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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1277 journals)
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    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (506 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (506 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 171)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access  
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Heart Insight     Full-text available via subscription  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Healthcare Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover IMTU Medical Journal
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal  (Not entitled to full-text)
   ISSN (Print) 1821-7613
   Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [266 journals]
  • Misoprostol for treatment of incomplete abortion- providers practice in
           Dodoma region, central Tanzania
    • Authors: IH Mwampagatwa, MY Mwashambwa
      Abstract: Remnant products of conception in the uterine cavity following a  miscarriage or induced abortion presents a serious threat to a woman   because it increases the risk of infection or continued bleeding and therefore uterine evacuation in such cases is imperative. Surgical and  medical methods using drugs like misoprostol may be used for complete the evacuation of the remaining products of conception (POC).This study aimed to examine health care providers practice regarding the use of misoprostol for post abortion care in Dodoma region of Tanzania. This was a quantitative prospective cross-section study which was done in three districts of Dodoma region. It involved 126 health care providers from health facilities in the three districts. Information regarding use of  misoprostol in post abortion care (PAC) was collected using pretested self-administered questionnaire to 126 randomly selected health care providers. 28.6% of interviewed health care workers revealed that they were using misoprostol for post abortion care while they had no formal training regarding the use of the drug for this indication. Most of them (65%) got information from co-workers. A remarkable proportion of health care workers were using misoprostol though they lack relevant knowledge and guidelines for using the drug for PAC and the drug was yet to be approved by Ministry of Health and Social Welfare for this indication.KEY WORDS Misoprostol, Incomplete abortion, Uterine evacuation, Post abortion care
      PubDate: 2014-06-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Maternal near-miss in a great grandmultipara following unsafe abortion: A
           focus on the uncommon contributing factors
    • Authors: AS Adeniran, AA Fawole, KT Adesina, AP Aboyeji, GG Ezeoke
      Abstract: Unsafe abortion and its complications have been limited to adolescents lacking family and partner support without attention to older, married  women and their peculiarities regarding unsafe abortions. Main objective of the study was to focus on uncommon contributing factors to unsafe abortion in older women. A 40year old, great grandmultipara [Para 10+1,8 alive] with awareness on modern contraception underwent unsafe abortion following in severe morbidity [severe anaemia, perforated gangrenous uterus and septicaemia] which necessitated exploratory laparotomy and  subtotal hysterectomy. Adequate puerperal care, cultural reorientation, review of information in family planning jingles and liberalization of abortion law will assist in preventing unsafe abortions among older women.Key words: Maternal near-miss, unsafe abortion, great grandmultipara, contributing factors.
      PubDate: 2014-06-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Soil transmitted helminths infections, malnutrition and anaemia among
           primary school children in northern Tanzania
    • Authors: DZ Munisi, CM Kihamia, C Jones, PL Msoffe
      Abstract: Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are a major public health problem in many developing countries. Establishment of prevalence and intensity of infections is important in designing, implementating and evaluating control programs. This study aimed at determining the prevalence and intensity of STH infections, malnutrition and anaemia among primary school children in Same district. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 579 school children. Kato-katz technique was used to determine status and intensity of STH infection. Weight and height were determined using  weighing The prevalence of STH was 0.9%. The prevalence of stunting was 42.3%, male were more stunted than female at 48.6% and 37.8%  respectively (P=0.015). Higher rates of stunting were observed in the upland plateau zone (48.4%) than in the other zones (P=0.029). The prevalence of thinness was 11.7%. Prevalence of thinness was highest in the lowlands zone (15.8%) (P=0.013). The prevalence of anaemia was 3.1%. The prevalence of STH was very low, but malnutrition was observed to be a problem in the district with nearly half of the children being stunted.
      KEYWORDS: Soil-transmitted helminths, Malnutrition, Anaemia, School children, Same district.
      PubDate: 2014-06-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Langerhans’ cell histiocytosis with twenty-nail dystrophy and a rare
           cutaneous manifestation
    • Authors: DVSB Rama Murthy, K Sridevi, K Lakshmi, C Aruna, G Akhila Sai
      Abstract: Langerhans’ Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) constitutes a rare group of idiopathic disorders, characterized by proliferation and infiltration of various tissues by clonal population of cells with phenotype of langerhans’ cell. We report a 2 year old female child, a product of consanguinous marriage who presented with seborrhoeic dermatitis like eruption involving scalp, twenty nail dystrophy, oral lesions and loosened teeth, mild hepatomegaly, low RBC count, multiple osteolytic lesions in skull and pelvic bones thus falling into the category of high-risk multisystem disease. Following the clinical suspicion of LCH in the child, a battery of cost-effective investigative tools were employed primarily to confirm the diagnosis and to decide the extent of systemic involvement. This case is being reported from the view point of its rarity and the diagnostic challenges posed to some dermatologists before the child was brought to our department.
      KEYWORDS: Histiocytes, Langerhans, Dermatologists
      PubDate: 2014-06-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • A clinical study comparing clonidine with dexmedetomidine as adjuvants to
           local anaesthetic agent in brachial plexus block via inter-scalene
           approach for early discharge
    • Authors: L Nageswara Rao
      Abstract: It is a known fact that use of peripheral nerve block with local anaesthetics like lignocaine and bupivacaine for anaesthesia reduces both operating room time and length of hospital stay and provide good postoperative analgesia. Various additives can be added to local anaesthetics to accelerate the onset time, to reduce the systemic absorption (thus the risk of local anaesthetic related toxicity) and prolong the duration of nerve block/pain relief. Yet the quest continued for better drug which meets the above criteria and even then keeping the patient awake and alert to make him fit for early ambulation and discharge. 60 patients aged 18 - 65 years with ASA grade I were randomly divided into group I and group II to receive 10 ml of lignocaine 2% and 20 ml of bupivacaine 0.5% with 90µg of clonidine or dexmedetomidine 25µg respectively. Onset of sensory blockade was determined by pinprick method by three point score and motor blockade by three point scale. Duration of postoperative analgesia, the hemodynamic changes, sedation scores, any adverse effects and recovery criteria were observed. Statistical analysis was done by student’s “t” test and p < 0.05 was considered significant. It was found that there was faster onset of sensory and motor blockade, the postoperative analgesia was prolonged and the amount of sedation was profound in group II as compared to group I. All the above findings were statistically significant. Many of the patients in group II were found to be alert and fit for discharge on 2nd day as compared to group I, Therefore, it was recommended that Dexmedetomidine 25µg is a better option as an additive than clonidine 90µg for hastening the onset of sensory and motor block with prolonged postoperative analgesia, sedation  and alert &awake patient ready for discharge on the 2nd day.KEY WORDS: Inter-Scalene Brachial Plexus Block, Clonidine, Dexmedetomidine
      PubDate: 2014-06-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Compliance to infection prevention and control guidelines among health
           care workers at Mnazi Mmoja Hospital Zanzibar
    • Authors: WB Khamis, CM Wambura, A Verma
      Abstract: Nosocomial infections ,commonly known as hospital acquired infections (HAI) include several pathogens like Escherichia coli, Hepatitis viruses, HIV, Pseudomonas and Staphylococcus etc. These agents are transmitted directly or indirectly. Prevention and control of Nosocomial infections is the most important approach in all hospitals and other health care settings. Infection prevention and control (IPC) of HAIs is determined by knowledge, practice and level of commitment invested by health care organizations to bring the hospital acquired infections under control. Though hospitals in developed countries acquire very few HAIs but in developing countries HAI has been attaining much attention because it was found that up to 5%–10% of patients admitted for acute care are suffering from HAI. A descriptive cross-section study was designed to determine the level of compliance towards IPC guidelines among 186 health care workers at Mnazi Mmoja Hospital Zanzibar (MMHZ) .It was found that compliance to IPC in MMHZ was inadequate. Of 185 respondents, a considerable proportion 83 (44.8%) indicated lack of regular standard procedures. Although 166 (89.7%) strongly agreed that IPC is beneficial, surprisingly 73 (39.4%) reported to wash their hands only after the procedure and not otherwise. Moreover 55 (30%) reported on inadequate segregation containers, justifying unsatisfactory health care wastes segregation, thereby causing indirect /direct community exposure to hazardous substances. It was recommended that Hospital Management Team in MMHZ must establish IPC Committees to monitor, and evaluate the compliance with the guidelines ensuring that IPC is prioritized by all health staff . Interventions of standard precautions, such as hand hygiene, provision of personal protective equipments, and safe disposal of infectious material must also be adequately addressed. In-service education programs on IPC should be arranged for all categories of staff aiming at imparting basic theoretical concepts on key components of selected interventions of standard precautions.
      KEY WORDS: Health care workers, Nosocomial infections ,Standard Precaution, Infection Prevention and Control, hospital
      PubDate: 2014-06-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Drug utilization study of antibiotics for urinary tract infections in a
           tertiary care hospital
    • Authors: GB Simpson, K Aravind Babu
      Abstract: A drug utilization pattern of antibiotics for urinary tract infections in 200 cases above 18 years of age was done at Katuri Medical College Hospital, Guntur, India. The antibiotic sensitivity profile of the microorganism causing urinary tract infections was studied in cases diagnosed as urinary tract infection. The patients with significant bacteriuria (> 105 CFU/ ml) were treated with antibiotics Cephalosporin’s, Amikacin, Fluroquinolones, Amoxicillin + Clavulanic acid and Linezolid. The incidence of urinary tract infections was more or less equal in either sex. More than 2/3 of these cases were found in the age group of 18 to 60 years. The most common organisms isolated from the urine culture and sensitivity test was E.coli and the most commonly prescribed antibiotic was
      KEY WORDS: Drug Utilization, Urinary Tract Infections, culture sensitivity
      PubDate: 2014-06-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Role of yoga in the improvement of ‘Quality of life’ among the
           patients of schizophrenia
    • Authors: AE Reddy, VVGS Raju, A Prasanth, K Prabhath
      Abstract: Yoga has proven value in treatment of various psychiatric disorders like Anxiety, Depression and Obsessive compulsive disorder. But its role in improving quality of life, among Schizophrenics was not established thoroughly.
      Present study was aimed to study the role of Yoga in improvement of Quality of Life among Schizophrenia patients.
      70 Schizophrenic patients, diagnosed according to ICD-10 criterion were recruited and randomized into two groups. Group-A patients received only pharmacotherapy and Group-B patients received pharmacotherapy and Yoga. Response was measured and compared by using Quality of Life Instrument (WHO QOL - BREF).
      Group-B patients, who received Yoga plus pharmacotherapy, had shown much improvement in all domains of WHO-QOL BREF scale. The improvement is more in psychological domain followed by social domain.
      Schizophrenics, who received Yoga plus pharmacotherapy, had shown much improvement in all domains of WHO-QOL BREF scale. Studies like this with various forms of Yoga will improve the awareness in medical fraternity and Quality of life in patients.
      KEYWORDS: Pharmacotherapy, Quality of Life, Schizophrenia, WHO QOL - BREF, Yoga
      PubDate: 2014-06-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Assessing birth asphyxia using strictly observational signs, the ARC and
           AC scores versus Apgar score
    • Authors: SO Sultan
      Abstract: The Apgar Scoring system is the sole assessment tool for newborn asphyxia,but the Apgar scoring system has many limitations as it does not assess conditions before and after delivery, that might trigger asphyxia. Moreover, the score combine subjective and objective signs as well as observations and measurements which need resources, skills and time that are not always sufficiently available to out health workers and health facilities. So far, there is no other alternative score system, convenient to health workers. The AC score, a simple tool along with the ARC score, strictly observational ,developed by Dr Sultan Omar Sultan was pre-tested at St Francis Hospital Ifakara in 2008 , then tested on 340 newborns in Temeke Hospital and Mnazi Mmoja Hospital. It was found be more sensitive, more specific and more reliable and ultimately easy to use for newborn asphyxia assessment (P:0,03<0,05) using Chi square test) compared to the Apgar Score. The specificity, sensitivity and reliability of the ARC and AC score was 100%. There was no significant difference between the results of ARC and AC scores (similar results).Considering the simplicity of the AC score (2 variables compared to 3 in ARC score), it was suggested, with confidence that the AC score is a valid alternative and easy tool in asphyxia assessment at birth that can be utilized both at health facility and at household by any trained health worker.
      KEY WORDS: Assessment, Asphyxia, Observation, Apgar Score
      PubDate: 2014-06-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • The magnitude of widow ritual cleansings among Kara tribe in Ukerewe
           Ditrict, Mwanza Region
    • Authors: DB Masini, RKA Towett, FDE Mtango, JL Bundala
      Abstract: Widow ritual cleansing has been documented in many countries in Africa. The ritual refers to the traditional practice of sexual intercourse with the widow of a deceased male, to prepare her for acceptance to the community and or remarriage. Several reasons have been found to account for the existence of this kind of ritual, mainly, low income, socio-culture and taboos.
      Objective of the study was to determine the magnitude and reasons for widow cleansing practice among the Kara Tribe in Nyangombe Village, Ukara Division, Ukerewe District , Tanzania. A cross-sectional descriptive study in June 2013 was conducted in which ,91 widows at Nyangombe Village, who belong to the Kara tribe were included. Data were collected using semi-structured questionnaire and in depth interviews. It was found that Widow cleansing among Kara Tribe of Nyangome Village, Ukerewe Distric is a ritual involving sexual intercourse with a male cleanser, unknown to the woman, a traditional custom. Of the 91 Kara widows found in this village, majority (94%) had already underwent this ritual, while 6% were not aware and 5% were aware but had not practiced. Again majority (66%) of them had information on cleansing ritual through their aunts/ uncles , 17% from their mother and 4% from their neighbors. Although 66% of the widows were aware about STIs/HIV/AIDs, the ritual cleanser was not aware and did not use a condom during cleansing, though he was aware about gonorrhea as a sexually transmitted disease (STI).It was recommended that Major efforts should be done to ensure residents of Ukara Division are given health education on HIV transmission. Welfare institutions in Ukerewe should take note of these practices and strive to raise the levels of education and social economic status among the Kara people.
      KEYWORDS: Ritual cleansing, Widow, Kara Tribe, sexually transmitted disease, HIV
      PubDate: 2014-06-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
  • Food fortification: Not too late in Tanzania – A call for action
    • Authors: FD Mtango, F Kibassa, O Gupta
      Abstract: The paper gives an overview of micronutrients deficiency effects and the recent maiden steps taken for food fortification in Tanzania. Tanzania is commended for starting a food fortification program. In 2013 a pilot project was introduced for grain fortification with iron, zinc and folic acid. It has been implemented in Manzese and Tandale Wards of Dar-es- Salaam. The project is aligned to the Scaling Up of Nutrition initiative (SUN) launched by President Jakaya Kikwete in 2012. This means the President declared a war against malnutrition and food fotification as one of the strategies. It is expected that the food fortification pilot project will succeed and will be emulated in the rest of Tanzania, Africa and in the whole developing world. Thus Food fortification is not too late. KEY WORDS: Food fortification, Tanzania, Nutrition
      PubDate: 2014-06-04
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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