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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1278 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (509 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (379 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (99 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (80 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (509 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 175)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Highland Medical Research Journal
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   ISSN (Print) 1596-2407
   Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [265 journals]
  • Qualitative exploration of manifestations of HIV-related stigma in Kano
           State, Nigeria
    • Authors: Muktar A. Gadanya, Rayyan M. Garba
      Abstract: Background: HIV-related stigma is an important barrier to the containment of the epidemic and adversely affects the wellbeing of patients. This study explored the manifestation and consequences of HIV-related stigma in Kano State, Nigeria.
      Methods: The study was descriptive and cross-sectional, that used qualitative methods involving Focus Group Discussions, in-depth interviews, and passive observations. Thematic analysis for the qualitative data was done with the aid of NVivo10.
      Results: HIV-related stigma was identified by stakeholders and patients to be perverse in Kano, and often manifest in manner distinct from what is known in places where HIV stigma has been well researched. These include facial covering with “Burqah” to shield identity at the clinics, “proxy patients”, travelling long distance away from home to access care, and use of false names to hide identity. A spot observation on four consecutive days at a HIV clinic and an ante-natal clinic yielded an interesting finding: In the antenatal clinic only 2 patients out of the 435 patients who attended the clinic on the four days (0.46%) were wearing Burqah. Conversely, in the HIV Clinic, 18 of the 216 female (8.33%) patients who attended the clinic in the four days period were wearing Burqah (p = 0.0034).
      Conclusion: These findings lend credence to the fact that HIVrelated stigma is a big reality in Kano State, and has some context specific manifestations, consequences and coping mechanisms. Follow-up quantitative and intervention studies are recommended.
      Keywords: HIV, stigma, manifestations, consequences, Nigeria
      PubDate: 2016-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Stage of physical activity change and correlates among hypertensive out
           patients at a tertiary hospital In Jos, Nigeria
    • Authors: Ishaku E. Ibbi, Musa Dankyau, Sunday J. Lengmang
      Abstract: Objective: Trans-theoretical model stage-specific exercise prescription is vital to achieving sustained physical activity and reducing morbidity and mortality in hypertensives. This study aimed to determine the stage of change of physical activity of hypertensives, in order to improve the practice of prescribing exercise. Methods: A cross sectional study of 414 consenting, adult hypertensives was carried out. Sociodemographic, behavioral and clinical parameters of the participants were obtained, and their stage of change was determined using the Physician based Assessment and Counselling for Exercise tool (PACE).  Correlations between the stage of change category and  sociodemographic/clinical parameters were also determined.
      Results: The participants were mostly female (52.9%), married (84.5%), with  tertiary education (52.9%), urban dwellers (86%) with a mean age of 51±8 years. Most (75.1%) were 2 overweight/obese with a mean BMI of 28.2±5.0 Kg/m , were non –smokers (98.3%) and non-diabetics (92.3%). The median PACE score was 4.0 (1.0-8.0) and most were Contemplators (79.5%) followed by Actives (16.4%) and Pre-contemplators (4.1%). Multivariate analysis revealed that unemployed and retired hypertensives were twice more likely to be in active stage (AOR 2.2, 95% CI 1.04-4.56). Educational level, marital status, age, sex, place of dwelling, smoking status, BMI category, family history of diabetes, arthritis and heart disease, were not significant predictors of stage of change.
      Conclusion: Most hypertensives in the outpatient setting are in inactive stages of change (83.6%), but the unemployed are more likely to be in active stage.  Physicians managing hypertensives should offer more cognitive-based change counselling, and exercise prescriptions that consider employment status.
      Key words: Stage of change; hypertensives; motivation; behavior change; physical activity, PACE
      PubDate: 2016-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Prevalence of self-reported hypertension and diabetes and associated risk
           factors among university employees in Jos, Nigeria
    • Authors: Patricia A Agaba, Zumnan M Gimba, Maxwell O Akanbi, Amaka N Ocheke, Emmanuel I Agaba
      Abstract: Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are emerging, and their risk factors are becoming more common as lifestyles change and rates of urbanization increase. We determined the prevalence of self-reported hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM) and their relationship to common NCD risk factors among university employees.
      Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 884 adults employed at the University of Jos, Nigeria. They were evaluated using the Step 1 of the WHO-STEPS questionnaire. We used logistic regression analysis to evaluate the common NCD risk factors associated with self-reported hypertension and DM.
      Results: Significant alcohol consumption was present in 77 (8.7%) while 26 (2.5%) were current cigarette smokers. Two hundred and seventy nine (31.5%) engaged in moderate intensity exercises like brisk walking and cycling for 10 minutes on a regular basis. The median weekly fruit and vegetable intake were 3 times (range 0-8) and 3 times (range 0-7) respectively. A total of 333 (39.7%) and 64 (7.3%) participants had a prior diagnosis of hypertension and DM respectively. Self-reported hypertension was associated with the female sex (OR = 2.30; 95% CI: 1.65-3.19), increasing age (OR = 1.08; 95% CI: 1.06-1.10) and alcohol use (OR=1.38; 95% CI: 1.00- 1.91), while self-reported DM was associated with increasing age (OR = 1.08; 95% CI: 1.05-1.12). Neither hypertension nor DM was associated with physical activity, smoking status or fruit and vegetable intake.
      Conclusion: This study provides evidence on self-reported NCDs in a developing economy. Concerted efforts to implement NCD prevention measures will serve to reduce the high burden of NCDs.
      Keywords: Non-communicable disease, Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Lifestyle, risk factors
      PubDate: 2016-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • The profile of trauma-related mortality in Benue State University Teaching
           Hospital, Makurdi, Nigeria
    • Authors: Itodo C. Elachi, Amali Adekwu, Onyemocho Audu, Williams T. Yongu, Terkaa T. Bitto, Ndubuisi OC Onyemaechi
      Abstract: Background: Trauma is globally associated with significant mortality with   developing count r ies bearing a disproportionately high burden. This study aims to elucidate the pattern of trauma-related deaths in Benue State University teaching hospital (BSUTH), Makurdi, Nigeria.
      Methods: A review of all trauma-related in-hospital deaths from July 2012 to December 2014 was carried out. Patients' socio-demographic and injury-related data were extracted and analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0.
      Results: One thousand and nine trauma patients were attended to during the study period of which 87 (8.7%) died during the hospital stay. Eighty-five trauma-related deaths were included in the study comprising of 67 males (78.8%) and 18 females
      (21.2%). The predominant age group involved was 20-29 years. Road traffic injuries (RTI) were the leading cause of fatal injuries accounting for 76.5% of deaths  (n=65). They were followed by burns (n=8, 9.4%) and gunshot injuries (n=6, 7.1%).. The  locations of deaths within the hospital were the Accident and Emergency Department (A&E) (n=60, 70.6%), wards (n=18,  21.2%) and intensive care unit (n=, 7.4%). The main causes of death were traumatic brain injury (TBI) (n=60, 71.4%), exsanguination (n=8, 9.5%), chest injury (n=5, 6.0%) and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS); n=3, 3.6. Fifty-three patients (62.4%) died within the first 24 hours of arrival at the hospital (early deaths). Patients with TBI were more likely to die within 24 hours of admission than those who have stayed for more than 24 hours in the hospital. (p = 0.001).
      Conclusions: Trauma-related mortality in BSUTH affected 20- 39 year old males predominantly. Majority of lethal injuries were caused by road traffic accidents with traumatic brain injury being the leading cause of death.
      Keywords: Trauma, Injury, Deaths, Pedestrians, Pediatric deaths
      PubDate: 2016-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Informed consent for medical photography in Nigerian surgical practice
    • Authors: Charles T. Soo, Daniel D. Mue, Edwin I. Ogwuche
      Abstract: Background: The aim of this study is to assess the current practice of informed consent for medical photography in the Nigerian surgical practice and how it compares to international best practices.
      Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to consenting surgeons attending two major surgical conferences. The questionnaire assessed respondents' practices and opinions of informed consent for medical photography.
      Results: Teaching, research and publications were the commonest indications for medical photography. 29.9% of respondents always obtained informed consent, while 2.6% never obtained informed consent for medical photography. Verbal consent was the preferred form of consent. Most respondents were unaware of existing guidelines on medical photography. Most University based surgeons opined that consent be obtained for all medical photographs, while most non-University surgeons align with consent for only identifying photographs. (P=0.012). Most respondents agreed that consent for treatment does not by extension cover medical photography. Most respondents do no agree that a policy of mandatory consent for medical photographs will negatively affect publications.
      Conclusion: The practice of informed consent for medical photography is widespread but inconsistent among Nigerian surgeons. There is need for increased awareness especially among non-university based surgeons of current international best practices with respect to medical photography. Definite local guidelines in tune with established bioethical principles ought to be formulated by institutions and  regulators of medical practice in Nigeria.
      Keywords: Informed consent, medical photography, surgeons, Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Prevalence and correlates of hepatitis B and C seropositivity among health
           care workers in a semi urban setting in North Central Nigeria
    • Authors: Mark D Gyang, Aboi JK Madaki, Musa Dankyau, Bose O Toma, Salihu A Danjuma, Bwatyum A Gyang
      Abstract: Background: Health care workers are at risk of acquiring hepatitis B and C infections from patients in the course of providing care to them. The study is thus aimed at determining the prevalence and correlates of hepatitis B and C amongst health care workers of a secondary health care facility in northcentral Nigeria as a means of disease prevention.
      Methods: This was a cross sectional study and recruitment was on the basis of arrival at the study venue, without any random selection. A structured questionnaire was used to determine relevant socio-demographic variables and risk factors for
      hepatitis B and C. Antibodies to HCV and Hepatitis B surface antigen were detected using enzyme linked immuno-absorbant assay (ELISA).
      Results: The complete (three doses) hepatitis B vaccine uptake was 21.3%. The seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C were 8.4% and 6.5% respectively. Co-infection was found in 1.3% of workers. Staff who were married or had ever been married were
      less likely to have hepatitis B compared to those who were single (OR =0.07: 95% CI 0.01 – 0.69), and those who did not have a personal clipper for barbing had a fivefold likelihood of being hepatitis B seropositive compared to those who had a clipper (OR= 5.24; 95% CI 1.18 – 23.23).
      Conclusion: There is a high sero-prevalence of hepatitis B and C and a low prevalence of Co-infection amongst workers.Keywords: Prevalence, Correlates, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Health care workers
      PubDate: 2016-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and plasmid-mediated antibacterial
           resistance in Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci
    • Authors: Musa Y. Tula, Azuka V. Okoro, Rachel O. Okojie, Osaretin Iyoha
      Abstract: Background: Staphylococcal infections constitute problems to health care institutions. Its resistance to antibiotic has been associated with resistant plasmids (R-plasmid) that have the ability to mediate the production of drug inactivated  enzymes such as â-lactamase.
      Method: Forty five Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and 15 Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CoNS) were isolated from clinical samples and isolates subjected to antibiotic susceptibility testing, plasmid curing and plasmid DNA isolation.
      Result: The highest percentages isolates were recovered from urine samples and the least from high vagina swab and wound swab for S. aureus and CoNS respectively. The antibiogram showed that majority of S. aureus (95.6%) was resistant to cefuroxime and ceftazidime, while CoNS (93.3%) were more resistance to cefuroxime and gentamycin. (p=0.17). 24.4% S. aureus and 20% CoNS were resistant to more than 5 antibiotics with multiple antibiotic resistances (MAR) index of 0.33 to 0.89 for S. aureus and 0.56 to 0.78 for CoNS. Most of the S. aureus and CoNS were cured of their resistant markers showing that their R-markers may have been borne on plasmid. However, resistance to ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone for CoNS may have been borne on chromosome as all the resistant markers were not cured. The percentage of S. aureus and CoNS cured of their R-plasmid were similar (p=0.25). Plasmids ranging from 2.03kbp to 23.13kbp were harboured by both S. aureus and CoNS.
      Conclusion: There is widespread antimicrobial resistance patterns and diverse plasmid profile of S. aureus and CoNS in this study. This data will be a useful baseline for further epidemiological investigations.
      Keywords: Plasmid, Staphylococcus, susceptibility, antimicrobials, resistance, curing
      PubDate: 2016-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Random proteinuria screening in elementary school children in Jos
           metropolis, Nigeria
    • Authors: Adaobi I. Ekwempu, John Shingdang, Bot Yakubu, Oyekunle E. Ojo, Obiageri Igwe, Itta Ofem
      Abstract: Background: Proteinuria in children may represent a benign condition or a serious underlying renal disease or systemic disorder.
      Methods: A total of 249 pupils were selected for screening from three different primary schools in Jos metropolis, Plateau State, Nigeria. Proteinuria was determined qualitatively using bromophenol blue method impregnated in combi 10 dip stick. Those positive for proteinuria were quantified using 3% sulphur salicylic acid technique.
      Results: Out of the 249 pupils who participated in this study, 12 (4.8%) had proteinuria [5 (2.0%) females and 7 (2.8%) males respectively]. Urinary levels of above 150mg/dl or 5mg/ml gave a positive result with the dipstick and were considered to increase the risk for kidney disease.
      Conclusion: Prevalence of proteinuria in elementary school children in Jos metropolis is on the increase. More work should be done on evaluation of urinary protein creatinine ratio in children to assist in diagnosis of renal disease in children.
      Keywords: Proteinuria, kidney disease, elementary school children.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Complex partial seizure, disruptive behaviours and the Nigerian Legal
           System
    • Authors: Aishatu Y. Armiya'u, Ayodele Obembe, Usman M. Umar, Ali I. Shugaba, Oloche Adole
      Abstract: Background: Complex partial seizure is an epileptic seizure which results in impairment of responsiveness or awareness such as altered level of consciousness. Complex partial seizures are often preceded by an aura such as depersonalization, feelings of de javu, jamais vu and fear. The ictal phase of complex partial seizure is often associated with complex activities where an individual may still be able to perform routine task such as walking, though such movements are not planned and are often purposeless. Witnesses' around may not recognize anything wrong.
      Method: This is a case of a 43 year old commercial motor cycle driver, who was accused of first degree murder in the year 2000. He was convicted and sentenced to death. Prior to commission of crime, he was diagnosed with complex partial seizure with secondary generalization in 1990 at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria.
      Results: During his 15 years stay on death row at a maximum security prison in Nigeria, he had several episodes of seizure and subsequently developed a depressive disorder. He was placed on medication which includes anticonvulsants and antidepressants by the Forensic Psychiatry team. With regular follow-ups and available medication, he became stable. He was pardoned by the state Governor in 2015 following a recommendation by the Forensic Psychiatry team.
      Conclusion: Complex partial seizure comes with altered consciousness and  disruptive behaviour, which could result in  commission of a crime. Therefore, the strict adherence to the M'Naghten rule by the Nigerian legal system results in strict reliance by judges and not considering these rules in most cases bothering on  insanity. This is without taking into cognizance the peculiarity of each case.
      Keywords: complex partial seizure, death row, murder, pardon.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Sirenomelia: A rare anomaly and challenges of ultrasound diagnosis
    • Authors: Adedapo B.A Ande, Emmanuel O. Ighodaro
      Abstract: Background: Sirenomelia also known as mermaid syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly, characterised by disorder of the lower spine and the lower limbs.
      Methods: A review of medical records.
      Results: A neonate was delivered with fusion of the lower limbs, absence of external genitalia, imperforate anus and a single umbilical artery. The upper half was grossly normal.
      Conclusion: This case demonstrates the rarity of sirenomelia and the difficulty of ultrasound diagnosis after first trimester of pregnancy.
      Keywords: Sirenomelia, Mermaid syndrome, Oligohydraminous, Ultrasound diagnosis
      PubDate: 2016-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Indications, output and types of eyelid surgeries in a tertiary eye care
           
    • Authors: Emmanuel I Agaba
      Abstract: ERRATUM
      Indications, output and types of eyelid surgeries in a tertiary eye care facility in northern Nigeria: a review Highland Med Res J 2016;16(1):7-10
      Ojo P. Odugbo; Caleb D. Mpyet; Patricia D. Wade; Alice V. Ramyil; Mercy O. Adejoh
      PubDate: 2016-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Plasma electrolytes in patients with asthma in a tertiary hospital in
           Nigeria
    • Authors: Eruke E Egbagbe, Ogie T.O Ehondor, Joshua O Aigbirior, Sylvester Idogun
      Abstract: Background: We compared plasma electrolytes in patients with and without asthma.
      Methods: Subjects for the study comprised of 17 male and 45 female asthmatics attending the Chest Clinic of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Benin City, Nigeria. These patients had questionnaires administered and the urea and electrolyte values were determined in the standard fashion.Result: Majority (80%) of the asthmatics were in the age range 48 – 57 years and with a mean age of 45±17 years. The urea and electrolyte levels for the asthmatics were in the normal range when compared to the standard used in this environment.Conclusion: This study has reviewed the urea and electrolyte profile for asthmatics. The urea and electrolyte levels for the asthmatics were in the normal range when compared to the standard used in this environment.
      Key words: Serum electrolytes, asthma
      Issue No: Vol. 16, No. 2
       
 
 
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