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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1292 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (521 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (379 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (101 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (81 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (521 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 179)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access  
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
  [SJR: 0.383]   [H-I: 4]   [7 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1029-1857 - ISSN (Online) 2413-7170
   Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [266 journals]
  • Are countries fulfilling the promise they made to prevent Non-Communicable
           Diseases (NCDs)?

    • Authors: Abraham Haileamlak
      Abstract: No
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Attitude of medical students towards psychiatry: the case of Jimma
           University, Southwest Ethiopia

    • Authors: Hailemariam Hailesilassie, Habtamu Kerebih, Alemayehu Negash, Eshetu Girma, Mathias Siebeck, Markos Tesfaye
      Abstract: Background: The inability to attract medical graduates to specialize in psychiatry has always been a serious challenge to psychiatry training programs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the attitude of medical students towards psychiatry.Methods: A comparative cross-sectional survey was conducted among 122 fourth year medical students of Jimma University. The attitude of medical students towards psychiatry was measured by Attitude toward Psychiatry – 30 (ATP-30). The collected Data were analyzed by SPSS version-20 using independent samples t-test plus bivariate and multivariate logistic regression. The level of significance was determined at 95% confidence interval.Results: Medical students who did not take psychiatry clinical rotation had a higher ATP-30 mean score 55.52(±15.2) indicating positive attitude towards psychiatry than those who completed psychiatry clinical rotation (mean= 49.75 ±10.67). Female medical students had significantly more positive attitude towards psychiatry than males (OR=9.23, 95% CI: 2.32; 36.76). Medical students who did not take psychiatry clinical rotation had more positive attitude towards psychiatry than students who completed the psychiatry clinical rotation (OR=7.58, 95% CI: 2.02; 28.37). Subjective experience of mental illness and reported family history of mental illness significantly predicted positive attitude toward psychiatry.Conclusion: The findings suggest that doing psychiatry rotation might have affected the attitude of medical students towards psychiatry. Future research should assess the experiential factors during psychiatry training of medical students that affect their attitudes. Also, future research needs to evaluate the attitudes of fourth year medical students before and after their psychiatry clinical rotation.Keywords: Attitude, psychiatry, medical students, medical training
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Correlation between serum lipid profile with anthropometric and clinical
           variables in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

    • Authors: Belete Biadgo, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes, Mohammed Yesuf, Aynadis Alemu, Molla Abebe
      Abstract: Background: The problem of dyslipidemia is high in patients with diabetes mellitus. There is ample evidence that abnormalities in lipid metabolism are important risk factors for increased incidence of diabetes associated complications. The most important risk indicators for these complications are lipid profile abnormalities. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the correlation between serum lipid profile with anthropometric and clinical variables among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.Methods: A comparative cross sectional study was conducted at University of Gondar Hospital from February to April in 2015. A total of 296 participants (148 case and 148 healthy controls) were selected using systematic random sampling technique. Socio- demographic characteristics and clinical data were collected using pretested structured questionnaire incorporating the WHO Stepwise approach. Fasting venous blood sample was collected for blood sugar; lipid profile investigations and the blood levels were determined by Bio Systems A25 Chemistry Analyzer (Costa Brava, Spain). Independent sample t-test and Man Whitney U test were used to compare means. P-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results: Overall, T2DM patients had significantly higher total cholesterol ([205.4±50.9vs184.9±44.1]mg/dl), low density lipoprotein ([113.1±43.2vs100.1±36.4] mg/dl) and triacylglycerol ([189.22± 100.9 vs 115.13±59.2] mg/dl), and significant decline of high density lipoprotein cholesterol ([56.5±20.4vs62.1±13] mg/dl) as compared to healthy controls, respectively. Triacylglycerolemia was significantly associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease (AOR: 1.015; 95%CI: 1.010-1.021). Evident correlation was observed between anthropometric and clinical variables with lipid profile.Conclusion: Higher serum levels of fasting blood sugar, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triacylglycerol and lower levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol are found in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Thus, DM patients are more prone to dyslipidemia which is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease.Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, lipid profile, Ethiopia
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome among type 2 diabetes patients in
           Gaza Strip, Palestine

    • Authors: Abdel Hamid el Bilbeisi, Saeed Hosseini, Kurosh Djafarian
      Abstract: Background: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is raising worldwide; however, the role of diet in the origin of metabolic syndrome is not understood well. This study identifies major dietary patterns among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with and without metabolic syndrome; and its association with metabolic syndrome components in Gaza Strip, Palestine.Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among 1200 previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (both genders, aged 20 - 64 years) patients receiving care in primary healthcare centers in Gaza Strip, Palestine. Metabolic syndrome was defined based on the International Diabetes Federation criteria; dietary patterns were evaluated using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 20.Results: Two major dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis: Asian-like pattern and sweet-soft drinks-snacks pattern. After adjustment for confounding variables, patients in the highest tertile of the Asian-like pattern characterized by a high intake of whole grains, potatoes, beans, legumes, vegetables, tomatoes and fruithad a lower odds for (Metabolic syndrome, central obesity, high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol and high blood pressure), (OR 0.766 CI 95% (.642-.914)), (OR 0.797 CI 95% (.652-.974)), (OR 0.791 CI 95% (.687-.911)), (OR 0.853 CI 95% (.743-.978)) and (OR 0.815 CI 95% (.682-.973)) respectively, (P value < 0.05 for all). No significant association was found between the sweet-soft drinks-snacks pattern with metabolic syndrome and its components.Conclusion: The Asian-like pattern may be associated with a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components among type 2 diabetes patients.Keywords: Dietary patterns, Factor analysis, Metabolic syndrome, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Palestine
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Effect of Solanum nigrun on uterus of non-gravid rats

    • Authors: Freddy O. Agoreyo, B. Rita Ohimai, Magdalene I. Omigie
      Abstract: Background: Solanum nigrum is a widely used plant in oriental medicine where it is considered to be antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and diuretic. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Solanum Nigrum on uterine contractions.Method: Female Wistar Wister albino rats were used for the study. They were housed in a single large cage in an atmospheric controlled environment. Twenty-four hours before every experiment, 0.2 mg/kg of diethylstilbesterol constituted in 1:1 ethanol/water solution, was administered intraperitoneally as a pre-treatment to the rats to induce oestrus. It was done for two weeks during the study period. The phytochemical analysis was carried out to test for the phytochemical constituent of the plant.Result: The result showed that the extract inhibited the release of intracellular calcium ion. The effect of acetylcholine was significantly inhibited by the extract that is at 200mg/ml (p>0.05) and 300 mg/ml (p<0.01). The highest mean inhibitory effect of the extract observed on acetylcholine induced contractions was 90.54 ± 1.15. The oxytocin induced contraction was significantly inhibited by the extract at 200 mg/ml (p<0.05) and at 300 mg/ml (p<0.001) doses respectively. The highest mean inhibitory effect of the extract observed on Oxytocin induced contractions was 41.10±1.02 and was significantly stronger compared with acetylcholine induced contractions.Conclusion: The aqueous extract of Solanum nigrun inhibited the activity of oxytocin on the uterus, and it may possess relaxant activity.Keywords: Solanum Nigrun, Oxytocin, Contraction, diethylstilbesterol
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Types of cancers diagnosed and the preference of families of adult
           patients with cancer about disclosing diagnosis to the patients

    • Authors: Engida Abebe, Hana Abebe
      Abstract: Background: Cancer has become one of the top causes of death in developing nations killing more people than the common infectious diseases do. For several reasons, disclosing cancer diagnosis to the patient is a challenging job for physicians and family members.Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was done to determine the common cancer diagnosis and the preference about disclosing cancer diagnosis to the patients among attendants of adult cancer patients seen at the regular surgical OPD of St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical college (SPHMMC) in June 1-31st 2015. Medical records of the patients and face-to-face interview with attendants were used to generate the data and analysis was done with SPSS version 19.0.Results: A total 112(7.3%) patients were diagnosed to have cancer and 104 attendants (93%) were interviewed. The mean age of the patients was 48.2 years, Females made up 59% of the patients. The commonest cancer diagnosed was breast cancer. Male (62.7%) and children (36.1%) were the main attendants. Only 56.6% of the attendants agreed that patients should be the first to know diagnosis results. When possible, 84.3% preferred to hide diagnosis. Although 81.3% attendants did not like diagnosis disclosure to the patient, all of them wanted to know the diagnosis if they develop cancer. Nearly all, 98.8%, of the attendants preferred to hear the diagnosis from their doctors.Conclusions: Cancer is a relatively common diagnosis occurring at a younger age. The rate of cancer diagnosis disclosure acceptance and practice by attendants was low. Population-based and multicentre study with a larger sample size is recommended to define the condition betterKeywords: Cancer, disclosure, reason
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Prevalence and factors associated with pelvic organ prolapse among
           pedestrian back-loading women in bench Maji Zone

    • Authors: Andualem Henok
      Abstract: Background: It is common to see women carrying heavy loads on their back in developing countries including Ethiopia. This may have an effect on pelvic organ prolapse. The objective of this study was to determine prevalence and factors associated with pelvic organ prolapse among pedestrian back-loading women in Bench-MajiZone, 2016.Methods: The study was conducted in Bench-MajiZone, Southwest Ethiopia, from January to March 2016. Cross-sectional study design was employed. The sample size was calculated to be 422. Women were selected by using convenientsampling technique. Interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Binary logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with pelvic organ prolapse.Result: Fifty-six (13.3%)of the study participants had pelvic organ prolapse. The likelihood of pelvic organ prolapse was higher among women whose ages were between 31-40 years (AOR= 6.88: 95% CI 1.68, 28.23), 41-50 years (AOR= 11.10: 95% CI 2.54, 48.49) and above 50 years (AOR= 35.42: 95% CI 6.94, 180.85) as compared with those who were less than 30 years. The likelihood of pelvic organ prolapse was also higher among those whose BMI was less than 18.5 (AOR= 2.37: 95% CI 1.25, 4.51) and duration of work greater than 10 years (AOR= 4.01: 95% CI 1.81, 8.89).Conclusion: The prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse was high. Age, BMI and duration of work were significantly associated with pelvic organ prolapse. Urgent attention is needed from concerned bodies.Keywords: Pelvic organ prolapse; Back loading; Factors, Utero Vaginal Prolapse, Ethiopia
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • The association between physical activity and the metabolic syndrome among
           type 2 diabetes patients in Gaza strip, Palestine

    • Authors: Abdel Hamid el Bilbeisi, Saeed Hosseini, Kurosh Djafarian
      Abstract: Background: Metabolic syndrome is a major health problem worldwide. Globally, the World Health Organization identified physical inactivity as the fourth leading risk factor for mortality. This study was conducted to evaluate the association between physical activities and metabolic syndrome and diabetes complications among type 2 diabetes patients in Gaza Strip, Palestine.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 1200 previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (from both genders, aged 20 to 64 years) receiving care in the primary health care centers. Metabolic syndrome was defined based on the International Diabetes Federation criteria. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to measure physical activity. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 20.Results: A significant inverse association was found between inactive patients and metabolic syndrome. In our study, 93.7% of inactive patients, 66.4% of active patients and 23.5% of very active patients had metabolic syndrome (OR .048 CI 95% (.03-.072)), (OR .787 CI 95% (.59-1.03)) and (OR 15.9 CI 95% (11.8-21.3)) respectively. Our results showed a significant inverse association between physical activity levels and anthropometric measurements in both gender. Moreover, a significant association was found between physical activity levels and triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol and blood pressure in both sexes (P value < 0.05 for all) and diabetes complications (P value < 0.05 for all).Conclusion: We conclude that low levels of physical activity are associated with increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Furthermore, inactive patients had a high percentage of diabetes complications among type 2 diabetes patients in Gaza Strip, Palestine.Keywords: Physical activity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, Gaza, Palestine
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Magnitude and factors associated with post-cesarean surgical site
           infection at Hawassa University Teaching and referral hospital, southern
           Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Samuel Wodajo, Mehretu Belayneh, Samson Gebremedhin
      Abstract: Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) after cesarean section (CS) increases maternal morbidity, hospital stay and medical cost. However, in Ethiopia, limited evidence exists regarding the magnitude and risk factors of post-CS wound infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of – and factors associated with the problem among mothers who gave birth in Hawassa University Teaching and Referral Hospital, Southern Ethiopia.Methods: Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted based on the medical records of 592 women who underwent CS from June 2012 to May 2013. Data on the occurrence and factors associated with SSIs were extracted. Factors associated with SSI were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis. The output of the analysis is presented using adjusted odds ratio (OR) with the corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI).Results: The prevalence of SSI was 11.0% (95% CI: 8.6-13.8%). Mothers with prolonged labor (6.78, 95% CI: 2.54-18.00) and prolonged rupture of membrane (5.83, 95% CI: 2.14-15.89) had significantly increased odds of SSI. Compared to mothers who had no digital vaginal examination, those who had 1-4 and 5 or more examinations were at higher risk with OR of 2.91 (95% CI: 1.21-6.99) and 8.59 (95% CI: 1.74-42.23), respectively. Prolonged duration of surgery (12.32, 95% CI: 5.46-27.77), wound contamination class III (9.61, 95% CI: 1.84-50.06) and postoperative anemia (2.62, 95% CI: 1.21-5.69) were also significant predictors. CS conducted by junior practitioners is likely to be followed by infection.Conclusion: Post-CS SSI is relatively common in the hospital. Thus, it should be averted by implementing infection prevention techniques.Keywords: Surgical wound infection, Cesarean section, Southern Ethiopia
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Determinants of skilled care utilization among pregnant women residents in
           an urban community in Kwara State, Northcentral Nigeria

    • Authors: A Idowu, Samuel A. Olowookere, Olajide O. Abiola, Adebowale F. Akinwumi, Caleb Adegbenro
      Abstract: Background: Skilled attendant at delivery (SBA) is one of the key indicators used in assessing progress towards improved maternal health. This study aimed at identifying factors influencing SBA utilization in Ilorin, Nigeria.Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out using multi-stage sampling technique among 400 participants in Ilorin, Northcentral Nigeria. A pre-tested questionnaire was used for data collection, and data analysis was done using descriptive and inferential statistics.Results: SBA supervised 73.8% births. Determinants of skilled birth attendance at delivery include higher education (AOR; 10.94, 95% CI; 3.60-33.26), having only one child (AOR; 4.33, 95% CI; 1.18-15.82), having at least 4 ANC attendance (AOR; 18.84, 95% CI; 8.95-55.82) and residing near delivery sites (AOR; 11.49, 95% CI; 2.43-55.56).Conclusion: The proportion of births supervised by SBA needs improvement in Northcentral Nigeria. Full implementation of reproductive health policies will enhance skilled births in Nigeria.Keywords: Skilled birth attendants, Antenatal care, utilization
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Maternal vitamin D deficiency: a culprit for hypocalcaemia induced
           myocardial failure in a four-month old infant: a case report from Tikur
           Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia

    • Authors: Tamirat Moges, Yemisirach Shiferaw, Tigist Heye
      Abstract: Background: A rare but reversible cause of dilated cardiomyopathy occurs in infants born to vitamin D deficient mothers due to hypocalcaemia.Case Report: We report a case of dilated cardiomyopathy due to hypocalcaemia secondary to maternal vitamin D deficiency in an infant presented with seizure disorder and heart failure. This was a four-month old female infant with respiratory distress and acute heart failure. The cause of her cardiac failure was dilated cardiomyopathy. Concomitant community acquired pneumonia was diagnosed on chest X ray. Despite treatment, the infant's clinical condition worsened. The mother was found to be house-bound, dark skinned and veiled while going outside of home. Laboratory studies revealed hypomagnesaemia and hypocalcaemia. The vitamin D levels of both the infant and the mother were found to be low. The infant was treated for the deficiency state until her cardiac condition fully recovered.Conclusion: This case report demonstrated the direct relationship between maternal vitamin D deficiency and the infant’s acute heart failure. It also highlighted the importance of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy in order to prevent the cardiac complication of maternal vitamin D deficiency in the infants.Keywords: Dilated cardiomyopathy, Hypocalcaemia, vitamin D, cardiac failure
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Symptomatic cholilithiasis and cholecystectomyfor a 9-month-old infant: a
           case report

    • Authors: Hailu Wondimu
      Abstract: Background: Symptomatic cholilithiasis is rare in children. Thus, a high degree of suspicion is required for diagnosis. Once a child is diagnosed with symptomatic cholilithiasis, cholecystectomy is required to relieve the symptoms and prevent complication.Case Details: A 9-month-old infant from Addis Ababa presented to the Pediatric Department of ZewdituMemorial Hospital on January 30, 2015 with irritability, abdominal pain. On workup, she was found to have gall stones, and her condition was at last attributed to biliary colic after months of follow-up in the Department of Pediatrics. She underwent cholecystectomy on the 31st of July 2015 and discharged with improved results. This is the first report of symptomatic cholilithiasis and cholecystectomy in Ethiopia at 9 months of age.Conclusion: Cholilithiasis is rare in infants, and one should have a high index of suspicion for diagnosis. Cholecystectomy should be done as in adults if symptomaticKeywords: Infant, symptomatic, cholilithiasis, cholecystectomy
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Hyper parathyroidisim jaw tumor syndrome: a rare condition of incongruous
           features

    • Authors: Manchil P. Redwin Dhas, Kannan S. Karthiga, Joy E. Tatu, Sherubin J. Eugenia
      Abstract: Background: Hyperparathyroidism-Jaw Tumor (HPT-JT) syndrome is a rare genetic disorder bearing both a germline and a somatic CDC73 mutation (formerly known as HRPT2), which has been mapped to chromosome 1q25-q31. The association of jaw ossifying fibroma with primary hyperparathyroidisim (PHPT) is typical of HPT-JT. It may also include cystic and neoplastic renal abnormalities and uterine tumors.Case Details: Here, we report a case of HPT-JT with an initial presentation of declination in reproductive fitness. Extensive literature search and thorough investigation helped us parturitate the underlying syndrome, thereby predictively improving the prognosis.Conclusion: The features of HPT-JT are clinically difficult to ascertain because the parathyroid disease, ossifying fibroma in the jaw and other abnormalities, often occurs asynchronously and may be diagnosed and treated separately.Keywords: Hyperparathyroidism, HPT-JT, Ossifying fibroma, Syndrome
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Enhancing personal hygiene behavior and competency of elementary school
           adolescents through peer-led approach and school-friendly: a
           quasi-experimental study

    • Authors: Dessalegn Tamiru, Alemayehu Argaw, Mulusew Gerbaba, Girmay Ayana, Aderajew Nigussie, Hunduma Jisha, Tefera Belachew
      Abstract: Background: Recent studies showed that poor personal hygiene practices play a major role in the increment of communicable disease burden in developing countries. In Ethiopia, 60% of the disease burden is related to poor sanitation practices. This school based study was aimed to assess the effectiveness of school-friendly and peer-led approach in improving personal hygiene practices of school adolescents in Jimma Zone, Southwest of Ethiopia.Methods: A total of 1000 students from 10 to 19 years were included into the study. The intervention was done using peer-led approach, health clubs and linking the school events with parents. Data were collected at baseline, midline and end-line using structured questionnaires. Repeated measurement analysis was done and statistical significance was considered at alpha 0.05.Results: The findings of this study indicated that there was a significant difference in personal hygiene practices and knowledge between the intervention and control groups (P<0.001). A significant difference was also observed with the duration of time in the intervention schools (P<0.05). The proportion of adolescents who reported illness before the baseline survey was significantly high among the intervention schools (P<0.01). However, at midline of the survey, the proportion of self-reported illness was significantly high among the control group(P<0.001).Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that there was a significant improvement in personal hygiene knowledge and practice of students in the intervention schools. Therefore, there is a need for proper health education intervention through the framework of schools for the students to improve their personal hygiene knowledge and practices.Keywords: Hygiene, School, Knowledge, Attitude, Jimma
      PubDate: 2016-05-05
      Issue No: Vol. 27, No. 3 (2016)
       
 
 
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