Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1541 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (722 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 280)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal  
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
  • Determining Mindfulness Levels of the Nurses Working in a University

    • Authors: Elif ASIK ; Sevil ALBAYRAK
      Abstract: Aim: Mindfulness which focusing on the experience of the present moment with an open curiosity and acceptance is one of the issues that affect the nursing care of nurses. This research was carried out to determining mindfulness levels of the nurses. Material and Methods: In this descriptive research, 207 nurses working at Kırıkkale University medical Faculty Hospital constituted the population. The research completed with 158 nurses during February to March in 2020. The data were obtained with the Personal Information Form and the Conscious Awareness Scale by the self-report method. For this research, institution and scale usage permission, ethics committee approval, and verbal consent from nurses were obtained. Personal Information Form and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale were applied to the nurses who agreed to participate in the research (n= 158). The significance test of the difference between the two means, one-way analysis of variance and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used in the analysis of the data. Results: The average age of the nurses (n=158) participating in the study is 32.38±7.36. 77.2% of the nurses are women, 72.2% are graduates of faculties/junior college, 63.3% are married, 50.6% of the nurses work in internal clinics and 74.7% nurses work with shift working status. The mean score of Mindful Attention Awareness Scale of the nurses participating in the research was 63.98±12.41. There was a statistically significant difference between average mindfulness scores of nurses when compared to their gender and shift working status (p
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Mindfulness in Adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    • Authors: Nihal YURTERİ
      Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study is to examine the factors associated with mindfulness in treatment-naive adolescents diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).Material and Methods: Thirty treatment-naive adolescents with ADHD aged between 13-18 and age-gender matched 30 healthy adolescents were included in the study. Diagnoses and comorbidities were determined through clinical examination based on DSM 5 and the Interview Schedule for “Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children- Present and Lifetime Version (Kiddie-SADS-PL)”, and cases with exclusion criteria were excluded from the study. “Conners ADHD Parent Rating Scale-revised short form- CPRS-RS” was used to evaluate ADHD symptoms, “Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Scale- STAI” to evaluate anxiety symptoms, “Child Depression Inventory- CDI” to evaluate depressive symptoms and “Mindful Attention Awareness Scale- MAAS” to evaluate mindfulness. In statistical evaluation, “independent samples t test” and “Mann- Whitney U” test were used according to conformity to normal distribution. “Spearman correlation analysis” was used for correlation analysis.Results: CPRS, STAI and CDI scale scores were found to be statistically significantly higher (p
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Moral Courage: Description, Relation with Moral Distress and Moral
           Sensitivity and Improvement

    • Authors: Mustafa Sabri KOVANCI ; Duygu HİÇDURMAZ
      Abstract: Moral courage, which is defined one's making a decision according to ethical and moral values by taking into consideration the possible outcomes and taking action accordingly when faced with a dilemma or situation, is considered one of the basic values of nursing profession. Moral courage is closely related with moral sensitivity and moral distress. In the presence of ethical problems, being able to be aware of and describe these problems requires individuals to have a high level of moral sensitivity. People with a high level of moral sensitivity experience more moral distress in the ethical problems they face, which encourages them to take more courage to solve ethical problems and take action. Ethical problems are frequently encountered in health services and nurses play an important role in solving these problems. What can be done to develop moral courage can range from the level of professional education to the country policies at large. In this article, it is aimed to draw attention to the concept of moral courage, shed light on its relations with moral distress and sensitivity, to emphasize the importance of the subject in terms of nursing profession and to make suggestions about how it can be improved.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Assessment of Eating Habits and Internet Addiction Levels Based on the
           Physical Activity Levels in University Students

    • Authors: Gülşah KOÇ ; Ahu SOYOCAK , Pınar ONGÜN , Gülnaz KERVANCIOĞLU
      Abstract: Aim: This study aims to identify eating behaviors and internet addiction levels of university students based on their physical activity levels.Material and Methods: 775 university student subjects, aged 17 to 25 were enrolled to the study anthropometric measurements were recorded for all students. In the study Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Internet Addiction Scale were used. The eating habits and internet addiction levels of the students were statistically evaluated based on the physical activity levels. Physical activity level was calculated based on The "MET-minute/week" score was obtained by multiplying the values of minutes, days and MET.Results: Evaluating the TFEQ results based on the physical activity levels, our study demonstrated that the uncontrolled (p=0.047) and emotional eating (p=0.032) scores of the inactive group were higher compared to the active group. Cognitive restraint of eating scores of the very active students, on the other hand, were higher compared to the inactive (p=0.001) and minimally active (p=0.007) students. Assessment of internet addiction scale based on physical activity levels showed that lack of control (p=0.001), desire to remain online more (p=0.001) and total internet addiction scores (p=0.008) were higher in inactive students compared to the other groups.Conclusion: In this study, it was found that young people who do not do physical activity or do it at a minimum level show uncontrolled and emotional eating behavior. It was demonstrated that the desire to stay online and loss of control were higher in the same group.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Effects of Metoprolol on Experimental Spinal Cord Ischemia-Reperfusion
           Injury in Rats

    • Authors: Uğur YAZAR ; Sabahattin HIZIROĞLU , Süleyman Caner KARAHAN , Mustafa Emre ERCIN , Ali Rıza GÜVERCİN , Serap OZER YAMAN
      Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective effect of metoprolol and its efficacy in reducing lipid peroxidation levels in the spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion model in rats.Material and Methods: Twenty (20) Sprague-Dawley female rats weighing between 220 gr and 280 gr were randomly divided into 3 groups. Only laparotomy was performed in the control group, and the aorta abdominalis was revealed. In the groups other than the control group, clip compression was applied to the aorta abdominalis for 45 minutes. The ischemia group was not given any medication. Metoprolol was administered intraperitoneally at 0.5 mg/kg to the metoprolol group. Motor examination was made according to Tarlov scale at the 1st and 24th hours and then, spinal cords of all rat models were removed. Spinal cord tissue samples were collected for histopathological examination and for determining malondialdehyde (MDA) level. All rats were sacrificed by draining blood after their motor examinations.Results: According to motor examination findings at the 1st and 24th hours, metoprolol resulted in a statistically significant improvement in recovery (p=0.045). Histopathological examinations revealed that metoprolol contributed to neurological recovery by reducing neuronal necrosis. MDA levels, which is an indicator of lipid peroxidation, were significantly lower in the metoprolol group when compared to the ischemia group (p=0.001). Conclusion: Metoprolol was found to be significantly effective in reducing and/or preventing spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Facial Contouring and Rejuvenation with the Use of Fat Injection

    • Authors: Gaye TOPLU ; Dinçer ALTINEL
      Abstract: Aim: Reversing the effects of facial aging is achieved through a combination of the best techniques. Minimizing the appearance of fine wrinkles is an important part of treatment, which can include skin resurfacing, intradermal filling injections, or a combination of the two. The search for the ideal filling material continues, but intradermal fat injections can be a cheap and safe alternative to classic intradermal fillers. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility, validity, and reliability of micrograft, nanofat graft, sharp needle intradermal fat grafting (SNIF) technique.Material and Methods: In this retrospective study, the records of 13 consecutive patients treated over 3 years were reviewed to evaluate the results of the technique including panfacial rejuvenation, contouring, augmentation with fat injection, and its complications. Results: The results were evaluated by clinical examination and patient photographs. Aesthetically good healing was achieved using microfat graft, nanofat graft, sharp needle emulsified fat with intradermal injection techniques, the results lasted more than 1 year, which exceeded the expected time for absorbable dermal fillers (typically 3 to 6 months). No major complications were encountered; the most common minor complications were bruising and swelling.Conclusion: Microfat and nanofat grafts, SNIF, are a safe and effective alternative to conventional absorbable dermal fillers for patients who can accept minor discomfort from donor site fat harvesting. Fat harvesting and injection techniques should be done precisely to achieve proper results and prevent complications
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Evaluation of Patients Under the Age of 18 Admitted to the Physical
           Medicine and Rehabilitation Outpatient Clinic

    • Authors: Tuba ERDEM SULTANOĞLU ; Sarfinaz ATAOĞLU , Burcu AVŞAR , Mehmet Naci ÇAKIR
      Abstract: Aim: The aim of our study is to evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics the patients under the age of 18 admitted to the physical and rehabilitation outpatient clinic.Material and Methods: The data of patients aged 18 and under who applied for musculoskeletal system pain and for the disability health board were analyzed retrospectively. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients were recorded. Pain etiology and region, pain duration, family history of rheumatologic disease and treatments were recorded for the musculoskeletal system pain. Results: 1000 patients were included in the study. 23.4% of the patients complained of pain in the musculoskeletal system, 67.8% applied to the health board and 8.8% applied to the medical report required for the physiotherapy. 57.3% of the patients who applied with musculoskeletal pain were female and 42.7% were male and the average age was 13.42±4.36. The most common pain etiology was inflammatory arthritis. The most common complaints were the wrist-hand joints pain and low back pain. The musculoskeletal pain was acute in 51.3% and cronic in the 48.7% of the patients. The family history of the rheumatic disease was in 8.1%. 50.9% medical treatment, 31.2% home exercise program, 9.4% medical treatment and home exercise program, 7.3% physiotherapy and 1.3% conservative treatment were applied.Conclusion: The most common cause of childhood musculoskeletal pain complaint was inflammatory arthritis. It was found that pediatric patients applied to the outpatient clinic in order to get more physiotherapy and benefit from social and educational rights. Therefore, in our country multicenter studies on musculoskeletal pain and disability are needed.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Palmitoleic Acid and its Role in Certain Chronic Diseases: A Brief Review

    • Authors: Mahmut BODUR ; Aslı UÇAR
      Abstract: In recent years, the incidence of chronic diseases such as obesity, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes is increasing. The role of dietary pattern in the emergence and progression of chronic diseases is well known. One of the most important parts of a sufficient and balanced diet is the fat taken with food. Especially in recent years, the role of different fatty acids as well as the total amount of fat taken with diet has been focused on. Palmitoleic acid, one of these fatty acids, is a sixteen-carbon, monounsaturated fatty acid. Palmitoleic acid is metabolized mainly in adipose tissue and liver. The amount found in the body varies specifically for the tissue and the region. However, basal concentrations of palmitoleic acid vary depending on metabolic processes. Therefore, palmitoleic acid is thought to be a "lipokine" released from adipose tissue and palmitoleic acid metabolism may be effective in preventing chronic diseases. More comprehensive cohort, longitudinal and randomized controlled studies are needed to explain the effects of palmitoleic acid. In this review, the possible role of palmitoleic acid supplementation in the formation of chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases was examined in the light of recent studies.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Evaluation of Some Administrative, Financial and Professional
           Characteristics of Family Medicine Units in the Tenth Year: A Province

    • Authors: Ahmet Önder PORSUK ; Çiğdem CERİT
      Abstract: Aim: The aim of our study is to analyze the Family Medicine Units (FMU), which are the essentials of a decade old family medicine system, by the end of 2019 in Turkey, and to provide data for prospective studies by identifying some specifications why units are preferred for both service recipients and service providers.Material and Methods: In our descriptive and cross-sectional study, all of 115 FMUs which constitutes the population of the study, has been examined retrospectively for their demographic structures, employment status and staff mobility, from 2010 when family medicine system started in Kırklareli Province, until the end of 2019. The collected data were evaluated with SPSS, descriptive statistics and chi-square test were used in the analysis. In determining the statistical significance, p value less than 0.05 were considered significant.Results: It is seen that, the family physician occupancy rate of FMUs was 99.1% (n=114) and family health workers (FHW) occupancy rate was 88.7% (n=102) as of the end of 2019. The registered population of all FMUs without FHWs is below the average of the population registered in the province's all FMUs (p
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Radiopharmaceuticals Used in Molecular Imaging

    • Authors: Merve SAATÇİ̇ ; Meliha EKİNCİ , Evren GÜNDOĞDU
      Abstract: Molecular imaging technology can be used for many applications, including drug development, clinical investigations, and diagnostic techniques. Molecular imaging techniques depend upon molecular mechanisms operating in vivo. This imaging technique encompasses the visualization, characterization, and measurement of biological processes at the molecular and cellular levels in humans and other living systems. This technology uses the radiopharmaceuticals, intended for human use, which should be sterile, pyrogen-free, safe, and efficacious for specific indications. Nuclear medicine imaging methods or radionuclide imaging methods include positron emission tomography (PET), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and hybrid imaging. Contrast to anatomical imaging, nuclear medicine techniques can provide physiological imaging and high sensitivity and specificity at sub-millimolar levels. This review aims to definite examples of radiopharmaceuticals which are used in molecular imaging with information of radiation, radioactivity, and radionuclide production. The radiopharmaceuticals like Technetium-99m (Tc-99m), Thallium-201 (Tl-201), Floro-18 (F-18), Galium-67 (Ga-67), Galium-68 (Ga-68), Iodine-123 (I-123), Iodine-131 (I-131), Nitrogen-13 (N-13), Rubidium-82 (Rb-82), Indium-111 (In-11), Oxygen-15 (O-15) and Carbon-11 (C-11) radionuclides are currently used in molecular imaging. In this review, we summarize these radiopharmaceuticals that have been widely used in clinical trials and elaborate them in terms of their applications in molecular imaging.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • An Alternative Approach in Pain Management: Laughter Therapy

    • Authors: Merve ÇAKAR ; Esra KINACI , Sarfinaz ATAOĞLU
      Abstract: Pain is defined by The International Association for the Study of Pain as an “unpleasant sensory, emotional and sensation or behavior pattern related to the past experiences of the individual associated with actual or potential tissue damage, originating from a certain part of the body”. There are pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment methods for pain. Nonpharmacological treatment methods include pain training programs, exercise therapies, transcutaneous electrical stimulation, cognitive-behavioral therapies, acupuncture, massage techniques, hot-cold treatments, and relaxation exercises. Cognitive-behavioral strategies used in pain management are hypnosis, relaxation techniques, distraction. The laughter approach is one of the distraction techniques used in pain management. In the studies, the effects of laughter on rheumatic diseases, diabetes mellitus, allergic responses, immune system, cardiopulmonary disorders, cancers, aging problems, and pain were investigated. One of the non-pharmacological treatment methods used in pain management is laughter therapy. However, according to literature in our country, there are not enough studies that explain the place and importance of laughter therapy in pain management. Therefore, the purpose of the article; to review the concepts of pain and laughter therapy, laughter therapy in pain management, and its effects on pain.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • A Rare Disease: Polyangiitis Case with Granulomatosis and Nursing Approach

    • Authors: Nur BAŞAK ; Berna ÖZGÜRSOY URAN
      Abstract: Granulomatous polyangiitis is a systemic, idiopathic and necrotizing granulomatous lung vasculitis. Compared to other vasculitis, its involvement in the lungs is more aggressive and widespread. In limited involvement, it can affect only respiratory organs, and in common, kidneys and even whole organs. The prevalence of Granulomatous polyangiitis is three in one hundred thousand and remain asymptomatic for a long time. Although it is a chronic and recurrent disease, it can progress quickly and cause mortality. Nurses have important responsibilities in order to adapt, maintain remission and improve the quality of life in chronic diseases. In the analysis of this rare case, which is handled according to the Nursing Model Based on the Daily Life Activities of Roper-Logan-Tierney, an approach that provides independence and creates an appropriate nursing plan for the patient is conveyed. This model includes 12 basic living spaces, aims to protect and improve health for patients/healthy individuals.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Evaluation of Stigmatizing Attitudes of Physicians Towards Bipolar
           Affective Disorders

    • Authors: Oğuzhan KILINÇEL ; Rukiye AY
      Abstract: Aim: There are not many studies related to the attitude of healthcare workers towards bipolar patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitudes of psychiatrists and other physicians towards patients with bipolar disorder, and our secondary aim was to evaluate the possible relationship between physicians' attitudes towards bipolar disorder patients and their sociodemographic characteristics. Material and Methods: A total of 514 volunteers; psychiatrists (n=67), family physicians (n=156) and other branches (n=291) were included in the study in March 2019 via an online questionnaire. A structured questionnaire was administered to all participants. The questions were recorded by asking questions about bipolar disorder.Results: A total of 514 volunteers, including psychiatrists (n=67), family physicians (n=156), and other branches (n=291), were included in our study. As a result of our study, it was observed that 21% of family physicians and 32% of physicians from other branches did not feel comfortable while examining patients with bipolar disorder and it was observed that it was significantly higher than psychiatrists (6%). Compared to psychiatrists (4%), it was reported that family physicians (30%) and other specialists (30%) would feel uncomfortable working with someone with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder.Conclusion: Psychiatrists displayed more positive attitudes than family physicians and other branches. Education, which is emphasized to prevent stigmatizing attitudes, is perhaps the most important reason for this. Decreasing negative attitudes towards bipolar patients among healthcare professionals may decrease patients' self-concealment and increase hospital admission and treatment compliance in cases of physical and mental illness. With the decrease in the stigmatizing attitudes of physicians against this disease, the social and professional functionality of the patients will increase and will provide important gains in terms of community mental health.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • The Presence of Childhood Trauma in Depression Patients and Its
           Relationship with Difficulties Emotion Regulation

    • Authors: Rukiye AY ; Oğuzhan KILINÇEL
      Abstract: Aim: In this study, it was aimed to investigate the relationship between the presence of childhood trauma and difficulty in emotion regulation in patients with depression.Material and Methods: The cross-sectinoal study was conducted with 63 patients who were diagnosed with depressive disorder according to DSM-5 criteria, who applied to Sakarya Yenikent State Hospital Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic between June 2020 and October 2020, and who were diagnosed with depressive disorder according to DSM-5 criteria and 65 healthy individuals randomly selected with similar sociodemographic characteristics. Data were collected using the Personal Information Form, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Childhood Trauma Scale (CTQ), and Emotion Regulation Difficulty Scale (DERS). The data were evaluated using descriptive statistics, Mann Whitney U test, Chi-square tests and Spearman correlation analysis. Results: In the study with a mean age of 31.48 ± 9.47 (range 18 to 61), it was found that childhood trauma questionnaire scores (excluding sexual abuse sub-dimension) and emotion regulation difficulty scale scores were higher in depression patients compared to healthy individuals. On the other hand, it was found that the BDI and DERS strategies, impulsivity, goals sub-dimensions and total scores were higher in patients with depression patients whose CTQ total score was CTQ ≥35. In addition, a positive significant relationship was found between CTQ total score and DERS acceptance, strategies, goals sub-dimensions and total scores.Conclusion: It has been determined that exposure to childhood traumas is related to current depression and this situation causes difficulties in emotion regulation.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation and Solution Proposals of Repeating Applications in Patients
           Admitted to the Emergency in a Year

    • Authors: Hasan SULTANOĞLU ; Zerrin GAMSIZKAN , Şengül CANGÜR
      Abstract: Aim: The aim of our study is to examine the repeating applications and to offer solution proposals for patients admitted to the emergency department in one year.Material and Methods: The data of the patients who applied to the Emergency Department between October 2018 and October 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients’ sociodemographic characteristics, application diagnoses, hospitalization and consultation information, as well as re-application rates, hospitalization, referral status, prescribing status and diagnoses were examined within one month after the first application.Results: Within one year, 75622 patients applied to the emergency department, 54.5% were women and 45.5% were men; the average age of the patients was 40.3±20.2 (0-108). 17.2% of the patients who came to the emergency room were patients who came once in a month. The average number of arrivals of patients who come more than once in a month is 2.54±1.6.While 8.4% of the emergency patients were hospitalized with in a year, 0.4% were referred. 16.4% of admissions were made within one month. Prescriptions were made to 53.7% of the patients who came to the emergency department within a year. The most common admission diagnosis was pain and upper respiratory tract infections.Conclusions: In order to reduce the number of re-applications to the emergency services where emergency health services, which are one of the most important vision indicators of health institutions; Increasing the level of health literacy with education, using the primary care system effectively, activating the referral chain, and working on a 24/7 general polyclinic system like emergency services may be solutions.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • High Prevalence of Hepatitis Delta Antibody in Siirt Province

    • Authors: Tayibe BAL
      Abstract: Aim: The presence of concomitant hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection negatively affects the course of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) related liver disease. In this study, it was aimed to determine the frequency of delta antibody (anti-HDV) and to investigate the clinical effects of hepatitis delta virus (HDV) coinfection in patients with CHB and who are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Siirt.Material and Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, a total of 462 cases, 288 of whom were chronically infected with HBV and 174 with CHB, who were admitted to the Siirt State Hospital Infectious Diseases outpatient clinic between February 2017 and February 2018, were included. Data on HBV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), hepatitis “e” antigen (HBeAg), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), HDV ribonucleic acid (RNA) results and cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) status were accessed retrospectively. The patients included in the study were divided into two groups as anti-HDV positive (n=128) and negative (n=334). The frequency of CHB, cirrhosis and HCC were compared between the groups.Results: Of the 462 cases in total, 205 (44.4%) were female and 257 (55.6%) were male and the median age was 37 (interquartile range (IQR): 26 to 49). Anti-HDV was positive in 128 (27.8%) of these cases, only 32 cases were examined for HDV RNA and 9 were positive. In our study, the frequency of anti-HDV in non-cirrhotic and cirrhotic cases was found to be 26.2% and 68.8%, respectively. It was observed that the frequency of CHB, cirrhosis and HCC were significantly higher in anti-HDV positive cases compared to anti-HDV negative cases (p=0.003, p=0.001, p=0.021).Conclusion: Based on the data obtained from the present study, we consider that, in Siirt province, the prevalence of anti-HDV in the patients infected with HBV is much higher than average for Turkey. Additionally, it can be said that anti-HDV positive cases require closer monitoring compared to anti-HDV negative cases in terms of CHB, cirrhosis and HCC development.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Comparison of HBsAg, Anti-HBs, Anti-HCV and Anti-HIV Seropositivity of
           Turkish and Refugee Pregnant Women

    • Authors: Sibel MUTLU ; Şerife YILMAZ SATILMIŞ
      Abstract: Aim: Our aim is to investigate the seropositivity of HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HCV and anti-HIV in pregnant women and compare the seropositivity of these parameters of refugee and Turkish pregnant women in our region.Material and Methods: In our study, HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HCV and anti-HIV results of Turkish and refugee pregnant women who presented at Karabuk University Training and Research Hospital between 2017-2019 were analyzed and compared retrospectively.Results: The 3382 pregnant women were comprised of 3152 (93.2%) Turkish and 230 (6.8%) refugee pregnant women. In all pregnant women, the rates of HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HCV and anti-HIV seropositivity were 0.68%, 37.2%, 0.08% and 0%, respectively. The rates of anti-HBs seropositivity between Turkish and refugee pregnant women were 38.4% and 22.2%, respectively, and the difference was significant (p
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Development and Evaluation of Antioxidant Effectiveness of Chitosan Coated
           Liposomes Containing Caffeic Acid

    • Authors: Çiğdem YÜCEL ; Gökçe ŞEKER KARATOPRAK
      Abstract: Aim: In this study, it was aimed to develop uncoated and chitosan-coated liposome formulations containing caffeic acid which has a strong antioxidant effect, to characterize in vitro and to investigate of the contribution of chitosan coating to increase the permeation of caffeic acid through by skin release and permeation studies, and to evaluate its sustained antioxidant effect.Material and Methods: Characterization parameters (particle size and distribution, zeta potential, polydispersity index and ancapsulation efficiency) were measured, The optimum formulation was determined from coated liposomes prepared with different concentrations of chitosan. In vitro release studies of newly developed chitosan coated and uncoated liposomes were performed and stabilities of formulations were determined. Within the scope of cell culture studies, cytotoxicity test and cell permeation study were performed with using L929 mouse fibroblast cell line. Antioxidant activities of liposomal formulations were measured using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH●) ve 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS●+) radical scavenging effect. Results: Caffeic acid loaded liposomes were developed successfully and characterized. According to the toxicity study, caffeic acid solution (250µg/mL and below concentrations) and liposomal formulations were not toxic. The scavenging effects of DPPH● and ABTS●+ radicals of the amounts of caffeic acid obtained as an end of result of the in vitro release and cell permeation studies were proven.Conclusion: In conclusion, novel uncoated and chitosan coated liposomes containing caffeic acid have been successfully developed, high affinity to the skin of chitosan coating and the sustained antioxidant effects of liposomes were proven and are thought to be potential for topical application.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
  • Knowledge and Practices of Nursing Students on Pressure Ulcer Prevention

    • Authors: Emine KIR BİÇER
      Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and practices of nursing students to prevent pressure ulcers.Material and Methods: The sample of this descriptive study was consisted of 99 senior nursing students studying at a university nursing school. Data were collected with a questionnaire including students’ sociodemographic characteristics and the Pressure Ulcer Prevention Knowledge Assessment Instrument (PUPKAI). The data were interpreted as numbers, means, and percentage distributions, and independed sample t test. Results: The mean age of the sample was 21.95±1.38 years (range: 20–27 years). 70.7% of students reported that they encountered patients with pressure ulcer during hospital practices and approximately half (52.5%) participated in pressure ulcer care applications. 69.7% of the students stated that they are not aware of the pressure ulcers care in clinical practice. 75.8% of them wanted to receive education about preventing pressure ulcers; whereas 25.3% of them follow developments about pressure ulcers. The mean scores of the students on determining and preventing pressure ulcer risk were 4.30±1.97 and 4.38±1.12, respectively. The average pressure ulcers prevention knowledge score was 9.46±3.08 (36.5%; range 2–16). Only two students provided correct answers to 16 (60%) or more questions, which is the requirement to demonstrate a sufficient level of knowledge. It was determined that the highest score (0.54±0.50) was obtained from the nutrition theme of the PUPKAI.Conclusion: The research found that nursing candidates lacked sufficient knowledge of how to prevent pressure ulcers. It is crucial that their understanding of pressure ulcers and how to prevent them be improved in order to ensure safe patient care practices.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +030
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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