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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1298 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (528 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (377 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (105 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (101 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (528 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 232)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Healthy-Mu Journal     Open Access  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Health Science Reports
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2398-8835
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1589 journals]
  • Multidisciplinary approach for patients with functional and
           non‐functional adrenal masses and review of the literature

    • Authors: Gamze Akkuş; Mehtap Evran, Murat Sert, Fesih Ok, Tamer Tetiker
      Abstract: BackgroundAdrenal incidentalomas are adrenal masses that are discovered by imaging tests performed for other reasons.AimsIn this retrospective study, we analysed 229 Turkish patients with adrenal masses and who presented with or without complaints.Study designDescriptive retrospective study and review of the literatureMethodsThis study conducted a retrospective review of 229 patients with adrenal incidentalomas that were referred to Cukurova University Hospital's endocrinological department between 2009 and 2014. We reviewed detailed patient histories, physical examination findings, and symptoms and signs related to hormonal hypersecretion or malignant neoplasm and recorded clinical indications for performing diagnostic radiological imaging. The statistical analysis of data was performed using SPSS‐19 software.ResultsOf the 229 patients reviewed, 195 (85.2%) had non‐functional, benign adrenal adenomas, and 34 (14.8%) had functional lesions. Among those with functional lesions, 8 (3.5%) had lesions that secreted excess cortisol, 11 (4.8%) had lesions that secreted aldosterone, and 15 (6.6%) had lesions that secreted catecholamines. Eighty‐four patients included in the study (36.8%) underwent adrenalectomy; in 14 of these cases, the adrenalectomy was performed before surgical treatment criteria occurred. The most frequent pathologic diagnosis was adrenal cortical neoplasia (n = 38); 32 of these patients had adenomas (Weiss 4 criteria). Other patient diagnoses included benign pheochromocytoma (n = 13), pseudocyst (n = 12), metastasis (n = 10), haemorrhage (n = 3), necrosis (n = 1), hyperplasia (n = 2), and other (n = 5).ConclusionsDetailed endocrinological and radiological assessments of the mass nature and hormone status are necessary in cases of adrenal incidentaloma. Appropriate surgical treatment or periodic follow‐up must be determined based on the assessment results.
      PubDate: 2017-12-20T05:10:21.4338-05:00
      DOI: 10.1002/hsr2.22
       
  • Effects of Oxalis barrelieri L. (Oxalidaceae) aqueous extract on diarrhea
           induced by Shigella dysenteriae type 1 in rats

    • Authors: Michel Archange Fokam Tagne; Paul Aimé Noubissi, Gaëtan Olivier Fankem, René Kamgang
      Abstract: AimOxalis barrelieri is a medicinal plant commonly used in Cameroon, for the treatment of many diarrheal diseases. The antibacterial properties of O barrelieri aqueous extract (WOb) against Shigella dysenteriae type 1 were investigated in vitro and in vivo.MethodsAntibacterial activity was evaluated in vitro by disc diffusion method and by macrodilution method. S dysenteriae type 1 at a dose of 1.2 × 109 CFU was administrated orally to rats to induce shigellosis. For 6 consecutive days, diarrheic rats were treated with O barrelieri aqueous extract (50 and 100 mg/kg BW) or norfloxacin (20 mg/kg BW). The diarrheal stool weight and S dysenteriae type 1 density were assessed during the treatment period, and death rate recorded. Nitric oxide production in blood and in colonic homogenate and blood parameters were assessed, and the histological section of the colon was performed in the survivors.ResultsThe minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal bactericidal concentration of WOb were, respectively, 6 mg/mL and 25 mg/mL. The mean minimal bactericidal concentration/minimal inhibitory concentration ratio for WOb against S dysenteriae type 1 was high (˃4); WOb could be classified as a bacteriostatic drug. WOb significantly (P 
      PubDate: 2017-12-07T03:37:30.986086-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/hsr2.20
       
  • Co‐production with “vulnerable” groups: Balancing
           protection and participation

    • Authors: Kristin Liabo; Anne Ingold, Helen Roberts
      Abstract: Background and aimThis paper explores the tension between participation and protection at a time when professionals are encouraged to engage patients and citizens in both the “R” (research) and the “D” (development) of services. Concerns to protect groups perceived as “vulnerable” can mean that not everyone is afforded the same opportunity to participate.MethodsOur data draw on the literature and secondary analysis of a study designed to explore the experiences of young peoples' transitions from health and social care to adult services. In seeking ethics approval, tensions between protection and participation were evident, and once the study was concluded, we reviewed group and individual interview transcripts, team email correspondence, and research notes. We considered aspects of participation, co‐production, involvement, and research design in relation to the ethics concerns raised.FindingsIn terms of privacy and confidentiality, young people were skilled at setting their own boundaries. Whilst young people leaving foster and residential care are frequently perceived as vulnerable, those in our study asserted their agency and desire to be “visible.” Some experienced conditions aimed at protecting their confidentiality or safety as oppressive.ConclusionThe risk reduction strategies that often underpin ethics approval processes can also carry risks. Limiting opportunities to play a part in research for people who may already be excluded on age, health, language, or other grounds reduces the range of lay knowledge on which we can draw, limits generalisability, and potentially adds to damaging social exclusion. Learning how to participate effectively is a life skill.
      PubDate: 2017-12-06T03:40:20.77984-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/hsr2.19
       
  • Angiotensin‐1‐converting enzyme inhibition, antioxidant activity, and
           modulation of cerebral Na+/K+ ATPase by free phenolics of African locust
           bean (Parkia biglobosa)

    • Authors: Kayode Komolafe; Afolabi C. Akinmoladun, Titilope R. Komolafe, Mary T. Olaleye, Aline A. Boligon, Akintunde A. Akindahunsi, Joao B.T. Rocha
      Abstract: AimsTo investigate the antioxidant activities and effects of free phenols (FPPB) and bound phenols (BPPB) of Parkia biglobosa leaves on some enzymes of neuro‐cardiovascular relevance.Methods and ResultsHPLC‐DAD fingerprinting of FPPB and BPPB, and the antihemolytic, radical (1,1‐diphenyl‐2 picrylhydrazyl, DPPH; 2,2‐azino‐bis(3‐ethylbenzthiazoline‐6‐sulphonic acid), ABTS) scavenging and ferric reducing antioxidant properties of extracts, were assessed. In addition, the effects of the phenolics on angiotensin‐1‐converting enzyme (ACE), cerebral acetylcholinesterase/butyrylcholinesterase (AChE/BuChE), and Na+/K+ATPase were determined in vitro. FPPB was more potent than BPPB in terms of ABTS (EC50:4.06 ± 0.3 vs 24.07 ± 2.1 μg/mL) and DPPH (EC50:3.82 ± 0.2 vs 10.22 ± 0.1 μg/mL) radicals scavenged, respectively. The free phenolic extract was a better DPPH. scavenger than ascorbic acid (EC50 = 12.58 ± 0.4 μg/mL; DPPH reference) and compared well with Trolox (EC50:4.44 ± 0.08 μg/mL; ABTS reference). The anti‐hemolytic effect of FPPB (36%) and BPPB (53%) was highest at 15 μg/mL but lower than that recorded for ascorbic acid (67% at 10 μg/mL). Even though FPPB (IC50 = 15.35 ± 4.0 μg/mL) and BPPB (IC50 = 46.85 ± 3.3 μg/mL) showed considerably lower ACE‐inhibitory effect than ramipril (IC50:0.173 ± 0.04 μg/mL), both extracts demonstrated dose‐dependent, significant (p 
      PubDate: 2017-11-27T05:40:39.859765-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/hsr2.17
       
  • Constant performance in balance and proprioception tests across the
           menstrual cycle – a pilot study in well trained female ice hockey
           players on hormonal contraception

    • Authors: Kirsten Legerlotz; Marie Elena Bey, Susann Götz, Nikolai Böhlke
      Abstract: IntroductionIt has yet to be explained why female athletes appear to suffer more often from non‐contact ligament injuries during the first half of the menstrual cycle. Fluctuations in balance, caused by impaired proprioception due to increased fluid retention, may be relevant factors contributing to this anomaly in distribution. The aim of this study was therefore to uncover relationships between dynamic stability, proprioception and fluid retention in association with the menstrual cycle as a possible explanation for the observed changes in injury rates.MethodsNine healthy, female, well trained ice hockey players on hormonal contraception with regular cycles were tested at least twelve times during one menstrual cycle. Bioimpedance analysis was applied to investigate body composition and fluid distribution. A joint position sense test was performed to characterize changes in proprioception, while unexpected perturbations on a balance board were used to obtain measures for dynamic postural control.ResultsNo distinct changes in proprioception, dynamic stability and fluid retention were identified across the menstrual cycle in this population. Weak correlations were found between parameters for dynamic stability and proprioception.ConclusionVariations in proprioception, dynamic stability and fluid retention seem unlikely to be major contributors to injury risk peaks, at least in this population of healthy trained athletes using hormonal contraception.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24T05:30:45.849652-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/hsr2.18
       
  • Cancer as the “perfect storm”' A qualitative study of public
           attitudes to health conditions

    • Authors: Liz Morrell; Suzanne Sayuri Ii, Sarah Wordsworth, Roger Wilson, Sian Rees, Richard Barker
      Abstract: AimsOur aim is to identify important attributes of major diseases that shape how they are perceived by the public.Methods and ResultsFour focus groups among members of the public were recruited, in March and October 2016, and used semistructured discussion to explore important attributes of cancer, heart disease, stroke, dementia, mental illness, and infectious disease. Common themes were identified by using inductive thematic analysis.Five themes were identified: fear, impact on family and friends, hope, detection, and prevention. Fear of cancer includes not only fear of death but also of aggressive treatments. Loss of dignity is feared in dementia, while infectious disease raises fear of uncontrollable “plague”; in contrast, people with mental illness may themselves be seen as a potential threat. The impact of cancer and its treatment on family and friends was described as intense and all‐consuming, even for those not involved directly in caring; with dementia and stroke, the family impact is taking on care, including funding, over the long term with little expectation of improvement. Hope is a major theme in cancer and stroke recovery, linked with the need to take action, often expressed in aggressive language of “fighting,” but seen as futile in dementia. Detection difficulties for “silent” cancers mean that real treatment opportunities are missed; cardiovascular and infection risk, however, are seen as easy to identify and act on, whereas mental illness and dementia are seen as poorly diagnosed and with limited treatment options. Prevention awareness is high for cardiovascular disease and infection, lower for cancer, and limited for dementia and mental health.ConclusionAlthough themes overlap across diseases, the specific concerns are different and each condition has a unique profile. Quantifying the relative importance of these themes could allow their incorporation in decision‐making, not only when they occur as a named disease but also in any relevant condition.
      PubDate: 2017-10-27T08:05:24.443976-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/hsr2.16
       
  • Introducing Health Science Reports

    • Authors: Alejandro Montenegro-Montero; Charles Young
      Abstract: Wiley is proud to announce the launch of Health Science Reports. I talked to the Editor in Chief, Dr. Charles Young, about the journal, its philosophy, and its contribution to scientific communication in the health sciences.
      PubDate: 2017-10-16T06:20:58.700337-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/hsr2.15
       
  • Increased energy expenditure during posture maintenance and exercise in
           early Parkinson disease

    • Authors: Tal Margaliot Kalifa; Nadav Ziv, Hagai Bergman, Samir Nusair, David Arkadir
      Abstract: BackgroundEvidence for the effects of Parkinson disease on energy expenditure is incomplete and contradictory. A number of studies showed increased resting energy expenditure among patients with Parkinson disease whereas others did not. It was hypothesized that energy expenditure increases during exercise, based on findings in patients with a variable regime of anti-parkinsonian therapies and at different stages of the disease. However, energy expenditure during posture maintenance has been neglected. To better understand these issues, we studied energy expenditure in a homogenous population of Parkinson patients in an early stage of the disease and different states of activity.MethodsOxygen consumption was assessed in a group of 10 males with early Parkinson disease without dopaminergic treatment and controls matched for age and body composition. Oxygen consumption was measured at rest, during trunk unsupported sitting, and during exercise at different intensities (unloaded and loaded cycling).ResultsResting energy expenditure was similar between groups. Higher energy consumption was observed during maintenance of trunk posture at rest and during light intensity aerobic exercise (P 
      PubDate: 2017-08-22T06:00:19.443894-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/hsr2.14
       
  • Exploring women's experiences with a decision aid for neoadjuvant systemic
           therapy for operable breast cancer

    • Authors: Anne Herrmann; Frances Boyle, Phyllis Butow, Alix E. Hall, Nicholas Zdenkowski
      Abstract: BackgroundSome women with operable breast cancer have a choice between receiving upfront surgery followed by chemotherapy or neoadjuvant systemic therapy (NAST) prior to receiving surgery. While survival outcomes are equivalent for both options, the decision about treatment sequence can be difficult due to its complexity and perceived urgency. A decision aid has been developed to help patients decide on whether to receive NAST.AimsTo explore, qualitatively, women's use and perceived benefit of a decision aid to help with their decision on NAST.MethodsA framework analysis process was conducted on a purposeful sample of 20, one-on-one, semistructured phone interviews with early-stage breast cancer patients eligible for NAST. Participants had recently decided on whether or not to have NAST.ResultsPatients perceived the decision aid as useful to becoming more informed and involved in making a decision as to whether they receive NAST. They described the information provided in the decision aid as reliable, relevant, sufficient in terms of amount, and tailored to their needs. Reading and rereading the decision aid at home in-between the consultations with their surgeon and their medical oncologist allowed women to better understand their treatment options and easily integrate the decision aid into their care. The decision aid seemed to confirm but not change women's decisions on NAST.ConclusionThe decision aid appears to help breast cancer patients support their decision about whether to receive NAST. Patients' ability to review the decision aid in-between two consultations seems to be an acceptable and feasible way of integrating the decision aid into patients' care.
      PubDate: 2017-08-22T00:55:32.807256-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/hsr2.13
       
 
 
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