Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1495 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (693 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (385 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (121 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (693 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 201 - 203 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Health Systems & Reform     Hybrid Journal  
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health, Safety and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare Technology Letters     Open Access  
Healthy Aging Research     Open Access  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
Histoire, médecine et santé     Open Access  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Horizonte Medico     Open Access  
Horizonte Sanitario     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 5)
Hua Hin Sook Jai Klai Kangwon Journal     Open Access  
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IISE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors     Hybrid Journal  
IJS Global Health     Open Access  
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research KLEU     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Infodir : Revista de Información científica para la Dirección en Salud     Open Access  
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
International Journal of Allied Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Child Development and Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Growth and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health Economics and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Healthcare Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Healthcare Policy     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Indigenous Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Integrated Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Kinesiology in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of MCH and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Mens Social and Community Health     Open Access  
International Journal of Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Obesity Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Prevention and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Public Health Research and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Public Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Spa and Wellness     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Telerehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Perspectives on Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Research in Children's Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Internationale Revue Fur Soziale Sicherheit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
InterScientia     Open Access  
Investigaciones Andina     Open Access  
Iproceedings     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences     Open Access  
Israel Journal of Health Policy Research     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
İzmir Katip Çelebi Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Jeugd en Co     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
JGZ Tijdschrift voor jeugdgezondheidszorg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
JMIR Human Factors     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JMIR Public Health and Surveillance     Open Access  
JMIR Serious Games     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Jornal Brasileiro de TeleSSaúde     Open Access  
Journal Health NPEPS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advances in Environmental Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal Of Allied Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Behavioral Addictions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Charoenkrung Pracharak Hospital     Open Access  
Journal of Chemical Health Risks     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Child Sexual Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Journal of Communication in Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Creativity in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Developing Areas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Development Effectiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Education and Community Health     Open Access  
Journal of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Environmental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ergonomics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Family & Consumer Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Family Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Family Strengths     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Fasting and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health & Biomedical Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Health and Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Health Design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Economics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Education     Open Access  
Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Promotion     Open Access  
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior     Open Access  
Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Journal of Health Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Health Science and Alternative Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Community Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Science Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Services and Education     Open Access  
Journal of Health Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Health Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Healthcare Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of HIV and Human Reproduction     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Human Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Human Trafficking     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access  
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Industrial Safety Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Infection and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Law and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Local and Global Health Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Local and Global Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mental Health Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Muslim Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality & Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

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International Journal of Health Sciences
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1658-3639 - ISSN (Online) 1658-7774
Published by Qassim University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Thymoquinone, a constituent of prophetic medicine-black seed, is a miracle
           therapeutic molecule against multiple diseases

    • Authors: Masood Alam Khan
      Abstract: The seeds and oil of Nigella sativa, commonly known as black cumin, have been in use for a very long time to cure various ailments. In a Hadith, one of the sayings of Prophet Muhammad about the black cumin was mentioned that states “hold on to use the black cumin, because it can heal every disease except the death.”[1] It has been mentioned as a curative black seed in the “Holy Bible” and is described as the Melanthion by Hippocrates and Dioscorides and as the Gith by Pliny.[2] Ibn Sina, a Persian physician, recommended its use to cure fever, wounds, skin diseases, fungus, parasites, and worms, as well as against bites and stings of poisonous animals. Thymoquinone (TQ), an active constituent of N. sativa seeds, has shown a wide range of pharmacological actions including antioxidant and antiinflammatory, antidiabetic, anticancer, antimicrobial, hepatic, and renal protective effects.[3] TQ has shown an anti-inflammatory activity by downregulating the expression of pro-inflammatory and proliferative mediators such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), inducible nitric oxide, cyclooxygenases-2, 5-lipoxygenase, and cyclin D1. TQ also possesses an antiglycation activity and protects the enzymatic activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) against glucose- or methylglyoxal-induced glycation.[4] Recently, TQ was shown to inhibit peroxynitrite-induced oxidative damage of histone-H2A protein.[5] TQ possesses a broad anticancer activity by altering p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and peroxisome proliferatoractivated receptors-γ pathways[6] TQ also induces the inhibition of spindle formation in carcinoma cells through the induction of G2/M cell-cycle arrest. Moreover, TQ decreased the expression of antiapoptotic proteins including Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, whereas increased the expression of proapoptotic protein Bax. It also increases the levels of Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) in doxorubicin-treated MCF-7 cells and inhibits their proliferation through the activation of p53. TQ also inhibits the growth of colon cancer cells by arresting at G1 phase of the cell cycle. TQ has been shown to possess the hepatic and renal protective effects against drug-induced toxicity by reducing the levels of aspartate transaminase, lactate dehydrogenase, alanine transaminase, blood urea, and creatinine.[7] TQ also demonstrated an ability to bind to free bilirubin and prevented the binding of bilirubin to erythrocytes that facilitated the increased detoxification and elimination of the toxic bilirubin.[7] Moreover, TQ showed immunomodulatory effects by downregulating the gentamicin-induced functional expression of cytokines including interleukin (IL)-6, IL-18, IL1β, and TNF-α.[8] TQ has shown nephroprotective role against lipopolysaccharide-induced renal fibrosis and corrected the parameters of SOD and catalase in Escherichia coli-induced pyelonephritis.[3] The protective effect of TQ is largely mediated through its antioxidant potential including the reactive oxygen species scavenging ability, the lipid peroxidation inhibition, the protection of hepatic antioxidant enzymes, the suppression of oxidative stress, and hepatic inflammation.[3] In recent years, the use of TQ was explored against a wide range of infectious diseases. TQ has been shown to prevent the biofilm formation in a number of bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterococcus faecalis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.[9] Thus, TQ seems to be an important part of antimicrobial armory, particularly against the pathogens that use the biofilm formation as an important part of their virulence strategy. Interestingly, TQ inhibited the activity of the drug efflux pumps in P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, and Bacillus cereus.[9] TQ has shown activity against both the drug-susceptible and drug-resistant M. tuberculosis by specifically targeting the intracellular locations of the pathogens.[10] We showed that a liposomal formulation of TQ can effectively cure fluconazoleresistant Candida albicans.[11] In addition to above-mentioned actions, TQ also showed beneficial effects against respiratory disorders including asthma, emphysema, and pulmonary fibrosis. It ameliorated an allergic airway inflammation through the inhibition of Th-2 cytokines such as IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13.[12] TQ showed cardioprotective effect by reducing the hepatic steatosis in hyperlipidemic rabbits by virtue of its strong free radical scavenging and antioxidant activity. TQ, a principal bioactive compound of N. sativa seeds, is a hydrophobic molecule that shows poor solubility in an aqueous solution. A variety of TQ formulations have been developed to increase its bioavailability and pharmacological activity.[3] Majority of them showed superior therapeutic activity to free TQ. Recently, various TQ formulations have been investigated to treat multiple diseases including cancer, inflammatory and autoimmune disorders, and infections. We are still not able to use the full potential of TQ as a chemotherapeutic agent due to its reduced solubility in an aqueous milieu. To progress TQ from the bench to the bedside, major efforts should be made to prepare TQ formulations that can conquer the problem of poor solubility and bioavailability associated with the chemical nature of the drug. Thus, due to its multitargeting nature, TQ may be proved a very effective chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of multiple diseases.  
      PubDate: 2018-12-02
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion between overweight and
           non-overweight children during submaximal cycling

    • Authors: C. Matthew Laurent, J Matthew Green, Jon-Kyle Davis, Colleen L. Geary, Nicholas R. Voth
      Abstract: Objective: Few studies have examined differences in ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) between overweight (OW) and non-OW (NW) youth. With lower voluntary participation in physical activity in OW children, it seems plausible that these youth may experience elevated RPE. Therefore, this study compared RPE during two separate steady-state cycling bouts OW (>95th body mass index [BMI] percentile) and NW (<90th BMI percentile) children. Methods: Participants completed one of two 20-min cycling trials; one performed at 70% age-predicted peak heart rate (HR) (70%) (OW n = 12 and NW n = 21) and a self-selected intensity (SS) (OW n = 6 and NW n = 13) with RPE overall, RPE legs (RPE-L), and RPE chest estimated at 5, 10, 15, and 20 min. Results: A repeated measures ANOVA revealed that OW individuals had significantly lower RPE-L values at 5, 15, and 20 min during the SS trial. No significant differences were identified during the 70% trial. Conclusions: OW youth do not perceive cycling at 70% age-predicted peak HR or at SS intensities more difficult than NW children. It may be that cycling could serve as an attractive mode to encourage physical activity in this population and perhaps increase self-efficacy of exercise in this population. Conclusions: OW youth do not perceive cycling at 70% age-predicted peak HR or at SS intensities more difficult than NW children. It may be that cycling could serve as an attractive mode to encourage physical activity in this population and perhaps increase self-efficacy of exercise in this population. Keywords: Body mass index, children, perception of effort, physical activity
      PubDate: 2018-12-02
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The Effects of osteoanabolic exercises on bone mineral density of
           osteoporotic females: A randomized controlled trial

    • Authors: Amna Aamr Khan, Ali Farhad, Pirzada Qasim Raza Siddiqui, Basit Ansari
      Abstract: Objectives: With the increase in the life expectancy of older adults, the scoring diagnosis of osteoporosis has been highly reported hence rising the incidence of fragility fractures due to decrease in bone mineral density (BMD), thereby significantly impacting the quality of life and health status of elderly population. The aim of this study is to identify the impact of different exercise regimes in improving the BMD among osteoporotic females. Methodology: A trial was conducted on 93 diagnosed postmenopausal osteoporotic females aged 50–75 years screened on the basis of physical activity readinessquestionnaire and YOU form randomly divided equally into three groups’, that is, aerobic, anaerobic, and osteoanabolic exercises using an envelope method. The intervention was given on the basis of American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), frequency, intensity, time, and type protocol for the period of 12 weeks. The pre- and post-BMD was determined to find out the improvements on the t-value of the participants. The outcome measure was calculated using a peripheral dual X-ray absorptiometry scan (bone densitometer). Results: At 95% of confidence interval, the pre- and post-median difference observed within the osteoanabolic group was 0.4 followed by 0.3 and 0.1 in the aerobic and anaerobic groups, respectively. The level of significance was determined by applying the Friedman test revealing a statistically significant difference P < 0.001 between the groups. Further, post hoc analysis shows that osteoanabolic exercises were more significant in comparison with aerobic and anaerobic exercises. Conclusion: Structured physical exercises based on ACSM protocol show improvement among the osteoporotic females; however, the impact of osteoanabolic exercises significantly increased the BMD, thus reducing the t-value. However, larger scale studies in different clinical settings are recommended for more accurate results.
      PubDate: 2018-12-02
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Possible inflammatory responses in hypercholesterolemia patients receiving
           treatment using raw liquid extract of young cashew leaves in herbal homes
           in Nigeria

    • Authors: Mathew Folaranmi Olaniyan, Donatus F.N. Ozuruoke, Temitayo Afolabi
      Abstract: Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the possible inflammatory responses in hypercholesterolemia patients receiving treatment using raw liquid extract of young cashew leaves in some herbal homes in Nigeria. Methods: Hypercholesterolemia patients (27: Aged 31–53 years; female - 10 and male - 17) 20 herbal homes in Saki-West, Saki-East, and ATISBO local governments constituting a Federal constituency in Nigeria, and non-hypercholesterolemia apparently healthy participants (50: Aged 20–64 years; female - 25 and male - 25) were recruited from the same federal constituency as test and control subjects, respectively. About 60 ml of this extract were given to the patients for an average of 14 days when there was a significant decrease in their plasma cholesterol. Plasma cholesterol was determined in the subjects using COBAS C111 auto chemistry analyzer; plasma tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, 8, and 29, intrahepatic chemokines such as fibrinogen and C-reactive protein (CRP), IL-6, CRP, hepatitis B surface antigen, antihepatitis C virus, and anti-human immunodeficiency virus were immunochemically determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and identification of Plasmodium spp. was determined by microscopic examination of thick film-stained Giemsa stain. Results: There was a significant reduction in the plasma values of cholesterol, TNF-α, IL-6, and CRP with a significant increase in plasma aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT). In the hypercholesterolemia patients who were supplemented with raw liquid extract of young cashew leaves compared with the control and their basal samples (P < 0.05). Discussion: Supplementation of raw liquid extract of young cashew leaves can cause a significant reduction in the plasma values of cholesterol TNF-α, IL-6, and CRP with an increase in plasma AST and ALT. In the hypercholesterolemia patients due to the phytochemicals in young cashew leaves.
      PubDate: 2018-12-02
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Coprevalence of parasitic infections and diabetes in Sub-Himalayan region
           of Northern India

    • Authors: Vaishali Moudgil, Reetima Rana, Praveen Kumar Tripathi, Umar Farooq, Rakesh Sehgal, Mohammed Azhar Khan
      Abstract: Objectives: Parasitic infections such as toxoplasmosis, hydatidosis, and cysticercosis infect a large population worldwide. Toxoplasma gondii in the pancreas could damage the pancreatic cells. Hence, insulin secretion would be affected which leads to increased risk of diabetes. The present study was designed to investigate the cooccurrence of parasitic infections in patients with diabetes. Methods: A total of 256 confirmed parasitic serum samples were included in the study, of which 95 were positive for toxoplasmosis, 87 for hydatidosis, and 74 for cysticercosis infection. These samples were then analyzed for hyperglycemia. Results: In case of hydatidosis, the frequency of hyperglycemia was 14.94%, followed by cysticercosis (10.8%) and toxoplasmosis (8.42%). The frequency of insulin resistance was analyzed in these hyperglycemic samples. The coprevalence of diabetes was higher in case of hyperglycemic hydatidosis patient samples (11.49%), followed by cysticercosis (8.10%) while the coprevalence of diabetes was minimum (6.31%) in toxoplasmosis patients samples. Thus, the overall prevalence of diabetes with parasitic infections was 8.6%. Conclusion: The study suggested the coexistence of hyperglycemia in hydatidosis, cysticercosis, and toxoplasmosis infected samples. However, higher prevalence of high glucose level was detected among hydatidosis infected samples. Thus, suggested individuals infected with hydatidosis were more susceptible for diabetes in comparison to toxoplasmosis and cysticercosis.
      PubDate: 2018-12-02
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Alterations in masticatory cycle efficiency and bite force in individuals
           with periodontitis

    • Authors: Marcelo Palinkas, Tânia de Freitas Borges, Mario Taba Junior, Solange Aparecida Caldeira Monteiro, Wilson Mestriner-Junior, Isabela Hallak Regalo, Selma Siéssere, Marisa Semprini, Simone Cecilio Hallak Regalo
      Abstract: Objectives: The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of periodontitis on masticatory cycle efficiency and maximum molar bite force. Methods: Twenty-four individuals were divided into two groups: With periodontitis (Group I; mean age ± standard deviation (SD), 51.3 ± 2.8 years; n = 12) and without periodontitis (Group II; mean age ± SD, 48.9 ± 2.4 years; n = 12). Masticatory cycle efficiency was obtained from the value of the ensemble-averaged integrated linear envelope electromyographic signal of the masseter and temporalis muscles. Maximum bite force was recorded for the right and left molar regions. The data were tabulated and submitted to statistical analysis (P ≤ 0.05). Results: There was a significant difference between the groups for the left masseter muscle when chewing raisins (P = 0.04), peanuts (P = 0.02), and biocapsules (P = 0.01). Multiple regression analysis demonstrated the influence of dental mobility on masticatory cycle efficiency for peanuts (P = 0.03) and biocapsules (P = 0.01). The maximum bite force for the left molar region was significantly different between the groups (P = 0.02). Dental mobility was a variable that had a greater effect on masticatory cycle efficiency. The periodontitis group had a reduced bite force. Conclusion: The present study findings indicate that the loss of periodontal supporting structures had a negative impact on masticatory cycle efficiency and molar bite force. This finding suggested that dental mobility should be considered when determining clinical treatments aimed at improving masticatory efficiency and bite force in individuals with the periodontal disease.
      PubDate: 2018-12-02
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Exploring associations between the use of alcohol and marijuana with
           e-cigarette use in a U.S.A. nationally representative sample of young
           adults

    • Authors: Meagan Bluestein, Steven Kelder, Cheryl L. Perry, Adriana Pérez
      Abstract: Objectives: Previous research has shown that e-cigarette use is rising among young adults, but it is unknown whether the dual use of alcohol and marijuana is associated with e-cigarette use in a U.S.A. nationally representative sample. Methodology: Secondary analysis of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health 2013–2014 nationally representative sample of young adults (aged 18–24) was conducted to examine the relationships between dual ever and dual current use of alcohol and marijuana with e-cigarette use. Multiple logistic regression models were used to explore the associations between dual ever and dual current use alcohol and marijuana with two outcomes: Past 30 days and former experimental e-cigarette use. Covariates included sex, race/ethnicity, education level, household income, and the total number of tobacco products ever used. Results: Dual ever use of alcohol and marijuana was significantly associated with past 30 days use (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.20; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.67–2.91) and former experimental e-cigarette use (AOR = 2.82; 95% CI = 2.23–3.57). Exclusive ever marijuana use was also significantly associated with each outcome, while exclusive ever alcohol use was associated with former experimental e-cigarette use. Exclusive current marijuana use, exclusive current alcohol use, and dual current use of both substances were significantly associated with past 30-day e-cigarette use, but not former experimental e-cigarette use. Conclusions: These findings indicate that young adult dual users of marijuana and alcohol have increased odds of e-cigarette use. In addition, exclusive current and ever marijuana users had the highest odds e-cigarette use, higher than young adult dual users of alcohol and marijuana, indicating that marijuana users may be an important group to target with intervention programs.
      PubDate: 2018-12-02
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effect of chlorhexidine cord application on prevention of neonatal sepsis
           in developing countries: Systematic review and Meta-analysis

    • Authors: Tilayie Feto Gelano, Yadeta Dassie Bacha, Degu Abate
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this review was to identify the pooled effect of chlorhexidine cord application on prevention of neonatal sepsis in developing countries. Methods: We have conducted systemic review and meta-analysis. Articles were searched from electronic databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, CINHAL, Cochrane central register of controlled trials (CENTRAL), and other sources such as direct Google search, Google Scholar, and POPline. Only randomized controlled trial studies were considered for this review. The effect of chlorhexidine cord application on prevention of neonatal sepsis and mortality was assessed as compared to dry cord care. Results: Five studies from developing countries were included in the review with a total of 129,293 participants. Pooled result of meta-analysis showed that chlorhexidine cord application reduces neonatal sepsis by 32% as compared to dry cord care (relative risk [RR] 0.68, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57–0.81, random effect model, I2 =93%). It also indicated that chlorhexidine cord application reduces severe sepsis by 77% (RR 0.23, 95% CI 0.11–0.48, random effect model, I2 = 63%) and neonatal mortality reduction by 13 % as compared to dry cord care (RR 0.87, 95% CI 0.79–0.97, random effect model, I2 = 0%). Conclusions: Chlorhexidine cord application significantly reduces neonatal sepsis and mortality in developing countries. Therefore, we stress the importance of including chlorhexidine cord application into the essential newborn care in the setting with high burden of neonatal mortality. The review protocol was registered at PROSPERO with registration number CRD 42018089204.
      PubDate: 2018-12-02
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Outcome measures used in patient with knee osteoarthritis: With special
           importance on functional outcome measures

    • Authors: Asir John Samuel, Durairaj Kanimozhi
      Abstract: Understanding the impact of evidence-based practice toward the rehabilitation of patients with knee osteoarthritis (PKOA) is possible with appropriate outcome measures. There is a definite need to summarize the available outcomes with reference to knee OA. This review summarizes the available outcome measures used in the diagnosis, prognosis, and rehabilitation of PKOA. Electronic searches of PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Google Scholar, and EBSCO were conducted using terms relating to outcome measures used in the diagnosis, prognosis, and rehabilitation of PKOA. Papers examining the relationship between psychosocial factors and pain and disability outcomes following physiotherapy were included. Two reviewers selected, appraised and extracted studies independently.The searched papers were classified under three classifications, radiological, arthroscopic, and functional knee OA outcome measures. 26 outcome measures used in the diagnosis, prognosis, and rehabilitation of PKOA were identified. Nine outcome measures were included under radiological, four under arthroscopic and remaining 13 under functional classification. Oxford knee score and WOMAC have excellent reliability and good validity among them. In developing countries, still, we use the scales validated and available from the developed countries. This will not reflect the actual treatment effect among PKOA. This review will assist in educating orthopedician, physiotherapist, academician, and researchers on the available in the diagnosis, prognosis, and rehabilitation of PKOA. This review highlight the need for patient-reported outcome measures from the developing countries to document actual treatment effect.
      PubDate: 2018-12-02
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Recurrent anencephalic stillbirths: A rare case presentation

    • Authors: Mohammad S Razai
      Abstract: Anencephaly is one of the three major lethal fetal anomalies. Termination of pregnancy is offered for all prenatally diagnosed cases, but some parents choose to continue with pregnancy with full obstetric intervention. I describe the case of a woman who had two pregnancies with anencephalic stillbirths in the third trimester. There is a paucity of well-defined standards of care and management for pregnancies that are carried to the third trimester with this malformation. This case raises important practical questions: Management strategies of recurrent pregnancies with anencephaly, best supportive care during, and after birth and counseling the expectant parents.
      PubDate: 2018-12-02
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
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