Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1541 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (722 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 280)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal  
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

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Global Medical & Health Communication
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2301-9123 - ISSN (Online) 2460-5441
Published by Universitas Islam Bandung Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Effect of Integrated Antenatal Care Training on Midwife Service Quality

    • Authors: Melsa Sagita Imaniar; Hadi Susiarno, Adhi Pribadi, Herry Herman, Dida Akhmad Gurnida, Hadyana Sukandar
      Abstract: Antenatal care (ANC) is the most effective strategy for preventing complications in pregnancy. However, the current quality of midwife antenatal care services is still considered low. One of the indicators used for assessing midwifery service quality is the technical competency indicator that includes history taking, physical examination, case management and follow up, examination recording, and effective information, communication, and education (IEC). This study aimed to measure the effect on integrated antenatal care training on the quality of midwife services. The design was a pre-test and post-test quasi-experimental study conducted in Manonjaya Public Health Center, Tasikmalaya district, from November to December 2017. Simple random sampling was applied to get 20 respondents for each intervention and control groups. The bivariate analyses used in this study were the paired t test and the Mann-Whitney test. Results showed an overall increase in service quality scores in the intervention and control groups by 5.5% and 0.86%, respectively, with a significant difference in the increase between the two groups (p<0.05). Therefore, there is a significant increase in the quality of midwife after implementing the integrated ANC module and training to midwives.
       PENGARUH PELATIHAN ANTENATAL CARE TERPADU TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KUALITAS PELAYANAN BIDANAntenatal care (ANC) merupakan strategi pencegahan komplikasi dalam kehamilan paling efektif. Namun, kualitas pelayanan antenatal care bidan saat ini dinilai masih rendah. Salah satu indikator yang digunakan untuk menilai kualitas pelayanan kebidanan adalah indikator kompetensi teknis yang meliputi anamnesis, pemeriksaan fisik, penatalaksanaan dan tindak lanjut kasus, pencatatan pemeriksaan, serta komunikasi, informasi, dan edukasi (KIE) yang efektif. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengukur pengaruh pelatihan antenatal care terpadu terhadap kualitas pelayanan bidan. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan pre-test and post-test quasi-experimental yang dilaksanakan di Puskesmas Manonjaya Kabupaten Tasikmalaya dari November hingga Desember 2017. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara simple random sampling untuk mendapatkan 20 responden untuk tiap-tiap kelompok intervensi dan kontrol. Analisis bivariat yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah uji t berpasangan dan Uji Mann-Whitney. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peningkatan skor kualitas pelayanan secara keseluruhan pada kelompok intervensi dan kontrol sebesar 5,5% dan 0,86% masing-masing dengan perbedaan peningkatan yang signifikan antara kedua kelompok (p<0,05). Simpulan, terdapat peningkatan kualitas bidan yang signifikan setelah penerapan modul ANC terintegrasi dan pelatihan kepada bidan.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
  • Influence of Adolescent Reproductive Health Promotion Media Booklet on
           Knowledge and Attitude of Adolescents Living in Work Area of Ibrahim Adjie
           Public Health Center in 2018

    • Authors: Sri Hennyati Amiruddin; Sri Komalaningsih, Ma'mun Sutisna, Hidayat Wijayanegara, Leri Septiani, Herry Garna
      Abstract: Adolescent period is a critical period that requires quality health services. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of health education through booklet media on the knowledge and attitude towards reproductive health among adolescents. This was a quasi-experimental case control study with nonequivalent two group design conducted on 282 students of SMP Negeri 37, a public junior high school, in the work area of Ibrahim Adjie Public Health Center in Bandung city during December 2018–May 2019. Subjects were divided into two groups, intervention and control groups, with 141 subjects in each group. Data collected were tested for normality and homogeneity using Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Levene tests, respectively, followed by a bivariate analysis using Wilcoxon test to determine the difference. Knowledge of all students in both groups was poor during pre-test with an increase found in 135 subjects (95.7%) in the intervention group (p=0.001) and 63 subjects (44.7%) in the control group (p=0.003) based on the post-test results. Negative attitude was also seen in both groups during pre-test, with a shift towards positive attitude was evident in 134 students (95.0%) in the intervention group (p=0.001) and 117 students (83.0%) in the control group (p=0.002) based on post-test results. This presence that health information conveyed through booklet has a probability of giving 0.995 times stronger influence leaflet. Thus, the use of booklet can improve knowledge and attitude towards adolescent reproductive health. PENGARUH BOOKLET MEDIA PROMOSI KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI REMAJA TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP REMAJA YANG BERTEMPAT TINGGAL DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS IBRAHIM ADJIE TAHUN 2018Masa remaja merupakan masa kritis yang membutuhkan pelayanan kesehatan yang berkualitas. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan melalui media booklet terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap remaja tentang kesehatan reproduksi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian quasi-experimental case control dengan rancangan nonequivalent two group yang dilaksanakan terhadap 282 siswa/i SMP Negeri 37 di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Ibrahim Adjie Kota Bandung selama Desember 2018–Mei 2019. Subjek dibagi menjadi dua kelompok, yaitu kelompok intervensi dan kontrol dengan 141 subjek di setiap kelompok. Data yang terkumpul diuji normalitas dan homogenitasnya masing-masing menggunakan Uji Kolmogorov-Smirnov dan Levene, dilanjutkan dengan analisis bivariat menggunakan Uji Wilcoxon untuk mengetahui perbedaannya. Pengetahuan semua siswa pada kedua kelompok kurang saat pre-test dengan peningkatan pengetahuan 135 subjek (95,7%) pada kelompok intervensi (p=0,001) dan 63 subjek (44,7%) pada kelompok kontrol (p=0,003) berdasar atas hasil post-test. Sikap negatif juga terlihat pada kedua kelompok selama pre-test dengan pergeseran ke arah sikap positif 134 siswa (95,0%) pada kelompok intervensi (p=0,001) dan 117 siswa (83,0%) pada kelompok kontrol (p=0,002) berdasar atas hasil post-test. Informasi kesehatan yang disampaikan melalui media booklet ini berpeluang memberikan pengaruh 0,995 kali lebih kuat daripada media leaflet. Dengan demikian, penggunaan booklet dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap remaja terhadap kesehatan reproduksi. Simpulan, terdapat pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan melalui media booklet terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap remaja tentang kesehatan reproduksi.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
  • Determinants Associated with Discontinuation of Modern Contraceptive in
           East Kalimantan: a Further Analysis of Indonesia Demographic and Health
           Survey 2017

    • Authors: Ike Anggraeni; Annisa Nurrachmawati, Winardi Winardi, Hasmawati Hasmawati, Dewi Endah Ramadhani
      Abstract: The national family planning program in East Kalimantan needs to achieve a larger target on modern contraceptives. Despite the fertility decline, this program still facing increasing discontinuation rates. A better understanding of the factors behind the discontinuation of a modern method would help in improving programs. This study aims to analyze the determinants of discontinuation of modern contraceptive use. This was a cross-sectional study, the dataset came from Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2017 of East Kalimantan Province. The sample is all couples of childbearing age between 10–49 years with marital status who have used and are still using contraception (408 samples). Descriptive analyses were used to assess the reasons for discontinuation. Multiple logistic regression was used to estimate the likelihood of discontinuation by demographic characteristics and others. The proportion of respondents who continue using modern contraceptives was 51%, against 49% discontinuation. The reasons for discontinuation were the husband’s disapproval (31%) and health problems related to side effects (26.5%). In the multivariate analysis showed maternal age, women who live in urban areas, and women with birth planning near the future will have an opportunity to discontinue in modern contraceptives. It concluded that there is still high modern contraceptive discontinuation in East Kalimantan, therefore it needed for disseminating information through entertainment-education in social media, health workers better counseling services from also better tools, and include the male participation in family planning counseling. DETERMINAN YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PUTUS PAKAI KONTRASEPSI MODERN DI KALIMANTAN TIMUR: ANALISIS LANJUT SURVEI DEMOGRAFI DAN KESEHATAN INDONESIA 2017Program keluarga berencana nasional di Kalimantan Timur perlu mencapai target yang lebih baik dalam penggunaan kontrasepsi modern. Meskipun terdapat penurunan fertilitas, namun program keluarga berencana masih menghadapi peningkatan angka putus pakai. Pemahaman yang lebih baik tentang faktor-faktor di balik putus pakai metode kontrasepsi modern akan membantu meningkatkan program. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis faktor-faktor penentu putus pakai penggunaan kontrasepsi modern. Desain penelitian ini adalah cross-sectional, set data berasal dari Survei Demografi Kesehatan Indonesia 2017 untuk Provinsi Kalimantan Timur. Sampel adalah semua pasangan usia subur berusia 10–49 tahun dengan status perkawinan baik bagi yang pernah menggunakan dan masih menggunakan kontrasepsi, yaitu 408 sampel. Analisis deskriptif digunakan untuk menilai alasan putus pakai. Regresi logistik berganda digunakan untuk memperkirakan kemungkinan putus pakai berdasar atas karakteristik demografis dan lainnya. Proporsi responden yang masih terus menggunakan kontrasepsi modern adalah 51% dibanding dengan 49% putus pakai. Alasan penghentian adalah ketidaksetujuan suami (31%) dan masalah kesehatan yang berkaitan dengan efek samping (26,5%). Dalam analisis multivariat menunjukkan usia ibu, wanita yang tinggal di daerah perkotaan, dan wanita dengan perencanaan kelahiran dalam waktu dekat akan memiliki kesempatan untuk berhenti menggunakan kontrasepsi modern. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa kejadian putus pakai kontrasepsi modern masih tinggi di Kalimantan Timur, oleh karena itu diperlukan diseminasi informasi melalui entertainment-education dalam sosial media, layanan konseling dari petugas kesehatan, serta alat bantu konseling yang lebih baik dan juga keikutsertaan pria dalam proses konseling.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
  • Correlation of Thrombocytopenia and Length of Hospitalization in Dengue
           Child Patient

    • Authors: Riyadi Adrizain; Ananda Hanifah Husna, Andri Rezano
      Abstract: Dengue virus infection (DVI) is one of the major health problems that cause 500 thousand patients hospitalized annually. Thrombocytopenia is one of the abnormal hematologic findings that is always found in DVI patients. This study aimed to determine the correlation of thrombocytopenia and length of hospitalization in dengue child patients. This retrospective analysis study used secondary data from seven major hospitals in Bandung with a total sampling method. The inclusion criteria were patients aged 0–18 years old diagnosed with dengue fever (DF), or dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), or dengue shock syndrome (DSS) who was admitted from January to December 2015 and excluded when there was comorbid as well as incomplete data. The correlation was analyzed by Spearman’s rank correlation test. There were 2,025 samples from a total of 5,712 DVI cases during 2015. Among those who admitted, most of the patients experienced severe thrombocytopenia (40%) with the average length of hospitalization was 4.84 days. This result was not much different from the patients with moderate (38.1%) and mild (21.9%) thrombocytopenia who were treated for an average of 4.13 days and 4.08 days, respectively. The analysis of correlation obtained a significant relationship between thrombocytopenia and length of hospitalization despite showing a weak correlation (r=0.231; p=0.001). In conclusion, there is a weak correlation between thrombocytopenia and length of hospitalization among dengue child patients. KORELASI TROMBOSITOPENIA DENGAN LAMA RAWAT INAP PADA PASIEN ANAK TERINFEKSI VIRUS DENGUEInfeksi virus dengue (IVD) merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan utama yang menyebabkan 500 ribu pasien dirawat di rumah sakit setiap tahun. Trombositopenia adalah salah satu temuan abnormal hematologi yang selalu ditemukan pada pasien IVD. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui korelasi trombositopenia dengan lama rawat inap pada pasien anak terinfeksi virus dengue. Penelitian analitik retrospektif ini menggunakan data sekunder tujuh rumah sakit besar di Kota Bandung dengan metode total sampling. Kriteria inklusi adalah pasien anak usia 0–18 tahun yang didiagnosis demam dengue (DD), atau demam berdarah dengue (DBD), atau sindrom syok dengue (SSD) yang dirawat dari bulan Januari hingga Desember 2015. Kriteria eksklusi meliputi komorbiditas dan data rekam medis yang tidak lengkap. Analisis dilakukan dengan uji korelasi rank Spearman. Terdapat 2.025 sampel dari total 5.712 kasus DVI selama tahun 2015. Di antara yang dirawat, sebagian besar pasien mengalami trombositopenia berat (40%) dengan lama rawat inap rerata 4,84 hari. Hasil ini tidak jauh berbeda dengan pasien dengan trombositopenia sedang (38,1%) dan ringan (21,9%) yang dirawat selama rerata 4,13 hari dan 4,08 hari masing-masing. Analisis korelasi diperoleh hubungan yang bermakna antara trombositopenia dan lama rawat inap meskipun dengan nilai korelasi lemah (r=0,231; p=0,001). Simpulan, terdapat korelasi lemah antara trombositopenia dan lama rawat inap pada pasien anak terinfeksi virus dengue.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
  • Measuring Envy Level among Students of Faculty of Medicine

    • Authors: Eka Nurhayati; Susan Fitriyana, Eva Rianti Indrasari
      Abstract: Envy is a negative emotion that painful and unpleasant, caused by feelings of inferiority when someone compared themselves to others. Envy is divided into benign and malicious envy. Benign envy could be leverage to motivate someone to improve themselves until they reach or even exceed the envied person’s level. In contrast, malicious is destructive that someone could do anything to pull the envied person down to the same level as themselves or even lower. This study aimed to measure benign and malicious envy among the students of the Faculty of Medicine Universitas Islam Bandung. It was a descriptive study involving 152 students. Measurement made using the Benign and Malicious Envy Scale (BeMaS), which uses 6 points Likert scale during November 2019. Data analysis using Microsoft Excel. The study results showed envy among the students dominated by positive or productive envy, the mean value for benign envy (4.57), and malicious envy (1.92). It showed that benign envy push students to be more competitive rather than destructive envy. The conclusion of this study that the level of envy students of the Faculty of Medicine Universitas Islam Bandung dominated by benign envy. The faculty is responsible for developing strategies to increase the benign envy level and control the malicious envy level. PENGUKURAN TINGKAT IRI PADA MAHASISWA SEBUAH FAKULTAS KEDOKTERANIri adalah emosi negatif menyakitkan dan tidak menyenangkan yang diakibatkan oleh perasaan inferior ketika membandingkan diri dengan orang lain. Iri terbagi atas benign envy dan malicious envy. Benign envy bersifat memotivasi seseorang untuk terus memperbaiki diri sampai mencapai bahkan melebihi apa yang dimiliki kompetitornya. Sebaliknya, malicious envy bersifat destruktif ketika seseorang berupaya untuk menarik kompetitornya ke level yang sama dengan dirinya atau bahkan lebih rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengukur tingkat benign dan malicious envy pada mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Islam Bandung. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan melibatkan 152 mahasiswa sebagai subjek penelitian. Pengukuran dilakukan menggunakan Benign and Malicious Envy Scale (BeMaS) selama November 2019  menggunakan 6 poin skala Likert dan analisis data menggunakan Microsoft Excel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rerata benign envy (4,57) lebih tinggi dibanding dengan malicious envy (1,92). Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa iri yang bersifat positif atau produktif jauh lebih tinggi dibanding dengan nilai iri yang bersifat destruktif. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah bahwa tingkat iri pada mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Islam Bandung lebih dominan pada benign envy dibanding dengan malicious envy. Tugas fakultas adalah mengembangkan strategi agar dapat meningkatkan nilai benign envy serta berupaya mengendalikan tingkat malicious envy.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
  • Factors Affecting Surgical Waiting Time in Cancer Patients at Referral
           Hospitals of West Java Province

    • Authors: Yuli Susanti; Siska Nia Irasanti, Ieva Baniasih Akbar, Wawang S. Sukarya
      Abstract: A challenge for hospitals in facing the high number of patient visits is to provide quality services. One of the vital services in dealing with patients, especially those who will have cancer surgery considering the high rate of mortality cancer, is an improvement in waiting time (WT). Waiting time for elective surgery is one indicator of service quality with a standard of ≤2 days. This research aimed to determine the average WT for surgery, influencing factors, and optimal queuing models. The method used was quantitative and qualitative methods applied to 207 samples with consecutive sampling at West Java Provincial Al-Ihsan Regional General Hospital Bandung from October to December 2016. The analysis used partial least squares (PLS). The results of the study showed that the average WT for surgery was 32 days. Factors that influence WT were inpatient rooms, number of medical personnel, condition of patients, and health insurance. The optimal queue model to reduce surgical waiting time are adding inpatient beds, oncologist doctor, and creating an online system for registration and confirmation of inpatient rooms and operating. FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI WAKTU TUNGGU OPERASI PASIEN KANKER DI RUMAH SAKIT RUJUKAN JAWA BARATTantangan bagi rumah sakit dalam menghadapi jumlah kunjungan pasien yang tinggi adalah mampu memberikan pelayanan berkualitas. Salah satu pelayanan signifikan bagi pasien kanker yang akan menjalani operasi adalah perbaikan waktu tunggu karena mortalitas pasien kanker yang tinggi. Waktu tunggu operasi elektif merupakan salah satu indikator mutu pelayanan dengan standar ≤2 hari. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui waktu tunggu operasi rerata, faktor yang memengaruhi, dan model antrean yang optimal. Metode yang digunakan adalah kuantitatif dan kualitatif yang diterapkan pada 207 sampel secara consecutive sampling di RSUD Al-Ihsan Provinsi Jawa Barat Bandung dari Oktober hingga Desember 2016. Analisis menggunakan partial least squares (PLS). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa waktu tunggu operasi rerata adalah 32 hari. Faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap waktu tunggu operasi adalah ruang rawat inap, jumlah tenaga medis, kondisi pasien, dan jaminan kesehatan. Model antrean yang optimal untuk menurunkan waktu tunggu operasi adalah penambahan tempat tidur rawat inap, penambahan dokter spesialis bedah onkologi, serta pembuatan sistem daring untuk pendaftaran dan konfirmasi kesiapan ruang rawat inap dan ruang operasi.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
  • Death Receptor Fas as Molecular Target of Soursop Leaves Novel Isolate in
           Liver Cancer Targeted Therapy

    • Authors: Maya Tejasari; Dwi Prasetyo, Siti Aminah Abdurachman, Herri S. Sastramihardja
      Abstract: In the past few decades, no effective systemic therapeutic modalities established in the unresectable liver cancer stage, so the prognosis remains poor. Apoptotic dysregulation of cancer cells through Fas gene expression linked to tumor development, progression, and resistance to treatment. Soursop plants believed to have potent anticancer activity. It hypothesized that active compounds in the soursop leaves would induce apoptosis by interfering with Fas gene expression in liver cancer cells. The study objective was to explore the role of an isolated from soursop leaves against Fas gene expression in liver cancer cells. This study used the HepG2 cell line culture, and treatment groups were given novel isolate (SF-1603) from soursop leaves with three different doses which conducted in Bandung in 2017. Observations assessed in hours 0, 24, 48, and 72. Measurement of gene expression was done with real-time PCR and apoptosis detection by the TUNEL method. The results showed that the novel isolate (SF-1603) from soursop leaves stimulate Fas optimum expressions to initiate apoptosis with 0.5×inhibitory concentration 50 (IC50) dosage at observation hour 48. There was a strong correlation between Fas gene expression with the apoptosis level. It concluded that the novel isolate (SF-1603) from soursop leaves is a potent anticancer that affects Fas gene expression in apoptosis induction on the liver cancer cell. It can be used as a candidate for a new therapeutic agent for liver cancer treatment. RESEPTOR FAS SEBAGAI SASARAN MOLEKULER NOVEL ISOLAT DAUN SIRSAK PADA TERAPI BERTARGET KANKER HATIDalam beberapa dekade terakhir, tidak ada modalitas terapi sistemik yang efektif untuk pengobatan kanker hati tahap lanjut sehingga prognosisnya buruk. Disregulasi apoptosis sel kanker melalui ekspresi gen Fas terkait dengan perkembangan, perkembangan tumor, dan resistensi terhadap pengobatan. Tanaman sirsak dipercaya memiliki aktivitas antikanker yang kuat. Senyawa aktif dalam daun sirsak secara hipotesis dapat menginduksi apoptosis dengan memengaruhi ekspresi gen FAS pada sel kanker hati. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengeksplorasi peran isolat daun sirsak terhadap ekspresi gen Fas pada sel kanker hati. Penelitian ini menggunakan kultur sel kanker HepG2 dan kelompok perlakuan diberi isolat baru (SF-1603) daun sirsak dengan 3 dosis berbeda yang dilakukan di Bandung pada tahun 2017. Pengamatan dinilai pada jam ke-0, 24, 48, dan 72. Pengukuran ekspresi gen dilakukan dengan PCR real-time dan deteksi apoptosis dengan metode TUNEL. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa novel isolat (SF-1603) daun sirsak menstimulasi ekspresi optimal Fas untuk inisiasi apoptosis dengan dosis 0,5×inhibitory concentration 50 (IC50) pada pengamatan 48 jam. Terdapat korelasi yang kuat antara ekspresi gen Fas dan tingkat apoptosis. Disimpulkan bahwa isolat baru (SF-1603) daun sirsak adalah antikanker kuat yang memengaruhi ekspresi gen Fas dalam induksi apoptosis pada sel kanker hati sehingga dapat digunakan sebagai kandidat agen terapi baru untuk pengobatan kanker hati.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
  • The Relation of Acid Fast Bacilli with Ziehl Neelsen Staining and
           Histopathologic Examination of Biopsy Specimens in Extrapulmonary TB
           Suspected Patients

    • Authors: Yani Triyani; Maya Tejasari, Wida Purbaningsih, Sadeli Masria, Titik Respati
      Abstract: Case finding and diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) infection are difficult to enforce in the field because not all primary services can do it. The 2016 TB Health Guidelines, the diagnosis of EPTB, is made by clinical, bacteriological, and or histopathological examination from the biopsy. This study analyzed tissue biopsy histopathologically and bacterial of acid-fast bacilli (AFB) slide stained (by Ziehl Neelsen method) associated with histopathological features in patients diagnosed with EPTB. The study conducted in the laboratory of Al Islam Hospital Bandung from November to December 2017. Histopathological diagnosis collected from 1,304 patients, with 760 noninfectious disease patients (58%), 461 infectious disease patients (35%), and 83 (7%) infectious and non-infectious patients. EPTB found in 10% of infectious disease patients. EPTB was mostly originating in neck lymph nodes (18 of 37 patients). The histopathological diagnosis of EPTB infection found that 36 of 37 patients showed granulomas (+), but AFB stained (+) found only in 6 of 37 slides. It is possible because of granulomas is a collection of several inflammatory cells. The lesions develop granulomatous defined by necrosis. There are fewer organisms that usually exist on the periphery both inside and outside the site of infection. This important immune reaction provides the body with protection from antigen recognition, very important in the case of mycobacterial infections. In conclusion, there is no relation between AFB and histopathological examination in patients with EPTB. HUBUNGAN ANTARA BASIL TAHAN ASAM PEWARNAAN ZIEHL NEELSEN DAN HASIL PEMERIKSAAN HISTOPATOLOGI PADA PREPARAT JARINGAN BIOPSI PASIEN TUBERKULOSIS EKSTRAPARUPenemuan kasus dan diagnosis infeksi tuberkulosis ekstraparu (TBEP) sulit ditegakkan di lapangan karena tidak semua layanan primer dapat melakukannya. Berdasar atas Pedoman Kesehatan TB 2016 untuk Pengendalian TB, diagnosis TBEP dapat dilakukan dengan pemeriksaan klinis, bakteriologis, dan atau histopatologis dari biopsi. Penelitian ini menganalisis semua sediaan histopatologis dari biopsi jaringan dan menganalisis pemeriksaan bakteriologis pewarnaan basil tahan asam (BTA) (dengan metode Ziehl Neelsen) terkait dengan gambaran histopatologis pada pasien yang didiagnosis TBEP. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Laboratorium RS Al Islam Bandung dari November hingga Desember 2017. Diperoleh 1.304 pasien dengan sediaan histopatologis, diagnosis penyakit noninfeksi 760 pasien (58%), penyakit infeksi 461 pasien (35%), penyakit gabungan (infeksi dan noninfeksi) 83 pasien (7%), serta TBEP 10% dari seluruh penyakit infeksi. Sebagian besar TBEP berasal dari kelenjar getah bening leher (18 dari 37 pasien). Hasil diagnosis infeksi TBEP 36 dari 37 pasien ditemukan gambaran histopatologisnya dengan granuloma (+), tetapi dengan pewarnaan BTA (+) hanya 6 dari 37 sediaan. Hal ini mungkin karena granuloma adalah kumpulan beberapa sel inflamasi yang berkembang menjadi nekrosis sehingga lebih sedikit organisme yang biasanya terdapat di dalam maupun di luar lesi. Pembentukan granuloma merupakan reaksi kekebalan yang memberi perlindungan tubuh dari serangan antigen dalam kasus infeksi mikobakterium. Simpulan, tidak terdapat hubungan hasil pewarnaan BTA dengan pemeriksaan histopatologis pada pasien TBEP.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
  • Comparison of Vitamin D3 Serum and Method of Deliveries among Pregnant
           Women Who did and did not Performe Regular Outdoor Aerobic Activities

    • Authors: Setyorini Irianti; Teuku Kyan Nuryasin, Zulvayanti Zulvayanti, Budi Handono, Herman Susanto
      Abstract: The maternal mortality rate in Indonesia is still very high. One of the main factors is postpartum hemorrhage and an increase in the cesarean section rate (CSR). The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology has recommended aerobic exercise. We assumed that outdoor aerobic exercise could be useful for the advancement of labor and the reduction of CSR. This study aimed to assess whether regular exercise can have a good impact on reducing labor and CSR, which is likely to be affected by an increase in vitamin D3 levels. It was an experimental study involving 40 patients at Al Islam Awibitung Hospital and Ibrahim Adjie Healthcare Center in Bandung in February–April 2018, who met the inclusion criteria and divided into two groups, who performed regular outdoor aerobic activity and those who did not. Patient characteristics, work progress, and vitamin D3 levels recorded. The data collected was then tested and compared between pre-and post-treatment, a paired t test was done. There was a relationship between the increase in-vitamin D3 and the ease of childbirth in the treatment group (p<0.05). The comparison of vitamin D3 levels among the two groups was −18.8% vs −26.8% respectively (p<0.05). Method of delivery were spontaneous delivery 80% vs 25%, vacuum extraction 15% vs 55%, and cesarean section 5% vs 20%, respectively (p<0.05). In conclusion that regular outdoor aerobic exercise in a pregnant woman could increase vitamin D3 levels, ease labor, and reduce CSR. PERBANDINGAN KADAR VITAMIN D3 SERUM DAN METODE PERSALINAN ANTARA IBU HAMIL YANG MENJALANKAN DAN TIDAK MENJALANKAN AKTIVITAS AEROBIK DI RUANG TERBUKA SECARA RUTINSaat ini angka kematian maternal di Indonesia masih sangat tinggi. Salah satu faktor penyebab utama adalah perdarahan pasca salin dan meningkatnya insidensi seksio sesarea. Aktivitas aerobik telah direkomendasikan oleh American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG). Kami mempunyai hipotesis bahwa aktivitas aerobik rutin di udara terbuka dapat memengaruhi kadar vitamin D3 serum ibu yang dapat meningkatkan kelancaran persalinan dan menurunkan risiko seksio sesarea. Penelitian ini bertujuan membuktikan hipotesis di atas. Metode penelitian adalah studi eksperimental terhadap 40 ibu hamil di RS Al Islam Awibitung dan Puskesmas Ibrahim Adjie Bandung pada bulan Februari–April 2018 yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi, serta dibagi dalam 2 grup, yaitu grup perlakuan yang melaksanakan aktivitas aerobik di udara terbuka secara rutin dan grup kontrol yang tidak melaksanakan aktivitas aerobik. Dilakukan pencatatan karakteristik pasien, kemajuan persalinan, metode persalinan, dan kadar vitamin D3 sebelum dan setelah perlakuan, serta dilakukan analisis statistik dengan paired t test. Terdapat hubungan bermakna antara perubahan kadar vitamin D3 dan metode persalinan (p<0,05). Perbandingan perubahan kadar vitamin D3 antara kedua kelompok adalah −18,8% vs −26,8% (p<0.05). Metode persalinan adalah persalinan spontan 80% vs 25%, ekstraksi vakum 15% vs 55%, dan seksio sesarea 5% vs 20% (p<0,05). Simpulan, aktivitas aerobik rutin di udara terbuka pada ibu hamil berdampak terhadap kadar vitamin D3 serum ibu dan dapat memperlancar proses persalinan serta menurunkan risiko seksio sesarea.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
  • Probability of Hypertension in Advancing Ages of Women

    • Authors: Fajar Awalia Yulianto; Nurul Romadhona, Febyana Rosarianto, Vihannis Rahmanda, Salman Barlian, Tresya Anggi Tania, Romy Reynaldi Gunawan, Sumayya Nuri Fuadana Aulia Ul Haque, Rifa Nataputri, Aulia Nur Amalia, Paulina Maresta, Haris Nugroho
      Abstract: Hypertension is a problem in Indonesia, with 34.1% prevalence. The number reflected the number of hypertensive patients in the 2016 clinic report of Pasirjambu Public Health Center as the most prominent non-communicable disease. This research aimed to discover the specific age of onset and risk factors of hypertension in the village where the health center located. A rapid survey collected the data in May 2017, where 210 women (representing their household) were chosen by randomization inside their respective clusters. Risk factors were analyzed by a robust and parsimonious logistic regression model along with probability count on age as the final prediction. The prevalence of hypertension was 59.5% (95%CI: 52.9, 66.2%). Risk factors for hypertension were age (OR=1.06, p=0.00), stress (OR=1.74, p=0.09) and family history (OR=1.99, p=0.03) but the protective factor was consumption frequency of salty food (OR=0.64, p=0.10). In conclusion, a woman would have a 42.9% chance (95%CI: 33.7, 52.1%) for having hypertension at 40 years old of age after adjusted by other risk factors. Despite only two modifiable risk factors that can be intervened with, it would be worth trying to decrease the pace of onset in hypertension and the prevalence. KEMUNGKINAN HIPERTENSI BERDASAR ATAS USIA PADA WANITAHipertensi merupakan sebuah masalah di Indonesia dengan prevalensi sebesar 34,1%, angka tersebut terlihat dalam laporan tahunan Puskesmas Pasirjambu sebagai penyakit tidak menular terbanyak di wilayah kerjanya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui usia munculnya hipertensi dan faktor risikonya. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui survei cepat di bulan Mei 2017, melibatkan 210 wanita yang mewakili  rumah tangganya dipilih secara random. Faktor risiko dianalisis menggunakan regresi logistik dengan hasil akhir berupa prediksi kemungkinan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan prevalensi hipertensi sebesar 59,5% (IK95%: 52,9; 66,2%). Usia (OR=1,06; p=0,00), stress (OR=1,74; p=0,09) dan riwayat hipertensi dalam keluarga (OR=1,99; p=0,03) menjadi faktor risiko, sedangkan frekuensi konsumsi makanan asin (OR=0,64; p=0,10) menjadi faktor protektif. Setelah adjusted terhadap variabel lain, kemungkinan untuk hipertensi seorang wanita usia 40 tahun sebesar 42,9% (IK95%: 33,7; 52,1%). Pencegahan untuk menurunkan prevalensi dan laju insidensi dapat dilakukan dalam usia tersebut walaupun hanya ada dua faktor risiko yang dapat dimodifikasi.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
  • The Need for Adolescent Mental Health Intervention in Primary Health Care

    • Authors: Susan Fitriyana; Hilmi Sulaiman Rathomi, Sara Shafira
      Abstract: Mental health problems in adolescents became a global concern. About 10–20% of children and adolescents worldwide experience mental health problems, but only about 10% get medical attention. This study aims to perform an initial screening of adolescent mental health in Bandung, especially adolescents at school age, to get the magnitude of the problem of mental health in adolescents. This research was a cross-sectional study conducted in Bandung. Data collected in December 2018. The study used consecutive sampling to recruit 140 students from junior and senior high schools. The instrument used was the strength and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) YR1 version, which was filled independently by respondents. Data were analyzed using STATA 13. The results of this study were that the prevalence of mental health problems in adolescents was 21%. The highest aspect was emotional (28%) and conducted problems (21%). There was a significant different male versus female in emotional and conduction problems. In conclusion, the magnitude of the adolescent's mental health problems in Bandung was enormous; thus, interventions at the primary care level and partnership with another sector needed. PERLUNYA INTERVENSI KESEHATAN MENTAL REMAJA DI PELAYANAN KESEHATAN PRIMERMasalah kesehatan mental pada remaja telah menjadi perhatian dunia. Sekitar 10–20% anak dan remaja di seluruh dunia mengalami masalah kesehatan mental, tetapi hanya 10% yang mendapatkan pelayanan kesehatan. Tujuan penelitian ini melakukan penapisan awal besaran masalah kesehatan mental pada remaja usia sekolah di Kabupaten Bandung. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian potong lintang yang dilakukan di Kabupaten Bandung. Data dikumpulkan pada bulan Desember 2018 menggunakan consecutive sampling dengan melibatkan 140 siswa SMP dan SMA. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah strength and difficulties questionaire (SDQ) YR1 version yang diisi oleh responden. Data dianalisis menggunakan STATA 13. Hasil penelitian didapatkan prevalensi masalah kesehatan mental pada remaja adalah 21%. Aspek penilaian tertinggi berada pada masalah emosional (28%) dan conducting problem (21%). Terdapat perbedaan nilai yang siginifikan untuk aspek emosinal dan conduct problem antara kelompok laki-laki dan perempuan. Simpulan, masalah kesehatan mental remaja di Kabupaten Bandung sangat besar sehingga dibutuhkan penanganan kesehatan mental remaja di tingkat pelayanan kesehatan primer dan kerja sama dengan sektor lain.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
  • Effect of Zilgrei Method and Lumbal Massage Combination on Labor Progress
           during Latent Phase of First Stage of Labor in Primigravida

    • Authors: Melati Yuliandari; Leri Septiani, Roni Rowawi, Sri Komalaningsih, Herry Garna
      Abstract: The first stage of labor starts from the onset of cervical dilatation and divided into latent and active phases. The latent phase is a more prolonged phase of labor, which allows various interventions performed. Interventions and the latent phase's length may lead to anxiety and restlessness, which might contribute to prolonged labor when experienced by women in labor. A combination of the Zilgrei method and lumbar massage used to reduce labor pain. This method combines movement, change of position, breathing exercise, and the light massage performed since the first stage of labor. It expected that the work of interrelated pelvic muscles becomes harmonized; hence, the cervix will be softer, and the uterine muscles may push the fetus towards the birth canal. This study aimed to determine the effect of the Zilgrei method and lumbar massage combination on the latent phase of the first stage of labor progress in primigravida. It is a quantitative quasi-experimental study on 66 women who underwent the latent phase of the first stage of labor in independent practice of midwife the work area of Citarip Public Health Center during May–July 2019, who were divided equally into control and intervention groups. The statistical analysis used was univariate and bivariate analyses with an independent t test. The mean duration of labor in the latent phase of the first stage of labor in the control group and intervention group was 368 minutes and 307 minutes, respectively, with a difference of 61 minutes (p=0.002). Therefore, the Zilgrei method and lumbar massage combination significantly affect labor progress in the latent phase of the first stage of labor in primigravida. PENGARUH KOMBINASI METODE ZILGREI DAN PEMIJATAN LUMBAL TERHADAP PROSES KEMAJUAN PERSALINAN PADA PRIMIGRAVIDAKala I persalinan merupakan tahap serviks terbuka yang terdiri atas fase laten dan fase aktif. Fase laten mempunyai durasi persalinan lebih panjang sehingga memungkinkan banyak intervensi. Intervensi dan lama fase laten dapat menimbulkan kecemasan dan kegelisahan, apabila dialami ibu in partu dapat menjadi faktor persalinan lama. Kombinasi Metode Zilgrei dan pemijatan lumbal menjadi metode mengurangi rasa nyeri persalinan yang menggabungkan gerakan, perubahan posisi, latihan pernapasan, dan pijatan ringan yang dipersiapkan sejak kala I persalinan. Diharapkan kerja otot panggul saling berkaitan menjadi selaras sehingga serviks tidak kaku dan terdapat potensi otot rahim mendorong janin menuju jalan lahir. Tujuan penelitian ini mengetahui pengaruh kombinasi Metode Zilgrei dan pemijatan lumbal terhadap kemajuan proses persalinan kala I fase laten pada primigravida. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuasi eksperimental kuantitatif pada 66 wanita yang menjalani fase laten persalinan kala I di bidan praktik mandiri (BPM) wilayah kerja Puskesmas Citarip periode Mei–Juli 2019 yang dibagi rata menjadi kelompok kontrol dan intervensi. Analisis statistik menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat dengan uji t independen. Durasi persalinan kala I fase laten rerata kelompok kontrol dan intervensi adalah 368 menit dan 307 menit masing-masing dengan selisih waktu 61 menit (p=0.002). Simpulan. kombinasi Metode Zilgrei dan pemijatan lumbal berpengaruh terhadap kemajuan proses persalinan kala I fase laten pada primigravida.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
  • Surgical Treatment Spine Tuberculosis by Decompression and Posterior
           Stabilization via Transpedicular Approach: a Retrospective Study

    • Authors: Agus Hadian Rahim; Ahmad Ramdan, Abdul Kadir Hadar, Arnold David Pardamean Silitonga, Doddy Putra Pratama Sudjana
      Abstract: Clinical intervention has a central role in the outcome of spondylitis tuberculosis cases. Surgical procedures indicate to prevent neurological collapse, preservation of stability, and early mobilization. The study aims to analyze the outcome of surgical intervention in spinal tuberculosis by using a transpedicular approach. This research was a retrospective study on the Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia, during 2016–2018. There were 64 subjects in this study; 35 were male, and 29 were female, ages ranged 21–60 years with a follow-up period of 12 months to 18 months. A more common site of tubercular lesion was at the thoracal lesion (44%). In this research, the patients were preoperatively categorized by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Assessment. Among them four were ASIA-A, 10 were ASIA-B, 30 were ASIA-C, 15 were ASIA-D, and five were ASIA-E. After the operative procedure, two patients were ASIA-B, five patients were ASIA-C, 17 patients were ASIA-D, and 40 were ASIA-E. Maximum patients (62%) had bony fusion grade 1. Greater than 80% of subjects had a satisfactory result. In conclusion, posterior decompression and preservation of stability with transpedicular fusion are an excellent surgical way of posterior lumbar spinal tuberculosis treatment. TINDAKAN OPERASI DEKOMPRESI DAN STABILISASI POSTERIOR MELALUI PENDEKATAN TRANSPEDIKULAR PADA TUBERKULOSIS TULANG BELAKANG: STUDI RETROSPEKTIFTindakan medis berperan penting pada manajemen akhir kasus tuberkulosis tulang belakang. Prosedur operasi dilakukan untuk mencegah perburukan defisit neurologis, menjaga kestabilan tulang belakang, dan mobilisasi dini. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis luaran hasil tindakan operatif pada tuberkulosis tulang belakang dengan pendekatan transpedikular. Penelitian ini merupakan studi retrospektif pada Departemen Orthopaedi dan Traumatologi RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin, Bandung, Indonesia, periode tahun 2016–2018. Terdapat 64 subjek dalam penelitian ini yang terdiri atas 35 laki-laki dan 29 perempuan, serta usia berkisar 21–60 tahun dengan masa tindak lanjut 12–18 bulan. Pada penelitian ini, lesi tuberkuler paling banyak terjadi di regio torakal (44%). Subjek penelitian dikategorikan menurut Impairment Assessment dari American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA). Preoperatif terdapat empat pasien ASIA-A, 10 pasien ASIA-B, 30 pasien ASIA-C, 15 pasien ASIA-D, dan lima pasien ASIA-E. Setelah tindakan operasi terdapat dua pasien ASIA-B, lima pasien ASIA-C, 17 pasien ASIA-D, dan 40 pasien ASIA-E. Mayoritas pasien memiliki fusi tulang grade 1 (62%). Lebih dari 80% subjek penelitian menyatakan puas setelah operasi dilakukan. Simpulan, tindakan operatif dekompresi dan stabilisasi dengan fusi transpedikular merupakan metode yang unggul dalam manajemen tuberkulosis tulang belakang.
      PubDate: Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +070
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Heriot-Watt University
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