Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1540 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (722 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (389 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (108 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (131 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (722 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 276)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

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CoDAS
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.267
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ISSN (Online) 2317-1782
Published by SciELO Homepage  [913 journals]
  • Influence of speech stimuli in the auditory perceptual identification of
           hypernasality in individuals with cleft lip and palate

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo Investigar a influência de estímulos de fala distintos na identificação perceptivo-auditiva da hipernasalidade em indivíduos com fissura labiopalatina operada (FLP). Método Foram editadas amostras de fala gravadas em áudio de 80 indivíduos com FLP unilateral operada, de ambos os sexos, com idades entre 9 e 17 anos (média=12 anos e 7 meses). As amostras foram gravadas durante a produção de 9 estímulos de fala distintos: contagem de números e conjuntos de frase orais, sendo 1 constituído por consoantes de baixa pressão e 7 constituídos por consoantes de alta pressão. Três fonoaudiólogas identificaram a presença ou ausência da hipernasalidade ao analisarem 864 gravações (80 indivíduos X 9 estímulos + 144 gravações repetidas para análise de concordância intra-avaliador). Os índices de concordância intra e interavaliadores foram estabelecidos para todos os 9 estímulos de fala e comparados entre si por meio do Teste Z, com nível de significância de 5%, com maiores índices de concordância interpretados como melhores estímulos para identificação da hipernasalidade. Resultados Índices de concordância intra-avaliadores de estímulos de fala vozeados foram significativamente menores do que outros estímulos. Índices de concordância entre os pares de fonoaudiólogas variaram de 0,11 (concordância estímulos plosivos vozeados) a 0,57 (12 frases, uma com cada consoante de alta pressão), com média de 0,47 entre as três avaliadoras, indicando concordância moderada para identificação da hipernasalidade. Conclusão Gravações de fala obtidas durante a produção de estímulos mais longos, incluindo 12 frases, uma com cada consoante de pressão, podem favorecer a concordância interavaliador na identificação da hipernasalidade.ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the influence of speech stimuli in the auditory perceptual identification of hypernasality in individuals with Cleft Lip and Palate (CLP). Methods Speech samples from 80 individuals with operated unilateral CLP, ages ranged from nine to 17 years (the mean age of: 12y7m), both genders, were edited for this study. Samples were recorded over the production of nine different speech stimuli, including counting and short sentences characterized by oral sounds, one loaded with low pressure consonants and seven loaded with high pressure consonants. Three speech-language pathologists rated the presence or absence of hypernasality while analyzing 864 recordings (80 individuals X 9 stimuli + 144 repeated recordings, for measuring the intra-rater agreement). Intra-rater and inter-rater indexes of agreement were established for all nine stimulus conditions. The indexes of inter-rater agreement were compared using the Z test (p<0.005), with samples comprising significant indexes of agreement interpreted as better stimuli for identifying the hypernasality in these individuals. Results Intra-rater agreement for high pressure stimuli with voiced consonants were significantly lower than indexes for other stimuli. Inter-rater agreement between each pair of SLPs ranged from 0.11 (plosive voicing stimuli) to 0.57 (12 short sentences, one of each high pressure consonant). The values of mean inter-rater agreement between all SLPs was 0.47 indicating moderate agreement for identifying hypernasal speech. Conclusion Speech recordings obtained over the production of longer speech samples including 12 short sentences, for instance one for each high pressure consonant, may favor inter-rater agreement for identifying hypernasality.
       
  • Hearing and speech performance after cochlear implantation in children
           with Waardenburg syndrome

    • Abstract: RESUMO A Síndrome de Waardenburg (SW) é uma condição genética rara de padrão autossômico dominante e que pode cursar com perda auditiva neurossensorial. Nesse relato, apresentamos o desempenho da audição e linguagem de três crianças com SW, com zero, três, nove, doze e sessenta meses de seguimento após implante coclear (IC). As crianças foram avaliadas através dos questionários Escala de Integração Auditiva IT-MAIS (até 5 anos), MAIS (maiores de 5 anos), Escala de Utilização da Fala (MUSS) e categorizados quanto à audição e linguagem. Os resultados demonstraram uma melhora no desempenho da audição e linguagem ao longo do tempo, sendo que os dois pacientes que usaram o IC por 5 anos alcançaram 100% no IT-MAIS, MAIS e MUSS. Além disso, ambos foram capazes de compreender sentenças em conjunto aberto e possuem fala fluente, considerando-se as categorias de audição e linguagem. O terceiro paciente, com 50 meses de seguimento, encontra-se, na avaliação aos 48 meses, na categoria 5 de audição e 3 de linguagem. Conclui-se assim que as crianças da pesquisa, que apresentavam níveis baixos de audição e linguagem antes do implante coclear, passaram a apresentar melhores respostas auditivas e linguísticas após a implantação e reabilitação.ABSTRACT Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a rare autosomal-dominant syndrome that can be presented with sensorineural hearing loss. In this report, we describe the outcomes of three children with WS at zero, three, nine, twelve and sixty months after cochlear implant (CI) fitting. The outcomes were assessed using IT-MAIS (Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale – younger than 5 year), MAIS (Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale – older than 5 year), MUSS (Meaningful Use of Speech Scale), and categories of auditory performance and speech intelligibility. The results showed an improvement in auditory and language performance over time, two patients who used CI for 5 years achieved 100% in IT-MAIS and MUSS tests. In addition, both were able to understand sentences in open set and achieve fluent speech. Moreover, both reached fluency on auditory and language performance scale. The third patient with 50 months of follow-up and in the 48 months evaluation, is in category 5 of auditory performance and 3 of speech intelligibility. We concluded that all children who had low levels of hearing and language before cochlear implant have improved hearing and language skills after implantation and rehabilitation.
       
  • Interference of the communicative profile of children with autism spectrum
           disorders upon their mother’s quality of life

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo A Organização Mundial de Saúde define a qualidade de vida como a percepção que o indivíduo tem de sua posição na vida dentro do contexto cultural e do sistema de valores nos quais ele está inserido. Ela está intrinsicamente relacionada aos objetivos, expectativas, padrões e preocupações deste indivíduo. Sabe-se que, quando um membro da família é acometido por alguma doença, a qualidade de vida de todos ao seu redor sofre forte impacto. Uma das grandes preocupações das famílias em relação ao desenvolvimento da criança com Transtorno do Espectro do Autismo (TEA) é a ausência da fala. Sendo assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a interferência do meio comunicativo da criança com TEA na qualidade de vida de suas mães. Método Trata-se de um estudo transversal. A amostra foi constituída por 41 mães de crianças diagnosticadas, por equipe multidisciplinar, com TEA que foram divididas em dois grupos: 20 mães de crianças não verbais - GTEA-NV e 21 mães de crianças verbais - GTEA. Para a análise da qualidade de vida das mães, aplicou-se o questionário WHOQOL-Bref. Resultados Não houve diferença significante na percepção materna acerca dos domínios que refletem a qualidade de vida na comparação entre os grupos de mães. Em ambos os grupos, observamos índices elevados de insatisfação. Conclusão Verificamos que a qualidade de vida das mães das crianças com TEA esteve afetada independentemente do meio comunicativo utilizado pela criança.ABSTRACT Purpose According to the World Health Organization, quality of life is defined as the perception an individual has on his/her position within the cultural context and the system of values in which he/she is contained. This perception is intrinsically related to the objectives, expectations, patterns, and concerns of such an individual. We know that when a member of a family is assailed by an ailment, the quality of life of all of those who surround him/her suffer a strong impact. One of the great concerns of the families regarding the development of a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is the lack or impairment of the child's speech. Thus, the objective of this study was to analyze the interference of the communicative means of children with ASD upon the quality of life of their mothers. Methods This was a transversal study. The sample was obtained from 41 mothers of children diagnosed with ASD by a multi-disciplinary team: the mothers were divided into two groups: 20 mothers of non-verbal children-GASD-NV; and 21 mothers of verbal children-GASD. We applied the WHOQOL-Bref questionnaire to score and analyze the quality of life of these mothers. Results There was no significant difference in the maternal perception related to the domains that reflected the quality of life which we compared between these two groups of mothers. In both groups, we observed high indexes of dissatisfaction. Conclusion We verified that the quality of life of the mothers of children with ASD was affected regardless of the communicative means used by the child.
       
  • The applicability of high resolution manometry in total laryngectomy

    • Abstract: Abstract: Purpose: This study aims to measure the pressure of the pharynx and the pharyngoesophageal segment (PES) at rest and during phonation in total laryngectomized patients, with different levels of voice production. Methods: four total laryngectomized individuals participated in the study, All patients underwent High Resolution Manometry (MAR) at rest and during phonation. After this process, a descriptive analysis of the results was performed. Results: we observed that during rest the patients had PES pressure below normal and this data may be related to changes in the muscular connections at the level of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) especially the interruption of the cricopharyngeal plexus. During phonation, two patients presented higher UES pressure values during phonation, when compared to the values found at rest, suggesting that introduction of air into the esophagus is followed by pharyngoesophageal contraction and that during phonation the patients with good esophageal speech may develop more pressure in this region. Conclusion: Studies with a greater number of participants may help define, for example, subjects who may benefit from procedures such as cricopharyngeal myotomy or other medical conduct in order to facilitate the acquisition of esophageal voice in these patients.Resumo: Objetivo: medir a pressão da faringe e do segmento faringo-esofágico (SFE), no repouso e durante a sua vibração (na produção de voz esofágica) em pacientes laringectomizados totais com diferentes níveis de produção de voz. Método: participaram do estudo quatro indivíduos laringectomizados totais, todos submetidos à Manometria de Alta Resolução (MAR) no repouso e durante a fonação. Após esse processo, foi realizada uma análise descritiva dos resultados. Resultados: em nosso estudo, observamos que, durante o repouso, os pacientes apresentaram pressão do esfíncter esofágico superior (EES) abaixo da normalidade, e este dado pode estar relacionado a alterações das conexões musculares, ao nível do EES, especialmente, a interrupção do plexo cricofaríngeo. Durante a fonação, dois pacientes apresentaram maiores valores de pressão do EES, em todas as fonações, quando comparado com os valores encontrados no repouso, sugerindo que a introdução de ar no esôfago é seguida de contração faringo-esofágica e que, durante a fonação, os pacientes bons falantes esofágicos, podem desenvolver maior pressão nesta região. Conclusão: estudos com maior número de participantes podem ajudar a definir, por exemplo, sujeitos que poderão se beneficiar de procedimentos como a miotomia do cricofaríngeo ou outra conduta médica, a fim de facilitar a aquisição de voz esofágica nesses pacientes.
       
  • Morphosyntactic Evaluation Protocol (MEP): validation of content

    • Abstract: Abstract: Introduction: the use of language assessment instruments in the area of speech-language-therapy is essential for the diagnosis and, consequently, for therapeutic planning. In Brazil, there is a shortage of instruments constructed and validated in the morphosyntax area. Morphosyntactic Evaluation Protocol (MEP) was constructed based on the main syntactic characteristics of the period of acquisition of children’s language, on the Portuguese grammatical structure and the application in a pilot study. Objective: To verify the validity of MEP content. Methods: for the validation process, the instrument was applied and analyzed through a questionnaire by three judges, a linguist and two speech-language specialists with experience in assisting children with Language Development Disorder. The Index of Judges’ Reliability was used to compare the results of the protocol application and the Cronbach’s Alpha tests, Spearman-Brown and Content Validity Index (CVI) in the questionnaire responses. Results: the statistical tests applied in the validation of content legitimized the reliability of the instrument with indexes considered substantial for both alpha coefficients, higher than 0.80, Spearman and the CVI test had a maximum concept of 1.0. Conclusion: there were compliance and compatibility in the answers of the experts, which indicates the reliability of the instrument. The results of the statistical tests legitimize the reliability of the instrument with indexes considered substantial for alpha and Spearman coefficient. In the future, the protocol may help characterize the syntactic profile of children with language developmental disorder.Resumo: Introdução: a utilização de instrumentos de avaliação de linguagem na área da Fonoaudiologia é essencial para a realização do diagnóstico e, consequentemente, para o planejamento terapêutico. No Brasil há escassez de instrumentos construídos e validados na área da morfossintaxe. Protocolo de Avaliação Morfossintática (PAM) foi construído com base nas principais características sintáticas do período de aquisição da linguagem infantil, na estrutura gramatical da língua portuguesa e na aplicação em estudo piloto. Objetivo: verificar a validade de conteúdo do PAM. Método: para o processo de validação, o instrumento foi aplicado e analisado por meio de questionário por três juízes, um linguista e dois fonoaudiólogos especialistas em linguagem com experiência no atendimento de crianças com transtorno de linguagem. Foi usado o Índice de Fidedignidade entre os juízes para comparação dos resultados da aplicação do protocolo e os testes Alpha de Cronbach, Spearman-Brown e Índice de Validade de Conteúdo (IVC) nas respostas do questionário. Resultados: os testes estatísticos aplicados na validação de conteúdo legitimaram a fidedignidade do instrumento com índices considerados substanciais tanto para coeficiente alpha, maior que 0,80, Spearman e o teste IVC teve conceito máximo de 1,0. Conclusão: houve conformidade e compatibilidade nas respostas dos especialistas o que indica confiabilidade do instrumento. Os resultados dos testes estatísticos legitimam a fidedignidade com índices considerados substanciais tanto para coeficiente Alpha, como Spearman. No futuro, o protocolo poderá auxiliar na caracterização do perfil sintático de crianças com alterações no desenvolvimento de linguagem.
       
  • Performance of public and private school students in auditory processing,
           receptive vocabulary, and reading comprehension

    • Abstract: Abstract: Purpose: To characterize the performance of 5th grade students from public and private elementary schools in auditory processing, receptive vocabulary, and reading comprehension. Methods: The study sample was composed of 34 Elementary School (5th grade) students: 16 from public school (PubG) and 18 from private school (PrivG), whose parents and teachers responded to questionnaires on their language development, socioeconomic level, and academic performance. The auditory skills of figure-ground, association between auditory and visual stimuli, figure-ground for linguistic sounds, binaural integration, temporal ordering, and temporal resolution were assessed using the following auditory behavioral instruments: Pediatric Speech Intelligibility (PSI) test, Dichotic Digits Test (DDT), Auditec® Frequency Pattern Test (FPT), and Gaps-in-Noise (GIN) test. Receptive vocabulary and reading comprehension were evaluated using the TVF-usp and PROLEC tests, respectively. Results: Statistically significant differences were observed between the socioeconomic level of students in both schools. Although the results obtained in the applied tests were within the reference values in both groups, there was a tendency to higher scores in the PrivG. Differences between the groups were also verified in the DDT and FPT. Values similar to normality were obtained in the temporal resolution and reading comprehension assessments. On the vocabulary test, most school children in the PrivG were concentrated in the ‘high’ and ‘middle’ categories, whereas those in the PubG were in the ‘middle’ and ‘low’ categories. Conclusion: There are differences in performance between students from private and public schools. Public school children presented right ear advantage in the dichotic task, whereas private school children showed more efficient mechanisms and strategies regarding auditory stimuli for the tasks of binaural integration, temporal ordering, and interhemispheric transfer. Temporal resolution reached values expected for the adult population in both groups. Better vocabulary performance was observed in the most economically favored children. Elementary School (5th grade) students from both school networks present developed reading.Resumo: Objetivo: caracterizar o desempenho de escolares de 5º ano do ensino fundamental de escola pública e privada em processamento auditivo, vocabulário receptivo e compreensão leitora. Método: foram avaliadas 34 crianças do 5º ano do ensino fundamental (GPub: 16 de escola pública; e GPriv: 18 de escola privada), cujos pais e professores responderam a questionários sobre o desenvolvimento da linguagem, nível socioeconômico e desempenho acadêmico. As habilidades auditivas de figura-fundo e associação de estímulos auditivos e visuais, figura-fundo para sons linguísticos, integração binaural, ordenação temporal e resolução temporal foram avaliadas com os testes comportamentais Pediatric Speech Intelligibility Test, Dicótico de Dígitos, Teste Padrão de Frequência versão da Auditec® e Gaps-in-Noise. O vocabulário foi avaliado com o Teste de Vocabulário por Figuras USP e a compreensão leitora com teste PROLEC. Resultados: houve diferença significante entre o nível socioeconômico dos grupos pesquisados, embora, em ambos os grupos, pôde-se observar resultados dentro dos valores de referência nos testes aplicados. Houve uma tendência a pontuações mais elevadas no grupo de alunos da escola privada. Houve diferença nos testes Dicótico de Dígitos e Padrão de Frequência. Os valores obtidos no teste de resolução temporal se equipararam à normalidade, assim como na avaliação da compreensão leitora. A maioria das crianças do ensino privado concentrou-se nas categorias ‘elevado’ e ‘médio’ do teste de vocabulário. As crianças do ensino público concentraram-se nas categorias ‘médio’ e ‘rebaixado’. Conclusão: as crianças do ensino público apresentaram uma vantagem da orelha direita na tarefa dicótica. A resolução temporal atingiu valores esperados para a população adulta em ambos os grupos. Melhor desempenho em vocabulário foi observado nas crianças mais favorecidas economicamente. A leitura encontra-se desenvolvida no 5º ano do ensino fundamental de ambas as redes.
       
  • Assessment of the gustatory function in patients with advanced oral cavity
           and oropharyngeal cancer

    • Abstract: Abstract: Purpose: The changes in gustatory function resulting from oncological treatment occur mainly after radiotherapy. However, the head and neck tumors, because of the anatomical location of the lesion, can themselves trigger significant changes in the feeding-related functions - including taste. To assess the gustatory function in patients diagnosed with advanced oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer. Method: This descriptive cross-sectional study comprised 31 individuals with advanced oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer, referred for oncological treatment with radiotherapy, either alone or in combination with chemotherapy. The “taste strips” test was applied; it consists of inserting solutions with four different concentrations each for salty, sweet, and sour tastes, and three concentrations for the bitter taste, on the tongue. Results: Most of the individuals were diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer. Approximately half of the sample already had taste-related complaints, and more than 80%, swallowing-related complaints. The overall frequency of hypogeusia was 38.7%, in which the bitter taste stood out in its isolated assessment. The association of change in gustatory function proved to be significant in patients in stage T4. Conclusion: The decrease in gustatory function in individuals with oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer was evidenced in this study, especially when associated with tumors in stage T4. Regarding feeding, most of them reported complaints of dysphagia, suggesting the importance of the speech-language-hearing assessment and follow-up, even before the oncological treatment, to minimize the risks of dysphagia.Abstract: Purpose: The changes in gustatory function resulting from oncological treatment occur mainly after radiotherapy. However, the head and neck tumors, because of the anatomical location of the lesion, can themselves trigger significant changes in the feeding-related functions - including taste. To assess the gustatory function in patients diagnosed with advanced oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer. Method: This descriptive cross-sectional study comprised 31 individuals with advanced oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer, referred for oncological treatment with radiotherapy, either alone or in combination with chemotherapy. The “taste strips” test was applied; it consists of inserting solutions with four different concentrations each for salty, sweet, and sour tastes, and three concentrations for the bitter taste, on the tongue. Results: Most of the individuals were diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer. Approximately half of the sample already had taste-related complaints, and more than 80%, swallowing-related complaints. The overall frequency of hypogeusia was 38.7%, in which the bitter taste stood out in its isolated assessment. The association of change in gustatory function proved to be significant in patients in stage T4. Conclusion: The decrease in gustatory function in individuals with oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer was evidenced in this study, especially when associated with tumors in stage T4. Regarding feeding, most of them reported complaints of dysphagia, suggesting the importance of the speech-language-hearing assessment and follow-up, even before the oncological treatment, to minimize the risks of dysphagia.
       
  • Postural balance in type 2 diabetics with vertigo, dizziness and/or
           unsteadiness

    • Abstract: Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate the postural balance of type 2 diabetics with vertigo, dizziness, and/or unsteadiness. Methods: limit of stability, pressure center displacement area, and sway velocity of 20 patients with type 2 diabetes were compared with 22 controls using the Balance Rehabilitation Unit (BRUTM, Medicaa) posturography. Results: Compared to the control group, patients with type 2 diabetes showed a significantly lower limit of stability and a significantly higher-pressure center displacement area on a firm surface with eyes open, eyes closed, and horizontal vestibular-visual interaction; and higher sway velocity on a firm surface with eyes open and with eyes closed. Conclusion: type 2 diabetics with vertigo, dizziness, and/or imbalance compromised postural balance related to visual stimuli and vestibular-visual interaction and moderate impairment in the quality of life.Resumo: Objetivo: avaliar o equilíbrio postural em diabéticos tipo 2 com vertigem, tontura e/ou instabilidade. Método: área do limite de estabilidade, área de deslocamento do centro de pressão e velocidade de oscilação de 20 pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 com vertigem, tontura e/ou instabilidade foram comparados a um grupo controle com 22 indivíduos hígidos à posturografia do Balance Rehabilitation Unit (BRUTM). Resultados: a área do limite de estabilidade dos diabéticos tipo 2 foi significantemente menor do que a do grupo controle. Os diabéticos tipo 2 apresentaram valores significantemente maiores quanto à área de deslocamento do centro de pressão, em superfície firme, de olhos abertos, olhos fechados e com interação visuovestibular na direção horizontal; e quanto à velocidade de oscilação em superfície firme, de olhos abertos e olhos fechados. Conclusão: diabéticos tipo 2 com vertigem, tontura e/ou instabilidade apresentam comprometimento do equilíbrio postural relacionado com estímulos visuais e de interação visuovestibular e prejuízo moderado na qualidade de vida.
       
  • Peri-intraventricular hemorrhage: Study of the inhibitory effect of
           auditory efferent pathway

    • Abstract: Abstract: Purpose: to determine the functioning of the efferent auditory system in premature newborns with intraventricular hemorrhage. Method: the sample consisted of 44 newborns, divided into two groups. The study group was composed of 22 premature newborns with intraventricular hemorrhage/and the control group was composed of 22 newborns without intraventricular hemorrhage, matched to the study group for gestational age, correct gestational age and sex. The groups were submitted to the evaluation of the inhibitory effect of auditory efferent in otoacoustic emissions (equipment ILOv6-Otodynamics Ltda®) and auditory evoked potential with and without contralateral noise (equipment SmartEP-Intelligent Hearing Systems®). Results: newborns with intraventricular hemorrhage exhibited a higher occurrence of central hearing alteration as well as a lesser occurrence of the inhibitory effect of auditory efferent in otoacoustic emissions and auditory evoked potential compared to the newborns without this condition. An association was found between central hearing alteration and a lower occurrence of inhibitory effect. Agreement was found between the inhibitory effect test on otoacoustic emissions and latency of the auditory evoked potential. Conclusion: premature newborns with intraventricular hemorrhage have a greater occurrence of functional abnormality of the afferent auditory system, which can be effectively identified through an evaluation of the inhibitory effect of auditory efferent in otoacoustic emissions evoked by a transient stimulus and latency parameter in the brainstem auditory evoked potential.Resumo: Objetivo: verificar o funcionamento do sistema auditivo eferente em recém-nascidos pré-termo com hemorragia peri-intraventricular. Método: a amostra foi constituída por 44 recém-nascidos, distribuídos em dois grupos. O grupo estudo foi composto por 22 recém-nascidos pré-termo com hemorragia peri-intraventricular, e o grupo controle por 22 sem hemorragia peri-intraventricular, pareados por idade gestacional, idade gestacional corrigida e sexo. Os grupos foram submetidos à avaliação do efeito inibitório da via auditiva eferente nas emissões otoacústicas (equipamento ILOv6-Otodynamics Ltda ® ) e no potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico, sem e com ruído contralateral (equipamento Smart-EP-Intelligent Hearing Systems ® ). Resultados: recém-nascidos com hemorragia peri-intraventricular apresentaram maior ocorrência de alteração central, além de menor ocorrência do efeito inibitório da via auditiva eferente nas emissões otoacústicas e no potencial evocado auditivo. Houve associação entre alteração auditiva central e menor ocorrência do efeito inibitório. Observou-se, também, concordância entre o efeito inibitório da via auditiva eferente nas emissões otoacústicas e nas latências do potencial evocado auditivo. Conclusão: recém-nascidos pré-termo com hemorragia peri-intraventricular apresentaram maior ocorrência de alteração funcional do sistema auditivo eferente, que pôde ser identificada de forma efetiva por meio da avaliação do efeito inibitório da via eferente nas emissões otoacústicas evocadas por estímulo transiente e no parâmetro latência do potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico.
       
  • Quantitative and qualitative assessment of body balance in active elderly
           women and their relation to health in general

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o equilíbrio postural de idosas independentes e sua relação com aspectos de saúde, faixa etária e qualidade de vida. Métodos: foram selecionadas 44 idosas independentes classificadas de acordo com as escalas: Index de Independência nas Atividades de Vida Diária (AVD) e das Atividades Instrumentais de Vida Diária (AIVD), com média de idade de 70,5 anos (+6,64), submetidas à anamnese, Posturografia Dinâmica Foam Laser, por meio do teste da organização sensorial (TOS) e analise sensorial, utilizada para avaliar as funções vestibular, proprioceptiva e visual; ao questionário Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) nos sujeitos com queixa de tontura e o questionário de qualidade de vida WHOQOL-Bref. Resultados: os testes apontaram diferença significativa entre as alterações na avaliação posturográfica e aspectos de saúde como queixa de tontura (p = 0,02), doenças metabólicas (p = 0,04), cardiovasculares (p = 0,02), dores na coluna (p = 0,02) e com o uso de medicação contínua (p = 0,03), autorrelatadas. As idosas mais velhas apresentaram pontuação inferior no domínio funcional do DHI (p = 0,02), demonstrando menor restrição de participação nas atividades de vida diária e, quanto maior a idade, melhor a qualidade de vida no domínio psicológico do WHOQOL-Bref (p = 0,04). Conclusão: a presença da tontura e das doenças sistêmicas impactou negativamente no equilíbrio postural e na qualidade de vida das idosas avaliadas.ABSTRACT Purpose: to analyze the postural balance of independent elderly women and their relation with aspects of health, ages and quality of life. Methods: a total of 44 independent elderly women, classified according to the scales: Index of Independence in Daily Life Activities (DLA) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Life (IADL), aged 70.5 years (+6.64), submitted to the Foam-Laser Dynamic Posturography were used to evaluate the vestibular, proprioceptive and visual functions; the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) questionnaire on subjects with dizziness and the WHOQOL-Bref quality of life questionnaire. Results: the tests showed a significant difference between the changes in the posturographic evaluation and health aspects such as dizziness complaint (p = 0.02), metabolic diseases (p = 0.04), cardiovascular diseases (p = 0.02) and with the use of continuous medication (p = 0.03), self-reported. The older women presented lower scores in the functional domain of the DHI (p=0.02), showing a lower handicap in activities of daily living and the longer the quality of life in the WHOQOL-Bref psychological domain (p=0.04). Conclusion: the presence of dizziness and systemic diseases had a negative impact on postural balance and on the quality of life of the elderly women
       
  • Interaction betwenn family and child/adolescent with hearing deficiency

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo: conhecer como ocorre a interação da família com a criança/adolescente com deficiência auditiva. Método: pesquisa qualitativa de caráter descritivo e exploratório desenvolvida em uma escola especial no Sul do Brasil. Os participantes foram 10 cuidadores principais de crianças/adolescentes surdas entre 10 e 19 anos. A coleta ocorreu no mês de novembro de 2017, por meio de entrevista semiestruturada contendo questões acerca do processo de comunicação de crianças/adolescentes surdos com suas famílias. As informações foram analisadas por meio de análise temática. O estudo foi encaminhado e aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética sob o parecer número 2.333.560. Resultados: desvelou-se como temática principal do estudo “Interação entre a família e a criança/adolescente com deficiência auditiva”, que contempla dois subtemas: potencialidades e fragilidades na comunicação da família com a criança/adolescente com deficiência auditiva e aprendendo no cuidado da criança/adolescente com deficiência auditiva. Conclusão: identificou-se que a interação do surdo com a família e a sociedade é prejudicada pelo desconhecimento das pessoas acerca da comunidade surda e da Língua Brasileira de Sinais, o que gera preocupação nos cuidadores que, muitas vezes, superprotegem a criança/adolescente, podendo limitar o pleno desenvolvimento de suas habilidades e autonomia.ABSTRACT Purpose: to know the family interaction with the hearing impaired child/adolescent. Methods: descriptive and exploratory qualitative research developed at a Special School in Southern Brazil. Participants were 10 primary caregivers of deaf children/adolescents between 10 and 19 years old. The collection took place in November 2017, through semi-structured interviews containing questions about the communication process of deaf children/adolescents with their families. The information was analyzed through thematic analysis. The study was submitted and approved by the Ethics Committee under opinion number 2.333.560. Results: as the main theme of the study “Interaction between the family and the child/adolescent with hearing impairment”, it addresses two sub-themes: potentialities and weaknesses in the communication of the family with the child/adolescent with hearing impairment and learning in the care of the child/adolescent with hearing impairment. Conclusion: it was identified that the interaction of the deaf with the family and society is impaired by people’s lack of knowledge about the deaf community and the Brazilian Sign Language, which raises concern in caregivers who often overprotect the child/adolescent which may limit the full development of their skills and autonomy.
       
  • Identification of relevant International Classification of Functioning
           Disability and Health (ICF) categories in patients with 22q11.2 Deletion
           Syndrome: a Delphi exercise

    • Abstract: ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the most typical and relevant categories of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) for patients with 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome. Methods: Based on the Delphi technique an expert survey through e-mail was performed among health professionals’ specialists in the 22q11.2DS. Data were collected in 2 rounds. Answers were analysed for the degree of consensus. Results: 7 Experts recruited through e-mail distribution lists of professional organizations and personal networks participated in the study. Categories in all ICF components that were considered typical and/or relevant by at least 80% of the responders were added to a pilot ICF instrument for children with 22q11.2DS, with a total of 145 ICF categories. Conclusion: a list of ICF categories that are considered relevant and typical for 22q11.2DS condition by international experts was created. This is an important step towards identifying ICF Core Sets for chronic paediatric conditions in Brazil.
       
  • Augmentative and Alternative Communication on Autism Spectrum Disorder:
           Impacts on Communication

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar os efeitos da intervenção fonoaudiológica com Comunicação Aumentativa e Alternativa (CAA) nos atos comunicativos em crianças com Transtorno do Espectro do Autismo (TEA). Método: Trata-se de uma pesquisa do tipo estudo de caso, com caráter longitudinal, sendo a amostra constituída por três sujeitos atendidos em uma Clínica Escola de Fonoaudiologia. Os dados primários foram obtidos a partir da observação de vídeos gravados de sessões de avaliação pré e pós intervenção da terapeuta com cada criança em atividades lúdicas, enquanto os dados secundários são advindos das entrevistas com os pais. A análise foi realizada baseada na prova de pragmática do Teste de Linguagem Infantil - ABFW, por meio observacional das gravações, com objetivo de identificar e quantificar os atos comunicativos. Resultados: Foi possível observar aumento de 51,47% na produção de atos comunicativos nos três sujeitos da pesquisa. Além disso, verificou-se que houve maior qualidade nos atos produzidos, com uso de componentes verbais mais presentes e diminuição dos atos que possuíam funções não-interpessoais, tais como os atos gestuais e vocais. Sendo assim, constatou-se uma evolução na linguagem funcional dos sujeitos. Conclusão: O uso da Comunicação Aumentativa e Alternativa na clínica fonoaudiológica mostra-se promissor e eficaz no que se refere à promoção do desenvolvimento das habilidades comunicacionais do indivíduo com TEA.ABSTRACT Purpose: To verify the effects of the Speech-Language Intervention with Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in communicative acts in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Method: This is a longitudinal case-study design involving three subjects attended in a Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) Clinic School. Primary data were obtained from the observation of recorded videos of pre and post-intervention therapist assessment sessions with each child in play activities, while secondary data come from interviews with parents. The analysis was performed based on the Pragmatic Test of the Infant Language Test - ABFW, through observational recordings, aiming to identify and quantify the communicative acts. Results: It was possible to observe a 51.47% increase in the production of communicative acts in the three research subjects. In addition, it was found that there was higher quality in the acts produced, using more present verbal components and decreased acts that had non-interpersonal functions, such as gestures and vocal acts. Thus, there was an evolution in the functional language of the subjects. Conclusion: The use of Augmentative and Alternative Communication in the SLP therapy clinic is promising and effective in promoting the development of communication skills of individuals with ASD.
       
  • Orthography of phonemes /l/ and /ɾ/ in complex positions in children’s
           writing: a comparative analysis

    • Abstract: RESUMO Introdução: Assumindo-se que erros são, na verdade, tentativas de acertos, podendo marcar conflitos da criança com o sistema ortográfico, investigou-se o registro ortográfico de dois dos fonemas que remetem à classe das líquidas: /l/ e /ɾ/. Objetivo: (1) comparar a acurácia ortográfica, nas posições silábicas de ataque complexo e de coda, da grafia dos fonemas /l/ e /ɾ/; (2) verificar, dentre os erros, seus tipos mais frequentes. Método: Foram analisadas 53 produções textuais de crianças do 1º ano do ciclo I do ensino fundamental (EF) de uma escola pública do interior de São Paulo. Para responder aos objetivos, inicialmente foram separadas todas as ocorrências dos fonemas /l/ e /ɾ/ na posição de ataque complexo e de coda silábica. Posteriormente, os registros foram categorizados como acertos e erros. Os erros foram, ainda, classificados como omissão, transposição e substituição. Resultados: No ataque silábico complexo e na coda silábica, foi encontrado maior número de acertos quando comparado com o número de erros. Quanto aos tipos de erros, no ataque complexo, todos corresponderam a omissões; já na coda, as omissões prevaleceram, seguidas das substituições e das transposições. Conclusão: Os resultados sugerem que a percepção que a criança tem das relações entre fonemas e grafemas não depende diretamente dessas relações, já que essa correspondência pode ser afetada por outros aspectos fonológicos desconsiderados nessas relações, como as posições silábicas.ABSTRACT Introduction: Assuming that errors are actually hits attempts, and may mark the child’s conflicts with the orthographic system, we investigated the orthographic record of two phonemes that refer to the class of liquids: /l/ and /ɾ/. Objective: (1) to compare the orthographic accuracy, in the complex onset and coda syllable positions, of the phonemes spelling /l/ and /ɾ/; (2) to verify, among the errors, their most frequent typesr. Method: We analyzed 53 textual productions of children of the 1st year of the cycle I of the elementary school of a public school in a city of the state of São Paulo. To respond to the objectives, initially all occurrences of the phonemes /l/ and /ɾ/ were separated in the complex onset position and coda syllabic position. Then, the records were categorized as hits and errors. Errors were also classified as omission, transposition and substitution. Results: In the complex syllabic onset and syllable coda, a higher number of hits was found when compared to the number of errors. As for the types of errors, in the complex onset position, all corresponded to omissions; in the coda, omissions prevailed, followed by substitutions and transpositions. Conclusion: The results suggest that the child’s perception of the relations between phonemes and graphemes does not depend directly on these relations, since this correspondence may be affected by other phonological aspects disregarded in these relations, such as syllable positions.
       
  • Motivation to learn in middle school and association with individual and
           contextual aspects

    • Abstract: RESUMO Objetivo: verificar a associação entre motivação para aprender, qualidade de vida, autopercepção de saúde e recursos ambientais, escolares e comportamentais de estudantes do ensino fundamental de uma escola de financiamento privado. Método: estudo observacional, analítico e transversal realizado com 124 estudantes, que responderam aos instrumentos Caracterização dos Participantes, Escala de Motivação para a Aprendizagem, Autopercepção de Saúde, Questionário de Capacidades e Dificuldades e Questionário Pediátrico sobre Qualidade de Vida. O Critério de Classificação Econômica Brasil, a versão do Questionário Pediátrico sobre Qualidade de Vida para pais e o Inventário de Recursos do Ambiente Familiar foram respondidos pelos pais ou responsáveis. O desempenho escolar foi obtido pela média do aproveitamento nas disciplinas no período pesquisado. Foram realizadas análises descritiva, bivariada e multivariada para a avaliação da associação entre as variáveis resposta e explicativas. Resultados: a maioria dos participantes era do sexo feminino, pertencia à classe econômica A e avaliou sua saúde como boa ou excelente. O domínio Meta-aprender da Escala de Motivação para a Aprendizagem apresentou a maior média quando comparado aos outros domínios. A maioria dos estudantes apresentou desempenho bom ou muito bom e grande parte avaliou positivamente as três dimensões da qualidade de vida. A motivação para aprender mostrou-se associada à qualidade de vida, às capacidades dos adolescentes e à autopercepção de saúde. Conclusão: considerando a peculiaridade da adolescência e a complexidade do processo de aprendizagem e suas consequências, ressalta-se a importância dos pais e educadores no estímulo por aprender.ABSTRACT Purpose: To verify the association between motivation to learn, quality of life, health self-perception, and environmental, school and behavioral resources of students in a private middle school. Methods: This is an observational, analytical, cross-sectional study conducted with 124 adolescents using the following instruments: Participant Characterization, Learning Motivation Scale (LMS), Self-perceived Health Questionnaire, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL) (Self-report) - conducted with the students, and Brazilian Criteria of Economic Classification Questionnaire, PedsQL (Parent Proxy-report) and Home Environment Resources Scale (HERS) - responded by the parents and/or legal guardians. School performance was assessed by the average scores of students in the period investigated. Descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were performed to assess the association between response and explanatory variables. Results: The study sample was composed mostly of socioeconomic class A female students who evaluated their health as good or excellent. The Learning Goal domain of the LMS presented higher average results compared with those of the other domains. Most students performed well or very well in the PedsQL and presented positive self-ratings in the three dimensions (physical, emotional and social functioning) of this instrument. Motivation to learn was associated with the quality of life, learning strengths, and self-perceived health of adolescents. Conclusion: Considering the peculiarity of adolescence and the complexity of the learning process and its consequences, parents and educators play a fundamental role in learning motivation.
       
 
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