Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1541 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (722 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (390 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (108 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (131 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (722 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 280)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal  
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2348-3334 - ISSN (Online) 2348-506X
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [420 journals]
  • Hepatorenal syndrome: A review into changing definition, diagnostic
           criteria, pathophysiology, and management

    • Authors: Vishal Bodh, Brij Sharma, Rajesh Sharma
      Pages: 83 - 89
      Abstract: Vishal Bodh, Brij Sharma, Rajesh Sharma
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):83-89
      Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a form of kidney function impairment that characteristically occurs in patients with cirrhosis. The diagnostic criteria for this syndrome have been revised throughout the years, with recent revisions aimed at improving earlier diagnosis and treatment. HRS definition has been updated recently by the International Club of Ascites in accordance with Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes acute kidney injury (AKI) classification. Recent changes in terminology have led to acute or Type I HRS being referred to as AKI-HRS and chronic or Type II HRS as chronic kidney disease (CKD)-HRS. The contribution of systemic inflammation, a key feature of cirrhosis, in the development of HRS has been highlighted in recent years. The current standard of care for the management of HRS involves the use of vasoconstrictor therapy and volume expansion with albumin. All patients do not respond to treatment, and even in those who respond, early mortality rates are very high in the absence of liver transplantation (LT). LT is the only curative treatment of HRS.
      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):83-89
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_117_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Stem cell research and therapy in India: General awareness for the public
           and stem cell therapy providers

    • Authors: Caroline Mathen, Neeta Devi Sinnappah-Kang
      Pages: 90 - 94
      Abstract: Caroline Mathen, Neeta Devi Sinnappah-Kang
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):90-94
      The rapidly evolving field of stem cell research and therapy, along with changing regulations requires clarity both for stakeholders and patients who take recourse as a last resort. If one was to do a search for a paper on public awareness in this area, there are very few, more so for India. The main objective of this article is to help the lay public and also those interested in providing stem cell therapy understand the current rules and requirements in India. This article provides important information in a concise, to the point and nontechnical way.
      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):90-94
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_91_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Evaluation of role of cell block with immunohistochemistry in
           differentiating hepatocellular carcinoma from metastatic adenocarcinoma

    • Authors: Palash Kumar Mandal, Soumi Pradhan, Anindya Adhikari, Mimi Gangopadhyay, Dutta Pal Rupsha, Subrata Bhattacharya
      Pages: 95 - 99
      Abstract: Palash Kumar Mandal, Soumi Pradhan, Anindya Adhikari, Mimi Gangopadhyay, Dutta Pal Rupsha, Subrata Bhattacharya
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):95-99
      Background: Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is an increasingly common procedure in the diagnosis of neoplastic lesions of the liver, particularly in differentiating primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from metastatic adenocarcinoma (MA). However, there are certain limitations of FNAC. Sometimes, FNAC does not yield sufficient material for the precise diagnosis and the risk of the wrong diagnosis by FNAC cannot be excluded from the study. The aim of the study was to overcome such problems using a cell block (CB) technique along with immunohistochemistry (IHC) to diagnose and differentiate HCC from MA. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study, conducted in a tertiary care hospital in Darjeeling district of West Bengal, over a period of 1 year. A total of 52 adult cases presenting with liver mass suspicious of malignancy were studied; CB with a histopathological examination and IHC for Hep par1 and CD10 were done in all cases. Results: In our study of 52 cases, CB with IHC was found superior in differentiating primary HCC from MA than only CB with a diagnostic accuracy of 96.15% and 92.31%, respectively. Among the IHC markers, Hep par1 was found more useful than CD10 with a diagnostic accuracy of 94.23% and 82.6%. However, CD10 was found to have greater diagnostic utility than Hep par1 in the context of poorly differentiated HCC. Conclusions: IHC study with Hep par1 and CD10 may be useful in differentiating HCC from the MA of the liver. Therefore, CB along with IHC improves the diagnostic accuracy of FNAC diagnosis.
      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):95-99
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_17_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Work-related musculoskeletal disorders and ergonomic practices among
           dentists in Ludhiana

    • Authors: R Nissi Evelyn, Ritu Jain
      Pages: 100 - 102
      Abstract: R Nissi Evelyn, Ritu Jain
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):100-102
      Purpose: Prolonged static postures and forceful repetitive movements predispose the dentists for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence of work-related MSDs (WMSDs) among the dentists in Ludhiana, Punjab, and to assess their knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding dental ergonomics. Methodology: A questionnaire-based survey was carried out among 146 dentists in the city of Ludhiana. Results:Majority of the surveyed dental practitioners (91%) were found to be suffering from WMSDs. The most common areas affected by WMSDs in the order of magnitude were the neck (70.5%), shoulder (48.7%), lower back (47.3%), and upper back (41.8%). It was found that senior consultants had better knowledge about dental ergonomics and had a better attitude toward applying ergonomic principles in their practice. Conclusion: The high prevalence of WMSDs exists among dentists. The knowledge about dental ergonomics does not necessarily lead to a positive attitude and practice of dental ergonomics. Incorporating the teaching, monitoring, and evaluation of ergonomic principles systematically into the undergraduate and postgraduate curriculum will improve the adoption and application of these principles in the routine clinical practices.
      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):100-102
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_42_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding voluntary whole-body donation
           among medicos in Northeast India

    • Authors: Nabarun Karmakar, Tamal Chakraborty, Anjan Datta, Kaushik Nag, Snigdha Das, Partha Bhattacharjee
      Pages: 103 - 109
      Abstract: Nabarun Karmakar, Tamal Chakraborty, Anjan Datta, Kaushik Nag, Snigdha Das, Partha Bhattacharjee
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):103-109
      Background: Voluntary whole-body donation is an important source of cadavers for anatomical study and research. As the medicos are intimately related to this, they should play vital role in the body and organ donation. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding voluntary whole-body donation among medicos in Northeast India. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 361 medicos in Northeast India from March 2018 to June 2018. A pretested, semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the required information on KAP regarding voluntary whole-body donation. The collected data were entered in SPSS version 16.0 and represented in proportions, and P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Most of the medicos (88.1%) knew about voluntary whole-body donation, and 60.7% of the respondents even replied that body should be brought to medical institute within specific time after death. Half of them (50.1%) got information from mass media, 10.8% from nongovernmental organizations, and 35.2% from doctors. Maximum (83.7%) agreed that body donation is useful for society, whereas 6.4% did not agree. Only 24.4% of the respondents had seen “donor card pledge form,” whereas only 7.5% (n = 27) were currently registered as a voluntary body donor. Conclusion: We found poor knowledge and attitude regarding various facets of voluntary whole-body donation; practice was even dismal among participants. Media and doctors being major source of information should spread the idea of voluntary whole-body donation that it is better to donate body after death, for research in medical education rather than cremation.
      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):103-109
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_41_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • A study to evaluate the effectiveness of competency-based training program
           for the dental interns of a tertiary care center in Jaipur city

    • Authors: Kopal Sharma, Amit Sharma, Kanu Neemawat
      Pages: 110 - 114
      Abstract: Kopal Sharma, Amit Sharma, Kanu Neemawat
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):110-114
      Background: The purpose of our study was to ascertain the effectiveness of competency-based training model for dental interns. Materials and Methods: This competency-based integrated training program was conducted for the dental interns of a dental college in Jaipur city. Clinical vignettes, interactive video lectures, webinar sessions, group discussions, and multiple-choice questions were the components of our training module. The whole program was divided into five modules, which were planned meticulously to achieve five different learning objectives. Before starting each module and at its completion, the students were evaluated for their performance by the same multiple-choice questions and the feedback of the students was taken. Results: The respondents included 8 (16.67%) males and 40 (83.33%) females, with a mean age of 22.34 ± 0.78 years. An increase in overall mean score was found in the posttest for all the five modules, and this was statistically significant with P < 0.001 using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Conclusion: Competency-based training program for the dental interns was very effective in training them various skills and knowledge that cannot be merely achieved by traditional teaching methodology. More integrated programs are warranted for dental undergraduates to train them to become a skilled practitioner.
      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):110-114
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_60_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Prevalence of Tobacco Consumption among Men in Amarpur Village, Uttar
           Pradesh, India, May 2019: A cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Ali Jan Nazari, Naveen H Simon, Ajoke Akinola, Muskan Kaushik
      Pages: 115 - 121
      Abstract: Ali Jan Nazari, Naveen H Simon, Ajoke Akinola, Muskan Kaushik
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):115-121
      Background: Globally, there are over 7 million deaths resulting from tobacco consumption with 1 million deaths in India per year, and among middle-income countries listed as the second major consumer of tobacco products. The prevalence of tobacco consumption according to the recent studies already done is dissimilar among gender, different age categories, religion, urban and rural areas. The study purpose was to assess the prevalence of tobacco consumption among rural men. Methodology: Community-based cross-sectional study conducted from December 2018 to May 2019 in Amarpur village, Uttar Pradesh, India. There were 244 men in the age group of 15–54 years old, selected for the survey. Purposive sampling technique was used for taking sample and SPSS 16 software for statistics analysis. Results: The prevalence of smoked and smokeless tobacco was 36.1% and 42.6%. The most prevalent form of tobacco among smoked form was bidi and hookah, while among smokeless forms were gutka with paan. Among the smokers, 69.3% were willing to quit smoking on smokeless consumers and 78.8% were willing to stop tobacco consumption at some point. Age, marital status, education, and the number of children were associated with tobacco smoker and chewer. Tobacco was highest 38 (48%) among 25–34 years of age for tobacco smoker with P = 0.002, and tobacco chewer highest among 35–44 years which was 34 (61.8%) with P = 0.000. About one-third of the patients do not know that tobacco intake has ill effect on their health; the most common influencing factors for tobacco use were for enjoyment and stress. Conclusion: Prevalence of tobacco consumption was high in this community. Urgent awareness and increased literacy needed to improve knowledge on the effect of smoking in the rural area. Through the development of effective health education and multi-factorial quitting strategies to help those who are willing to quit tobacco.
      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):115-121
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_69_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Assessment of primary stability of immediate implants placed in the
           maxillary and mandibular anterior region using resonance frequency
           analysis

    • Authors: M Viswambaran, Kamal Verma
      Pages: 122 - 129
      Abstract: M Viswambaran, Kamal Verma
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):122-129
      Background: A matter of controversy in implant dentistry concerns the most appropriate method to determine implant stability. Many methods have been reported in the literature including periotest and resonance frequency analysis (RFA). However, there is no consensus regarding the ideal method to determine implant stability. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 patients male and female in the age group of 18–38 years, each having at least one tooth indicated for extraction (either maxillary or mandibular anterior teeth) were selected. Fifty Xive implants (Friadent, Dentsply, Germany) were placed into fresh extraction sockets and immediately loaded. Implants were evaluated by clinical and radiographic methods. Implant stability was measured using periotest and RFA at the time of implant placement, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months postoperatively. Results: The mean mobility values for periotest decreased over a period of observation, and all implants consistently produced readings between −8 and + 7. The RFA values during the period of observation increased, and it was in the range of 49–100. Statistical analysis using regression analysis showed that percentage improvements in stability during each period were statistically highly significant in respect of periotest and RFA (P = 0.0001). Conclusions: A clinical trend of an implant stability quotient (ISQ) of more than 49 with a range of 49–98, is probably descriptive of osseointegrated implants. However, according to our experience, implants with a primary stability above 50 ISQ may be sufficient for successful immediate loading while implants below 40 could be dealt with caution and conventional loading can be considered in such cases.
      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):122-129
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_87_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Clinical, electrophysiological, and histopathological profile of
           biopsy-proven vasculitic neuropathy

    • Authors: Suchitra Deolalikar, Preethi A M. Paul, Vineeth Jaison, Jayshree Nandi, Deepti Arora, Jeyaraj D Pandian, Mahesh P Kate
      Pages: 130 - 134
      Abstract: Suchitra Deolalikar, Preethi A M. Paul, Vineeth Jaison, Jayshree Nandi, Deepti Arora, Jeyaraj D Pandian, Mahesh P Kate
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):130-134
      Background: Vasculitic neuropathies are an uncommon heterogeneous group of nerve disorders characterized by inflammation of the vasa nervorum, which may be either systemic vasculitic neuropathy (SVN) or non-SVN (NSVN). Settings and Design: This is a retrospective, observational study. Materials and Methods: Nerve biopsy-proven cases of vasculitic neuropathy (VN) from January 2011 to December 2017 were included in the study. Results: Twenty-five percent (40/156) patients had vasculitis on biopsy, 62.5% were male and the mean age was 52.8 ± 14.9 years. The median (interquartile range) duration of symptoms before diagnosis was 75 (345) days. Thirty (75%) patients had NSVN and 10 (25%) patients had SVN. The clinical pattern of peripheral nervous system involvement was as follows: 20 (50%) had polyneuropathy, 13 (32.5%) had mononeuritis multiplex, and 7 (32.5%) had polyradiculoneuropathy. Twenty-three (57.5%) patients received immunomodulatory therapy. Conclusion: VN has a wide spectrum of clinical presentation. High index of suspicion followed by nerve biopsy is needed for diagnosis. Early treatment may improve prognosis in this group of patients.
      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):130-134
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_34_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Feasibility and diagnostic benefit of increased cerebrospinal fluid volume
           and frequency in the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis

    • Authors: Sheena Evelyn Ebenezer, Ramya Iyyadurai, Joy Sarojini Michael, OC Abraham, Sowmya Satyendra Sudha Jasmine, KP P Abhihash, Jayaprakash Muliyil, Thambu David Sudarsanam
      Pages: 135 - 138
      Abstract: Sheena Evelyn Ebenezer, Ramya Iyyadurai, Joy Sarojini Michael, OC Abraham, Sowmya Satyendra Sudha Jasmine, KP P Abhihash, Jayaprakash Muliyil, Thambu David Sudarsanam
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):135-138
      Background: Definite diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) requires demonstration of TB bacilli in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on smear, culture, or nucleic acid amplification. However, the sensitivity of these tests is low. This study was done to see if smear and culture done on a larger volume and repeated samples of CSF increases the diagnostic yield of these tests. Methods: Adult patients with clinical features of meningitis for >5 days were prospectively and consecutively recruited. At admission, the usual 1 ml of CSF was taken for mycobacterial testing; another 4–8 ml was also taken for the same as the comparison. On the 3rd hospital day, 4–8 ml of CSF was taken for mycobacterial testing. Mycobacterial smear and culture were done by Auramine O stains and on modified Lowenstein–Jensen medium, respectively. The composite reference standard for TBM was considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of TBM. Definite and probable diagnosis was taken as positive, while a possible diagnosis and no TB were considered negative for TBM. In a subset, Xpert MTB/Rif assay was also performed on the CSF samples as per the routine diagnostic protocol. Results: 66/80 (82.5%) had the initial CSF examination in the emergency department, 80 (100%) had large-volume CSF on day 1, while 22/80 (27.5%) consented for the second large-volume CSF examination on day 3. There was a marginal increase in sensitivity from 22% to 26% with increasing CSF volume from 1 ml to 4–8 ml and 36% if another large-volume CSF was collected at 72 h. The specificity was 100% at all times. The negative likelihood ratios were 0.78, 0.74, and 0.64, respectively. The sensitivity of Xpert MTB/RI compared to the composite reference standard of TBM was 30.4%. Conclusions: Increasing the volume and frequency of CSF testing for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, marginally improves the sensitivity and negative likelihood ratios, but may not be adequate to rule out TBM with the certainty required to withhold antitubercular therapy. The feasibility of repeat CSF examinations needs to be considered while making guidelines.
      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):135-138
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_36_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Epidemiological study of body fat percentage, lean body mass, and total
           body water for Asian patients with chronic kidney disease

    • Authors: Song-Hui Kim, Yu-Il Bang, Yong Ri, Gum-Hak Choe
      Pages: 139 - 145
      Abstract: Song-Hui Kim, Yu-Il Bang, Yong Ri, Gum-Hak Choe
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):139-145
      Background: Malnutrition can have reversible effects on patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Patients with CKD are exposed to a wasting syndrome, because of disorders of nutrient absorption, excretion, and other factors. Aim: The aim is to identify changes in body fat percent (BFP), lean body mass (LBM), and total body water (TBW) percentage in patients with CKD using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Setting and Design: This study was conducted in 438 CKD patients (212 males and 226 females) attending a Nephrology Clinic in a Tertiary Level University hospital from 2008 to 2014, who were followed up for 6 months. Materials and Methods: The anthropometric and BIA data of all patients, who consented to participate, was collected and analyzed for LBM, BFP, and percentage of TBW. Results: Correlation coefficient of body mass index (BMI) and glomerular filtration rate is 0.20 and 0.227 in men and women in 0 week (baseline), respectively. In 24 weeks (endpoint), that is, 0.526 and 0688. In male patients, the average value of BFP was decreased 0.9%–1.4%, the average LBM was decreased 0.5–1.3 (kg/m, height), and then the average percentage of TBW was increased 0.3%–0.9% after G3 stage. In one side, in female patients, BFP was increased 0.3%–2.9%, the LBM was decreased 0.4–0.7 (kg/m, height), and then average percentage of TBW was increased 0.2%–0.8% after G3 stage. Collectively, BMI, LBM, and BFP were decreased according to CKD stage, in contrast with this, TBW percentage was increased. Discussion: These results suggest that protein-energy malnutrition is the main factor related to malnutrition in patients with CKD. The LBM and BFP were decreased, and percentage of TBW was increased in CKD.
      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):139-145
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_33_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Acute pressor response in prone position during spinal surgery

    • Authors: Bhavna Hooda, Saurabh Sud, Deepak Dwivedi, Shalendra Singh
      Pages: 146 - 147
      Abstract: Bhavna Hooda, Saurabh Sud, Deepak Dwivedi, Shalendra Singh
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):146-147

      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):146-147
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_3_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Falciform ligament thrombosis: A rare cause of acute-onset pain in the
           right hypochondrium

    • Authors: Reddy Ravikanth, Kanagasabai Kamalasekar
      Pages: 148 - 149
      Abstract: Reddy Ravikanth, Kanagasabai Kamalasekar
      CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):148-149

      Citation: CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research 2020 7(2):148-149
      PubDate: Thu,8 Oct 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_44_19
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2020)
       
 
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