries and test the feasibility and reliability of its application.
      Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. The first version was developed using knowledge from the literature search and was checked for validity by 3 forensic physicians using the Content Validity Index (CVI). Feasibility was tested among physicians working at 4 district hospitals. Its reliability was analyzed by 2 forensic physicians using prevalence-adjusted and bias-adjusted kappa.
      Results: The validity of a developed recording form for firearm injuries was good, with a CVI of 0.8. All items were rated to be feasible, and the format of the recording was rated from good to excellent. The reliabilities ranged from poor agreement to perfect agreement. After considering the validity, feasibility and reliability tests, a final, forensic recording form was established.
      Conclusion: A systematically constructed forensic recording form for firearm injuries, for any physicians, with less experience in the field of gunshot cases, was developed. This form will be helpful in assisting physicians in the completion of information for any gunshot cases, which may decrease the consequences from incomplete information.
      PubDate: 2019-06-07
       
  • Medication Use in the Community: Comparison between Urban and Rural Home
           Pharmacies

    • Authors: Mina Maričić; dr, Milica Paut Kusturica, Mia Manojlović, Ana D Tomas, Olga Horvat, Svetlana Goločorbin Kon, Zdenko Tomić, Ana Sabo
      Pages: 197 - 206
      Abstract: Objective: This study aimed to examine the contents of home pharmacies and medication use, as well as storage and disposal habits in urban and rural households in Serbia.
      Material and Methods: This prospective research was conducted within 70 households in Novi Sad (urban setting) and Laćarak (rural setting) from October 1, 2015 to January 15, 2016. The data were collected using a standardized questionnaire, as well as by direct examination of drugs stored in households.
      Results: The most common groups of drugs stored were cardiovascular drugs, drugs for the nervous system, antirheumatic products and antimicrobials. A high percentage of drugs for the alimentary tract were found stored in Laćarak, while drugs for the respiratory tract were discovered in Novi Sad. Prescription only medications (POMs) made up 69.7% of all medications in Laćarak and 60.6% in Novi Sad. POMs were purchased independently in high amounts (13.2% in Laćarak and 9.1% in Novi Sad). Presence of expired medications was higher in Laćarak (12.0%) than Novi Sad (5.8%). Over two-thirds of the households stored medications properly; however, only 10.0% of respondents reported the proper disposal of unused medications.
      Conclusion: The structures of home pharmacies in Novi Sad and Laćarak differ, which implies different healthcare needs. The practice of self-medicating was noted both in Novi Sad and Laćarak. While Laćarak residents rely more on the advice of friends and family, Novi Sad residents buy medicine mostly without any consultation. Medications in both environments are stored properly in the majority of households, but mostly disposed of improperly together with household waste.
      PubDate: 2019-06-08
       
  • Effectiveness of a Plai Oil Prepared by Thai Traditional Medicine Process
           in the Treatment of Myofascial Pain Syndrome: A Randomized Placebo
           Controlled Trial

    • Authors: Vanuchawa Wisuitiprot, Wasin Bumrungchaichana, Nipon Kaewtai, Arinchaya Rawangking, Suphawat Saiphanit, Kanoknan Lasongmuang, Nitirat Meekai, Wudtichai Wisuitiprot
      Pages: 207 - 215
      Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Plai oil for treating myofascial pain syndrome.
      Material and Methods: One hundred and fourteen volunteers with muscle pain from myofascial pain syndrome participated in the study and had Plai oil, placebo oil and diclofenac gel applied to their shoulder and neck for 6 days. Clinical evaluation was determined using visual analogue scales, pressure threshold and cervical range of motion of neck flexion and neck extension measurements.
      Results: The results showed that the visual analogue scales of the 3 groups were significantly different from the baseline. The pressure threshold also increased significantly from the baseline (3.87±1.36) in the volunteers who applied Plai oil (4.42±1.34) and those who applied diclofenac gel (4.35±1.06). However, the results of treatment and placebo groups at the last follow-up were not significantly different. Interestingly, it was observed that Plai oil and placebo oil significantly increased the angle of neck flexion and extension within 3 days of application. Muscle pain treatment with Plai oil resulted in a good outcome that was no different to the outcome of applying the diclofenac gel and placebo.
      Conclusion: It was demonstrated that Plai oil is as effective for relieving myofascial pain as 1.0% diclofenac gel.
      The interpreted results of muscle pain are not fully clarified due to placebo effect and other influencing parameters. However, Plai oil also decreased muscle tension and improved the restricted range of motion. We can recommend that Plai oil can be used as an alternative topical application for muscle pain treatment.
      PubDate: 2019-06-18
       
  • Geographic Distribution of Households with Goats and Women’s Adverse
           Pregnancy Outcomes and Perceptions of Healthcare Providers Toward Risk of
           Exposure to Goats or Their Raw Products in Pregnant Women

    • Authors: Kan Kledmanee, Tipppawan Liabsuetrakul
      Pages: 217 - 227
      Abstract: Objective: To identify the geographic distribution of households with goats and rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women, and assess healthcare providers’ perceptions towards risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes related with exposure to goats or their raw products during pregnancy and their intention to do risk screening.
      Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Songkhla province using the number of households with goats and the rates of abortion, stillbirth, and preterm birth reported in the Thailand 2015 Universal Coverage Scheme database. The perceptions towards risk of exposure to goats or their raw products and the intention to do risk screening according to the Health Belief Model of 46 healthcare providers from four districts of this province were using correlation analysis and multiple linear regression.
      Results: A high number of households with goats was found in all four districts but the number of households with goats was not significantly correlated with any of the rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Most perceptions of healthcare providers were highly correlated with intention to do risk screening, except their perceptions on barriers. Cues to action was significantly (p-value=0.018) associated with intention to do risk screening in multiple regression analysis.
      Conclusion: No correlation between the number of households with goats and rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes were found; however, healthcare providers had positive perceptions and intention to do risk screening for exposure to goats or their raw products in pregnant women. Education and warning messages concerning zoonosis as strengthening cues to action are needed.
      PubDate: 2019-06-19
       
  • Roxithromycin as Anti-Inflammatory Drug Improves Clinical Outcomes in
           Adult Patients with Bronchiectasis: A Double- Blinded Randomized,
           Placebo-Controlled Pilot Clinical Trial

    • Authors: Siwasak Juthong, Sarayuth Eiamsa-ard
      Pages: 229 - 236
      Abstract: Objective: Macrolides are anti-inflammatory agents that have been reported to improve symptoms in bronchiectasis. The objectives of this study were roxithromycin 300 milligrams (mg) once daily for 8 weeks in patients with bronchiectasis improves the symptom scores as the primary outcome, and the pulmonary function tests and quality of life as the secondary outcomes.
      Material and Methods: This was a randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled trial of roxithromycin or placebo once daily for 8 weeks in patients with bronchiectasis. Symptom scores, pulmonary function tests, St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), and sputum culture were done at each visit.
      Results: Twenty-eight bronchiectasis patients with a mean age of 56 years participated in this study. Fourteen patients were randomized to receive either roxithromycin 300 mg or placebo once daily. Roxithromycin was shown to improve symptom scores (mean difference of symptom scores=–1.66, p-value=0.005) compared with placebo (mean difference of symptom scores=-0.06, p-value=0.94). Quality of life assessed by the SGRQ, significantly improved in the roxithromycin group (p-value=0.012) but not in the placebo group (p-value=0.84). Pulmonary function tests (forced expiratory volume in one second, forced vital capacity, and diffusing lung capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide) did not improve in either group. None of the patients in the roxithromycin group reported any adverse effects.
      Conclusion: Roxithromycin once daily showed benefits in clinical outcomes such as symptoms and quality of life. Larger studies of the effects of roxithromycin in bronchiectasis with longer follow-up should be done.
      PubDate: 2019-06-24
       
  • The Impact of Out-of-Pocket Health Expenditure on Maternal Health:
           Empirical Evidence from Central and Latin American Countries

    • Authors: Achille Dargaud Fofack, Steve Sarpong
      Pages: 237 - 245
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this paper is to assess the impact of out-of-pocket (OOP) health expenditure on maternal health outcomes using a panel of twenty Central and Latin American countries between 2000 and 2015.
      Material and Methods: Six different estimation techniques were used in the analysis in order to check the robustness of the findings. Those estimation techniques were: the ordinary least squares method, the Prais-Winsten correlated panels corrected standard errors regression, the fixed and the random effects models, the generalized least squares method and the bias-corrected least squares dummy variable method.
      Results: After controlling for female education, gross domestic product and remittances, it was found that a surge in (OOP) health expenditure significantly deteriorates maternal health as it leads to a decrease in skilled birth attendance and an increase in maternal mortality. It was also found that in Central and Latin American countries, educated women tended to be healthier, and maternal health care was mainly financed with the money received from friends and family members living abroad.
      Conclusion: It is therefore recommended that public health authorities design and implement protective health care financing programs, such as health insurance.
      PubDate: 2019-06-25
       
  • Validation of Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy with Nasopharyngeal
           Cancer Subscale (FACT-NP) for Quality of Life in Thai Patients

    • Authors: Thanarpan Peerawong, Chanon Kongkamol, Zhiping Chen, Paytai Rordlamool, Duangjai Sangtawan, Rungarun Jiratrachu
      Pages: 247 - 257
      Abstract: Objective: To develop and validate the Thai version of the functional assessment of cancer therapy with nasopharyngeal cancer subscale (FACT-NP) with the abbreviated version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF instrument (WHOQOL-BREF).
      Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in the Radiology Department between January 2014 and October 2016. Inclusion criteria: nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients aged greater than 18 years. Exclusion criteria: no comprehension of the Thai language, had other cancers (except for skin cancer and diagnosed with impaired cognition and/or overt psychosis), major depression or delirium. After signing the consent form, participants were interviewed and self-completed FACT-NP and WHOQOL-BREF. The structure of the FACT-NP was determined with exploratory factors analysis. The internal reliability of identified domains was evaluated using Cronbach’s alpha. The correlation between domains of the modified FACT-NP and the domains of WHOQOL-BREF were examined with Spearman’s correlation. Known-group validity was determined by comparing patients with different sociodemographic and clinical characteristics using the T-test, Ranksum test and analysis of variance. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered significant.
      Results: This study was terminated early due to a long accrual period. Of the 230 patients included in the study, only 220 completed both FACT-NP and WHOQOL-BREF. Exploratory factor analysis showed an accumulative variance of 0.56 with 4 factors. The internal reliability of modified FACT-NP was 0.92. There was moderate correlation between modified FACT-NP and WHOQOL-BREF. Both the modified FACT-NP and WHOQOL-BREF could identify differences between the groups.
      Conclusion: The Thai modified FACT-NP was found to be both valid and reliable for measuring the quality of life in Thai nasopharyngeal cancer patients.
      PubDate: 2019-07-09
       
 
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