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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1326 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (88 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (544 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (381 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (103 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (544 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 207)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Healthcare Technology Letters     Open Access  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Indian Journal of Health Sciences
  [3 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2349-5006 - ISSN (Online) 2349-6681
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [355 journals]
  • The role of microbiome in cancer

    • Authors: RB Nerli, Shridhar C Ghagane
      Pages: 1 - 2
      Abstract: RB Nerli, Shridhar C Ghagane
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):1-2

      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):1-2
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_323_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Review of selected herbal phytoconstituents for potential melanoma
           treatment

    • Authors: Bhaskar Kallappa Kurangi, Sunil Satyappa Jalalpure
      Pages: 3 - 11
      Abstract: Bhaskar Kallappa Kurangi, Sunil Satyappa Jalalpure
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):3-11
      Malignant melanoma is the most aggressive form of skin cancer, with a high mortality rate. The current chemotherapies have a relatively low success rate due to the development of multidrug resistance and side effects. Hence, there is need of discovering new compounds that are safe and more effective against melanoma to improve the efficiency and to lower the treatment cost for cancer care. Melanoma chemoprevention with natural herbal phytoconstituents is an emerging strategy to prevent, cure, or treat melanoma. This review summarizes the latest research in melanoma chemoprevention and treatment using the herbal phytoconstituents. Relevant mechanisms involved in the pharmacological effects of these phytochemical are discussed. Phytoconstituents that are discussed in this review are carotenoids, flavonoids, some polyphenols, piperine alkaloid, and sulforaphane having high anticancer potential mostly to be used for the treatment of melanoma.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):3-11
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_319_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Vitamin B12 insufficiency in excess folic acid downregulates
           methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene and increases homocysteine, tumor
           necrosis factor-alpha, and oxidative stress in hepatocytes

    • Authors: Tejas Shah, Kalpana Joshi, Sanjay Mishra
      Pages: 12 - 18
      Abstract: Tejas Shah, Kalpana Joshi, Sanjay Mishra
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):12-18
      OBJECTIVE: Folate and Vitamin B12 (B12) are crucial for normal growth, development, and cellular functions. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of required and excess folic acid (FA) concentration and imbalance of FA and B12 caused due to folate fortification on hepatocytes health and function in vitro.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells were cultured in FA and B12 deficient media for 15 days and further were supplemented with required FA: (6 μM) and excess FA: (60 μM) individually and in combination with B12: (500 nM). We assessed HepG2 proliferation, viability, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mRNA expression, homocysteine, and malondialdehyde levels.RESULTS: Supplementation of B12 with FA increased proliferation as compared to only FA supplemented group. FA and B12 deficient cells and excess FA supplementation resulted in decreased viability. Supplementation of B12 at both FA concentrations increased (P < 0.05) cell viability. In the presence of B12 oxidative stress, TNFα mRNA and TNFα levels in cell lysate significantly decreased (P < 0.05) in both FA supplemented cells as compared to excess FA cells. Homocysteine levels significantly decreased (P < 0.05) in cells supplemented with normal FA + B12 as compared to excess FA supplemented cells and FA and B12 deficient cells. Supplementation of excess FA significantly downregulated (P < 0.05) MTHFR mRNA levels as compared to required FA cells. Combination of FA + B12 significantly upregulated (P < 0.01) MTHFR mRNA levels as compared to excess FA.CONCLUSION: These results accord the promoting effect of B12 with FA in developing nations like India where B12 deficiency is common while the concentration of folate is adequate.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):12-18
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_128_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Expression of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human
           epidermal growth factor receptor type 2/neu in surface epithelial ovarian
           tumors and its clinicohistopathological correlation

    • Authors: Neeta Verma, Madhu Kumar, Mala Sagar, Suresh Babu, Atin Singhai, Nisha Singh, Sujata Dev, Vijay Kumar
      Pages: 19 - 24
      Abstract: Neeta Verma, Madhu Kumar, Mala Sagar, Suresh Babu, Atin Singhai, Nisha Singh, Sujata Dev, Vijay Kumar
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):19-24
      BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancers represent the 4th most frequent type of cancers among females and are the most common cause of death from gynecological cancers in the world.AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim is to evaluate the expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2/neu) immunohistochemical markers in surface epithelial ovarian tumors and its clinicopathological correlation with CA-125 level, histological type, grading of tumors, and prognosis of ovarian tumors.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 48 cases of surface epithelial ovarian tumors including serous, mucinous, and adenocarcinoma Not Otherwise Specified (NOS). After grossing and processing, H and E sections were examined and representative 3–4 μm sections taken from blocks for immunohistochemistry which was performed with specific antibodies against ER, PR, and HER2/neu as per standard protocol. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square test.DISCUSSION AND RESULTS: ER expression was higher in malignant, borderline, serous tumors as compared to benign and mucinous tumors. PR expression was higher in borderline, serous tumors as compared to malignant and mucinous tumors. HER2/neu positive cases were higher in malignant, serous as compared to borderline and mucinous tumors.CONCLUSIONS: ER expression was found to be positive in most of serous tumors, have variable role in prognosis. PR expression showed protective role in survival of patients. Her2/neu was found to be expressed in higher grade and associated with poor prognosis. Together expression of ER and Her2/neu associated with decreased survival rates.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):19-24
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.ijhs_310_16
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Comparison of Vitamin “C” levels in naturally ripened and
           artificially ripened mangoes

    • Authors: Jayashree Neelakantha Majagi, Vanishree Basavraj Jabannavar
      Pages: 25 - 27
      Abstract: Jayashree Neelakantha Majagi, Vanishree Basavraj Jabannavar
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):25-27
      INTRODUCTION: Fruits are very good sources of micronutrients. In the present era, eating fruits is questionable due to hazardous effects of artificial ripener usage on fruits. Ascorbic acid (C6H8O6), a major antioxidant water-soluble vitamin, acts as a reducing agent for many metabolic reactions as a coenzyme. Since it is heat-labile, fruits remain as a prime source as they are eaten uncooked. Mangoes, Banana, and Papaya are the most commonly subjected fruits for artificial ripening. However, artificial ripeners such as ethephon and calcium carbide have antinutritional and hazardous effects on health. This study analyzed the effect of the second most commonly used artificial ripener ethephon on mangoes in comparing with naturally ripened mangoes.STUDY PURPOSE: To fulfill the increasing fruit demand and for commercialization fastening of fruit ripening is done. The aim of the present study is to assess whether artificial ripening will affect the Vitamin “C” level in mangoes or no.OBJECTIVES: Compare the Vitamin C levels in artificially ripened with naturally ripened mangoes.METHODS: Vitamin C was analyzed using simple UV spectrophotometric method using 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine reagent.RESULTS: The results of the present study showed that the naturally ripened mangoes had a mean of 7.6 ± 6 mg/100 g more of Vitamin “C” than artificially ripened mangoes.CONCLUSION: The Study concludes that the Vitamin C contents is more in naturally ripened mangoes than the artificially ripened mangoes with using 1000 ppm of ehtephon.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):25-27
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_191_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Two-dimensional-quantitative structure-activity relationship studies of a
           novel series of diaryl furanone derivatives: An approach to design
           selective and effective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors

    • Authors: Manjula K Chikkamath, Pratibha M Huded, Swetha S Kokatnur, Akshata S Menasinakai, Mahesh B Palkar
      Pages: 28 - 41
      Abstract: Manjula K Chikkamath, Pratibha M Huded, Swetha S Kokatnur, Akshata S Menasinakai, Mahesh B Palkar
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):28-41
      INTRODUCTION: Over a decade, a large number of selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors with diverse chemical characteristics have been designed but only a few have emerged as drugs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, two-dimensional-quantitative structure-activity relationship (2D-QSAR) studies were performed on a set of 43 novel derivatives of diaryl furanone using V-Life Molecular Design Suite (MDS 3.5) QSAR plus module using multiple linear regression (MLR) and Partial Least Square (PLS) regression methods against a COX-2 enzyme. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: PLS method has displayed a very significant prediction results. QSAR model was generated by a training set of 33 molecules with correlation coefficient (r2) of 0.7695, cross-validated correlation coefficient (q2) of 0.5359 and F test of 23.3734. The estate contribution, chi, hydrophobic, and alignment-independent descriptors were major contributors. CONCLUSION: 2D-QSAR model result showed the positive contribution of oxygen atoms and negative contribution of rotatable bonds and distance between double bonds toward biological activity.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):28-41
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.ijhs_289_16
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Evaluation of the effects of laser irradiation on the rate of tooth
           movement: A split-mouth study

    • Authors: Urvi Harish Mal, Manjunath Malagan
      Pages: 42 - 45
      Abstract: Urvi Harish Mal, Manjunath Malagan
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):42-45
      AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the rate of tooth movement caused by laser during individual canine retraction in the maxillary arch.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was done on 10 patients requiring upper first premolar extraction on both the sides and individual canine retraction using closed NiTi coil spring with high anchorage. A split-mouth technique was carried out where the right quadrant was the experimental side and left quadrant was the control side. On experimental side, canine was irradiated with Ga-As semiconductor laser (wavelength – 940 nm, output – 0.2 mW for 25 s, energy density – 5 J/cm2). Amount of retraction was measured using digital caliper on the cast. A palatal plug was used as a reference to ascertain retraction of canine.RESULTS: Results showed statistically significant difference in tooth movement on the experimental sides compared to control side.CONCLUSION: Hence, it can be concluded that laser effectively accelerates the tooth movement and reduce the treatment duration in clinical practice.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):42-45
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_249_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A clinical study on Triphaladi compound and Shunthyadi eye drop in the
           management of computer vision syndrome

    • Authors: Shashi Prakash Gupta, DB Vaghela
      Pages: 46 - 50
      Abstract: Shashi Prakash Gupta, DB Vaghela
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):46-50
      BACKGROUND: Computer vision syndrome (CVS) is a group of symptoms which crop up from the extended viewing of the visual display terminals, when the demands of the task exceed the abilities of the viewer. The symptoms of CVS include eyestrain, dry eyes, burning sensation, headache, focusing difficulties, and neck and shoulder pain.AIM: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of Triphaladi compound and Shunthyadi eye drops in the management of CVS.MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this trial, forty patients were registered, of which 37 completed the treatment. In Group A, 18 patients had been prescribed Triphaladi compound internally and Shunthyadi eye drops, and in Group B, 19 patients had been prescribed the carboxymethylcellulose eye drops along with ergonomics adopted in both the groups. Assessment was done on the basis of eyestrain, redness, headache, blurring of vision, burning sensation, slow refocusing, irritation, fatigue, tear film breakup time, and Schirmer's I- test.RESULTS: In total, marked improvement was observed in 61% and 53% of patients in Group A and Group B, respectively.CONCLUSION: The study shows that Triphaladi compound and Shunthyadi eye drops provide better relief in breaking down the pathology of CVS topically and systematically.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):46-50
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_119_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Awareness of gestational diabetes mellitus among pregnant women attending
           a tertiary health center

    • Authors: Vineeta Dhyani, Niranjana S Mahantashetti, MS Ganachari, Sanjay Kambar, Vikrant Ghatnatti
      Pages: 51 - 55
      Abstract: Vineeta Dhyani, Niranjana S Mahantashetti, MS Ganachari, Sanjay Kambar, Vikrant Ghatnatti
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):51-55
      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Awareness of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among pregnant women is poor. However, increasing awareness may help in diagnosis and prevention of maternal and fetal complications. Hence, this study was aimed at evaluating the knowledge in diagnosed GDM pregnant women.METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2014 to March 2017. A total of 500 registered pregnant women diagnosed to have GDM residing within 5 km of the study area aged more than 18 years who were willing to participate in the study were enrolled in the study. The participants were provided with the questionnaire which was designed to assess their knowledge about GDM.RESULTS: The age of the women ranged from 22 to 44 years with mean age as 27.53 ± 2.42 years and median age as 27 years. The most common age group was 26–30 years which comprised 67.6% of the women. Maximum women had primary education (61%) and were Hindus (54.8%). Most of the women were working (54.8%), resided in slum areas (43.2%), and had body mass index (BMI) between 19.8 and 26 kg/m2 (67%). The mean BMI level was 28.07 ± 4.11 kg/m2. The mean blood sugar levels at diagnosis ranged between 88 and 300 mg/dL and the mean blood sugar level was 201.36 ± 38.67 mg/dL and the median blood sugar level was 190 mg/dL. Majority of the women, that is, 57.6% of the women, had an average knowledge about GDM while 21.8% of the women had good knowledge, 1.6% had excellent, and 19% had poor knowledge. The mean knowledge score was 6.51 ± 3.41. The mean percentage of the knowledge was 36.14% ± 18.94%. Statistically significant association was noted between knowledge about GDM with maternal age and educational status, religion, and occupation (P < 0.050), but the GDM knowledge was independent of that found between place of residence (P = 0.715) and family history of DM (P = 0.661).CONCLUSION: There is poor knowledge about GDM in the study area. Hence, there is need to create awareness of this condition through counseling and use of mass media.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):51-55
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_130_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effectiveness of planned teaching program on home management and its side
           effects in terms of knowledge among caregivers of patients receiving
           chemotherapy at selected tertiary care hospital, Belagavi

    • Authors: Jonathan Borges, Preeti Bhupali, Deepak Bagi
      Pages: 56 - 59
      Abstract: Jonathan Borges, Preeti Bhupali, Deepak Bagi
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):56-59
      INTRODUCTION: Cancer is most fatal disease, and the caregivers taking care of the cancer patients have a vital role to play in their health-care wellness. As chemotherapy is one of the treatments for cancer, the side effects of chemotherapy are very important to be manage at home by the caregivers. The most effective way of giving information to the caregivers was by giving a planned teaching programme (PTP) and enhancing their knowledge regarding home management and its side effects of chemotherapy.OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge of caregivers of patients receiving chemotherapy; to administer PTP on home management and its side effects in terms of knowledge among caregivers of patients receiving chemotherapy; and to evaluate the effectiveness of PTP on home management and its side effects in terms of knowledge among caregivers of patients receiving chemotherapy.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A preexperimental research was conducted on sixty caregivers of patients receiving chemotherapy. The study was conducted at KLE'S Belgaum Cancer Hospital, Belagavi, using one group pretest and posttest design. The demographic variables analyzed for the study were age, gender, religion, education, and income. The study was conducted using purposive sampling technique on a sample of 60 caregivers by knowledge-structured questionnaire to collect the data regarding home management and its side effects in terms of knowledge among caregivers of patients receiving chemotherapy.RESULTS: The pre- and post-test frequency and percentage of knowledge scores of respondents regarding home management and its side effects in terms of knowledge among caregivers of patients receiving chemotherapy revealed that pretest (13.34%) subjects had poor knowledge, 75% had average knowledge, and 11.66% had good knowledge scores, where posttest (6.67%) subjects had poor knowledge, 65% had average knowledge, and 28.33% had good knowledge scores. The effectiveness of PTP was assessed with paired t-test and it was revealed that there was a significant gain in knowledge at 0.05 level of significance.CONCLUSION: The study concluded that PTP was as effective teaching strategy to improve the knowledge regarding home management and its side effects in terms of knowledge among caregivers of patients receiving chemotherapy.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):56-59
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_102_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of Karpura Ghrita
           as a topical analgesic with lignocaine jelly 2% in
           posthemorrhoidectomy pain

    • Authors: Vivek Rajeshwar Shukla, Amruta Ashok Wali, TajAhmed NoorAhmed Dongargaon
      Pages: 60 - 64
      Abstract: Vivek Rajeshwar Shukla, Amruta Ashok Wali, TajAhmed NoorAhmed Dongargaon
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):60-64
      INTRODUCTION: Effective postoperative pain control is an essential component of the care of the surgical patient. Uncontrolled pain may cause restlessness and thereby delay in wound healing. Haemorrhoids are certainly one of the commonest ailments that afflict mankind. NSAID's have been traditionally been used to relieve pain after minor or major surgery. There are many modes of treating the local pain like by lignocaine Jelly2%, glycerine packing, diclofenac suppository which reduces the pain but they may bring delayed wound healing. The use of Karpura-Ghrita is mentioned in classics after shastrakriya for Pain (Vedana) management. Hence, this study is planned to evaluate the effect of Karpura-Ghritaan topical analgesic in post haemorrhoidectomy pain.AIM: To evaluate the analgesic effect of KarpuraGhritaOBJECTIVES: To evaluate the analgesic effect of KarpuraGhrita with Lignocaine jelly 2% gauze packing in post-operative Haemorrhoidectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30 patients who undergone haemorrhoidectomy under local anaesthesia, fulfilling the inclusion criteria were randomly selected from I.P.D of Shalyatantra of KLEU's Shri BMK Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Belgavi and divided into Group 1 and Group 2 comprising of 15 patients each. Group 1 (study group) was treated with KarpuraGhrita gauze packing and Group 2 (control group) was treated with lignocaine jelly 2% gauze packing after Haemorrhoidectomy. Patients were assessed for requirement of 1st dose of analgesic and Pain assessed by Verbal Descriptive Scale. OBSERVATIONS AND RESULTS: Pain score by Kruskalwallis multiple comparison test showed significant result in both the groups. Pain score between the two groups was evaluated by Mann-Whitney U test which showed non-significant result. CONCLUSION:
      KarpuraGhrita has shown analgesic effect.
      Both the drugs have shown significant effect in post haemorrhoidectomy pain management.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):60-64
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_127_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • To compare efficacy of bupivacaine and bupivacaine with dexamethasone for
           supraclavicular brachial plexus block in patients undergoing upper-limb
           surgeries: A one -year randomized controlled trial

    • Authors: Shwetank Rai, KS Kedareshvara
      Pages: 65 - 69
      Abstract: Shwetank Rai, KS Kedareshvara
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):65-69
      OBJECTIVE: Brachial plexus block is a viable alternative to general anaesthesia as it provides adequate muscle relaxation,excellent intraoperative and post operative analgesia. Dexamethasone ,a synthetic glucocorticoid was combined with local anaesthetics to study the effects . This study was conducted to compare the onset and duration of sensory and motor block following administration of either bupivacaine and bupivacaine- Dexamethasone in patients undergoing upper limb surgeries under USG guided supraclavicular block.MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60 ASA I / II patients between of 18 and 60 years who underwent elective upper limb surgeries randomly allocated into two groups of 30 each by a sealed envelope technique to receive 30 ml of 0.5% Bupivacaine and 2 ml of normal saline in Group BS and 30 ml of 0.5% Bupivacaine with 2ml (8mg) of Dexamethasone in Group BD. The onset duration of sensory and motor blockade were observed between the two groups.RESULTS: The onset of sensory and motor blockade was faster in Group BD when compared to Group BS (p
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):65-69
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_230_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Knowledge and practice of needlestick injury preventive measures among
           nurses of Sana'a city hospitals in Yemen

    • Authors: Gawad M A. Alwabr
      Pages: 70 - 76
      Abstract: Gawad M A. Alwabr
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):70-76
      BACKGROUND: A needlestick injury is an accidental skin-penetrating stab wound from a hollow-bore needle containing another person's blood or body fluid, leading to infection of diseases transmitted by blood such as hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus. The purpose of this study is to assess the level of knowledge and practice of needlesticks injury prevention measures and to estimate the incidence of exposure to needlestick injury among nurses working in the governmental hospitals in Sana'a city, Yemen.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study among a random sample of nurses (n = 259) were conducted. A pretested structured self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 20.0. (Armonk, NY: IBM Corp).RESULTS: One hundred and fourteen (44%) respondents had poor knowledge of needlestick injury preventive measures, 75 (29%) had a fair knowledge, and 70 (27%) had good knowledge. The knowledge was significantly associated with hospital's name (P < 0.017). One hundred and ninety-eight (76.5%) respondents had a poor practice of needlestick injury preventive measures, (8.9%) had fair practice, and (14.7%) good practice. There was a statistically significant association (P < 0.001) between the knowledge and practice. Among all the respondents, 48.6% were vaccinated against hepatitis B.CONCLUSION: The practices and knowledge of needlestick injury preventive measures were low and occupational exposure to needlestick injury was a common occurrence in the study sample. This needs intensive programs to educate nurses on various aspects of needlestick injury preventive measures.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):70-76
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_175_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Prevalence of menopausal symptoms among postmenopausal women of urban
           Belagavi, Karnataka

    • Authors: Nidhi Pathak, MS Shivaswamy
      Pages: 77 - 80
      Abstract: Nidhi Pathak, MS Shivaswamy
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):77-80
      BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization (1981), natural menopause is defined as no menses for 12 consecutive months with no obvious intervening cause. During the menopause, women may experience vasomotor, psychosocial, physical, as well as sexual dysfunction. Studies on menopausal issues and health demand priority in Indian scenario due to the growing population of menopausal women as a result of their increased life expectancy.OBJECTIVE: To know the prevalence of menopausal symptoms in the postmenopausal women aged 40–60 years.METHODOLOGY: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2016, using a predesigned, pretested, structured questionnaire based on sociodemographic variables and menopausal symptoms as per the menopause-specific quality of life questionnaire. A total of 345 postmenopausal women aged 40–60 years residing in the field practice area of Urban Health Centre, Ashok Nagar, Belagavi, were selected by systematic random sampling technique and interviewed during house-to-house visit. The outcomes of this study were menopausal symptoms in the postmenopausal women. Data collected in the questionnaire were coded and entered in Microsoft Excel sheet. Values were expressed in the form of frequency and percentages. Tables were prepared. Statistical significance was set at P ≤ 0.05.RESULTS: In this study, the mean age among study participants was 52.04 ± 5.58 years. Majority 200 (58%) were Hindus, while 266 (77.1%) were literates. The most common menopausal symptoms were of physical domain (75.7%–25.5%), followed by psychosocial domain (63.9%–49.3%) to vasomotor domain (63.5%–55.4%) and least common sexual domain (42.3%–36.2%).
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):77-80
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_204_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A study to evaluate cardiovascular responses by using treadmill and
           ergometer bicycle exercise in young adults

    • Authors: Alok Kumar Yadav, Jayasheela G Bagi
      Pages: 81 - 85
      Abstract: Alok Kumar Yadav, Jayasheela G Bagi
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):81-85
      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Exercise is inevitable to keep good health status, advised for health promotion, diagnosis of diseases, and rehabilitation. Different types of exercise are performed as exercise tolerance, but tolerance is not same for every individual. Thus, the objective of this study is to evaluate the cardiovascular responses for three different intensities of exercise using treadmill and bicycle ergometer at fixed heart rate (HR) value in young healthy adults.METHODS: After obtaining the ethical clearance from the Institutional Ethical Committee, a total of 130 participants were screened and 48 randomly selected male and female individuals with age group of 18–24 years and with normal body mass index. Selected participants are divided into three groups according to HR using WHO classification and Karvonen formula of exercise intensity. Sixteen individuals in each group start exercising for treadmill exercise at 3, 6, and 7.5 k/h, respectively, with zero inclination and for ergometer bicycle exercise at pedal frequency 50–60, 70–80, and 90–100 rpm, respectively, with 0 kg breaking resistance until calculated target HR is achieved. Cardiovascular parameters such as (systolic blood pressure [SBP], diastolic blood pressure [DBP], and rate pressure product [RPP]) pre- and post-exercise were recorded, and data are subjected to statistical analysis in both modes of exercise.RESULTS: SBP and RPP are linearly increased with increasing intensity of exercise and more observed in ergometer bicycling than treadmill exercise. Postexercise mean DBP among the three intensities of exercise: in mild exercise, there was negligible change in case of treadmill exercise and a higher mean DBP was recorded in case of ergometer bicycle exercise; in moderate exercise, value was slightly lower in treadmill exercise and slightly higher in ergometer bicycle exercise, but in severe exercise, mean DBP decreased in both treadmill as well as in ergometer bicycle exercise.CONCLUSION: Each mode of exercise has its own advantage and disadvantage depends on individual's physical condition and requirement.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):81-85
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_89_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • An aphasic child with behavioral abnormality: Landau&#8211;Kleffner
           syndrome

    • Authors: Shatanik Sarkar, Chaitali Patra, Malay Kumar Dasgupta
      Pages: 86 - 88
      Abstract: Shatanik Sarkar, Chaitali Patra, Malay Kumar Dasgupta
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):86-88
      Acquired epileptic aphasia, otherwise known as Landau–Kleffner syndrome, is a childhood epilepsy syndrome, characterized by acquired aphasia, seizures, behavioral abnormalities, and abnormal electroencephalography (EEG), in various combinations. Sometimes, some intracranial pathologies, such as brain tumor, head injury, demyelination, and neurocysticercosis, have been found in association. Here, we report a case of a 5-year-old male child presenting with gradual loss of speech, behavioral abnormalities, such as hyperactivity, inattentiveness, and abnormal EEG findings, but without the classical seizures seen with this syndrome.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):86-88
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_70_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Neuro-Behcet&#39;s disease: A report of three clinically distinct
           cases from North-west India

    • Authors: Chandramohan Sharma, Banshilal Kumawat, Kaushik R Rana, Tarachand Saini
      Pages: 89 - 91
      Abstract: Chandramohan Sharma, Banshilal Kumawat, Kaushik R Rana, Tarachand Saini
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):89-91
      Behcet's disease (BD) is a multisystem inflammatory disorder with various neurological manifestations common in the Middle-East countries but scarcely reported in the Indian literature. We report three patients of neuro-BD with different neurological manifestations. Two cases presented as cerebral venous sinus thrombosis and the third case as pachymeningitis. It should be included in the differential diagnosis of any neurological disorder with a diagnostic dilemma as it is potentially treatable condition.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):89-91
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_150_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Ayurvedic management of vicharchika with special reference to eczema: A
           case report

    • Authors: Mahesh P Savalagimath, Jyoti Rani, Santosh F Patil
      Pages: 92 - 96
      Abstract: Mahesh P Savalagimath, Jyoti Rani, Santosh F Patil
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):92-96
      Vicharchika (Eczema) is a type of kshudrakustha often encountered by Ayurvedic Dermatologists characterized with symptoms, namely, kandu (itching), srava (discharge), Pidaka (vesicles), and Shyava varna (discoloration). Vicharchika is often correlated to eczema based on the clinical presentations. No satisfactory treatment is available in contemporary medical practice except antihistamines and topical steroids. Main line of treatment for vicharchika in Ayurveda is Shodhana and shaman oushadhis. A patient approached to outpatient department with chief complaints of discharge, edema, and erythematous skin lesions with intense itching at the ankles and dorsum of both foot, dorsal aspect of the hands, and on cheeks was treated with Virechana and few Agada preparations. A remarkable improvement in the condition was observed in a span of 2 months.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):92-96
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_81_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Case of a nodular ear

    • Authors: Astuty Apurwa, Palak Jayesh Sheth, Nitin Nadkarni, Sharmila Patil
      Pages: 97 - 100
      Abstract: Astuty Apurwa, Palak Jayesh Sheth, Nitin Nadkarni, Sharmila Patil
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):97-100
      Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is a benign condition which presents as vascular nodules or plaques, which are often multiple and grouped, located in the head and neck region, especially around the ears. It is associated with arteriovenous shunts in many cases, and they may be painful, pruritic, or pulsatile. On histology, it is characterized by proliferation of blood vessels with epithelioid cells surrounding the larger vessels and accompanied by eosinophils. Various treatment modalities have been described. Here, we present the case of a 30-year-old female with angiomatous nodules over the left ear,which were successfully treated.
      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):97-100
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_158_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Necessity to invest in research and development activities to combat the
           threat of antimicrobial resistance: World Health Organization

    • Authors: Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
      Pages: 101 - 102
      Abstract: Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
      Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):101-102

      Citation: Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research (KLEU) 2018 11(1):101-102
      PubDate: Wed,17 Jan 2018
      DOI: 10.4103/kleuhsj.kleuhsj_223_17
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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