Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1535 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (721 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (387 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (108 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (128 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (721 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 269)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2174-8144 - ISSN (Online) 2254-9625
Published by MDPI Homepage  [230 journals]
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 564-574: Factors That Impact Measures of Grit among
           Nursing Students: A Journey Emblematic of the Koi Fish

    • Authors: Terry, Peck
      First page: 564
      Abstract: Grit is the capacity to persevere, to have passion, and be committed to achieve goals long-term regardless of adversity or challenge. Grit provides an insight into why some nursing students succeed academically or clinically, while others do not. This quantitative cross-sectional correlational study measured levels of grit among nursing students undertaking a three-year bachelor’s degree program. All students (n = 2,349) within the program were invited to complete a questionnaire which included the short grit scale (Grit-S) which measured each student’s level of perseverance and passion. Overall, it was highlighted that increased levels of grit correlated with an increase in the student’s year of study, greater perceived clinical and academic performance, not using television as a motivator for entry to nursing, being lower on the socio-economic spectrum, and being older in age. Grit was found to develop exponentially as students entered second and third years, suggesting that a balance of constant academic and clinical challenge was an impetus for many to achieve in the face of adversity, and is reminiscent of the journey of the koi fish. This paper culminates in a call for educators to consider the inclusion of creative grit forming challenges that focus on developing a student’s sense of open-mindedness within first year of undergraduate nursing programs.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-04-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020041
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 575-578: Preface of Special Issue “Cares in the
           Age of Communication: Health Education and Healthy Lifestyles”: Social
           Media and Health Communication in a Pandemic'

    • Authors: Herrera-Peco, de la Torre-Montero
      First page: 575
      Abstract: In the midst and the mist of the Covid-19 outbreak, weare living in the age of global communication in a hyperconnected society in which the transmissions channels between people have been changed very clearly due to both the internet itself in general and social networks in particular [...]
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-04-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020042
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 579-594: The Development of a BMI-Guided Shape
           Morphing Technique and the Effects of an Individualized Figure Rating
           Scale on Self-Perception of Body Size

    • Authors: Geoffrey M. Hudson, Yao Lu, Xiaoke Zhang, James Hahn, Johannah E. Zabal, Finza Latif, John Philbeck
      First page: 579
      Abstract: The creation of personalized avatars that may be morphed to simulate realistic changes in body size is useful when studying self-perception of body size. One drawback is that these methods are resource intensive compared to rating scales that rely upon generalized drawings. Little is known about how body perception ratings compare across different methods, particularly across differing levels of personalized detail in visualizations. This knowledge is essential to inform future decisions about the appropriate tradeoff between personalized realism and resource availability. The current study aimed to determine the impact of varying degrees of personalized realism on self-perception of body size. We explored this topic in young adult women, using a generalized line drawing scale, as well as several types of personalized avatars, including 3D textured images presented in immersive virtual reality (VR). Body perception ratings using generalized line drawings were often higher than responses using individualized visualization methods. While the personalized details seemed to help with identification, there were few differences among the three conditions containing different amounts of individualized realism (e.g., photo-realistic texture). These results suggest that using scales based on personalized texture and limb dimensions are beneficial, although presentation in immersive VR may not be essential.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-04-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020043
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 595-614: The Effects of Implementation Quality of a
           School-Based Social and Emotional Well-Being Program on Students’
           Outcomes

    • Authors: Katherine Dowling, Margaret M. Barry
      First page: 595
      Abstract: School-based social and emotional learning (SEL) programs can be effective in producing positive outcomes for students. However, when the implementation quality is poor, these programs often lose their effectiveness and fail to produce the expected positive outcomes. The current study evaluates a school-based SEL program for 15–18-year-olds in Ireland by determining the impact of implementation quality on program outcomes. The study also examines the effects on outcomes of different implementation dimensions including Dosage, Adherence, Quality of Delivery, and Participant Responsiveness. Employing a cluster randomized controlled trial design, this study collected student outcome data (n = 675) from 32 disadvantaged schools across three time points (pre-, post-, 12-month follow-up) and compared these data across three treatment groups (high-implementation, low-implementation, and control). Linear mixed models (LMM) were used to determine the relationships between the implementation data and student outcome data longitudinally. The findings revealed that the positive effects of the program were only observed with the high-, but not the low-implementation group (reduced suppression of emotions (p = 0.049); reduced avoidance coping (p = 0.006); increased social support coping (p = 0.009); reduced levels of stress (p = 0.035) and depressive symptoms (p = 0.025). The comparison of implementation dimensions revealed that only Quality of Delivery had a significant effect on all of the tested outcomes. This study highlights the importance of high-quality implementation in producing positive outcomes and supports the need to evaluate implementation using multiple dimensions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-05-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020044
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 615-627: Tutorial Action and Emotional Development
           of Students as Elements of Improved Development and Preventing Problems
           Related with Coexistence and Social Aspects

    • Authors: Jorge Expósito López, Ramón Chacón-Cuberos, María Elena Parra-González, Eva María Aguaded-Ramírez, Alfonso Conde Lacárcel
      First page: 615
      Abstract: Integral development of students is promoted through tutorial action. Tutorial action is understood as the personal development of students, their learning, and their capabilities for social and labour integration. A descriptive, nonexperimental and ex post facto design was used. The sample consisted of 569 primary school students. The importance of emotional education and student tutoring was highlighted by the results produced. A relationship was established between working on emotions and emotional regulation, cognitive re-evaluation, and capacity to respond in an emotionally appropriate way when faced with different situations.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-05-23
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10020045
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 358-374: Role of Family Motivation, Workplace
           Civility and Self-Efficacy in Developing Affective Commmitment and
           Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    • Authors: Humaira Erum, Ghulam Abid, Francoise Contreras, Talat Islam
      First page: 358
      Abstract: The mechanism connecting the antecedents to positive attitudes like affective commitment (AC) and positive behaviors like organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is an under-researched area in the field of positive organizational scholarship. Drawing on Social Exchange Theory (SET), this study empirically validates family motivation and civility as antecedents of affective commitment and organizational citizenship behavior through the mediating mechanism of self-efficacy. The process by Hayes (2013) was used to analyze time-lagged and multi-source data collected from 335 employees of educational and telecom sector. Results indicate that the relationship of affective commitment with family motivation and civility is partially mediated whereas the relationship of organizational citizenship behavior with family motivation and civility is fully mediated by self-efficacy. This study adds to the literature of family-work enrichment accounts by validating family motivation as a novel antecedent for positive behavioral outcomes. The implications of the study are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-01-07
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010027
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 375-389: Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales
           (DASS-21): Construct Validity Problem in Hispanics

    • Authors: González-Rivera, Pagán-Torres, Pérez-Torres
      First page: 375
      Abstract: The main purpose of this research was to examine the construct validity of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21) in order to determine whether it is able to adequately discriminate between symptoms of depression and anxiety in the Hispanic population in Puerto Rico. This study has an instrumental design. A total of 1073 Hispanics participated in this psychometric study. The results showed that the DASS-21 has serious psychometric deficiencies, especially related to the construct validity, as well as convergent and discriminatory validity. In addition, it was shown that DASS-21 do not replicate the three-dimensional structure of the original instrument in the Hispanic community. Finally, it was confirmed that the DASS-21 have difficulty in properly identifying and discriminating between symptoms associated with depression and anxiety in a Hispanic population.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-01-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010028
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 390-404: Measuring Heart Rate Variability Using
           Commercially Available Devices in Healthy Children: A Validity and
           Reliability Study

    • Authors: Kathryn E. Speer, Stuart Semple, Nenad Naumovski, Andrew J. McKune
      First page: 390
      Abstract: Heart rate variability (HRV) is an accepted method for determining autonomic nervous system activity and cardiovascular risk in various populations. This study assessed the validity and reliability of a commercially available finger photoplethysmography (PPG) system for measuring pediatric HRV in a real-world setting. Sixteen healthy children (4.06 ± 0.58 years) were recruited. The PPG system was compared to the Polar H10 heart rate (HR) sensor validated against ECG (gold standard) for HRV measurement. Seated short-term resting R-R intervals were recorded simultaneously using both systems. Recordings were performed on 3 days at the participants’ school. Paired t-tests, effect sizes and Bland–Altman analyses determined the validity of the PPG system. The relative and absolute reliability of both systems were calculated. No HRV parameters were valid for the PPG system. Polar H10 yielded moderate (0.50–0.75) to good (0.75–0.90) relative reliability with R-R intervals and the standard deviation of instantaneous and continuous R-R variability ratio showing the best results (ICCs = 0.84). Polar H10 displayed better absolute reliability with the root mean square of successive differences, R-R intervals and HR showing the lowest values (TEM% < 12%). The use of the Polar H10 and not the PPG system is encouraged for HRV measurement of young children in an educational real-world setting.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-01-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010029
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 405-407: Acknowledgement to Reviewers of European
           Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education in 2019
    • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 405-407: Acknowledgement to Reviewers of European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education in 2019

      European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education doi: 10.3390/ejihpe10010030

      Authors: EJIHPE Editorial Office

      European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education2020-01-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010030
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 408-423: The Organization of Self-Knowledge in
           Adolescence: Some Contributions Using the Repertory Grid Technique

    • Authors: Carapeto, Feixas
      First page: 408
      Abstract: (1) Background: This study aims to explore the usefulness of personal construct psychology as a comprehensive framework and assessment tool to embrace a diversity of selfknowledge organization constructs, and to account for developmental differences across adolescence. (2) Methods: The repertory grid technique was used to measure selfknowledge differentiation, polarization, discrepancies between Actual Self, Ideal Self, and Others, and implicative dilemmas, a particular kind of intrapersonal conflict. Data were collected from two samples of early and late adolescents, respectively. (3) Results: Globally, they showed that the organization of selfknowledge was different in both samples. In particular, older adolescents revealed a less polarized selfknowledge. In addition, they tended to construe higher Actual–Ideal selfdiscrepancies and to present more internal conflicts. No differences were found between early and late adolescents concerning global differentiation and the discrepancies between the self (Actual and Ideal) and the Others. (4) Conclusions: Despite the limitations of the study (e.g., small sample size, crosssectional design), these novel results support the suitability of the repertory grid technique to capture developmental changes in selfknowledge organization during adolescence, as well as the explanatory potential of personal construct psychology to advance their understanding.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-02-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010031
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 424-440: A Comprehensive Assessment of Food
           Parenting Practices: Psychometric Properties of the Portuguese Version of
           the HomeSTEAD Family Food Practices Survey and Associations with
           Children’s Weight and Food Intake

    • Authors: Lisa Afonso, Joana Castro, Nuno Parente, Sandra Torres
      First page: 424
      Abstract: The Home Self-Administered Tool for Environmental Assessment of Activity and Diet (HomeSTEAD) survey evaluates a broad spectrum of food parenting practices related to parental use of control, autonomy support, and structure. This study aims to test the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey in parents of 3–12 year old children. Data were collected from 184 parents/caregivers. We performed an exploratory factor analysis (EFA), calculated the internal consistency coefficients of each subscale, and tested for associations with children’s food intake and weight. Based on the EFA, 61 items were included in the Portuguese version of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey, and were distributed among four Coercive Control Practices (16 items); five Autonomy Support Practices (17 items); and nine Structure Practices (28 items). All scales demonstrated an acceptable level of internal consistency. A higher body mass index (BMI) SD score in children was associated with higher levels of restriction and weight talk by parents and distractions during meals. Higher levels of distractions during meals were also associated with higher sweets intake in children. Additionally, higher levels of parental modeling and the establishment of rules and limits were associated with lower intake of sugar-sweetened beverages. These associations provide preliminary evidence of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey’s construct validity and attest to its potential to assess parental strategies and provide useful information to improve children’s eating.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-02-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010032
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 441-454: Exploring Issues and Challenges of
           Leadership among Early Career Doctors in Nigeria Using a Mixed-Method
           Approach: CHARTING Study

    • Authors: Isibor, Kanmodi, Adebayo, Olaopa, Igbokwe, Adufe, Oduyemi, Adeniyi, Oiwoh, Omololu, Egbuchulem, Kpuduwei, Efuntoye, Egwu, Ogunsuji, Grillo, Babalola
      First page: 441
      Abstract: (1) Background: leadership behaviour is a poorly explored phenomenon among early-career doctors (ECDs). Good leadership is vital in maximising the effective management of patients in a clinical setting. While a good number of studies, though with small sample surveys, have researched the role of leadership in clinical setting quantitatively, qualitative investigations are yet to be done in Nigeria. This study aims to explore the attitudes, skills, and experience of ECDs in Nigeria on issues pertaining to leadership in a medical setting, using a mixed-method approach. (2) Methods: we conducted two sessions of key informant focus group discussion (FGD) that involved 14 ECD leaders in Nigeria, exploring their leadership experience in a clinical setting. Furthermore, we used a self-administered questionnaire to quantitatively survey 474 ECDs from seven Nigerian teaching hospitals to explore their attitudes, skills, and experience on issues pertaining to medical leadership. (3) Results: taking on leadership roles is a common phenomenon (52.7%) among the surveyed ECDs; however, the medical leadership position can be very challenging for ECDs in Nigeria. Despite the fact that many (91.1%) of the surveyed ECDs perceived leadership skills as essential skills needed by a doctr, many (44.1%) of them were yet to be formally trained on medical leadership. About three out of every 10 (23.6%) of surveyed ECDs that have ever held leadership positions in a medical setting experienced major leadership challenges while in such office due to their lack of training on leadership skills. Leadership skill acquisition programmes are highly recommended to become an integral part of medical training programmes in Nigeria. (4) Conclusion: there is a need for a structured leadership skill acquisition programme for ECDs in Nigeria. This programme will help in the robust delivery of highly effective healthcare services in Nigeria, as effective leadership is crucial to patient care services.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-02-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010033
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 455-468: Leadership and Conflict Management Style
           are Associated with the Effectiveness of School Conflict Management in the
           Region of Epirus, NW Greece

    • Authors: Chandolia, Anastasiou
      First page: 455
      Abstract: There are few options available for school managers who wish to effectively tackle school conflicts. The aim of the present work was to assess the issue of school conflict, its sources, and the effectiveness of different conflict management styles in Secondary Education school units in Greece. Teachers (n = 128) from twelve randomly selected schools in the region of Epirus, NW Greece, participated in the present work. Teachers’ views on their school Principals’ leadership style as well as the sources, the type(s), and the severity of conflict in their school unit were surveyed. Conflict appeared to be a frequent issue in schools. Frequent sources of conflict included interpersonal and organizational parameters. School leaders exhibited a range of conflict management styles. Compromise and Collaborative styles were frequently observed, followed by Smoothing and Forcing. Avoidance was less frequently exhibited by school leaders. The transformational and transactional leadership styles exhibited were equally effective in successful conflict resolution, whereas a laissez-faire leadership style was not. The results indicate that leadership and conflict management style can be associated with the effectiveness of conflict management.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-02-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010034
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 469-496: Towards a Model of Teacher Well-Being from
           a Positive Emotions Perspective

    • Authors: Manasia, Pârvan, Macovei
      First page: 469
      Abstract: Teacher well-being represents a key factor in assuring the quality of learning in terms of both process and outcomes. Despite a growing literature addressing the role of job demands and job resources in teacher well-being, fewer studies have focused on the effect of individual variables. The present paper aims at developing a teacher well-being model using self-efficacy and teaching emotions such as enjoyment of teaching, anger and anxiety to explain the influence of job demands and job resources on teachers’ subjective happiness. A cross-sectional quantitative design was applied to a sample of 1092 Romanian pre-university teachers. The participants completed a self-report questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis and structural equations modelling were used to analyse the data. The findings indicate significant paths between the variables included in the model. Thus, job resources have a considerable positive influence on the enjoyment of teaching and the teachers’ subjective happiness, having a more powerful effect than personal resources, namely self-efficacy. In turn, perceived self-efficacy mediates the effect of job demands on teaching emotions and subjective well-being. It is argued that the enjoyment of teaching has a notable effect on teachers’ general well-being.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010035
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 497-510: Knowledge, Attitude and Perception of Risk
           and Preventive Behaviors toward Premarital Sexual Practice among In-School
           Adolescents

    • Authors: YAU, Wongsawat, Songthap
      First page: 497
      Abstract: Premarital Sexual Practice (PSP) among adolescents usually involves sexually risky behaviors, such as multiple sexual partners and inconsistent or non-condom use. These behaviors, in combination with other underlining factors, undermine the overall outcomes of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH). To assess the adolescents’ knowledge, attitudes and perception of risk and preventive behaviors towards PSP, a school-based analytical cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample of 423 students aged 15 through 19 years. A well-validated anonymous self-administered questionnaire was used for collecting the data, which were analyzed using mean (SD), frequency (%), t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression methods. Participants’ knowledge of risk and preventive behaviors was average, as only 53% of knowledge items were correctly answered. Being a female, of high-income status, in the second study year, perceived susceptibility and perceived severity were significant determinants of knowledge. All measures of perception except perceived self-efficacy were positive determinants of attitude. Being female, in the third study year and of high-income status were determinants of perception as measured by perceived self-efficacy. Therefore, our results suggest that tailored educational programs, with special emphasis on financially disadvantaged male adolescents, are needed to effectively increase adolescents’ knowledge, attitude and perception of risk and protective behaviors towards PSP.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010036
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 511-529: The Role of Field Training in STEM
           Education: Theoretical and Practical Limitations of Scalability

    • Authors: Nepeina, Istomina, Bykova
      First page: 511
      Abstract: In this article, we consider the features of the perception of student information in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education, in order to draw the attention of researchers to the topic of learning in practice through field training. The article shows the results of these studies in Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, as an example) to reflect the global trends. For this purpose, we examined the expectations of students in Russia and the CIS countries from training related to lectures and field training. We created a questionnaire and distributed it in three Moscow-based universities (Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography—MIIGAiK, Moscow Aviation Institute—MAI, and Moscow City University—MCU). Our key assumption is that field practices in Russian universities are qualitatively different from the phenomenon described in European literature, where digital or remote field practices have already emerged. The results obtained through the survey show the tendency of students' perceptions to fulfill practical duties (in a laboratory with instruments of field training) in STEM education.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-03-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010037
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 530-543: Concept Mapping, an Effective Tool for
           Long-Term Memorization of Anatomy—A Quasi-Experimental Research Carried
           out among 1st Year General Medicine Students

    • Authors: Nicoara, Szamoskozi, Mitrea, Leucuta
      First page: 530
      Abstract: This study is part of a doctoral thesis conducted at the Faculty of Psychology of Babes-Bolyai University in collaboration with the University of Medicine, both from Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The starting point of the study was based on the eternal question of the medical student—“How should I learn to manage to retain so much information'” This is how learning through conceptual maps and learning by understanding has been achieved. In the study, a number of 505 students from the Faculty of General Medicine were randomly selected and divided into groups, to observe changes in the grades they obtained when learning anatomy with the concept mapping method vs. traditional methods. Six months later, a retest was carried out to test long-term memory. The results were always in favor of the experimental group and were statistically significant (with one exception), most notably for the 6-month retesting. It was also observed that the language of teaching, different or the same as the first language, explains that exception, at least partially. Other results were taken into account, such as the distribution of bad and good grades in the two groups. Other parameters that influenced the obtained results and which explain some contradictory results in the literature are discussed. In conclusion, the use of conceptual maps is useful for most students, both for short and long-term memory.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-03-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010038
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 544-553: Mindfulness and Executive Functions:
           Making the Case for Elementary School Practice

    • Authors: Anne Ritter, Isabel Alvarez
      First page: 544
      Abstract: This study explores the use of mindfulness school-based intervention program in an elementary school. Mindfulness training is an accepted and effective didactic approach to improve the executive functions (EFs) of elementary school students. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the Mind Yeti program on the executive functions of elementary school students. A diverse sample of third, fourth, and fifth grade elementary school students (n = 177) participated in their natural classroom setting, with six sessions per week for six weeks. Students self-reported their EFs on the Executive Function Student Questionnaire (EFSQ) pre- and posttest. Paired-sample t-tests indicated that students significantly improved on the three of the six EFs examined. Additionally, students in fifth grade responded better to Mind Yeti than students in third grade. Results were consistent with the hypothesis, suggesting that Mind Yeti is an appropriate and effective intervention for improving the EFs of students.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-03-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010039
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 554-563: Adequate Iodine Intake among Young Adults
           in Jiangsu Province, China Despite a Medium Iodine Knowledge Score

    • Authors: Yifan Jin, Xiaoqin Luo, Zheng Feei Ma, Zihan Dong, Richard Carciofo, Xinli Li, Sheila Skeaff
      First page: 554
      Abstract: Lack of iodine knowledge might be a risk factor for inadequate iodine intake in populations. Therefore, we aimed to determine the relationship between iodine knowledge and intake in young Chinese adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Suzhou, China. Iodine intake was assessed using a validated 33-item iodine-specific Chinese food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and iodine knowledge was determined using a Chinese iodine knowledge questionnaire. A total of 150 participants (mean age 20.3 years) completed the study. The median iodine intake plus iodized salt was 260 μg/d, indicating iodine sufficiency (>150 µg/d). The median iodine knowledge score was 16/24, suggesting a medium level of knowledge. The majority of participants correctly recognized fish and seafood (95%) and iodized salt (83%) as the most important dietary iodine sources. After adjusting for age and sex, studying in the science cluster and having received iodine education were the predictors of having a higher iodine knowledge score, with adjusted odd ratios (OR) of 4.33 (1.49, 12.61) and 2.73 (1.21, 6.14), respectively. In conclusion, young Chinese adults had an adequate iodine intake despite a medium iodine knowledge score. This study provides support that iodine fortification in China has been successful, but further research is required to more fully substantiate this finding.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2020-03-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010040
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 119-135: Autoeficacia y motivación académica: Una
           medición para el logro de objetivos escolares

    • Authors: Patricio Galleguillos-Herrera, Eva Olmedo-Moreno
      Pages: 119 - 135
      Abstract: The purpose of the current investigation is the construction and validation of the Self-Efficacy Scale (ACAES) through a deliberate sample of 1101 Chilean school students. The methodological procedure was carried out from the classic approach perspective of the theory of the test, complementing the exploratory factor analysis with the models of the structural equation modeling (SEM). The exploratory factor analysis of the 18 statements of the scale showed a structure of 3 factors, namely: confidence in the task; effort made in performing the task and comprehension of the task. The statistics associated to the instrument show a 57.037% of explained variance and a Cronbach alpha of the total scale of 0.917. At confirmatory level (SEM), the model obtained a goodness degree of global adjustment (Chi Square /gl) equal to 2.87, a RMSEA equal to 0.049, as well as, adequate adjustment index, namely, CFI=0.963; IFI=0.963 and RMSR (standardised)=0.0359. The psychometric properties account for a valid and reliable instrument for measurement of academic self-efficacy in school context, as well as, to facilitate cognitive and metacognitive processes as self-regulatory learning strategy.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-09-09
      DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v9i3.329
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 137-147: Implicación de los estudiantes de las
           especialidades de educación física con la Actividad Física

    • Authors: Iker Ros, Ana Zuazagoitia, Ibón Echeazarra, Luis Mari Zulaika
      Pages: 137 - 147
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is the engagement of students with the practice of physical activity (AFD). Three dimensions are observed: emotional (identification), behavioural (participation) and cognitive (investment in the task). Attention is given to groups related to physical education and they are compared with similar age and degrees groups. It is considered that his engagement with the AFD will affect his classes and the involvement of their students. The general objective is to describe the engagement with the AFD, and observe differences regarding gender, age and groups. Ex post facto type quantitative methodology is used by passing the questionnaire of engagement with physical activity (IMAF) of 22 items. The total sample is 321 students, 87 women (27.1%) and 234 men (72.9%), between 19 and 45 years old, with an average age of 23.15 years (SD= 3.07). The results show that the students are very engaged with the AFD, especially in the affective dimension. Regarding gender, the involvement of men is greater and the participation of women is lower. The AFD increases until the 24 years, decreasing later. The engagement of CAFYD students is higher. The results obtained are adjusted to the theoretical framework and will allow intervention programs for each group.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-09-10
      DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v9i3.330
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 149-157: Víctimas universitarias de acoso: Un
           estudio sobre factores temporales y situacionales

    • Authors: Juan Pedro Martínez Ramón, Cecilia Ruíz Esteban, Inmaculada Méndez Mateo
      Pages: 149 - 157
      Abstract: Bullying at university level has lacked the same prominence as in previous stages despite being a reality. For this reason, the aim of this study was to analyze the presence of victims of bullying among university students depending on sociodemographic variables as well as temporal and situational factors. To this end, the Questionnaire on Harassment among University Students (QAEU) was administered to 765 participants who were studying at a university of the southeast of Spain, both undergraduate (83.7%) and Master's or other studies. This psychometric tool collected information on sociodemographic variables, place (class or outside the classroom), and time (during group work, in class or at another time). The results showed that 35.4% of women and 26.7% of men in the group of victims of bullying were in the fourth year of a Grade. The direct aggressions occurred even while teaching (3.3% in men and 1.1% in women), also occurring outside the classroom and during group work. The conclusions derived from this study support the need for detecting and intervening on bullying among university students, as was done in previous stages. Similarly, it is necessary to design and implement both proactive and reactive programs that have a rapid impact on the phenomenon described.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-09-20
      DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v9i3.331
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 159-175: La resiliencia como factor protector del
           estrés crónico en docentes

    • Authors: M. Inmaculada Vicente de Vera García, M. Inés Gabari Gambarte
      Pages: 159 - 175
      Abstract: The Neuroscience considers that the most resilient people maintain greater emotional balance in stress situations, which allows them to better withstand the pressure and, consequently, to experience a greater sense of control and ability to cope with difficult situations. The aim of the cross-sectional study is to analyze the preventive effect of resilience on burnout perceived by Secondary Education teachers. The sample is constituted by 334 teachers of the Province of Huesca. The data collection instruments used are: a) to measure burnout, the adaptation to Spanish (MBI-GS) of Salanova, Schaufeli, Llorens, Peiró, and Grau (2000) and b) resilience is assessed using the CD Resilience Scale. -RISC (Connor and Davidson, 2003). The correlational and factorial analysis of the information collected yields results that confirm that the personal characteristics and the resilience of the person act as preventive variables against the self-perception of symptoms of chronic stress, typical of the burnout syndrome.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-09-27
      DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v9i3.332
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 177-187: La exigencia cognitiva en los exámenes
           tipo test en contexto universitario y su relación con los enfoques de
           aprendizaje, la autorregulación, los métodos docentes y el rendimiento
           académico

    • Authors: Pilar Gandía Herrero, Agustín Romero Medina
      Pages: 177 - 187
      Abstract: The quality of academic performance and learning outcomes depend on various factors, both psychological and contextual. The academic context includes the training activities and the type of evaluation or examination, which also influences cognitive and motivational factors, such as learning and study approaches and self-regulation. In our university context, the predominant type of exam is that of multiple-choice questions. The cognitive requirement of these questions may vary. From Bloom's typical taxonomy, it is considered that from lower to higher cognitive demand we have questions about factual, conceptual, application knowledge, etc. Normally, the teacher does not take these classifications into account when preparing this type of exam. We propose here an adaptation model of the multiple choice questions classification according to cognitive requirement (associative memorization, comprehension, application), putting it to the test analyzing an examination of a subject in Psychology Degree and relating the results with measures of learning approaches (ASSIST and R-SPQ-2F questionnaires) and self-regulation in a sample of 87 subjects. The results show differential academic performance according to "cognitive" types of questions and differences in approaches to learning and self-regulation. The convenience of taking into account these factors of cognitive requirement when elaborating multiple choice questions is underlined.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-09-18
      DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v9i3.333
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 189-200: La percepción de estresores académicos
           según las orientaciones motivacionales a metas en estudiantes
           universitarios

    • Authors: Victoria Franco Taboada, Ramón González Cabanach, Antonio Souto Gestal
      Pages: 189 - 200
      Abstract: The target of the research was to find out if academic stressors perception could change according to the motivational orientation to the student’s goals. With a sample population of 468 university students, 62.4% female and 37.6% male, and an average age of 21.82 years old (DT=3.13). Through a conglomerate analysis, the research obtained five groups of approximation goals and avoidance to learning and performance. That, in some cases, combined multiple goals. Opposite to the approximation groups, with a much minor threat perception before the academic exigencies, the avoidance groups expressed a greater vulnerability to stress. Except for the learning avoidance group with a low quality perception of the stressors and a strong indifference towards all related to the academic field. The obtained results, in general, inform us that the origin of this sort of stress is not related as much with the fulfilment of responsibilities, but with the breach or absence of compromise with the work they demand. These are typical manifestations of the students orientated towards avoidance.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-07-17
      DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v9i3.334
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 59-70: Desequilibrio esfuerzo-recompensa y quejas
           subjetivas de salud: Estudio exploratorio entre médicos en España

    • Authors: Gumersindo Tirado, Marta Llorente-Alonso, Gabriela Topa
      Pages: 59 - 70
      Abstract: This cross-sectional study aimed to explore whether the impact of Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) on health complaints was moderated by overcommitment. A sample of 164 Spanish medical doctors that filled in a paper and pencil questionnaire. The negative effect of perceived ERI on subjective health complaints was stronger for employees with high or medium overcommitment, while it was positive and non-significant for those with low overcommitment. The present study can contribute to a better understanding of how and when ERI boosts the risk of subjective health complaints. Accordingly, early intervention designed to buffer the negative effects of ERI would focus on increasing individual level of overcommitment.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-01-22
      DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v9i2.320
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 71-81: ¿Pueden las víctimas de bullying
           convertirse en agresores del ciberespacio' Estudio en población
           adolescente

    • Authors: Isabel Cuadrado Gordillo, Inmaculada Fernández Antelo, Guadalupe Martín-Mora Parra
      Pages: 71 - 81
      Abstract: In the last decade, many of the studies related to school coexistence analyze the detection and analysis of situations of bullying and cyberbullying among peers. Their results have revealed that they are two closely linked phenomena and that the existence of one can highly predict the appearance of the other. This study analyzes the co-occurrence of bullying and cyberbullying phenomena from the transfer of the role of victim to cyber-aggressor, forming a new aggressive-victim profile. The sample consisted of 1.648 adolescents of ages from 12 to 16 years. The results reveal the existence of 152 adolescents who play the role of cyberaggressive-victims. In relation to the synergy detected between the type of abuse suffered and committed, the results indicate that young people generally use the modalities 'visual' and 'verbal-written' to attempt against their peers with the same frequency with which they suffer other aggressions. That is, e-mails, instant messaging and sending of compromised images or videos are the most used behaviors by these cyberaggressive-victims. Finally, this study will promote a greater understanding of the processes of aggression and victimization with the aim of contributing to the adjustment of prevention and intervention programs in situations of bullying and cyberbullying.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-01-13
      DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v9i2.321
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 83-94: Measure of perceived social support during
           adolescence (APIK)

    • Authors: Iker Izar de la Fuente, Aránzazu Rodríguez-Fernández, Naiara Escalante Mateos
      Pages: 83 - 94
      Abstract: El apoyo social se ha convertido en un tema de gran interés en distintas disciplinas científicas lo que ha generado una gran diversidad de definiciones que han derivado en una elevada cantidad y heterogeneidad de instrumentos de medida. Además apenas existen instrumentos que diferencien las fuentes de apoyo social pese a considerarse un componente vital. De este modo, el objetivo de esta investigación es elaborar y validar un instrumento para medir el apoyo social percibido en Educación Secundaria. Participaron en la investigación 323 estudiantes de Educación Secundaria de un instituto de Vitoria-Gasteiz con edades comprendidas entre los 13 y 18 años (M=14.41; DT=1.18), de los cuales 128 eran chicos (40%) y 195 (60%) chicas, a los que se aplicaron los cuestionarios: APIK, AFA-R y HBSC. Los resultados obtenidos confirman la estructura tridimensional (familia, amigos y profesorado) del cuestionario, con excelentes índices de consistencia interna y fiabilidad. En consecuencia, el nuevo cuestionario consigue solventar la limitación de otros instrumentos de medida que evaluaban por separado las fuentes, no encajaban con la concepción teórica del apoyo social, eran demasiado extensos, etc.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-01-16
      DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v9i2.322
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 95-107: Enfoques de aprendizaje, autorregulación y
           autoeficacia y su influencia en el rendimiento académico en estudiantes
           universitarios de Psicología

    • Authors: Javier Gómez Martínez, Agustín Romero Medina
      Pages: 95 - 107
      Abstract: The influence of learning approaches, the styles of self-regulation that the student considers in his academic task (self-regulation before, during and after the task) and the perceived academic self-efficacy of university students in their academic performance are analyzed. For this purpose, 136 participants of the 2nd year of the Degree in Psychology are available. The results show that students with good previous performance, greater self-efficacy and self-regulation better explain academic success. Of the approaches of learning it is necessary to emphasize that, as in other investigations, the most related to the academic performance is the strategic approach. However, the less successful students seem to contradict the results of other investigations predominating in them a deep approach. Along with these results, significant relationships are also shown between strategic approach, self-efficacy and self-regulation, but not with the deep approach. The bidirectional relationship of these variables with academic performance and with each other is discussed, particularly in regard to strategic approaches and self-regulation, including here the declarative metacognition factor of self-efficacy and its influence as an expectation of academic performance.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-01-27
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 109-118: El impacto del apoyo social y la
           inteligencia emocional percibida sobre el rendimiento académico en
           Educación Secundaria

    • Authors: Iratxe Antonio-Agirre, Aránzazu Rodríguez-Fernández, Lorena Revuelta
      Pages: 109 - 118
      Abstract: Social support (family, teachers, and peer group), as well as the perceptions individuals have about their own emotional abilities could be factors that affect academic performance in Secondary Education, despite the empirical evidence is not entirely conclusive. The objective of this study is to examine the direct influence of the main sources of social support and perceived emotional intelligence in academic attainment in Compulsory and Post-Compulsory Secondary Education students. The sample is composed of 850 students (41.4% men and 58.6% women; Mage=14.38 years, SD=1.69) from the Basque Country, selected by random sampling. This sample completed the Relational Support Inventory (RSI) for measuring social support, and the Trait Meta-Mood Scale (TMMS-22) for assessing perceived emotional intelligence. The average overall grades were also obtained as an indicator of academic achievement. The data, obtained through multiple regressions, show that perceived support from family and teachers have a direct and noteworthy effect on academic achievement in Secondary Education. This study highlights the greater importance of family and teacher support in socio-personal adjustment during Secondary School compared to perceived emotional intelligence.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-01-30
      DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v9i2.324
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 39-49: Academic performance, perceived social
           support and emotional intelligence at the university

    • Authors: Oihane Fernández-Lasarte
      Pages: 39 - 49
      Abstract: Perceived social support contributes to the students´ development and academic performance. Likewise, previous research suggests a positive relationship and influence of emotional intelligence on academic performance. Thus, the purpose of this study is twofold: a) to examine the relationship between perceived social support, emotional intelligence, and academic performance; and b) to analyze the predictive capacity of perceived social support on emotional intelligence and both variables on academic performance. A total of 419 students from the University of the Basque Country participate in this study, with ages between 18 and 40 years (M=20.45; SD=3.31), 27% boys and 73% girls. The following scales are used: Perceived Social Support Scale (AFA), Teacher and Classmate Support Scale (TCMS), Trait Meta Mood Scale (TMMS-24), and Brief School Adjustment Scale (EBAE-10). Correlational and multiple regression analyzes are applied. The results show the highest associations between teacher support and academic performance, family support with emotional repair, and academic performance with emotional repair. Worth noting is the explanatory capacity of the teacher support on academic performance, family support on emotional clarity and emotional repair, and emotional repair on academic performance.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-02-03
      DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v9i1.315
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 9, Pages 51-58: Family communication patterns, school and
           family self-concept, and motivation of revenge among adolescents

    • Authors: Celeste León-Moreno
      Pages: 51 - 58
      Abstract: During adolescence, family and school contexts play a fundamental role in the psychosocial adjustment of individuals. Previous research shows that the existence of family communication problems is one of the family factors for violent behaviour in adolescents. In the school context, several factors have also been identified that can negatively influence an adolescent's psychosocial adjustment, such as school self-concept. This study aims to explore the role of family communication and family and school self-concept in the revenge motivations of adolescents. The sample includes 671 adolescents of both sexes, between 10 and 16 years old, (49.3% boys, M=13.04; SD=1.80), attending primary and secondary school. The structural equation model, calculated with EQS software. The results obtained show that open family communication is directly and indirectly related to revenge motivations, through school and family self-concept. Finally, results are discussed and its possible implications as well
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-02-10
      DOI: 10.30552/ejihpe.v9i1.316
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 1-9: Intergroup Discrimination as a Predictor of
           Conflict within the Same Organization. The Role of Organizational Identity
           

    • Authors: Samuel Fernández-Salinero, Gabriela Topa
      First page: 1
      Abstract: The main purpose of this research is to shed light upon how perception of intergroup discrimination is related to perception of organizational conflict. This phenomenon is mediated by group identification and moderated by organizational identification. The sample was constituted by 466 employees belonging to the staff of Administration and Service of a Spanish public University. Main research results show that perceived discrimination has a direct effect on organizational conflict through group identification. The relationship between perceived discrimination and group identification is moderated by organizational identification.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-05-29
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010001
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 10-17: Educational Attainment Better Reduces
           Disability for Non-Hispanic than Hispanic Americans

    • Authors: Shervin Assari, Mohsen Bazargan
      First page: 10
      Abstract: Objectives: Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDRs) refers to the weaker protective health effects of socioeconomic status (SES) for minorities, particularly educational attainment for racial and ethnic minorities, compared to the general population. This pattern has been documented among African-Americans compared to Whites, however, we know very little about MDRs for educational attainment on disability among Hispanics compared to Non-Hispanic Whites. Aims: This cross-sectional study explored ethnic variation in the effects of educational attainment on severity of disability in the United States of America (USA). Materials and Methods: The 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) was a national survey of the general population in the USA. The total sample was 1021 American adults that reported some disability. Of the 1021 participants, 855 identified as Non-Hispanic and 165 identified as Hispanic. The independent variable was educational attainment. The main outcome was severity of disability measured using self-reported data. Age, gender, and race were covariates. Ethnicity was the effect modifier. Results: Among individuals with a disability, higher levels of educational attainment were associated with fewer disabilities, independent of all confounders. When ethnicity and educational attainment were interacted on severity of disability, the results indicated a smaller protective effect for Hispanics than for Non-Hispanics with a disability. Ethnicity-stratified models showed an effect for Non-Hispanics but not for Hispanics. Conclusions: The protective effects of educational attainment against severity of disability are smaller for Hispanics than for Non-Hispanics. To prevent health disparities, there is a need to minimize MDRs of SES for ethnic minorities. To do so, there is a need for innovative economic, public, and social policies that are not limited to equalizing educational attainment but that also help minorities leverage their resources and gain tangible outcomes.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-07-17
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010002
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 18-29: Authentic Leadership and Creativity:
           Moderated Meditation Model of Resilience and Hope in the Health Sector

    • Authors: Aizza Anwar, Ghulam Abid, Ali Waqas
      First page: 18
      Abstract: Authentic leaders are recognized as self-aware individuals who act according to their values and beliefs in the organization. Most of the studies have acknowledged the positive impact of authentic leaders on followers. However, the characteristics of an authentic leader, such as making decisions according to his/her own belief system, might negatively affect the followers. The current study aims to investigate the relationship of authenthic leadership/leaders (AL) and creativity through the mediating role of resilience. In this study, data were collected from 172 nurses working at public hospitals using a three-wave, time-lagged study design. The findings show that authentic leadership significantly predicts hope among employees. A hopeful individual positively reflects creativity in the workplace and also mediates the relationship between authentic leadership and creativity at workplace. These results report that authentic leadership impacts hope in a positive manner; thereby, increasing the level of creativity of nurses at the workplace. The study also highlights that if a resilient nurse is supervised by an authentic leader, it decreases hope and eventually creativity at work. The paper elaborates theoretical and practical implications for the health care sector along with limitations and direction for future research.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-07-17
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010003
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 30-43: Adoption of a Serious Game in the Developing
           of Emotional Intelligence Skills

    • Authors: Fernando Almeida
      First page: 30
      Abstract: Emotional intelligence is intrinsically associated with the ability to understand, manage, and express feelings and deal with other people’s emotions. This competence is essential for the formation, development, and maintenance of personal and professional relationships. Furthermore, emotional intelligence can be extensively worked out and developed over time, which allows each individual to become a better professional. Nevertheless, the perception that higher education students have about the importance of emotional intelligence remains residual and there are few contexts that allow them to develop emotional intelligence skills. In this sense, this study proposes the use of a serious game to assess and develop emotional intelligence skills in the context of an entrepreneurship discipline attended by multidisciplinary students from the courses of management and computer engineering. The performance of students is measured and discussed considering a mixed methods approach. The findings indicate the existence of a correlation between the player’s emotional intelligence skills and his performance in the game, and this occurrence is common to students regardless of their course, gender, age, and number of years of professional experience. The study also explores the importance of emotional intelligence considering the distinct profile of students.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-07-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010004
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 44-58: Improving Employee Performance in Industrial
           Parks: An Empirical Case of Garment Enterprises in Binh Duong Province,
           Vietnam

    • Authors: Thanh-Lam Nguyen, Pham Xuan Giang
      First page: 44
      Abstract: In responding to the current international integration and fierce competition on marketplace, over the last few decades, most businesses have tried to continuously improve their performance for better competitiveness. One of the preferred approaches is to enhance their employee performance; thus, fully capturing its determinants is critical. Thus, this study aimed at identifying key factors affecting employee performance so that businesses can create proper policies and actions to improve their overall performance. Specifically, as a common phenomenon, most employees working in industrial parks not only live far away from their workplaces as well as work a lot of overtime. These issues were carefully considered in this study to investigate their impacts on the employee satisfaction and performance. In the empirical case of garment enterprises in Binh Duong industrial parks, it was found that job satisfaction and employee performance are positively affected by eight factors: (1) reward and recognition; (2) development and training; (3) job promotion; (4) income; (5) work environment; (6) relationship with superiors; (7) relationship with colleagues; and (8) work procedure and role. In addition, it was found to be negatively affected by the house–work distance and overtime work, which are two new factors proposed in this study.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-07-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010005
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 59-69: Validation of the Persian Translation of the
           Children’s Test Anxiety Scale: A Multidimensional Rasch Model Analysis

    • Authors: Roya Shoahosseini, Purya Baghaei
      First page: 59
      Abstract: In this study, we examine the psychometric properties of the Persian translation of the Children’s Test Anxiety Scale (CTAS) using the Rasch rating scale model. In the first step, rating scale diagnostics revealed that the thresholds were disordered. To remedy this problem, two categories were collapsed and a rating scale structure with three points turned out to have optimal properties. Principal component analysis (PCA) of standardized residuals showed that the scale is not unidimensional. Since the scale is designed to measure three distinct dimensions of test anxiety we fitted a correlated three-dimensional Rasch model. A likelihood ratio test showed that the three-dimensional model fits significantly better than a unidimensional model. Principal component analysis of standardized residuals indicated that three subscales are unidimensional. Infit and outfit statistics indicated that one item misfitted the model in all the analyses. Medium correlations between the dimensions was evidence of the distinctness of the subscales and justifiability of the multidimensional structure for the scale. Criterion-related evidence was provided by correlating the scale with the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale (SCAS). The patterns of correlations provided evidence of convergent-discriminant validity. Findings suggest that a three-dimensional instrument with a 3-point Likert scale works best in the Persian language.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-08-02
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010006
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 70-81: Health and Sport. Economic and Social Impact
           of Active Tourism

    • Authors: Noelia Araújo Vila, Jose Antonio Fraiz Brea, Arthur Filipe de Araújo
      First page: 70
      Abstract: Concerns with health and wellness are currently a global trend. Consequently, people have increasingly been engaging in some form of regular sports practice in their adult lives. This is evidenced by the rise of markets that are related to the sports sector. One of those market trends is active tourism, which refers to the practice of physical activities in natural environments within a tourist destination. In this context, people travel to certain places, typically with friends or as couples, to engage in sports activities of greater or lesser intensities. This allows for them to disconnect with their daily routines and provides them all of the positive health-related outcomes that are associated with exercising. Therefore, health tourism is also an efficient tool against sedentariness. The present study explores which sports are currently the most popular amongst active tourists, which attributes they value the most when choosing a destination, and what is their expenditure pattern. To this end, a sample of 60 individuals who have engaged in some form of active tourism in Galicia is surveyed. The findings suggest that active tourists are particularly interested in dedicating their discretionary time to travelling and they have a higher daily expenditure within the destination than the average tourist.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-09-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010007
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 82-93: Phenomenology of Burnout Syndrome and
           Connection Thereof with Coping Strategies and Defense Mechanisms among
           University Professors

    • Authors: Xin Zhao, Shaojie Ding
      First page: 82
      Abstract: This article is dedicated to the phenomenology of burnout syndrome among university professors. The features of the manifestation of burnout syndrome and its components in university professors are described. The relationship between the burnout components and coping strategies among teachers is considered. The differences in the leading coping strategies among teachers with high and low levels of burnout syndrome are revealed. The relationship between the components of burnout and protective mechanisms among teachers is revealed. The specifics of the manifestation of protective mechanisms among teachers with high and low levels of burnout syndrome is studied. The factor structure of the interconnection of burnout components, coping strategies and protective mechanisms among university professors is presented.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-09-25
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010008
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 94-109: Ghana’s Journey towards Universal Health
           Coverage: The Role of the National Health Insurance Scheme

    • Authors: Kipo-Sunyehzi, Amogre Ayanore, Dzidzonu, Ayalsuma Yakubu
      First page: 94
      Abstract: : Background: the main aim of the study is to find if the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in Ghana is achieving universal health coverage (UHC) or not. The study gives the trajectories of health policies in Ghana and their implications on long term health financing. NHIS in Ghana was implemented in 2004, with the aim of increasing subscribers’ access to health care services and reduce financial barriers to health care. On equity access to healthcare, it addresses two core concerns: (1) enrolling particular groups (persons exempted from annual premium payments) and (2) achieving UHC for all citizens and persons with legal residence. It utilizes a multifactor approach to the conceptualization of UHC. The research question: is Ghana’s NHIS on course to deliver or achieve universal health coverage' Methods: we used qualitative methods. In doing so, the study engaged participants in in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and direct observations of participants in their natural settings, like hospitals, clinics, offices and homes, with purposive and snowball techniques. This data triangulation approach aims to increase the reliability and validity of findings. Results: the empirical evidence shows NHIS performed relatively well in enrolling more exempt groups (particular groups) than enrolling all persons in Ghana (UHC). The biggest challenge for the implementation of NHIS from the perspectives of health insurance officials is inadequate funding. The health insurance beneficiaries complained of delays during registrations and renewals. They also complained of poor attitude of some health insurance officials and health workers at facilities. Conclusions: both health insurance officials and beneficiaries emphasized the need for increased public education and for implementers to adopt a friendly attitude towards clients. To move towards achieving UHC, there is a need to redesign the policy, to move it from current voluntary contributions, to adopt a broad tax-based approach to cover all citizens and persons with legal residence in Ghana. Also, to adopt a flexible premium payment system (specifically ‘payments by installation’ or ‘part payments’) and widen the scope of exempt groups as a way of enrolling more into the NHIS.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-10-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010009
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 110-118: Cognitive and Applied Linguistics Aspects
           of Using Social Media: The Impact of the Use of Facebook on Developing
           Writing Skills in Learning English as a Foreign Language

    • Authors: Blanka Klimova, Marcel Pikhart
      First page: 110
      Abstract: Facebook is undoubtedly the most popular social network site nowadays with over two billion users. Therefore, there has been research exploring its potential as a learning environment for various fields of education, including learning English as a foreign language (EFL). As the findings of research studies indicate, Facebook is especially used in developing productive language skills, such as writing, which is considered to be the least popular and the most difficult skill to master. Thus, the purpose of this article is to explore the impact of Facebook on developing writing skills in learning English as a foreign language. The methodology is based on the search for available studies on the research topic, i.e., the impact of Facebook on developing writing skills in EFL, in the world’s databases: Web of Science and Scopus. The search was not limited by any time period. The results of this review article reveal that using Facebook has a positive effect on developing writing skills in EFL classes, especially in shaping and organizing ideas, enhancing motivation, developing and supporting collaboration among peers, improving vocabulary, and reducing students’ shyness. However, more experimental research should be done in this area to reveal other aspects of the writing process, such as communicative language competence, which can be improved by using Facebook, as well as address researchers from continents other than Asia.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-10-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010010
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 119-133: Investigation of the Impact of School
           Climate and Teachers’ Self-Efficacy on Job Satisfaction: A
           Cross-Cultural Approach

    • Authors: Ioannis G. Katsantonis
      First page: 119
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is twofold: (a) To confirm the mediating role of teachers’ self-efficacy between the relation of school climate and teachers’ job satisfaction and (b) to tease apart any cross-cultural effects of the association of self-efficacy and job satisfaction by comparing teachers’ responses. Drawing upon the publicly available TALIS 2018 (June 2019) database, a representative sample of 51,782 primary school teachers from 15 countries was used for the analyses. Structural equation modeling was implemented to test for mediation effects of teachers’ self-efficacy at the individuals’ level and a general linear model (GLM) MANOVA was applied to compare the participants’ scores in self-efficacy and job satisfaction across cultures. Results indicate, in accordance with previous research, that self-efficacy is a mediating variable of the relation between school climate and job satisfaction at the individuals’ level across cultures. Moreover, the GLM revealed statistically significant cross-cultural differences among teachers’ responses in job satisfaction and self-efficacy. These findings have implications for teachers’ wellbeing and resilience.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-10-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010011
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 134-142: Considering Patients’ Empowerment in
           Chronic Care Management: A Cross-Level Approach

    • Authors: Tilkin, De Winter, Ketterer, Etienne, Vanmeerbeek, Schoenaers
      First page: 134
      Abstract: This paper consists of an analysis of the concept of empowerment—which is often defined as a key issue in health care—at the macro, meso, and micro levels by focusing on health care reform in Belgium. Three research teams collected data and combined them in an inductive secondary analysis. Our preliminary results demonstrate that patient empowerment does not always encompass the same scientific reality. At the macro level, this concept is linked to the authorities’ wish to support at-home care for chronic patients. At the meso level, the role of caregivers in maintaining patients’ autonomy, but also the social conditions of their lives, is a salient component of empowerment. At the micro level, individual and personal features such as identity can influence patient empowerment and behavior in the health care system. This cross-level research suggests that patient empowerment is not sufficiently clearly defined at each level of the care production chain, which could impede the reform of health care. This paper underlines the polysemy of a concept viewed as a milestone in European health care policy and the necessity of a clear, collective definition to operationalize and implement it.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-10-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010012
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 143-158: Motivations Influencing the Surgeon’s
           Healthcare Unit Choice to Perform Surgery: A Confirmatory Study in
           Portugal

    • Authors: Diana Nora, Diogo Guedes Vidal, Lilian Monteiro Ferrari Viterbo, Maria Alzira Pimenta Dinis, Hélder Fernando Pedrosa Sousa
      First page: 143
      Abstract: Quality surgical practice is a fundamental subject in health institutions, and it is important to understand the structural and organizational conditions of the operating room (OR). The present exploratory study sought to understand the motivations that underlie the choice of surgeons for the best healthcare unit to perform surgery, as well as the characteristics of those professionals regarding age, years of work experience, and sex. A questionnaire survey was administered to a convenience sample of 99 surgeons, 67.3% male and 32.7% female, aged 37 to 66 (M = 23.7; Std = 8.92). The results show that at the top of the surgeons' motivations to perform surgery is the 77.8% attributed to the human resources and equipment available and at the other extreme the 3% to the previous online visit to facilities. This study opens important clues to the development of more in-depth and comparative approaches, necessary for the continuous improvement of the healthcare provided in the context of surgical practice.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-10-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010013
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 159-172: Occupational Self-Efficacy and
           Psychological Capital Amongst Nursing Students: A Cross Sectional Study
           Understanding the Malleable Attributes for Success

    • Authors: Daniel Terry, Blake Peck, Andrew Smith, Hoang Nguyen
      First page: 159
      Abstract: With a predicted shortfall in the worldwide nursing workforce, efforts to understand attributes that influence attrition and workforce longevity remain fundamental. Self-efficacy and the broader construct of psychological capital have been linked to positive workplace-based attributes in occupations. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between general self-efficacy, occupational (nursing) self-efficacy, and psychological capital and their predictive factors among nursing students. A cross sectional design was used to address the aims of the study where all nursing students studying a three-year bachelor’s degree were invited to complete a questionnaire examining traits that might assist in the preparation for, and longevity in, a nursing career. Although the participating nursing students demonstrated high levels of general self-efficacy, their reported levels of nursing-specific self-efficacy were significantly lower. Psychological capital measures indicated that students had high levels of belief, hope, and resilience concerning their capacity to commit to and achieve goals, succeed now and into the future, and overcome obstacles. The findings suggest an opportunity exists for education providers to nurture the malleable aspects of self-efficacy and psychological capital, while developing greater capacity to bounce back and overcome the challenges that nursing students may encounter in their undergraduate academic training, and to reduce attrition as they prepare to enter the workplace.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010014
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 173-205: The 2 × 2 Achievement Goals in Sport and
           Physical Activity Contexts: A Meta-Analytic Test of Context, Gender,
           Culture, and Socioeconomic Status Differences and Analysis of Motivations,
           Regulations, Affect, Effort, and Physical Activity Correlates

    • Authors: Marc Lochbaum, Thaís Zanatta, Zişan Kazak
      First page: 173
      Abstract: Approach-avoidance achievement goals are studied extensively in the context of competitive sports and physical activity, including leisure and physical education. Building upon past meta-analyses, the purpose of this quantitative review was to provide basic descriptive data, estimated means for testing of several research questions (i.e., context, gender, culture, and socioeconomic status), and meta-analyzing outcome correlates (i.e., self-determination constructs, affect, effort, and physical activity). A total of 116 studies up to 1 December 2018, met inclusion criteria. These 116 studies, totaling a sample size of 43,133 participants (M sample size = 347.85 + 359.36), from 22 countries with 92.7% of samples, are drawn from participants less than 30 years of mean age. From the 116 unique studies, nearly half (49.6%) were from a sport context and the rest from leisure-time physical activity (PA) (19.4%) and physical education (PE) (31.0%) contexts. A number of different analyses were conducted to examine our research questions. Support was found for several of our research questions: The mastery-approach goal was endorsed more than all the other goals, while sport participants endorsed the performance-approach goal more than PA and PE groups; females endorsed the mastery-avoidance goal more than males; more culturally individualistic countries endorsed the mastery-approach goal; and countries from lower socioeconomic and interdependent countries endorsed the mastery-avoidance goal than higher socioeconomic and independent countries. Concerning, the meta-analyzed correlates, most relationships were hypothesized through the performance-approach goal, and both avoidance goals appeared to be too similar in relationships with the correlates raising theoretical concerns. Overall, the mastery-approach goals had the most meaningful biased corrected effect size values (rc) with the outcome correlates, such as relative autonomy (0.47), intrinsic motivation (0.52), effort (0.40), positive affect (0.42), physical activity intent (0.38). Based on the present and past meta-analytic results, the 2 × 2 achievement goals as currently measured was questioned. Future research suggestions included fundamental questionnaire issues, the need for latent profile analysis or other more advanced statistics, and whether the 2 × 2 achievement goal framework is the most appropriate framework in physical activity contexts.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-11-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010015
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 206-217: Computer-Based Prognostic Task
           Measurements as Indicators of Uncertainty Acceptance

    • Authors: Epishin, Bogacheva
      First page: 206
      Abstract: There were few studies of individual differences in prognostic decision-making from the psychological point of view; most of them focused on the differences between novices and experts making the prognoses. In this study, we suggested a new task that matched the criteria of a prognostic one, was computerized, and did not require expertise in any field of knowledge. Thus, the proposed method investigated how people processed information and controlled uncertainty in prognostic tasks. On a sample of 78 people aged 17–66, we used a quasi-experimental design to find the patterns of the proposed task parameters and how they correlated with personality and cognitive variables. Five well-known personality questionnaires accessing traits, known to be included in decision-making regulation, were used along with a cognitive abilities test to measure those variables. Two patterns were identified via cluster analysis. Differences in intolerance for uncertainty were demonstrated for the people from two identified clusters. Those patterns could be interpreted as uncertainty control strategies for decision-making grounding in prognostic tasks.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-11-11
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010016
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 218-231: Role of Relational Ties in the
           Relationship between Thriving at Work and Innovative Work Behavior: An
           Empirical Study

    • Authors: Riaz, Xu, Hussain
      First page: 218
      Abstract: Top management in organizations have begun to realize that innovative employees add to the competitive edge of a company which serves to maintain their position in intense market competition. For this purpose, management needs to seek new ways to combine the social environment and employees in the workplace in an inextricable manner that supports innovation. The purpose of this paper was to examine the role of thriving at work and its effects on an individual’s innovative behavior. Based on the socially embedded model of thriving, we aimed to assess the relevant related work on structured potential effects with relational ties (i.e., strong versus weak). Particularly, these ties affect the heedful relating differently. This study examined the antecedents of thriving at work and the innovative behavior among employees at a global investment company. Using partial least squares modeling on a sample of 412 observations (strong and weak ties), strong support was found for the theory-driven hypothesized relationships. The results contribute to a better understanding of the relational roles concerning recently emerging constructs of “thriving at work” and “positive organizational scholarship.” The implications and limitations of this study are further discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-11-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010017
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 232-239: Examination of Summer Campers’ Physical
           Activity Interest and Behavior

    • Authors: Otundo, Prince
      First page: 232
      Abstract: This study has provided insight into the complex relationship between situational interest, the social environment, competence, and behavior. This quasi-experiential design included a pre-test questionnaire, intervention activity of throwing and catching a football, and post-test questionnaire administered to forty children aged 7–13 enrolled in a summer camp. The results of this study supported a theoretical approach that hypothesized that competence positively influences situational interest. The implications for summer camp owners and counselors support providing an environment that is supportive of elementary-age children participating in an established curriculum that results in positive interactions and activities where summer campers can perceive that they are competent.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-11-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010018
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 240-249: “Food is Environmentally and Culturally
           Specific!”: A Preliminary Qualitative Study on U.S. Immigrant Parents’
           Perceptions of School Lunch

    • Authors: Obeng-Gyasi, Antwi, Obeng
      First page: 240
      Abstract: Children spend most of their day hours in school, so the dietary choices they make during school days are important for their childhood development and later life. This research examined food choices among immigrant families with school-age children in Indiana, USA. Open-ended questions were answered by 52 immigrant parents in 2017. Parents who answered the questions had children in classes ranging from kindergarten to grade 12. NVivo 11 was used for the initial analysis of the dataset, and several themes were identified. After the initial analysis, the data were categorized into major themes to condense the themes. Thirty-eight (73%) of the respondents indicated that their children ate school lunch, 14 (27%) indicated that they prepared lunch for their children to eat at school, and 39 (75%), mostly from non-industrialized countries, indicated that their children ate their home-country staple foods for dinner and on non-school days. Parents indicated that schools are serving the needs of immigrant children by serving varieties of foods during lunchtime.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-11-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010019
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 250-261: Barriers to Effective Diabetes Mellitus
           Self-Management (DMSM) Practice for Glycemic Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes
           Mellitus (T2DM): A Socio Cultural Context of Indonesian Communities in
           West Sulawesi

    • Authors: Pamungkas, Chamroonsawasdi, Vatanasomboon, Charupoonphol
      First page: 250
      Abstract: Diabetes mellitus self-management (DMSM) is an essential strategy used to maintain blood glucose levels and to prevent severe complications. Several barriers have been documented while implementing DMSM practices. A qualitative study aimed to explore barriers to effective DMSM practice among uncontrolled glycemic type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in Indonesia. We conducted in-depth interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) among 28 key informants, including patients, family members, healthcare providers (HCPs), and village health volunteers (VHVs). The interviews and FGDs were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. The results revealed six core themes with sub-categories of themes used by all participants to describe the barriers to effective DMSM practice among uncontrolled T2DM patients. The critical barriers of DMSM practice included low perception of susceptibility to and severity of the illness; inadequate knowledge and skill of diabetes mellitus self-management; lack of motivation to perform diabetes mellitus self-management; insufficient human resources; lack of social engagement; and social exclusion and feelings of embarrassment. Our findings provide valuable information regarding the barriers while implementing the DMSM practice. Healthcare providers should negotiate with both T2DM patients and caretakers to participate in a DMSM program at a community health care level.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-11-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010020
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 262-275: The Impact of Transformational Leadership
           on Nurses’ Organizational Commitment: A Multiple Mediation Model

    • Authors: Kamran Iqbal, Tehreem Fatima, Muhammad Naveed
      First page: 262
      Abstract: This study proposed that the transformational style of nursing staff supervisors inculcate commitment amongst nurses. Moreover, psychological empowerment and psychological well-being were posited as multiple meditators in the above-mentioned association, based on the tenant of conservation of resource (COR) theory. The authors have collected the survey data from the sample of (n = 299) hospital nurses working in Sargodha district of Pakistan. The bootstrap results have supported the direct, as well as indirect relationships. These findings imply that when the nursing staff perceives their leader as transformational, their psychological empowerment is enhanced, and they have higher well-being, which in turn increases their commitment to their hospitals. This study offers a better understanding of psychological states that mediate transformational leadership and organizational commitment linkage.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-12-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010021
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 276-296: Association between Social Skills and
           Motor Skills in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic
           Review

    • Authors: Reiko Ohara, Yuji Kanejima, Masahiro Kitamura, Kazuhiro P. Izawa
      First page: 276
      Abstract: Social communication and motor skill deficits are prevalent characteristics of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This systematic research review investigates whether and how broad social skills and motor skills may be related among individuals with ASD. We performed a PubMed search of articles written in English, using these study inclusion criteria: (a) an association between social and motor and skills among individuals previously diagnosed with autism; (b) one or more social skills measures were used; and (c) one or more measures of gross or fine motor skills were used. We classified data into two categories, and we based the association of these variables on correlation coefficients, p-values, coefficients of determination, and authors’ description of “may be associated” and “may not be associated.” Despite heterogeneity among these relevant studies, a highly likely association between social and motor skills emerged. Of a total of 16 studies reviewed, 12 reported associations between these skill sets. Three studies reported that fine motor skills had a stronger relationship with social skills than did gross motor skills. Among the gross motor skills associated with social skills, object control skills seemed most closely linked to social skills. Among fine motor skills, manual dexterity seemed to most closely related to social skills.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-12-12
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010022
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 297-309: Relationship Satisfaction and
           Infidelity-Related Behaviors on Social Networks: A Preliminary Online
           Study of Hispanic Women

    • Authors: Juan Aníbal González-Rivera, Francisco Aquino-Serrano, Emily M. Pérez-Torres
      First page: 297
      Abstract: The purpose of this online study was to develop an explicative model regarding the origin of infidelity-related behaviors on social networks for Hispanic women. We propose that sexual satisfaction and emotional intimacy have a direct impact on the satisfaction of couple relationships, and an indirect impact in the development of infidelity-related behaviors on social networks. To investigate this proposal, we used a non-probabilistic sample of 341 Hispanic women living in Puerto Rico. Statistical analyses confirmed that satisfaction and ambivalence in couple relationship completely mediate the association between sexual satisfaction and infidelity-related behaviors on social networks, as well as the relationship between emotional intimacy and infidelity-related behaviors on social networks. Overall, women who practice infidelity-related behaviors on social networks showed less sexual satisfaction, less emotional intimacy, less relationship satisfaction, and greater ambivalence. Our results provide theoretical and empirical evidence on how infidelity-related behaviors on social networks develop in couple relationships, and these results could help to inform possible forms of prevention and intervention.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-12-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010023
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 310-326: Digital Competence of Tourism Students:
           Explanatory Power of Professional Training

    • Authors: Ambar J. Arango-Morales, Alejandro Delgado-Cruz, Ana L. Tamayo-Salcedo
      First page: 310
      Abstract: This article aims to analyze the influence of professional training on the digital competence of tourism students at a Mexican public university. For this, a quantitative methodology was used through the application of a survey amongst 400 students. Moreover, the partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) and other multivariate techniques were used to test the hypotheses. The results show that the role of teaching, the curriculum proposal, and the student autonomy as part of professional training all have an impact on digital competence in order to generate and effectively use digital knowledge, manage information in support of their activities and use the media in individual and collective channels, as well as emancipate collaborative learning and maintain leadership in the network. It is discussed how the emphasis of curricular programs and the support of teachers play a significant role as cultivators of digital competence, as well as the initiative and independence of students to better exploit digital media for their personal, academic and professional activities.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-12-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010024
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 327-345: The Capacities of Primary Health Care in
           Hungary: A Problem Statement

    • Authors: Csaba Bálint
      First page: 327
      Abstract: In the establishment, development, and provision of equal access to the health care system, the operation of adequate primary health care is essential and has undergone significant transformation in the most developed countries over the past decades. The central and eastern European countries, including Hungary, are struggling with the disadvantages of the traditional model of primary health care, based on independent general practitioner and family paediatrician practices: the ability of the system is extremely limited to meet emerging needs and is facing a chronic human resource crisis. In the current study, the functions, legislation, and challenges of the Hungarian primary health care system, as well as the basic interrelations of the development of vacant general practitioner and family paediatrician districts were examined, and the government measures for the sake of solving the occurrence of the vacancy and improving access in the lagging areas. (The situation of the other fields of primary health care—e.g., dental care, child care officer care, etc.—was not subject of the analysis.). The basic characteristics of the vacant districts (type by supplied age group, bounding region, population size, length of vacancy) were primarily examined by the analysis of categorical and metric variables, with the use of cross-tabulation and nonparametric correlation, while the discovery of soft interrelations was supported by an expert interview conducted with the professionals of the Primary Health Care Department of the National Health Care Services Centre. In Hungary, the fundamentals of primary health care are made up of the individual practices of general practitioners and paediatricians, and there is a growing concern about the permanent vacancy of the districts, and the fact that the system is less suitable for meeting the needs of the population. The ever-increasing number of vacant general practitioner and family paediatrician districts due to the growing shortage of professionals because of aging and emigration poses the burden of substitution on the physicians in existing practices, that concerns the access of more than a half million people to health care, almost 70 percent of which live in settlements with a population less than 5000 inhabitants.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-12-23
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010025
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 10, Pages 346-357: Television as a Career Motivator and
           Education Tool: A Final-Year Nursing Student Cohort Study

    • Authors: Daniel Terry, Blake Peck
      First page: 346
      Abstract: Fictional medical programs are often used for more than just their recreational enjoyment; they can also influence career decision making. Very little research has examined the pedagogical value of fictional medical programs in terms of their motivational value in the choice of a nursing career. As such, the aim of this study was to examine what motivated nursing students to choose nursing careers, if fictional medical programs were motivators, and if they are used by students as a learning tool. The cross-sectional study collected data using a questionnaire and occurred between April and June 2018. The findings were generated from students’ short answers and extended responses within the questionnaire. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics, while qualitative data were analysed thematically. A total of 291 students participated (82.6% response rate), with motivations for entering nursing being similar to other international studies; however, as motivators, fictional medical television programs were rated higher than job security. Overall, students engage with medical television programs along a television–learning continuum, ranging from limited watching time, recognising inaccuracies, understanding dialogue, through to using fictional medical television programs as tools for learning. However, this is dependent on time, interest, current level of understanding, and a program’s perceived value.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2019-12-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe10010026
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2019)
       
 
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