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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1279 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (508 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (381 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (100 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (80 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (508 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 170)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access  
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access  
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Heart Insight     Full-text available via subscription  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Afrimedic Journal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2141-162X
   Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [266 journals]
  • Editorial: Harmony in Nigerian health sector

    • Authors: B Eze
      Abstract: No Abstract
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
       
  • The Role of Oxidative Stress in Diabetes Mellitus: A 24-year Review

    • Authors: CC Ilechukwu, UE Ebenebe, CF Ubajaka, AL Ilika, OF Emelumadu, SA Nwabueze
      Abstract: Background: Diabetes mellitus is a widespread and devastating disease. Diabetes is associated with several mechanisms of tissue damage, one of which is oxidative stress. Oxidative stress and oxidative damage to tissues are common end points to chronic diseases such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of and the complications of diabetes. Hyperglycaemia results in overproduction of oxygen free radicals which contributes to the progression of diabetes.
      Objective: This review aims at determining the role of oxidative stress in diabetes and diabetic complications.
      Method: Relevant literatures were reviewed from medical journals, library search, Pub Med search, Google search and other internet search engines (Google Scholar, Hinarii, Ask.com) from 1987 to 2011.
      Results: Several studies demonstrated that oxidative stress plays a role in the progression of diabetes and also in the development and progression of diabetic complications.
      Conclusion: Increasing evidence has implicated a role for oxidative stress in progression of diabetes and diabetes associated complications. Antioxidant therapy has been effective in management of diabetes and diabetic complications. In addition, physical exercise and insulin therapy can also improve diabetes through the reduction of oxidative stress.Keywords: Oxidative stress, free radicals, antioxidants, diabetes, diabetic complications.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
       
  • Germ Cell Tumours in Children: A Twenty-year Retrospective Study (January
           1988 - December 2007) in Ibadan, South-West Nigeria

    • Authors: FO Edegbe, CO Okani, GO Ogun, EE Akang
      Abstract: Background: There is a significant lack of studies of germ cell neoplasms in the paediatric age group from Nigeria and other parts of Africa.
      Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the histological pattern of paediatric germ cell tumours in Ibadan, Nigeria.
      Method: This is a retrospective study of cases of germ cell neoplasms histologically diagnosed at the Department of Pathology, University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan between January 1988 and December 2007 among children aged 0-14 years. Haematoxylin and eosin stained slides were reviewed and where necessary, the paraffin blocks were recut and stained. The World Health Organization Histological Classification of paediatric germ cell tumours of 2004 was used in this study.
      Result: Paediatric germ cell tumours comprised 0.05% of all surgical pathology specimens in the study period. There were 10 (25.6%) male and 29 (73.4%) female patients, giving a male to female gender ratio of 1:2.9. Extragonadal germ cell tumours constituted 25 (64.1%) and gonadal germ cell tumours 14 (35.9%) cases. Benign neoplasms accounted for 26 (66.7%) and malignant neoplasms accounted for 13 (33.3%) cases. Thirty-one (79.5%) of the 39 cases were teratomas, 7 (17.9%) were yolk sac tumours and one (2.6%) was a mixed germ cell tumour. The most common sites were the ovary (33.3%), sacrococcygeal region (20.5%) and neck (10.3%). There was a bimodal age distribution, with a first peak in infancy and a second peak between >5-10 years of age.
      Conclusion: In view of the paucity of studies on germ cell tumours from Nigeria and other parts of Africa, further studies of this unique group of neoplasms are required in order to validate the findings of this study.Keywords: Germ cell tumours, Children, Pathology, Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
       
  • HIV/TB Co-infection Among HIV Positive Children Attending Clinics In Imo
           State University Teaching Hospital Orlu, Imo State, Nigeria

    • Authors: CB Duru, KA Uwakwe, KC Diwe, CC Nnebue, S Onah, HN Chineke, C Abejega
      Abstract: Background: Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome and tuberculosis are among the leading causes of death from infectious diseases worldwide. The resurgence of tuberculosis in children is partly attributed to the coexisting burden of human immunodeficiency virus infection, which is most pronounced in sub Saharan Africa.
      Aim: To determine the prevalence and pattern of HIV/TB co-infection among HIV positive children attending clinics at Imo State University Teaching Hospital.
      Method: This is a retrospective review of HIV/AIDS children attending HIV clinics at Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu, Imo State, Nigeria from January, 2011- December, 2012.
      Results: Of the total of 128 HIV infected children reviewed during the 24 months period, 16(12.5%) were coinfected with tuberculosis, (95% CI, 10.7% - 14.3%). Among these 16 patients, TB co-infection was diagnosed before commencement of ART in 93.7% of them. Majority of the TB cases (87.5%) presented with pulmonary TB amongst whom only 25.0% were sputum positive. The factors found to affect TB development significantly were stage of HIV disease (p=0.000) and CD4 count level (P=0.021) of patients. The factor with the highest influence on TB development was the clinical stage of HIV disease (Odds ratio =6.013) and that of least influence was sex of patient (Odds ratio= 0.8319).
      Conclusion: The study revealed a moderately high TB/HIV co-infection rate. Low CD4 count level below 200cell/ml and late clinical stages of HIV disease contribute significantly to the development of TB disease.Key Words: HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, co-infection, children.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
       
  • Determinants of Treatment Outcome of Public-Private Mix Tuberculosis
           Control Programme in South-Eastern Nigeria

    • Authors: HA Efegbere, AE Anyabolu, AN Onyeyili, EK Efegbere, N Sani-Gwarzo, A Omoniyi, RC Okonkwo, OP Eze, MU Oguwuike, EH Enemuo, PO Adogu, AL Ilika, AO Igwegbe, IC Oyeka
      Abstract: Background: Determinants for non-compliance to antituberculosis treatment range from a poor correlation between patient and programme needs and priorities among other socio-economic factors.
      Objectives: This is to assess determinants of treatment outcome of public private mix tuberculosis control programme in South-Eastern Nigeria.
      Methods: A retrospective cohort study design using Multivariate Logistic Regression to analyze secondary data set (2007-2010) of patients to assess determinants of TBDirectly Observed Treatment Short course Treatment outcomes in public and private facilities in Anambra State.
      Results: A total of 2,018 patients (1,899 patients in public health facilities and 119 in private health facilities) were reviewed. The mean ages in public and private facilities were 34.0±4.2 years and 32±3.7 years. Males were 60.0% (1100 patients) and 75%(90 patients) at public and private health facilities respectively. Cure rates of 37.6%(714 patients) and 48.7%(61patients);Defaulter rates of 28.2%(532 patients) and 7.6%(9 patients); Interruption rates of 3.9%(74 patients) and 0%(0 patients); Transfer-out rates of 3.2%(61 patients) and 1.7% (2 patients);Failure rates of 1.9%(36 patients) and 0.8%(1 patient);Death rates of 4.1%(78 patients) and 0.8%(1 patient); and treatment completion rates of 19.7%(375 patients) and 6.7%(8 patients) were found at public and private health facilities respectively.
      Conclusion: Determinants that affected treatment outcome for public facilities were year, HIV status of patients, category of treatment, sex and age of patients. The determinant for private facilities was only year. Future research should focus on identifying factors that influence health seeking behaviour to accessing care in private facilities.Key words: Tuberculosis, Determinants, Treatments Outcome, Public-Private Mix.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
       
  • Papanicolaou Smear in Abuja Revisited

    • Authors: AY Isah, JA Adaji, GO Akaba, OP Oluwole
      Abstract: Background: Papinicolaou smear has been established as a cost effective screening method for Carcinoma of the cervix and had been used with celebrated successes in developed societies. Its utilization has remained abysmally low in Africa with attendant alarming rate of overt advanced cancer among her female population. Recent government public outreach programs abound and there is need to evaluate the effectiveness of these campaigns on the outcome of smear results with a view of future adjustment in outreach strategy.
      Objectives: To review the results of Pap smears conducted in University of Abuja Teaching Hospital with a view of documenting the prevalence of positive smears among the study population.
      Materials and Method: A three year retrospective study of Pap smears that were carried out at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2012. The records of the patients were retrieved from medical record Department and analysed for age of the patient, parity, educational status, marital status, findings on vaginal examination, indication for pap smear and Pap smear results. The results were presented and discussed using simple percentages.
      Results: One thousand two hundred and seventy four (1274) women had cervical smears during the study period. Ninety eight percent of patients were having their cervical screening for the first time at the mean age of 39.13±9.7 years. Positive Pap smear result was obtained in 39.5% of symptomatic and 24.4% of asymptomatic patients while Negative smears were recorded in 63.8% of the patients. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) changes occurred in 5.7%, while atypical cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) were observed in 4.9% of the patients. Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) were the commonest cervical smear abnormality observed in 9.6% of the patients.
      Conclusion: The mean age at first screening remain high with corresponding high rate of abnormal smear in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. The provider initiated counseling and testing is encouraged for early identification and treatment of precancerous lesions of Carcinoma of Cervix. Development and strict adherence of a National guideline for free routine screening of all women of reproductive life may increase the uptake.Key words: Cervical cancer, Screening, Pap smear, Utilization.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
       
  • Prevalence of Anaemia Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Positive
           Pregnant Women at Booking in Orlu, South-Eastern Nigeria

    • Authors: C Okeudo, BU Ezem, EC Ojiyi, FC Anolue, EI Dike
      Abstract: Background: Anaemia is the most commonly encountered haematological abnormality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients with estimates climbing as high as 95% depending on clinical settings. The twin effects of HIV infection and anaemia in pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes.
      Objective: To determine the prevalence of anaemia among HIV positive pregnant women at booking at Orlu, South-East Nigeria.
      Methods: A retrospective analysis of the case records of women who were screened for Human Immunedeficiency Virus and anaemia at the Imo State University Teaching Hospital from 1st March 2008 to 28th February 2010 was done. Data on age, parity, educational status, marital status, haemoglobin concentration and retroviral status were collected and analyzed using SPSS version 13.
      Results: Nine hundred and twenty one pregnant women were screened at booking within the study period. The age range of the women was  8-39years with a mean age of 28.22 ± 5.04years. One hundred and six (11.5%) of the women tested and were confirmed positive to HIV 1 & 2 antibodies. Anaemia was significantly higher among HIV positive pregnant women than in HIV negative pregnant women (75.5% vs 57.9%; P=0.001). Seventy seven point three percent (75/97) of women ≤ 20 years were anaemic. This was shown to be significant (P=0. 000). Three hundred and thirty three (69.2%) of the women that had only secondary education were significantly (P=0.000} more anaemic than those that had postsecondary education.
      Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of anaemia among HIV positive pregnant women at booking at the Imo State University Teaching Hospital (IMSUTH, Orlu. Anaemia was also more significant in younger age (≤20years} and lesser educated women (only secondary
      .school}Key Words: Anaemia, HIV, Pregnancy, Booking, Orlu
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
       
  • Antenatal Care Services Utilization among Women of Reproductive Age in
           Urban and Rural Communities of South East Nigeria: A Comparative Study

    • Authors: CB Duru, NO Eke, CO Ifeadike, KC Diwe, KA Uwakwe, BO Nwosu, HN Chineke
      Abstract: Background: Antenatal care is an evidence based intervention that improves maternal and perinatal outcome. Assessment and re-assessment of its utilization by rural and urban women in Nigeria is necessary for planning healthcare programmes and interventions.
      Aim: This study aims to assess urban – rural differences in antenatal care services utilization among women in South-East Nigeria and factors that influence such.
      Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study carried out among women of reproductive age in Anambra State, South-East Nigeria. Participants were selected using multistage sampling technique. Data was collected using pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaires which were interviewer-administered. Data obtained was analyzed using SPSS version 17. Tests of significance were done using Chi square test and student T test at 95% confidence intervals.
      Results: Six hundred women were included in the study; 300 respectively, from urban and rural settings. The mean age of respondents was 33.9+2.7 years. The average month at booking was higher in the rural areas (5.2 months) when compared to the urban (4.4) months, with more respondents in the urban areas booking earlier (P=0.000). More respondents in the urban, 140 (50.8%), attended ANC up to 4 times when compared to their rural counterparts, 102(37.0%) (p= 0.000). Women in the urban areas were more likely to have deliveries supervised by skilled birth attendants (p= 0.000). The estimated cost of antenatal care was higher in the urban areas than the rural (p= 0.000). Satisfaction received from antenatal and delivery services was also higher in the urban settings (p= 0.000).
      Conclusion: Rural-urban differences exist in the utilization of antenatal care services, with a higher proportion of urban women utilizing these services.
      Increased health education of women, especially in the rural areas, is advocated.Key Words: Antenatal utilization, Rural, Urban, Women, Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
       
  • Knowledge of Breast Cancer and Need for its Screening Among Female
           Healthcare Workers in Oshimili South Local Government Council Area of
           Delta State, Nigeria

    • Authors: AO Eguvbe, N Akpede, NE Arua
      Abstract: Background: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women worldwide and the most common among African women. The WHO, recent global cancer statistics indicate a rising global incidence of breast cancer in populations of the developing countries that previously enjoyed a low incidence of the disease. Early detection through mammogram, clinical breast examination (CBE), and breast self examination (BSE) is critical to reducing breast cancer related morbidity and mortality.
      Objectives: To assess the knowledge, awareness, perception and behavior of female healthcare workers in Oshimili South LGA of Delta State towards breast cancer and its screening.
      Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study done from January to March 2014. Multistage sampling technique was used in the selection of the LGA and study participants. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire and were analyzed using SPSS version 17.
      Results: A total of 424 female healthcare workers were interviewed. The mean age was 35.4 years and ranged from 21 to 58 years. A total of 406 respondents (97.1%) were aware of breast cancer; 340(81.3%) practice breast self examination (BSE); 117(41.9%) knew about breast mammography. The commonest source of information about breast cancer was from fellow healthcare workers (45.3%), followed by school (16.5%), and newspaper (14.8%).
      Conclusion: The study shows a high level of awareness of breast cancer and BSE but a low level of awareness of breast mammography. The level of awareness of breast cancer, the practice of BSE and awareness of breast mammography were all found to increase with increase in age of respondents. The married respondents were more aware of breast cancer and also of breast mammography. Higher educational level was not found to increase awareness of breast cancer, practice of BSE and knowledge of breast mammography.Key words: Breast cancer, knowledge, screening
      PubDate: 2014-10-31
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 1 (2014)
       
 
 
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