for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help
  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1277 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (506 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (381 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (100 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (80 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (506 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 171)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access  
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Heart Insight     Full-text available via subscription  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Healthcare Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
  [SJR: 0.383]   [H-I: 4]   [8 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1029-1857 - ISSN (Online) 2413-7170
   Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [266 journals]
  • Editorial: Maternal health indicators signal optimism

    • Authors: Abraham Haileamlak
      Abstract: No Abstract
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Attitude and practice of birth attendants regarding the presence of male
           partner at delivery in Nigeria

    • Authors: Abiodun Adeniran, Kikelomo Adesina, Abiodun Aboyeji, Olayinka Balogun, Peace Adeniran, Adegboyega Fawole
      Abstract: Background: Despite increasing request for the male partners’ presence at delivery in developing countries, the view and practice of birth attendants remained poorly understood.This study aimed to evaluate the perception, attitude and practice of birth attendants concerning the requests in Nigeria.Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional survey involving consenting birth attendants was conducted in six public and six private health facilities in North Central Nigeria. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS-version 20.0; p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results: Among 564 participants (24.8% male, 75.2% female), 465(82.4%) support the presence of male partners at delivery, 409(72.5%) desire to be with their partner at delivery, 434(77.0%) had previous request for male partner’s presence at delivery while 225(51.8%) declined it due to perception that men will disturb. Among the male partners allowed at delivery, 92(44.0%) did not disturb the birth attendant while 5(2.4%) ended in litigation. Among birth attendants who allowed men at delivery in the past, 160(76.6%) will allow men in the future. There was no statistical significance regarding the age, gender, cadre or year of service of birth attendants and attitude to a protocol change to allow men at delivery. Birth attendants who support the presence of men at delivery showed positive attitude (OR33.178, 95%CI6.996-157.358; p<0.001) while those who opined that men would disturb at delivery had a negative attitude (OR0.306, 95%CI0.124-0.755); p0.010) to possible protocol change.Conclusion: Despite perceived negative effects of allowing male partners at delivery, many birth attendants are willing to allow them if necessary structural modifications are instituted.Keywords: Male partner, Men at delivery, Birth Attendant, Labour companionship
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Hepatotoxicity due to antituberculosis therapy among paediatric patients
           

    • Authors: Gobir Aishatu, Ibraheem Rasheedah, Johnson Wahab, Muhammed Sheni, Oladele Damilola, Ojuola Adeniyi
      Abstract: Background: The liver is vulnerable to injury from the first line anti-tuberculosis drugs. This may result in mortality, long term morbidity and reduced compliance to therapy. Nigeria recently introduced fixed drug combinations in the treatment of children amid concerns of hepatotoxicity. A 6-year-old boy was treated in our unit had fulminant hepatic failure two weeks after completing his anti-tuberculosis therapy. This prompted the unit to investigate hepatotoxicity due to anti-tuberculosis therapy among children. There is no data on the incidence of hepatotoxicity due to antituberculosis therapy among Nigerian children, and no uniform guide to monitoring of patients exists. The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence of hepatotoxicity among children receiving anti-tuberculosis therapy.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among all 62 cases that completed treatment over a two year period. Liver Function Tests was done at baseline and 2 and 5 months of therapy. Elevation of Alanine aminotransferase and/or Aspartate aminotransferase above 3 times the reference values was considered an indication of hepatotoxicity.Results: A total of 62 patients aged 3 months -17 years were treated at our unit during the study period. Twenty-two (35.5%) had elevated liver enzymes at baseline. Four (6.5%) had elevation of alanine aminotransferase of 3 times the upper limit at 2 months, but at 5 months, tests were within normal limits in all patients. Hepatotoxicity defined as liver enzymes above 3 times upper limit was not documented among the 62 cases treated over the period.Conclusion: Hepatotoxicity due to antituberculosis therapy is uncommon in children, hence repeated routine evaluation of liver function may not be necessary in all patients receiving anti-TB therapy.Keywords: Hepatotoxicity, anti-tuberculosis, children
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Barriers to contraceptive uptake among women of reproductive age in a
           semi-urban community of Ekiti State, Southwest Nigeria

    • Authors: Kabir A. Durowade, Lukman O. Omokanye, Olusegun E. Elegbede, Stella Adetokunbo, Charles O. Olomofe, Akinyosoye D. Ajiboye, Makinde A. Adeniyi, Taofik A. Sanni
      Abstract: Background: Globally, unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) persist as a significant threat to women’s reproductive health. In Nigeria, despite huge resources committed to family planning programs by stakeholders, contraceptive use has been very low. This study aimed at unraveling the barriers to the use of modern contraceptives among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in Ise-Ekiti community, Ekiti State, Southwest Nigeria.Methods: This study was a cross sectional study among women aged 15-49 years. A multi-stage sampling technique was used in the recruitment of respondents from the community. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 15.Results: Although contraceptive awareness among respondents was high 496(98.6%), only 254 of the 503 respondents were using modern contraceptive methods giving a Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) of 50.5%. Among those not using any form of contraceptives, some identifiable barriers to contraceptive use includes desire for more children, 62(39.5%), partner disapproval, 40(25.5%), and fear of side-effects, 23(14.6%). Factors associated with contraceptive uptake include marital status (p=0.028), educational level (p=0.041) and religion (p=0.043) with traditional worshippers having the least uptake.Conclusion: This study showed that awareness to modern forms of contraceptives does translate into use. The identified barriers to contraceptive uptake suggest the need to improve uptake of contraceptives through a community-based and culturally acceptable intervention as doing this will go a long way in addressing some of these barriers.Keywords: Contraceptives uptake, barriers, women of reproductive age
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Field-based evidence of single and few doses of annual ivermectin
           treatment efficacy in eliminating skin microfilaria load after a decade of
           intervention

    • Authors: Hudu O. Osue
      Abstract: Background: Impact assessment of community-based ivermectin treatment control of onchocerciasis is required to determine its effectiveness. This study was conducted to evaluate geographic coverage and demographic ivermectin treatment compliance.Methods: The number of village dosage were obtained from the community based distributors. Bioclinical data of participants comprising gender, age, number of treatment received from inception and dosage were obtained. Each participant was subjected to physical examination for palpable nodule and other skin clinical signs and symptoms of onchocerciasis. Visual acuity test was done using the Snellen illiterate E-chart. Eye examination was performed using touch loop and handheld ophthalmoscope. Skin snips from both iliac crests were incubated overnight at 28-32ºC and emerged micrifilaria enumerated under an inverted microscope. The changes in epidemiological indices at post-decade of mass drug administration were compared with baseline data.Results: Village annual ivermectin treatment doses averaged 62%, ranging between 10-100%. Individual treatment compliance rate was generally low with an average of 4 treatments and a range between 0-10. Despite variations in treatment compliance, there were significant improvements in some onchocercal morbidities. These include reduced number and severity of itching, visual impairment, papular onchodermatitis, onchocercomata (palpable nodules) and leopard skin. Ivermectin treatment halted development of new blind cases, except the case of a man who had optic nerve disease and became blind 2 years after ivermectin treatment had commenced. There was a significant overall reduction in parasite burden with very low mean skin microfilaria load of 1.7mf per skin snip and 3.7% skin mf prevalence, compared to baseline data of 17.7mf and 37.9% respectively. The palpable nodule was also drastically reduced from 14.5% to 6.4%. Outcome of this study has practically demonstrated that even a single dose ivermectin treatment is capable of clearing skin mf load on a long-term basis. This assertion is exemplified by the result obtained from Bomjock village that had taken treatment only at inception, and the prevalence rate was reduced from 70% to about 9.0% at post-decade of intervention.Conclusion: It can be inferred that high demographic coverage with annual treatment doses, it is feasible to attain a shorter time (within a decade) contrary to the anticipated longer-term projection.Keywords: Ivermectin, Microfilaria, Treatment Compliance, Onchocerciasis, Onchodermatitis, Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Timing of first antenatal care visit and its associated factors among
           pregnant women attending public health facilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
           

    • Authors: Hanna Gulema, Yemane Berhane
      Abstract: Background: Early initiation of antenatal care visits is an essential component of services to improving maternal and new born health. The Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey conducted in 2011 indicated that only 11% of pregnant women start antenatal care in the first trimester. However, detailed study to identify factors associated with late initiation of care has not been conducted in Addis Ababa where access to health services is almost universal. The aim of this study was to assess the level of late first antenatal care visit and the associated factors.Methods: Facility based cross sectional study was conducted in public health centers in Addis Ababa. The health centers with experience of at least more than two years were selected randomly, one form each sub-city. The study subjects were pregnant women visiting the facilities for the first time during the index pregnancy. The study health centers were selected randomly from each sub-city, and the study women were recruited consecutively until the required sample size was achieved. Data were collected using pre-tested questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was done to identify factors associated with late ANC initiation.Result: A total of 979 women participated in the study; 411(42.0%; 95% CI of 38.9%, 45.1%) of them came for their first ANC visit late, after 16 weeks of gestation. Wrongly perceived ANC initiation schedule was the strongest predictor of late initiation. After controlling for basic demographic and obstetric factors, the odds of starting the first antenatal care visit late was higher for women who did not know the antennal care initiation schedule correctly compared to women who knew the schedule correctly (AOR6.6; 95% CI 3.03, 14.03).Conclusion: Over 40% of pregnant women do not initiate ANC visit in the first trimester largely due to lack of correct knowledge of the recommended ANC schedule.Keywords: Antenatal, Ethiopia, Initiation time
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Assessment of knowledge of acute kidney injury among non-nephrology
           doctors in two government hospitals in Ondo City, Southwest, Nigeria

    • Authors: Oluseyi Adejumo, Ayodeji Akinbodewa, Oladimeji Alli, Pirisola Olufemi, Abolarin Olatunji
      Abstract: Background: Adequate knowledge of acute kidney injury (AKI) among doctors is essential for its prevention, early diagnosis and management. Assessing knowledge of AKI among doctors is necessary to identify areas of deficiencies and key areas to be emphasized when organizing educational programs aimed at improving AKI care. This study determined the knowledge of AKI among non-nephrology doctors in Ondo City, Southwest Nigeria.Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in two government hospitals in Ondo City using a self-administered pretested questionnaire that assessed knowledge of AKI among non-nephrology doctors. P-value of < 0.05 was taken as significant.Results: Eighty-one doctors participated in the study with a median post-graduation experience of 5.5 years. Sixty-one (78.2%) were in surgical specialty while the remaining worked in medical specialty. Only 1(1.2%) of the respondents had good knowledge of AKI, 56(69.2%) had fair knowledge while the remaining 24 (29.6%) had poor knowledge of AKI. Identified areas of deficiencies in knowledge of AKI were in mode of presentation, risk factors, potentially nephrotoxic medications, criteria for AKI definition and staging, newer AKI biomarkers and indications for renal replacement therapy. There was no significant association between knowledge of AKI and specialty (p=0.593) or year of practice (p=0.312)Conclusion: There were significant deficiencies in the knowledge of AKI amongst most non-nephrology doctors in Ondo city. We therefore recommend regular in-service training on AKI for practicing doctors.Keywords: Knowledge, Non-nephrology doctors, Acute Kidney Injury
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Nutritional status and effect of maternal employment among children aged
           6–59 months in Wolayta Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional
           study

    • Authors: Hiwot Eshete, Yewelsew Abebe, Eskindir Loha, Teklemichael Gebru, Tesfalem Tesheme
      Abstract: Background: Childhood malnutrition remains common in many parts of the world; the magnitude of worldwide stunting, underweight and wasting in children under five years of age were 24.7 %, 15.1 % and 7.8 %, respectively. More than 150 million children under the age of five years in the developing world are malnourished. Ethiopia is one of the countries in sub-Saharan Africa with the highest rates of malnutrition. In Ethiopia, 44.4% and 9.7% of children under-five years old were stunted and wasted, respectively. This study was aimed to assess nutritional status and effect of maternal employment among children aged 6–59 months.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Wolayta Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia. Socio-demographic characteristics, child feeding and healthcare seeking practice of mothers, and child's anthropometric status were assessed. Probability proportional to size sampling approach was used to select a sample of 316 mothers having children aged 6-59 months. The study was ethically approved by Institutional Review Board of Health Science College, Hawasa University.Result: The overall result revealed that the prevalence of stunting was 22.2%, of which 21.8% and 22.6% were in children of employed and unemployed mothers, respectively. Low-weight-for age was 10.8% for children of employed mothers and 13.4% for children of unemployed mothers. Wasting was 8.8% and 10.8% for children of employed and unemployed mothers, respectively. There was no statistically significant association between maternal employment and nutritional status of their children. However, chronic malnutrition (stunting) was influenced by being educated mother (OR: 0.37) child age group of 24-59 months (OR: 0.36) and households' fifth wealth quintile (OR: 0.28).Conclusion: Low prevalence of stunting was observed. Stunting is a public health concern in the study area. Furthermore, stunting is significantly influenced by mothers’ education, household wealth and child age. However, maternal employment was not statistically associated with child nutritional status. Thus, nutritional intervention initiatives should focus on improving household food security, maternal education and agricultural diversification.Keywords: Childhood Nutrition, Maternal employment, Southern Ethiopia
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Level of awareness and knowledge of breast cancer in Nigeria. A systematic
           review

    • Authors: Agodirin S. Olayide, Akande J. Halimat, Olatoke A. Samuel, Rahman A. Ganiyu, Oguntola A. Soliu
      Abstract: Background: Despite reports of improved awareness of breast cancer entity and seemingly upbeat levels of other awareness subthemes in Nigeria, patients continue to present late when treatment is least rewarding. This paradoxical trend of both rising awareness and late presentation coupled with reports suggesting other competing drivers of late presentation question the “theory of poor awareness” as the foremost driver of late presentations. By aggregating available data, we aimed to assess what still constitutes poor breast cancer awareness in Nigeria in order to suggest how to allocate resources to reverse the paradoxMethod: Studies conducted on Nigerian populace from 2000 to date were reviewed systematically. Search was made in PROSPERO, PubMed/MEDLINE, AJOL, Cochrane library, GOOGLE, ResearchGate and ACADEMIA. Primary outcome was level of awareness about breast cancer entity.Result: Fifty-one eligible (48 descriptive surveys, 3 interventional ones) studies were reviewed. They included 19,598 respondents (98.5% females; 43% rural dwellers). 17,086(87.2%) were laypersons in various walks of life; 2,512(12.8%) were healthcare professionals. There were high levels of awareness of breast cancer entity, BSE, knowledge of fatality and benefit of early detection (weighted percentages 80.6%, 60.1%, 73.2% and 73.9% respectively). Weighted percentages of knowledge of symptoms/signs was 45.1%. Weighted percentages of sense of susceptibility and performance of BSE were low-26.8% and 22.9% respectively. Generally, rate of performance of screening did not vary with changes in the level of awareness/knowledge of concepts.Conclusion: In general, low awareness of breast cancer may not be the direct and foremost driver of persistent late presentation in Nigeria.Keywords: Breast cancer, awareness, knowledge, Systematic review, Nigeria
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Nutritional status of under five children in Ethiopia: a systematic review
           and meta-analysis

    • Authors: Ahmed Abdulahi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Shahabeddin Rezaei, Kurosh Djafarian
      Abstract: Background: Undernutrition is the outcome of insufficient food intake and recurrent infectious diseases. The baseline levels of undernutrition remain so high that Ethiopia still needs to continue substantial investment in nutrition.Therefore, the aim of this study was to obtain estimates of over-time trends in the prevalence of undernutrition in Ethiopia and to determine risk factors for undernutrition among children of under five years of age.Methods: Cross-sectional studies published in English from 1997 to 2015 focusing the prevalence of stunting, wasting and underweight in children aged 0-5 years (n = 39,585) in Ethiopia were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched in PubMed and Scopus databases and other articles manually. Two review authors independently selected studies for inclusion, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias in the included studies. The protocol number of the study is PROSPERO 2015: CRD42015027940.Results: Eighteen studies were included and the overall pooled prevalence estimate of stunting, underweight and wasting was 42.0% (95% CI: 37.0, 46.0), 33.0 % (95% CI: 27.0, 39.0) and 15.0% (95% CI: 12.0, 19.0), respectively. The sensitivity analyses resulted in the prevalence of stunting, 40% (95% CI: 32.0, 48.0; I2=99.19%), prevalence of underweight, 33%(95% CI: 24.0, 42.0; I2=99.34%) and wasting rate equal to 19%(95% CI: 14.0, 24.0; I2=99.19%). Cumulative analysis revealed a stabilization trend of stunting and underweight (1996-2010) followed by an upward trend (2010-2014). Child age, child sex, complementary food, poor dietary diversity, diarrheal diseases, maternal education, maternal height, residential area and socio- economic status were significant risk factors for undernutrition.Conclusion: The result of the meta-analysis of thes observational studies revealed that the trend of undernutrition in Ethiopia indicates that there is an increment of chronic malnutrition cases in recent years, and the prevalence of undernutrition remains extremely high. Thus, the implementation of policies to reverse child undernutrition should get maximum emphasis.Keywords: Undernutrition, children, prevalence and Ethiopia
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Neumann’s tumor: a case report

    • Authors: Kashi Nataraj Vinay, Lidetu Afework Anjulo, Prabhakar Nitin, Kashi Vinay Neha, Dwivedi Dhara
      Abstract: Background: The congenital granular cell tumour of the newborn, also known as congenital epulis or Neumann‘s tumor, is rare. It occurs on the gingiva of the anterior alveolar ridge of the jaws. This lesion behaves in a benign manner and no recurrent or metastatic lesions have been reported.Case Report: We are reporting a 2-day-old female neonate, who came to our unit with a well defined, solitary, firm mass arising from the maxillary anterior region measuring about 3.5 cms in diameter and causing difficulty in breast feeding but no hindrance to the airway. The mass was surgically excised under general anesthesia. Postoperative wound healing was uneventful.Conclusion: We have shared our experience in handling this rare type of tumor. We have presented the clinical features and the different modalities of its treatment to spread awareness among clinicians for better management of similar tumors.Keywords: Neumann’s tumor, Congenital Epulis, Congenital Granular Cell Tumor (cgct)
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Combination of encephalo-myo-pial-synangiosis and
           encephalo-arterio-pial-synangiosis procedure in pediatric moya-moya
           disease

    • Authors: Prastiya Gunawan, Wihasto Suryaningtyas, Darto Saharso, Risky Prasetyo
      Abstract: Background: Moya-moya disease in children is a cerebrovascular disorder that may cause cerebral ischemic or hemorrhage.Case Details: We report an 8-year-old boy that was admitted with the chief complaint of repeated sudden half left body paralyze. MRA showed acute thrombotic infarction in the right hemisphere and internal carotid artery stenosis in the form of puffs of smokes. Indirect revascularization surgical procedure with combination of Encephalo-myo-pial-synangiosis (EMS) and Encephalo-arterio-pial-synangiosis (EAS) was performed. It resulted in a good response.Conclusion: Moya-moya disease can lead to permanent neurological disability if untreated. Satisfactory outcome was noted following combination surgery management with EMS and EAS.Keywords: Moya-moya disease, Encephalo-myo-pial-synangiosis, Encephalo-arterio-pial-synangiosis, children
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Clinically confirmed congenital rubella syndrome: the role of
           echocardiography

    • Authors: Demeke Mekonnen
      Abstract: Background: Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) affects thousands of children in the developing world because rubella vaccination is not routinely available in most of these countries. Among its many manifestations, congenital heart disease is life threatening.Case Details: A 9-month-old infant presented with whitish lesions over her left eye. She was evaluated with echocardiography that revealed peripheral pulmonary stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus. She had severe acute malnutrition and clinically confirmed congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). There was no available serologic test to confirm the diagnosis.Conclusion: This case was presented to demonstrate typical dual features of CRS by echocardiography and to emphasize the benefit of vaccination to prevent deleterious complications from congenital rubella syndrome.Keywords: Congenital rubella syndrome, PDA, peripheral pulmonary stenosis
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Thoracic ectopia cordis in an Ethiopian neonate

    • Authors: Henok Tadele, Abeje Chanie
      Abstract: Background: Ectopia Cordis is defined as complete or partial displacement of the heart outside the thoracic cavity. It is a rare congenital defect with failure of fusion of the sternum with extra thoracic location of the heart. The estimated prevalence of this case is 5.5 to 7.9 per million live births.Case Presentation: We had a case of a 16-hour-old male neonate weighing 2.9kg with externally visible, beating heart over the chest wall. Initial treatment included covering the heart with sterile-saline soaked dressing, starting systemic antibiotics and supportive care. A staged surgical approach to this defect with the initial aim of replacement of the heart to the thoracic cavity was opted. The neonate died twenty minutes after the surgical intervention due to cardiogenic shock despite adequate resuscitative measures.Conclusion: This case report underscores the missed opportunity of antenatal ultra-sonographic diagnosis and the challenge of Ectopia Cordis treatment in Ethiopia.Keywords: Ectopia Cordis, case report, antenatal ultrasound, Ethiopia, treatment challenge
      PubDate: 2017-03-15
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 54.158.109.89
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016