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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1424 journals)
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    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (641 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (641 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 245)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 7)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Equity     Open Access  
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Security     Hybrid Journal  
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health, Safety and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
American Journal of Health Promotion
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.807
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 31  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0890-1171 - ISSN (Online) 2168-6602
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1079 journals]
  • In Briefs
    • Pages: 980 - 983
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Volume 33, Issue 7, Page 980-983, September 2019.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-14T07:59:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119866979
  • Editor’s Desk: Addressing Spiritual Well-Being in the Workplace
    • Authors: Jessica Grossmeier, Larry Chapman, Renee Moorefield, Caren Kenney, Loren Toussaint, Frederic Luskin, Rick Aberman, Arthur DeLorenzo
      Pages: 1081 - 1093
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Volume 33, Issue 7, Page 1081-1093, September 2019.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-14T07:59:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119866957
  • The Art of Health Promotion: linking research to practice
    • Authors: Jessica Grossmeier
      Pages: 1081 - 1082
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Volume 33, Issue 7, Page 1081-1082, September 2019.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-14T07:59:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119866957a
  • Spiritual Health Revisited
    • Authors: Larry Chapman
      Pages: 1082 - 1084
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Volume 33, Issue 7, Page 1082-1084, September 2019.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-14T07:59:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119866957b
  • Effective Leadership: What Does Spirituality Have To Do With It'
    • Authors: Renee Moorefield
      Pages: 1085 - 1087
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Volume 33, Issue 7, Page 1085-1087, September 2019.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-14T07:59:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119866957c
  • Purpose and Character: The Ultimate Differentiators of a Legacy Leader
    • Authors: Caren Kenney
      Pages: 1087 - 1090
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Volume 33, Issue 7, Page 1087-1090, September 2019.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-14T07:59:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119866957d
  • Is Forgiveness One of the Secrets to Success' Considering the Costs of
           Workplace Disharmony and the Benefits of Teaching Employees to Forgive
    • Authors: Loren Toussaint, Frederic Luskin, Rick Aberman, Arthur DeLorenzo
      Pages: 1090 - 1093
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Volume 33, Issue 7, Page 1090-1093, September 2019.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-14T07:59:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119866957e
  • Smoke-Free or Not: Attitudes Toward Indoor Smoke-Free Policies Among
           Permanent Supportive Housing Residents
    • Authors: Anne Berit Petersen, Holly Elser, Tram Nguyen, Natalie M. Alizaga, Maya Vijayaraghavan
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:Interventions for tobacco dependence are most effective when combined with smoke-free policies, yet such policies are rare in permanent supportive housing (PSH) for formerly homeless adults. We aimed to provide in-depth analysis of attitudes and barriers to and facilitators of implementing smoke-free policies in PSH.Approach:Current smokers living in PSH completed a questionnaire and participated in in-depth, semistructured interviews on smoking history, attitudes toward smoke-free policies, and perceived barriers to cessation.Setting:We collaborated with 6 San Francisco Bay Area PSH agencies.Participants:Thirty-six residents in PSH.Methods:Interviews, conducted by trained interviewers, were digitally recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using content analysis methods. Participants were recruited until we reached thematic saturation, or no new themes emerged from the interviews.Results:Over half of participants (52.8%, n = 19) reported depression, and 97.2% (n = 35) reported current substance use. Support for indoor smoking bans in living areas was modest (33.1%), although most residents anticipated cutting down (61%) and reported they would not move because of a smoking ban (77.8%). There was interest in quitting smoking, although co-use of tobacco with other substances was a major barrier.Conclusion:This study is the first to explore attitudes toward smoke-free policies in PSH. We found that residents in PSH support smoke-free policies and consider them feasible if implementation processes are sound. Our findings underscore the need to address barriers to adopting smoke-free policies and accessing smoking cessation services. In particular, interventions must address the co-use of tobacco with other substances and the impact of smoking on financial and housing stability.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-09-20T04:27:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119876763
  • Just Moments: A Letter to Dr Peter Erickson
    • Authors: Paul E. Terry
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Practicing mindfulness is usually characterized as being “in the moment” and is most often associated with an effort to manage individual illness, stress, or well-being. This editorial memorializes my dear friend Pete Erickson who was an exemplar to making every moment count. But more importantly, moments he made with others were “just moments” in service to his community, moments that made others experience their community and their health system as more just places. In defining “just moments,” I cite the paper “Collective Well-being to Improve Population Health Outcomes” where the authors argued that well-being is a function of a group and that domains such as “connectedness” and “contribution” may have as much to do with well-being as does our usual focus on individual self-care practices.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-09-18T04:27:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119874244
  • Effects of Accumulated Short Bouts of Exercise on Weight and Obesity
           Indices in Adults: A Meta-Analysis
    • Authors: Heontae Kim, Joel Reece, Minsoo Kang
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Objective:To compile and quantify the effectiveness of accumulated short-bout exercise interventions on reducing the obesity indices in adults using meta-analysis.Data Source:PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and SportDiscus.Study Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria:(1) Description of a short-bout exercise trial (10 weeks was more effective than shorter (≤10) intervention period for reducing BM, BMI, and FM.Conclusion:Accumulated short bouts of exercise have a beneficial effect on reducing the obesity indices among adults. The current study can help health researchers and practitioners in designing their intervention programs, which can be applied within schools, clinics, and communities.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-09-06T06:48:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119872863
  • Does Patient Preference for Mode of Intervention Delivery Impact
           Intervention Efficacy and Attrition'
    • Authors: Ronald C. Plotnikoff, Fiona G. Stacey, Anna K. Jansson, Benjamin Ewald, Natalie A. Johnson, Wendy J. Brown, Elizabeth G. Holliday, Daniel Barker, Erica L. James
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:To explore whether there was a difference in objectively measured physical activity and study participation between people who received their preferred study group allocation (matched) and those who did not receive their preferred study group (mismatched).Design:Secondary data from the NewCOACH randomized controlled trial.Setting:Insufficiently active patients in the primary care settings in Sydney and Newcastle, Australia.Participants:One hundred seventy-two adults aged 20 to 81 years.Intervention:Participants indicated their intervention preference at baseline for (1) five face-to-face visits with an exercise specialist, (2) one face-to-face visit and 4 telephone follow-ups with an exercise specialist, (3) written material, or (4) slight-to-no preference. Participants were then allocated to an intervention group and categorized as either “matched” or “mismatched” based on their indications. Participants who reported a slight-to-no preference was categorized as “matched.”Measures:Daily step count as measured by pedometers and study participation.Analysis:Mean differences between groups in daily step count at 3 and 12 months (multiple linear regression models) and study participation at baseline, 3 months, and 12 months (χ2 tests).Results:Preference for an intervention group prior to randomization did not significantly (all P’s> .05 using 95% confidence interval) impact step counts (differences of
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-31T04:20:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119871002
  • Group Versus Individual Culturally Tailored and Theory-Based Education to
           Promote Cervical Cancer Screening Among the Underserved Hispanics: A
           Cluster Randomized Trial
    • Authors: Jessica Calderón-Mora, Theresa L. Byrd, Adam Alomari, Rebekah Salaiz, Alok Dwivedi, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Navkiran Shokar
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:To determine whether group education is as effective as individual education in improving cervical cancer screening uptake along the US–Mexico border.Design:Cluster randomized controlled study.Setting:El Paso and Hudspeth Counties, Texas.Participants:Three hundred women aged 21 to 65 years, uninsured, due for a Pap test, no prior history of cervical cancer or hysterectomy.Intervention:Theory-based, culturally appropriate program comprised of outreach, educational session, navigation services, and no-cost cervical cancer testing.Measures:Baseline, immediate postintervention, and 4-month follow-up surveys measured knowledge and theoretical constructs from the Health Belief Model, Theory of Reasoned Action, and the Social Cognitive Theory.Analysis:Relative risk regression analyses to assess the effects of educational delivery mode on the uptake of screening. Mixed effect models to analyze changes in psychosocial variables.Results:One hundred and fifty women assigned to each educational group; 99% Hispanic. Of all, 85.7% completed the follow-up survey. Differences in screening rate at follow-up were analyzed by education type. Overall screening rate at follow-up was 73.2%, no significant difference by education type (individual: 77.6%, group: 68.9% P = .124). Significant increases among group education at follow-up for knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived seriousness, and subjective norms and significant decrease for perceived benefits.Conclusion:This study provides evidence to support the effectiveness of group education to promote cervical cancer screening among vulnerable Hispanic women and offers an additional method to address cervical cancer disparities.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-28T03:11:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119871004
  • Are Moderate and Vigorous Leisure-Time Physical Activity Associated With
           Musculoskeletal Pain' A Cross-Sectional Study Among 981 Physical
    • Authors: Y. Ezzatvar, J. Calatayud, L.L. Andersen, J. Casaña
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:Musculoskeletal pain (MP) is common among workers, especially for health-care professionals. Paradoxically, many of those rehabilitating patients for pain—that is, physical therapists (PTs)—also have pain. Adequate levels of physical activity are recommended for cardiovascular and musculoskeletal health. However, the association between physical activity and MP among PTs remains unknown. This study aims to determine the association between moderate and vigorous leisure-time physical activity levels and MP in PTs.Design:Cross-sectional study.Setting:Workplace.Participants:Nine hundred eighty-one PTs.Measures:Data on MP and leisure-time physical activity were collected using an online survey.Analysis:The odds for having lower level of MP as a function of physical activity were estimated using binary logistic regression controlled for various confounders.Results:Performing ≥75 min/week of vigorous leisure-time physical activity increased the odds of experiencing lower levels of neck–shoulder pain (odds ratio = 1.43, 95% confidence interval, 1.05-1.94). No association was found neither between vigorous nor between moderate leisure-time physical activity and MP in the arm-hand or back.Conclusion:Performing ≥75 min/week of vigorous leisure-time physical activity is associated with lower levels of MP in neck and shoulders among PTs. No associations were found between vigorous or moderate leisure-time physical activity and MP in arm-hand and back.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-20T05:12:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119870365
  • Barriers and Facilitators to Hypertension Control Following Participation
           in a Church-Based Hypertension Intervention Study
    • Authors: Sara Heinert, Sandra Escobar-Schulz, Maya Jackson, Marina Del Rios, Sarah Kim, Jennica Kahkejian, Heather Prendergast
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:Hypertension is the primary risk factor for development of cardiovascular complications. Community-initiated interventions have proven effective in reducing cardiovascular disease risk among individuals who might otherwise face barriers to care. The purposes of this study were to gain feedback on a church-based hypertension intervention study and assess barriers and facilitators to hypertension control after participation in the study.Design:Qualitative study of 4 focus groups.Setting:Focus groups took place at 4 churches in primarily minority neighborhoods of Chicago, Illinois, in summer 2017.Participants:Thirty-one community members participated in the focus groups.Method:The Community Targeting of Uncontrolled Hypertension (CTOUCH) study was a church-based screening, brief intervention, and referral for treatment program for hypertension. Following the study completion, participants were invited to join a focus group to provide feedback on the study and discuss barriers and facilitators to hypertension control. The authors used the Framework Method to analyze the data.Results:Community Targeting of Uncontrolled Hypertension was well received by participants, particularly the awareness of their individual blood pressure and subsequent education on risk modification. The most common facilitators for hypertension control were social support, knowing how to control hypertension, and community resources. The most common barriers to hypertension control were lack of hypertension knowledge, negative primary care experiences, and lack of disease awareness.Conclusion:Knowledge of barriers and facilitators can inform areas of success and opportunities for improvement in community-based hypertension programs including future renditions in CTOUCH.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-14T05:48:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119868384
  • Smoke-Free Outdoor Seating Policy: 1-Year Changes in Compliance of Bars
           and Restaurants in Philadelphia
    • Authors: Pilar Ocampo, Ryan Coffman, Hannah Lawman
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:To evaluate changes in compliance with a smoke-free outdoor seating policy before and after passage of a local regulation in 2015, which reinterpreted Philadelphia’s Clean Indoor Air Worker Protection Law to include outdoor seating areas of food or beverage establishments.Design:Natural experiment.Setting:Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.Sample:Food or beverage establishments (N = 108). Establishments were comprised of sit-down restaurants, cafes, quick-service restaurants, and bars.Measures:Presence of outdoor smoking and smoking-related litter on a given day were measured as binary variables. A geographic information system–based survey developed for this study was used to collect observational data.Analysis:Logistic regressions were used to determine the change in odds of observing outdoor smoking and smoking-related litter on a given day from baseline (preregulation) to follow-up (postregulation).Results:Compliance with smoke-free outdoor seating increased from 84.5% to 95.4% after passage and implementation of the regulation. Results showed a significant 75% decrease (odds ratio [OR]: = 0.25, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.08-0.67) in odds of outdoor smoking and a slight decrease in smoking-related litter (OR: 0.81, 95% CI: 0.39-1.65) at follow-up in establishments overall. However, at baseline, bars had higher odds of outdoor smoking (OR: 2.68, 95% CI: 0.57-12.72) and smoking-related litter (OR: 4.09, 95% CI:, 1.87-9.49) compared to sit-down restaurants.Conclusion:Results suggest there is high compliance with low-cost, low-burden, smoke-free outdoor seating policy and that enforcement is best targeted toward bars.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-14T04:00:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119869113
  • Daily Adolescent Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Is Associated With Select
           Adolescent, Not Parent, Attitudes About Limiting Sugary Drink and Junk
           Food Intake
    • Authors: Omoye E. Imoisili, Sohyun Park, Elizabeth A. Lundeen, Amy L. Yaroch, Heidi M. Blanck
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:To examine associations of adolescent sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake with parent SSB intake and parent and adolescent attitudes about limiting SSB and junk food (SSB/JF) intake.Design:Quantitative, cross-sectional study.Setting:The 2014 Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating study.Sample:Parent–adolescent dyads (N = 1555).Measures:The outcome was adolescent SSB intake. Exposure variables were parent SSB intake, sociodemographics, and parent and adolescent attitudes about SSB/JF intake (responses: agree, neither, or disagree).Analysis:Multinomial logistic regressions estimated adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).Results:Half (49.5%) of adolescents and 33.7% of parents consumed SSB ≥1 time/day. Parent daily SSB intake was associated with adolescent daily SSB intake (aOR = 8.9; CI = 4.6-17.3) [referent: no consumption]. Adolescents who disagreed on having confidence to limit SSB/JF intake had higher odds of daily SSB intake (aOR = 3.5; CI = 1.8-6.8), as did those who disagreed they felt bad about themselves if they did not limit SSB/JF intake (aOR = 1.9; CI=1.1-3.3), compared to adolescents who agreed with these attitudes. No parental attitudes were significant.Conclusion:Higher odds of daily SSB intake among adolescents was associated with parent SSB intake and adolescent attitudes about confidence in, and feeling bad about, limiting SSB/JF intake. Parent attitudes were not associated with daily adolescent SSB intake. Efforts to reduce adolescent SSB intake could consider strategies geared toward improving adolescent attitudes and dietary behaviors and parental SSB intake.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-14T03:59:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119868382
  • Food Service Guideline Policies on Local Government–Controlled
    • Authors: Hatidza Zaganjor, Katherine Bishop Kendrick, Stephen Onufrak, Julie Ralston Aoki, Laurie P. Whitsel, Joel Kimmons
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:Local governments can implement food service guideline (FSG) policies, which, in large cities, may reach millions of people. This study identified FSG policies among the 20 largest US cities and analyzed them for key FSG policy attributes.Design:Quantitative research.Setting:Local government facilities.Participants:Twenty largest US cities.Measures:Frequency of FSG policies and percent alignment to tool.Analysis:Using municipal legal code libraries and other data sources, FSG policies enacted as of December 31, 2016, were identified. Full-text reviews were conducted of identified policies to determine whether they met inclusion criteria. Included policies were analyzed for key policy attributes specific to nutrition, behavioral design, implementation, and facility efficiency.Results:Searches identified 469 potential FSG policies, of which 6 policies across 5 cities met inclusion criteria. Five policies met a majority of criteria assessed by the classification tool. Overall alignment to the tool ranged from 17% to 88%. Of the 6 policies, 5 met a majority of the nutrition attributes and 5 met at least 50% of attributes associated with implementation. No policies met the attributes associated with facility efficiency.Conclusion:The FSG policies were identified in 5 of the 20 US cities. Policy alignment was high for nutrition and implementation attributes. This analysis suggests that when cities adopt FSG policies, many develop policies that align with key policy attributes. These policies can serve as models for other jurisdictions to create healthier food access through FSGs.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-08-02T02:38:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119865146
  • There’s an App for That: Using Geosocial Networking Apps to Access Young
           Black Gay, Bisexual, and other MSM at Risk for HIV
    • Authors: Errol L. Fields, Amanda Long, Derek T. Dangerfield, Anthony Morgan, Mudia Uzzi, Renata Arrington-Sanders, Jacky M. Jennings
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:Young black gay, bisexual, and other MSM (YBMSM) that carry a disproportionate HIV burden in the US Geosocial networking applications (GSN apps) are environments that may increase HIV risk among users. This study explored the acceptability and feasibility of using these apps for HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) public health outreach.Design:Semi-structured in-depth qualitative interviews.Setting:A frequently reported GSN app for meeting sex partners by newly diagnosed HIV-infected MSM in Baltimore.Participants:Seventeen YBMSM aged 18 to 24 (mean = 21.5/SD = 1.8) who were logged-on to the GSN app in venues or census tracts in high HIV transmission areas.Methods:Participants completed 60 to 90 minute semi-structured interviews, which were audio-recorded and transcribed. Interview data were analyzed in NVivo10 using categorical analysis and double-coded until consistency was achieved.Results:Participants described GSN apps as acceptable and feasible resources for public health practitioners seeking to access YBMSM to provide HIV/STI treatment and prevention services and resources. Three themes emerged: (1) the need to authenticate public health messages to distinguish from spam; (2) improved access to YBMSM including opportunities to identify and access virtual congregations of youth in non-gay-related spaces; and (3) the importance of avoiding stigmatizing YBMSM when targeting sexual health messages.Conclusion:GSN apps have great potential as tools for identifying and engaging at-risk YBMSM. Additional work is needed to understand limitations of this medium, to develop strategies to engage YBMSM without further stigmatizing them, and to maximize their outreach potential.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-07-30T09:11:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119865112
  • Associations of Mother’s Behaviors and Home/Neighborhood Environments
           with Preschool Children’s Physical Activity Behaviors
    • Authors: Man Zhang, Virginia Quick, Yanhong Jin, Jennifer Martin-Biggers
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Objective:Examining associations of mother’s behaviors and home/neighborhood physical activity (PA) environments with preschoolers’ PA and screen time.Design:Cross-sectional online survey.Setting:Mothers with a 2 to 5 years old preschooler were recruited from the US panel members of Survey Sampling International.Participants:Five hundred thirty-one mothers with a preschool child aged 2 to 5 years old.Outcome Measure:Child daily screen time and PA, mother–child inside- and outside-home co-PA.Analysis:K-mean cluster analysis and Logit and negative binomial regressions.Results:Mothers’ healthy behaviors, such as decreased screen time, healthy eating habits, and increased PA, and perceived importance for PA were significantly (P < .05) associated with preschoolers’ decreased screen time and increased PA. Available toys (P < .01) and maternal perceived neighborhood safety (P < .05) were negatively correlated with preschoolers’ screen time, while available room space (P < .01) was positively correlated with preschoolers’ PA. Variables positively correlated with mother–child co-PA included mothers’ PA (P < .001) and healthy eating habits (P < .05), and home room space (P < .05) for inside-home, and yard space and quality (P < .05) for outside-home.Conclusions:Mother’s role modeling and home PA environment were positively associated with preschoolers’ PA behavior.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-07-30T09:11:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119864206
  • The Effects of Acute Exercise on Retroactive Memory Interference
    • Authors: Paul D. Loprinzi, Emily Frith, Lindsay Crawford
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:Retroactive interference involves the disruption of previously encoded information from newly learned information and thus may impair the consolidation of long-term memory. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether acute exercise can attenuate retroactive memory interference.Design:Three experimental studies were employed. Experiment 1 employed a between-subject randomized control trial (RCT) involving moderate-intensity walking (15 minutes). Experiment 2 employed a between-subject RCT involving high-intensity jogging (15 minutes). Experiment 3 employed a within-subject RCT involving moderate-intensity walking (15 minutes).Setting:University setting.Participants:One hundred twelve young adults.Measures:After exercise, memory interference was evaluated from an episodic word-list memory task, involving the recall of 2 word lists.Results:The pooled effect size (standard difference in means: −0.35; 95% confidence interval: −0.64 to −0.06) across the 3 experiments was statistically significant (P = .01).Conclusion:We provide suggestive evidence that acute, short-duration exercise may help attenuate a retroactive memory interference effect. Implications of these findings for exercise to improve memory and attenuate memory decay are discussed.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-07-30T09:11:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119866138
  • Condom Social Marketing Effects in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A
           Systematic Review Update, 1990 to 2019
    • Authors: Michael D. Sweat, Teresa Yeh, Caitlin Kennedy, Kevin O’Reilly, Kevin Armstrong, Virginia Fonner
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Objective:To update the prior systematic review from studies published in the past 9 years that examine the effects of condom social marketing (CSM) programs on condom use in low- and middle-income countries.Data Sources:PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Sociological s, and EMBASE. Hand searching of AIDS, AIDS and Behavior, AIDS Care, and AIDS Education and Prevention.Study Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria:(a) Published from 1990 to January 16, 2019, (b) low- or middle-income country, (c) evaluated CSM, (d) analyses across preintervention to postintervention exposure or across multiple study arms, (e) measured condom use behavior, and (f) sought to prevent HIV transmission.Data Extraction:Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, 2 reviewers extracted citation, inclusion criteria, methods, study population, setting, sampling, study design, unit of analysis, loss to follow-up, comparison group characteristics, intervention characteristics, and eligible outcome results.Data Synthesis:The 2012 review found 6 studies (combined N = 23 048). In a meta-analysis, the pooled odds ratio for condom use was 2.01 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.42-2.84) for the most recent sexual encounter and 2.10 (95% CI: 1.51-2.91) for a composite of all condom use outcomes. Studies had significant methodological limitations. Of 518 possible new citations identified in the update, no new articles met our inclusion criteria.Conclusions:More studies are needed with stronger methodological rigor to help provide evidence for the continued use of this approach globally. There is a dearth of studies over the past decade on the effectiveness of CSM in increasing condom use in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC).
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-07-24T03:49:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119864921
  • The Role of Emotions and Perceived Ad Effectiveness: Evidence From the
           Truth FinishIt Campaign
    • Authors: Jessica M. Rath, Molly P. Green, Donna M. Vallone, Jodie Briggs, Maureen Palmerini, John Geraci, Lindsay Pitzer, Elizabeth C. Hair
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:Examine association between emotional valence and intensity prompted by anti-tobacco advertising messages and perceived ad effectiveness among youth/young adults.Design:Online forced-exposure survey data from a nationally weighted, cross-sectional sample of youth/young adults, collected periodically over a 4-year period.Setting:National.Participants:Thirty-seven cross-sectional surveys conducted online from June 2015 to January 2018; total N = 9534. All participants, aged 15 to 21, were in the intervention; no control group.Intervention:Individuals participating in premarket testing of truth ads were forced exposed to one of 37 anti-tobacco ads.Measures:Emotional response, emotional intensity, and perceived ad effectiveness. Emotional response has been previously studied and measured. Including the discrete measure of “concerned” in positive emotions is unique to our study. It patterned with the other positive emotions when each ad was examined by each emotion. Intensity as measured in this study through the 5-point scale (“how much does this ad make you feel”) is unique in the anti-tobacco ad literature. Although several past studies ranked the degree of emotion elicited by ads, they have not incorporated the intensity of emotion as reported by the participant themselves. The scale was used to determine whether perceived ad effectiveness is similar to those used in previous studies.Analysis:Linear regressions were estimated to assess type of emotional sentiment and level of intensity in relation to perceived effectiveness of the message.Results:All 9534 participants were exposed; no control group. The βs indicate how strongly the emotion variable influences the study outcome of perceived ad effectiveness. Positive emotions (β = .76) were more highly associated with perceived ad effectiveness (β = .06). Higher intensity with positive emotional sentiment and high-intensity negative produced the highest scores for perceived ad effectiveness (β = .30).Conclusion:Eliciting a positive, high-impact emotional response from viewers can help improve perceived effectiveness, and in turn, overall ad effectiveness.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-07-24T03:48:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119864919
  • Americans’ Trust in Health Information Sources: Trends and
           Sociodemographic Predictors
    • Authors: Devlon N. Jackson, Emily B. Peterson, Kelly D. Blake, Kisha Coa, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:To assess the public’s trust in health information sources (ie, government health agencies, doctors, family/friends, charitable organizations, and religious leaders/organizations) from 2005 to 2015 and identify sociodemographics factors associated with high trust.Design:Cross-sectional.Setting:Health Information National Trends Survey, a US nationally representative publicly available data on health-related knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes.Participants:Data included 5 iterations (2005-2015) of US adults (2005: N = 5586, 2008: N = 7764, 2011: N = 3959, 2013: N = 3185, and 2015: N = 3738).Measures:Outcome variables were high trust in health information sources and independent variables were sociodemographics.Analysis:A descriptive analysis was conducted to track changes in trust over the past decade. The χ2 and multivariable logistic regression were conducted to assess sociodemographic associations in 2015.Results:Trust in health information across all sources remained stable from 2005 to 2015. Doctors were the most trusted source, followed by government health agencies. Sociodemographics were independently associated with trust. For example, non-Hispanic blacks were more likely to trust charitable organizations (odds ratio [OR] = 2.32, confidence interval [CI] = 1.42-3.79) and religious leaders/organizations (OR = 3.57, CI = 1.20-10.57) compared to non-Hispanic whites. In addition, those with less than high school education (OR = 2.44, CI = 1.32-4.52) were more likely than college graduates to report trust in religious leaders/organizations.Conclusion:Although there are analytic limitations to the specific time periods, the findings demonstrate that public health communication practitioners must consider the role of source credibility among priority populations when disseminating and promoting information.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-07-24T03:47:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119861280
  • Effectiveness of a Kansas City, Jail-Based Intervention to Improve
           Cervical Health Literacy and Screening, One-Year Post-Intervention
    • Authors: Amanda M. Emerson, Sharla Smith, Jaehoon Lee, Patricia J. Kelly, Megha Ramaswamy
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:To assess effectiveness, 1-year post-intervention, of a program delivered in jails with women to improve cervical health literacy (CHL) and up-to-date Papanicolaou (Pap) screening.Design:Pre-post design to evaluate Pap screening and CHL effects 1 year after our original randomized wait-list control study.Setting:Surveys conducted in Kansas City, 2015 to 2017 (baseline in 2014).Participants:Adult women (n = 133).Intervention:One-week (10-contact-hour), small-group, CHL program.Measures:Surveys to assess CHL components and up-to-date Pap screening.Analysis:χ2 and t tests, followed by best-subsets logistic regression using sociodemographic and CHL components to fit an optimal model for up-to-date screening 1-year post-intervention.Results:73% (133/182) women retained at 1-year. From pre-intervention, 6 of 8 CHL components improved (.01> P> .001). Up-to-date Pap screenings increased over pre-intervention (72%-82%, P < .05). Best-subset model to predict up-to-date screening included age; public benefits; medical insurance; 5 CHL components (knowledge, benefits, barriers, seriousness, susceptibility).Conclusion:A brief intervention to promote cervical health literacy, delivered with women during a jail detention, can lead to sustained improvements in CHL and prevention practices.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-07-18T04:59:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119863714
  • Concepts of Mental Demands at Work That Protect Against Cognitive Decline
           and Dementia: A Systematic Review
    • Authors: Felix S. Hussenoeder, Steffi G. Riedel-Heller, Ines Conrad, Francisca S. Rodriguez
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Objective:Workplace-related mental demands (WPMDs) are considered to be protective factors for cognitive health in old age and are linked to delayed onset of dementia. Yet, what exactly is meant by WPMDs differs greatly between studies, putting an enormous challenge on researchers and practitioners. Aim of our study was thus to create a systematic overview on WPMD concepts and to depict their associations with dementia and cognitive decline. Thereby, we want to create a solid basis for further work and implementation.Data Source:PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science.Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria:We included observational studies with populations older than 18 that addressed the association between WPMDs and dementia/cognitive functioning and that were published as journal articles. We excluded studies with emotional and physical demands, stress, and organizational frameworks such as exposure variables and quality of life, depressive symptoms, burnout, and Parkinson as outcome. Furthermore, we excluded study populations younger than 18 and students.Data Extraction:Standardized search string.Data Synthesis:Based on theoretical concepts.Results:Thirty-four studies that employed concepts of WPMDs in 5 different categories: complexity with people/data/things, cognitive demands, job control, novelty, and mental workload.Discussion:Challenges associated with categorizing WPMDs as well as theoretical and measurement-related implications are discussed.Conclusion:This review helps to better understand how workplaces can contribute to later life cognitive fitness, and it offers a conceptual overview for practitioners that want to create more protective working environments or improve existing ones.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-07-11T03:52:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119861309
  • Likelihood of Meeting Physical Activity Guidelines of Veterans Who Are
           Obese by Disability Status
    • Authors: Vijay Vasudevan, Erin Bouldin, Shannon Bloodworth, Linda Rocafort
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:The purpose of this study was to explore the likelihood of meeting the physical activity guidelines in veterans who are obese by disability status.Design:We used data from the 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a cross-sectional telephone survey. The mean response rate was 44.9%.Setting:Respondents came from all 50 states, District of Columbia, and 3 US territories.Patients:Respondents included veterans self-reporting being obese (N = 13 798).Measures:We created a mutually exclusive disability variable: no disability, multiple disability, and limitations only with hearing, vision, cognitive, mobility, Activities of Daily Living, or Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. Physical activity guidelines were defined as 150 minutes/week of aerobic activity and 2 days/week of strength activities.Analysis:Prevalence ratios (PRs) were calculated by performing separate log-binomial regression models for meeting strength and aerobic recommendations on veterans who were obese.Results:Obese veterans with mobility limitations only or multiple disabilities were significantly less likely to meet the aerobic (PR = 0.74, P = .002 and PR = .62, P = .021, respectively) or strength (PR = .76, P < .001 and PR = 0.74, P < .001, respectively) recommendations, compared to not having a disability (n = 7964).Conclusions:Inactivity could be explained by a lack of inclusive weight loss programs for veterans with disabilities and barriers to physical activity encountered by people with disabilities. Two primary limitations of this study are self-report of obesity and physical activity and exclusion of adults in institutional settings.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-07-09T04:31:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119861565
  • Training Texas Public Health Professionals and Professionals-In-Training
           in Genomics
    • Authors: Lei-Shih Chen, Yu-Lyu Yeh, Patricia Goodson, Shixi Zhao, Eunju Jung, Amber Muenzenberger, Oi-Man Kwok, Ping Ma
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of genomics training workshops for public health professionals and professionals-in-training.Design:A pre- and post-test evaluation design with 3-month follow-up.Setting and Participants:Thirteen genomics training workshops were delivered across Texas to 377 public health professionals and professionals-in-training (66.7% were ethnic minorities).Intervention:Three-hour theory-based, face-to-face genomics training workshops focusing on family health history practice were delivered.Methods:We administered surveys prior to the workshops, immediately post-workshops, and at 3-month follow-up to examine the changes in participants’ knowledge, attitudes, intention, self-efficacy, and behavior in adopting genomics into public health practice. Linear mixed modeling analyses were used to analyze the quantitative survey data. A content analysis was also conducted for qualitative survey data analysis.Results:Genomics practice significantly improved among public health professionals at 3-month follow-up (P < .01). For all participants, knowledge, attitudes, intention, and self-efficacy scores increased significantly immediately post-workshop compared to the pre-workshop scores (all Ps < .01). Knowledge and attitudes scores at the 3-month follow-up remained significantly higher than those scores at the pre-workshop (all Ps < .01). The feedback from workshop participants was positive.Conclusion:Our genomics training workshop is an effective program that can be disseminated at a national level to establish genomic competencies among public health professionals and professionals-in-training in the United States.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-07-09T04:31:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119860040
  • Impact of State Laws Governing Physical Education on Attendance Among US
           High School Students, 2003 to 2017
    • Authors: Ruopeng An, Mengmeng Ji, Caitlin Clarke, Chenghua Guan
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:This study assessed the influence of state laws governing physical education (PE) on weekly PE class attendance among US high school students.Design:Cross-sectional.Setting:2003 to 2017 US national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS).Participants:A total of 533 468 high school students.Measures:Data on state laws governing PE came from National Cancer Institute’s Classification of Laws Associated with School Students (CLASS). Eight distinct state PE policies were scored, with higher scores denoting stronger laws.Analysis:Individual-level YRBS data were merged with CLASS data based on students’ residential state and survey year. State fixed-effect negative binomial regressions were performed, adjusting for individual-level characteristics and YRBS survey design.Results:A 1-score increase in state laws governing PE class time, staffing for PE, joint use agreement for physical activity, assessment of health-related fitness, and PE curriculum was associated with an increase in weekly PE attendance by 0.30, 0.28, 0.22, 0.20, and 0.13 days (P < .001), respectively. In contrast, a 1-score increase in state laws governing moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity time in PE, PE proficiency, and recess time was associated with a reduction in weekly PE attendance by 0.25, 0.15, and 0.09 days (P < .001), respectively. The effects of most state PE policies on PE class attendance were larger among girls than boys.Conclusion:State PE policies differentially impacted US high school students’ PE class attendance, with larger effects on female students.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-07-05T04:20:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119858016
  • Loneliness in the United States: A 2018 National Panel Survey of
           Demographic, Structural, Cognitive, and Behavioral Characteristics
    • Authors: Liana DesHarnais Bruce, Joshua S. Wu, Stuart L. Lustig, Daniel W. Russell, Douglas A. Nemecek
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:To inform health behavior intervention design, we sought to quantify loneliness and its correlates, including social media use, among adults in the United States.Design:Cross-sectional research panel questionnaire.Setting:Responses were gathered from individuals in all 50 states surveyed via Internet from February 2018 to March 2018.Participants:A total of 20 096 US panel respondents aged 18+.Measures:The University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale (theoretical score range = 20-80) was administered along with demographic, structural, cognitive, and behavioral items.Analysis:After calibrating the sample to population norms, we conducted multivariable linear regression analysis.Results:The overall mean survey-weighted loneliness score was 44.03 (standard error = 0.09). Social support (standardized β [sβ] = −0.19) and meaningful daily interactions (sβ = −0.14) had the strongest associations with lower loneliness, along with reporting good relationships, family life, physical and mental health, friendships, greater age, being in a couple, and balancing one’s daily time. Social anxiety was most strongly associated with greater loneliness (sβ = +0.20), followed by self-reported social media overuse (sβ = +0.05) and daily use of text-based social media (sβ = +0.03).Conclusion:Our findings confirm that loneliness decreases with age, and that being in a relationship as well as everyday behavioral factors in people’s control are most strongly related to loneliness. Population health promotion efforts to reduce loneliness should focus on improving social support, decreasing social anxiety, and promoting healthy daily behaviors.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-06-17T03:13:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119856551
  • Step It Up! Prioritization of Community Supports for Walking Among US
    • Authors: Eric T. Hyde, John D. Omura, Kathleen B. Watson, Janet E. Fulton, Susan A. Carlson
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:Step It Up! The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Promote Walking and Walkable Communities (Call to Action) presents goals and supporting strategies to promote walking. We assessed the presence and prioritization of 4 community supports for walking related to the goals of the Call to Action from the perspective of US adults.Design:Cross-sectional web-based survey.Setting:US adults.Participants:A total of 4043 respondents.Measures:SummerStyles 2016 survey assessing the reported presence and prioritization of 4 community supports for walking.Analysis:Estimated prevalence of the presence of supports overall and by demographic characteristics, and prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios of their prioritization.Results:The most commonly reported community supports for walking were access to walkable locations (46.5%) and safe streets (29.2%), followed by walking groups (12.9%) and promotional campaigns (9.6%). Access to walkable locations (60.0%) and safe streets (50.6%) were most often prioritized by respondents, followed by promotional campaigns (23.6%) and walking groups (18.8%). Many differences in prioritization by demographic characteristics remained significant after adjusting for presence and other demographic characteristics, such as increased prioritization of all supports with older age groups.Conclusions:Presence and prioritization of community supports for walking varied widely by type of support and by demographic characteristics. Opportunities exist to improve access and public sentiment related to these supports to promote walking in the United States.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-06-14T04:01:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119856550
  • Secular Trends in Sedentary Behavior Among High School Students in the
           United States, 2003 to 2015
    • Authors: Seungho Ryu, Heontae Kim, Minsoo Kang, Zeljko Pedisic, Paul D. Loprinzi
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:To evaluate secular trends in recreational sedentary behavior among high school students in the United States between 2003 and 2015.Design:A series of cross-sectional assessments over a 12-year period.Setting:Data from the 2003 to 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System was used.Participants:Samples of 10 978 to 14 894 adolescents, drawn every 2 years: 2003 to 2015.Measures:The evaluated recreational self-reported sedentary behaviors included TV hours and computer hours that are not schoolwork.Results:For the entire sample, and using polynomial orthogonal coefficients via regression modeling, there was an upward linear trend for total sedentary behavior hours (β = 0.03; p = .001), a downward linear trend in TV watching (β = −0.06; p < .001), and an upward linear trend in computer use (β = 0.08; p < .001) from 2003 to 2015. Similar linear trends (p < .001) were observed across several subpopulations, including the groups by gender, race/ethnicity, and body mass index. However, various subpopulations differed in TV watching, with black or African American, and obese adolescents having the highest TV watching hours, respectively (eg, 3.82 h/d vs 3.13 h/d in 2015; blacks vs whites; p < .05). Various subpopulations also differed in computer use, with obese adolescents (4.26 h/d in 2015) having the highest computer use.Conclusion:There were significant changes from 2003 to 2015 in sedentary behavior patterns in the US adolescent population. Total recreational sedentary behavior increased in this period. Specifically, TV viewing decreased while computer use increased. Continued monitoring of sedentary behavior trends is needed to better understand the changing behaviors of American adolescents and how they relate to changes chronic disease risk.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-06-12T01:31:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119854043
  • Association of Daytime Napping and Diagnosed Diabetes in Middle-Aged
           Premenopausal, Middle-Aged Postmenopausal, and Older Postmenopausal
           Chinese Women
    • Authors: Shu Fang, Junmin Zhou
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-06-06T05:35:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119854918
  • Characteristics of Daily E-Cigarette Use and Acquisition Means Among a
           National Sample of Adolescents
    • Authors: Ashley L. Merianos, Roman A. Jandarov, Jonathan D. Klein, E. Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-06-04T04:57:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119854051
  • Chronic Pain, Physical Activity, and All-Cause Mortality in the US Adults:
           The NHANES 1999-2004 Follow-Up Study
    • Authors: Youngdeok Kim, Masataka Umeda
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-05-31T05:31:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119854041
  • Mindful Eating (Not the Kind You Think) and an Interview With Dr Kevin
    • Authors: Paul E. Terry
      First page: 984
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-05-24T04:49:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119852213
  • The Impact of a Childcare Food Service Intervention on Child Dietary
           Intake in Care: An Exploratory Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
    • Authors: Sze Lin Yoong, Alice Grady, Kirsty Seward, Meghan Finch, John Wiggers, Christophe Lecathelinais, Taya Wedesweiler, Luke Wolfenden
      First page: 991
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-03-26T04:51:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119837461
  • Measuring Participation in Employer-Sponsored Health and Well-Being
           Programs: A Participation Index and Its Association With Health Risk
    • Authors: Erin L. D. Seaverson, Stefan B. Gingerich, David J. Mangen, David R. Anderson
      First page: 1002
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-03-26T04:52:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119838800
  • Employee Sleep and Workplace Health Promotion: A Systematic Review
    • Authors: Rebecca Robbins, Chandra L. Jackson, Phoenix Underwood, Dorice Vieira, Giradin Jean-Louis, Orfeu M. Buxton
      First page: 1009
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-04-08T05:15:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119841407
  • Social Capital and Tobacco Retail Outlet Density: An Empirical Test of the
    • Authors: Mariaelena Gonzalez, Ashley Sanders-Jackson, Lisa Henriksen
      First page: 1020
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.
      Purpose:To examine the relationship between tobacco outlet density and social capital.Participants:Parents of at least one teen (N = 2734) in a representative sample of US households with teens (ages 13-16).Design:Population-based, cross-sectional survey of a web panel of adolescent–parent pairs matched with spatial data for address to characterize household neighborhoods.Setting:US households identified by latitude and longitude with a 50-ft random shift.Measures:Perceived social capital (trust and informal social control as reported by parents), tobacco outlet density (retailers per land area in 1/2-mile buffer around each household), neighborhood demographics (derived from American Community Survey), and parent demographics.Analysis:Multivariable regression examined the relationship between tobacco outlet density and social capital controlling for household buffer and individual-level covariates, including correlates of social capital.Results:Tobacco outlet density was inversely correlated with perceived trust in neighbors (B = −1.12, P = .0004), but not social control (B = 0.11, P = .731).Conclusion:This study is the first we are aware of to find that social capital is related to tobacco outlet density. The results imply that individuals with low social capital may benefit from policies regulating tobacco outlet density and may benefit from policies that address neighborhood inequality by increasing social capital and reducing poverty.
      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-06-14T04:00:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119853716
  • Availability of and Participation in Workplace Health Promotion Programs
           by Sociodemographic, Occupation, and Work Organization Characteristics in
           US Workers
    • Authors: Rebecca Tsai, Toni Alterman, James W. Grosch, Sara E. Luckhaupt
      First page: 1028
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-04-24T05:01:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119844478
  • Predictors of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Use at Farmers’
           Markets With Monetary Incentive Programming
    • Authors: Darcy A. Freedman, David Ngendahimana, En-Jung Shon, Kathryn Merritt, Julia Pon
      First page: 1039
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-06-04T04:58:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119854708
  • Only 1 in 10 Patients Told to Lose Weight Seek Help From a Health
           Professional: A Nationally Representative Sample
    • Authors: Hendrik ‘Dirk’ de Heer, Brian Kinslow, Taylor Lane, Ron Tuckman, Meghan Warren
      First page: 1049
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-03-29T04:41:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119839904
  • Changes in Self-Reported Health and Psychosocial Outcomes in Older Adults
           Enrolled in Sedentary Behavior Intervention Study
    • Authors: Theresa E. Matson, Melissa L. Anderson, Anne D. Renz, Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman, Jennifer B. McClure, Dori E. Rosenberg
      First page: 1053
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-04-08T05:13:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119841405
  • Adolescent Tobacco and Betel Nut Use in the US-Affiliated Pacific Islands:
           Evidence From Guam
    • Authors: Pallav Pokhrel, Francis Dalisay, Ian Pagano, Wayne Buente, Elizabeth Guerrero, Thaddeus A. Herzog
      First page: 1058
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-05-23T04:41:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119847868
  • Associations Between Stress and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among
           Million Hearts Priority Populations
    • Authors: Kate Sustersic Gawlik, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Alai Tan
      First page: 1063
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-05-13T04:12:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119847619
  • How Much Does Attendance Impact Weight Loss and Health Care Spending in a
           Diabetes Prevention Program Serving Older Adults'
    • Authors: Maria L. Alva
      First page: 1067
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-05-14T04:31:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119848985
  • Changes in Self-Rated Physical Health After Moving Into Permanent
           Supportive Housing
    • Authors: Harmony Rhoades, Suzanne L. Wenzel, Benjamin F. Henwood
      First page: 1073
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-05-14T04:32:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119849004
  • Tobacco Advertising and ID Checks in Columbus, Ohio, in Advance of Tobacco
    • Authors: Nirupama Muralidharan, Amy K. Ferketich, Brittney Keller-Hamilton, Megan E. Roberts
      First page: 1077
      Abstract: American Journal of Health Promotion, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion
      PubDate: 2019-05-23T04:42:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0890117119850751
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