Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1540 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (721 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (390 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (108 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (131 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (721 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 279)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2174-8144 - ISSN (Online) 2254-9625
Published by MDPI Homepage  [233 journals]
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 12-19: Long-Term Lateral Semicircular Canal
           Function in Children with Cochlear Implants: Results of Video Head Impulse
           Test

    • Authors: Nader Nassif, Cristiano Balzanelli, Luca Oscar Redaelli de Zinis
      First page: 12
      Abstract: In children with profound deafness, bilateral cochlear implant (CI) is an effective, established procedure. However, its safety on vestibular function has recently been debated. The goal of this study is to evaluate the long-term lateral semicircular canal high-frequency vestibulo-oculomotor reflex (LSC HF VOR) in children with CI by video head impulse testing (vHIT). This is a cross-sectional study assessing a cohort of children who received either a unilateral (12) or a bilateral (12) cochlear implant (CI), compared with a control group of 12 normal-hearing children. No significant LSC HF VOR gain difference was found between CI users and controls. In the unilaterally implanted group, the LSC HF VOR gain measured in the “CI-ON” condition was significantly higher than in the “CI-OFF” condition, both in the implanted and in the non-implanted ear. In the bilaterally implanted group, the difference between the two conditions was not significant. Our results do not show any impairment of LSC HF VOR function in children with CI compared to normal-hearing children in the long-term period. This suggests that both unilateral and simultaneous/sequential bilateral CI are procedures that do not impair HF LSC long-term function when analyzed by vHIT.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010002
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 20-32: Projection of E-Learning in Higher
           Education: A Study of Its Scientific Production in Web of Science

    • Authors: Jesús López-Belmonte, Adrián Segura-Robles, Antonio-José Moreno-Guerrero, María-Elena Parra-González
      First page: 20
      Abstract: E-learning is conceived as a purely virtual training approach. Different learning styles have been proliferated in recent years, especially now, due to the impact of COVID-19 in the educational field. The aim of this study is to discover the evolution of e-learning in higher education (ELHI) in scientific literature indexed on the Web of Science. Co-word analysis and bibliometric analysis was performed. A total matrix of 1261 documents was analyzed through SciMAT software. The results revealed that studies on ELHI are written in English and presented by conference papers. The main source of publication for the conferences is EDULEARN proceedings, while the journal source is Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. Spain is the country with the highest volume of production. It is concluded that research on ELHI use does not have an established line of research, due to its recent creation and the lack of related research. The bibliometric analysis specifies that the research is oriented towards knowing the level of acceptance and application of the pedagogical method in the teaching and learning processes.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010003
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 33-49: Multivariate Analysis of Attitudes,
           Knowledge and Use of ICT in Students Involved in Virtual Research Seedbeds
           

    • Authors: Magda Alejandra Martinez-Daza, Alfredo Guzmán Rincón, Jader Alexis Castaño Rico, Nuria Segovia-García, Harvey Yesid Montilla Buitrago
      First page: 33
      Abstract: The incorporation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in higher education has been carried out in a transversal manner within the curriculum, and the processes of formative research in both face-to-face and virtual programmes are not an exception to this process. In this context, it is recognised that students’ perceptions of the inclusion of technologies in the classroom can influence their teaching and learning process; however, they have not been widely addressed in multiple settings including research seedbeds. Thus, this paper aims to identify such perceptions represented in the attitudes, knowledge and uses of ICTs in students ascribed to the research seedbed in a virtual business administration programme of an Institution of Higher Education located in Colombia. For its fulfillment, the ACUTIC scale was applied to a sample of 65 students in order to identify these perceptions through a hierarchical cluster analysis, a single factor analysis of variance (ANOVA) test, a post hoc Tukey method and a factor analysis. The main result is that attitudes, knowledge and use of ICTs are varied and they can be represented in three clusters. In general, the attitude towards the incorporation of technologies in the research seedbed is positive; however, there is a gap in terms of knowledge and use, especially of those tools oriented to the disciplinary field and research.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010004
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 50-70: The Profile of Moods States and Athletic
           Performance: A Meta-Analysis of Published Studies

    • Authors: Marc Lochbaum, Thaís Zanatta, Deylon Kirschling, Emily May
      First page: 50
      Abstract: Researchers have extensively examined and reviewed the relationship of the profile of mood states (POMS) with sport performance since the 1970s. Two decades have passed since the last POMS quantitative review. Our overall objective was to quantify the POMS research with competitive athletes with a prospective measured POMS and a sport performance outcome in the published literature. Additionally, we tested potential moderators of the mental health model (i.e., sport duration, type, and skill) with meta-analytic techniques while considering potential risk bias across study sources. Based on a systematic review, the articles were found using EBSCO and comparing these articles with extensive past POMS in sport and exercise bibliographies. Search terms included profile of mood states (POMS) or iceberg profile or the mental health model with sport and performance or sports performance. For selection, articles must have reported data on competitive athletes, an athletic performance outcome, and a valid form of the POMS measured prospectively. After screening more than 600 articles for inclusion, 25 articles provided sufficient data for effect size calculations. The included articles spanned from 1975 to 2011, with 1497 unique participants. Hedges’ g values were generally small for the six POMS scales: tension (−0.21), depression (−0.43), anger (−0.08), vigor (0.38), fatigue (−0.13), and confusion (−0.41). However, the total mood disturbance (TMD) score effect size was medium in magnitude at −0.53. When corrected for potential publication bias, the effect size values increased in magnitude for tension (−0.47), depression (−0.64), vigor (0.44), fatigue (−0.34), and TMD (−0.84). Moderator analyses for Terry’s (1995) propositions and for risk of bias across studies, statistically, resulted in few differences based on conventional statistical significance (p < 0.05). Measured before performance, most of the POMS scales and TMD are reliable predictors of sport performance in competitive athletes across a wide variety of sports and athletic performance outcomes. Morgan’s (1980, 1985) mental health model or iceberg profile minus anger is still a viable method for understanding and improving athletic performances.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-13
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010005
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 71-82: Antimicrobial Resistance in the Context of
           the Sustainable Development Goals: A Brief Review

    • Authors: Márió Gajdács, Edit Urbán, Anette Stájer, Zoltán Baráth
      First page: 71
      Abstract: The reduction in infectious disease morbidity and mortality may be attributed to a variety of factors; however, improved sanitation and public health, and the introduction of vaccines and antibiotics are among the most significant. The development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacterial pathogens is an expected consequence of evolutionary adaptation to these noxious agents and the widespread use of these drugs has significantly sped up this process. Infections caused by multidrug resistant pathogens are directly associated with worse clinical outcomes, longer hospital stays, excess mortality in the affected patients and an increasing burden and costs on the healthcare infrastructure. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were published in 2015 by the United Nations to serve as a global blueprint for a better, more equitable, more sustainable life on our planet. The SDGs contextualize AMR as a global public health and societal issue; in addition, the continuing emergence of AMR may limit the attainment on many SDGs. The aim of this mini-review is to provide insight on the interface between attainment of SDGs and the clinical problem of drug resistance in bacteria.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010006
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 83-95: Testing the Role of Emotion Dysregulation as
           a Predictor of Juvenile Recidivism

    • Authors: Kalin Z. Salinas, Amanda Venta
      First page: 83
      Abstract: The current study proposed to determine whether adolescent emotion regulation is predictive of the amount and type of crime committed by adolescent juvenile offenders. Despite evidence in the literature linking emotion regulation to behaviour problems and aggression across the lifespan, there is no prior longitudinal research examining the predictive role of emotion regulation on adolescent recidivism, nor data regarding how emotion regulation relates to the occurrence of specific types of crimes. Our primary hypothesis was that poor emotion regulation would positively and significantly predict re-offending among adolescents. We tested our hypothesis within a binary logistic framework utilizing the Pathways to Desistance longitudinal data. Exploratory bivariate analyses were conducted regarding emotion regulation and type of crime in the service of future hypothesis generation. Though the findings did not indicate a statistically significant relation between emotion regulation and reoffending, exploratory findings suggest that some types of crime may be more linked to emotion regulation than others. In sum, the present study aimed to examine a hypothesized relation between emotion regulation and juvenile delinquency by identifying how the individual factor of dysregulated emotion regulation may have played a role. This study’s findings did not provide evidence that emotion regulation was a significant predictor of recidivism over time but did suggest that emotion regulation is related to participation in certain types of crime one year later. Directions for future research that build upon the current study were described. Indeed, identifying emotion regulation as a predictor of adolescent crime has the potential to enhance current crime prevention efforts and clinical treatments for juvenile offenders; this is based on the large amount of treatment literature, which documents that emotion regulation is malleable through treatment and prevention programming.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010007
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 96-111: Risk Perception and Ethnic Background in
           Construction Workers: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study in A Group of
           Trainees of a Vocational School in Italy

    • Authors: Ricci, Bravo, Modenese, De Pasquale, Ferrari, Bello, Favero, Soddu, Gobba
      First page: 96
      Abstract: Risk perception can be influenced by cultural background. The study aims to evaluate risk perception, considering different ethnicities of construction workers from vocational schools in Italy. We administered a questionnaire investigating four different dimensions: Perceived behavioral control (PBC), Danger perception (DP), Safety climate (SC), and Attitude towards safe actions (ATSA). 562 workers answered: 72.4% from Italy, 14.2% from eastern Europe, 9.4% from Balkans, and 3.9% from North Africa. The participants indicated quite low control, attributable to the haste in performing the job. The workers perceived their specific job tasks as riskier compared to the tasks of their colleagues. They reported as fundamental the respecting of safety rules, but indicating that supervisors do not adequately promote safety behaviors. Finally, construction workers judged as “brave” the colleagues working without protective equipment. When compared to Italians, North Africa workers showed a lower perception of the possibility to control their safe behaviors (p=0.040), while both eastern Europeans and Balkan obtained higher scores at the ATSA dimension, indicating a kind of fatalistic acceptance of the risky situations at work. Eastern Europeans also showed a lower perception of the dangers (p=0.002), while Balkan demonstrated a perception of SC even better than the Italian group (p=0.005).
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010008
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 110-112: Acknowledgment to Reviewers of European
           Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education in 2020

    • Authors: EJIHPE Editorial Office EJIHPE Editorial Office
      First page: 110
      Abstract: Peer review is the driving force of journal development, and reviewers are gatekeepers who ensure that European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education maintains its standards for the high quality of its published papers [...]
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-28
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010009
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 113-128: Exploration of the Spanish Version of the
           Attachment Style Questionnaire: A Comparative Study between Spanish,
           Italian, and Japanese Culture

    • Authors: Oscar López-de-la-Nieta, Mᵃ Alejandra Koeneke Hoenicka, José Luis Martinez-Rubio, Kazuyuki Shinohara, Gianluca Esposito, Giuseppe Iandolo
      First page: 113
      Abstract: Nowadays, there are several human attachment measures, most in the form of questionnaires that assess adult attachment styles. This study investigates the use of Feeney, Noller, Hanrahan, Sperling and Berman’s five-factors Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ, 1994), based on Bartholomew’s four-factors model (1991), and Hazan and Shaver’s three-factors model (1987). Nevertheless, no robust study has explored the ASQ questionnaire in Spanish compared to other cultures, such as Italian and Japanese. Therefore, the linguistic translation of the Spanish version of the ASQ was performed, based on the back-translation methodology. The results indicate that 5-factors ASQ Spanish version explains 43.67% of the variance, similar to the original English-Australian ASQ version. The Italian and Japanese versions explain 49.37% and 52.27% of the variance, respectively. No age correlation for any ASQ factors in the Japanese sample was found; meanwhile, the Spanish and Italian cultures showed a positive correlation with age and “Confidence” and negative correlation with age and “Relationships as Secondary” ASQ factors. Some transcultural differences and possible research approaches are addressed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010010
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 129-141: The Relation between Social Capital and
           Academic Motivation of Students: A Study of Health Professional Education
           in Japan

    • Authors: Yuka Koyanagi, Myo Nyein Aung, Motoyuki Yuasa, Miwa Sekine, Okada Takao
      First page: 129
      Abstract: Academic motivation consists of reward-based extrinsic motivation and curiosity-based intrinsic motivation. Students studying at university or college develop several new social connections with friends, classmates, and teachers, in addition to their family and community. Belonging to their networks, students acquire opinions, appreciation, trust, and norms of the society. Whether those social connections enhance the motivation of university students for academic work is a question yet to be answered in the context of health profession education in Japan. Judo-therapist education is a form of health profession education in Japan. This study aimed to measure the academic motivation and social capital (SC) of judo-therapist students in Japan, and to find the relation between social capital and academic motivation. This cross-sectional study recruited a total of 2247 students applying multi-stage sampling across Japan. A Japanese version Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) measured the learning motivation in three constructs: (1) intrinsic motivation (IM); (2) extrinsic motivation (EM); and (3) amotivation (alpha 0.94). A newly-developed 46-itemed, 4-pointed scale measured social capital (SC) in five constructs: (1) family relations, (2) on-campus friends, (3) off-campus friends, (4) classroom social capital; and (5) regional social capital (alpha 0.85). Robust regression analysis treated all constructs of SC as independent variables and IM and EM as dependent variables respectively in the three models. Among the average level of constructs, the family SC average level was the highest. Classroom SC was less than family SC and community SC was the lowest. Intrinsic motivation is positively influenced by classroom SC the most, followed by family SC, on-campus friends’ SC, and community SC. Extrinsic motivation is positively influenced by classroom SC the most, followed by family SC, on-campus friends’ SC, and community SC. Amotivation is negatively influenced by social capital constructs except external friends’ SC. In conclusion, social connections have the power to enhance the motivation of university students’ academic work within health profession education. The relations, trust and bonds developed in the classroom may allow an adult learner’s motivation to evolve into autonomous intrinsic motivation and prevent amotivation.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010011
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 142-153: Adaptation and Validation of the Motivated
           Strategies for Learning Questionnaire for Spanish Adolescents

    • Authors: Adrián Segura-Robles, Antonio-José Moreno-Guerrero, María-Elena Parra-González, Jesús López-Belmonte
      First page: 142
      Abstract: This work adapts and validates the scale of the motivated strategies for learning questionnaire (MSLQ), which is used to measure motivation. For this, an instrumental design was carried out with the purpose of analyzing the psychometric properties of the instrument. The sample consisted of 307 participants enrolled in compulsory secondary education. Reliability with fit indices were good in model B (proposed) with composite reliability, global reliability index, and Cronbach’s alpha. The original model (A) presented small problems that had to be adjusted when carrying out the translation. We concluded that adaptation and subsequent validation of the MSLQ instrument into a Spanish context was positive. In this sense, adequate adjustment rates have been achieved. However, in its contextual adequacy, the need arises to modify the presentation of the items alluding to intrinsic motivation due to the difficulty of measuring such a construct. Among the implications reached in this study is the possibility of having a validated instrument for the Spanish adolescent context to measure motivation on educational aspects. Furthermore, this tool can serve as the basis for the design of other instruments that measure this construct in other age ranges.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-13
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010012
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 154-167: Blockchain and Higher Education Diplomas

    • Authors: Renato Q. Castro, Manuel Au-Yong-Oliveira
      First page: 154
      Abstract: Due to added mobility and the increase in international students worldwide, as well as the current problem regarding the counterfeiting of diplomas and the selling of fraudulent certificates, we propose a technological solution. Namely, to ally blockchain technology to higher education certificates and diplomas, to make the process of checking for academic qualifications more facilitated and transparent. Employers of graduates, as well as higher education institutions which evaluate course applicants, would benefit. Perhaps equally as important, students applying for international degree programs would have their lives simplified. There is an increased pressure to ensure the legitimacy and authenticity of certifications and diplomas—and preferably without the current “hassle” of getting diplomas recognized by official entities. New technological advances, with the development of blockchain and smart contracts, with their characteristics of immutability, decentralization, security, traceability, and consensus, may be considered an excellent match to implement a robust and reliable anti-fraud solution to issue digital diplomas. Radical innovations, such as linking blockchain and higher education diplomas, involve significant change and novelty. Linking blockchain and higher education diplomas could potentially positively impact and benefit millions of people worldwide, especially the younger generations. This study involved a literature review and the searching of the Scopus database (refereed publications) for the following concepts: blockchain and diploma. Existing literature is recent, with most articles (25) published between 2019 and 2020, with 4 in 2018 and only 1 in 2017. This was aligned with our expectations since the development of blockchain utilization outside financial and crypto-assets industries is recent, and it is known as “Blockchain 3.0”. We can additionally affirm that the topic is attracting attention and efforts from researchers worldwide and that some higher education institutions have already implemented ad hoc solutions. As it is, the sector lacks a unified response to the problem of automatic and reliable higher education diploma certification.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010013
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 168-182: Do Bilinguals Acquire Similar Words to
           Monolinguals' An Examination of Word Acquisition and the Similarity
           Effect in Japanese–English Bilinguals’ Vocabularies

    • Authors: Aya Kutsuki
      First page: 168
      Abstract: Previous research has paid much attention to the overall acquisition of vocabularies among bilingual children in comparison to their monolingual counterparts. Much less attention has been paid to the type of words acquired and the possible transfer or cross-linguistic effects of the other language on vocabulary development. Thus, this study aims to explore similarities and dissimilarities in the vocabularies of simultaneous bilinguals and Japanese monolinguals and considers the possible cross-linguistic similarity effect on word acquisition. Six simultaneous Japanese–English bilingual children (mean age = 34.75 months (2.56)) were language–age-matched with six Japanese monolinguals; their productive vocabularies were compared regarding size and categories. Additionally, characteristic acquired words were compared using correspondence analyses. Results showed that, although delayed due to the reduced inputs, young bilinguals have a similar set of vocabularies in terms of word category as monolinguals. However, bilingual children’s vocabularies reflect their unevenly distributed experience with the language. Fewer interactive experiences with language speakers may result in a lower acquisition of interactive words. Furthermore, there is a cross-linguistic effect on acquisition, likely caused by form similarity between Japanese katakana words and English words. Even between languages with great dissimilarities, resources and cues are sought and used to facilitate bilingual vocabulary acquisition.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010014
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 183-198: The Use of Single-Item Ratings versus
           Traditional Multiple-Item Questionnaires to Assess Mood and Health

    • Authors: Joris C. Verster, Elena Sandalova, Johan Garssen, Gillian Bruce
      First page: 183
      Abstract: Collecting real-world evidence via ‘at home’ assessments in ambulatory patients or healthy volunteers is becoming increasingly important, both for research purposes and in clinical practice. However, given the mobile technology that is frequently used for these assessments, concise assessments are preferred. The current study compared single-item ratings with multiple-item subscale scores of the same construct, by calculating the corresponding Bland and Altman 95% limits of agreement interval. The analysis showed that single-item ratings are usually in good agreement with assessments of their corresponding subscale. In the case of more complex multimodal constructs, single-item assessments were much less often in agreement with multiple-item questionnaire outcomes. The use of single-item assessments is advocated as they more often incorporate assessments of all aspects of a certain construct (including the presence, severity, and impact of the construct under investigation) compared to composite symptom scores.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010015
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 199-218: Immune Fitness and the Psychosocial and
           Health Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown in The Netherlands:
           Methodology and Design of the CLOFIT Study

    • Authors: Pantea Kiani, Agnese Merlo, Hama M. Saeed, Sarah Benson, Gillian Bruce, Rosalie Hoorn, Aletta D. Kraneveld, Aurora J. A. E. van de van de Loo, Noortje R. Severeijns, Annabel S. M. Sips, Andrew Scholey, Johan Garssen, Joris C. Verster
      First page: 199
      Abstract: This article provides an overview of the design and methodology of the “Corona lockdown: how fit are you'” (CLOFIT) study, including the questionnaires and scales that were included in the online survey. The aim of the CLOFIT study was to investigate the psychosocial and health consequences of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the Netherlands. The survey was conducted among the Dutch population to collect data on immune fitness and the psychological and health consequences of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic lockdown in the Netherlands. The CLOFIT dataset contains measures from N = 1910 participants and is broadly representative of the Dutch general population. The dataset represents both sexes, a range of ages including the elderly, different education levels, and ethnic backgrounds. The cohort also includes people with a diverse health status and range of medication use.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010016
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 219-229: Quality in Higher Education and
           Satisfaction among Professors and Students

    • Authors: María del Carmen Olmos-Gómez, Mónica Luque-Suárez, Concetta Ferrara, Jesús Manuel Cuevas-Rincón
      First page: 219
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to analyze the significant differences in satisfaction with educational quality in higher education in Italy (Naples) among students and professors. The sample consisted of 501 higher education students and 121 professors, resulting in a total sample size of 622 subjects. Once the quality parameters of the instrument were determined, reliability was confirmed, and data collection was initiated. In order to analyze the results, a test of independent means (Student’s t-test) was performed, interrelating the variables of educational quality, concerning both management and satisfaction with higher education. Based on the results, we concluded that there are significant differences between the group of students and the group of professors, highlighting a higher level of satisfaction with quality reported by students regarding the coordination of teachers and staff in the educational process; therefore, the inclusion of students in the direct management of the center should be more active and an indicator to be taken into account in self-evaluation. Despite the limitations in the sample at the regional level, it offers many possibilities for future research.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010017
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 230-250: Computational Thinking and STEM in
           Agriculture Vocational Training: A Case Study in a Greek Vocational
           Education Institution

    • Authors: Eleftherios Chondrogiannis, Eleni Symeonaki, Dimitris Papachristos, Dimitris Loukatos, Konstantinos G. Arvanitis
      First page: 230
      Abstract: Due to the dynamic nature of the agricultural industry, educators and their institutions face difficult challenges as they try to keep pace with future demands for knowledge and skilled workers. On the other hand, computational thinking (CT) has drawn increasing attention in the field of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education at present and, as advanced technologies and tools emerge, it is imperative for such innovations to be sustained with knowledge and skill among STEM educators and practitioners. The present case study aims to explore the relation between CT, STEM and agricultural education training (AET) in a Greek vocational training institute (IEK), the Agriculture IEK of Metamorfosis city (IEKMC), which is active in agriculture education. The research methodology is utilized according the positivist philosophical approach through data acquisition employing a questionnaire and the quantitative (statistical) analysis of data collected. The sample consists of IEKMC educators and students selected based on simple random sampling. Based on the participants belief that CT and STEM philosophy add value in the learning process, it focuses on the application of knowledge in the real world (students) and problem solving using new technologies (educators). Educators consider “experiments” as the most significant educational tool for problem solving in teaching practice. Students rate Greek Agriculture Education and Training (GAET) higher than educators. However, the participants evaluate GAET very low due to the lack of new innovative teaching methods being introduced. Finally, there is great interest in the implementation of CT and STEM in the European Union (EU) by students and educators.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-03-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010018
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1-11: The Relationship of Personality, Emotional
           Intelligence, and Aggressiveness in Students: A Study Using the Big Five
           Personality Questionnaire for Children and Adults (BFQ-NA)

    • Authors: Jose Luis Antoñanzas
      First page: 1
      Abstract: An analysis of secondary students’ personality traits, along with a description of their emotional intelligence levels and their anger control, could be decisive when educating students to prevent anti-social behavior in academia. Very few studies on personality, emotional intelligence, and aggressive conduct exist in Spain. Some of the studies that do exist, however, only explore the relationship between emotional intelligence, personality, and prosocial behavior in secondary education students. Likewise, there are few studies focusing on personality and aggression control. In this study, using the Big Five personality models as predictors of aggressiveness in subjects and of emotional intelligence, we sought to contribute to the improvement of the education of students on aggressive behavior in education centers. To do this, we conducted a study using the Big Five Personality Questionnaire (BFQ) for Children and Adults (BFQ-NA), the Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS-24) emotional intelligence test, and the State–Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI) anger management test. Our main objective was to analyze the relationship of the BFQ with the variables of emotional intelligence and aggressiveness. This was achieved using a range of bivariate correlation and multiple regression tests. The results showed the correlation and predictive value of emotional intelligence and aggression in the Big Five model of personality. This study coincides with other research linking Big Five questionnaires with emotional intelligence and aggression.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-12-25
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010001
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 935-949: Toxicities Caused by Head and Neck Cancer
           Treatments and Their Influence on the Development of Malnutrition: Review
           of the Literature

    • Authors: Maddison Hunter, Jane Kellett, Kellie Toohey, Nathan M. D’Cunha, Stephen Isbel, Nenad Naumovski
      First page: 935
      Abstract: Malnutrition poses a significant problem for oncology patients, resulting in fatalities within this population. Patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) are at high risk, with up to 90% developing malnutrition. Common treatments used for HNC can often lead to adverse side effects, including oral health conditions, gastrointestinal upsets, and several metabolic changes. Consequently, treatments can cause inadequate nutritional intake, resulting in a reduction in energy consumption, and alterations in energy utilization, contributing to the development of malnutrition. Furthermore, the presence of these treatment toxicities, and the related malnutrition can lead to reduced quality of life, weight loss, and psychological distress. There are interventions available (nutritional, medicinal, and physical therapies) that have demonstrated potential effectiveness in reducing the severity of symptomatic toxicities, reducing the risk of malnutrition, and improving survival outcomes of patients with HNC. Based on the findings of this review, there is an urgent need for the implementation or continuation of multi-disciplinary strategies, as well as updated and improved guidelines to assist in the prevention and treatment of malnutrition caused by treatment-related toxicities in patients with HNC.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-10-02
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040066
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 950-956: The COVID-19 Pandemic, Stress, and Eating
           Practices in the United States

    • Authors: Jagdish Khubchandani, Jayanthi Kandiah, Diana Saiki
      First page: 950
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the lives of people worldwide. In this study, we assessed the burden of stress during the pandemic and its relationship with eating practices in a national random sample of American adults. Data were collected using an online survey and the participants were asked about their demographic characteristics, perceived stress, and eating practices in April 2020. Compared to their counterparts, average stress scores were statistically significantly higher for racial and ethnic minority individuals, those who were employed part-time, were single, lived in the Midwest, and were ≤35 years of age. More than one-tenth of the participants reported practicing more unhealthy eating practices during the pandemic lockdowns: fasting (16%), restricting eating (20%), skipping meals (25%), and overeating (39%). Concerning the overall perception of diet, nearly a third reported that their diet had worsened during the pandemic (31%). In adjusted and unadjusted analyses after controlling for demographic characteristics, stress scores were statistically significantly higher for those engaging in unhealthy eating practices and those who reported that their diet had worsened. Policymakers and public health practitioners should redouble their efforts in preventing morbidity and premature mortality by implementing interventions that address the multiple detrimental stressors of the COVID-19 pandemic.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-10-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040067
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 957-966: Witnessing Cyberbullying and Internalizing
           Symptoms among Middle School Students

    • Authors: Diana M. Doumas, Aida Midgett
      First page: 957
      Abstract: Cyberbullying is a significant problem among school-aged youth. Cyberbullying peaks in middle school with 33% of middle school students reporting cyberbullying victimization and more than 50% reporting witnessing cyberbullying as bystanders. Although the association between cyberbullying victimization and internalizing symptoms is well documented, there is limited research examining the impact of witnessing cyberbullying on bystanders. To assess differences in internalizing symptoms between cyberbullying bystanders and non-bystanders, a school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among middle school students (6th–8th grade) in the United States (N = 130; 57.4% female; 42.6% male). Questionnaire data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of co-variance (MANCOVA) with three outcome variables (depression, anxiety, somatic symptoms) and the between-subject factor bystander status (bystander, non-bystander). We controlled for witnessing school bullying to examine the unique effect of witnessing cyberbullying on internalizing symptoms. Results of the MANCOVA indicated a significant effect for cyberbullying bystander status (p < 0.04). Post hoc analyses demonstrated that bystanders reported significantly higher levels of depression (p < 0.05), anxiety (p < 0.02), and somatic symptoms (p < 0.01) than non-bystanders. Findings suggest that programs to support students who witness cyberbullying are needed to reduce the mental health risks associated with being a cyberbullying bystander.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-10-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040068
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 967-994: Audiovisual Media Communications in Adult
           Education: The case of Cyprus and Greece of Adults as Adult Learners

    • Authors: Constantinos Nicolaou, George Kalliris
      First page: 967
      Abstract: Nowadays, audiovisual media technologies and audiovisual content (audiovisual media communications) play an important role in our physical/psychological health, education, and lifelong learning, causing the redefinition of the teaching methodology. As presented in the literature, the use of audiovisual media communications presuppose a new way of approaching effective teaching, which requires the educators on all educational levels and disciplines to display with competence many advanced skills and abilities. The aim of this research is to provide data that will contribute to the effective teaching utilizing audiovisual media communications in adult education. This research is a secondary research from two researches, which are qualitative and based on a quantitative method of analyzing. The primary data were collected through experiment method from adults (18 years and older), in Cyprus and Greece. The results confirm the current debate of using audiovisual media technologies within the educational process in technology-enhanced learning in education, both from the literature, and from the findings and results of various researches. This research is part of a larger, ongoing research that explores the multidisciplinary field that incorporates media, audiovisual content, and education (MACE), information and communications technologies (ICTs) in adult education (in Greece and Cyprus).
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-10-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040069
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 995-1009: Disruptive Behavior Programs on Primary
           School Students: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Diego Martín Retuerto, Iker Ros Martínez de Lahidalga, Irantzu Ibañez Lasurtegui
      First page: 995
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to review the existing international literature on research and programs for the reduction of disruptive behavior in primary school students. For this purpose, according to PRISMA-ScR, a mixed systematic review was performed in six databases in order to obtain wide and extensive information related to the subject under study. The studies obtained were analyzed through a table which emphasized the data related to: Author(s), year, educational stage, location, objectives, instruments, and results. As for the selection of studies, the UNESCO Thesaurus and the ERIC Thesaurus terminology was used. In addition to specifying the search for studies performed between 2004 and 2020 (both inclusive), articles written in Spanish and English were selected. Furthermore, in a final phase among the articles analyzed, those that were not or did not contain intervention programs were discarded. Therefore, a total of thirty-five articles out of more than twenty thousand were analyzed in depth. The results showed that a majority of programs were implemented in the primary education stage, as well as a predominance of the use of instruments, such as questionnaires and observation charts. In addition, it is important to underline that 77.14% of the programs analyzed were effective, hence, they met the proposed objectives. In summary, although the number of intervention programs for the reduction of disruptive behavior that can be found in the international scientific literature is growing, there is still a long way to go in order to create a large network that can serve as a foundation for interventions in primary education students.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-10-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040070
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1010-1019: Cortical Contrast Processing in
           Retinitis Pigmentosa: Evidence of PVEPs Spatial Functions

    • Authors: Rafael Mancebo-Azor, José Antonio Sáez-Moreno, José Manuel Rodríguez-Ferrer
      First page: 1010
      Abstract: Objective: To study the effect of check width size of the stimuli on the amplitude and latency of the P100 component of visual evoked potentials recorded in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Methods: Pattern reversal visual evoked potentials (PVEPs) were recorded in 16 RP patients and 20 visually normal subjects. Pattern reversal stimuli with five different check widths and 100% of contrast were projected in the right eye of both patients and control subjects. PVEPs induced by stimuli with 78%, 16%, and 6% of contrast were also recorded in 10 of the control subjects. Results: In RP patients, the amplitude of P100 was smaller than controls in all check sized used and the peak P100 amplitude was obtained with a larger check width than in controls. P100 was also delayed in RP patients in all check sizes studied. The P100 amplitude- and latency-check size functions of RP patients were like those found in control subjects with low contrast stimuli of 16% and 6%. Conclusion: The PVEPs spatial functions of RP patients show quantitative and qualitative changes, suggesting disease induced alteration in the neural processing of stimulus contrast.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-10-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040071
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1020-1034: Is the Effect of Body Dissatisfaction on
           Depressive Symptoms Dependent on Weight Status' A Study with
           Early-to-Middle Adolescents

    • Authors: Maria João Carapeto, Raquel Domingos, Guida Veiga
      First page: 1020
      Abstract: Depression is a recognized mental health problem in adolescence and body dissatisfaction is an important risk factor. The main goal of this study is to examine the relationship between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms, and whether it depends on adolescents’ weight status, an issue that remains understudied. Two hundred and fourteen adolescents (12–16 years) completed self-report measures of depressive symptoms, body dissatisfaction and weight status (i.e., current body weight and height, to compute body mass index z-scores, BMIz). Hierarchical multiple regression and moderation analyses were conducted, accounting for gender and age effects on depressive symptoms. Body dissatisfaction was found to be a predictor of depressive symptoms for the low and median BMIz adolescents, but not for those with high BMIz. In addition, this interaction of body dissatisfaction and BMIz improved the ability of the regression model to explain depressive symptoms´ variance beyond the effect of gender and age. The high-BMIz adolescents presented higher body dissatisfaction but similar levels of depressive symptoms, compared to the lower BMIz adolescents. These findings suggest the influence of body dissatisfaction in the emergence of depressive symptoms in the first half of adolescence, and the importance of weight status throughout this path.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-11-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040072
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1035-1050: Mindfulness-Based Programs Improve
           Psychological Flexibility, Mental Health, Well-Being, and Time Management
           in Academics

    • Authors: Gabriel A. B. Marais, Sophie Lantheaume, Robin Fiault, Rebecca Shankland
      First page: 1035
      Abstract: (1) Background: Occupational stress is high in academia, and is partly related to time pressure. Mindfulness-based programs are known to be effective in reducing stress and increasing well-being. Recent work suggested that these programs may also improve time management. This study tested the effects of a mindfulness-based program on academics’ psychological flexibility, mental health, well-being, and time management. (2) Methods: The study was conducted in a French research department. Participants were offered to join a mindfulness-based program (n = 21) or to be on a wait-list control group (n = 22). Self-reported measures of psychological flexibility, mental health (stress, anxiety, and depression symptoms), well-being, and time use were collected before and after the eight week program. (3) Results: Results showed that psychological flexibility, mental health, well-being, and efficient time use significantly increased in the intervention group compared to the control condition. (4) Conclusions: The results suggested that the mindfulness-based programs were effective in improving adaptive functioning, well-being, and optimal time use in academia, thus underlining potential useful perspectives to help academics improve mental health and time management.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-11-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040073
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1051-1064: The Emotional Divergent–Convergent
           Thinking Program (EDICOP): Design, Implementation, and Results

    • Authors: Goretti Soroa, Aitor Aritzeta, Alexander Muela, Nekane Balluerka, Arantxa Gorostiaga, Jone Aliri
      First page: 1051
      Abstract: In a social environment that requires young people to adapt to increasingly demanding situations, emotional education and creativity training may be key for both personal development and academic performance. Given that there are currently no known interventions that develop emotional and creative skills simultaneously in a youth population, the main objective of this study was to design, implement, and evaluate the Emotional Divergent–Convergent Thinking Program (EDICOP). The study design was quasi-experimental with a non-equivalent control group and pretest–posttest measures. The participants included 196 students between 16 and 24 years of age belonging to two centers of higher education. Our results showed that the EDICOP contributed to the improvement of the participants’ divergent-proactive style, positive affectivity, emotional predisposition, and attention, as well as to their preference for cognition. Overall, the EDICOP is, therefore, both relevant and useful, and further research on the mood–creativity link is merited to generate new contexts in higher education for the promotion of both the emotional and creativity dispositions and self-awareness, by combining three basic psychological processes (emotion, cognition, and motivation).
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-11-13
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040074
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1065-1079: The English Version of the Health
           Profession Communication Collective Efficacy Scale (HPCCE Scale) by Capone
           and Petrillo, 2012

    • Authors: Vincenza Capone, Leda Marino, Anna Rosa Donizzetti
      First page: 1065
      Abstract: Communication is a crucial component in all steps of the health care process. Therefore, it is important to have knowledge about the communication skills of the whole health organization. From the socio-cognitive perspective, collective efficacy beliefs are the main indicators of the capacity of functioning of the system. This work aimed to contribute to the validation of the English version of Health Profession Communication Collective Efficacy Scale (HPCCE scale) a self-report questionnaire measuring hospital doctors’ beliefs to succeed as a group to meet the needs of internal and external communication and of communication with patients, examining the structure, reliability and convergent validity. This study was a cross-sectional investigation conducted using snowball sampling. The participants were 287 doctors working at different hospitals in UK. Explorative factor analyses and Rush analysis confirmed the one-factor solution. Results revealed high internal reliability. The HPCCE scale correlated positively with Social Self-Efficacy. The English version of HPCCE is a valid instrument to measure communication efficacy beliefs in hospital, involving different type of doctors. It can contribute to the implementation and evaluation of management interventions in a health organization aimed at its optimization.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-11-13
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040075
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1080-1094: Educational Response to a Student with
           Psychosis at the Secondary Level: A Non-Experimental Single-Case Study

    • Authors: Juan Pedro Martínez-Ramón, Inmaculada Méndez, Cecilia Ruiz Esteban
      First page: 1080
      Abstract: Students with psychosis in school within the ordinary education system are a reality in the classroom. To study their correct adaptation at school, it is necessary to consider numerous factors such as the personal characteristics of the student, environmental variables, educational measures put in place as well as emotional and cognitive aspects. The aim of this research was to monitor the teaching–learning process of a student diagnosed with psychosis and enrolled in a public school at the secondary level in the ordinary modality with support during an academic year, with the usual resources provided by a guidance department to assess the impact of the educational measures and plans on his emotional and academic fields. This was a single case study in which both qualitative and quantitative information was collected (N = 1). The participant was a student with special needs at the secondary level. An analysis of the results of psychometric tests, plan for diversity, observational analysis, academic file, scholastic history, and multiple interviews were carried out. The findings show how the educational curriculum can be adapted to improve the competences of a student with psychosis by encouraging an increase in social abilities and potential cognitive abilities through the counseling department. The conclusions of this research can provide a guideline for comparison of different educational systems, paying greater attention to the development of emotional aspects, and opting for inclusive measures. In this line, this study shows that students with psychosis can share classrooms and studies with their peers, thus fulfilling the principle of educational inclusion.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-11-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040076
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1095-1105: Sociodemographic Characteristics and
           Stress of People from Spain Confined by COVID-19

    • Authors: Susana Rodríguez, Antonio Valle, Isabel Piñeiro, Carolina Rodríguez-Llorente, Estefanía Guerrero, Ludmila Martins
      First page: 1095
      Abstract: This study responds to the need to explore the individual characteristics that may help us to understand the levels of stress involved in the significant COVID-19-related restrictions to people’s daily lives. In order to understand levels of stress and stress control during the COVID-19 confinement, 1269 people from Spain (17.5% men) aged between 18 and 70 completed the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14). The results indicated that people aged under 40, and especially those under 25, women, and those on low incomes reported higher rates of confinement stress. The nature of where people live, and their working situation during confinement also contributed to people’s stress response, although with lower levels of impact. In this context, our study suggests that the levels of stress in those who combine remote working with in situ working were lower than those who had other working conditions. Our study contributes significant information to understanding the effects of confinement, and its results may be used to inform intervention tools and programs.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-12-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040077
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1106-1131: Developing Geographical Narratives:
           Pupils Create Digital Text Adventures with Twine

    • Authors: Veit Maier, Alexandra Budke
      First page: 1106
      Abstract: Applying geographical knowledge in new contexts is a creative and difficult task for school pupils. However, creating text adventures with the open-source tool Twine may be one way to apply geographic knowledge, but there is currently no research that confirms this. We attempted to determine how pupils in small groups constructed text adventures in geography lessons, focused on the topic “Tourism in Myanmar: threat or opportunity”. We recorded the construction processes of 14 pupils audibly, organized into six teams, and analyzed their games. We found that the different text adventure construction activities between the groups had minimal differences. The groups predominantly asked questions and expressed ideas that used meta-conversation for organization and used agreements. These and other text adventure construction activities can help to specify a model of collaborative creativity. In addition, successful groups wrote geographical narratives with adverbs to emphasize the psychological proximity, rhetorical questions and feelings in their stories, and used more words than the others. The results suggest a focus of future research should be on developing a model for integrating geographical narrative skills into geography lessons and intensifying research about collaborative creativity.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-12-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040078
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1132-1149: Students’ Personality Contributes More
           to Academic Performance than Well-Being and Learning
           Approach—Implications for Sustainable Development and Education

    • Authors: Paulo Moreira, Susana Pedras, Paula Pombo
      First page: 1132
      Abstract: The present study aimed to describe the predictive role of personality dimensions, learning approaches, and well-being in the academic performance of students. In total, 602 students participated in this cross-sectional study and completed a set of questionnaires assessing personality, learning approach, and well-being. Two indexes were calculated to assess affective and non-affective well-being. The results partially support the hypotheses formulated. Results revealed that personality temperament and character dimensions, deep learning approach, and affective well-being were significant predictors of academic performance. A deep approach to learning was a full and partial mediator of the relationship between personality and academic performance. The results improve the understanding of the differential contribution of personality, type of learning approach, and type of well-being to academic performance. Comprehending that personality is the strongest predictor of academic performance, after controlling the type of learning approach and the type of well-being, informs school policies and decision-makers that it is essential to encourage personality development in adolescents to improve academic performance. These results also have implications for educational policies and practices at various levels, including an emphasis on the role of well-being as an educational asset. Understanding the links between personality, well-being, and education is essential to conceptualize education as a vital societal resource for facing current and future challenges, such as sustainable development.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-12-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040079
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1150-1157: Reading Motivation, Alcohol and Drug Use
           in Future Teachers in Preschool and Primary School

    • Authors: María de la Rocha Díaz, Inmaculada Méndez, Cecilia Ruiz-Esteban
      First page: 1150
      Abstract: Future teachers will have to develop the reading habit in their students, as this is an essential factor in schoolchildren. The lack of reading motivation among young people and the need to have it in order to transmit it has been evidenced. Young people often prefer to spend their leisure time using alcohol and other drugs rather than reading books for pleasure. The factors that influence reading motivation are varied, but the objective of this research work focuses on establishing the relationship between reading motivation and the problematic use of alcohol and other drugs in future teachers of Preschool and Primary Education. A total of 178 subjects among university students were recruited (56.6% girls). The ages ranged from 18 to 34 (M = 21.59, SD = 3.52). The first scale used was the MULTICAGE CAD-4 for behavioral addiction together with a Scale for Characterizing Motivation for Academic Reading (EMLA). The results of the study indicate that those young people who were more involved in the consumption of alcohol and drugs had a lower reading habit. Likewise, the study also reveals significant mean differences in reading motivation based on gender and age. This shows the need to enact healthy habits from the university related to increasing reading motivation and promoting the reading habit in future teachers.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-12-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040080
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1158-1175: Assessing the Quality of Physical
           Environments of Early Childhood Schools within the Cape Coast Metropolis
           in Ghana Using a Sequential Explanatory Mixed-Methods Design

    • Authors: Salome Amissah-Essel, John Elvis Hagan, Thomas Schack
      First page: 1158
      Abstract: (1) Background: The last few decades have seen researchers giving considerable attention to the physical context of early childhood care and development (ECCD) centers because many of the underlying processes that link physical context are quite similar to psychosocial environmental factors regarding child development. However, research on the physical environments, and the employees’ understanding of the importance of physical environments, is often underestimated. The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of the physical environments of ECCD centers in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana, and ascertain whether being a private or public center (center auspices) would be associated with the quality of its physical environment. A further inquiry into the educators’ understanding of the importance of physical environment on children’s developmental outcomes was made. (2) Methods: Using a sequential explanatory mixed-methods research design, all 160 ECCD centers in the Cape Coast Metropolis were assessed using a modified version of the Children’s Physical Environment Rating Scale (CPERS) and a semi-structured interview guide. (3) Results: Descriptive statistics indicated that more than half of the ECCD centers, 56%, rated “fair” on the quality of their physical environment. Although the locations and sites of these centers were of good quality, other physical environmental characteristics (i.e., “Planning of the Centre”, “Building as a Whole” and “Outdoor Space”) of ECCD centers were also rated to be fair. A Chi-square test showed that center auspices (i.e., being private or public) were not significantly associated with the quality of the physical environments of the centers [χ2(2) = 2.490, p > 0.05], suggesting no significant difference between private and public ECCD centers in terms of the quality of their physical environment. A follow-up qualitative inquiry identified two themes as reasons why play yards in early years’ schools were not good: a ‘‘lack of funding” and “governmental support”. (4) Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the physical environments of ECCD centers are, to some extent, compromised. Stakeholders (e.g., Ghana Education Service, non-governmental/religious organizations, and private entrepreneurs) should help improve the quality of physical environments and also provide financial assistance for the provision of basic equipment (e.g., learning materials) for private and public ECCD centers in the Cape Coast Metropolis. Educators require in-service training to boost their in-depth understanding of the importance of physical environments on children’s developmental outcomes. Future studies could target children’s perceptions of their preschools’ physical environments as useful empirical information to help guide appropriate policy interventions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-12-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040081
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1176-1185: Attention to Diversity in Compulsory
           Secondary Education

    • Authors: Elia Vázquez Varela, Iago Portela Pino, Víctor Domínguez Rodríguez
      First page: 1176
      Abstract: The attention to pupil diversity is still considered one of the main issues to solve in the current educational system. The objective of the study was to establish and analyze the differences between the knowledge and the use of ordinary and extraordinary measures in the attention to diversity from the point of view of compulsory secondary education teachers. A descriptive study was performed with a quantitative methodology, making use of a 452-teacher sample (Mean: 47, Standard Deviation: 8.42) using a survey. The results show a better understanding and frequency of use of the ordinary measures compared to the extraordinary ones. Results also maintain that among the most used we found the adequacy of the didactic planning as well as the support of the therapeutic pedagogy and language and auditory specialist. Moreover, the analysis reveals that the CMOEAD (ordinary and extraordinary measures for the attention to diversity) survey possesses psychometric properties which support its use in further studies. In conclusion, a better knowledge and use of ordinary and extraordinary measures in attention to diversity enables a forward leap in the quality and equity for pupils.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-12-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040082
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1186-1194: Individual Differences and Similarities
           in the Judgement of Facial Pain: A Mixed Method Study

    • Authors: Sheila Glenn, Helen Poole, Paula Oulton
      First page: 1186
      Abstract: Accurate assessment of pain by health-care professionals is essential to ensure optimal management of pain. An under-researched area is whether personality characteristics affect perception of pain in others. The aims were (a) to determine whether individual differences are associated with participants’ ability to assess pain, and (b) to determine facial cues used in the assessment of pain. One hundred and twenty-eight undergraduate students participated. They completed questionnaire assessments of empathy, pain catastrophizing, sensory sensitivity and emotional intelligence. They then viewed and rated four adult facial images (no, medium, and high pain—12 images total) using a 0–10 numerical rating scale, and noted the reasons for their ratings. (a) Empathy was the only characteristic associated with accuracy of pain assessment. (b) Descriptions of eyes and mouth, and eyes alone were most commonly associated with assessment accuracy. This was the case despite variations in the expression of pain in the four faces. Future studies could evaluate the effect on accuracy of pain assessment of (a) training empathic skills for pain assessment, and (b) emphasizing attention to the eyes, and eyes and mouth.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-12-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10040083
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 682-690: Mechanisms of Moral Disengagement Used to
           Justify School Violence in Sicilian Primary School

    • Authors: Inmaculada Méndez, Giuseppa Liccardi, Cecilia Ruiz-Esteban
      First page: 682
      Abstract: This study investigated the mechanisms of moral disengagement most commonly used to justify school violence in Sicilian primary school. The main objective of this study was to analyze the mechanisms of moral disengagement that are set in motion by those involved in situations of school violence (victims, aggressors, and bystanders) in Sicilian primary school. Likewise, the differences by gender and age are investigated. A total of 113 subjects in primary school were recruited (56.6% girls). The ages ranged from 8 to 11 (M = 9.56, SD = 0.99). The first scale used was the Bullying Inventory by Olweus (1993) in the Italian translation by Genta, Menesini, Fonzi, Costabile, and Smith (1996) and the questionnaire on moral disengagement developed by Caprara, Barbaranelli, Vicino, and Bandura (1996) is also used. The regression analysis showed that the sociodemographic variables and the mechanisms of moral disengagement are different depending on a person’s role (aggressor, victim, or bystander). Moral justification predicted the role of victim in school violence, dehumanization predicted the role of the aggressor (and gender), and the disclosure of responsibility (and dehumanization) predicted the role of the bystander in school violence. The conclusions of this study will facilitate the prevention of school violence, for example, by promoting social integration and minimizing situations of school violence (emphasizing morality, ethics, etc.), thereby establishing balanced and satisfactory interpersonal relationships.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-06-29
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030050
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 691-703: Traversing the Funambulist’s Fine Line
           between Nursing and Male Identity: A Systematic Review of the Factors that
           Influence Men as They Seek to Navigate the Nursing Profession

    • Authors: Daniel Terry, Blake Peck, Clarissa Carden, Alicia J Perkins, Andrew Smith
      First page: 691
      Abstract: Nursing has seen a dominance of women within the profession, and today, the presence of men in the role remains less understood and appreciated. Males considering or entering nursing face challenges concerning role misconception, marginalization, and gender bias. With a looming shortage of nurses on the horizon, it is more important now than ever before to find better ways of engaging males into nursing. The aim of the study was to examine the psychological constructs that influence male perceptions of nursing as they seek to navigate the profession, and what aspects influence men to consider nursing as a career. To achieve this, a systematic review and mixed research synthesis (integrated design) was conducted. English language research published between 1999 and 2019 was eligible. The methodological rigor of qualitative articles followed the Critical Appraisal Skills Program, while the Best Evidence Medical Education guided the quantitative review. Among the 24 publications identified, three sub-themes emerged from the overarching theme of the funambulist or tightrope walker. Sub-themes included societal, inner and collective voices that inform men’s place in nursing or their decision making about entering the profession. There is a need to re-visit what it means to be a nurse in order to address the gendered stereotypes that impact men entering the nursing profession.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-07-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030051
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 704-719: The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based
           Interventions on Anxiety Disorders. A Systematic Meta-Review

    • Authors: Fumero, Peñate, Oyanadel, Porter
      First page: 704
      Abstract: Objective: There has been a growing interest in the study of the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). Many clinical trials and experimental designs have been implemented, with different samples and diverse MBI procedures. Reviews have shown unclear results, apart from a tendency to identify low-to-moderate effectiveness. The purpose of this review is to examine the effectiveness of MBIs on anxiety complaints, analyzing available systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Method: The literature search was done in MEDLINE (PubMed) and PsycINFO, from the first available review in 2003 until March 2020. From 82 initial references, 12 reviews were selected. Results: Reviews confirmed a moderate effect size of MBIs in improving anxiety symptoms. This efficacy was similar to that of well-established therapies for reducing anxiety symptoms, such as cognitive behavioral therapies. A large effect size was found when well-developed MBI protocols were applied. Discussion: More refined clinical trials are needed to establish clear conditions of MBI effectiveness (protocols, samples, psychological mechanisms, etc.). In addition, considering mindfulness processes, new outcome measures are needed (such as acceptance, self-awareness, or well-being) to test the incremental value of MBIs.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-07-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030052
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 720-732: Effectiveness of Educational Practices in
           University Students’ Knowledge about Sun Protection and Its Relation to
           Sunlight Exposure: An Exploratory Study in a Portuguese Higher Education
           Institution

    • Authors: Bárbara Roque Ferreira, João Simões, Maria Eduarda Ferreira
      First page: 720
      Abstract: Nowadays, there is worldwide recognition that health and educational outcomes are inextricably linked. It is also recognized that health education comprises opportunities to improve health literacy, including the improvement of knowledge and the development of life skills to promote individual health. It is also known that the behavioral practices regarding sun exposure are an important risk factor for skin cancer. Research is needed in this area to understand the contribution of the “Education for Health” curricular unit to these issues. Our exploratory research sought to collect information about the knowledge and practices regarding sun exposure of a group of Portuguese university students who have already attended this curricular unit. The results indicate that the participants show that, notwithstanding that they have already attended this curricular unit, they do not have more literacy on skin health, do not perceive that sun exposure habits are related to skin health and do not perceive that photoprotection constitutes prevention of skin cancer. The results support the need to promote the necessary reflection and debate on the way in which health education should be taught, as well as what is taught, in order to empower students to get decision-making skills associated with the adoption of healthier attitudes and practices, thus helping to prevent skin cancer.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-07-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030053
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 733-748: Knowledge in Transition in Healthcare

    • Authors: Maria José Sousa, Francesca Dal Mas, Alexeis Garcia-Perez, Lorenzo Cobianchi
      First page: 733
      Abstract: Organizations are challenged by the need to transform Dynamic Knowledge, embedded in each worker, into Static Knowledge, rooted in factual documental information. However, innovation and knowledge creation seem to be facilitated by the personal knowledge and life experiences of people, which appear to be dynamic. The tensions between Dynamic and Static Knowledge in facilitating the transfer and sharing of knowledge arise as compelling research as well as practical topic for organizations. Our paper aims to investigate such tensions by employing a case study. We decided to deepen such dynamics in the healthcare field, given its importance for business and society. In more detail, we analyzed one Emergency Room (ER) department through a series of interviews. Our findings highlight the importance of the right balance between Static and Dynamic Knowledge. On the one hand, the healthcare organization recognized the need to incorporate knowledge into practical and tangible instruments. On the other hand, the flows of Dynamic Knowledge must be fostered through a culture of knowledge translation and sharing, and the development of soft skills.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-07-17
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030054
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 749-762: Comparative Dynamics of Individual Ageing
           Among the Investigative Type of Professionals Living in Russia and Russian
           Migrants to the EU Countries

    • Authors: Tatiana N. Berezina, Natalia N. Rybtsova, Stanislav A. Rybtsov
      First page: 749
      Abstract: The goal of this study was to uncover the influence of professional activity, migration, and gender on dynamics of subjective age and ageing biomarkers. We examined the representatives of investigative types of professions (ITP), 30–75 years old in Russia, (101/62 women), and Russian migrants to the European Union, (101/56 women). ITPs appeared to be ageing slower than statistical standards; men age faster than women; the pre-retirement group (51–65 years old) showed acceleration of relative biological ageing in the Russian sample (women +4.5 years, men +10.7 years) against the EU sample, suggesting a boost of pre-retirement stress in Russia; subjectively, Russian people (51–65 years old) feel close to their chronological age, while EU people perceive themselves far below their calendar age (men—lower by 20.4, women—lower by 10.9 years). The subjective ageing depends on the country of residence, while biological ageing depends on occupation, gender, and negative expectations of retirement.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-07-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030055
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 763-778: Development and Validation of the Social
           Network Addiction Scale (SNAddS-6S)

    • Authors: Esther Cuadrado, Rocío Rojas, Carmen Tabernero
      First page: 763
      Abstract: The use of social networks has increased exponentially, especially among youth. These tools offer many advantages but also carry some risks such as addiction. This points to the need for a valid multifactorial instrument to measure social network addiction, focusing on the core components of addiction that can serve researchers and practitioners. This study set out to validate a reliable multidimensional social network addiction scale based on the six core components of addiction (SNAddS-6S) by using and adapting the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale. A total of 369 users of social networks completed a questionnaire. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed, and different competing models were explored. The external validity of the scale was tested across its relations with different measures. Evidence for the validity and reliability of both the multidimensional SNAddS-6S and the unidimensional Short SNAddS-6S was provided. The SNAddS-6S was composed of 18 items and five different factors (time-management, mood modification, relapse, withdrawal, and conflict), with the time-management factor as a higher-order factor integrated by salience and tolerance as sub-factors. The Short SNAddS-6S was composed of six items and a unifactorial structure. This scale could be of relevance for researchers and practitioners to assess the extent to which individuals suffer from social network addiction and to study the potential predictors and risks of such addiction.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-07-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030056
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 779-794: A Mobile-Based Tailored Recommendation
           System for Parents of Children with Overweight or Obesity: A New Tool for
           Health Care Centers

    • Authors: Afonso, Rodrigues, Castro, Parente, Teixeira, Fraga, Torres
      First page: 779
      Abstract: Childhood obesity is associated with unbalanced lifestyle patterns, and new strategies are needed to support parents in the compliance with the guidelines for children’s age. Tailored automatic recommendations mimic interpersonal counseling and are promising strategies to be considered for health promotion programs. This study aimed to develop and test a mobile recommendation system for parents of preschool children identified with overweight/obesity at health care centers. Evidence-based recommendations related to children’s eating, drinking, moving, and sleeping habits were developed and tested using a questionnaire. A pilot study was conducted in a health care center to test how using an app with those tailored recommendations, in video format, influenced parents’ perceptions of the child’s weight status and their knowledge about the guidelines, compared to a control group. The chi-squared test was used for categorical variables and the Mann–Whitney U test for continuous variables (p < 0.05). A high proportion of parents were already informed about the guidelines, but their children were not meeting them. After watching the tailored recommendations, there was an increased knowledge of the guideline on water intake, but there was no improvement in the perception of the child’s excessive weight. Parents may benefit from a mobile-based tailored recommendation system to improve their knowledge about the guidelines. However, there is a need to work with parents on motivation to manage the child’s weight with additional strategies.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-08-07
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030057
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 795-815: Awareness, Policy, Privacy, and More:
           Post-Secondary Students Voice Their Solutions to Cyberbullying

    • Authors: Chantal Faucher, Wanda Cassidy, Margaret Jackson
      First page: 795
      Abstract: This paper discusses solutions to cyberbullying posed by post-secondary students from four Canadian universities. The qualitative data used in this analysis were drawn from one open-ended question on an online student survey completed by 1458 undergraduate students, as well as 10 focus group transcripts involving a total of 36 students. Seven key themes emerged: awareness and education; policy; protecting one’s privacy; technology-based solutions; empowering better choices and responses; university culture; and disciplinary measures. The findings show that post-secondary institutions need to make preventing and curtailing cyberbullying more of a priority within their campus communities, including engaging in responsive consultation with key stakeholder groups, such as students, to develop meaningful solutions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-08-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030058
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 816-831: Characteristics of Academic Adaptation and
           Subjective Well-Being in University Students with Chronic Diseases

    • Authors: Rail M. Shamionov, Marina V. Grigoryeva, Elena S. Grinina, Aleksey V. Sozonnik
      First page: 816
      Abstract: Studying academic adaptation and subjective well-being in students with chronic diseases can help to explain psychological compensatory mechanisms and help with the development of socio-psychological support programs. It is supposed that the defining role is played by general adaptive potential, and the presence of chronic diseases results in variations in academic adaptation, which, alongside other variables, acts as a predictor of subjective well-being and satisfaction of basic needs. The sample consisted of first-year university students aged 17–26 years (mean = 19.6, SD = 2.8, 18.4% male; n = 419 persons, of which 34.8% with chronic diseases of various etiologies). To evaluate the components of students’ academic adaptation, we used the Academic Adaptation Scale; general adaptive potential was measured using the Multilevel Personal Adaptability Questionnaire; to evaluate subjective well-being, we used the Subjective Well-Being Scale; and satisfaction using the Life Scale. Satisfaction of basic needs was defined with the Basic Needs Satisfaction in General Scale. Students with chronic diseases demonstrated lower manifested adaptive potential, general markers of academic adaptation, subjective well-being, and satisfaction of basic psychological needs. The results showed that interrelations between various markers in students are largely mediated by academic adaptation and adaptive potential. Thus, the interconnection between adaptive potential and satisfaction of basic needs is significantly mediated by students’ academic adaptation, whereas the interconnection between chronic diseases and academic adaptation is mediated by adaptive potential. In other words, the findings support the assumption regarding the significant mediating role of these variables in subjective well-being. Cognitive, motivational, and communicative components of academic adaptation can serve as compensatory factors for experiencing subjective well-being in students with chronic diseases.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-08-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030059
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 832-847: Scientific Mapping of Gamification in Web
           of Science

    • Authors: Jesús López-Belmonte, Mª Elena Parra-González, Adrián Segura-Robles, Santiago Pozo-Sánchez
      First page: 832
      Abstract: Education is a constantly changing field. The new teaching processes are developed today and all teachers should be prepared. Gamification is one of the methodologies with the greatest impact on the learning process. The objective of the study is to analyze the relevance and progression that the concepts “gamification” and “learning” have acquired in the scientific literature of Web of Science. This research has been based on a bibliometric methodology. A classic bibliometric and thematic analyses have been carried out. A 1230 document matrix analysis has been selected. For descriptive bibliometrics, the Bibliometrix library is used, while Scimat is used for the thematic analysis. Both tools are widely used in this type of study. Results indicate that growth on the study of these topics is booming. There are also authors who accumulate most of the documents, such as Martí Parreño. English is positioned as the predominant language. The topics studied have evolved from how classic games affect learning to the study of video games and their impact on performance. It is concluded that these types of studies are still relevant and with a great future prospect. Furthermore, research focuses especially on video games, on the effects of technology on learning and on the study of flipped learning experiences.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-08-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030060
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 848-858: Integrating Social Emotional Learning
           Strategies in Higher Education

    • Authors: Chiara Elmi
      First page: 848
      Abstract: Social and emotional learning (SEL) strategies develop skills linked to cognitive development, encourage student focus and motivation, improve relationships between students and teachers, and increase student confidence and success. More attention should be paid to students’ emotions in higher education to enhance students’ engagement in the classroom and improve social awareness (i.e., respecting others, understanding other perspectives, providing help to those who need it), motivation, and academic achievement. This article focuses on the implementation of practices that promote SEL in higher education and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs. The paper aims to assess the academic and behavioral-related outcomes of applying SEL in mineralogy, an Earth science introductory course in a four-year university. The results of the present paper reveal that instructional practices supporting SEL are suited for engaging and stimulating learners’ multiple intelligences. The observed student course assessment performance suggests that integrating SEL may be a viable strategy for promoting student interest in science, building stress resilience, and creating more positive engagement with students. The instructional practices reported in this paper could support science instructors in designing teaching methods that promote self-management and social awareness to increase students’ academic outcomes.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-08-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030061
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 859-875: Developing a Messaging Graphic for Storage
           Times of Refrigerated Ready to Eat (RTE) Foods for a Consumer Food Safety
           Health Campaign

    • Authors: Delores Chambers, Edgar Chambers, Sandria Godwin, Alisa Doan, Sheryl Cates
      First page: 859
      Abstract: This study developed and evaluated risk communication messages for ready to eat (RTE) foods targeted towards consumer storage practices in a food safety health campaign. Concepts were determined from a fractional factorial design of five categories of attributes potentially present in health promotion: title, message, graphic, slogan, and icon. Consumers viewed a subset of concepts and scored how useful the concept was in remembering to throw away RTE foods that were stored too long. Regression analysis determined which combinations of message attributes were most likely to result in using the information to throw out foods, which could help prevent foodborne illness. Findings showed that for this type of information, a graphic is a critical element for the printed schematic. The slogan (i.e., a short statement similar to a jingle or tag-line in a commercial) may be important to consumers, but the icon was not important.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-09-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030062
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 876-898: Effectiveness of Cognitive Interventions
           in Older Adults: A Review

    • Authors: Miriam Sanjuán, Elena Navarro, M. Dolores Calero
      First page: 876
      Abstract: (1) Introduction: With older adults, cognitive intervention programs are most often used for preventing or reversing a decline in cognitive functions, but it has been recently noted that there are insufficient high-quality research studies that report the effects of cognitive intervention on the cognitive functioning of older adults. (2) Objective: To analyze the available evidence concerning the effect of cognitive interventions for improving or maintaining the general cognitive status of older adults who present different cognitive levels. (3) Method: a review of studies published between 2010 and 2019 using the following databases: PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane, Google Scholar, ProQuest and Medline. (4) Results: We selected 13 systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses. The results showed that the cognitive intervention programs improved general cognitive functioning and specific cognitive functions regardless of the initial cognitive level; that cognitive decline was slowed in older persons with dementia; and there was improvement in activities of daily living. Regarding duration of the results, benefits were maintained for periods of 2 months to 5 years. (5) Conclusion: Cognitive interventions have proven effective for maintaining and/or improving cognitive functioning in older adults regardless of their initial cognitive status. Even so, there are few studies that follow up these results to see whether they are maintained in the long term and whether there is transfer to other skills of daily life. However, we were able to observe in the present review how the participants’ cognitive level varied according to sociodemographic differences, and to identify which components of cognitive programs make them more effective. Based on the results found, we highlight the importance of designing cognitive intervention programs that meet these effectiveness criteria, in order to maximize the positive effects of such programs when working with a population of older adults.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-09-02
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030063
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 899-914: Intrapersonal Emotional Intelligence
           during Adolescence: Sex Differences, Connection with other Variables, and
           Predictors

    • Authors: Maite Garaigordobil
      First page: 899
      Abstract: This study explores Intrapersonal Emotional Intelligence (IEI) with the objectives of: (1) analyzing possible differences due to sex and age, and the request for psychological assistance for behavioral and emotional problems; (2) finding evidence of personality traits, social behaviors, and parental socialization styles that are characteristic of adolescents with low IEI; and (3) identifying variables that predict high IEI. The sample comprised 2283 participants aged 12–17 years from the Basque Country (northern Spain). Results: (1) Females had greater emotional attention capacity but there were no sex differences in emotional comprehension and emotion regulation; (2) adolescents aged 12–14 showed higher scores in comprehension and emotion regulation than those aged 15–17; (3) adolescents who consulted a psychologist for problems (anxiety, depression, violence, etc.) had lower emotion regulation; (4) adolescents with low IEI had less empathy, self-esteem, extroversion, openness, agreeableness, and responsibility, and lower use of cooperative and passive conflict-resolution strategies, and their parents had a low level of acceptance-affection towards their children. They also engaged in more bullying/cyberbullying and antisocial behaviors. (5) High IEI predictor variables were: using cooperative conflict-resolution strategies; traits such as extroversion, responsibility, openness, and empathy; and a high level of maternal acceptance-affection. The work identifies relevant variables for designing intervention programs and shows the importance of promoting IEI and interpersonal emotional intelligence as a factor in the development and prevention of bullying/cyberbullying.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-09-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030064
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 915-934: Revisiting the Women Workplace Culture
           Scale: Validation and Psychometric Properties of a Three-Factor Structure
           in an Iranian Study Sample

    • Authors: Ferdinando Toscano, Davide Giusino, Tayebe Rahimi Pordanjani
      First page: 915
      Abstract: This paper describes the validation process of the Persian version of the Women Workplace Culture Scale and provides information about the perception of this culture in an Iranian working environment. A 30-item Persian version of the Women Workplace Culture (WWC) Questionnaire was administered to women working in public departments of the city of Bojnord, Iran (N = 200). As a result of a theory- and data-driven bottom-up empirical approach, a reduced 10-item three-dimensional scale was achieved entailing (I) perceived societal barriers for career development, (II) perceived organizational barriers, and (III) sexual harassment. This parsimonious solution showed satisfactory values of reliability, factorial validity and convergent-discriminant validity analysis based on correlations with the unidimensional 10-item Perceived Stress Scale and the 12-item Career Success Questionnaire. The scale can be used to measure women workplace culture in Iran and other Persian-speaking, Islamic-Arabic countries. It can also constitute a starting point for organizational diagnosis in projects aimed to enhance working women’s occupational health and societal participation.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-09-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10030065
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 564-574: Factors That Impact Measures of Grit among
           Nursing Students: A Journey Emblematic of the Koi Fish

    • Authors: Terry, Peck
      First page: 564
      Abstract: Grit is the capacity to persevere, to have passion, and be committed to achieve goals long-term regardless of adversity or challenge. Grit provides an insight into why some nursing students succeed academically or clinically, while others do not. This quantitative cross-sectional correlational study measured levels of grit among nursing students undertaking a three-year bachelor’s degree program. All students (n = 2,349) within the program were invited to complete a questionnaire which included the short grit scale (Grit-S) which measured each student’s level of perseverance and passion. Overall, it was highlighted that increased levels of grit correlated with an increase in the student’s year of study, greater perceived clinical and academic performance, not using television as a motivator for entry to nursing, being lower on the socio-economic spectrum, and being older in age. Grit was found to develop exponentially as students entered second and third years, suggesting that a balance of constant academic and clinical challenge was an impetus for many to achieve in the face of adversity, and is reminiscent of the journey of the koi fish. This paper culminates in a call for educators to consider the inclusion of creative grit forming challenges that focus on developing a student’s sense of open-mindedness within first year of undergraduate nursing programs.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-04-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020041
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 575-578: Preface of Special Issue “Cares in the
           Age of Communication: Health Education and Healthy Lifestyles”: Social
           Media and Health Communication in a Pandemic'

    • Authors: Herrera-Peco, de la Torre-Montero
      First page: 575
      Abstract: In the midst and the mist of the Covid-19 outbreak, weare living in the age of global communication in a hyperconnected society in which the transmissions channels between people have been changed very clearly due to both the internet itself in general and social networks in particular [...]
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-04-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020042
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 579-594: The Development of a BMI-Guided Shape
           Morphing Technique and the Effects of an Individualized Figure Rating
           Scale on Self-Perception of Body Size

    • Authors: Geoffrey M. Hudson, Yao Lu, Xiaoke Zhang, James Hahn, Johannah E. Zabal, Finza Latif, John Philbeck
      First page: 579
      Abstract: The creation of personalized avatars that may be morphed to simulate realistic changes in body size is useful when studying self-perception of body size. One drawback is that these methods are resource intensive compared to rating scales that rely upon generalized drawings. Little is known about how body perception ratings compare across different methods, particularly across differing levels of personalized detail in visualizations. This knowledge is essential to inform future decisions about the appropriate tradeoff between personalized realism and resource availability. The current study aimed to determine the impact of varying degrees of personalized realism on self-perception of body size. We explored this topic in young adult women, using a generalized line drawing scale, as well as several types of personalized avatars, including 3D textured images presented in immersive virtual reality (VR). Body perception ratings using generalized line drawings were often higher than responses using individualized visualization methods. While the personalized details seemed to help with identification, there were few differences among the three conditions containing different amounts of individualized realism (e.g., photo-realistic texture). These results suggest that using scales based on personalized texture and limb dimensions are beneficial, although presentation in immersive VR may not be essential.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-04-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020043
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 595-614: The Effects of Implementation Quality of a
           School-Based Social and Emotional Well-Being Program on Students’
           Outcomes

    • Authors: Katherine Dowling, Margaret M. Barry
      First page: 595
      Abstract: School-based social and emotional learning (SEL) programs can be effective in producing positive outcomes for students. However, when the implementation quality is poor, these programs often lose their effectiveness and fail to produce the expected positive outcomes. The current study evaluates a school-based SEL program for 15–18-year-olds in Ireland by determining the impact of implementation quality on program outcomes. The study also examines the effects on outcomes of different implementation dimensions including Dosage, Adherence, Quality of Delivery, and Participant Responsiveness. Employing a cluster randomized controlled trial design, this study collected student outcome data (n = 675) from 32 disadvantaged schools across three time points (pre-, post-, 12-month follow-up) and compared these data across three treatment groups (high-implementation, low-implementation, and control). Linear mixed models (LMM) were used to determine the relationships between the implementation data and student outcome data longitudinally. The findings revealed that the positive effects of the program were only observed with the high-, but not the low-implementation group (reduced suppression of emotions (p = 0.049); reduced avoidance coping (p = 0.006); increased social support coping (p = 0.009); reduced levels of stress (p = 0.035) and depressive symptoms (p = 0.025). The comparison of implementation dimensions revealed that only Quality of Delivery had a significant effect on all of the tested outcomes. This study highlights the importance of high-quality implementation in producing positive outcomes and supports the need to evaluate implementation using multiple dimensions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-05-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020044
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 615-627: Tutorial Action and Emotional Development
           of Students as Elements of Improved Development and Preventing Problems
           Related with Coexistence and Social Aspects

    • Authors: Jorge Expósito López, Ramón Chacón-Cuberos, María Elena Parra-González, Eva María Aguaded-Ramírez, Alfonso Conde Lacárcel
      First page: 615
      Abstract: Integral development of students is promoted through tutorial action. Tutorial action is understood as the personal development of students, their learning, and their capabilities for social and labour integration. A descriptive, nonexperimental and ex post facto design was used. The sample consisted of 569 primary school students. The importance of emotional education and student tutoring was highlighted by the results produced. A relationship was established between working on emotions and emotional regulation, cognitive re-evaluation, and capacity to respond in an emotionally appropriate way when faced with different situations.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-05-23
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020045
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 628-643: Entomophagy: A Narrative Review on
           Nutritional Value, Safety, Cultural Acceptance and A Focus on the Role of
           Food Neophobia in Italy

    • Authors: Elisabetta Toti, Luca Massaro, Aisha Kais, Paola Aiello, Maura Palmery, Ilaria Peluso
      First page: 628
      Abstract: In recent years, the consumption of insects, or entomophagy, has produced an increasing interest amongst scientists and ecologists as a potential source of animal protein. Eating insects is also interesting in terms of low greenhouse gas emissions and low land use. In contrast to tropical countries, where most of the 2000 edible insect species are traditionally consumed, the concept of eating insects is still new to Western culture and diet. Culture and eating habits exert a great influence on what is considered edible in the Mediterranean area, especially in Italy, where the preservation of culinary traditions is a predominant factor affecting dietary behaviour. The purpose of this narrative paper is to provide an overview of the main topics related to entomophagy. The introduction presents some information about the nutrient content and safety aspects, the second part summarises the cultural acceptance of insect in the world, while the role of food neophobia on the intention to consume insects in Italy is focused on in part three. The discussion displays important viewpoints of previously published studies and based on these perspectives it can be concluded that the Italian diet is still clearly influenced by local tradition. In conclusion, in order to introduce insects into the Italian diet, psychological motivation has to be enhanced.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-06-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020046
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 644-655: Effect of Age on Job Satisfaction and
           Emotional Exhaustion of Primary School Teachers in Greece

    • Authors: Sophia Anastasiou, Evaggelos Belios
      First page: 644
      Abstract: The level of occupational burnout (OB) and job satisfaction (JS) was investigated in primary school teachers (n = 125) in the region of Epirus in Northwestern Greece. Teachers exhibited a high level of emotional exhaustion (EE), a medium level of depersonalization (DP), and a lack of personal accomplishment (PA). In our study, EE, which is a significant component of OB, varied according to intrinsic and extrinsic JS parameters. Teachers were less satisfied and more stressed with extrinsic job characteristics of their job, such as working conditions and working hours. Female teachers were more likely to exhibit increased satisfaction from intrinsic job characteristics, whereas male teachers were more likely to exhibit increased emotional exhaustion and lack of personal accomplishment. Job satisfaction had a significant negative impact on emotional exhaustion. Job satisfaction accounted (EE = 47.173 − 3.527*JS) for 35.1% of the total variation in the dependent variation of EE (F(1124) = 66.094, p < 0.001), indicating that job satisfaction had a significant negative effect on EE, such that an additional unit in job satisfaction will lower EE by 3.527. A Pearson correlation analysis revealed that age correlated negatively with emotional exhaustion (r = −0.204, p = 0.023). Proactive human resources policies may be required to protect the newly hired and less experienced teachers from exposure to stressful working conditions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-06-13
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020047
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 656-668: African Americans’ Diminished Returns of
           Parental Education on Adolescents’ Depression and Suicide in the
           Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study

    • Authors: Shervin Assari, Shanika Boyce, Mohsen Bazargan, Cleopatra H. Caldwell
      First page: 656
      Abstract: To investigate racial and ethnic differences in the protective effects of parental education and marital status against adolescents’ depressed mood and suicidal attempts in the U.S. As proposed by the Marginalization-related Diminished Returns (MDRs), parental education generates fewer tangible outcomes for non-White compared to White families. Our existing knowledge is very limited regarding diminished returns of parental education and marital status on adolescents’ depressed mood and suicidal attempts. To compare racial groups for the effects of parental education and marital status on adolescents’ depressed mood and suicidal attempt. This cross-sectional study included 7076 non-Hispanic White or African American 8-11 years old adolescents from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study. The independent variables were parental education and marital status. The main outcomes were depressed mood and suicidal attempts based on parents’ reports using the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (K-SADS). Age and gender were the covariates. Race was the moderator. Logistic regression was used to analyze the ABCD data. Overall, parental education was associated with lower odds of depressed mood (OR = 0.81; 95% CI = 0.67–0.99; p = 0.037) and having married parents was associated with lower odds of suicidal attempts (OR = 0.50; 95% CI = 0.28–0.91; p = 0.022). In the pooled sample, we found interaction terms between race with parental education and marital status on the outcomes, suggesting that the protective effect of having married parents against depressed mood (OR = 1.54; 95% CI = 1.00–2.37; p = 0.048) and the protective effect of having married parents against suicidal attempts (OR = 6.62; 95% CI = 2.21–19.86; p = 0.001) are weaker for African Americans when compared to Whites. The protective effects of parent education and marital status against depressed mood and suicidal attempts are diminished for African American adolescents compared to White adolescents. There is a need for programs and interventions that equalize not only socioeconomic status (SES) but also the marginal returns of SES for racial minority groups. Such efforts require addressing structural and societal barriers that hinder African American families from translating their SES resources and human capital into tangible outcomes. There is a need for studies that can minimize MDRs for African American families, so that every individual and every family can benefit from their resources regardless of their skin color. To achieve such a goal, we need to help middle-class African American families secure tangible outcomes in the presence of SES resources.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-06-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020048
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 669-681: Concrete Messages Increase Healthy Eating
           Preferences

    • Authors: Emily Balcetis, Madhumitha Manivannan, E. Blair Cox
      First page: 669
      Abstract: Public health campaigns utilize messaging to encourage healthy eating. The present experimental study investigated the impact of three components of health messages on preferences for healthy foods. We exposed 1676 online, American study participants to messages that described the gains associated with eating healthy foods or the costs associated with not eating healthy foods. Messages also manipulated the degree to which they included abstract and concrete language and the temporal distance to foreshadowed outcomes. Analysis of variance statistical tests indicated that concrete rather than abstract language increased the frequency of choosing healthy over unhealthy foods when indicating food preferences. However, manipulations of proximity to outcomes and gain rather than loss frame did not affect food preferences. We discuss implications for effective public health campaigns, and economic and social cognitive theories of persuasion, and our data suggest that describing health outcomes in concrete rather than abstract terms may motivate healthier choices.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-06-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020049
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 358-374: Role of Family Motivation, Workplace
           Civility and Self-Efficacy in Developing Affective Commmitment and
           Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    • Authors: Humaira Erum, Ghulam Abid, Francoise Contreras, Talat Islam
      First page: 358
      Abstract: The mechanism connecting the antecedents to positive attitudes like affective commitment (AC) and positive behaviors like organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is an under-researched area in the field of positive organizational scholarship. Drawing on Social Exchange Theory (SET), this study empirically validates family motivation and civility as antecedents of affective commitment and organizational citizenship behavior through the mediating mechanism of self-efficacy. The process by Hayes (2013) was used to analyze time-lagged and multi-source data collected from 335 employees of educational and telecom sector. Results indicate that the relationship of affective commitment with family motivation and civility is partially mediated whereas the relationship of organizational citizenship behavior with family motivation and civility is fully mediated by self-efficacy. This study adds to the literature of family-work enrichment accounts by validating family motivation as a novel antecedent for positive behavioral outcomes. The implications of the study are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-01-07
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010027
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 375-389: Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales
           (DASS-21): Construct Validity Problem in Hispanics

    • Authors: González-Rivera, Pagán-Torres, Pérez-Torres
      First page: 375
      Abstract: The main purpose of this research was to examine the construct validity of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21) in order to determine whether it is able to adequately discriminate between symptoms of depression and anxiety in the Hispanic population in Puerto Rico. This study has an instrumental design. A total of 1073 Hispanics participated in this psychometric study. The results showed that the DASS-21 has serious psychometric deficiencies, especially related to the construct validity, as well as convergent and discriminatory validity. In addition, it was shown that DASS-21 do not replicate the three-dimensional structure of the original instrument in the Hispanic community. Finally, it was confirmed that the DASS-21 have difficulty in properly identifying and discriminating between symptoms associated with depression and anxiety in a Hispanic population.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010028
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 390-404: Measuring Heart Rate Variability Using
           Commercially Available Devices in Healthy Children: A Validity and
           Reliability Study

    • Authors: Kathryn E. Speer, Stuart Semple, Nenad Naumovski, Andrew J. McKune
      First page: 390
      Abstract: Heart rate variability (HRV) is an accepted method for determining autonomic nervous system activity and cardiovascular risk in various populations. This study assessed the validity and reliability of a commercially available finger photoplethysmography (PPG) system for measuring pediatric HRV in a real-world setting. Sixteen healthy children (4.06 ± 0.58 years) were recruited. The PPG system was compared to the Polar H10 heart rate (HR) sensor validated against ECG (gold standard) for HRV measurement. Seated short-term resting R-R intervals were recorded simultaneously using both systems. Recordings were performed on 3 days at the participants’ school. Paired t-tests, effect sizes and Bland–Altman analyses determined the validity of the PPG system. The relative and absolute reliability of both systems were calculated. No HRV parameters were valid for the PPG system. Polar H10 yielded moderate (0.50–0.75) to good (0.75–0.90) relative reliability with R-R intervals and the standard deviation of instantaneous and continuous R-R variability ratio showing the best results (ICCs = 0.84). Polar H10 displayed better absolute reliability with the root mean square of successive differences, R-R intervals and HR showing the lowest values (TEM% < 12%). The use of the Polar H10 and not the PPG system is encouraged for HRV measurement of young children in an educational real-world setting.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-01-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010029
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 405-407: Acknowledgement to Reviewers of European
           Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education in 2019
    • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 405-407: Acknowledgement to Reviewers of European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education in 2019

      European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education doi: 10.3390/ejihpe10010030

      Authors: EJIHPE Editorial Office

      European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education2020-01-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010030
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 408-423: The Organization of Self-Knowledge in
           Adolescence: Some Contributions Using the Repertory Grid Technique

    • Authors: Carapeto, Feixas
      First page: 408
      Abstract: (1) Background: This study aims to explore the usefulness of personal construct psychology as a comprehensive framework and assessment tool to embrace a diversity of selfknowledge organization constructs, and to account for developmental differences across adolescence. (2) Methods: The repertory grid technique was used to measure selfknowledge differentiation, polarization, discrepancies between Actual Self, Ideal Self, and Others, and implicative dilemmas, a particular kind of intrapersonal conflict. Data were collected from two samples of early and late adolescents, respectively. (3) Results: Globally, they showed that the organization of selfknowledge was different in both samples. In particular, older adolescents revealed a less polarized selfknowledge. In addition, they tended to construe higher Actual–Ideal selfdiscrepancies and to present more internal conflicts. No differences were found between early and late adolescents concerning global differentiation and the discrepancies between the self (Actual and Ideal) and the Others. (4) Conclusions: Despite the limitations of the study (e.g., small sample size, crosssectional design), these novel results support the suitability of the repertory grid technique to capture developmental changes in selfknowledge organization during adolescence, as well as the explanatory potential of personal construct psychology to advance their understanding.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-02-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010031
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 424-440: A Comprehensive Assessment of Food
           Parenting Practices: Psychometric Properties of the Portuguese Version of
           the HomeSTEAD Family Food Practices Survey and Associations with
           Children’s Weight and Food Intake

    • Authors: Lisa Afonso, Joana Castro, Nuno Parente, Sandra Torres
      First page: 424
      Abstract: The Home Self-Administered Tool for Environmental Assessment of Activity and Diet (HomeSTEAD) survey evaluates a broad spectrum of food parenting practices related to parental use of control, autonomy support, and structure. This study aims to test the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey in parents of 3–12 year old children. Data were collected from 184 parents/caregivers. We performed an exploratory factor analysis (EFA), calculated the internal consistency coefficients of each subscale, and tested for associations with children’s food intake and weight. Based on the EFA, 61 items were included in the Portuguese version of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey, and were distributed among four Coercive Control Practices (16 items); five Autonomy Support Practices (17 items); and nine Structure Practices (28 items). All scales demonstrated an acceptable level of internal consistency. A higher body mass index (BMI) SD score in children was associated with higher levels of restriction and weight talk by parents and distractions during meals. Higher levels of distractions during meals were also associated with higher sweets intake in children. Additionally, higher levels of parental modeling and the establishment of rules and limits were associated with lower intake of sugar-sweetened beverages. These associations provide preliminary evidence of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey’s construct validity and attest to its potential to assess parental strategies and provide useful information to improve children’s eating.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-02-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010032
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 441-454: Exploring Issues and Challenges of
           Leadership among Early Career Doctors in Nigeria Using a Mixed-Method
           Approach: CHARTING Study

    • Authors: Isibor, Kanmodi, Adebayo, Olaopa, Igbokwe, Adufe, Oduyemi, Adeniyi, Oiwoh, Omololu, Egbuchulem, Kpuduwei, Efuntoye, Egwu, Ogunsuji, Grillo, Babalola
      First page: 441
      Abstract: (1) Background: leadership behaviour is a poorly explored phenomenon among early-career doctors (ECDs). Good leadership is vital in maximising the effective management of patients in a clinical setting. While a good number of studies, though with small sample surveys, have researched the role of leadership in clinical setting quantitatively, qualitative investigations are yet to be done in Nigeria. This study aims to explore the attitudes, skills, and experience of ECDs in Nigeria on issues pertaining to leadership in a medical setting, using a mixed-method approach. (2) Methods: we conducted two sessions of key informant focus group discussion (FGD) that involved 14 ECD leaders in Nigeria, exploring their leadership experience in a clinical setting. Furthermore, we used a self-administered questionnaire to quantitatively survey 474 ECDs from seven Nigerian teaching hospitals to explore their attitudes, skills, and experience on issues pertaining to medical leadership. (3) Results: taking on leadership roles is a common phenomenon (52.7%) among the surveyed ECDs; however, the medical leadership position can be very challenging for ECDs in Nigeria. Despite the fact that many (91.1%) of the surveyed ECDs perceived leadership skills as essential skills needed by a doctr, many (44.1%) of them were yet to be formally trained on medical leadership. About three out of every 10 (23.6%) of surveyed ECDs that have ever held leadership positions in a medical setting experienced major leadership challenges while in such office due to their lack of training on leadership skills. Leadership skill acquisition programmes are highly recommended to become an integral part of medical training programmes in Nigeria. (4) Conclusion: there is a need for a structured leadership skill acquisition programme for ECDs in Nigeria. This programme will help in the robust delivery of highly effective healthcare services in Nigeria, as effective leadership is crucial to patient care services.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-02-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010033
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 455-468: Leadership and Conflict Management Style
           are Associated with the Effectiveness of School Conflict Management in the
           Region of Epirus, NW Greece

    • Authors: Chandolia, Anastasiou
      First page: 455
      Abstract: There are few options available for school managers who wish to effectively tackle school conflicts. The aim of the present work was to assess the issue of school conflict, its sources, and the effectiveness of different conflict management styles in Secondary Education school units in Greece. Teachers (n = 128) from twelve randomly selected schools in the region of Epirus, NW Greece, participated in the present work. Teachers’ views on their school Principals’ leadership style as well as the sources, the type(s), and the severity of conflict in their school unit were surveyed. Conflict appeared to be a frequent issue in schools. Frequent sources of conflict included interpersonal and organizational parameters. School leaders exhibited a range of conflict management styles. Compromise and Collaborative styles were frequently observed, followed by Smoothing and Forcing. Avoidance was less frequently exhibited by school leaders. The transformational and transactional leadership styles exhibited were equally effective in successful conflict resolution, whereas a laissez-faire leadership style was not. The results indicate that leadership and conflict management style can be associated with the effectiveness of conflict management.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-02-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010034
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 469-496: Towards a Model of Teacher Well-Being from
           a Positive Emotions Perspective

    • Authors: Manasia, Pârvan, Macovei
      First page: 469
      Abstract: Teacher well-being represents a key factor in assuring the quality of learning in terms of both process and outcomes. Despite a growing literature addressing the role of job demands and job resources in teacher well-being, fewer studies have focused on the effect of individual variables. The present paper aims at developing a teacher well-being model using self-efficacy and teaching emotions such as enjoyment of teaching, anger and anxiety to explain the influence of job demands and job resources on teachers’ subjective happiness. A cross-sectional quantitative design was applied to a sample of 1092 Romanian pre-university teachers. The participants completed a self-report questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis and structural equations modelling were used to analyse the data. The findings indicate significant paths between the variables included in the model. Thus, job resources have a considerable positive influence on the enjoyment of teaching and the teachers’ subjective happiness, having a more powerful effect than personal resources, namely self-efficacy. In turn, perceived self-efficacy mediates the effect of job demands on teaching emotions and subjective well-being. It is argued that the enjoyment of teaching has a notable effect on teachers’ general well-being.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010035
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 497-510: Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of Risk
           and Preventive Behaviors toward Premarital Sexual Practice among In-School
           Adolescents

    • Authors: YAU, Wongsawat, Songthap
      First page: 497
      Abstract: Premarital Sexual Practice (PSP) among adolescents usually involves sexually risky behaviors, such as multiple sexual partners and inconsistent or non-condom use. These behaviors, in combination with other underlining factors, undermine the overall outcomes of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH). To assess the adolescents’ knowledge, attitudes and perception of risk and preventive behaviors towards PSP, a school-based analytical cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample of 423 students aged 15 through 19 years. A well-validated anonymous self-administered questionnaire was used for collecting the data, which were analyzed using mean (SD), frequency (%), t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression methods. Participants’ knowledge of risk and preventive behaviors was average, as only 53% of knowledge items were correctly answered. Being a female, of high-income status, in the second study year, perceived susceptibility and perceived severity were significant determinants of knowledge. All measures of perception except perceived self-efficacy were positive determinants of attitude. Being female, in the third study year and of high-income status were determinants of perception as measured by perceived self-efficacy. Therefore, our results suggest that tailored educational programs, with special emphasis on financially disadvantaged male adolescents, are needed to effectively increase adolescents’ knowledge, attitude and perception of risk and protective behaviors towards PSP.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010036
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 511-529: The Role of Field Training in STEM
           Education: Theoretical and Practical Limitations of Scalability

    • Authors: Nepeina, Istomina, Bykova
      First page: 511
      Abstract: In this article, we consider the features of the perception of student information in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education, in order to draw the attention of researchers to the topic of learning in practice through field training. The article shows the results of these studies in Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, as an example) to reflect the global trends. For this purpose, we examined the expectations of students in Russia and the CIS countries from training related to lectures and field training. We created a questionnaire and distributed it in three Moscow-based universities (Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography—MIIGAiK, Moscow Aviation Institute—MAI, and Moscow City University—MCU). Our key assumption is that field practices in Russian universities are qualitatively different from the phenomenon described in European literature, where digital or remote field practices have already emerged. The results obtained through the survey show the tendency of students' perceptions to fulfill practical duties (in a laboratory with instruments of field training) in STEM education.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-03-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010037
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 530-543: Concept Mapping, an Effective Tool for
           Long-Term Memorization of Anatomy—A Quasi-Experimental Research Carried
           out among 1st Year General Medicine Students

    • Authors: Nicoara, Szamoskozi, Mitrea, Leucuta
      First page: 530
      Abstract: This study is part of a doctoral thesis conducted at the Faculty of Psychology of Babes-Bolyai University in collaboration with the University of Medicine, both from Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The starting point of the study was based on the eternal question of the medical student—“How should I learn to manage to retain so much information'” This is how learning through conceptual maps and learning by understanding has been achieved. In the study, a number of 505 students from the Faculty of General Medicine were randomly selected and divided into groups, to observe changes in the grades they obtained when learning anatomy with the concept mapping method vs. traditional methods. Six months later, a retest was carried out to test long-term memory. The results were always in favor of the experimental group and were statistically significant (with one exception), most notably for the 6-month retesting. It was also observed that the language of teaching, different or the same as the first language, explains that exception, at least partially. Other results were taken into account, such as the distribution of bad and good grades in the two groups. Other parameters that influenced the obtained results and which explain some contradictory results in the literature are discussed. In conclusion, the use of conceptual maps is useful for most students, both for short and long-term memory.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-03-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010038
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 544-553: Mindfulness and Executive Functions:
           Making the Case for Elementary School Practice

    • Authors: Anne Ritter, Isabel Alvarez
      First page: 544
      Abstract: This study explores the use of mindfulness school-based intervention program in an elementary school. Mindfulness training is an accepted and effective didactic approach to improve the executive functions (EFs) of elementary school students. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the Mind Yeti program on the executive functions of elementary school students. A diverse sample of third, fourth, and fifth grade elementary school students (n = 177) participated in their natural classroom setting, with six sessions per week for six weeks. Students self-reported their EFs on the Executive Function Student Questionnaire (EFSQ) pre- and posttest. Paired-sample t-tests indicated that students significantly improved on the three of the six EFs examined. Additionally, students in fifth grade responded better to Mind Yeti than students in third grade. Results were consistent with the hypothesis, suggesting that Mind Yeti is an appropriate and effective intervention for improving the EFs of students.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-03-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010039
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 554-563: Adequate Iodine Intake among Young Adults
           in Jiangsu Province, China Despite a Medium Iodine Knowledge Score

    • Authors: Yifan Jin, Xiaoqin Luo, Zheng Feei Ma, Zihan Dong, Richard Carciofo, Xinli Li, Sheila Skeaff
      First page: 554
      Abstract: Lack of iodine knowledge might be a risk factor for inadequate iodine intake in populations. Therefore, we aimed to determine the relationship between iodine knowledge and intake in young Chinese adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Suzhou, China. Iodine intake was assessed using a validated 33-item iodine-specific Chinese food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and iodine knowledge was determined using a Chinese iodine knowledge questionnaire. A total of 150 participants (mean age 20.3 years) completed the study. The median iodine intake plus iodized salt was 260 μg/d, indicating iodine sufficiency (>150 µg/d). The median iodine knowledge score was 16/24, suggesting a medium level of knowledge. The majority of participants correctly recognized fish and seafood (95%) and iodized salt (83%) as the most important dietary iodine sources. After adjusting for age and sex, studying in the science cluster and having received iodine education were the predictors of having a higher iodine knowledge score, with adjusted odd ratios (OR) of 4.33 (1.49, 12.61) and 2.73 (1.21, 6.14), respectively. In conclusion, young Chinese adults had an adequate iodine intake despite a medium iodine knowledge score. This study provides support that iodine fortification in China has been successful, but further research is required to more fully substantiate this finding.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-03-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010040
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
 
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