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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1290 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (520 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 181)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access  
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover CoDAS
  [SJR: 0.177]   [H-I: 12]   [0 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2317-1782
   Published by SciELO Homepage  [717 journals]
  • Neonatal Hearing Screening in primary health care and family health care

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo A Triagem Auditiva Neonatal Universal (TANU) visa ao diagnóstico precoce e à reabilitação de neonatos em situação de risco ou não para deficiência auditiva. O objetivo principal foi analisar o fluxo de Triagem Auditiva Neonatal Universal em Unidade de Estratégia de Saúde da Família por meio do rastreamento e monitoramento das crianças. Método É um estudo retrospectivo, quantitativo. O rastreamento foi realizado a partir da terceira via da Declaração de Nascido Vivo preenchida na maternidade. O monitoramento foi realizado pela ficha de acompanhamento do recém-nascido preenchida pelo agente comunitário e uma entrevista com os pais ou responsáveis, na unidade da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde, ou por visita domiciliar. Também foram coletadas informações na caderneta de saúde da criança e acompanhamento em serviços de alta complexidade. Resultados A casuística foi constituída por 50 neonatos, sendo que 52% deles estavam entre 30 e 89 dias de vida e 54% eram do gênero masculino. Apresentaram fator de risco para deficiência auditiva, 12% dos neonatos e 86% realizaram a triagem neonatal. As ações em Saúde Auditiva mostram que está havendo integralidade de atendimento na etapa hospitalar e ambulatorial, na unidade básica de saúde analisada e em serviços de alta complexidade. Conclusão O fluxo de atendimento em Triagem Auditiva Neonatal Universal converge para a Diretriz de Atenção à Saúde da Criança Curitibana, mas ainda não é universal. Concluindo-se assim, que a participação da Unidade de Estratégia de Saúde da Família, no rastreamento e monitoramento das crianças submetidas ao programa de Triagem Auditiva Neonatal Universal no município, é viável e recomendada.ABSTRACT Purpose The Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) looks for early diagnosis and rehabilitation of newborns at risk or not of hearing impairment. The purpose is analyze the flow of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in the family health care strategy unit through the tracking and monitoring of children. Methods This is a quantitative and retrospective study. The trace begins with the third copy of the Live Newborn Declaration, filled in at the maternity ward. An interview with parents and guardians was made by a community agent at the Health Unit or at the home of the newborn. Monitoring was conducted by live birth declaration and the information collected by the interviewer from maternal and child health booklet and the follow-up at high complexity services. Results The sample was made up of 50 neonates. 52% were between 30 and 89 days and 54% were male. 12% of newborns presented a risk factor for hearing loss and the neonatal screening was performed in 86% of cases. Hearing health measures show integrality in hearing impairment care at the basic health unit to high complexity hospital. Conclusion The flow of care for newborn hearing screening is in agreement with the child health care guidelines in Curitiba, however, it is not yet universal. In conclusion, the participation of the family health strategy unit in the tracking and monitoring of children submitted to the Universal newborn hearing screening program is feasible and recommended.
  • Content validation: clarity/relevance, reliability and internal
           consistency of enunciative signs of language acquisition

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo Analisar os resultados da validação de construção de sinais enunciativos de aquisição da linguagem para crianças de 3 a 12 meses. Método Os sinais foram construídos a partir de mecanismos enunciativos e experiência clínica com distúrbios de linguagem e submetidos ao julgamento, quanto à clareza e à pertinência, por seis doutores com conhecimento em psicolinguística e clínica de linguagem. A validação de fidedignidade contou com dois juízes para aplicação dos instrumentos em vídeos de 20% da amostra total das díades mãe-bebê com o método entre avaliadores. O método Consistência Interna foi aplicado no total da amostra constituída de 94 díades mãe-bebê para os sinais da Fase 1 (3 a 6 meses) e de 61 díades mãe-bebê para os sinais da Fase 2 (7 a 12 meses). A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio da interação mãe-bebê feita com base em filmagens e aplicação dos sinais conforme a faixa etária da criança. Os dados foram organizados em planilha eletrônica e convertidos para aplicativos computacionais para análise estatística. Resultados Os julgamentos quanto à clareza/pertinência mantiveram os instrumentos sem modificações. O teste de fidedignidade apontou uma concordância entre os juízes quase perfeita (0,8 ≤ Kappa ≥ 1,0), apenas o item 2 da Fase 1 apresentou uma concordância substancial (0,6 ≤ Kappa ≥ 0,79). A consistência interna para a Fase 1 apresentou alpha = 0,84 e, para a Fase 2, alpha = 0,74, demonstrando confiabilidade nos instrumentos. Conclusão Os resultados sugerem adequação quanto à validação de conteúdo dos sinais criados para ambas as faixas etárias.ABSTRACT Purpose To analyze the results of the validation of building enunciative signs of language acquisition for children aged 3 to 12 months. Methods The signs were built based on mechanisms of language acquisition in an enunciative perspective and on clinical experience with language disorders. The signs were submitted to judgment of clarity and relevance by a sample of six experts, doctors in linguistic in with knowledge of psycholinguistics and language clinic. In the validation of reliability, two judges/evaluators helped to implement the instruments in videos of 20% of the total sample of mother-infant dyads using the inter-evaluator method. The method known as internal consistency was applied to the total sample, which consisted of 94 mother-infant dyads to the contents of the Phase 1 (3-6 months) and 61 mother-infant dyads to the contents of Phase 2 (7 to 12 months). The data were collected through the analysis of mother-infant interaction based on filming of dyads and application of the parameters to be validated according to the child's age. Data were organized in a spreadsheet and then converted to computer applications for statistical analysis. Results The judgments of clarity/relevance indicated no modifications to be made in the instruments. The reliability test showed an almost perfect agreement between judges (0.8 ≤ Kappa ≥ 1.0); only the item 2 of Phase 1 showed substantial agreement (0.6 ≤ Kappa ≥ 0.79). The internal consistency for Phase 1 had alpha = 0.84, and Phase 2, alpha = 0.74. This demonstrates the reliability of the instruments. Conclusion The results suggest adequacy as to content validity of the instruments created for both age groups, demonstrating the relevance of the content of enunciative signs of language acquisition.
  • Stage of readiness of patients with behavioral dysphonia in pre and
           post-group voice therapy assessments

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo Verificar a efetividade da terapia de grupo no estágio de prontidão de pacientes com disfonia comportamental, bem como identificar que itens da Escala URICA-Voz são mais sensíveis a mudanças pós-terapia de grupo em pacientes com disfonia comportamental. Método Trata-se de um estudo de intervenção realizado com 49 pacientes com disfonia comportamental. A terapia de grupo ocorreu em oito sessões, sendo a primeira e a última de avaliação e as outras seis terapêuticas, com abordagem eclética. A escala URICA-Voz foi utilizada para avaliar o estágio de prontidão em que o paciente se encontra nos momentos pré e pós-terapia de grupo para voz. Foi realizada uma análise estatística descritiva e inferencial para a análise dos resultados. Resultados A maioria dos pacientes que participaram deste estudo era do gênero feminino, não faziam uso profissional da voz e tinham lesão membranosa da prega vocal. A maior parte estava no estágio de Contemplação tanto no momento pré quanto pós-terapia. Houve mudança significativa na comparação do pré e pós-terapia, a maioria dos pacientes apresentou redução no estágio de prontidão e poucos avançaram para um estágio maior. Na comparação dos itens da Escala URICA-V, sete questões apresentaram respostas iguais ou inferiores no momento pós-terapia. Conclusão Não houve diferença estatística ao se comparar as médias do escore total URICA-V no pré e pós-terapia de grupo. Houve mudanças significativas dos estágios de prontidão dos pacientes nos momentos pré e pós-terapia fonoaudiológica de grupo. Sete itens da URICA-V tiveram número igual ou menor no momento pós-intervenção entre os pacientes avaliados.ABSTRACT Purpose To verify the efficacy of group voice therapy in the stage of readiness and identify which items of the URICA-Voice range are more sensitive to post-therapy change in patients with behavioral dysphonia. Methods An intervention study was conducted on 49 patients with behavioral dysphonia. An eclectic approach to group therapy was implemented over eight sessions, the first and last sessions consisting of assessments. The URICA-Voice range was used to evaluate the stage of readiness at pre- and post-therapy assessments. A descriptive and inferential statistical analysis was implemented for the results. Results Most participants were female, did not make professional use of voice, and had membranous vocal fold lesions. Most of them were in the Contemplation stage at in both moments, pre- and post-therapy. There was no significant change in the comparison of pre- and post-therapy scores. The majority of patients showed a reduction in the stage of readiness and some advanced to a higher stage. In the comparison of URICA-V range items, seven questions had equal or inferior responses in the post-therapy assessment. Conclusion There was no statistical difference when comparing the pre- and post-therapy total average score of the URICA-Voice range. There were significant changes in the stage of readiness of patients in pre- and post-group speech therapy assessments.
  • Functional health literacy and quality of life of high-school adolescents
           in state schools in Belo Horizonte

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo Investigar a associação entre letramento funcional em saúde e fatores sociodemográficos, qualidade de vida, autopercepção da saúde e percepção de contextos de violência em adolescentes de escolas estaduais de Belo Horizonte. Método Trata-se de estudo observacional analítico transversal com amostra probabilística estratificada composta por 384 adolescentes entre 15 e 19 anos. A coleta de dados foi realizada em 16 escolas e incluiu questionários autoaplicáveis de avaliação do letramento funcional em saúde, classificação socioeconômica, autopercepção de saúde e de qualidade de vida. A confiabilidade da consistência interna do instrumento de letramento funcional em saúde foi determinada por meio do cálculo do coeficiente de Alfa de Cronbach. Foram realizadas análises descritivas, bivariada e de regressão logística múltipla com entrada hierarquizada dos dados segundo o nível de determinação do modelo teórico estabelecido. Foi considerado o nível de significância de 5% e utilizada como medida de magnitude das associações o Odds Ratio. Resultados O instrumento de letramento funcional em saúde apresentou coeficiente de 0,766, indicando consistência interna aceitável. Mais da metade dos adolescentes apresentou letramento funcional em saúde bom. No modelo final da análise multivariada, permaneceram associadas ao letramento funcional em saúde as variáveis: não praticar religião (p = 0,006; OR = 2,108); domínio social da qualidade de vida (p = 0,004; OR = 1,022); e domínio escolar da qualidade de vida (p = 0,009; OR = 1,019). Conclusão Adolescentes com melhor percepção do convívio social e da inserção escolar tendem a apresentar melhor letramento funcional em saúde. A presença da prática de religião na vida do adolescente também interfere no letramento funcional em saúde.ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the association between functional health literacy and sociodemographic factors, quality of life, self-perception of health, and perception of contexts of violence in adolescents in state schools in Belo Horizonte. Methods This is a cross-sectional analytical observational study with a probabilistic sample of 384 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old. Data collection was carried out in schools and included self-reporting questionnaires to assess the functional health literacy, socioeconomic classification, self-perceived health, and quality of life. The reliability of internal consistency of the functional health literacy instrument was determined by calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficient. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed using hierarchical data entry according to the level of determination of the theoretical model established. In order to evaluate the association, a significance level of 5% was considered, while the Odds Ratio used as a measure of the magnitude of the associations. Results The functional health literacy instrument presented a coefficient of 0.766, indicating adequate internal consistency. More than half of teenagers presented good functional health literacy. In the final model of multivariate analysis, the variables not practicing a religion (p = 0.006; OR = 2.108); social domain of quality of life (p = 0.004; OR = 1.022); and educational domain of quality of life (p = 0.009; OR = 1.019) remained associated with functional health literacy. Conclusion Not practicing a religion and the increase in the scores of social and educational domains of quality of life increased the chances of better functional health literacy.
  • Oral narrative of individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo Investigar e comparar a narrativa oral de indivíduos com Transtorno do Espectro Alcoólico Fetal (TEAF) e de indivíduos com desenvolvimento típico de linguagem (DTL) e correlacionar o desempenho na narrativa oral com a pontuação do “4-Digit Diagnostic Code”. Método Participaram 20 indivíduos com TEAF, de ambos os gêneros, com idade cronológica entre seis e 16 anos e 20 indivíduos com DTL, semelhantes quanto ao gênero, idade e nível socioeconômico aos do grupo TEAF. A narrativa oral foi eliciada por meio do livro “Frog, where are you'” e analisada quanto aos aspectos macroestruturais, microestruturais e nível de coerência global. Os aspectos macroestruturais incluíram elementos típicos de história e os microestruturais incluíram palavras (total, palavras diferentes), unidades comunicativas (C-Units), diversidade lexical e extensão média dos C-Units. Resultados Desempenho inferior foi encontrado para o grupo TEAF em todos os aspectos macroestruturais, exceto para os marcadores linguísticos. Dentre os aspectos microestruturais, a diversidade lexical e a ocorrência de “C-Units” incompletos foram aspectos que diferenciaram os grupos TEAF e DTL. O grupo TEAF apresentou nível de coerência global inferior ao grupo DTL. Correlações negativas foram encontradas entre os aspectos macroestruturais e os itens características faciais e alterações no Sistema Nervoso Central. Conclusão O uso restrito de elementos estruturais típicos de história com níveis inferiores de coerência e vocabulário reduzido diferenciaram o TEAF do DTL. Estudos futuros poderão explorar se a associação entre o desempenho narrativo e os itens do “4-Digit Diagnostic Code” apresentam valor preditivo no desempenho narrativo dos indivíduos com TEAF.ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate and compare the oral narrative of individuals with FASD and individuals with typical language development (TLD), as well as to correlate the narrative performance with the score from 4-Digit Diagnostic Code. Methods Participants were 20 individuals with FASD, of both genders, with chronological age between 6 and 16 years, and 20 individuals with TLD, same gender and similar to the FASD group in age and socioeconomic status. The oral narrative was elicited using the book Frog, where are you' and the data were analyzed in terms of macrostructure, microstructure and global coherence level. Measures regarding the macrostructure included the presence of typical structural elements of storytelling, while the microstructural aspects included words (total and different words), communication units (C-Units), lexical diversity, and mean length of C-Units. Results Low performance was found in the FASD group for all macrostructural aspects, with the exception of linguistic markers. Among the microstructural aspects, lexical diversity and incomplete C-Units were different between the FASD and TLD groups. The FASD group presented lower global coherence level compared to the TLD group. Negative correlations were found between macrostructural aspects, facial characteristics, and Central Nervous System impairment. Conclusion Restricted use of typical structural elements of storytelling with lower levels of coherence and reduced vocabulary distinguished the FASD from the TDL group. Future studies may explore whether the association between narrative performance and the 4-Digit Diagnostic Code items present predictive values in the narrative performance of individuals with FASD.
  • Violence in schools and the voice of teachers

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo Correlacionar a autorreferência de distúrbio vocal com hábitos que influenciam a produção da voz e situações de violência vivenciadas por professores. Método Participaram do estudo 41 professores do Fundamental da Zona Rural e Urbana. Para a coleta de dados, foram utilizados dois instrumentos: Condição de Produção Vocal - Professor (CPV-P) e o Índice de Triagem para Distúrbio de Voz – ITDV. Para a verificação da associação entre as variáveis, foi utilizado o teste Quiquadrado, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados A amostra foi composta por oito homens e 33 mulheres com idade entre 25 e 66 anos, com mediana de 39 anos. Com relação aos hábitos vocais, 33 (80,5%) pessoas referiram o costume de gritar, 40 pessoas (97,5%) se autodeclararam falar muito. Quanto aos cuidados com a voz, 31 (73,1%) pessoas relataram ingerir água enquanto realizam uso vocal. Quanto ao escore total do ITDV, 30 (73,1%) professores ficaram acima da pontuação proposta para predisposição à alteração vocal. A análise estatística evidenciou associação significativa entre o gênero feminino e a queixa de violência do tipo pichações. Não foi evidenciada nenhuma correlação significativa entre o resultado do ITDV com o gênero e ITDV com as formas de violência avaliadas no estudo. Conclusão A autorreferência sobre distúrbios de voz não apresentou relação significativa com as situações de violência. Porém, a análise do contexto de violência nas escolas e os problemas vocais são temas que merecem atenção e podem direcionar para a criação de políticas públicas capazes de minimizar o adoecimento vocal e de mecanismos que impeçam ou diminuam as situações de violência na escola.ABSTRACT Purpose To correlate self-reporting of voice disorders with habits that impact voice production and situations of violence experienced by teachers. Methods The study involved 41 elementary-school teachers of rural and urban areas. Two instruments were used for data collection: The Vocal Production Condition - Teacher (CPV-P) questionnaire and the Screening Index for Voice Disorders - ITDV. The chi-square test was used to verify association among variables with a significance level of 5%. Results The sample consisted of 8 men and 33 women aged 25-66 years with a median of 39 years. Regarding vocal habits, 33 people (80.5%) mentioned the screaming as usual practice, 40 people (97.5%) declared they talk a lot. As for voice care, 31 people (73.1%) reported drinking water while using their voice. As for the ITDV total score, 30 teachers (73.1%) were above the score threshold set for predisposition to vocal disorders. Statistical analysis revealed a significant association between female participants and complaint of graffiti writings as a type of violence. No significant correlation between the ITDV results with gender and the ITDV with forms of violence evaluated in the study was indicated. Conclusion Self-reporting of voice disorders showed no significant relationship with acts of violence. However, analysis of the context of violence in schools and vocal problems are issues worthy of attention, particularly the observed naturalization of gender inssues, which is seldom problematized.
  • Speech fluency profile on different tasks for individuals with
           Parkinson’s disease

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo Caracterizar o perfil da fluência da fala de indivíduos com Doença de Parkinson em diferentes tarefas de fala. Método Participaram do estudo 40 indivíduos, de 40 a 80 anos de idade, de ambos os gêneros, divididos em 2 grupos: GP (grupo pesquisa - 20 indivíduos com diagnóstico de Doença de Parkinson); GC (grupo controle - 20 indivíduos sem qualquer alteração de comunicação e/ou neurológica). Para todos os participantes, foram coletadas três amostras de fala envolvendo diferentes tarefas: monólogo, leitura individual e fala automática. Resultados O GP apresentou um número significativamente maior de rupturas, tanto comuns quanto gagas, e maiores porcentagens de descontinuidade de fala e disfluências gagas nas tarefas de monólogo e leitura quando comparado ao GC. Nas tarefas de fala automática, ambos os grupos apresentaram número reduzido de rupturas comuns e gagas, não apresentando diferença significante entre os grupos para esta tarefa. Em relação à velocidade de fala, tanto em palavras quanto em sílabas por minuto, os indivíduos com Doença de Parkinson apresentaram velocidade reduzida em relação ao grupo controle em todas as tarefas de fala. Conclusão O GP apresentou alteração em todos os parâmetros da fluência avaliados no presente estudo quando comparado ao grupo controle, porém esta alteração da fluência não se configura como um quadro de gagueira.ABSTRACT Purpose To characterize the speech fluency profile of patients with Parkinson’s disease. Methods Study participants were 40 individuals of both genders aged 40 to 80 years divided into 2 groups: Research Group - RG (20 individuals with diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease) and Control Group - CG (20 individuals with no communication or neurological disorders). For all of the participants, three speech samples involving different tasks were collected: monologue, individual reading, and automatic speech. Results The RG presented a significant larger number of speech disruptions, both stuttering-like and typical dysfluencies, and higher percentage of speech discontinuity in the monologue and individual reading tasks compared with the CG. Both groups presented reduced number of speech disruptions (stuttering-like and typical dysfluencies) in the automatic speech task; the groups presented similar performance in this task. Regarding speech rate, individuals in the RG presented lower number of words and syllables per minute compared with those in the CG in all speech tasks. Conclusion Participants of the RG presented altered parameters of speech fluency compared with those of the CG; however, this change in fluency cannot be considered a stuttering disorder.
  • Elaboration of an instrument to investigate the acquisition of minimal
           contrast perception in the Brazilian sign language

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo Elaborar um instrumento para verificar a percepção dos contrastes mínimos, mediante a utilização de pares de sinais, os quais apresentam oposições em relação a um dos parâmetros: configuração de mão, locação de mão, movimento de mão e orientação de mão. Método Realizou-se um levantamento dos pares mínimos e foram confeccionadas figuras por um profissional das artes visuais, essas foram dispostas em três colunas, podendo ser iguais ou diferentes. Realizou-se a gravação de um vídeo contendo uma intérprete que realizava dois sinais por vez, para que o sujeito que fosse avaliado pudesse visualizá-los e apontar, nas figuras, quais sinais foram solicitados. Os julgadores analisaram os pares, referindo se estavam adequados, podendo realizar modificações ou solicitar que o par mínimo fosse retirado. Os julgadores verificaram ainda se as figuras estavam claras e se eram do vocabulário de crianças. Resultados A análise de concordância realizada entre os avaliadores mostrou resultado significativo para o critério julgado como ‘não é par mínimo’. Foram retirados do instrumento 13 itens, pois variavam em mais de um parâmetro, configurando, dessa forma, pares análogos e não pares mínimos. Foram modificados 16 pares e acrescentados sete que variavam quanto ao parâmetro orientação, configurando um total de 35 pares mínimos na versão final do instrumento. Conclusão O objetivo de elaborar um instrumento de percepção de contrastes mínimos foi alcançado, sendo realizados alguns ajustes necessários durante a avaliação de seu conteúdo pelos juízes. O instrumento final foi composto por 35 pares, os quais diferem em somente um parâmetro.ABSTRACT Purpose To design an instrument to check the perception of minimal contrasts by through pairs of signs, which differ in one the following parameters: handshape, hand location, hand movement and hand orientation. Methods An inventory of minimal pairs was made and some pictures were drawn by a visual artist. These pictures were organized into three columns, which could be equal or different from each other in the pair. A video file with an interpreter making two signs at a time was played to the individual taking the test and this was expected to watch the signs and point to the pictures that corresponded to them. Raters analyzed the pairs and decided whether or not they were accurate. They could modify the pairs or ask for particular pairs to be removed; they also checked if the pictures were clear and if they were part of the children’s vocabulary. Results The analysis of agreement among raters had a significant result for the criterion rated as 'not a minimal pair'. Thus, 13 items were removed from the instrument because they differed as to more than one parameter, and were considered either analogous or not minimal pairs. Additionally, 16 pairs were modified, and seven pairs which differed in orientation, were added. As a consequence, there was a total of 35 minimal pairs in the final version of the instrument. Conclusion The purpose of designing an instrument for evaluation of the perception of minimal contrasts was achieved. Some adjustments were made during the assessment of the content of the instrument as suggested by raters. The final instrument was composed of 35 pairs which differ from each other in only one parameter.
  • Orofacial characteristics of functionally independent elders

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo conhecer as características orofaciais de idosos funcionalmente independentes e analisar a associação com a idade, gênero, nível socioeconômico e estado dentário. Método estudo observacional, transversal de caráter analítico com amostra não probabilística. Foi aplicado o instrumento validado “Protocolo de Avaliação Miofuncional Orofacial com Escalas para Idoso” em sujeitos funcionalmente independentes com idade igual ou acima de 60 anos, em boas condições de saúde segundo avaliação geriátrica padronizada, intitulada Protocolo de Avaliação Multidimensional do Idoso. Resultados os idosos apresentaram padrões de normalidade acima de 60% nos parâmetros de aspecto e mobilidade das estruturas. As alterações significantes foram: sulco nasolabial acentuado; bochechas flácidas ou arqueadas; vedamento labial com tensão ou ausência de vedamento e comissuras labiais deprimidas. As alterações de mobilidade foram pequenas, entre 20,6% e 33,8%, com maior prevalência na elevação da língua e lateralização do ar em bochechas infladas e da mandíbula. Não houve relação destes achados perante a progressão da idade e as classes socioeconômicas. As mulheres apresentaram maior chance de exibirem aspecto normal dos lábios e alguma alteração da mobilidade. O número de dentes associou-se com o volume e a configuração dos lábios e a mobilidade da mandíbula. Além disso, o uso de prótese dentária associou-se significativamente com o aspecto do sulco nasolabial e a tensão/configuração das bochechas. Conclusão este trabalho sugere que o sistema oromiofacial encontra-se dentro dos padrões de normalidade na maioria dos idosos funcionalmente independentes. O que ampara a atuação multiprofissional na prevenção, promoção e tratamento da saúde oromiofuncional dos idosos.ABSTRACT Purpose to understand the main orofacial characteristics of functionally independent elderly individuals and to investigate their association with age, gender, socioeconomic level, and dental status. Methods an observational, cross-sectional, and analytical study was carried out with a non-probabilistic sample. Inclusion criteria: minimum age of 60 years, individual in good health conditions according to a pre-established protocol published by the health care service. In order to collect the data, we used the validated Orofacial Myofunctional Evaluation with Scores for Aged Protocol. Results The elderly individuals presented normal patterns in more than 60% of the appearance and mobility parameters. Significant alterations observed were: pronounced nasolabial sulcus; flaccid or arched cheeks; labial sealing with tension or absence of sealing; and depressed labial commissures. Alterations in mobility were few, between 20.6% and 33.8%, with higher prevalence of alterations when raising the tongue, lateralizing air inflated in cheeks and jaw. There was no relationship between these findings and the progression of age and socioeconomic classes. Women were more likely to show normal appearance of lips and some alterations in lips mobility. The number of teeth was associated with the volume and shape of lips and with jaw mobility. In addition, the use of dental prosthesis was shown to be significantly related to the nasolabial sulcus aspect and the configuration/tension of cheeks. Conclusion This study suggests normal patterns of oromyofacial system in most functionally independent elderly individuals. It supports multidisciplinary action for prevention, promotion, and treatment of the elderly population’s oral functions.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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