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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1453 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (661 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (382 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (105 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (115 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (661 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 260)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 7)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Equity     Open Access  
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Security     Hybrid Journal  
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Analytic Methods in Accident Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 4.849
Citation Impact (citeScore): 10
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2213-6657
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3168 journals]
  • Hourly associations between weather factors and traffic crashes:
           non-linear and lag effects
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Analytic Methods in Accident ResearchAuthor(s): Fen Xing, Helai Huang, ZhiYing Zhan, Xiaoqi Zhai, Chunquan Ou, N.N. SZE, K.K. HonAbstractWeather is well recognized as a significant environmental factor contributing to higher risk of road crashes. In the conventional road safety studies, weather effects had been set out either based on the instant weather conditions recorded by the police officer attained or the average of meteorological observations over a relatively long time period, such as daily, weekly or even monthly, etc. To the best of our knowledge, it is rare that the lag effect of weather in the preceding period on the crash risk in the current period was attempted. With the use of high-resolution meteorological data in very short time interval, it is possible to evaluate the role of lagged weather effect on safety. In this study, we propose a novel distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM), integrated with case-crossover design, to evaluate the lag effect of weather on crash incidence. The proposed modelling framework could describe the non-linear relationship between weather and crash and the lag effects. Also, the possible over-dispersion and autocorrelation of the time-series weather and crash data can be controlled for. The model was estimated using an integrated meteorological, traffic and crash dataset in Hong Kong. For instances, high resolution data on temperature, humidity, rain intensity and wind speed in 1-hour interval was available. The bi-dimensional exposure-lag-response surfaces are established to visualize the varying effects of possible weather factors on crash risk, with respect to the lag size. Such relationship between effect size and lag size is often overlooked in the literatures. Results indicate that model with 4 degrees of freedom for both weather condition (knots at equal spaces) and lag time (knots at equal intervals) best fit with the observations, in accordance to Quasi-likelihood Akaike information criterion (Q-AIC). Then, stratified analyses are conducted to evaluate the difference in the association among different clusters. Findings should shed light on the modelling of non-linear exposure-response relationship and lag effects in traffic safety time series analysis.
       
  • Bayesian hierarchical modeling traffic conflict extremes for crash
           estimation: A non-stationary peak over threshold approach
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 September 2019Source: Analytic Methods in Accident ResearchAuthor(s): Lai Zheng, Tarek SayedAbstractThis study presents a Bayesian hierarchical model to estimate crashes from traffic conflict extremes in a non-stationary context. The model combines a peak over threshold approach with non-stationary thresholds in terms of regression quantiles and covariate-dependent parameters of the generalized Pareto distribution. The developed model was applied to estimate rear-end crashes from traffic conflicts of the same type collected from four signalized intersections. The conflicts were measured by the modified time to collision (MTTC) and traffic volume, shock wave area, average shock wave speed, and platoon ratio of each signal cycle were employed as covariates. Thresholds corresponding to quantiles ranging from 80% to 95% were tested and the threshold stability plot indicated the 90% quantile was reasonable. Threshold excesses were then declustered at the signal cycle level, and the remained ones were used to develop the Bayesian hierarchical generalized Pareto distribution models (BHM_GPD). The model estimation results show that accounting for non-stationarity significantly improves the model fit. As well, the best fitted model generated accurate crash estimates with relatively narrow confidence intervals. The developed BHM_GPD model was also compared to the Bayesian hierarchical generalized extreme value model (BHM_GEV). The results show that the two models generate comparable crash estimates in terms of accuracy, but the crash estimates from the BHM_GPD model are generally more precise than those of BHM_GEV model. It is also found that although the peak over threshold approach combined with declustering reduces the number of extreme samples, it ensures the use of actual extremes. Moreover, the limited sample size issue is overcome by the proposed Bayesian hierarchical framework, which allows sharing information from different sites and accounting for unobserved heterogeneity. The findings also imply that the BHM_GEV model is preferred when traffic conflicts are relatively evenly distributed over blocks; otherwise the BHM_GPD model should be a better choice.
       
  • Modeling unobserved heterogeneity for zonal crash frequencies: a Bayesian
           multivariate random-parameters model with mixture components for spatially
           correlated data
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 September 2019Source: Analytic Methods in Accident ResearchAuthor(s): Helai Huang, Fangrong Chang, Hanchu Zhou, Jaeyoung LeeAbstractThis study applies mixture components in a multivariate random parameters spatial model for zonal crash counts. Three different modeling formulations are employed to demonstrate the effects of mixture components and spatial heterogeneity in the goodness-of-fit in a multivariate random parameter model. The models are built for injury (i.e., possible, non-incapacitating, incapacitating, and fatal injury) and non-injury crashes using the data from 738 traffic analysis zones (TAZs) in Hillsborough County of Florida during a three-year period. The Deviance Information Criteria (DIC) is used to evaluate the performances of these models indicate the proposed model outperforms the rests. According to the estimated results, various traffic-related, demographics, and socioeconomic factors affect the occurrences of crashes for different severity levels. With regard to the effect of mixture components, it identifies two homogeneous sub-classes labeled as “stable pattern” and “unstable pattern” to better capture the heterogeneity. The standard deviation (SD) and correlation across injury and non-injury crashes are both very high in the “stable pattern” compared with its “unstable pattern” counterpart. On the other hand, the results of model comparison reveal that: (i) adding one more mixture component has no significant influences on the spatial heterogeneity and spatial correlation of different kinds of crash frequency and (ii) the consideration of spatial effects improves the accuracy of estimate results. Moreover, the multivariate random parameters spatial model with mixture components was compared with its univariate form to highlight the validity of applying multivariate structure.
       
  • Contrasting case-wise deletion with multiple imputation and latent
           variable approaches to dealing with missing observations in count
           regression models
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 August 2019Source: Analytic Methods in Accident ResearchAuthor(s): Amir Pooyan Afghari, Simon Washington, Carlo Prato, Md Mazharul HaqueAbstractMissing data can lead to biased and inefficient parameter estimates in statistical models, depending on the missing data mechanism. Count regression models are no exception, with missing data leading to incorrect inferences about the effects of explanatory variables. A convenient approach for dealing with missing data is to remove observations with incomplete records prior to the analysis - often referred to as case-wise deletion. Removing incomplete records, however, reduces the sample size, increases standard errors and, if data are not missing completely at random, produces biased parameter estimates. A more complex approach is multiple imputation, which provides an estimate of the modelling uncertainty created by the data ‘missing-ness’, as distinct from the natural variation in the data. However, multiple imputation produces biased parameter estimates if the probability of missing data is related to the observed data - or is endogenous. Latent variable modelling has recently been introduced as an alternative approach for dealing with missing data, but it comes at a high computational cost and complexity.Despite fairly extensive methodological advancements in statistical literature, case-wise deletion is commonly employed to deal with missing data in statistical models of transport, while the multiple imputation and latent variable approaches remain relatively unexplored. More importantly, the performance of these approaches has not been tested across different types of data missing-ness. To address these gaps, this study aims to contrast case-wise deletion with multiple imputation and latent variable approaches in dealing with missing data in count regression models. We compare the performance of these three approaches using crash count models estimated against empirical data obtained from state controlled roads in Queensland, Australia. A quasi-experimental evaluation of data missing-ness is then conducted by extracting three data subsets from the original dataset, each with a unique missing data mechanism (with terminology adopted from the statistical literature): missing completely at random, missing at random, and missing not at random. The three approaches are then applied to each data subset and the results are compared in terms of bias, precision of parameter estimates, and goodness-of-fit. The findings indicate that multiple imputation is the most effective approach when data are missing either completely at random or at random, whereas the latent variable approach is more effective when data are missing not at random. However, the effectiveness of the latent variable approach is dependent on the availability of suitable variables as instruments in the data.
       
  • An exploratory investigation of public perceptions towards safety and
           security from the future use of flying cars in the united states
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: Analytic Methods in Accident ResearchAuthor(s): Ugur Eker, Sheikh Shahriar Ahmed, Grigorios Fountas, Panagiotis Ch. AnastasopoulosAbstractThis study aims at investigating public perceptions towards the safety and security implications that will arise after the future introduction of flying cars in the traffic fleet. In this context, we focus on individuals’ opinions about possible safety benefits and concerns as well as about policy measures that can potentially enhance the security of flying car. Due to the emergent nature and lack of public exposure of this technology, individuals’ perceptions and opinions regarding flying cars might be subject to several layers of unobserved heterogeneity, such as shared unobserved variations across interrelated perceptions, grouped effects, and interactive effects between various sources of unobserved heterogeneity. To explore individuals’ perceptions accounting, at the same time, for such heterogeneity patterns, grouped random parameters bivariate probit and correlated grouped random parameters binary probit models with heterogeneity in means are estimated. In this context, data collected from an online survey of 584 individuals from the United States are statistically analyzed. The estimation results revealed that a number of individual-specific socio-demographic, behavioral and driving attributes affect the perceptions towards the safety aspects of flying cars, along with the attitudes towards potential security interventions. Despite the exploratory nature of the analysis, the findings of this study can provide manufacturers, policy-makers and regulating agencies with valuable information regarding the integration and acceptance challenges that may arise with the introduction of flying cars.
       
  • Analyzing road crash frequencies with uncorrelated and correlated
           random-parameters count models: An empirical assessment of multilane
           highways
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 June 2019Source: Analytic Methods in Accident ResearchAuthor(s): Tariq Usman Saeed, Thomas Hall, Hiba Baroud, Matthew J. VolovskiAbstractRecent literature on highway safety research has focused on methodological advances to minimize misspecifications and the potential for erroneous estimates and invalid statistical inferences. To further these efforts, this study carries out an empirical assessment of uncorrelated and correlated random-parameters count models for analyzing road crash frequencies on multilane highways considering two crash severities; injury and no-injury. The empirical results indicate that the relative statistical performance of these models is comparable; however, the correlated random-parameters approach accounts for both the heterogeneous effects of explanatory factors across the road segments and the cross-correlations among the random parameter estimates. As noted in the results, statistically significant correlation effects among the random parameters confirm the adequacy of this approach. The safety models for multilane roadways presented in this study can be useful in (i) the detection of critical risk factors on these road types, (ii) the assessment of crash reduction due to improvements in pavement condition and retrofitting of roadway geometric features and, (iii) the prediction of crash frequency while comparing different design alternatives. As such, the outcomes of this study may assist design engineers and highway agencies in designing new or calibrating existing multilane roadways from a safety standpoint.
       
  • Bayesian hierarchical modeling of the non-stationary traffic conflict
           extremes for crash estimation
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Analytic Methods in Accident ResearchAuthor(s): Lai Zheng, Tarek Sayed, Mohamed EssaAbstractA Bayesian hierarchical modeling (BHM) approach is used to model non-stationary traffic conflict extremes of different sites together for crash estimation. The hierarchical structure has three layers, a data layer that is modeled with a generalized extreme value (GEV) distribution, a latent Gaussian process layer that relates parameters of GEV to covariates and the unobserved heterogeneity, and a prior layer with prior distributions to characterize the latent process. The proposed approach was applied to traffic conflicts collected at the signal cycle level from four intersections in the city of Surrey, British Columbia. Traffic conflicts were measured by the modified time to collision (MTTC) indicator while traffic volume, shock wave area, average shock wave speed, and platoon ration of each cycle were employed as covariates. Four BHM models were developed, including a stationary model (i.e., BHM_GEV(0,0,0)) with no covariates and three non-stationary models (i.e., BHM_GEV(1,0,0), BHM_GEV(0,1,0), and BHM_GEV(1,1,0)) with covariates added to the location parameter, scale parameter, and both parameters of the GEV distribution, respectively. Traditional at-site GEV models were also developed for individual sites for comparison purposes. The results show that the BHM_GEV(1,1,0) is the best fitted model among the four models since considering covariates and unobserved heterogeneity significantly improves the model performance in terms of goodness of fit. The BHM_GEV(1,1,0) also yields relatively accurate and more precise crash estimates compared to the at-site models. This is attributed to the BHM_GEV(1,1,0) allowing borrowing strength from other sites. It is also found that the traffic volume, shock wave area, and platoon ratio have significant influence on the safety of signalized intersections.
       
 
 
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